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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 338 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 70)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Arthritis     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Cholesterol     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.424, CiteScore: 1)
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 74, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analysis     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 193)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)

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Journal Cover
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.315
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 30  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-8434 - ISSN (Online) 1687-8442
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [338 journals]
  • Mechanical Properties and Conversion Relations of Strength Indexes for
           Stone/Sand-Lightweight Aggregate Concrete

    • Abstract: This is a study of the basic mechanical properties of specified density shale aggregate concrete, which is based on different replacement rates in stone-lightweight aggregate concrete (stone-LAC) and sand-lightweight aggregate concrete (sand-LAC). They were prepared by replacing the ceramsite and pottery sand with stone and river sand, respectively. Many tests were performed regarding the basic mechanical property indexes, including tests of cube compressive strength, axial compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, elastic modulus and Poisson’s ratio. The failure modes of specified density shale aggregate concrete were obtained. The effects of replacement rates on the mechanical property indexes of specified density shale aggregate concrete were analyzed. Calculation models were implemented for elastic modulus, for the conversion relations between the axial compressive strength and the cube compressive strength, and for the relations between the tension-compression ratio and Poisson’s ratio. It was shown that when the replacement rate of stone or river sand increased from 0% to 100%, the cube compressive strength of stone-LAC and sand-LAC increased, respectively, by 55% and 25%, the axial compressive strength increased, respectively, by 91% and 72%, splitting tensile strength increased, respectively, by 99% and 44%, and the flexural strength increased, respectively, by 46% and 26%. Similarly, the elastic modulus of stone-LAC and sand-LAC increased, respectively, by 16% and 30%. However, Poisson’s ratio for stone-LAC decreased first and then increased, eventually increased by 11%; Poisson’s ratio for sand-LAC only reduced gradually, eventually reduced by 67%. After introducing the influence parameter for the replacement rate, the established calculation models become simple and practical, and the calculation accuracies are favorable.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2018 06:55:03 +000
       
  • Model Test of the Reinforcement of Surface Soil by Plant Roots under the
           Influence of Precipitation

    • Abstract: We present the results of the reinforcement of plant root systems in surface soil in a model test to simulate actual precipitation conditions. In the test, Eleusine indica was selected as herbage to reinforce the soil. Based on the various moisture contents of plant roots in a pull-out test, a fitting formula describing the interfacial friction strength between the roots and soil and soil moisture content was obtained to explain the amount of slippage of the side slope during the process of rainfall. The experimental results showed that the root systems of plants successfully reinforced soil and stabilized the water content in the surface soil of a slope and that the occurrence time of landslides was delayed significantly in the grass-planting slope model. After the simulated rainfall started, the reinforcement effect of the plant roots changed. As the rainfall increased, the interfacial friction between the roots and the soil exhibited a negative power function relationship with the water content. These conclusions can be used as a reference for the design of plant slope protection and reinforcement.
      PubDate: Sun, 16 Sep 2018 06:55:10 +000
       
  • Influence of Microalloying Element on the Microstructure and Mechanical
           Properties of 34CrNiMo6 Steel for Wind Turbine Main Shaft

    • Abstract: The influence of the microalloying elements of 34CrNiMo6 steel on the microstructure and mechanical properties is investigated in this paper, especially Al and N. Then, the testing of the tensile strength, yield strength, elongation after breakage, and impact absorbing energy under the different conditions is carried out to compare the mechanical properties of materials. Based on the experimental results, the evolutions of mechanical properties with the content of aluminum are obtained. The average grain size test and scanning electron microscope results illustrate that the strengthening mechanism is the pinning effect of aluminum nitride.
      PubDate: Sun, 16 Sep 2018 06:39:23 +000
       
  • Discretization of the Water Uptake Process of Na-Montmorillonite
           Undergoing Atmospheric Stress: XRD Modeling Approach

