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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 338 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Arthritis     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Cholesterol     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.424, CiteScore: 1)
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 74, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analysis     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 190)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)

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Journal Cover
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.315
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 30  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-8434 - ISSN (Online) 1687-8442
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [338 journals]
  • Experimental Study on the Mechanical Properties of Amorphous Alloy
           Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

    • Abstract: With great mechanical properties and corrosion resistance, amorphous alloy fiber (AAF) is a highly anticipated material in the fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) field. In this study, the mechanical properties of AAFRC such as compressive strength, tensile strength, and flexural strength were examined. The comparison and analysis between AAFRC and steel fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) were also carried out. The results show that adding fibers significantly improves the concrete strength and toughness index. Compared with plain concrete, the compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and flexural strength of AAFRC increase by 8.21–16.72%, 10.4–32.8%, and 18.12–45.21%, respectively. Meanwhile, the addition of AAF with a greater tensile strength and larger unit volume quantity improves the splitting tensile strength and flexural strength of concrete more noticeably than that of SF. Adding AAF improves the ductility of concrete more significantly in comparison to the SF. AAFRC shows great interfacial bonding performance as well. A prediction equation for the strength of AAFRC was proposed, which verified good accuracy calibrated based on the test results.
      PubDate: Sun, 18 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Ab Initio Study of Optoelectronic and Magnetic Properties of Ternary
           Chromium Chalcogenides

    • Abstract: Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the magnetic order in the ground state of several ternary chromium chalcogenide compounds. Electronic band structure calculations indicate that these compounds are either metallic or semiconductors with relatively low bandgap energies. The large optical absorption coefficients, predicted by our calculations, suggest that some of these compounds may be useful as light harvesters in solar cells or as infrared detectors.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 02:49:04 +000
  • Analysis of Springback Behaviour in Micro Flexible Rolling of Crystalline

    • Abstract: This paper presents a constitutive modelling of the polycrystalline thin metal strip under a state of combined loading in microflexible rolling. The concept of grained inhomogeneity is incorporated into the classic Chaboche hardening model that accounts for the Bauschinger effect, in order to provide more precise description and analysis of the springback mechanism in the particular forming operation. The model is first implemented in the finite element program ABAQUS to numerically predict the stress-strain relationship of 304 stainless steel specimens over a range of average grain sizes. After validation of the developed model by comparison of predicted curves and actual stress-strain data points, it is further applied to predict the thickness directional springback in microflexible rolling of 304 stainless steel strips with initial thickness of 250 µm and reduction changing from 5 to 10%. The model predictions show a reasonable agreement with the experimental measurements and have proven to be more accurate than those obtained from the conventional multilinear isotropic hardening model in combination with the Voronoi tessellation technique. In addition, the variation of thickness directional springback along with the scatter effect is compared and analysed in regard to the average grain size utilising both qualitative and quantitative approaches in respect of distinct types of data at different reductions.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 00:10:57 +000
  • Large-Time-Step-Based Ray-Tracing Modeling of Light Delivery in
           One-Sidedly Cladding-Removed Step-Index Plastic Optical Fiber under
           Arbitrary Weave Structure

    • Abstract: An advanced theoretical method to simulate the light delivery in plastic optical fiber is presented. The final objective is to use “light” as a new media for information delivery in wearable computers. A large-time-step-based ray-tracing algorithm, which was improved from our previous research, was used to simulate the light vector movement in a complex weave structure efficiently. NURBS and free-form-deformation-based modeling was used to mimic the arbitrary weave structure. Experimentally, optical fibers were modified to control the direction of light emission. Particularly, half side of a cladding layer in the radial direction was selectively removed to enhance one-sided fabric light scattering. The cladding-removed plastic optical fiber was adopted in a textile weave structure, and its light scattering was measured quantitatively by varying the removal length, fiber curvature, and fabric weave patterns. To show the validity of the proposed simulation technique, twill structures with varying number of cross repeat numbers were used as a testbed. The unit number 2 was found to be the optimal structure for light emission, when a single POF was embedded in the textile. The proposed model showed the similar result with the actual light intensity measurement, with computation time not much than one second.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Interaction of Magnesia with Limestone-Metakaolin-Calcium Hydroxide
           Ternary Alkali-Activated Systems

