Abstract: The Turing pattern model is one of the theories used to describe organism formation patterns. Using this model, self-organized patterns emerge due to differences in the concentrations of activators and inhibitors. Here a cellular automata (CA)-like model was constructed wherein the Turing patterns emerged via the exchange of integer values between adjacent cells. In this simple hexagonal grid model, each cell state changed according to information exchanged from the six adjacent cells. The distinguishing characteristic of this model is that it presents a different pattern formation mechanism using only one kind of token, such as a chemical agent that ages via spatial diffusion. Using this CA-like model, various Turing-like patterns (spots or stripes) emerge when changing two of four parameters. This model has the ability to support Turing instability that propagates in the neighborhood space; global patterns are observed to spread from locally limited patterns. This model is not a substitute for a conventional Turing model but rather is a simplified Turing model. Using this model, it is possible to control the formation of multiple robots into such forms as circle groups or dividing a circle group into two groups, for example. In the field of information networks, the presented model could be applied to groups of Internet-of-Things devices to create macroscopic spatial structures to control data traffic. PubDate: Tue, 28 Jan 2020 11:50:06 +000

Abstract: Emergency vehicle (EV) plays an important role in evacuations or rescues when emergencies occur. To insure that an EV can transfer people in danger to emergency shelters or medical assistance organizations as soon as possible, EV signal preemption (EVSP) strategy is usually adopted. After EV has passed through the intersection, traffic signal has to transfer back to normal signal timing scheme. This paper focuses on the control strategy of EV signal transitioning from EVSP back to normal operation. Considering both efficiency and fairness, the maximum vehicles passing through in per unit time during the transition period and the minimum difference between the maximum and the minimum queue length after transition are selected as objectives, and a multi-objective optimization model is presented. A nondominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II) is designed to solve the optimization model and unique encoding and decoding methods are presented. The established model and designed algorithm are verified and the control effect is analyzed. Simulation results indicate that by adopting the control strategy obtained by the presented model, the number of vehicles passing through in per unit time during the transition period is increased and the difference of vehicle length in different directions is reduced significantly, from which we can conclude that the control method proposed in this paper has good performance. PubDate: Mon, 27 Jan 2020 09:20:06 +000

Abstract: This paper is devoted to a nonautonomous retarded degenerate parabolic equation. We first show the existence and uniqueness of a weak solution for the equation by using the standard Galerkin method. Then we establish the existence of pullback attractors for the equation by proving the existence of compact pullback absorbing sets and the pullback asymptotic compactness. PubDate: Sat, 25 Jan 2020 23:05:08 +000

Abstract: This work introduces a novel modification of classical perturbation method (PM), denominated Optimized Distribution of Boundary Conditions Perturbation Method (ODBCPM) with the purpose to improve the performance of PM in the solution of ordinary differential equations (ODES). We will see that the main proposal of ODBCPM rests above all in the redistribution and optimization of the boundary conditions of the problem to be solved among the iterations of the proposed method. The solution of a couple of heat relevant problems indicates the potentiality of ODBCPM even for the case of large values of the perturbative parameter. PubDate: Fri, 24 Jan 2020 09:35:09 +000

Abstract: The framework of outcomes-based education(OBE) has become a central issue for global university education, which is benefited to drive the education development by a series of assessments for historical teaching data, especially student course score, and employment information. The issue of how to timely update the talent training plans for computer major in a university has received considerable critical attention. It is becoming extremely difficult to ignore the requirement of fast shortened update cycle in IT area. One of the main obstacles is that the teaching inertia and the fixed awareness of a major training plan may delay the feedback of teaching problems. There is still a contradiction between the plan rationality and the real-time needs of contemporary IT enterprises. Hence, this paper puts forward a novel data-based framework to evaluate the relevance between the major courses, employment rate, and enterprise needs through the decision tree expression, thus providing reliable data support for systematic curriculum reform. On top of that, A recommendation algorithm is proposed to automatically generate the computer course group that satisfies the staff requirements of IT enterprises. Finally, teaching and employment data of Xihua University in China is applied as an example to undertake course optimization and recommendation. The consequences have an obvious positive effect on student employment and enterprise feedback. PubDate: Thu, 23 Jan 2020 09:35:07 +000

