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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 339 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 339 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Arthritis     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Cholesterol     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.424, CiteScore: 1)
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 74, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analysis     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 197)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)

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Journal Cover
Advances in Civil Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.539
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 43  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-8086 - ISSN (Online) 1687-8094
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Differential Settlement of Intersecting Buildings in an Offshore
           Reclamation Project

    • Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of open gaps caused by differential settlement in the process of constructing sluice buildings in soft soil beach areas, combined with the construction of sluice and supporting facilities in a reclamation project. First, the change rules for the shear strength and compression modulus of soft soil under different consolidation degrees are studied by theoretical analysis. Then, an interaction model for soft soil and pile soil is established using the geotechnical finite element analysis software MIDAS/GTS NX. The change rules for the vertical and horizontal ultimate bearing capacities of a single pile with the degree of soil consolidation are studied. On this basis, a three-dimensional numerical analysis model of drainage sluice, seawall, cofferdam, and foundation soil is established, and the relationship between the degree of soil consolidation and the development of structural gaps caused by differential settlement is obtained. The research results show that the bearing capacity of a single pile increases greatly with the consolidation of soil around the pile and that the gap width between the structures in the project decreases with increasing consolidation. This paper provides a theoretical basis for the prediction of pile bearing capacity in the preliminary design stage and the evaluation and calculation of differential settlement of intersecting buildings in soft soil beach areas.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Mar 2019 12:05:10 +000
       
  • Design Earthquake Response Spectrum Affected by Shallow Soil Deposit

    • Abstract: Site response analyses were performed to investigate the earthquake response of structures with shallow soil depth conditions in Korea. The analysis parameters included the properties of soft soil deposits at 487 sites, input earthquake accelerations, and peak ground-acceleration levels. The response spectra resulting from numerical analyses were compared with the design response spectra (DRS) specified in the 2015 International Building Code. The results showed that the earthquake motion of shallow soft soil was significantly different from that of deep soft soil, which was the basis of the IBC DRS. The responses of the structures were amplified when their dynamic periods were close to those of the site. In the case of sites with dynamic periods less than 0.4 s, the spectral accelerations of short-period structures were greater than those of the DRS corresponding to the site class specified in IBC 2015. On the basis of these results, a new form of DRS and soil factors are proposed.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Mar 2019 13:05:06 +000
       
  • Tension Test for Axially Vibrated Prestressing Fine-Rolled Screw-Threaded
           Steel Bars Based on Thread-Contact Connection

    • Abstract: The interface between anchor plate and anchorage nut can be considered as a coupling spring whose stiffness is essentially the contact stiffness related to normal force at the contact surface, thus removing the usual assumption of fixed connection. The nut threads and steel bar are also connected with a coupling spring with the stiffness determined based on the threads treated as cantilever components. An analytical model was developed to assess the axial vibration of an anchorage system consisting of prestressing fine-rolled screw-threaded steel bars (P/S FSSBs). Both laboratory model and field tests show that the contact stiffness between anchor plate and anchorage nut has good a linear relationship with the effective tension of prestressed tendons. The vibration model was used to obtain the natural frequency and tensile force of a P/S FSSB. It is shown to be feasible and practical. According to the analytical model and test method presented in this paper, the proposed tension tester for P/S FSSBs possesses the features of repeated use, rapid testing, and minimized impact on the construction and is thus suggested for wider practical applications.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Mar 2019 10:05:14 +000
       
  • Vertical Rods as a Seismic Reinforcement Technique for Rammed Earth Walls:
           An Assessment

    • Abstract: Rammed earth (RE) is a construction material which is manufactured by compacting soil by layers within a formwork to build a monolithic wall. RE material is the subject of numerous scientific researches during the last decade because of the significant heritage of RE buildings and the sustainable properties of this material: low embodied energy, substantial thermal inertia, and natural regulator of moisture. The seismic performance of RE buildings is an interesting topic which needs to be thoroughly investigated. This paper presents a numerical study which assesses the relevancy of a seismic reinforcement technique for RE walls by using two vertical steel rods installed at two extremities of the walls. The discrete element method (DEM) was used to model unreinforced and reinforced RE walls. These walls were first loaded with a vertical stress on the top to simulate the vertical loads and then submitted to a horizontal loading on the top to simulate the seismic action. Two current cases of RE buildings were investigated: one-storey and two-storey buildings. The results showed that the reinforcement technique enhanced the maximum horizontal force about 25% and 10%, respectively, for the cases of one- and two-storey buildings. Higher effectiveness of this reinforcement technique is expected for RE materials having higher compressive strength, for example, stabilized RE.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Mar 2019 08:05:19 +000
       
