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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 281 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 288 Journals sorted alphabetically
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Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.856, h-index: 53)
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Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Cholesterol     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 12)
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.526, h-index: 27)
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Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.916, h-index: 14)
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Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.77, h-index: 11)
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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.651, h-index: 18)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 24)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 49)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
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Experimental Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.591, h-index: 30)
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Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.693, h-index: 38)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.798, h-index: 22)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.976, h-index: 34)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.241, h-index: 6)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.193, h-index: 25)
Intl. J. of Analysis     Open Access  
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Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.385, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
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Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 23)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
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Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.363, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 10)
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Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 7)
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Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 28)
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Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.265, h-index: 11)
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Journal Cover International Journal of Corrosion
  [SJR: 0.19]   [H-I: 7]   [10 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1687-9325 - ISSN (Online) 1687-9333
   Published by Hindawi Homepage  [281 journals]
  • Effect of Deformation Structure and Annealing Temperature on Corrosion of
           Ultrafine-Grain Fe-Cr Alloy Prepared by Equal Channel Angular Pressing

    • Abstract: The effect of the deformation structure and annealing temperature on the corrosion of ultrafine-grain (UFG) Fe-Cr alloys with 8 to 12% Cr prepared by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was investigated with particular emphasis on the stability of the passivation layer. Fe-Cr alloys were processed by ECAP using up to eight passes at 423 K by the Bc route, followed by annealing at temperatures of 473 to 1173 K for 1 h. Passivity appeared in all alloys as a result of ECAP, and the stability of the passivation layer was evaluated by anodic polarization measurements in a 1000 mol·m−3 NaCl solution. The stability of the passivation layer increased as the degree of deformation became more extensive with successive ECAP passes, and distinct escalation occurred with the formation of a UFG microstructure. In the early stages of annealing at moderate temperatures, the stability of the passivation layer deteriorated, although no visible grain growth occurred, and this effect increased monotonically with increasing annealing temperature. The high degree of stability of the passivation layer on UFG alloys following ECAP can be attributed to the large number of high-angle nonequilibrium grain boundaries, which may lead to Cr enrichment of the surface region. The deterioration of the passivation layer in the early stages of annealing may be attributed to a change in the grain boundaries to an equilibrium state. The present results show that the superiority of as-ECAPed materials of the Fe-Cr alloy to recovered ones by heat treatment can be achieved with 8–10% Cr as observed in 20% Cr.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Cymbopogon citratus and NaNO2 Behaviours in 3.5% NaCl-Immersed
           Steel-Reinforced Concrete: Implications for Eco-Friendly Corrosion
           Inhibitor Applications for Steel in Concrete

    • Abstract: This paper studies behaviours of Cymbopogon citratus leaf-extract and NaNO2, used as equal-mass admixture models, in 3.5% NaCl-immersed steel-reinforced concrete by nondestructive electrochemical methods and by compressive-strength improvement/reduction effects. Corrosion-rate, corrosion-current, and corrosion-potential constitute electrochemical test-techniques while compressive-strength effect investigations followed ASTM C29 and ASTM C33, in experiments using positive-controls for the electrochemical and compressive-strength studies. Analyses of the different electrochemical test-results mostly portrayed agreements on reinforcing-steel anticorrosion effects by the concentrations of natural plant and of chemical admixtures in the saline/marine simulating-environment and in the distilled H2O (electrochemical positive control) of steel-reinforced concrete immersions. These indicated that little amount (0.0833% cement for concrete-mixing) of Cymbopogon citratus leaf-extract was required for optimal inhibition efficiency, η = 99.35%, on reinforcing-steel corrosion, in the study. Results of compressive-strength change factor also indicated that the 0.0833% Cymbopogon citratus concentration outperformed NaNO2 admixture concentrations also in compressive-strength improvement effects on the NaCl-immersed steel-reinforced concrete. These established implications, from the study, on the suitability of the eco-friendly Cymbopogon citratus leaf-extract for replacing the also highly effective NaNO2 inhibitor of steel-in-concrete corrosion in concrete designed for the saline/marine service-environment.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Electrochemical Studies of Monoterpenic Thiosemicarbazones as Corrosion
           Inhibitor for Steel in 1 M HCl

