Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 343 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 343 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Biology J.     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.354, CiteScore: 1)
Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part B, Magnetic Resonance Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 1)
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 77, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 226)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Reports in Pediatrics
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-6803 - ISSN (Online) 2090-6811
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • A Cyanotic Newborn with a Pink Right Upper Extremity

    • Abstract: Aberrant origin of the subclavian artery (SCA) is a well-known vascular anomaly as part of congenital heart diseases with the left subclavian artery (LSCA) being more frequently affected than the right subclavian artery (RSCA). Complete isolation of the SCA is an even more infrequent aortic arch anomaly, occurring in less than 1% for the LSCA and even less for the RSCA. Isolation of the RSCA in patients with d-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) is even scanter with only a hand full of cases being reported in the literature. However, isolation of the RSCA has important implications on hemodynamics and surgical strategies. In this case report, we present a newborn patient with D-TGA which presented with distinct differential cyanosis. While the right upper extremity appeared pink with an oxygen saturation of 100%, the rest of the body was cyanotic. At first, this appearance was interpreted as the Harlequin phenomenon during primary care. However, detailed echocardiography revealed an aberrant origin of the RSCA from the right pulmonary artery, which led to the differential cyanosis. The patient underwent arterial switch operation on day of life two including dissection and reimplantation of the RSCA. The special hemodynamic situation of this is discussed in terms of pathophysiology and as well as its impact on perioperative and surgical management.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Jun 2020 16:20:01 +000
  • High-Dose Inhaled Nitric Oxide as Adjunct Therapy in Cystic Fibrosis
           Targeting Burkholderia multivorans

    • Abstract: Background. Individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) have persistent lung infections, necessitating the frequent use of antibiotics for pulmonary exacerbations. Some respiratory pathogens have intrinsic resistance to the currently available antibiotics, and any pathogen may acquire resistance over time, posing a challenge to CF care. Gaseous nitric oxide has been shown to have antimicrobial activity against a wide variety of microorganisms, including common CF pathogens, and offers a potential inhaled antimicrobial therapy. Case Presentation. Here, we present the case of a 16-year-old female with CF who experienced a precipitous decline in lung function over the prior year in conjunction with worsening antibiotic resistance of her primary pathogen, Burkholderia multivorans. She received 46 intermittent inhalations of 160 parts-per-million nitric oxide over a 28-day period. The gas was administered via a mechanical ventilator fitted with nitrogen dioxide scavenging chambers. Conclusions. High-dose inhaled nitric oxide was safe, well tolerated, and showed clinical benefit in an adolescent with cystic fibrosis and pulmonary colonization with Burkholderia multivorans.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jun 2020 06:50:00 +000
  • Maternal-Fetal Perinatal Transmission of Staphylococcal Infections: A
           Report of Two Neonates

    • Abstract: Staphylococcal infection in terms of fetus is rare and is associated with either maternal staphylococcal sepsis or colonization that leads to vertical transmission. Antenatal invasive procedures are a recognized risk factor. Most reported newborns with fetal-onset staphylococcal infections have had a worse outcome. We report the story of two newborns who had pustular-bullous skin lesions at birth and responded successfully to antistaphylococcal antibiotics. Both neonates made complete recovery. It is important to suspect clinically the staphylococcal infections when bullous skin lesions are present in the newborn.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Jun 2020 14:05:01 +000
  • Alveolar Echinococcosis in Children

    • Abstract: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is an infectious zoonotic disease that is caused by Echinococcus multilocularis. The disease is generally identified accidentally because of the long asymptomatic period, has a malignant behaviour, and mainly occurs in the liver. Usually it is diagnosed in adults and is very rare in pediatric patients. We report two cases of AE and 1 differential case between AE and cystic echinococcosis (CE) in children: two of them had lesions in the liver and one had rare extrahepatic presentation of a cyst in the spleen. All our patients received chemotherapy with albendazole because surgical treatment was not recommended. The children were followed-up from 10 to 30 months and no significant improvement was seen. In this report we discuss the difficulties we faced in the treatment and follow-up of these patients. We also review the main clinical manifestations, general diagnostic methods, and treatment options of AE according to the current literature.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 May 2020 07:20:01 +000
  • It Is Complicated: The Medico-Social Journey of an Undocumented Pregnant

