Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 343 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 343 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 66)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 101)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Biology J.     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.354, CiteScore: 1)
Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part B, Magnetic Resonance Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 1)
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 80, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 230)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Civil Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.539
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 51  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-8086 - ISSN (Online) 1687-8094
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Change Detection and Feature Extraction of Debris-Flow Initiation by
           Rock-Slope Failure Using Point Cloud Processing

    • Abstract: Our understanding of debris-flow initiation by slope failure is restricted by the challenge of acquiring accurate geomorphic features of debris flows and the structural setting of the rock mass in the remote mountainous terrain. Point cloud data of debris flows in Sabino Canyon, Tucson, Arizona, July 2006, with initiation by joint-controlled rock slope were obtained using multitemporal LiDAR scanning. Topographic changes were detected by comparing historical LiDAR scanning data of this area since 2005 by adopting open-source CloudCompare software. The results showed persistent scour and erosion in the debris flows after 2006. Point cloud data of joint-controlled rock in the initiation zone were generated by the means of photogrammetry using Pix4D software. The joint planes, the dip direction and the dip value of the joint plane, the joint spacing, and the joint roughness were therefore acquired by point cloud processing. Our study contributes a foundation for analyzing the relationship between the rock features, the generation of slope failure, and the initiation of debris flows.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 06:20:00 +000
       
  • Construction Sequence Optimization and Settlement Control Countermeasures
           of Metro Tunnels Underpassing Expressway

    • Abstract: The Chongqing metro line 6 underpass expressway around the city is taken as an engineering background, and the optimal excavation sequence and corresponding control countermeasures for the triangular-distributed three-line metro tunnel underpass expressway are studied. The influences of excavation sequence on the tunnel surrounding rock deformation, surrounding rock stress, supporting structure stress, plastic zone, and surface settlement are analyzed by using MIDAS/GTS NX finite element software. The numerical simulation results showed that Case 1 is the optimal excavation sequence of the metro tunnel. However, the surface settlement under the optimal excavation sequence exceeds the limit value of 30 mm, which cannot guarantee the safety of expressway traffic. On this basis, the control measure for strengthening the three-line tunnels with advanced small pipe grouting and reinforcing the middle tunnel with concrete-filled steel tube piles are proposed. Moreover, the excavation process of the metro tunnel with and without reinforcement schemes is numerically simulated. The results show that the reinforcement scheme can effectively control the surface settlement value within the limited value (16.47 mm), which is close to the maximum surface settlement of 18.31 mm after the metro tunnel excavation is completed, indicating that the proposed reinforcement scheme is beneficial to ensure the safety of metro tunnel construction and the driving safety of the expressway.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jan 2021 09:50:00 +000
       
  • Relationship between Damage Rate of High-Voltage Electrical Equipment and
           Instrumental Seismic Intensity

    • Abstract: Based on the actual damage data of high-voltage electrical equipment in electric substations in the Wenchuan earthquake, this paper uses the cumulative Gaussian distribution function to describe the relationship between the damage rate of high-voltage electrical equipment and the instrumental seismic intensity. The instrumental seismic intensity at strong motion observation stations in the Wenchuan earthquake is calculated, and the Kriging interpolation method is used to estimate the instrumental seismic intensity at 110 kV and above voltage level substations in Mianyang, Deyang, Guangyuan, and Chengdu of Sichuan Province. A cumulative Gaussian distribution function is then used to fit the damage rate-instrumental seismic intensity relationship curve for six types of high-voltage electrical equipment such as the transformer, circuit breaker, voltage mutual inductor, current mutual inductor, isolating switch, and lightning arrester. The results show that transformers have the highest vulnerability during earthquakes, and they suffered a certain level of damage even under low instrumental intensity. The second most vulnerable equipment is the circuit breaker, followed by the lightning arrester, transformer, and isolating switch, which share a similar vulnerability curve.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 14:50:01 +000
       
  • Porous Multiphase Microcharacteristics Research of New Cement-Based
           Grouting Material Concretion

