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Showing 1 - 200 of 3042 Journals sorted alphabetically
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.402, h-index: 51)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.008, h-index: 75)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 81, SJR: 1.109, h-index: 94)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 27)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.515, h-index: 90)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 325, SJR: 0.726, h-index: 43)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.02, h-index: 104)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 29)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (SJR: 0.123, h-index: 8)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.604, h-index: 38)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204, SJR: 3.683, h-index: 202)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.615, h-index: 21)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 21)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.915, h-index: 53)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 16)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.365, h-index: 73)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access  
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.059, h-index: 77)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.383, h-index: 19)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 2)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.967, h-index: 57)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.514, h-index: 92)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 5)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 123, SJR: 5.2, h-index: 222)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.265, h-index: 53)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.739, h-index: 33)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.299, h-index: 15)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.071, h-index: 82)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.169, h-index: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.054, h-index: 35)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.801, h-index: 26)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 49)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 3.31, h-index: 42)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.277, h-index: 43)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.619, h-index: 48)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.215, h-index: 78)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 30)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.139, h-index: 42)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 23)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 29)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.268, h-index: 45)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 33)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 130)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 22)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39, SJR: 3.25, h-index: 43)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.486, h-index: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40, SJR: 5.465, h-index: 64)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.674, h-index: 38)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.558, h-index: 54)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 20)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 24)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.497, h-index: 31)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.396, h-index: 27)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34, SJR: 4.152, h-index: 85)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.132, h-index: 42)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.274, h-index: 27)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 15)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.645, h-index: 45)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.261, h-index: 65)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 25)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.44, h-index: 51)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.324, h-index: 8)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.885, h-index: 45)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 11)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.37, h-index: 73)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.4, h-index: 28)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.718, h-index: 58)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 26)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 11)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.5, h-index: 62)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.478, h-index: 32)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access  
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 338, SJR: 0.606, h-index: 65)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.823, h-index: 27)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.321, h-index: 56)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.878, h-index: 68)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.408, h-index: 94)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, h-index: 22)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 49)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 36)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 6)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 3.289, h-index: 78)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 422, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 72)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal  
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.18, h-index: 116)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.275, h-index: 74)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.546, h-index: 79)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access  
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.879, h-index: 120)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.434, h-index: 14)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 18)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.285, h-index: 3)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 66)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 12)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access  
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.05, h-index: 20)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 29)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.776, h-index: 35)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.158, h-index: 9)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 4.289, h-index: 64)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 3.157, h-index: 153)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.063, h-index: 186)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.574, h-index: 65)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 45)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.653, h-index: 93)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 8.769, h-index: 256)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.259, h-index: 81)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.313, h-index: 172)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.023, h-index: 189)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 2.255, h-index: 171)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 2.803, h-index: 148)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.249, h-index: 88)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 45)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.653, h-index: 228)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.764, h-index: 154)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 125)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.653, h-index: 70)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.066, h-index: 51)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 27)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.104, h-index: 3)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.577, h-index: 7)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.548, h-index: 152)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 154)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription  
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.421, h-index: 40)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access  
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152, SJR: 1.907, h-index: 126)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.151, h-index: 83)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.711, h-index: 78)
Annales d'Endocrinologie     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.394, h-index: 30)
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.177, h-index: 13)
Annales de Chirurgie de la Main et du Membre Supérieur     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales de Chirurgie Plastique Esthétique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 22)
Annales de Chirurgie Vasculaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover Ampersand : An International Journal of General and Applied Linguistics
  [5 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2215-0390
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3042 journals]
  • Reflection of stance through it bundles in applied linguistics

    • Authors: Hassan Jalali
      Pages: 30 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 4
      Author(s): Hassan Jalali
      The study of linguistic devices serving as stance expressions is one of the best means by which the relationship between the writer, the reader and the propositional meaning could be examined. This paper looks at a particular structural group of lexical bundles encoding stance expressions. These are clausal bundles starting with an anticipatory it in which subject comes at the end of the clause (e.g. it is important to, it should be noted that). The use of these bundles is compared in three corpora of research articles, doctoral dissertations and master theses, all in the discipline of applied linguistics, to explore the possible generic variations and address the potential differences between published and students writing too. Drawing on Hewings and Hewings' [23] functional typology of interpersonal roles of it clauses, the study shows that the use of this structural group of bundles in research articles was significantly more than that of the two groups of postgraduate writing. However, there were some it bundles used more heavily by one or both groups of postgraduate students. Functional analysis also revealed that these bundles encoded stance expressions of hedging, attitude marking, emphasis, attribution and epistemic meanings. The differences are explained by referring to generic expectations and students' growing disciplinary identity. There are also some implications for the academic writing.

      PubDate: 2017-06-08T05:54:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2017.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2017)
  • English collocations: A novel approach to teaching the language's last

    • Authors: Rafe S. Zaabalawi; Anthony M. Gould
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 March 2017
      Author(s): Rafe S. Zaabalawi, Anthony M. Gould
      Collocations are a class of idiomatic expressions comprised of a sequence of words which, for mostly arbitrary reasons, occur together in a prescribed order. Collocations are not necessarily grammatical and/or cannot be generated through knowledge of rules or formulae. Therefore, they are often not easily mastered by EFL learners and typically only dealt with during the latter phase of second language apprenticeship. Literature has mostly examined the phenomenon of collocations from one of two perspectives. First, there are studies focusing on error analysis and contingent pedagogical advice. Second, there is research concerned with theory development; a genre associated with a specific methodological limitations. This study reports on data pertaining to a novel approach to learning collocations; one based on a learner's incidental discovery of such structures in written texts. Our research question is: will students who have been introduced to and practiced specific collocations in reading texts be inclined to naturally use such exemplars appropriately in novel/unfamiliar subsequent contexts? Findings have implications for EFL teachers and those concerned with curriculum development.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T06:43:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2017.03.002
  • Exploring disciplinary variation in the generic structure and
           metadiscourse features of online academic book blurbs

