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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3185 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3185 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 100, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 433, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 418, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 381, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 468, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 251, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytica Chimica Acta : X     Open Access  
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 210, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217, SJR: 1.58, CiteScore: 3)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.704, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta de Investigación Psicológica
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2007-4719
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3185 journals]
  • Afrontamiento y algunos problemas internalizados y externalizados en

    • Authors: Edith Romero Godínez; Emilia Lucio y Gómez Maqueo; Consuelo Durán Patiño; Armando Ruiz Badillo
      Pages: 2757 - 2765
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 3
      Author(s): Edith Romero Godínez, Emilia Lucio y Gómez Maqueo, Consuelo Durán Patiño, Armando Ruiz Badillo
      Se propuso conocer cuáles eran las estrategias de afrontamiento que con mayor frecuencia utilizaban un grupo de escolares, analizar su relación con los problemas internalizados y externalizados e indagar sobre el impacto de las estrategias de afrontamiento en estos problemas. Participaron 394 niños (48% varones y 52% niñas), EdadM=9.4años (DE=1.09), inscritos en escuelas primarias de la Ciudad de México. Se aplicó una ficha socio-demográfica para niños, la escala infantil de afrontamiento (EIA) y el cuestionario de problemas internalizados y externalizados para niños (CPIEN). Se solicitaron los permisos en las escuelas para aplicar los instrumentos con ayuda de dos psicólogas entrenadas en la evaluación de niños. Los datos se analizaron con el programa SPSS v.22. Los resultados indicaron un mayor uso del afrontamiento funcional; correlaciones negativas entre el afrontamiento funcional y los problemas externalizados; correlaciones positivas entre el afrontamiento disfuncional y el centrado en la emoción con los problemas internalizados y externalizados. Finalmente, se observó que el afrontamiento centrado en la emoción explica en mayor medida los problemas internalizados, mientras que el afrontamiento disfuncional explica en mayor medida los problemas externalizados. Estos hallazgos pueden apoyar el diseño de intervenciones que fomenten el bienestar emocional de los niños. The objective of this study was to know which coping strategies were used more frequently by children; analyzing their relationship with internalizing and externalizing problems and to search how coping strategies impact on these problems. The participants were 394 children of elementary schools at Mexico City (48% boys and 52% girls), AgeM=9.4years old (S.D.=1.09). Data were collected using a Socio-demographic Questionnaire for Children, the Children's Coping Scale and the Internalizing and Externalizing Problems Questionnaire for Children. Permission from the schools was obtained in order to administer the questionnaires. Two psychologists trained in the management of groups and children's assessment, collaborated in the administration of the instruments. The data were analyzed with the SPSS v.20 program. The results indicated a more frequent use of functional coping; as well as negative relations of functional coping with externalizing problems; positive correlations of dysfunctional coping and focusing on emotion with internalizing and externalizing problems. Finally, it was observed that focusing on emotion coping explains the internalizing problems to a greater extent, while dysfunctional coping explains the externalizing problems to a greater extent. These results provide support for the design of interventions that promote the emotional well being of children.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.11.005
  • Cálculo mental en niños y su relación con habilidades

    • Authors: Jesica Formoso; Irene Injoque-Ricle; Silvia Jacubovich; Juan Pablo Barreyro
      Pages: 2766 - 2774
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 3
      Author(s): Jesica Formoso, Irene Injoque-Ricle, Silvia Jacubovich, Juan Pablo Barreyro
      Este trabajo buscó analizar si las variables memoria de trabajo (MT) verbal, MT visoespacial, velocidad de procesamiento y habilidad verbal pueden predecir la habilidad de los niños para el cálculo mental durante la realización de problemas aritméticos simples. Se administraron los subtests Vocabulario y Span de Dígitos del WISC-III; el subtest Casita de Animales del WPPSI-R y una prueba de problemas aritméticos (ad hoc) a 70 niños de 6 años. Un análisis de regresión lineal con el método stepwise mostró que solo la MT visoespacial predijo la variabilidad en las puntuaciones de cálculo mental (t =4.72; p <0.001; β=0.50). Los resultados son contrarios a estudios realizados en adultos y niños mayores en los cuales el mayor peso recae sobre la MT verbal. Es posible que a medida que los niños crecen la automatización de ciertos procesos de conteo y el almacenamiento de hechos aritméticos en la memoria de largo plazo produzca que dependan en mayor medida de la MT verbal para la resolución de este tipo de cálculos. This study aimed to analyze whether verbal working memory (WM), visual-spatial WM, processing speed, and verbal ability predicted children's ability to perform mental arithmetic. Five tests were administered to 70 6-years-old children: the Vocabulary and Digits Span subtests from the WISC-III Intelligence Scale, the Animal Pegs subtest from WPPSI-R, and an arithmetic test (ad hoc). A linear regression analysis showed that only visual-spatial WM predicted the variability in children's scores in the arithmetic test (t =4.72; P <.001; β=.50). These findings contradict studies carried out in adults and older children where verbal WM seemed to play a greater role in the subject's ability to conduct calculations without external aids. It is possible that as they grow older, the automation of certain counting processes, as well as the storage and recovery of arithmetic knowledge from long-term memory will cause them to rely primarily on verbal WM resources.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.11.004
  • Flexibilidad de la memoria tipo episódica en niños preescolares:
           tiempo y consecuencia

