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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 338 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 79)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 74, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 204)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Polymer Technology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.299
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 14  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0730-6679 - ISSN (Online) 1098-2329
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [338 journals]
  • Carbon Nanotube Layer for Reduction of Fiber Print-Through in Carbon Fiber

    • Abstract: Fiber print-through effect is a limitation to the use of carbon fiber-reinforced composites in space applications, namely, mirror telescopes. Replica method is used for the production of lightweight telescope mirrors. However, this method requires a polished mandrel, increasing considerably the final cost. In this work, we report a cheaper and simpler alternative production method, which consists in the addition of a carbon nanotube filled epoxy resin layer on the surface of carbon reinforced composites, in order to reduce fiber print-through of the materials. The influence of different carbon nanotube functionalizations, concentrations, and dispersion levels are also assessed. The surface properties are evaluated by interferometry (roughness and waviness) and scanning electron microscopy (morphology). The results show that the waviness, roughness, and consequently fiber print-though are considerably reduced with the addition of a thin layer of nonfunctionalized carbon nanotubes.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Jun 2019 09:05:09 +000
  • Characterization of MWCNT-PEDOT: PSS Nanocomposite Flexible Thin Film for
           Piezoresistive Strain Sensing Application

    • Abstract: Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized by the reduction of ethyl alcohol with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) under a strong basic solvent with the high concentration of sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Nanocomposites of different concentration of MWCNT dispersed in poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) polymerized with poly(4-styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) were prepared and deposited on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polymer substrates by the spin coating method. The thin films were characterized for their nanostructure and subsequently evaluated for their piezoresistive response. The films were subjected to an incremental strain from 0 to 6% at speed of 0.2 mm/min. The nanocomposite thin film with 0.1 wt% of MWCNT exhibits the highest gauge factor of 22.8 at 6% strain as well as the highest conductivity of 13.5 S/m. Hence, the fabricated thin film was found to be suitable for piezoresistive flexible strain sensing applications.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jun 2019 08:05:10 +000
  • Development of Eco-Friendly Soy Meal Adhesives Enhanced by Ethylene Glycol
           Diglycidyl Ether

    • Abstract: The ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether (EGDE) as a viscosity reducer, plasticizing agent, and crosslinking agent was introduced into the adhesive system to improve the properties of the soy-based adhesive. The adhesive properties including viscosity, solid content, and shear adhesion of soy protein adhesive were measured. The morphology, infrared spectra, and crystallinity of the cured adhesives were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that the viscosity of soybean flour (SF) adhesive was reduced by 48% and the solid content increased from 25.9% to 31.7% with the addition of 10 wt% EGDE. The wet shear strength of the plywood bonded by EGDE-modified SF adhesive was significantly improved owing to the formation of crosslinking structure in the adhesive system. The SEM, FTIR, and XRD results demonstrated that the crosslinking reaction among epoxy group of EGDE, the amino group of SF, and the hydroxyl groups of polyvinyl alcohol occurred successfully during the curing process.
      PubDate: Sun, 09 Jun 2019 12:05:10 +000
  • Effect of Process Parameters on Repeatability Precision of Weight for
           Microinjection Molding Products

    • Abstract: The repeatability precision of weight for injection molded products is important technical parameter to measure the quality and accuracy of injection molded products and evaluate the performance of injection molding machine. The influence of mold temperature, melt temperature, packing pressure, and packing time on the weight of microinjection molding products was studied by Taguchi orthogonal experiment. The influence of peak cavity pressure on the weight of products also was analysed. The experimental results show that the packing pressure is the most important process parameter affecting both the weight of the tensile and the impact specimens. With the increase of the packing pressure, the weight of the tensile and the impact specimens increases. When the peak cavity pressure reaches a certain value, the pressure value of the tensile specimen is 65 MPa, and the pressure value of the impact specimen is 68 MPa, the weight of the product increases quickly. The packing pressure increased from 85 MPa to 100 MPa, the weight of the tensile specimen increased from 0.544g to 0.559g, an increase of 2.7%, and the weight of the impact specimen increased from 0.418g to 0.425g, an increase of 1.7%.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Jun 2019 07:05:11 +000
  • Investigations on Polymeric Nanoparticles for Ocular Delivery

