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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 339 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 339 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Arthritis     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Cholesterol     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.424, CiteScore: 1)
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 74, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analysis     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 197)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)

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Journal Cover
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.315
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 30  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-8434 - ISSN (Online) 1687-8442
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Application of Peroxide Curing Systems in Cross-Linking of Rubber Magnets
           Based on NBR and Barium Ferrite

    • Abstract: Rubber magnetic composites were prepared by incorporation of barium ferrite in constant amount—50 phr into acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber. Dicumyl peroxide as the curing agent was used for cross-linking of rubber magnets alone, or in combination with four different types of co-agents. The main aim was to examine the influence of curing system composition on magnetic and physical-mechanical properties of composites. The cross-link density and the structure of the formed cross-links were investigated too. The results demonstrated that the type and amount of the co-agent had significant influence on cross-link density, which was reflected in typical change of physical-mechanical properties. The tensile strength increased with increasing amount of co-agents, which can be attributed to the improvement of adhesion and compatibility on the interphase filler-rubber due to the presence of co-agents. Magnetic characteristics were found not to be influenced by the curing system composition. The application of peroxide curing systems consisting of organic peroxide and co-agents leads to the preparation of rubber magnets with not only good magnetic properties but also with improved physical-mechanical properties, which could broaden the sphere of their application uses.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:05:01 +000
  • Coal Reservoir Characterization in a Tectonic Setting and the Effects of
           Tectonism on the Coalbed Methane (CBM) Content

    • Abstract: Research on the relationships among tectonics, micropores, microfractures, and coalbed methane (CBM) content is important for the optimal selection of CBM production areas. In this study, micropore-microfracture structural parameters of coal samples from the Guojiahe coalfield are determined through the use of X-ray photography, an image recognition algorithm, and a liquid nitrogen adsorption method. The relationship between the micropore-microfracture characteristics of the reservoir and the gas content is quantitatively assessed using the Grassberger and Procaccia (GP) algorithm to calculate the correlation dimension of the parameters. Micropore-microfracture development varies in different tectonic zones. Additionally, the CBM content varies according to the characteristic parameters of hysteresis loops and the pore diameter. The correlation dimension is an effective indicator of the nonlinear relationship between reservoir micropore-microfracture characteristics and the gas content.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 16:05:03 +000
  • Effects of Lightly Burnt MgO Expansive Agent on the Deformation and
           Microstructure of Reinforced Concrete Wall

    • Abstract: Compensation for shrinkages with three kinds of lightly burnt MgO expansive agent (LBMEA) is used in a reinforced concrete wall poured in the summer. Influences of the internal temperature history on the expansion of concrete and the microstructure of cement paste containing LBMEA were investigated. The results showed that LBMEA exhibited significant expansion around the end of the fall temperature stage; then, the expansion rate declined obviously, and concrete containing LBMEA with low hydration reactivity (140 s and 220 s) showed larger expansion than LBMEA with high hydration reactivity (60 s). Microstructural analysis indicated that brucite preferentially forms in the pores in cement paste containing LBMEA with high reactivity, but brucite mainly grows on the surface of the MgO particles in cement paste containing LBMEA with low reactivity during the early age. Paste containing LBMEA with low reactivity showed a larger volume of single brucite crystal than LBMEA with high reactivity, which further led to larger expansion in the latter than the former. The results revealed the expansion process of LBMEA and can help engineers select suitable LBMEA for application to actual engineering.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 10:05:05 +000
  • Isolation and Characterization of Nanofibrillar Cellulose from Agave
           tequilana Weber Bagasse

    • Abstract: The bagasse of Agave tequilana Weber is one of the most abundant agroindustrial wastes in the state of Jalisco. However, at the present time, there is no technical use for this waste, and its high availability makes it an environmental problem. The objective of this research was to take advantage of this waste and give it an added value to be used in the elaboration of advanced materials. In this sense, the agave bagasse cellulose was obtained using an organosolv method. To obtain the nanofibrils, the cellulose was passed through 6 cycles of a microfluidizer. The material was classified by FTIR, confirming the presence of the functional groups (O-H, C-H, C-C, and C-O-C), characteristics of cellulose, and the elimination of hemicellulose and lignin present in agave bagasse without treatment. The X-ray diffraction technique allowed the determination of the degree of crystallinity of the cellulose nanofibers, which was 68.5%, with a negative zeta potential of −42 mV. The images from the atomic force microscopy helped for the observation of the degree of fibrillation in the cellulose, and with the software ImageJ, the average diameter of the nanofibers was determined to be 75 ± 5 nm with a relatively uniform length of 1.0–1.2 μm. Finally, by means of thermogravimetric analysis, it was found that the obtained cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) supported high temperatures of thermal decomposition, so it was concluded that due to the diameter of the fibrils, the high resistance to pressure, and elasticity, the nanofibrils obtained in this investigation can be used in the elaboration of advanced materials.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Feb 2019 09:05:10 +000
  • Eccentric Connectivity Index of t-Polyacenic Nanotubes

