for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help

Publisher: Emerald   (Total: 335 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 335 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 4)
Accounting Auditing & Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Accounting Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.26, h-index: 7)
Accounting, Auditing and Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.88, h-index: 40)
Advances in Accounting Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.514, h-index: 5)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.124, h-index: 5)
Advances in Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Dual Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.228, h-index: 2)
Advances in Gender Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 7)
Advances in Intl. Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 11)
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.29, h-index: 5)
Advances in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
African J. of Economic and Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.125, h-index: 2)
Agricultural Finance Review     Hybrid Journal  
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 181, SJR: 0.391, h-index: 18)
American J. of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.215, h-index: 25)
Arts and the Market     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific J. of Marketing and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.244, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.182, h-index: 7)
Asian Association of Open Universities J.     Open Access  
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. on Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Review of Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.29, h-index: 7)
Aslib J. of Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.65, h-index: 29)
Aslib Proceedings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 257)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.657, h-index: 26)
Baltic J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 14)
Benchmarking : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.556, h-index: 38)
British Food J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.329, h-index: 35)
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 4)
Business Process Re-engineering & Management J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, h-index: 42)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.201, h-index: 6)
Career Development Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 32)
China Agricultural Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.238, h-index: 10)
China Finance Review Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.216, h-index: 12)
Circuit World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.346, h-index: 17)
Collection Building     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.829, h-index: 10)
COMPEL: The Intl. J. for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 22)
Competitiveness Review : An Intl. Business J. incorporating J. of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.508, h-index: 8)
Corporate Communications An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.703, h-index: 26)
Corporate Governance Intl. J. of Business in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.309, h-index: 29)
Critical Perspectives on Intl. Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.32, h-index: 15)
Cross Cultural & Strategic Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.356, h-index: 13)
Development and Learning in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.138, h-index: 8)
Digital Library Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Direct Marketing An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Disaster Prevention and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.533, h-index: 32)
Drugs and Alcohol Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 0.241, h-index: 4)
Education + Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 30)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.141, h-index: 10)
Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Employee Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.435, h-index: 22)
Engineering Computations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 39)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 28)
Equal Opportunities Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.239, h-index: 9)
EuroMed J. of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 9)
European Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.481, h-index: 21)
European J. of Innovation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.596, h-index: 30)
European J. of Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.933, h-index: 55)
European J. of Training and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 23)
Evidence-based HRM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Facilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 18)
Foresight     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.486, h-index: 20)
Gender in Management : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 22)
Grey Systems : Theory and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.383, h-index: 17)
Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 4)
History of Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 2)
Housing, Care and Support     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.174, h-index: 4)
Human Resource Management Intl. Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 6)
Humanomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.14, h-index: 4)
IMP J.     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Growth and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.163, h-index: 4)
Industrial and Commercial Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 14)
Industrial Lubrication and Tribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.322, h-index: 19)
Industrial Management & Data Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.63, h-index: 69)
Industrial Robot An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.375, h-index: 32)
Info     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.25, h-index: 21)
Information and Computer Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Information Technology & People     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.576, h-index: 28)
Interactive Technology and Smart Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 1)
Interlending & Document Supply     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.48, h-index: 13)
Internet Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.746, h-index: 57)
Intl. J. for Lesson and Learning Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. for Researcher Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Accounting and Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Bank Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.515, h-index: 38)
Intl. J. of Climate Change Strategies and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Clothing Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, h-index: 25)
Intl. J. of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Conflict Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 38)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.329, h-index: 35)
Intl. J. of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Development Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.225, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Educational Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.424, h-index: 32)
Intl. J. of Emergency Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.179, h-index: 1)
Intl. J. of Emerging Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Energy Sector Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.25, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.694, h-index: 28)
Intl. J. of Event and Festival Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.32, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Gender and Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.638, h-index: 6)
Intl. J. of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.352, h-index: 32)
Intl. J. of Health Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Housing Markets and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.201, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Human Rights in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.13, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Information and Learning Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Innovation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.173, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.258, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Intelligent Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Law and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.107, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Law in the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Leadership in Public Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Lean Six Sigma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.562, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Logistics Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Managerial Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.212, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Managing Projects in Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Manpower     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 37)
Intl. J. of Mentoring and Coaching in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Intl. J. of Migration, Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.594, h-index: 32)
Intl. J. of Operations & Production Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.198, h-index: 94)
Intl. J. of Organizational Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.222, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Pervasive Computing and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.165, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.694, h-index: 66)
Intl. J. of Prisoner Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.254, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Productivity and Performance Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.785, h-index: 31)
Intl. J. of Public Sector Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 37)
Intl. J. of Quality & Reliability Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.544, h-index: 63)
Intl. J. of Quality and Service Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.133, h-index: 1)
Intl. J. of Retail & Distribution Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, h-index: 36)
Intl. J. of Service Industry Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Social Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, h-index: 25)
Intl. J. of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.325, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Sustainability in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.616, h-index: 29)
Intl. J. of Tourism Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Web Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.208, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Wine Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Workplace Health Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 8)
Intl. Marketing Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.076, h-index: 57)
J. for Multicultural Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
J. of Accounting & Organizational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.346, h-index: 7)
J. of Accounting in Emerging Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
J. of Adult Protection, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.291, h-index: 7)
J. of Advances in Management Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.177, h-index: 9)
J. of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Accounting Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.22, h-index: 5)
J. of Applied Research in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
J. of Asia Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 1)
J. of Assistive Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.215, h-index: 6)
J. of Business & Industrial Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 48)
J. of Business Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.381, h-index: 17)
J. of Centrum Cathedra     Open Access  
J. of Children's Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 9)
J. of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.188, h-index: 4)
J. of Chinese Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 3)
J. of Communication Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.735, h-index: 6)
J. of Consumer Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 62)
J. of Corporate Real Estate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.633, h-index: 5)
J. of Criminal Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 116, SJR: 0.13, h-index: 1)
J. of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
J. of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 5)
J. of Documentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 186, SJR: 0.936, h-index: 50)
J. of Economic and Administrative Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.498, h-index: 26)
J. of Educational Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.848, h-index: 36)
J. of Engineering, Design and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.173, h-index: 10)
J. of Enterprise Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.433, h-index: 38)
J. of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.212, h-index: 8)
J. of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
J. of European Industrial Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of European Real Estate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.52, h-index: 7)
J. of Facilities Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Family Business Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
J. of Fashion Marketing and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 30)
J. of Financial Crime     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 343, SJR: 0.158, h-index: 5)
J. of Financial Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Financial Management of Property and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 1)
J. of Financial Regulation and Compliance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
J. of Financial Reporting and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
J. of Forensic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.225, h-index: 8)
J. of Global Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Global Responsibility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Health Organisation and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.67, h-index: 27)
J. of Historical Research in Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, h-index: 8)
J. of Hospitality and Tourism Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.672, h-index: 10)
J. of Human Resource Costing & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
  [SJR: 0.322]   [H-I: 19]   [6 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0036-8792
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • The tribological performance of brucite lubricant at high temperature
    • Pages: 621 - 626
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 621-626, September 2017.
      Purpose Water-based graphite lubricants have good lubricity in the process of metal forming, especially for hot-rolling seamless pipe. Although the use of water as a working fluid system instead of conventional mineral oil has many advantages for the fuel consumption, post cleaning and a new type of lubricant, the graphite contaminated the machine and workers for its physical properties. From the global environmental protection viewpoint, it is urgent to develop a kind of benign material. Design/methodology/approach Magnesium hydroxide which has the average particle size of 10 μm was chosen as a base material without further modification and pretreatments. On the HT-1000 high-temperature tribometer, the influence of temperature and lubricant materials on the friction coefficient was studied. The tribological performance at 900°C provided evidence under high temperature for exploring a new lubricant material. Findings Tap water-based brucite lubricant will open a new chapter in the industrial lubrication, effectively avoiding many unfavorable factors caused by graphite lubrication, such as conductivity, pollution and energy loss. Meanwhile, it expanded the application of brucite as flame-retardant agent, catalyst, water treatment agent and so on. Originality/value It is a new and environmental lubricant to tap water-based brucite lubricant. And specially, the preparation process of lubricant is simple and economical.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:34Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-06-2015-0076
       
