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Ubuntu : J. of Conflict Transformation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
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Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation
Number of Followers: 1  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2078-760X - ISSN (Online) 2050-4950
Published by Adonis and Abbey Publishers Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: June 12 Saga and the
           Re-Visitation of Igbo-Yoruba Cold War in Nigeria
    • Authors: Ojukwu; Chris, Oluwole, Oni Ebenezer
      Abstract: In Nigeria's political diary, the June 12 is synonymous with the presidential election of 1993 which was to usher in the much anticipated third republic after ten years of military reign having 'sacked' the democratic government of ShehuShagari on 31 December, 1983. However, underlining the electoral symbol of the date was politics of ethnic consolidation as exemplified by the Northern military oligarchy in the annulment of the June 12 1993 election and ethnic rivalry between the Southwest Yoruba and the Southeast Igbo. This, therefore, brings to focus the thrust of the paper, 'Ndigbo and the June 12, 1993 election Saga'. The paper seeks to critically examine the role played by Igbo elites in the June 12 question. It further argues that the June 12 crisis culminated in deepening the cold war that long existed between the Igbo and Yoruba ethnic groups in Nigeria. The study adopts the archival search method in data gathering. This includes critical review of journal articles, official documents and reports, newspapers and magazines, electronically downloaded materials and monographs.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:18:08Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Editorial
    • Authors: Eze; Chika
      Abstract: At the heart of Ubuntu: Journal of Conflict and Social Transformation is the promotion of humaneness, which broadly promotes our common humanity and idea of kindness towards others. Hence, the modern notion of human rights can be subsumed, though arguably, within the idea of Ubuntu. Human rights are rights to which everyone is inherently entitled to (APA, 2016). Globally, December 10th has been designated as Human Rights' Day. The day is used to remind and make loud calls on governments and all stakeholders to respect the socio-political and economic rights of others. One of the core values for maintaining humanness in the context of interpersonal relationships is the recognition that our shared values and collective humanity do not obviate individual differences. Aptly, Ubuntu demands solidarity which respects the other; thus, the violation of human rights is an abuse which triggers stress in every sense of it.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:18:08Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: The Boko Haram Conflict : a
    • Authors: Adibe; Jideofor
      Abstract: Boko Haram has been a major security challenge to the Nigerian state, especially in the northeastern part of the country since the sect's radicalization in 2010. The sect evolved from being a ragtag terrorist group that focused on soft targets via suicide bombing into a sophisticated group that was able to overrun the military and police for weapons and engage the Nigerian army in conventional battles. By January 2015 the sect had succeeded in establishing amini Islamic state that controlled about 20,000 square miles of territory - an area the size of Belgium. Though the Buhari government claim to have degraded the ability of the sect to take territories, there is no doubt that the group still poses a threat with some even challenging the government's claims that it has recaptured all the towns previously held by the group. This article re-evaluates the conspiracy and 'scientific' theories used to explain the emergence and radicalization of Boko Haram in the light of its continued resilience under the Buhari government. It also examines other lessons to be learned from the sect's continued resilience and poses the question of whether Boko Haram has actually been defeated as claimed by the government or whether the relative lull in its activities is because it has done a tactical retreat in order to regroup as it did in at least three previous occasions.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:18:07Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Constitutional Patriotism :
           the convergence of democratic challenges and progress in South Africa
    • Authors: Obiyo; Robert
      Abstract: This paper analyses the politics pursued by the African National Congress (ANC) within South Africa's fragile parliamentary democracy under the banner of majoritarianism vis-à-vis the proper functioning of democratic institutions and democracy itself. Certain key policy programmes of the government including the ruling party's chief policy doctrine, the national democratic revolution, the strategic defence procurement packages, the dissolution of the Directorate of Special Operations and the ANC's conception of citizenship, 'the people' and nation-building in South Africa are examined. South Africa's constitution, which is classical of liberal democracy, lends itself to deliberative democracy and the institutions of the South African parliamentary system, in terms of their structure and constitutional purpose, promote deliberative democracy and cooperative governance but the norms of reasonable argumentation, equality and fairness undergirding the deliberative conception of democracy which are, in this way, institutionally guaranteed in the South African political process, are yet to be fully realised in South Africa's political culture.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:18:06Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Are men perpetrators of
           gender-based violence? Counseling for trauma prevention.
