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A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Accounting Auditing & Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Accounting Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 3)
Accounting, Auditing and Accountability J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.972, h-index: 30)
Advances in Accounting Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.107, h-index: 4)
Advances in Dual Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Gender Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Intl. Marketing     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 3)
Advances in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
African J. of Economic and Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Agricultural Finance Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 15)
American J. of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.309, h-index: 23)
Arts Marketing : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific J. of Marketing and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific J. of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.237, h-index: 4)
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian J. on Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Review of Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.174, h-index: 3)
Aslib J. of Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aslib Proceedings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 23)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.439, h-index: 20)
Baltic J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 10)
Benchmarking : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 28)
British Food J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 25)
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 3)
Business Process Management J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.841, h-index: 31)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 3)
Campus-Wide Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, h-index: 12)
Career Development Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.721, h-index: 22)
China Agricultural Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.419, h-index: 6)
China Finance Review Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.424, h-index: 7)
Circuit World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 15)
Clinical Governance: An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.176, h-index: 13)
Collection Building     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.461, h-index: 8)
COMPEL: The Intl. J. for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.224, h-index: 18)
Competitiveness Review : An Intl. Business J. incorporating J. of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Corporate Communications An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.394, h-index: 18)
Corporate Governance Intl. J. of Business in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 21)
Critical Perspectives on Intl. Business     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.311, h-index: 11)
Cross Cultural Management An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.648, h-index: 6)
Development and Learning in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 6)
Direct Marketing An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Disaster Prevention and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.352, h-index: 24)
Drugs and Alcohol Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75, SJR: 0.129, h-index: 2)
Education + Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 21)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.243, h-index: 6)
Employee Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.446, h-index: 16)
Engineering Computations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.567, h-index: 36)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 20)
Equal Opportunities Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 4)
Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 1)
EuroMed J. of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.368, h-index: 15)
European J. of Innovation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 22)
European J. of Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 38)
European J. of Training and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 18)
Evidence-based HRM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Facilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, h-index: 13)
foresight     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.62, h-index: 16)
Gender in Management : An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.495, h-index: 17)
Grey Systems : Theory and Application     Hybrid Journal  
Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 13)
Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 2)
History of Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
Housing, Care and Support     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 3)
Human Resource Management Intl. Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.105, h-index: 5)
Humanomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.104, h-index: 1)
Indian Growth and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.131, h-index: 1)
Industrial and Commercial Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 10)
Industrial Lubrication and Tribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 15)
Industrial Management & Data Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.989, h-index: 54)
Industrial Robot An Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.421, h-index: 25)
Info     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 17)
Information and Computer Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.29, h-index: 28)
Information Technology & People     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 21)
Interactive Technology and Smart Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Interlending & Document Supply     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 10)
Internet Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 44)
Intl. J. for Lesson and Learning Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. for Researcher Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Accounting and Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.265, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Bank Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.672, h-index: 26)
Intl. J. of Climate Change Strategies and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 3)
Intl. J. of Clothing Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 20)
Intl. J. of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal  
Intl. J. of Conflict Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.322, h-index: 31)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 24)
Intl. J. of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 1)
Intl. J. of Development Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.181, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Educational Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.508, h-index: 16)
Intl. J. of Emergency Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Emerging Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Critical Perspectives on International Business
  [SJR: 0.311]   [H-I: 11]   [0 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1742-2043
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Coming of age, seeking legitimacy: The historical trajectory of African
           management research
    • Authors: Joseph Amankwah-Amoah
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 12, Issue 1, March 2016.
      Purpose Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the historical trajectory of African management research and managerial thinking. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach – This paper draws from a review and synthesis of the literature from 1960–2012. Findings Findings – The analysis led to the identification of three distinct phases which reflect the difficult and uncertain beginning to a promising future. Our historical pathway model also allows us to account for the evolution of management philosophies and thoughts, and current state of knowledge. Originality/value Originality/value – Although there is a burgeoning stream of African management research, lack of comprehensive review and synthesis have obscured the enormous strides made. We advance a “novel” approach towards theory application and theory creation building on the “convergence hypothesis” and “divergence hypothesis”. Our analysis yielded a number of promising avenues for future research.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T01:10:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-10-2013-0041
  • Renewing the call for >critical perspectives on international
           business>: towards a second decade of challenging the orthodox
    • Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 12, Issue 1, March 2016.