Abstract: This paper reports a new bifurcation pattern observed in a Lorenz-type system. The pattern is composed of a main bifurcation route to chaos () and a sequence of sub-bifurcation routes with isolated sub-branches to chaos. When is odd, the isolated sub-branches are from a period- limit cycle, followed by twin period- limit cycles via a pitchfork bifurcation, twin chaotic attractors via period-doubling bifurcations, and a symmetric chaotic attractor via boundary crisis. When is even, the isolated sub-branches are from twin period- limit cycles, which become twin chaotic attractors via period-doubling bifurcations. The paper also shows that the main route and the sub-routes can coexist peacefully by studying basins of attraction. PubDate: Thu, 23 Jan 2020 09:35:06 +000

Abstract: The reaction diffusion system is one of the important models to describe the objective world. It is of great guiding importance for people to understand the real world by studying the Turing patterns of the reaction diffusion system changing with the system parameters. Therefore, in this paper, we study Gierer–Meinhardt model of the Depletion type which is a representative model in the reaction diffusion system. Firstly, we investigate the stability of the equilibrium and the Hopf bifurcation of the system. The result shows that equilibrium experiences a Hopf bifurcation in certain conditions and the Hopf bifurcation of this system is supercritical. Then, we analyze the system equation with the diffusion and study the impacts of diffusion coefficients on the stability of equilibrium and the limit cycle of system. Finally, we perform the numerical simulations for the obtained results which show that the Turing patterns are either spot or stripe patterns. PubDate: Wed, 22 Jan 2020 12:05:08 +000

Abstract: In this paper, by introducing a convergence comparison property of a self-mapping, we establish some new fixed point theorems for Bianchini type, Reich type, and Dass-Gupta type dualistic contractions defined on a dualistic partial metric space. Our work generalizes and extends some well known fixed point results in the literature. We also provide examples which show the usefulness of these dualistic contractions. As an application of our findings, we demonstrate the existence of the solution of an elliptic boundary value problem. PubDate: Wed, 22 Jan 2020 06:20:06 +000

Abstract: In this paper, a class of impulsive neutral stochastic functional partial differential equations driven by Brownian motion and fractional Brownian motion is investigated. Under some suitable assumptions, the pth moment exponential stability is discussed by means of the fixed-point theorem. Our results also improve and generalize some previous studies. Moreover, one example is given to illustrate our main results. PubDate: Tue, 21 Jan 2020 15:35:05 +000

Abstract: Agent-based modelling has been proved to be extremely useful for learning about real world societies through the analysis of simulations. Recent agent-based models usually contain a large number of parameters that capture the interactions among microheterogeneous subjects and the multistructure of the complex system. However, this can result in the “curse of dimensionality” phenomenon and decrease the robustness of the model’s output. Hence, it is still a great challenge to efficiently calibrate agent-based models to actual data. In this paper, we present a surrogate analysis method for calibration by combining supervised machine-learning and intelligent iterative sampling. Without any prior assumptions regarding the distribution of the parameter space, the proposed method can learn a surrogate model as the approximation of the original system with a relatively small number of training points, which will serve the needs of further sensitivity analysis and parameter calibration research. We take the heterogeneous asset pricing model as an example to evaluate the model’s performance using actual Chinese stock market data. The results demonstrate the good capabilities of the surrogate model at modelling the observed reality, as well as the remarkable reduction of the computational time for validating the agent-based model. PubDate: Tue, 21 Jan 2020 14:35:10 +000