    • Authors: Mahmood Reza Atai; Mohammad Reza Asghari
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 March 2017
      Author(s): Mahmood Reza Atai, Mohammad Reza Asghari
      Given the scanty literature on the informative and promotional function of online academic blurbs, this study was conducted to explore how academic publishers exploit interactional metadiscourse devices in academic blurbs as an asset to contribute to the value of the book, and to persuade readers to buy the book. To this end, a corpus of 200 English academic online blurbs taken from 16 top ranking university press websites, were analyzed. Results indicated that disciplinary fields account for significant variations in terms of the frequency of moves and interactional metadiscourse markers. Three obligatory rhetorical moves and four optional moves were found.

      PubDate: 2017-03-02T23:42:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2017.03.001
  • Developmental aspects of English argument structure constructions for
           Korean-speaking second language learners: A usage-based constructional
           approach to language development centred upon cognitive endeavour

    • Authors: Gyu-Ho Shin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2017
      Author(s): Gyu-Ho Shin
      This study investigates developmental aspects of English Argument Structure Constructions (ASCs) for Korean-speaking second language (L2) learners, providing evidence of how they manifest human domain-general cognitive systems during language acquisition via usage-based constructional approaches to language development. Participants were instructed on six English ASC types with their representative verbs for three months. The data from grammaticality preference tasks, writing tests, and free-writing tasks were analysed. Comprehension data from the grammaticality preference tasks showed significant improvement in understanding ASCs after instruction, supporting sentence-level generalisations for language comprehension independent of individual verbs. The production data from the writing tests demonstrated more frequent use of two-argument constructions than three-argument ones, which indicates the internal complexity between ASC types. The results of the writing tests also displayed skewed exploitation of verbs representative of the target ASCs, implying a frequency-sensitive nature of language acquisition. All production data further revealed active use of prefabricated chunks and incorporation of new and old language items. Taken all together, these observations suggest language learners’ merging narrowly stabilised L2 routines with other (non-)linguistic resources as necessary, sustaining efficiency in a sentence-building process, under the superintendence of cognitive factors when satisfying communicative intents.

      PubDate: 2017-02-16T19:21:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2017.02.001
  • English language teacher development in a Russian university: Context,
           problems and implications

    • Authors: Tatiana Rasskazova; Maria Guzikova; Anthony Green
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2017
      Author(s): Tatiana Rasskazova, Maria Guzikova, Anthony Green
      The evaluation of teacher professional development efficiency has always been an issue that has attracted attention of professionals in education. This paper reports on the results of a two-year English language teacher professional development programme following a Needs Analysis study conducted by Cambridge ESOL in 2012. Longitudinal research shows that in Russia English language teaching has several problems which exist throughout decades. This article focuses on some of them: class interaction mode; the use of native (Russian) language in class; error correction strategies employed by teachers. A new approach to evaluation was employed by asking students and teachers the same questions from different perspectives on areas identified during the needs analysis study. The results varied in significance, though some positive changes have been noticed in class interaction mode, little has changed in the error correction strategies, the use of Russian in the classroom seems to be quite reasonable and does not interfere with learning. Overall, the study may be useful for general audience, especially for the post-Soviet countries as it provides evidence of change management and their impact on ELT. The findings presented in this paper seek to contribute to the formulation or adjustment of policies related to educational reforms, such as curriculum reform and teacher professional development in non-English-speaking countries.

      PubDate: 2017-02-05T16:56:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2017.01.001
  • Acquisition of Event Passives and State Passives by Mandarin-speaking

    • Authors: Tao Zeng; Wen Mao; Niuniu Duan
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 January 2016
      Author(s): Tao Zeng, Wen Mao, Niuniu Duan
      The present study aims to investigate how children comprehend event passives and state passives in Mandarin and whether they can distinguish these two types of passives or not. Chinese action verbs were classified into three types: achievement, destructive, and creative. Each verb type was involved in a picture identification task using two kinds of passives, event and state passives. Sixty children grouped according to age (4, 5 and 6-year-olds) as well as twenty adults completed the tasks. Results showed that adults and 6-year-olds could distinguish event passives from state passives, while younger subjects were liable to treat event passives as state passives. Young Mandarin-speaking children (4 and 5-year-olds) tend to analyze event passives as equivalent to the corresponding state passives, whose structures are similar to adjectival constructions.

      PubDate: 2016-01-29T06:52:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • “Kia ora. This is my earthquake story”. Multiple applications of a
           sociolinguistic corpus

    • Authors: Lynn Clark; Helen MacGougan; Jennifer Hay; Liam Walsh
      Pages: 13 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2016
      Author(s): Lynn Clark, Helen MacGougan, Jennifer Hay, Liam Walsh
      This paper demonstrates how spoken data, collected using sociolinguistic methods, can have multiple applications outside of its original intended use within sociolinguistics. It can be a resource for tackling real-world problems, it can be a platform for community engagement and it can function as a source of data for academic research (both linguistic and non-linguistic research). The spoken data we describe is a new corpus of monologues called the UC QuakeBox corpus. First, we introduce and demonstrate the QuakeBox corpus, and outline some of the rewards and challenges associated with collecting stories in a manner that was purposefully and saliently in the public eye. Next, we focus on applications of the QuakeBox corpus by exploring case studies which are utilising data from the corpus for non-linguistic work. We situate this work within the wider field of applied sociolinguistics.

