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Publisher: Emerald   (Total: 344 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 344 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.178, CiteScore: 1)
Accounting Auditing & Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.71, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Accounting, Auditing and Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.187, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Accounting Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dual Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gender Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
African J. of Economic and Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 1)
Agricultural Finance Review     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.406, CiteScore: 1)
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201, SJR: 0.354, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 1)
Arts and the Market     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific J. of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access  
Asia Pacific J. of Marketing and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific J. of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Association of Open Universities J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. on Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Review of Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Aslib J. of Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 2)
Aslib Proceedings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 299)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.603, CiteScore: 2)
Baltic J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.309, CiteScore: 1)
Benchmarking : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.559, CiteScore: 2)
British Food J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.5, CiteScore: 2)
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Business Process Re-engineering & Management J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Career Development Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.527, CiteScore: 2)
China Agricultural Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
China Finance Review Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.245, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.278, CiteScore: 1)
Circuit World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 1)
Collection Building     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
COMPEL: The Intl. J. for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.22, CiteScore: 1)
Competitiveness Review : An Intl. Business J. incorporating J. of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.274, CiteScore: 1)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Corporate Communications An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.453, CiteScore: 1)
Corporate Governance Intl. J. of Business in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.336, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Perspectives on Intl. Business     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Cross Cultural & Strategic Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 2)
Development and Learning in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Digital Library Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Direct Marketing An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Disaster Prevention and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.47, CiteScore: 1)
Drugs and Alcohol Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135, SJR: 0.245, CiteScore: 1)
Education + Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.707, CiteScore: 3)
Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Employee Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.551, CiteScore: 2)
Engineering Computations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.444, CiteScore: 1)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 2)
English Teaching: Practice & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 1)
Equal Opportunities Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.5, CiteScore: 1)
EuroMed J. of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 1)
European Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 3)
European J. of Innovation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Management and Business Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.971, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Training and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.477, CiteScore: 1)
Evidence-based HRM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.537, CiteScore: 1)
Facilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 2)
Foresight     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
Gender in Management : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Grey Systems : Theory and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.421, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.426, CiteScore: 1)
History of Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
Housing, Care and Support     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Human Resource Management Intl. Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.129, CiteScore: 0)
Humanomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
IMP J.     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Growth and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Industrial and Commercial Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.301, CiteScore: 1)
Industrial Lubrication and Tribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Industrial Management & Data Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.904, CiteScore: 3)
Industrial Robot An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.318, CiteScore: 1)
Info     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Information and Computer Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 1)
Information Technology & People     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.671, CiteScore: 2)
Innovation & Management Review     Open Access  
Interactive Technology and Smart Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Interlending & Document Supply     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Internet Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.645, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. for Lesson and Learning Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.324, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. for Researcher Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Accounting and Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.275, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Bank Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.654, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Climate Change Strategies and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Clothing Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.318, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Conflict Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.362, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.452, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.339, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Development Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.387, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.559, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Emergency Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Emerging Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Energy Sector Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.629, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Event and Festival Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Gender and Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.358, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Health Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.247, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Housing Markets and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Human Rights in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Information and Learning Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Innovation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.197, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Intelligent Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.375, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.217, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law in the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Leadership in Public Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. J. of Lean Six Sigma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.802, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Logistics Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Managerial Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.203, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Managing Projects in Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Manpower     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.365, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Mentoring and Coaching in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.426, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Migration, Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Operations & Production Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.052, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Organizational Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Pervasive Computing and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.821, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Prisoner Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Productivity and Performance Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Public Sector Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Quality & Reliability Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.492, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Quality and Service Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.309, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Retail & Distribution Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.742, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Service Industry Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Social Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.3, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.269, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.228, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Sustainability in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.502, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Tourism Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.502, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Web Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Wine Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.562, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Workplace Health Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Marketing Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.895, CiteScore: 3)
Irish J. of Occupational Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ISRA Intl. J. of Islamic Finance     Open Access  
J. for Multicultural Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.237, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Accounting & Organizational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.301, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Accounting in Emerging Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
J. of Adult Protection, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Advances in Management Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.108, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Applied Accounting Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Applied Research in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Asia Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.245, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Assistive Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Business & Industrial Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.652, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Business Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Centrum Cathedra     Open Access  
J. of Children's Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.243, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Chinese Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Communication Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.625, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Consumer Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.664, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Corporate Real Estate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Criminal Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 130, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.254, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Documentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184, SJR: 0.613, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Economic and Administrative Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.217, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Educational Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.252, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Enabling Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.369, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Engineering, Design and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.212, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Enterprise Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.827, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.262, CiteScore: 1)
J. of European Industrial Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of European Real Estate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Facilities Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Family Business Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
J. of Fashion Marketing and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.608, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Financial Crime     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 372, SJR: 0.228, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Financial Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Financial Management of Property and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.309, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Financial Regulation and Compliance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.159, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Financial Reporting and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)