    • Abstract: We have studied the inhibitory effect of some Monoterpenic Thiosemicarbazones on steel corrosion in 1 M HCl solution. The potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used. The Monoterpenic Thiosemicarbazones have inhibited significantly the dissolution of steel. The inhibition efficiency increased with increasing inhibitor concentration and also with the increase in temperature (293–323 K). Furthermore, the results obtained revealed that the adsorption of inhibitor on steel surface obeys Langmuir adsorption model and the thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy and activation energy were determined. The scanning electron microscopy combined with dispersive X-ray spectroscopy examinations were used to see the shape of the surface morphology and to determine the elemental composition. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images show that the surface damage decreases when the inhibitor is added. The quantum chemical calculations using density functional theory (DFT) were performed in order to provide some insights into the electronic density distribution as well as the nature of inhibitor-steel interaction.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Twin-Wire Pulsed Tandem Gas Metal Arc Welding of API X80 Steel Linepipe

    • Abstract: Twin-Wire Pulsed Tandem Gas Metal Arc Welding process with high welding production efficiency was used to join the girth weld seam of API X80 steel linepipe of 18.4 mm wall thickness and 1422 mm diameter. The macrostructure, microstructure, hardness, and electrochemical corrosion behavior of welded joints were studied. Effects of temperature and Cl− concentration on the corrosion behavior of base metal and weld metal were investigated. Results show that the welded joint has good morphology, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance of both the base metal and the weld metal decreases with increasing temperature or Cl− concentration. In the solution with high Cl− concentration, the base metal and weld metal are more susceptible to pitting. The corrosion resistance of the weld metal is slightly lower than that of the base metal.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Synthesis of a Novel Gemini Cationic Surfactant and Its Inhibition
           Behaviour and Mechanism Study on 2024 Al-Cu-Mg Alloy in Acid Solution

    • Abstract: Isopropylamine was taken as a raw material to synthesize a new multi-alkyl multiple quaternary-ammonium salts gemini surfactant bis[2-hydroxy-3-(dodecyldimethylammonio)propyl]-isopropylamine dichloride. The structure of the synthetic product was characterized by 1H NMR and FTIR. The surface activity was investigated; the inhibition efficiencies and inhibition mechanism of the synthetic product were studied by weight loss method, electrochemical method, microscopic morphology observation, and adsorption model calculation. The results indicate that cmc of synthetic product was 9.204 ×  mol/L; when the concentrations were lower than cmc, the inhibition efficiencies rose substantially, which was up to 89.3% with the concentration of 9.204 ×   mol/L; when they were higher than cmc, inhibition efficiencies were basically unchanged; polarization tests showed that the synthesis product could restrain both anodic and cathodic reactions; when the concentrations were lower than cmc, the adsorption of the synthetic product conformed to the Langmuir model, which formed monolayer on the 2024 Al-Cu-Mg alloy surface; when they were higher than cmc, it formed bilayer, so the adsorption of the synthetic product did not conform to the Langmuir model anymore.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Nanocomposite Coatings: Preparation, Characterization, Properties, and
           Applications

    • Abstract: Incorporation of nanofillers into the organic coatings might enhance their barrier performance, by decreasing the porosity and zigzagging the diffusion path for deleterious species. Thus, the coatings containing nanofillers are expected to have significant barrier properties for corrosion protection and reduce the trend for the coating to blister or delaminate. On the other hand, high hardness could be obtained for metallic coatings by producing the hard nanocrystalline phases within a metallic matrix. This article presents a review on recent development of nanocomposite coatings, providing an overview of nanocomposite coatings in various aspects dealing with the classification, preparative method, the nanocomposite coating properties, and characterization methods. It covers potential applications in areas such as the anticorrosion, antiwear, superhydrophobic area, self-cleaning, antifouling/antibacterial area, and electronics. Finally, conclusion and future trends will be also reported.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Experimental Investigation into Corrosion Effect on Mechanical Properties
           of High Strength Steel Bars under Dynamic Loadings

