Journal Cover Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1693-900X - ISSN (Online) 2502-4140
   Published by Universitas Gadjah Mada Homepage  [27 journals]
  • Kromium serum dan asupan mikromineral pada penyandang diabetes tipe 2

    • Authors: Ni Ketut Sutiari, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Purwantyastuti Ascobat, Adi Teruna Effendi
      Pages: 135 - 143
      Abstract: Background: Status of minerals such as zinc, magnesium, and chromium among diabetic patients are considered lower than non-diabetic peoples, both in the serum and intake. Some reviews show that those minerals contribute to carbohydrate metabolism among diabetic patients.Objective: This study aims to explore intake of zinc, magnesium, and chromium among DMT2 in Denpasar.Method: This is a cross-sectional analytic study. The population was all (70) DMT2 patients registered at Chronic Disease Service (Prolanis) at two Primary Health Care (PHC) Denpasar Utara III PHC and Denpasar Timur I PHC. The sample for the study was DMT2 patients and non-diabetic people age 50-70 years reside in Denpasar city. DMT2 patients were randomly selected with simple random technique, while non-diabetic peoples were non-randomly selected. The level of serum chromium was measured by AAS method, whereas microminerals intake were collected by a recall and SQ-FFQ method. Data was analyzed descriptively and differences were tested with two independent t-test at 95% confidence level.Results: The mean of serum chromium DMT2 and non-diabetic were 0.044 mg/L and 0.094 mg/L respectively. The mean±SEM magnesium (DMT2 316.1±22.4 mg/day; non-diabetic 211.0±33.5 mg/day), zinc intake was (DMT2 8.4±0.7 mg/day; non-diabetic 6.2±0.8 mg/day), and chromium (DMT2 10.8±1.3 µg/day; non-diabetic 8.7±0.9µg/day). A significant difference was found between magnesium intake (p=0.01).Conclusion: The study showed that zinc, magnesium and chromium intake is appeared higher among DMT2 patients compare to non-diabetic in Denpasar region.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18883
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2017)
  • Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of Acorus calamus. L leaf and
           rhizome extracts

    • Authors: Kho See Li, Chan Sook Wah
      Pages: 144 - 158
      Abstract: Background: Acorus calamus (sweet flag) is a well-known traditional herb used in India. There were only limited studies done on both hydrophilic and hydrophobic extracts of A. calamus and the biological activities of phenolic and flavonoid compounds as well as alpha-asarone in the sweet flag.Objective: The present study was designed to explore the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic of A. calamus leaf and rhizome extracts. Lastly, the correlation between the biological activities and total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) as well as total alpha-asarone content (TAC) of three different extracts (water, hexane and methanol extracts) was revealed.Method: TAC was determined through using HPLC method, while TPC and TFC were determined through spectrophotometric method. DPPH-free radical scavenging assay (DPPH-FRS) and ferric reducing power assay (FRAP) were used to analyze antioxidant activity, whereby disc diffusion method was used to analyze the antibacterial activity.Results: Methanol extracts had significantly (p<0.05) highest levels of antioxidant activities, antibacterial activity TPC (4.466%1; 3.603%2) and TFC (12.819%1; 7.411%2) content. The significant (p<0.05) highest TAC was observed in hexane extracts (0.762%1; 2.975%2). TPC (p<0.05; r=0.855) and TFC (p<0.05; r=0.855) correlated to FRAP, while DPPH-FRS solely correlated to TFC (p<0.05; r=0.873).Conclusion: Both of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic extracts of A. calamus could be potent antioxidant agents for nutraceutical application and antibacterial agent for food application. Lastly, flavonoids and phenols extracted from sweet flag could be a good potent source of antioxidants for nutraceuticals or food additives as those compounds are correlated to the antioxidant activity.1 Leaf extract; 2Rhizome extract
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17937
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2017)
  • Pengaruh pemberian yogurt sinbiotik tepung pisang tanduk terhadap profil
           lipid tikus sindrom metabolik