    • Abstract: The eccentric connectivity index ECI is a chemical structure descriptor that is currently being used for the modeling of biological activities of a chemical compound. This index has been proved to provide a high degree of predictability as compared to some other well-known indices in case of anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic activities. The ECI of an infinite class of 1-polyacenic (phenylenic) nanotubes has been recently studied. In this article, we extend this study to generalized polyacenic nanotubes and find ECI of t-polyacenic nanotubes for .
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Feb 2019 19:05:01 +000
  • Calcium Titanate from Food Waste: Combustion Synthesis, Sintering,
           Characterization, and Properties

    • Abstract: Calcium titanate (CaTiO3) was combustion synthesized from a calcium source of waste duck eggshell, anatase titanium dioxide (A-TiO2), and magnesium (Mg). The eggshell and A-TiO2 were milled for 30 min in either a high-energy planetary mill or a conventional ball mill. These powders were then separately mixed with Mg in a ball mill. After synthesis, the combustion products were leached and then sintered to produce CaTiO3 ceramic. Analytical characterization of the as-leached combustion products revealed that the product of the combustion synthesis of duck eggshell + A-TiO2 that had been high-energy-milled for 30 min before synthesis comprised a single perovskite phase of CaTiO3. The high-energy milling of the reactant powder had generated a large reactive surface area and induced structural defects, both of which drove the completion of the combustion reaction and the phase conversion of the reactants into the product. A calcium titanate ceramic, fabricated by sintering as-leached powdered combustion product at 1350°C for 180 min, achieved a maximum density of 3.65 g/cm3 and a minimum porosity of 0.54%. The same fabricated calcium titanate ceramic product also exhibited the highest dielectric constant (∼78) and the lowest dielectric loss (∼0.02), which resulted from the simplified charge polarization process.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Feb 2019 12:05:20 +000
  • Hydraulic Abrasion-Resistant Elastic Epoxy Resin Materials

    • Abstract: The abrasion of hydraulic concrete structures caused by the washing action of flowing water is a common problem and cannot be solved by simply increasing the strength of the concrete. To ensure safe operation, increase in service life and reduction of maintenance costs of hydraulic concrete structures and the development of abrasion-resistant materials are required. In this work, polyurethane-modified epoxy resin was synthesized using the interpenetrating network technology (IPN). After many mixing experiments, the ratio of polyether amine to alicyclic amine in Component B was determined to be 29 : 14 and the ratio of Component A to Component B was 7 : 3. With these ratios, elastic epoxy achieved a tensile strength of more than 15 MPa and an elongation rate of more than 20%, thus balancing strength and toughness. The effects of the curing conditions, the ratio of Component A to Component B, and diluents and fillers on tensile strength and elongation of the elastic epoxy resin were analyzed. The results of the analysis indicated that the curing duration should be over 7 days, the optimal proportion of Component A to Component B should be 7 : 3, and the diluent of the elastic epoxy material should be the bifunctional butanedioldiglycidyl ether (622). The reliability of this material was determined by pull-out testing, adhesion, and tensile strength testing. The underwater steel ball test and ring test were adopted as the abrasion-resistance tests for the elastic epoxy resin material. The results showed that the abrasion-resistance performance of elastic epoxy coating improved hundreds of times over that of common concrete. Although the wearing strength was reduced with pressure, the elastic epoxy coating still retained excellent abrasion-resistance performance. At last, future application prospects of elastic epoxy improvement products are introduced and need further reach.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Feb 2019 12:05:18 +000
  • Effects of Crystal Orientation and Grain Boundary Inclination on Stress
           Distribution in Bicrystal Interface of Austenite Stainless Steel 316L

