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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3159 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3159 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 407, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 245, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 396, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 336, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 442, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 203, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189, SJR: 1.58, CiteScore: 3)

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Journal Cover
Leukemia Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.063
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0145-2126 - ISSN (Online) 0145-2126
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3159 journals]
  • Factors associated with a prolonged hospital stay during induction
           chemotherapy in newly diagnosed high risk pediatric acute lymphoblastic
           leukemia
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 71Author(s): Kasper Warrick, Sandra K. Althouse, April Rahrig, Joy Rupenthal, Sandeep Batra BackgroundHigh Risk (HR) or Very High Risk (VHR) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with 4 drug induction chemotherapy is often associated with adverse events. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with a prolonged inpatient length of stay LOS during induction chemotherapy.ProcedureData from patients (N = 73) (age
       
  • Economic burden of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia treated in
           routine clinical care in the United States
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 71Author(s): Jill A. Bell, Aaron Galaznik, Eileen Farrelly, Marlo Blazer, Sharanya Murty, Augustina Ogbonnaya, Michael Eaddy, Robert J. Fram, Douglas V. Faller, Vamsi Kota This retrospective claims database study examined healthcare utilization (HCU) and costs associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 237 elderly patients who received chemotherapy or a stem cell transplant (SCT) following AML diagnosis. Patients with secondary AML were excluded. Over the entire follow-up period, 92.0% of patients had ≥1 inpatient admission; 85.7% had ≥1 AML-related admission, and 42.6% had ≥1 non-AML-related admission. During inpatient admissions, 39.2% of patients had ≥1 intensive care unit (ICU) admission, with 20.7% having ≥1 AML-related ICU admission, and 27.8% having ≥1 non-AML-related ICU admission. Total mean per-patient per-month (PPPM) costs over the follow-up period were $25,243 (SD: $21,909), with costs from Year 1 ($27,756 [SD: $22,121]) more than double those in Year 2 ($12,953 [SD: $26,334]) following AML diagnosis. The majority of total costs were medical ($24,512 PPPM [SD: $21,704]), which included inpatient admissions ($6548 PPPM [SD: $10,777]), other outpatient visits ($5021 PPPM [SD: $7997]), supportive care ($3640 PPPM [SD: $5589], and chemotherapy administration ($2029 PPPM [SD: $2345]). Healthcare costs of treated elderly AML patients are substantial, particularly in the first year following diagnosis. Further research is needed to understand factors contributing to high costs in various settings of care for elderly AML patients.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
       
  • Should more MDS patients be treated with immune-suppression'
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 71Author(s): Antonio Almeida
       
  • Addition of histone deacetylase inhibitors does not improve prognosis in
           patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia compared
           with hypomethylating agents alone: A systematic review and meta-analysis
           of seven prospective cohort studies
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 71Author(s): Tingting Pan, Jiaqian Qi, Tao You, Liping Yang, Depei Wu, Yue Han, Li Zhu AimTo compare the efficacy and safety between hypomethylating agent (HMA) alone and the combination of HMA and histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML).MethodsWe performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all available cohort studies regarding the comparison of HMA alone and in combination with HDACi for MDS and AML. Embase and Pubmed databases were searched for relevant studies. The overall hazard ratios for the HMA alone and HDACi combination were extracted. Heterogeneity among the included studies was evaluated by Cochrane’s Q Test and I2 statistics. A random-effect model or a fixed-effect model was applied depending on the heterogeneity. Subgroup analysis was used to evaluate the source of heterogeneity.ResultsSeven studies comprising 922 patients (458 patients treated with HMA alone and 464 with HMA and HDACi) were included in the analysis. Pooled data showed no significant differences in complete remission (CR) rates, hematologic improvement (HI), overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and toxicities between HMA alone treatment and HMA with HDACi regimens.ConclusionsHDACi and HMA combination does not appear to be more effective and better tolerated than HMA alone. Future randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm its efficacy and safety.
       
