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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 338 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 94)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 75, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 218)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Optics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.231
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-9384 - ISSN (Online) 1687-9392
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [338 journals]
  • Touchless Mechanism to Detect Rhodamine B Concentration in Distilled Water
           Using Fiber Bundle

    • Abstract: Detection of rhodamine B concentration in distilled water can be conducted without direct contact between the sensor probe and the sample using fiber bundle as a sensor probe and concave mirror as a sample container. The fiber bundle used is a concentric and a pair bundle probe. The working mechanism of the sensor is based on the displacement sensor and absorption of rhodamine B on laser light at a wavelength of 543 nm. The concentration of rhodamine B was detected through the valley and the peak voltage resulting from the displacement of the sensor probe to the sample surface. The best performance is shown by a sensor that uses a concentric bundle as a probe with a detection range of 0–20 ppm with a resolution of 0.6 ppm.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Nov 2019 11:05:24 +000
  • Laser Doppler Signal Denoising Based on Wavelet Packet Thresholding Method

    • Abstract: In laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV), calculation precision of Doppler shift is affected by noise contained in Doppler signal. In order to restrain the noise interference and improve the precision of signal processing, wavelet packet threshold denoising methods are proposed. Based on the analysis of Doppler signal, appropriate threshold function and decomposition layer number are selected. Heursure, sqtwolog, rigrsure, and minimaxi rules are adopted to get the thresholds. Processing results indicate that signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and root mean square error (RMSE) of simulated signals with original SNR of 0 dB, 5 dB, and 10 dB in both low- and high-frequency ranges are significantly improved by wavelet packet threshold denoising. A double-beam and double-scattering LDV system is built in our laboratory. For measured signals obtained from the experimental system, the minimum relative error of denoised signal is only 0.079% (using minimaxi rule). The denoised waveforms of simulated and experimental signals are much more smooth and clear than that of original signals. Generally speaking, denoising effects of minimaxi and saqtwolog rules are better than those of heursure and rigrsure rules. As shown in the processing and analysis of simulated and experimental signals, denoising methods based on wavelet packet threshold have ability to depress the noise in laser Doppler signal and improve the precision of signal processing. Owing to its effectiveness and practicability, wavelet packet threshold denoising is a practical method for LDV signal processing.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Nov 2019 14:05:18 +000
  • Optical Identification of Plasmodium falciparum Malarial Byproduct for
           Parasite Density Estimation

    • Abstract: Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) malarial degree of infection, termed as parasite density (PD), estimation is vital for point-of-care diagnosis and treatment of the disease. In this work, we present application of optical techniques: optical absorption and multispectral imaging for P. falciparum malarial byproduct (hemozoin) detection in human‐infected blood samples to estimate PD. The blood samples were collected from volunteers who were tested positive for P. falciparum infections (i-blood), and after treatment, another set of blood samples (u-blood) were also taken. The i-blood samples were grouped based on PD (+, ++, +++, and ++++). Optical densities (ODs) of u-blood samples and i-blood samples at blood absorption bands of 405 nm, 541 nm, and 577 nm showed different optical absorption characteristics. Empirical computation of ratio of the ODs for the blood absorption bands revealed reduction in the ODs with increasing PD. Multispectral images containing uninfected red blood cells (u-RBCs) and P. falciparum‐infected red blood cells (i-RBCs) on unstained blood smear slides exhibited spectrally determined decrease in both reflected and scattered pixel intensities and increase in transmitted pixel intensities with increasing PD. We further propose a linear classification model based on Fisher’s approach using reflected, scattered, and transmitted pixel intensities for easy and inexpensive estimation of PD as an alternative to manual estimation of PD, currently, the widely used technique. Application of the optical techniques and the proposed linear classification model are therefore recommended for improved malaria diagnosis and therapy.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Nov 2019 00:10:00 +000
  • The Critical Adiabatic Linear Tapered Waveguide Combined with a Multimode
           Waveguide Coupler on an SOI Chip