    • Abstract: In the present investigation, an attempt was made to formulate timolol maleate (TML) loaded polymeric nanoparticles of flax seed gum (FX) and chitosan (CH) for ocular delivery using ionic gelation method. The process of nanoparticle preparation was optimized using 2-factor, 3-level central composite experimental design. The optimal concentration of FX and CH that yielded nanoparticles with minimum particle size (267.06 ± 8.65 nm) and maximum encapsulation efficiency (74.96 ± 4.78%) was found to be 0.10% w/v and 0.08% w/v, respectively. The formulated nanoparticles revealed considerable bioadhesive strength and exhibited sustained release of drug in in vitro diffusion studies. The ex vivo transcorneal penetration study revealed higher corneal penetration of TML compared to marketed eye drops. The confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) studies also confirmed the ability of nanoparticles to penetrate into deeper layers of cornea. The histopathological studies revealed corneal biocompatibility of nanoparticles. The nanoparticles were found to reduce the intra ocular pressure (IOP) in rabbits for prolonged period when compared to conventional eye drops. The results of the present study suggested a promising role of polymeric nanoparticles for ocular drug delivery in treatment of glaucoma.
      PubDate: Sun, 02 Jun 2019 00:05:05 +000
  • Effect on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Random Copolymer
           Polypropylene/Microcrystalline Cellulose Composites Using T-ZnOw as an

    • Abstract: Four-needle zinc oxide whisker (T-ZnOw) incorporated into microcrystalline cellulose/maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene/random copolymer polypropylene (MCC/PP-g-MA/rPP) composite was prepared by melt blending. 5 wt% PP-g-MA was used as a coupling agent to improve the interfacial compatibility between fillers and rPP. The effect of T-ZnOw on MCC/PP-g-MA/rPP composite was investigated by mechanical testing, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Addition of T-ZnOw enhanced the mechanical properties of composites with tensile and flexural strengths increasing by 10% and 6%, respectively. SEM studies showed an improvement in the compatibility of fracture surfaces, which was evident from the absence of gaps between fillers and rPP. Additionally, initial thermal decomposition temperature and maximum weight loss temperature of T-ZnOw/MCC/PP-g-MA/rPP composite were both higher than those of MCC/PP-g-MA/rPP composite. Thermal degradation kinetics suggested that T-ZnOw has a weak catalytic effect on MCC, resulting in the early degradation of MCC and adhesion to the surface of rPP. Because of the presence of inorganic whiskers, the remaining weight percent was more than that of other composites at the end of the reaction. Crystallization temperature of the T-ZnOw/MCC/PP-g-MA/rPP composite was almost 3~5°C higher than that of MCC/PP-g-MA/rPP composite and close to the crystallization temperature of pure rPP.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 May 2019 10:05:08 +000
  • One-Step Formation of Chondrocytes through Direct Reprogramming via
           Polysaccharide-Based Gene Delivery

    • Abstract: An innovative strategy for the generation of chondrocytes was thoroughly studied in this paper. Polyetherimide-modified polysaccharides of Porphyra yezoensis (pmPPY) served as a nonviral gene vector and delivered Sox9 plasmid to directly reprogram mouse embryonic fibroblasts into chondrocytes. The gene transfer efficiency was evaluated through ELISA, RT-PCR, and Western blot. The induced chondrocytes were identified through toluidine blue, Safranin O, and the immunostaining. The expression level of collagen II was finally evaluated through western blot. The pSox9/pmPPY nanoparticles (1:50) showed lower cytotoxicity as well as greater gene transfection efficiency than Lipofectamine 2000 and polyetherimide (PEI) (p
      PubDate: Wed, 29 May 2019 10:05:06 +000
  • Preparation and Sound Insulation Performance of Superfine Metal
           Powder/Nitrile-Butadiene Rubber-Polyvinyl Chloride Microcellular Foaming