  • Sandstone Dynamical Characteristics Influenced by Water-Rock Interaction
           of Bank Slope

    • Abstract: During the long-term reservoir operation, the seismic capability and dynamic response characteristics of the bank slope are of great importance to its safety evaluation content. Aimed at typical bank slopes, considering reservoir water level fluctuation and soaking-air drying cyclic interaction, an experiment has been designed and conducted. In addition, the cyclic loading test with different stress amplitudes was carried out in different water-rock cycles. The laboratory results indicate that (1) during the immersion-air dry circulation process, the damping ratio and damping coefficient of sandstone gradually increased while the dynamic elastic modulus decreased. It is obvious that the dynamic elastic modulus of sandstone decreases dramatically during the immersion-air dry circulation process, especially in the first six periods. Also, its variation curve fits with the logarithmic curve. (2) When the cyclic load stress amplitude increases from 10 MPa to 35 MPa, the damping ratio and coefficient of the rock sample gradually decreased while dynamic elastic modulus increased. each dynamic parameter shows a more obvious variation trend when the stress amplitude is lower than 25 MPa. (3) During the water-rock interaction process, the closely knit microstructure of rock gradually becomes loose and porous, which resulted in the degradation of macroscopic physical and mechanical properties of sandstone. (4) In the analysis of the seismic response of the bank slope, the actual water-rock interaction process and the seismic level of the bank slope should be more considered. To find out further accurate reflection in the earthquake resistance and dynamic response of the bank slope, it is necessary to select the reasonable dynamic parameter to carry out seismic research.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Mar 2019 08:05:15 +000
       
  • Orthogonal Experimental Study on Multifactor Conditions for Gas Desorption
           in Coal

    • Abstract: The isothermal adsorption experiment of coal is an important method to study the mechanism of coal gas desorption. The orthogonal experiment is used to compare the gas desorption mechanism of coal under multifactor conditions, such as the particle size, temperature, pressure, moisture content, and molding pressure. The sensitivity of five factors was used to conduct regression analysis. The sensitivity and influence degree of five factors on the coal gas desorption capacity were analyzed. The results showed the following: (1) the effect of the coal sample particle size, temperature, pressure, moisture content, and molding pressure of coal on the sensitivity of desorption capacity is shown as C (pressure) > B (temperature) > A (particle size) > D (moisture content) > E (molding pressure); (2) the regression analysis of various factors for gas adsorption indicates that the degree of correlation of the multivariate quadratic regression equation is higher compared to that of the multivariate one-time regression equation; and (3) the coal sample particle size, temperature, pressure, moisture content, and type of gas desorption can well represent the gas desorption capacity of a coal sample under various conditions. The smaller the particle size of the coal sample, the higher the ambient temperature, the higher the gas pressure, the lower the moisture content of the coal sample, and the greater the gas desorption per unit mass in 30 min after coal sample gas adsorption equilibrium. The orthogonal test results have important theoretical significance for guiding gas adsorption and desorption tests of coal. For coal and gas outburst prediction, the coal seam gas flow mechanism, coal gas content prediction, and calculation of the mining coal gas emission have important practical significance for gas explosion accident prevention.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Mar 2019 08:05:12 +000
       
  • Parametric Push-Out Analysis on Perfobond Rib with Headed Stud Mixed Shear
           Connector

