Abstract: In this paper, the conformable fractional-order SIR epidemic model are solved by means of an analytic technique for nonlinear problems, namely, the conformable fractional differential transformation method (CFDTM) and variational iteration method (VIM). These models are nonlinear system of conformable fractional differential equation (CFDE) that has no analytic solution. The VIM is based on conformable fractional derivative and proved. The result revealed that both methods are in agreement and are accurate and efficient for solving systems of OFDE. PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 01:20:01 +000

Abstract: This paper deals with numerical treatment of singularly perturbed differential difference equations involving mixed small shifts on the reaction terms. The highest-order derivative term in the equation is multiplied by a small perturbation parameter taking arbitrary values in the interval . For small values of , the solution of the problem exhibits exponential boundary layer on the left or right side of the domain and the derivatives of the solution behave boundlessly large. The terms having the shifts are treated using Taylor’s series approximation. The resulting singularly perturbed boundary value problem is solved using exponentially fitted operator FDM. Uniform stability of the scheme is investigated and analysed using comparison principle and solution bound. The formulated scheme converges uniformly with linear order before Richardson extrapolation and quadratic order after Richardson extrapolation. The theoretical analysis of the scheme is validated using numerical test examples for different values of and mesh number . PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 08:20:02 +000

Abstract: LaSalle wrote the following: “it is never possible to start the system exactly in its equilibrium state, and the system is always subject to outside forces not taken into account by the differential equations. The system is disturbed and is displaced slightly from its equilibrium state. What happens' Does it remain near the equilibrium state' This is stability. Does it remain near the equilibrium state and in addition tend to return to the equilibrium' This is asymptotic stability.” Continuing with what LaSalle said, we conjecture that real-life systems are always under the influence of impulses, delays, memory, nonlocal conditions, and noises, which are intrinsic phenomena no taken into account by the mathematical model that is representing by a differential equation. For many control systems in real life, delays, impulses, and noises are natural properties that do not change their behavior. So, we conjecture that, under certain conditions, the abrupt changes, delays, and noises as perturbations of a system do not modify certain properties such as controllability. In this regard, we prove the interior -controllability of the semilinear stochastic heat equation with impulses and delay on the state variable, and this is done by using new techniques avoiding fixed point theorems employed by Bashirov et al. PubDate: Thu, 17 Dec 2020 18:05:00 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a fuzzy fractional semigroup of operators whose generator will be the fuzzy fractional derivative of the fuzzy semigroup at . We establish some of their proprieties and some results about the solution of fuzzy fractional Cauchy problem. PubDate: Wed, 04 Nov 2020 10:50:00 +000

Abstract: In this paper, the effects of magnetic field, thermal radiation, buoyancy force, and internal heat generation on the laminar boundary layer flow about a vertical plate in the presence of a convective surface boundary condition have been investigated. In the analysis, it is assumed that the left surface of the plate is in contact with a hot fluid, whereas a stream of cold fluid flows steadily over the right surface, and the heat source decays exponentially outwards from the surface of the plate. The governing nonlinear partial differential equations have been transformed into a set of coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations with the help of similarity transformation which were solved analytically by applying the optimal homotopy asymptotic method. The variations of fluid velocity and surface temperature for different values of the Grashof number, magnetic parameter, Prandtl number, internal heat generation parameter, Biot number, and radiation absorption parameter are tabulated, graphed, and interpreted in physical terms. A comparison with previously published results on similar special cases of the problem shows an excellent agreement. PubDate: Fri, 30 Oct 2020 17:05:02 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we aim to investigate optimal control to a new mathematical model that describes agree-disagree opinions during polls, which we presented and analyzed in Bidah et al., 2020. We first present the model and recall its different compartments. We formulate the optimal control problem by supplementing our model with a objective functional. Optimal control strategies are proposed to reduce the number of disagreeing people and the cost of interventions. We prove the existence of solutions to the control problem, we employ Pontryagin’s maximum principle to find the necessary conditions for the existence of the optimal controls, and Runge–Kutta forward-backward sweep numerical approximation method is used to solve the optimal control system, and we perform numerical simulations using various initial conditions and parameters to investigate several scenarios. Finally, a global sensitivity analysis is carried out based on the partial rank correlation coefficient method and the Latin hypercube sampling to study the influence of various parameters on the objective functional and to identify the most influential parameters. PubDate: Wed, 28 Oct 2020 12:50:01 +000