    • Abstract: Adolescent pregnancies are a global health problem with over 16 million children born to this age group globally. Adolescent females also represent almost half of all adolescent global migrants. Adolescent pregnancy by itself is associated with poor health care access and morbidities; the additional risk of social insecurity in the case of undocumented adolescent migrants leads to higher risks for the mother and newborn. According to the CDC, adolescents comprise half of all new sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including reported primary and secondary syphilis. Our case highlights the relationship between social insecurity for the undocumented adolescent migrant and excess risks for preventable mother-to-child transmission of communicable diseases. In formulating preventive measures and policies for the recent rise in sexually transmitted maternal diseases with resultant congenital infections, there is need for health care systems and providers to familiarize themselves with advocacy and other useful resources that will promote health care access for undocumented and other vulnerable adolescents. Additionally, local providers who work in areas with a large population of immigrant adolescents should utilize the untapped resources of these adolescents to develop youth community advocacy projects that link adolescents to health resources, including reproductive health.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Apr 2020 05:05:01 +000
  • Symptomatic Internal Carotid Agenesis in Children

    • Abstract: Carotid artery agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly, and there are controversies in the leading cause for it. We present a 6-year-old girl with resolved focal neurological ischemic stroke that showed bilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) agenesis. Through this paper, we highlight the carotid canal congenital obliteration hypothesis as it may be a risk for such finding.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Apr 2020 14:50:00 +000
  • Successful Liposteroid Therapy for a Recurrent Idiopathic Pulmonary
           Hemosiderosis with Down Syndrome

    • Abstract: Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare and life-threatening disorder. Early diagnosis and appropriate management are essential for their better prognosis and patients’ quality of life (QOL). It is considered that Down syndrome patients with IPH have a worse prognosis compared to other IPH cases. A 2-year-old girl with Down syndrome received the diagnosis of IPH after two episodes of massive pulmonary hemorrhage requiring assist ventilation, who suffered from recurrent IPH during tapering period of oral corticosteroid, started liposteroid therapy. We report here a case of successful control of recurrent IPH and improved QOL enormously with tapering dose of corticosteroid after starting liposteroid therapy.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Apr 2020 05:50:00 +000
  • Ocular Findings in the 16p11.2 Microdeletion Syndrome: A Case Report and
           Literature Review

    • Abstract: The recurrent 16p11.2 microdeletion is characterized by developmental delays and a wide spectrum of congenital anomalies. It has been well reported that individuals with this ∼593-kb interstitial deletion have an increased susceptibility toward the autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Abnormalities of the eye and ocular adnexa are also commonly associated findings seen in individuals with the 16p11.2 microdeletion syndrome, although these ophthalmic manifestations have not been well characterized. We conducted an extensive literature review to highlight the eye features in patients with the 16p11.2 microdeletion syndrome and describe a 5-year-old boy with the syndrome. The boy initially presented with intellectual disability, speech delay, and defiant behavior; diagnoses of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) were established. He had a Chiari malformation type 1. His ophthalmic features included strabismus, hyperopia, and ptosis, and a posterior embryotoxon was present bilaterally. From a systematic review of prior reported cases, the most common eye and ocular adnexa findings observed were downslanting palpebral fissures, deep-set eyes, ptosis, and hypertelorism.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Apr 2020 13:20:00 +000
  • Severe Generalized Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex in Two Hong Kong Children
           due to De Novo Variants in KRT14 and KRT5

