Publisher: Universitas Airlangga   (Total: 51 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Berkala Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia     Open Access  
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin / Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access  
Biomolecular and Health Science J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical, Medical and Surgical Nursing J.     Open Access  
Dental J. (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Etnolingual     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Fundamental and Management Nursing J.     Open Access  
Global & Strategis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian J. of Occupational Safety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian J. of Tropical and Infectious Disease     Open Access  
INSAN Jurnal Psikologi dan Kesehatan Mental     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied Business     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Developing Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Halal Product and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Information Systems Engineering and Business Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Parasite Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Public Health Research and Community Health Development     Open Access  
J. of Stem Cell Research and Tissue Engineering     Open Access  
J. of Vocational Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurist-Diction     Open Access  
Jurnal Administrasi Kesehatan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Biosains Pascasarjana     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam (J. of Islamic Economics and Business)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan     Open Access  
Jurnal Farmasi dan Ilmu Kefarmasian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan / Scientific J. of Fisheries and Marine     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan     Open Access  
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan     Open Access  
Jurnal Kimia Riset     Open Access  
Jurnal Lakon     Open Access  
Jurnal Manajemen Teori dan Terapan | J. of Theory and Applied Management     Open Access  
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Ners     Open Access  
Jurnal PROMKES : Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan dan Pendidikan Kesehatan Indonesia (The Indonesian J. of Health Promotion and Health Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Respirasi     Open Access  
Juxta : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga     Open Access  
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi     Open Access  
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media Iuris     Open Access  
Mozaik Humaniora     Open Access  
Notaire     Open Access  
Pediomaternal Nursing J.     Open Access  
Record and Library J.     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Yuridika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2085-1103 - ISSN (Online) 2356-0991
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [51 journals]
  • A SURVEY FOR ZOONOTIC AND OTHER GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES IN PIG IN BALI
           PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    • Authors: Ni Komang Aprilina Widisuputri, Lucia Tri Suwanti, Hani Plumeriastuti
      Pages: 54 - 65
      Abstract: Pigs have potentially to transmit zoonotic gastrointestinal parasite disease both caused by protozoa and worm. The aim of this study was to identify gastrointestinal parasites that were potentially zoonotic in pigs in the province of Bali. A total of 100 fresh feces samples was collected from several pig farms in Bali, from Badung and Tabanan districts, each consisted of 50 samples. Pig feces samples were examined for the presence of eggs worms, cysts and oocysts for protozoa based on the morphology and size. Identification for protozoa and worms used native, sedimentation and sucrose flotation methods. Parameters measured were sex, feed and cage management. The result showed that the characteristic parameters for pigs in both district were generally female. Cage management for raising pigs mostly used group cage. Feed that provided in both district mostly used bran and concentrate. All of 100 pig feces samples that examined positive for parasites. There were 8 types of gastrointestinal parasites that have been identified. Four types of protozoa found were Entamoeba sp. (99%), Balantidium sp. (79%), Eimeria sp. (78%), Blastocystis sp. (69%) and four types of worms were Ascaris sp. (20%), Trichuris sp. (20%), Strongyloides sp. (19%), and Oesophagostomum sp. (8%). All pigs were infected with two or more parasites. The prevalence of parasitic gastrointestinal infections was different for each district, six genera (Entamoeba sp., Balantidium sp., Blastocystis sp., Eimeria sp., Oesophagostomum sp. and Trichuris sp.)  were higher found in Tabanan district and the two genera (Ascaris sp. and Strongyloides sp.) were higher in Badung district. Oesophagostomum sp. was only found to infect pigs in Tabanan district. The conclusion is gastrointestinal parasites that found in pigs at Badung and Tabanan district Bali Province mostly have zoonotic potential.
      PubDate: 2020-03-19
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i1.10393
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • RELATIONSHIP OF NON STRUCTURAL ANTIGEN 1 (NS1) EXAMINATION RESULTS TO
           CLINICAL SIGNS ,SYMPTOMS AND ROUTINE BLOOD EXAMINATION IN PATIENTS
           SUSPECTED DENGUE INFECTIONS AT INPATIENTS CLINIC OF VITA MEDIKA KEPUNG
           KEDIRI DISTRICTS