Abstract: Our aim in this paper is to investigate the existence, uniqueness, and Mittag–Leffler–Ulam stability results for a Cauchy problem involving -Caputo fractional derivative with positive constant coefficient in Banach and Fréchet Spaces. The techniques used are a variety of tools for functional analysis. More specifically, we apply Weissinger’s fixed point theorem and Banach contraction principle with respect to the Chebyshev and Bielecki norms to obtain the uniqueness of solution on bounded and unbounded domains in a Banach space. However, a new fixed point theorem with respect to Meir–Keeler condensing operators combined with the technique of Hausdorff measure of noncompactness is used to investigate the existence of a solution in Banach spaces. After that, by means of new generalizations of Grönwall’s inequality, the Mittag–Leffler–Ulam stability of the proposed problem is studied on a compact interval. Meanwhile, an extension of the well-known Darbo’s fixed point theorem in Fréchet spaces associated with the concept of measures of noncompactness is applied to obtain the existence results for the problem at hand. Finally, as applications of the theoretical results, some examples are given to illustrate the feasibility of the main theorems. PubDate: Wed, 14 Oct 2020 07:50:01 +000

Abstract: The World Health Organization declared that the total number of confirmed cases tested positive for SARS‐CoV‐2, affecting 210 countries, exceeded 3 million on 29 April 2020, with more than 207,973 deaths. In order to end the global COVID‐19 pandemic, public authorities have put in place multiple strategies like testing, contact tracing, and social distancing. Predictive mathematical models for epidemics are fundamental to understand the development of the epidemic and to plan effective control strategies. Some hosts may carry SARS‐CoV‐2 and transmit it to others, yet display no symptoms themselves. We propose applying a model (SELIAHRD) taking in consideration the number of asymptomatic infected people. The SELIAHRD model consists of eight stages: Susceptible, Exposed, Latent, Symptomatic Infected, Asymptomatic Infected, Hospitalized, Recovered, and Dead. The asymptomatic carriers contribute to the spread of disease, but go largely undetected and can therefore undermine efforts to control transmission. The simulation of possible scenarios of the implementation of social distancing shows that if we rigorously follow the social distancing rule then the healthcare system will not be overloaded. PubDate: Wed, 07 Oct 2020 03:20:00 +000

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study a boundary value problem of the hybrid differential equation with linear and nonlinear perturbations. It generalizes the existing problem of second type. The existence result is constructed using the Leray–Schauder alternative, and the uniqueness is guaranteed by Banach’s fixed-point theorem. Towards the end of this paper, an example is provided to illustrate the obtained results. PubDate: Tue, 22 Sep 2020 08:50:01 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we are concerned with the nonsteady Boussinesq system under mixed boundary conditions. The boundary conditions for fluid may include Tresca slip, leak and one-sided leak conditions, velocity, static (or total) pressure, rotation, and stress (or total stress) together, and the boundary conditions for temperature may include Dirichlet, Neumann, and Robin conditions together. Relying on the relations among strain, rotation, normal derivative of velocity, and shape of the boundary surface, we get variational formulation. The formulations consist of a variational inequality for velocity due to the boundary conditions of friction type and a variational equation for temperature. For the case of boundary conditions including the static pressure and stress, we prove that if the data of the problem are small enough and compatibility conditions at the initial instance are satisfied, then there exists a unique solution on the given interval. For the case of boundary conditions including the total pressure and total stress, we prove the existence of a solution without restriction on the data and parameters of the problem. PubDate: Thu, 03 Sep 2020 06:35:01 +000

Abstract: In this paper, a noninteger order Brucellosis model is developed by employing the Caputo–Fabrizio noninteger order operator. The approach of noninteger order calculus is quite new for such a biological phenomenon. We establish the existence, uniqueness, and stability conditions for the model via the fixed-point theory. The initial approachable approximate solutions are derived for the proposed model by applying the iterative Laplace transform technique. Finally, numerical simulations are conducted for the analytical results to visualize the effect of various parameters that govern the dynamics of infection, and the results are presented using plots. PubDate: Fri, 14 Aug 2020 07:05:03 +000

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of fuzzy Lyapunov functions to study the notion of stability of equilibrium points for fuzzy dynamical systems associated with fuzzy initial value problems, through the principle of Zadeh. Our contribution consists in a qualitative characterization of stability by a study of the trajectories of fuzzy dynamical systems, using auxiliary functions, and they will be called fuzzy Lyapunov functions. And, among the main results that have been proven is that the existence of fuzzy Lyapunov functions is a necessary and sufficient condition for stability. Some examples are given to illustrate the obtained results. PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 03:50:11 +000