    • Authors: Zana Fitriana Octavia, Kis Djamiatun, Nyoman Suci
      Pages: 159 - 169
      Abstract: Background: The metabolic syndrome, which is characterized by hyperglycemia, obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, prothrombic and proinflamatory state, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The synbiotic yogurt of tanduk banana (Musa paradisiaca fa. corniculata) flour contains lactic acid bacteria, fructooligosaccarides, flavonoids, and vitamin C which all of them play role in improving the lipid profile.Objective: The aim of this study was to prove the effect of synbiotic yogurt of tanduk banana flour on lipid profile of metabolic syndrome rats.Method: This study was an true experimental with pre-post test  control group design. The subject of this study were 18 metabolic syndrome male Wistar rats divided into 3 groups,i.e control group (standart diet), intervention group I (standart diet and synbiotic yogurt of banana flour 0,009 ml/g weight/day), and intervention group II (standart diet and synbiotic yogurt of banana flour 0,018 ml/g weight/day). The intervention period was 2 weeks. Different test before and after intervention used paired t-test. The difference test between groups used One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal wallis.Results: The result showed that both of intervention group improved lipid profile significantly (p<0,05). The intervention group II showed more effective improvement of lipid profile significantly (p<0,05) than intervention group I. The intervention group II decreased triglycerides level 41,56%; total cholesterol level 41,39%; LDL-cholesterol level 57,5%; and increased HDL-cholesterol level 139,62%.Conclucion: The intervention of synbiotic yogurt of  tanduk banana flour can decrease triglyceride level, total cholesterol level, LDL-cholesterol level, and increase HDL-cholesterol level.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.19369
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2017)
  • Tekanan untuk makan dengan kejadian picky eater pada anak usia 2-3 tahun

    • Authors: Carissa Cerdasari, Siti Helmyati, Madarina Julia
      Pages: 170 - 178
      Abstract:  Background: Picky eater is potentially at risk for nutritional deficits. In a long term, this habit could affect child’s growth and could lead to malnutritionObjective: This study was conducted to assess the association of maternal food variation, infant feeding practices, and pressure to eat with picky eating behaviors in 2-3 years old children.Method: In this cross-sectional study, mothers (n=141) of children aged 2-3 years old were recruited from 26 integrated health care centers in Gamping, Indonesia between Juni-September 2015 using a cluster random sampling method. Picky eater was calculated using Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ). Maternal food variation and early age feeding variability data were measured using food variation questionnaire. Data on the pressure to eat were obtained based on subscale pressure to eat in Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ). Mann-Whitney test was used to evaluate the association between maternal food variation, infant feeding practices, and pressure to eat with picky eating behavior.Results: Picky eater was significantly associated with mother pressure to eat (p<0,05). There were tendencies of shorter exclusive breastfeeding practice, later in the introduction of solid food, and fewer variability of food at an early age on picky eater, however, there was no significant association (p>0,05).Conclusion: Mother has a major role in forming children eating behavior. Not pressing children to eat, will protect children from picky eating.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.24169
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2017)
  • Suplementasi vitamin A dan asupan zat gizi dengan serum retinol dan
           morbiditas anak 1-3 tahun