Abstract: Effective railway freight transportation relies on a well-designed train service network. This paper investigates the train service network design problem at the tactical level for the Chinese railway system. It aims to determine the types of train services to be offered, how many trains of each service are to be dispatched per day (service frequency), and by which train services shipments are to be transported. An integer programming model is proposed to address this problem. The optimization model considers both through train services between nonadjacent yards, and two classes of service between two adjacent yards ( i.e., shuttle train services directly from one yard to its adjacent yard, and local train services that make at least one intermediate stop). The objective of the model is to optimize the transportation of all the shipments with minimal costs. The costs consist of accumulation costs, classification coststrain operation costs, and train travel costs. The NP-hard nature of the problem prevents an exact solution algorithm from finding the optimal solution within a reasonable time, even for small-scale cases. Therefore, an improved genetic algorithm is designed and employed here. To demonstrate the proposed model and the algorithm, a case study on a real-world sub-network in China is carried out. The computational results show that the proposed approach can obtain high-quality solutions with satisfactory speed. Moreover, comparative analysis on a case that assumes all the shuttle train services between any two adjacent yards to be provided without optimization reveals some interesting insights. PubDate: Fri, 17 Jan 2020 19:35:05 +000

Abstract: At present, the problems of homogenization and low quality in China’s iron and steel industry are particularly prominent and the ability of the enterprises to cope with change is insufficient. Adopting product differentiation strategy and dynamic adjustment strategy can allow steel enterprises and the industry to better adapt to future changes. By introducing the product differentiation degree (substitution coefficient) and the bounded rationality strategy to simulate these two strategic means, this paper constructs an extended two-stage dynamic game model to analyse the dynamic game scenarios and steel market stability in China. As new findings, we report the following: (1) The system is more likely to fall into an unbalanced state when multiple enterprises adopt the policy of dynamic output adjustment simultaneously. (2) Enterprises with large output and small output have different output adjustment policies. When enterprises with big-scale output adopt a bit larger adjustment policies, enterprises with small output will be strongly impacted, and the available adjustment space will be sharply compressed. (3) The gradual increase in the difference between products reduces the stability of the market. (4) When product differentiation and bounded rationality strategies coexist, the steel market may fall into an unbalanced state when the degree of product difference increases excessively and the enterprise adopts more drastic output adjustment policies. Therefore, there are pros and cons to product differentiation strategy and bounded rationality adjustment strategy. When each steel oligopoly enterprise formulates a production plan, it needs to comprehensively consider the output changes of the other enterprises and carefully weigh the strategic issues. PubDate: Fri, 17 Jan 2020 17:50:02 +000

Abstract: A discrete allelopathic phytoplankton model with infinite delays and feedback controls is studied in this paper. By applying the discrete comparison theorem, a set of sufficient conditions which guarantees the permanence of the system is obtained. Also, by constructing some suitable discrete Lyapunov functionals, some sufficient conditions for the extinction of the system are obtained. Our results extend and supplement some known results and show that the feedback controls and toxic substances play a crucial role on the permanence and extinction of the system. PubDate: Mon, 13 Jan 2020 07:49:08 +000

Abstract: The reason for the self-similarity property of complex network is still an open issue. In this paper, we focus on the influence of degree, betweenness, and coreness on self-similarity of complex network. Some nodes are removed from the original network based on the definitions of degree, betweenness, and coreness in the ascending and descending order. And then, some new networks are obtained after removing nodes. The self-similarities of original network and new networks are compared. Moreover, two real networks are used for numerical simulation, including a network and the yeast protein interaction () network. The effects of the three statistical variables on the two real networks are considered. The results reveal that the nodes with large degree and betweenness have great effects on self-similarity, and the influence of coreness on self-similarity is small. PubDate: Mon, 13 Jan 2020 07:49:07 +000