    • Abstract: The tensile behaviors of corroded steel bars are important in the capacity evaluation of corroded reinforced concrete structures. The present paper studies the mechanical behavior of the corroded high strength reinforcing steel bars under static and dynamic loading. High strength reinforcing steel bars were corroded by using accelerated corrosion methods and the tensile tests were carried out under different strain rates. The results showed that the mechanical properties of corroded high strength steel bars were strain rate dependent, and the strain rate effect decreased with the increase of corrosion degree. The decreased nominal yield and ultimate strengths were mainly caused by the reduction of cross-sectional areas, and the decreased ultimate deformation and the shortened yield plateau resulted from the intensified stress concentration at the nonuniform reduction. Based on the test results, reduction factors were proposed to relate the tensile behaviors with the corrosion degree and strain rate for corroded bars. A modified Johnson-Cook strength model of corroded high strength steel bars under dynamic loading was proposed by taking into account the influence of corrosion degree. Comparison between the model and test results showed that proposed model properly describes the dynamic response of the corroded high strength rebars.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Numerical Simulation of Galvanic Corrosion between Carbon Steel and Low
           Alloy Steel in a Bolted Joint

    • Abstract: The galvanic corrosion of a bolt joint combining carbon steel end plate and low alloy steel bolt was investigated electrochemically in a 1 M HCl solution. The corrosion parameters of the joint components were used for numerical simulation using Comsol Multiphysics software to analyze the galvanic corrosion behavior at the contact zone between the head bolt and the end plate. In this research work we evaluate the variation of the corrosion rate in the steel end plate considered as the anode, in order to determine the lifetime of the bolted assembly used in steel structures. Three materials (20MnCr5, 42CrMo4, and 32CrMoV13) and three bolts (M12, M16, and M20) were tested in two thicknesses of electrolyte 1 M HCl ( = 1 mm, = 20 mm). It is found that the corrosion rate of the anode part (end plate) is higher for 32CrMoV13 materials and it increases if both diameter of the bolt and thickness of the electrolyte increase (Cr(M20) > Cr(M16) > Cr(M12) and Cr( = 20 mm) > Cr( = 1 mm)). This corrosion rate is higher in the contact area between the bolt head and the end plate, and it decreases if we move away from this contact area.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Electrolyte Composition for Distinguishing Corrosion Mechanisms in Steel
           Alloy Screening

    • Abstract: The formation and breakdown of passive layers due to pitting corrosion are a major cause of failure of metal structures. The investigation of passivation and pitting corrosion requires two different electrochemical measurements and is therefore a time consuming process. To reduce time in material characterization and to study the interactions of both mechanisms, here, a combined experiment addressing both phenomena is introduced. In the presented electrolyte the different corrosion mechanisms are distinguished and investigated by cyclic voltammograms and polarization scans. The measurements show a passive area, metastable pit growth, and pitting corrosion as well as repassivation. The pitting corrosion is separated from additional dissolution processes and the standard deviation of the corrosion potential is smaller than in other electrolytes. Both passivation and pitting corrosion can be observed in one measurement without additional corrosion attacks. The deviation between different measurements of the same steel is small; this is helpful for the screening of similar materials.
      PubDate: Sun, 24 Dec 2017 08:09:40 +000
       
  • Experimental Study on the Influence of Sulfate Reducing Bacteria on the
           Metallic Corrosion Behavior under Disbonded Coating

    • Abstract: A rectangle disbonded coating simulation device was used to research the effect of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) on the metallic corrosion behavior under disbonded coating by the electrochemical method. The results showed that the metal self-corrosion potential at the same test point had little change in the initial experiment stage, whether the solution was without or with SRB. The potential amplitude in the solution with SRB was larger than that without SRB in the later corrosion period. The corrosion current density of the metal at the same test point increased gradually over time in the solution with or without SRB, and SRB could accelerate the corrosion of the metal in the disbonded crevice. The metal self-corrosion potential in the crevice had little change in the SRB solution environment after adding the fungicide, but the corrosion current density decreased significantly. That meant the growth and reproduction of SRB were inhibited after adding the fungicide, so the metal corrosion rate slowed down. Among the three kinds of solution environment, increasing the coating disbonded thickness could accelerate the corrosion of the metal in the crevice, and it was the largest in the solution with SRB.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Oct 2017 09:26:33 +000
       
