Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 343 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 343 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Biology J.     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.354, CiteScore: 1)
Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part B, Magnetic Resonance Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 1)
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 77, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 227)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.232
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 77  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5966 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5974
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Passive Suppression of Panel Flutter Using a Nonlinear Energy Sink

    • Abstract: A nonlinear energy sink (NES) is used to suppress panel flutter. A nonlinear aeroelastic model for a two-dimensional flat panel with an NES in supersonic flow is established using the Galerkin method. First-order piston aerodynamic theory is adopted to build the aerodynamic load. The effects of NES parameters on flutter boundaries of the panel are investigated using Lyapunov’s indirect method. The mechanism of the NES suppression of panel flutter is studied through energy analysis. Effects of NES parameters on aeroelastic responses of the panel are obtained, and a design technique is adopted to find a suitable combination of parameter values of the NES that suppresses the panel flutter effectively. Results show that the NES can increase or reduce the onset dynamic pressure of the panel flutter and it can reduce the aeroelastic response amplitude effectively within a certain range of dynamic pressure behind the onset dynamic pressure. The installation position of the NES depends on the direction of the airflow. The robust characteristics should be considered to find the suitable combination of parameter values of the NES.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Jul 2020 18:35:01 +000
  • Parameter Adaptive Terminal Sliding Mode Control of Flexible Coupling
           Air-Breathing Hypersonic Vehicle

    • Abstract: The highly nonlinear and coupling characteristics of a flexible air-breathing hypersonic vehicle create great challenges to its flight control design. A unique parameter adaptive nonsingular terminal sliding mode method is proposed for longitudinal control law design of a flexible coupling air-breathing hypersonic vehicle. This method uses adaptive reaching law gain instead of the additional adaptive compensation term to handle the uncertainty to improve robustness. The stability of the close loop system is proved via a Lyapunov way. The longitudinal tracking control law for velocity and angle of attack is designed based on a rigid dynamic model of a flexible air-breathing hypersonic vehicle. A strong coupling model of the same vehicle, considering aerodynamic-scramjet engine-flight dynamic-elastic couplings, is established as the verification platform of the designed control law. The remarkable differences of flight dynamic characteristics between this strong coupling model and the rigid body model can be seen, which mean the controller needs to endure very great uncertainty, unmodeled dynamics, and other types of internal disturbance. Simulation results based on the coupling model demonstrate that the designed control law has good performance and acceptable robustness.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Jul 2020 18:35:01 +000
  • Low-Cost Experimental Methodology for the Dynamic Model Approximation of
           Multirotor Actuators

    • Abstract: A methodology for the experimental modelling of the electric actuators of a multirotor is presented in this work. These actuators are usually brushless DC motors which are driven by electronic speed controllers in an open loop. The duty cycle of a PWM signal, generated by the electronic control unit, is the input of the electronic controller. However, during the control design procedure for the multirotor, it is important to account with a model of the actuators as its dynamical features define the closed-loop performance of the overall aircraft. Hence, a procedure, based on low-cost electronic components, to obtain approximated transfer functions of the actuators of a multirotor is presented. Moreover, as the proposed signal processing algorithms are simple, the computational capabilities of the required embedded system are also low. Given that different control schemes require different information from the actuator, two models were obtained: a duty cycle vs. angular velocity transfer function and a duty cycle vs. consumed current transfer function. The effectivity of the proposal is validated with experimental results on common electric actuators of a multirotor.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Jul 2020 05:35:03 +000
  • Mathematical Model for Analyzing Heat Transfer Characteristics of Ablative
           Thermal Insulating Material

    • Abstract: A mathematical model based on minimal thermal resistance and equal law of specific equivalent thermal conductivity is developed to discuss the heat transfer characteristics of ablative thermal insulating material from the mesoscopic scale. Based on the statistical results of mesoscopic parameters, the microstructure unit cell model was established to analyze the influence rule of mesoscopic parameterization which includes the size, distribution, and positional relation of microsphere and fiber. The results show that the equivalent thermal conductivity decreases with the density, size, distribution area, and distance of microsphere and the space distance and volume fraction of fiber decreasing. Besides, the equivalent thermal conductivity will become larger when more quality of heat transfers along the fiber direction. Exploring the relationship between the macroscopic heat transfer process and the microstructure is meaningful for exploring the heat transfer behavior of thermal insulating material and improvement of the processing technology.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Jul 2020 11:05:01 +000
  • Helicopter Autorotation Trajectory Planning Method Using Functional
           Tensor-Train-Based Dynamic Programming Algorithms