    • Abstract: A multimode waveguide interference (MMI) coupler is combined with a critical linear tapered waveguide on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) chip. When the TE0 mode is a critical adiabatic mode conversion from a single-mode waveguide to an extreme linear tapered waveguide combined with an MMI, this linear tapered waveguide is achieved to the maximum divergence angle (i.e., the shortest length). The maximum divergence angle is expressed by θ ≤ 2 tan−1[(0.35Wmmi − Ws)/(0.172Lmmi)] under a 1 × 1 MMI combined with this critical linear tapered waveguide. The expression formula is demonstrated by three different widths of a 1 × 1 MMI of 4 μm/8 μm/12 μm combined with the critical linear tapered waveguide. So, the maximum divergence angle is obtained at θ = 16°/14°/8°, with respect to this linear tapered waveguide loss of 0.022 dB/0.172 dB/0.158 dB, and this linear tapper length is reduced by 93.7%/92.9%/87.5% than the divergence angle θ = 1°. The output power of a 1 × 1 MMI combined with a critical linear tapered waveguide is enhanced at least 1.5 times under 0.95 above condition.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Nov 2019 00:09:57 +000
  • Progressive Multifocal Liquid Lenses Based on Asymmetric Freeform Surface
           Structure of Nonuniform Thickness Elastic Membranes with Different

    • Abstract: For a progressive multifocal liquid lens with an elastic membrane deformed by liquid pressure, to realize a reasonably power distribution, asymmetric deformation characteristics of the membrane surface are needed. Based on the asymmetric freeform surface structure, this paper proposed progressive multifocal liquid lenses focused by liquid with nonuniform thickness membranes. The structure and mathematical model of power distribution for the lens are introduced. The membrane deformation and the corresponding power distribution of the lenses with asymmetric freeform surface are predicted and compared under uniform pressure load and different boundary conditions using the finite element method. An optical testing system is constructed to analyze the optical characteristics of the fabricated lenses through observing the focusing performance of the F target image at different regions of the lenses. Experimental results show that the liquid lenses can realize as asymmetrical progressive multifocal liquid lenses after liquid accommodation; meanwhile, the trends of power distribution of the lenses generally agree well with simulations.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Oct 2019 00:06:16 +000
  • Defect Inspection in Display Panel Using Concentrated Auto Encoder

    • Abstract: In this paper, concentrated auto encoder (CAE) is proposed for aligning photo spacer (PS) and for local inspection of PS. The CAE method has two characteristics. First, unaligned images can be moved to the same alignment position, which makes it possible to move the measured PS images to the same position in order to directly compare the images. Second, the characteristics of the abnormal PS are maintained even if the PS is aligned by the CAE method. The abnormal PS obtained through CAE has the same alignment as the reference PS and has its abnormal characteristics. The presence or absence of defects and the location of defects were identified without precisely measuring the height of the PS and critical dimension (CD). Also, alignment and defect inspection were performed simultaneously, which shortened the inspection time. Finally, inspection performance parameters and inspection time were analyzed to confirm the validity of the CAE method and were compared with the image similarity comparison methods used for defect inspection.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Oct 2019 08:05:12 +000
  • Geometric Evaluation of Mobile-Phone Camera Images for 3D Information

    • Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the usability of smartphone camera images in 3D positioning applications with photogrammetric techniques. These investigations were performed in two stages. In the first stage, the cameras of five smartphones and a digital compact camera were calibrated using a calibration reference object, with signalized points having known three-dimensional (3D) coordinates. In the calibration process, the self-calibration bundle adjustment method was used. To evaluate the metric performances, the geometric accuracy tests in the image and object spaces were performed and the test results were compared. In the second stage, a 3D mesh model of a historical cylindrical structure (height = 8 m and diameter = 5 m) was generated using Structure-from-Motion and Multi-View-Stereo (SfM-MVS) approach. The images were captured using the Galaxy S4 smartphone camera, which produced the best result in the geometric accuracy tests for smartphone cameras. The accuracy tests on the generated 3D model were also applied in order to examine 3D object reconstruction capabilities of imaging with this device. The results demonstrated that smartphone cameras can be easily used as image acquisition tools for multiple photogrammetric applications.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Sep 2019 14:05:05 +000
  • Laser Irradiation of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L.) at Two Wavelengths for
           Enhanced Seedling Development