    • Abstract: As an excellent inorganic hydraulic cementitious material, new cement-based grouting material (abbreviated as NCG) has a wide application prospect in grouting engineering. Four types of water-cement ratio (W/C ratio) NCG concretions were systematically researched on the solid-phase composition, microscopic morphology, nanoscale pore characteristics and micron-scale multiphase microscopic characteristics through SEM, TGA-DSC, BET, MIP, and 3D-XRM in combination with hydration reaction mechanism. The NCG concretion is characterized as a spatial network structure formed by dendritic or columnar ettringite (AFt) crystals, filled with calcium silicate hydrate gel (C–S–H) and aluminum gel (AH3). In the solid phase, the mass of AFt is the highest, about 65%, the mass of C–S–H is about 20%, and the mass of AH3 is the least, about 15%. In nanoscale, the pore size of NCG concretion is concentrated in about 50 nm–3 μm, and the volume proportion reaches about 90%, which can be used as the characteristic parameter of pore-phase. With the increase of W/C ratio and age, the MPD of pore decreases, and the probability of the MPD-pore increases, and the dispersion of the probability of pores increases. In nanoscale, the porosity of NCG concretion is as high as 60%. With the increase of W/C ratio and age, the porosity of NCG concretion increases, but the effect on the density of solid-phase is little. In micron scale, the regular characteristics related to diameter of pore-phase and gel-phase are similar, showing a three stage formula: as their diameter increases, the number of monocases decreases and its rate of reduction gradually slows down, the volume-proportion decreases first and then increases, the differentiation of volume between the monocases increases gradually, and the differentiation between monocases shape and sphere is bigger, and its shape characteristics are more diverse and discrete.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 14:50:00 +000
       
  • Compaction Quality Inspection Method of Soil-Rock Filled Embankment Based
           on Continuous Compaction Control Technology

    • Abstract: Affected by the site construction conditions, the measurement passes of the Taihang Expressway K8 + 105 ∼ K8 + 341 (K8 worksite) in the Taihang Expressway did not meet the requirements of data analysis, and the quantity of the control points was insufficient so that the linear correlation between the dynamic deformation modulus () and the vibratory compaction value (VCV) was not strong. Therefore, the target value of VCV cannot be used to diagnose the compaction quality of soil-rock filler. This paper analyzes the roller measurement VCV value and in situ measurements value separately. Results reveal the difference between the VCV mean measured in the last two passes and the standard deviation of the measured VCV mean in the last pass are used as the main basis for the actual compaction quality. In addition, the mean in the last rolling can be used as an auxiliary judgment basis for the quality control of the compaction.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
       
  • Corrosion Characteristics of Anchor Cables in Electrolytic Corrosion Test
           and the Applicability of the Test Method in Study of Anchor Cable
           Corrosion

    • Abstract: The selection of corrosion test method in the corrosion study of the prestressed anchors is an important issue. In this paper, the corrosion test of anchors was conducted with electrolytic corrosion test method. The corrosion characteristics of the anchor cables were examined. The effects of sodium chloride solution concentration, current, test time, and prestress level on corrosion were studied. The applicability of electrolytic corrosion method in anchor cable corrosion study is discussed subsequently. The results show that the corrosion of the anchor appears to be uniform corrosion. With the corrosion of the anchor, the central wire of the cable was basically not corroded, and the cross-sectional shape of the outer wire changes from a round to fan shape. The sodium chloride concentration and prestress level have no obvious effects on the corrosion of the anchor. The variation of test time does not affect the difference between the measured and theoretical calculated results, while a proper current in the electrolysis test may help reduce the difference. The measured corrosion rate fluctuates from −4% to 10% and tends to be higher compared with calculated results based on Faraday’s law. The study indicates that the electrolytic corrosion test is applicable in the anchor corrosion study.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 13:50:00 +000
       
  • The Expression of Seismic Surrounding Rock Pressure for a Shallow Tunnel
           Is Derived Using the Pseudostatic Method

    • Abstract: Terzaghi developed a generalized expression of the vertical surrounding rock pressures of shallow tunnels by considering the limit equilibrium of soil masses. In this paper, based on the Terzaghi failure mode, the pseudostatic method is used to derive this expression under seismic loading conditions. The surrounding rock in the fractured zone of the tunnel side wall is analyzed as an isolated body using the limit equilibrium method to obtain the explicit calculation expressions of the horizontal surrounding rock pressures of a shallow tunnel under seismic loading. Case analysis indicates that the proposed method is feasible. In addition, the influence of the seismic acceleration coefficient on surrounding rock pressures is further discussed. The results show that the horizontal surrounding rock pressure decreases with the increase of seismic acceleration coefficients. The vertical surrounding rock pressure increases as the horizontal seismic acceleration coefficient increases, and it decreases with the increase of the vertical seismic acceleration coefficient, and the effect of the seismic acceleration coefficient on surrounding rock pressure is significant. The study results can provide reference for the seismic safety evaluation and structural seismic design of shallow tunnels.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 08:35:00 +000
       
  • Analysis on the Strength of Cement Mortar Mixed with Construction Waste
           Brick Powder