    • Authors: Acivrida Mega Charisma
      Pages: 66 - 76
      Abstract: Early diagnosis of dengue infection is important because late diagnostic can be fatal to the patient, remembered the journey of the disease is very rapid. Currently there has been developed an examination of a non structural 1 dengue antigen (NS1) that can detect dengue viral infections earlier, even on the first day of fever. However, not all health care centers have adequate laboratory facilities for NS1 checks.Clinical symptoms and signs as well as a routine blood test are indicators that become the basis of diagnosis in health care facilities with limited facilities. This study aims to determine the relationship of NS1 examination result to clinical symptoms and signs as well as the result of routine blood tests in patients suspected dengue infection. This research uses observational analytic method with cross sectional approach. The research was conducted in clinic laboratory and inpatient clinic room of Vita Medika Kepung Kediri from November 2017 to February 2018.The number of research samples of 30 people was determined by the consecutive sampling technique. NS1 examination was done by using rapid immunochromatography test method with mono kits. Routine blood examination was done by using Micros 60. Chi square test on relationship between clinical sign and symptoms  examination of dengue with the results of NS1 examination obtained p= 0,310 (p > 0,005), while the results of chi square test on the relationship of routine blood examination results haemoglobine levels, amount of leucocyte, platelet count and hematocite of NS1 examination result obtained p value in a row p = 0,235 (p > 0,05) , p = 0,013(p < 0,05) , p = 0,028(p < 0,05)  dan p = 0,132 (p > 0,05). There was a significant correlation between leucocyte count and platelet count to NS1 antigen exanimation result , but there was no correlation between clinical signs and symptoms of dengue patients, haemoglobine level and haematocryt value on NS1 antigen examination result.
      PubDate: 2020-03-19
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i1.10382
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • IDENTIFICATION OF SCCMEC TYPE IN ISOLATE OF METHICILLIN RESISTANT
           Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) IN JAMBI BY USING POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION
           (PCR)

    • Authors: Humaryanto Humaryanto, Hanina Hanina, Lipinwati Lipinwati, Charles Apul Simanjuntak
      Pages: 77 - 82
      Abstract: Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) is one of the mobile genetic elements of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that carries many resistance genes and allows SCCmec to move from one bacterium to another. Twelve types of SCCmec have been identified throughout the world. Identification of SCCmec type is needed to determine the pattern of MRSA resistance in a particular region. This study aimed to identify the type of SCCmec MRSA from clinical samples. Specifically, this study was conducted at the Biomolecular Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of Jambi University in June 2018-February 2019. Culture was carried out on 100 clinical specimens of festering wound swabs from inpatients at hopitals in Jambi City. A total of 32 samples of Staphytect plus test positive were tested using Cefoxitin disc diffusion method and MecA Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). There were 14 samples identified as MRSA isolates, namely twelve samples (85.72%) of SCCmec type III, one sample (7.14%) of SCCmec type II, and one sample (7.14%) of SCCmec type IVb. The results were different from previous studies where all MRSA isolates (100%) in Indonesia were SCCmec type III, although most SCCmec types were still dominated by SCCmec type III. This study concludes that there has been a shift in the content of SCCmec in MRSA isolate originating from hospitals in Jambi city.
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.12691
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • FIRST LINE ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS DRUG RESISTANCE PATTERN IN
           MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS CORRELATE WITH ACID
           FAST BACILLI MICROSCOPY GRADING

    • Authors: Soedarsono Soedarsono, Ni Made Mertaniasih, Titiek Sulistyowati
      Pages: 83 - 89
      Abstract: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a global public health crisis. Acid-fast bacilli (AFB) gradation in sputum examination is an important component in Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) diagnosis and treatment outcome monitoring. Previously treated pulmonary TB patients with a higher AFB smear gradation may have higher rates of acquired resistance. Patients with a higher AFB grade indicate a higher bacillary load and had higher rates of acquired resistance. This study aims to evaluate the correlation between AFB gradation and first-line anti-TB drug resistance patterns in MDR pulmonary TB patients. This was a retrospective study conducted from August 2009 to April 2018 in Dr. Soetomo Hospital. Sputum samples were taken from MDR PTB patients. Sputum smear examination was done using Ziehl–Neelsen staining and gradation was measured according to IUATLD criteria. Samples with positive smear were evaluated for resistance patterns based on culture and resistance tests using the MGIT 960 BACTEC System. There were 433 sputum samples with AFB positive collected from MDR PTB patients. Resistance to RHES was found in 22 (14%) AFB +1, 19 (15%) AFB +2, and 29 (20%) AFB +3. Resistance to RHS was found in 22 (14%) AFB +1, 12 (9%) AFB +2, and 13 (9%) AFB +3. Resistance to RHE was found in 39 (25%) AFB +1, 38 (29%) AFB +2, and 35 (24%) AFB +3. Resistance to RH was found in 74 (47%) AFB +1, 61 (47%) AFB +2, and 69 (47%) AFB +3. Statistic analysis by Spearman test showed that there was no significant correlation between AFB gradation and first-line anti-TB drug resistance patterns. Acquired resistance to RHES can also found in lower bacillary load AFB +1.
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.14294
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • LOWER PERCEIVED-STIGMATIZATION BY HEALTH WORKERS AMONG HIV-AIDS PATIENTS
           OF KEY POPULATION BACKGROUNDS

