Abstract: This paper presents a three-dimensional path following guidance logic. The proposed guidance logic is composed of the guidance law and the motion strategy of virtual target along the desired path. The guidance law makes a vehicle purse the virtual target, and the motion strategy explicitly specifies the motion of virtual target by introducing the concept of the projection point and the tangentially receding distance. The proposed logic is simple and efficient and yet provides precise path following. Numerical simulations are performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed guidance logic. PubDate: Thu, 21 Jun 2018 06:55:02 +000

Abstract: Multiobjective weapon-target assignment is a type of NP-complete problem, and the reasonable assignment of weapons is beneficial to attack and defense. In order to simulate a real battlefield environment, we introduce a new objective—the value of fighter combat on the basis of the original two-objective model. The new three-objective model includes maximizing the expected damage of the enemy, minimizing the cost of missiles, and maximizing the value of fighter combat. To solve the problem with complex constraints, an improved nondominated sorting algorithm III is proposed in this paper. In the proposed algorithm, a series of reference points with good performances in convergence and distribution are continuously generated according to the current population to guide the evolution; otherwise, useless reference points are eliminated. Moreover, an online operator selection mechanism is incorporated into the NSGA-III framework to autonomously select the most suitable operator while solving the problem. Finally, the proposed algorithm is applied to a typical instance and compared with other algorithms to verify its feasibility and effectiveness. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is successfully applied to the multiobjective weapon-target assignment problem, which effectively improves the performance of the traditional NSGA-III and can produce better solutions than the two multiobjective optimization algorithms NSGA-II and MPACO. PubDate: Tue, 19 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper designed a smooth fixed-time-convergent sliding mode controller for a missile flight system considering aerodynamic uncertainties. Fixed-time convergence theory is incorporated with the sliding mode control technique to ensure that the system tracks desired commands within uniform bounded time under different initial conditions. Unlike previous terminal sliding mode approaches, not only is the bound of settling time independent of initial state, indicating that performance metrics like convergence rate can be predicted beforehand, but the control input is designed to be smooth based on adaptive estimations and some mathematical results without introducing any discontinuous items like the signum function, which avoids the problem of chattering consequently. A cascade control structure is employed with the derived control algorithm, and therein, the control input signal is obtained. Finally, a number of simulations are carried out and demonstrate the effectiveness of the designed controller. PubDate: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 05:24:04 +000

Abstract: This paper focuses on the dynamic stability analysis of a manipulator mounted on a quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle, namely, a manipulating unmanned aerial vehicle (MUAV). Manipulator movements and environments interaction will extremely affect the dynamic stability of the MUAV system. So the dynamic stability analysis of the MUAV system is of paramount importance for safety and satisfactory performance. However, the applications of Lyapunov’s stability theory to the MUAV system have been extremely limited, due to the lack of a constructive method available for deriving a Lyapunov function. Thus, Lyapunov exponent method and impedance control are introduced, and the Lyapunov exponent method can establish the quantitative relationships between the manipulator movements and the dynamics stability, while impedance control can reduce the impact of environmental interaction on system stability. Numerical simulation results have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method. PubDate: Tue, 12 Jun 2018 09:29:48 +000

Abstract: The design optimization, development, and verification by analysis and testing of the 1st Greek cubesat, developed by the University of Patras and Libre Space Foundation (UPSat (University of Patras Satellite)), is presented. The key innovative approach includes the replacement of the aluminum side faces with structural composite components, keeping the commonly used aluminum frame. A “hybrid” double-unit (2U) cubesat structure was optimized, built, and tested for all launch and thermal loads/specifications required for launch and mission operations as imposed from the EU-funded FP7-QB50 project. Results show that the new design of the structure using CFRP can offer similar levels of performance in terms of stiffness, while saving 30% of the mass, for the entire cubesat platform. PubDate: Tue, 12 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A route network lays in the terminal airspace. The route network can be divided into multiple subnetworks