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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 338 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 90)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 75, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 214)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.327
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-806X - ISSN (Online) 1687-8078
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [338 journals]
  • Correlation of Power Consumption of Double Impeller Based on Impeller
           Spacing in Laminar Region

    • Abstract: Power consumption is an important parameter for the design of mixing equipment. The aim of this study is to develop a new correlation of the power consumption of a double impeller. The effect of impeller spacing on the double-impeller flow pattern and power consumption was investigated in the laminar region. As a result, the effect of impeller spacing on the flow pattern was described based on the ratio of impeller spacing to the impeller blade height. Moreover, the power consumption of a double impeller could be correlated with the same ratio.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Oct 2019 11:05:04 +000
  • Deposition of Colloidal Particles during the Evaporation of Sessile Drops:
           Dilute Colloidal Dispersions

    • Abstract: The deposition of colloidal silica particles during the evaporation of sessile drops on a smooth substrate has been modeled by the simultaneous solution of the Navier–Stokes equations, the convective-diffusive equation for particles, and the diffusion equation for evaporated vapor in the gas phase. Isothermal conditions were assumed. A mapping was created to show the conditions for various deposition patterns for very dilute suspensions. Based on values of the Peclet (Pe) number and Damkholer numbers (Da and Da−1), the effects of adsorption and desorption were discussed according to the map. Simulations were also done for suspensions with a high particle concentration to form a solid phase during the evaporation by using a packing criterion. The simulations predicted the height and width of the ring deposit near the contact line, and the results compared favorably to experimental particle deposition patterns.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Oct 2019 13:30:01 +000
  • Physical and Rheological Properties of Egg Albumin Foams Are Affected by
           Ionic Strength and Basil Seed Gum Supplementation

    • Abstract: In this study, the effect of ionic strength and basil seed gum (BSG) on the foaming properties of egg white albumin (EWA) was studied. The foam was prepared with 1% EWA (w/v) in the presence of different concentrations of sodium chloride (NaCl; 0, 0.5, and 1% w/v) and BSG (0, 0.1, and 0.3% w/v). The results showed that foam density and foam stability of EWA significantly () increased with an increase in BSG concentration (from 0 to 0.3% w/v). On the contrary, an increase in NaCl concentration (from 0 to 1% w/v) increased foam overrun but decreased foam density. Amplitude rheological parameters indicated an improvement in foam structure with increasing NaCl concentration. In addition, an elastic structure was obtained in the case of the foams with the higher concentrations of NaCl. Elastic modulus () was higher than loss modulus () in the frequency range, and there was low frequency dependency in all of the samples. In constant frequency of 1 Hz, tangent (δ) was the lowest in the sample containing 1% NaCl (w/v), but without BSG. There was a decrease in yield stress values with increasing BSG concentration; however, the increase in NaCl concentration led to an increase in yield stress. The highest yield stress (37 Pa) belonged to the sample containing 1% NaCl, but without BSG. Overall, it was found that both NaCl and BSG could substantially improve the rheological and foaming properties (in particular, foam stability) of egg white albumin.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Sep 2019 02:05:03 +000
  • Assessment of the Use of Epicarp and Mesocarp of Green Coconut for Removal
           of Fluoride Ions in Aqueous Solution

    • Abstract: Fruit consumption and processing result in considerable volumes of residual biomass. Transformation of this biomass into biosorbents offers an alternative for its reuse and disposal. As the green coconut shell is a waste often discarded in landfills and dumps, generating gases and leachate, two biosorbents were developed from the epicarp and mesocarp of green coconut to adsorb fluoride ions in aqueous solution. The kinetic experiments showed that sorption of fluoride ions reached equilibrium at 300 min for both epicarp and mesocarp at temperatures of 25°C, 35°C, and 45°C. The removal efficiency of fluoride ions varied from 66.25% (at 25°C) to 77.50% (at 45°C) for the epicarp and from 90% (at 25°C) to 97.50% (at 45°C) for the mesocarp. The thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption process showed that adsorption is a spontaneous, endothermic process for both biosorbents. The adsorption was classified as chemical, with the Langmuir isotherm model best suited to the adsorption isotherms data.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Sep 2019 00:07:04 +000
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics Study of the Effects of Drill Cuttings on the
           Open Channel Flow