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Journal Cover
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.235
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0003-5599
Published by Emerald Homepage  [344 journals]
  • Electro chemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) study of modified SS316L
           using radio frequency sputtering Ti6Al4V coating in Ringer solution
    • Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose SS316L alloy used in biomedical application and the alloy have Fe, Cr and Ni elements and release this ion into the human body causing dangerous effects for the human body, and make the SS316L, which is used as surgical implant failure in short time in biomedical application. This study aims to use Ti6Al4V as coating for SS316L alloy to make it have bio inert surface, and modified the surface alloy for biomedical application from another part in this study, we want to decrease the corrosion rate for SS316L in simulated body surface Ringer solution. Design/methodology/approach The morphology, roughness, XRD of the coating, potential polarization and electrochemical impedance spectra investigation to study the effect of Ti6Al4V coating on corrosion behaviors of SS316L in the Ringer solution. Findings This study discusses the modification of SS316L surfaces by using Ti6Al4V radio magnetron frequency sputtering techniques, the results of the EIS and polarization of SS316L in Ringer’s solution at 37°C shows that improved resistance against corrosive ions for all the samples coating with Ti6Al4V and especially with a coating have a thickness of 850 nm at a sputtering power of 150 W. Research limitations/implications Polarization and electro chemical impedance spectra were assessed to investigate the effect of Ti6Al4V coating on corrosion behaviors of SS316L alloy in the Ringer solution. Practical implications This study discussed the modification SS316L surfaces by using Ti6Al4V radio magnetron frequency sputtering techniques. The results of the EIS and polarization of SS316L in Ringer’s solution at 37°C improved resistance against corrosive ions for all the samples coating with a Ti6Al4V and specificity with the coating sample have a thickness 850 nm at a sputtering power of 150 W. Social implications The goal of this study to modification SS316L alloy surface by using Ti6al4V RF Sputtering to give the SS316L alloy more resistance for biocorrosion. Originality/value In this research, Ti6Al4V RF sputtering as a coating for SS316L, study the bio corrosion behaviors in Simulated body fluid Ringer solution and investigation the corrosion by using EIS analysis.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-11-09T01:04:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1929
       
  • Corrosion inhibition of N80 steel in 10% HCl + 8% HBF4 solution
    • Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose This paper aims to analyze the corrosion and corrosion inhibition of N80 in 10 per cent HCl + 8 per cent fluoroboric acid (HBF4) solution for acidizing operation. Design/methodology/approach The corrosion rate, kinetic parameters (Ea, A) and thermodynamic parameters (ΔH, ΔS) of N80 steel in fresh acid and spent acid, 10 per cent HCl + 8 per cent HBF4, 10 per cent HCl and 8 per cent HBF4 solutions were calculated through immersion tests. The corrosion and inhibition properties were studied through X-ray diffraction and electrochemical measurements. The corrosion morphology of the corrosion product was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Findings The results demonstrated that the spent acid was the main cause of acidification corrosion, and the HBF4 would cause serious corrosion to N80 steel. The results showed that the N80 steel was more seriously corroded in the spent acid than in fresh acid, and the hydrolysis of HBF4 accelerates the dissolution process of N80 steel anode to control the corrosion reaction. The results showed that the acidification will definitely cause serious corrosion to the oil tube; therefore, necessary anti-corrosion measures must be taken in the acidification process. Originality/value The results showed that acidizing the formation with 10 per cent HCl + 8 per cent HBF4 will definitely cause serious corrosion to the oil tube, especially when the spent acid flows back. Therefore, necessary anti-corrosion measures must be taken in the acidification process, especially in the spent acid flowback stage.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-11-02T03:29:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-01-2018-1883
       