  • Quantitative analysis of wear particles generated by cavitation erosion in
           glycerol-water mixtures
    • Pages: 627 - 637
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 627-637, September 2017.
      Purpose This paper aimed to analyze removed particles from stationary specimen-aluminum (Al-99.92) produced by vibratory cavitation erosion tests in distilled water and glycerol-water mixtures. Design/methodology/approach The particle morphology which include particle surface topography, size distribution, particle size parameters and particle shape parameters were examined for distilled water and glycerol-water mixtures having different viscosities. Findings The results showed that the variation of size parameters with viscosity was very similar to the variation of weight loss with viscosity. Both the size parameters and weight losses show a monotonic decrease in going from distilled water to glycerol-water mixtures having viscosity about 10.1 cSt, beyond which the change is very small. On the other hand, the shape parameters were much less sensitive to distinguish between the particles produced in water and glycerol-water mixtures. The mechanism of cavitation erosion is investigated in detail through observations of the removed particles. The particle surfaces topography demonstrated that the mechanism in water and glycerol-water mixtures was fatigue failure. Originality/value Cavitation often occurs in almost all machines that handle liquids, especially at high speeds, leading to irreparable damage of the components of these machines. Elucidation of such complex phenomenon demands full characterization of the erosion mechanism and controlling parameters inherent to it, so that cavitation erosion can be prevented or at least be reduced through adequate information and collection of relevant data under different operating conditions. Very few studies have been made to approach the viscosity effect upon cavitation erosion from the particle analysis standpoint. The aim of the present work is to identify the effect of liquid viscosity on the size, shape characteristics of the erosion particles and their morphological features. The prevailed mechanisms of wear and particle generation have been proposed based on the acquired information from particle analysis.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:51Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-12-2015-0202
       