      PubDate: 2016-02-09T14:39:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • A corpus-based analysis of relative clause extraposition in Persian

    • Authors: Mohammad Rasekh-Mahand; Mojtaba Alizadeh-Sahraie; Raheleh Izadifar
      Pages: 21 - 31
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 March 2016
      Author(s): Mohammad Rasekh Mahand, Mojtaba Alizadeh Sahraie, Raheleh Izadifar
      In recent functional and cognitive literature different motivations are suggested to influence the relative clause extraposition, where the modifying relative clause is not adjacent to the modified head noun. Information status, grammatical weight and verb class are among such motivations. The current corpus-based study of relative clause extraposition attempts to test the prediction of these different motivations in Persian. Using logistic regression analysis, the effects of these various factors on the extraposition of relative clauses are investigated. The findings revealed that, among different influential sources, grammatical weight is the main factor influencing extraposition of relative clauses. Verb class and information status are found to be lower ranked factors, respectively. The analyses demonstrated that with a special verb class, i.e. linking verbs, which predominantly carries given information in discourse, relative clause extraposition happens more freely. The findings support Hawkins' (2004) principle of domain minimization and provide more evidence for the hypothesis that, Persian, a seemingly SOV language, behaves typologically as a VO language, in which the heavy constituents shift rightward to facilitate constituent recognition, similar to other head-initial languages.

      PubDate: 2016-03-08T12:18:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • The Impact of Visualization and Verbalization Techniques on Vocabulary
           Learning of Iranian High School EFL Learners: A Gender Perspective

    • Authors: Reza Ghaedi; Mohsen Shahrokhi
      Pages: 32 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 March 2016
      Author(s): Reza Ghaedi, Mohsen Shahrokhi
      The present study intended to examine the impact of two techniques of vocabulary teachings on Iranian high school EFL learners in relation to their gender in Yasuj, Iran. The selected 120 participants were at lower-intermediate level of English proficiency based on their performance on Quick Oxford Placement Test (QOPT). The participants included 60 male and 60 female students who were between 15 to 18 years old. The study included four sub-groups that made up two main experimental groups. That is to say, subgroup number 1 (subg1) included 30 male students; subgroup number 2 (subg2) was comprised of 30 male students. Accordingly, the male participants of the study made up a sixty-participant experimental group (consisting of two thirty-participant subgroups) which received two treatments, namely visualization and verbalization. As for the female participants, they were divided into two thirty-participant subgroups, namely subgroup 3 (subg3) and subgroup 4 (subg4). The first sub-group (subg1) and the third sub-group (subg3) received visualization techniques for vocabulary instruction, and the second sub-group (subg2) and the fourth sub-group (subg4) were instructed through verbalization. With regard to the effects of visualization and verbalization on learners’ L2 vocabulary improvement, it could be concluded that both methods led to the development of L2 vocabulary knowledge. In addition, considering the difference between the effects of the two approaches on learners’ L2 vocabulary knowledge development, deductions could be made that visualization would result in better vocabulary learning than the verbalization technique. Moreover, results manifested that there was not any significant difference between male and female Iranian high school EFL learners’ vocabulary learning through visualization and verbalization.

      PubDate: 2016-03-13T16:27:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • Applicability of Technology-Enhanced Visual Glosses for Explicit L2
           Vocabulary Learning: The Enhancement of Metaphoric Competence Through the
           Learning of English Polysemous Words

    • Authors: Takeshi Sato
      Pages: 43 - 51
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 March 2016
      Author(s): Takeshi Sato
      This study examines the efficacy of technology-enhanced visual glosses in explicit L2 vocabulary learning based on the concept of the image schema, which is a mental pattern of our bodily experiences. Although our previous studies could not confirm the advantage of the animated visual glosses for acquiring English prepositions, this study reexamines the learning effect of the animated glosses; we assume that the animation, could enhance learners’ comprehension and production of the target prepositions (especially in their metaphorical sense). The findings suggest that the animated visual glosses were only effect in certain scenarios. More specifically, the animated image schema was more a more effective gloss for students to produce metaphorical prepositions than for them to select the correct word in receptive tests. Thus this study therefore shows that when examining technology for L2 learning, more analysis of the features of the target L2 knowledge should be made.

      PubDate: 2016-04-02T08:36:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • The influence of morphological knowledge on lexical processing and
           acquisition: The case of Arab EFL learners

    • Authors: Ahmed M. Masrai
      Pages: 52 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 April 2016
      Author(s): Ahmed M. Masrai
      Although morphological knowledge has been proposed to enhance second language (L2) vocabulary acquisition, little is known about which morphological process has the greatest impact on lexical acquisition. To address this question, 400 school-learners of English from high schools in Saudi Arabia were presented with a morphological decomposition task of regular and irregular inflection and derivation, and an L2 vocabulary size test. The results indicated some significant levels of correlation between knowledge of regular inflection and derivation, and L2 vocabulary knowledge. Irregular inflection and derivation, on the contrary, were not found to have a significant effect on L2 vocabulary acquisition. Although significant correlations were observed between regular morphology and L2 vocabulary learning, regression analysis showed that only regular inflection processing has a sizable effect on vocabulary uptake. This variable explained about 38% of the variance per se. The findings also revealed no clear effect of the first language (L1) regularity of morphological rules, which apply extensively in Arabic, on acquiring words that are regular in English. The overall findings propose an explicit focus on teaching regular inflectional morphology in the language classroom because of its marked influence found on vocabulary acquisition.