    • Abstract: The pile-up of massive construction waste causes serious challenges to environment and engineering practice. In order to promote the reuse rate of construction waste bricks, the effects of the content and fineness of construction waste brick powder and of brick powder-silica flour mixture on the strengths of cement mortar were experimentally investigated. Based on the test results, the significance of the particle characteristics of brick powder on mortar strength was analyzed by grey entropy method. The experimental results show that the early strength of cement mortar decreases due to the addition of brick powder; the reduction is, however, not significant when the content of brick powder is less than 10%; the 28 d strength of cement mortar increases with a proper content of brick powder. The grey entropy analysis indicates that the particle characteristics have strong influence on the activity of brick powder and mortar strength; the strength is significantly dependent on specific surface area and the fraction of particles smaller than 20 μm. Fine brick powder and silica flour can improve the macroscopic strengths of cement mortar by affecting the type and quantity of hydration products and the structure of interfacial transition zone between cement paste and sand.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 08:05:00 +000
       
  • Automated Reconstruction of Parametric BIM for Bridge Based on Terrestrial
           Laser Scanning Data

    • Abstract: Building information modeling (BIM) in industrialized bridge construction is usually performed based on initial design information. Differences exist between the model of the structure and its actual geometric dimensions and features due to the manufacturing, transportation, hoisting, assembly, and load bearing of the structure. These variations affect the construction project handover and facility management. The solutions available at present entail the use of point clouds to reconstruct BIM. However, these solutions still encounter problems, such as the inability to obtain the actual geometric features of a bridge quickly and accurately. Moreover, the created BIM is nonparametric and cannot be dynamically adjusted. This paper proposes a fully automatic method of reconstructing parameterized BIM by using point clouds to address the abovementioned problems. An algorithm for bridge point cloud segmentation is developed; the algorithm can separate the bridge point cloud from the entire scanning scene and segment the unit structure point cloud. Another algorithm for extracting the geometric features of the bridge point cloud is also proposed; this algorithm is effective for partially missing point clouds. The feasibility of the proposed method is evaluated and verified using theoretical and actual bridge point clouds, respectively. The reconstruction quality of BIM is also evaluated visually and quantitatively, and the results show that the reconstructed BIM is accurate and reliable.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
       
  • Experimental Study on Fracture Patterns and Crack Propagation of Sandstone
           Based on Acoustic Emission

    • Abstract: To investigate the fracture pattern and crack propagation of rock under different stresses, Brazilian split tests, preset angle tests, and uniaxial compression acoustic emission (AE) tests were carried out on sandstone to obtain the mechanical parameters and AE signals of the whole test process. Based on the analysis of the distribution of the characteristic AE indicators rise time/amplitude (RA) and average frequency (AF) combined with the core definition of areal density, the test results showed the following. In Brazilian split tests and preset angle tests, shear fractures and tensile fractures accompanied the whole process of rock damage and failure, and the crack type reflected by the RA-AF distribution was consistent with the theoretical analysis and actual failure results. The fracture pattern of sandstone under uniaxial compression was dominated by shear fracture, and tensile and shear cracks had the same evolutionary trend. In uniaxial compression, the development of cracks was complicated from the stage of steady development of microcracks, and the crack development was different in different specimens, which eventually leads to different failure modes. That is, the failure mode of sandstone could provide positive feedback to the RA-AF distribution. Under different stresses, the characteristics of the cumulative event rate of tensile or shear fractures varied significantly among stages, which corresponded to the various stages of rock damage and deformation.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
       
  • Instability Mechanism and Key Control Technology of Deep Soft Rock Roadway
           under Long-Term Water Immersion

    • Abstract: More and more attention has been paid to the supporting problem of deep soft rock roadway floor with long-term water immersion in recent years. However, the existing soft rock roadway support technology rarely takes into account the influence of the immersion softening phenomenon of the roadway floor and the self-supporting structure characteristics of the surrounding rock on the stability of the surrounding rock at the same time, and the influence of the creep characteristics of rock on the deformation zone of the surrounding rock requires further research on the nature and division of the self-supporting structure of the surrounding rock. In response to the issues mentioned, based on the loading and unloading properties of the surrounding rock of the soft rock roadway, a new concept of the internal and external self-bearing structure was proposed. The fact of water-immersed mudstone softening in the soft rock roadway floor was revealed through the field practice, and the shape of the internal and external bearing structure was determined based on the in situ monitoring results. Then, the instability mechanism of the internal and external self-bearing structure of the surrounding rock was analyzed, the position of the critical control point was calculated, and the key control technology based on the method of controlling floor heave by using double-row anchor cables to control the deformation of the roadway sides was put forward. Finally, the field industrial test showed that this support technology can effectively control the deformation and failure of soft rock roadway in the case of water immersion on the floor. This work can provide a technical reference for similar roadway support designs.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
       
  • Study on the Process and Characteristics of Clogging for Ceramic Permeable
           Brick