    • Abstract: This work focuses on the water-montmorillonite interaction under variable atmospheric conditions in order to characterize the interlamellar space (IS) configuration for possible use in the context of geological barrier for radioactive and industrial waste confinement. Atmospheric stress is achieved by applying, for Na-rich montmorillonite, a water sorption/desorption constraint, created at the laboratory scale. This hydrological disturbance allows the “demolition” of the clay history and to highlight the clay hydrous performance. The structural analysis is achieved using modeling of XRD profiles, which allowed us to determine the optimal structural parameters describing the IS configuration along the axis. During the “in situ” XRD analysis, a sorption/desorption cycle is envisaged by variation of the relative humidity rate (%RH) from the saturated condition (94 %RH) towards extremely dry ones (2-3 %RH). Qualitatively, a new hydration hysteresis behavior of the “stressed” sample appears. Structural analysis achieved before and after perturbation allowed us to identify, respectively, the homogeneous hydration states, the hydrous transition domains, and the hydration heterogeneity degree. This latter parameter is characterized, quantitatively, by variable relative abundances of mixed-layer structure (MLS) population discerned over a wide explored RH range. Using the optimum structural parameter, the water molecule distribution versus the applied hydrous strain was quantified.
      PubDate: Sun, 16 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Bricks and Concrete Wastes as Coarse and Fine Aggregates in Sustainable
           Mortars

    • Abstract: The total substitution by volume of natural coarse calcareous aggregate by coarse recycled brick aggregate (RBA) and coarse recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) has been investigated to produce more sustainable and environment-friendly mortars. Aggregates were also partially substituted by their fines at 12.5% by volume. Mortars have been tested in terms of mechanical, microstructural, and durability properties. Results show that it is feasible to replace a natural calcareous aggregate entirely by recycled aggregates. In particular, the obtained mortars, even if more porous and more prone to the water capillary absorption than that manufactured with natural aggregates, result in less stiffness and thus are less subjected to crack formation, more permeable to water vapour, and less susceptible to sulphate attack.
      PubDate: Sun, 16 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The New Plastic Flow Machining Process for Producing Thin Sheets

    • Abstract: A new severe plastic deformation (SPD) process called plastic flow machining (PFM) was recently proposed to produce thin sheets with gradient structures. In the present paper, the role of the die geometry is investigated by studying the effects of the produced sheet thickness () on the material properties of commercial pure Aluminum (Al1050) processed by PFM. The obtained experimental results show that an increase of in the range of 0.65 to 1.5 mm improved the formation efficiency of the sheet. Microstructures of the produced sheets show gradient structures with an average grain size varying from 0.8 to 3.81 µm across the sheet thickness. Both experiments and finite element (FE) simulations document that the degree of the gradient in the microstructure became more significant when was increased. Sheets produced by PFM exhibited a better strength-ductility balance than sheets obtained in other SPD processes. Tensile strength of 160–175 MPa and total ductility of 18–25% were obtained for the processed samples after PFM. A rise of from 0.65 to 1.5 mm lowered the strength but enhanced the ductility of the produced sheet, which is due to the coarser microstructure at larger values of .
      PubDate: Sun, 16 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • A Lateral Unconfined Swelling Test for Swelling Rocks

    • Abstract: A simple experimental equipment and test scheme is designed to estimate the swelling deformation under the lateral unconfined condition with coupling effect of uniaxial load and water-rock interaction. This paper carried out the swelling test under the lateral unconfined condition and analyzed the qualities of lateral unconfined swelling of weak swelling rock by applying simple self-designed saturated equipment to the swelling test on the platform of microcomputer-controlled rock shear rheological tester RYL-600. As a result of this study, the following conclusions were derived: (1) considering the coupling effect of load and water, the stress level is considerably lower than the mudstone-saturated uniaxial compressive strength, and it is discovered that the coupling effect is striking. (2) The swelling reveals the demonstrable time effect, which increases rapidly at the beginning of the swelling deformation, and after that, the deformation tends to maintain a certain value. (3) Both the rate and the scale of swelling deformation are restrained by the axial load.
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Sep 2018 06:55:33 +000
       