  • A novel quasi-3D thermodynamic model of oil film bearing with
           non-Newtonian and temperature-viscosity effects
    • Pages: 638 - 644
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 638-644, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to propose a quasi-three-dimensional (3D) thermohydrodynamic (THD) model for oil film bearings with non-Newtonian and temperature-viscosity effects. Its performance factors, including precision and time consumption, are investigated. Design/methodology/approach Two-dimensional (2D), 3D and quasi-3D numerical models are built. The thermal and mechanical behaviors of two types of oil film bearings are simulated. All the results are compared with solutions of commercial ANSYS CFX. Findings The 2D THD model fails to predict the temperature and pressure field. The results of the quasi-3D THD model coincide well with those of the 3D THD model and CFX at any condition. Compared with the 3D THD model, the quasi-3D THD model can greatly reduce the CPU time consumption, especially at a high rotational speed. Originality/value This quasi-3D THD model is proposed in this paper for the first time. Transient mechanical and thermal analyses of high-speed rotor-bearing system are widely conducted using the traditional 3D THD model; however, the process is very time-consuming. The quasi-3D THD model can be an excellent alternative with high precision and fast simulation speed.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:59Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-01-2016-0015
       
  • Tribological properties of beef tallow as lubricating grease
    • Pages: 645 - 654
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 645-654, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on the tribological properties of beef tallow grease and improvements therein through modification with special processing, polymeric compounds and additives. Design/methodology/approach Pure original beef tallow grease was used as a biological lubricating grease reference material for the tribological research. Beef tallow was modified and synthesized by adding special biological anti-oxidant additives, LZ anti-wear additives, waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polymer compounds and thermally processed graphite. Findings Rheometric measurements indicate that the beef tallow grease modification technology used in this study enables control of the synthesis process to produce lubricants with the required microstructure. Investigation results of the tribological properties of differently modified greases show that beef tallow synthesized with polymer additives efficiently operates together with anti-wear additives to reduce friction and wear. The grease compound with thermally processed graphite has good tribological properties at 300 N load levels. The critical load level of lubricating greases could be significantly increased through the use of anti-wear additives and thermally processed graphite. Originality/value Investigation results of the tribological properties of differently modified beef tallow greases show that beef tallow synthesized with polymer additives efficiently operates together with anti-wear additives to reduce friction and wear. The critical load level of lubricating beef tallow greases could be significantly increased using anti-wear additives and thermally processed graphite.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:00Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-01-2016-0014
       
  • Synthesis and field dependent shear stress evaluation of stable MR fluid
           for brake application
    • Pages: 655 - 665
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 655-665, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on the development of magnetorheological (MR) fluids, having high on-state shear stress/viscosity, low off-state shear stress/viscosity, good redispersibility and stable suspension of carbonyl iron particles, using tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide (TAH) and oleic acid. Design/methodology/approach MR fluids for use in brakes are synthesized using different weight percentages of silicone oil, TAH, oleic acid and iron particles. The effects of TAH and oleic acid are studied. Shear stress is measured as a function of magnetic field on a magneto-rheometer. The images of MR particles settling with time are presented. The test set-up used to evaluate the performance of the MR fluids synthesized for brake application is detailed. Finally, a significant improvement in the MR performance of brakes is reported. Findings The MR fluid having 0.25 Wt.% oleic acid showed low off-state viscosity/shear stress and high on-state viscosity/shear stress. A higher weight percentage of TAH in the MR fluid further reduced the low off-shear stress and increased the high on-state shear stress with better stability. Originality/value Improvement of MR brake performance by adding surfactants like TAH and oleic acid has been the subject matter of several studies in the past, but these studies used a fixed percentage of surfactants in MR fluids. In the present work, the optimum percentage of TAH and oleic acid for an improved braking performance is determined by varying their content in the MR fluid, which has not been reported in any other work thus far.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-03-2016-0061
       
  • On the study of Rayleigh step slider bearings lubricated with
           non-Newtonian Rabinowitsch fluid
    • Pages: 666 - 672
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 666-672, September 2017.
      Purpose Nowadays, the use of Newtonian fluid as a lubricant is diminishing day by day, and the use of non-Newtonian fluids has gained importance. This paper presents an analysis of the static characteristics of Rayleigh step slider bearing lubricated with non-Newtonian Rabinowitsch fluid, which has not been studied so far. The purpose of this paper is to derive the modified Reynolds equation for Rabinowitsch fluids for two regions and to obtain the optimum bearing parameters for the Rayleigh step slider bearings. Design/methodology/approach The governing equations relevant to the problem under consideration are derived. The modified Reynolds equation is derived, and it is found to be highly non-linear and hence small perturbation method is adopted to find solution. Findings From this study it is found that there is an increase in the load-carrying capacity, pressure and frictional coefficients for dilatant fluids as compared to the corresponding Newtonian case. Further, for dilatant lubricants the maximum load-carrying capacity is attained for the slightly larger values of entry region length of Rayleigh step bearing as compared to Newtonian and pseudoplastic lubricants. Originality/value Rabinowitsch fluid is used for the study of lubrication characteristics of Rayleigh step bearings. The author believes that the paper presents these results for the first time.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-06-2016-0126
       