  • Effect of Microstructure on Hydrogen Diffusion in Weld and API X52
           Pipeline Steel Base Metals under Cathodic Protection

    • Abstract: The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of microstructure on hydrogen permeation of weld and API X52 base metal under cathodic protection. The microstructures analyzed were of the API X52, as received, quenched, and annealed, and the welded zone. The test was performed in base metal (BM), quenched base metal (QBM), annealed base metal (ABM), and weld metal (WM). Hydrogen permeation flows were evaluated using electrochemical tests in a Devanathan cell. The potentiodynamic polarization curves were carried out to evaluate the corrosion resistance of each microstructure. All tests were carried out in synthetic soil solutions NS4 and NS4 + sodium thiosulfate at 25°C. The sodium thiosulfate was used to simulate sulfate reduction bacteria (SRB). Through polarization, assays established that the microstructure does not influence the corrosion resistance. The permeation tests showed that weld metal had lower hydrogen flow than base metal as received, quenched, and annealed.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Application of a New Method in Identifying the Sludge Deposits from
           Refineries and Gas Plants: A Case of Laboratory-Based Study

    • Abstract: This article reports the application of a new method in identifying the accumulated sludge deposits (e.g., oily sludge, water sludge, and filter sludge). The method is an excellent approach for identifying the inorganic materials found in sludge deposits generated in refineries and gas plants. The phase identification and quantification on inorganic material in the form of corrosion products are important to facilitate chemical cleaning and prevent the reoccurrence to stop the generation of sludges. Therefore, the authors developed a new method to separate the inorganic materials from the hydrocarbon of the as-received sludge samples from the fields. When the sample preparation was taken with great care, the results revealed that this method is fast and can accurately identify very small quantities (>0.5 wt%) of sludge deposits present in the sample. Additionally, if the color of the dichloromethane soluble part collected is changed, it indicates the presence of hydrocarbon in the sludge. Thermal gravimetric analysis results revealed that the sludge contained approximately 3 wt% of inorganic compound, 25 wt% of water, and 72 wt% of hydrocarbon. Subsequently, gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis results revealed that the type of hydrocarbon was diesel with the C10–C27.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Sep 2017 08:08:54 +000
       
  • Effect of Grain Size on the Stress Corrosion Cracking of Ultrafine Grained
           Cu-10 wt% Zn Alloy in Ammonia

    • Abstract: The effect of grain size in the micron to submicron range on the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of Cu-10 wt% Zn alloys was investigated using constant-load tests in ammonia vapor. The grain size was systematically varied from 4 μm to 0.12 μm by either cold-rolling or equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP), followed by annealing. The time to fracture increased with decreasing grain size above 1 μm but then began to decrease with decreasing grain size into the submicron range. This inverse trend in the submicron range is discussed in terms of a severe plastic deformation- (SPD-) induced ultrafine grain microstructure.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jul 2017 07:54:43 +000
       
  • The Discrete Wavelet Transform and Its Application for Noise Removal in
           Localized Corrosion Measurements

    • Abstract: The present work discusses the problem of induced external electrical noise as well as its removal from the electrical potential obtained from Scanning Vibrating Electrode Technique (SVET) in the pitting corrosion process of aluminum alloy A96061 in 3.5% NaCl. An accessible and efficient solution of this problem is presented with the use of virtual instrumentation (VI), embedded systems, and the discrete wavelet transform (DWT). The DWT is a computational algorithm for digital processing that allows obtaining electrical noise with Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) superior to those obtained with Lock-In Amplifier equipment. The results show that DWT and the threshold method are efficient and powerful alternatives to carry out electrical measurements of potential signals from localized corrosion processes measured by SVET.
      PubDate: Sun, 04 Jun 2017 08:36:12 +000
       
