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Publisher: Alma Ata University   (Total: 2 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian J. of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Cover Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2303-3045 - ISSN (Online) 2503-183X
   Published by Alma Ata University Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Aktivitas fisik berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak Sekolah
           Dasar

    • Authors: M Zamzani, Hamam Hadi, Dewi Astiti
      Pages: 123 - 128
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgrounds: The increasing prevalence of obesity is caused by imbalance between energy input to energy output. Physical activity in children both at school and at home plays an important role in determining the nutritional status of children, including the risk of obesity. Objectives: To determine the relationship between children physical activity with obesity in Ngebel Elementary School, Tamantirto Kasihan Bantul. Methods: This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. The study population is all children grades 3, 4, and 5 Ngebel Elementary School, Tamantirto Kasihan Bantul. These samples included 96 children who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria obtained with less total sampling technique. Weight children measured using digital bathroom scales to the nearest 0.1 kg and height was measured using the nearest 0.1 cm microtoice assisted by trained enumerators. Physical activity data were obtained using a physical activity questionnaire was adopted from previous studies. Nutritional status data is calculated using the WHO software Anthro 2005. Univariate analysis using frequency distribution and bivariate analysis using Fisher’s Exact Test. Data were analyzed using software statistic.Results: Results analisis showed physical activity had a significant relationship with the incidence of obesity in children, with p Value 0.015 (<0,05) with OR of 4.78 (95% CI: 1.36 to 16.82), in other words children who do moderate to severe activity ≤1 hour/day had 5 times higher chance to be obese than children with moderate to severe activity >1 hour/day.Conclusions: Physical activity has a significant association with obesity. KEYWORDS: physical activity, obesity, elementary school children ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Peningkatan prevalensi obesitas disebabkan oleh adanya ketidakseimbangan antara masukan energi dengan keluaran energi. Aktivitas fisik pada anak-anak baik di sekolah maupun di rumah berperan penting dalam penentuan status gizi anak, termasuk risiko terjadinya obesitas.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak Sekolah Dasar Negeri Ngebel, Tamantirto Kasihan Bantul.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah semua anak kelas 3, 4, dan 5 SDN Ngebel, Tamantirto Kasihan Bantul. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 96 anak yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi diperoleh dengn teknik total sampling. Berat anak-anak diukur dengan menggunakan timbangan injak digital dengan ketelitian 0,1 kg, sedangkan tinggi badan diukur menggunakan microtoise dengan ketelitian 0,1 cm dibantu oleh enumerator terlatih. Data aktivitas fisik diperoleh menggunakan kuesioner aktivitas fisik yang diadopsi dari penelitian sebelumnya. Data status gizi dihitung dengan menggunakan software WHO Anthro 2005. Analisis univariat menggunakan distribusi frekuensi dan analisis bivariat menggunakan Fisher’s Exact Test. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan program software statistic.Hasil: Hasil analisis menunjukkan aktivitas fisik memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak dengan nilai p value 0,009 (<0,05) dengan nilai OR 5,69 (95% CI: 1,42-22,65), dengan kata lain anak yang melakukan aktivitas sedang-berat ≤1 jam/hari berpeluang 5 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami obesitas daripada anak dengan aktivitas sedang-berat >1 jam/hari.Kesimpulan: Aktivitas fisik memiliki hubungan secara bermakna dengan obesitas.KATA KUNCI: aktivitas fisik, obesitas, anak SD
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(3).123-128
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT/U) berhubungan dengan daya ingat anak usia 5-6
           tahun