  • Corrosion of steel due to iron oxidizing bacteria
    • Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate microbial influenced corrosion of steel because of iron oxidizing bacteria (IOB). Design/methodology/approach Carbon steel was selected for this study. Winogradsky media was used for isolation of IOB and as test solution for corrosion measurements. Electrochemical tests and immersion test were conducted to estimate the corrosion rate and extent of pitting. The corroded surface was analysed by SEM and corrosion products formed over the metal surface were identified by XRD and Fourier transformed infrared. Biofilm formed over the corroded metal was analysed by UV-visible spectroscopy for its extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) constituents. Findings Presence of IOB in Winogradsky medium enhances corrosion. Uniform and localized corrosion increases with increased bacterial concentration and EPS constituents of the biofilm. Iron sulphite formation as one of the corrosion products has been suggested to be responsible for increased corrosion attack in the inoculated media in comparison to control media where corrosion product observed is iron hydrogen phosphate which is protective in nature. Originality/value This work correlates increased corrosion of steel in the presence of bacteria with the nature of corrosion products formed over it in case of IOB. Formation of corrosion products is governed by various electrochemical reactions; hence, inhibition of such reactions may lead to reduce or stop the formation of such products which enhances corrosion and thereby may reduce the extent of microbial induced corrosion.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-11T08:30:19Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1928
       
  • Corrosion behavior of 20# steel in aqueous CO2 solution under stratified
           gas-liquid two-phase flow condition
    • Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      PurposeThis paper aims to investigate the corrosion rate, surface morphology and composition of corrosion products of 20# seamless steel in aqueous CO2 solution under stratified gas-liquid two-phase flow condition. The development of a corrosion products layer has also been discussed. Design/methodology/approachThe following methods were used: weight loss method, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. FindingsThe corrosion rate curve presents an irregular zigzag change trend with a gradual increase in time. The peak value of the corrosion rate appears when the corrosion time is 4 h and 8 h. The corrosion products layer is composed of two sub-layers: the inner dense layer that is about 6 µm thick and the outer loose layer that is about 9 µm thick when the corrosion time is 8 h. The main corrosion product are FeCO3 and Fe2O3. Originality/valueThe atomic ratio of Fe/C/O is relatively stable for the inner dense layer, but changes in thickness for the outer loose layer. There is a densification stage after a loose corrosion products layer forms, and it is periodic.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-11T08:15:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-06-2018-1950
       
  • Corrosion inhibition of aluminium alloy by rhamnolipid biosurfactant
           derived from pseudomonas sp. PS-17
    • First page: 517
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of rhamnolipid biosurfactant complex on the corrosion and the repassivation of a freshly cut Al-Cu-Mg aluminium alloy surface. Design/methodology/approach The electrochemical methods, supported by quantum-chemical calculations and scanning electron microscopy data, were used. Findings It was established that the rhamnolipid biosurfactant effectively inhibits corrosion of the alloy in synthetic acid rainwater. The efficiency of inhibition becomes stronger with the increase of biosurfactant concentration; however, above the critical micelle concentration, the further improvement in inhibition is minor. It is believed that the mechanism of corrosion inhibition is related to the adsorption of the biosurfactant molecule on the aluminium alloy surface and the formation of a barrier film; however, the formation of a complex compound (salt film) between aluminium ions and rhamnolipid on anodic sites of the alloy is not ruled out. In case of surface mechanical activation of the alloy, the biosurfactant molecule effectively prevents corrosion. Furthermore, addition of the biosurfactant to the corrosion environment increases the repassivation kinetics of the alloy by two to four times as compared with an uninhibited environment. Practical implications The commercial impact of the study consists in the possibility of obtaining of environmentally safe corrosion inhibitors of aluminium alloys by biosynthesis from renewable agricultural raw materials. Originality/value The originality of this paper is to study the effectiveness of “green” corrosion inhibitor based on biogenic product on freshly generated surface of aluminium alloy.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-02T07:03:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-03-2017-1775
       
