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Journal Cover Jurnal Kawistara
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2088-5415 - ISSN (Online) 2355-5777
   Published by Universitas Gadjah Mada Homepage  [28 journals]
  • Editorial

    • Authors: Pradiastuti Purwitorosari
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.28755
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • TARI BEDHAYA ELA-ELA: EKSPLORASI KECERDASAN TUBUH WANITA DAN EKSPRESI
           BUDAYA JAWA

    • Authors: Katarina Indah Sulastuti
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Tulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap eksistensi wanita kaitannya dengan ekspresi budaya Jawa yang terefleksikan melalui kecerdasan tubuhnya di dalam membawakan tari Bedhaya Ela-ela. Tubuh wanita Jawa diidentikan dengan kelemahlembutan, dan dituntut untuk lekat dengan nilai-nilai budayanya. Dalam hal ini wanita Jawa memiliki kedudukan sebagai penyangga pilar budaya Jawa. Bukan hanya tubuh wanita secara fisik tapi juga tubuh psikisnya yang meliputi persepsi, imajinasi, interpretasi, dan pemahaman tentang nilai-nilai budaya Jawa juga dieksplorasi agar tubuhnya mampu mengekspresikan tari Bedhaya Ela-ela sebagai hasil budaya Jawa.Tari Bedhaya Ela-ela merupakan wujud presentasi nilai budaya Jawa, sebagai bentuk ekspresi dari perasaaan atau gejolak batin, ide-gagasan, pemahaman-keyakinan dalam kehidupan sosial masyarakat Jawa, sebagai cerminan nilai etika, religi, dan estetika rasa. Melalui tari Bedhaya Ela-ela, wanita Jawa mampu menunjukkan potensi dan kecerdasan tubuhnya dalam mengekspresikan nilai-nilai budaya.   
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.22576
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • EKSISTENSI PEREMPUAN DALAM OPERA BATAK: STUDI KASUS ZULKAIDAH HARAHAP

    • Authors: Jayanti Mandasari Sagala
      Pages: 15 - 29
      Abstract: The art, that is identical with the domination of masculinity or masculine art that happens the Batak Opera musically, cannot be separated with the concept constructed by the patriarchal ideology in the communal. This fact had been challenged by the existence of a woman. Formerly Batak Opera was more masculine art musically, after the existence of Zulkaidah Harahap, Batak Opera now has different path. This study purposes to examine attentively the existence and the importance of Zulkaidah Harahap as a woman in the performing art of Batak Opera in the Batak Toba. This study had been done in two months in Tiga Dolok and Pematang Siantar, North Sumatera, the place where Batak Opera and Zulkaidah Harahap came from. This study uses feminist perspective. It is used to see the women’s problems in the performing art of Batak Opera through the case study and individual life history of a prominent firgure from woman’s tradition of Zulkaidah Harahap with using historical reconstruction method and interview. In this case, the existence of women is seen as a ‘creativity’ in traditional art perspective which is put forward by the theory of George Herzog in his writings “The creativity of tradition music artist”. The other perspective used ini this article is existentialist feminist perspective by Simone de Beauvoir’s theory “The process of women transcendence”. The existence of Zulkaidah Harahap is very important in Batak Opera which is defined as a ‘creativity’ in the performing art of Batak Toba. The creativity of Zulkaidah Harahap in the performing art of Batak Opera can be seen in two things: first, as the one and only woman leader ever to lead a Batak Opera group, second, as the first woman of parmusik (musician) who can play musical instruments to become parmusik which is parallel to men. Through her deeds, she had proved that women, as well as men, are exist for themselves and the self who have the right to be seen as a cultural subject. Through Zulkaidah Harahap, now it is not taboo for Batak women to be parmusik and can be seen in art as subject. 
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.13121
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • MEREGUK KENIKMATAN DI DUNIA MAYA: VIRTUALITAS DAN PENUBUHAN DALAM CYBERSEX

    • Authors: Budi Irawanto
      Pages: 30 - 40
      Abstract: Dubbed methaporically as “sex without secretions”, cybersex has transformed the sexual practice and the meaning of erotica. This article seeks to explore the issues of sexuality in cyberspace, particularly its virtuality and embodiment in cybersex.  Many discussions on cybersex revolve around issues of accessibility, affordability and anonymity that draw sharp lines between the real and the virtual. Therefore, in this article I argue that cybersex does not completely distinct from sexuality in the real world due to the interpenetration process between sex in the virtual and real world.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.23728
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • KONSTRUKSI SEKSUALITAS PEREMPUAN DALAM BERITA PEMERKOSAAN DI TEKS MEDIA
           DARING