    • Abstract: Two laser sources operating at wavelengths of 632.8 nm (He-Ne) and 488 nm (Ar+) are used in examining the effects of coherent, low-power, continuous wave exposure on the development of Vigna radiata L. Presowing laser irradiation of seeds leads to an improvement of mung bean seedling characteristics, with increased values of hypocotyl length (an increase of up to 22.5%), root length (an increase of up to 28.8%), and seedling mass (a maximum increase of 29.2%). Measured parameters between seedlings from laser-irradiated seeds and from control samples are statistically different at a level of significance equal to 0.05. For both laser wavelengths, an optimal exposure time of 2 minutes is determined for enhanced growth of mung bean seedlings.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Sep 2019 13:05:07 +000
  • Entropy-Based Block Scrambling Image Encryption Using DES Structure and
           Chaotic Systems

    • Abstract: Traditional encryption algorithms are inefficient when applied to image encryption because image data have the characteristics of large data sizes and strong correlations between adjacent pixels. The shortcomings of the traditional Data encryption standard (DES) encryption algorithm when applied to image encryption are analyzed, and a new image encryption algorithm based on the traditional DES encryption algorithm model, chaotic systems, DNA computing, and select cipher-text output is proposed. Select cipher-text output selects cipher image with the biggest entropy, and it can increase the randomness of cipher image and reduce the risk of encryption system being broken down. This algorithm overcomes the shortcomings of high computational complexity and inconvenient key management that the traditional text encryption algorithm has when applied to image encryption. The experimental results show that the security of this algorithm is verified by analyzing the information entropy, image correlation of adjacent pixels and other indexes. At the same time, this algorithm passes the noise attack test and the occlusion attack test, so it can resist common attacks.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Aug 2019 10:05:05 +000
  • All-Optical VCSEL-to-VCSEL Injection Based on Cross Gain Modulation for
           Routing in Multinode Flexible Spectrum Optimization in Optical Fibre
           Transmission Links

    • Abstract: In this paper, we experimentally present a novel, all-optical spectral efficient vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser- (VCSEL-) based technique for routing and spectrum assignment in optical networks. Exploiting all optical VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection to attain cross gain modulation, the optical transmitter is optimized for optical transmission paths to assure quality of service by overcoming blockage for differentiated bandwidth demands during network congestion incidences. A 10 Gbps directly modulated 1549 nm master VCSEL is optically injected into the 1549 nm side modes of a 1550 nm slave VCSEL. The Shannon limit is considered for higher transmission rates with the problem decomposed into degraded routing and spectrum assignment and chromatic dispersion in the optical transmission link penalties. In this work, the proposed technique achieved a 1.3 dB penalty for transmission over a 25 km G.655 nonzero dispersion-shifted single-mode optical fibre, a value within the transmission media and optical system characteristics of 3 dB as recommended by the International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication (ITU-T). The number of transceivers, switches, and optical transmission links in the network was reduced, increasing the number of satisfied bandwidth requests, thus optimizing the spectral resource utilization.
      PubDate: Sun, 04 Aug 2019 08:05:15 +000
  • Optical and Reflective Characteristics Measurement and Focal Length
           Calculation of a Hollow Tetrahedral Corner and a Solid Highly
           Retroreflective Cubes

    • Abstract: Corner cubes are one of the most important optical tools used in new optical devices and optical LIDAR. This paper compares two different designs of the hollow and solid tetrahedral corner cubes and determines the relation between the Retroreflection index and the surface quality N and the surface flatness N and its effect on the focal length of the hollow and solid corner cube.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 Jul 2019 08:05:13 +000
  • The Effect of Oxidation on the Far-Field Scattering of Aluminium Patch
           Antennae from Visible to UV

    • Abstract: In this paper we evaluate the effect of oxidation on the total power scattered in the far field by a nm radius Al sphere in the presence of a substrate comprised of either Al or silica (SiO2). Using an effective medium approach to model the Al particle with an outer layer of alumina (Al2O3), we find that the UV peak of total energy scattered in the far field shifts towards longer wavelengths for volume fractions of Al2O3 up to . When particles with these volume fractions are held above an Al substrate, enhancement of two orders of magnitudes of the far-field power radiated by a dipole in the gap can be observed. For larger volume fractions of Al2O3, the total intensity of light scattered is significantly reduced.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jul 2019 09:05:25 +000
  • Improving Upconversion Photoluminescence of GdAlO3:Er3+, Yb3+ Phosphors
           via Ga3+, Lu3+ Doping