Abstract: In the paper, we investigate a nonlocal multipoint by a time problem for the evolution equation with the operator ,, and is a fixed parameter. The operator is treated as a pseudodifferential operator in a certain space of type . The solvability of this problem is proved. The representation of the solution is given in the form of a convolution of the fundamental solution with the initial function which is an element of the space of generalized functions of ultradistribution type. The properties of the fundamental solution are investigated. The behavior of the solution at (solution stabilization) in the spaces of generalized functions of type and the uniform stabilization of the solution to zero on are studied. PubDate: Sat, 18 Jul 2020 02:05:03 +000

Abstract: This paper shows the existence, uniqueness, and asymptotic behavior in time of regular solutions (a la Ladyzhenskaya) to the Bénard problem for a heat-conducting fluid model generalizing the classical Oberbeck–Boussinesq one. The novelty of this model, introduced by Corli and Passerini, 2019, and Passerini and Ruggeri, 2014, consists in allowing the density of the fluid to also depend on the pressure field, which, as shown by Passerini and Ruggeri, 2014, is a necessary request from a thermodynamic viewpoint when dealing with convective problems. This property adds to the problem a rather interesting mathematical challenge that is not encountered in the classical model, thus requiring a new approach for its resolution. PubDate: Wed, 08 Jul 2020 15:35:02 +000

Abstract: The aim of the present study is to analyze and find a solution for the model of nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) describing the so-called coronavirus (COVID-19), a deadly and most parlous virus. The mathematical model based on four nonlinear ODEs is presented, and the corresponding numerical results are studied by applying the variational iteration method (VIM) and differential transformation method (DTM). PubDate: Thu, 02 Jul 2020 10:05:01 +000

Abstract: We study the global existence and asymptotic behavior of the solutions for two-fluid compressible isentropic Euler–Maxwell equations by the Fourier transform and energy method. We discuss the case when the pressure for two fluids is not identical, and we also add friction between the two fluids. In addition, we discuss the rates of decay of norms for a linear system. Moreover, we use the result for estimates to prove the decay rates for the nonlinear systems. PubDate: Mon, 29 Jun 2020 11:35:06 +000

Abstract: Our purpose in this paper is to prove, under some regularity conditions on the data, the solvability in a Gevrey class of bound −1 on the interval of a class of nonlinear fractional functional differential equations. PubDate: Mon, 29 Jun 2020 11:35:05 +000

Abstract: In this work, we propose a fractional-order model that describes the dynamics of citizens who have the right to register on the electoral lists and the negative influence of abstainers on the potential electors. By using Routh–Hurwitz criteria and constructing Lyapunov functions, the local and the global stability of abstaining-free equilibrium and abstaining equilibrium are obtained. Finally, some numerical simulations are performed to verify the theoretical analysis, and they are given for different parameter setting of the order of derivative . PubDate: Mon, 22 Jun 2020 11:50:04 +000

Abstract: In this paper, a mathematical model for diabetic or hypertensive patients exposed to COVID-19 is formulated along with a set of first-order nonlinear differential equations. The system is said to exhibit two equilibria, namely, exposure-free and endemic points. The reproduction number is obtained for each equilibrium point. Local stability conditions are derived for both equilibria, and global stability is studied for the endemic equilibrium point. This model is investigated along with Z-control in order to eliminate chaos and oscillation epidemiologically showing the importance of quarantine in the COVID-19 environment. PubDate: Fri, 19 Jun 2020 17:20:02 +000

Abstract: This paper presents a numerical method to solve singularly perturbed differential-difference equations. The solution of this problem exhibits layer or oscillatory behavior depending on the sign of the sum of the coefficients in reaction terms. A fourth-order exponentially fitted numerical scheme on uniform mesh is developed. The stability and convergence of the proposed method have been established. The effect of delay parameter (small shift) on the boundary layer(s) has also been analyzed and depicted in graphs. The applicability of the proposed scheme is validated by implementing it on four model examples. Maximum absolute errors in comparison with the other numerical experiments are tabulated to illustrate the proposed method. PubDate: Wed, 17 Jun 2020 16:35:03 +000

Abstract: In this paper, a method was proposed based on RBF for numerical solution of first-order differential equations with initial values that are valued by Z-numbers. The proposed method consists of two parts. The first part has stated the amount of limitation of the fragmentation solution, while the second part has described the assurance of the first part. The limitation section also has two parts. The first part has included the initial condition of the problem, while the second part has included the RBF network. The confidence interval was also considered as a function based on the probability function, which has calculated the confidence level of the first part (limitation). The RBF network or the radial-base grid network has three distinct layers: the input layer that is the set of elementary nodes (sensory units); the second layer is the hidden layers with high dimensions, in which the output layer that has responded to the network response and the activation patterns used in the input layer. The advantage of using RBF is that the use of this technique does not require sufficient information. It only relies on the domain and the boundary. In an example, we have showed that our proposed approach could approximate the problem with acceptable confidence. PubDate: Tue, 26 May 2020 18:35:04 +000