    • Authors: Jihan Qonitatillah, Samsriyaningsih Handayani, Ernawati Ernawati, Musofa Rusli
      Pages: 90 - 100
      Abstract: The stigma of people living with HIV-AIDS (PLWHA) by health workers may have a broad impact, so it is necessary to identify the factors that influence the occurrence of stigma. Identification of factors that cause a decrease in stigmatization by health workers will have an impact on improving the quality of life of people with HIV, increasing compliance with medication, and ultimately reducing the incidence of HIV infection itself. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors related to PLWHA’s perception of stigma among health workers in the community health center.  This research applied a cross-sectional design using interviews. Ninety-four patients from the Infectious Disease Intermediate Care of Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya, a tertiary level hospital, were interviewed. The stigma perception was assessed using a questionnaire modified from the Standardized Brief Questionnaire by Health Policy Project with Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.786. The data were simultaneously analyzed with binary multiple regressions on IBM SPSS Statistics 22.0 for Windows software. There were 30 out of 94 patients with key population backgrounds, and most population was injecting drug users (IDUs) and female sex workers (FSWs). PLWHA perceived most stigmatized community health workers when they drew blood, provided care, and considered they were involved in irresponsible behavior. There were relationships between age(p=0.008), marital status(p=0.013), and the history of key population (p=0.006)to people living with HIV-AIDS (PLWHA)’s perception of stigma among health workers in East Java community health center. Future research on factors influencing HIV-related stigma is needed to improve patients’ quality of life.
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.15425
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEVEL OF SERUM ADIPONECTIN AND FRAILTY IN ELDERLY
           PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

    • Authors: Erika Marfiani, Jusri Ichwani, Novira Widajanti, Daniel Maranatha, Muhammad Amin
      Pages: 101 - 107
      Abstract: Elderly are especially prone to the adverse health effects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a typical aging disease which is found to be about 12% in the age group more than 64 years old. Frailty is an important geriatics syndrome, while adiponectin is an important adipokine that regulate homeostasis of energy. Adiponectin is affected by age, especially in males. Adiponectin levels increases as subcutaneous fat cells in older men decreases. Increased adiponectin can lead to muscle wasting which will further reduce body weight and body mass index (BMI), which indirectly also increases the degree of frailty. Until now the relationship between adiponectin with frailty degree in advanced COPD is still unknown.The aims of this study was to investigate the relationship between plasma adiponectin level and frailty in COPD elders. This was an observational analytic cross-sectional study. All anthropometric parameters, including weight, height, and body mass index (BMI), were measured. Adiponectin was measured by ELISA methods obtained from venous blood samples. Aged more than or equal to 60 years old, the patients underwent spirometry to determine the degree of airflow limitation and the degree of frailty defined by the Fried criteria. Statistic analysis used Rank Spearman. Thirty-eight male COPD patients became the subject of the study. The average age was 70-74 years, with a total of 13 robust, 12 prefrails and 13 frail patients. Level of adiponectin (mean and SD) in robust, prefrail, and frail were 6.84+ 2.66 , 6.58 + 4.27, and 11.62 + 4.90 respectively, p=0.015. Further analysis showed that level of adiponectin rose progresively with an increasing number of components of frailty. The degree of obstruction mostly with mild (42.1%), and no subjects with very severe. There were an increase in serum adiponectin levels in all subjects. In conclusion, level of adiponectin serum correlates positively with the degree of frailty.
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.16027
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SEPSIS RISK CALCULATOR AND INFECTION PARAMETERS FOR
           NEONATES WITH RISK OF EARLY ONSET SEPSIS