  • Experimental Study of an Inflatable Recyclable Anchor

    • Abstract: This paper describes an investigation into the performance and pullout capacity of a new inflatable anchor system embedded in deep excavation engineering. The proposed inflatable recyclable anchor system consists of a rubber pneumatic bag, movable steel plate, and force transmission bar, which can all be recycled after use. By conducting a number of field pullout tests, it is found that the pullout bearing capacity of the proposed anchor is related to the inflation pressure, the length of the rubber pneumatic bag, and the embedment depth. It is found that, with the exponential increase of inflation pressure or length of the rubber pneumatic bag, the pullout bearing capacity of the novel inflatable anchor increases exponentially. The proposed inflatable recyclable anchor can meet the bearing requirements of traditional grouted anchors. Moreover, the proposed anchor not only has better supporting effects than traditional grouted ones, but it also has the advantages of recyclability, repeated use, and rapid formation of anchorage force. It is a new green and low-carbon anchorage, so it will have good application prospects in temporary foundation pit slope engineering.
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Sep 2018 06:50:30 +000
       
  • Behavior of Chinese Dahurian Larch Wood after High-Temperature Exposure:
           Degradation of Mechanical Properties and Damage Constitutive Model

    • Abstract: Wood has been extensively used in Chinese ancient buildings, and it is important to clearly understand the mechanical properties of wood after exposure to elevated temperatures. In this paper, three kinds of tests with 102 clear wood specimens fabricated with Chinese Dahurian larch for each kind of test were conducted. The residual compressive strength, tensile strength, and shear strength parallel to grain of specimens after exposure to different temperatures (100°C, 150°C, 200°C, and 250°C) with various exposure times (15 min, 30 min, and 45 min) and different cooling methods (natural cooling and water cooling) were obtained. Results indicate that exposure to elevated temperatures causes great degradation of compressive strength, tensile strength, and shear strength parallel to grain. When the exposure temperatures exceed 200°C, the relative compressive strength, tensile strength, and shear strength parallel to grain decrease greatly with the increase of exposure time. The residual compressive strength, tensile strength, and shear strength of specimens after water cooling are lower than that after natural cooling. Exposure temperatures also have a great impact on the weight loss and color change of wood. Based on the test data, degradation models for the residual compressive strength, tensile strength, and shear strength of wood were developed. Furthermore, the damage constitutive model of compressive (CDMC) and tensile (CDMT) parallel to grain was established and validated reasonably by tests.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Sep 2018 10:51:01 +000
       
  • Dynamic Reliability Design of Multicomponent Structure with Improved
           Weighted Regression Distributed Collaborative Surrogate Model Method

    • Abstract: For dynamic reliability design of complex structures with multiple components, an improved weighted regression distributed collaborative surrogate model method (IWRDCSMM) is developed from the extremum response surface method (ERSM), decomposed-coordinated thought, and improved weighted regression principle. The ERSM is used to address the dynamic reliability and sensitivity analyses of multicomponent structures and enhance the computing efficiency. The decomposed-coordinated thought is applied to handle the relationship among multiple components. The improved weighted regression method is used to find the efficient samples with smaller errors to improve the modeling accuracy. The proposed method is first introduced for dynamic probabilistic analysis (including reliability analysis and sensitivity analysis) of multicomponent structures. The method is then mathematically modeled by adopting the efficient samples selected based on the improved weighted regression method. Finally, the radial deformation dynamic probabilistic analysis of an aeroengine turbine blisk assembled by blade and disk is accomplished, in respect of the IWRDCSMM, fluid-thermal-structure interaction, and the randomness of input parameters within the time domain [0, T]. The results illustrate that the reliability degree of turbine blisk radial deformation is 0.9951 when the allowable value is 2.30 × 10−3 m, and all the input parameters affecting the turbine blisk radial deformation are gas temperature, angular speed, inlet velocity, outlet pressure, material density, and inlet pressure, successively. As revealed by the comparison of different methods, the IWRDCSMM has high fitting speed and simulation efficiency with the guarantee of accuracy. The efforts of this study provide a promising dynamic probabilistic analysis technique for complex structures with multiple components and enrich mechanical reliability theory.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Sep 2018 06:09:33 +000
       
  • Compression Behavior of Basalt Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Tube-Confined
           Coconut Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

