Abstract: A hybrid algorithm and regularization method are proposed, for the first time, to solve the one-dimensional degenerate inverse heat conduction problem to estimate the initial temperature distribution from point measurements. The evolution of the heat is given by a degenerate parabolic equation with singular potential. This problem can be formulated in a least-squares framework, an iterative procedure which minimizes the difference between the given measurements and the value at sensor locations of a reconstructed field. The mathematical model leads to a nonconvex minimization problem. To solve it, we prove the existence of at least one solution of problem and we propose two approaches: the first is based on a Tikhonov regularization, while the second approach is based on a hybrid genetic algorithm (married genetic with descent method type gradient). Some numerical experiments are given. PubDate: Wed, 14 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: An effective collocation method based on Genocchi operational matrix for solving generalized fractional pantograph equations with initial and boundary conditions is presented. Using the properties of Genocchi polynomials, we derive a new Genocchi delay operational matrix which we used together with the Genocchi operational matrix of fractional derivative to approach the problems. The error upper bound for the Genocchi operational matrix of fractional derivative is also shown. Collocation method based on these operational matrices is applied to reduce the generalized fractional pantograph equations to a system of algebraic equations. The comparison of the numerical results with some existing methods shows that the present method is an excellent mathematical tool for finding the numerical solutions of generalized fractional pantograph equations. PubDate: Tue, 13 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to derive existence results for a second-order singular multipoint boundary value problem at resonance using coincidence degree arguments. PubDate: Sun, 11 Jun 2017 09:20:09 +000

Abstract: In this article the problem of existence and uniqueness of solutions of stochastic differential equations with jumps and concentration points are solved. The theoretical results are illustrated by one example. PubDate: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 06:19:33 +000

Abstract: We analyze, using a dynamical systems approach, the replicator dynamics for the asymmetric Hawk-Dove game in which there is a set of four pure strategies with arbitrary payoffs. We give a full account of the equilibrium points and their stability and derive the Nash equilibria. We also give a detailed account of the local bifurcations that the system exhibits based on choices of the typical Hawk-Dove parameters and . We also give details on the connections between the results found in this work and those of the standard two-strategy Hawk-Dove game. We conclude the paper with some examples of numerical simulations that further illustrate some global behaviours of the system. PubDate: Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper deals with an alternative approximate analytic solution to time fractional partial differential equations (TFPDEs) with proportional delay, obtained by using fractional variational iteration method, where the fractional derivative is taken in Caputo sense. The proposed series solutions are found to converge to exact solution rapidly. To confirm the efficiency and validity of FRDTM, the computation of three test problems of TFPDEs with proportional delay was presented. The scheme seems to be very reliable, effective, and efficient powerful technique for solving various types of physical models arising in science and engineering. PubDate: Mon, 13 Mar 2017 07:50:09 +000

Abstract: We compute explicitly the oscillation constant for Euler type half-linear second-order differential equation having multi-different periodic coefficients. PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: For an approximately controllable semilinear system, the problem of computing control for a given target state is converted into an equivalent problem of solving operator equation which is ill-posed. We exhibit a sequence of regularized controls which steers the semilinear control system from an arbitrary initial state to an neighbourhood of the target state at time under the assumption that the nonlinear function is Lipschitz continuous. The convergence of the sequences of regularized controls and the corresponding mild solutions are shown under some assumptions on the system operators. It is also proved that the target state corresponding to the regularized control is close to the actual state to be attained. PubDate: Thu, 23 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: In this work, approximations to the solutions of singularly perturbed second-order linear delay differential equations are studied. We firstly use two-term Taylor series expansion for the delayed convection term and obtain a singularly perturbed ordinary differential equation (ODE). Later, an efficient and simple asymptotic method so called Successive Complementary Expansion Method (SCEM) is employed to obtain a uniformly valid approximation to this corresponding singularly perturbed ODE. As the final step, we employ a numerical procedure to solve the resulting equations that come from SCEM procedure. In order to show efficiency of this numerical-asymptotic hybrid method, we compare the results with exact solutions if possible; if not we compare with the results that are obtained by other reported methods. PubDate: Wed, 08 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we study the existence and uniqueness of solutions for the following boundary value problem of nonlinear fractional differential equation: , , , where , , , and . The main tools used are nonlinear alternative of Leray-Schauder type and Banach contraction principle. PubDate: Sun, 29 Jan 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We consider the Cauchy problem for the Ostrovsky-Hunter equation , , , , where . Define . Suppose that is a pseudodifferential operator with a symbol such that , , and . For example, we can take . We prove the global in time existence and the large time asymptotic behavior of solutions. PubDate: Mon, 23 Jan 2017 12:00:01 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we present a block hybrid trigonometrically fitted Runge-Kutta-Nyström method (BHTRKNM), whose coefficients are functions of the frequency and the step-size for directly solving general second-order initial value problems (IVPs), including Hamiltonian systems such as the energy conserving equations and systems arising from the semidiscretization of partial differential equations (PDEs). Four discrete hybrid formulas used to formulate the BHTRKNM are provided by a continuous one-step hybrid trigonometrically fitted method with an off-grid point. We implement BHTRKNM in a block-by-block fashion; in this way, the method does not suffer from the disadvantages of requiring starting values and predictors which are inherent in predictor-corrector methods. The stability property of the BHTRKNM is discussed and the performance of the method is demonstrated on some numerical examples to show accuracy and efficiency advantages. PubDate: Sun, 22 Jan 2017 13:47:16 +000