    • Abstract: The effect of magnesia on ternary systems composed of limestone, metakaolin and calcium hydroxide, alkali activated with sodium silicate, sodium hydroxide, and sodium sulphate was studied by determination of the compressive strength, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TG), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Pastes activated with sodium silicate and sodium sulphate showed strength regression caused by a formation of an unstable prone to cracking geopolymer gel. The presence of magnesia in sodium hydroxide-activated system hindered this trend by promoting a formation of more stable crystalline phases intermixed with brucide. In general, magnesia densified the binder matrix by promoting a formation of amorphous phases while sodium hydroxide produced the most porous microstructure containing high amount of crystalline phases.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Nov 2018 06:46:23 +000
  • Effect of Using Micropalm Oil Fuel Ash as Partial Replacement of Cement on
           the Properties of Cement Mortar

    • Abstract: This study investigates the effects of micropalm oil fuel ash (mPOFA) on compressive strength and pore structure of cement mortar. Various experimental techniques, such as compression test, isothermal calorimetry, mercury intrusion porosimetry, and X-ray diffraction, are performed to figure out the effect of using mPOFA as partial replacement of cement on the hydration of cement and determine its optimal replacement level to increase mechanical property of the mortar specimens. 10 wt.% of cement replacement with mPOFA is found to give the highest level of compressive strength, achieving a 23% increase over the control specimens after 3 days of curing. High K2O contents in mPOFA stimulate C3S in cement to form C-S-H at early ages, and high surface area of mPOFA acts as a nucleus to develop C-S-H. Also, small mPOFA particles and C-S-H formed by pozzolanic reaction fill the pores and lead to reduction in large capillary pores. In XRD analysis, a decrease in Ca(OH)2 and SiO2 contents with age confirmed a high pozzolanic reactivity of mPOFA.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Nov 2018 05:55:39 +000
  • Using X-Ray CT Scanning to Study the Failure Mechanism of Concrete under
           Static and Dynamic Loadings

    • Abstract: X-ray images can be used to nondestructively monitor the initiation, extension, and combination of cracks in concrete. In this study, real-time X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning of concrete specimens under static and dynamic loadings was done. The CT images showed the growth, propagation, and penetration of the cracks and showed the ultimate failure of the concrete samples. Analysis of the CT images and CT numbers showed that the failure followed the structure’s areas of weakness under the static load, but for dynamic loading, the cracks formed very rapidly along straight lines through the aggregate.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Nov 2018 02:49:18 +000
  • Influences of Process Parameters and Vibration Parameters on the Forming
           Force in the Ultrasonic-Assisted Incremental Forming Process

    • Abstract: In the field of plastic forming, ultrasonic vibration has the advantages of small forming force and high forming quality, and it has been introduced into a single-point incremental plastic forming technique with high flexibility and high precision. The ultrasonic vibration single-point incremental compound forming technology with all the above advantages has been achieved. To reveal the variation tendency of the forming force under ultrasonic vibration and single-point incremental coupling, the process parameters (layer spacing, tool head radius, and feed rate) and vibration parameters (frequency and amplitude) on the forming force of the composite technology were quantitatively analyzed by theory, simulation, and experiment. The simulation and experimental results showed that ultrasonic vibration can significantly reduce the forming force of the composite technology. Compared with the simulation results, the theoretical results are not only closer to the experimental results but also have a shorter computation time and better prediction effect on the forming force. The change in the process parameters has a linear effect on the forming force, the nonlinearity of the vibratory parameters influences the forming force, and the frequencies and amplitudes in a suitable range allow the forming force to reach a minimum value. These conclusions have some significance for further studies on the ultrasonic vibratory single-point incremental composite forming technology.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Influence of Energy State of Montmorillonite Interlayer Cations on Organic