    • Authors: Eneida Strempler-Rubio; Angélica Alvarado; Javier Vila
      Pages: 2775 - 2782
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 3
      Author(s): Eneida Strempler-Rubio, Angélica Alvarado, Javier Vila
      La memoria tipo episódica (MTE) implica recordar de manera integrada el qué, el dónde y el cuándo de un evento y es atribuible a animales y humanos, permitiendo recordar y actualizar lo aprendido. Se realizó un experimento para estudiar la actualización y recuerdo integrado en la MTE de niños prescolares. Se compararon dos condiciones (A=B y A>B) que involucraron más de dos fases en las que varió la magnitud para una de las consecuencias. En una primera fase ambas condiciones presentaron la misma información (A+, B+ y C+), mientras que las fases subsecuentes se presentaron diferentes magnitudes de consecuencia (segunda fase: A++++ o A**** de acuerdo a la condición; tercera fase: B++++). Finalmente, la prueba ocurrió 24h después del entrenamiento y los participantes eligieron entre el contenedor A o B. El qué fue la consecuencia; el dónde, los contenedores, y el cuándo, el orden de cada fase presentada. Los datos sugieren que tras el paso del tiempo los participantes recuerdan de manera integrada el qué, el dónde y el cuándo actualizando el aprendizaje de cada experiencia. Los participantes consideraron la magnitud de la consecuencia obtenida en cada fase, mostrando así la flexibilidad del recuerdo propuesta por la MTE. Los datos son coherentes con las predicciones de la Regla de Ponderación Temporal de Devenport. Episodic-like memory (ELM) involves that animals can remember What, Where and When about an event and it is attributable to animals and humans, this ability permits recall and update learning. One experiment was made for study the update and integrated recall of ELM in preschoolers. We compared two conditions (A=B and A>B) that involve more than two phases with modifying of one magnitude outcome. In the first phase, both conditions had the same information, while next phases had different outcome value in two containers (A or B). Finally, a test was presented after 24hours: participants chose between A or B container. What, was the outcome subjective value; Where, was the containers and When was the order to each phase. Data suggest that after time pass, participants remember an integrated way about What, Where and When. Even when participants update learning for each experience participants chose according to time and outcome subjective value of each phase and the information retrieval is flexible as happen with ELM. Results are consistent with predictions of Devenport's Temporal Weighting Rule.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.11.006
  • Construcción y validación de una escala de asertividad en la relación

    • Authors: Alejandra García-Arista; L. Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
      Pages: 2793 - 2801
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 3
      Author(s): Alejandra García-Arista, L. Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
      El objetivo de este estudio fue la construcción y validación de un instrumento que evalúe la asertividad de pacientes con el personal médico. Participaron 216 pacientes con enfermedades crónico-degenerativas (Medad=42.74, DE =8.76) de un hospital público de la Ciudad de México, seleccionados mediante un muestreo no probabilístico accidental. Para validar el instrumento se llevó a cabo un análisis evaluando el poder discriminativo de los reactivos, se obtuvo la confiabilidad y la estructura factorial. La escala final contiene 21 reactivos que explican el 44.29% de la varianza total y la coherencia teórica de la estructura distribuida en 4 factores: No asertividad-pasividad, No asertividad-inseguridad, Asertividad-positiva y Agresividad; el instrumento tiene un nivel de confiabilidad de α=0.816, por lo que se concluye que esta escala cumple con los criterios de confiabilidad y validez para medir asertividad en la práctica clínica e investigación, con la limitante de que este instrumento se validó únicamente con población hospitalaria de la Cd. de México. The objective of this study was the construction and validation of an instrument to evaluate patients’ assertiveness with the medical personnel. Two hundred and sixteen patients with chronic degenerative diseases (Mage=42.74, SD =8.76), from a public hospital in Mexico City participated in this study, selected through a non probability haphazard sampling. In order to validate this instrument, an analysis was carried out evaluating the discriminative power of the items, the reliability and the factorial structure were obtained. The final scale contains 21 items, that explain 44.29% of the total variance and the theoretical coherence of the structure distributed on 4 factors: Non Assertiveness-Passivity, Non Assertiveness-Insecurity, Positive-Assertiveness and Aggressiveness, this instrument has a reliability level of α=.816, so it is concluded that this scale complies with the reliability and validity criteria to measure the assertiveness on clinic practice and investigation, with the limitation regarding its validation in the hospitalary population of Mexico City.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.11.008
  • El agonista del receptor de serotonina-2C Ro 60-0175 decrementa la
           expresión de la sensibilización locomotora inducida por etanol

    • Authors: Juan C. Jiménez; Florencio Miranda
      Pages: 2823 - 2831
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 3
      Author(s): Juan C. Jiménez, Florencio Miranda
      El objetivo principal de la presente investigación fue evaluar los efectos del agonista 5-HT2C Ro 60-0175 en la expresión de la sensibilización locomotora inducida por la administración de etanol. Además, también se evaluaron los efectos del antagonista 5-HT2C SB 242084 sobre los efectos del Ro 60-0175 en la sensibilización locomotora producida por etanol para determinar si los efectos del Ro 60-0175 resultan de una acción específica sobre los receptores 5-HT2C. Diferentes grupos de ratas se sometieron al desarrollo de sensibilización locomotora producida por etanol. En las pruebas de expresión de la sensibilización locomotora se evaluaron los efectos del Ro 60-0175 y del SB 242084 sobre la sensibilización locomotora producida por etanol. Adicionalmente se evaluó el pretratamiento con SB 242084 sobre los efectos del Ro 60-0175 en la sensibilización locomotora producida por etanol. Los resultados mostraron que el Ro 60-0175 disminuyó la sensibilización locomotora producida por etanol y que este efecto fue prevenido por el pretratamiento con SB 242084. Estos resultados sugieren que los receptores 5-HT2C juegan un papel modulatorio en la sensibilización locomotora producida por etanol. The main goal of the present research was to evaluate the effects of 5-HT2C receptor agonist Ro 60-0175 on the expression of ethanol-induced locomotor sensitization. In order to determine if these effects result from a specific action of Ro 60-0175 on 5-HT2C receptors, we also examined the effects of the selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist SB 242084 on Ro 60-0175's effects on the ethanol-induced locomotor sensitization. Different groups of rats were subjected to development of ethanol-induced locomotor sensitization. On the expression tests of the locomotor sensitization the effects of the Ro 60-0175 and SB 242084 on the ethanol-induced locomotor sensitization were evaluated. In addition, the pretreatment with SB 242084 on the effects of Ro 60-0175 on the ethanol-induced locomotor sensitization was also evaluated. The results showed that Ro 60-0175 produced a dose-dependent prevention of the expression of ethanol-induced locomotor sensitization. This effect was reversed by administration of SB 242084. These data suggest that 5-HT2C receptors play a regulatory role on ethanol-induced locomotor sensitization.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.11.003
  • Conducta adictiva a las redes sociales y su relación con el uso
           problemático del móvil

