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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3030 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3030 Journals sorted alphabetically
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.402, h-index: 51)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.008, h-index: 75)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 79, SJR: 1.109, h-index: 94)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 27)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.515, h-index: 90)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 303, SJR: 0.726, h-index: 43)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription  
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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.967, h-index: 57)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.514, h-index: 92)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 5)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120, SJR: 5.2, h-index: 222)
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Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 24)
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Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.396, h-index: 27)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33, SJR: 4.152, h-index: 85)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.132, h-index: 42)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.274, h-index: 27)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 15)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.645, h-index: 45)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.261, h-index: 65)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 25)
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Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.44, h-index: 51)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.324, h-index: 8)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.885, h-index: 45)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 11)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.37, h-index: 73)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.4, h-index: 28)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.718, h-index: 58)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 26)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
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Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
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Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
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Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.478, h-index: 32)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access  
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 332, SJR: 0.606, h-index: 65)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
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Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
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Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.878, h-index: 68)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.408, h-index: 94)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, h-index: 22)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 304, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 49)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 36)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 6)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 3.289, h-index: 78)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 390, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 72)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal  
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.18, h-index: 116)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.275, h-index: 74)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.546, h-index: 79)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access  
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.879, h-index: 120)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.434, h-index: 14)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 18)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.285, h-index: 3)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 66)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 12)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access  
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.05, h-index: 20)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 29)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.776, h-index: 35)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.158, h-index: 9)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.289, h-index: 64)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.157, h-index: 153)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.063, h-index: 186)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.574, h-index: 65)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 45)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.653, h-index: 93)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 8.769, h-index: 256)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.259, h-index: 81)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.313, h-index: 172)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 2.023, h-index: 189)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 2.255, h-index: 171)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.803, h-index: 148)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.249, h-index: 88)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 45)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.653, h-index: 228)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.764, h-index: 154)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 125)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.653, h-index: 70)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.066, h-index: 51)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 27)
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Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.577, h-index: 7)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.548, h-index: 152)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 154)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 2)
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Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription  
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Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access  
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 1.907, h-index: 126)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.151, h-index: 83)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.711, h-index: 78)
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Journal Cover Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
  [5 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0867-4361
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3030 journals]
  • Ocena ryzyka związanego z nowymi substancjami psychoaktywnymi w świetle
           procedur unijnych oraz ustawy o przeciwdziałaniu narkomanii

    • Authors: Krzysztof Krajewski
      Pages: 49 - 59
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 July 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Krzysztof Krajewski
      Standard approach to defining notions of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances is scheduling them in appendices to drug laws. This method is precise, although not very flexible. It also raises questions regarding scientific evidence used to put substances on such schedules. In case of new psychoactive substances, this problem is aggravated by a lack of sufficient scientific knowledge, which leads to the decision-making process being strongly influenced by the precautionary principle. Nevertheless, there are several attempts in the current legislation to rationalise this process. Under EU regulations, the procedure follows three separate steps: collection of scientific data by EMCDDA and Europol and their assessment by the EMCDDA Scientific Committee, recommendation by the European Commission based on that assessment and the European Council decision on eventual control. The schedules were supplemented in Poland in the year 2009–2015 in a rather chaotic way as altogether about 160 substances became subject to control. This has changed recently. In 2015, a special list of new psychoactive substances was introduced, with substances to be scheduled by the minister of health on recommendation by the special risk assessment unit. However, there is no clear separation between collection and assessment of the scientific data by independent experts on the one hand and recommendations by some other body on the other. The risk assessment unit combines both activities and has a predominantly bureaucratic character. This illustrates dilemmas while attempting to create evidence-based risk assessment procedures.