  • Research on the effect of the pH value on corrosion and protection of
           copper in desalted water
    • First page: 528
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The hollow copper wires of the generator are seriously corroded in cooling water. This paper aims to explore the mechanism of copper corrosion by thermodynamic calculation and kinetic experiments and to find out the precise pH range for preventing corrosion of copper in stator internal water and dual internal water cooled generators. Design/methodology/approach Thermodynamic and kinetic studies were carried out for the purpose of preventing the corrosion of hollow conducting copper wires in the internal cooling water. Thermodynamic calculation results demonstrate hollow copper wires electrochemically corroded by oxygen rather than acids (H+) and find out a precise anti-corrosion pH range. Kinetic experiments research on the effect of the pH value and oxygen concentration on corrosion and protection methods of copper in desalted water. Findings Research results demonstrate that, in the internal cooling water, hollow copper wires are electrochemically corroded by oxygen, rather than acids (H+). The method of preventing copper from corrosion in the desalted water is to control the pH value of the stator cooling water and the dual water inner cooling water between 7.86-8.86 and 7.86-9.26, respectively. Originality/value The thermodynamic calculation and potentiometric-pH diagram are used to obtain the accurate pH range of the inner cooling water and inner cooling water in the inner cooling water system. The kinetic experiments provide data support for the effect of temperature, pH value and oxygen concentration.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-02T07:08:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-12-2016-1739
       
  • Effects of environmental factors on corrosion behavior of high-silicon
           cast iron in Shanxi soil medium
    • First page: 538
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose High-silicon cast iron has excellent corrosion resistance in some specific medium. But the effects of pH value, chloride concentration and soil moisture content on corrosion behavior are still unknown. This study aims to provide reference for the application of high-silicon cast iron in different environments. Design/methodology/approach Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization curves were used to investigate the corrosion mechanism and rate. The morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The chemical compositions of the corrosion products were detected by energy-dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Findings When the solution is acidic, the corrosion of high-silicon cast iron is more serious. When the chloride concentration is 0.1 per cent, the corrosion rate of high-silicon cast iron is the largest. A passive film is formed on the surface to prevent the corrosion reaction with the increasing of chloride concentration. The corrosion rate is the largest when water content is 15 per cent, and the corrosion is the lightest when water content is 30 per cent. Originality/value This study provides support for the selection of high-silicon cast iron as grounded material.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-27T07:32:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1934
       
  • Improving anti-oxidation performance of 430 SS by fabricating co-contained
           spinel coating as solid oxide fuel cells interconnect
    • First page: 547
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to improve the performance of AISI 430 stainless steel (430 SS) in increasing its oxidation resistance, suppressing coating spalling and cracking, sustaining appropriate conductivity and blocking Cr evaporation as an interconnect material for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells; a protective co-contained coating is formed onto stainless steel via the surface alloying process and followed by thermal oxidation. Design/methodology/approach In this work, oxidation behavior of coated specimen is studied during isothermal and cyclic oxidation measurements. Moreover, the conductivity is also investigated by area specific resistance (ASR) measurement. Findings Co-contained spinel layer shows an outstanding performance in preventing oxidation and improving conductivity compared with uncoated specimens. The protective spinel coating also reduces the ASR for coated specimen (0.0576O cm2) as compared to the uncoated specimen (1.87296O cm2) after isothermal oxidation. Originality/value The probable mechanism of co-contained alloy converting into spinel and the spinel transfer electron is presented.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-27T07:36:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-03-2018-1915
       
  • Effect of temperature and pressure on mechanical, surface and
           electrochemical properties of Al-1.5Cu-5.5Zn-2.5Mg (Alumix-431)
    • First page: 558
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine new alloys created from Alumix 431 powder and investigate their mechanical and electrochemical properties. Design/methodology/approach In this study; Alumix-431 alloy samples were prepared using the powder metallurgy (P/M) method applying cold (RT) and warm (50°C and 80°C) compaction methods under pressures of 200 and 250 MPa and were sintered at 600°C in N2(g) atmosphere. Hardness and density of the samples were measured, and corrosion properties were determined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy charting polarization curves. Surface characterization was determined by contact angle, scanning electron microscopy/mapping, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and X-ray diffractometry images. Findings Alumix-431 alloys obtained upon compaction at 250 MPa/50 °C had the highest mechanical properties and corrosion resistance and good surface properties. On the surfaces of Alumix-431 alloys, α-Al, MgZn2, Al2,CuMg, Al2,O3, Al2MgO4 phases were recorded. Originality/value This study aimed to construct a correlation between mechanical and electrochemical properties of the newly created alloys (prepared under special conditions).
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-20T07:59:24Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-03-2018-1909
       
