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A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Accounting Auditing & Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Accounting Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 3)
Accounting, Auditing and Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.972, h-index: 30)
Advances in Accounting Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.107, h-index: 4)
Advances in Dual Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Gender Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 3)
Advances in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
African J. of Economic and Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Agricultural Finance Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 15)
American J. of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.309, h-index: 23)
Arts Marketing : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific J. of Marketing and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific J. of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.237, h-index: 4)
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian J. on Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Review of Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.174, h-index: 3)
Aslib J. of Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aslib Proceedings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 23)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.439, h-index: 20)
Baltic J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 10)
Benchmarking : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 28)
British Food J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 25)
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 3)
Business Process Management J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.841, h-index: 31)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 3)
Campus-Wide Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, h-index: 12)
Career Development Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.721, h-index: 22)
China Agricultural Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 6)
China Finance Review Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.424, h-index: 7)
Circuit World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 15)
Clinical Governance: An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.176, h-index: 13)
Collection Building     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.461, h-index: 8)
COMPEL: The Intl. J. for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.224, h-index: 18)
Competitiveness Review : An Intl. Business J. incorporating J. of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Corporate Communications An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.394, h-index: 18)
Corporate Governance Intl. J. of Business in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 21)
Critical Perspectives on Intl. Business     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.311, h-index: 11)
Cross Cultural Management An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.648, h-index: 6)
Development and Learning in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 6)
Direct Marketing An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Disaster Prevention and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.352, h-index: 24)
Drugs and Alcohol Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.129, h-index: 2)
Education + Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 21)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.243, h-index: 6)
Employee Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.446, h-index: 16)
Engineering Computations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.567, h-index: 36)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 20)
Equal Opportunities Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 4)
Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 1)
EuroMed J. of Business     Hybrid Journal  
European Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.368, h-index: 15)
European J. of Innovation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 22)
European J. of Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 38)
European J. of Training and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 18)
Evidence-based HRM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Facilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, h-index: 13)
foresight     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.62, h-index: 16)
Gender in Management : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.495, h-index: 17)
Grey Systems : Theory and Application     Hybrid Journal  
Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 13)
Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 2)
History of Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
Housing, Care and Support     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 3)
Human Resource Management Intl. Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.105, h-index: 5)
Humanomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.104, h-index: 1)
Indian Growth and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.131, h-index: 1)
Industrial and Commercial Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 10)
Industrial Lubrication and Tribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 15)
Industrial Management & Data Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.989, h-index: 54)
Industrial Robot An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.421, h-index: 25)
Info     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.337, h-index: 17)
Information and Computer Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.29, h-index: 28)
Information Technology & People     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 21)
Interactive Technology and Smart Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Interlending & Document Supply     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 10)
Internet Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 44)
Intl. J. for Lesson and Learning Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. for Researcher Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Accounting and Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.265, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Bank Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.672, h-index: 26)
Intl. J. of Climate Change Strategies and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 3)
Intl. J. of Clothing Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 20)
Intl. J. of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal  
Intl. J. of Conflict Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.322, h-index: 31)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 24)
Intl. J. of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 1)
Intl. J. of Development Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Educational Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.508, h-index: 16)
Intl. J. of Emergency Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Emerging Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Energy Sector Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 7)

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Journal Cover   Critical Perspectives on International Business
  [SJR: 0.311]   [H-I: 11]   Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1742-2043
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [311 journals]
  • Resources-for-infrastructure (R4I) swaps: a new model for successful
           internationalisation strategies of rising power firms?