    • Abstract: A ceramic permeable brick was selected for study in a device that was designed to fully investigate the process and characteristics of clogging in permeable bricks. In order to evaluate the permeability influenced by clogging, a simulated rainfall was filtered through the permeable brick placed in an innovative device. The macroscopic and microscopic changes in the brick and the filtrate were all measured to fully investigate the causes and process of clogging. Then, the mechanism of clogging in the permeable brick pores was further discussed. The results showed that the clogging risk of permeable brick was extremely high, and it can result in a complete clogging in only 5–10 years under the experimental conditions. The permeability coefficient and porosity both decreased exponentially with the increase in filtrate, which was attributed to the clogging of the internal pore structure due to particle interception. The chord size distribution results stressed that the blockage mainly occurred in the upper layer pores in the range of 0.5–1.5 mm, which is relatively sensitive to clogging due to the particle size distribution in rain water. The particle size distribution of the influent and effluent indicated that the clogging process could completely remove particles larger than 88 µm but showed variable removal efficiency for particles with sizes of 20–88 µm. This research offers new insight into the clogging of permeable bricks and provides theoretical guidance for restoring the brick permeability.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 13:20:01 +000
       
  • Study on the Applicability of an Improved Pile-Beam-Arch Method of Metro
           Station Construction in the Upper-Soft and Lower-Hard Stratum

    • Abstract: The main challenge for metro station construction is to ensure the construction schedule while minimizing the impact on the surrounding environment. Based on the characteristics of the upper-soft and lower-hard stratum in the Dalian city of China, a special structure with six pilot tunnels and three spans of the pile-beam-arch (PBA) method is proposed and applied to the construction of the Labor Park metro station. In this study, laboratory experiments, numerical simulation analysis, and field monitoring data are used to investigate the applicability of six pilot tunnels and three spans of the PBA method in the process of construction. In the process of numerical simulation, the ground surface settlement, arch vertical displacement, the horizontal displacement of rock mass on both sides of the station, and vertical stress of support structure are analyzed. The numerical simulation results are found to be in good agreement with field measurement. Furthermore, the results indicate that, in the construction of six pilot tunnels and three spans of the PBA method, pilot tunnel construction and arch construction have a great influence on the surface settlement. The part of the initial vertical support of the pilot tunnels is removed, which caused the change of the position of maximum vertical stress and the redistribution of vertical stress. Because of reinforcement by side piles on both sides of the station, the horizontal displacement of the rock mass was reduced by 44.76% compared with that without reinforcement. The six pilot tunnels and three spans of the PBA method can effectively control the surface settlement, arch vertical displacement, and horizontal displacement of the rock mass.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 07:35:01 +000
       
  • The Risk Assessment of Debris Flow Hazards in Banshanmen Gully Based on
           the Entropy Weight-Normal Cloud Method

    • Abstract: The debris flow is one of the geological hazards; its occurrence is complex, fuzzy, and random. And it is affected by many indices; a new multi-index assessment method is proposed to analyze the risk level of debris flow based on the entropy weight-normal cloud model in Banshanmen gully. The index weight is calculated by using the entropy weight method. Then, the certainty degree of each index belonging to the corresponding cloud is obtained by using the cloud model. The final risk level of debris flow is determined according to the synthetic certainty degree. The conclusions are drawn that the method is feasible and accurate rate of risk estimation for debris flow is very high, so a new method and thoughts for the risk assessment of debris flow can be provided in the future.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 07:20:00 +000
       
  • An Orderly EV Charging Scheduling Method Based on Deep Learning in
           Cloud-Edge Collaborative Environment

    • Abstract: The rapid increase of the number of electric vehicles (EVs) has posed great challenges to the safe operation of the distribution network. Therefore, this paper proposes an ordered charging scheduling method for EV in the cloud-edge collaborative environment. Firstly, the uncertainty of user load demands, charging station requirements, and renewable outputs are taken into consideration. Correspondingly, the residential distribution points, EV charging stations, and renewable plants are regarded as the edge nodes. Then, the load demands and renewable outputs are predicted by a model combined with the convolutional neural network and deep belief network (CNN-DBN). Secondly, the power supply plans for charging stations are determined at the cloud side aiming at minimizing the operating cost of the distribution network via collecting the forecasting results. Finally, the charging station formulates the personalized charging scheduling strategies according to EV’s charging plans and the charging demands in order to follow the supply plan. The simulation results show that the load peak-to-valley difference and standard deviation of the proposed algorithm are reduced by 30.13% and 16.94%, respectively, compared with the disorderly charging and discharging behavior, which has verified the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 06:50:00 +000
       
  • Experimental Study on Main Physical Parameters Controlling Shear Strength
           of Unsaturated Loess