according to sectors. When severe weather conditions occur, a controller takes measures to obtain safe operation of flights, such as navigation guidance or changing the availability of routes. In such circumstances, the route structure of a subnetwork is changed, and the controller’s attention paid to each route is also changed as well as the unit workload on it. As the subnetwork is handled by one controller, capacities of routes in it are associated. We find the way to determine the “related capacity” of a route in the conditions that whether topological structure of the terminal route network is changed or not. The capacity of the terminal route network calculated by network flow theory represents the capacity of terminal airspace. According to the analysis results, the weather factor reduces capacity of terminal airspace directly by reducing the capacities of routes blocked. Indirectly, it diverts controller’s attention to change capacities of other routes in the subnetwork. PubDate: Sun, 10 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We have used electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) to instrument a demonstration tank containing kerosene and have successfully demonstrated that ECT can, in real time, (i) measure propellant mass to better than 1% of total in a range of gravity fields, (ii) image propellant distribution, and (iii) accurately track propellant centre of mass (CoM). We have shown that the ability to track CoM enables the determination of slosh forces, and we argue that this will result in disruptive changes in a propellant tank design and use in a spacecraft. Ground testing together with real-time slosh force data will allow an improved tank design to minimize and mitigate slosh forces, while at the same time keeping the tank mass to a minimum. Fully instrumented Smart Tanks will be able to provide force vector inputs to a spacecraft inertial navigation system; this in turn will (i) eliminate or reduce navigational errors, (ii) reduce wait time for uncertain slosh settling, since actual slosh forces will be known, and (iii) simplify slosh control hardware, hence reducing overall mass. ECT may be well suited to space borne liquid measurement applications. Measurements are independent of and unaffected by orientation or levels of . The electronics and sensor arrays can be low in mass, and critically, the technique does not dissipate heat into the propellant, which makes it intrinsically safe and suitable for cryogenic liquids. Because of the limitations of operating in earth-bound gravity, it has not been possible to check the exact numerical accuracy of the slosh force acting on the vessel. We are therefore in the process of undertaking a further project to (i) build a prototype integrated “Smart Tank for Space”, (ii) undertake slosh tests in zero or microgravity, (iii) develop the system for commercial ground testing, and (iv) qualify ECT for use in space. PubDate: Thu, 31 May 2018 07:08:39 +000

Abstract: The introduction of hybrid composites into the structure with coupling effect can greatly reduce the cost of materials. The expressions of stiffness coefficient, thermal stress, and thermal moment for hybrid laminates are derived based on the geometrical factors of laminates, and the necessary and sufficient conditions for the hybrid extension-shear-coupled laminates with immunity to hygrothermal shear distortion (HTSD) are further derived. The extension-shear-coupled effect of hybrid laminates is optimized with improved differential evolution algorithm. Results are presented for the hybrid laminates that consist of carbon fiber and glass fiber composite materials. The hygrothermal effect and extension-shear-coupled effect are simulated and verified, meanwhile the robustness of hybrid laminates is analyzed by Monte Carlo method. PubDate: Sun, 27 May 2018 07:30:43 +000

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present the most common practices in multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) of aerial vehicles over the past decade. The literature sample is identified through established internet search engines, and a stringent review methodology is implemented in order to ensure the selection of the most relevant sources. In this work, the primary emphasis is on the assessment of the state-of-the-art framework development strategies, while at a secondary level, the objective is to identify the possible improvement directions by evaluating the research trends and gaps. As an additional contribution, statistical studies are also provided, and it is shown how MDO of aerial vehicles has evolved in terms of problem formulation, disciplinary modeling, analysis capabilities, tool implementation, and general applicability. Given this foundation as well as the results of the review, this work concludes by presenting a roadmap for guiding academia and industry in respect to the application of MDO on aerial vehicles. Overall, the roadmap together with the literature review is not only expected to serve as a guide for newcomers into the MDO field but also as an elementary basis which will allow researchers to conduct additional studies in this important and constantly evolving area of design. PubDate: Wed, 23 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper proposes an