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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 338 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 90)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 74, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 211)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Reports in Rheumatology
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-6889 - ISSN (Online) 2090-6897
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [338 journals]
  • An Autopsy Case of a 5-Year-Old Child with Acute Pancreatitis Caused by
           

    • Abstract: In children, acute pancreatitis has been reported in IgA vasculitis, Kawasaki disease, systemic lupus erythematosus-associated vasculitis, and juvenile dermatomyositis-associated vasculitis. However, its frequency in these vasculitides has been shown to be low. In other childhood-onset vasculitides, acute pancreatitis is seldom reported. The patient was a 5-year-old Japanese boy who suddenly presented with gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Therapy with antiulcer drugs successfully stopped bleeding, but subsequently, high fever, leukocytosis, and hypoxia appeared. He died 12 days after he presented with GI bleeding. An autopsy unexpectedly revealed that necrotizing vasculitis with marked eosinophilic and histiocytic infiltration of the pancreas led to acute pancreatitis, and gastric ulcer with eosinophilic infiltration was shown to be the origin of GI bleeding. In addition, eosinophilic infiltration was found in the small intestine, lungs, and bone marrow. Necrotizing vasculitis with eosinophilic and histiocytic infiltration of the pancreas, eosinophilic infiltration of the airway wall, and eosinophilic gastroenteritis with gastric ulcer were histologically confirmed, suggesting that the present case may be an early stage of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis- (EGPA-) like vasculitis. To our knowledge, this might be the first reported case of EGPA-like vasculitis presenting with acute pancreatitis in a child.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Sep 2019 00:05:32 +000
       
  • Pleomorphic Pulmonary Manifestations of IgG4-Related Disease

    • Abstract: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a fibroinflammatory disorder which has been first reported in 2001 by Hamano and colleagues in a patient with autoimmune sclerosing pancreatitis. Almost every organ in the human body can be affected by IgG4-RD from infiltration with IgG4-positive plasma cells. Involvement of lungs with IgG4 is reported previously, but still, there is no clear picture of the pathophysiology behind lung involvement. Here, we are presenting a patient who has IgG4-RD presenting as pseudotumor of the lungs.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Aug 2019 13:05:16 +000
       
  • Nephrotic Syndrome due to Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis Complicating
           Sjögren’s Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review

    • Abstract: Background. Renal tubular acidosis and tubulointerstitial nephritis constitute the primary renal complications associated with Sjögren’s syndrome (SjS), and glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome are rare. Case Presentation. A 79-year-old Japanese woman presented with bilateral leg edema and weight gain and was diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. In addition, she reported a 5-year history of dryness of mouth and was diagnosed with SjS. Renal biopsy revealed segmental glomerulosclerosis, with some specimens showing collapse of the glomerular capillary loops, proliferation of glomerular epithelial cells, and sclerotic lesions at the tubular poles, without spike formation, double contour lesions, or any other changes of the glomerular basement membrane. Immunofluorescence staining showed no immune complex (immunoglobulin IgG, IgA, or IgM) or complement (C3) deposition in the glomerular capillary walls. Based on these findings, she was diagnosed with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The administration of steroid and cyclosporine achieved complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. Conclusion. Although glomerular diseases are rare, a variety of glomerular lesions including FSGS are reported in patients with SjS. Therefore, renal biopsy is warranted in patients with SjS presenting with severe urinary abnormalities.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Aug 2019 18:05:03 +000
       
  • Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage in a Patient with Antisynthetase Syndrome

    • Abstract: An alveolar hemorrhage case is reported as the initial manifestation of antisynthetase syndrome in a 40-year-old man, who is admitted to the Emergency Department for diagnostic approach of chronic cough and progressive dyspnea. The diagnosis of the alveolar hemorrhage was based on the presence of acute respiratory failure, decrease in hemoglobin levels, and observation of macrophages filled with hemosiderin. The antisynthetase syndrome was classified through a tomographic image compatible with a nonspecific interstitial pneumonia, along with antibodies associated to myositis (PL-12 and Ro-52). The study protocol was completed with the result of a myopathic pattern showed in electromyography. This patient presented a good response to steroids and disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD).
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Jul 2019 10:05:04 +000
       