      PubDate: 2016-07-10T15:41:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.07.001
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Motywy zażywania i typologia użytkowników nowych substancji
           psychoaktywnych na podstawie badania sondażowego i analizy forów
           internetowych w ramach projektu I-TREND

    • Authors: Dorota Wiszejko-Wierzbicka; Michał Kidawa; Marta Jabłońska
      Pages: 61 - 74
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Dorota Wiszejko-Wierzbicka, Michał Kidawa, Marta Jabłońska
      Introduction The new psychoactive substance (NPS) scene attracts people with various needs and motives. NPS, so-called designer drugs, for many seem to be the answer to what contemporary reality brings. The aim of the article is to present a typology of users and to present their views on the NPS. Methods The study used a mixed method using qualitative and quantitative approach. A survey with 1385 users of NPS was conducted online and the analysis of the two largest Polish internet forums: “hyperreal.info” and “dopalamy.com” was done. Within the qualitative analysis carried out according to the principles of grounded theory over 1000 posts were analysed relating to ten most popular NPS from three different groups: stimulants (mostly synthetic cathinones), psychedelics and synthetic cannabinoids. Results The study showed that the motives, context of use, style of language as well as expected effects of NPS are differentiating factors among users. Basing on these factors, in the process of qualitative analysis of Internet forums six different types of users were distinguished: 1) experts and scientists, 2) experimenters, 3) kamikaze, 4) newcomers, 5) supermen and 6) empathic party goers. Within each of the groups of NPS (stimulants, psychedelics, synthetic cannabinoids) the users of different types are dominant.

      PubDate: 2016-06-25T05:17:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Czynniki ryzyka majaczenia alkoholowego u osób leczonych stacjonarnie w
           Polsce z powodu uzależnienia od alkoholu

    • Authors: Aneta Michalska; Maciej Kopera; Bartłomiej Gmaj; Agata Łoczewska; Natalia Szejko; Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj; Eliza Kisielińska; Sylwia Fudalej; Marcin Wojnar
      Pages: 85 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 June 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Aneta Michalska, Maciej Kopera, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Agata Łoczewska, Natalia Szejko, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Eliza Kisielińska, Sylwia Fudalej, Marcin Wojnar
      Introduction Delirium tremens (DT) is a life-threatening complication that occurs in 5–33% of patients treated for alcohol withdrawal syndrome. The aim of the present study was to analyse the risk factors for delirium tremens among patients treated for alcohol dependence. Methods Medical data of 1027 patients hospitalised in Alcohol Detoxification and Rehabilitation Units of Nowowiejski Hospital in Warsaw were analysed. The relationships between variables that are thought to be related to the prevalence of delirium tremens in this population were evaluated. The relevant psycho-social and demographic data as well as information on alcohol use and treatment history were included. Results 262 patients (25.5%) confirmed delirium tremens in the past. Among the variables included in the logistic regression model, previous episodes of consciousness loss, suicide attempts and episodes of alcohol withdrawal syndrome, as well as harmful use of other psychoactive substances, proved to be significant risk factors for delirium tremens. Discussion The higher prevalence of DT among patients with previous suicide attempts confirms the relationship among the severity of alcohol dependence, suicide attempts and DT. Additionally, higher risk of DT in patients with previous episodes of consciousness loss can be explained by an increased number of head injuries in individuals with severe addiction. Presumably, the higher prevalence of DT among patients with previous episodes of alcohol withdrawal syndrome and other substance abuse can be attributed to the kindling model. Conclusions Previous episodes of alcohol withdrawal syndrome are the risk factors of delirium tremens attributable to the severity of alcohol dependence. In our opinion, the other risk factors, such as loss of consciousness, suicide attempts in the past and harmful use of other psychoactive substances, are nonspecific to alcohol dependence.

      PubDate: 2016-07-05T13:02:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Wareniklina – częściowy agonista receptorów nikotynowych w terapii
           zespołu uzależnienia od alkoholu

    • Authors: Natalia Obsada; Jadwiga Zalewska-Kaszubska
      Pages: 93 - 101
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 June 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Natalia Obsada, Jadwiga Zalewska-Kaszubska
      The pharmacotherapy currently used for alcohol dependence may reduce alcohol consumption and extend abstinence periods. However, it is effective in only about 30% of addicted subjects. Alcohol dependence is often accompanied by tobacco addiction, which can be caused by the fact that both alcohol and nicotine interact with neuronal nicotinic receptors. Experimental studies have been shown that varenicline, a nicotinic α4β2 partial agonist considered to be the most effective drug for smoking cessation, reduces voluntary ethanol intake and alcohol-seeking behaviour in experimental animals. In addition, varenicline reduces alcohol consumption and attenuates alcohol craving among heavily drinking smokers. These effects are probably the result of specific alcohol–medication interactions. Varenicline seems to be a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of alcohol dependence, especially for subjects addicted to both alcohol and tobacco.