  • CFD analysis on natural convective heat transfer of Al2O3-gear oil
           nanolubricant used in HEMM
    • Pages: 673 - 677
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 673-677, September 2017.
      Purpose The present work aims to numerically investigate the natural convective heat transfer performance of aluminium oxide (Al2O3)-gear oil nanolubricant used in heavy earth moving machinery (HEMM). Design/methodology/approach Viscosity, density and thermal conductivity of nanolubricants have been experimentally determined. The numerical simulation has been performed by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for a cylinder cavity which resembles shape of automatic transmission system of HEMM. The left wall temperature has been maintained at 293 to 313 K, and right wall is at a constant temperature of 283 K. Due to absence of any experimental study on natural convective heat transfer performance of Al2O3-gear oil nanolubricant, initially CFD model has been tested for accuracy by comparing experimental, and CFD results for Al2O3-water nanofluid has been available in open literature. Findings It has been observed that Nusselt number increases with increase in Rayleigh number, but it decreases with increasing particle volume fraction. The gear oil-based nanolubricant is expected to have the better thermal performance in HEMM at higher temperature. Practical implications The numerical analysis will help to predict the thermal performance of nanolubricant. The outcome may help the designers, researchers and manufacturers of HEMM. Originality/value Most of the previous studies have been limited with base fluid as water, ethylene glycol, etc. in the field of nanofluid. CFD study for thermal performance of Al2O3-gear oil nanolubricant is essential before the experimental work. This work is the preliminary stage of application of, nanolubricant for heat transfer.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-01-2016-0009
       
  • Preparation and performance evaluation of mPAO8 using olefin from coal as
           raw material
    • Pages: 678 - 682
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 678-682, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to prepare metallocene polyalphaolefin 8 (mPAO8) by the oligomerization of olefin from coal with metallocene catalyst system and compare it with commercially available polyalphaolefin 8 (PAO8) from Chevron. Design/methodology/approach Molecular structures, component and mass were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, gas chromatography and gel permeation chromatography, respectively. The physico-chemical properties, including Noack volatility, viscosity index and elemental analyses, were studied. The oxidative stability was evaluated by pressurized differential scanning calorimetry, whereas the thermal stability was studied by thermo-gravimetric analysis. Findings The produced mPAO8 consisted of a large part of tetramer, pentamer and a small part of trimer and hexamer. Additive T501 significantly improved the oxidation stability of PAO8 from Chevron and the synthesized mPAO8. Both samples had similar properties, such as oxidative stability, additive response, pour point and Noack volatility loss. But mPAO8 possessed a higher thermal stability, better viscosity index and flash point than PAO8. Therefore, the mPAO8 prepared by the oligomerization of olefin from coal could be used as base oil for lubricant development. Originality/value The mPAO8 base oil was successfully prepared by successive carbon numbers and shows similar properties with commercially available PAO8 products from Chevron. The findings can cover the shortage of the synthesis lubricants market in China.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-03-2016-0049
       
  • The soot handling ability requirements and how to solve soot related
           viscosity increases of heavy duty diesel engine oil
    • Pages: 683 - 689
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 683-689, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the feature of soot in diesel engine oil and provide a method to stably disperse these soots using effect additives which is benefical for lubricants to pass related engine tests. Design/methodology/approach This paper designed experiments to investigate the dispersant type, treat level and different dispersant interactions which influence on lubricant soot-related viscosity increase. The research work developed an effective dispersant package which can well solve the soot-related viscosity increase, allowing pass Mack T-11 and Mack T-8 engine tests and demonstrated the helpfulness of using a quickly screening method developed by a steel piston diesel engine CA 6DL2-35. Findings The effect of dispersant treat level on the viscosity increase of the oil samples was negligible. Dispersant booster can effectively improve the soot handling ability of heavy-duty diesel engine oils (HDDEO), and the appropriate treat level of dispersant booster can help HDDEO pass Mack T-8 and Mack T-11 engine tests. Practical implications The test results are useful for formulators to select the appropriate dispersants or dispersant booster to develop the HDDEO packages which can meet the modern diesel engine lubrication requirements. Originality/value Most previous studies in this field were carried out on soot formation mechanism and soot-related wear rather than how to solve the soot-related viscosity increasing of HDDEO. This paper describes the soot dispersing requirements of different HDDEO specifications and developed an effective dispersant package which can well deal with Mack T-11 and Mack T-8E standard engine tests soot handling ability requirements.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:16Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-02-2015-0024
       
  • Effects of structural parameters of oil groove on transmission
           characteristics of hydro-viscous clutch based on viscosity-temperature
           property of oil film
    • Pages: 690 - 700
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 690-700, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of structural parameters of oil groove (such as central angle number, depth and so on) on pressure, flow, load capacity and transmitted torque between friction pairs of hydro-viscous clutch. Design/methodology/approach According to the working process of friction pairs of hydro-viscous clutch, mathematical models of hydrodynamic load capacity and torque transmitted by the oil film were built based on viscosity-temperature property. Then analytical solutions of pressure, flow, load capacity and transmitted torque were obtained; effects of central angle of oil groove zone and friction contact zone, oil film thickness, number of oil grooves on pressure, flow, load capacity and torque were studied theoretically. Findings The research found that the central angle of oil groove zone, number of oil grooves and oil groove depth have similar effects on flow, which means that with the increase of central angle, number or depth of oil grooves, the flow also increases; pressure in friction contact zone and oil groove zone drops along radial direction, whereas its value in oil groove zone is higher. With the increase of the central angle of oil groove zone, pressure in friction contact zone and friction contact zone rises, and the load capacity increases, whereas the transmitted torque drops. Number of oil grooves has little effect on load capacity. When the oil film thickness increases, its flow increases accordingly, whereas the pressure, load capacity and transmitted torque drops. Meanwhile, the transmitted torque decreases with the increase of number of oil grooves, whereas the oil groove depth nearly has no effects on transmitted torque. Originality/value In this paper, mathematical models of hydrodynamic load capacity and torque transmitted by oil film were built based on viscosity-temperature property in the working process of hydro-viscous clutch, and their analytical solutions were obtained; effects of structural parameters of oil groove on transmission characteristics of hydro-viscous clutch based on viscosity-temperature property were revealed. The research results are of great value to the theory development of hydro-viscous drive technology, the design of high-power hydro-viscous clutch and relative control strategy.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:06Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-12-2015-0207
       
