Abstract: By using the Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation theory the rovibrational wave function is expanded in terms of the series of functions , where is the pure vibrational wave function and are the rotational harmonics. By replacing the Schrödinger differential equation by the Volterra integral equation the two canonical functions and are well defined for a given potential function. These functions allow the determination of (i) the values of the functions at any points; (ii) the eigenvalues of the eigenvalue equations of the functions which are, respectively, the vibrational energy , the rotational constant , and the large order centrifugal distortion constants . Based on these canonical functions and in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation these constants can be obtained with accurate estimates for the low and high excited electronic state and for any values of the vibrational and rotational quantum numbers v and J even near dissociation. As application, the calculations have been done for the potential energy curves: Morse, Lenard Jones, Reidberg-Klein-Rees (RKR), ab initio, Simon-Parr-Finlin, Kratzer, and Dunhum with a variable step for the empirical potentials. A program is available for these calculations free of charge with the corresponding author. PubDate: Thu, 04 Oct 2018 09:47:16 +000

Abstract: To search for newer and potent antileishmanial drugs, a series of 36 compounds of 5-(5-nitroheteroaryl-2-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives were subjected to a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis for studying, interpreting, and predicting activities and designing new compounds using several statistical tools. The multiple linear regression (MLR), nonlinear regression (RNLM), and artificial neural network (ANN) models were developed using 30 molecules having pIC50 ranging from 3.155 to 5.046. The best generated MLR, RNLM, and ANN models show conventional correlation coefficients R of 0.750, 0.782, and 0.967 as well as their leave-one-out cross-validation correlation coefficients of 0.722, 0.744, and 0.720, respectively. The predictive ability of those models was evaluated by the external validation using a test set of 6 molecules with predicted correlation coefficients of 0.840, 0.850, and 0.802, respectively. The applicability domains of MLR and MNLR transparent models were investigated using William’s plot to detect outliers and outsides compounds. We expect that this study would be of great help in lead optimization for early drug discovery of new similar compounds. PubDate: Mon, 10 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Recent studies have focused on tailoring the catalytic currents of multicopper oxidase (MCO) enzymes-based biocathodes to enhance oxygen reduction. Biocathodes modified with natural substrates specific for MCO enzymes demonstrated drastic improvement for oxygen reduction. Performance of 1-pyrenebutanoic acid, succinimidyl ester (PBSE), and 2,5-dimethyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrrole-3-carbaldehyde (Di-Carb) oriented bilirubin oxidase (BOx) modified gas diffusion biocathode has been highly improved by incorporating hematin, a porphyrin precursor as electron transfer enhancement moiety. Hematin modified electrodes demonstrated direct electron transfer reaction of BOx exhibiting larger O2 reduction in current density in phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.0) without the need of a mediator. A remarkable improvement in the catalytic currents with 2.5-fold increase compared to non-hematin modified oriented BOx electrodes was achieved. Moreover, a mediatorless and compartmentless glucose/O2 biofuel cell based on DET-type bioelectrocatalysis via the BOx cathode and the glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) anode demonstrated peak power densities of 1 mW/cm2 at pH 7.0 with 100 mM glucose/10 mM NAD fuel. The maximum current density of 1.6 mA/cm2 and the maximum power density of 0.4 mW/cm2 were achieved at 300 mV with nonmodified BOx cathode, while 3.5 mA/cm2 and 1.1 mW/cm2 of current and power density were achieved with hematin modified cathode. The performance improved 2.4 times which attributes to the hematin acting as a natural precursor and activator for BOx activity enhancement. PubDate: Sun, 03 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000