Abstract: In this paper, we analyze anisotropic and homogeneous Bianchi type V spacetime in the presence of dark matter and holographic dark energy model components in the framework of general relativity and Lyra’s geometry. The solutions of differential equation fields have been obtained by considering two specific cases, namely, the expansion scalar in the model is proportional to the shear scalar and the average scale factor taken as hybrid expansion form. The solutions for field equations are obtained in general relativity and Lyra’s geometry. The energy density of dark matter in both natures was obtained and compared so that the energy density of dark matter in general relativity is slightly different from the energy density of dark matter in Lyra’s geometry. A similar behavior occurred in case of pressure and EoS parameter of holographic dark energy model in respective frameworks. Also, it is concluded that the physical parameters such as the average Hubble parameter, spatial volume, anisotropy parameter, expansion scalar, and shear scalar are the same in both frameworks. Moreover, it is observed that the gauge function is a decreasing function of cosmic time in Lyra’s geometry, and for late times, the gauge function converges to zero and Lyra’s geometry reduces to general relativity in all respects. Finally, we conclude that our models are a close resemblance to the CDM cosmological model in late times and consistent with the recent observations of cosmological data. PubDate: Tue, 19 Jan 2021 07:20:01 +000

Abstract: We investigate the effect of noncommutativity and quantum corrections to the temperature and entropy of a BTZ black hole based on a Lorentzian distribution with the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). To determine the Hawking radiation in the tunneling formalism, we apply the Hamilton-Jacobi method by using the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) approach. In the present study, we have obtained logarithmic corrections to entropy due to the effect of noncommutativity and GUP. We also address the issue concerning stability of the noncommutative BTZ black hole by investigating its modified specific heat capacity. PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 05:20:00 +000

Abstract: With the framework of the multisource thermal model, we analyze the experimental transverse momentum spectra of various jets produced in different collisions at high energies. Two energy sources, a projectile participant quark and a target participant quark, are considered. Each energy source (each participant quark) is assumed to contribute to the transverse momentum distribution to be the TP-like function, i.e., a revised Tsallis–Pareto-type function. The contribution of the two participant quarks to the transverse momentum distribution is then the convolution of two TP-like functions. The model distribution can be used to fit the experimental spectra measured by different collaborations. The related parameters such as the entropy index-related, effective temperature, and revised index are then obtained. The trends of these parameters are useful to understand the characteristic of high energy collisions. PubDate: Mon, 11 Jan 2021 05:50:01 +000

Abstract: In this work, we consider axially symmetric stationary electromagnetic fields in the framework of special relativity. These fields have an angular momentum density in the reference frame at rest with respect to the axis of symmetry; their Poynting vector form closed integral lines around the symmetry axis. In order to describe the state of motion of the electromagnetic field, two sets of observers are introduced: the inertial set, whose members are at rest with the symmetry axis; and the noninertial set, whose members are rotating around the symmetry axis. The rotating observers measure no Poynting vector, and they are considered as comoving with the electromagnetic field. Using explicit calculations in the covariant splitting formalism, the velocity field of the rotating observers is determined and interpreted as that of the electromagnetic field. The considerations of the rotating observers split in two cases, for pure fields and impure fields, respectively. Moreover, in each case, each family of rotating observers splits in two subcases, due to regions where the electromagnetic field rotates with the speed of light. These regions are generalizations of the light cylinders found around magnetized neutron stars. In both cases, we give the explicit expressions for the corresponding velocity fields. Several examples of relevance in astrophysics and cosmology are presented, such as the rotating point magnetic dipoles and a superposition of a Coulomb electric field with the field of a point magnetic dipole. PubDate: Tue, 29 Dec 2020 04:35:01 +000

Abstract: The phase transition of the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole has the similar property with the van der Waals thermodynamic system. However, it is determined by the Gauss-Bonnet coefficient , not only the horizon radius. Furthermore, the phase transition is not the pure one between a big black hole and a small black hole. With this issue, we introduce a new order parameter to investigate the critical phenomenon and to give the microstructure explanation of the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole phase transition. And the critical exponents are also obtained. At the critical point of the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole, we reveal the microstructure of the black hole by investigating the thermodynamic geometry. These results perhaps provide some certain help to deeply explore the black hole microscopic structure and to build the quantum gravity. PubDate: Wed, 23 Dec 2020 08:20:00 +000