    • Abstract: It is well known that the intercalation of montmorillonite (Mt) with organic cations is a fast process. During the intercalation, the interaction between the original cations and the structure layer of Mt keeps changing, and the basal spacing of Mt keeps increasing until an organic environment has been built in the interlayer. Many properties of Mt also change during the intercalation, such as hydrophobic or hydrophilic property and thermal stability. In this research, the impact of intercalation on the properties of Mt was studied by investigating the change in basal spacing and energy that coordinates the interlayer cations during the intercalation of Mt with organic cations. The interaction between interlayer cations and the layers in the Mt structure and the change in the system energy were obtained by using molecular dynamics simulation. All the experiment and calculation results provide a theoretical proof in organic intercalation mechanism.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 10:31:01 +000
  • Strength Characteristics and the Reaction Mechanism of Stone Powder Cement
           Tailings Backfill

    • Abstract: Stone powder cement (SPC) is widely used as a novel cement substitute material in concrete for its good gelling performance and low cost. In order to reduce the backfilling cost and assess the potential of SPC backfilling materials, a series of experiments were conducted to analyze the strength and hydration reaction mechanism of stone powder cement tailings backfill (SPCTB). The analysis was based on SPC and tailings, which were used as the gelling agent and the aggregate, respectively. The results showed that the strength of the backfill was greatly reduced at an early stage and slightly reduced in the final stages. The stone powder content was less than 15%, which met the requirement of mining procedure. The addition of stone powder reduced the content of adsorbed water and capillary water in the early stages, while it increased in the middle stages. The SiO2 contained in stone powder reacted with the hydration products at later stages, which is the reason why the growth of strength is rapid between the groups with the addition of stone powder. The addition of stone powder improved the microstructure of backfill and produced a denser three-dimensional (3D) network structure; however, the plane porosities of Groups A and B gradually increased with the increase in the content of stone powder. The cement powder mixed appropriately with the stone power could meet the strength requirement and reduce the cost of backfilling materials.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 09:02:25 +000
  • Determination of Anisotropic Mechanical Properties for Materials Processed
           by Laser Powder Bed Fusion

    • Abstract: Improving the success rate in additive manufacturing and designing highly optimized structures require proper understanding of material behaviour. This study proposes a novel experimental method by which anisotropic mechanical properties of additively manufactured materials can be assessed. The procedure is based on tensile testing of flat specimens, manufactured by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) at different orientations relative to the build plate. In this study, the procedure was applied to the Inconel 718 alloy. Three identical specimen sets were built, each of which received complementary postprocessing treatments. The tensile tests were carried out on specimens with as-built surface finish. Digital image correlation was used to record the strain field evolution on two perpendicular surfaces of the tensile specimens under loading. An optimization algorithm is also proposed for determining the anisotropic elastic constants using only a few tensile test results. It was observed that both build orientation and postprocessing have strong influence on the anisotropic mechanical properties of the material. The effect of microstructure was also investigated and characterised. Consequently, three transversely isotropic compliance matrices were constructed, representing the effect of the different processing conditions.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 07:13:00 +000
  • Synthesis and Thermomechanical Characterization of Nylon 6/Cu
           Nanocomposites Produced by an Ultrasound-Assisted Extrusion Method

    • Abstract: A nylon 6 nanocomposite with copper nanoparticles processed by ultrasound-assisted extrusion was prepared at concentrations between 0.01 and 0.50 wt.%, and its thermal and mechanical properties were determined. The presence of the crystalline phase α (α1 and α2) in the polymer matrix was confirmed by X-ray diffraction, and the presence of the α2 phase showed a greater increase than the α1 phase as a function of the copper nanoparticle concentration. This process was attributed to secondary crystallization. Furthermore, it was determined that the chemical composition of the nanoparticles is a blend of metallic copper and cupric oxide. The formation of copper nanowires was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and the concentration of 0.10% exhibited the best dispersion in comparison with the other concentrations. The melting temperature of the nanocomposites underwent a slight decrease in comparison with the nylon 6, while thermal stability, crystallization temperature, and crystallinity were increased in relation to the pure polymer. This behavior is attributed to an efficient dispersion of the nanoparticles and to their functionality as crystal nucleation sites. For the 0.10% concentration nanocomposite, higher mechanical properties were obtained; tensile strength increased by 8.9%, and the tensile modulus increased by 25.4%; as a consequence, elongation at break was 62% less than that of the polymer matrix.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 06:16:58 +000
  • Additive Manufacturing of Cobalt-Based Dental Alloys: Analysis of
           Microstructure and Physicomechanical Properties