  • Effect of micro arc oxidation on micro – structure and electrochemical
           corrosion performance of cold sprayed aluminum coating
    • First page: 572
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose To improve the electrochemical corrosion resistance of cold sprayed Al coating. Design/methodology/approach A cold sprayed aluminum (Al) coating fabricated on S355 structural steel was oxidized using a micro arc oxidation (MAO). The electrochemical corrosion and impedance spectroscopy were tested to investigate its corrosion performance. Findings The MAO film is primarily α-Al2O3 and γ-Al2O3, which increases its density and surface quality. The corrosion potential is positively shifted by 0.2 V, and the electrochemical impedance is significantly increased. Originality/value A cold sprayed Al coating on S355 steel was first oxidized using a MAO. The effects of MAO on the microstructure of Al coating were investigated to analyze its electrochemical corrosion behavior.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-27T07:40:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1942
       
  • Poly(2-chloroaniline) and poly(aniline-co-2-chloroaniline) films on ZnFe
           alloy plating
    • First page: 580
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and compare the protective, anticorrosion behaviors and electrochemically synthesis of poly(2-chloroaniline) (PCANI) and poly(2-chloroaniline-co-aniline) P(CANI-co-ANI) films on thin zinc–iron plated carbon steel (CS). Design/methodology/approach Zinc–iron (ZnFe) alloy plating was successfully achieved on CS applying 3 mA constant current value. The PCANI and P(CANI-co-ANI) films on ZnFe-plated CS electrode were synthesized by cyclic voltammetry technique using monomer(s) containing 0.20 M sodium oxalate solution. The CS/ZnFe electrodes with and without PCANI or P(CANI-co-ANI) films were characterized using SEM and anodic linear sweep voltammograms. The anticorrosive behaviors of uncoated and coated electrodes were studied in 3.5 per cent NaCl solution by corrosion techniques which include open circuit potential measurements, the anodic polarization curves and alternative current electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique. Findings The protection efficiency values (E per cent) for CS/ZnFe, ZnCS/ZnFe/PCANI and CS/ZnFe/P(CANI-co-ANI) electrodes were calculated as 71.05, 84.53 and 92.79, respectively, after 168 h of immersion time. The results showed that P(CANI-co-ANI) coating on ZnFe-plated CS electrode exhibited higher corrosion resistance and provided better barrier property in comparison with PCANI coating and ZnFe alloy plating, in longer exposure time. Originality/value A number of reports on the synthesis and characterization of PANI have appeared in the literature during the past decade, but there is no such publication of PCANI. At the same time, the synthesis of PCANI onto the surface of metal alloy coating being the first of this kind, no such proceedings have been reported in the literature so far.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-20T08:01:05Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-04-2018-1922
       
  • Effects of second phases on the formation mechanism and corrosion
           resistance of phosphate conversion film on AZ80 Mg alloy
    • First page: 587
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The formation and corrosion processes of a conversion film on the AZ80 Mg alloy with different second phases were compared to clarify the effect of microstructure on the quality of protective coatings. Design/methodology/approach The size and distribution of second phases in the edge and central regions of the AZ80 cast ingot exhibit a great difference. The film growth processes and their corrosion resistance on the edge and central regions of the AZ80 cast ingot were investigated by scanning electron microscope observations, immersion tests and electrochemical measurements. Findings The results indicate that second phases act as micro-cathodes and hydrogen evolution reaction occurs on their surface, which is not beneficial for the deposition of the conversion film. Originality/value The conversion film formed on the central regions of AZ80 cast ingot with a low volume fraction of second phases exhibits a more uniform surface and higher corrosion resistance than that formed on the edge regions of the sample with a higher volume fraction of second phases.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-11T08:09:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1935
       
  • Investigating the corrosion resistance of spark plasma sintered copper
           with ruthenium powder
    • First page: 594
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The corrosion resistance of copper and copper-ruthenium alloys produced by powder metallurgy (spark plasma sintering process) and exposed in 2M sulphuric acid at 45°C and 65°C was investigated using scanning electron microscopy and potentiodynamic polarisation technique. Design/methodology/approach The small additions of ruthenium (0.5, 1 and 2 Wt.%) to the copper resulted in improved corrosion resistance of the copper alloy by up to 90 per cent when compared to casted copper. Findings All the sintered copper and copper alloys proved to have increased the corrosion resistance in all the temperatures. Originality/value Powder metallurgy was used in achieving these improvements.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-21T02:31:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-07-2018-1965
       