    • Abstract: Helicopter autorotation trajectory planning problems have been dealt within computationally expensive optimal control algorithms. This paper presents an efficient helicopter autorotation trajectory planning method, using functional tensor-train- (FT-) based dynamic programming (DP) algorithms. The autorotation trajectory planning method is shown real-time feasible, which involves general helicopter autorotation dynamics at the same time. To validate the dynamic feasibility of the trajectories, a trajectory-tracking controller using active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) is designed to ensure a helicopter model tracks the trajectories. Finally, a helicopter autorotation simulation with a six-degree-of-freedom high-fidelity multibody-based helicopter model is demonstrated for validation.
      PubDate: Sun, 05 Jul 2020 14:35:00 +000
  • Numerical Analysis of Self-Excited Combustion Instabilities in a Small
           MMH/NTO Liquid Rocket Engine

    • Abstract: Combustion instabilities in a small MMH/NTO liquid rocket engine used for satellite attitude and course control are numerically investigated. A three-dimensional Navier-Stokes code is developed to simulate two-phase spray combustion for cases with five different droplet Sauter Mean Diameters. As the droplet size increases from 30 microns to 80 microns, pressure oscillations are stronger with larger amplitudes. But an increase of the droplet size in the range of 80 microns to 140 microns indicates a reduction in the amplitudes of pressure oscillations. This trend is the same as the Hewitt criterion. The first tangential (1T) mode and the first longitudinal (1L) mode self-excited combustion instabilities are captured in the 60-micron and 80-micron cases. Abrupt spikes occur in the mass fraction of MMH and coincide with abrupt spikes in the mass fraction of NTO at the downstream regions just adjacent to the impinging points. Thus, local combustible high-dense mixtures are formed, which result in quasiconstant volume combustion and abrupt pressure spikes. The propagation and reflection of pressure waves in the chamber stimulate the combustion instability. When the droplet size is too small or too large, it is difficult to form local high-dense premixtures and combustion is stable in the chamber.
      PubDate: Sat, 04 Jul 2020 08:05:01 +000
  • Comprehensive Performance Analysis for the Rotating Detonation-Based
           Turboshaft Engine

    • Abstract: The potential advantages of rotating detonation combustion are gradually approved, and it is becoming a stable and controllable energy conversion way adopted to the propulsion devices or ground-engines. This study focuses on the rotating detonation-based turboshaft engine, and the architecture is presented for this form of engine with compatibility between the turbomachinery and rotating detonation combustor being realized. The parametric performance simulation model for the rotating detonation-based turboshaft engine are developed. Further, the potential performance benefits as well as their generation mechanism are revealed, based on the comprehensive performance analysis of the rotating detonation-based turboshaft engine. Comparisons between the rotating detonation turboshaft engine and the conventional one reveal that the former holds significant improvements in specific power, thermal efficiency, and specific fuel consumption at lower compressor pressure ratios, and these improvements decrease with the increase of compressor pressure ratio and increase as turbine inlet temperature increases. The critical compressor pressure ratio corresponding to the disappearance of specific power improvement is higher than that corresponding to the disappearance of thermal efficiency and specific fuel consumption. These critical compressor pressure ratios are positively correlated with flight altitude and negatively correlated with flight velocity. The conductive research conclusion is guidable for the design and engineering application of rotating detonation-based engines.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jul 2020 04:05:03 +000
  • A Satellite Observation Data Transmission Scheduling Algorithm Oriented to
           Data Topics

    • Abstract: The scheduling of Earth Observation Satellite (EOS) data transmission is a complex combinatorial optimization problem. With the development of remote sensing applications, a new special requirement named data transmission oriented to topics has appeared. It supposes that the data obtained from each observation activity by satellites belong to certain observation data topics, and every observation data topic has completeness and timeliness requirements. Unless all of the observation data belonging to one topic has been transmitted to the ground before the expected time, the value of the observation data will be decayed sharply and only a part of the rewards (or even no reward) for the data transmission will be obtained. Current researches do not meet the new data topic transmission requirements well. Based on the characteristics of the problem, a mathematic scheduling model is established, and a novel hybrid scheduling algorithm based on evolutionary computation is proposed. In order to further enhance the performance and speed up the convergence process of our algorithm, a domain-knowledge-based mutation operator is designed. Quantitative experimental results show that the proposed algorithm is more effective to solve the satellite observation data topic transmission scheduling problem than that of the state-of-the-art approaches.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 07:05:01 +000
  • Inlet Pressure Effects on Subatmospheric Flame Stabilization with an
           Optimum Size of a Cavity-Based Combustor