energy-optimized consensus formation scheme for the time-delayed bilateral teleoperation system of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the obstructed environment. To deal with the asymmetric time-varying delays in aerial teleoperation, the local damping is independently distributed on both sides to enforce consensus formation and force tracking of the master haptic device and the slave UAVs. The stability of the time-delayed aerial teleoperation system is analyzed by the Lyapunov function. In addition, a flux-conserved force field is incorporated into the aerial teleoperation system to guarantee a collision-free consensus formation in the obstructed environment. Moreover, to reduce the communication complexity and energy dissipation of the formation, a top-down strategy of 3D optimal persistent graph is first proposed to optimize the formation topology. Under the optimized topology with environmental constraints, communication complexity and energy dissipation can be minimized while the rigid formation can be maintained and transformed persistently in the obstructed environment. Finally, the human-in-the-loop simulations are performed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. PubDate: Tue, 22 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The development of high-performance aeroengine combustion chambers strongly depends on the accuracy and reliability of efficient numerical models. In the present work, a reacting solver with a steady laminar flamelet model and spray model has been developed in OpenFOAM and the solver details are presented. The solver is firstly validated by Sandia/ETH-Zurich flames. Furthermore, it is used to simulate nonpremixed kerosene/air spray combustion in an aeroengine combustion chamber with the RANS method. A comparison with available experimental data shows good agreement and validates the capability of the new developed solver in OpenFOAM. PubDate: Sun, 20 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: An adaptive autopilot is presented for the pitch and yaw channels of a guided spinning rocket. Firstly, the uncertain dynamic model of a guided spinning rocket is established, which is used to evaluate the performance of the proposed adaptive autopilot. Secondly, a robust adaptive output feedback autopilot containing a baseline component and an adaptive component is designed. The main challenge that needs to be addressed is the determination of a corresponding square and strictly positive real transfer function. A simple design procedure based on linear matrix inequality is proposed that allows the realization of such a transfer function, thereby allowing a globally stable adaptive output feedback law to be generated. Finally, numerical simulations are performed to evaluate the robustness and tracking performance of the proposed robust adaptive autopilot. The simulation results showed that the robust adaptive output autopilot can achieve asymptotic command tracking with significant uncertainty in control effectiveness, moment coefficient, and measurement noise. PubDate: Mon, 14 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A fast static aeroelastic analysis method, coupling with the modal method and Kriging surrogate model, is proposed in this paper. The deflection of the wing is described by the modal method, and the Kriging surrogate model is utilized to model the generalized forces under different deformations, angles of attack, and Mach numbers in order to replace the CFD solver. We analyzed the static aeroelasticity of HIRENASD wing in transonic flow field by coupling with the generalized force model by the static equilibrium equation. The results were compared with those of the experimental data and the references, and the comparison shows that the method is useful for the small deflections. After enough training cases are finished, the high-accuracy aerodynamic force coefficients and wing deflection will be obtained rapidly, which will only take several seconds. This method is more time saving than the CFD/CSD method, when it comes to a large quantity of the static aeroelastic analyses. Hence, it has good perspective for engineering applications during the aircraft design period. PubDate: Sun, 13 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The position and orientation system (POS) is widely applied in airborne Earth observation, which integrates the strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) and global positioning system (GPS) to provide high-accuracy position, velocity, and attitude information for remote sensing motion compensation. However, for keeping the appointed direction of remote sensing load, the inertial measurement unit (IMU) and remote sensing load will be driven to sweep by the servo machine. The lever arms among IMU, GPS, and remote sensing load will be time varying, and their influence on the measurement accuracy of POS is serious. To solve the problem, a dynamic lever arm error compensation method is proposed, which contains the first-level lever arm error compensations between IMU and GPS and the second-level lever arm error compensation between POS and remote sensing load. The flight experiment results show that the proposed method can effectively compensate the dynamic lever arm error and achieve high measurement accuracy for