    • Abstract: A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study was carried out for drilling fluid flow with drill cuttings in open channels. The flow is similar to the return flow when drilling, stream containing drilling fluid, and drill cuttings. The computational model is under the framework of the Eulerian multifluid volume of the fluid model. The Herschel–Bulkley rheological model was used to describe the non-Newtonian rheology of the drilling fluid, and the computational model was validated with experimental results for two-phase flow in the literature. The effect of flow depth and flow velocity in an open channel was studied for drill cutting size of up to 5 mm and for a solid volume fraction of up to 10%. For constant cross section and short open channels, the effect of drill cuttings on flow depth and mean velocity was found to be small for particle sizes less than 5 mm and solid volume fractions less than 10%. High momentum force in the downward direction can carry the solid-liquid mixture at higher velocities than a lower density mixture. Higher inclination angles mean that the gravity effect upon the flow direction is more significant than the particle friction for short channels.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 11:05:11 +000
  • Corrigendum to “VLE of Carbon Dioxide-Loaded Aqueous Potassium Salt of
           L-Histidine Solutions as a Green Solvent for Carbon Dioxide Capture:
           Experimental Data and Modelling”

    • PubDate: Sun, 21 Jul 2019 14:05:11 +000
  • Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Graphene-Based Adsorbents in
           Wastewater Treatment

    • Abstract: Nowadays water bodies across the world are heavily polluted due to uncontrollable contamination of heavy metal particles, toxic dyes, and other harmful wastes discharged by emerging industries other than normal domestic wastages. This contamination needs sufficient control to protect the natural water bodies. There are various methodologies to be followed to perform wastewater treatment, in which the adsorption method of filtration is found to be efficient. The adsorption method is a high priority and preferable filtration method compared to other waste water treatment methods due to its peculiar characteristics. Considering the adsorption method, there are multiple options available in selecting material and methodology for the filtration process. In selecting the filtering material, there is much attraction towards graphene and its oxides, which have widespread range of differential applications in commercial industries because of their eco-friendly characteristic features. The importance of various graphene composites and their chemical properties is found to be significant in various fields. Analyzing the adsorbing properties of graphene widely, this article deeply reviews about the improvements and the technologies identified for using graphene and (GO) graphene oxide in wastewater treatment taken into discussion elaborately. Therefore, in this hard review, the advantages and demerits of using graphene for wastewater treatment as well as improving its properties to make it more suitable for wastewater treatment are detailed.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Jul 2019 09:05:26 +000
  • Preparation and Characterization of a New High-Performance Plastic
           Explosive in Comparison with Traditional Types

    • Abstract: EPX-2R is a high-performance plastic explosive produced for different applications. EPX-2R is based on RDX (1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazinane) bonded by the elastic matrix of the softened styrene butadiene binder. A computerizing mixer plastograph was used for the production of EPX-2R. The internal energy of combustion was measured and used to determine the enthalpy of formation. Friction and impact sensitivities were measured. The velocity of detonation was determined experimentally, and the detonation properties were calculated by the EXPLO 5 code. For comparison, traditional plastic explosives, composition C-4, Semtex 10, Formex P1, EPX-1, and Sprängdeg m/46, were studied. It was concluded that the velocity of detonation of EPX-2R was higher than the studied samples except composition C-4, while its sensitivity is the lowest. Interesting inversely proportional relationship between the measured internal energy of combustion and the calculated heat of detonation was observed.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Jul 2019 07:05:31 +000
  • Chemical Oxidation for Oil Separation from Oilfield Produced Water under
           UV Irradiation Using Titanium Dioxide as a Nano-Photocatalyst by Batch and
           Continuous Techniques

    • Abstract: This research describes the photocatalytic design for oil removal from produced water. It involves batch and continuous processes. The photocatalytic degradation of oil has been conducted in glass reactors. The effects of nano-TiO2 concentration, the number of lamps, and the time of radiation were studied in the batch system, while in the continuous treatment, the number of lamps, the direction of light radiation, and the time of processes were studied. The results showed that all the oil was removed in the batch system and the maximum percentage of oil removal was 71% in the continuous system.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jun 2019 07:05:38 +000
  • Evaluation of Distribution of Succinic Acid between Binary Phase System
           with Biodiesel + N,N-Dioctyloctan-1-amine