  • The Effect of Graphene on the Protective Properties of Water-Based Epoxy
           Coatings on Al2024-T3

    • Abstract: 0.5 and 1% wt. of graphene nanoflakes were added to an anticorrosive additives-free water-based epoxy resin applied to Al2024-T3 samples. Calorimetric (DSC) and adhesion (cross-cut test) tests indicated that the presence of graphene did not affect the polymerization process of the resin or its adhesion to the substrate while it had some effect on its wettability. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) results obtained suggested that the addition of a small amount of graphene greatly enhanced the protective properties of the epoxy coating, retarding electrolytes absorption and reducing the total amount of adsorbed water. The latter occurrence suggests that the graphene effect on coating performances is related to both extended diffusion pathway length and graphene/matrix interaction due to the unique properties of graphene.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 May 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Research of Microorganism Corrosion Properties of 2024-T31
           Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy in Oil-Water System

    • Abstract: The surface analysis techniques and chemical technical means (polarization curves and AC impedance technique) were applied to research the corrosion characteristics of microorganisms SRB of 2024-T31 aluminum-magnesium alloy in the oil-water system, and the corrosion mechanism was finally analyzed. The results showed that SRB accelerate the corrosion process and cause uneven pitting on the surface of the metal matrix. Passive and biological films control the corrosion of the metal substrate in bacterial oil-water system. In the initial stage of immersion, a loose and uneven biofilm formed on the surface of substrate which accelerated its corrosion. In the midterm, the effect of biofilm gradually weakened while the protective effect of the passive film grew more insistently; the rate of corrosion slowed down. In the later period, localized corrosion cell of large cathode/small anode formed on the surface of the substrate which accelerates the corrosion.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Electrodeposited Reduced Graphene Oxide Films on Stainless Steel, Copper,
           and Aluminum for Corrosion Protection Enhancement

    • Abstract: The enhancement of corrosion protection of metals and alloys by coating with simple, low cost, and highly adhered layer is still a main goal of many workers. In this research graphite flakes converted into graphene oxide using modified Hammers method and then reduced graphene oxide was electrodeposited on stainless steel 316, copper, and aluminum for corrosion protection application in seawater at four temperatures, namely, 20, 30, 40, and 50°C. All corrosion measurements, kinetics, and thermodynamics parameters were established from Tafel plots using three-electrode potentiostat. The deposited films were examined by FTIR, Raman, XRD, SEM, and AFM techniques; they revealed high percentages of conversion to the few layers of graphene with confirmed defects.
      PubDate: Sun, 02 Apr 2017 07:58:30 +000
       
  • Semiempirical Theoretical Studies of 1,3-Benzodioxole Derivatives as
           Corrosion Inhibitors

    • Abstract: The efficiency of 1,3-benzodioxole derivatives as corrosion inhibitors is theoretically studied using quantum chemical calculation and Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR). Different semiempirical methods (AM1, PM3, MNDO, MINDO/3, and INDO) are applied in order to determine the relationship between molecular structure and their corrosion protection efficiencies. Different quantum parameters are obtained as the energy of highest occupied molecular orbital , the energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital , energy gap , dipole moment μ, and Mulliken charge on the atom. QSAR approach is applied to elucidate some important parameters as the hydrophobicity (Log P), surface area (S.A), polarization , and hydration energy ().
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 07:54:55 +000
       
  • Chloride-Induced Corrosion of Steel in Concrete: An Overview on Chloride
           Diffusion and Prediction of Corrosion Initiation Time