    • Abstract: In steel and concrete composite structures, it is unfavourable to install many headed studs or perfobond ribs with narrow spacings at the joints. To solve this problem, a new type of a mixed shear connector was developed by combining a headed stud and perfobond rib at the same steel beam flange. In this paper, totally nine push-out tests were conducted. The main purpose was to compare the failure mode and the load-slip behavior of the headed stud, perfobond rib, and mixed shear connector. Furthermore, 19 nonlinear finite element simulations were performed. The effects of connector dimension and material properties on the structural behaviors of mixed shear connectors were studied. Based on the experimental and parametric study, an analytical equation was finally proposed to evaluate the shear capacity of perfobond rib with a headed stud mixed shear connector.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 15:05:03 +000
       
  • Pounding between Adjacent Frame Structures under Earthquake Excitation
           Based on Transfer Matrix Method of Multibody Systems

    • Abstract: In this paper, the case of two adjacent frame structures is studied by establishing a mechanical model based on the transfer matrix method of multibody system (MS-TMM). The transfer matrices of the related elements and total transfer equation are deduced, combining with the Hertz-damp mode. The pounding process of two adjacent frame structures is calculated by compiling the relevant MATLAB program during severe ground motions. The results of the study indicate that the maximum error of the peak pounding forces and the peak displacements at the top of the frame structure obtained by the MS-TMM and ANSYS are 6.22% and 9.86%, respectively. Comparing the calculation time by ANSYS and MS-TMM, it shows that the computation efficiency increases obviously by using the MS-TMM. The pounding mainly occurs at the top of the short structure; meanwhile, multiple pounding at the same time may occur when the separation gap is small. The parametric investigation has led to the conclusion that the pounding force, the number of poundings, the moment of pounding, and the structural displacement are sensitive to the change of the seismic peak acceleration and the separation gap size.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 10:05:15 +000
       
  • Accurate Method for Picking Up the First Arrival Time of Microseismic
           Signals Based on Entropy Theory

    • Abstract: The entropy method describes the change in the signal state from a macroscopic angle and weakens the interference generated by random noise. From the angle of chaos, which describes the first arrival of microseismic signals, it predicts the trend of noise entropy based on the grey theory. The results indicate that the entropy method is sensitive to amplitude, frequency, and seismic phase changes. Compared with traditional methods, the entropy method has better noise immunity. In terms of the influence of the pickup parameter on the resulting error, the entropy method demonstrated the best result and produces the smallest error.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 10:05:14 +000
       
  • Seismic Performance of Full-Scale Joints Composed by Concrete-Filled Steel
           Tube Column and Reinforced Concrete Beam with Steel Plate-Stud Connections
           

    • Abstract: A concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) column has the advantages of high bearing capacity, high stiffness, and good ductility, while reinforced concrete (RC) structure systems are familiar to engineers. The combinational usage of CFST and RC components is playing an important role in contemporary projects. However, existing CFST column-RC beam joints are either too complex or have insufficient stiffness at the interface, so their practical engineering application has been limited. In this study, the results of a practical engineering project were used to develop two kinds of CFST column-RC beam joints that are connected by vertical or U-shaped steel plates and studs. The seismic performance of full-scale column-beam joints with a shear span ratio of 4 was examined when they were subjected to a low-cyclic reversed loading test. The results showed a plump load-displacement curve for the CFST column-RC beam joint connected by steel plates and studs, and the connection performance satisfied the building code. The beam showed a bending failure mode similar to that of traditional RC joints. The failure area was mainly concentrated outside the steel plate, and the plastic hinge moved outward from the ends of the beam. When the calculated cross section was set at the ends of the beam, the bending capacity of joints with the vertical or U-shaped steel plates and studs increased compared to the RC joint. However, when the calculated cross section was set to the failure area, the capacity was similar to that of the RC joint. The proposed joints showed increases in the energy dissipation, average energy dissipation coefficient, and ductility coefficient compared to the RC joint.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 10:05:13 +000
       
  • Ground Settlements due to Construction of Triplet Tunnels with Different
           Construction Arrangements