  • Cytoplasmic CD3 expression in infant acute megakaryoblastic leukemia: A
           new ambiguous lineage subtype'
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 71Author(s): Jorge Gabriel Rossi, Patricia Rubio, Cristina N. Alonso, Andrea R. Bernasconi, Elisa O. Sajaroff, Jorge Digiorge, Edgardo Baialardo, Silvia Eandi-Eberle, Myriam Guitter, Angelica Fernandez-Barbieri, Raquel Mitchell, Maria Sara Felice Several conventions have been established in order to define and characterize Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia (MPAL). However, megakaryocytic markers have not been included in the definition of MPAL neither in the European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Leukemias (EGIL) proposal nor in any of the WHO Classification of Tumors issues.We report four pediatric acute leukemia (AL) cases (prevalence: 0.18%) with megakaryoblasts co-expressing the T-specific antigen CD3 (cytoplasmic), together with a very homogeneous antigen profile of immature cells and other lymphoid traits. In one case, the presence of epsilon CD3 mRNA was confirmed as well on sorted CD34+ blasts. All four cases were infants, and two of them disclosed trisomy 21 in the blast population (not constitutional) without being children with Down Syndrome.They were homogeneously treated with AML schemes, achieving all four CR. However, 3 patients relapsed early. Only one patient is alive and remain disease-free, with a long follow-up.Even though cyCD3 was the only T cell marker expressed, its specificity entails the consideration of these cases as a new subtype of MPAL Megakaryoblastic/T, keeping this in mind when designing diagnostic panels. Detection and report of these cases are necessary so as to further characterize them in order to define the most appropriate treatment.
       
  • Morphologic dysplasia in Myelodysplastic Syndromes: How accurate are
           morphologists'
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 71Author(s): John M. Bennett
       
  • Body mass index and relative dose intensity does not affect the response
           and outcome of high-risk MDS patients treated with azacytidine. Results
           from the Hellenic (Greek) MDS study Group
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 July 2018Source: Leukemia ResearchAuthor(s): Sotirios G. Papageorgiou, Ioannis Kotsianidis, Christos K. Kontos, Argyris Symeonidis, Athanasios Galanopoulos, Eleftheria Hatzimichael, Elias Poulakidas, Panagiotis Diamantopoulos, Theodoros P. Vassilakopoulos, Panagiotis Zikos, Helen Papadaki, Eleni Bouronikou, Panayiotis Panayiotidis, Nora-Athina Viniou, Vasiliki Pappa
       
  • Management of Melanoma in Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 July 2018Source: Leukemia ResearchAuthor(s): William J. Archibald, Philip J. Meacham, AnnaLynn M. Williams, Andrea M. Baran, Adrienne I. Victor, Paul M. Barr, Deepak M. Sahasrahbudhe, Clive S. Zent Melanoma is significantly more common and is associated with a poorer prognosis in patients with an underlying B-cell malignancy. This study reports on the management of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL) and a subsequent diagnosis of melanoma. In the Wilmot Cancer Institute CLL cohort, which includes 470 patients followed for 2849 person-years, 18 patients (3.8%) developed 22 melanomas. Fourteen melanomas were invasive, a significantly higher rate as compared with the age and sex matched general population (standardized incidence ratio [SIR] 6.32 (95% CI 3.45; 10.60). Melanomas were most often detected (n = 15; 68.2%) through active surveillance in a dermatology clinic. Most melanomas (n = 17; 77.3%) were detected at a non-advanced stage (pathological stage grouping 
       
  • Pseudo Chediak-Higashi anomaly in blasts from acute lymphoblastic leukemia
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): M. Gavillet, O. Spertini, S. Blum
       