    • Abstract: We report two Hong Kong children with severe generalized epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS), the most severe form of EBS, without a family history of EBS. EBS is a rare genodermatosis usually inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion although rare autosomal recessive cases have been reported. Genetic studies in these patients showed that the first case was due to a novel de novo heterozygous variant, c.377T>G (NM_000526.5 (c.377T>G, p.Leu126Arg)) in the KRT14 gene and the second case was due to a rare de novo heterozygous variant c.527A>G (NM_000424.4, c.527A>G, p.Asn176Ser) in the KRT5 gene. To our knowledge, the c.377T>G variant in the KRT14 gene has not been previously reported, and the c.527A>G variant in the KRT5 gene is a rare cause of severe generalized EBS. In severe generalized EBS, infants exhibit severe symptoms at the onset; however, they tend to improve with time. A precise genetic diagnosis in these two cases aided in counseling the families concerning the prognosis in their affected children and the recurrence risk for future pregnancies.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Apr 2020 07:05:00 +000
  • A Case Report of Monkeypox in a 4-Year-Old Boy from the DR Congo:
           Challenges of Diagnosis and Management

    • Abstract: Monkeypox (MP) is a rare zoonotic disease that most commonly transmits from bush animals to humans in the Congo Basin of Africa. However, an increase in cases of MP has been observed over the past decades with frequent outbreaks as well as export of the disease out of the African continent. MP belongs to the same genus of viruses as smallpox, the Orthopoxvirus, and vaccination against smallpox gives some protection against MP. With the eradication of smallpox in 1980, vaccination against smallpox has ceased. The resulting decrease of immunity against Orthopoxvirus is thought to be related to the increase in MP cases. Furthermore, closer contact between humans and bush animals could play a role along with the ongoing difficulties of controlling HIV in the same geographical area. MP remains a diagnostic challenge. Lack of knowledge about the disease among health personnel plays an important role, as well as access to diagnostic tools is limited. Treatment of MP is for now symptomatic. We report the case of a 4-year-old boy from the DR Congo with the clinical diagnosis of MP. This case illustrates some of the abovementioned challenges related to the management of MP in the field.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Apr 2020 10:20:01 +000
  • A 16-Day-Old Infant with a Clinical Diagnosis of Classical Cornelia de
           Lange Syndrome

    • Abstract: Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare syndromic genetic disorder characterized by multiple congenital anomalies with upper limb reduction defects, along with cardiac, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary defects. It is caused by genetic variations in the chromatin regulator genes, most commonly, the cohesin complex. Even though molecular genetic testing is highly recommended to confirm the diagnosis, high costs and unavailability in some settings are significant setbacks, and clinical criteria could be used. The typical craniofacial features include generalized hirsutism, synophrys, microbrachycephaly, highly arched eyebrows, and long eyelashes, along with height and weight below the 5th percentile. In this paper, we present a case of a 16-day-old male infant in whom a clinical diagnosis of classical CdLS was made.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Apr 2020 09:20:00 +000
  • A Rare Case of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis following a Ruptured
           Baker’s Cyst in a Toddler

    • Abstract: A Baker’s cyst is usually an incidental finding in adults being investigated for a joint arthropathy, and its rupture preceding the diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is rare in children. Here, we describe a case of a 4-year-old girl who presented to the Emergency Department with right calf pain, swelling, and no preceding history of trauma. MRI confirmed a ruptured Baker’s cyst with inflammatory arthropathy alongside an extensive synovial proliferation throughout the knee joint with large joint effusions and associated soft tissue oedema tracking superiorly and inferiorly along the medial head of gastrocnemius and anteriorly along the tibia. Further investigations revealed bilateral uveitis consistent with a diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Apr 2020 05:20:00 +000
  • Screening Children with a Family History of Central Congenital
           Hypoventilation Syndrome