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting as Myopericarditis with Acute
           Heart Failure: A Case Report and Literature Review

    • Abstract: Acutely decompensated dilated cardiomyopathy in a middle-aged patient without the typical risk factor profile presents a clinical dilemma. While cardiomyopathy is a known aspect of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), initial clinical presentation as decompensated dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is exceedingly rare in the literature. We share the case of a 49-year-old African-American female with no past medical history who presented with overt heart failure of 4 weeks evolution. Workup showed acute onset decompensated dilated cardiomyopathy, with a serologic profile compatible with SLE. She responded well to immunosuppressive steroid therapy. Literature review for SLE presenting as dilated cardiomyopathy with acute heart failure revealed a paucity of clinical evidence and consensus. Therefore, a comprehensive review of case reports was undertaken. A total of 10 cases were identified. Patients were 90% female and averaged 31 years of age. Dyspnea was the most common clinical presentation, and dilated cardiomyopathy with severely compromised left ventricular function was universally appreciated. Clinical presentation to diagnosis averaged 2 weeks. Immunosuppressive therapy regimens were universally employed; however, the regimens varied significantly. High-dose steroid therapy was most commonly used, and clinical and functional recovery was reported in 90% of individual case reports. Within the limited evidence and experience of therapeutic approaches, the efficacy of different singular or combined therapy is based solely on anecdotal case reports. Given the near-complete response to a short course of high-dose steroid therapy as much in the clinical recovery as in the resolution of DCM, the limited evidence based on review of these observational case studies and series supports the initial use of high-dose steroid therapy in acute lupus myocarditis.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jul 2019 13:05:12 +000
       
  • Ultrasound-Proven Severe Synovitis Induced by PD-1 Inhibitor Therapy in a
           Patient Predisposed to Seronegative Inflammatory Arthritis

    • Abstract: A 71-year-old Japanese woman was treated with programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitor, nivolumab, for renal cell carcinoma with lung metastasis. Although she had been treated with antirheumatic drugs from 40 to 60 years old by the diagnosis of seronegative inflammatory arthritis, treatment was discontinued based on her achievement of remission. She developed severe polyarthralgia after the administration of nivolumab. Severe synovitis with remarkable power Doppler signals was detected by ultrasound in multiple joints and tendons, and her serum levels of proinflammatory cytokine were remarkably elevated. Nevertheless, her arthritis disappeared after the discontinuation of nivolumab and treatment with a glucocorticoid without antirheumatic drugs. The use of PD-1 inhibitor may be restricted in patients predisposed to arthritis. Alternatively, a close monitoring of these patients by rheumatologists is necessary to identify predictable flares.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jul 2019 13:05:10 +000
       
  • Liquid Silicone-Induced Extensive and Debilitating Granulomatosis
           Responding to Hydroxychloroquine

    • Abstract: In the last two decades, there has been a significant rise in body-image improvement among the American consumers. Cosmetic injectable procedures have increased by 40.6% in the past 5 years. There has also been an increase in nonmedical, illegal, and self-appointed personnel, offering cheaper hazardous procedures. Silicone has been in use since 1965. In 1991, FDA issued guidelines prohibiting the marketing of injectable liquid silicone. However, it is biologically inert, is associated with inflammatory response, and leads to serious complications like granulomatosis, migration, acute pneumonitis, pulmonary embolism, and even death. Here, we present a case of silicone-induced granulomatosis with extensive migration which ended in bilateral mastectomy, multiple anterior chest debulking procedures, and finally peg tube placement due to compression of the esophageal lumen by granulomas. The patient was eventually started on immunomodulatory treatment, hydroxychloroquine with good response.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jul 2019 00:05:03 +000
       
  • A Case of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia That Developed in the
           Therapeutic Course of Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated
           Vasculitis