    • Abstract: Nuclear structural material austenitic stainless steel 316L is a polycrystalline composed of single crystals with a face-centered cubic (FCC) structure, and the intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) is closely related to the crystal orientation. A constitutive model is presented to assess the elastic response of anisotropic behavior of single crystals in 316L in this study. With a bicrystal model built by the finite element method, the effects of crystal orientation and grain boundary (GB) inclination on the stress state nearby a symmetric tilt GB were discussed under the constant-displacement condition. The results indicate that when tensile axes are perpendicular to the GB, the stress and strain are equal at the GB and inside the grain, and the crystal misorientation has little effects on the stress and strain distribution. If the GB is not perpendicular to the load direction, the GB inclination angle will change the equivalent elastic modulus along the load direction and result in a larger stress in the grain with larger equivalent elastic modulus, but the stress tends to be equal inside the two grains. The grain size effects verification shows that the conclusions are independent of grain size.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Feb 2019 06:05:00 +000
  • The Mechanical Properties of a Smart Compression-Type Isolator Based on
           Magnetorheological Gel and Magnetorheological Elastomer

    • Abstract: In order to control the vibration of civil building structures, a smart extrusion-type isolator was developed based on magnetorheological gel (MRG) and magnetorheological elastomer (MRE). The key technology and performance tests of the isolator were investigated as well as the identification of parameters of the mechanical model. Test results showed that the MRG cylinder has a damping characteristic at high frequency while the MRE cylinder has an isolation characteristic at low frequency. The designed isolator is therefore superior over the traditional isolator since it will show small damping and low dynamic stiffness at a high frequency and small amplitude situation, which can overcome stiffness hardening that occurs on the traditional isolator. Meanwhile, the designed isolator will also have the behavior of large isolation and high dynamic stiffness under the low frequency and large amplitude condition, which has the advantage of realizable displacement control. The uniaxial mechanical model for the MRG/MRE smart isolator was built, and the parameters of the designed vibration isolator were identified. Theoretical results obtained from the mechanical model of the MRG/MRE smart isolator agree well with the experimental results indicating that the parameter identification method is feasible and effective.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Feb 2019 05:05:00 +000
  • Study on the Formation Law of the Freezing Temperature Field of Freezing
           Shaft Sinking under the Action of Large-Flow-Rate Groundwater

    • Abstract: Taking into account moisture migration and heat change during the soil freezing process, as well as the influence of absolute porosity reduction on seepage during the freezing process, we construct a numerical model of hydrothermal coupling using laws of conservation of energy and mass. The model is verified by the results of large-scale laboratory tests. By applying the numerical calculation model to the formation of artificial shaft freezing temperature fields under the action of large-flow groundwater, we conclude that groundwater with flow rates of less than 5 m/d will not have a significant impact on the artificial freezing temperature field. The maximum flow rates that can be handled by single-row freezing pipes and double-row freezing pipes are 10 m/d and 20 m/d, respectively, during the process of freezing shaft sinking. By analyzing the variation of groundwater flow rate during freezing process, we find that the groundwater flow velocity can reach 5–7 times the initial flow velocity near the closure moment of the frozen wall. Finally, in light of the action characteristics of groundwater on the freezing temperature field, we make suggestions for optimal pipe and row spacing in freezing pipe arrangement.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Feb 2019 00:05:06 +000
  • Investigation on Microstructure of Potassium Nitrate/Sodium Nitrate
           Composites for Solar Storage System

    • Abstract: The performance of the material is determined by its structure, i.e., the composition of the material elements of the atomic structure, the molecular structure, and atoms or molecules in space arrangement and the aggregation characteristics. The microstructure of the material has important implications for the material performance. In this paper, five phase change materials, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate, and the composites of KNO3-NaNO3/graphite (3%, 6%, and 9%), have been studied by the experiment, and the aim is to improve the storage performance of the solar storage system. The results show that potassium nitrate and sodium nitrate are significantly different in microstructure, that is, potassium nitrate is a layered structure and the sodium nitrate is a network structure. And, the graphite as additives can be physically combined with the molten salts, which leads to a different performance and distribution in the mixture. Therefore, it is an effective method in improving the performance of molten salts by using graphite as the supporting material. The results can provide a reference to future choose for solar storage materials.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Feb 2019 10:05:03 +000
  • Crashworthiness Design and Multiobjective Optimization for Hexagon
           Honeycomb Structure with Functionally Graded Thickness