Abstract: We present the general expression of helicity amplitudes for generic multibody particle decays characterised by multiple decay chains. This is achieved by addressing for the first time the issue of the matching of the final particle spin states among different decay chains in full generality for generic multibody decays, proposing a method able to match the exact definition of spin states relative to the decaying particle ones. We stress the importance of our result by showing that one of the matching methods used in the literature is incorrect, leading to amplitude models violating rotational invariance. The results presented are therefore relevant for performing numerous amplitude analyses, notably those searching for exotic structures like pentaquarks. PubDate: Mon, 21 Dec 2020 16:20:01 +000

Abstract: The finding article presents Bianchi type- universe in the presence of bulk viscous and DE fluid nature of a cosmological model. The solutions of field equations were obtained by assuming hybrid expansion law. The physical significance of the obtained findings illustrates the dominance of bulk viscosity in early and dominance of dark energy fluid emergences in late. This leads to indicate the presence of bulk viscosity nature more effective in early time rather than late times, and also, it shows the dominance of dark energy in late times which grants the current observational result of the universe. Certain physical and geometrical properties of the model are also discussed. PubDate: Fri, 04 Dec 2020 10:35:00 +000

Abstract: Highly energetic proton/electron beam fixed-target experiments extend an opportunity to probe the sub-GeV dark matter and associated interactions. In this work, we have explored the sensitivity of DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) for sub-GeV leptophobic dark matter, i.e., this dark matter barely couples with the leptons. Baryon number gauge theory can predict the existence of leptophobic cold dark matter particle candidates. In our work, the dark matter candidate is considered to be scalar whose mass is defined by the symmetry breaking of new baryonic gauge group . In this scenario, a light scalar dark matter couples with the standard model candidates via vector boson mediator which belongs to the baryonic gauge group . This leptophobic dark matter dominantly couples to the quarks. Under this scenario, new parameter space for is explored by DUNE for leptophobic dark matter candidates. This new parameter space allowed to get a lower value than the present exiting constraint value of , i.e., . PubDate: Fri, 27 Nov 2020 08:50:01 +000

Abstract: In several extensions of the Standard Model of Particle Physics (SMPP), the neutrinos acquire electromagnetic properties such as the electric millicharge. Theoretical and experimental bounds have been reported in the literature for this parameter. In this work, we first carried out a statistical analysis by using data from reactor neutrino experiments, which include elastic neutrino-electron scattering (ENES) processes, in order to obtain both individual and combined limits on the neutrino electric millicharge (NEM). Then, we performed a similar calculation to show an estimate of the sensitivity of future experiments of reactor neutrinos to the NEM, by involving coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS). In the first case, the constraints achieved from the combination of several experiments are (90% C.L.), and in the second scenario, we obtained the bounds (90% C.L.). As we will show here, these combined analyses of different experimental data can lead to stronger constraints than those based on individual analysis, where CENNS interactions would stand out as an important alternative to improve the current limits on NEM. PubDate: Fri, 27 Nov 2020 05:50:01 +000

Abstract: Phenomenological potentials describe the quarkonium systems like where they give a good accuracy for the mass spectra. In the present work, we extend one of our previous works in the central case by adding spin-dependent terms to allow for relativistic corrections. By using such terms, we get better accuracy than previous theoretical calculations. In the present work, the mass spectra of the bound states of heavy quarks , and ðµð‘ mesons are studied within the framework of the nonrelativistic Schrödinger equation. First, we solve Schrödinger’s equation by Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU) method. The energy eigenvalues are presented using our new potential. The results obtained are in good agreement with the experimental data and are better than the previous theoretical estimates. PubDate: Tue, 24 Nov 2020 06:35:00 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we present a type D, nonvanishing cosmological constant, vacuum solution of Einstein’s field equations, extension of an axially symmetric, asymptotically flat vacuum metric with a curvature singularity. The space-time admits closed time-like curves (CTCs) that appear after a certain instant of time from an initial space-like hypersurface, indicating it represents a time-machine space-time. We wish to discuss the physical properties and show that this solution can be interpreted as gravitational waves of Coulomb-type propagate on anti-de Sitter space backgrounds. Our treatment focuses on the analysis of the equation of geodesic deviations. PubDate: Thu, 19 Nov 2020 04:50:00 +000