Abstract: In this paper, an alcoholism model of SEAR type with different susceptibilities due to public health education is investigated, with the form of continuous differential equations as well as discrete differential equations by applying the Mickens nonstandard finite difference (NSFD) scheme to the continuous equations. Threshold dynamics of the continuous model are performed by constructing Lyapunov functions. The analysis of a discrete model indicates that the alcohol-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable if the basic reproductive number , and conversely, the alcohol-present equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable if , revealing the consistency and efficiency of the discrete model to preserve the dynamical properties of the corresponding continuous model. In addition, stability preserving and the impact of the parameters related with public health education are conducted by numerical simulations. PubDate: Mon, 13 Jan 2020 07:49:06 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we present a predator-prey system with mutual interference and distributed time delay and study its dynamical behavior. Based on the existence and universality of mutual interference among species, it is necessary to further study an impulsive food web system. By using stability theory, slight perturbation technique, and comparison theorem, we obtain some theoretical results of the system, such as boundedness and permanence. Moreover, numerical experiments are used to verify the theoretical results and to explore the dynamical behavior of the system, which exhibits rich dynamical behavior such as chaotic oscillation, periodic oscillation, symmetry-breaking bifurcations, chaotic crises, and period bifurcation. Finally, we give some practical guidelines for biological systems based on the theoretical results and numerical experiments of the system. PubDate: Mon, 13 Jan 2020 04:05:04 +000

Abstract: Nowadays, deep learning has achieved remarkable results in many computer vision related tasks, among which the support of big data is essential. In this paper, we propose a full stage data augmentation framework to improve the accuracy of deep convolutional neural networks, which can also play the role of implicit model ensemble without introducing additional model training costs. Simultaneous data augmentation during training and testing stages can ensure network optimization and enhance its generalization ability. Augmentation in two stages needs to be consistent to ensure the accurate transfer of specific domain information. Furthermore, this framework is universal for any network architecture and data augmentation strategy and therefore can be applied to a variety of deep learning based tasks. Finally, experimental results about image classification on the coarse-grained dataset CIFAR-10 (93.41%) and fine-grained dataset CIFAR-100 (70.22%) demonstrate the effectiveness of the framework by comparing with state-of-the-art results. PubDate: Sat, 11 Jan 2020 15:50:03 +000

Abstract: We study the local dynamics and bifurcation analysis of a discrete-time modified Nicholson–Bailey model in the closed first quadrant . It is proved that model has two boundary equilibria: , and a unique positive equilibrium under certain parametric conditions. We study the local dynamics along their topological types by imposing method of Linearization. It is proved that fold bifurcation occurs about the boundary equilibria: . It is also proved that model undergoes a Neimark–Sacker bifurcation in a small neighborhood of the unique positive equilibrium and meanwhile stable invariant closed curve appears. From the viewpoint of biology, the stable closed curve corresponds to the period or quasi-periodic oscillations between host and parasitoid populations. Some simulations are presented to verify theoretical results. Finally, bifurcation diagrams and corresponding maximum Lyapunov exponents are presented for the under consideration model. PubDate: Thu, 09 Jan 2020 17:20:05 +000

Abstract: Event-triggered average consensus of multiagent systems with switching topologies is studied in this paper. A distributed protocol based on event-triggered time sequences and switching time sequences is designed. Based on the inequality technique and stability theory of differential equations, a sufficient condition for achieving average consensus is obtained under the assumption that switching signal is ergodic and the total period over which connected topologies is sufficiently large. A numerical simulation is presented to show the effectiveness of the theoretical results. PubDate: Wed, 08 Jan 2020 08:35:01 +000

Abstract: Due to information asymmetry, adverse selection exists largely in the multiagent market. Aiming at these problems, we develop two models: pure adverse selection model and mixed adverse selection and moral hazard model. We make the assumption that a type of agent is discrete and effort level is continuous in the models. With these models, we investigate the characters that make an optimal contract as well as the conditions under which the utility of a principal and agents can be optimized. As a result, we show that, in the pure adverse selection model, the conditions to reach the optimal utility of a principal and individual agents are that a principal needs to design different contracts for different types of agents, and an individual agent chooses the corresponding type of contracts. For the mixed model, we show that incentive constraint for agents plays a very important role. In fact, we find that whether a principal provides high-type contract or a separating equilibrium contract depends on the probability of existence of low-type agents in the market. In general, if a separating equilibrium contract is issued, then information asymmetry will cause the utility of the high-type agents to be less than that of the case in full information. PubDate: Tue, 07 Jan 2020 12:20:01 +000