    • Abstract: The limitations of investment casting of cobalt-based alloys are claimed to be less problematic with significant improvements in metal additive manufacturing by selective laser melting (SLM). Despite these advantages, the metallic devices are likely to display mechanical anisotropy in relation to build orientations, which could consequently affect their performance “in vivo.” In addition, there is inconclusive evidence concerning the requisite composition and postprocessing steps (e.g., heat treatment to relieve stress) that must be completed prior to using the devices. In the current paper, we evaluate the microstructure of ternary cobalt-chromium-molybdenum (Co-Cr-Mo) and cobalt-chromium-tungsten (Co-Cr-W) alloys built with direct metal printing and LaserCUSING SLM systems, respectively, at 0°, 30°, 60°, and 90° inclinations (Φ) in as-built (AB) and heat-treated (HT) conditions. The study also examines the tensile properties (Young’s modulus, E; yield strength, RP0.2; elongation at failure, At; and ultimate tensile strength, Rm), relative density (RD), and microhardness (HV5) and macrohardness (HV20) as relevant physicomechanical properties of the alloys. Data obtained indicate improved tensile properties and HV values after a short and cost-effective heat-treatment cycle of Co-Cr-Mo alloys; however, the process did not homogenize the microstructure of the alloy. Annealing heat treatment of Co-Cr-W led to significant isotropic characteristics with increased E and At (except for Φ = 90°) in contrast to decreased RP0.2, Rm, and HV values, compared to the AB form. Similarly, the interlaced weld-bead structures in AB Co-Cr-W were removed during heat treatment, which led to a complete recrystallization of the microstructure. Both alloys exhibited defect-free microstructures with RD exceeding 99.5%.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 06:38:08 +000
  • Experimental Evidence of Precipitation of All 12 Variants in a Single β
           Grain in Titanium Alloys

    • Abstract: The effect of the changing of the local composition of the β matrix on the precipitation of the α phase has been investigated by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) to obtain more insight in the nucleation and variant selection of these α plates based on the Ti-5.04Al/Ti-1.52Mo (at.%) diffusion couple. The results showed that the composition gradient was formed from one side of the diffusion couple to another side after diffusion annealing. Followed by a secondary heat treatment process, it was found for the first time that all 12 variants formed in a single β grain in the diffusion zone in the Ti-5.04Al/Ti-1.52Mo diffusion couple, which indicated that the changing of the local composition of the β matrix significantly weakened the α variants selection behavior.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • The Deformation Characteristics of Weak Foundation with High Back
           Siltation in the Immersed Tunnel

    • Abstract: The deformation characteristics of a weak foundation with high back siltation in an immersed tunnel lack empirical data; however, the calculation method and control of foundation settlements are highly important to tunnel design and construction. This paper takes a cross section of the natural foundation of an immersed tunnel in the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (HZMB) as the research object and conducts a centrifuge model test. The soil layer is divided, and the soil parameters are determined by the CPTU and the indoor dynamic three triaxial test. In consideration of the actual engineering scale and the ability of the centrifuge model test system, the similarity ratio of the model to the prototype is studied and determined. As for the immersed tube structure, the deformation characteristics are mainly studied. Therefore, the organic glass is selected as the model material by the similarity of the elastic modulus and the density. The characteristics of the resilience and recompression of the natural foundation of the immersed tunnel and the strain characteristics of the immersed tube structure are obtained by the analysis of the multiworking condition test data. Moreover, based on the actual engineering geological conditions of the subsea tunnel, a numerical calculation method is carried out to check the reliability of the centrifuge model test results. The results of the numerical calculation are consistent with the model test results.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Effects of Micropit Depths on Tribology Performance of Textured Port Plate