    • Abstract: GdAlO3:Er3+, Yb3+ phosphors doped with Lu3+, Ga3+ ions were prepared via coprecipitation. The influences of substituting Ga3+ for Al3+ and substituting Lu3+ for Gd3+ on the structure and upconversion photoluminescence (UCPL) of the phosphors were studied. The experimental results show that the crystal textures did not change but the lattice parameters changed slightly via Lu3+, Ga3+ doping. This results in a decrease in the host phonon energy and a marked improvement in the green emission spectrum at 546nm. Moreover, the amounts of surface CO2, , and OH- species gradually decreased with Lu3+, Ga3+ doping. The combined effects led to an improvement in the UCPL efficiency with Ga3+, Lu3+ doping.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jul 2019 07:06:21 +000
  • Design of Programmable LED Based Phototherapy System

    • Abstract: Light based systems are frequently used in the field of medicine for diagnostic and surgical procedures, medical photography, phototherapy, etc. Phototherapy involves the use of light energy for the treatment of physical or mental illnesses. Illumination parameters such as wavelength and dose of therapy can be varied to have distinct effects on cells and tissues. This has necessitated the need to design a system which is programmable for various parameters related to therapy and can also be used by people at large for biomedical applications. The paper presents the design and implementation of a portable, hand-held and programmable Light Emitting Diode (LED) based phototherapy system using embedded technology. The system is designed around the ARM based TM4C123GH6PM microcontroller processor. The microcontroller has been programmed to allow for selection of various parameters such as frequency, duty cycle, and time of exposure. The matrix keypad interface and liquid crystal display (LCD) offer the ease of human interface. An LED driver circuit has been efficiently designed to modulate the output power of LED. Further, Super Bright LED (SLED) of wavelength 633 nm has been successfully tested and results of optical characterization including spectral and spatial response have been presented in the results section. The designed system successfully achieves the programmable parameters required for dose optimisation required for enhancing the therapeutic effects of a phototherapy system.
      PubDate: Sun, 02 Jun 2019 11:05:42 +000
  • Suppression of Nonlinear XPM Phenomenon by Selection of Appropriate
           Transmit Power Levels in the DWDM System

    • Abstract: In the 21st century, it is not possible to implement fully optical communication systems without software tools to test the system for all unwanted phenomena occurring during real-time operation. With ever-increasing transmission rate and low latency, nonlinear phenomena are associated with higher power levels and smaller spacing between channels began to appear in OFs (optical fibers). This paper aims to implement a four-channel DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplex) system on which the nonlinear XPM (cross-phase modulation) phenomenon will be investigated. At the output of the system, we will eliminate the phenomenon (partially suppressed) by the appropriate choice of transmitting power levels (power levels operating at 193,025 THz to 193,175 THz) when the OF is dispersed. In optical transfer data systems a system is functioning if the measured BER parameter is not bigger than 10−12.
      PubDate: Sun, 02 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • The Experimental Demonstration of Correcting the Atmospheric Dispersion
           Using Image Processing Based on Edge Extension

    • Abstract: We present an image processing algorithm based on edge extension to correct the influence of atmospheric dispersion. The Elden model is used to estimate the image dispersion index caused by atmospheric dispersion and the image affected by the atmospheric dispersion is regarded as the results of the original image convolution operation. When the direct convolution is used to compensate the blur of star, border effect and ill-posed problem make the result unacceptable. To solve these problems, we use image preprocessing and perform an edge extension method for images before the convolution. The simulated analysis and experimental results from a 300 mm telescope system show that the proposed method can effectively correct the influence of atmospheric dispersion even under relatively low signal to noise ratio (SNR
      PubDate: Sun, 02 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Surf Zone Mapping Using Multirotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery

    • Abstract: Surf zone is a sand area that stretches inside a breaking wave to limit the rise and fall of waves on the beach. Advanced technology in the geomatics field offers a fast and accurate solution to produce surf zone maps. The demand for surf zone map is increasing during the monsoon season, especially at coastal areas. Nowadays, the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) or drone has become popular platform in the geospatial and surveying field. The aim of this study is to produce surf zone 3D surface mapping by using a multirotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. There are four phases in this study which are image acquisition, UAV image processing, photogrammetric results, and analysis. The image acquisition was solely obtained using a multirotor UAV based on the photogrammetric concept. The acquired UAV images were processed using commercial software with a specific workflow. Photogrammetric products such as digital elevation model, orthophoto, contour, and surf map zone were produced. The analyses of these results were conducted based on different epochs on the selected months. The accuracy for northing, easting, and height coordinates was 1.026m, 0.838m, and 0.419m, respectively. It can be concluded that the UAV was able to produce a surf zone map with reliable accuracy. This platform is very useful for fast decision making, especially during disaster incidents.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 May 2019 12:05:23 +000
  • A Study on the Fluorescence Properties of New Laser Material--B18H22 in
           SDS Aqueous Solution

    • Abstract: The effect of anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on the fluorescence of -B18H22 was studied. The experimental result revealed that the fluorescence of -B18H22 was obviously enhanced with the increase of the concentration of SDS, mainly due to the hydrophobic protection of -B18H22 by SDS. Under the optimum conditions, the fluorescence intensity was proportional to the concentration of -B18H22 in the range of 0-8.0×10−3 mol·L−1 and 8.0×10−3 mol·L−1-3.3×10−2 mol·L−1, respectively. It was observed that a break appeared in the curve of fluorescence intensity with surfactant concentration. The critical micelle concentration (CMC, 7.9×10−3 mol·L−1) of SDS was obtained from this break point in a good agreement with the reported value. The fluorescence intensity increased initially with time and gradually stabilized. The results form the basis for further study of the properties and application of -B18H22 in SDS solutions.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Thin Metal Superlens Imaging in Nanolithography

    • Abstract: Superlens imaging system in nanolithography can be regarded as a cascade of two F-P cavities, i.e., a superlens cavity and a dielectric cavity between superlens and introduced mask of high loss, and the transfer function of system is obtained by considering multiple reflections inside the two cavities. For the range of wavevector of interest, the typical high peak of transmission coefficient of superlens coincides with a local minimum of transmission coefficient of dielectric cavity. The peak of transfer function of system corresponds to the peak of transmission coefficient of dielectric cavity. Thin superlens imaging system in nanolithography is analyzed based on transfer function, which can be flattened by simply tuning transmission coefficient of dielectric cavity and superlens cavity. The results are further validated by Finite Element Method (FEM) simulations.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Effect of Environmental Parameters on the Performance of Optical Wireless

    • Abstract: Free space optical communication systems are the future of the communication systems which can meet the needs of the end users who are demanding high bandwidths to support high-speed communication. These merits are due to its numerous advantages as well as their better performance. This paper studies the effect of environmental parameters like rain, fog, haze, snow, and dust on the performance of optical wireless communications using Opti-system program. This work considers the effect of visibility as well as operating wavelengths on atmospheric attenuation in different weather conditions for free space optical link. For different weather conditions the max distance between transmitter and receiver can also be estimated. The system analysis depicted the better performance of the Multi-Input/Multi-Output (MIMO) configurations compared to Single Input/Single Output (SISO) at different weather conditions.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Effect of Measurement of Dew Point Temperature in Moist Air on the
           Absorption Line at 1392.53 nm of Water Vapor

    • Abstract: The HITRAN database (High-Resolution Transmission molecular absorption database) is an extremely helpful reference for selecting lines of molecular species. In the case of water vapor, a particular strong absorption line around λ ≈ 1392.5 nm is suitable for the detection of molecules, not only because of its high strength but also because it is well separated from the neighboring transitions, thus avoiding any overlap. First, we present the optical system that uses a distributed feedback (DFB) laser diode, emitting around λ ≈ 1392.5 nm with a power ≈ 3 mW and linewidth ≤ 10 MHz. For metrological needs, we are looking for a means to control the water vapor concentration in ambient air in near real time and especially when an optical chilled mirror hygrometer is used. The latter instrument is widely used due to its performance with regard to both accuracy and repeatability of measurements. Here, using the molecular absorption device the use of such an instrument is examined from the point of view of its impact on the measurement of relative humidity. This paper reports the measured frequency positions of the observed line at λ = 1392.5337 nm for different air pressures and compares them with the values given in the HITRAN database. In addition, we discuss the possibility of using water vapor detection by spectroscopy to observe the change of the shape and the position of the absorption line produced during measurements of the dew point temperature by the optical chilled mirror hygrometer.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Apr 2019 10:05:16 +000
  • Proposal for an SDN-Like Innovative Metro-Access Optical Network