Abstract: The population of Beijing has already come to its loading capacity. The China central government plans to build an ideal city named Xiong’an nearby Beijing. The city is expected to work as a carrying hub for noncapital functions of Beijing. The central government does not rush to build before a deliberated urban planning is accomplished. For sustainable development, a difficulty faced by urban planners is that the maximum number of people can be migrated from Beijing to Xiong’an with constraint on level of transport service. This paper developed a specialized bilevel programming model where the upper level is to ensure a predetermined transport service level regarding to population migration, while the lower level is feedback equilibrium between trip generation and traffic assignment. To be more specific, trip is generated by the gravity model, and traffic is assigned by the user equilibrium model. It is well known that the bilevel programming problem is tough and challenging. A try-and-error algorithm is designed for the upper-level model, and a method of successive average (MSA) is developed for the lower-level model. The effectiveness of the model and algorithm is validated by an experimental study using the current transport network between Beijing and Xiong’an. It shows that the methods can be very useful to identify the maximum population migration subject to level of transport service. PubDate: Mon, 06 Jan 2020 15:35:02 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we focus on the asymptotic behavior of solutions to stochastic delay lattice equations with additive noise and deterministic forcing. We first show the existence of a continuous random dynamical system for the equations. Then we investigate the pullback asymptotical compactness of solutions as well as the existence and uniqueness of tempered random attractor in space. Finally, ergodicity of the systems is achieved. PubDate: Sun, 05 Jan 2020 06:50:01 +000

Abstract: The development of more effective environmental policies is a common concern among scholars, government and the public. This paper attempts to investigate whether the environmental policy mix can really work. Taking the “Five Water Co-Treatment” policy of Zhejiang Province as an example, we applied the synthetic control method to examine the impact of multi-objective environmental policies on industrial sewage discharge and urban sewage discharge in Zhejiang. Further, we analyzed the effect of industrial value added and the length of water pipelines on sewage discharge and examined the potential environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationships. Our results of synthetic control imply that the “Five Water Co-Treatment” policy has increased the industrial and urban sewage discharge. However, the results of the extended analysis show that this is a process of standardizing sewage discharge and an embodiment of enhanced sewage treatment capacity. Therefore, we believe that the “Five Water Co-Treatment” policy is effective and should continue to advance. PubDate: Fri, 03 Jan 2020 13:35:03 +000

Abstract: We propose a mathematical model that describes the dynamics of citizens who have the right to register on the electoral lists and participate in the political process and the negative influence of abstainers, who abstain from registration on the electoral lists, on the potential electors. By using Routh–Hurwitz criteria and constructing Lyapunov functions, the local stability and the global stability of abstaining-free equilibrium and abstaining equilibrium are obtained. We also study the sensitivity analysis of the model parameters to know the parameters that have a high impact on the reproduction number . In addition, we propose an optimal strategy for an awareness program that helps politicians and officials to increase the rate of citizens registered on the electoral lists with an optimal effort. Pontryagin’s maximum principle is used to characterize the optimal controls, and the optimality system is solved by an iterative method. Finally, some numerical simulations are performed to verify the theoretical analysis using Matlab. PubDate: Fri, 03 Jan 2020 05:50:09 +000