    • Abstract: Combining two or three shield tunnels that are drilled consecutively at small intermediate distances into a single open cross section creates a larger useful tunnel area, while keeping the total construction area rather compact. However, the combination of several bored tunnel tubes into a singular cross section results in a complicated construction procedure. Current methodologies address the evaluation of the settlement trough for one single tunnel or two parallel tunnels only. This study aims at expanding the current methodologies to the multiple-tunnel geometry. Various construction orders and intermediate distances between the tunnels are evaluated using finite element analyses. The grout pressure method is applied in combination with the hardening strain with the small strain stiffness (HS small) constitutive model to investigate the relative magnitude of the settlements due to shield tunneling. It is concluded that the configuration with a Top-Left-Right construction sequence is the optimal arrangement. It results in 22.4% and 36.9% lesser settlements when compared to the equivalent horizontal twin tunnels spaced at 3D and the Left-Right-Top sequence, respectively.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 10:05:11 +000
       
  • Experimental Study on High-Pressure Air Blasting Fracture for Coal and
           Rock Mass

    • Abstract: In order to research on the issue of high-pressure gas blasting fracture deeply, a high-pressure gas blasting cracking experimental system was established; the effects of gas pressure and gas volume on the morphology of crack growth were studied; the p-t curve of pressure in the blasting process with time was obtained; and the mechanism of high-pressure gas blasting cracking was analyzed in this paper. The conclusion has shown that the stage of effect of high-pressure gas blasting on the test block includes three stages: the gas jet impact stage, the crack initiation and development stage, and the perforation fracture stage. In the design of gas pressure of 5 MPa, the experimental block only produces one longitudinal main crack. As the gas pressure increases to 7.5 MPa and 10 MPa, besides forming one longitudinal main crack, a transverse main crack is formed with further expanded 4–6 secondary cracks. In the same design of gas pressure regardless of volume size, each pressure variation stage has the same length, and the experimental block of the cracking pressure is basically the same. With the higher design pressure, the cracking pressure and the fracture pressure are higher. In the same design of gas pressure, with the larger gas volume, the fracture pressure required for the experimental block is smaller.
      PubDate: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Bridge Structure Dynamic Analysis under Vessel Impact Loading considering
           Soil-Pile Interaction and Linear Soil Stiffness Approximation

    • Abstract: The appropriate modeling of the soil-pile interaction (SPI) is critical to get the reasonable dynamic responses of bridge structure under impact loading. Of various SPI modeling approaches, utilizing p-y and t-z curves is a common method to represent the nonlinear lateral resistance and skin friction of pile-surrounding soil. This paper accomplished SPI modeling for the bridge pylon impact analysis with compression-only nonlinear springs and linear dashpots. The kinematic interaction and pile group effect were incorporated into the SPI. A variety of pylon impact analyses were conducted under energy-variation impact loads. The structure dynamic responses were compared and discussed considering the influences of pile group effect, soil damping, and axial t-z spring. An approximate approach was proposed to derive the linearized stiffness of soil for the purpose of engineering calculation. It was concluded from the extensive simulations that the impact load generated from higher initial energy induced more significant structural responses and larger soil inelastic deformation than smaller initial energy. The piles in the leading row possessed larger bending moments, whereas they exhibited smaller pile deformation than the responses of trailing row piles. Soil damping applied in SPI played positive roles on the reduction of structural responses. Replacing the t-z spring by fixing the degree-of-freedom (DOF) in the vertical direction was capable to yield satisfactory results of structural responses. The proposed linear soil stiffness was demonstrated to be applicable in the SPI modeling of structure impact analysis.
      PubDate: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Settlement Models of Deep Vacuum Dewatering Method

    • Abstract: The deep vacuum dewatering method is effective for groundwater control in projects. By now, although the vacuum consolidation in soft soil foundation treatment has been analyzed much, the settlement of deep vacuum dewatering has not been researched sufficiently. Because of the extra vacuum pressure, the settlement should be analyzed further. In this paper, the settlement models are derived and analyzed based on the 2 vacuum pressure distribution models (plane seepage model and Johnson’s model), Imai and Chai’s vacuum consolidation models, and elastic model of traditional soil mechanics. And then a project case is provided to verify the theoretical models. The results show that the proposed model is suitable to predict the settlement and provide new references for vacuum dewatering engineering.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 08:05:14 +000
       