    • Authors: Eze; Chika
      Abstract: There are ample literature and research pointing accusing fingers to men as perpetrators of gender-based violence, and if, men truly are perpetrators of gender-based violence what kind of impact does it have on their psycho-social adjustment to life. In this regard, this paper wishes to explore the different discourses that have been used to position men as perpetrators of gender-based violence, particularly the discourse of patriarchy and masculinity. Accordingly, this paper wishes to portray how these discourses embedded in the processes of socialization have not been favorable to men, thereby invoking men's (including the society at large) consciousness to the danger of using the negative premises of these discourses to position themselves as superiors. The implication of such socialization process is that men as boys learn early to dominate others, leading to varying instances of gender-based violence, which has traumatic impact on them as perpetrators or victims. Based on de facto observation such positioning has in the long run dehumanized men, making them to appear as abusers of others, particularly women and children. Consequently, this paper calls for advocacy counseling intervention paradigm in which evolution of consciousness should be re-engaged as strategy towards promoting the discourse and practice of complementarity. Through evolution of consciousness men will become proactive in deconstructing the superior discourse of masculinity to take up collegiality approach in their day-to-day relationship with others, resulting to shared mutual respect. In this way, our universe and particularly Africans will reenact the valuable cultural practice of communal interdependence in which 'I am' because 'we are'.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:18:05Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: But each one is tempted when
           by his own evil desires he is lured away and enticed. Then after desire
           has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is fully grown, it
           gives birth to death...James 1:14-15
    • Authors: Ezaga; Victor
      Abstract: There have always been ongoing conflicts between human beings for recognition whether be it for territory, affection, or prestige. The size of ensuing conflicts has varied from harmless verbal spats to world shaking continental upheavals. Often in retrospect, the question asked has always been; "If we can get along, why have we not just gotten along?" A new perspective to further ponder this question was recently revealed to me by an author who offered interesting historical information, the type not taught in common history classes. I refer to the book; "Pawns in the game" by William Guy Carr.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:18:04Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Women and peace building :
           from historical to contemporary African perspectives
    • Authors: Shulika; Lukong Stella
      Abstract: The subject of women and peacebuilding is arguably an area of research, which prior to the 21st century remained undeveloped and unexplored in the field of conflict and peace and in the practice of peacebuilding. This development signaled a new attentiveness on the importance of women's roles as indispensable stakeholders in peacebuilding processes. However, precontemporary consciousness, women did leverage standard decision-making prowess that served diverse political, socio-economic, and security goals. Through a review of relevant literature and purposive unstructured interviews in Liberia, this paper examines the changing landscape of women's peacebuilding roles using examples from cross-cultural African experiences. The paper asserts that before the internationalization of women's role in the affairs of peacebuilding, women were already subconsciously or consciously involved in such decision-making processes, especially under the aegis of women organizations. Likewise, it contends that patriarchy and marginalization of women was quite in existence and these challenges which are unquestionably in continuity in the contemporary impede women's peacebuilding efforts. From these, this paper contributes to the evolving literature on women and peacebuilding discourses.
      PubDate: 2016-05-18T07:18:46Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Rethinking teacher education
           curricula in African universities through indigenous curriculum
           construction principles
    • Authors: Rufai; Saheed Ahmad
      Abstract: There is a growing concern over the dominant nature of Western models of teacher education in African universities. Investigation reveals that teacher education curriculum models in such universities are either a wholesale importation or partial duplication of some of the dominant models of teacher preparation especially the Teachers College, Columbia and University of Wisconsin, Madison models. Accordingly, teacher education curricula in African universities are ostensibly alien or arguably non-African in contents and learning experiences. Consequently, there is a long-felt need for an African indigenous and local teacher education curriculum model that is capable of producing African-based teachers for schools in Africa and its Diaspora. This paper, which has Indigenous Knowledge as its theoretical basis, is an attempt to formulate conceptual and design principles for an African-based teacher education curriculum model. The paper employs a multiplicity of methods comprising curriculum criticism, the historical method, the analytic method, and creative synthesis. The significance of such a study lies in its potential to contribute to the promotion or projection of the African identity through preparation of ideologically independent teachers who will ultimately implement school curricula in African settings. The tiny contribution of the paper to scholarship includes its formulation of both conceptual and design principles that may be translated to learning experiences and contents for teacher education curricula in African universities.