    • Abstract: It is particularly important to study the strength of unsaturated loess, and its accurate determination is crucial to the stability analysis of soil slope and foundation and calculation of earth pressure. In order to reveal the control mechanism of physical parameters on the shear strength of unsaturated loess, the intact and remolded loess were used as the research object; sandy silt, quartz flour, and quartz sand were used as contrast; the systematic direct shear tests of unsaturated loess, sandy silt, and quartz sand under different conditions of water content, dry density, and clay content were carried out. The results show that the cohesion, internal friction angle, and shear strength of unsaturated loess piecewise functionally decrease with the increase of water content, its shear strength increases linearly with the increase of dry density, and its internal friction angle shows an upward quadratic function relation with the increase of clay content. The law results of comparing sandy silt, quartz flour, and quartz sand with loess considering water content and dry density are the same; therefore, the equation of shear strength of unsaturated loess is proposed for practical engineering reference, and by the first derivative analysis of the equation, it is feasible to determine the control proportion of the three parameters on the shear strength of unsaturated loess. A stage-like difference between the three control proportions is observed, depending on the combination variations of water content and clay content.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 06:20:00 +000
       
  • Development of a Hybrid Method to Predict the Slope Surface Deformation
           Utilizing the Time Series and GA-Elman Models

    • Abstract: A reliable prediction of the surface deformation of slopes is vital to better assess the fatalities and economic losses caused by landslides. Many prediction methods have been proposed to estimate the surface deformation of landslides with nonlinear characteristics. However, these methods have low accuracy and poor applicability. In this paper, a new hybrid method for surface deformation prediction was proposed, which was deduced from the Wavelet Analysis, Genetic Algorithm (GA), and Elman Algorithm. In this method, the slope surface deformation was decomposed into a trend component and a periodic component using the time series model, which were trained and predicted utilizing the GA-Elman model. The predicted slope surface deformation was the combination of the trend component and the periodic component. Then, the predicted results of slope surface deformation through GA-Elman were compared with the predicted results through Support Vector Machines (SVM), Extreme Learning Machine (ELM), Back Propagation (BP), and Genetic Algorithm-Back Propagation (GA-BP) models. The comparison was made with reference to the data retrieved from the on-site slopes and the laboratory tests. The results revealed that the proposed method highlighted reliability and could be used with higher accuracy to forecast the slope surface deformation in the process of landslides.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 06:20:00 +000
       
  • Evaluation of the Additives’ Behaviour to Determine the Best Modifier
           for Improving Asphalt Performance at High Temperature

    • Abstract: The current study aims to examine the physical and rheological properties at the high-temperature range of 52, 58, 64, 70, 76, and 82°C, utilizing adjusted asphalt binders. Three kinds of asphalt modifiers were selected such as styrene-butadiene-styrene, ethylene vinyl acetate, and end of life tires. The selected additives were implemented with different contents ranging from 4% to 7% by the weight of neat asphalt. Various test methods have been established, such as ductility, viscosity, microscopic inspection, and dynamic shear rheometer experiments. Results proved that the percentage decrease in ductility was 93%, 91%, and 88% with regard to the adding of the end of life tires (ELTs), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), and styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) additives, respectively. Outcomes also confirmed that viscosity was boosted from 0.411 Pa.s to 1.249, 1.0986, and 0.9785 Pa.s after adding 7% of ELTs, 7% of EVA, and 7% of SBS, respectively. The rutting parameter and complex shear modulus increased after modification, indicating the excellent performance of asphalt. The conclusions confirmed that the ELTs have fewer agglomerates and have good compatibility before ageing and excellent compatibility after the ageing process. Thus, the ELTs are deemed as efficient dispersion additive for avoiding separation during the storage and handling of the asphalt binder. Lastly, ELTs were accepted as the best enhancer for their positive influence on physical and rheological characteristics, which means higher quality amended bitumen would give higher resistance to permanent deformation.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 06:05:01 +000
       
  • The Influence of an Expansive Agent on the Performance of
           Cement-Stabilized Coral Sand

    • Abstract: Using coral sand as an aggregate to build the base layer of pavement on islands and along coasts in China has the potential to not only reduce construction costs and time but also lessen carbon emissions during transportation. Due to coral sand’s fragility, porosity, and high water absorption, the amount of cement is higher than that of ordinary cement-stabilized gravel, which leads to the high strength but easy cracking of the base layer. The expansion agent is added to improve the shrinkage characteristics of cement-stabilized coral sand. To ensure the validity of our results, the mixing ratio of cement-stabilized coral sand was optimized according to its characteristics, and the effects of the cement content, the expansion agent type, and dosage on coral sand’s mechanical properties, dry shrinkage, and antiscour performance of cement-stabilized coral sand were studied using an orthogonal test. The results indicate that cement content is one of the most important factors affecting compressive strength, scouring, and dry shrinkage. The optimal mix ratio of cement-stabilized coral sand is 6% cement to 8% CAS expansion agent (accounting for cement), which is sufficient to meet the design criteria for heavy-duty traffic subbases.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 06:05:00 +000
       