    • Abstract: Lightweight sound insulation materials have received much attention. In this study, a series of superfine metal powder (SFM)/nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR)-polyvinyl chloride (PVC) microcellular foaming materials were prepared with NBR-PVC as matrix and SFM as modifiers by employing the method of molding foaming. Analysis on the morphology of cross section, pore size, and pore distribution possessed by SFM/NBR-PVC was conducted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), as well as the image processing software of Image-Pro. Then detailed discussion on the effect of SFM with different mass fractions in the matrix on the foaming quality was provided. In the meanwhile, the performance of sound insulation was tested by four-channel impedance tube system. The results show significant improvement for foaming quality and sound insulation performance of NBR-PVC microcellular foaming material through the addition of SFM. In comparison with the pure NBR-PVC materials, the microcellular foaming material exhibits the best performance of foaming quality and sound insulation when the SFM content in matrix is 30 wt%. It is shown that the average pore diameter and the foaming capacity decrease by 60% and 31%, respectively, while the surface density increases by 131%. In the meantime, the sound insulation index of SFM/NBR-PVC microcellular material increases by 7.2 dB to 30.5 dB, which conforms to the requirements of new lightweight sound insulation materials in modern time. Finally, the mechanism of the optimization conducted for sound insulation performance after the addition of SMF is explained.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2019 08:05:13 +000
  • Quality by Design (QbD) Assisted Fabrication of Fast Dissolving Buccal
           Film for Clonidine Hydrochloride: Exploring the Quality Attributes

    • Abstract: The present work endeavors fabrication of fast dissolving buccal film of clonidine hydrochloride by employing quality by design (QbD) based approach. The total nine formulations were prepared according to formulation by design helped by JMP software 13.2.1. The patient oriented quality target product profiles were earmarked and on that basis critical quality attributes were identified. Preliminary screening studies along with initial risk assessment eased the selection of film-forming polymer (HPMC E 15) and plasticizer (PEG 400) as CMAs for formulation of films. A 32 full factorial plan was utilized for assurance of impact, i.e., HPMC E15 (X1) and PEG 400 (X2), as independent variables (factors) on thickness (mm) (Y1), disintegration time (s) (Y2), folding endurance (Y3), and tensile strength (kg) (Y4). Furthermore, prediction profiler assists in predicting composition of best formulation encompassing desired targeted response. The optimized formulation (F6) showed fast drug dissolution (>90%) within 8 min, and solid state characterization by DSC, XRD revealed excellent film characteristics. In a nutshell, the fast dissolving buccal film for clonidine hydrochloride was successfully developed assisted by QbD approach with markedly improved biopharmaceutical performance as well as patient compliance.
      PubDate: Sun, 05 May 2019 14:05:00 +000
  • Research on Polymer Viscous Flow Activation Energy and Non-Newtonian Index
           Model Based on Feature Size

    • Abstract: The viscous flow activation energy and non-Newtonian index properties of polymer based on feature size were studied through a series of experiments on the rheological properties of amorphous polymer polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), semi-crystalline polymer polypropylene (PP), and crystalline polymer high-density polyethylene (HDPE) using capillary die with hole diameters of φ0.3 mm, φ0.5 mm, φ1.0 mm, and φ2.0 mm. The results show that the viscous flow activation energy of PMMA decreases with the feature size under microscopic scale. And the viscous flow activation energy of PP and HDPE increases with hole diameters of the die. Under macroscopic scale, the difference in viscous flow activation energy of all polymer materials is significantly reduced with hole diameters of the die. For the non-Newtonian index of the three polymer materials, it decreases with the feature size under the microscopic scale while it increases or does not change with the feature size under the macroscopic scale. At the same time, for different high polymer materials, the viscous flow activation energy model (SVAE model) and non-Newtonian index model (SNNE model) based on feature size were established. Finally, the accuracy and effectiveness of the SVAE model and the SNNE model are verified by comparing with the traditional model and reference data. The viscous flow activation energy and non-Newtonian index values of the polymer material can be calculated conveniently and accurately.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:05:38 +000
  • The Effect of Interaction between Nanofillers and Epoxy on Mechanical and
           Thermal Properties of Nanocomposites: Theoretical Prediction and
           Experimental Analysis