    • Abstract: The present study is aimed at using one of the most promising methods called reactive extraction to extract succinic acid from aqueous solution by using N,N-dioctyloctan-1-amine in biodiesel as diluent made from sunflower oil, rice bran oil, sesame oil, and karanji oil. The results of extraction studies with the diluents (physical) showed their inability to recover any acid by themselves. In reactive extraction, the organic phase extracting power solely depends on tri-n-octylamine. The ranges of the distribution coefficient are found as 7.62–18.12 for sunflower oil biodiesel, 8.33–17.45 for rice bran oil biodiesel, 7.0–17.67 for sesame oil biodiesel, and 9.85–21.36 for karanji oil biodiesel. The ranges of the loading ratio are 0.1–3.0 for sunflower oil biodiesel, 0.1–2.9 for rice bran oil biodiesel, 0.2–2.9 for sesame oil biodiesel, and 0.1–2.9 for karanji oil biodiesel. The karanji and sunflower oil showed higher values of distribution coefficient (KD) over rice bran oil and sesame oil which might be due to presence of both C20 and special fatty acids. The results show that biogenous diluents along with N,N-dioctyloctan-1-amine as extractant form a nontoxic and viable option for the extraction of succinic acid in the binary phase system.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jun 2019 00:05:20 +000
  • Sugarcane Bagasse Ash Micronized Using Air Jet Mills for Green Pozzolan in

    • Abstract: This study provided a basis for new possibilities concerning the use of the sugarcane bagasse ash as a green pozzolanic addition to the Portland cement composite. To that effect, a simple micronization method using air jet milling without any other additional thermal procedure was used to control the characteristics of ash particles. This procedure not only maintains the required characteristics of the residues but can also improve some of them. Sugarcane bagasse ash is a residue produced on large scale in Brazil by ethanol and sugar plants as a result of the burning of sugarcane bagasse in energy cogeneration. The residue used in this study was initially characterized by scanning electron microscopy, granulometric and specific mass analyses, N2 adsorption measurements, X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis with differential thermal analysis. Pozzolanic ash activity was evaluated according to the axial compressive strength at 28 days and the modified Chapelle methods. The results showed that the milling fly sugarcane bagasse ash samples presented satisfactory pozzolanic activity.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 May 2019 12:05:29 +000
  • A Moving Boundary Model for Isothermal Drying and Shrinkage of Chayote
           Discoid Samples: Comparison between the Fully Analytical and the Shortcut
           Numerical Approaches

    • Abstract: A moving boundary model for food isothermal drying and shrinkage is applied to predict the time decay of water content and sample volume, as well as water diffusivity for chayote discoid slices in the temperature range 40–70°C. The core of the model is the shrinkage velocity , assumed equal to the water concentration gradient times a shrinkage function α representing the constitutive equation of the food material under investigation. The aim is to provide a case study to analyze and quantify differences and accuracies of two different approaches for determining the shrinkage function α from typical experimental data of moisture content vs. rescaled volume : a fully analytical approach and a shortcut numerical one.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 May 2019 12:05:22 +000
  • VLE of Carbon Dioxide-Loaded Aqueous Potassium Salt of L-Histidine
           Solutions as a Green Solvent for Carbon Dioxide Capture: Experimental Data
           and Modelling

    • Abstract: In this study, vapour-liquid equilibrium of CO2-loaded aqueous potassium salt of L-histidine was studied for a wide range of temperature (313.15–353.15 K), pressure (150–4000 kPa), and solvent concentrations (1–2.5 molar). The experimental results show that L-histidine has an excellent absorptive capacity for carbon dioxide. When compared to conventional solvent (monoethanolamine) and amino acid salt (potassium L-lysinate) at similar process conditions, L-histidine has superior absorption capacity. Moreover, modified Kent–Eisenberg model was used to correlate the VLE of the studied system with excellent agreement between the model and experimental values. The model exhibited an AARE% of 7.87%, which shows that it can satisfactorily predict carbon dioxide solubilities in aqueous potassium salt of L-histidine at other process conditions. Being a biological component in origin, almost negligibly volatile, and highly resistant to oxidative degradation, L-histidine offers certain operational advantages over other solvents used and has a promising potential for carbon dioxide capture.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 May 2019 08:05:22 +000
  • Column Efficiency of Fluoride Removal Using Quaternized Palm Kernel Shell