    • Abstract: Experimental studies are conducted to find an optimum size of the cavity flameholder, which is a new combustion concept of a turbine-based combined-cycle (TBCC) engine with an excellent flame stabilization. Besides, the effect of inlet pressure on the subatmospheric performance is investigated. The experimental results indicate that the increase of the cavity length improves the flame stability with an enlarged fuel/air mixture residence time, which suggests that the big length-height ratio in a proper range of the cavity with a stable dual-vortex should be chosen when designing the cavity-based combustor. In addition, the decrease in lean ignition and the lean blowout equivalence ratios can be attributed by either increase in the inlet pressure and temperature or decrease in the Mach number. The increase in inlet pressure will lead to a linear decrease in the lean blowout equivalence ratio with a slope of 0.66 per 0.1 MPa, whereas the lean ignition equivalence ratio has a rapid drop with the increase of pressure from 0.06 MPa to 0.08 MPa and reduces slowly with the growth of pressure in the range of 0.08 MPa to 0.1 MPa. The detailed analysis of the flow field indicates that the characteristic time-scale theory can ideally explain and predict the change of flame stability in the trapped vortex cavity.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jun 2020 08:35:06 +000
  • Experimental Study on Thermal Performance of a Bent Copper-Water Heat Pipe

    • Abstract: Vapor-liquid phase change is regarded as an efficient cooling method for high-heat-flux electronic components. The copper-water bent heat pipes are particularly suited to the circumstances of confined space or misplaced heat and cold sources for high-heat-flux electronic components. In this paper, the steady and transient thermal performance of a bent copper-water heat pipe is studied based on a performance test system. The effects of cooling temperature, working conditions on the critical heat flux, and equivalent thermal conductivity have been examined and analyzed. Moreover, the influences of heat input and working conditions on the thermal response of a bent heat pipe have also been discussed. The results indicate that the critical heat flux is enhanced due to the increases in cooling temperature and the lengths of the evaporator and condenser. In addition, the critical heat flux is improved by extending the cooling length only when the operating temperature is higher than 50°C. The improvement on the equivalent thermal by increasing the heating length is more evident than that by increasing cooling length. It is also demonstrated by the experiment that the bent copper-water heat pipe can respond quickly to the variation of heat input and possesses superior transient heat transfer performance.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jun 2020 05:35:04 +000
  • Inertia Parameter Identification for an Unknown Satellite in Precapture

    • Abstract: The problem of dynamics and control using a space robot to capture a noncooperative satellite is an important issue for on-orbit services. Inertia parameters of the satellite should be identified before capturing such that the robot can design an active controller to finish the capturing task. In this paper, a new identification scheme is proposed for parameter identification of a noncooperative satellite. In this scheme, the space robot is controlled to contact softly and then maintain contact with the noncooperative target firstly, then the variation of momentum of the target during the contact-maintaining phase is calculated using the control force and torque acting on the base of the space robot and the kinematic information of the space robot, and finally, the momentum-conservation-based identification method is used to estimate inertia parameters of the target. To realize soft contact and then maintain contact, a damping contact controller is designed in this paper, in which a mass-damping system is designed to control the contact between the robot and the target. Soft contact and then contact maintenance can be realized by utilizing the buffering characteristics of the mass-damping system. The effectiveness of the proposed identification scheme is verified through numerical simulations at the end of this paper. Simulation results indicate that the proposed scheme can achieve high-precision identification results.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Jun 2020 03:20:07 +000
  • Burning Rate Enhancement Analysis of End-Burning Solid Propellant Grains
           Based on X-Ray Real-Time Radiography

    • Abstract: Unexpected pressure rise may occur in the end-burning grain solid rocket motor. It is generally believed that this phenomenon is caused by the nonparallel layer combustion of the burning surface, resulting in the increase of burning rate along the inhibitor. In order to explain the cause of this phenomenon, the experimental investigation on four different end configurations were carried out. Based on the X-ray real-time radiography (RTR) technique, a new method for determining the dynamic burning rate of propellant and obtaining the real-time end-burning profile was developed. From the real-time images of the burning surface, it is found that there was a phenomenon of nonuniform burning surface displacement in the end-burning grain solid rocket motor. Through image processing, the real-time burning rate of grain center line and the real-time cone angle are obtained. Based on the analysis of the real-time burning rate at different positions of the end surface, the end face cone burning process in the motor working process is obtained. The closer to the shell, the higher the burning rate of the propellant. Considering the actual structure of this end-burning grain motor, it is speculated that the main cause of the cone burning of the grain may be due to the heat conduction of the metal wall. By adjusting the initial shape of the grain end surface, the operating pressure of the combustion chamber can be basically unchanged, so as to meet the mission requirements. The results show that the method can measure the burning rate of solid propellant in real time and provide support for the study of nonuniform combustion of solid propellant.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jun 2020 02:50:03 +000
  • Phase-Field-Based LBM Analysis of KHI and RTI in Wide Ranges of Density
           Ratio, Viscosity Ratio, and Reynolds Number

