Publisher: Universitas Airlangga   (Total: 50 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Berkala Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia     Open Access  
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin / Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access  
Biomolecular and Health Science J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical, Medical and Surgical Nursing J.     Open Access  
Dental J. (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Etnolingual     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Fundamental and Management Nursing J.     Open Access  
Global & Strategis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian J. of Occupational Safety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian J. of Tropical and Infectious Disease     Open Access  
INSAN Jurnal Psikologi dan Kesehatan Mental     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied Business     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Developing Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Halal Product and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Information Systems Engineering and Business Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Public Health Research and Community Health Development     Open Access  
J. of Stem Cell Research and Tissue Engineering     Open Access  
J. of Vocational Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurist-Diction     Open Access  
Jurnal Administrasi Kesehatan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Biosains Pascasarjana     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam (J. of Islamic Economics and Business)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan     Open Access  
Jurnal Farmasi dan Ilmu Kefarmasian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan / Scientific J. of Fisheries and Marine     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan     Open Access  
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan     Open Access  
Jurnal Kimia Riset     Open Access  
Jurnal Lakon     Open Access  
Jurnal Manajemen Teori dan Terapan | J. of Theory and Applied Management     Open Access  
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Ners     Open Access  
Jurnal PROMKES : Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan dan Pendidikan Kesehatan Indonesia (The Indonesian J. of Health Promotion and Health Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Respirasi     Open Access  
Juxta : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga     Open Access  
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi     Open Access  
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media Iuris     Open Access  
Mozaik Humaniora     Open Access  
Notaire     Open Access  
Pediomaternal Nursing J.     Open Access  
Record and Library J.     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Yuridika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1978-3728 - ISSN (Online) 2442-9740
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [50 journals]
  • Correlation between reactive oxygen species and oral conditions in elderly
           individuals with hypertension: a preliminary study

    • Authors: Nanan Nur'aeny, Wahyu Hidayat, Indah Suasani Wahyuni
      Pages: 111 - 115
      Abstract: Background: The increased number of elderly people in Indonesia can be a positive phenomenon if their health is well-preserved. The elderly are influenced by physiological changes, environmental factors, and personal habits making them susceptible to chronic diseases. The oral cavity is also subject to change, one of the causes being reduced salivary flow that is manifested in dental caries and other oral health concerns. This disease is stimulated by oxidative stress in the body due to an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant defense system. Purpose: This preliminary study aimed to investigate ROS-related hypertension and the state of oral health of elderly patients. Methods: The study constitutes a combination of cross-sectional observation and consecutive sampling. Twelve subjects, selected on the basis of inclusive and exclusive criteria, consisted of two males and ten females. Physical examinations and blood sampling were performed on all subjects. R version 3.4.1 for Windows operating system was used to perform statistical tests. Results: The 12 patients shared a history of hypertension, the lowest ROS level was 0.87 IU/ml, while the highest was one of 7.20 IU/ml. The correlation between ROS and oral conditions showed only ROS and tooth loss as having a significant positive correlation. An independent t test showed there to be a mean difference between ROS with Miyazaki index 1 and 2 but it was statistically insignificant. Conclusion: There was no correlation between the ROS level in the bloodstream and general oral health, except in the relationship between the ROS level in the bloodstream and tooth loss which had a positive correlation.

      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Automation of gender determination in human canines using artificial

    • Authors: F. Fidya, Bayu Priyambadha
      Pages: 116 - 120
      Abstract: Background: Gender determination is an important aspect of the identification process. The tooth represents a part of the human body that indicates the nature of sexual dimorphism. Artificial intelligence enables computers to perform to the same standard the same tasks as those carried out by humans. Several methods of classification exist within an artificial intelligence approach to identifying sexual dimorphism in canines. Purpose: This study aimed to quantify the respective accuracy of the Naive Bayes, decision tree, and multi-layer perceptron (MLP) methods in identifying sexual dimorphism in canines. Methods: A sample of results derived from 100 measurements of the diameter of mesiodistal, buccolingual, and diagonal upper and lower canine jaw models of both genders were entered into an application computer program that implements the algorithm (MLP). The analytical process was conducted by the program to obtain a classification model with testing being subsequently carried out in order to obtain 50 new measurement results, 25 each for males and females. A comparative analysis was conducted on the program-generated information. Results: The accuracy rate of the Naive Bayes method was 82%, while that of the decision tree and MLP amounted to 84%. The MLP method had an absolute error value lower than that of its decision tree counterpart. Conclusion: The use of artificial intelligence methods produced a highly accurate identification process relating to the gender determination of canine teeth. The most appropriate method was the MLP with an accuracy rate of 84%.