    • Abstract: Basalt fiber is cheap and has excellent mechanical performance. In addition, in combination with the environmentally friendly coconut fiber, it can contribute to sustainable construction materials. In this study, a composite material consists of basalt fiber-reinforced polymer (BFRP) tube-encased coconut fiber-reinforced concrete (CFRC) is developed. The 28-day compression strength of the plain concrete is about 15 MPa, which represents the low strength and poor-quality concrete widely existing in a large number of old buildings. The concrete was poured and cured into the steel moulds, BFRP tubes with the inner diameter of 100 mm and a height of 200 mm, and BFRP tubes with the inner diameter of 160 mm and a height of 320 mm, respectively. In total, 36 cylindrical specimens were constructed and tested. The axial compression tests were carried out to examine the strength and ductility enhancement due to the confinement of the BFRP tubes and coconut fibers. Also, the existing models were used to predict the ultimate axial compression strength and strain. The results show that the size of the specimen significantly influences the predicted compression strength.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Improvement for Construction of Concrete-Wall with Resistance to
           Gas-Explosion

    • Abstract: The research was initiated to investigate the performance of fiber-reinforced concrete for protecting people or assets in the building against the explosion or debris missiles. The fiber-reinforced concrete has the difficulty with being applied in the actual construction conditions with the normal ready-mixed concrete system. The fibers for the protection performance require high toughness to endure the huge energy from an explosion, but the large amount of the fiber is required. The required amount of fibers can result in decreased workability and insufficient dispersion of fibers. It has been difficult to apply fiber-reinforced concrete on field placing with the ready-mixed concrete system of plant mixing, delivering, and placing. This research carried out the investigation of properties of combined fiber of steel and polymeric fiber to improve workability and agitating in the mixer. Based on the preliminary experimental test results in a laboratory, combined fiber-reinforced concrete was applied on the actual field construction of chemical plant. According to the results from the laboratory tests and application in the real construction project, it is expected to introduce the combined fiber for desirable mechanical performance with less adverse effect on workability of the mixture.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Sep 2018 06:22:15 +000
       
  • Preparation of Porous Materials by Magnesium Phosphate Cement with High
           Permeability

    • Abstract: High permeability and strength magnesium phosphate cement (MPC) with porosity, average pore size, and compressive strength varied from 63.2% to 74%, 138.7 μm to 284.7 μm and 2.3 MPa to 4.7 MPa, respectively, were successfully prepared by combining the physical foaming method and chemically entrained gas method at room temperature. The effects of borax content, chemical foaming agent content, zinc powder content and W/S ratio on the porosity, pore size distribution, compressive strength, and permeability of the MPC were investigated. The results indicate that the chemical foaming agent content tends to have little impact on the porosity and compressive strength, and the zinc powder content has the most significant influence on the average pore size of MPC. The air pores distribution and connectivity of MPC were mainly controlled by the borax content, W/S ratio, and chemical foaming agent content. Zinc powder played a destructive role in the pores formed by the early physical foaming and led to an increase in pore size and a large number of through pores, which increased the permeability of the materials.
      PubDate: Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Optical-Fiber-Based Smart Concrete Thermal Integrity Profiling: An Example
           of Concrete Shaft

    • Abstract: Concrete is currently the most widely used construction material in the world. The integrity of concrete during the pouring process could greatly affect its engineering performance. Taking advantage of heat production during the concrete curing process, we propose an optical-fiber-based thermal integrity profiling (TIP) method which can provide a comprehensive and accurate evaluation of the integrity of concrete immediately after its pouring. In this paper, we use concrete shaft as an example to conduct TIP by using the optical fiber as a temperature sensor which can obtain high spatial resolution temperature data. Our method is compared with current thermal infrared probe or embedded thermal sensor-based TIP for the concrete shaft. This innovation makes it possible to detect defects inside of the concrete shaft with thorough details, including size and location. First, we establish a 3D shaft model to simulate temperature distribution of concrete shaft. Then, we extract temperature distribution data at the location where the optical fiber would be installed. Based on the temperature distribution data, we reconstruct a 3D model of the concrete shaft. Evaluation of the concrete integrity and the existence of the potential defect are shown in the paper. Overall, the optical-fiber-based TIP method shows a better determination of defect location and size.
      PubDate: Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Numerical Modelling of Field Test for Crack Risk Assessment of Early Age
           Concrete Containing Fly Ash