    • Authors: Daniel Susilo, Eben Haezer
      Pages: 41 - 55
      Abstract: Since 2010, Indonesian media have a significant change in a medium of distribution the message. Slow but sure, online news media became the main favourite choose for accessing the information by Indonesian people. In the same time, rape news in the yellow newspaper became digitalized and moved to online news media. This study uses critical discourse analysis by Van Dijk to show how the media construct the women sexuality in the press text. Researcher uses JPNN.com as the object of the research. Item to be observed are thematic, schematically, semantic, syntactic, stylistic and rhetorical. Results of this research indicates women sexuality as commodity might by men. Besides, the online news site simultaneous reinforce the view "binary opposition" against women, through the elements and media resources under their authority.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.15636
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • KONSTRUKSI PRESENTASI DIRI: STUDI PADA PRIA METROSEKSUAL DI INSTANSI
           PEMERINTAHAN

    • Authors: Dianita Wahyuningtyas
      Pages: 56 - 66
      Abstract: Urban modernization has affected the behavior of the people in it. Today, real phenomenon is the emergence of an urban men’s lifestyle who really cares about her physical appearance like women. Previously, this lifestyle initially seen as hegemony and monopoly media celebrities, now replicated by people in everyday appearance, including a group of men in certain professions. The phenomenon of the metrosexual man in the government bureaucracy becomes interesting to study which stereotypes that the government bureaucracy are closed and rigid culture. Construction self-presentation shows an overview of social identity and self esteem. This study used a qualitative descriptive exploratory approach through the case study method. With purposive sampling technique, researchers determined the study subjects according to general characteristics of the metrosexual men. Researchers conducted in-depth interviews on four informants metrosexual men in the Ministry of Finance with a different of profession, age, and status. The conclusion is informant’s lifestyle more positively oriented. They tend narcissism, tidy, fashionoriented and more consumptive. Through informan’s self-presentation, the results show that bodyguard professions more recently adopting the metrosexual lifestyle than any other professions. Based on the characteristics of the AIO, the results showed four types of metrosexual men lifestyle, among other types of sport, trendy, automotive and artistic. Motivation of informan’s behavior in line with the general metrosexual cycle. Diverse motives behind the desire informant lifestyle look attractive especially to the opposite sex, work demands, and also increase comfort in social interaction. However, the phases of the metrosexual were experienced by the informants ‘non-linear’ as in general. While associated with the consumption patterns, the entire informants have high interest to the consumer. The findings showed that all informants included in the category of impulsive buyers who think rationally and selectively.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.17704
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • PENATAAN LINGKUNGAN SEBAGAI INSTRUMEN PENCEGAHAN KEJAHATAN SEKSUAL
           TERHADAP ANAK STUDI KASUS KOTA BANDAR LAMPUNG

    • Authors: Asirin Asirin, Lianita Zanith
      Pages: 67 - 77
      Abstract: The incidence of sexual crimes against children occurs in many areas of Bandar Lampung Municipality. This study aims to explore the condition and the lack of environmental arrangement in Bandar Lampung Municipality, in order to build a safe environment that can prevent sexual crimes in children. The study limits the scope of the material using the mainframe conceptual framework of neighborhood planning (neighborhood planning) and interventions for safe environmen- tal arrangement for children’s lessons from Tokyo Municipality, Japan. This research uses qualitative methods of analysis and verification effort (reliability and validity). The results show that Bandar Lampung City has not implemented a wellplanned environmental plan for the safety of children from crime. The solving of child crimes in Bandar Lampung City is still reactive in tackling criminal cases, not preventive by organizing the residential, school, and other public spaces in a well planned and well managed by the municipal government by involving the surrounding community.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.16850
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • PERAN GENDER PADA SIKLUS MANAJEMEN BENCANA DI SEKTOR SOSIAL EKONOMI RUMAH
           TANGGA TANI (BENCANA ALAM GEMPABUMI DAN LETUSAN GUNUNGAPI)