      PubDate: 2016-06-15T10:46:43Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Molestowanie seksualne przed uzyskaniem pełnoletności a stan zdrowia i
           funkcjonowanie społeczne osób uzależnionych od opioidów leczonych
           substytucyjnie

    • Authors: Sylwia Fudalej; Anna Klimkiewicz; Maciej Kopera; Andrzej Jakubczyk; Marcin Wojnar
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 March 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Sylwia Fudalej, Anna Klimkiewicz, Maciej Kopera, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Marcin Wojnar
      Introduction A number of previous studies confirmed worse health and social conditions among opioid-dependent individuals with a childhood history of sexual abuse. To the best of our knowledge, this issue has not been investigated in the Polish population. We aimed to analyse the prevalence of sexual abuse in opioid-dependent individuals undergoing therapy in the methadone maintenance clinic and to assess the association of clinical and social characteristics with a history of sexual abuse. Method The study included a sample of 240 opioid-dependent patients. Participants were interviewed using self-reported questionnaire and standardised measures on experience of childhood and adulthood abuse, physical and mental health, addictions, social functioning and family history. Results About 35% of women reported sexual violence in childhood. Sexual abuse in this period was associated with family dysfunction, physical abuse, current more intensive depressive symptoms and pain, as well as suicide attempts with stronger morbid desires. Discussion The present findings are consistent with previous research of other authors. Interestingly, the present study did not confirm the relationship between sexual abuse and severity of opioid or alcohol dependence and poor social functioning. Conclusion The results of our study suggest the potential benefit to multifaceted treatment approach, which should specifically address sexual abuse and suicidal behaviour in opioid-dependent patients.

      PubDate: 2016-03-22T03:47:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of drug dependent persons’ health on the basis of routine
           laboratory test results

    • Authors: Beata Łangowska-Grodzka; Marcin Ziółkowski; Damian Czarnecki
      Pages: 9 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 March 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Beata Łangowska-Grodzka, Marcin Ziółkowski, Damian Czarnecki
      Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of reference value deviations in blood chemistry in patients treated for substance abuse and to demonstrate the relationship between the type of dependence and abnormalities in biochemistry studies. Material and method The study involved 93 subjects hospitalised in the brief dependence and codependence therapy department. Patients were divided into three groups: alcohol, opiate and amphetamine dependent. The study was conducted in the first two weeks of stay and concerned demographic data and blood chemistry results. Results Over 40% of all subjects had a higher than normal GTP activity, more than 20% higher than normal levels of cholesterol and ALT, and more than 16% higher AST. Persons addicted to amphetamine were shown to have the highest level of LDL, while the lowest was in those addicted to alcohol. The highest average GTP, AST, ALT liver injury markers occurred in alcohol and opiate dependent persons and the lowest in amphetamine addicts. Discussion This study confirmed the results of other studies that persons addicted to amphetamine had better biochemical parameters of liver functioning than opiate or alcohol addicts. Conclusion The most commonly assessed biochemical changes of reference values observed above concerned total cholesterol, AST, ALT, GTP. Alcohol or opiate dependent persons had more often increased activity of GTP, AST and ALT than those addicted to amphetamine.