Abstract: We describe the transverse momentum spectra or transverse mass spectra of ,,, and produced in central gold-gold (Au-Au), central lead-lead (Pb-Pb), and inelastic proton-proton (pp) collisions at different collision energies range from the AGS to LHC by using a two-component (in most cases) Erlang distribution in the framework of multisource thermal model. The fitting results are consistent with the experimental data, and the final-state yield ratios of negative to positive particles are obtained based on the normalization constants from the above describing the transverse momentum (or mass) spectra. The energy-dependent chemical potentials of light hadrons (,, and ) and quarks (,, and ) in central Au-Au, central Pb-Pb, and inelastic (pp) collisions are then extracted from the modified yield ratios in which the contributions of strong decay from high-mass resonance and weak decay from heavy flavor hadrons are removed. The study shows that most types of energy-dependent chemical potentials decrease with increase of collision energy over a range from the AGS to LHC. The curves of all types of energy-dependent chemical potentials, obtained from the fits of yield ratios vs. energy, have the maximum at about 3.510 GeV, which possibly is the critical energy of phase transition from a liquid-like hadron state to a gas-like quark state in the collision system. At the top RHIC and LHC, all types of chemical potentials become small and tend to zero at very high energy, which confirms that the high energy collision system possibly changes completely from the liquid-like hadron-dominant state to the gas-like quark-dominant state and the partonic interactions possibly play a dominant role at the LHC. PubDate: Thu, 05 Nov 2020 13:20:01 +000

Abstract: The transverse momentum spectra of identified particles produced in high energy proton-proton collisions are empirically described by a new method with the framework of the participant quark model or the multisource model at the quark level, in which the source itself is exactly the participant quark. Each participant (constituent) quark contributes to the transverse momentum spectrum, which is described by the TP-like function, a revised Tsallis–Pareto-type function. The transverse momentum spectrum of the hadron is the convolution of two or more TP-like functions. For a lepton, the transverse momentum spectrum is the convolution of two TP-like functions due to two participant quarks, e.g., projectile and target quarks, taking part in the collisions. A discussed theoretical approach seems to describe the collisions data at center-of-mass energy , 2.76 TeV, and 13 TeV very well. PubDate: Fri, 30 Oct 2020 14:35:00 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we adopt the Verlinde hypothesis on the origin of gravity as the consequence of the tendency of systems to increase their entropy and employ the Tsallis statistics. Thereinafter, modifications to the Newtonian second law of motion, its gravity, and radial velocity profile are studied. In addition, and in a classical framework, the corresponding cosmology and also its ability in describing the inflationary phases are investigated. PubDate: Wed, 07 Oct 2020 14:50:02 +000

Abstract: We estimate the production of bosons, with as the component of a vector boson, via - collisions using previous work on production in - collisions, with the new aspect being the creation of bosons via quark interactions. We then estimate the production of bosons via Pb-Pb collisions using modification factors from previous publications. PubDate: Thu, 24 Sep 2020 13:50:02 +000

Abstract: In this paper, using Hamilton-Jacobi ansatz, we investigate scalar particle tunneling radiation in the Demianski-Newman spacetime. We get the effective temperature with influences of quantum gravity and compare this temperature with the original temperature of the Demianski-Newman black hole. We find that it is similar to the case of fermions; for scalar particles, the influence of quantum gravity will also slow down the increase of Hawking temperatures, which naturally leads to remnants left in the evaporation. PubDate: Wed, 23 Sep 2020 08:20:01 +000

Abstract: We investigate the nonequilibrium back reaction on the Schwarzschild black hole from the radiation field. The back reactions are characterized by the membrane close to the black hole. When the membrane is thin, we found that larger temperature difference can lead to more significant negative surface tension, larger thermodynamic dissipation cost, and back reaction in energy and entropy as well as larger black hole area. This may be relevant to the primordial black holes in early universe. Moreover, our nonequilibrium model can resolve the inconsistency issue of the black hole back reaction under zero mass limit in the equilibrium case. In the thick membrane case, the nonequilibrium back reaction is found to be more significant than that in the thin membrane case. The nonequilibrium temperature difference can increase the energy and entropy loss as well as the thermodynamic dissipation of the black hole and the membrane back reactions. The nonequilibrium dissipation cost characterized by the entropy production rate appears to be significant compared to the entropy rate radiated by the black hole under finite temperature difference. This may shed light on the black hole information paradox due to the information loss from the entropy production rate in the nonequilibrium cases. The nonequilibrium thermodynamic fluctuations can also reflect the effects of the back reactions of the Hawking radiation on the evolution of a black hole. PubDate: Thu, 17 Sep 2020 14:50:03 +000