    • Abstract: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare genetic disorder of an autonomic nervous disorder that affects breathing. It is characterized by respiratory insufficiency secondary to insensitivity to hypoxemia and hypercarbia, particularly during sleep leading to persistent apnea. We report four individuals across two generations harboring heterozygous 25 polyalanine repeats mutations (PARMs) in PHOX2B with a varying degree of phenotypic clinical manifestations. Two family members who reported to be “asymptomatic” were subsequently diagnosed with CCHS, based on genetic testing, obtained because of their family history. Genetic studies in the family including a mother and three offsprings revealed in-frame five amino acid PARMs of PHOX2B consistent with CCHS in addition to full clinical assessment. All affected individuals had evidence of hypercapnia on blood gas analysis with PCO2 in the range of 32–70 (mean; 61). Nocturnal polysomnogram revealed evidence of hypoventilation in two individuals (1 offspring and mother) with the end-tidal CO2 median of 54. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain revealed no abnormalities in the brain stem. There was no evidence of cor pulmonale on echocardiograms in all individuals. Neuropsychological testing was conducted on all four patients; two patients (mother and 1 offspring) had normal results, while the other two offspring exhibited some impairments on neuropsychological testing. This case series emphasizes the importance of screening first-degree relatives of individuals with confirmed CCHS to minimize complications associated with long-term ventilatory impairment. It also suggests that some patients with CCHS should undergo neuropsychological evaluations to assess for cognitive weaknesses secondary to their CCHS.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2020 06:35:00 +000
  • Laugier–Hunziker Syndrome in an 8-Year-Old Boy with Scleral
           Melanocytosis, Lingual Pigmentation, Labial Pigmentation, and Melanonychia

    • Abstract: Laugier–Hunziker syndrome is a rare, acquired disorder characterized by mucocutaneous hyperpigmentation and melanonychia striata with no underlying systemic abnormalities. We report an 8-year-old boy with Laugier–Hunziker syndrome who presented with melanonychia striata affecting all the fingernails and toenails, macular pigmentation on the tongue and the lower lip, and scleral melanocytosis. Melanonychia striata rarely affect all the twenty nails, and scleral melanocytosis has rarely been reported in association with Laugier–Hunziker syndrome. Laugier–Hunziker syndrome occurs predominately in adults. Our patient is the youngest reported patient with Laugier–Hunziker syndrome.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Mar 2020 05:05:00 +000
  • Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia with Trisomy 21 and Tetrasomy 21 Clones in
           a Phenotypically Normal Child with Mosaic Trisomy 21

    • Abstract: Pediatric acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) is a rare subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that may be divided into two subgroups: (1) Down syndrome- (DS-) related AMKL which generally has a favorable prognosis and (2) non-DS-related AMKL which generally has a poorer outcome. We report a phenotypically normal child with AMKL with trisomy 21 (T21) and tetrasomy 21 clones. Subsequently, she was diagnosed with mosaic T21. She underwent reduced-intensity therapy with good outcome. We review the literature regarding AMKL-associated cytogenetic abnormalities and AMKL in association with DS. We suggest evaluation for mosaic T21 in phenotypically normal pediatric patients with T21-positive AML.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Mar 2020 04:35:00 +000
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency from Maternal Chemotherapy and Severe Primary
           Pneumocystis Infection in an Infant

    • Abstract: Pneumocystis jirovecii is recognized as an opportunistic pathogen in immunosuppressed patients. We report a case of severe Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in an infant with acquired combined immunodeficiency secondary to maternal chemotherapy exposure during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. The infant required cardiorespiratory support with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) for severe respiratory failure. This case highlights the potential for severe acquired immunodeficiency in this patient cohort and further postnatal surveillance is highly recommended.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 02:20:00 +000
  • Subcutaneously Anchored Sutureless Device for Securement of Chest Tubes in
           Neonates with Pleural Effusion: Three Case Reports

    • Abstract: We report the clinical cases of three neonates, all of them premature, requiring the placement of a chest tube for drainage of a massive pleural effusion. In all three patients, the chest tube was secured using a new subcutaneously anchored sutureless system. This new securement device was easy to insert and to remove, and highly effective in preventing dislodgment. Also, it was not associated to any undesired effect: no sign of pain and/or discomfort and no skin inflammation. The securement device proved to be comfortable and harmless even in fragile patients as neonates, including the frailest ones, the premature. To our best knowledge, this is the first report describing the use of such a device for this purpose.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Mar 2020 10:20:00 +000
  • The Value of Imagistics in Early Diagnosis of Tuberous Sclerosis