    • Abstract: Higher energy absorption efficiency and better crashworthiness performance are always the key objectives for different energy absorbing structures applied in numerous industries including aerospace, rail equipment transportation, and automotive. In this study, a functionally graded thickness (FGT) design method is introduced in the design of a hexagon honeycomb structure to improve energy absorbing efficiency on the basis of a traditional honeycomb with uniform thickness (UT). The validation of a numerical analysis model for a UT honeycomb under axial loading is implemented by a nonlinear finite element code LS-DYNA (V971). Furthermore, the multiobjective crashworthiness optimization of an FGT honeycomb subjected to axial quasi-static compression is conducted to maximize specific energy absorption (SEA) and minimize peak crashing force (PCF). In addition, three surrogate models, including radial basis function (RBF), response surface method (RSM), and kriging (KRG), are compared in the accuracy of predicting SEA and PCF and capacity for optimization design of FGT honeycomb structure; the Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) is applied to obtain the Pareto optimal solutions for the maximum thickness, minimum thickness, and thickness variation gradient exponent of a honeycomb wall. The optimal points obtained by different surrogate models subjected to an SEA value of 18.5 kJ/kg, 20 kJ/kg, 22 kJ/kg, and 24 kJ/kg are validated, and corresponding optimal parameters are compared; RBF and RSM are more suitable in crashworthiness optimization design of the FGT honeycomb structure. It is indicated that the FGT honeycomb with optimal geometrical parameters presents remarkable enhancement and energy absorbing potential compared to the traditional honeycomb structure.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Feb 2019 09:05:17 +000
  • Nondestructive Testing on Ancient Wooden Components Based on Shapley Value

    • Abstract: In this study, we propose nondestructive testing methods and combined forecasting models-based stress wave and impedance measurements to obtain accurate internal defects information for wooden building components. Internal defects data for major wooden components of an ancient building in China and reverse laboratory test data on matching tree species indicated various degrees of damage on the pavilion wood structure surface and internal defects in certain pillars. The stress wave method enabled rapid acquisition of two-dimensional plots of test sections; however, the results revealed that the area of stress wave detection was greater than the actual defect area. Moreover, the impedance meter was able to determine the defect position and type in a single path, and the actual defect area was proportional to the absolute error of the drilling resistance. By distributing the errors from the two nondestructive testing methods on the basis of a Shapley value algorithm, we determined the weights of stress wave and impedance meter data in the forecasting models and established combined forecasting models that showed greater accuracy with a mean relative error of less than 6%. This method can improve the prediction accuracy of internal defects in ancient buildings and provide effective data support for practical engineering repair and reinforcement schemes.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Feb 2019 07:05:04 +000
  • Effect of Pore-Water Salinity on the Electrical Resistivity of Partially
           Saturated Compacted Clay Liners

    • Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of pore-water salinity on the electrical resistivity (ER) of different compacted clay liners (CCLs) in terms of its mineralogical composition. For this purpose, an experimental programme was conducted where ERs of different kaolin-dominant CCL specimens, reconstituted using water having different concentrations of NaCl (0 M, 0.5 M, and 1.0 M), were measured. The kaolin-dominant CCL specimens tested in this study include pure kaolin, three different kaolin-bentonite mixtures, and three different kaolin-sand mixtures. The experimental results show that the ERs of CCL specimens decrease as the salt concentrations in pore water, moisture content, and dry density increase. At constant density and moisture content, the test results also indicate that increasing the sand content in kaolin-dominant CCL specimens increases its ER regardless of the water salinity level. This behaviour could be attributed to the lower surface conduction of sand compared to kaolin. However, at constant density and moisture content, increasing the bentonite content in kaolin-dominant CCL specimens decreases its ER in the distilled water environment as surface conduction of bentonite is higher compared to that of kaolin. On the contrary, in saltwater environments, ER increases as the bentonite content increases. This behaviour could be explained in terms of the expected aggregated microstructure of bentonite in the saltwater environment that could reduce the number and area of interparticle contacts, and consequently, increase the ER of CCL specimens.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Feb 2019 08:05:08 +000
  • Dynamic Characteristics of Warm Mix Foamed Asphalt Mixture in Seasonal
           Frozen Area