POS. PubDate: Wed, 09 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: It is known that the optimization of the Earth-Moon low-energy transfer trajectory is extremely sensitive with the initial condition chosen to search. In order to find the proper initial parameter values of Earth-Moon low-energy transfer trajectory faster and obtain more accurate solutions with high stability, in this paper, an efficient hybridized differential evolution (DE) algorithm with a mix reinitialization strategy (DEMR) is presented. The mix reinitialization strategy is implemented based on a set of archived superior solutions to ensure both the search efficiency and the reliability for the optimization problem. And by using DE as the global optimizer, DEMR can optimize the Earth-Moon low-energy transfer trajectory without knowing an exact initial condition. To further validate the performance of DEMR, experiments on benchmark functions have also been done. Compared with peer algorithms on both the Earth-Moon low-energy transfer problem and benchmark functions, DEMR can obtain relatively better results in terms of the quality of the final solutions, robustness, and convergence speed. PubDate: Thu, 03 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Three-dimensional highly complex flow structure in tip gap between blade tip and casing leads to inefficient turbine performance due to aerothermal loss. Interaction between leakage vortex and secondary flow structures is the substantial source of that loss. Different types of squealer tip geometries were tried in the past, in order to improve turbine efficiency. The current research deals with comparison of partial and cavity type squealer tip concepts for higher aerothermal performance. Effects of squealer tip have been examined comprehensively for an unshrouded HP turbine blade tip geometry in a linear cascade. In the present paper, flow structure through the tip gap was comprehensively investigated by computational fluid dynamic (CFD) methods. Numerical calculations were obtained by solving three-dimensional, incompressible, steady, and turbulent form of the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations using a general purpose and three-dimensional viscous flow solver. The two-equation turbulence model, shear stress transport (SST), has been used. The tip profile belonging to the Pennsylvania State University Axial Flow Turbine Research Facility (AFTRF) was used to create an extruded solid model of the axial turbine blade. For identifying optimal dimensions of squealer rim in terms of squealer height and squealer width, our previous studies about aerothermal investigation of cavity type squealer tip were utilized. In order to obtain the mesh, an effective parametric generation has been utilized using a multizone structured mesh. Numerical calculations indicate that partial and cavity squealer designs can be effective to reduce the aerodynamic loss and heat transfer to the blade tip. Future efforts will include novel squealer shapes for higher aerothermal performance. PubDate: Wed, 02 May 2018 08:20:14 +000

Abstract: The performance of airplane engines is influenced by the performance of their bladed disks. The loads those engines are under, both internal and external, are the origin of vibrations than can jeopardize their integrity. Traditionally, monitoring of those vibrations has been circumscribed to prototyping and quality tests of manufactured disks. However, the development of nonintrusive sensors and techniques to evaluate the vibration based on those sensors opens the monitoring of full engines, even onboard, to new possibilities. In order to assess the vibrations with these techniques, several sensors should be employed. The distance from the blade tip to the casing (tip clearance) and the time of arrival of a blade in front of the sensor are two parameters that are used as a starting point to characterize the vibrations. A flexible architecture to extract these parameters from the blades of a gas turbine has been developed. The generalization of this architecture is introduced which is able to deal with several sensors simultaneously. An implementation of this architecture has been carried out employing a trifurcated optic sensor, whose working principle is explained. A study of the resources required to implement this architecture on measurements of several optic sensors simultaneously and in parallel is presented. The architecture and measurement method have been validated using signals recorded during the test of the compressor stage with 146 blades on a turbine rig. PubDate: Wed, 02 May 2018 07:11:31 +000

Abstract: A detumbling algorithm is developed to yield three-axis magnetic stabilization of a CubeSat deployed with unknown RAAN, orbit phase angle, inclination, attitude, and angular rate. Data from a three-axis magnetometer are the only input to determine both the control torque and the angular rate of the spacecraft. The algorithm is designed to produce a magnetic dipole moment which is constantly orthogonal to the geomagnetic field vector, independently of both the attitude and the angular rate of the rigid spacecraft. The angular rates are calculated in real time from magnetometer data, and the use of a second-order low-pass filter allows to rapidly reduce the measurement error within ±0.2 deg/sec. Numerical validation of the algorithm is performed, and a variety of feasible scenarios is simulated assuming the CubeSat to operate in low Earth orbit. The robustness of the algorithm, with respect to unknown deployment conditions, different sampling rates, and uncertainties on the moments of inertia of the CubeSat, is verified. PubDate: Wed, 02 May 2018 06:48:24 +000