    • Authors: Peter Konijn, Rob van Tulder
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose Since 2004, the Chinese government, state-owned policy banks and oil, mining and construction corporations have used a relatively unique form of internationalisation through complex, large scale resources-for-infrastructure (R4I) swaps in Africa. This paper seeks to understand the role R4I swaps play in their internationalization strategies, thereby contributing to a modern theory of the multinational enterprise based on experiences of rising power firms. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses a resource bundling perspective and political economy lens to analyze complex entry decisions and success as well as the failure of R4I swaps. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of published case studies of R4I swaps in 7 African countries complemented by field research by the first author. Findings The findings show that under very specific circumstances R4I swaps can be considered a successful internationalization strategy. R4I swaps enable Chinese MNEs to build and maintain relationships with non-market elites that control access to natural resources and infrastructure contracts. Research limitations/implications The sample of cases, although representing all relevant R4I-swaps, is too small to come to more quantitative conclusions on success/failure factors. Practical implications R4I swaps are a very unlikely model for Western MNEs as they lack the necessary country specific competitive advantages and institutional mechanisms. Originality/value To our knowledge this is the first comprehensive study of all relevant Chinese R4I swaps in Africa and contains original data from fieldwork in Ghana and DR Congo.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:29Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-02-2013-0008
  • The mirage of upgrading local automotive parts suppliers through the
           creation of vertical linkages with MNEs in developing economies
    • Authors: Zaheer Khan, Yong Kyu Lew, Rudolf R. Sinkovics
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose This paper explores inter-organizational linkages and the extent of technology transfer and develops propositions related to the linkages, technology transfer, and upgrading of local suppliers in developing economies. Design/methodology/approach We conduct a literature review and 50 exploratory interviews with senior managers and policymakers in the automotive parts industry of Pakistan. Findings We find that three major international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan have created significant vertical linkages. However, advanced high-level technology transfer has not actually taken place due to the following reasons: 1) IJV parents are reluctant to engage in technology transfer, 2) there is limited support from local government, and 3) local suppliers exhibit limited improvement in their innovation capability. The vertical linkage creation and low-medium technology transfer contributes to incremental product upgrading of the local suppliers, rather than their process upgrading and insertion into global value chain (GVC). Research limitations/implications We looked at technology interactions between IJVs and local tier 1 suppliers (not tier 2 and tier 3) in Pakistan’s automotive industry. Our illustrative case indicates what is required in order for local suppliers in developing economies to make breakthrough upgrades of their products and processes through their vertical linkages with foreign-owned indigenous firms. Originality/value Unlike prior research, we investigate the role of inter-organizational linkages and the extent of technology transfer, and how these affect local suppliers’ product/process upgrading in the local value chain. Highlighting the illusion of upgrading in the GVC, this paper reveals the difficulties involved in upgrading suppliers’ positions (e.g. insertion and functional upgrading in the GVC) through their vertical linkages with foreign multinational enterprises, in developing economies. The illusion of upgrading sheds a rather disappointing light on the position of developing country supplier vis-à-vis their powerful international partners.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:27Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-12-2012-0064
  • Regional export advantage of rising power SMEs: analytics and determinants
           in the Indian context
    • Authors: Jaya Prakash Pradhan, Keshab Das
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose The main purpose of this study is to examine the subnational regional dimension of exports by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in India, one of the prominent emerging economies or ‘rising powers’. Design/methodology/approach In order to understand the forces driving the variation in subnational region’s share in international business of rising power SMEs, an analytical conceptual framework on regional export advantage (REA) was formulated based on the review of relevant theoretical and empirical literature. The model was estimated for Indian states using the most appropriate and recently developed econometric technique of Fractional Logit Model. Findings The paper provides evidence that the emergence of exports by rising Indian power SMEs is geographically limited to a few select regions/states. Southern Indian states alone accounted for half of exports from SMEs in the organized manufacturing sector during 2000–08, followed by western India. The REA analysis has brought to the fore that regional stock of technological knowledge, availability of skill, port facilities, urban areas, and FDI stocks are crucial factors determining states’ share in SME exports across technological sub-categories. However, the size and sophistication of local demand continue to influence states’ efforts at enhancing exports by SMEs, at least those belonging to the medium- and high-technology categories. Research limitations/implications The proposed empirical framework could be extended to include institutional and political economy factors. Its application to subnational regional shares in total exports by all firms taking into account fixed effects for regions may be another feasible line of future research. Practical implications Empirical findings recognize that appropriate strategies by subnational policy makers are important for a region to achieve a higher contribution in national SME exports. Subnational policy measures aimed at upgradation of regional technological assets and skill base through the promotion of technology clusters and R&D of local firms, facilitation and creation of better industry-university linkages, and investments in education and training institution may help the states to gain higher export advantage. Originality/value This paper provides new analytics and insights into the role of subnational spaces in the internationalization of rising power SMEs from India and serves to contributes to the extant international business research that is predominantly occupied with ‘nation’ as the unit of location.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:18Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-10-2013-0040