    • Abstract: In order to study dynamic characteristics of warm mix foamed asphalt mixture in seasonal frozen area, cylinder dynamic modulus test of four kinds of mixture with two gradations and three kinds of asphalt was carried out by UTM-100. Then, the effects of test temperature, loading frequency, and foaming water consumption on dynamic modulus were analyzed. Finally, the compressive resilient modulus trial was made to compare mechanical properties. Results show that dynamic modulus for warm mix foamed asphalt mixture increases with rising temperature and decreased frequency. The inflection points of the dynamic modulus vs frequency curves at low temperature, normal temperature, and high temperature are 2 Hz, 10 Hz, and 15 Hz, respectively. Static modulus of SBS# modified and nonmodified warm mix foamed asphalt mixture is corresponding to the dynamic modulus 0.001 Hz–0.1 Hz and 0.00001 Hz–0.05 Hz. The effect on gradation type on the dynamic modulus of asphalt mixture is AC-20 > AC-13, and the degree of sensitivity of the water consumption to the master curve equation of dynamic modulus under different gradations is AC-13 > AC-20.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Feb 2019 07:05:29 +000
  • Effect of Cyclic Expansion-Extrusion Process on Microstructure,
           Deformation and Dynamic Recrystallization Mechanisms, and Texture
           Evolution of AZ80 Magnesium Alloy

    • Abstract: The microstructure, deformation mechanisms, dynamic recrystallization (DRX) behavior, and texture evolution of AZ80 magnesium alloy were investigated by three-pass cyclic expansion-extrusion (CEE) tests. Optical microscopy (OM), electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were employed to study microstructure, grain orientation, DRX mechanism, and texture evolution. The results show that the grain sizes decrease continuously with the increase of CEE pass. The grain refinement effect of the first pass is the most remarkable, and there appear a large number of twins. After three-pass CEE, a well-distributed structure with fine equiaxed grains is obtained. With the increase of CEE pass, the deformation mechanism changes from twinning to slipping and the DRX mechanism changes mainly from twinning-induced dynamic recrystallization (TDRX) to rotation dynamic recrystallization (RDRX) and then to continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX). The grain misorientation between the new grains and matrix grains deceases gradually, and a relatively small angle misorientation is obtained after three-pass CEE. Grain misorientations of the first two passes are attributed to TDRX and RDRX behaviors, respectively. The grain refinement changes the deformation and DRX mechanisms of CEE process, which leads the (0002) basal texture intensity first decrease and then increase suddenly. Eventually, the extremely strong basal texture is formed after three-pass CEE.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Feb 2019 01:05:01 +000
  • Synthesis and Properties of a Reinforcing Dust-Cementing Material for Thin
           Spray-On Liners in Mine Roadways

    • Abstract: The sprayed concrete in mine roadways suffers from a prolonged exposure to the harsh environment in the underground mine, leading to its detachment which may compromise its supporting strength. Besides, the dust-cementing effect of the conventional concrete is poor, providing very limited contribution to suppress the dust-laden airflow. As such, the present experiment uses sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as the base to produce a novel thin spray material through graft copolymerization based on acrylic acid and polyaluminum chloride. This new material can not only reinforce the surrounding rock of the roadway but also cement the dust in the airflow. Infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermal gravimetric analysis, and SEM are employed collectively to study the microscale reaction and structure of the product. A suite of experiment testing is carried out concerning the performance of the developed spray material, which reveals the supreme mechanical strength and desired properties of the hardened film developed from the spray material.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 13:30:06 +000
  • Study of Dynamic Brittle Fracture of Composite Lamina Using a Bond-Based
           Peridynamic Lattice Model

    • Abstract: We proposed a bond-based peridynamic lattice model for simulating dynamic brittle fracture of 2D composite lamina. Material orthogonal anisotropy was represented by rotating topological lattice structure instead of fiber directions. Analytical derivation and numerical implementation of the proposed model were given based on energy equivalence. Benchmark composite lamina tests are used to validate the capability of modeling dynamic fracture of the method. The peridynamic lattice model is found to be robust and successful in modeling dynamic brittle fracture of 2D composite lamina and can be extended to composite laminates by applying 3D lattice structure.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 13:30:05 +000
  • Influence of Water Pressure on the Mechanical Properties of Concrete after
           Freeze-Thaw Attack under Dynamic Triaxial Compression State