Abstract: A family of boundary value methods (BVMs) with continuous coefficients is derived and used to obtain methods which are applied via the block unification approach. The methods obtained from these continuous BVMs are weighted the same and are used to simultaneously generate approximations to the exact solution of systems of second-order boundary value problems (BVPs) on the entire interval of integration. The convergence of the methods is analyzed. Numerical experiments were performed to show efficiency and accuracy advantages. PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2017 13:29:21 +000

Abstract: A six-compartment mathematical model is formulated to investigate the role of media campaigns in Ebola transmission dynamics. The model includes tweets or messages sent by individuals in different compartments. The media campaigns reproduction number is computed and used to discuss the stability of the disease states. The presence of a backward bifurcation as well as a forward bifurcation is shown together with the existence and local stability of the endemic equilibrium. Results show that messages sent through media have a more significant beneficial effect on the reduction of Ebola cases if they are more effective and spaced out. PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2017 14:34:31 +000

Abstract: An efficient numerical scheme for solving delay differential equations with a piecewise constant delay function is developed in this paper. The proposed approach is based on a hybrid of block-pulse functions and Taylor’s polynomials. The operational matrix of delay corresponding to the proposed hybrid functions is introduced. The sparsity of this matrix significantly reduces the computation time and memory requirement. The operational matrices of integration, delay, and product are employed to transform the problem under consideration into a system of algebraic equations. It is shown that the developed approach is also applicable to a special class of nonlinear piecewise constant delay differential equations. Several numerical experiments are examined to verify the validity and applicability of the presented technique. PubDate: Thu, 29 Dec 2016 14:07:02 +000

Abstract: We try to compare the solutions by some numerical techniques when we apply the methods on some mathematical biology problems. The Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg (RKF) method is a promising method to give an approximate solution of nonlinear ordinary differential equation systems, such as a model for insect population, one-species Lotka-Volterra model. The technique is described and illustrated by numerical examples. We modify the population models by taking the Holling type III functional response and intraspecific competition term and hence we solve it by this numerical technique and show that RKF method gives good results. We try to compare this method with the Laplace Adomian Decomposition Method (LADM) and with the exact solutions. PubDate: Wed, 07 Dec 2016 11:33:01 +000

Abstract: We investigate the existence of solutions for a class of impulsive fractional evolution equations with nonlocal conditions in Banach space by using some fixed point theorems combined with the technique of measure of noncompactness. Our results improve and generalize some known results corresponding to those obtained by others. Finally, two applications are given to illustrate that our results are valuable. PubDate: Tue, 06 Dec 2016 08:48:47 +000

Abstract: We proposed and analyzed a mathematical model dealing with two species of prey-predator system. It is assumed that the prey is a stage structure population consisting of two compartments known as immature prey and mature prey. It has a refuge capability as a defensive property against the predation. The existence, uniqueness, and boundedness of the solution of the proposed model are discussed. All the feasible equilibrium points are determined. The local and global stability analysis of them are investigated. The occurrence of local bifurcation (such as saddle node, transcritical, and pitchfork) near each of the equilibrium points is studied. Finally, numerical simulations are given to support the analytic results. PubDate: Thu, 24 Nov 2016 07:48:20 +000

Abstract: An existence and uniqueness of solution of local boundary value problem with discontinuous matching condition for the loaded parabolic-hyperbolic equation involving the Caputo fractional derivative and Riemann-Liouville integrals have been investigated. The uniqueness of solution is proved by the method of integral energy and the existence is proved by the method of integral equations. Let us note that, from this problem, the same problem follows with continuous gluing conditions (at ); thus an existence theorem and uniqueness theorem will be correct and on this case. PubDate: Wed, 23 Nov 2016 06:07:26 +000