    • Abstract: In this research, the adsorption potential of quaternized palm kernel shell (QPKS) to remove F− from aqueous solution was investigated using fixed-bed adsorption column. Raw palm kernel shell waste was reacted with 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethylammonium chloride (CHMAC) in order to modify the surface charge. The effects of inlet F− concentrations (2–12 mg/l) and QPKS bed height (2–10 cm) with optimum pH (pH = 3) on the breakthrough characteristics of the adsorption system were determined. In the fixed-bed column, breakthrough time increases with increasing bed height due to increasing amount of active site on adsorbents to adsorb the fluoride ion. Decreasing trend of breakthrough values was obtained with increasing initial fluoride concentration due to greater driving force for the transfer process to overcome the mass transfer resistance in the column. The adsorptions were fitted to three well-established fixed-bed adsorption models, namely, Thomas, Yoon–Nelson, and Adams–Bohart models. The results fitted well to the Thomas and Yoon–Nelson models with correlation coefficient, R2 ≥ 0.96.
      PubDate: Sun, 12 May 2019 10:05:05 +000
  • Utilization of Synthesized Zeolite for Improved Properties of Pyrolytic
           Oil Derived from Used Tire

    • Abstract: This paper reports the investigation of zeolite NaY synthesized from kaolin, a locally abundant soil material found in the Benin City metropolis, Nigeria, as a suitable catalyst and its effect on the properties of pyrolytic oil produced from used tires. The pyrolysis process was conducted from a range of 1 to 10 wt.% of catalyst concentration to the used tire at an operating temperature of 600°C, heating rate of 15°C/min, and particle size of 6 mm. An increase in the catalyst weight gave a maximum yield of catalytic pyrolytic oil (CPO) of 21.3 wt.% at a catalyst-to-tire ratio of 7.5 wt.%. Although this was lower than the noncatalyzed pyrolytic oil yield (34.40 wt.%), the quality in terms of chemical composition and hydrocarbon fuel range varied from that of the noncatalyzed pyrolytic oil, as indicated by the FT-IR, NMR, and GC-MS analyses. From the GC-MS result, the CPO gave a benzene yield higher than that of noncatalyzed pyrolytic oil. The CPO benzene yield can be ranked as CPO (5 wt.%) > CPO (1 wt.%) > CPO (10 wt.%) > CPO (7.5 wt.%) > noncatalyzed pyrolytic oil. The catalyst also improved the yield of other valuable chemicals such as ethylbenzene, o- and p-xylene, styrene, toluene, quinoline, pyrene, thiophene, P-cresol, phenol, and limonene in the pyrolytic oil. For hydrocarbon range, the catalyst displayed the potential to increase the yield of carbon range (C6–C15), which is similar to gasoline (C6–C12) and kerosene (C11–C14), with a lower yield of diesel and fuel oils (C11–C20) when compared to the noncatalyzed pyrolytic oil.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:11:22 +000
  • Catalytic Upgrading of Biorenewables to Value-Added Products

    • PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:11:20 +000
  • Predicting CO2 Permeation through an Enhanced Ionic Liquid Mixed Matrix
           Membrane (IL3M)