  • Effect of Warm-Mix Agent EC-120 on Performance of Asphalt Binder and Its
           Microscopic Mechanism

    • Abstract: In order to figure out the influence of the warm-mix agent EC-120 on the performance of the asphalt binder and its micro mechanism in warm-mixing process, a matrix asphalt, A-70, and SBS-modified asphalt, SBS I-D, were modified with different contents of EC-120, respectively. Then, conventional macromechanic performance tests, dynamic shear rheological (DSR) test at high-temperature, and bending beam rheological (BBR) test at low-temperature were carried out on asphalt binder samples. Meanwhile, they were microscopically analyzed through Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The results indicated that EC-120 can reduce the viscosity of asphalt binder at high temperature. With the increase of EC-120 content, the high-temperature rutting resistance of two kinds of warm-mix asphalt (WMA) increased, but their crack resistance at low-temperature was reduced. FTIR indicated that this is due to the generation of oxides containing carbonyl functional groups after EC-120 was blended with asphalt binder. The DSC endothermic curves of WMA binders are obviously different from those of base binders, and a strong endothermic peak appears in the interval of 102°C–113°C, indicating that EC-120 will endothermically melt at the temperature of 102°C∼113°C, so it can play the role in reducing the viscosity of asphalt binder at the range of construction temperatures.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 07:05:09 +000
       
  • Prediction of Compressive Strength of Stabilized Earth Block Masonry

    • Abstract: The present study investigates the compressive strength of cement-stabilized earth block masonry prisms with a number of masonry units and joint layer mortar combinations. The compressive strength of masonry was determined to be performed by uniaxial tests on 144 masonry prisms. The simple relationship has been identified for obtaining the compressive strength of stabilized earth block masonry from their corresponding block and mortar compressive strength. The predicted compressive strength of masonry prisms using the proposed expression is compared with 14 empirical equations and experimental data of past research available in the published literature. The compressive strength predicted by the expression proposed in the present study was found to be in good agreement with corresponding experimental data compared with other empirical equations available in the published literature.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 00:05:07 +000
       
  • Decision Support Model for Design of High-Performance Concrete Mixtures
           Using Two-Phase AHP-TOPSIS Approach

    • Abstract: Concrete mix design is the science to obtain concrete proportions of cement, water, and aggregate, based on the particular concrete design method and their mix design parameters. However, the suitability of concrete proportion for high-performance concrete depends on resulting mix factors, namely, water, cement, fine aggregate, and coarse aggregate ratios. This paper implements the multicriteria decision-making techniques (MCDM) for ranking concrete mix factors and representative mix design methods. The study presents a framework to identify critical mix factors found from the concrete mix design methods for high-performance concrete using the two-phase AHP and TOPSIS approach. Three methods of concrete mix design, namely, American Concrete Institute (ACI) mix design method, Department of Energy (DOE) method, and Fineness Modulus (FM) method, are considered for ranking mix design methods and the resulting mix factors. Three hierarchy levels, having three criteria and seven subcriteria, and three alternatives are considered. The present research is attempted to provide MCDM framework to rank the concrete mix guidelines for any given environment such as concrete under sulphate and chloride attack and for evolving the performance-based concrete mix design techniques. Sensitivity and validation analysis is also provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Mar 2019 13:05:01 +000
       
  • Finite-Element Simulation on NPGCS Precast Shear Wall Spatial Structure
           Model

    • Abstract: Seismic performance is basically required in precast shear wall. This study focuses on evaluation and improvement on precast shear wall seismic performance. By carrying out the finite-element simulation on a precast shear wall spatial model with new connector from a practical high-rise precast residential building, which was named as NPGCS and experimentally tested by low-cyclic reversed lateral loads in early studies, the performance results including strengths, stiffness, stress, and concrete damage ratio distributions were obtained, and the reliability of NPGCS spatial model was verified. According to the testing results, the finite-element simulation for the NPGCS spatial model is reliable and relatively accurate, especially for applying contact and beam elements into numerical analysis of precast interfaces and dowel shear actions, respectively. The strengths, stiffness, stress, and concrete damage ratio distributions from the simulation also supported the experimental results and conclusions.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Mar 2019 09:05:13 +000
       