    • Abstract: The high-strength/high-performance concretes are prone to cracking at early age due to low water/binder ratio. The replacement of cement with mineral additives such as fly ash and blast-furnace slag reduces the hydration heat during the hardening phase, but at the same time, it has significant influence on the development of mechanic and viscoelastic properties of early age concrete. Its potential benefit to minimize the cracking risk was investigated through a filed experiment carried out by the Norwegian Directorate of Roads. The temperature development and strain development of the early age concrete with/without the fly ash were measured for a “double-wall” structure. Based on experimental data and well-documented material models which were verified by calibration of restraint stress development in TSTM test, thermal-structural analysis was performed by finite element program DIANA to assess the cracking risk for concrete structures during hardening. The calculated and measured temperature and strain in the structure had good agreement, and the analysis results showed that mineral additives such as flay ash are beneficial in reducing cracking risk for young concrete. Furthermore, parameter studies were performed to investigate the influence of the two major factors: creep and volume change (autogenous shrinkage and thermal dilation) during hardening, on the stress development in the structure.
      PubDate: Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Simulation Calculation and Analysis of Electronic Structure and Electrical
           Properties of Metal-Doped SnO2

    • Abstract: SnO2 is an almost insulated semiconductor material, which increases the contact resistance of the AgSnO2 electrical contact material. Therefore, by improving the electrical performance of SnO2, the electrical properties of the AgSnO2 can be optimized. The first principle method based on density functional theory is used to calculate the electronic structure, formation energy, band structure, density of states, and differential charge density of SnO2 doped with the metals Ti, Sr, Ge, Sb, and Ga. The results show that metal-doped SnO2 materials are still direct bandgap semiconductor materials, and the effect of the electronic states of the metallic elements enhances the localization of the energy band, decreases the bandgap, increases the carrier concentration at the Fermi level, and enhances the electrical performance of the materials, and the bandgap of Ga-doped SnO2 is the smallest, 0.041 eV. And the charge transfer between Sb, Sr, Ga, Ti, and Ge metal atoms and O atoms increases, especially between Ga atom and O atom; that is, the electrical performance of Ga doping is better.
      PubDate: Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Erratum to “Utilization of Local Ingredients for the Production of
           High-Early-Strength Engineered Cementitious Composites”

    • PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Microstructure and Thermal Conductivity of Sintered Reaction-Bonded
           Silicon Nitride: The Particle Size Effects of MgO Additive

    • Abstract: The particle size effect of MgO as a sintering additive on the thermal conductivity of sintered reaction-bonded silicon nitride (SRBSN) was investigated. It was revealed that the size of MgO is critical for thermal conductivity with regard to the microstructural evolution process. That is, the abnormal grain growth promoted by an inhomogeneous liquid-phase distribution led to higher thermal conductivity when coarser MgO was added, whereas a relatively homogeneous liquid-phase distribution induced moderate grain growth and lower thermal conductivity when finer MgO was added.
      PubDate: Wed, 05 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Investigating Effects of Nano/SBR Polymer on Rutting Performance of Binder
           and Asphalt Mixture

    • Abstract: Rutting is one of the most common distresses in flexible pavements and can affect vehicle controlling features. Although asphalt binder constitutes a small percentage of the asphalt mixture, its properties play a crucial role in pavement performance and its rutting resistance. One way of improving binder properties and rutting resistance is to use additives. In this research, nanoclay and SBR polymer have been simultaneously used to modify 60–70 penetration binder to study rutting resistance of binder and asphalt mixture. To this end, the storage stability, rotational viscosity, DSR, and RCR tests on binder and marshal stability were performed, and dynamic creep and wheel track tests on asphalt mix were performed to assess rutting performance. The test and statistical analysis results indicated that nanoclay has considerably positive impact on rutting and elastic deformation of neat and SBR-modified asphalt binder and mixture.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Fermented Corn Stalk for Biosorption of Copper(II) from Aqueous Solution