    • Abstract: Initiation of corrosion of steel in reinforced concrete (RC) structures subjected to chloride exposures mainly depends on coefficient of chloride diffusion, , of concrete. Therefore, is one of the key parameters needed for prediction of initiation of reinforcement corrosion. Fick’s second law of diffusion has been used for long time to derive the models for chloride diffusion in concrete. However, such models do not include the effects of various significant factors such as chloride binding by the cement, multidirectional ingress of chloride, and variation of with time due to change in the microstructure of concrete during early period of cement hydration. In this paper, a review is presented on the development of chloride diffusion models by incorporating the effects of the key factors into basic Fick’s second law of diffusion. Determination of corrosion initiation time using chloride diffusion models is also explained. The information presented in this paper would be useful for accurate prediction of corrosion initiation time of RC structures subjected to chloride exposure, considering the effects of chloride binding, effect of time and space on , and interaction effect of multidirectional chloride ingress.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Sealing of PEO Coated AZ91 Magnesium Alloy Using La-Based Solutions

    • Abstract: In this work, solutions containing lanthanum salts were used for a post-treatment of sealing to increase the corrosion resistance of PEO coated AZ91 alloy. PEO coatings were produced on samples of AZ91 magnesium alloy using an alkaline solution containing sodium hydroxide, sodium phosphates, and sodium silicates. The sealing treatment was performed in a solution containing 12 g/L of La(NO3)3 at pH 4 at different temperatures and for different treatment times. Potentiodynamic polarization test, an EIS test, showed that the sealing treatment with solution containing lanthanum nitrate caused a remarkable increase in the corrosion resistance. The corrosion behavior was correlated with the surface morphology and elemental composition evaluated with scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In particular, the sealing treatment at 50°C for 30 min resulted in being the most promising to increase the corrosion properties of PEO treated samples because of the formation of a homogeneous sealing layer, mainly composed of La(OH)3.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Jan 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Corrosion Behavior of Brazed Zinc-Coated Structured Sheet Metal

    • Abstract: Arc brazing has, in comparison to arc welding, the advantage of less heat input while joining galvanized sheet metals. The evaporation of zinc is reduced in the areas adjacent to the joint and improved corrosion protection is achieved. In the automotive industry, lightweight design is a key technology against the background of the weight and environment protection. Structured sheet metals have higher stiffness compared to typical automobile sheet metals and therefore they can play an important role in lightweight structures. In the present paper, three arc brazing variants of galvanized structured sheet metals were validated in terms of the corrosion behavior. The standard gas metal arc brazing, the pulsed arc brazing, and the cold metal transfer (CMT®) in combination with a pulsed cycle were investigated. In experimental climate change tests, the influence of the brazing processes on the corrosion behavior of galvanized structured sheet metals was investigated. After that, the corrosion behavior of brazed structured and flat sheet metals was compared. Because of the selected lap joint, the valuation of damage between sheet metals was conducted. The pulsed CMT brazing has been derived from the results as the best brazing method for the joining process of galvanized structured sheet metals.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Fire-Side Corrosion: A Case Study of Failed Tubes of a Fossil Fuel Boiler

    • Abstract: The failures of superheater and reheater boiler tubes operating in a power plant utilizing natural gas or mazut as a fuel have been analysed and the fire-side corrosion has been suggested as the main reason for the failure in boiler tubes. The tubes have been provided by a fossil fuel power plant in Iran and optical and electron microscopy investigations have been performed on the tubes as well as the corrosion products on their surfaces. The results showed that the thickness of the failed tubes is not uniform which suggests that fire-side corrosion has happened on the tubes. Fire-side corrosion is caused by the reaction of combustion products with oxide layers on the tube surface resulting in metal loss and consequently tubes fracture. However, the tubes corrosion behaviour did not follow the conventional models of the fire-side corrosion. Given that, using the corrosion monitoring techniques for these boiler tubes seems essential. As a result, the thickness of the boiler tubes in different parts of the boiler has been recorded and critical points are selected accordingly. Such critical points are selected for installation of corrosion monitoring probes.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Corrigendum to “A Study of N,N-Diethylammonium
           O,O′-Di(p-methoxyphenyl)dithiophosphate as New Corrosion Inhibitor for
           Carbon Steel in Hydrochloric Acid Solution”

    • PubDate: Mon, 09 Jan 2017 11:41:13 +000
       
 
 
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