    • Abstract: Interfacial interaction between host matrix and nanofillers is a determinative parameter on the mechanical and thermal properties of nanocomposites. In this paper, we first investigated interaction between carbon nanotube (CNT) and montmorillonite clay (MMT) absorbing on epoxy surface in a theoretical study based on the density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Results showed the interaction energy of -1.93 and -0.11 eV for MMT/epoxy and CNT/epoxy, respectively. Therefore, the interaction between epoxy polymer and MMT is of the chemisorptions type, while epoxy physically interacts with CNT. In addition, thermal and mechanical analyses were conducted on nanocomposites. In DSC analysis the glass transition temperature which was 70°C in neat epoxy composite showed an improvement to about 90°C in MMT nanocomposites while it was about 70°C for CNT nanocomposites. Finally, mechanical properties were investigated and MMT nanocomposite showed a change in compressive strength which increased from 52.60 Mpa to 72.07 and 92.98 Mpa in CNT and MMT nanocomposites, respectively. Also tensile strength improved to the value of 1250.69 Mpa MMT nanocomposites while it was about 890 Mpa in both CNT nanocomposite and neat epoxy composite which corresponds to the calculation result prediction.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:05:36 +000
  • Interrelationships of Pressure-Dependent Hole Fraction and Elongational
           Viscosity in Polymer Melts

    • Abstract: The elongational flow behavior of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, poly(methyl methacrylate), and polycarbonate, temperatures from 70 to 290 °C and pressures up to 70 MPa, is examined with the Yahsi-Dinc-Tav (YDT) model and its particular case known as the Cross model. The viscosity data employed in the range of 3-405 elongational rates were acquired from the literature at ambient and elevated pressures. The predictions and the fitting results of the proposed YDT model with the same measurement data are compared with the Cross model. The average absolute deviations of the viscosities predicted by the YDT model range from 0.54% to 9.44% at ambient and 1.95% to 6.28% at high pressures. Additionally, the linear formulations derived from the YDT model are employed to relate the viscosity with temperature and hole fraction (“thermooccupancy” function) at zero level of elongational rate and constant elongational rate along with constant elongational stress. The effects of the four viscosity parameters (such as transmission and activation energy coefficients in these equations) on the elongational viscosity are analyzed in detail and some conclusions on the structural differences for the polymers are discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • The Influence of Heat Treatment on the Static and Dynamic Sorptive
           Behavior of Moso Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens)

    • Abstract: The influence of heat treatment on moisture sorption behavior of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens), especially under dynamic sorption conditions, was investigated. Moso bamboo was heated to 180 and 200°C for 8 h to investigate the chemical components and sorptive behavior at sinusoidal relative humidity (RH) and constant humidity. The results of chemical components revealed that the content of holocellulose, α-cellulose, and hemicellulose decreased while that of lignin increased slightly with increasing treatment temperatures. The results of static adsorption at constant RH showed that 200°C treated bamboo exhibited the lowest moisture content and moisture sorption coefficient. The results of dynamic sorptive behavior indicated that the moisture content changed sinusoidally but lagged behind the triggering sinusoidal RH changes. Heat-treated bamboo presented greater phase lag and smaller amplitudes of moisture content and sorption hysteresis due to the hemicellulose removal.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Sulfonic Containing Polymer Bead Synthesized through Inverse Suspension
           Polymerization and Its Characteristics for Esterification Catalyst

    • Abstract: The sulfonic containing polymer bead was synthesized using sodium p-styrenesulfonate (SSS) and N,N′-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) through inverse suspension polymerization and evaluated as catalyst for esterification of of n-octanol and acrylic acid. The influence of some principal factors, such as combination dispersant, crosslink agent content, posttreatment methods, and porogen types, was investigated in detail. The results showed that the morphology and characteristics of polymer beads were controllable. The polymer beads with 20wt% crosslink agent showed the best catalysis ability achieving almost 96% esterification conversion at the first time and 80% after 5 cycles.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Study on External Gas-Assisted Mold Temperature Control for Improving the
           Melt Flow Length of Thin Rib Products in the Injection Molding Process