    • Abstract: Background. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) causes thrombocytopenia via an immunological mechanism, resulting in severe organ injury due to arterial-venous thrombosis. HIT often develops in hemodialysis patients owing to heparin use. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a systemic vasculitis, and cases of AAV complicated with HIT are rare. In addition, it mostly occurs in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Case Presentation. An 87-year-old woman presented with rapidly progressive renal failure and severe leg edema. She was diagnosed with AAV and treated with glucocorticoid and heparin calcium to prevent deep vein thrombosis. Eight days after the start of heparin calcium, her platelet count decreased and the anti-platelet factor 4-heparin complex antibody was strongly positive (>5.0 U/mL; the cutoff point of the anti-platelet factor 4-heparin complex antibody evaluated by the latex turbidity assay is 1.0 U/mL). She was diagnosed with HIT and treated with argatroban. Subsequently, her platelet counts increased gradually. Conclusion. We encountered a case of HIT that developed prior to the induction of hemodialysis in the clinical course of AAV. When AAV clinical course presents thrombocytopenia, the possibility of HIT should be considered.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jul 2019 09:05:12 +000
       
  • Fifty-Two-Week Results of Clinical and Imaging Assessments of a Patient
           with Rheumatoid Arthritis Complicated by Systemic Sclerosis with
           Interstitial Pneumonia and Type 1 Diabetes despite Multiple
           Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug Therapy That Was Successfully Treated
           with Baricitinib: A Novel Case Report

    • Abstract: Baricitinib is a Janus kinase 1/2 (JAK1/2) inhibitor used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. A 71-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis complicated by systemic sclerosis and type 1 diabetes that were resistant to multiple disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs started treatment with baricitinib. After baricitinib administration, the disease activity of her rheumatoid arthritis was attenuated from the early stage of treatment, and the effect was maintained for up to 52 weeks. In addition, the skin sclerosis in systemic sclerosis showed an improvement. Regarding the influence on type 1 diabetes, the required daily dose of insulin and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels decreased. To date, no studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of baricitinib on systemic sclerosis or type 1 diabetes. We report that baricitinib was effective for systemic sclerosis and type 1 diabetes, as well as for rheumatoid arthritis, for up to 52 weeks.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Jul 2019 13:05:02 +000
       
  • A Case of Severe Symptomatic Central Nervous System Sarcoidosis Secondary
           to Treatment with Adalimumab

    • Abstract: Antitumor necrosis factor-α therapy has been used effectively in treatment of many inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and inflammatory bowel disease. There are increasing number of paradoxical reactions associated with this therapy that are being reported. We present the case of a 63-year-old male with psoriatic arthritis maintained on adalimumab and methotrexate (previous treatment trials of prednisone and leflunomide) who developed severe symptomatic sarcoidosis in the brain, liver, and lung. Upon discontinuation of adalimumab, the symptoms resolved but the imaging findings persisted. Although the development of sarcoidosis (usually in the lung, skin, and eyes) while on antitumor necrosis factor-α therapy is increasingly reported, the brain and liver are less commonly involved but should be borne in mind by physicians when extensive granulomatous lesions develop.
      PubDate: Sun, 16 Jun 2019 10:05:00 +000
       
  • A Case Report of Takayasu’s Arteritis and Ulcerative Colitis in a
           Pediatric Patient with Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis
           Successfully Treated with Infliximab: Diagnostic Clues in Disease
           Associations and Immune Dysregulation

    • Abstract: Background. Takayasu’s arteritis with comorbid chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis and ulcerative colitis is rare in the pediatric population. Treatment with anti-TNF alpha agents such as infliximab has been a successful treatment strategy in adults and can be used effectively in the pediatric population. Case Presentation. We present the case of a 15-year-old Caucasian girl with a history of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis and ulcerative colitis presenting with hypertensive emergency secondary to Takayasu’s arteritis with middle aortic syndrome. She was treated with corticosteroids and methotrexate and ultimately required infliximab infusions of 15 mg/kg every 4 weeks to successfully control her symptoms and normalize her inflammatory markers. Conclusions. In this case, we discuss the use of infliximab in an adolescent patient with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, ulcerative colitis, and Takayasu’s arteritis. The significance of this case is determined by the unique occurrence of all three conditions in a pediatric patient, the important consideration of vasculitis in the differential of a pediatric patient presenting with hypertensive emergency, the need for vigilance for detecting diagnostic clues, signs, and symptoms, knowledge of disease associations when evaluating a patient with a predisposition for autoinflammatory conditions, and the use of increasing doses of infliximab to control symptoms.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Jun 2019 08:05:07 +000
       