    • Abstract: Ionic liquid mixed matrix membranes (IL3Ms) were synthesized using polyethersulfone (PES) as the base polymer and silica-aluminophosphate (SAPO-34) as the dispersed particles, and their CO2 permeation was investigated. Three of the most widely used models for gas separation—the Maxwell, Lewis–Nielson, and Maxwell–Wagner–Sillar (MWS) models—were then applied to the membranes. Large deviations were found between the model predictions and experimental data. FESEM images suggested that local agglomeration and disorientation of the SAPO-34 particles within the membrane afforded substantial changes in the morphology. The MWS model, which considers the shape factor, was modified to incorporate the volume fraction of the wetted dispersed phase and the ideal shape factor. A direct relationship was found between the filler concentration and the shape factor. The modified model was shown to produce absolute and relative errors of less than 3%. When validated against data from the literature, the deviation remained within 5%. The modified model can be used to estimate the gas permeance of an IL3M.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:11:18 +000
  • Biosynthesis and Characterization of Iron Nanoparticles for Effective
           Adsorption of Cr(VI)

    • Abstract: In this study, iron nanoparticles (FeNPs) were synthesized via a green method using loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaves aqueous extract as a renewable reducing agent. The synthesized FeNPs were characterized by DLS, XRD, FT-IR, SEM/EDX, and TEM analysis, and then, they were used as an adsorbent for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to investigate the optimum adsorption parameters such as the initial pH of the solution, temperature, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and adsorbent concentration. The optimum adsorption conditions were determined as initial pH 3.0, temperature 45°C, and adsorbent concentration 1 g/L. Also, a linear increase was observed in adsorbed Cr(VI) amounts with the increasing initial Cr(VI) concentrations. The biosynthesized FeNPs showed the high removal levels higher than 90% for Cr(VI) adsorption at a wide range of initial Cr(VI) concentrations (50–500 mg/L). The experimental equilibrium data were modelled with Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models, and it was found that experimental equilibrium data could be well described by the Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum monolayer coverage capacity of FeNPs for Cr(VI) adsorption was found to be 312.5 mg/g. The pseudo-first-order and the pseudo-second-order kinetic models were applied to the experimental adsorption data, and it was concluded that the data were defined as the best agreement with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Weber–Morris model was used to investigate the effect of mass transfer on the adsorption of Cr(VI) onto FeNPs; it was observed that both the film (boundary layer) and intraparticle diffusion affected the studied adsorption process. The thermodynamic studies suggested that Cr(VI) adsorption onto FeNPs was endothermic and nonspontaneous, and the positive ΔS value indicated increased disorder at the solid-solution interface during the adsorption.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:11:17 +000
  • Fire-Extinguishing Efficiency of Superfine Powders under Different
           Injection Pressures

    • Abstract: Ammonium phosphate fire-extinguishing agents are one of the best substitutes for halon in many powder media. Here, 11 μm median diameter ammonium phosphate ultrafine dry powder was used as a fire-extinguishing medium. The fire-extinguishing performance of ultrafine powder under different pressures was studied by analyzing fire-extinguishing time, amount of extinguishing agent, and temperature during the fire-extinguishing process. The results show that the fire-extinguishing performance of the ultrafine powder is improved with increasing injection pressure. Finally, we used FDS software for fire simulation to study the influence of injection pressure on the extinguishing agent. The results show that the extinguishing time is shortened with increasing injection pressure. From 0.2 MPa to 1.0 MPa, the extinguishing time decreases from 34 seconds to 4 seconds.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Chemical-Enhanced Oil Recovery Using N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine on a
           Colombian Crude Oil

    • Abstract: Oil recovery was improved using the tertiary amine, N,N-dimethylcyclohexylamine (DMCHA), a powerful and promissory switchable solvent, in simulated conditions similar to the Colombian crude oil reserves. Firstly, the Colombian crude oil (CCO) and the soil were characterized completely. Afterwards, an aged crude-rock system was obtained to use DMCHA that gave an oil crude extraction of 80% in our preliminary studies. Thus, a sand-pack column (soil-kaolin, 95 : 5) frame saturated with CCO was used to simulate the conditions, in which DMCHA could recover the oil. After the secondary recovery process, 15.4–33.8% of original oil in place (OOIP) is obtained. Following the injection of DMCHA, the recovery yield rose to 87–97% of OOIP. Finally, 54–60% of DMCHA was recovered and reinjected without affecting its potential in the simulated conditions.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Pressure Drop in Plate Heat Exchangers for Single-Phase Convection in
           Turbulent Flow Regime: Experiment and Theory