      PubDate: 2016-04-17T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • English relative clauses in science and engineering journal papers: A
           comparative corpus-based study for pedagogical purposes

    • Authors: Dong Wan Cho; Kyusong Lee
      Pages: 61 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 March 2016
      Author(s): Dong Wan Cho, Kyusong Lee
      This corpus-based study presents how English relative clauses are used in science and engineering journal papers. Relative clauses ensure semantic clarity and textual variety but they cause difficulty to non-native speakers of English due to their diverse uses and functions. With pedagogical purposes in mind, this research investigates how frequently and in what context relative clauses are employed in three representative science and engineering journals, namely CELL, Journal of American Chemical Society, and IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. In addition, relative clauses used in papers of English for Specific Purposes are investigated and compared with those in the science and engineering journal papers, to reveal the similarities and differences between them. Some unique features of relative clauses used in science and engineering journal papers are identified, such as the frequent use of relative clauses, the high frequency of non-restrictive relative clauses in the papers of Journal of American Chemical Society and Journal of Solid-State Circuits, the high proportion of ‘prepositions + which,’ and the extremely high use of ‘that’ over ‘which’ for restrictive relative clauses. Pedagogical suggestions are provided to help science and engineering paper authors and ESP/EAP practitioners use and teach relative clauses in an efficient way.

      PubDate: 2016-04-02T08:36:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • Circumstantiation of projection: Functional syntax of angle in English and

    • Authors: Shu-Kun Chen
      Pages: 71 - 82
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 May 2016
      Author(s): Shu-Kun Chen
      Circumstance, in the grammar of Systemic Functional Linguistics, is the component associated with the process in transitivity system in the experiential strand of meaning. The most common types of circumstance such as location (including time and space), manner, extent, cause, contingency, accompaniment and role have been well investigated under different theoretical frameworks. However, the grammar of the projecting circumstance (phrases that represent sources of speech) has not gained adequate attention in the previous studies on English, not to mention Chinese. This study is an attempt to conduct a functional syntax analysis (the Sydney model) on one type of circumstance–Angle–in English and Chinese. Some major findings of the analysis are: (i) Angle should, arguably, be treated as figure circumstance due to its peculiar syntactic feature. (ii) It is useful to adopt a two dimensional classification of Angle to observe the levels of projection (source versus viewpoint) and the modes of projection (explicit versus implicit). The implicit mode of Angle in English expands the meaning potential of projection so that the conventional meaning is altered. (iii) English Angle can be explicit and implicit whereas Chinese Angle is predominantly explicit except in the projection of writing. (iv) The according-to prepositions in Chinese are richer than English and can be used as subordinating conjunctions. (v) The fuzziness of grammatical categories may be the typological feature motivating the explicit orientation of Angles in Chinese.

      PubDate: 2016-05-15T04:52:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • Divergence through differential frequency: The grammaticalization of the
           Japanese connective soredewa ‘now/then’

    • Authors: Koji Tanno
      Pages: 83 - 97
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 May 2016
      Author(s): Koji Tanno
      Based on an extensive analysis of Early Modern and Modern Japanese texts, the present study illustrates how the Japanese connective soredewa and its variants underwent semantic-pragmatic changes over time. More specifically, the quantitative evidence provided in this study reveals that the reduced and non-reduced forms of soredewa progressively diverged. The reduced form became strongly associated with newer functions, while the non-reduced forms reverted to their previous uses after the reduced forms increased their presence in the language. The development of the reduced forms was found to follow the Reducing and Autonomy Effects of high token frequency proposed by Bybee (2007). These results shed new light on the functional relationships that develop between reduced and non-reduced forms during grammaticalization, a topic in need of more attention and evidence in historical pragmatics.

      PubDate: 2016-05-08T23:55:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • A suggested model of corrective feedback provision

    • Authors: Rasheed S. Al-Jarrah
      Pages: 98 - 107
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2016
      Author(s): Rasheed S. Al-Jarrah
      Following Guénette (2007), Bitchener (2008), Bitchener & Knoch (2009), among others, I believe that previous studies on corrective feedback provision were flawed in terms of their “design, execution, and analysis” (Bitchener & Knoch, 2009: 204). As a commentary on previous research findings, the current paper aims to suggest a corrective feedback provision model on how future studies should be designed, so that comparisons can be safely made. The suggested model underlies three basic premises. These are: (1) combining error correction with error feedback; (2) targeting one linguistic structure at a time; and (3) providing error correction on all the functional uses of the targeted structure. This approach has made it imperative that corrective feedback be factored out into error correction vis-à-vis error feedback. Whereas error correction targets sentence-level language corrections for local and mechanical errors such as improving grammar, spelling, and vocabulary, error feedback targets global issues that affect meaning and organization. Additionally, I suggest drawing a line of demarcation between two types of focused feedback: providing focused feedback selectively versus providing focused feedback comprehensively. The suggested model then calls for adopting relatively an all-inclusive approach to feedback provision, a model that, I believe, might be helpful in theory-building, and thus in bridging the gap between the theory of corrective feedback provision and actual classroom practices in some FL contexts.