    • Abstract: In order to improve the friction and wear performance of textured port plate pair, effects of the micropit depth on the tribology performance is studied in the paper. The relation between the micropit depth and the port plate pair’s oil loading carrying capacity is analyzed in theory; with the friction coefficient, the wear volume and the surface roughness as the evaluation criteria, effects of the micropits’ depth on the tribology performance are investigated. The conclusions are shown as follows: oil loading capacity would come to its peak when the oil film thickness is equal to the micropit depth; the optimal micropit depth is unrelated to the area ratios and micropits’ diameters. With the same parameters, the effects of antifriction is optimal when the micropits’ depth is 10 μm, while antiwear and surface integrity are optimal when 15 μm. When the micropits’ depth is 5 μm, the antiwear, surface roughness, and antifriction are worse compared with those of the untextured port plate pair.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • New Aspects in the Mechanical Behavior of a Polycarbonate Found by an
           Experimental Study

    • Abstract: The aim of this paper was to analyze in detail the mechanical behavior of a polycarbonate by means of uniaxial tensile and compressive tests and to reveal new key aspects that must be taken into account in any predictive model. Uniaxial monotonic and creep-recovery tests were carried out at a variety of temperatures, stress levels, and load rates to get a complete description of the material response. Prior to mechanical testing, the material was subjected to a thermal rejuvenation in order to eliminate any previous aging and to obtain reliable and useful results. In every test, a complete determination of the strain state was assured by measuring axial and transverse strains with strain gauges. During the tests, significant asymmetry effects and viscous phenomena already reported by other authors were confirmed. The newest finding is that a nonlinear master transverse strain/axial strain curve matches perfectly with the experimental curves. This master curve is temperature- and rate-independent. Another originality of this paper is the disclosure of an instantaneous, hypoelastic-like behavior at high strain rates. The experimental observations presented in this study should be incorporated by a theoretical model whose aim is to accurately predict the mechanical behavior of polycarbonate subjected to any 3D stress state.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Taguchi Robust Design for Optimizing Surface Roughness of Turned AISI 1045
           Steel Considering the Tool Nose Radius and Coolant as Noise Factors

    • Abstract: AISI 1045 has been widely used in many industrial applications requiring good wear resistance and strength. Surface roughness of produced components is a vital quality measure. A suitable combination of machining process parameters must be selected to guarantee the required roughness values. The appropriate parameters are generally defined based on ideal lab conditions since most of the researchers conduct their experiments in closed labs and ideal conditions. However, when repeating these experiments in industrial workshops, different results are obtained. Imperfect conditions such as the absence of a turning tool with definite specifications as shown in know-how “tool nose radius 0.4 mm” and its replacement with the closest existence tool “tool nose radius 0.8 mm” as well as the interruption of cutting fluid during work as a result of sudden failure in the coolant pump lead to the mentioned different lab-industrial conditions. These complications are common among normal problems that happened during the metal cutting process in realistic conditions and are called noise factors. In this paper, Taguchi robust design is used to select the optimum combination of the cutting speed, depth of cut, and feed rate to enhance the surface roughness of turned AISI 1045 steel bars while minimizing the effects of the two noise factors. The optimum parameters predicted by the developed model showed good agreement with the experimental results.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • A Bayesian Approach for Estimating the Thinning Corrosion Rate of Steel
           Heat Exchanger in Hydrodesulfurization Plants

    • Abstract: Fuel consumption has been increasing in recent years, especially that of diesel and jet fuel. For this reason, the necessity to build new plants to reduce their sulfur content has arisen. Sometimes, just revamping existing plants is feasible, but determining which pieces of equipment are in the appropriate condition to be reused is also necessary. In order to select the equipment, it is essential to have information about the wall thickness of vessels. Sometimes, the information is limited; consequently, the application of advanced statistical techniques is needed. The Bayesian Data Analysis (BDA) used in this study has the goal of determining a more accurate, unobserved thinning rate distribution for existing heat exchangers, taking into consideration all the information available about the thinning rate of the heat exchangers that cool down the effluent of the hydrotreating reactors in Mexican oil refineries. The information obtained from BDA was compared with existing shell wall thickness obtaining favorable results.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Nov 2018 07:39:05 +000
  • Comprehensive Modification Technology of Involute Spur Gear Based on
           Optimal Transmission Performance