      Purpose This article reflects on the future of critical perspectives on international business (cpoib) by considering some key developments in the international business (IB) context since the journal’s launch in 2005. The journal’s mission and scope is refreshed in light of these developments. Changes to the editorial team and editorial advisory board are also announced. Design/methodology/approach A review of some of the key developments in the IB context provides the background and justification for a revised editorial mission and scope. Findings Given changes in the IB environment, the need for a journal that takes a critically reflexive view on the activities of IB and issues of relevance to IB is found to be of increasing importance. This finding underlines the need for scholars to undertake empirical and conceptual studies that adopt critical perspectives to identify IB practices that are detrimental to stakeholders broadly defined and to offer alternatives. Originality/value This is the first effort to reassess and renew cpoib’s mission and scope in the light of the changes in the IB context since the journal’s launch in 2005.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T01:10:44Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-12-2015-0057
  • Australia-China-Africa Investment Partnerships: A new frontier for
           triangular cooperation?
    • Authors: Alice de Jonge
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 12, Issue 1, March 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to examine the potential for ‘triangular cooperation’ between investment partners from Australia, China and host-African nations to contribute to economic development in Africa. Design/methodology/approach The paper discusses a number of complementarities between Australian and Chinese investors in mining, agriculture, energy, research and education and finance - sectors vital to Africa’s future development. These complementarities are examined in light of recent development studies literature on the benefits of triangular cooperation and recent literature examining links between FDI policy and economic development. Findings The paper concludes that there is much to be gained by making the most of existing and potential synergies between Australian, Chinese and local investors in African settings. Research limitations/implications The implications of this paper are first, that African nations should keep the benefits of triangular cooperation in mind when designing FDI policies, and second, that Australian and Chinese investors should be more willing to explore potential investment partner synergies when investing in Africa. The paper also suggests an agenda for future research into how good design of FDI policies might best promote healthy economic development in African nations. Practical implications Australian and Chinese companies should be more willing to explore potential avenues for cooperation when investing in Africa, while African governments should be more mindful of how rules and policies can maximise the local benefits of FDI. Originality/value The value of the paper is in applying the concept of ‘triangular cooperation’ to direct investment. The paper also provides an original focus on Australia-China investment synergies in African settings.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T01:10:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-01-2014-0003
  • China in Africa: a critical literature review
    • Authors: Abdoulkadre Ado, Zhan Su
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 12, Issue 1, March 2016.
      Purpose Purpose: This article critically assesses the major contributions to the academic literature on China’s increased focus on Africa, from 2001 to 2011. It discusses the key trends concerning China’s presence in Africa, and draws conclusions on the significance of the studies by emphasizing and contrasting the prevailing positions. Design/methodology/approach Research approach: Based on a qualitative approach employing an integrative and comprehensive literature review, we performed a content analysis of high-impact, peer-reviewed articles. Findings Findings: The paper questions and repositions some of the existing controversies. The results from existing studies remain questionable, requiring further clarification and more theoretical backing. It, moreover, highlights the notion that behind the explicit neutrality of views of China’s presence in Africa, implicit assumptions may exist. These are often in the differences in narratives conveyed by Western and Southern stakeholders. Research limitations/implications Implications: Most of the conclusions drawn from this paper need to be re-explored and supported by additional research. This could be done by widening the scope of the analysis. Studies need to provide more empirical support for their assertions, through quantitative data and evidence-based qualitative analyses – all within a framework that considers more cultural, social, and historical dimensions. The paper also suggests that an institutionally based view appears most relevant in better explaining China in Africa. Originality/value Originality/value: This paper reviews a decade of research on China in Africa, and presents a snapshot of the current state of knowledge. It also raises concerns to be analyzed by future research, and proposes new avenues for better understanding China’s presence in Africa.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T01:10:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-05-2013-0014
  • Succeeding in international competition by making use of home-country
    • Authors: Eli Moen
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 12, Issue 1, March 2016.