    • Abstract: Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystemic genetic disorder with high phenotypical variability. Its progress frequently brings along autism (61%), epilepsy, intellectual disability (45%), and neurocognitive impairment (Gipson and Johnston, 2017). We are considering the case of an infant suspected with tuberous sclerosis complex by imagistic investigation in the prenatal period. The pre- and postnatal ultrasound, fetal MRI, ophthalmoscopy, and dermatological and neurological examinations were used for diagnosis and follow-up. The seven major and minor criteria were regarded as sufficient for accurate diagnosis.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2020 12:05:00 +000
  • Brain Abscess Associated with Polymicrobial Infection after Intraoral
           Laceration: A Pediatric Case Report

    • Abstract: Brain abscesses, infections within the brain parenchyma, can arise as complications of various conditions including infections, trauma, and surgery. However, brain abscesses due to polymicrobial organisms have rarely been reported in children. We herein report a case of a 9-year-old girl with unresolved congenital cyanotic heart disease (CCHD) presenting with right hemiplegia who was diagnosed with brain abscess caused by Streptococcus intermedius, Parvimonas micra, and Fusobacterium nucleatum after oropharyngeal injury. She was treated with intravenous antimicrobial therapy, drainage under craniotomy, and antiedema therapy with glycerol and goreisan, which led to the improvement of right hemiplegia to baseline; she was discharged following eight weeks of intravenous antimicrobial therapy. The clinical diagnosis of the brain abscess was difficult due to the nonspecific presentation, highlighting the importance of cranial imaging without haste in patients at increased risk for brain abscesses such as those with CCHD, presenting with fever in the absence of localizing symptoms or fever, accompanied with abnormal neurological findings.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2020 12:20:02 +000
  • Carglumic Acid Contributes to a Favorable Clinical Course in a Case of
           Severe Propionic Acidemia

    • Abstract: Propionic acidemia (PA) is manifested as an abnormal accumulation of propionic acid and its metabolites, including methylcitrate, 3-hydroxypropionic acid, and propionylglycine, and is caused by a defect of propionyl-CoA carboxylase. PA is complicated by acute life-threatening metabolic crises, which are precipitated by a catabolic state and result in multiple organ failure or even death, if untreated. A neonate with PA recovered from the first metabolic crisis 3 days after birth but developed a second metabolic crisis during the recovery phase. This patient was considered to have severe PA and was accordingly given carglumic acid treatment in combination with carnitine supplementation and protein restriction, which was expected to prevent a recurrent metabolic attack. The patient did not develop hyperammonemia after receiving carglumic acid and was never hospitalized. Moreover, she did not present with acidosis even during viral infection. At 26 months of age, she led a stable life while receiving carglumic acid and regular rehabilitation. Carglumic acid treatment in combination with carnitine supplementation and protein restriction prevented metabolic decompensation, which would have otherwise required hospitalization, and resulted in improved quality of life and developmental outcomes.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2020 09:05:00 +000
  • Presumptive Dipylidium caninum Infection in a Toddler

    • Abstract: We report a female toddler who presented repetitively with a chief complaint of motile white worms seen in her diapers. Symptoms of perianal itching and visualization of visible motile worms persisted for 6 months despite being treated with multiple courses of albendazole causing a lot of frustration and distress to the caregivers. The characteristics of the worms by inspection along with the presence of 3 pet dogs are consistent with Dipylidium caninum.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 Mar 2020 20:20:00 +000
  • Bone Infarct as an Indicator of Acute Spinal Ischaemia

    • Abstract: Acute spinal cord infarct in childhood is extremely rare, generally secondary to spinal/cardiovascular surgery or severe vertebral injuries. However, spontaneous spinal cord infarct cases have been described. We present a clinical case of a teenager who developed an acute weakness and paraesthesia in lower limbs after playing piggyback. Laboratory tests and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) were normal. During her hospital admission, her motor strength improved. After 10 days, MRI was repeated, and a bone infarct was observed. She was medicated with acetylsalicylic acid, and she completed a rehabilitation program.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Feb 2020 04:05:00 +000
  • Pediatric Collagenous Gastroenterocolitis Successfully Treated with