    • Authors: Eny Palupi, Ahmad Sulaeman, Angelika Ploeger
      Pages: 129 - 138
      Abstract: Background: Lack of nutrient during the early-life might impair the brain development which is not able to be paid-off on later life.  Objectives: To explore the potential relationship between a series of nutritional status (weight-for-age, height-for-age and BMI-for-age) and a series of brain development indicators (memory, learning, attention, IQ and EQ). Methods: Brain development indicators were assessed using Projective Multi-phase Orientation method. This study was conducted among 118 boys and 103 girls age 5-6 years old from 5 different rural and urban areas in Bogor, West-Java, Indonesia, between November 2012 to December 2013. Non-parametric test and Principal Component Analysis were applied for data analysis. Results: There was a positive relationship (p<0.05) between BMI and memory ability but failed to reveal any significant differences between the cognitive abilities assessed and two other child growth indicators (weight-for-age and height-for-age). A Mann-Whitney U test showed that children with BMI-for-age z score ≥ -3 (n=170) had significantly (p<0.05) better memory’s ability (50.49±11.92) compared to children with BMI-for-age z score < -3 (n=51) (46.65±11.13). Conclusions: BMI-for-age was potential as a predictor for brain development of children age 5-6 years old. Correlation between the balance proportion of weight and height and the optimal hippocampal development in early-life stage was suspected as the reason behind this evidence.Latar belakang: Kekurangan gizi pada masa awal kehidupan diprediksi mampu mempengaruhi perkembangan otak yang tidak mungkin untuk diperbaiki pada tahap perkembangan berikutnya.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis potensi hubungan antara status gizi (BB/U, TB/, dan IMT/U) dengan beberapa indikator perkembangan otak (memory, learning, attention, intelligence quotient (IQ), dan emotional quotient (EQ)). Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional study yang melibatkan 118 anak laki-laki dan 103 anak perempuan berusia 5 sampai 6 tahun, yang berasal dari 5 daerah yang berbeda di Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, pada bulan November 2012 hingga Desember 2013. Status gizi diukur menggunakan metode pengukuran antropometri. Beberapa indikator perkembangan otak diukur menggunakan metode projective multi-phase orientation. Data survei dianalisa dengan uji non-parametrik (Mann withney U dan Kruskal Wallis) menggunakan SPSS 16.0 dan principal component analysis menggunakan Unscrambler 10.2. Hasil: Penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan positif yang signifikan (p<0,05) antara IMT/U dan daya ingat, akan tetapi tidak berhasil mengungkapkan hubungan antara beberapa indikator perkembangan otak yang dianalisa dengan parameter status gizi yang lain (BB/U dan TB/U). Uji Mann-Whitney U menunjukkan bahwa anak dengan nilai z skor IMT/U ≥ -3 (n=170) secara signifikan (p<0,05) memiliki daya ingat yang lebih baik (50,49±11,92) dibandingkan dengan anak yang nilai z skor IMT/U < -3 (n=51) (46,65±11,13).Kesimpulan: IMT/U berpotensi sebagai prediktor awal terhadap kualitas perkembangan otak pada anak usia 5 sampai 6 tahun. Hubungan antara proporsi keseimbangan tinggi dan berat badan terhadap perkembangan hippocampus diprediksi menjadi alasan dibalik penemuan ini.KATA KUNCI: anak usia 5-6 tahun, kemampuan kognitif, status gizi

      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(3).129-138
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Asupan lemak dan aktivitas fisik serta hubungannya dengan kejadian
           hipertensi pada pasien rawat jalan

    • Authors: Lusi Ayu Kartika, Effatul Afifah, Isti Suryani
      Pages: 139 - 146
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackground: Hypertension is a great health problem in Indonesia. The cause of hypertension was high fat intake and low physical activity. In Indonesia in 2013, the prevalence of hipertension was 28,5%, and in Yogyakarta was 25,7%. Objectives: To Know the correlation between fat intake and phisical activity and hypertension among outpatients in RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul.Methods: This was an observasional study with case-control design. Cases was outpatient aged 30 – 60 years with hypertension. Controls was outpatient aged 30-60 years without hypertension. Data were analyzed by using univariable (descriptive), bivariable (chi-square test), and multivariable anaysis (logistic regression).Results: Bivariat analysis showed that there was significant relationship between fat intake (p =0,009; OR=3,839; CI 95% = 1,357 – 10,861), outpatient aged (p=0,008; OR=3,37; CI=1,340-8,476)   and hypertension. However, no significant relationship between physical activity ( τ = 0,075; p= 0,451), Body mass index (p=0,065; OR=2,155; CI 95%= 0,949–4,893) and hypertension. Multivariate analysis showed that variables most influential against an hypertension is fat intake (p=0,010; OR (CI 95%) = 4,246 (1,418 – 12,721)).Conclusions: There was significant correlation between fat intake, aged, and hypertension. However, physical activity and body mass index  failed to prove the correlation with hypertension.KEYWORDS : Hypertension, Fat Intake, Physical Activity, BMI, Aged ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Hipertensi masih menjadi permasalahan kesehatan yang besar di Indonesia. Penyebab terjadinya hipertensi diantaranya adalah asupan makanan tinggi lemak dan aktivitas fisik yang rendah. Di Indonesia pada tahun 2013 prevalensi stunting sebanyak 28,5 %, dan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta sebanyak 25,7%. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara  asupan lemak dan aktivitas fisik dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Pasien Rawat Jalan di RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul Yogyakarta.Metode: Jenis penelitian observasional dengan rancangan case-control. Kasus adalah pasien rawat jalan usia 30 – 60 tahun dengan diagnosa hipertensi. Kontrol adalah pasien rawat jalan usia 30 – 60 tahun yang tidak hipertensi. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat (deskriptif), bivariat (uji chi-square), dan multivariat (uji regresi logistik).Hasil: Analisis bivariat menunjukan asupan lemak ( p =0,009; OR=3,839; CI 95% = 1,357 – 10,861), dan usia (p=0,008; OR=3,37; CI=1,340-8,476) memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan kejadian hipertensi. Aktivitas fisik ( τ = 0,075; p= 0,451), dan IMT ( p=0,065; OR=2,155; CI 95%= 0,949–4,893)  tidak memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan kejadian hipertensi. Analisis multivariat menunjukan variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap terjadinya hipertensi adalah asupan lemak (p=0,010; OR (CI 95%) = 4,246 (1,418 – 12,721)).Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan lemak dan usia dengan kejadian hipertensi. Namun aktivitas fisik dan IMT tidak berhasil membuktikan hubungan dengan kejadian hipertensi.KATA KUNCI : Hipertensi, Asupan Lemak, Aktivitas Fisik, IMT, Usia.
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(3).139-146
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Aktivitas antidislipidemia Tepung tempe dan susu kedelai pada profil lipid
           tikus diabetes yang diinduksi streptozotocin