  • Analysis of Stress and Deformation Characteristics of Deep-Buried Phyllite
           Tunnel Structure under Different Cross-Section Forms and Initial Support
           Parameters

    • Abstract: Deep-buried soft rock tunnels exhibit low strength and easy deformation under the influence of high ground stress. The surrounding rock of the soft rock tunnel may undergo large deformation during the construction process, thereby causing engineering problems such as the collapse of the vault, bottom heave, and damage to the supporting structure. The Chengwu Expressway Tunnel II, considered in this study, is a phyllite tunnel, with weak surrounding rock and poor water stability. Under the original design conditions, the supporting structure exhibits stress concentration and large deformation. To address these issues, three schemes involving the use of the double-layer steel arch to support, weakening of the steel arch close to the excavation surface, and weakening of the steel arch away from the excavation surface to support were proposed. Using these schemes, the inverted radius was varied to explore its influence on different support schemes. For simulation, the values of the inverted radius selected were as follows: 1300 cm, 1000 cm, and 700 cm. The proposed support plan was simulated using FLAC3D, and the changes in the pressure between the initial support and surrounding rock, the settling of the vault, and the surrounding convergence were investigated. The numerical simulation results of monitoring the surrounding rock deformation show that the double-layer steel arch can effectively reduce the large deformation of the soft rock well. When the stiffness of one of the steel arches was weakened, the support’s ability to control the deformation was weakened; however, it still showed reliable performance in controlling deformation. However, changing the radius of the invert had an insignificant effect on the deformation and force of the supporting structure.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 06:05:00 +000
       
  • Design and Application of a Digital System for Information Management and
           Synchronous Analysis in a Foundation Pit Group

    • Abstract: When several adjacent foundation pits are excavated simultaneously and alternately, the foundation pit group has the interactions which will aggravate the excavation-induced adverse impact on surrounding environment. However, due to the massive construction information and monitoring data during excavation, the effect of interactions on performance of the foundation pits is hardly examined. In this study, a digital system is developed to manage the construction information and monitoring data of the foundation pit group. On the one hand, a visualization management system based on Autodesk Revit is developed to record information such as geometry information, excavation stages, and instrument layout. The complex construction information can be inquired dynamically. On the other hand, a dynamic and synchronous analysis system is developed based on SQL Server external database, Visio, and Excel software. The SQL Server software is capable to facilitate data classification and standardization management. The excavation process and monitoring data are fused through the secondary development of Visio and Excel software to help visualize, respectively. The developed system is applied to the foundation pit group of Shanghai World Expo Project. The lateral deflection of diaphragm walls is investigated and the rebound phenomenon of diaphragm wall is interpreted. It confirms that the developed system can improve the information management so that the deformation behavior of the foundation pit group can be analyzed efficiently.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 06:05:00 +000
       
  • Evaluation of Reclaimed Hydrated Fly Ash as an Aggregate for Sustainable
           Roadway Base Material

    • Abstract: This paper summarizes the findings from laboratory and field performance testing of reclaimed hydrated class C fly ash (HFA) stabilized with a triangular aperture geogrid. This phase of testing was performed on HFA laboratory specimens and field test sections. The laboratory test results provided estimates for design input values, while the field testing assessed performance characteristics including the as-constructed modulus of the subgrade reaction, the in situ resilient modulus, and permanent deformation. For the laboratory portion, all results were derived from tests conducted on specimens immediately after sample preparation and after a 7-day cure. The compressive strength of reclaimed hydrated class C fly ash increases with curing. The strength of the HFA material can be further increased when mixed with a chemical stabilizer. For this project, chemical stabilization with lime was not viable because the lime supplier was too far from both HFA source and project site. Based on cyclic plate load tests, the in situ resilient modulus of the HFA and geogrid-stabilized HFA layers were determined on site. This paper reports the findings from the laboratory and field plate load test and highlights the potential use of geogrids in the stabilization of HFA.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jan 2021 16:50:00 +000
       
  • An Evaluation Method for Effective Prestress of Simply Supported
           Prestressed Concrete Beams with Breathing Cracks