  • Global value chains, rising power firms and economic and social upgrading
           in the post-crisis global economy
    • Authors: Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose The paper introduces the global value chain (GVC) approach to understand the relationship between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and changing patterns of global trade, investment and production, and its impact on economic and social upgrading. It aims to illuminate how GVCs can advance our understanding about MNEs and rising power (RP) firms and their impact on economic and social upgrading in fragmented and dispersed global production systems. Design/methodology/approach The paper reviews the GVC literature focusing on two conceptual elements of the GVC approach, governance and upgrading, and highlights three key recent developments in GVCs: concentration, regionalization and synergistic governance. Findings The paper underscores the complicated role of GVCs in shaping economic and social upgrading for emerging economies, RP firms and developing country firms in general. Rising geographic and organizational concentration in GVCs leads to the uneven distribution of upgrading opportunities in favor of RP firms, and yet economic upgrading may be elusive even for the most established suppliers because of power asymmetry with global buyers. Shifting end markets and the regionalization of value chains can benefit RP firms by presenting alternative markets for upgrading. Yet, without further upgrading, such benefits may be achieved at the expense of social downgrading. Finally, the ineffectiveness of private standards to achieve social upgrading has led to calls for synergistic governance through the cooperation of private, public and social actors, both global and local. Originality/value The paper illuminates how the GVC approach and its key concepts can contribute to the critical international business (IB) and RP firms literature by examining the latest dynamics in GVCs and their impacts on economic and social development in developing countries.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-03-2014-0018
  • The competitive advantages of emerging market multinationals: a
    • Authors: Peter James Williamson
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this article is to re-assess both the nature and sources of the competitive advantages multinationals expanding from home bases in emerging economies (EMNEs) may enjoy in the global market. Design/methodology/approach The paper analyses the results of twelve concurrent studies undertaken by a group of experts who were asked to examine how strategies for innovation, international value chain configuration, and foreign mergers and acquisitions contributed to the competitive advantages of multinationals emerging from Brazil, Russia, India, and China (the BRICs) respectively. Findings EMNEs do have competitive advantages that can underpin their expansion abroad but these are mainly “non-traditional” advantages that have been built by finding innovative ways to leverage advantages of their home countries. EMNE’s internationalisation is as much about accessing new resources and knowledge to enable them to extend their competitive advantage as it is a route to exploiting existing advantages over a larger set of markets. As a result, the global value chain structure of EMNEs tends to be fundamentally different from that chosen by incumbent multinationals. Research limitations/implications The study is limited to EMNEs from the BRIC countries, but implications for EMNEs emerging from other countries are discussed. Originality/value We bring to bear extensive data and a systematic approach to understanding the new breed of multinationals emerging from the BRIC countries, their sources of competitive advantage, and how they are using innovation, foreign investment and overseas acquisitions to transform global competition.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-02-2014-0008
  • Responding to the rising power “threat”: pharmaceutical MNEs
           and the intellectual property “institutional void”
    • Authors: Rory Horner
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose This article explores how established MNEs have responded to the perceived threat from rising power firms by seeking to alter the intellectual property institutional environment in key emerging economies. Design/methodology/approach The key place of emerging economies in the efforts of established MNEs to seek patent law change is discussed. Two case studies review developments related to pharmaceutical patents in India and South Africa, highlighting the influence of MNEs in driving policy change and the contested nature of their actions. Findings While India and South Africa both present evidence of MNEs seeking to influence pharmaceutical patent laws, distinct differences emerge. In India, most MNE pressure has been in response to the emergence of an active domestic industry and a patent law oriented towards generic entry, while the MNE priority in South African has been geared towards maintaining MNE dominance and a system which leads to generous granting of patents. Practical implications Managers and decision-makers seeking to invest in emerging economies must take account of a plethora of institutions present, which may be better suited towards local industrial and consumer interests and may prompt resistance to any established MNE-led attempt at institutional change. Originality/value The article offers a comparative perspective on pharmaceutical patent laws in India and South Africa, which have been subject to significant contestation by policymakers, civil society organisations and both rising power and established MNEs. The comparison explores and questions the increasingly widespread “institutional void” thesis in international business.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:20:58Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-08-2014-0039
  • Rising power firms – the developmental promises and challenges: an
    • Authors: Mo Yamin, Rudolf R. Sinkovics
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.