    • Abstract: Corn stalk is the amplest and inexpensive organic material in Heilongjiang province, China. This resource is vicious, causing pollution of the environment. In this present study, an adsorbent is prepared by corn stalk fermentation with Aspergillus niger. The fermentative effects of water content ratio, initial pH medium, temperature, and time were addressed. The analysis of factors and orthogonal experiments revealed that the optimum conditions of producing cellulose were solid-liquid ratio of 1 : 5, temperature 28°C, initial pH, and 72 hours. The modification mechanism was investigated by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The biosorption capacity of fermented corn stalk was better than that of raw corn stalk under identical conditions, and this improvement can be ascribed to the enzyme system secretion by A. niger under changing the surface properties of the raw corn stalk. Some of the hydroxyl and carboxyl groups are bounded by cellulose which became free hydroxyl and carboxyl groups with a high ability after adsorption of heavy metals.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • A Comparative Experimental Study on the Flexural Behavior of
           High-Strength  Fiber-Reinforced Concrete and High-Strength Concrete
           Beams

    • Abstract: The flexural responses of high-strength fiber-reinforced concrete (HSFRC) beams and high-strength concrete (HSC) beams are compared in this study. A series of HSFRC and HSC beams were tested under pure flexural loading. The effects of the type of concrete, compressive strength of the concrete, and tensile rebar ratio on the flexural behavior of the concrete beams were investigated. The flexural behavior of the HSFRC and HSC beams including the induced crack and failure patterns, load and deflection capacity, crack stiffness, ductility index, and flexural toughness was compared. The crack stiffness of the HSC and HSFRC beams increased with the rebar ratio. For the same rebar ratios, the crack stiffness of the HSFRC beams was much greater than that of the HSC beams. The ductility index of the HSC beams decreased sharply with an increase in the rebar ratio, but the ductility index of the HSFRC beams did not show a clear decrease with increasing rebar ratio. The flexural toughness of the HSFRC beams was greater than that of the HSC beams at higher rebar ratios of 1.47% and 1.97%, indicating that the energy absorption of the HSFRC beams was greater than that of the HSC beams. Test results also indicated that HSFRC developed better and more consistent ductility with higher rebar ratio. In addition, the tested bending strength and sectional analysis results were compared.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Template-Free Synthesis of Star-Like ZrO2 Nanostructures and Their
           Application in Photocatalysis

    • Abstract: Star-like nano-ZrO2 has been synthesized using Zr(NO3)4·5H2O as zirconium source by a hydrothermal process without any template and surfactant. The structure of the as-prepared ZrO2 powder was investigated by multiple advanced analytical methods. The results showed that CH3COO− and NO3− had great effects on the formation of star-like ZrO2 nanostructures. The as-prepared ZrO2 had a superior catalytic activity, and the reason for it was analyzed by UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The effect of raw material ratios on the photocatalytic property of ZrO2 was studied. The synthesized ZrO2 showed a narrow bandgap (3.50–3.85 eV) and an excellent photocatalytic activity, and the degradation of RhB was up to nearly 100% in 30 min with this photocatalyst.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Sep 2018 09:28:24 +000
       
  • Experimental Study on the Tensile Properties of Rock-Mortar Interface
           under Different Strain Rates

    • Abstract: In this paper, an experimental study was carried out on a rock-mortar interface specimen under three different strain rates (,, and ) using the MTS322 electrohydraulic servo loading system, and a new constitutive relation function of fictitious crack model (FCM) according to the axial-stress-crack-width curves of the rock-mortar interface is established, because the traditional nonlinear softening function easily distorts, shakes, and so cannot describe the damage-evolution process of the rock-mortar interface accurately. Through the use of a precise servo actuator system and three extensometers measured axial-stress-crack-width curves, it is shown that the rock-mortar interface is very sensitive to the strain rate. The tensile strength increases with strain rate, the crack width decreases at the same time, and the axial-stress-crack-width curves gradually evolve from a concave-downward trend to a linear decreasing trend. At the same time, the new constitutive relation function can reflect the tensile strength, crack width, and the downward trend of the rock-mortar interface more accurately.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Behaviors of Oxide Film during Semisolid Brazing of SiCp/6063Al Composite
           Materials