    • Abstract: Numerous studies have elaborated the dominated roles of Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) and Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) in the liquid sheet breakup and primary atomization. As for applications in aeronautics, the liquid-gas mixing generally occurs at the challenging conditions of a large density ratio and high Reynolds number. Hence, the evaluation of KHI and RTI under such challenging conditions will have great significance in better understanding the destabilizing mechanism of the liquid layer. To this end, a lattice Boltzmann multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) two-phase model, based on the conservative Allen-Cahn equation, is reconstructed for the present study. Preliminarily, the numerical stability and accuracy of this MRT model are tested by Laplace’s law under a large density ratio and high Reynolds number, including the sensitivity study to the values of mobility. Afterward, KHI and RTI are investigated in wide ranges of the Reynolds number, density ratio, and viscosity ratio. Numerical results indicate that the enhanced viscous force of light fluid with an increasing viscosity ratio notably suppresses the roll-ups of heavy fluid in KHI and RTI. As for the density ratio, it generally shows negative impacts on fluid-mixing in KHI and spike-spiraling in RTI. However, when the density ratio and the Reynolds number both arrive at high levels, the Kelvin-Helmholtz wavelets aroused by a dominated inertia force of heavy fluid trigger severe interface disintegration. The above results once more demonstrate the excellent ability of the present model in dealing with challenging conditions. Besides, the morphological characteristics of KHI and RTI at a high Reynolds number and large density ratio also greatly support the typical interface breakup mechanism observed in primary atomization.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Jun 2020 19:05:02 +000
  • A Guidance Strategy for Strapdown Seeker considering Minimum Field-of-View
           Angle Constraint

    • Abstract: An off-axis strapdown seeker in missile may lead to a minimum field-of-view (FOV) angle constraint problem. The goal of this paper is to deal with the problem in guidance. Analysis of kinematics proves that on the premise of attacking stationary target, seeker look angle comes to 0 before or at the end time, and seeker will lose target finally. In order to reduce the distance of seeker losing target, a guidance strategy is proposed to sustain minimum FOV angle constraint during flight. The strategy can be applied on guidance laws with independent orders in longitudinal and lateral channels. By means of a certain rolling maneuver, it keeps the target in the seeker’s limited FOV. Moreover, a lateral guidance order compensation is utilized in the strategy to maintain seeker look angle. Simulations and comparisons are conducted to demonstrate the strategy’s effectiveness. Results show that the guidance strategy can sustain minimum FOV angle constraint longer than classical guidance method.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Jun 2020 03:50:04 +000
  • Advanced Design of a Full-Scale Active Morphing Droop Nose

    • Abstract: This paper describes the design of a morphing droop nose conceived to increase the performance in high-lift conditions of a twin-prop regional aircraft, while ensuring the natural flow laminarity of the wing. Starting from the results obtained in a previous phase, mainly concerned with the performance augmentation, a detailed structural design is conducted. The main aim is the achievement of a feasible solution based on the use of conventional materials, such as aluminium alloy for the internal structure and glass-fibre for the skin. A finite element model of the complete device is generated for the three-dimensional shape quality evaluation and for the skin structural verification. Stress analyses on high-fidelity models of the single adaptive ribs are also performed. At the same time, various design aspects are evaluated, such as installation and inspection issues, actuation power, and weight considerations. All these requirements contribute to the definition of an advanced and complete solution for the device, up to the realization of a detailed CAD model. Final verification on the virtual prototype assesses the functionality of the device when attached to the wing-box. Moreover, the bird impact safety of the leading edge is demonstrated according to the certification rules.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Jun 2020 17:35:03 +000
  • Controller for a Low-Altitude Fixed-Wing UAV on an Embedded System to
           Assess Specific Environmental Conditions