      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • FGF-2 expression and the amount of fibroblast in the incised wounds of
           Rattus norvegicus rats induced with Mauli banana (Musa acuminata) stem

    • Authors: Didit Aspriyanto, Intan Nirwana, Hendrik Setia Budi
      Pages: 121 - 126
      Abstract: Background: Traditional wound treatment using herbal medicine is thought to maintain the health of families and society in general economically, effectively, and efficiently without inducing side effects. One genus of plant that can be used as a traditional medicine is the Mauli banana, indigenous to South Borneo. Mauli banana stem contains bioactive compounds, most of which are tannins along with ascorbic acid, saponin, β-carotene, flavonoids, lycopene, alkaloids, and flavonoids. Tanin has antibacterial and antioxidant effects at low concentrations, as wells as antifungal ones at high concentrations. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the effects of Mauli banana stem extract at concentrations of 25%, 37.5%, and 50% on the quality of incised wound healing in male Rattus norvegicus rats by assessing FGF-2 expression and fibroblast concentration on days 3 and 7. Methods: This research represented an experimental laboratory-based investigation involving 32 rats of the Rattus norvegicus strain aged 2-2.5 months old. Sampling was performed using a simple random sampling technique since the research population was considered homogeneous and divided into 8 treatment groups (C3, M3-25, M3-37.5, M3-50, C7, M7-25, M7-37.5, M7-50). The rats in each group were anesthetized before their back was incised with length and width of 15x15mm with a depth of 2mm. Gel hydroxy propyl cellulose medium (HPMC) was applied to the incised wound of each rat in the control group, while stem Mauli banana extract was applied to that of each rat in the treatment groups three times a day at an interval of 6-8 hours. On day 3, four rats from each group were sacrificed, while, in the remaining groups, the same procedure was performed until day 7, at which point they (8 groups) were sacrificed for HE examination in order to assess the amount of fibroblast and for IHC examination to examine FGF-2 expression. Data regarding FGF-2 expression and the amount of fibroblast were analysed by means of One-way Anova and HSD. Results: The results showed that the Mauli banana stem extract could significantly improve the expression of FGF-2 and the amount of fibroblast cells compared to C3 and C7 groups. The highest increase in FGF-2 expression and fibroblast amount were found in all groups on days 3 and 7 treated with the Mauli banana stem extract at a concentration of 50%.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Comparison of esthetic smile perceptions among male and female Indonesian
           dental students relating to the buccal corridors of a smile

    • Authors: Astriana Nurfitrah, C. Christnawati, Ananto Ali Alhasyimi
      Pages: 127 - 130
      Abstract: Background: A smile constitutes a form of measurement as to whether or not an orthodontic treatment has proved successful. A smile is said to be ideal if a balance exists between the shape of the face and teeth. One benchmark used to assess the quality of an ideal smile is that of buccal corridors. These are formed of the black space between the lateral edge of maxillary posterior teeth and the corner of the lip which appears during the action of smiling. Evaluating the contrasting perceptions of male and female smiles based on buccal corridor aspects is considered important to identifying the specific qualities an ideal smile. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the difference between the perceptions of an ideal smile held by Indonesian dental students of both genders based on buccal corridors. Methods: A total of 36 dental students, equally divided between male and female students and ranging in age from 18-21 years old, were enrolled in this study. The smiles of all subjects were photographed from the front for later assessment by the subjects themselves. Assessment was undertaken twice, with a two-week interval between the first and second, by comparing subjects’ photographs with reference pictures of buccal corridors. Data gathered were analyzed by using kappa-statistic and U-Mann Whitney. Results: The results indicated that all the subjects showed a good level of coincidence in their analysis (κ=0.76). Statistical analysis showed that the score of 0.123 (p>0.05) was shown in U-Mann Whitney. Conclusion: Indonesian male and female dental students have the same perception of an aesthetic smile with regard to its buccal corridor.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Deoxypyridinoline and mineral levels in gingival crevicular fluid as
           disorder indicators of menopausal women with periodontal disease