  • Heterogeneity of intrahepatic iron deposition in transfusion-dependent
           iron overload patients with hematological malignancies
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Hironori Kobayashi, Norihiko Yoshimura, Shun Uemura, Takayuki Katagiri, Tomoyuki Tanaka, Takashi Ushiki, Kyoko Fuse, Yasuhiko Shibasaki, Miwako Narita, Hirohito Sone, Masayoshi Masuko
       
  • The division of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)-1 into CMML-0 and
           CMML-1 according to 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification
           has no impact in outcome in a large series of patients from the Spanish
           group of MDS
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Blanca Xicoy, Ana Triguero, Esperanza Such, Olga García, María-José Jiménez, Montserrat Arnán, Teresa Bernal, Marina Diaz-Beya, David Valcárcel, Carme Pedro, Fernando Ramos, María-Luz Amigo, Rosa Collado, Laura Palomo, María-Teresa Ardanaz, María-Teresa Cedena, Javier Grau, Lurdes Zamora, Guillermo Sanz
       
  • Antimalarial drugs trigger lysosome-mediated cell death in chronic
           lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Subhadip Das, Rebecca Dielschneider, Aaron Chanas-LaRue, James B. Johnston, Spencer B. Gibson Lysosomes are the most acidic vesicles within mammalian cells and are promising targets for the treatment of breast cancer, glioblastomas and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Our previous studies have shown that chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells are also sensitive to lysosome disruption and cell death, by siramesine or chemotherapy. In the present study, we screened the antimalarial drugs, mefloquine, atovaquone, primaquine, and tafenoquine, for their effects on lysosome disruption and cytotoxicity in primary CLL cells. We found that mefloquine and tafenoquine could permeabilize lysosome membranes and induce cell death at doses that are clinically achievable. In contrast, these agents had less effect on normal B cells. Tafenoquine was most effective at inducing cell death, and this was associated with increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation. Addition of ROS scavengers blocked both tafenoquine- and mefloquine-induced cell death. Moreover, blocking the activity of cathepsins released from the lysosomes decreased tafenoquine-induced cell death. Taken together, lysosome disruption using antimalarial drugs is a novel approach for the treatment of CLL.
       
  • Circular RNA expression profiles are significantly altered in mice bone
           marrow stromal cells after total body irradiation
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Junhua Zhang, Jing Jiang, Rong Huang, Yanjie Wang, Xinmin Nie, Rong Gui The development of circular RNA (circRNA) microarrays has facilitated studies on the role of circRNAs in regulating gene expression through a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network. In our study, a microarray was used to detect the expression profiles of circRNAs in mouse bone marrow stromal cell (MSCs) after total body irradiation (TBI) in an X-ray field. Forty mice were randomly distributed into two groups, the control group and the TBI group, with 20 mice in each. Using circRNA microarray data, we compared the circRNA expression profiles in the MSCs between the two groups. Randomly chosen differentially expressed circRNAs were validated as potential TBI biomarkers. Overall, 148 circRNAs were significantly upregulated while the other 133 were downregulated between the TBI group and the sham group. Among them, two upregulated circRNAs (mmu_circRNA_011235 and mmu_circRNA_016901) and three downregulated circRNAs (mmu_circRNA_008488, mmu_circRNA_000551 and mmu_circRNA_005365) exhibited trends comparable to microarray data in the validation experiments. The miRNA support vector regression method was used to predict potential target miRNAs for the circRNAs while ClueGO was used for functional analysis of predicted miRNA target genes. This is the first study to investigate the differential circRNA expression profile in TBI and the associated functions. Significantly upregulated or downregulated circRNAs may represent novel biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets for the clinical management of radiation injury with TBI.
       