Abstract: We consider what is the maximum information measurable from the decay distributions of polarised baryon decays via amplitude analysis in the helicity formalism. We focus in particular on the analytical study of the decay distributions, demonstrating that the full information on its decay amplitudes can be extracted from its distributions, allowing a simultaneous measurement of both helicity amplitudes and the polarisation vector. This opens the possibility to use the decay for applications ranging from New Physics searches to low-energy QCD studies, in particular its use as absolute polarimeter for the baryon. This result is valid as well for baryon decays having the same spin structure, and it is cross-checked numerically by means of a toy amplitude fit with Monte Carlo pseudodata. PubDate: Fri, 11 Sep 2020 14:50:01 +000

Abstract: In this work, we have obtained the solutions of a massless fermion which is under the external magnetic field around a cosmic string for specific three potential models using supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The constant magnetic field, energy-dependent potentials, and position-dependent mass models are investigated for the Dirac Hamiltonians, and an extension of these three potential models and their solutions is also obtained. The energy spectrum and potential graphs for each case are discussed for the deficit angle. PubDate: Thu, 03 Sep 2020 14:50:02 +000

Abstract: The light rays and wave fronts in a linear class of the Gödel-type metric are examined to reveal the causality-violating features of the space-time. Noncausal features demonstrated by the development of unusual wave front singularities are shown to be related to the nonmonotonic advance of time along the light rays, as measured by a system of observers at rest with respect to one another with synchronized clocks. PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 07:20:01 +000

Abstract: We investigate numerically gravity effects on certain AdS/CFT tools including holographic entanglement entropy and two-point correlation functions for a charged single accelerated Anti-de Sitter black hole in four dimensions. We find that both holographic entanglement entropy and two-point correlation functions decrease by increasing the acceleration parameter , matching perfectly with literature. Taking into account the gravity parameter , the decreasing scheme of the holographic quantities persist. However, we observe a transition-like point where the behavior of the holographic tools changes. Two regions meeting at such a transit-like point are shown up. In such a nomination, the first one is associated with slow accelerating black holes while the second one corresponds to a fast accelerating solution. In the first region, the holographic entanglement entropy and two-point correlation functions decrease by increasing the parameter. However, the behavioral situation is reversed in the second one. Moreover, a cross-comparison between the entropy and the holographic entanglement entropy is presented, providing another counterexample showing that such two quantities do not exhibit similar behaviors. PubDate: Fri, 28 Aug 2020 13:20:04 +000

Abstract: The Nelson-Seiberg theorem relates -symmetries to -term supersymmetry breaking and provides a guiding rule for new physics model building beyond the Standard Model. A revision of the theorem gives a necessary and sufficient condition to supersymmetry breaking in models with polynomial superpotentials. This work revisits the theorem to include models with nonpolynomial superpotentials. With a generic -symmetric superpotential, a singularity at the origin of the field space implies both -symmetry breaking and supersymmetry breaking. We give a generalized necessary and sufficient condition for supersymmetry breaking which applies to both perturbative and nonperturbative models. PubDate: Mon, 17 Aug 2020 14:35:08 +000

Abstract: We discuss the continuous and infinitesimal gauge, supergauge, reparameterization, nilpotent Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST), and anti-BRST symmetries and derive corresponding nilpotent charges for the one -dimensional (1D) massive model of a spinning relativistic particle. We exploit the theoretical potential and power of the BRST and supervariable approaches to derive the (anti-)BRST symmetries and coupled (but equivalent) Lagrangians for this system. In particular, we capture the off-shell nilpotency and absolute anticommutativity of the conserved (anti-)BRST charges within the framework of the newly proposed (anti-)chiral supervariable approach (ACSA) to BRST formalism where only the (anti-)chiral supervariables (and their suitable super expansions) are taken into account along the Grassmannian direction(s). One of the novel observations of our present investigation is the derivation of the Curci-Ferrari- (CF-) type restriction by the requirement of the absolute anticommutativity of the (anti-)BRST charges in the ordinary space. We obtain the same restriction within the framework of ACSA to BRST formalism by (i) the symmetry invariance of the coupled Lagrangians and (ii) the proof of the absolute anticommutativity of the conserved and nilpotent (anti-)BRST charges. The observation of the anticommutativity property of the (anti-)BRST charges is a novel result in view of the fact that we have taken into account only the (anti-)chiral super expansions. PubDate: Mon, 17 Aug 2020 14:20:11 +000