  • Effect of heat on microstructural, mechanical and electrochemical
           evaluation of tungsten inert gas welding of low-nickel ASS
    • First page: 605
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of the study is to evaluate Cr-Mn ASS weld using different heat inputs for its microstructure, mechanical properties and electrochemical behavior. The microstructural examination used optical and scanning electron microscopy. It was observed that ferrite content decreases with increasing heat input. The length of dendrites, inter-dendritic space and volume of lathy ferrite increase with increasing heat input. The increasing heat input caused grain coarsening near the fusion boundary and produced wider heat-affected zone (HAZ). It also decreases hardness and tensile strength. This is attributed to formation of more δ ferrite in the weld. The electrochemical evaluation suggested that the δ ferrite helps in improving the pitting potential in 3.5 per cent NaCl solution saturated with CO2. Whereas in 0.5-M H2SO4 + 0.003-M NaF solution, higher passivation current density was observed because of dissolution of dferrite. The interphase corrosion resistance decreased with increasing heat input. Design/methodology/approach The Cr-Mn austenitic stainless steel or low-nickel ASS was procured in form of 3-mm sheets in rolled condition. The tungsten inert gas welding was performed at three different heat inputs (100 A, 120 A and 140 A), argon as shielding gas with a flow rate of 15 L/min. Different welded regions were observed using optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. Electrochemicals test were performed in solutions containing 3.5 per cent NaCl with saturated CO2 solution and 0.5 M sulfuric acid + 0.003 M NaF at a scan rate of 0.1667 mV/s at room temperature (30 °C ± 1 °C) using a potentiostat. Findings The test steel Cr-Mn ASS is suitable with the selected electrode (308 L) and it produces no defects. Vermicular ferrite and lathy ferrite form in welds of various heat inputs. The increase in heat input reduces the formation of lathy ferrite. The width of HAZ and un-mixed zone increases with increase in heat input. The weld zone of low heat input (LHI) has the highest hardness and tensile strength because of higher δ ferrite content and small grain size in the weld zone. The hardness at high heat input (HHI) is found to be lowest because of grain coarsening in the weld. With increase in δ ferrite, the pitting resistance increases. In 0.5-M sulfuric acid + 0.003-M NaF, the increase in ferrite content reduces the passivation current density. Interphase corrosion resistance increases with increase in δ ferrite content as higher per cent degree of sensitization was observed in LHI welds as compared to medium heat input and HHI welds. Originality/value This work focuses on welding of ASS by tungsten inert gas welding at different heat inputs. Welding is a critical process for joining metals in most of the fabrication industries and proper heat input is required for getting desired microstructure in the weld metal. This would highly affect the strength and corrosion behavior of the alloy. This paper would give an understanding of how the change in heat input by tungsten inert gas welding affects the microstructural and corrosion behavior in the weld metal.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-25T09:09:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1941
       
  • Study on electrochemical behavior of 690 alloy with corrosion products in
           simulated PWR primary water environment
    • First page: 616
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to study the electrochemical behavior of 690 alloy with corrosion products in simulated pressurized water reactor (PWR) primary water environment. Design/methodology/approach This paper opted for a laboratory study using simulation of high temperature and high pressure environment immersion testing. The electrochemical behavior was studied by potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKP). Moreover, the corrosion products were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Findings The results demonstrated that the particle majority in the 690 alloy corrosion products subsequent to high temperature and high pressure immersion testing were mainly oxides of Fe and Ni, which protected the matrix. As the immersion testing duration increased, the corrosion potential of the 690 alloy apparently increased, and the corrosion current density de'creased, while the corrosion resistance Rf increased gradually along with the density. The SKP demonstrated that the EKP increased by nearly 400 mV from −0.42 to −0.03 V following the immersion testing, indicating that the corrosion product film played an apparent protective role on the substrate. Originality/value This paper provides a theoretical basis for the corrosion behavior and inhibition mechanism of 690 alloy in PWR primary water environment.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-27T07:43:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-07-2018-1961
       