Abstract: A detailed study of a set of combined acceleration methods is presented with the objective of accelerating the solid rocket motor grain burnback simulation based on the level set method. Relevant methods were improved by making use of unique characteristics of the grains, and graphical processing unit (GPU) parallelization is utilized to perform the computationally intensive operations. The presented flow traced the expansion of burning surfaces, and then Boolean operations were applied on the resulting surfaces to extract various geometric metrics. The initial signed distance field was built by an improved distance field generating method, and a highly optimized GPU kernel was used for estimating the gradient required by the level set method. An innovative Boolean operation method, thousands of times faster than ordinary ones, was ultimately proposed. Performance tests show that the overall speedup was close to 15 on desktop-class hardware, simulation results were proven to converge to analytical results, and the error boundary was . PubDate: Mon, 30 Apr 2018 12:11:37 +000

Abstract: Terminal guidance law for missiles intercepting high maneuvering targets considering the limited available acceleration and autopilot dynamics of interceptor is investigated. Conventional guidance laws based on adaptive sliding mode control theory were designed to intercept a maneuvering target. However, they demand a large acceleration for interceptor at the end of the terminal guidance, which may have acceleration saturation especially when the target acceleration is close to the available acceleration of interceptor. In this paper, a terminal guidance law considering the available acceleration and autopilot dynamics of interceptor is proposed. Then, a fuzzy system is utilized to approximate and replace the variable structure term, which can handle the unknown target acceleration. And an adaptive neural network system is adopted to compensate the effects caused by the designed overlarge acceleration of interceptor such that the interceptor with small available acceleration can intercept the high maneuvering target. Simulation results show that the guidance law with available acceleration and autopilot dynamics (AAADG) is highly effective for reducing the acceleration command and achieving a small final miss distance. PubDate: Sun, 29 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A hypersonic flow field over a blunt wedge with or without roughness is simulated by a direct numerical simulation method. The effect of isolated and distributed roughnesses on the steady and unsteady hypersonic flow field and boundary layer is analyzed. The shape of roughness is controlled by cubic polynomial. The evolution of disturbance waves caused by slow acoustic wave in the boundary layer is investigated by fast Fourier spectrum analysis. The results show that there is a great influence of roughness on the evolution of disturbance waves in the hypersonic boundary layer. The disturbance waves are promoted in the upstream-half region of roughness while suppressed in the downstream-half region of roughness. There is always a mode competition among different modes both in the temporal domain and in the frequency domain in the boundary layer, and mode competition is affected by roughness. The location of the dominant mode which is changed to a second-order harmonic mode from the fundamental mode moves upstream. The vortices caused by roughness also impact the evolution of disturbance waves in the boundary layer. The fundamental mode is suppressed in the vortex region while other harmonic modes are promoted. PubDate: Sun, 29 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Generation of optimal reentry trajectory for a hypersonic vehicle (HV) satisfying both boundary conditions and path constraints is a challenging task. As a relatively new swarm intelligent algorithm, an adaptive fireworks algorithm (AFWA) has exhibited promising performance on some optimization problems. However, with respect to the optimal reentry trajectory generation under constraints, the AFWA may fall into local optimum, since the individuals including fireworks and sparks are not well informed by the whole swarm. In this paper, we propose an improved AFWA to generate the optimal reentry trajectory under constraints. First, via the Chebyshev polynomial interpolation, the trajectory optimization problem with infinite dimensions is transformed to a nonlinear programming problem (NLP) with finite dimension, and the scope of angle of attack (AOA) is obtained by path constraints to reduce the difficulty of the optimization. To solve the problem, an improved AFWA with a new mutation strategy is developed, where the fireworks can learn from more individuals by the new mutation operator. This strategy significantly enhances the interactions between the fireworks and sparks and thus increases the diversity of