      Purpose Addresses the question how a low-cost carrier embedded in a coordinated market economy is succeeding in a highly competitive industry with a strong cost focus Design/methodology/approach Reports the results of a case study of a low-cost carrier (Norwegian Air Shuttle). The case study draws on both organizational and institutional theory as to how the international business environment and the national institutional framework continuously impact on its strategies. Findings It is found that home-country high wage levels and strong labour regulation have been overcome by developing firm-specific capabilities based on active employee involvement which aligns with the tradition of the national system of industrial relations. Research limitations/implications The present case study provides an input for further research on how actors deal with conflicting pressures. It supports the varieties of capitalism argument that national institutional arrangements influence firms and actors’ strategies and practices, but it also supports the call within institutional theories for a more malleable conceptualizing of the link between actors and institutions than is the case in the varieties of capitalism models. Originality/value The paper provides an account of a successful case in a highly competitive international business despite disadvantages linked with home-country institutions.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T01:10:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-12-2013-0051
  • Rising power firms – the developmental promises and challenges: an
    • Authors: Mo Yamin, Rudolf R. Sinkovics
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.

      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:20:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-04-2015-0016
  • The competitive advantages of emerging market multinationals: a
    • Authors: Peter James Williamson
      First page: 216
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this article is to re-assess both the nature and sources of the competitive advantages multinationals expanding from home bases in emerging economies (EMNEs) may enjoy in the global market. Design/methodology/approach The paper analyses the results of twelve concurrent studies undertaken by a group of experts who were asked to examine how strategies for innovation, international value chain configuration, and foreign mergers and acquisitions contributed to the competitive advantages of multinationals emerging from Brazil, Russia, India, and China (the BRICs) respectively. Findings EMNEs do have competitive advantages that can underpin their expansion abroad but these are mainly “non-traditional” advantages that have been built by finding innovative ways to leverage advantages of their home countries. EMNE’s internationalisation is as much about accessing new resources and knowledge to enable them to extend their competitive advantage as it is a route to exploiting existing advantages over a larger set of markets. As a result, the global value chain structure of EMNEs tends to be fundamentally different from that chosen by incumbent multinationals. Research limitations/implications The study is limited to EMNEs from the BRIC countries, but implications for EMNEs emerging from other countries are discussed. Originality/value We bring to bear extensive data and a systematic approach to understanding the new breed of multinationals emerging from the BRIC countries, their sources of competitive advantage, and how they are using innovation, foreign investment and overseas acquisitions to transform global competition.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-02-2014-0008
  • Regional export advantage of rising power SMEs: analytics and determinants
           in the Indian context
    • Authors: Jaya Prakash Pradhan, Keshab Das
      First page: 236
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose The main purpose of this study is to examine the subnational regional dimension of exports by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in India, one of the prominent emerging economies or ‘rising powers’. Design/methodology/approach In order to understand the forces driving the variation in subnational region’s share in international business of rising power SMEs, an analytical conceptual framework on regional export advantage (REA) was formulated based on the review of relevant theoretical and empirical literature. The model was estimated for Indian states using the most appropriate and recently developed econometric technique of Fractional Logit Model. Findings The paper provides evidence that the emergence of exports by rising Indian power SMEs is geographically limited to a few select regions/states. Southern Indian states alone accounted for half of exports from SMEs in the organized manufacturing sector during 2000–08, followed by western India. The REA analysis has brought to the fore that regional stock of technological knowledge, availability of skill, port facilities, urban areas, and FDI stocks are crucial factors determining states’ share in SME exports across technological sub-categories. However, the size and sophistication of local demand continue to influence states’ efforts at enhancing exports by SMEs, at least those belonging to the medium- and high-technology categories. Research limitations/implications The proposed empirical framework could be extended to include institutional and political economy factors. Its application to subnational regional shares in total exports by all firms taking into account fixed effects for regions may be another feasible line of future research. Practical implications Empirical findings recognize that appropriate strategies by subnational policy makers are important for a region to achieve a higher contribution in national SME exports. Subnational policy measures aimed at upgradation of regional technological assets and skill base through the promotion of technology clusters and R&D of local firms, facilitation and creation of better industry-university linkages, and investments in education and training institution may help the states to gain higher export advantage. Originality/value This paper provides new analytics and insights into the role of subnational spaces in the internationalization of rising power SMEs from India and serves to contributes to the extant international business research that is predominantly occupied with ‘nation’ as the unit of location.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:18Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-10-2013-0040
  • Resources-for-infrastructure (R4I) swaps: a new model for successful
           internationalisation strategies of rising power firms?