    • Authors: Milliyantri Elvandari, Dodik Briawan, Ikeu Tanziha
      Pages: 179 - 187
      Abstract: Background: Morbidity of infectious diseases in developing countries is a public health concern because the prevalence is still high, particularly for children under five years. Vitamin A  intake was one of factors that may affect morbidity.Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze  relation between vitamin A supplementation, nutrition intake with vitamin A status and relation between vitamin A supllementation, nutrition intake, vitamin A status with morbidity.Method: The study was an cross-sectional study. This research was conductedin February-March 2016 in Kudus and Grobogan Central Java. Subjectsin this study were children aged 1-3 years(n=140). Retinol serum was collected by taking blood sample through the vein then was analyzed using HPLC, nutrients intake with food recall 2x24jam, and structured interviews with mother children. Data were analyzed with Chi-Square test.Results: The study found that 68 subjects (48.6%) were not took vitamin A supplemantation capsule. Prevalence of childrens had nutrient deficiency (<90% RDA) were relatively high 68.6% energy; 47.1% protein; 70.7% fat; and the prevalence of vitamin A defeciency (<77% RDA)  were relatively high 60%. A number of 24.2% subjects had low retinol serum (<20μg/dl). Supplementation vitamin A, fat and vitamin A intake correlated with retinol serum (p<0.05). Supplementation vitamin A, intake of vitamin A, vitamin C, zinc and retinol serum correlated with morbidity (p<0.05).Conclusion: Childrens who were not took vitamin A supplemantation capsule, deficiency intake of vitamin A, vitamin C, zinc and low retinol serum had higher morbidity.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17938
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2017)
  • Penatalaksanaan perdarahan saluran cerna bagian atas dengan nutrisi
           enteral dini terhadap kadar albumin

    • Authors: Virgianti Nur Faridah, Farida Farida
      Pages: 188 - 195
      Abstract: Background: Patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding generally were decreased nutritional status that hypoalbuminemia because of increased albumin excretion from hemorrhage and patients fasted indefinitely until the bleeding stops. Enteral nutrition in patients with bleeding should be given to prevent malnutrition and reduce mortality.Objective: To identify the differences in levels of albumin serum in the early enteral nutrition without waiting for the results of gastric lavage is clear (without fasting) and after 2-3 times the clear gastric lavage (fasted).Method: The study used pre-experimental research design by static group comparison design. The study was conducted in RS Aisyiyah Bojonegoro in March to June 2015. The sample was 30 patients divided into 2 groups by Random Allocation, there was the treatment group I that fasted (15 patients), and treatment group II without fasted (15 patients). Analysis of data using Wilcoxon test Signed Ranks Test.Results: The research found that there were differences in the provision of early enteral nutrition to albumin. Results showed that albumin level in patients who fasted lower than that without fasted. Results Statistics by Wilcoxon Signed Rank test with a 0.05 significance level values obtained 0,046, its means that H1 was accepted.Conclusion: Patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be given early enteral nutrition without waiting for the results gastric lavage clear rinse.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22652
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2017)
  • Pemberian minuman kombinasi maltodekstrin dan vitamin C terhadap mood
           negatif dan VO2 maks atlet sepak bola

    • Authors: Yuni Afriani, Noor Rochman Hadjam, Arta Farmawati
      Pages: 196 - 204
      Abstract: Background: Stress during the match can influence the change of mood and performance of athletes. Physical exercise can improve the ability of physiologically and psychologically, but lead to fatigue, dehydration and hypoglycemia. Maltodextrin has a lower osmolarity to improve emotional and performance. Vitamin C as a cofactor of neurotransmitters can support the performance of athletes.Objective: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a combination drinks of maltodextrin and vitamin C on mood and the correlation with VO2 max of football athletes.Method: This research is a quasi experimental with same subject design. The subjects were 14 University state of Yogyakarta football athlete. Subjects received a drink of 15% maltodextrin and 250 mg of vitamin C in 300 ml given 30 minutes before and 5 minutes after the performance test using yo-yo intermittent test continued by physical exercise. Measurement of mood would be done in 3 times; before cardiorespiratory test, 5 minutes after physical exercise, and 15 minutes after drink.Results: There are significant changes after consuming a combination of maltodextrin and vitamin C on the confusion (p<0.05), while components of anger, fatigue, depression, tension and vigor (p>0.05). There are significant changes after consuming plain water on fatigue and tension (p<0.05), while anger, confusion, depression, and vigor (p>0.05). There are no significant differences in every components of mood between two treatments. There is a correlation between anger and confusion with cardiorespiratory after consuming a combination of maltodextrin and vitamin C.Conclusion: Maltodextrin and vitamin C has the potential effect to improve the mood condition and have a correlation with VO2 Max improvement in football athletes.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22838
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2017)
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