    • Abstract: Plate heat exchangers (PHEs) play an important role in different technical fields, namely, in energetics, chemical industry, food industry, and others. To use PHE effectively, it is necessary to have correct data for pressure drop. Unfortunately, in open literature, a large difference among different authors occurs. In this work is shown that an essential portion of this difference lies in the choice of the typical length for the calculation of the friction coefficient. Care must be taken to consider the pressure drop of the distribution zone. A three-component model for hydraulic resistance of PHE in turbulent flow regime is proposed in this work. The proposed model shows good agreement with experimental data.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Apr 2019 07:05:05 +000
  • Catalytic Transfer of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural over Bimetal
           Oxide Catalysts

    • Abstract: Direct conversion of fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is achieved by using modified aluminum-molybdenum mixed oxide (S-AlMo) as solid acid catalysts. The synthesized catalyst was characterized by powder XRD, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm, NH3-TPD, and SEM. As a result, the presence of strong acidity, mesostructures, and high surface area in the S-AlMo catalyst was confirmed by nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm and NH3-TPD studies. A study by optimizing the reaction conditions such as catalyst dosage, reaction temperature, and time has been performed. Under the optimal reaction conditions, HMF was obtained in a high yield of 49.8% by the dehydration of fructose. Moreover, the generality of the catalyst is also demonstrated by glucose and sucrose with moderate yields to HMF (24.9% from glucose; 27.6% from sucrose) again under mild conditions. After the reaction, the S-AlMo catalyst can be easily recovered and reused four times without significant loss of its catalytic activity.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 03:05:44 +000
  • Experimental Quantification of Local Pressure Loss at a 90° Bend in
           Low-Pressure Dilute-Phase Pneumatic Conveying of Coarse Particles

    • Abstract: Focusing on the insufficient estimation of the local pressure loss at a 90° horizontal-vertical bend in low-pressure pneumatic conveying of coarse particles, experiments are conducted in a 80 mm inner diameter test bend by using polyethylene particles having an equivalent spherical diameter of 4.00 mm. The influences of the local pressure loss versus the gas flow Reynolds number, the solid-gas ratio, and the bending radius ratio are investigated. Based on the additional pressure theory of Barth, an empirical formula estimating the local pressure loss is obtained using dimensional and nonlinear regression analysis. Summarizing the experiments and literature, the results expound on the local gas flow pressure loss coefficient decreases with increasing Reynolds number, and first decreases and then increases with increasing bending radius ratios from 0.5 to 7. The additional solid flow pressure loss coefficient decreases with the increasing Reynolds number and bending radius ratio in the dilute phase, and linearly increases with increasing solid-gas ratio. Compared with the estimated values with the experimental values, the calculated standard deviation is below 4.11%, indicating that the empirical formula can be used to predict local pressure loss at the bend in the low-pressure dilute-phase pneumatic conveying.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 02:05:57 +000
  • Membrane Transport of Nonelectrolyte Solutions in Concentration
           Polarization Conditions: Form of the Kedem–Katchalsky–Peusner

    • Abstract: In this paper, the Kedem–Katchalsky equations in matrix form for nonhomogeneous ternary nonelectrolyte solutions were applied for interpretation of transport through the membrane mounted in horizontal plane. Coefficients ,, and (for nonhomogeneous solutions), Hij and (for homogeneous solutions) (i, j ∈ {1, 2, 3}, r = A, B), , and were calculated on the basis of experimentally determined coefficients (Lp, σ1, σ2ω11, ω22, ω21, ω12, , and ) for glucose in aqueous ethanol solutions and two configurations of the membrane system. From the calculations, it results that the values of coefficients ,,,,,, and depend nonlinearly on solution concentration as well as on a configuration of membrane system. Besides, the values of coefficients ,,,,, and depend linearly on solution concentration. The value of coefficients H13, H23, and H33 do not depend on solution concentration. The coefficients ψ12, ψ13, ψ22 = ψ23, ψ32 = ψ33, and ψdet depend nonlinearly on solution concentration and for  ≈ 9.24 mol m−3 are equal to zero. For   9.23 mol m−3, positive. In contrast, the values of coefficients ψ22 = ψ23, ψ32 = ψ33, and ψdet for   9.24 mol m−3, negative. For  = 0, we can observe nonconvective state, in which concentration Rayleigh number reaches the critical value RC = 1691.09, for is convective state with convection directed straight down and for is convective state with convection directed straight up.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 02:05:55 +000
  • A Framework and Numerical Solution of the Drying Process in Porous Media
           by Using a Continuous Model