    • Abstract: Today, telecommunication operators are facing an epochal challenge due to the need of higher reconfigurability, flexibility, and dynamicity for their networks. In the latest years, this necessity has been addressed by the introduction of Software-Defined Networking (SDN), mainly in the fields of data centers and core networks. The present work introduces a unified metro-access optical network architecture based on some features inspired by SDN models. The essential aim is to enable bandwidth shared among different passive optical networks (PONs) in order to achieve higher adaptability to increasingly migratory and volatile traffic patterns. Even if the present work is mainly focused on the architecture, several hints for specific implementation of the network nodes are detailed as well in order to demonstrate its feasibility. Several numerical simulations have been performed to assess the performance of the proposed solution both about physical effects and about quality of service. Bit error ratio degradation due to physical impairments has been evaluated and traffic congestion has been estimated in terms of burst loss probability and average throughput.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 09:06:03 +000
  • Highly Fluorescent Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Quantum Dots’ Synthesis and
           Their Applications as Fe(III) Ions Sensor

    • Abstract: Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) with strong blue fluorescence and a high quantum yield of 88.9% were synthesized via a facile one-pot hydrothermal treatment with citric acid (CA) and ethylenediamine (EDA) as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively. The blue fluorescence emission is independent of the excitation wavelengths. These N-GQDs dispersed well in water and ethyl alcohol and showed a highly selective and sensitive detection of hazardous and toxic Fe3+ in the range of 1600μmol/L to 6000μmol/L through a fluorescence quenching process with a detection limit of 2.37μmol/L. Based on the excellent sensitivity and selectivity of N-GQDs to heavy metal ions, paper-based sensors can be fabricated by inkjet printing, which are rapid but low cost. So the visual instant on-site identification of heavy metal ion will be realized in the future.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 09:06:02 +000
  • Effect Analysis of Optical Masking Algorithm for GEO Space Debris

    • Abstract: A method with high detection rate, low false-alarm rate, and low computational cost is presented for removing stars and noise and detecting space debris with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR>3) in consecutive raw frames. The top-hat transformation is implemented firstly to remove background, then a masking technique is proposed to remove stars, and finally, a weighted algorithm is used to detect the pieces of space debris. The simulation samples are images taken by 600 mm ground-based telescope. And a series of simulation targets are added to the image in order to test the detection rate and false-alarm rate of different SNRs. The telescope in this paper is worked in “staring target mode.” The experimental results show that the proposed method can detect space debris effectively with low false-alarm by only three frames. When the SNR is higher than 3, the detection probability can reach 94%, and the false-alarm rate is below 2%. The running time of this algorithm is within 1 second. Additionally, algorithm performance tests in different regions are also carried out. A large set of image sequences are tested, which proves the stableness and effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Mar 2019 17:05:28 +000
  • Two Signs of Superfluid Liquid in a Suspension of CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots at
           Room Temperature

    • Abstract: The paper presents experimental results of the interaction of a focused optical beam with a suspension of CdSe/ZnS quantum dots in toluene. Two autographs characteristic only of the behavior of a superfluid quantum liquid were experimentally observed. The first was the fountain effect from the region of local heating of the suspension with an optical beam; the second was the complete “creeping out” of the QDs suspension in the form of a thin film along the walls of the cuvette in which the suspension was located. The results of the work suggest that superfluid quantum liquid may arise at room temperature as a result of the functioning of many-particle quantum superposition. Bose-Einstein condensation of entangled quantum states is proposed as a physical mechanism for producing a superfluid liquid, regardless of temperature.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Mar 2019 07:05:19 +000
  • Properties of Gaussian Beam Propagating in Ring Resonator Sensor