      PubDate: 2016-03-27T15:56:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Problem współwystępowania zaburzeń hazardowych z zaburzeniami
           psychicznymi Przegląd literatury

    • Authors: Katarzyna Dąbrowska; Łukasz Wieczorek
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Łukasz Wieczorek
      Introduction The problem of gambling and mental disorder comorbidity has been well documented. The aim of the review is to discuss issues concerning the comorbidity of gambling disorders and substance use and other mental disorders. Method The literature review was carried out in July and August 2015 with use of scientific databases MEDLINE and ProQuest. Two search terms “gambling” and “comorbidity” were used to cover a broad spectrum of scientific problems related to the issue of comorbidity of gambling disorders and substance use and other mental disorders. Finally, after eliminating items not related to the review subject, 47 articles were included. Results The article presents data on the prevalence of the comorbidity problem and characterises the issue of gambling and mental disorder comorbidity, including disorders related to alcohol and illicit psychoactive substances use. The socio-economic determinants of the comorbidity problem are presented as are the diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities and their limitations. Summary The comorbidity of gambling and mental disorders is a significant problem because of its relatively great prevalence and implications for a clinical practice. Due to the high prevalence of gambling and mental disorder comorbidity, professionals working in psychiatric treatment as well as in the addiction field should carry out the possible complex diagnosis with use of gambling disorder screening tests.

      PubDate: 2016-03-27T15:56:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Parentyfikacja w rodzinach z problemem alkoholowym

    • Authors: Iwona Grzegorzewska
      Pages: 27 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 March 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Iwona Grzegorzewska
      Researches have become increasingly interested in parentification, described as the process of role reversal whereby a child is obliged to act as parent to his parents or siblings while neglecting his/her own needs. The amount of reporting is still insufficient, hence the need for further research and reflection on the issue as emphasised in the literature. The article discusses current knowledge on the nature of parentification and theoretical considerations, including the mechanisms leading to its occurrence. In particular, we concentrated on describing the specifics of parentification in alcohol families. As studies indicate, parental alcohol dependency is connected to the reversal of roles and disturbance of family hierarchy. We have presented the current state of research on parentification of children of parents with mental disorders caused by alcohol use and on the significance of parentification on the functioning of alcoholics’ children currently and in adult life. The paper also contains reflections on practical implications and directions for further research.

      PubDate: 2016-04-02T17:02:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Irreversible brain damage caused by methamphetamine

    • Authors: Sebastian Moeller; Hagen B. Huttner; Tobias Struffert; Helge H. Müller
      Pages: 39 - 41
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 March 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Sebastian Moeller, Hagen B. Huttner, Tobias Struffert, Helge H. Müller
      Methamphetamine is an addictive scene substance usage of which is increasing rapidly. While methamphetamine often causes neuropsychiatric symptoms like anxiety, psychosis and hallucinations, reports of structural ongoing cerebral alterations are rare. We here report a case of this kind of damage caused through methamphetamine use.

      PubDate: 2016-03-06T19:04:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Specjalna Sesja Zgromadzenia Ogólnego ONZ – okazja do ewaluacji
           światowej polityki narkotykowej

    • Authors: Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch; Magdalena Dąbkowska
      Pages: 43 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch, Magdalena Dąbkowska
      During General Assembly in September 2012, three heads of state from Colombia, Mexico, and Guatemala, gravely concerned by the impact of the international counter-narcotic regime on their countries, requested that the United Nations evaluate the impact of international drug policies. Not only costly and ineffective, these policies have taken their greatest toll on the world's poorest and most vulnerable people. As a result, the UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) to evaluate the effects of the global drug control system will be held in April 2016. With growing international criticism of current policies, the UNGASS 2016 should aim to achieve changes similar in scope to the milestone decision of the UNGASS 2001 on HIV/AIDS. In 2001, the impressive divide in access to AIDS medicines between the Global North and the South galvanized delegates to action, overwhelmed powerful opposition, and inspired a significant change in the global response to HIV epidemic. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria came into existence. Changes of the same nature are urgently needed in the field of international drug policy. It seems though, that the world has not yet achieved the level of momentum necessary to drive forward serious evidence-based reforms that respect human rights, promote public health, and assure human security.