  • A New Efficient Modified First-Order Shear Model for Static Bending and
           Vibration Behaviors of Two-Layer Composite Plate

    • Abstract: A two-layer (connected by stubs) partial composite plate is a structure with outstanding advantages which can be widely applied in many fields of engineering such as construction, transportation, and mechanical. However, studies are scarce in the past to investigate this type of structure. This paper is based on the new modified first-order shear deformation plate theory and finite element method to develop a new four-node plate element with nine degrees of freedom per node for static bending and vibration analysis of the two-layer composite plate. The numerical results are compared to published data for some special cases. The effects of some parameters such as the boundary condition, stiffness of the connector stub, height-to-width ratio, thickness-to-thickness ratio between two layers, and aspect ratio are also performed to investigate new numerical results of static bending and free vibration responses of this structure.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Mar 2019 08:05:15 +000
       
  • Physical and Chemical Modifications of Plant Fibres for Reinforcement in
           Cementitious Composites

    • Abstract: This paper highlights the physical and chemical surface modifications of plant fibre (PF) for attaining suitable properties as reinforcements in cementitious composites. Untreated PF faces insufficient adhesion between the fibres and matrix due to high levels of moisture absorption and poor wettability. These conditions accelerate degradation of the fibre in the composite. It is also essential to reduce the risk of hydrophilic PF conditions with surface modification, to enhance the mechanical properties of the fibres. Fibres that undergo chemical and physical modifications had been proven to exhibit improved fibre-matrix interfacial adhesion in the composite and contribute to better composite mechanical properties. This paper also gives some recommendations for future research on chemical and physical modifications of PF.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 11:05:03 +000
       
  • Evaluation Method for the Liquefaction Potential Using the Standard
           Penetration Test Value Based on the CPTU Soil Behavior Type Index

    • Abstract: Taking the project of the Su-xin highway treated by using the resonant compaction method as the reference, a new method for the evaluation of liquefaction potential is proposed based on the piezocone penetration test (CPTU) and the standard penetration test (SPT). The soil behavior type index (Ic) obtained from CPTUs and the standard penetration test index (N63.5), obtained from SPTs, are analyzed for saturated silty sand and silt. The analysis result reveals a linear relationship between N63.5 and Ic, given by . The larger the value of Ic is, the greater the viscosity of soil is, and the smaller the value of N63.5 is. According to the method, liquefaction assessment of saturated silty sand and silt foundation can be conducted by using N63.5 based on the Code of Seismic Design of Building. N63.5 is expressed by a single Ic, which is calculated from the CPTU data. Compared with existing evaluation methods, this method can provide continuous standard penetration test values, moreover, this method involves a simple calculation, and the results obtained using the method are reliable.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 07:05:18 +000
       
  • Research on Structural Characteristics of Dynamic Nuclear Zone in Dynamic
           System of Coal and Rock

    • Abstract: In order to calculate the concrete scale range of coal and rock mass in rockburst of different degrees of danger and to prevent and control rockburst in coal mines, the concept of dynamic system of coal and rock is put forward in this paper. The model of the relationship between the occurrence of rockburst and dynamic system is built at the same time, which could be used to analyze the rockburst risk of coal and rock in different scales. The calculation method of dynamic nuclear zone scale and its evaluation system and quantitative indicators are put forward based on the energy release process of dynamic system of coal and rock. Combined with the fracturing technology of liquid CO2, the accuracy of the calculation method for the radius of dynamic nuclear zone is verified in a coal mine in Shanxi Province. The degree of coincidence between the results of the two methods is 96.9%∼97.5%, which shows that the calculation method for the radius of dynamic nuclear zone has high reliability and practicability. This method can be widely used in forecasting the risk of rockburst. The liquid CO2 fracturing method can be well used to simulate the blasting source of rockburst at the same time and can be applied to more mines in the future.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 07:05:15 +000
       
  • Effect of Garnet Characteristics on Abrasive Waterjet Cutting of Hard
           Granite Rock