  • Effective corrosion inhibition of mild steel in acidic medium using
           inexpensive kermes natural dye: experimental and quantum chemical study
    • First page: 626
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test the Natural Kermes dye (NKD) as a cheap and stable corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1.0 M HCl and its adsorption mechanism on the steel surface. Design/methodology/approach The inhibition action of NKD was studied using AC impedance, potentiodynamic polarization, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and UV-visible spectra techniques complemented with quantum study. Findings Here, the authors show that addition of NKD inhibits effectively the corrosion of steel in HCl solution via its adsorption on the steel surface. The inhibition efficiency of NKD increases with increase in its concentration and decreases with temperature. Potentiodynamic results revealed that NKD acts as a mixed–type inhibitor. Thermodynamic parameters for corrosion and adsorption process were obtained from the experimental data. Moreover, the experimental inhibition efficiencies were correlated with the electronic properties of NKD using density functional theory. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report showing the effect of NKD on the corrosion inhibition of steel.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-02T07:14:13Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-04-2018-1927
       
  • Geoelectrical study of corrosivity and competence of soils within Uburu
           and Okposi areas of Ebonyi State, Southeastern Nigeria
    • First page: 637
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The corrosivity and competence of soils within Uburu and Okposi areas of the Southern Benue Trough, Nigeria, were evaluated using the electrical resistivity method. This paper aims to provide information that will aid pre-design of subsurface iron/steel pipe networks for distribution of pipe-borne water and construction of subsurface structures for agricultural and environmental purposes. Design/methodology/approach In total, 22 vertical electrical soundings (VES) in the Schlumberger configuration were acquired with Allied Ohmega™ Terrameter with a maximum half current (AB/2) electrode spacing of 200 m. Layer parameters were determined using partial curve matching techniques, using the Schlumberger master curves, while processing and modelling were done with the IPI2win™ software. The VES results were interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively to obtain various curve types and layer parameters, respectively, which were used to categorize the area into different competence and corrosivity zones. The first layer isoresistivity and competence maps were used to delineate four zones (A,B,C and D) with varying apparent resistivities and competences. Findings Incompetent soils with resistivity values ranging from 24.3-88.7 Om are found in Zone A. The soils in Zone A are mainly expansive clays which swell on absorption of water. Zone B contains moderately competent soils with resistivity values ranging from 273-308.6 Om, while Zones C and D are underlain by sandstones and contain competent to highly competent soils with resistivity values ranging from 511-750 Om and 835-1,525 Om, respectively. Zone E contains highly corrosive (24.3 Om) to mildly corrosive (102 Om) soils; Zone F contains soils that are essentially non-corrosive with resistivity values ranging from 271-1,525 Om, while the corrosivity of soils within Zone G varies from corrosive to mildly corrosive, with resistivity values ranging from 44.3-114 Om. Research limitations/implications Some of the areas are not accessible because of community restrictions. Practical implications These findings are essentially very significant and should be taken into consideration when materials that are susceptible to corrosion are being considered for engineering, agricultural and environmental purposes in the area. Social implications The findings will aid water resource planners and developers on how to protect metal pipes from corrosion, when used for water reticulation and agricultural purposes. Originality/value This paper fulfils an identified need to study the corrosivity of soils in the study area with a view to providing adequate protection to metal objects when being considered for water reticulation for domestic and agricultural purposes in the area.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-11T08:21:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1936
       