  • Behavior evaluation and effects of different lubricants in ECAP process
    • Pages: 701 - 707
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 701-707, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) is producing ultra-fine grain materials. In practical applications, it is important to understand and predict effect of different process parameters on deformed parts. One of the most important process parameters is friction coefficient. Behavior evaluation of different lubricants in the ECAP process is the aim of this research. Design/methodology/approach The present study concerns the experimental measurements of the effective strain by means of gridded parts for three different lubricants, graphite, molybdenum disulfide and zinc stearate, to evaluate friction coefficient in ECAP process. Mesh size was 2 × 2 mm2 and embedded in parts made of AL2024; process was done in ambient temperature, and parts were in annealed situation. After the process, strain measured by optical and analytical methods for evaluation of lubricants’ behavior with different friction coefficients. Findings This study shows that zinc stearate has better effects rather than other lubricants in ECAP process and ECAPed parts. Originality/value The fatal challenge for researchers and industrial applications of ECAP process is lubrication. This research is a guide for scientists and engineers (in the future applications) to reduce and control bad frictional effects, produce better parts (more strain homogenous parts), prevent die failures and decrease press tonnage in ECAP process.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-05-2016-0097
       
  • Lubricity characteristics of Jatropha curcas biodiesel
    • Pages: 708 - 714
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 708-714, September 2017.
      Purpose Engine component endurance is related to fuel properties. Decreasing the sulfur content of a fuel reduces its lubricity, thus damaging engines and fuel systems. Therefore, promoting the use of a biofuel must involve assessing the functionality and lubricity of the fuel. Design/methodology/approach The ball-on-ring (BOR) wear tester was applied to determine the optimal additive concentration and the mechanism of reduction of the wear and friction of the diesel engine fuel injection system. The lubricating efficiency of the fuels was estimated by using a photomicroscope to measure the average diameter of the wear scar produced on the test ball. An optical microscope and scanning electronic microscope were used for wear surface examinations. Findings The wear test revealed that the wear diameter of the steel ball lubricated with either the pure petrodiesel or 20 Wt.per cent Jatropha curcas biodiesel blends was 1.36 or 1.05 mm, respectively. The experimental results indicated that when Jatropha curcas biodiesel was added into petrodiesels to reduce friction, the wear resistance of the fuel blends increased concurrently with increasing Jatropha curcas biodiesel concentration. This was attributed to the presence of stearic acid in Jatropha curcas biodiesel blends. Stearic acid has a strong affinity for metal surfaces; therefore, a chemical coating was formed between the two motion surfaces to protect the two contacted surfaces from wear. Therefore, the proposed Jatropha curcas biodiesel can be used to effectively enhance the lubricity of a petrodiesel under the condition of boundary lubrication. Originality/value Using biofuels as the fuels for diesel engines can assist developed and developing countries in reducing the impacts of their fossil fuel consumption on the environment.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-05-2016-0117
       
  • Friction and wear behaviour of Fe-Cu-C based self lubricating material
           with CaF2 as solid lubricant
    • Pages: 715 - 722
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 715-722, September 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to investigate the effect of CaF2 (calcium fluoride) addition as a solid lubricant on the friction and wear behaviour of sintered Fe-Cu-C materials under different loads. Design/methodology/approach In this study, the effects of CaF2 added in varying weight percentages on the friction-wear properties of Fe-2Cu-0.8C alloys are investigated. Five Fe-2Cu-0.8C-based compositions comprising CaF2 in 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 Wt.% were prepared using the single-stage compaction and sintering technique. Friction coefficient, wear loss, hardness and compressive strength of the specimens were measured. The worn-out surfaces were analysed using a scanning electron microscope. Friction and wear tests were carried out on pin-on-disc machine under dry sliding conditions at room temperature. Findings The alloy with 3 Wt.% CaF2 was found to be useful in improving wear and friction properties, whereas higher contents of CaF2 resulted in increased wear and friction. Apart from enhanced tribological properties, a slight decrease in the compressive strength was also observed in the 3-Wt.%-CaF2-added sample. Adhesion and abrasion were the prominent wear types observed during this study. Originality/value A new self-lubricating composite is developed where CaF2 is used as a solid lubricant in a Fe-Cu-C-based matrix. CaF2, being a high-temperature lubricant, is tried and tested for friction and wear at room temperature, and the results show that the addition of CaF2 in Fe-Cu-C improved its friction and wear properties. Thus, the developed material can be used for antifriction applications.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-04-2016-0085
       