    • Abstract: This study aims at determining the effect of water pressure on the mechanical properties of concrete subjected to freeze-thaw (F-T) attack under the dynamic triaxial compression state. Two specimens were used: (1) a 100 mm × 100 mm × 400 mm prism for testing the loss of mass and relative dynamic modulus of elasticity (RDME) after F-T cycles and (2) cylinders with a diameter of 100 mm and a height of 200 mm for testing the dynamic mechanical properties of concrete. Strain rates ranged from 10−5·s−1 to 10−3·s−1, and F-T cycles ranged from 0 to 100. Three levels of water pressure (0, 5, and 10 MPa) were applied to concrete. Results showed that as the number of F-T cycles increased, the mass loss rate of the concrete specimen initially decreased and then increased, but the RDME decreased. Under 5 MPa of water pressure and at the same strain rate, the ultimate compressive strength decreased, whereas the peak strain increased with the increase in the number of F-T cycles. This result is contrary to the variation law of ultimate compressive strength and peak strain with the increase in strain rate under the same number of F-T times. With the increase in F-T cycles or water pressure, the strain sensitivity of the dynamic increase factor of ultimate compressive strength and peak strain decreased, respectively. After 100 F-T cycles, the dynamic compressive strength under all water pressure levels tended to increase as the strain rate increased, whereas the peak strain decreased gradually.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 11:05:18 +000
  • Prediction of Fatigue Life of Welded Joints Made of Fine-Grained
           Martensite-Bainitic S960QL Steel and Determination of Crack Origins

    • Abstract: Due to growing requirements connected with the utilization of advanced structures, nowadays the modern design processes are developed. One of the crucial issues considered in these processes is proper design of the joints against fatigue in order to fulfill a stated life of operation. In this study, the method of fatigue life prediction based on the criterion of permissible strain range in the notch root is presented. An engaged simplified model of fatigue life prediction was previously developed for mild and carbon steels. The evaluation made during the research has proven that this method can also be used for S960QL high-strength steel characterized by entirely different properties and structure. A considered theoretical model demonstrates satisfactory correlation with experimental data and safely describes the fatigue life of weldments. Furthermore, the predicted fatigue life of studied steel without welds shows great comparability with experimental data. The limit value of the strain range in the notch root was estimated. Below this value of strain, the fatigue life of welded joints is infinite, theoretically. Finally, the impact of the surface imperfections on the fatigue crack initiation was revealed. For paternal material, the origins of cracking were discovered at the places of nonmetallic scale particles. In welded joints, the fatigue cracks initiated at the whole length of the fusion line.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 11:05:15 +000
  • Functionally Graded Materials: An Overview of Stability, Buckling, and
           Free Vibration Analysis

    • Abstract: Functionally graded materials (FGMs) are novel materials whose properties change gradually with respect to their dimensions. It is the advanced development of formerly used composite materials and consists of two or more materials in order to achieve the desired properties according to the application where an FGM is used. FGMs have obtained a great attention of researchers in the past decade due to their graded properties at every single point in various dimensions. The properties of an FGM are not identical to the materials that constitute it. This paper aims to present an overview of the existing literature on stability, buckling, and free vibration analysis of FGM carried out by numerous authors in the past decade. Moreover, the analyses of mathematical models adopted for the aforementioned analyses are not the core purpose of this paper. At the end, future work is also suggested in this review paper.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 10:05:06 +000
  • Sealing Performance of Bionic Striped Mud Pump Piston

    • Abstract: The mud pump piston is a key part for providing mud circulation, but its sealing performance often fails under complex working conditions, which shorten its service life. Inspired by the ring segment structure of earthworms, the bionic striped structure on surfaces of the mud pump piston (BW-160) was designed and machined, and the sealing performances of the bionic striped piston and the standard piston were tested on a sealing performance testing bench. It was found the bionic striped structure efficiently enhanced the sealing performance of the mud pump piston, while the stripe depth and the angle between the stripes and lateral of the piston both significantly affected the sealing performance. The structure with a stripe depth of 2 mm and angle of 90° showed the best sealing performance, which was 90.79% higher than the standard piston. The sealing mechanism showed the striped structure increased the breadth and area of contact sealing between the piston and the cylinder liner. Meanwhile, the striped structure significantly intercepted the early leaked liquid and led to the refluxing rotation of the leaked liquid at the striped structure, reducing the leakage rate.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 08:05:11 +000
  • Investigation and Comparison of the Enrichment Potential of Turkey
           (┼×enkaya, Erzurum) Coals with Knelson Concentrator