    • Authors: José Luis Jasso Medrano; Fuensanta López Rosales; Rolando Díaz Loving
      Pages: 2832 - 2838
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 3
      Author(s): José Luis Jasso Medrano, Fuensanta López Rosales, Rolando Díaz Loving
      Las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones han generado cambios e innovaciones que han influido significativamente en la vida de los jóvenes, ya que las han incorporado de manera habitual. Las redes sociales han traído beneficios a la población, mas a la par es uno de los problemas que más afectan a los jóvenes, la conducta adictiva. En una muestra de 374 universitarios se aplicó de forma electrónica una escala de adicción a redes sociales y de uso problemático al teléfono móvil (Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale [MMPUS]). El 58.6% fueron mujeres y el 41.4% hombres, con una edad promedio de 20.01 años (DE=1.84). Se realizó el análisis donde se encontró una relación entre la medición de la escala de adicción a redes sociales y MPPUS, escala de adicción a redes sociales con el uso del teléfono móvil y con el uso de la computadora, mientras que la medición del MPPUS solo se relacionó con el uso del teléfono móvil. El uso de computadora no se relacionó con el MPPUS y el uso del móvil. En conclusión, es importante el estudio del uso y adicción a los dispositivos móviles y redes sociales, ya que mientras la popularidad crece, aumentan de manera similar los factores de riesgo ante una conducta no saludable del uso de la tecnología. Information technology and communications have generated changes and innovations, significantly influenced in the life of the young people, since they have incorporated them of habitual way in their lives. However, the use of these has not only implied benefits in the population, with addictive behavior being one of the problems that affect young people the most. A sample of 374 college students was applied a social network addiction scale and mobile phone problematic use scale (Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale). The sample consists of 58.6% women and 41.4% men, with a mean age of 20.01 years (SD=1.84). A relationship was found between social network addiction with problematic use of the mobile phone, computer use and mobile use. On the other hand, the problematic use of the mobile phone was only related with the use of the smartphone and not with the use of the computer. In conclusion, finding a very high relation between addictive behaviors, can give us a perspective of both being dependent. It is recommended to continue to deepen the study of the use and addiction to mobile devices and social networks, as the popularity is increasing, also increases the risk factors for unhealthy behavior of the use of technology.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.11.001
  • Prólogo

    • Authors: Rolando
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 3
      Author(s): Rolando Díaz-Loving

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:29:34Z
  • Prólogo

    • Authors: Rolando
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 2
      Author(s): Rolando Díaz-Loving

      PubDate: 2017-11-08T19:48:33Z
  • Características de la comunicación en empresas ecuatorianas: una
           primera aproximación

    • Authors: Segundo Gonzalo Pazmay Ramos; Eleonor Virginia Pardo Paredes; Ángel Rogelio Ortiz del Pino
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Segundo Gonzalo Pazmay Ramos, Eleonor Virginia Pardo Paredes, Ángel Rogelio Ortiz del Pino
      El tema de investigación nace de los datos obtenidos en una investigación anterior sobre clima organizacional realizada por los mismos autores, donde el factor «Comunicación» fue el más llamativo. En el presente estudio se determina el proceso de comunicación de las empresas afiliadas a la Cámara Nacional del Calzado (CALTU), provincia de Tungurahua (Ecuador). Es una investigación de tipo exploratorio, descriptivo, cualitativo, fenomenológico, inductivo, hermenéutico-dialéctico, no experimental, transversal. Se aplican entrevistas en profundidad a los gerentes/propietarios de las empresas de calzado. El procesamiento de datos se realiza a través del software Atlas.ti, herramienta informática que facilita el análisis cualitativo de datos textuales. El análisis metodológico de los resultados se apoya en la teoría fundamentada, cuyo principio básico es la construcción de teoría partiendo directamente de los datos obtenidos, y no de supuestos a priori, de otras investigaciones o de marcos existentes. Se concluye que los entrevistados entienden la comunicación organizacional básicamente como la comunicación con el trabajador. Y la comunicación técnica es más fluida que la comunicación personal: existe apertura para la comunicación ascendente y para las sugerencias del personal, siempre y cuando la comunicación se relacione con la información necesaria para la ejecución de las tareas. The research topic arises from the data obtained in an earlier research on Organizational Climate conducted by the same authors, where the «Communication» factor was the most striking. In the present study, the communication process of the companies affiliated to the National Shoe Chamber (CALTU), Tungurahua, Ecuador, is determined. It is an investigation of type exploratory, descriptive, qualitative, phenomenological, inductive, hermeneutic-dialectical, non-experimental, transversal. In-depth interviews are conducted with managers/owners of footwear companies. The data processing is done through Atlas.ti software, a computer tool that facilitates the qualitative analysis of textual data. The methodological analysis of the results is based on the Grounded Theory, whose fundamental principle is the construction of theory starting directly from the data obtained, and not from a priori assumptions, from other research or from existing frameworks. It concludes that interviewees understand organizational communication basically as communication with the worker. And technical communication is more fluid than personal communication: there is openness to the upward communication and to the suggestions of the staff, as long as the communication is related to the information necessary for the execution of the tasks.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.03.006
  • Influencias del aprendizaje musical en el bienestar de un grupo de
           personas mayores de 65 años

    • Authors: Susana Sarfson Gleizer; Natalia Larraz Rábanos
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Susana Sarfson Gleizer, Natalia Larraz Rábanos
      Este artículo expone una investigación realizada para valorar la influencia del aprendizaje musical, en un grupo de adultos mayores de 65 años. Las actividades musicales realizadas se basaron en audioperceptiva (audición musical activa, entrenamiento de la discriminación auditiva, lectura musical) y canto grupal. Se realizó una valoración inicial y otra al final que han evidenciado la mejora en el bienestar subjetivo de todos los participantes. Con respecto a las habilidades cognitivas, los participantes muestran un cierto deterioro inicial, pero se han mantenido sus capacidades en todos los casos, y ha habido mejoras en algunos integrantes del grupo. Se considera que el programa debería aplicarse durante más tiempo para valorar su influencia en la conservación de habilidades cognitivas a medio plazo. This article presents an investigation to evaluate the influence of musical learning in a group of adults over 65 years. The musical activities were based on audioperceptive (active musical hearing, training of the auditory discrimination, musical reading) and group song. An initial, and final assessment was carried out where the improvement in the subjective well-being of the participants was evidenced. With regard to cognitive abilities, there is some cognitive impairment at the beginning, but the initial abilities have been maintained in all cases, and there have been improvements in several of the group members. It is considered that the program should be applied for a longer time to assess its influence on conservation of cognitive abilities.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.06.004
  • Comportamiento prosocial y agresivo en niños: tratamiento conductual
           dirigido a padres y profesores