      PubDate: 2016-06-14T19:15:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.06.003
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • Language and ecology: A content analysis of ecolinguistics as an emerging
           research field

    • Authors: Sibo Chen
      Pages: 108 - 116
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2016
      Author(s): Sibo Chen

      PubDate: 2016-06-14T19:15:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • EFL Arab students' apology strategies in relation to formality and
           informality of the context

    • Authors: Abdulmalek Hammed Jassim; Vahid Nimehchisalem
      Pages: 117 - 125
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2016
      Author(s): Abdulmalek Hammed Jassim, Vahid Nimehchisalem

      PubDate: 2016-06-14T19:15:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • The changing face of dixie: Spanish in the linguistic landscape of an
           emergent immigrant community in the New South

    • Authors: Rebecca Roeder; Bryan C. Walden
      Pages: 126 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2016
      Author(s): Rebecca Roeder, Bryan Walden

      PubDate: 2016-06-30T04:58:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.06.005
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • Voice onset time characteristics of voiceless stops produced by children
           with European Portuguese as mother tongue

    • Authors: Lilia Brinca; Lara Araújo; Patrícia Nogueira; Carolina Gil
      Pages: 137 - 142
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 July 2016
      Author(s): Lilia Brinca, Lara Araújo, Patrícia Nogueira, Carolina Gil

      PubDate: 2016-07-06T12:07:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.06.006
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • Low German with a Swedish twist - Contact-induced word order transfer in
           the 15th century

    • Authors: Erik M. Petzell
      Pages: 143 - 150
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 June 2016
      Author(s): Erik Petzell
      This paper deals with differences in word order between two sets of Low German letters from the 15th century: letters sent from Swedish cities and letters sent from other parts of the Hanseatic sphere. In the letters originating from Sweden, the so-called brace construction (whereby the finite and non-finite verbs are separated by a non-subject argument) is, just as in 15th century Swedish, evenly distributed across main and subordinate clauses; in non-Swedish letters, on the other hand, the brace is predominantly a main clause word order. The paper argues that this difference can be explained by the scribal practices of the Swedish chancelleries, involving instantaneous transference from (dictated) Swedish to (written) Low German.

      PubDate: 2016-06-18T19:13:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.06.004
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • The use and meaning of nano in American English: Towards a systematic

    • Authors: Max Boholm
      Pages: 163 - 173
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 3
      Author(s): Max Boholm
      The morpheme nano is today used in various words, such as nanometer, nanoscale, nanotechnology, nanomaterial, nanorobot, iPod nano, and nanotyrannus. This range of uses is partly explained by an interest in nanotechnology manifest in many spheres of society, including science, politics, and popular culture. These varied uses of nano challenge semantic description, as the meaning of nano in use greatly exceeds its precise meaning of “billionth part”, for example, in the modified SI unit nanometer. The aim is to analyze the use and meaning of the morpheme nano based on attested uses from the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA). The following six research questions are addressed: In what genres of COCA does nano occur? To what extent is nano a constituent of complex words? What are the most common positions of nano in complex words? In what types of words does nano occur? What do these words mean? How are they related? Contrary to the view that the morpheme nano is being misused (sometimes expressed in the literature), I argue that, while the use of nano is indeed varied, it can be systematically described.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T23:07:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2016.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2016)
  • An agree-based account of Standard Arabic nominal clauses

    • Authors: Abdulkhaliq Alazzawie
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 August 2016
      Author(s): Abdulkhaliq Alazzawie
      This paper presents an account of Standard Arabic (SA) verbless copula sentences with a nominal or adjectival predicate (DP-DP and DP-AP structures) in terms of the basic notions of the Minimalist Program – Merge, Move and Agree. The proposed account posits a functional projection, nominal phrase (NomP) headed by Nom located between NP and TP. The functional head, Nom, in ways akin to C, T and v, serves as a Probe initiating an Agree relation with a nominal Goal complement which leads to valuing of nominative Case on the complement and of ⱷ features on the Nom Probe. The initiated Probe-Goal relation observes the claims of Agree Theory in the sense that the relation holds at a distance without having to move the Goal from its base position. Further, the relation also observes the activity condition in that Nom is an active Probe by virtue of carrying uninterpretable ⱷ features of person, number and gender, and the nominal predicate Goal is likewise active in view of its uninterpretable Case feature. It will be argued that the nominative Case in copular sentences is not a default Case but is the consequence of normal Agree. The analysis provides support for eliminating Case-driven movement and consequently eliminating the Spec head configuration requirement on Case assignment.

      PubDate: 2016-08-08T21:35:53Z
  • Move analysis of research articles across five engineering fields: What
           they share and what they do not

    • Authors: Sayako Maswana; Toshiyuki Kanamaru; Akira Tajino
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 2
      Author(s): Sayako Maswana , Toshiyuki Kanamaru , Akira Tajino
      While many genre researchers have examined the rhetorical structure of research articles in various disciplines, few have investigated the complete structure of articles for students in engineering, a discipline that includes a wide range of fields. Using Swales’ move framework (1990), this paper analyzes the rhetorical structure of 67 engineering research articles from five subdisciplines: structural engineering, environmental engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, and computer science. Six engineering researchers participated in the study by coding texts of full-length papers into moves and steps. The study found that the abstract, introduction, and concluding sections and some of their moves were conventional across all subdisciplines. The finding of no common move patterns throughout the papers across the subdisciplines is explained by the differences in the nature of research in each field. There were, however, limited subdisciplinary similarities such as the use of Move 5, Step 2 observed in environmental, electrical, and chemical engineering. The study results provide practical pedagogical resources, a theoretical background to guide writing in an engineering school, and implications for collaboration with researchers in specialized fields.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2014.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Identifying absolute subjects: A systemic functional approach