    • Abstract: The quality of coals from, Erzurum varies widely. Two coal samples from this area were compared. The first has a composition of 19% ash, 5700 kcal, and 3% sulfur while the other has 49.20% ash, 3000 kcal, and 1.6% sulfur composition. It is understood that the first coal sample is a high-quality coal. Although the ash content of the second coal sample is determined to be high and the calorie value is low, the low sulfur content is advantageous for the environment. This study aimed at increasing the quality of coal samples by carrying out experiments for reducing the ratio of ash and sulfur with Knelson’s enrichment processes. Chemical analysis, sieve analysis experiments, %ash, %moisture, and %calorie values of each fraction are determined from two different C1 and C2 coal samples taken from the Balkaya village belonging to Şenkaya, Erzurum. Then, %ash, %yield, and %sulfur analyzes were carried out on the coal samples using the Knelson gravity separator enrichment method, and the results were evaluated for coal samples.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 10:05:08 +000
  • Cost-Effective Treatment of Hemihydrate Phosphogypsum and Phosphorous Slag
           as Cemented Paste Backfill Material for Underground Mine

    • Abstract: The environmental pollution caused by the discharge of phosphogypsum (PG) and phosphorous slag (PS) is a common issue for all countries. In order to fully utilize hemihydrate PG (HPG) and PS and treat goafs in mines, the HPG and PS were used as cementitious materials for cemented paste backfill (CPB). The physical and chemical properties of HPG and PS were first analyzed, and then, the characteristics of CPB were evaluated through fluidity tests, gas detection, uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) tests, bleeding tests, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). After this, the underground environmental impact of CPB-based HPG and PS was investigated through a dynamic leachability experiment. The results show that (1) the UCS of CPB increases with the increase of the HPG content and mass fraction, and the addition of 3% quicklime can eliminate CO2, H2S, and SO2 generated from the slurry of CPB-based HPG-PS; (2) the addition of 3% quicklime and 5% cement to the HPG-PS mixtures can offset the strength loss of CPB in the late curing stage; (3) the UCS of the recommended specimen reaches 1.15–3.32 MPa after curing from 7 to 28 days, with their slump values varying from 15 mm to 26 mm, and the bleeding rates between 0.87% and 1.15%, which can meet the technical requirements of mining methods; (4) the UCS of CPB is the result of the cohydration reaction of hemihydrate gypsum (HG) in HPG and active Al2O3 and SiO2 in PS; and (5) the leaching indexes meet Category IV of the Chinese Groundwater Quality Standard (DZ/T 0290-2015). The results of this investigation provide a cost-efficient way for the efficient mining of phosphate resources and the comprehensive utilization of HPG and PS.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Theoretical Analysis of the Optical Response of Silicon/Silica/Gold
           Multishell Nanoparticles in Biological Tissue

    • Abstract: The scattering and absorption efficiencies of light by a single silicon/silica/gold spherical multishell in biological tissues are analyzed theoretically in the framework of Lorenz–Mie theory and finite-difference time-domain formalism. We first revised the ideal case of a concentric silicon/gold nanoshell, analyzed the effect of growing a silica layer of uniform thickness around the silicon core, and then examined the effect of an offset of the gold shell with respect to the centre of the silicon/silica nanoshell. Our simulation showed that the silicon/gold nanoshell in the biological tissue supports significant absorption and scattering resonances in the biological spectral window. On the contrary, the growth of a silica layer on the silicon core surface leads to a blueshift of these resonances accompanied by a slight increase of their magnitudes. The offset of the gold shell with respect to the silicon/silica core results in a redshift of the absorption and scattering resonances supported by the concentric silicon/silica/gold multishell within the biological window, accompanied by a decrease in their amplitudes. On the contrary, the gold shell offset gives rise to a more prominent electric field enhancement at the silicon/silica/gold multishell-biological tissue interface. Our simulation thus shows that silicon/silica/gold multishell nanoparticles are potential candidates in bioimaging and photothermal therapy applications.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Solidification Behavior and Microstructure of Al-7Si Alloys with
           Individual and Combined Additions of Sr and Yb