      PubDate: 2016-05-18T07:18:45Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: What about the followers?
           Leadership-development deficits and the place of followership in Nigeria
    • Authors: Olaniyan; Azeez
      Abstract: Discourses on governance and development failures in Nigeria are often woven around leadership issues. Yet, a crucial ingredient in the making of good leadership is also good followership, a concept that has not enjoyed robust representation in the literature of politico-development failures in Nigeria. By acting as the determinants of political ascendancy and/or succession, bulwark against tyranny and insisting on efficiency and accountability, good followership shapes the conducts of leaders and by effect, serves as harbinger of good governance. In essence, therefore, good leadership, and, by implication, good governance, seldom emerges in the absences of good followership. The Nigerian society is characterized by leadership impunity, recklessness and insensitivity to the plight of the people, which stems from inability of citizens to have a say in the emergence and conduct of leaders. The point then is that there is a presence of poor followership in Nigeria. For Nigeria to attain good governance therefore; citizens must become good followers. The paper emphasizes the desire of Nigerians be good followers, and highlights how they are hamstrung by religious sentiments, ethnicity, cultural beliefs, elite manipulation, poverty and illiteracy. The paper submits that a fundamental process in the emancipation of the Nigerian state from bad leadership depends on the desire of the citizens to overcome these barriers. Explanations of these barriers as well as suggestions on how to overcome them form the major thrust of this paper.
      PubDate: 2016-05-18T07:18:44Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: British colonial education in
           Calabar : the hedge school policy as standard for education in
           contemporary Nigeria
    • Authors: Imbua; David Lishilinimle
      Abstract: Calabar, Nigeria, looms large in any recounting of the history of western education in Nigeria. Western education here predates the coming of the missionaries. The quality of the pre-missionary schools was, however, considered incapable of producing the kind of manpower that the Efik needed in braving the challenges of the British abolition of the slave trade. In their search for a better quality in education, the Efik invited missionaries in 1842. Thenceforth, the brunt of providing education in Calabar rested on the Christian missions. Despite the impressive progress achieved by missionary educators, the colonialists considered their education inadequate in meeting the needs of a modern state. The colonial government labeled as "hedge schools" those schools which fell below laid-down conditions, denied them grants and subventions, and considered them unqualified to train manpower. The proprietors of 'hedge schools' and their beneficiaries criticized government's action on the conviction that "any education is better than none". Government's punitive closure of the schools compelled their owners to upgrade their facilities to stay afloat. This paper maintains that most institutions of learning thriving in Nigeria are replicas of the 'hedge schools' in their lack of the infrastructure for teaching and learning despite their regulatory agencies' continuing approval and accreditation of them. The paper concludes by calling on government to emulate its colonial counterpart by providing adequate infrastructure in schools for the preparation of the needed manpower for the nation since "the quality of a people derives from the quality of their education."