Abstract: In an uncertainty market, social learning plays a significant role in obtaining information to make better decisions. Under cap-and-trade regulation, this paper aims to investigate firms’ pricing and carbon emission abatement issues considering the impact of social learning. This paper establishes a two-period model in a market consisting of a manufacturer and heterogeneous consumers. The manufacturer produces two alternatives (ordinary product and low-carbon product) and makes decisions on sales prices and carbon emission abatement levels. Consumers make decisions on whether and which product to buy. Consumers are not sure about their valuations of products and have the opportunity to discover their true valuation by social learning. The results show that the emission abatement level on ordinary product is affected by the pricing strategy for both types of products. However, the emission abatement level on low-carbon product is only affected by its own pricing strategy. It also shows that social learning lowers the emission abatement level on ordinary product, whereas it improves the emission abatement level on low-carbon product when charging a high price for low-carbon product. Moreover, the price of ordinary product in period 1 is no less than that in period 2. In contrast, the price of low-carbon product in period 2 is higher than that in period 1. PubDate: Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:50:06 +000

Abstract: This article presents a general six-step discrete-time Zhang neural network (ZNN) for time-varying tensor absolute value equations. Firstly, based on the Taylor expansion theory, we derive a general Zhang et al. discretization (ZeaD) formula, i.e., a general Taylor-type 1-step-ahead numerical differentiation rule for the first-order derivative approximation, which contains two free parameters. Based on the bilinear transform and the Routh–Hurwitz stability criterion, the effective domain of the two free parameters is analyzed, which can ensure the convergence of the general ZeaD formula. Secondly, based on the general ZeaD formula, we design a general six-step discrete-time ZNN (DTZNN) for time-varying tensor absolute value equations (TVTAVEs), whose steady-state residual error changes in a higher order manner than those presented in the literature. Meanwhile, the feasible region of its step size, which determines its convergence, is also studied. Finally, experiment results corroborate that the general six-step DTZNN model is quite efficient for TVTAVE solving. PubDate: Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:35:06 +000

Abstract: This paper concerns the study of hyperfilters of ordered LA-semihypergroups, and presents some examples in this respect. Furthermore, we study the combination of rough set theory and hyperfilters of an ordered LA-semihypergroup. We define the concept of rough hyperfilters and provide useful examples on it. A rough hyperfilter is a novel extension of hyperfilter of an ordered LA-semihypergroup. We prove that the lower approximation of a left (resp., right, bi) hyperfilter of an ordered LA-semihypergroup becomes left (resp., right, bi) hyperfilter of an ordered LA-semihypergroup. Similarly we prove it for upper approximation. PubDate: Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:35:05 +000

Abstract: Although the teacher-student relationship has been addressed in some studies, the cooperation or reciprocal relations between teachers and students have not been explored sufficiently. In this paper, a difference equation model is applied to express the relationship, stability analysis at the positive steady state of the discrete model is done to verify that the performance output is not empty, and hypothesis testing is conducted to show the validity of the model by means of sample data from a college. Then some reasonable suggestions are proposed to improve the performance output of teachers and students. PubDate: Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:35:04 +000

Abstract: This paper focuses on the stability of self-adjointness of linear relations under perturbations in Hilbert spaces. It is shown that a self-adjoint relation is still self-adjoint under bounded and relatively bounded perturbations. The results obtained in the present paper generalize the corresponding results for linear operators to linear relations, and some weaken the conditions of the related existing results. PubDate: Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:20:03 +000

Abstract: The empirical research shows that the log-return of stock price in finance market rejects the normal distribution and admits a subclass of the asymmetric distribution. Hence, the pricing problem of stock loan is investigated under the assumption that the log-return of stock price follows the CGMY process in this work. Under this framework, the pricing model of stock loan can be described by a free boundary condition problem of space-fractional partial differential equation (FPDE). First of all, in order to change the original model defined in a fixed domain, a penalty term is introduced, and then a first order fully implicit difference schemes is developed. Secondly, based on the numerical scheme, we prove the stock loan value generated by our method does not fall below the value obtained when the contract of stock loan is exercised early. Finally, the numerical experiments are implemented and the impacts of key parameters in the CGMY model on the value and optimal redemption price of stock loan are analyzed, and some reasonable explanation should be given. PubDate: Fri, 27 Dec 2019 07:35:07 +000