    • Abstract: The use of an appropriate sensor on an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is vital to assess specific environmental conditions successfully. In addition, technicians and scientists also appreciate a platform to carry the sensors with some advantages such as the low costs or easy pilot management. However, extra requirements like a low-altitude flight are necessary for special applications such as plant density or rice yield. A rotary UAV matches this requirement, but the flight endurance is too short for large areas. Therefore, in this article, a fixed-wing UAV is used, which is more appropriate because of its longer flight endurance. It is necessary to develop an own controller system to use special sensors such as Lidar or Radar on the platform as a multifunctionality system. Thereby, these sensors are used to generate a digital elevation model and also as a collision avoidance sensor at the same time. To achieve this goal, a small UAV was equipped with a hardware platform including a microcontroller and sensors. After testing the system and simulation, the controller was converted into program code to implement it on the microcontroller. After that, several real flights were performed to validate the controller and sensors. We demonstrated that the system is able to work and match the high requirements for future research.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Jun 2020 16:50:03 +000
  • Self-Navigating UAVs for Supervising Moving Objects over Large-Scale
           Wireless Sensor Networks

    • Abstract: Increasingly inexpensive unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are helpful for searching and tracking moving objects in ground events. Previous works either have assumed that data about the targets are sufficiently available, or they solely rely on on-board electronics (e.g., camera and radar) to chase them. In a searching mission, path planning is essentially preprogrammed before taking off. Meanwhile, a large-scale wireless sensor network (WSN) is a promising means for monitoring events continuously over immense areas. Due to disadvantageous networking conditions, it is nevertheless hard to maintain a centralized database with sufficient data to instantly estimate target positions. In this paper, we therefore propose an online self-navigation strategy for a UAV-WSN integrated system to supervise moving objects. A UAV on duty exploits data collected on the move from ground sensors together with its own sensing information. The UAV autonomously executes edge processing on the available data to find the best direction toward a target. The designed system eliminates the need of any centralized database (fed continuously by ground sensors) in making navigation decisions. We employ a local bivariate regression to formulate acquired sensor data, which lets the UAV optimally adjust its flying direction, synchronously to reported data and object motion. In addition, we also construct a comprehensive searching and tracking framework in which the UAV flexibly sets its operation mode. As a result, least communication and computation overhead is actually induced. Numerical results obtained from NS-3 and Matlab cosimulations have shown that the designed framework is clearly promising in terms of accuracy and overhead costs.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Jun 2020 05:35:03 +000
  • Aerodynamic Shape Optimization of a Missile Using a Multiobjective Genetic

    • Abstract: The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the effects of the shape optimization on the missile performance at supersonic speeds. The N1G missile model shape variation, which decreased its aerodynamic drag and increased its aerodynamic lift at supersonic flow under determined constraints, was numerically investigated. Missile geometry was selected from a literature study for optimization in terms of aerodynamics. Missile aerodynamic coefficient prediction was performed to verify and compare with existing experimental results at supersonic Mach numbers using SST -omega, realizable -epsilon, and Spalart-Allmaras turbulence models. In the optimization process, the missile body and fin design parameters need to be estimated to design optimum missile geometry. Lift and drag coefficients were considered objective function. Input and output parameters were collected to obtain design points. Multiobjective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA) was used to optimize missile geometry. The front part of the body, the main body, and tailfins were improved to find an optimum missile model at supersonic speeds. The optimization results showed that a lift-to-drag coefficient ratio, which determines the performance of a missile, was improved about 11-17 percent at supersonic Mach numbers.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jun 2020 01:20:02 +000
  • Minimum-Fuel Ascent of Hypersonic Vehicle considering Control Constraint
           Using the Improved Pigeon-Inspired Optimization Algorithm

    • Abstract: Trajectory optimization problem for hypersonic vehicles has long been recognized as a difficult problem. This paper brings control constraints into the trajectory optimization to make the optimal trajectory meet the requirements of control performance. The strong nonlinear characteristic of the ascent phase aerodynamics makes the trajectory optimization problem difficult to be solved by the optimal control theory. A trajectory optimization algorithm based on the improved pigeon-inspired optimization (PIO) algorithm is proposed to solve the complex trajectory optimization problem under multiple constraints. To overcome the obstacle of premature convergence and deceptiveness, the evolutionary strategy of qubit in quantum evolutionary algorithm (QEA) is introduced into the PIO to maintain population diversity and judge the optimal solution. To handle constraints, the penalty function is used to construct the fitness function. The optimal ascent trajectory is obtained by utilizing the improved PIO algorithm. Then, the trajectory inverse algorithm is used to verify the feasibility of the optimal trajectory to ensure that a feasible optimal trajectory is obtained. The comparison results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms particle swarm optimization (PSO) and standard PIO on trajectory optimization. Meanwhile, the simulation result shows that the performance of the optimal ascent trajectory with control constraints is improved and the trajectory is feasible. Therefore, the method is potentially feasible for solving the ascent trajectory optimization problem under control constraint for hypersonic vehicles.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jun 2020 01:20:02 +000
  • Simulation of Elliptical Liquid Jet Primary Breakup In Supersonic