      PubDate: 2016-05-18T07:18:43Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Education and human resources
           development in Africa : the Nigerian prognosis
    • Authors: Fatai; Abiodun
      Abstract: The significance of education to human resources development cannot be overemphasised considering that dynamic workforce is an important element of economic growth and national development. In the absence of qualitative education, human and physical resources are likely to remain largely undeveloped and useless. The paper examines the connection between education and human resources development in Nigeria and its implication for national development. Using a qualitative method, the paper presented the argument that the poor quality of education has been responsible for the low human resources development in Nigeria. The study traces the factors responsible to include inadequate funding, inconsistent policy framework, long years of military regime and authoritarianism, poor infrastructural development and brain drain among others. Consequently, the paper suggests that there is an urgent need for improvement in the quality of education to ensure functional, innovative, skill acquisition and entrepreneurial capacity central to human resources development for national development in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2016-05-18T07:18:42Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation : Special issue : elites,
           institutions and socioeconomic inequalities in Africa: Elites,
           institutions and the politics of poverty in Africa : editorial note
    • Authors: Ncube; Cornelias
      Abstract: The world has increasingly become unequal, in spite of the rhetoric that globalisation and markets forces are pro-poor. African countries have suffered the worst economic inequalities from the twin forces of globalisation and liberal markets. Paradoxically the grim high levels of poverty and inequality exist side by side the abundance of natural resources that find their way off Africa's shores through illegal resource extraction, illicit outflows and corruption (see Le Billion, 2011; Nkurunziza, 2012). Equally disturbing is that for those few African countries like, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Tanzania, Angola, Senegal, just to mention a few, that have experienced high economic growth rates in the last 10 years or so, the gap between the 'haves and the have-nots' continues to widen. Africa's socio-economic inequalities, and poverty in general, have been explained by reference to exogenous factors like globalisation and liberalisation and its attendant unequal trade relations with the first World, among many other factors. Equally true is that internal factors peculiar to the continent have also had a contributory role in the increase in poverty levels and perpetuation of anti-poor policy trajectories.
      PubDate: 2016-01-05T10:29:08Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation : Special issue : elites,
           institutions and socioeconomic inequalities in Africa: Out-grower
           sugarcane production post fast track land reform programme in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Mazwi; Freedom, Muchetu, Rangarirai Gavin
      Abstract: This paper analyses the impacts of integrating global south agricultural producers into the global markets through a case study of sugar outgrowers in Zimbabwe. The paper observes that the changed agrarian structure following the Fast Track Land Reform in Zimbabwe has reconfigured the agricultural finance system as private commercial banks are now using plantation estates as conduits to provide loans to sugar outgrowers. Contractual arrangements between sugar outgrowers and plantation estates are mainly for production and marketing. The paper also finds agrarian relations to be iniquitous and exploitative largely in favor of plantation estates. Indeed, though constrained, capital formation has been an ongoing process among outgrowers and we argue that it is dependent in nature because of its reliance on credit provided by the plantation estate. Incomes derived from sugar production have mainly been channeled towards the purchase of agricultural inputs as well as the payment of milling charges. The study is premised on two sugar estates in Chiredzi, owned by a South African based transnational company. Primary data was collected using questionnaires on 50 outgrowers who are working with Tongaat Hulett, as well as through-in-depth interviews with key informants. The methodology involved thorough verification exercises which included respondent re-visits before being entered into CS-Pro for further cleaning then exported to SPSS for analysis.
      PubDate: 2016-01-05T10:29:07Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation : Special issue : elites,
           institutions and socioeconomic inequalities in Africa: Can devolution aid
           the construction of a democratic developmental state in Zimbabwe?
    • Authors: Moyo; Gorden, Ncube, Cornelias, Moyo, Philani
      Abstract: This article discusses the twin notions of devolution of power and the democratic developmental state project in Zimbabwe. It argues that like Siamese twins, the two notions are organically connected both in theory and practice. They share key principles such as 'socially inclusive development', 'democracy with social content', 'public accountability', 'citizen ownership', and 'effective leadership' among others. The paper explores various ways through which the devolution of power can facilitate the construction of a democratic developmental state in Zimbabwe. While canonised and etched in the memory of the National Constitution that was birthed on the 22
      PubDate: 2016-01-05T10:29:06Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation : Special issue : elites,
           institutions and socioeconomic inequalities in Africa: A critical analysis
           of African youth inequalities : strategic context of structural
    • Authors: Okello; Sunday Angoma
      Abstract: The problem of inequalities amongst youths in Africa requires structural transformation of the lifelong guidance policies in the labour demand and supply that continues to undermine youths' contribution in society. The post-2015 MDGs agenda is again failing to recognise the problems of youths' inequality in Africa. One of the critical analyses of inadequacies arising from inequality facing unemployed youths in Africa misses out the contextual analysis of structural transformation, economically. African governments and developed economies have realised the inadequacies. Strategic priorities of analysing youths' (un)employment in Africa should understand social division, not necessarily to be confused with social inequalities. Discussions about youths' inequalities include social policy of the social class analysis, including bureaucrats and policy makers. Youths are differentiated in forms of professional and managerial, intermediate middle-class, skilled non-manual, semi-skilled and unskilled occupations. In this paper, the politics of social policy is discussed on the basis that it offers more realistic and democratic processes. The pluralists, elites, economic determinism and institutionalism models are used to offer critical analysis of the structural causes and consequences of inequality amongst youths in Africa. The balance in the private and public sector is considered to understand social justice, empowerment and guaranteeing youths employment in the labour market. The paper finds that modelling structural transformation with socio-economic address to youths' inequalities empowers youths, promotes rights and influences government policies to rethink social inequalities.