    • Abstract: In the injection molding process, mold temperature control is one of the most efficient methods for improving product quality. In this research, an external gas-assisted mold temperature control (Ex-GMTC) with gas temperature variation from 200°C to 400°C was applied to thin wall injection molding at melt thicknesses from 0.2 to 0.6 mm. The melt flow length was evaluated through the application of this system to the mold of a thin rib product. The results show that the heating process achieves high efficiency in the initial 20 s, with a maximum heating rate of 6.4°C/s. In this case, the mold surface reached 158.4°C. By applying Ex-GMTC to a 0.2 mm flow thickness, the flow length increased from 37.85 to 41.32 mm with polypropylene (PP) material and from 14.54 to 15.8 mm with acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) material. With the thin rib mold and use of Ex-GMTC, the mold temperature varied from 112.0°C to 140.8°C and the thin rib height reached 7.0 mm.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Apr 2019 16:05:02 +000
  • The Investigations of Thermomechanical Properties of Polypropylene

    • Abstract: The article presents the results of the investigations of isotactic polypropylene composites with the following fillers: flame retardants, glass fiber, glass beads, and talc. The process of preparing composites and test samples is described. The investigations were performed using the DMTA method. The evaluation of thermal effects for the investigated molded parts using special device was also presented. The scope of the research included ten polypropylene composites with different content and type of fillers. These measurements allowed us to determine the influence of the filler type and content on the dynamic mechanical properties of iPP composites. The results will be useful for determining the scope of application of the mentioned materials in various fields of industry in the future.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Apr 2019 16:05:00 +000
  • Effect of the Intensive Plasticizing Zone Design on the Effectiveness of
           Corotating Twin-Screw Extrusion

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a new intensive plasticizing and mixing screw zone design on the effectiveness of the corotating twin-screw extrusion process for talc-filled polypropylene. The study determined the effect of the angle between the trilobe kneading elements forming the intensive plasticizing and mixing zone of the screws, the screw rotational speed, and the polypropylene/talc filling ratio on the characteristics of the extrusion process in a corotating twin-screw extruder EHP-2x20. The paper describes the experimental design and obtained results as well as the developed empirical models for selected variables of the extrusion process.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Apr 2019 14:05:11 +000
  • Reinforced, Extruded, Isotropic Magnetic Elastomer Composites: Fabrication
           and Properties

    • Abstract: The study involves the development of isotropic magnetorheological elastomer composites (i-MREs) with improved mechanical properties, their preparations, and properties characterizations. The novelty of the research is the use of extrusion process in the preparation of composites containing two different fillers: carbonyl iron powder (CIP) as magnetic filler and carbon black (FEF, N550) as reinforcing one. So far, the process of extrusion has been used to prepare magnetic composites without filler that improve mechanical properties. It is worth mentioning that the polymer matrix (ethylene-octene copolymer, EOR) offers excellent performance in extrusion applications. In this research, two methods of magnetic composites preparation were reported: traditional, during two-roll mill, and a new one using extrusion process. It was found that the usage of new processing technology allowed forming more homogenous dispersion of particles in elastomer matrix and oriented polymer chains, resulting in an improved rheometric characteristic, increased crosslink density, and decrease of the storage modulus (Payne effect). Based on both static/dynamic mechanical properties and damping properties under the influence of compression stress, the positive influence of extrusion process on material characteristics was confirmed. Moreover, all composites proved very good magnetic properties and resistance to thermooxidative ageing.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 15:05:02 +000
  • Selenylation Modification of Atractylodes macrocephala Polysaccharide and
           Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity

    • Abstract: The Atractylodes macrocephala polysaccharide (AMP) was extracted by water extracting-alcohol precipitating method and further purified by DEAE column. After that, the polysaccharides were modified by nitric acid-sodium selenite method, and nine kinds of selenizing AMPs (sAMPs) were obtained, namely, from sAMP1 to sAMP9. AMP and sAMP were characterized using FTIR spectrometry. Then their antioxidant activities in vitro were measured by free radical-scavenging test. Among these, sAMP6 presented the strongest antioxidant effect. For the test in vivo, the chickens at day 14 vaccinated with ND vaccine were repeatedly vaccinated at day 28. The chickens in sAMP and AMP were injected respectively with 1 mg of sAMP6 and AMP and, in vaccination control (VC) and BC groups, injected with equal volume of normal saline. Respectively, after the first vaccine, on days 7, 14, 21, and 28, the serum GSH-Px and SOD activities and MDA content were determined. The results suggested that sAMP6 could significantly promote GSH-Px and SOD activities and decrease MDA content. All these results indicated that selenylation modification could significantly enhance the antioxidant activity of AMP.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 13:05:05 +000
  • Epoxy-Glass Microballoon Syntactic Foams: Rheological Optimization of the
           Processing Window