    • Abstract: The study of elliptical liquid jets in supersonic flow in a Mach 2.0 is performed numerically. The primary breakup process of the elliptical liquid jet is simulated for a Weber number 223, liquid/gas flux momentum 4.0. The aspect ratios of elliptical geometries are set to be 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, and 5. The results show a remarkable difference in liquid jet disintegration morphology at different aspect ratios. Under supersonic crossflow conditions, the elliptical liquid jet shows more breakup characteristics than the round liquid jet. As the aspect ratio grows, the penetration depth decreases. The elliptical liquid jet with has the largest penetration depth in all cases. Moreover, the round jet has a maximum spreading angle of 50.2°. The changing trends of the column breakup length both direction and direction are similar. The elliptical jet at a lower aspect ratio has a shorter breakup length due to the narrower windward area. The liquid jet has a pair of larger horseshoe vortex structure and a wider wake region at a higher aspect ratio. Two pairs of reversal vortex pairs with obvious characteristics can be observed in all the simulations.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Jun 2020 03:35:01 +000
  • Prediction and Analysis of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Spinning
           Projectile Based on Computational Fluid Dynamics

    • Abstract: Numerical simulations of a spinning projectile with a diameter of 120 mm were conducted to predict the aerodynamic coefficients, and the CFD results were compared with the semiempirical method, PRODAS. Six coefficients or coefficient derivatives, including zero and the quadratic drag coefficient, lift force coefficient derivative, Magnus force coefficient derivative, overturning moment coefficient, and spinning damping moment coefficient, which are important parameters for solving the equations of motion of the spinning projectile, were investigated. Additionally, the nonlinear behavior of these coefficients and coefficient derivatives were analyzed through the predicted flow fields. The considered Mach number ranges from 0.14 to 1.2, and the nondimensional spinning rate (PD/2V) is set to 0.186. To calculate the coefficient derivative of the corresponding force or moment, additional simulations were conducted at the angle of attack of 2.5 degrees. The simulation results were able to predict nonlinear behavior, the especially abrupt change of the predicted coefficients and derivatives at the transonic Mach number, 0.95. The simulation results, including the skin friction, pressure, and velocity field, allow the characterization of the nonlinear behavior of the aerodynamic coefficients, thus, enabling better predictions of projectile trajectories.
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Jun 2020 15:05:00 +000
  • The Influence of CNT Structural Parameters on the Properties of CNT and
           CNT-Reinforced Epoxy

    • Abstract: The main objective of this research is to review and investigate the influence of carbon nanotube structure on the properties of carbon nanotube and carbon nanotube-reinforced epoxy. Carbon nanotube and carbon nanotube-reinforced epoxy are currently being frequently used in many applications such as aerospace, automotive, and electronics industries due to their excellent properties such as high tensile strength, high Young’s modulus, and electrical and thermal conductivity. In this study, the obstacles to apply carbon nanotubes as fibers within the matrix have been introduced and discussed. Additionally, the epoxy properties and application have been cited, and failure mechanisms of carbon nanotube-reinforced epoxy and geometries of carbon nanotubes have been reviewed. Furthermore, with using experimental data and applying an analytical method, the effect of carbon nanotube diameter on interlaminar shear stress within the carbon nanotube-reinforced epoxy interface has been evaluated. Additionally, the effect of temperature variation on the value of interlaminar shear stress within the single-walled carbon nanotube-reinforced epoxy interface has been discussed. Finally, the influence of the number of hexagons in the unit cell on the Young’s modulus of zigzag and armchair single-walled carbon nanotubes has been evaluated.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 May 2020 13:20:03 +000
  • Investigation on Computing Method of Martian Dust Fluid Based on the
           Energy Dissipation Method