population and improves the global search capability. Besides, a constraint-handling technique based on an adaptive penalty function and distance measure is developed to deal with multiple constraints. The numerical simulations of two reentry scenarios for HV demonstrate the validity and effectiveness of the proposed improved AFWA optimization method, when compared with other optimization methods. PubDate: Thu, 26 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Flow field reconfiguration and drag reduction have been investigated by numerically solving Navier-Stokes equations, with the 2nd order dispersion controlled dissipative scheme adopted for the convective term discretion and the 2nd order central difference scheme for viscous term. Spikes and sideward jets nearby the spike noses were set up in the front of the blunt body to reconfigure the flow field and reduce drag during hypersonic flight. The spikes and the sideward jets led to the formation of the conical shock, the reattached shock, and the circumfluence, instead of a bow shock. According to the quantitative analysis, the reconfiguration of the flow field played a dominant role in drag reduction. Basing on the locations of the reattached shock and its interaction with the conical shock, a combined parameter was proposed for a primary criterion to design the spiked bodies with sideward jets for the purpose of drag reduction. PubDate: Tue, 24 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: One advantage of the adaptive cycle engine (ACE) is its ability of throttling with constant airflow by the combined control of variable geometries, resulting in an improvement of spillage drag. However, the improvement is achieved at risk of a complex technical solution and control. This article investigates the selection scheme of variable geometries and engine configuration. It focuses on the performance of a three-stream ACE during throttling, whose configuration and control schedule are simpler than other types of ACEs. Five variable geometries are selected from seven available options through comparison analysis. The uninstalled thrust decreases from 100% to 60.36% during the subsonic throttling and to 59.81% during the supersonic throttling. Benefitting from the decreased spillage drag, the installed performance of the three-stream ACE is improved to some degree during throttling. This improvement is less than the result of a three-bypass ACE, whose configuration and control schedule are more complex. Thus, the three-stream ACE is a compromise design considering the technical risk and variable cycle characteristic, which is a better platform to verify the component technology and control schedule for the further research on a more complex type of ACE. PubDate: Sun, 22 Apr 2018 07:01:32 +000

Abstract: The goal of this paper is to investigate the possible directions of some specified methods for aeronautical and aerospace material and structure effectiveness modeling and optimization. Multioptionality hybrid function uncertainty conditional optimization doctrine application is supposed to be implemented for a degrading failure problem optimal solution determination. The optimal solution is assumed to deliver the maximum value to the probability of damage but not the failure state of the studied material behavior. The principal supposition is that there should be some certain objectively existing value extremized in the conditions of the hybrid optional function uncertainty. There is a scientific proof for the choice of a good maintenance optimal periodicity method that fits the customer’s needs, taking into account the effectiveness functions pertaining to the options. The described doctrine allows obtaining the objectively existing optimal values not with the help of a probabilistic but rather with a multioptimal concept. The subjective entropy maximum principle is the other paradigm concept involved in the considered problem solution, which is an equivalent for the uncertainty conditional optimization at the optimal hybrid function distribution determination. By applying simplified, however possible, models and expressions for effectiveness, plausible results are obtained and illustrated in diagrams visualizing the situation and allowing for the selection of a good choice. The ideas of the required material method choice optimization with respect to only two simple parameters, nevertheless, develop numerous particular combinations. Moreover, an increase in the number of parameters and further complication of the problem setting will not change the principle of the problem solution. PubDate: Sun, 22 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The configuration information of Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) system includes almost all details of whole system architecture, which is used to configure the hardware interfaces, operating system, and interactions among applications to make an IMA system work correctly and reliably. It is very important to ensure the correctness and integrity of the configuration in the IMA system design phase. In this paper, we focus on modelling and verification of configuration information of IMA/ARINC653 system based on MARTE (Modelling and Analysis for Real-time and Embedded Systems). Firstly, we define semantic mapping from