  • Development of a nanodiamond-based lubricant for a versatile use in the
           beverage industry conveyor systems
    • Pages: 723 - 729
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 723-729, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to propose a nanodiamond-particle-loaded food-grade lubricating oil, a nanolubricant, that can be used over a broad range of loads in factories (low load applications like conveyor systems and high load applications like heavy machinery). Design/methodology/approach Tribological performance of the nanolubricant was studied at both load levels. A typical factory-sized conveyor belt used for beverage packaging (aluminium cans, glass and PET bottles) was employed for the low load range. Coefficients of friction and wear scars were measured and the lubricating performance was quantified. A four-ball tester was used to characterise the performance of the nanolubricant as per ASTM D2783/D4172. A comparison between the nanolubricant and baseline oils was carried out. Findings Results show an overall decrease in the coefficients of friction and wear scars for all packages at low pressures when the nanolubricant is used. They also show a better friction-reduction performance in the high load regimes. The results indicate that the nanolubricant is versatile in both ranges of loading. Practical implications The current protocols for lubrication in the food and drink factories involve the use of water-based detergents for the conveyor lines and industry-grade oils for the machinery. The use of a single and versatile lubricant for both ranges of loads may have a positive impact on the sustainability and environmental performance of the sector. Originality/value Beverage processing and packing factories need their mechanised conveyor systems suitably lubricated to avoid excessive friction between the containers and the load-bearing surface of the conveyors (e.g. belts or chains). Other areas of the conveying systems, such as motors, gears, rollers and bearings, also need suitable lubrication to prevent failure and lengthen their operating life. There is a myriad of lubricants and lubricating solutions for each of these areas independently, but there is no commercial lubricating fluid that could be used on both successfully.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0022
       
  • Temperature dependence of the extreme-pressure behavior of CuO and TiO2
           nanoparticle additives in metal-forming polymeric lubricants
    • Pages: 730 - 737
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 730-737, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this work is to investigate the effect of temperature on the extreme-pressure (EP) properties of CuO and TiO2 nanoparticle-filled polymeric lubricants for metal-forming processes. Design/methodology/approach This paper studies the effect of nanoparticle additives of CuO and TiO2 on the load-carrying capacity of a metal-forming polymer lubricant used for deep-drawing at varying temperatures. EP measurements are performed with a four-ball tribotester according to the ITeE-PIB Polish method for testing lubricants under scuffing conditions. Tests are run at 25, 40, 60 and 75°C to further decrease the lubricant film thickness and determine the effect on the load-carrying capacity and the tribological mechanisms of nanoparticles. The tribological mechanisms of nanoparticles is studied using energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Findings Results indicate that nanoparticle additives increase the load-carrying capacity of the polymeric lubricant at all concentrations up to 60°C attributed to a mending effect and a reduction in the area of contact of moving surfaces; at 75°C, the improvement is lowered due to nanoparticle re-agglomeration. The best results are found with TiO2 nanoparticles due to their smaller size compared to CuO. Practical implications Nanoparticles of CuO and TiO2 are potential EP additives for metal-forming lubricants, providing protection to working components and extending tool life. Originality/value These results show the effectiveness and the tribological mechanisms of nanoparticle additives under EP conditions and increasing temperatures found in metal-forming processes.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0023
       
  • Influence of surface roughness and ZDDP additive on the friction and wear
           of reciprocating sliding surfaces at high contact pressures
    • Pages: 738 - 749
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 738-749, September 2017.
      Purpose Surface roughness has been proved to be influencing the running-in wear of machined components under dry and lubricated sliding conditions. Zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate (ZDDP) is widely used as an anti-wear additive, which reduces the wear by the formation of a tribofilm on the surface (Spikes, 2004). Factors such as temperature, sliding distance, etc. influence the formation of the film. A significant reduction in the power loss due to friction and wear is possible if a synergy is attained between surface roughness effects and the effectiveness of the tribofilm. The present work aims to study the influence of surface roughness and ZDDP addition on the formation and removal of the tribofilm under high contact pressures. Design/methodology/approach Samples were prepared by machining. Surface roughness was varied by varying the milling parameters. A reciprocating friction and wear test machine with a ball-on-flat geometry was used for the study. Tests were performed with mineral base oil and base oil added with 1 per cent by weight ZDDP under different operating parameters. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis were conducted to study the surface morphology of the tribofilm. Findings A quasi-steady-state analysis conducted showed that the wear rate was much lower when tested with base oil containing ZDDP after about 65 min. AFM analysis confirmed the presence of chemically reacted films on the surface. SEM analysis revealed agglomeration of crystal like glassy phosphates. However, high contact pressures at the interface caused the removal of the films resulting in variations in the coefficient of friction. A comparison of the wear rates among the samples of different roughness values tested at 100°C showed that the anti-wear performance of ZDDP was not effective due to high contact pressures. Originality/value The findings in this study regarding the tribofilm formation with ZDDP additive and its failure due to high contact pressures will be beneficial for further investigation on wear resistant boundary films developed under such extreme conditions.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-05-2016-0111
       