      PubDate: 2016-03-11T21:41:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • East–west disparities in alcohol-related harm

    • Authors: Jacek Moskalewicz; Yury Razvodovsky; Łukasz Wieczorek
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 December 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Jacek Moskalewicz, Yury Razvodovsky, Łukasz Wieczorek
      Introduction The aim of this article was to provide more insight into the role of alcohol in the east–west disparities in mortality against other socio-economic factors, and to trace and compare mortality trends in Poland to the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), Western Europe (EU15) and Belarus, to understand persisting health inequalities across Europe better. Methods The paper uses mostly data from the Health for All Data Base (HFA) and European Detailed Mortality Database (EDMD). The WHO Global Health Observatory (GHO) data repository was used to calculate unrecorded alcohol consumption. In particular, life expectancy and standardised mortality rates per 100000 inhabitants aged 25–64 for circulatory system disease, chronic liver diseases and cirrhosis and external causes of injury and poisoning were analysed. Long-term trends of more than 30 years were used. For the presentation of trends, a three-year moving average was adopted. Results Since the 1970s, life expectancy in EU15 has remarkably increased compared to other parts of Europe. At the beginning of 1970s was only 2–3 years longer than in Poland or the Baltic Republics. Recently, life expectancy for men in EU15 is 11 years longer than in Belarus, 6–10 years than in Baltics and 5 years than in Poland. Also other indicators confirm a health gap such as diseases of the circulatory system, chronic liver diseases and cirrhosis and injuries and poisoning due to alcohol. Conclusions East–west economic and social inequalities that make the physical and social environment less safe for both sober and intoxicated individuals, particularly from highly marginalised social segments, have reinforced the existing health gap.

      PubDate: 2016-12-02T12:46:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.11.003
       
  • Fighting alcoholism among railway workers in the light of early 20th
           Century Polish-language temperance publications

    • Authors: Izabela
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 November 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Izabela Krasińska
      Introduction The temperance magazines issued between 1843 and 1914 in Polish lands and among the Polish diaspora in Germany and USA constitute a barely known, and thus rarely used, research source on the history of addictions, including of course alcoholism. The purpose of the article is to present how the creators and correspondents of Polish-language temperance periodicals considered the problem of railway workers’ alcoholism and their attempts to overcome the habit. Method The main research method employed was analysis of press content (qualitative method). The quantitative method was abandoned due to the small number of texts available for the analysis. A historical and critical method of source analysis as well as chronological-and-problem analysis also proved quite useful. Discussion and conclusions The Polish-language temperance periodicals provide, among other things, valuable information referring to as yet unknown though essential problem of fighting alcoholism among railway workers in Europe, USA and the Polish territories of the Three Partitions.

      PubDate: 2016-11-25T12:44:03Z
       
  • Czynniki kształtujące szwedzki rynek alkoholowy w warunkach zmian
           monopolu państwowego

    • Authors: Piotr Wetoszka
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 November 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Piotr Wetoszka
      Introduction The social costs of alcohol consumption in Sweden are still a challenge for alcohol policy. The privileges of the alcohol monopoly ‘Systembolaget’ established in 1950s of twentienth century have been gradually stepped back since Sweden's access to the EU. The author's aim is to verify the thesis of the complementary character of instruments for affecting the alcohol market (i.e. the regulatory and allocation policy) under conditions of the internal and external pressures on the Swedish monopoly. Method The methodology involves a critical study of recent literature works and legal documents as well as an analysis of statistical data. Results While effectively restricting the physical availability of alcohol, the monopoly succeeded also in shaping social attitudes to alcohol consumption. Regulations of excise duty rates and social campaigns made it possible for ‘Systembolaget’ to promote moderate alcohol consumption and effectively encourage the use of wine instead of other alcohol types. Discussion The undertaken analysis opens the way to a discussion on the possible effects of demonopolisation. Along with concerns regarding age limits controls in a free market model, an important argument against the abolition of ‘Systembolaget’ is its potential in meeting consumer expectations and shaping public opinion. Conclusions The thesis of the complementary character of alcohol policy instruments can be verified positively. Liberal tendencies in EU regulations make the allocative policy, with support of regulatory policy, a natural way to stabilise the monopoly's market share. Its publicity campaigns can be a lesson for countries with more liberal alcohol policies, including Poland.