    • Abstract: The effects of individual and combined additions of Sr and Yb on the solidification behavior and microstructure of Al-7Si alloys were investigated using thermal analysis, optical microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the nucleation temperature, minimum temperature, and growth temperature of eutectic solidification were lower than those of the unmodified alloys, and eutectic recalescence at 2°C in the Yb- and (Sr + Yb)-modified alloys was observed. The decrease in the nucleation temperature and an increase in recalescence obviously refined the eutectic Si morphology of the Sr-, Yb-, and (Sr + Yb)-modified alloys from a coarse plate-like structure to a fine fibrous structure. Moreover, the three-dimensional microstructure of eutectic Si in the (Sr + Yb)-modified alloy showed the finer fibrous structure, which was mainly attributed to formation of the Al2Si2Yb phase. The formation enthalpy of Al2Si2Yb was lower than that of Al-(Si)-Sr in the (Sr + Yb)-modified alloy, thus suppressing the formation of the Al2Si2Sr intermetallic compound. The more effective Sr together with Yb further improved the modification effect of eutectic silicon.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Experimental Investigation of Mechanical Behaviors of Fiber-Reinforced Fly
           Ash-Soil Mixture

    • Abstract: In recent years, applications of different types of solid waste in fiber-reinforced soil are developed to improve the strength of soil. This study presents an experimental investigation of mechanical properties of polypropylene fiber-reinforced fly ash-soil mixtures. A series of direct shear tests and unconfined compression tests were carried out. The effects of fly ash content and fiber content on compaction characteristics, shear strength, strength parameters, and unconfined compressive strength of the reinforced soil are investigated and discussed. Results reveal that when the fly ash content of the specimen exceeds 20% and the curing period exceeds 14 days, specimens become more brittle in the unconfined compression tests. It can be deduced that 30% fly ash and 1% fiber provide the optimum content, and the inclusion of fiber reinforcement has positive benefits on the mechanical properties of the reinforced soil to a certain extent.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Flexural Behavior of Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polymer Tube Confined Coconut
           Fiber Reinforced Concrete

    • Abstract: Basalt fiber has arisen new perspectives due to the potential low cost and excellent mechanical performance, together with the use of environmental friendly coir can be beneficial to the development of sustainable construction. In this study, a new composite structure called basalt fiber reinforced polymer (BFRP) tube encased coconut fiber reinforced concrete (CFRC) is developed. The 28-day compression strength of the plain concrete is about 15 MPa, which represents the low-strength poor-quality concrete widely existing in many old buildings and developing countries. Three types of BFRP tubes, i.e., 2-layer, 4-layer, and 6-layer, with the inner diameter of 100 mm and a length of 520 mm, were prepared. The plain concrete (PC) and CFRC were poured and cured in these tubes to fabricated BFRP tube confined long cylindrical beams. Three PC cylindrical beams and 3 CFRC cylindrical beams were prepared to be the control group. The four-point bending tests of these specimens were carried out to investigate the enhancement due to the BFRP tube and coir reinforcement. The load-carrying capacity, force-displacement relationship, failure mode, and the cracking moment were analyzed. Results show that both BFRP tube confined plain concrete (PC) and BFRP tube confined CFRC have excellent flexural strength and ductility, and the inclusion of the coir can further enhance the ductility of the concrete.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Production and Digital Image Correlation Analysis of Titanium Foams with
           Different Pore Morphologies as a Bone-Substitute Material

    • Abstract: Ti foams are mesoporous structured materials that are characterized by their high surface area and interconnected porosity with a huge potential for biomedical applications. In this study, we investigated the production of titanium foams with different pore morphologies as a bone-substitute material via the addition of different amounts, shapes, and sizes of the space holder. Furthermore, we also carried out strain analysis using digital image correlation (DIC) in order to analyse the strain distribution across the porous samples. In addition, the nature of the relationship between the amount of the space holder added and final amount of porosity in the foams produced was also examined. The results demonstrated that the relationship between the space holder amount and porosity in the samples follows a complex one-phase exponential decay function in an increasing form. Our findings also suggest that the shape of the space holder does not play a significant role in dictating the porosity of the foams produced in the current study. However, the space holder’s shape does have a substantial role in dictating the mechanical properties of the foams produced, where Ti foams produced using a cubic or irregular space holder were found to have a lower yield stresses than those made with the spherical space holder.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
  • Numerical Analysis of the Effect of Microscale Components Interaction on
           Measurements of Fiber Optic Strain Sensors Used in Composite Structures

    • Abstract: The paper investigates the influence of structural components of a composite material on the strain values measured by using an embedded optical fiber with Bragg gratings. The effect of composite plies and intermediate epoxy layers on the transfer of deformations from the measured object to the optical fiber was studied taking into account various methods of the fiber attachment and surrounding media configurations. A numerical estimation of the effect of the longitudinal and transverse components of the strain tensor on the wavelength of the reflected spectrum is performed.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +000
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