    • Authors: Dina Ruslanjari, Dian Indira Wahyunita, Resi Sadewa Permana
      Pages: 78 - 93
      Abstract: The earthquake disaster in 2006 and the eruption of Merapi Volcano in 2010 have a different impact on the community activities in the province of Yogyakarta. The aims of this research are: (1) to analyze the role of gender based on differences in the characteristics of the Merapi eruption in Sleman and Bantul earthquakes; (2) to find the socio-economic variables which influence toward the role of gender in the characteristics of the Merapi eruption in Sleman and Bantul earthquakes. This research is using quantitative and qualitative methods. The research population is farming communities who live in the Padasan Sub-village of Sleman District and Serut Sub-village of Bantul District. Sampling technique is purposive. Data collection techniques are survey method, in-depth interview, and review of literature. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the percentage of gender roles. Regression analysis was used to determine the variables that affect the gender role in social and economic. The results of the descriptive analysis show that there are similarities and differences in roles between men and women in the Serut Sub-village of Bantul District and Padasan Sub-village of Sleman District despite have a different disaster. Women in the daily cycle spent more time at home during days and nights to do housework. The results of regression analysis show that there is no influence of age, education, and income to the women role in the earthquake disaster in Serut Sub-village of Bantul District and volcano eruption in Padasan Sub-village of Sleman District.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.17823
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • PEMBERDAYAAN PRANATA SOSIAL MELALUI KOMUNIKASI LINGKUNGAN: MENAKAR
           PELIBATAN PERAN PEREMPUAN DALAM MITIGASI BANJIR CITARUM

    • Authors: Iriana Bakti, Hanny Hafiar, Heru Riyanto Budiana, Lilis Puspitasari
      Pages: 94 - 107
      Abstract: The study is titled implementation of environmental communication based on the social institution in coping with the flood in the Citarum Watershed Upstream. Citarum river pollution and silting are currently in a state of particular caused by forest encroachment in the upstream, land use, household waste, animal husbandry, industry, offices, etc, so when the rainy season caused the occurrence of floods. In addition, these conditions have resulted in water quality being unfit to be utilized, both for drinking water, washing, bathing, irrigation for agriculture and so on. The actuator environment seeks to restore the Citarum Watershed upstream conditions by building public awareness so they may want to change their attitudes and behavior, one of them by not disposing of waste into the river. The selected communities are those that are incorporated in a social institution in the region. The purpose of the research is to find out about the types of institution, the reason for utilizing the institution, and the role of the environment actuator communication in a social institution. The methods used in this research is descriptive with qualitative data to describe the various realities of communication activities related to the environment by leveraging social institution in coping with the disaster of the flood in the area of Citarum Watershed Upstream. Research results showed in the region there are four types of institutions, namely the institution of religious, economic, agricultural and social. Institution related to religious activity is Majlis Ta'lim (the place of informal Islamic teaching and education), institution related to the activity of the economy is an arisan (regular social gathering), institution related to social activity is the PKK (Family Welfare Guidance), and institution related to the agricultural activity is The Association of Farmers Group (Gapoktan). The reason for the environment actuator utilizing social institution are as the entrance (access) to carry out flood mitigation program, already familiar, easy to invited to cooperate and to expand the network. The role of the environment actuator in the institution as a communicator and facilitator in conducting dissemination of information and training of waste utilization to the members of the institutions.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.24313
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • MENERA ULANG SEJARAH INDONESIA LEWAT TIGA RANAH

    • Authors: M Rizal Abdi
      Pages: 108 - 111
      Abstract: Bermula dari kegelisahan tentang penempatan koleksi tak bertuan di museum Tropen, buku Sites, Bodies, and Stories memancing ruang diskusi yang lebih luas nan pelik tentang bagaimana sejarah dari sebuah negara bermula dan intrik pergumulan wacana di dalamnya. Subjudul buku ini memberikan gelagat bahwa ia tengah mengadopsi pemikiran Ben Anderson dalam Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (1991) tentang negara sebagai sebuah “Komunitas Terbayang.” Namun, buku ini melangkah lebih jauh dari tesis Anderson dengan merujuk lebih banyak dan beragam aktor. Tak cuma dari elit patriotik negara, tetapi para seniman, akademisi, petugas museum, sampai turis pelancong juga ikut berperan dalam pembentukan sebuah komunitas terbayang bernama Indonesia. Melalui pendekatan formasi heritage atau warisan pusaka sebagai pintu masuk, Sites, Bodies, and Stories berusaha menera ulang sejarah Indonesia melalui tiga ranah: situs, tubuh, dan cerita. Alih-alih menyajikan deskrpisi siap pakai, buku ini justru mengajak pembaca untuk mempertanyakan lagi konsep di tiga ranah tersebut dengan memperluas kembali cakupan kajian di masing-masing ranah.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.12952
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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