  • Identification of new phosphorylation sites of CD23 in B-cells of patients
           with chronic lymphocytic leukemia
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Martina Maďarová, Rastislav Mucha, Stanislav Hresko, Zuzana Makarová, Zuzana Gdovinová, Jarmila Szilasiová, Marianna Vitková, Tomáš Guman, Natalia Štecová, Tomas Dobransky B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common lymphoproliferative disorder in adults. Patients with B-CLL strongly express the CD23 – C type of lectin (low affinity IgE receptor, Fc epsilon RII), which is linked to B cell activation and proliferation. Phosphorylation in lymphocytes is tightly associated with regulation of protein activities, functional regulation and cell signaling, and may thus affect initiation and/or progression of the disease. Here we report changes in the phosphorylation of CD23 on threonine (pThr314) and two serine residues (pSer254, pSer265) in B lymphocytes of B-CLL patients, using a flow cytometry approach. The majority of tested patients with active forms of B-CLL presented a notable overexpression of CD23 along with pThr314, pSer254, and pSer265 CD23 phosphorylation positivity. Moreover, we have experimentally stimulated the CD23 phosphorylations in a subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes of healthy controls by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate treatment. This affects the activation of competent phosphorylation mediating kinases, resulting in the enhanced phosphorylation pattern. Together, these data confirm that CD23 protein is phosphorylated in B cells of B-CLL patients, report the identification of new CD23 phosphorylation sites, and suggest a possible role(s) of such phosphorylations in the activation of CD23 during the process of lymphocytic activation in B-CLL.
       
  • Chinese and Europeans with acute myeloid leukemia have discordant mutation
           topographies
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Min Zhang, Jiawei Yin, Qinghua He, Fan Zhang, Hongyu Huang, Biao Wu, Xuedong Wang, Hong Liu, Hongchao Yin, Yan Zeng, Robert Peter Gale, Depei Wu, Bin Yin Although the topography of mutations in persons of predominately European-descent with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is well-described this is less so in Asians. We studied AML-related mutations in 289 consecutive Chinese (mostly Han) with newly-diagnosed de novo AML. Full-length coding sequence of NPM1 and CEBPA, IDH1 and IDH2 hotspot mutations and WT1 mutations in exons 7 and 9 were analyzed by PCR as were correlations with clinical and laboratory variables. CEBPA mutations were detected in 20% of subjects (95% confidence interval [CI] 15, 25%), NPM1 mutations in 20% (15, 25%), IDH1 mutations in 4% (1, 6%), IDH2 mutations in 11% (7, 15%) and WT1 mutations in 6% (3, 9%). A comparison of these data with mutation frequencies in persons of predominately European-descent with AML indicates a higher frequency of CEBPA mutations, a similar frequency of IDH2 mutations and lower frequencies of NPM1, IDH1 and WT1 mutations. Our data indicate different topographies of AML-associated mutations in Chinese compared with persons of predominately European descent suggesting genetic background, life-style, environment and perhaps other variables may influence these differences.
       
  • Comparative analyses of nilotinib versus high-dose imatinib versus
           sustained standard-dose imatinib in patients with chronic phase chronic
           myeloid leukemia following suboptimal molecular response to first-line
           imatinib
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Sung-Eun Lee, Soo-Young Choi, Soo-Hyun Kim, Saengsuree Jootar, Hyeoung-Joon Kim, Sang-Kyun Sohn, Joon Seong Park, Sung-Hyun Kim, Dae-Young Zang, Suk-Joong Oh, Dong-Wook Kim The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of nilotinib (NIL) versus high-dose imatinib (IM) versus sustained standard-dose IM for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with suboptimal molecular response to first-line IM therapy. Patients with CML who achieved complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) but not major molecular response (MMR) after 18–24 months on first-line IM therapy were enrolled and divided into three treatment cohorts: NIL 800 mg/day (Cohort 1, n = 28) and IM 800 mg/day (Cohort 2, n = 28) in the RE-NICE study, and sustained IM 400 mg/day (Cohort 3, n = 52) in clinical practice. The primary efficacy variable of cumulative rate of MMR by 12 months was not different among the three cohorts. However, the cumulative incidence of MMR by 36 months was significantly higher in Cohort 1 than Cohort 3 (83.1% vs. 57.1%, P = 0.021), but there were no significant differences in Cohort 1 vs. 2 (P = 0.195) and Cohort 2 vs. 3 (P = 0.297). Different profile for adverse events was observed between NIL and high-dose IM therapy. In conclusion, our data suggested that switching to NIL may provide more effective long-term response than sustaining standard-dose IM for patients with suboptimal molecular response to first-line IM.
       