    • Authors: Verónica Cuenca Sánchez; Brenda Mendoza González
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Verónica Cuenca Sánchez, Brenda Mendoza González
      El análisis conductual aplicado a través del entrenamiento a padres y profesores ha demostrado su efectividad para incrementar el comportamiento prosocial en niños que exhiben conductas agresivas; sin embargo, es escaso el trabajo de investigación que implique el efecto aditivo del tratamiento de ambos agentes. El objetivo del estudio fue conocer la efectividad de un programa de entrenamiento a padres y a profesores en 2 condiciones experimentales, para disminuir el comportamiento agresivo e incrementar el prosocial en alumnado de Educación Básica, en un estudio cuasiexperimental con diseño de inversión A-B-A. Participaron 3 docentes, 14 padres de familia y 94 alumnos, identificando a 14 que exhibieron comportamiento agresivo y mostraron déficit en comportamiento prosocial. Los programas de intervención empleados en el estudio se organizaron en 2 condiciones experimentales: la primera incluyó solo el entrenamiento a padres y la segunda incluyó el entrenamiento a padres más el entrenamiento a profesores en técnicas de modificación conductual. Los resultados demostraron que la intervención con 2 agentes de cambio obtuvo un mayor incremento en el comportamiento prosocial y una mayor disminución de comportamiento agresivo en el contexto familiar comparado con el grupo que recibió solo el entrenamiento a padres. También el tratamiento combinado demostró cambios significativos en el comportamiento de los niños en el contexto escolar. Applied behavior analysis has demonstrated its effectiveness to increase prosocial behavior in children with aggressive behavior through parent and teacher training, however, research work is limited regard the additive effect of the treatment with both agents. The target of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program addressed to teachers and another addressed to parents in a quasi-experimental study with A-B-A design. Three teachers, 14 parents and 94 students participated, identifying 14 who presented aggressive behavior and showed deficits in pro-social behavior. The intervention programs used in the study were organized in 2 experimental conditions, the first included only parent training and the second included parent training plus teacher training in behavior modification techniques. Results showed that the intervention with 2 agents was the most effective to increase prosocial behavior and decrease aggressive behavior in the family context compared with the group that received only parent training. Also the combined treatment showed significant changes in the school context.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.03.005
  • Asignación de etiquetas de talla a terceros en función de las
           características sociodemográficas del observador

    • Authors: Laura Acuña; Diana Alejandra González-García
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Laura Acuña, Diana Alejandra González-García
      Se averiguó si el sexo, la edad y el nivel educativo de un observador influyen sobre la etiqueta de talla que asigna a un tercero. Adultos (99 hombres y 176 mujeres; edad media de 40.52 años) asignaron las etiquetas de delgado, normal, con sobrepeso u obeso a ocho siluetas masculinas y ocho femeninas. Entre el 1 y el 82% de los participantes asignó una misma etiqueta a varias siluetas que no se correspondió con la etiqueta conforme al índice de masa corporal de los hombres y mujeres que representaban. Las mujeres, los participantes más jóvenes y los participantes con educación universitaria sobreestimaron la talla de hombres y de mujeres en mayor grado que sus contrapartes. En cambio, los hombres, los participantes adultos y los participantes con educación básica tendieron a subestimarla. Así, la estimación de la talla de otros efectivamente varió en función de las características sociodemográficas del observador. El etiquetamiento de las siluetas femeninas tendió a ser más preciso que el de las masculinas. Las normas culturales de cada subgrupo posiblemente uniformaron dentro de cada subgrupo el etiquetamiento de terceros. Los resultados añaden la asignación de etiquetas de talla a terceros al conocimiento previo sobre la influencia de los preceptos culturales sobre la percepción visual. The purpose of the study was to determine if body-size-labeling of other people varies according to the sex, age and educational level of the labeler. Adults (99 men and 176 women; mean age 40.52) assigned body size labels (thin, normal, overweight or obese) to eight masculine and eight feminine silhouettes. Between 1 and 82% of the participants assigned a same label to various silhouettes, that differed from the one that corresponded to the men and women represented by the silhouettes according to their body mass index. Results showed that women, younger participants and those with university studies overestimated the body size of both men and women to a greater degree than their counterparts. By contrast, men, adult participants and those with basic education underestimated the body size of men and women. Thus, body size labeling indeed varied with the sociodemographic characteristics of the observer. Labeling feminine silhouettes tended to be more precise than labeling masculine silhouettes. It was concluded that the cultural norms of each group might have uniformed within each subgroup the labeling of third parties. Results add body-size-labeling of third parties to the previous knowledge on the influence of cultural norms on visual perception.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.05.002
  • El cuidado de la salud como semilla para el desarrollo: experiencia de un
           programa basado en habilidades para la vida y reducción de barreras

    • Authors: Georgina García Rodríguez; Martha Edith Givaduan Moreno; Maricarmen Ramírez Hernández; Edna Itzel Valdez Arellano; Susan Pick Steiner
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Georgina García Rodríguez, Martha Edith Givaduan Moreno, Maricarmen Ramírez Hernández, Edna Itzel Valdez Arellano, Susan Pick Steiner
      Alrededor del 75% de los habitantes de Metlatónoc, Guerrero, viven en pobreza extrema (ENSANUT, 2012), lo que aumenta sus probabilidades de padecer problemas de salud, fundamentalmente en materias de higiene y nutrición. Para proporcionar a esta población herramientas que mejoren el control sobre la toma de decisiones que afectan su salud y prevenir enfermedades, se implementó un programa comunitario basado en habilidades para la vida y en el Marco para Facilitar el Empoderamiento Intrínseco (Pick y Sirkin, 2010). Se impartió un taller para formar a 35 promotores, quienes lo replicaron con la población meta siguiendo una metodología participativa y vivencial, llegando a 4,728 personas —casi todas mujeres—. Para evaluar el efecto del programa se aplicó un cuestionario de autorreporte; con los promotores se utilizó un diseño longitudinal: pre, post y seguimiento, y con la población meta un diseño pre-post con grupo control. Se encontraron efectos favorables y significativos en gran parte de las variables evaluadas (conocimientos, actitudes y conductas meta, habilidades para la vida, barreras psicosociales, agencia personal y empoderamiento intrínseco), en ambos tipos de participantes. Los hallazgos se discuten a la luz de su contribución para disminuir la vulnerabilidad de las personas y potenciar su desarrollo. About 75% of the population of Metlatónoc, Guerrero, México, lives in extreme poverty (ENSANUT, 2012), which increases the probability of having health problems, regarding their hygiene and nutrition. In order to facilitate tools which can allow this population to improve their control over their decisions with respect to their health and disease prevention, a community-based program based on life skills and the Framework for Enabling Intrinsic Empowerment (Pick y Sirkin, 2010) was implemented. Thirty five promoters were trained through an experiential workshop, who replicated it with 4,728 people —mostly women—. To evaluate the program effect, a self-report questionnaire was applied; a longitudinal design (pre, post and follow-up) was used with the promoters and a pre-post with control group with the target population. With both groups, positive statistically significant effects were found in most of the variables: knowledge, attitudes and target behaviors, life skills, psychosocial barriers, personal agency and intrinsic empowerment. Findings are discussed in light of their contribution to diminish the vulnerability of this population, and strengthen their potential for development.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.06.002
  • Construcción de una escala de ideología política en el contexto
           costarricense a partir de un trabajo realizado en Córdoba, Argentina