    • Authors: Trias Kusuma Sari, Irwanto Irwanto, Risa Etika, Mahendra Tri Arif Sampurna, Ni Made Mertaniasih
      Pages: 108 - 115
      Abstract: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase reactant protein that is primarily induced by the IL-6 action during the acute phase of an inflammatory or infectious process. Bacterial infection is a potent stimulus, leading to a rapid elevation of CRP levels within hours while the CBC and symptom are often misleading and/or absent. American Academy of paediatrics (AAP) is recommended routine blood examination test Complete Blood Count (CBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), and blood culture along with empirical antibiotic in neonates with early onset sepsis risk (EOS) risk even asymptomatic. Previous study is showed there were no correlation of CRP and EOS risk. The aim of this study is to evaluate the CRP and CBC profile in neonate with risk of EOS.  Methods of this study is using the sepsis risk calculator (SRC) to calculate the probability of neonatal early onset sepsis (EOS) based on maternal risk and infant’s clinical presentation. Neonates with ≥34 weeks of gestation who were started on antibiotic treatment after laboratory examination and blo odculture were taken. EOS risk estimation were compared including CRP, leukocyte, and thrombocyte count. ANOVA applied to distinguished laboratory examination between stratified risk groups. The result is showed using 82 subjects who met the inclusion and exclusion criterias, EOS risk level was stratified into green, yellow, and red group. The p value of CRP level, platelets, white blood cell were 0.35,0.54 and 0.48 where p value was considered as significant if < 0.5. The conclusion of this study is there were no correlation of CRP level and EOS riskASSOCIATION BETWEEN SEPSIS RISK CALCULATOR AND INFECTION PARAMETERS FOR NEONATES WITH RISK OF EARLY ONSET SEPSIS
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.10712
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • DIFFERENCES OF INTERLEUKIN-18 AND INTERLEUKIN-10 LEVELS IN RIFAMPICIN
           RESISTANT AND RIFAMPICIN SENSITIVE PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS IN DR.
           SOETOMO HOSPITAL SURABAYA

    • Authors: Audrey Gracelia Riwu, Jusak Nugaraha, Yoes Prijatna Dachlan
      Pages: 116 - 123
      Abstract: Rifampicin is an anti-tuberculosis drug which has an efficient antimicrobial effect and the basis of a short-term treatment regimen for tuberculosis (TB) patients. Rifampicin plays an important role against the growth and slow metabolism of Bacilli M. tuberculosis. Resistance to rifampicin causes the duration of tuberculosis treatment to be longer. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine which plays a role in controlling the growth of M. tuberculosis through its ability to induce IFN-γ, while Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine which plays a role in limiting tissue damage due to the inflammatory process and maintain tissue homeostasis. IL-18 and IL-10 has an important role in explaining the different degrees of inflammation in rifampicin resistant (RR) and rifampicin sensitive (RS) pulmonary tuberculosis patients. The purpose of this study is to determine different levels of IL-18 and IL-10 in new TB patients with RR and RS. This study was a retrospective cohort study with a cross-sectional design carried out from August-November 2018 in the TB-DOTS/MDR clinic at Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya. 50 research subjects were examined and grouped into two groups, namely pulmonary TB with RR (n = 25) and pulmonary TB with RS (n = 25) based on GeneXpert examination and anti-tuberculosis drug therapy ≤ 1 month. IL-18 and IL-10 were measured using the ELISA Method. Differences in IL-18 and IL-10 levels between groups were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test. The mean level of IL-18 (pg/ml) in RR and RS pulmonary TB patients were 1273.53±749.86 and 787.96 ±589.28 respectively. The mean level of IL-10 (pg/ml) in RR and RS pulmonary TB patients were 125.25±118.32 and 128.81±135.77 repectively. The mean level of IL-18 in RR and RS pulmonary TB patients were found to have a significant difference, while the mean level of IL-10 did not have a significant difference. Keywords: Interleukin-18, Interleukin-10, Tuberculosis, Rifampicin Resistant, Rifampicin Sensitive
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.10959
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • ANTI HEPATITIS C ACTIVITY AND TOXICITY OF Scoparia dulcis LINN. HERB