      PubDate: 2016-01-05T10:29:05Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation : Special issue : elites,
           institutions and socioeconomic inequalities in Africa: The nexus between
           communal conflicts and electoral violence in southeastern Nigeria
    • Authors: Iwu; Hyacinth Nnaoma
      Abstract: Communal conflicts are common in Igboland and efforts to resolve them have not been too successful. Previous studies have focused on how to resolve them using either modern or traditional institutions. How communal conflicts can contribute to electoral violence has not been adequately explored. This study, therefore, seeks to establish the nexus between communal conflicts and electoral violence in Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu and Imo State, Southeastern Nigeria. Elections are important constitutional requirements for the enthronement and sustenance of any democratic political system. However, elections in Africa are largely characterised by violence thereby eroding the hope of emergence of positive democratic political culture. Though works on electoral violence in Nigeria identified imposition of candidates, slanderous campaign, electoral frauds, losing election, ethnic cleavages, religious differences and individual psychological disposition towards violence as being responsible, there is need to interrogate why communal conflicts tends to be on the increase during election periods and how the conflicts transform to electoral violence. Being glossed over by scholars, the tendency has led to the formulation of determinist theory of electoral violence negating other deep rooted factors that can contribute to election violence. Therefore, this article asks why every type of election produces violence, even, where contestants come from the same community. Can there be other factors outside the way elections are conducted that exacerbate electoral violence? Focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) were carried out on why Southeastern Nigerian serves as hotbed for communal conflicts. The study reveals that warring communities often seek to capture political power and to deploy such power in either execution or management of communal conflicts.
      PubDate: 2016-01-05T10:29:04Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation : Special issue : elites,
           institutions and socioeconomic inequalities in Africa: Participation of
           women in Zimbabwean politics and the mirage of gender equity
    • Authors: Maphosa; Mandlenkosi, Tshuma, Nevel, Maviza, Gracsious
      Abstract: Zimbabwe has signed and ratified a number of regional and international instruments that call for gender equality in various spheres of life. However, in spite of the existence of these supportive instruments, the country has not fared well in advancing the participation of women in politics. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Gender and Development barometer reveals that whilst women participation in politics is still below agreed benchmarks, Zimbabwe's citizens seem to believe the country is doing well in that regard. This article argues that the discrepancy between the perceived and actual realities in relation to the participation of women in politics is not by accident but is founded on a systemic and calculated maneuver by politically dominant males to open up the political space when necessary and convenient for them. We argue, drawing examples from different political players, that the participation of women in politics has been more of manipulation than a genuine attempt to promote gender equality and equity. The article argues that whilst there have been some moves to bring about parity in numeric terms, there is a glass ceiling for women in terms of how far they can go up the political ladder. It is in this vein that we hypothesize that women have been sold a political dummy where through a raft of cosmetic measures they have been given an impression that they are equals in governance yet on the other hand recent political developments reveal that gender equity in governance remains a mirage for them.
      PubDate: 2016-01-05T10:29:03Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Emerging values from the
           African traditional system and institutions in a democratic South Africa
    • Authors: Ozoemena; Rita N.