    • Abstract: In this paper, we discuss the chemorheology of epoxy based syntactic foams containing glass microballoons of varying density, with an aim of establishing the effect of microballoon loading on its processability. The primary objective is to determine the maximum microballoon loading that disperses uniformly in the resin without the aid of any diluent. The viscosity and dynamic mechanical properties of epoxy formulations containing varying amounts of glass microballoons were established by parallel plate rheometry. Our studies reveal that solventless processing of formulations with microballoon loading > 60% poses practical difficulties due to prohibitively high viscosities, although a packing efficiency of 74% is theoretically allowed in the case of hexagonal close packing. The presence of microballoons does not alter the curing mechanism. The mechanical properties of syntactic foams were inversely proportional to the loading and type of glass microballoons.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 09:05:14 +000
  • Preparation of LDHs Based on Bittern and Its Flame Retardant Properties in
           EVA/LDHs Composites

    • Abstract: Bittern, as a byproduct of salt manufacture, is abundant in China. The researches and developments for seawater bittern have mainly focused on the reuse of magnesium, calcium, lithium, and boron. However, the utilization rate is less than 20%. The large amount of unused bittern has become a challenge that attracts much attention in academic and industry areas. In this paper, three kinds of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) were synthesized from bittern using a coprecipitation method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The XRD results showed that the three kinds of LDHs(MgAl-LDHs, MgFe-LDHs and MgAlFe-LDHs) were successfully synthesized. Then, the flame retardant properties and thermal properties of the three LDHs in ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)/LDHs composites had been tested by cone calorimeter test (CCT), limiting oxygen index (LOI), smoke density test (SDT), and thermogravimetry-Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (TG-IR). The CCT results showed that the heat release rate (HRR) of all three kinds of EVA/LDHs composites significantly decreased compared with that of pure EVA, and the EVA/MgAl-LDHs composites had the lowest PHRR value of 222.65 kW/m2. The LOI results showed that EVA/MgAl-LDHs composites had the highest LOI value of 29.8%. The SDT results indicated that MgAl-LDHs were beneficial to smoke suppression. TG-IR results showed that EVA/MgAl-LDHs composites had a better thermal stability.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 09:05:12 +000
  • Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-Silica Hybrid Particles for Biomimetic
           Recognition of Target Drugs

    • Abstract: Biomimetic hybrid particles based on amlodipine-imprinted poly(methacrylic acid-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (MIP) are developed by free radical polymerization of the monomers and crosslinkers in the presence of silica nanoparticles. Atomic force microscopy is used to study the distribution and surface morphology of MIP-silica hybrid particles. The responsive properties are studied by exposing the synthesized MIP-silica hybrid material to standard amlodipine drug solution and consequently monitoring the decrease in drug concentration. The control material, i.e., nonimprinted polymer- (NIP-) silica hybrid particles, exhibits much lower response during the drug rebinding assay suggesting the lack of functionality due to the absence of imprinting effects. The selectivity of MIP-silica hybrid particles is evaluated by examining the aspirin uptake that shows lower absorbance shifts for aspirin solution compared to amlodipine. It indicates a higher sensitivity of MIP-silica hybrid particles toward targeted pharmaceutical drug recognition and also exhibits their potential for drug assay in multiplex biological samples. Furthermore, MIP-silica hybrid particles used in the drug rebinding assay can be recovered and regenerated for subsequent tests without losing recognition properties.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 09:05:11 +000
  • Self-Assembly Investigations of Sulfonated Poly(methyl
           methacrylate-block-styrene) Diblock Copolymer Thin Films