    • Authors: Pablo Andrés Sánchez Campos
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Pablo Andrés Sánchez Campos
      La ideología política refleja una serie de creencias y comportamientos que pueden ser medidos, siendo necesario la creación de un instrumento psicométrico que permita llevar a cabo dicho fin. Para ello, se utilizó como base la escala construida por Brussino, Rabbia, Imhoff y Paz García (2011), quienes desarrollaron un trabajo similar en Córdoba, Argentina. El procedimiento contempló la valoración de personas expertas, entrevistas cognitivas y una muestra de 117 asesoras y asesores de la Asamblea Legislativa de Costa Rica, además del apoyo de dos personas diputadas. Los datos arrojan que el instrumento mide tres tipos de ideología (conservadora, socialista y progresista) con un índice aceptable de confiabilidad (α=0.747). The political ideology reflects a series of beliefs and behaviors that can be measured, being necessary the creation of a psychometric instrument. In this way, we used the scale constructed by Brussino, Rabbia, Imhoff, & Paz García (2011), who developed a similar work in Cordoba, Argentina. The procedure included expert's criteria, cognitive interviews and a sample of 117 advisers from the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica, in addition to the support of two deputies. The data show the instrument can measure three types of ideology (conservative, socialist and progressive) with an acceptable reliability (α=.747).

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.06.005
  • Conciencia racial en una muestra de niños veracruzanos

    • Authors: Hazael Sotelo Navarro; Natanael Rivera Vázquez
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Hazael Sotelo Navarro, Natanael Rivera Vázquez
      En México la discriminación por origen étnico es un fenómeno documentado, como lo informa el Consejo Nacional para Prevenir la Discriminación (CONAPRED). Identificar el grupo étnico al que uno pertenece y categorizar a otros según sus características físicas se denomina «conciencia racial» (Clark y Clark, 1939, 1947, 1950). Greenfield (2009) propone que los patrones de socialización son modificados por cambios sociodemográficos en el medio socializador. El estudio se basó en las investigaciones de Clark y Clark (1939, 1947, 1950) añadiendo una muñeca similar al fenotipo «moreno» presente en el 64% de la población en México. Se aplicó a 180 menores de primer grado de primaria de la zona centro del Estado de Veracruz en niños con fenotipo «mestizo nahua» (Buentello, Peñaloza, Salamanca y Sanabria, 2005), 90 de medio urbano y 90 de medio rural que, aunque comparten origen étnico, son socializados de modo distinto; la comparación se realizó para contrastar si existen diferencias significativas entre ambos medios en el desarrollo de la conciencia racial, medida en: actitudes y prejuicio a grupos raciales, identificación de grupos raciales y autoidentificación racial. No se encontraron diferencias significativas al comparar los medios de socialización; la tendencia general fue asociar «lo blanco» con lo bueno y lo malo con «lo oscuro». Discrimination related to ethnic origins in Mexico is a documented topic as the Consejo Nacional para Prevenir la Discriminación (CONAPRED) reports. Understanding oneself as a member of an ethnic group and categorizing others and their groups is denominated “Racial Awareness” (Clark & Clark, 1939, 1947, 1950). Greenfield (2009) proposed that socialization patterns are modified by the sociodemographic changes in the socialization media. This study was bases on Clark and Clark studies (1939, 1947, 1950) adding a doll phenotypically similar to the 64% of the considered “brunette” Mexican population. The experiment was applied to 180 first graders at the central zone of the State of Veracruz in “mestizo nahua” phenotypical children (Buentello, Peñaloza, Salamanca & Sanabria, 2005), 90 from urban media and 90 from rural media, that despite of sharing the ethnic origin, are socialized differently. The stablished comparison objective was to check if actually there are significant differences in the Racial Awareness development, measured by: attitudes and prejudice towards Racial Groups, Racial Groups Identification and Racial Autoidentification. No significant differences were found among the socialization media; the general tendency was to associate “the whiter” choices with the positive terms and the negative terms with “the darker” choices.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.05.003
  • Percepción de prácticas de crianza: análisis confirmatorio de una
           escala para adolescentes