    • Authors: Qingshun He; Junhui Wu
      Pages: 12 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 2
      Author(s): Qingshun He , Junhui Wu
      The absolute subject refers to the subject of absolute nominative clauses in traditional grammar. It can be either nominative or accusative. Corpora data show that the number of nominatives has been decreasing, and that of accusatives, increasing over time. Absolute nominative clauses of appositive, attendant circumstance and clausal adjunct in traditional grammar correspond to the non-finite clauses of elaboration, extension and enhancement with subject in the framework of Systemic Functional Linguistics. In addition, absolute subjects can also be used in non-finite clauses of projection and embedding. The relationships between absolute subjects in different non-finite clauses and the primary clauses are different in independence. The tendency to be independent can be embodied in the dimension of the absolute subjects and that of the primary clauses. From either dimension, the tendency to be independent can form a cline. The primary clause based tendency is more in line with the characteristics of absolute subjects.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • The semantics of slurs: A refutation of coreferentialism

    • Authors: Adam M. Croom
      Pages: 30 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 2
      Author(s): Adam M. Croom
      Coreferentialism refers to the common assumption in the literature that slurs (e.g.  faggot) and descriptors (e.g.  male homosexual) are coreferential expressions with precisely the same extension. For instance, Vallee (2014) recently writes that “If S is an ethnic slur in language L , then there is a non-derogatory expression G in L such that G and S have the same extension” (p. 79). The non-derogatory expression G is commonly considered the nonpejorative correlate (NPC) of the slur expression S (Hom, 2008) and it is widely thought that every S has a coreferring G that possesses precisely the same extension. Yet here I argue against this widespread assumption by first briefly introducing what slurs are and then considering four sources of supporting evidence showing that slurs and descriptors are in fact not coreferential expressions with precisely the same extension. I argue that since slurs and descriptors differ in their extension they thereby differ in their meaning or content also. This article additionally introduces the notion of a conceptual anchor in order to adequately account for the relationship between slurs and descriptors actually evidenced in the empirical data, and further considers the inadequacy of common dictionary definitions of slurs. This article therefore contributes to the literature on slurs by demonstrating that previous accounts operating on the assumption that slurs and descriptors are coreferential expressions with the same extension, and that they thereby have the same meaning or content, are inconsistent with empirical data and that an alternative account in accord with Croom (2011, 2013a, 2014b) better fits the facts concerning their actual meaning and use.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • The formulaic schema in the minds of two generations of native speakers

    • Authors: Diana Van Lancker Sidtis; Krista Cameron; Kelly Bridges; John J. Sidtis
      Pages: 39 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 2
      Author(s): Diana Van Lancker Sidtis , Krista Cameron , Kelly Bridges , John J. Sidtis
      Schemata are expressions that are fixed except for slots available for novel words (I’m not a ____ person). Our goals were to quantify speakers’ knowledge, examine semantic flexibility in open slots, and compare performance data in two generations of speakers using cloze procedures in formulaic expressions, schemata open slots, fixed portions of schemata, and novel sentences. Fewer unique words appeared for the schemata-fixed and formulaic exemplars, reflecting speakers’ knowledge of these utterances; the most semantic categories appeared for schemata-open responses. Age groups did not differ. Schemata exemplify creative interplay between novel lexical retrieval and fixed formulaic expression.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Rhetorical argument, folk linguistics, and content-oriented discourse
           analysis: A follow-up study

    • Authors: Rebecca Day Babcock
      Pages: 61 - 69
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2015
      Author(s): Rebecca Day Babcock
      In 1994, Dennis Preston published “Content-Oriented Discourse Analysis and Folk Linguistics”, in which he applied Deborah Schiffrin’s argument structure analysis and Vantage theory to folk-linguistic data. The present study applies Schiffrin’s analysis to similar folk-linguistic data, as both Preston’s and my subjects discussed African American English. Preston found that his subjects used Oppositional Argument while the subjects in the present study used Rhetorical Argument. According to Schiffrin’s analysis, arguments contain positions, dispute, and support. The resulting analysis compares the conclusions that can be drawn from each set of arguments, such as social and distributional facts about language variety, and facts about variety acquisition and use.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Editorial

    • Authors: H. Pichler; R. Truswell; K. Van de Poel; D. Van Olmen; K. Watson
      Pages: 70 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 June 2015
      Author(s): H. Pichler , R. Truswell , K. Van de Poel , D. Van Olmen , K. Watson

      PubDate: 2015-06-07T05:32:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Processes and variations in language economisation

    • Authors: Jonathan R. White
      Pages: 72 - 82
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 June 2015
      Author(s): Jonathan R. White
      This article analyses the processes of reducing language in textchats produced by non-native speakers of English. We propose that forms are reduced because of their high frequency and because of the discourse context. A wide variety of processes are attested in the literature, and we find different forms of clippings in our data, including mixtures of different clippings, homophone respellings, phonetic respellings including informal oral forms, initialisms (but no acronyms), and mixtures of clipping together with homophone and phonetic respellings. Clippings were the most frequent process (especially back-clippings and initialisms), followed by homophone respellings. There were different ways of metalinguistically marking reduction, but capitalisation was by far the most frequent. There is much individual variation in the frequencies of the different processes, although most were within normal distribution. The fact that non-native speakers seem to generally follow reduction patterns of native speakers suggests that reduction is a universal process.