    • Authors: Kartika Nugraheni, Siti Harnina Bintari
      Pages: 147 - 153
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackground : dyslipidemia increases risk of cardiovascular disease on diabetes patients. Soybean contain many bioactive compounds which can help control lipid profile.Objectives : analyze the difference between fermented soybean (tempe flour) and unfermented soybean (soymilk) on lipid profile in diabetic rats.Methods : thirty male sprague dawley rats divided into 3 groups (1) diabetic control (2) tempe flour 1,8 gr (3) soymilk 1,35 gr. Tempe flour and soymilk were given for 28 days. Profile lipid measured including total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol. The data then were analyzed using Anova with confidence level of 95%.Results : the decrease values of total cholesteril, triglycerides and LDL cholesterol were better in tempe flour group (p<0,05). In addition, tempe flour group also showed better increase in the value of HDL cholesterl (p<0,05)Conclusion :fermented soybean (tempe flour) showed better antidyslipidemic activity than unfermented ones 
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(3).147-153
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Analisis determinan stunting pada baduta di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas tahun
           2016

    • Authors: Basri Aramico, Zamratul Husna
      Pages: 154 - 160
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgrounds: Stunting remains a problem that still needs to be considered by the government, because children with stunting decreased of intelligence (IQ) than children who are not stunting. Optimal growth can only be achieved by the intake of nutritious food and a healthy environment. In 2013, the prevalence of stunting in Aceh amounted to 37.2% consisted of 18% very short and 19.2% short. Based on the results of monitoring nutritional status report from Public Health Office in Pidie Jaya, the prevalence of stunting increased in the last two years. That percentage increased from 14.8% in 2014 and become 17% in 2015.Objectives: This study aims to determine of stunting of BADUTA in Puskesmas Ulim, Pidie Jaya district in the year of 2016.Methods: This research design is descriptive analytic by cross-sectional. The population in this study is all mothers who have BADUTA in Puskesmas Ulim in total of 75 respondents. The sampling method used is cluster sampling with total samples taken by 20% of the entire population from every six villagers from 30 villages. The primary data obtained directly by measuring the length of the child's body and through questionnaires by interview. The statistical test used is Chi-Square Test.Results: The study showed that 66.7% children experienced stunting, 70.7% children has less nutrition, 85.3% children does not received exclusive breastfeeding, 8.0% children with low birth weight babies, and 80.0% having infectious diseases.  From the statistical analysis it can be concluded that there is a relationship between nutrient intake (p-value= 0.000), breastfeeding (p-value= 0.000), and infectious diseases (p-value= 0.029) with stunting. However, there is no relation between low birth weight (LBW) (p-value= 0.079) with stunting for BADUTA.Conclusions: There is significant correlation between nutrition, exclusive breastfeeding, infection disease with stunting of BADUTA meanwhile there is no significant correlation between LBW babies with stunting in Puskesmas Ulim at Pidie Jaya district.Keywords: stunting, nutrient intake, exclusive breastfeeding, LBW, and infectious diseases 
       ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Stunting masih menjadi masalah yang harus diperhatikan pemerintah, dikarenakan anak penderita stunting mangalami penurunan intelligence quotient (IQ) dibandingkan dengan anak yang tidak stunting. Pertumbuhan yang optimal hanya dapat dicapai dengan asupan makanan yang bergizi serta lingkungan yang sehat. Tahun 2013 prevalensi stunting di Aceh sebesar 37,2 % terdiri dari 18,0% sangat pendek dan 19,2 % pendek. Berdasarkan hasil laporan pemantau status gizi Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pidie Jaya prevalensi stunting mengakami peningkatan dakam dua tahun terakhir. Persentase peningkatan tersebut pada tahun 2014 sebesar 14,8%, meningkat menjadi 17%  pada tahun 2015.