    • Abstract: A two-and-one-half-year-old previously healthy female presented with a ten-week history of watery diarrhea, nonbilious and nonbloody emesis, and low-grade fevers. She was found to have severe hypoalbuminemia and hypogammaglobulinemia. Her symptoms persisted, and she became dependent on parenteral nutrition. Biopsies obtained during subsequent endoscopic and colonoscopic studies revealed findings consistent with collagenous gastroenterocolitis. She responded to an empiric course of prednisone, but her symptoms recurred shortly after transitioning to oral budesonide. After successful reinduction with intravenous prednisone, intramuscular methotrexate was initiated. She remained asymptomatic during a 15-month course of therapy, and she continued to do well clinically until approximately nine months after weaning off methotrexate. At that point, she experienced a recurrence of diarrhea, and repeat endoscopic evaluation confirmed collagenous colitis. This responded nicely to a short course of oral budesonide, and she has since remained asymptomatic and off any therapy.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Feb 2020 11:05:00 +000
  • Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection Presenting with Hyperbilirubinemia
           and Splenomegaly in a Term Infant with Trisomy 21

    • Abstract: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV) is very common, yet the presentation can be varied, making the diagnosis challenging. However, early diagnosis for treatment with medication in symptomatic cases within the first month of life is critical. Hyperbilirubinemia and splenomegaly are less common manifestations at birth and may be overlooked in the setting of other symptoms, especially in a critically ill neonate. We present a case of a term infant with trisomy 21 who presented with isolated hyperbilirubinemia and splenomegaly and was later diagnosed with congenital CMV.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Feb 2020 10:05:01 +000
  • Hemoglobin Sunshine Seth: A Case Report of Low-Oxygen-Affinity

    • Abstract: Pulse oximetry is routinely used in the newborn nursery for clinical monitoring and to detect critical congenital heart disease. The differential diagnoses for reduced peripheral oxygen saturation in an infant include congenital heart disease, respiratory distress syndrome, transient tachypnea of the newborn, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, meconium aspiration syndrome, pneumonia, pneumothorax, and sepsis. The diagnostic evaluation for neonatal hypoxemia can be invasive and expensive. When this evaluation is unrevealing, other interventions may be tried without clear benefit to the patient, including, but not limited to, supplemental oxygen. Therefore, it is important to consider alternative, albeit rare, diagnoses, including hemoglobinopathies with abnormal oxygen binding properties. Mutations in the structure of alpha- and beta-globin chains can alter the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen, and changes in oxygen affinity may result in changes in the oxygen saturation detected by pulse oximetry. These changes may or may not be of clinical significance. This case report describes Hemoglobin Sunshine Seth, a rare low-oxygen-affinity hemoglobin variant presenting as reduced peripheral oxygen saturation in an otherwise well-appearing infant male.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Feb 2020 10:20:00 +000
  • Hepatic Failure following Metronidazole in Children with Cockayne Syndrome

    • Abstract: Cockayne syndrome is an uncommon autosomal recessive disease characterized by microcephaly, abnormal growth, and pathologic premature aging. The purpose of this report is to evaluate liver failure in children with Cockayne syndrome following metronidazole administration. The first case was a 2-year-old boy with Cockayne syndrome. He had been treated with metronidazole for gastroenteritis. 48 hours after treatment initiation, he was hospitalized due to jaundice, intractable vomiting, and agitation. Unfortunately, he died of acute liver failure. The second case was a 5-year-old boy with Cockayne syndrome as well, who had been treated with amoxicillin and metronidazole for a dental infection. He developed jaundice, drowsiness, lethargy, and anorexia after treatment. At hospital, the child received supportive treatment, and his general condition gradually improved. The liver enzyme levels decreased. He was finally discharged in good general condition. The mortality after metronidazole consumption in patients with Cockayne syndrome due to liver failure is very high. The awareness of the dangers of using metronidazole in these patients is valuable.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jan 2020 08:50:00 +000
  • Clinical and Biochemical Features in a Case of Familial Hypocalciuric
           Hypercalcemia Type 3 with AP2S1 Gene Mutation in Codon Arg15His