      Abstract: Since becoming a democratic nation, South Africa has witnessed myriad of issues that highlight the constant clash between constitutional democratic values and the values embedded in the culture and traditions of the African people. In this country, two distinct sets of values continue to push the boundaries of each other to claim their rights before the highest Court in the land. On the one hand are the values of equality, dignity and democratic rule of law located in the constitutional principles of a democratic South Africa; and on the other hand, found within the traditional institution is both communitarian and authoritarian values. More recently, judicial review of actions of traditional leaders has highlighted a number of issues such as resource accountability within their jurisdiction and the constitutionality of the traditional leaders and their institution in a democratic South Africa. This is an interesting development in our customary law system where reverence to the office and leadership of the traditional leader is shifting from total obedience to one where secession of a community is seriously contended. Traditional institution acts as both organ of state and as a social structure, well-positioned to drive social change. Since the attainment of democracy in South Africa, the recognition and role of traditional institution in deepening our democratic values have been somewhat incoherent. This uncertainty regarding their roles has brought significant changes to the institution with people demanding accountability and transparency generally from government, but more specifically, from the traditional institutions who still wield immense power within the rural communities. This article provides an understanding of the emerging values from the unique South African model of a "fused" legal system by highlighting the recent developments with regard to political rights, governance and the democratisation of traditional institutions in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2015-09-07T13:50:00Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Editorial Note
    • Authors: Ndinda; Catherine
      Abstract: Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict and Social Transformation seeks to advance knowledge and understanding of the notion of Ubuntu which speaks to the idea of humanness. The first half of 2015 jolted African scholars, politicians, the clergy and leaders from all walks of life to stand and be counted among those against the sort of in-humanness that we sometimes observe Africans meting out on fellow Africans. In April of 2015, close to 150 students of Garissa University in Kenya were massacred by Al Shabab terrorists. The ringleader of the atrocious attack was a law graduate. The terror attack on Garissa University Students was no different from previous attacks in Kenya where non-Muslims were singled out for execution. Though based in Somalia, Al Shabab recruits young sympathisers from the mainly Muslim communities in Kenya. With terrorist groups like Al Shabab and Boko Haram butchering civilians in cold blood, the question onevery right thinking African is : "where then is our humanness". Terrorist groups have a political agenda but, their modus operandi and trump card includes the mass murder of innocent civilians in the name of religion.
      PubDate: 2015-09-07T13:50:00Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: A review on the history of
           commercial farming in South Africa : implications for labour legislation
    • Authors: Kheswa; Nomzamo.
      Abstract: The article draws on existing literature on commercial farming in the apartheid era in South Africa to give a history of commercial farming in the country and the labour relations that arose from a racially-based and largely coercive labour market. Commercial agriculture in South Africa was historically state-subsidised and heavily state-regulated, thus ensuring the success of commercial farming in an otherwise futile industry. Indeed, the commercial farming industry was orchestrated and manipulated by state interventions which served to favour (predominantly White) commercial farmers to the neglect of their black workers. The nuances in the apartheid-driven regulations present unique labour relations between farmer and farm worker, referred to as 'paternalism'. The highly privatised farming spaces also strengthen this relationship, however to view this connection in a negative light is a one-sided and reduced ideology. There are indeed some benefits which can be identified from the connection, which present what is referred to as a 'micro-welfare state'. In this relationship that shapes the communities that existed on farms during the apartheid regime, one can identify better-off conditions (for farm workers) nested in the notion of 'paternalism'. This paper is drawn from the author's Master of Arts in Industrial Sociology thesis titled Changes and Continuities in the Labour Process on Commercial Farmsin Post-Apartheid South Africa : Studies from Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces which would not have been possible without the generous funding from the South Africa Netherlands Research Programme on Alternatives in Development (SANPAD) and the Rhodes University Levenstein Bursary award.
      PubDate: 2015-09-07T13:49:59Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: The utility of moral
           philosophy and professional ethics in the fight against corruption in
           South Africa : any role for Ubuntu'
    • Authors: Dumisa; Siphesihle., Amao, Olumuyiwa Babatunde.