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui analisis determinan stunting pada baduta di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Ulim Kabupaten Pidie Jaya Tahun 2016. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu yang memiliki baduta di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Ulim sebanyak 75 responden, dengan metode sampling yang dipilih adalah cluster sampling, sampel yang akan diambil sebesar 20% dari seluruh populasi, dengan teknik gugus adalah dengan mengambil 6 desa dari 30 desa. Data primer diperoleh langsung melalui pengukuran panjang badan anak dan melalui kuesioner dengan cara wawancara. Uji statistik yang digunakan yaitu uji chi-square test.Hasil: penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebanyak (66,7%) anak mengalami stunting, asupan gizi yang kurang (70,7%), yang tidak memberikan ASI eksklusif (85,3%), yang bayi berat lahir rendah (8,0%), dan yang ada penyakit infeksi (80,0%). Dari analisa statistik dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan antara asupan gizi (p=0,000), pemberian ASI (p=0,000), penyakit infeksi (p=0,029), dan tidak ada hubungan berat bayi lahir rendah (p=0,079) dengan stunting pada baduta. Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara asupan gizi, pemberian ASI Ekslusif, penyakit Infeksi dengan stunting pada baduta, dan tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara bayi berat lahir rendah dengan stunting pada baduta di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Ulim Kabupaten Pidie Jaya. KATA KUNCI: stunting, asupan gizi, ASI eksklusif, BBLR, pen...
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(3).154-160
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Perilaku makan berlebih dan hubungannya dengan kegemukan pada anak
           prasekolah

    • Authors: Herni Dwi Herawati, Indria Laksmi Gamayanti, A. Fahmy Arif Tsani, I Made Alit Gunawan
      Pages: 161 - 169
      Abstract: Backgrounds: Obese children is a serious health problem. Obesity in childhood if it’s not handled properly will cause obesity up to adolescence and adulthood. Eating behavior in children plays an important role on the prevalence of obesity.Objectives: This study aims to determine the correlation of excessive eating behavior (overeating, enjoyment of food, desire to drink) with overweight in preschool children.Methods: The study used case control design adjusted for age and sex. The research subjects were taken randomly from 53 early childhood schools in the city of Yogyakarta. Subjects were mothers who has preschool children aged 3-5 years. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: cases who have Z score> 2 SD (n = 101) and control have Z score -2 up to 2 SD (n = 101) were adjusted for age and gender. Behaviors of food approach were assessed using CEBQ (Children Eating Behavior Questionnaire). The nutritional status of parents was determined by using BMI (Body Mass Index). Data of birth weight and socioeconomic was obtained by interviews directly to the mother. Data were Analyzed  by Mc Nemar and Conditional Logistic Regression.Results: There was correlation enjoyment of food with overweight (p < 0.05, OR 4.33, 95% CI: 1.74-12.87). There was no correlation overeating (emotional overeating / food responsiveness) with overweight (p > 0.05, OR 0, 95% CI : 0.02 to 0.00). There was no correlation desire to drink with overweight (p > 0.05, OR 1.5, 95% CI 0.47 to 5.12). Enjoyment of food behavior is accompanied by nutritional status of obese mothers had significant association with overweight (p < 0.05, OR:3.71, 95% CI: 1.12 to 4.05).Conclusions: Enjoyment of food behavior was risk factor of overweight in preschool children. Educator in early childhood schools hopefully can give information to parents about prevention and intervention of obesity in preschool children, which associated with food  approach and obesity. Future research needs longitudinal studies to better know the causal behavior of food approach to obesity in preschool children. KEYWORDS: excessive eating behavior, overweight, preschool children
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(3).161-169
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Back Matter

    • Authors: Lusi Ayu
      DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(3).%p
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3
       
 
 
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