Abstract: The transverse momentum spectra of ,, and produced in proton-proton , proton-antiproton , proton-lead , gold-gold , and lead-lead () collisions over a wide energy range are analyzed by the (two-component) Erlang distribution, the Hagedorn function (the inverse power-law), and the Tsallis-Levy function. The initial temperature is obtained from the color string percolation model from the fit by the (two-component) Erlang distribution in the framework of a multisource thermal model. The excitation functions of several parameters such as the mean transverse momentum and initial temperature increase from 39 GeV to 13 TeV, which is considered in this work. The mean transverse momentum and initial temperature decrease (increase slightly or do not change significantly) with the increase of rapidity (centrality). Meanwhile, the mean transverse momentum of is larger than that of and , and the initial temperature for emission is higher than that for and emission, which shows a mass-dependent behavior. PubDate: Mon, 17 Aug 2020 13:05:06 +000

Abstract: Recently, some authors have considered the quantum spectrum of black holes. This consideration is extended to tachyonic black holes in a brane-anti-brane system. In this study, black holes are constructed from two branes which are connected by a tachyonic tube. As the branes come closer to each other, they evolve and make a transition to thermal black branes. It will be shown that the spectrum of these black holes depends on the tachyonic potential and the separation distance between the branes. By decreasing the separation distance, more energy emerges and the spectrum of the black hole increases. PubDate: Mon, 17 Aug 2020 07:50:02 +000

Abstract: The gravitational charge should be the energy instead of the mass. This modification will lead to some different results, and the experiments to test the new idea are also presented. In particular, we figure out how to achieve the negative energy and repulsive gravitational force in the lab. PubDate: Fri, 07 Aug 2020 13:20:04 +000

Abstract: We construct a unified model of inflation and PeV dark matter with an appropriate choice of no-scale Kähler potential, superpotential, and gauge kinetic function in terms of MSSM fields and hidden sector Polonyi field. The model is consistent with the CMB observations and can explain the PeV neutrino flux observed at IceCube HESE. A Starobinsky-like Higgs-sneutrino plateau inflation is obtained from the -term SUGRA potential while -term being subdominant during inflation. To get PeV dark matter, SUSY breaking at PeV scale is achieved through Polonyi field. This sets the scale for soft SUSY breaking parameters at the GUT scale in terms of the parameters of the model. The low-energy particle spectrum is obtained by running the RGEs. We show that the ~125 GeV Higgs and the gauge coupling unification can be obtained in this model. The 6 PeV bino-type dark matter is a subdominant fraction (~11%) of the relic density, and its decay gives the PeV scale neutrino flux observed at IceCube by appropriately choosing the couplings of the -parity violating operators. Also, we find that there is degeneracy in scalar field parameters and coupling value in producing the correct amplitude of CMB power spectrum. However, the value of parameter , which is tightly fixed from the requirement of PeV scale SUSY breaking, removes the degeneracy in the values of the scalar field parameters to provide a unique solution for inflation. In this way, it brings the explanation for dark matter, PeV neutrinos, and inflation within the same framework. PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 02:50:06 +000

Abstract: The differential cross-section of the top quark pair production via the quark-antiquark annihilation subprocess in hadron collision is calculated within the noncommutative standard model. A pure NC analytical expression for the forward-backward asymmetry at the tree level is obtained. Moreover, using recent Tevatron results from the full RUN2 data, a new lower bound on the noncommutative geometry parameter is deduced. PubDate: Tue, 21 Jul 2020 14:05:03 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we solve a generalized Klein-Gordon oscillator in the cosmic string space-time with a scalar potential of Cornell-type within the Kaluza-Klein theory and obtain the relativistic energy eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. We extend this analysis by replacing the Cornell-type with Coulomb-type potential in the magnetic cosmic string space-time and analyze a relativistic analogue of the Aharonov-Bohm effect for bound states. PubDate: Fri, 10 Jul 2020 15:50:01 +000