    • Authors: Agustin Wulan Suci Dharmayanti, Banun Kusumawardani
      Pages: 131 - 137
      Abstract: Background: Menopause is a phase of a woman’s life marked by menstruation cycle cessation and an increased risk of periodontal disease. It can be caused by estrogen deficiency which alters the microenvironment in the sulcular gingival area and influences the composition and flow of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). GCF has been widely studied as a non-invasive diagnostic and predictive tool for periodontal diseases. However, insufficient reports exist that explore its role as a predictive or diagnostic tool for bone loss detection in menopausal women. Purpose: This study aimed was to investigate deoxypyridinoline (DPD) and mineral levels that could be utilized as disorder indicators in menopausal women with periodontal disease. Methods: This study represents a form of analytical observation. Eighty-four patients of the Dental Hospital, University of Jember who fulfilled certain criteria were recruited. The subjects were divided into two main groups based on the presence of periodontal disease, (gingivitis=26; periodontitis=58) which were subsequently divided into three sub-groups based on their menopausal phase (pre-menopausal=26; perimenopausal=40; post-menopausal=18). GCF was collected using paper points from the buccal site of a posterior maxillary tooth with each subject having their GCF taken on only one occasion. DPD analysis was conducted by means of an ELISA test. The analysis of calcium, magnesium and sodium incorporated the use of an Atomic Absorption Spectroscope (AAS), while that of phosphor was by means of a spectrophotometer. Statistical analyses were performed using a comparison and correlation test (p<0.05). Results: There were significant differences in DPD and the mineral level of GCF in menopausal women with periodontal diseases (p<0.05). DPD and mineral levels showed significant correlation to those of menopausal women with periodontal diseases and a pH of GCF. Conclusion: DPD and mineral level in GCF could be used as disorder indicators in menopausal women with periodontal diseases.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Grafting effectiveness of Anadara granosa shell combined with sardinella
           longiseps gel on the number of osteoblast-osteoclast cells

    • Authors: Eddy Hermanto, Rima Parwati Sari, Asri Cahyadita Dwi Imaniar, Kevin Anggoro
      Pages: 138 - 143
      Abstract: Background: Bone grafts derived from Anadara granosa shells contain calcium carbonate that possesses bone-healing properties. The combination of Sardinella Longiceps fish oil, containing EPA and DHA, and Anadara granosa shells was assumed to regulate the number of osteoblasts-osteoclasts during the bone-healing process. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Anadara granosa shell grafts, combined with Sardinella Longiceps fish oil, in the bone-healing process by observing the ratio of osteoblasts-osteoclasts in Rattus novergicus rats. Methods: The Wistar rat subjects (n = 25) were divided into five groups, namely: one untreated group (control), one group treated with bone grafts derived from Anadara granosa shells (P1), and the other three groups treated with a combination of Anadara granosa shells and Sardinella longiceps fish oil at concentrations of 10%, 20%, and 30% (P2, P3, and P4). Then, a wound equivalent in size to half the diameter of a round bur (±1.5mm) was intentionally inflicted on the right femur of all the subjects. The rats were subsequently sacrificed on day 14, their femur in the transversal side being cut before HE staining was completed. Thereafter, the ratio of osteoblasts to osteoclasts was measured by means of a light microscopy. The data was subsequently analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results: The average number of osteoblasts in all research groups increased, viz: 9.420±0.8044 for control group (K), 12.080±0.79811 for group P1, 20.020±0.7190 for group P2, 25.940±0.7197 for group P3, and 36.280±0.9985 for group P4. Similarly, the number of osteoclasts in all groups subject to analysis also increased, namely: 1.73±0.098 for group K, 2.19±0.305 for group P1, 1.60±0.088 for group P2, 1.60±0.724 for group P3, and 1.80±1.302 for group P4. Moreover, the results of the One-way Anova test confirmed that there were no significant differences in osteoclasts between all research groups (p>0.05). The results of the one-way ANOVA and LSD tests confirmed there to be significant differences (p <0.05) between group K and other treatment groups (P1, P2, P3, and P4). Conclusion: The grafts derived from the combination of Anadara granosa shells and Sardinella longiceps gel can induce the production of osteoblasts, but not in the numbers necessary during the healing processin the femurs in Rattus novergicus rats.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • A Comparison of class I malocclusion treatment outcomes with and without
           extractions using an ABO grading system for dental casts and radiographs