  • Cyclic high temperature corrosion studies of carbon nanotubes-Cr2O3
           composite coatings on boiler steel at 900°C in molten salt environment
    • First page: 646
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose Molten sulphate-vanadate induced hot corrosion is the main reason of failure of boiler tubes used at high temperatures in thermal power plants. The hot corrosion can be encountered by applying thermal spray coatings on the alloy steels. In this perspective, this paper aims to attempt to investigate the effect of carbon nanotubes reinforcement on Cr2O3 composite coatings on hot corrosion behaviour of ASTM-SA213-T22 steel in a corrosive environment of Na2SO4 – 60%V2O5 at 900°C for 50 cycles. Design/methodology/approach The coatings have been deposited with high velocity oxy fuel process. The samples were exposed to hot corrosion in a Silicon tube furnace at 900°C for 50 cycles. The kinetics of corrosion behaviour were analysed by the weight gain measurements after each cycle. Corrosion products were analysed with X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive and cross-sectional analysis techniques. Findings During investigations, the carbon nanotubes (CNT) reinforced Cr2O3 composite coatings on T22 steel were found to provide better corrosion resistance in the molten salt environment at 900°C. The coatings showed lower weight gain along with formation of protective oxide scales during the experiment. Improvement in protection against hot corrosion was observed with increase in CNT content in the coating matrix. Research limitations/implications The addition of CNT has resulted in reduction in porosity by filling the voids in chromium oxide coating, with interlocking of particle and has blocked the penetration of corroding species to enhance the corrosion resistance of the composite coatings. The corrosion rate was found to be decreasing with increase in CNT content in coating matrix. Originality/value It must be mentioned here that high temperature corrosion behaviour of thermally sprayed CNT-Cr2O3 composite coatings has never been studied, and it is not available in the literature. Hence, present investigation can provide valuable information for application of CNT-reinforced coatings in high temperature fuel combustion environments.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-20T08:02:44Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-06-2018-1954
       
  • Influence of phytic acid on the corrosion behavior of carbon steel with
           different surface treatments
    • First page: 658
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose This paper aim to investigate the influence of PA on the corrosion behavior of carbon steel with blast cleaned or pre-rusted treatments, and interpret the inhibition mechanism of PA on the steel with different surface treatments. Design/methodology/approach The influence of PA on the corrosion behavior of blast cleaned or rusty steel was investigated by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The EIS data were analyzed using the @ZsimpWin commercial software. The morphology and component of steel after immersion were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), Fourier transformation infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Findings EIS analysis results indicated that PA had good corrosion inhibition for blast cleaned or rusty steel. SEM, EDS, FTIR and XRD further indicated that PA had two main corrosion inhibition processes for the corrosion inhibition of blast cleaned or rusty steel: corrosion dissolution and formation of protective barrier layers. Originality/value Most published works focus the attention only toward the effect of corrosion inhibitor for the clean metal surfaces. However, the surface condition of metal sometimes is unsatisfactory in the practical application of corrosion inhibitor, such as existing residual rust. Some studies also have shown that several corrosion inhibitors could be applied on partially rusted substrates. These inhibitors mainly include tannins and phosphoric acid, but not PA. Therefore, the authors investigated the influence of PA on the corrosion behavior of carbon steel with blast cleaned or pre-rusted treatments in this paper.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-09-21T02:29:28Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-05-2018-1937
       
  • Galvanic corrosion susceptibility between X53CrMnNiN219 and X45CrSi93
           stainless steels in chloride solution using electrochemical measurements
    • First page: 668
      Abstract: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose In this study, corrosion behavior of X53CrMnNiN219 austenitic stainless steel (SS) and X45CrSi93 martensitic SS, as well as the galvanic corrosion produced by coupling of these dissimilar alloys, are evaluated in a 3.5 Wt.% NaCl solution at temperature 25°C ± 1°C. Design/methodology/approach The corrosion parameters were estimated through a series of electrochemical tests, including Tafel polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and zero-resistance ammeter (ZRA) technique. Findings The results of polarization measurements indicate that the value of corrosion current in the galvanic pair is slightly higher than that of both the austenitic and martensitic SS during the initial time of immersion in the chloride solution, which is an indication of compatibility of members in the couple. The galvanic current density measured by ZRA technique shows negative values throughout the test; accordingly, the martensitic SS acts as anode of the pair and corrodes preferentially. Localization index values are limited to the mixed corrosion process, showing relative susceptibility of the martensitic alloy to the uniform and localized corrosion (pitting) due to chloride ions. Originality/value The originality is the evaluation of galvanic corrosion susceptibility of X53CrMnNiN219 and X45CrSi93 SSs in chloride solution by the various electrochemical methods consisting of Tafel polarization, EIS, and (ZRA) technique. To our knowledge, no work has been reported on this issue for these chemical compositions under this condition up to now.
      Citation: Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
      PubDate: 2018-10-11T08:34:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ACMM-04-2018-1926
       
 
 
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