    • Authors: Danahe Casais Molina; Mirta Flores Galaz; Alejandra Domínguez Espinosa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Danahe Casais Molina, Mirta Flores Galaz, Alejandra Domínguez Espinosa
      Las prácticas de crianza parentales son significativas en etapas tempranas del desarrollo. En la adolescencia, aunque existe influencia de otros ámbitos sociales, estas prácticas aún continúan teniendo un papel significativo. El diseño y la construcción de instrumentos de medición para estas prácticas de crianza en adolescentes se han caracterizado por la complejización de variables. Esta investigación tiene como objetivo elaborar y aportar evidencias de validez estructural de la Escala de Percepción de Prácticas de Crianza para Adolescentes (Flores et al., 2010), en una muestra conformada por 623 adolescentes de Mérida, Yucatán, de entre 12 y 18 años (51.8% mujeres y 48.2% hombres). Los resultados obtenidos en el análisis factorial confirmatorio mostraron ajustes significativos (X 2 =1,423.049, gl=374, p =0.000; CFI=0.916, GFI=0.917, TLI=0.909, RMSEA=0.049, RMR=0.055) en un modelo de tres dimensiones: afectividad (α=0.93), control (α=0.81) y apoyo (α=0.62), con propiedades psicométricas y evidencias de validez estructural significativas. Se reporta que la afectividad y el apoyo se asocian con la percepción de las prácticas de crianza maternas en adolescentes, mientras que la dimensión de control se asocia con las prácticas de crianza paternas. The parental parenting practices are significant in the early stages of development. In adolescence, although there is influence from other social spheres, these parental practices still continue to play a significant role. However the design and construction of measurement instruments for these adolescent parenting practices have been characterized by the complexization of variables. This research aims to elaborate and provide evidence of structural validity of the Parenting Perception Scale for Adolescents (Flores et al., 2010) in a sample consisted of 623 adolescents of Mérida, Yucatán, between 12 and 18 years old (51.8% are women, and 48.2% are men)). The results showed that the structural equivalence and confirmatory analyzes obtained significant adjustments (X 2 =1,423.049, gl=374, P =.000; CFI=.916, GFI=.917, TLI=.909, RMSEA=.049, RMR=.055) in a three dimensional model: the affectivity dimension (α= 93), the control dimension (α=.81) and the support dimension (α=.62). Psychometric properties and evidence of significant structural validity in the scale were found. It is reported that the affective dimension and the support dimension are associated with the perception of maternal parenting practices in adolescents, while the control dimension is associated with perception of parental parenting practices.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.06.001
  • Universalidad del constructo del Maslach Burnout Inventory en un contexto

    • Authors: Olga Kulakova; Bernardo Moreno Jiménez; Eva Garrosa; Milagros Ocalin Sánchez Hernández; Aurora Aragón
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Olga Kulakova, Bernardo Moreno Jiménez, Eva Garrosa, Milagros Ocalin Sánchez Hernández, Aurora Aragón
      El uso universal del Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), y sus versiones, ha creado un marco de inferencias polémicas sobre el cimiento anglosajón del MBI. El estudio analiza la universalidad del constructo de burnout del MBI en un contexto latinoamericano, examinando su validez, mediante análisis factorial exploratorio, confirmatorio y de fiabilidad. Un total de 505 docentes nicaragüenses participaron en el estudio. El 41% de los ítems no superaron las cargas factoriales. El mayor cuestionamiento acopia las inferencias de las dimensiones Despersonalización y Realización personal, apuntando a la probable falta de correspondencia cultural del constructo. El Agotamiento emocional resultó consistente y con la fiabilidad aceptable. El modelo del análisis factorial confirmatorio con el mejor ajuste mostró que el burnout puede ser interpretado como parte de una sola variable latente. Se concluyó que el constructo del MBI, tal como se plantea, no muestra suficiente peso para asumir su universalidad entre culturas heterogéneas. Las inconsistencias encontradas en la Despersonalización y la Realización personal dan indicios que se trata de un fenómeno específico ligado a contextos culturales determinados. The universal use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and its versions has created a framework of controversial inferences about the MBI's Anglo-Saxon foundation. The study analyzes the universality of the MBI burnout construct in a Latin American context, examining its validity, through exploratory, confirmatory factor analysis plus reliability; 505 Nicaraguan teachers participated in the study; 41% of the items did not surpass the factorial loads. The major inquiring points out to the inferences of the Depersonalization and Personal Realization dimensions, directing to the probable lack of cultural correspondence of the construct. Emotional exhaustion was consistent and with acceptable reliability. The model of Confirmatory Factor Analysis with the best fit showed that burnout can be interpreted as part of a single latent variable. It was concluded that the MBI construct, as proposed, does not show enough weight to assume its universality among heterogeneous cultures. The inconsistencies found in Depersonalization and Personal Realization give indications that it is a specific phenomenon linked to particular cultural contexts.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.05.001
  • Percepción materna del desarrollo socioemocional infantil: relación con
           temperamento infantil y sensibilidad materna

    • Authors: Chamarrita Farkas; Karen Alejandra Rodríguez
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 October 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Chamarrita Farkas, Karen Alejandra Rodríguez
      Debido al rápido crecimiento en las habilidades sociales y emocionales tempranas, variaciones significativas en el desarrollo socioemocional comienzan tempranamente y pueden hacerse más fuertes a través del tiempo. Además, variables individuales y familiares pueden contribuir a incrementar estas diferencias entre niños de una misma edad. Este estudio examina la relación entre la percepción materna del desarrollo socioemocional infantil a los 12 meses de edad con la sensibilidad materna, el sexo y temperamento infantil, y el nivel socioeconómico familiar, y analiza cuál de estas variables predice dicha percepción. Un total de 90 niños y niñas fueron evaluados con sus madres al año de edad, con la Escala Social Emocional (Bayley), el Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ-R-VSF), la Evaluación de Sensibilidad del Adulto (ESA) y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Los resultados mostraron que el mejor predictor de la percepción materna del desarrollo socioemocional infantil a esta edad era el temperamento del niño, específicamente la dimensión de extraversión. Because of the rapid growth in early social and emotional skills, significant variations in socioemotional development begin early and may become stronger over time. In adittion, individual and family variables may contribute to increase these differences among children of the same age. This study examined the relationship between maternal perception of infants’ social-emotional development at 12 months of age, maternal sensitivity, child's gender and temperament, and family's socioeconomic status, and analyzes which of these variables predict such perception. 90 boys and girls were assessed with their mothers at 1 year old with Bayley Social Emotional Scale, Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ-R-VSF), Adult's Sensitivity Assessment (ESA), and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Results showed that the best predictor of maternal perception of infant socio-emotional development at this age was the child's temperament, specifically the dimension of extraversion.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T16:54:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.06.003
  • Prólogo

    • Authors: Rolando
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica, Volume 7, Issue 1
      Author(s): Rolando Díaz-Loving

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T15:31:21Z
  • Validación del Inventario de Miedo para Niños II en estudiantes
           de primaria y secundaria