  • Genital Ulcer of Behçet Disease Localized in the Vagina May Lack Pain,
           Making It Difficult to Assess

    • Abstract: Genital ulcer is one of the main clinical symptoms of Behçet disease; ulcers mostly occur in the vulva and are usually quite painful. We present an unusual case of Behçet disease wherein a painless genital ulcer was localized in the vagina. Our case is of a 43-year-old woman diagnosed with Behçet disease that was controlled with prednisolone. She became pregnant and developed fever, oral ulcers, and arthralgia at 16 weeks of gestation. Although a relapse of Behçet disease was suspected, ulceration and pain of the vulva were not observed. At 18 and 28 weeks of gestation, a vaginal ulcer was observed during regular prenatal examination, but the patient had no pain or other symptoms in the vulva. The vaginal ulcer healed at 29 weeks of gestation. No recurrence of the vaginal ulcer and other symptoms of Behçet disease were seen on subsequent follow-up examination at 1 month after delivery. Although genital ulcers of Behçet disease are common in the vulva and are generally painful, if they are located in the vagina, they can be painless. If Behçet disease is suspected based on other symptoms, a vaginal examination should be conducted as necessary for accurate evaluation of Behçet disease.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jun 2019 10:05:01 +000
       
  • Mixed Cryoglobulinemia in a Patient with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    • Abstract: Cryoglobulinemia is a rare illness of cryoglobulin accumulation in the blood which can typically present with arthralgia, purpura, skin ulcers, glomerulonephritis, and peripheral neuropathy. It is classified as mixed cryoglobulinemia when cryoglobulins contain more than one immune component such as IgM rheumatoid factor and polyclonal IgG. Typically, it presents in the setting of clonal hematologic disease, viral infection, or certain connective tissue diseases. Herein, we report the case of a 24-year-old man diagnosed and treated as mixed cryoglobulinemia in the setting of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Investigations for viral etiologies, including HBV, HCV, and HIV, and all serologic tests were negative. Additionally serum protein and urine protein electrophoresis did not reveal monoclonal gammopathy; however, testing for plasma cryoglobulins was positive, and qualitative analysis revealed a faint polyclonal pattern. Thus, he was diagnosed with cryoglobulinemia in the setting of JIA, which has not been reported in the literature before. He dramatically improved upon initiation of rituximab and methotrexate.
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Jun 2019 00:05:03 +000
       
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in a Patient Receiving Tofacitinib: A Case Report
           and Literature Review

    • Abstract: Background. Tofacitinib is a new oral Janus kinase inhibitor that has shown promising clinical benefit in various rheumatologic diseases. However, many concerns related to the development of malignancies have been reported with its use. Case Presentation. A 43-year-old female patient received tofacitinib for refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Two years after 5 mg bid daily dosing, the patient developed chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), for which she received imatinib and tofacitinib was discontinued. She then remained in remission for rheumatoid arthritis and within the expected milestone outcome for her CML. Conclusion. This is the first reported case of CML after the use of tofacitinib. This event is of particular interest knowing the possible benefits tofacitinib carries in the treatment of CML demonstrated in a few studies.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 May 2019 09:05:00 +000
       
  • Destructive Upper Airway Disease from Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with
           Polyangiitis (EGPA): The Very First Case

    • Abstract: Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a multisystem vasculitic disorder that predominantly affects medium- and small-sized blood vessels. EGPA belongs to a group of vasculitides known as anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody- (ANCA-) associated vasculitis (AAV). Upper airway involvement is seen in all ANCA-associated vasculitides, but destructive upper airway disease has never been reported in patients with EGPA. We report the first case of erosive chondritis and saddle nose deformity in a 50-year-old patient suffering from EGPA.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 May 2019 08:05:07 +000
       
  • Simultaneous Oculomotor and Facial Nerve Palsies in a Patient with
           Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Sjögren’s Syndrome