    • Authors: Bunga Ayub Rukiah, Amalia Oeripto, Nurhayati Harahap
      Pages: 144 - 148
      Abstract: Background: Class I malocclusion can be treated with or without resort to extraction. However, despite the indications, a controversy is still ongoing as to whether one option is preferable to another. One of the most frequent controversies centers on whether treatment involving extractions will produce superior results than treatment not culminating in extraction. Purpose: This study aimed to compare the results of treating class I malocclusion with extractions and those without extraction using an ABO grading system. Methods: Comparing ABO scores in patients’ dental casts and radiographs with class I malocclusion with and without extraction. Observational research incorporating case control methods was conducted involving 40 patients with class I malocclusion. Samples were divided into two groups, one treated with extraction (group E) and the other without extraction as the control group (K). The results of the treatment were measured and assessed using eight variables of the ABO Grading System. Results: The total score for the group treated with extractions was 23.65±7.82, while that for group K was 26.50±7.02. There was no significant difference in the total score between the two groups. Nevertheless, class I malocclusion treated with extraction had a lower score than without extraction. Conclusions: There was no difference in the total score of the ABO grading system for class I malocclusion patients treated with and without extractions.

      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • RANKL expressions in preservation of surgical tooh extraction treated with
           Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf extract and demineralized freeze-dried
           bovine bone xenograft

    • Authors: S. Soekobagiono, Adrian Alfiandy, Agus Dahlan
      Pages: 149 - 153
      Abstract: Background: Preservation of sockets is a procedure aimed to reduce bone resorption after tooth extraction. One of the most commonly used xenograft materials is demineralized freeze-dried bone bovine xenograft (DFDBBX). Meanwhile, one of the key regulations in osteoclast genesis process is RANKL bond. A decrease in the number of RANKL expressions can suppress the osteoclast genesis process so that bone resorption can be prevented. The combination of Moringa leaf extract and DFDBBX, as a result, is expected to decrease the number of RANKL. Purpose: This study aimed to measure RANKL expressions in tooth extraction socket treated with Moringa leaf extract combined with DFDBBX. Methods: Fifty six Cavia cobaya rats were divided into eight groups. The first group was a control group with PEG administration onto their extraction sockets. The second group was a treatment group with DFDBBX administration. The third group was a treatment group with Moringa leaf extract administration. The fourth group was a treatment group induced with a combination of DFDBBX and Moringa leaf extract. Examination then was performed on days 7 and 30. After 7 and 30 days, those Cavia cobaya rats were executed and tested with immunohistochemical techniques. Further research data collected then were tested with one-way ANOVA. Results: There were significant differences between the control group and the groups induced with the combination of Moringa leaf extract and DFDBBX. On days 7 and 30, the groups induced with the combination of Moringa leaf extract and DFDBBX had the lowest number of RANKL expressions. Conclusion: The combination of Moringa leaf extract and DFDBBX can decrease the number of RANKL expressions in Cavia cobaya rats on the day 7 and day 30 after tooth extraction.

      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Gingival enlargement as oral manifestation in acute myeloid leukemia

    • Authors: Sandra Olivia Kuswandani, Yuniarti Soeroso, Sri Lelyati C. Masulili
      Pages: 154 - 159
      Abstract: Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a bone marrow cancer, a malignant disease that triggering the cells develops into different types of blood cells. It is widely recognized that the main manifestation of AML could be gingival hyperplasia and bleeding. Occasionally, an initial diagnosis of leukemia is made after a dental examination. In relation to systemic diseases, gingival enlargement could constitute the intensification of an existing inflammation initiated by dental plaque, or a manifestation of the systemic disease independent of the inflammatory condition of the gingiva. Gingival enlargement negatively affects the quality of life, especially nutritional intake. Purpose: This study aimed to report on gingival enlargement in AML patients, dental management of this condition and considerations when treating patients. Case: A 46 year-old woman diagnosed with AML who chiefly complained of gingival enlargement in all parts of the mouth which restricted her nutritional intake. Case management: The subject attended the clinic twice where nonsurgical treatment for the gingival enlargement, supragingival scaling and dental health education to maintain her oral hygiene was carried out. Unfortunately, she did not return for follow-up appointments due to having already passed away. Information about AML and its relation to gingival enlargement contained in the literature is also reviewed. Conclusion: In conclusion, gingival enlargement represents one oral manifestation of AML. This condition is related to and affects the nutritional intake of the patient.