    • Authors: Federico Pulido Acosta; Francisco Herrera Clavero
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 May 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Federico Pulido Acosta, Francisco Herrera Clavero
      En el actual sistema educativo, existe una enorme preocupación por el bajo rendimiento en las diferentes áreas académicas, lo que promueve la búsqueda de nuevas fórmulas de actuación docente. Esta búsqueda exige que el alumnado deba aprender nuevas habilidades y capacidades con el fin de adaptarse a este proceso en continua evolución. Desde esta perspectiva, con preocupación por los escasos logros académicos, se pone de relieve la enorme importancia que pueden llegar a tener las emociones y su adecuado control para la mejora del mismo. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo validar un cuestionario para evaluar el miedo, utilizando como referencia el Fear Survey Schedule for Children II (FSSC-II) (Ascensio et al., 2012) y destinado a una muestra de estudiantes desde educación primaria hasta bachillerato en la ciudad de Ceuta. Para esto se contó con 961 participantes, procedentes de 8 centros distintos (4 Centros de Educación Infantil y Primaria [CEIP] y 4 Institutos de Enseñanza Secundaria [IES]). El 53.4% fueron mujeres, el 46.6% varones, el 66.3% musulmanes, el 33.7%, con edades comprendidas entre los 6 y los 18 años. Considerando la muestra por cultura, el 66.3% fueron musulmanes y el 33.7% cristianos. Como instrumento de evaluación se empleó el FSSC-II, adaptado al castellano por Ascensio et al. (2012). Se reflejan niveles de fiabilidad altos así como las dimensiones esperadas (5) para el cuestionario, apareciendo intercorrelaciones positivas entre los totales y las dimensiones que lo conforman. Este cuestionario se muestra como instrumento adecuado para evaluar estas capacidades en la población adolescente en un contexto diferente al del trabajo de referencia. In the current educational system, an enormous preoccupation by the low yield in the different academic areas exists, which promotes the search of new formulas of educational performance. This search cause that the pupils must learn new abilities and capacities with the purpose of conforming itself to this process in continuous evolution. From this perspective, with preoccupation by the little academic profits, the enormous importance is put of relief that can get to have the emotions and their suitable control for the improvement of himself. Socio-emotional states are starting to become more relevant and are now part of a reality in the field of Education. In this field there is high interest in emotional education programs, especially in earlier stages. These programs must be evaluated to check this efficiently. The objective of this paper is to validate a questionnaire to assess Fear, using as reference the Fear Survey Schedule for Children II (FSSC-II) (Ascensio et al., 2012) aimed at a sample of students from Primary to the end of Secondary Education. We focused on 961 participants from 8 different centers (4 schools and 4 high schools) that clearly reflect the city's pluricultural features. Considering age we focused on children from 6 to 18 years old. Considering gender, the 46.6% of them are boys and the 53.4% are girls. If we consider culture and custom religion, 66.3% are Muslims and 33.7% Christians. The technique used in this survey is a test developed to assess Fear (FSSC-II) adapted for its use in the Spanish language by Ascensio et al. (2012). The results show high levels of reliability. Our expectations about dimensions (5) were confirmed for the questionnaire. There are positive correlations between totals and the dimensions of the questionnaire. Therefore this questionnaire is an appropriate tool to evaluate the Fear in a teenager sample in our context.

      PubDate: 2017-05-06T09:53:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.02.003
  • Measurement of the Jungian Psychological Types in Mexican university

    • Authors: María Elena Hernández-Hernández; José María de la Roca Chiapas; Luis Felipe García y Barragán
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): María Elena Hernández-Hernández, José María de la Roca Chiapas, Luis Felipe García y Barragán
      The aim of this study was to measure the eight Psychological Types proposed by Carl G. Jung in Mexican population. A cross-sectional, multicenter, exploratory study was carried out, for which a psychometric instrument based on Jungian typology theory was developed. The Psychological Type Indicator (ITP, for its acronym in Spanish) consisted of 8 subscales (one per psychological type). It was administered to a sample of 1194 participants and validated by the methodological and statistical procedure developed by Reyes Lagunes and García y Barragán. The participants were Mexican university students, ranging from 17 to 40 years (median=21, IQR=4; 63% female). The internal consistency of the instrument was determined, obtaining an alpha coefficient of 0.873. An exploratory factor analysis indicated a structure of 10 factors, which together explained 32.672% of the variance. Four of the found factors were consistent with Jungian typology (Introverted Feeling, Introverted Thinking, Extraverted Sensing and Extraverted Feeling). The rest of the factors grouped attributes of this theory, which enable a new way of assessing personality in Mexican population with reference on this model of personality.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T09:16:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.03.002
  • Violencia de pareja a través de medios electrónicos en
           adolescentes mexicanos

    • Authors: Claudia Ivethe Jaen-Cortés; Sofía Rivera-Aragón; Lucy María Reidl-Martínez; Mirna García-Méndez
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Claudia Ivethe Jaen-Cortés, Sofía Rivera-Aragón, Lucy María Reidl-Martínez, Mirna García-Méndez
      El propósito de este estudio instrumental fue obtener las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Violencia de Pareja que se expresa a través de Medios Electrónicos (EVIME) en adolescentes mexicanos. Colaboraron 878 participantes, hombres y mujeres con edades de entre 12 y 19 años (M=16.58; DE=1.36 años). Dicha escala está compuesta por 32 reactivos agrupados en 5 factores y con formato de respuesta tipo Likert de 4 opciones. Se obtuvo la validez de constructo mediante análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación ortogonal (varimax) que explican el 57.7% de la varianza (prueba KMO=0.93, p =0.00). La consistencia interna total tiene un valor alfa de Cronbach α=0.94. Las prevalencias de violencia en una muestra probabilística de 1,278 adolescentes para cada una de las dimensiones son: control, monitoreo intrusivo y vigilancia cibernética=44.3%; agresión verbal=15.5%; agresión sexual=11.9%; coerción sexual=7.7% y humillación=6.1%. La violencia de pareja que se manifiesta a través de medios electrónicos es un problema social y de salud pública emergente que posee cualidades específicas debido a la naturaleza de las herramientas tecnológicas que utilizan los adolescentes para interactuar con la pareja romántica. The aim of this study was to get the psychometric characteristics for the Social/Electronic Media Violence in Couples Scale (EVIME for its initials in Spanish) in Mexican teenagers. There were 878 participants, men and women with ages ranging between 12 and 19 years old (M=16.58; SD=1.36). This scale is composed by 32 items grouped into 5 factors with 4 Likert-type answer options. The construct validity was obtained through a factorial analysis of principal components with an orthogonal rotation (varimax) which account for the 57.7% of the variance (KMO test=.93, P =.00). The total internal consistency has a Cronbach's alpha of α=.94. Violence prevalence in a probabilistic simple of 1,278 teenagers for each dimension are: control, intrusive monitoring and cybernetic vigilance=44.3%; verbal aggression=15.5%; sexual aggression=11.9%; sexual coercion=7.7% and humiliation=6.1%. Violence in couples through social/electronic media is a social and public health growing problem with specific characteristics due to all the variety of technological tools teenagers use to interact with their couple.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T09:16:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.01.001
  • Culture as perceived context: An exploration of the distinction between
           dignity, face and honor cultures