    • Abstract: Loss of effective prestress and accurate detection of actual stress in existing precast prestressed concrete bridges are two major challenges in the bridge industry. In this respect, this research aims at an improved method for the critical decompression moment (DM) test of cracked sections depending on the stress change rate of tensile rebars. A calculation method for total effective prestress of prestressing strands in the tensile region is derived with the assumption of the plane section and pre-decompression elastomer. The proposed method is verified by laboratory tests on beams and numerical analysis and by addressing effective prestress issues of existing simply supported beams. The determination results of the critical decompression state show that the proposed method (i.e., the stress change rate of tensile rebars-load curve) is more sensitive and reasonable than the traditional stress increment, i.e., load curve method. The evaluation results of the total effective prestress are more reasonable than the traditional method based on the steel stress relief hole technique or frequency test results. Compared with the existing methods for estimating the prestress using the mid-span deflection or crack width, the proposed method is more reasonable in theory and calculation. It provides a guide for the evaluation and reinforcement of aging bridges.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jan 2021 07:05:00 +000
       
  • Study on the Calculation Method of the Diffusion Range of Grouting Slurry
           for a High-speed Railway Ballastless Track Subgrade

    • Abstract: Grouting engineering is the most convenient and quick way to deal with postconstruction settlement. Based on the investigation of the Beijing Shenyang high-speed railway in the early stage, the microdestructive force of grout on the soil mass in the process of grouting with the method of fluid solid coupling theory was analyzed. The numerical simulation results show that, in the grouting process, the greater the grouting pressure, the wider the diffusion range of the slurry and the greater the damage to the microscopic contact force of the slurry to the soil; in addition, when the grouting pressure is below 0.15 MPa, the diffusion form of the slurry in the soil is osmotic grouting; when the pressure is about 0.3 MPa, the diffusion form of the slurry in the soil is compacted grouting; on the basis of the simulation results, a deeper research is carried out, and the calculation formula of the slurry diffusion curve is obtained. It fills in the blank of the theoretical study of the slurry diffusion curve. In this paper, the diffusion formula of grouting slurry can be used in the theoretical study of clay grouting, and it can be used as a reference for practical engineering.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
       
  • An Interval Parameter Calculation Method of Asphalt Pavement Structure
           Design Based on Point Numerical Algorithm

    • Abstract: In the asphalt pavement structure design method, the structural analysis and design are generally performed in the form of point values. However, determining the point value form of design parameters based on the statistical analysis theory cannot fully reflect the complex properties such as variability and uncertainty of parameters. In order to further improve the reliability and practicability of pavement design parameters, in this article, we have introduced the interval number representation that can better reflect the complex nature of parameters; but the interval number algorithm is too complicated and common calculation tools and software are difficult to adopt, which limit the wide application of interval analysis to some extent. The article analyzes the algorithm of interval numbers, focusing on the analysis of interval numbers of unary and binary functions. In this way, the point number operation can be used to obtain the interval number result of the function consistent with the interval number algorithm, which avoids the complicated interval number operation process and the interval expansion. The point numerical function algorithm of interval numbers is verified by design parameters and the calculation of asphalt pavement structure such as axle load conversion, cumulative equivalent axis calculation, calculation of foundation layer tensile stress of each structure layer, calculation of mixture penetration strength, fatigue cracking check of asphalt mixture layer, permanent deformation check, and vertical pressure strain test of roadbed top surface. In conclusion, this research provides a simple and easy way to implement the application of mathematical tools for interval analysis, which is suitable for direct use for existing point numerical calculation tools and software.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Jan 2021 05:05:00 +000
       
  • Experiment on Corrosion Fatigue Life of Steel Strands under the Coupling
           Effects of Chloride Environment and Alternating Loads

    • Abstract: Corrosion pits will lead to local stress concentration on the surface of steel strands and even shorter fatigue life and worse mechanical properties of steel strands. In order to explore the corrosion mechanics of steel strands to predict the fatigue life, accelerated salt spray corrosion test is carried out to simulate the corrosion laws of steel strands and record the changes of the corrosion degrees during the experiment, considering the coupling effects of alternating loads and chloride environment. Besides, the impact of stress amplitudes on the corrosion degrees of steel strands is quantitatively studied by the corrosion weight loss, and corroded steel strands in experiment are graded according to the corrosion weight loss to test the mechanical properties, respectively; the results show that the corrosion weight loss and tensile strength of steel strands obey the exponential distribution, and the relationship with elongation is linear. In addition, the relationships between the stress concentration coefficient and the pit length, width, and depth are obtained; with the three-dimensional linear regression theory, the accuracy of the regression model is verified by t-value test, laying a foundation for predicting the corrosion life of the cables.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Jan 2021 09:35:00 +000
       
  • Influence of the Chemical Composition of Asphalt and the 3D Morphology of
           the Aggregate on Contact Surface Adhesion