    • Abstract: Abrasive waterjet cutting technology has come back into use in the field of rock excavation (such as for tunneling) due to the need for precision construction with low vibration. Because the abrasive particles play an important role in efficient erosion during the cutting process, the abrasive characteristics strongly affect the rock cutting performance. In this study, rock cutting tests were performed with five different coarse (40 mesh) garnets to explore the effect of the abrasive feed rate, physical properties, and particle size distribution on rock cutting performance. In addition, garnet particle disintegration was investigated with garnet characteristics for the abrasive waterjet. The test results indicate that the particle size distribution, garnet purity, specific gravity, and hardness are the most important parameters for rock cutting performance. This study offers better understanding of coarse garnet performance and efficiency according to the garnet characteristics. This should provide assistance in selection of the garnet needed to achieve the desired performance for hard rock cutting.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 03:05:02 +000
       
  • Theoretical Analysis of Damaged Width & Instability Mechanism of Rib
           Pillar in Open-Pit Highwall Mining

    • Abstract: To improve the resources’ recovery ratio and the economic benefits of open-pit mines, the development of highwall mining is used to exploit residual coal. The design of rib pillar, formed by excavation and mining activities in intact coal seams, is crucial to the overall stability and safety of the highwall mining operations. This paper focuses on the damage caused to rib pillars by the large deformation, occurring with the application of highwall mining in an open-pit in China. A mechanical model was established to investigate the damaged width of colinear rib pillars based on Hoek–Brown and Mohr–Coulomb failure criterion. The equations for calculating the damaged width of the rib pillar were obtained, respectively, by combining the Hoek–Brown failure criterion with the Mohr–Coulomb failure criterion. The failure mechanism for the width of the rib pillar and the factors affecting the colinear rib pillar were analyzed in detail. The results show that the application of the Hoek–Brown criterion has a unique advantage in analyzing the damaged width of the colinear rib pillars, in open-pit highwall mining. The instability mechanism and failure process of the rib pillars are described in combination with the limiting equilibrium method and the ratio of the elastic zone’s width to the width of the entire rib pillar.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Mar 2019 20:45:01 +000
       
  • Construction Database-Supported and BIM-Based Interface Communication and
           Management: A Pilot Project

    • Abstract: Construction projects are subject to numerous interface problems, particularly during the construction phase. The absence of suitable systems or platforms to tackle these issues could hinder the performance of construction management. Thus, the communication and management of interfaces (CMI) are necessary to improve the quality of the management of construction projects. E-mail and generic construction information systems are commonly used communication tools; however, they pose several limitations in recording and managing as well as in responding to interface problems. Building information modeling (BIM), by contrast, saves and delivers information in a digital format in a 3D computer-aided design (CAD) environment. The adoption of BIM technology integrated with web technology for construction projects allows users to communicate interface issues and obtain responses for them effectively. Thus, this study develops a database-supported and BIM-based CMI (DBCMI) system for general contractors to enhance their CMI work efficiency during the construction phase. To confirm the efficacy of the CMI, the DBCMI system was used in a building project in Taiwan. The case study results reveal that the proposed DBCMI system is an effective communication and management platform, particularly for practical CMI work integrated with BIM technology. This study concludes with the benefits of using the proposed system and possible limitations in its further application.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Mar 2019 08:05:08 +000
       
  • Loading Rate Effect of Rock Material with the Direct Tensile and Three
           Brazilian Disc Tests

    • Abstract: A series of experimental tests were conducted to investigate the effects of loading rate on the tensile strength of sandstone by using four test methods, including a direct tensile method and three typical Brazilian disc methods (plate loading, circular arc loading, and strip loading). The loading rates used in these tests varied from 10−2 MPa/s to 100 MPa/s. The results show that the rate effects are clear for these test methods, and the tensile strength of sandstone will increase linearly with the logarithm of the loading rate. At the same loading rate, it is found that the tensile strengths of the sandstone specimens under plate loading and arc loading are relatively similar and are much greater than the direct tensile strength, while the tensile strength under strip loading is less than the direct strength. A comprehensive comparison suggested that the strip loading method can be adopted for the Brazilian disc test, while the obtained strength should be modified with a coefficient of 1.37 to obtain the direct tensile strength.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Mar 2019 09:05:14 +000
       