    • Abstract: The modelling and numerical simulation of the drying process in porous media are discussed in this work with the objective of presenting the drying problem as the system of governing equations, which is ready to be solved by many of the now widely available control-volume-based numerical tools. By reviewing the connection between the transport equations at the pore level and their up-scaled ones at the continuum level and then by transforming these equations into a format that can be solved by the control volume method, we would like to present an easy-to-use framework for studying the drying process in porous media. In order to take into account the microstructure of porous media in the format of pore-size distribution, the concept of bundle of capillaries is used to derive the needed transport parameters. Some numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the use of the presented formulas.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 02:05:54 +000
  • Activated Carbon from Prickly Pear Seed Cake: Optimization of Preparation
           Conditions Using Experimental Design and Its Application in Dye Removal

    • Abstract: In the present study, the experimental design method was used to optimize the preparation conditions of an activated carbon from prickly pear seed cake by phosphoric acid activation. The parameters studied include impregnation ratio, carbonization temperature, and carbonization time. The optimal conditions for the preparation of the activated carbon with high adsorption capacity for methylene blue were identified to be an impregnation ratio of 2.9, carbonization temperature of 541°C, and carbonization time of 88 min. The obtained activated carbon was characterized by SEM/EDX, FTIR, pHpzc, and its capacity to adsorb methylene blue. FTIR analysis and pHPZC showed the acidic character of the activated carbon surface. The adsorption capacity of the optimal activated carbon was found to be 260 mg·g−1 for methylene blue. The adsorption equilibrium of methylene blue was well explained by the pseudo-second-order model and Freundlich isotherm. Furthermore, the performance of the produced activated carbon was examined by the methyl orange removal.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 02:05:52 +000
  • Formaldehyde-Free Wood Composite Fabricated Using Oil Palm Starch Modified
           with Glutardialdehyde as the Binder

    • Abstract: Oil palm trunk is a kind of biomass rich in starch content. Oil palm trunk waste was available throughout the year in Malaysia and Indonesia due to continuous felling of nonproductive, over 25-year-old trees. Even though some manufacturers were using it in plywood and veneer production, they are hard to handle which later becomes less favorable raw materials due to a high moisture content where combination with a high starch content quickly attracts fungus and wood-decaying agents. The objective of this work was to evaluate properties of experimental wood composite panels, manufactured using oil palm-extracted starch modified with glutardialdehyde (OPSMG) as a binder. Different analyses were employed to characterize the properties of the samples besides evaluation of bending, internal bonding strength, and dimensional stability of the panels. Characterization on the functional group using the FT-IR analysis showed presence of aldehyde groups and ketone stretching vibrations at 1736.05 cm−1 and 1596.25 cm−1, which proves the presence of glutardialdehyde besides formation of bonding between the OPSMG and the woody materials. The XRD analysis showed the starch modification had lowered the crystallinity index which in turn increased the strength of the manufactured wood composites. The OPSMG wood composites were also found to have lower thermal stability, as evaluated using the TGA analysis. It was recorded that the maximum modulus of rupture for OPSMG wood composites was achieved at the 0.80 g/cm3 density level with an average value of 15.446 N/mm2 which showed 38.00% increment in strength between those two types of wood composites. Thickness swelling after immersion in water can still be improved by incorporating the moisture-repellent material later. After analyzing the results, it was concluded that modified oil palm starch has the potential to be used as an environment friendly binder for wood composite making.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 01:05:52 +000
  • Upgrading Bio-Oil Produced from Corn Cobs and Cedrela odorata via
           Catalytic Olefination and Esterification with 3,7-Dimethyloct-1-ene and