  • The FOSSIL Study: FLAG or standard 7+3 induction therapy in secondary
           acute myeloid leukemia
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Vera Vulaj, Anthony J. Perissinotti, James R. Uebel, Victoria R. Nachar, Gianni B. Scappaticci, Ashley Crouch, Dale L. Bixby, Patrick W. Burke, Ivan Maillard, Moshe Talpaz, Bernard L. Marini Patients with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) have poor outcomes, with CR/CRi rates of 25–35% with standard 7 + 3 induction chemotherapy, while single center non-comparative analyses suggest promising outcomes with FLAG. We conducted a single-center, retrospective cohort study assessing outcomes in treatment-naïve patients with sAML treated with fludarabine, high-dose cytarabine, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (FLAG, n = 40) compared with 7 + 3 (n = 66). Median patient age was 63 years (range: 27–82) in the FLAG group and 60 years (range: 21–76) in the 7 + 3 group (P = 0.968). Patients treated with FLAG achieved higher overall response rates (CR + CRi + MLFS) compared to 7 + 3 (70% vs. 48%, P = 0.043). FLAG was well tolerated, with only one induction death (30-day mortality rate, 3% vs. 8%, P = 0.405) and no cases of cerebellar toxicity. Duration of neutropenia was significantly shorter with FLAG (median 16 vs. 23 days, P 
       
  • Constitutional mutations of the CHEK2 gene are a risk factor for MDS, but
           not for de novo AML
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Hanna Janiszewska, Aneta Bąk, Katarzyna Skonieczka, Anna Jaśkowiec, Marek Kiełbiński, Anna Jachalska, Maria Czyżewska, Bożena Jaźwiec, Małgorzata Kuliszkiewicz-Janus, Jarosław Czyż, Kazimierz Kuliczkowski, Olga Haus CHEK2 plays a key role in cellular response to DNA damage, and also in regulation of mitosis and maintenance of chromosomal stability. In patients newly diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS, n = 107) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n = 117) congenital CHEK2 mutations (c.444 + 1G > A, c.1100delC, del5395, p.I157 T) were tested by PCR and sequencing analysis. The karyotype of bone marrow cells of each patient was assessed at disease diagnosis using classical cytogenetic methods and fluorescence in situ hybridization. The CHEK2 mutations were strongly associated with the risk of MDS (p < 0.0001) but not with the risk of de novo AML (p = 0.798). In CHEK2-positive MDS patients, two times higher frequency of aberrant karyotypes than in CHEK2-negative patients was found (71% vs. 37%, p = 0.015). In CHEK2-positive patients with cytogenetic abnormalities, subtypes of MDS: refractory anemia with excess blasts-1 or 2, associated with unfavorable disease prognosis, were diagnosed two times more often than in CHEK2-negative cases with aberrations (78% vs. 44%).In conclusion, the congenital CHEK2 inactivation is strongly associated with the risk of MDS and with a poorer prognosis of the disease. However, the chromosomal instability in AML is not correlated with the hereditary dysfunction of CHEK2.
       