    • Abstract: A 70-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with simultaneous right oculomotor nerve palsy and right facial nerve palsy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed no abnormality. Coexistent Sjögren’s syndrome was diagnosed on the basis of anti-SS-A antibody positivity, salivary gland scintigraphy, and histological findings on minor salivary gland biopsy. As there was no obvious cause of multiple cranial neuropathies, we supposed that the palsies were induced by either of the underlying diseases. The patient was treated with a high-dose of prednisolone and intravenous cyclophosphamide, and both palsies recovered almost completely within two weeks.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Apr 2019 00:05:03 +000
       
  • Severe Disabling Myalgia as an Initial Presentation of Polyarteritis
           Nodosa

    • Abstract: Background. Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a form of necrotizing vasculitis affecting medium or small blood vessels with multiorgan involvement. Although myalgia is a clinical feature of PAN, severe disabling myalgia as the initial presentation is rarely noted. Case Presentation. We present a case of 54-year-old male with recently detected chronic kidney disease admitted with progressive severe disabling muscular pains predominantly over calves with constitutional symptoms for seven weeks. He was weak to mobilize out of the bed. Later, he developed a vasculitic rash, unilateral ulnar claw, and bilateral foot drop. His skin and muscle biopsies showed evidence of vasculitis. His renal and mesenteric artery CT angiogram revealed stenosed segment of the celiac artery without evidence of visible aneurysms elsewhere. He completed six cycles of intravenous cyclophosphamide pulse therapy with high-dose oral prednisolone with good response. With continuation of aggressive immunosuppression and rehabilitation for five months, the patient improved and was able to walk without support. Conclusion. Musculoskeletal predominant PAN, even though rare, needs to be considered in patients presenting with disabling muscle pain and weakness. These features may herald over days to months along with constitutional symptoms before other systems getting affected. Early recognition of such symptoms and initiating specific treatment would be important for better outcomes.
      PubDate: Sun, 07 Apr 2019 13:05:07 +000
       
  • Idiopathic CRMO and MEFV Gene Variant Alleles: Is There Any
           Relationship'

    • Abstract: Background and Objective. CRMO is an inflammatory disease of bone that occurs more often in children. The clinical manifestations are intermittent fever, pain, and bone lesions, especially in long bones. Although there is an idiopathic type of disease, it is usually associated with some autoimmune disorders. This study evaluates MEFV gene mutations as background pathology of idiopathic CRMO. Methods. Blood samples of patients, who diagnosed as childhood idiopathic CRMO by imaging and pathologic study from June 2011 until September 2018, have been screened for the 12 common pathogenic variants of MEFV gene mutations. Result. Nine patients enrolled in this study, and eight of them were male. The most common involvement locations were tibia and femur, and the least ones were zygoma, calcaneus, and radius. The mean duration of the involvement was 1.3 years. Six patients had only 1 involved location, 2 patients showed two sites of involvement, and one patient had three affected areas. There were two positive MEFV gene mutations (22%), as E148Q/wt and K695R/wt both in the heterozygote form. There was no meaningful relationship between MEFV gene mutations and the age of onset, gender, and location of involvement. Patients with positive mutation had more involved sites and long duration of involvement significantly. Conclusion. There is no significant immunopathogenic relationship between the common MEFV gene variant alleles and CRMO disease.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Mar 2019 12:05:11 +000
       
  • Cutaneous Polyarteritis Nodosa Presenting Atypically with Severe
           Pharyngeal Ulceration

    • Abstract: Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a multisystem, necrotising vasculitis of small- and medium-sized arteries with a predilection for the visceral vessels. Cutaneous PAN is a rare variant with symptomatic vasculitis limited to the skin, typically presenting as nodular lesions on the extremities with a propensity to ulcerate. We describe a rare case of histologically confirmed cutaneous PAN presenting in a 55-year-old Ghanaian woman with severe oropharyngeal ulceration. This was associated with dysphagia and significant weight loss. Oesophagoduodenoscopy showed that the ulceration extended throughout the oropharynx. Systemic polyarteritis nodosa was ruled out with magnetic resonance angiography. Our patient was treated successfully with corticosteroids and methotrexate. This case suggests that cutaneous PAN should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with oropharyngeal ulceration and that histological assessment is pivotal in establishing the diagnosis early in order to instigate appropriate therapy.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Mar 2019 10:05:02 +000
       