    • Abstract: In this study, corn cobs (CC) and Cedrela odorata (CO) sawdust which are common waste materials in Nigeria were used as raw materials in the production of bio-oil through pyrolysis at 500°C, for 2 h. The biochar produced in the process was sulfonated with concentrated sulfuric acid under reflux at 150°C for 6 h and used as a solid acid catalyst for bio-oil upgrading. The bio-oil was upgraded by simultaneous olefination and esterification using 3,7-dimethyloct-1-ene and butanol which served as a reagent and cosolvent. FT-IR spectra of the activated biochar from CC and CO raw materials showed an absorbance in the range of 1032–1180 cm−1, which is indicative of asymmetric S=O bonds, and the spectra also revealed a band between 3400 and 3700 cm−1, which indicated presence of hydrogen-bonded hydroxyl groups and thus successful activation of the biochar. This observed IR absorbance was absent in the nonactivated biochar. Proximate analysis of upgraded bio-oils revealed a significant reduction in percentage water and oxygen contents, an increase in the high heating value (HHV) and flammability. The chemical composition of the bio-oils was determined using GC-MS, and it showed significant reduction in oxygenated compounds in the upgraded bio-oil as against their high composition in raw bio-oils.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 01:05:51 +000
  • Pretreatment Strategies to Improve Crude Glycerol Utilisation and
           Metabolite Production by Aspergillus terreus

    • Abstract: Crude glycerol (CG) can be used as a substrate for microbial bioconversion. However, due to presence of many impurities, many microorganisms are unable to utilise this substrate efficiently. The present study is trying to improve CG using as the feedstock of Aspergillus terreus for the production of lovastatin, (+)-geodin, and sulochrin. The CG was pretreated chemically (solvents) and physically (activated carbon (AC) and water softener (WS)) to separate most of the impurities from the CG. For solvent pretreatments, petroleum ether (PE) produced the largest increase of lovastatin (92.8%) when compared to positive control and pure glycerol (PG) and up to 820% when compared to negative control (CG). In contrast, diethyl ether (DE) produced the largest increase in (+)-geodin at 80.81% (versus CG) and 176.23% (versus PG). The largest increase in toluene (Tol) was observed in sulochrin production, at 67.22% (versus CG) and 183.85% (versus PG). For physical pretreatments, the pattern of metabolite production in AC (lovastatin: 20.65 mg/L, (+)-geodin: 7.42 mg/L, sulochrin: 11.74 mg/L) resembled PG (lovastatin: 21.8 mg/L, (+)-geodin: 8.60 mg/L, sulochrin: 8.18 mg/L), while WS (lovastatin: 11.25 mg/L, (+)-geodin: 15.38 mg/L, sulochrin: 16.85 mg/L) resembled CG (lovastatin: 7.1 mg/L, (+)-geodin: 17.10 mg/L, sulochrin: 14.78 mg/L) at day 6 of fermentation. These results indicate that solvent pretreatments on CG are excellent for metabolites production in A. terreus, depending on the solvents used. In contrast, physical pretreatments are only feasible for (+)-geodin and sulochrin production. Therefore, different strategies can be employed to manipulate the A. terreus bioconversion using improved CG by using a few simple pretreatment strategies.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 01:05:50 +000
  • Influence of Sintering Temperature on Mechanical Properties of
           Glass-Ceramics Produced with Windshield Waste

    • Abstract: In this work, glass-ceramics were produced with mechanical and physical properties, using recycled glass powder from windshields as raw material. The glass powder was formed and sintered at temperatures 600, 650, 700, 750, and 800°C. Pieces were also produced with the addition of niobium oxide to the glass powder. The flexural strength and the Archimedes density of the produced parts were determined. The reliability of the results was evaluated by the Weibull statistic. X-ray diffraction was performed. Maximum flexural strength was 77.64 MPa at 750°C, with the addition of niobium oxide at 43.86 MPa at 700°C. X-ray diffraction showed crystalline structures in the specimens with the addition of the nucleating agent, confirming the production of glass-ceramics in this composition. The pure glass powder only crystallized from 750°C. The Nb2O5 favors the formation of crystalline structures in the vitreous matrix at low temperatures and with piezoelectric structures.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Apr 2019 01:05:48 +000
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