      PubDate: 2015-06-11T15:22:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • A critical evaluation of two approaches to defining perceptual salience

    • Authors: Bethany MacLeod
      Pages: 83 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 July 2015
      Author(s): Bethany MacLeod
      The notion of perceptual salience is frequently invoked as an explanatory factor in discussions of various linguistic phenomena, but the way salience is defined varies between studies. This paper provides a critical evaluation of two approaches to operationalizing perceptual salience that have been applied to studies of phonetic accommodation: the criteria-list approach and the experimental approach. The purpose is to provide a starting point for researchers interested in exploring the role of perceptual salience in linguistic patterns, such as phonetic accommodation. In addition, the paper aims to consider the nature of the information captured by the different approaches, to explore how these approaches might be best used, and to examine how they reflect changes in theorizing on linguistic variables more generally.

      PubDate: 2015-07-17T22:50:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.07.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Thematic progression in the writing of students and professionals

    • Authors: Thomas Hawes
      Pages: 93 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 July 2015
      Author(s): Thomas Hawes
      This article outlines advances in thematic progression theory in the hope they may be useful to teachers of writing, especially with non-native and non-European students. Thematic progression denotes the strategies available to writers for linking the themes and rhemes in a clause to those of surrounding clauses. It is a key factor in the structuring of information because it acts as a bridge between sentence level and discourse level, coordinating cohesion and coherence. This paper compares the use of thematic progression in essays by students on a course leading to MA studies in journalism, media and communications with that in two leading British newspapers. It considers how assignment writing could be improved generally by teaching the rudiments of progression theory. If students’ assignments are to be clear in their development but also varied and interesting for the reader, additional progression skills are required. In particular, this paper recommends certain variations on Daneš’ progression types, as well as the use of more breaks (non-participant themes) to mark rhetorical transitions in the text. Familiarisation with the thematic progression in tabloids and broadsheets, respectively, should provide an overview of a range of progression from formal to outspoken, which would raise awareness of what is available, even if not all elements are appropriate for all types of academic writing.

      PubDate: 2015-07-17T22:50:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Reflections on the Grammatical Category of the Than Element in English
           Comparative Constructions: A Corpus-based Systemic Functional Approach

    • Authors: Qingshun He; Binli Wen
      Pages: 101 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 August 2015
      Author(s): Qingshun He, Binli Wen
      It is generally accepted that in comparative constructions, when the clausal element compared is the subject of the matrix clause, the personal pronoun following than can be either nominative which is usually used in formal English, where than is considered as a conjunction, or accusative which is usually used in informal English, where than is considered as a preposition. However, the data collected from the COCA corpus indicate that nominative pronouns do not tend to end a comparative construction in either formal or informal English. Based on the fundamentals of Systemic Functional Linguistics, it is improper to consider the accusative form of personal pronouns in comparative constructions as the object of than; rather they are the stressed personal pronouns. It is concluded that in comparative constructions than is always a conjunction, and the personal pronoun following than can be expanded into a finite clause. However, if the nominal group following than has no comparee in the matrix clause, it is not a comparative clause and the than-phrase is a prepositional phrase. It is further concluded that in comparative constructions than is best considered as a paratactic conjunction because comparative constructions cannot be transpositioned with the primary clauses in clause complexes.

      PubDate: 2015-08-22T15:06:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.08.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Children’s responses in argumentative discussions relating to
           parental rules and prescriptions

    • Authors: Antonio Bova
      Pages: 109 - 121
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2015
      Author(s): Antonio Bova

      PubDate: 2015-09-08T06:26:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Resolving hiatus in (isi)Ndebele: An optimality theoretic account

    • Authors: Collen Sabao
      Pages: 122 - 135
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 2
      Author(s): Collen Sabao
      Vowel hiatus is a dispreferred phenomenon in many languages. When vowel sequences arise through morphophonological concatenations in (isi)Ndebele, hiatus may be resolved in one of three processes: (i) one of the two vowels undergoes elision; (ii) one of the vowels (mostly the first vowel in the sequence) undergoes glide formation; and (iii) the two vowels undergo vowel coalescence – the merging of the two vowels into a neutral vowel that has the qualities of both the two initial vowels straddling a word boundary. This article examines these vowel hiatus resolution strategies in (isi)Ndebele, through the theoretical explications of Optimality Theory (OT) and CV Phonology. In (isi)Ndebele, the featural qualities of the two vowels straddling a word boundary and the morphological contexts at which the hiatal configurations occur determine what process repairs vowel hiatus. Hiatus resolution is also invariably ONSET and feature driven: driven by Preferred Syllable Structure Rules(PSSRs) and constraints.

      PubDate: 2015-12-13T05:41:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • A corpus-based lexical analysis of subject-specific university textbooks
           for English majors

    • Authors: Konul Hajiyeva
      Pages: 136 - 144
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 October 2015
      Author(s): Konul Hajiyeva
      This study is a corpus-based lexical analysis of subject-specific university textbooks which purports to explore lexical text coverage and frequency distribution of words from the Academic Word List and the British National Corpus frequency-based word families. For this study a 508,802-word corpus was created, the findings of which reflect that the Academic Word List word families constitute only a small coverage (6.5%) of the words in the entire corpus, whereas the first two thousand high-frequency word families give the coverage of 88.92%. In terms of the text coverage, the results reveal that if 98% coverage of a text is needed for unassisted comprehension, then a vocabulary size of 9,000 word families is required. The results also substantiate the claims that the Academic Word List is not as general an academic vocabulary as it was initially intended to be and, more importantly, supports the assumption that students need a more restricted core academic vocabulary. It is therefore argued that 127 academic word families which are relatively frequent in the overall university textbook corpus can be used as a part of the university word list for second-year English majors who have to read and comprehend university textbooks.