    • Abstract: Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is usually a benign condition divided into three types. FHH-3 occurs in about 20% of the cases and is caused due to missense mutations in AP2S1 (adaptor-related protein complex 2 subunit sigma 1) involving the codon Arg15 (p.R15). We report a case of FHH-3 with a heterozygous mutation in the AP2S1 gene on chr19_47349359 C>T, c.44G>A, p.Arg15His. There are a handful of reports describing the clinical features in patients diagnosed with FHH-3. Herein, we describe the laboratory and clinical features associated with a case of FHH-3 with mutation in the Arg15His codon of the AP2S1 gene.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jan 2020 13:35:00 +000
  • Intraluminal Duplication of the Terminal Ileum with Ectopic Gastric Mucosa
           in an Infant: A Rare Cause of Intussusception

    • Abstract: Enteric duplication cysts are rare malformations mostly diagnosed before the age of two, with varied clinical presentations. Ectopic gastrointestinal epithelium can be present, and management involves surgical resection. A three-month-old girl presented with rectal bleeding due to an ileocolic intussusception. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a target sign in the right upper part of the abdomen. At hydrostatic contrast enema, an incomplete reduction of the intussusception was obtained: only a trickle of contrast material entered the terminal ileum. An exploratory laparotomy ensued with manual reduction of the intussusception. At the end of the maneuver, a soft intraluminal mass was palpated within the ileocecal valve. Thus, an ileocecal resection was performed. At histology, an intraluminal enteric duplication cyst was documented, containing ectopic gastric mucosa. Secondary intussusception should be suspected even in infants in case of abnormal findings at hydrostatic contrast enema. Intraluminal enteric duplication cysts may be a rare cause of intussusception.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:35:03 +000
  • Lichen Striatus with Nail Involvement in a 6-Year-Old Boy

    • Abstract: We describe a 6-year-old boy with an asymptomatic linear eruption on the left index finger with mild erythema of the proximal nail fold, nail dystrophy, and subungual hyperkeratosis of the nail. A diagnosis of nail lichen striatus was made. The child was successfully treated with a topical corticosteroid. Because of its rarity, nail lichen striatus is often under-recognized. Physicians should be familiar with the nail involvement in individuals with lichen striatus so that an accurate diagnosis can be made and unnecessary investigations and treatment avoided.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:35:01 +000
  • Gastroduodenal Emphysema with Portal Venous Air due to Congenital Duodenal
           Web in a Child: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    • Abstract: Congenital duodenal web causing proximal duodenal obstruction leading to gastroduodenal emphysema is a very rare presentation in infancy. Due to persistent 
peristalsis against the duodenal membrane, there is progressive stretching of the duodenal web leading to windsock deformity. We describe a rare case of a child with gastroduodenal emphysema and portal venous air due to duodenal obstruction secondary to a duodenal web. An eighteen-month-old male child, who was under investigation for failure to thrive, presented with a history of persistent projectile vomiting and progressive abdominal distension for two days. The abdominal ultrasound scan revealed air within the portal vein and in the wall of the stomach. Plain X-ray abdomen confirmed the presence of gas in the gastric wall and in the proximal duodenal wall. Upper gastrointestinal contrast study revealed complete obstruction at the second part of the duodenum. The child underwent emergency laparotomy, which revealed a duodenal web as the cause of the duodenal obstruction. During the surgery, windsock deformity was noted. This case illustrates that although rare, proximal duodenal obstruction due to duodenal web may present in early childhood and that alarming imaging features such as gastric emphysema and portal venous air could be associated with benign conditions.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jan 2020 15:35:02 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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