  • Rheological behaviour of lubrication oils used in two-stroke marine
           engines
    • Pages: 750 - 753
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 750-753, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the rheological behaviour of commercial lubrication oils used for cylinder lubrication in two-stroke marine diesel engines. Furthermore, it is of interest to investigate whether the viscosity of lubrication oils is affected by different levels of alkalinity. Design/methodology/approach Viscosity measurements are performed using both rotational and capillary rheometry. It was possible to measure oil viscosity in the shear rate from 0.1 to 3,000 s−1 using rotational rheometry, whereas capillary rheometry allowed measurements in higher shear rates from 5 × 105 to 1.3 × 106 s−1 at 50°C. Findings The viscosity measurements show that the studied lubrication oils behave as a Newtonian fluid and that the viscosities are insensitive to the level of alkalinity. Furthermore, the viscosity/temperature dependency for the lubrication oils was found to fit the Arrhenius model. Originality/value This study presents useful information about the rheological behaviour of lubrication oils, more precisely how the oil properties are affected by shear rate, temperature and level of alkalinity. The value of this research is considered to be important for designing two-stroke diesel engines and cylinder lubrication systems.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:09Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-03-2016-0075
       
  • Hydrodynamic journal bearing lubricated with a ferrofluid
    • Pages: 754 - 760
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 754-760, September 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to investigate the performance of a ferrofluid-based hydrodynamic journal bearing system. Design/methodology/approach This paper presents a new design of ferrofluid-based hydrodynamic journal bearing. An experimental set-up consisting of a magnetic shaft along with a brass bearing was modified and developed. A permanent magnet was used to make the selected shaft material magnetic. The load and speed were varied to conduct the analyses for different test conditions. Findings The paper provides information about a design of ferrofluid-based journal bearing and its improved performances. For moderate to higher loads at different shaft speeds, it was found that because of the magnetization effect, the maximum film pressure in case of a ferrofluid lubricant increased up to approximately 60 per cent, compared with that of the conventional lubricant-based journal bearing system. Besides, the temperature rise was found smaller for ferrofluid lubricants, thus making the system cooler while running. Originality/value This paper offers a new design of magnetic bearing system for the experimental analysis by utilizing a magnetic shaft with a non-magnetic bearing. The present ferrofluid-based bearing design is less complicated from manufacturing point of view.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-08-2016-0179
       
  • Statistical models for predicting wear and friction coefficient of palm
           kernel activated carbon-epoxy composite using the ANOVA
    • Pages: 761 - 767
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 761-767, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to propose statistical models for predicting wear and friction coefficient of the palm kernel activated carbon-epoxy composite using the analysis of variance (ANOVA). Design/methodology/approach All the specimens were formed into 10-mm diameter pins of 30-mm length each. The tribological test was conducted using a pin-on-disc tribometer. The results of the coefficient of friction (COF) and the wear rate were then analysed using the ANOVA. Regression analysis was used to derive the predictive equations for both friction coefficient and wear rate. Findings It was found that the most significant parameter that affects the COF is the weight composition, while for the wear rate, it is the operating temperature. The proposed statistical models have 90-94 per cent reliability. Research limitations/implications The equation models are only limited within the tested parameters and ranges in the plastic deformation region. Originality/value These models can be very useful for material design engineers in avoiding the component failures occurring prematurely.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0031
       
  • The effect of dimple size on the tribological performances of a laser
           surface textured palm kernel activated carbon-epoxy composite
    • Pages: 768 - 774
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 768-774, September 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of dimple size on the tribological performances of laser surface-textured palm kernel-activated carbon-epoxy (PKAC-E) composite. Design/methodology/approach A PKAC-E disc 74 mm in diameter was fabricated using the hot compression moulding technique. Five different types of surface contacts were prepared using a CO2 laser surface-texturing machine: a non-textured surface, and surfaces with dimples between 500 and 1,200 μm in diameter. The area density, contact ratio and depth were kept constant. A sliding test was carried out using a ball-on-disc tribometer under boundary lubricated conditions with constant sliding speed, sliding distance and applied load. Findings In general, the results showed that the friction coefficient decreased with an increasing dimple diameter of surface-textured PKAC-E composite. However, the appropriate dimple diameter for maintaining low friction coefficient is proposed in the range of 800 to 1,000 μm. Originality/value This is the first study, to the authors’ knowledge, to investigate the effects of dimple size, which is larger than 500 μm, on the tribological performances of laser surface-textured PKAC-E composite.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:12Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-05-2016-0121
       
  • Friction and wear properties of an automobile brake lining reinforced by
           lignin fiber and glass fiber
    • Pages: 775 - 781
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 775-781, September 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to thrash out friction and wear properties of automobile brake lining reinforced by lignin fiber and glass fiber in braking process. Design/methodology/approach ABAQUS finite element software was used to analyze thermo-mechanical coupled field of friction materials. XD-MSM constant speed friction testing machine was used to test friction and wear properties of friction material. Worn surface morphology and mechanism of friction materials were observed by using scanning electron microscope. Findings The results show that when the temperature was below 350°C, worn mechanism of MFBL was mainly fatigue wear and abrasive wear, and worn mechanism of GFBL was mainly fatigue wear because MFBL contained lignin fiber. Therefore, it exhibits better mechanical properties and friction and wear properties than those of GFBL. Originality/value Lignin fiber can improve mechanical properties and friction and wear properties of the automobile brake lining.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-03-2016-0074
       