    • Abstract: In this paper, an initiative Martian dust fluid simulating research based on the energy dissipation method was developed to simulate the deposition process of Martian dust fluid which was caused by surface adhesion between particles and Martian rovers. Firstly, an energy dissipation model of particles based on the Discrete Element Method (DEM) was established because of the characteristics of Martian dust particles such as tiny size and viscoelasticity. This model is based on the existing DMT model to analyze the collision deposition of dust fluid particles, including particle-spacecraft collision and particle-particle collision. Secondly, this paper analyzed the characteristics of particles after their first collision, then, established the stochastic model of critical wind speed for the particle deposition process. Finally, a series of simulations of the Martian dust fluid particle deposition process were done based on DEM-CFD. The results verified the accuracy of the energy dissipation model and the stochastic model, which could also verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the computing method of Martian dust fluid based on the DEM-CFD technology.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 May 2020 05:20:02 +000
  • Numerical Derivation of Buckling Knockdown Factors for Isogrid-Stiffened
           Cylinders with Various Shell Thickness Ratios

    • Abstract: This study is aimed at providing a numerical derivation of the shell knockdown factors of isogrid-stiffened cylinders under axial compressive loads. The present work uses two different analysis models such as the detailed model with modeling of numerous stiffeners and the equivalent model without modeling of stiffeners for isogrid-stiffened cylinders. The single perturbation load approach is used to represent the geometrically initial imperfection of the cylinder. Postbuckling analyses using the displacement control method are conducted to calculate the global buckling loads of a cylinder. The shell knockdown factor is numerically derived using the obtained global buckling loads without and with the initial imperfection of the isogrid-stiffened cylinder. The equivalent model is more efficient than the detailed model in terms of modeling time and computation time. The present knockdown factor function in terms of the shell thickness ratio (radius to thickness) for the isogrid-stiffened cylinder is significantly higher than NASA’s knockdown factor function; therefore, it is believed that the present knockdown factor function can facilitate in developing lightweight launch vehicle structures using isogrid-stiffened cylinders.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 May 2020 14:05:02 +000
  • Aeroacoustic Attenuation Performance of a Helmholtz Resonator with a Rigid
           Baffle Implemented in the Presence of a Grazing Flow

    • Abstract: To broaden its’ effective frequency range and to improve its transmission loss performance, a modified design of a Helmholtz resonator is proposed and evaluated by implementing a rigid baffle in its cavity. Comparison is then made between the proposed design and the conventional one by considering a rectangular duct with the resonator implemented in the presence of a mean grazing flow. For this, a linearized 2D Navier-Stokes model in frequency domain is developed. After validated by benchmarking with the available experimental data and our experimental measurements, the model is used to evaluate the effects of (1) the width of the rigid baffle, (2) its implementation location/height , (3) its implementation configurations (i.e., attached to the left sidewall or right sidewall), (4) the grazing mean flow (Mach number), and (5) the neck shape on a noise damping effect. It is shown that as the rigid baffle is attached in the 2 different configurations, the resonant frequencies and the maximum transmission losses cannot be predicted by using the classical theoretical formulation , especially as the grazing Mach number is greater than 0.07, i.e., . In addition, there is an optimum grazing flow Mach number corresponding to the maximum transmission loss peak, as the width is less than half of the cavity width , i.e., . As the rigid plate width is increased to , one additional transmission loss peak at approximately 400 Hz is produced. The generation of the 12 dB transmission loss peak at 400 Hz is shown to attribute to the sound and structure interaction. Finally, varying the neck shape from the conventional one to an arc one leads to the dominant resonant frequency being increased by approximately 20% and so the secondary transmission loss peak by 2-5 dB. The present work proposes and systematically studies an improved design of a Helmholtz resonator with an additional transmission loss peak at a high frequency, besides the dominant peak at a low frequency.
      PubDate: Sun, 19 Apr 2020 07:35:02 +000
  • FDA-MIMO Beampattern Synthesis with Hamming Window Weighted Linear
           Frequency Increments

    • Abstract: By utilizing a tiny frequency increment across the array elements, frequency diverse array (FDA) generates a beampattern possessing the property of range-angle-dependent. However, the beampattern of the conventional FDA is “S”-shaped, which means it is coupled in range-angle domains, resulting in low target indication accuracy and poor jamming suppression ability. In this paper, taking advantage of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technique and multiple matched filters, a new FDA framework using Hamming window weighted linear frequency increments is proposed. Correct FDA-MIMO framework and multiple matched filters are used to remove the influence of the time parameter. A range-angle-decoupled beampattern with sharp pencil-shaped mainlobe and low sidelobe levels can be produced. Comparing with the existing FDA-decoupled transmit beampattern design methods, a more focusing beampattern can be achieved. Simulation results validate the superiority of the proposed system.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Apr 2020 16:20:02 +000
  • Center-of-Gravity Variation-Driven Spherical UAV System and Its Control