  • Rotational Failure Mechanism for Face Stability of Circular Shield Tunnels
           in Frictional Soils

    • Abstract: Face stability analyses of shield-driven tunnels are often carried out to determine the required support pressure on the tunnel face. Although various three-dimensional mechanisms have been proposed for circular faces of tunnels in frictional and/or cohesive soils to obtain the limit support pressure, the most critical one has not yet been found. Based on a rotational failure mechanism for the frictional soils, this paper modifies the circular cross section as an ellipse to make the generating collapse surface inscribe the entire circular tunnel face. Using the kinematical approach of limit analysis yields an upper bound to the limit support pressure. Through comparisons with the existing results in the literature, the improved mechanism can better estimate the upper bound and is very similar to the observed failures in the experimental tests. The influences of the pore water pressure are also included in the stability analysis of tunnel faces. Calculated upper-bound solutions are presented in a condensed form of charts for convenient use in practice.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Mar 2019 08:05:11 +000
       
  • Deformation and Mechanical Behaviors of SCSF and CCCF Rectangular Thin
           Plates Loaded by Hydrostatic Pressure

    • Abstract: Elastic rectangular thin plate problems are very important both in theoretical research and engineering applications. Based on this, the flexural deformation functions of the rectangular thin plates with two opposite edges simply supported, one edge clamped and one edge free (SCSF) and three edges clamped and one edge free (CCCF), loaded by hydrostatic pressure are determined by single trigonometric series. And the flexural deformation functions are solved via the principle of minimum potential energy. Next, the internal force and stress functions of rectangular thin plates with two boundary conditions are obtained based on the small deflection bending theory of thin plates. The dimensionless deflection, dimensionless internal force, and dimensionless stress functions of the rectangular thin plates are established as well. The analytic solution in this paper is validated by the finite element method. Finally, the influence of aspect ratio λ and Poisson’s ratio μ on the deformation and mechanical behaviors of the rectangle thin plates is analyzed in this paper. This research can provide references for the plane water gate problem in seaports and channels.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Mar 2019 07:05:08 +000
       
  • Investigation of Miscanthus and Sunflower Stalk Fiber-Reinforced
           Composites for Insulation Applications

    • Abstract: The development of materials based on renewable and low-cost resources is today’s crucial interest for civil engineering. This work intends to investigate two new vegetable fibers as composite reinforcement for insulation application in the building industry. Miscanthus and sunflower stalk have mainly been selected for their high fiber content, low water content after harvesting, and availability. These criteria lead to good structural properties and allow a reduction in production and transportation costs. This study aims at demonstrating the feasibility to produce cohesive panels from these lignocellulosic fibers and their related interesting mechanical and thermal properties according to various natural binders.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Mar 2019 14:05:13 +000
       
  • Curing Effects on High-Strength Concrete Properties

    • Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the impact of hot and dry environments under different curing conditions on the properties of high-strength concrete. The concrete samples were prepared at a room temperature of 20°C and cured under different curing conditions. Some specimens underwent standard curing from 24 h after casting until the day of testing. Some specimens underwent steam curing in a dry oven at 30°C and 50°C after casting until the day of testing. Other specimens were cured for 3, 7, 21, and 28 days in water and then placed in a dry oven at 30°C and 50°C and tested at the age of 28 days, except for the specimens that were cured for 28 days, which were tested at the age of 31 days, to study the effect of curing period on the strength of concrete exposed to dry and hot environments after moist curing. The effects of hot and dry environments on high-strength concrete with different water/binder ratios (0.30, 0.35, and 0.40), using (30%) fly ash for all mixes, and (0%, 5%, and 10%) silica fume with the binder (450, 480, and 520 kg), respectively, were separately investigated, and the effects of curing under different conditions were evaluated by measuring the compressive strength, flexural strength, microhardness, and chloride diffusion and by assessing the concretes’ microstructure. The relationships between these properties were presented. A good agreement was noted between the concrete compressive strength and concrete properties at different temperatures, curing periods, and curing methods.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Mar 2019 14:05:11 +000
       
 
 
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