  • A study on the microstructures and three–body abrasive wear behaviors of
           Fe–B alloy under different Fe2B boride orientation
    • Pages: 782 - 787
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 782-787, September 2017.
      Purpose The directional solidification Fe-B alloy was prepared. The microstructures and three-body abrasive wear behaviors of directional solidification alloy were investigated. Design/methodology/approach Fe-B alloy was melted in medium frequency induction furnace. The hardness was measured on HRS-150 Rockwell-hardness tester and HXD-1000TMC tester. The wear characteristic of the alloy was examined with a block-on-ring geometry. The worn surface of the alloy was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and laser scanning microscopy. Findings The wear weight loss and worn surface roughness increase with the increasing contact load in wear tests. When the worn surface is perpendicular to the boride growth direction, the highest hardness plane of the boride can resist abrasive effectively under the surrounding and supporting of the martensite matrix. Originality/value The relation between boride growth direction and wear direction will cause different boride breaking tendency and wear weight loss.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0029
       
  • An adaptive approach for recovering overlapping echoes in oil film
           thickness measurement by ultrasound
    • Pages: 788 - 797
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 788-797, September 2017.
      Purpose For oil film thickness measurement using ultrasonic spring model, obtaining the isolated reflection from the oil film layer is the key point. While for oil film thickness measurement in thrust bearings with thin liner, the reflection from the substrate-Babbitt interface will overlap with the reflection from the oil film layer. This overlapping will render the ultrasonic spring model invalid. To obtain the isolated reflected signal from the oil film layer accurately, an adaptive method was developed to recover the overlapping echoes. Design/methodology/approach A genetic-algorithm-based support matching pursuit (GA-based SMP) was developed to provide the optimal echo number and initial parameters guesses automatically and efficiently. Then, the traditional expectation maximization (EM) model was used to fine tune the accurate results. Findings The developed method was tested using both simulated echoes and the overlapping echoes encountered in the ultrasonic oil film thickness measurement of thrust bearings. The results demonstrated that the developed method performed well on recovering overlapping echoes adaptively. Originality/value The work shows an adaptive method to recover the ultrasonic overlapping echoes. When used in ultrasonic oil film thickness measurement, it can help extend the application of traditional ultrasonic spring model to objects with four or more layers.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-01-2016-0011
       
  • Experimental and numerical investigation on single dent with marginal bump
           in EHL point contacts
    • Pages: 798 - 807
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 798-807, September 2017.
      Purpose The dent is one of typical surface defects on the surfaces of the machine elements and it is not in fact inerratic. This work aims to investigate the effect of a single dent with a marginal bump on the film shape in elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) point contacts. Design/methodology/approach The experimental investigations of a single dent with marginal bump were carried out using multi-beam interferometry in EHL point contacts. In the meantime, its numerical simulation was also finished using multi-level method and multilevel multi-integration method. The effects of the entrainment velocity and the applied load as well as the slide-roll ratio on the film were chiefly discussed. Meanwhile, the comparison of films between smooth and dented surfaces was conducted under simple sliding conditions. Findings Under pure sliding conditions, the minimum film thickness presents itself near the marginal bump at lower entrainment velocity. The inlet dimple before the marginal bump is subjected to the operating conditions. Under pure rolling conditions, the shape of the dent is almost unchanged when it is passing through the contact region at lower entrainment velocity. The dent depth hardly depends on the applied load under static conditions. However, larger load enhances the inlet dimple and the elastic deformation of the dent with the marginal bump under pure sliding conditions. Originality/value This work is helpful to understanding the effect of the marginal bump before the single dent on point contact EHL films.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:36:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-03-2016-0070
       
  • Effect of binary rare earth oxide on the properties of plasma sprayed
           Al2O3/TiO2 coatings
    • Pages: 808 - 814
      Abstract: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 69, Issue 5, Page 808-814, September 2017.
      Purpose This study systematically investigated the effect of the binary rare earth oxide of La2O3 and Sm2O3 on the properties of the Al2O3/TiO2 (AT) coating, including phase transform, wear behavior, etc. Design/methodology/approach AT coatings mixed with different components of binary rare earth oxides of La2O3 and Sm2O3 are prepared by atmospheric plasma spraying. The adhesion strength, micro-hardness, phase transition and tribological behavior of coatings are systematically investigated. Findings The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis shows that phase transformation is obvious after spraying, and a-Al2O3 is almost translated into γ-Al2O3 when La2O3 and Sm2O3 are doped together. Meanwhile, solid solution generated between rare earth oxide and Al2O3/TiO2 coatings results in disappearance of TiO2 and rare earth oxide phase. The photos under the scanning electron microscope (SEM) indicate that binary rare earth oxide could increase the melting degree of powder and decrease porosity of coatings.The increasing of Sm2O3 rarely affect micro-hardness and adhesion strength, and the coating with 4 per cent Sm2O3 and 1 per cent La2O3 exhibits the best wear resistance and lowest friction coefficient among all the samples. Originality/value AT coatings mixed with different components of binary rare earth oxide of La2O3 and Sm2O3 are prepared by atmospheric plasma spraying. Binary rare earth oxide could increase the melting degree of powder and decrease porosity of AT coatings.
      Citation: Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
      PubDate: 2017-09-22T12:35:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/ILT-05-2016-0114
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.224.18.114
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016