    • Abstract: In this paper, we deduce the paraxial analytical expression for the Gaussian beam propagating in the sandwich slab system which contained double negative material based on light transfer matrix and generalized Huygens-Fresnel integral equation; the evolution properties of emerging Gaussian beam contour graph intensity distribution on the receiver plane, the relation between beam spot size and negative refractive index coefficient, and beam side transmission view in slab system changed with three negative refractive index parameters are illustrated through numerical examples. What is more, we propose a ring resonator sensor to measure the concentration of NaCl solution on the basis of above theory, of which the operating principle is deliberatively analyzed, the influence of the concave mirror curvature radius on the emerging beam evolution is acquired, the functional relation between the normalized central intensity of the emerging beam, the beam spot size, and NaCl solution concentration is further developed by fit linear method, and the mathematical statistics results reach high precision and linearity. It is expected that the proposed ring resonator sensor and the corresponding conclusions can be useful for precise optical measurement, especially for food safety inspection and medical services of health care.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Mar 2019 11:05:15 +000
  • Optimization of LaPO4:Bi3+ Single-Phased White-Emitting Phosphor
           Luminescence Properties by Li+/Na+ Doping

    • Abstract: LaPO4:Bi3+ single-phased white-emitting phosphors doped with both Li+/Na+ ions were successfully prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction technique. Microstructures were analyzed by both X-ray diffraction and high-resolution scanning electron microscopy experiments. Under the excitation of 335 nm, the phosphor showed four emission bands with maxima at 460 nm, 487 nm (blue), 530 nm (yellow), and 637 nm (red); these can be successfully combined to form pure white light in a single host lattice only by simple activator Bi3+ ion. It was found that changing the concentration of dopant (Li+, Na+ ions) did not produce a change in shape or location of the emission peaks, but the value of the emission intensity increased; this was particularly evident in the red emission, which could optimize the white light emitting performance of the phosphors. When the Na+ doping concentration was 0.02, the CIE chromaticity coordinate of phosphor , was (0.3008, 0.3203), close to that of the standard white light.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Mar 2019 10:05:36 +000
  • Acoustooptic Diffraction of Three-Color Radiation on a Single Acoustic

    • Abstract: Bragg diffraction which provides effective acoustooptic interaction of three-color radiation with a single acoustic wave at a high frequency of sound is proposed and tested in a single crystal of paratellurite at the wavelengths of λ= 0.488, 0.514, and 0.633 μm. Maximal diffraction efficiency of radiation with λ=0.633 μm at acoustic frequency of 150 MHz is 88% and that with λ= 0.488 μm and λ=0.514 μm is 60%. In diffraction efficiency range from 0 to 40% the dependence of all beams on acoustic power is the same.
      PubDate: Sun, 24 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Combined Reduced Phase Dual-Directional Illumination Digital Holography
           and Speckle Displacements for Shape Measurement

    • Abstract: We present a digital holographic method to increase height range measurement with a reduced phase ambiguity using a dual-directional illumination. Small changes in the angle of incident illumination introduce phase differences between the recorded complex fields. We decrease relative phase difference between the recorded complex fields 279 and 139 times by changing the angle of incident 0.5° and 1°, respectively. A two cent Euro coin edge groove is used to measure the shape. The groove depth is measured as ≈300  . Further, numerical refocusing and analysis of speckle displacements in two different planes are used to measure the depth without a use of phase unwrapping process.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Feb 2019 07:05:09 +000
  • Collective Optical, FTIR, and Photoluminescence Spectra of CeO2 and/or
           Sm2O3-Doped Na2O–ZnO–P2O5 Glasses

    • Abstract: Glasses with the Na2O–ZnO–P2O5 composition and doped with single CeO2, Sm2O3, or mixed dopants were melted and studied. Collective optical, photoluminescence, and FT-infrared spectral studies were carried out. CeO2-doped glasses show two extra UV absorption bands due to Ce4+ and Ce3+ ions while Sm2O3-doped samples reveal pronounced peaks collected into two segments from 367 to 472 nm and from 950 to 1623 nm which are characteristic of absorption from Sm3+ ions. The mixed dopants glasses show combined UV-visible–near-IR absorption peaks due to cerium (Ce4+, Ce3+) ions and samarium (Sm3+) ions. The photoluminescence spectra (PL) of the single CeO2-doped and Sm2O3-doped glasses and even the mixed dopant sample reveal luminescence spectra after excitation which are characteristic of the rare-earth ions. The intensities for both excited or emitted peaks are found to increase with the increase of the rare-earth percent. FTIR spectra of the glasses show pronounced vibrational peaks related to phosphate groups (Q2 and Q3 units) in accordance with the P2O5 percent (70 mol %).
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 08:05:10 +000
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