  • The real-world outcomes of treating Polycythemia Vera: Physician adherence
           to treatment guidelines
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Nicholas L. Jackson Chornenki, Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Darryl P. Leong, Deborah M. Siegal, Christopher M. Hillis Therapy in Polycythemia Vera (PV), a myeloproliferative neoplasm, focuses on reducing cardiovascular (CV) risk without increasing bleeding or hematological progression. However, the real-world practice of treating PV in North America is understudied. We performed a retrospective cohort study of newly diagnosed PV (JAK2V617F mutation positive) patients in Hamilton, Canada to fill this knowledge gap. Out of 108 patients included, (n = 45, 41.7%) patients did not receive therapy consistent with contemporary treatment guidelines. Multivariable analysis showed increased white blood cell count at diagnosis (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.04–1.14; p 
       
  • Expression of PD-1 on peripheral blood Treg cells is related to the
           diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Mengxuan Zuo, Haorui Shen, Jingjing Yin, Wei Wang, Yan Zhang, Dao-Bin Zhou, Wei Zhang PurposeThe aim of study was to explore the PD-1 expression on Treg cells and its association with T-NHL.Methods137 patients newly diagnosed with T-NHL and 115 healthy controls were enrolled. The expression level of PD-1 was measured by flow cytometry at the time of diagnose and 3–8 course of treatment.ResultsMedian fluorescence intensity (MFI) of PD-1 on Treg cells in T-NHL patients was significantly higher than that in healthy controls (P 
       
  • Outcomes and predictors of survival in blast phase myeloproliferative
           neoplasms
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Guido Lancman, Andrew Brunner, Ronald Hoffman, John Mascarenhas, Gabriela Hobbs We retrospectively reviewed treatment outcomes for 57 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms in blast phase (MPN-BP). The median overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort was 5.8 months. For patients receiving induction therapy, 67% achieved a complete response (CR) and 75% received stem cell transplantation (SCT). Median OS for all transplanted patients (n = 19) was not reached after a median follow-up of 19.2 months compared with 3.8 months in non-transplanted patients (p
       
  • Over expression of circulating miR-155 predicts prognosis in diffuse large
           B-cell lymphoma
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Mohammad Ahmadvand, Mahsa Eskandari, Hossein Pashaiefar, Marjan Yaghmaie, Saba Manoochehrabadi, Golnaz Khakpour, Fatemeh Sheikhsaran, Mostafa Montazer Zohour IntroductionThe expression patterns of microRNAs in plasma are involved in potential biomarkers for several diseases. The goal of this study was to explore the expression level of miR-155 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and its clinical significance.Materials and methodsWe used qRT-PCR to assess the peripheral blood plasma of 40 DLBCL patients for the expression of miRNA-155. The median of miR-155 expression divided the DLBCL patients into miR-155 low-expression (miR-155low) and miR-155 high-expression (miR-155high) groups.Results and discussionWe found that plasma miR-155 expression was significantly up-regulated in patients with DLBCL (median expression value: 4.29, range: 1.52–27.86) compared to healthy individuals (median expression value: 2.14, range: 0.29–10.56, P 
       
  • Optimal use of novel agents in chronic lymphocytic leukemia
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Mitchell R. Smith, Robert F. Weiss Novel agents are changing therapy for patients with CLL, but their optimal use remains unclear. We model the clinical situation in which CLL responds to therapy, but resistant clones, generally carrying del17p, progress and lead to relapse. Sub-clones of varying growth rates and treatment sensitivity affect predicted therapy outcomes. We explore effects of different approaches to starting novel agent in relation to bendamustine-rituximab induction therapy: at initiation of therapy, at the end of chemo-immunotherapy, at molecular relapse, or at clinical detection of relapse. The outcomes differ depending on the underlying clonal architecture, raising the concept that personalized approaches based on clinical evaluation of each patient’s clonal architecture might optimize outcomes while minimizing toxicity and cost.
       