    • Abstract: Poly(methyl methacrylate-block-styrene) block copolymers (BCs) of low dispersity were selectively sulfonated on the styrenic segment. Several combinations of degree of polymerization and volume fraction of each block were investigated to access different self-assembled morphologies. Thin films of the sulfonated block copolymers were prepared by spin-coating and exposed to solvent vapor (SVA) or thermal annealing (TA) to reach equilibrium morphologies. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was employed for characterizing the films, which exhibited a variety of nanometric equilibrium and nonequilibrium morphologies. Highly sulfonated samples revealed the formation of a honeycomb-like morphology obtained in solution rather than by the self-assembly of the BC in the solid state. The described morphologies may be employed in applications such as templates for nanomanufacturing and as cover and binder of catalytic particles in fuel cells.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 09:05:09 +000
  • Coating Performance of Water-Based Polyurethane-Acrylate Coating on
           Bamboo/Bamboo Scrimber Substrates

    • Abstract: In this paper, a kind of high solid content water-based polyurethane-acrylate (PUA) coating was synthesized in laboratory. Bamboo, bamboo scrimber, and heat-treated bamboo scrimber were selected as substrates and coated with the PUA coating. The coating properties of those materials were investigated. The results showed that PUA coating could well cover the surface of the three kinds of materials. However, the coating performances varied among these substrates due to their different chemical and morphological surfaces. Due to the densified structures, small pores, and improved hydrophobicity of bamboo scrimber, it was difficult for PUA coating to wet and penetrate into the substrate, where the smaller contact angle and penetration depth were obtained compared with bamboo. In contrast, heat-treated one had better hydrophilicity and smaller contact angle with PUA coating than pure bamboo scrimber. Therefore, the coating performance of heat-treated bamboo scrimber was better with lower average roughness value. However, the adhesion classification between the coating and all substrates was 2 (with 5-15% cross-cut area of flaking along the edges).
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Mar 2019 11:05:00 +000
  • Effect of Zinc Borate on Flammability of PET Woven Fabrics

    • Abstract: Zinc borate (ZnB) has been used as a flame retardant, a smoke suppressant, and an antitracking agent in several applications. It may show synergistic effects with antimony oxide and metal hydroxides in fire retardant systems. In this work, the effect of ZnB on the flame retardancy of PET (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) woven fabrics was investigated. In order to provide the homogenous application of ZnB to the fabrics, the particle size of ZnB powders was reduced from 9 μm to submicron scale by wet-milling with zirconia balls followed by high shear fluid processing. ZnB dispersion was mixed with low-formaldehyde melamine resin based cross-linking agent and it was applied to PET fabrics by pad dry cure method. ZnB dispersion was then added in different ratios to alkyl phosphonate and organophosphorus compound based commercial flame retardant finishing agents and applied to the fabrics. The effect of zinc borate with phosphorus based flame retardant (FR) finishing agents was examined by cone calorimetry under a heat flux of 35 kW/m2, vertical flame test, and limit oxygen index. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed up to 800°C under N2 flow. Test results show that zinc borate can be combined with the organophosphorus based commercial FR finishing agents. Zinc borate could not improve the flammability properties of PET fabrics significantly but decreased mean CO, total smoke release, and total smoke production values.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Mar 2019 14:05:07 +000
  • Release Behavior of Folic Acid Grafted Hollow Hydroxyapatite as Drug

    • Abstract: Based on the formation of carbodiimide compounds between carboxyl and primary amines, hollow microspheres arising from the folic acid (folate-FA) grafted onto the surface of the modified hydroxyapatite were successfully prepared. The hollow morphology and composition of the FA-grafted hydroxyapatite microspheres were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and other characterizations. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) assay revealed the specific surface area and average pore size of the microspheres were 34.58m2/g and 17.80 nm, respectively. As a drug carrier, the kinetic investigation of doxorubicin (DOX) loaded shows that the adsorbed behavior of drug on the adsorbent is more suitable to be described with pseudo-first-order model. Furthermore, the release rate can reach 83% at pH 5.7, which is greater than the release of 39% at pH 7.4, indicating an excellent performance of controlled drug release for response pH. The release mechanism of DOX coincides with Fickian diffusion as a result of Korsmeyer-Peppas model analysis and the release phenomena can be well explained by Fickian diffusion second law.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Mar 2019 07:05:08 +000
  • Polymer Concentration and Solvent Variation Correlation with the
           Morphology and Water Filtration Analysis of Polyether Sulfone
           Microfiltration Membrane