    • Authors: Peter Konijn, Rob van Tulder
      First page: 259
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose Since 2004, the Chinese government, state-owned policy banks and oil, mining and construction corporations have used a relatively unique form of internationalisation through complex, large scale resources-for-infrastructure (R4I) swaps in Africa. This paper seeks to understand the role R4I swaps play in their internationalization strategies, thereby contributing to a modern theory of the multinational enterprise based on experiences of rising power firms. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses a resource bundling perspective and political economy lens to analyze complex entry decisions and success as well as the failure of R4I swaps. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of published case studies of R4I swaps in 7 African countries complemented by field research by the first author. Findings The findings show that under very specific circumstances R4I swaps can be considered a successful internationalization strategy. R4I swaps enable Chinese MNEs to build and maintain relationships with non-market elites that control access to natural resources and infrastructure contracts. Research limitations/implications The sample of cases, although representing all relevant R4I-swaps, is too small to come to more quantitative conclusions on success/failure factors. Practical implications R4I swaps are a very unlikely model for Western MNEs as they lack the necessary country specific competitive advantages and institutional mechanisms. Originality/value To our knowledge this is the first comprehensive study of all relevant Chinese R4I swaps in Africa and contains original data from fieldwork in Ghana and DR Congo.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:29Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-02-2013-0008
  • Responding to the rising power “threat”: pharmaceutical MNEs
           and the intellectual property “institutional void”
    • Authors: Rory Horner
      First page: 285
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose This article explores how established MNEs have responded to the perceived threat from rising power firms by seeking to alter the intellectual property institutional environment in key emerging economies. Design/methodology/approach The key place of emerging economies in the efforts of established MNEs to seek patent law change is discussed. Two case studies review developments related to pharmaceutical patents in India and South Africa, highlighting the influence of MNEs in driving policy change and the contested nature of their actions. Findings While India and South Africa both present evidence of MNEs seeking to influence pharmaceutical patent laws, distinct differences emerge. In India, most MNE pressure has been in response to the emergence of an active domestic industry and a patent law oriented towards generic entry, while the MNE priority in South African has been geared towards maintaining MNE dominance and a system which leads to generous granting of patents. Practical implications Managers and decision-makers seeking to invest in emerging economies must take account of a plethora of institutions present, which may be better suited towards local industrial and consumer interests and may prompt resistance to any established MNE-led attempt at institutional change. Originality/value The article offers a comparative perspective on pharmaceutical patent laws in India and South Africa, which have been subject to significant contestation by policymakers, civil society organisations and both rising power and established MNEs. The comparison explores and questions the increasingly widespread “institutional void” thesis in international business.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:20:58Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-08-2014-0039
  • The mirage of upgrading local automotive parts suppliers through the
           creation of vertical linkages with MNEs in developing economies
    • Authors: Zaheer Khan, Yong Kyu Lew, Rudolf R. Sinkovics
      First page: 301
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose This paper explores inter-organizational linkages and the extent of technology transfer and develops propositions related to the linkages, technology transfer, and upgrading of local suppliers in developing economies. Design/methodology/approach We conduct a literature review and 50 exploratory interviews with senior managers and policymakers in the automotive parts industry of Pakistan. Findings We find that three major international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan have created significant vertical linkages. However, advanced high-level technology transfer has not actually taken place due to the following reasons: 1) IJV parents are reluctant to engage in technology transfer, 2) there is limited support from local government, and 3) local suppliers exhibit limited improvement in their innovation capability. The vertical linkage creation and low-medium technology transfer contributes to incremental product upgrading of the local suppliers, rather than their process upgrading and insertion into global value chain (GVC). Research limitations/implications We looked at technology interactions between IJVs and local tier 1 suppliers (not tier 2 and tier 3) in Pakistan’s automotive industry. Our illustrative case indicates what is required in order for local suppliers in developing economies to make breakthrough upgrades of their products and processes through their vertical linkages with foreign-owned indigenous firms. Originality/value Unlike prior research, we investigate the role of inter-organizational linkages and the extent of technology transfer, and how these affect local suppliers’ product/process upgrading in the local value chain. Highlighting the illusion of upgrading in the GVC, this paper reveals the difficulties involved in upgrading suppliers’ positions (e.g. insertion and functional upgrading in the GVC) through their vertical linkages with foreign multinational enterprises, in developing economies. The illusion of upgrading sheds a rather disappointing light on the position of developing country supplier vis-à-vis their powerful international partners.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:27Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-12-2012-0064
  • Global value chains, rising power firms and economic and social upgrading
           in the post-crisis global economy
    • Authors: Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi
      First page: 319
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, July 2015.