      Abstract: This paper derives its motivation from the longitudinal attitude survey conducted by the Human Sciences Research Council in 2011 and Transparency International between 2011 and 2013, which highlights how corruption has been on the increase in South Africa. Consequently, the paper interrogates the possible role which Ubuntu can play as an anti-corruption mechanism in South Africa, and argues the need for its adequate reinvigoration at the 'systemic level' to complement the vigour with which it has been touted at 'agency level'. We argue that while government employees are being encouraged to uphold the values of Ubuntu in governance, the lack of accountability and transparency in government circles do not ensure adherence to such high moral standards. This asymmetry inevitably prevents the moral philosophy of Ubuntu from making a contribution as an anti-corruption stratagem.
      PubDate: 2015-09-07T13:49:58Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Women's access to sexual
           reproductive health and rights services in Mozambique : advocacy
           strategies to address barriers
    • Authors: Costumado; M.G.S., Khalema, N.E., Ndinda, C., Hari Domingos, M.
      Abstract: Global recognition of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) for all was sealed during the United Nations' 4th International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994. Short after, Mozambique ratified several international agreements (including Millennium Development Goals protocol) and several national interventions aimed to promote gender equity and the empowerment of women in many areas including sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Emerging from its transition and liberation from Portuguese colonial rule to post-colonial civil war, and subsequent constitutional democracy, Mozambique has faced many barriers in realising social, cultural, political, and economic transformation for its vulnerable populations including women and children. Women, for example, face many economic and social barriers including access to services and opportunities for advancement, patriarchal attitudes, and other exclusionary practices that constrain equity. Additionally, the burden of sexual and reproductive ill-health remains enormous for women. Women in Mozambique still face barriers to access sexual and reproductive health services. Those barriers can occur at individual/demand level, provider level, and system/structural level. The complexity of health inequalities and barriers to addressing SRHR and all its determinants is the focus of this paper. Through an analysis of primary and secondary information from a Cochrane-style systematic literature review, we focus on barriers that prevent women from accessing sexual health services highlighting a case study of Mozambique.
      PubDate: 2015-09-07T13:49:58Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Representative government and
           the political economy of Nigeria's fourth republic
    • Authors: Muheeb; Ibraheem Oladipo
      Abstract: Following the military to civilian transition in 1999, Nigeria had four civilian to civilian transitions between 2003 and 2015. The system still leaves much to be desired. In spite of its democratic claims, corruption, infrastructural deficit, rising poverty, and institutional inadequacies still persist in Nigeria. While democracy ushered in relative freedom and considerable exercise of civil rights, it has fallen short of citizen expectations on the economic fronts - thus, resulting in hopelessness and general youth restiveness. The populace has endured disappointments from representative institutions, which seem to be faltering in guaranteeing improved life chances for most people. The widespread institutional failure amidst allegations of non-judicious use of public funds underscores the desirability of a paradigm shift to enhance good governance. This paper interrogates Nigeria's Fourth Republic, 1999-2015, with the objective of establishing the nexus between institutional effectiveness and democratic consolidation. Leveraging on library and archival searches, it calls attention to the desirability of virile representative institutions and active government-citizens engagement in the nation's renewed bid to engender popular participation. The paper reiterates that the various structures of the Nigerian political system, governmental and nongovernmental, and their well articulated roles and responsibilities are crucial in the consolidation of the representative content of the system of rule, and improvement in the well-being of the populace. This, therefore, calls for synergy and constructive engagements among all stakeholders beyond the extant statutory institutional checks and balances.
      PubDate: 2015-09-07T13:49:57Z
  • Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict Transformation: Historical foundations of
           conflict management and peace building strategies in Nigeria
    • Authors: Ani; Kelechi Johnmary, Ajaegbo, D.I.
      Abstract: The contemporary Nigerian society has been progressively recording the manifestation of multi-dimensional conflicts. These conflicts that are weighing down the sovereign state differ mainly in scope, nature, time and environment where they manifest today when compared to the nature and character of conflicts in the traditional societies that make-up the modern Nigerian State. Consequently, this work re-presents the historic conflict management and peace building strategies that were traditionally used by our forefathers. The paper calls for the hybridization and integration of these strategies with modern scientific-based methods of promoting sustainable national peace and development in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2015-09-07T13:49:57Z
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