      PubDate: 2016-11-25T12:44:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.11.002
       
  • External evaluation of the school and academic achievements in relation to
           

    • Authors: Joanna Mazur; Anna Kowalewska; Dorota Zawadzka; Anna Dzielska; Kamil Wais
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 November 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Joanna Mazur, Anna Kowalewska, Dorota Zawadzka, Anna Dzielska, Kamil Wais
      Introduction The aim of the paper is to evaluate the association between overall state school assessment and selected problem behaviours among secondary school students. Method The nationwide sample included 4085 students interviewed in 2015, from 70 randomly selected schools that had undergone comprehensive external evaluation. Two standardised scales describing alcohol drinking and delinquent behaviour taken from Polish version of CHIP-AE questionnaire (Child Health and Illness Profile – Adolescent Edition) were used. Hierarchical data structure was taking into account by comparison between a standard linear model and a mixed model with random intercept. The school assessment was based on 12 evaluation requirements and three categories of schools were distinguished (worse, average and better; 20%, 60% and 20% of the sampled schools respectively). Impact of gender, age, school achievement and family affluence on problem behaviours were analysed at the individual level. Results Among individual determinants, males and poor school achievements were a prediction of both problem behaviours (alcohol use and delinquent behaviour). A significant relationship between the results of school evaluation and alcohol use was demonstrated in preliminary analyses, but was weakly confirmed in multilevel models. However, the association between these results of school evaluation and the variability of delinquent behaviour index was revealed in the multivariate analysis, particularly in interaction with school achievements. Conclusion Better school may reduce the negative impact of factors contributing to adolescence problem behaviour.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T03:55:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.10.002
       
  • Causes and strategies of limiting psychoactive substance use by female
           escort agency sex workers

    • Authors: Izabela
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 November 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Izabela Ślęzak
      Introduction Purpose of the article is to analyse the motives of the decision to limit or stop using psychoactive substances (mainly alcohol) by female escort agency sex workers. Also presented are sex workers’ strategies to realise those objectives despite easy access to psychoactive substances and co-worker or client pressure to use them. Method The empirical basis of the article is in the form of 43 in-depth interviews with female escort agency sex workers. All interviewees declared they have attempted to limit consumption of psychoactive substances. Transcriptions and notes from the interview underwent analysis according to Grounded Theory methodology; that is open, selective, axial and theoretical coding. A constant comparative method was also employed. Results Indoor sex workers undertake activities intended to limit the amount of used substances, resulting from self-reflection, influence of significant others or pressure from agency managers. The researched women tried to achieve the objective through several strategies: limitation of amount and type of consumed substances, controlled alcohol/drug consumption, change of the agency to one with a less liberal approach to substance use and application of disulfiram. Conclusions Escort agency sex workers use the public support system for addicted individuals to an insignificant extent. They also do not participate in the Anonymous Alcoholics meetings. The crossing stigma related to prostitution and psychoactive substance abuse encourage them to undertake independent attempts to limit consumption, especially such that do not require participation in a therapy or in self-help groups.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T03:55:27Z
       
  • Craving sensation in the assessment of alcohol-dependent persons

    • Authors: Artur Jan; Chodkiewicz Krzysztof Marcin Damian Czarnecki Agata Biedrzycka Katarzyna
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 October 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Artur Juczyński, Jan Chodkiewicz, Krzysztof Gąsior, Marcin Ziółkowski, Damian Czarnecki, Agata Biedrzycka, Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagała
      Introduction The aim of the study was to determine the level of craving in alcohol-dependent subjects, as well as the age and gender-related differences in its occurrence. The correlations between the feeling of craving and the variables that affect its occurrence, such as the need for reward, the desire for relief, or obsessive thoughts about drinking and compulsive behaviours were also analysed. Methods The study was conducted in a group of 220 subjects, including 110 men and 110 women diagnosed with alcohol dependence syndrome (F10.2). The study was carried out in the third week of therapy, with the use of Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS-hd), Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS) and Craving Typology Questionnaire (CTQ). Results No gender-related differences in the level of experienced craving and coping with it were found. However, numerous age-related differences in the prevalence of craving were observed. Younger subjects, in comparison to older ones, are characterised by more frequent occurrence of this symptom. The intensity and duration of craving sensations are also higher in the younger group. Conclusions The approach to the problems of the occurrence of and coping with alcohol craving in the course of the therapy should be similar in men and women. However, there should be more focus on the working out of coping strategies, especially in the younger patients, because of the more frequent and intensive craving they experience, which poses a greater risk of relapse and recurrence of the problem.