    • Abstract: The semisolid brazing of SiCp/6063Al under an applied pressure using Zn-Al-Cu filler metal was investigated. The samples to be joined were heated from 380°C to 382°C, 386°C, 392°C, and 410°C under a constant pressure of 10 MPa, respectively. Effects of the temperature on microstructural evolution and deformation behavior of the filler metal, interfacial structure, and shear strength of the bonded joint were discussed, and the disruption behavior of the surface oxide film was studied. The results show that, after heating, the solid grains of the filler metal transform into a globular structure surrounded by liquid. The degree of sphericity and the liquid fraction tend to improve with increasing temperature. During the heating process, the deformation of the filler metal is first accomplished by plastic deformation of solid grains and then by intergrain sliding and liquid flow. The surface oxides are broken and stripped by a cocontribution of compressive and shear stress which is caused by depressing and sliding of solid grains along the composites. It is found that the heating of 380°C to 392°C under pressure is the optimum condition to disrupt the surface oxide films and obtain sound bonds. The mechanical test results show that the maximum shear strength of the bond joints is as high as 105 MPa, reaching 78% that of the parent materials.
      PubDate: Sun, 02 Sep 2018 10:21:56 +000
       
  • Mechanical Properties of Polyethylene-Carbon Nanotube Composites
           Synthesized by In Situ Polymerization Using Metallocene Catalysts

    • Abstract: The influence of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the properties of polyethylene prepared by in situ polymerization using metallocene catalyst (Cp2ZrCl2) in combination with methylaluminoxane has been studied. The MWCNT was incorporated in the polymer matrix adopting a stirring method. Incorporation of MWCNT causes a drop in molecular weight of the polymer along with an increase in number of branches and increase in crystallinity. It was also observed that addition of MWCNT during metallocene-catalyzed polymerization caused a drop in both the dynamic modulus and Young’s modulus of polyethylene. But the drop in tensile strength was minimal, and there was an increase in elongation at break along with consequent increase in energy at break.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Aug 2018 12:11:08 +000
       
  • Evaluation of the Flexural Performance and CO2 Emissions of the Voided
           Slab

    • Abstract: Reinforced concrete is regarded as one of the ideal structural materials which comprises concrete with high compressive strength and reinforcing bars with high tensile strength. However, concrete has been pointed out that it consumes a large volume of energy and emits a lot of carbon dioxide during its manufacturing. In order to lower such environmental burdens of concrete structures, a number of studies and approaches have been carried out. The voided slab is also suggested as a new method to reduce the environmental burden since voided section of the slab would use less concrete compared with the normal reinforced concrete slab. However, no studies have evaluated the CO2 emissions and environmental performance of voided slabs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the structural performance of voided slabs and empirically corroborate their environmental influence. The flexural performance test was carried out based on the variables of the depth of slab, types of the void former materials, and the hollowness ratio. In addition, comparison of the emission of CO2 was also performed by considering the hollowness ratio and types of void former materials over the normal reinforced concrete slab. The structural performance of the voided slab was similar or slightly higher than the normal reinforced concrete slab. The yield strength of specimens was increased approximately 10∼30% over the anticipated yield strength. Based on this result, it is considered that the voided slab would be sufficient to structural performance and beneficial to plane planning in buildings. In general, it is considered that the voided slab would be beneficial to both structural and environmental aspects. However, the test results in this research showed that the voided slab would emit more carbon dioxide emissions compared to the normal reinforced concrete slab. The main source of more CO2 emissions in the voided slab was the anchoring materials. In this research, wires were used to fix the void former materials to the reinforcing bars. In order for the voided slab to become a more eco-friendly and sustainable material, new anchoring methods such as use of recycled materials, new void former materials without anchoring, or other eco-friendly materials should be applied to reduce the emission of CO2.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Aug 2018 09:47:15 +000
       
  • Electrochemical Reduction of Industrial Baths Used for Electropolishing of
           Stainless Steel