      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Dental care for children with autism spectrum disorder

    • Authors: Amrita Widyagarini, Margaretha Suharsini
      Pages: 160 - 165
      Abstract: Background: Providing dental treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) represents a challenge for dentists. In the dental care of such children, the treatment plans implemented are usually determined by several factors, including: the type of autism spectrum disorder, the degree of patient cooperation, dentist/patient communication, the required treatment, self-care skills and parental/dentist support. Purpose: The purpose of this case report was to report the dental care delivered in the cases of two pediatric patients with ASD. Case 1: A 10.7 year-old boy with a nonverbal form of ASD who was experiencing recurrent pain in his lower left posterior tooth and also presented a blackened tooth. Case 2: A 9.6 year-old boy with a nonverbal form of ASD suffering from numerous painful cavities. Case management 1: On the day of the first visit, the boy was the subject of several behavioral observations. During the day of the second visit, he underwent a brief intraoral examination at a dental unit in order to arrive at a temporary diagnosis before appropriate was decided upon treatment in consultation with his parents. The implemented treatment plans comprised dental extraction and preventive restoration under general anesthesia. Case management 2: On the first visit, the boy underwent behavioral observations followed by early intraoral examination involving physical restraint approach. During the second visit, several treatment plans such as: general anesthesia, tooth extraction, restoration, and pulp-capping treatment were formulated. Conclusion: It can be concluded that general anesthesia was considered an appropriate dental treatment plan since the two patients in question were extremely co-operative during the necessary procedures. In other words, pediatric dental care treatment plans in cases of ASD should be determined by clearly-defined criteria, specifically the benefits and risks of the treatment plans for the safety of both patient and dental care team.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Potency of Garcinia mangostana L peel extract combined with demineralized
           freeze-dried bovine bone xenograft on IL-1β expression, osteoblasts, and
           osteoclasts in alveolar bone

    • Authors: Imam Safari Azhar, Utari Kresnoadi, Retno Pudji Rahayu
      Pages: 166 - 170
      Abstract: Background: Alveolar bone plays an important role in supporting dentures. One socket preservation procedure is the application of bone graft to the tooth socket immediately after extraction. The administration of Garcinia mangostana L peel extract combined with demineralized freeze-dried bovine bone xenograft (DFDBBX) is assumed to decrease the number of osteoclast cells and IL-1β expressions, while also increasing that of osteoblast cells. Purpose: This study aimed to establish the potency of Garcinia mangostana L peel extract combined with DFDBBX on interleukin 1β expressions, osteoclast cells, and osteoblast cells during the preservation of tooth extraction sockets. Methods: This research constituted experimental laboratory-based research using 56 Cavia cobayas as specimens with randomized factorial design (true experimental design). These subjects were divided into eight groups, given PEG, DFDBBX, mangosteen peel extract or a combination of mangosteen peel extract and DFDBBX, and subsequently anesthesized before their left mandibular incisors were extracted. Thereafter, the post-extraction sockets were treated with PEG, DFDBBX, mangosteen peel extract or a combination of mangosteen peel extract and DFDBBX. The sockets were examined by means of HE and immunohistochemical staining on days 7 and 30 after extraction. The data obtained was analyzed with a one-way ANOVA test. Results: The results of the one-way ANOVA test showed that the average number of osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and IL-1β expressions varied significantly between the groups. Conclusion: The combination of mangosteen peel extract and DFDBBX can potentially increase osteoblasts, while also decreasing osteoclasts and IL-1β expressions in the alveolar bones of Cavia cobaya.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
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Heriot-Watt University
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