      PubDate: 2016-10-14T06:30:25Z
       
  • Zwrot w uzależnieniach – Udział nauk biologicznych i społecznych w
           przeformułowaniu polityki wobec substancji psychoaktywnych. Streszczenie
           debaty naukowej (marzec 2016)

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 October 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction


      PubDate: 2016-10-14T06:30:25Z
       
  • The patient under the influence of alcohol – Discriminated victim or
           aggressor?

    • Authors: Anna Burak; Iwona Dembna; Katarzyna Cierzniakowska; Robert Zacniewski; Aleksandra Popow
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 September 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Anna Burak, Iwona Dembna, Katarzyna Cierzniakowska, Robert Zacniewski, Aleksandra Popow
      Introduction Persons under the influence of alcohol are often admitted as patients to hospital emergency departments (EDs) and other hospital wards. Their behaviour usually differs from the socially accepted norms, and, in consequence, these patients receive lower quality medical care, which is counted as discrimination. In this situation however, it is often difficult to define whether patients under the influence of alcohol are victims of discrimination or aggressors. The aim of this research was the identification of the incidences of unequal treatment of drunken patients by medical staff. Method The research was conducted from January to June 2015 on a group of 206 hospital ED medical staff, as well as other selected hospital wards, at two hospitals in Bydgoszcz. The diagnostic poll method was used, with the research tool being the original poll survey questionnaire. Non-parametric difference significance tests of independent groups were used for statistical analyses. The acquired data was processed with Statistica PL and Microsoft Excel programmes. Results The occurrence of unequal treatment by medical staff of patients under the influence of alcohol was observed in the performed studies. There is a correlation between medical staff workplace and the prevalence of discrimination against this group of patients. It most frequently takes place in EDs. In the respondents’ opinion, care and treatment of patients under the influence of alcohol is aggravated by their vulgar behaviour. From viewpoint of the medical staff, the existence of a special care institution for intoxicated persons is justified.

      PubDate: 2016-10-07T01:33:07Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alkona.2016.09.001
       
  • Przemoc fizyczna przed uzyskaniem pełnoletności wśród osób
           uzależnionych od opioidów leczonych substytucyjnie w programie
           metadonowym – doniesienie wstępne

    • Authors: Sylwia Fudalej; Gmaj Aleksandra Krasowska Piotr Serafin Anna Klimkiewicz Marcin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 June 2016
      Source:Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
      Author(s): Sylwia Fudalej, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Aleksandra Krasowska, Piotr Serafin, Anna Klimkiewicz, Marcin Wojnar
      Introduction There is growing evidence that childhood physical abuse leads to worse health and social functioning. Among others, physical maltreatment increases risk of developing substance dependence. The aim of the present study was to analyse the association between childhood physical abuse and social and medical conditions in opioid-dependent patients recruited in the methadone maintenance clinic. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no such studies in the Polish population. Method A sample of 240 opioid-dependent individuals were interviewed using standardised measures, which covered childhood maltreatment, family history, health conditions and social problems. Persons physically abused before 18 years of age were compared with those who had not such experiences. Results The prevalence of physical abuse in childhood was higher among women (34.3%) than men (19.4%). Physical abuse was associated with more severe symptoms of addiction, suicide attempts, more severe depressive symptoms, worse social functioning and family dysfunction. In addition, physical abuse victims reported greater pain intensity. Discussion The results of the present study confirm that exposure to childhood maltreatment is related to socio-economic status and psychopathology in opioid-dependent patients. More research is needed to investigate the relationships between physical abuse in childhood and perception of pain in opioid-dependent individuals. Conclusion The detailed assessment of childhood and adolescence maltreatment in opioid-dependent patients may facilitate and accelerate identification of co-existing dysfunctions and risks.

      PubDate: 2016-07-05T13:02:38Z
       
 
 
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