  • Polymyositis-Dermatomyositis and Interstitial Lung Disease in Pregnant
           Woman Successfully Treated with Cyclosporine and Tapered Steroid Therapy

    • Abstract: Polymyositis-dermatomyositis is extremely rare during pregnancy, and immunosuppressive therapy should be administered after carefully considering the effects on both the mother and fetus. Several reports have associated the disease activity with fetal prognosis, higher rates of eclampsia, preterm births, and fetal deaths. We report our experience with a patient who was diagnosed with polymyositis-dermatomyositis complicated by interstitial lung disease during pregnancy and was treated with a combination-immunosuppressant regimen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case wherein cyclosporine was used concomitantly with a steroid for the treatment of polymyositis diagnosed during pregnancy, with successful outcome of childbirth without any complications.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Mar 2019 07:05:05 +000
       
  • Successful Treatment of Sjögren’s Syndrome Presenting as a Condition
           Similar to Chronic Capillary Leak Syndrome Using Combination Therapy with
           High-Dose Intravenous Immunoglobulin and Glucocorticoid

    • Abstract: A 70-year-old woman with Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) complained of generalized edema. Computed tomography showed thoracoabdominal fluid, suggesting serositis with SS. 35 mg/day of prednisolone as a monotherapy was ineffective. Moreover, hemoconcentration with hypoalbuminemia without inflammatory signs lead us to consider the systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS). Additional treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and prednisolone dramatically decreased the thoracoabdominal fluid. However, when reducing the prednisolone dose, the thoracoabdominal fluid reincreased. Retreatment with IVIG without increasing the prednisolone dose was ineffective. However, additional prednisolone of 35 mg/day was effective, suggesting SCLS with SS might require combination therapy with IVIG and glucocorticoid.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Mar 2019 10:05:04 +000
       
  • Aortitis as a Harbinger of Occult Malignancy

    • Abstract: Noninfectious aortitis can be associated with an occult malignancy. Although glucocorticosteroids are often used, there is no clear evidence-based therapy and there is little consensus regarding treatment. Identifying and treating an underlying trigger is the most efficacious therapy. We present an unusual case initially concerning acute bacterial endocarditis of the native mitral valve; however, aseptic ischemic valvitis manifested on pathology. Concurrent aortitis was diagnosed with angiography. Occult colon adenocarcinoma was discovered during diagnostic abdominal imaging. Treatment of this underlying malignancy was associated with dynamic mitigation of inflammation affecting the entire aorta and a reduction in associated symptoms. This is an unusual case of a paraneoplastic secondary large vessel vasculitis involving the entire aorta, a diagnosis of exclusion but a consideration that can have dramatic impact on both morbidity and mortality.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Feb 2019 09:05:01 +000
       
  • Cerebral Vasculitis in Ulcerative Colitis Is Predominantly Venular: Case
           Report and Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Extraintestinal complications of ulcerative colitis include isolated case reports of cerebral vasculitis. In this case report, we describe autopsy findings in a 50-year-old female who died as a result of massive multifocal cerebral hemorrhage. Microscopic examination of the left colon showed findings typical for ulcerative colitis. Examination of the brain showed an extensive vasculitis. More affected vessels were noted in grey matter than in white matter. Many showed fibrinoid necrosis, invasion by neutrophils and thrombosis. There was extensive perivascular hemorrhage with associated infarction. Vessel analysis shows most of the vessels to have been venous rather than arterial. There were no perivascular sleeves of demyelination to suggest a primary demyelinating disorder, such as acute hemorrhagic leucoencephalitis. Our analysis shows that veins are the likely target of cerebral vasculitis in ulcerative colitis. This has clinical implications because venous occlusion generally causes massive intracerebral hemorrhage with a high mortality.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Feb 2019 08:05:00 +000
       
  • Class IV Lupus Nephritis in the Setting of Serologically Quiescent Disease
           and Normal Urine Sediment in a Patient with Late-Onset Systemic Lupus
           Erythematosus