    • Abstract: Long-term exploitation of industrial electropolishing baths may contribute to the emergence of surface defects and may limit the range of applicable current densities. Due to this, extending the time of use of industrial baths is a major challenge. The application of electrochemical reduction in the process of reduction industrial baths enabled to reduce its contamination and, as a result, to enhance the surface quality of electropolished samples of grade 304 stainless steel. The contamination influence of the electropolishing bath on such parameters of the electropolished samples as roughness, gloss, mass reduction, and corrosion resistance was compared. The conducted tests included reduction of the contaminated industrial bath with use of cathodic reduction and monitoring of bath contamination with use of emission spectrometry ICP-OES. Potentiodynamic tests in 0.5 M chlorine environment with the aim to determine the influence of electrochemical reduction of the plating bath on surface resistance demonstrated that the pitting corrosion resistance of samples electropolished in a bath after reduction was reduced by approximately 0.1 V in comparison with samples electropolished before reduction. The calculations conducted for 24 corrosion resistance measurements demonstrated that differences between the results were significant. Bath reduction leads to improved roughness and gloss, even by approximately 500 GU (gloss units). At the same time, mass reduction decreases even by 13% in comparison with the process conducted in the bath before reduction. This may have a positive influence by slowing down the bath contamination process and, as a result, it reduces negative environmental impact. Another argument that supports the reduction of industrial baths is slowing down the process of cathode contamination during the electropolishing process. In industrial conditions, this may extend the possibility to conduct the process without the need for cathode reduction or replacement.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Aug 2018 06:42:53 +000
       
  • Comparison of Pentaerythrotol and Its Derivatives as Intumescent Flame
           Retardants for Polypropylene

    • Abstract: Hydroquinol bis[di(2,6,7-trioxa-phosphabicyclo[2.2.2]-octane-1-oxo-4-hydroxylmethyl)]phosphate (PBPP), which contains caged phosphates and benzene groups, was synthesized. The caged phosphate structure of PBPP was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), and phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance (31P-NMR). The experimental results showed that PBPP had better performance than 1-oxo-4-hydroxymethy1-2,6,7-trioxa-1-phosphabicyclo[2.2.2]-octane (PEPA) and pentaerythritol (PER) in water resistance, compatibility with polypropylene (PP), thermal stability, and flame retardancy of intumescent flame retardant PP (IFR-PP) systems. It was attributed to the symmetrical structure and stereohindrance effect of PBPP. The IFR-PP systems reached UL94 V-0 flammability rating when the minimal addition of IFR with PBPP, PEPA, or PER was 25%, 23%, and 28%, respectively. The flame retardant mechanisms of IFR containing PBPP, PEPA, and PER were investigated by FT-IR and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). PBPP formed a perfect charring layer, with the high carbon content of PBPP helping it form the charring layer more quickly.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Aug 2018 09:52:26 +000
       
  • Numerical and Experimental Analysis of the Shear Behavior of
           Ultrahigh-Performance Concrete Construction Joints

    • Abstract: Shear performance of plain UHPC (ultrahigh-performance concrete) construction joints is studied in both experimental and analytical ways. In push-off tests, three different contact surfaces of the construction joint were considered, while the case without any joint was provided for the reference. Test results indicate that the geometry of contact surfaces greatly affects shear performance of the construction joint. With simplifying structural behavior of contact surfaces and UHPC substrate, the finite-element analysis model is developed for every case studied by utilizing the ABAQUS software and validated against the test results. Agreement between experimental and numerical simulation results is excellent especially in terms of displacement, strength, and failure mechanism. It is expected that the present work provides a basis for further study on reinforced UHPC construction joints.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Aug 2018 09:39:53 +000
       
  • Synergistic Effect of Latex Powder and Rubber on the Properties of Oil
           Well Cement-Based Composites

    • Abstract: The brittleness and the poor resistance to external load of oil well cement impede the development of oil and gas wells. To overcome these deficiencies, latex powder or rubber and their hybrid combinations were used to modify the oil well cement. The conventional properties, mechanical properties, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the modified cement were analyzed. In comparison with latex powder-incorporated cement and rubber-incorporated cement, a significant improvement of fluid loss, flexural strength, impact strength, and elasticity of the cement slurry was observed when using the hybrid combinations of 3 wt.% latex powder and 2 wt.% rubber, although this synergistic effect was not remarkable on the compressive strength and the thickening time. These evidences arose from the synergism between latex powder and rubber leading to the formation of a three-dimensional network structure and a flexible structure which subsequently improved the elasticity and toughness of cement stone. The improved elastic matrix has a buffering effect on external impact when the cement stone is subjected to an external load.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Aug 2018 06:02:05 +000
       
 
 
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