Abstract: On the compact Riemannian manifold of dimension , we study the existence and regularity of nontrivial solutions for nonlinear second-order elliptic equation with singularities. At the end, we give a geometric application of the above singular equation. PubDate: Wed, 20 May 2020 09:20:01 +000

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to improve a sub-equation method to solve the space-time fractional Zeldovich equation with time-dependent coefficients involving the conformable fractional derivative. As result, we obtain three families of solutions including the hyperbolic, trigonometric, and rational solutions. These solutions may be helpful to explain several phenomena in chemistry, including the combustion process. The study shows that the used method is effective and reliable and can be utilized as a substitution to construct new solutions of different types of nonlinear conformable fractional partial differential equations (NFPDEs) with variable coefficients. PubDate: Tue, 12 May 2020 05:35:03 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we establish the existence of at least three weak solutions for a parametric double eigenvalue quasi-linear elliptic -Kirchhoff-type potential system. Our approach is based on a variational method, and a three critical point theorem is obtained by Bonano and Marano. PubDate: Fri, 24 Apr 2020 08:35:04 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we present an application of optimal control theory on a two-dimensional spatial-temporal SEIR (susceptible, exposed, infected, and restored) epidemic model, in the form of a partial differential equation. Our goal is to minimize the number of susceptible and infected individuals and to maximize recovered individuals by reducing the cost of vaccination. In addition, the existence of the optimal control and solution of the state system is proven. The characterization of the control is given in terms of state function and adjoint. Numerical results are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of our adopted approach. PubDate: Sat, 04 Apr 2020 08:05:00 +000

Abstract: This paper deals with an approach to obtaining the numerical solution of the Lotka–Volterra predator-prey models with discrete delay using Euler polynomials connected with Bernoulli ones. By using the Euler polynomials connected with Bernoulli ones and collocation points, this method transforms the predator-prey model into a matrix equation. The main characteristic of this approach is that it reduces the predator-prey model to a system of algebraic equations, which greatly simplifies the problem. For these models, the explicit formula determining the stability and the direction is given. Numerical examples illustrate the reliability and efficiency of the proposed scheme. PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 01:05:07 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we present a new mathematical model that describes agree-disagree opinions during polls. We first present the model and its different compartments. Then, we use the next-generation matrix method to compute thresholds of equilibrium stability. We perform the stability analysis of equilibria to determine under which conditions these equilibrium points are stable or unstable. We show that the existence and stability of these equilibria are controlled by the calculated thresholds. Finally, we also perform several computational and statistical experiments to validate the theoretical results obtained in this work. To study the influence of various parameters on these thresholds and to identify the most influential parameters, a global sensitivity analysis is carried out based on the partial rank correlation coefficient method and the Latin hypercube sampling. PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:50:11 +000

Abstract: This paper studies the existence of solutions for a system of coupled hybrid fractional differential equations. We make use of the standard tools of the fixed point theory to establish the main results. The existence and uniqueness result is elaborated with the aid of an example. PubDate: Fri, 20 Mar 2020 09:20:04 +000

Abstract: A method to solve a family of third-order nonlinear ordinary complex differential equations (NLOCDEs) —nonlinear ODEs in the complex plane—by generalizing Prelle–Singer has been developed. The approach that the authors generalized is a procedure of obtaining a solution to a kind of second-order nonlinear ODEs in the real line. Some theoretical work has been illustrated and applied to several examples. Also, an extended technique of generating second and third motion integrals in the complex domain has been introduced, which is conceptually an analog to the motion in the real line. Moreover, the procedures of the method mentioned above have been verified. PubDate: Tue, 17 Mar 2020 19:20:01 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we consider a class of singularly perturbed differential equations of convection diffusion type with integral boundary condition. An accelerated uniformly convergent numerical method is constructed via exponentially fitted operator method using Richardson extrapolation techniques and numerical integration methods to solve the problem. The integral boundary condition is treated using numerical integration techniques. Maximum absolute errors and rates of convergence for different values of perturbation parameter and mesh sizes are tabulated for the numerical example considered. The method is shown to be -uniformly convergent. PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 13:35:02 +000