key concepts of configuration (such as modules, partitions, memory, process, and communications) to components of MARTE element and propose a method for model transformation between XML-formatted configuration information and MARTE models. Then we present a formal verification framework for ARINC653 system configuration based on theorem proof techniques, including construction of corresponding REAL theorems according to the semantics of those key components of configuration information and formal verification of theorems for the properties of IMA, such as time constraints, spatial isolation, and health monitoring. After that, a special issue of schedulability analysis of ARINC653 system is studied. We design a hierarchical scheduling strategy with consideration of characters of the ARINC653 system, and a scheduling analyzer MAST-2 is used to implement hierarchical schedule analysis. Lastly, we design a prototype tool, called Configuration Checker for ARINC653 (CC653), and two case studies show that the methods proposed in this paper are feasible and efficient. PubDate: Sun, 22 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We propose a simple and relatively inexpensive method for determining the center of gravity (CoG) of a small spacecraft. This method, which can be ascribed to the class of suspension techniques, is based on dual-axis inclinometer readings. By performing two consecutive suspensions from two different points, the CoG is determined, ideally, as the intersection between two lines which are uniquely defined by the respective rotations. We performed an experimental campaign to verify the method and assess its accuracy. Thanks to a quantitative error budget, we obtained an error distribution with simulations, which we verified through experimental tests. The retrieved experimental error distribution agrees well with the results predicted through simulations, which in turn lead to a CoG error norm smaller than 2 mm with 95% confidence level. PubDate: Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A solid rocket motor is one of the critical components of solid missiles, and its life and reliability mostly depend on the mechanical behavior of a composite solid propellant (CSP). Effective mechanical properties are critical material constants to analyze the structural integrity of propellant grain. They are estimated by a numerical method that combines the Voronoi cell finite element method (VCFEM) and the homogenization method in the present paper. The correctness of this combined method has been validated by comparing with a standard finite element method and conventional theoretical models. The effective modulus and the effective Poisson’s ratio of a CSP varying with volume fraction and component material properties are estimated. The result indicates that the variations of the volume fraction of inclusions and the properties of the matrix have obvious influences on the effective mechanical properties of a CSP. The microscopic numerical analysis method proposed in this paper can also be used to provide references for the design and the analysis of other large volume fraction composite materials. PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The article establishes a seven-degree-of-freedom projectile trajectory model for a new type of spinning projectile. Based on this model, a numerical analysis is performed on the ballistic characteristics of the projectile, and the trajectory of the dual-spinning projectile is filtered with the unscented Kalman filter algorithm, so that the measurement information of projectile onboard equipment is more accurate and more reliable measurement data are provided for the guidance system. The numerical simulation indicates that the dual-spinning projectile is mainly different from the traditional spinning projectile in that a degree of freedom is added in the direction of the axis of the projectile, the forebody of the projectile spins at a low speed or even holds still to improve the control precision of the projectile control system, while the afterbody spins at a high speed maintaining the gyroscopic stability of the projectile. The trajectory filtering performed according to the unscented Kalman filter algorithm can improve the accuracy of measurement data and eliminate the measurement error effectively, so as to obtain more accurate and reliable measurement data. PubDate: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 08:42:54 +000

Abstract: A synthetic jet actuator is a zero-net mass-flux device that imparts momentum to its surroundings and has proved to be a useful active flow control device. Using the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with the Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK) collision models, a 3-D simulation of a synthetic jet with cylindrical cavity employing a sinusoidal velocity inlet boundary condition was conducted. The velocity distributions are illustrated and discussed, and the numerical results are validated against previous experimental data. The computed results show the ingestion and expulsion flow over one working cycle as well as the evolution of vortices important to the control of the separated shear layer. Zero-net mass-flux behavior is confirmed. PubDate: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000