Abstract: A reliable algorithm is presented to develop piecewise approximate analytical solutions of third- and fourth-order convection diffusion singular perturbation problems with a discontinuous source term. The algorithm is based on an asymptotic expansion approximation and Differential Transform Method (DTM). First, the original problem is transformed into a weakly coupled system of ODEs and a zero-order asymptotic expansion of the solution is constructed. Then a piecewise smooth solution of the terminal value reduced system is obtained by using DTM and imposing the continuity and smoothness conditions. The error estimate of the method is presented. The results show that the method is a reliable and convenient asymptotic semianalytical numerical method for treating high-order singular perturbation problems with a discontinuous source term. PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2016 06:04:00 +000

Abstract: By Leggett-Williams norm-type theorem for coincidences due to O’Regan and Zima, we discuss the existence of positive solutions to fractional order with periodic boundary conditions at resonance. At last, an example is presented to demonstrate the main results. PubDate: Wed, 09 Nov 2016 09:26:56 +000

Abstract: We investigate the singular Neumann problem involving the -Laplace operator: , in , where is a bounded domain with boundary, is a positive parameter, and , and are assumed to satisfy assumptions (H0)–(H5) in the Introduction. Using some variational techniques, we show the existence of a number such that problem has two solutions for one solution for , and no solutions for . PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 14:15:31 +000

Abstract: We consider the second order system with the Dirichlet boundary conditions , where the vector field is asymptotically linear and . We provide the existence and multiplicity results using the vector field rotation theory. PubDate: Thu, 03 Nov 2016 12:45:41 +000

Abstract: We develop error estimates of the semidiscrete and fully discrete formulations of a Fourier-Galerkin numerical scheme to approximate solutions of a coupled nonlinear Schrödinger-Benjamin-Ono system that describes the motion of two fluids with different densities under capillary-gravity waves in a deep water regime. The accuracy of the numerical solver is checked using some exact travelling wave solutions of the system. PubDate: Thu, 03 Nov 2016 06:28:50 +000

Abstract: This paper deals with an analytical solution of an initial value system of time dependent linear and nonlinear partial differential equations by implementing reduced differential transform (RDT) method. The effectiveness and the convergence of RDT method are tested by means of five test problems, which indicates the validity and great potential of the reduced differential transform method for solving system of partial differential equations. PubDate: Thu, 27 Oct 2016 12:49:12 +000

Abstract: The multiplicity of positive solutions for Kirchhoff type equations depending on a nonnegative parameter on is proved by using variational method. We will show that if the nonlinearities are asymptotically linear at infinity and is sufficiently small, the Kirchhoff type equations have at least two positive solutions. For the perturbed problem, we give the result of existence of three positive solutions. PubDate: Thu, 13 Oct 2016 12:44:41 +000

Abstract: It is attempted to provide the stability and convergence analysis of the reproducing kernel space method for solving the Duffing equation with with boundary integral conditions. We will prove that the reproducing space method is stable. Moreover, after introducing the method, it is shown that it has convergence order two. PubDate: Tue, 11 Oct 2016 07:32:49 +000

Abstract: We define and study several properties of what we call Maximal Strichartz Family of Gaussian Distributions. This is a subfamily of the family of Gaussian Distributions that arises naturally in the context of the Linear Schrödinger Equation and Harmonic Analysis, as the set of maximizers of certain norms introduced by Strichartz. From a statistical perspective, this family carries with itself some extrastructure with respect to the general family of Gaussian Distributions. In this paper, we analyse this extrastructure in several ways. We first compute the Fisher Information Matrix of the family, then introduce some measures of statistical dispersion, and, finally, introduce a Partial Stochastic Order on the family. Moreover, we indicate how these tools can be used to distinguish between distributions which belong to the family and distributions which do not. We show also that all our results are in accordance with the dispersive PDE nature of the family. PubDate: Thu, 29 Sep 2016 09:49:30 +000

Abstract: A hybrid analytical method for solving linear and nonlinear fractional partial differential equations is presented. The proposed analytical approach is an elegant combination of the Natural Transform Method (NTM) and a well-known method, Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM). In this analytical method, the fractional derivative is computed in Caputo sense and the nonlinear term is calculated using He’s polynomial. The proposed analytical method reduces the computational size and avoids round-off errors. Exact solution of linear and nonlinear fractional partial differential equations is successfully obtained using the analytical method. PubDate: Tue, 27 Sep 2016 15:42:46 +000

Abstract: We investigate the symmetry properties of a variable coefficient space-time fractional potential Burgers’ equation. Fractional Lie symmetries and corresponding infinitesimal generators are obtained. With the help of the infinitesimal generators, some group invariant solutions are deduced. Further, some exact solutions of fractional potential Burgers’ equation are generated by the invariant subspace method. PubDate: Sun, 25 Sep 2016 12:24:40 +000