    • Abstract: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that may affect any organ of the body. Lupus nephritis (LN) is a frequent and serious complication of SLE. We report a case of an 80-year-old woman who was initially diagnosed with late-onset SLE and eventually developed LN in the setting of normal complements, double-stranded DNA, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and urine sediment. She developed abnormal renal function (creatinine of 1.7 mg/dl) and mild proteinuria (1-2+) without hematuria. Renal biopsy showed class IV lupus glomerulonephritis, active and chronic. The patient was started on mycophenolate mofetil which led to improvement of proteinuria and stabilization of creatinine. The suspicion for LN in a patient with late-onset SLE should remain high when there is development of suspicious renal or urinary abnormalities even if laboratory values do not suggest high disease activity and urinary sediment is normal. To our knowledge, this is one of the oldest patients with biopsy-proven LN and late-onset SLE.
      PubDate: Sun, 17 Feb 2019 13:30:00 +000
       
  • Diagnostic Dilemma of Disseminated Histoplasmosis Mimicking
           Hemophagocytosis Lymphohistiocytosis in Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis
           on Anti-TNF Therapy: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) have become the cornerstone for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other systemic autoimmune conditions. However, these biologic DMARDs can lead to various opportunistic infections such as viral infection, tuberculosis, and histoplasmosis. Furthermore, these biologics can also cause severe systemic inflammatory reactions known as hemophagocytosis lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) that can lead to multiorgan failure and high mortality. Due to overlapping clinical features and time-intensive microbiological culture methods, distinguishing between HLH and opportunistic infections can be challenging early in the disease course. We present a similar situation with our patient where the patient met the diagnostic criteria for HLH however was found to have disseminated histoplasmosis. This case uniquely evaluates the utility of the HLH diagnostic criteria and hemophagocytosis for accurate diagnosis of HLH.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Feb 2019 07:05:15 +000
       
  • Echocardiogram: The GPS to GPA’s Heart (Granulomatosis with
           Polyangiitis)

    • Abstract: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare ANCA-associated necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis affecting small- to medium-sized vessels. Common manifestations of this disease process affect the ear, nose, throat, upper and lower airways, and kidneys. Cardiac involvement has been reported in 6–44% of patients, primarily as coronary arteritis and pericarditis. A majority of case reports of pericardial effusions in patients with GPA identify patients having constrictive pericarditis secondary to uremia. We are presenting a case of hemorrhagic pericarditis in a patient with GPA in which the underlying inflammatory vasculitis likely played the primary role in the patient’s presentation. Echocardiographic abnormalities have been found in 80% of patients with GPA. Given the high mortality from cardiac involvement in patients with GPA, screening echocardiograms for this patient population may serve as a helpful tool in gauging disease severity, thereby guiding therapy to prevent serious cardiac complications, such as cardiac tamponade as presented in this case report.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Jan 2019 13:05:03 +000
       
  • Colchicine plus Dapsone in Colchicine‐Resistant FMF Patients

    • Abstract: Five to ten percent of FMF patients have unfavorable response to the colchicine as a standard therapy. Biologic treatments have been shown to be highly effective, but there are often unavailable, because the price is unaffordably high. This study shows the striking effect of combined dapsone and colchicine therapy in such patients and recommends it as an alternative therapy in colchicine-resistant (CR) patients.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jan 2019 09:05:05 +000
       
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic
           Antibody-Associated Vasculitis (AAV) Overlap Syndrome: Case Report and
           Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: We report here the first case of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis overlap syndrome (SLE/AAV) who had granulomatous polyangiitis (GPA) as the initial presentation. SLE/AAV overlap syndrome is an uncommon entity recently described in the literature. Prior reported patients with SLE/AAV overlap syndrome presented with SLE and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). Our patient initially presented with granulomatous gastric ulcer and later developed respiratory failure. She was diagnosed with GPA. While on maintenance treatment with azathioprine 150 mg/day, she developed hematuria and proteinuria which turned out to be from class V lupus nephritis instead of relapse of vasculitis. Currently, the patient is doing well after treatment with rituximab. Although rare, this entity should be recognized and need to be treated appropriately.
      PubDate: Sun, 06 Jan 2019 13:30:02 +000
       
 
 
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