    • Authors: Aty Widyawaruyanti, Adita Ayu Permanasari, Laila Nur Hidayatus, Lidya Tumewu, Tutik Sri Wahyuni, Achmad Fuad Hafid
      Pages: 124 - 130
      Abstract: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is a serious public health problem since HCV is the ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus that  easy to mutate. The HCV standard treatment  has rapidly developed but the possibility of resistance and effectiveness of treatment needs to be considered. The medicinal plants are a source of various compounds that may potentially cure diseases including infectious diseases. Since a long years ago, medicinal plants were famous as an inherited treatment that believed to cure the disease. One of the medicinal plants is Scoparia dulcis (S. dulcis) that belongs to Scrophulariaceae family and traditionally used as remedies for digestive problems, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, bronchitis, and as an analgesic & antipyretic agent. The previous report showed that S. dulcis was known active as an antiviral against Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) type 1 in vitro and in vivo. The aim of the study is to determine the biactivity potential of S. dulcis against HCV. Scoparia dulcis was extracted using 80% ethanol (EE) then further separated by liquid-liquid fractionation using dichloromethane (DCMF), ethyl acetate (EAF), butanol solvent (BF) and water (WF). The in vitro anti-HCV analysis was performed with Huh7it cells and HCV JFH1 (genotype 2a) by determining inhibition concentration 50 (IC50). The toxicity (Cytotoxicity Concentration 50, CC50) test was performed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and mechanism of action were analyzed using time addition experiment.   Phytochemical groups as the suspected active compounds of S. dulcis were identified by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and observed under UV 254 nm, UV 365 nm, before and after sprayed using H2SO4 10% and heated at 105oC for 5 minutes. The IC50 test result of 80% EE and DCMF showed anti-HCV activity with a value of 12.7±4.8 µg/ml and 5.8±0.69 µg/ml, while EAF, BF, and AF respectively resulted in IC50 value of  >100 µg/ml that suggested there was no inhibition effect on HCV JFH1.  The DCMF was the most active fraction but toxic to the cell with CC50 value >23 µg/ml and selectivity index (SI) >3.9. According to the time addition experiment data, DCMF of S. dulcis inhibited post entry step HCV JFH1 infection that it means the possibility was to inhibit virus replication and or virion release. Scoparia dulcis contain chlorophyll, flavonoids and terpenoids as the suspected active compounds for inhibition of HCV JFH1 infecton. Futher study of post-entry inhibitions of HCV infection was needed.
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.12657
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • RECCURENT GIANT CONDYLOMATA ACUMINATA CAUSED BY HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS IN
           HIV WITH HOMOSEXUAL MALE

    • Authors: Emy Kusumaningsih, Lita Setyowatie
      Pages: 131 - 136
      Abstract: Perianal giant condylomata acuminate (GCA) is a rare clinical condition associated with low-risk Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 6 and 11 infections. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is one of the risk factors for GCA, that can increase the condylomata acuminate incidence and spread caused by HPV. A 28-year-old man came with a cauliflower-like mass complaint in his perianal and anal since 2 months ago. The patient did not complain of pain or itching on the mass but often bled when defecating. The patient is a male who has sex with men (MSM) and often changes partners. He has been diagnosed with HIV since 11 months ago and regularly taking anti-retroviral drugs, Efavirenz 600 mg daily. He was also diagnosed having lung tuberculosis at the same time, got 6 months treatment and was declared cured. The venereological examination of the perianal and anal region revealed erythematous and grayish stem-shaped vegetation and papules, verrucous surface, multiple, well defined, with 3 x 1.5 x 2 cm in size. A positive act of white examination was obtained. Blood tests revealed CD+4 230 cells /μL. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) examination for HPV obtained HPV types 6 and 11 infections. Histopathologic examination revealed acanthosis, papillomatosis, and hyperkeratotic epidermis and koilocytotic cells. The patient was treated with electrodesiccation three times but obtained mass in anal getting bigger with a size of 6 x 3 x 3 cm. Therefore, he agreed to be referred to the surgical department with an extensive surgical excision plan. Screening of GCA using PCR is not a routine examination but PCR has high sensitivity and specificity for determining the type of HPV, is useful for determining GCA prognosis and therapy, and is recommended for malignant and possible GCA recurrence detection
      PubDate: 2020-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.8375
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2020)
       
 
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