      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:20:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-04-2015-0016
  • Critical perspectives on the globally mobile professional and managerial
    • Authors: Steve McKenna, M.N. Ravishankar, David Weir
      First page: 118
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 2, May 2015.
      Purpose To introduce the papers in the special issue. Design/methodology/approach A general description of each paper in the special issue is provided. The introduction highlights the need for more research into the broad topic of the global elite. Findings Research in the social sciences uses a very broad definition of the global elite. It would be helpful in critical management and organization studies and critical international business research, to begin to identify important and key research areas that enable a more critical investigation of whom the global elite are and how they might be studied. Originality/value Introduces five diverse papers that deal with issues pertaining to a global elite and transnational capitalist class.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:23:31 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-10-2014-0043
  • Perceived mobility of impact: global elites and the Bono effect
    • Authors: Lynne Andersson, Lisa Calvano
      First page: 122
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 2, May 2015.
      Purpose This paper examines how the globally mobile elite uses its capital and networks to create a perception that market-driven solutions to social problems are superior to the efforts of government and civil society. Design/methodology/approach Drawing on a number of emerging literatures, we introduce and develop the concept of the “perceived mobility of impact” and use the case of the “Bono effect” to illustrate how this phenomenon is enacted. We then employ a critical lens to challenge the consequences of this perceived mobility of impact. Findings Global elites use their mobility to generate network capital, which in conjunction with celebrity affinity for global humanitarian causes, builds a self-reinforcing consensus and legitimizes market-driven solutions to social problems. While this approach may make the GME feel generous about their contribution, it raises questions about accountability and representation in shaping global social policy. Originality/value This paper contributes to the burgeoning literature on the globally mobile elite, offering a unique critical perspective on their motives and actions, and introduces the concept of 'perceived mobility of impact'.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:23:23 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-10-2012-0046
  • Wall Street women: professional saviors of the global economy
    • Authors: melissa suzanne fisher
      First page: 137
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 2, May 2015.
      Purpose The 2008 financial crisis was depicted in strikingly gendered terms – with many commentators articulating a divide between masculine, greedy, risk-taking behavior and feminine, conservative, risk-averse approaches for healing the crisis. For a time, academics, journalists, and women on Wall Street appeared to be in agreement in identifying women’s feminine styles as uniquely suited to lead – even repair – the economic debacle. Drawing on n two decades of field work on Wall Street, this article explores the recent evolution in the gendering of Wall Street as well as the potential effects – including the reproduction of financiers’ power - of that evolution Design/methodology/approach The article is based on historical research, in-depth interviews and fieldwork with the first generation of Wall Street women from the seventies up until 2013. Findings In this article, I argue that the preoccupation in feminine styles of leadership in finance primarily reproduces the power of white global financial elites rather than changes the culture of Wall Street or breaks down existent structures of power and inequality. Research limitations/implications The research focuses primarily on the ways American global financial elites maintain power, and does not examine the ways in which the power of other international elites working in finance is reproduced in a similar or different manner. Practical implications The findings of the article provide practical implications for understanding the gendering of financial policy making and how that gendering maintains or reproduces the economic system. Originality/value The paper is based on original, unique, historical ethnographic research on the first generation of women on Wall Street.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:23:33 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-11-2012-0054
  • Being and becoming a professional accountant in Canada: mimicry and menace
           in the transitions of migrant accountants
    • Authors: Kelly Thomson, Joanne Jones
      First page: 156
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 2, May 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore how the migration experiences of international accounting professionals were shaped by colonial structures and how through their interactions with other professionals, migrants hybridize their professional identities and the profession in Canada. Design/methodology/approach A post-colonial analysis of the career narratives of international accounting professionals who migrated to Canada. Findings Our analysis illustrates how explicit and formal requirements for transformation, as well as the more subtle informal demands of employers and clients, require non-Western professionals to transform personal characteristics in ways that make them more “Canadian” or “professional”. Our findings show that mimicry takes many forms with some professionals becoming “consummate mimics” while others discuss their transition in ways that highlight resistance (“reluctant mimics”) and the demands that systematically frustrate and exclude many non-Western professionals from full participation in the “global” profession in Canada (“frustrated mimics”). Research limitations/implications This study contributes to the existing scholarly literature on the persistence of colonial structures in shaping the experiences of colonized people even as they migrate in search of better opportunities decades after the colonial structures have been formally dismantled. It builds on Bhabha’s (1994) work illustrating that colonial structures are susceptible to change through action and interaction. We hope this study contributes to social change by providing some insights into how mimicry, resistance and hybridization may disrupt the unreflexive enactment of colonial structures that sustain inequality. Originality/value This study extends the literature on professional migration using a post-colonial perspective to empirically examine the lived experience of the colonial encounter and professionals transition their professional identities across borders.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:23:29 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-10-2012-0045
  • Making critical sense of discriminatory practices in the Canadian
           workplace: a case study of Hong Kong Chinese professional
           immigrants’ experiences, voice and reflection
    • Authors: Rosalie Kitsheung Hilde, Albert Mills
      First page: 173
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 2, May 2015.