    • Abstract: The influence of the chemical composition of asphalt, the aggregate lithology, and the morphological characteristics of the aggregate on the level of adhesion between the asphalt and the aggregate is investigated. A contactless three-dimensional (3D) white-light scanning technique is used to obtain point cloud data of the aggregate particles. Six independent feature parameters are used as evaluation indices to quantitatively describe the multilevel features of the 3D morphology of road aggregates. Methods for analyzing the feature parameters based on the point cloud data of the aggregate are presented. Subsequently, the process and evaluation standard of the adhesion test are improved to quantify the spalling degree of the asphalt film on the aggregate surface under boiling conditions. The influences of the chemical composition of the asphalt and the aggregate morphology on the level of adhesion between the asphalt and aggregate are analyzed, and the compatibility between aggregates with different lithologies and the asphalt is assessed. The results show that the shape factor (SF) can be used to characterize the needle-flake shape of the particles, the ellipsoid index (E) is suitable to determine the angularity of the aggregate particles, and the 3D joint roughness coefficient (JRC3D) describes the roughness of the particle surface. The type of adhesion between the aggregate and the asphalt includes chemical and physical adsorption; chemical bonding is relatively strong, and the physical orientation force and mechanical interlocking force are relatively weak. Alkaline limestone aggregates should be used with asphalt with a high aggregate content of colloid and asphaltenes. Basalt aggregate with weak alkalinity should be used with asphalt with a high colloid content, and the use of angular aggregates should be avoided. Acidic aggregates with compact shapes, few edges and corners, and rough surfaces should be used prudently.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 12:05:00 +000
       
  • Modeling of Concrete-Frozen Soil Interface from Direct Shear Test Results

    • Abstract: The shear behaviors of concrete-frozen soil interface are important for analyzing the performance of engineering structures buried in the frozen ground. In this paper, a series of direct shear tests were carried out to determine the concrete-soil interface behaviors at different test temperatures (19°C, −1°C, −3°C, and −5°C) and initial water contents (9.2%, 13.1%, 17.1%, and 20.8%) of soils. The interface shear behaviors, including the shear stress versus horizontal displacement, interface cohesion, and interface friction coefficient, were analyzed based on the test results. Then, a simple, nonlinear model was proposed and verified for the interface shear behaviors. The results show that the effect of initial water content and test temperature on the interface shear behavior is significant, and the peak stress increases with the increasing initial water content and decreasing test temperature. The interface cohesion is sensitive to the test temperature and initial water content, while the interface friction coefficient is insensitive to both the factors. The parameters of the simple nonlinear model can be gained by back-analyzing the test results. The predictions made by the proposed model are found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 12:05:00 +000
       
  • Stability Analysis and Reliability Evaluation in Cataclastic Loose Rock
           Mass Blocks

    • Abstract: Cataclastic rock masses with multiple failure modes and mechanisms are critical geological problems in the construction of rock slopes. Cataclastic rock masses are widely distributed in slopes of a hydropower project located on Lancang River, which is located in Tibet, China. In this study, the potentially unstable block of the slope is divided into key block and secondary key block based on the key block theory, and the system reliability evaluation theory is introduced. The method for quantitatively analyzing the rock mass stability of cataclastic slopes with sliding failure is established. Then, the spatial distribution of cataclastic rock masses and discontinuities in several rock slopes of a hydropower project are determined using traditional geological surveying and 3D laser scanning. At last, combining the BATE 2.0 software and the stereographic projection of the vector, the proposed method is applied to the study area. The results show that the main failure mode of the studied slope is wedge failure, and the system reliability is 1.69. With the increase in the instability probability of the key block, the increase in the instability probability of the system block is obvious, which reflects the controlling effect of the key block on the stability of the system block. The calculated system instability probability is slightly larger than the key block instability probability.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 12:05:00 +000
       
  • Case Study on Safety Assessment of Rockfall and Splash Stone Protective
           Structures for Secondary Excavation of Highway Slope

    • Abstract: Rockfall occurs on the excavation of the slope of highway resulting from excavated rock pieces. In order to solve the problem of rockfall protection during the disturbance of high slope secondary excavation, rockfall analysis program RocFall was used to perform inverse calculation for rockfall path of excavation disturbed rock. Based on a case study of a reconstruction and expansion project, two rockfall movement models were proposed under excavation disturbance. Moreover, the safety of protective structures under five protection schemes and different initial rockfall movement points is evaluated according to the rockfall interceptions rate. The evaluation results were further verified by long-term field observation. The results show that the protective structure at the slope top has a better interception effect to rockfall. It was difficult to intercept the splash stone, which threats to the traffic safety of the existing roads. According to different construction points of mechanical excavation and the interception rate of splash stone by the protective structure, the forbidden region and safety region of mechanical excavation were proposed.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 11:35:01 +000
       
 
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