    • Abstract: Microfiltration flat sheet membranes of polyether sulfone (PES) were fabricated by incorporating varying concentrations of polymer and investigated the influence of substituting solvents. The membranes were prepared via immersion precipitation method. Different solvents that included NMP (N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone), DMF (dimethylformamide), and THF (tetrahydrofuran) were used to analyse their effect on the performance and morphology of the prepared membranes. Two different coagulation bath temperatures were used to investigate the kinetics of membrane formation and subsequent effect on membrane performance. The maximum water flux of 141 ml/cm2.h was observed using 21% of PES concentration in NMP + THF cosolvent system. The highest tensile strength of 29.15 MPa was observed using membrane prepared with 21% PES concentration in NMP as solvent and coagulation bath temperature of 25°C. The highest hydraulic membrane resistance was reported for membrane prepared with 21% PES concentration in NMP as solvent. Moreover, the lowest contact angle of 67° was observed for membrane prepared with 15% of PES concentration in NMP as solvent with coagulation bath temperature of 28°C. Furthermore, the Hansen solubility parameter was used to study the effect on the thermodynamics of membrane formation and found to be in good correlation with experimental observation and approach in the present work.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Mar 2019 13:05:02 +000
  • Effect of Iron Oxide on the Protective Photochromism of African Padauk

    • Abstract: African padauk is a tree whose wood is an excellent material for producing decorative items. The wood is susceptible to sunlight exposure and degrades severely, even after short exposures, which leads to discoloration. Ultraviolet irradiation is the main factor that produces discoloration. In this study, chemical changes occurring on the wood surfaces were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The discoloration of the African padauk was mainly because of the photodegradation of lignin and extractives by ultraviolet radiation. Additionally, the inhibitory effect of different concentrations of red iron oxide coating was investigated. The results revealed that the chromatism was considerably reduced with the protection of iron oxide. However, the inhibition of the discoloration rate of the specimens covered with a film of red iron oxide increased with values reaching approximately 80%. The red iron oxide coating had a strong inhibitory effect on the discoloration of the African padauk.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Mar 2019 12:05:07 +000
  • Zirconium (IV) Acetylacetonate: Ring-Opening Initiator Mediating One-Step
           Synthesis of Biodegradable Polyacids

    • Abstract: Biodegradable polyacid is obtained in one-step ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of carboxylic-acid-functionalized six-membered cyclic carbonate mediated with zirconium (IV) acetylacetonate. Exemplary copolymers with L,L-lactide are described as well. Moreover, zirconium (IV) acetylacetonate is found to be active catalyst of trimethylene carbonate (TMC) ROP in presence of carboxylic acid yielding PTMC end-capped with the acid derivative. Polymerization mechanism is hypothesized demonstrating possibilities of the method in work-saving polycation synthesis and one-step method of conjugate synthesis of well-known biocompatible polyesters and polycarbonates.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Mar 2019 10:05:11 +000
  • Development of Bright Fluorescent
           Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-co-acrylonitrile) and Its Polysalts with HCl
           and HNO3: Materials for Solid State Electrical Applications

    • Abstract: Herein, we have reported the synthesis, characterization, and ionic conductivity analysis of fluorescent poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-co-acrylonitrile) and its salts with 10% HCl and HNO3 in solid state. The synthesized polymers and their polysalts were characterized using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy, UV-visible, Cyclic Voltammetry, Thermogravimetric analysis, Differential Scanning Calorimetric, X-ray diffraction, and spectrofluorometric techniques. The AC conductivities were measured in the frequency ranging from 42 Hz to 1 MHz and temperature from 30°C to 70°C in solid state. Ionic conductivities of the salts of the copolymer with hydrochloric acid and nitric acid were found to be 2.145×10−5 and 2.349×10−5 S cm −1, respectively, which are nearly 1000 times more than that of poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-co-acrylonitrile). The activation energies for the copolymer and the polyelectrolytes were found to be 0.454, 0.6288, and 0.659 eV, respectively. The transport number of the copolymers was found to be 0.0278, and that of the polysalts was found to be 0.7596 and 0.7424, respectively. The copolymer showed distinct fluorescent when irradiated with UV light and can be used as acid vapor sensor in solid state.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Mar 2019 10:05:09 +000
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