  • Elevated miR-20b-5p expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells: A
           novel, independent molecular biomarker of favorable prognosis in chronic
           lymphocytic leukemia
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Sotirios G. Papageorgiou, Christos K. Kontos, Panagiotis Tsiakanikas, Georgia Stavroulaki, Anthi Bouchla, Diamantina Vasilatou, Efthymia Bazani, Afroditi Lazarakou, Andreas Scorilas, Vasiliki Pappa MicroRNA-20b-5p (miR-20b-5p) is part of the miR-106a/363 cluster and a member of the cancer-related miR-17 family. miR-20b-5p regulates important transcription factors, including hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Recently, the dysregulation of miR-20b-5p expression has been observed in many B-cell lymphomas and T-cell leukemias. In this research study, we examined the putative prognostic value of miR-20b-5p in CLL. Therefore, total RNA was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from 88 CLL patients; next, total RNA was polyadenylated and first-strand cDNA was synthesized, using an oligo-dT–adapter primer. miR-20b-5p expression was quantified using an in-house–developed real-time quantitative PCR assay. Kaplan-Meier OS analysis and bootstrap univariate Cox regression showed that high miR-20b-5p expression predicts better OS for CLL patients (p 
       
  • Characterization of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with TP53
           mutations
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Leukemia Research, Volume 70Author(s): Wei Wang, Mark J. Routbort, Sanam Loghavi, Zhenya Tang, L. Jeffrey Medeiros, Sa A. Wang
       
  • Interobserver concordance of assessments of dysplasia and blast counts for
           the diagnosis of patients with cytopenia: From the Japanese central review
           study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Leukemia ResearchAuthor(s): Akira Matsuda, Hiroshi Kawabata, Kaoru Tohyama, Tomoya Maeda, Kayano Araseki, Tomoko Hata, Takahiro Suzuki, Hidekazu Kayano, Kei Shimbo, Kensuke Usuki, Shigeru Chiba, Takayuki Ishikawa, Nobuyoshi Arima, Masaharu Nohgawa, Akiko Ohta, Yasushi Miyazaki, Sinnji Nakao, Keiya Ozawa, Shunya Arai, Mineo Kurokawa The diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is based on morphology and cytogenetics. However, limited information is currently available on the interobserver concordance of the assessment of dysplastic lineages (2–2–2–
       
  • Outcomes and mutational analysis of patients with lower-risk non-del5q
           myelodysplastic syndrome treated with antithymocyte globulin with or
           without ciclosporine A
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 May 2018Source: Leukemia ResearchAuthor(s): C. Kelaidi, T. Braun, R. Arana, A. Marceau-Renaut, G. Lazarian, J. Soret, S. Cereja, R. Letestu, V. Eclache, D. Lusina, F. Baran-Marszak, L. Ades, C. Preudhomme, A. Martin, P. Fenaux, C. Gardin Immunosuppressive treatment is a disease-modifying therapy for lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). However, IST is relatively rarely used and long-term outcomes of patients are seldom reported. We retrospectively studied outcomes of 20 patients with lower-risk non del 5q MDS with transfusion dependency, with horse or rabbit antithymocyte globulin +/− ciclosporine A, and frontline eltrombopag in two of them. IPSS-R was low, intermediate and high in 30%, 55% and 10% of the patients, respectively. Fifty-five percent of the patients had hypocellular bone marrow (BM). Baseline mutations were detected in 31.5% of the patients and were more frequent in patients with normo/hypercellular MDS than in patients with hypocellular MDS. Transfusion independence rate for both red blood cells (RBC) and platelets was achieved in 45% of patients. RBC transfusion duration ≤6 months, B-cell counts>0.2 G/L and, marginally, BM blasts ≤2% were associated with higher transfusion independence rate. Age and cellularity did not influence the response rate. Median transfusion independence duration was 53 months. Cumulative incidence of progression to a more aggressive myeloid disease was 0 in patients without baseline mutations and 33% in patients with baseline mutations (P = 0.008). Median progression-free and overall survival after treatment onset and median overall survival after loss of transfusion independence were 45.5 months, 68 months and not reached, respectively. In conclusion, antithymocyte globulin +/− ciclosporine A results in durable responses in MDS, irrespective of age, in patients with lower-risk disease without B-cell lymphopenia and treated early in the course of the disease.
       
 
 
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