    • Abstract: Most of the spherical unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAVs) use control surfaces, which are functions of aileron and an elevator, to generate control torque. The work proposes a new conceptual design of an SUAV system controlled through center-of-gravity (CG) variations with its path-tracking control law designed for the system. Compared to the one using control surfaces, the concept suggested is beneficial in the aspect of the expandability of building lighter and smaller SUAVs, especially. A CG variation principle by actuating a pendulum type of a moving part is considered as a methodology for both translational and rotational motion control of an SUAV. Since variations of the moment-of-inertia (MOI) elements which resulted from the motion of the moving part affect the performance of the suggested method, the variations of MOI analysis are performed for all angular ranges of the moving part. As a result, certain angular ranges for the moving part to prevent the degradation of the path-tracking performance by the effect of the MOI changes are found. By considering the findings, numerical studies are performed for hovering, ascent, descent, and horizontal tracking missions. The applicability of the proposed SUAV system and the corresponding controller to achieve the path-tracking missions is demonstrated through the numerical simulation.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Apr 2020 04:50:01 +000
  • Adaptive Fault Compensation and Disturbance Suppression Design for
           Nonlinear Systems with an Aircraft Control Application

    • Abstract: A comprehensive adaptive compensation control strategy based on feedback linearization design is proposed for multivariable nonlinear systems with uncertain actuator fault and unknown mismatched disturbances. Firstly, the linear dynamic system is obtained through nonlinear feedback linearization, and the dynamic model of the mismatched disturbances as well as its relevance to the nonlinear system is given. The effect of disturbances on the system output is suppressed with the basic controller of the linearized system. Then, a direct adaptive controller is developed for the multiple uncertain actuator faults. Finally, an integrated algorithm based on adaptive weighted fusion could provide an effective compensation for the effect of multiple uncertain faults and mismatched disturbances. Thus, the stability and asymptotic tracking performance of the closed-loop system are ensured. The feasibility and performance of the proposed control strategy are validated by the numerical simulation results.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Mar 2020 03:50:02 +000
  • A CFD-Compatible Amplification Factor Transport Equation for Oblique
           Tollmien-Schlichting Waves in Supersonic Boundary Layers

    • Abstract: Boundary layer transition is a hot research topic in fluid mechanics and aerospace engineering. In low-speed flows, two-dimensional Tollmien-Schlichting (T-S) waves always dominate the flow instability, which has been modeled by Coder and Maughmer from 2013. However, in supersonic flows, three-dimensional oblique Tollmien-Schlichting waves become dominant in flow instability. Inspired by Coder and Maughmer’s amplification factor transport equation for two-dimensional Tollmien-Schlichting waves in low-speed flows and Kroo and Sturdza’s linear stability theory (LST) analysis results for oblique Tollmien-Schlichting waves in supersonic flows, a new amplification factor transport equation for oblique Tollmien-Schlichting waves has been developed based on LST. The compressible Falkner-Skan similarity equations are introduced to build the relationships between nonlocal variables and local variables so that all the variables used in the present model can be calculated using local variables. Applications of this new transport equation to the flows over supersonic flat plate, 3% thick biconvex airfoil, and one modified supersonic laminar airfoil show promising results compared with the standard LST analysis results.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Mar 2020 15:20:01 +000
  • Research on Influencing Factor Selection of Pilot’s Intention

    • Abstract: The physiological, psychological, and physical characteristics of the pilot will have an impact on flight safety, mainly in the pilot’s intention. In another word, this means the pilot’s psychological experience of flight status under the influence of various factors and the preference for decision-making or behavioral value that is displayed. The pilot’s intention is to reflect the cognitive state that the pilot showed during the maneuvering of the aircraft. The exploration of intention is very important for the study of automatic pilot and flight control active safety system. Also, it is an important concept often involved in the study of human factors in flight, especially the microbehavior of pilots. Pilot’s intention is taken as the study object in this paper; physiological-psychological-physical parameters are obtained through analyzing their influencing factors from the simulating flight experiments designed. The random forest analysis method is used to rank the main influencing factors affecting the pilot’s intention, and the factor sequence is formed. The results provide a good foundation for further research on the pilot’s intention identification.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Mar 2020 14:05:01 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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