    • Abstract: There are some issues that should be solved like load shock, vibration, and uneven load distribution during transmission of involute spur gears. However, common modification methods such as axial modification as well as profile modification could not solve these problems once for all. Hence, a novel method of comprehensive modification was proposed, and the evaluation methodology of transmission performance was drawn up too. Changing modification parameters can control transmission performance of gear unit, which can generate many different modification ways. Besides, based on the orthogonal experiment method and evaluation methodology, optimal modification ways can be chosen for gear pairs working in different conditions. Taking a set of spur gear pair as an example, an ideal modification way was obtained. In addition, analysis results verified that conducting comprehensive modification could enhance the meshing performance once for all.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Seismic Response of Anchor + Hinged Block Ecological Slope by Shaking
           Table Tests

    • Abstract: Landslides caused by earthquakes and other natural disasters may cause serious economic and personal losses. Slope protections are usually applied in engineering practice to prevent significant slope slides and damages. Based on the mechanical and ecological requirements on slope protections, this paper put forward a new type of anchor + hinged block ecological slope and carried out shaking table tests on it and other three traditional slope protections for comparing. By shaking table tests, the acceleration amplification factors and Fourier amplitude spectrums of four different slope types are analyzed and compared to verify the suitability of this new slope protection under earthquakes. The results indicated that the natural frequency and the acceleration Fourier amplitude spectrum of the four tested slope protections change according to internal materials. The anchor + hinged block ecological slope has higher natural frequency comparing to traditional slopes, so the resonance cycle from earthquake excitation can effectively be avoided and as a result the anchor + hinged block ecological slope can achieve better seismic performance.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • A Study on Optimum Mixture Ratio of Reactive Powder Concrete

    • Abstract: To optimize the main components of reactive powder concrete (RPC) for various curing methods, based on the fluidity and compressive strength, an inclusive experimental research is conducted on 58 different mixture ratios. The results indicate that owing to the increase of the cement strength, the RPC fluidity decreases and the cement strength is not proportional to the compressive strength. The addition of the fly ash and the nano-microbead is an effective way to improve the fluidity, and it is required at the low W/B ratio. However, the influence of the SF grade on the strength and fluidity is almost negligible. By considering the fluidity, strength, and economy of RPC as crucial design factors, SF90 is suggested. The contribution of the steel fiber to the compressive strength cannot be ignored. The upper envelope value of the steel fibers is required for the structure to resist appropriately against the fire. According to the test results, the mixture ratio formula is proposed through considering the characters of different compositions and curing methods. The strength coefficient k1 is introduced to verify the influence of the steel fiber content, and the parameters ,, and in the formula are reevaluated. A reasonably good agreement between the calculated strength and those obtained from the tests is reported, except for the case of W/B = 0.16 with P.O.52.5 cement. The basic steps for preparations of different RPC strengths are given, which provide a valuable reference to choose appropriate raw materials and mixture ratio design for different strength values.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Nov 2018 07:08:30 +000
  • Fabrication of ABS/Graphene Oxide Composite Filament for Fused Filament
           Fabrication (FFF) 3D Printing

    • Abstract: Additive manufacturing, the so-called three-dimensional (3D) printing, is a revolutionary emerging technology. Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is the most used 3D printing technology in which the melted filament is extruded through the nozzle and builds up layer by layer onto the build platform. The layers are then fused together and solidified into final parts. Graphene-based materials have been positively incorporated into polymers for innovative applications, such as for the mechanical, thermal, and electrical enhancement. However, to reach optimum properties, the graphene fillers are necessary to be well dispersed in polymers matrix. This study aims to emphasise the interest of producing ABS/graphene oxide (GO) composites for 3D printing application. The ABS/GO composite filaments were produced using dry mixing and solvent mixing methods before further melt extruded to investigate the proper way to disperse GO into ABS matrix. The ABS/GO composite filament with 2 wt.% of GO, prepared from the solvent mixing method, was successfully printed into a 3D model. By adding GO, the tensile strength and Young’s modulus of ABS can be enhanced. However, the ABS/GO composite filament that was prepared via the dry mixing method failed to print. This could be attributed to the aggregation of GO, leading to the die clogging and failure of the printing process.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Study on Damping Energy Dissipation Characteristics of Cylindrical Metal
           Rubber in Nonforming Direction