      Purpose The paper introduces the global value chain (GVC) approach to understand the relationship between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and changing patterns of global trade, investment and production, and its impact on economic and social upgrading. It aims to illuminate how GVCs can advance our understanding about MNEs and rising power (RP) firms and their impact on economic and social upgrading in fragmented and dispersed global production systems. Design/methodology/approach The paper reviews the GVC literature focusing on two conceptual elements of the GVC approach, governance and upgrading, and highlights three key recent developments in GVCs: concentration, regionalization and synergistic governance. Findings The paper underscores the complicated role of GVCs in shaping economic and social upgrading for emerging economies, RP firms and developing country firms in general. Rising geographic and organizational concentration in GVCs leads to the uneven distribution of upgrading opportunities in favor of RP firms, and yet economic upgrading may be elusive even for the most established suppliers because of power asymmetry with global buyers. Shifting end markets and the regionalization of value chains can benefit RP firms by presenting alternative markets for upgrading. Yet, without further upgrading, such benefits may be achieved at the expense of social downgrading. Finally, the ineffectiveness of private standards to achieve social upgrading has led to calls for synergistic governance through the cooperation of private, public and social actors, both global and local. Originality/value The paper illuminates how the GVC approach and its key concepts can contribute to the critical international business (IB) and RP firms literature by examining the latest dynamics in GVCs and their impacts on economic and social development in developing countries.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-04T12:21:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-03-2014-0018
  • A reconceptualisation of social value creation as social constraint
    • Authors: Noemi Sinkovics, Rudolf R. Sinkovics, Samia Ferdous Hoque, Laszlo Czaban
      Pages: 340 - 363
      Abstract: Critical perspectives on international business, Volume 11, Issue 3/4, Page 340-363, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper includes two interconnected objectives. The first is to provide a reconceptualisation of social value creation as social constraint alleviation. The second is to respond to the call put forward by Giuliani and Macchi (2014) to produce synergies between bodies of literature exploring the development impact of businesses. The paper focuses on ideas from the global value chain/global production networks (GVC/GPN), business and human rights, corporate social responsibility (CSR), international business (IB) and (social) entrepreneurship literatures. Design/methodology/approach – The paper offers a reconceptualisation of social value creation by building on the synergies, complementarities and limitations of existing concepts identified through the literature review. Findings – The reconceptualisation of social value creation put forward in this paper contributes to the literature in the following way. It offers a useful and clear definition of the term “social” (Devinney, 2009), and it attends to the limitations of the constraint concept as put forward by Ted London and his collaborators (London, 2011). Furthermore, it sketches out the basic ideas of a two-system approach to allow for the differentiation between symptom treatment and root cause alleviation. Finally, it offers a refinement of Wettstein’s (2012) proposed capability-based remedial action concept. The paper furthermore proposes that there are three distinct ways in which businesses generally respond to social constraints. Originality/value – The paper illustrates how the redefined concept of social value creation can connect different bodies of literature and help make sense of existing empirical results, without engaging in definitional debates.
      Citation: Critical perspectives on international business
      PubDate: 2015-07-28T08:13:05Z
      DOI: 10.1108/cpoib-06-2014-0036
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