      Purpose This paper reports on a preliminary study of how professionally qualified immigrants from Hong Kong to Canada make sense of their experiences, particularly workplace opportunities. Design/methodology/approach The study is framed by a Critical Sensemaking approach, involving in-depth interviews with twelve informants from the Hong Kong Chinese community and discursive analysis (Foucault, 1979) of the local and formative contexts in which they are making sense of workplace opportunities. Findings The findings suggest that a dominant discourse of "integration" strongly influences the way that professionally qualified immigrants come to accept the unchallenged assumptions (1) that the government is providing help for them to ‘get in’; and (2) that ethnic service organizations are offering positive guidance to the immigrants’ workplace goals and opportunities. Immigrants’ identity and self worth are measured by whether they ‘get in’ – integrate – into so-called mainstream society. The effect of this hidden discourse has been to marginalize some immigrants in relation to workplace opportunities. Research limitations/implications The interplay of structural (i.e., formative contexts and organizational rules), socio-psychological (i.e., sensemaking properties), and discursive contexts (e.g., discourses of immigration) are difficult to detail over time. The interplay -- although important - is difficult to document and trace over a relatively short period of time and may, more appropriately lend itself to more longitudinal research. Practical implications The study strongly suggests that we need to move beyond structural accounts to capture the voice and agency of immigrants. In particular, as we have tried to show, the sensemaking and sensemaking context in which immigrants find themselves provide important insights to the immigrant experience. Originality/value The study is original in going beyond both structural and psychological accounts of immigration. Through the developing method of Critical Sensemaking, the study combines a focus on structure and social psychology and their interplay. Thus, providing insights not only to the broad discriminatory practices that so-called non-white immigrants face in Canada (and likely other industrial societies) but how these are made sense of. The study is also unique in attempting to fuse sensemaking and discourse analysis to show the interaction between individual sensemking in the context of dominant discourses.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:23:27 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-09-2012-0042
  • Showing them the door (nicely): rejection discourses and practices of a
           global elite
    • Authors: Francois GOXE, Nathalie Belhoste
      First page: 189
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 2, May 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to contribute to a critical approach of the identification and rejection strategies in discourses and practices of a “global elite” of business leaders and managers. Design/methodology/approach A literature review of mainstream and more critical management and sociology literature on global or transnational elites and classes is presented. The identification and rejection discursive strategies of some (French) MNC managers and internationalization agents are then empirically and qualitatively observed and analysed. Findings The findings are interpreted under the following strategies: constructive strategies, reproductive and legitimizing strategies, and exclusion strategies. Some members of the global elite deploy a cosmopolitan and welcoming discourse in order to identify legitimate members of that class but also turn this discourse into one of exclusion, that is, find ways through language, and practice, to exclude those they perceive as illegitimate. Research limitations/implications Management research on global elites needs more critical thinking and reflexivity to avoid acting as a mere vector of global managerial doxa. Studying values, practices and reactions of other, less “prestigious” classes confronted with those elites (SME entrepreneurs, individuals from emerging countries, etc.) may contribute to such perspective. Originality/value The paper shows that the literature (in management) often speaks very highly of global elites. It identifies some dynamics of power between members of that/those classes and individuals who intend to join them and thus provides explanations about the elite’s unwritten codes of conduct, pre-requisites for consideration and inclusion and shows how global classes/elites discursively legitimize and exclude others.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:23:25 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-10-2012-0048
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