    • Abstract: Metal rubber (MR) is an excellent damping material that is often used in practical engineering applications. The performance of MR in the nonforming direction is different from that in the molding direction, and research is rare; the anisotropy of MR is gradually revealed in many engineering applications because characterization and analysis of damping energy dissipation characteristics in the nonforming direction of cylindrical MR were carried out by the characterization method of damping materials. Based on the testing methods, dry friction and dynamic stiffness are taken as the main analysis points. By performing single-factor control and orthogonal tests, the parameters affecting the energy dissipation and damping characteristics of MR are studied, and the main factors that cause changes in energy consumption and loss factor are analyzed. It is found that the influence of loading amplitude on damping energy is much higher than that of loading frequency, and the damping characteristic of MR is not sensitive to frequency. Therefore, the loading amplitude level of the actual environment should be considered first followed by the knitting technology in design of MR components.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Nov 2018 06:11:53 +000
  • Experimental Study on the Effect of Water on the Properties of Cast In
           Situ Foamed Concrete

    • Abstract: This study aims to investigate the effect of water on the properties of cast in situ foamed concrete with a dry density of 300–800 kg/m3 (100 kg/m3 is a gradient). Firstly, the shrinkage deformation with the curing time and the volumetric moisture content is studied by the drying shrinkage test and improved drying shrinkage test. Secondly, the influence of volumetric moisture content on mechanical properties is assessed. At last, the effects of immersion time and immersion type on the mechanical properties of foamed concrete are studied by considering the water-level conditions. The achieved results show that the shrinkage deformations increase with the curing time for the drying shrinkage test and the improved drying shrinkage test, while the variations are different. The shrinkage deformation increases with the decrease of volumetric moisture content for six dry densities of foamed concrete. Besides, it gradually changes in the early stage, while it changes fast in the later stage. The compressive strength and elastic modulus decrease with the increase of volumetric moisture content for each density. For the water-level unchanged condition, the compressive strength and elastic modulus initially decrease and then slowly increase with the increase of the immersion time. For the water-level changed condition, the compressive strength and elastic modulus of foamed concrete decrease with the increase of immersion time for each dry density, and the rate of early attenuation is high, whereas the rate of later attenuation is limited.
      PubDate: Sun, 04 Nov 2018 06:36:33 +000
  • Investigation and Analysis on Crystallization of Tunnel Drainage Pipes in

    • Abstract: A lot of crystallizations exist on the inner wall of tunnel drainage pipes in Chongqing. Tunnel support structure often bears larger load than usual because the tunnel drainage pipes are blocked easily by the crystals and the groundwater level would rise. In order to investigate what the crystals are, site investigations and laboratory tests of crystals and groundwater were completed. Some valuable results have been obtained. Firstly, the crystallizations are usually discovered in drainage pipe exits of tunnels which are under construction in Chongqing. Furthermore, the results of XRD have confirmed that the crystals are calcite. And calcite morphology could be found in most SEM images. But there are other morphologies in these images other than calcite because calcite is often influenced by some factors, such as important ions in groundwater, pH of groundwater, kinetics effect, and so on. Finally, some steps and solutions to solve blocking of tunnel drainage pipes caused by crystallization are suggested. One of the best solutions is that some special materials which could prevent crystals from being attached to pipes are coated on the inner surface of drainage pipes. The results could contribute to understand the crystallization phenomenon profoundly and help solve the similar situations of tunnel drainage pipe blocking.
      PubDate: Sun, 04 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Sustainable Building Materials and Technologies 2018