      PubDate: 2015-10-23T17:46:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2015.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2015)
  • Wanderwörter in languages of the Americas and Australia

    • Authors: Hannah Haynie; Claire Bowern; Patience Epps; Jane Hill; Patrick McConvell
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 1
      Author(s): Hannah Haynie , Claire Bowern , Patience Epps , Jane Hill , Patrick McConvell
      Wanderwörter are a problematic set of words in historical linguistics. They usually make up a small proportion of the total vocabulary of individual languages, and only a minority of loanwords. They are, however, found frequently in languages from across the world. There is, to our knowledge, no general synthesis of Wanderwörter patterns, causes of exceptionally high borrowing rates for particular lexical items, or estimates of their frequency across language families. Claims about the causes of their spread exist, but have not been widely tested. Nor, despite researchers’ intuitions that Wanderwörter form a distinct type of borrowing, is there a clear demonstration that Wanderwörter are, in fact, different from other loanwords in any concrete way. In the present paper, we examine the phenomenon of Wanderwörter using a standard sample of vocabulary in languages of Australia, North America and South America. The investigation presented here examines Wanderwörter in great enough detail to answer questions about the linguistic and social processes by which Wanderwörter migrate as well as the shapes and densities of the resulting networks. We show that Wanderwörter can be categorically distinguished from other borrowing. The study of Wanderwörter to date has focused on agricultural or industrialized societies; however, the phenomenon is well attested in networks of smaller languages. There are areal differences in types of Wanderwörter and the networks through which they spread. Specific categories of cultural association, including but not limited to agricultural cultivation, condition widespread borrowing. Wanderwörter are outliers in the realm of loanwords, borrowed far more frequently than typical lexical items but still a subset of a more general phenomenon. We show that the link between Wanderwörter and cultural diffusion may be a more sound basis for defining this term than the traditional definitions that invoke the loan frequency, areality, or untraceability of these terms.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2014.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 1 (2015)
  • A description of ASL features in writing

    • Authors: Kimberly A. Wolbers; Shannon C. Graham; Hannah M. Dostal; Lisa M. Bowers
      Pages: 19 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 1
      Author(s): Kimberly A. Wolbers , Shannon C. Graham , Hannah M. Dostal , Lisa M. Bowers
      Similar to second language students who embed features of their primary languages in the writing of their second languages, deaf and hard of hearing (d/hh) writers utilize features of American Sign Language (ASL) in their writing of English. The purpose of this study is to identify categories of language transfer, provide the prevalence of these transfer tendencies in the writings of 29 d/hh adolescents and describe whether language features are equally or differently responsive to instruction. Findings indicate six categories of language transfer in order of prevalence: unique glossing & substitution, adjectives, plurality & adverbs, topicalization, and conjunctions. ASL features, of both lexical and syntactical nature, appear to respond similarly to instruction.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.amper.2014.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 1 (2015)
  • Towards a typology of focus: Subject position and microvariation at the
           discourse-syntax interface

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 April 2015
      Author(s): Ángel L. Jiménez-Fernández
      In this work I explore the different discourse-syntax interface properties of focus fronting in Standard Spanish (SS) and Southern Peninsular Spanish (SPS) including Andalusian and Extremaduran varieties. In SS it is taken for granted that in focus fronting the verb is obligatorily adjacent to the preposed constituent. I show that this is not the case in SPS, where this condition is optional. I carry out an analysis of three types of foci which involve movement to the left periphery (contrastive focus, mirative focus and quantifier fronting) and one type of topic (resumptive preposing). Discourse, syntactic, and semantic properties are taken into account to illustrate this typology. Crucially, only contrastive and mirative focus contexts allow for preverbal subjects in SPS, which are proposed to be Given Topics in this variety. On the other hand, resumptive preposing is shown to entail a case of topic fronting. I use different experiments with empirical data and judgements by native speakers to test my proposal that focus-verb (or topic-verb) adjacency is subject to microparametric variation in Spanish.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
  • Phonaesthemes and sound symbolism in Swedish brand names

    • Authors: Abelin
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Ampersand, Volume 2
      Author(s): Åsa Abelin
      This study examines the prevalence of sound symbolism in Swedish brand names. A general principle of brand name design is that effective names should be distinctive, recognizable, easy to pronounce and meaningful. Much money is invested in designing powerful brand names, where the emotional impact of the names on consumers is also relevant and it is important to avoid negative connotations. Customers prefer brand names, which say something about the product, as this reduces product uncertainty (Klink, 2001). Therefore, consumers might prefer sound symbolic names. It has been shown that people associate the sounds of the nonsense words maluma and takete with round and angular shapes, respectively. By extension, more complex shapes and textures might activate words containing certain sounds. This study focuses on semantic dimensions expected to be relevant to product names, such as mobility, consistency, texture and shape. These dimensions are related to the senses of sight, hearing and touch and are also interesting from a cognitive linguistic perspective. Cross-modal assessment and priming experiments with pictures and written words were performed and the results analysed in relation to brand name databases and to sound symbolic sound combinations in Swedish (Abelin, 1999). The results show that brand names virtually never contain pejorative, i.e. depreciatory, consonant clusters, and that certain sounds and sound combinations are overrepresented in certain content categories. Assessment tests show correlations between pictured objects and phoneme combinations in newly created words (non-words). The priming experiment shows that object images prime newly created words as expected, based on the presence of compatible consonant clusters.

      PubDate: 2015-05-04T09:15:25Z
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