    • PubDate: Sun, 04 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Improvements in the Rheological Properties, Impact Strength, and the
           Biodegradability of PLA/PCL Blend Compatibilized by Electron-Beam
           Irradiation in the Presence of a Reactive Agent

    • Abstract: In this study, we blended poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) into poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and compatibilized these PLA/PCL blends by electron-beam irradiation in the presence of a reactive agent to overcome drawbacks of PLA. To produce compatibilized blends, mixtures of the PLA/PCL/reactive agent were prepared using a twin-screw extruder and exposed to electron-beam radiation at room temperature. Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was chosen as the reactive agent to achieve interfacial cross-copolymerization between PLA and PCL phases. Morphological, rheological, and mechanical properties and biodegradabilities of blends were investigated. The morphological study showed significantly improved interfacial adhesion for compatibilized blends, and this was supported by FTIR analysis and a rheological study. Impact strengths, thermal stabilities, and rheological properties of PLA/PCL blends were improved by compatibilization, and the biodegradabilities of compatibilized PLA/PCL blends were greater than that of pure PLA.
      PubDate: Sun, 04 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Chemical, Mineralogical, and Refractory Characterization of Kaolin in the
           Regions of Huayacocotla-Alumbres, Mexico

    • Abstract: In the present work, the chemical, mineralogical, refractory, and microstructural characterizations of kaolinites from the Huayacocotla-Alumbres region, which is between Veracruz and Hidalgo border, by X-ray diffraction (XRD), polarization optical microscopy (POM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), refractoriness proof (pyrometric cone equivalent), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were carried out. The analysis by POM showed that the kaolinization degree in this region is variable due to the presence of primary minerals, such as plagioclase, feldspar, and quartz. Additionally, hydrothermal alteration of the epithermal type was determined by oxidation of sulfides (pyrite and galena) and chlorite association. With the X-ray diffraction technique, andalusite and kaolinite were identified as the majority phases in Huayacocotla and quartz was identified as the majority phase in Alumbres. The minority phases, such as dickite, kaolinite, and cristobalite, were observed in both zones. The SEM technique was useful in the determination of the morphology of kaolinite and impurities of Na, Mg, K, and Fe of the complex clay illite-andalusite-dickite group. Thermogravimetric analysis was useful to discover the decomposition temperature and reveal the significant difference between 400 and 800°C, which showcases the greatest mass loss due to dehydration and carbonates decomposition. The mullite phase was detected at approximately 1000°C in the kaolin samples. The refractoriness tests were important to determine the stability temperature of kaolin, which is between 1300 and 1600°C. This stability temperature makes it feasible to use the kaolin as a refractory material for both low and high temperatures. The variables that affect the kaolin stability temperature were determined by principal components with the XLSTAT free program.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Nov 2018 09:16:27 +000
  • Adhesion Characteristics of Tire-Asphalt Pavement Interface Based on a
           Proposed Tire Hydroplaning Model

    • Abstract: In order to study the adhesion between tire and asphalt pavement, we established a finite element model of a hydroplaning, inflatable, patterned tire based on the coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian method and then validated the model’s applicability. We numerically calculated tire-pavement adhesion curves for three types of pavement: asphalt concrete (AC), stone mastic asphalt (SMA), and open-graded friction course (OGFC). In accordance with adhesion characteristic theory with regard to tires and asphalt pavements, we analyzed the influential factors that affect the adhesion characteristics of the tire-asphalt pavement interface in an antilock braking system and under damp conditions. The results show that the adhesion between tire and pavement is related to the movement of the tire. In this study, the longitudinal adhesion coefficient for the tire-pavement interface initially increased with an increase in the slip rate and then decreased. Once the slip rate was about 20 percent, the longitudinal adhesion reached its maximum value. In addition, we found that a deep surface macrotexture improved the hydroplaning speed of the tire when the water film was not too thick and the inflation pressure was high. Also, dry pavement led to better adhesion than a wet state in terms of specific mean profile depth. With the same water film thickness, the adhesion coefficient decreased with an increase in driving velocity. The OGFC pavement offered better skid resistance than both AC pavement and SMA pavement.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Nov 2018 07:55:28 +000
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