    • Authors: Peter B. Smith; Matthew J. Easterbrook; James Blount; Yasin Koc; Charles Harb; Claudio Torres; Abd Halim Ahmad; Hu Ping; Goksu Cagil Celikkol; Rolando Diaz Loving; Muhammad Rizwan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Peter B. Smith, Matthew J. Easterbrook, James Blount, Yasin Koc, Charles Harb, Claudio Torres, Abd Halim Ahmad, Hu Ping, Goksu Cagil Celikkol, Rolando Diaz Loving, Muhammad Rizwan
      Researchers are making increasing use of the distinction between cultural logics emphasizing dignity, face, and honor. Students from eight nations including two from Latin America rated items tapping the extent to which they believed that most persons in their nation endorsed these types of mindset. Their ratings did not accord with prior beliefs as to which cultures exemplify dignity, face, and honor. However, the predictions that analytic cognition would be more prevalent in dignity cultures and contrasting types of holistic cognition would be more prevalent in face and honor cultures were supported. The belief that the logic of dignity was prevalent within one's nation was significantly associated with higher life satisfaction.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T09:16:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.03.001
  • Adaptación y validación de la escala de impacto de fatiga

    • Authors: Rocío Elizabeth Duarte Ayala; Ángel Eduardo Velasco Rojano; Juan José Sánchez Sosa; Lucina Isabel Reyes Lagunes
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Rocío Elizabeth Duarte Ayala, Ángel Eduardo Velasco Rojano, Juan José Sánchez Sosa, Lucina Isabel Reyes Lagunes
      La fatiga es una sensación de cansancio físico con consecuencias adversas en la calidad de vida de las personas, por consiguiente, es importante contar con instrumentos confiables y válidos para medirla. Una de las escalas más utilizadas es la Escala de Impacto de Fatiga, sin embargo, hay versiones con una y tres dimensiones en diversas culturas. Por lo que el propósito de este trabajo fue traducir, adaptar de manera culturalmente relevante y comparar las estructuras de una y tres dimensiones de la Escala de Impacto de Fatiga, para identificar la más adecuada en población general de la Ciudad de México. Se trabajó con tres grupos diferentes de participantes; el primero para la traducción y adaptación conformado por siete jueces expertos en el idioma, el segundo para la validación psicométrica con 205 participantes de población general y, el tercero, para el análisis factorial confirmatorio con 406 habitantes de la Ciudad de México. Se probó la distribución, discriminación, confiabilidad y estructura de la escala, en un análisis exploratorio y confirmatorio, quedando una escala final de 10 reactivos con tres factores: física, mental y psicosocial que explican el 59% de varianza con buen ajuste (X2[21.7] =20,762, p=0.522; CFI=1; RMSEA=0), con una confiabilidad α=0.93. Fatigue is a sensation of physical weariness with adverse consequences on the quality of life of people, therefore, it is important to have reliable and valid instruments to measure it. One of the most widely used is the Fatigue Impact Scale, however, there are one- and three-dimensional versions in several cultures. Therefore, the aim of this work was to translate, culturally relevant and compare the one and three-dimensional structures of the Fatigue Impact Scale to identify the most appropriate in the general population of Mexico City, with three different groups of participants. The first one for translation and adaptation made up with seven expert judges in the language; the second for psychometric validation with 205 participants from the general population, and the third, for confirmatory factor analysis with 406 inhabitants of Mexico City. The distribution, discrimination, reliability and structure of the scale were tested in an exploratory and confirmatory analysis, with a final scale of 10 items with three factors: physical, mental and psychosocial explaining the 59% variance with goodness of fit (X2[21.7]=20.762, p=0.522; CFI=1; RMSEA=0), with reliability α=0.93.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T09:16:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.02.002
  • Apoyo social en adultos mexicanos: validación de una escala

    • Authors: Michelle García-Torres; Mirna García-Méndez; Sofía Rivera-Aragón
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 April 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Michelle García-Torres, Mirna García-Méndez, Sofía Rivera-Aragón
      El apoyo social es definido como la disponibilidad de personas en las que se puede confiar, que le hacen saber a un individuo que es valorado y amado. El objetivo del estudio fue elaborar una escala para evaluar el apoyo social en personas adultas mexicanas. En una primera fase, 200 adultos (M edad =25, DE =8.93) respondieron redes semánticas para obtener el significado del apoyo social. En una segunda fase, resultado de las redes semánticas y con los supuestos teóricos sobre apoyo social, se elaboró una escala Likert con 6 opciones de respuesta. Colaboraron 350 participantes (M edad =33, DE =9.38). En ambas fases la muestra se integró por residentes de la Ciudad de México y área metropolitana. Resultado de los análisis psicométricos realizados (sesgo, correlación ítem total, t de Student para grupos extremos, análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación oblicua y alpha de Cronbach), la escala quedó integrada por 26 reactivos distribuidos en 4 factores: emocional (α=0.90), compañerismo (α=0.75), validación (α=0.82) y práctico/instrumental (α=0.80). La varianza explicada fue del 56.33%, con un índice de fiabilidad global de 0.937. Se obtuvo una escala válida, confiable y culturalmente relevante para evaluar el apoyo social en población mexicana. Social support is defined as the availability of people on whom someone can rely on, people who let an individual know that he is valued and loved. The aim of this research was to elaborate a scale to assess the social support in adult Mexican people. In the first stage 200 adults (M age =25, SD =8.93) answered and instrument using the technique of the natural semantic networks to obtain the psychological meaning of social support. In a second stage, using the results from the first one, a Likert instrument with six answer options was elaborated. In that part 350 participants collaborated (M age =33, SD =9.38). In both stages the samples were integrated by Mexico City and Metropolitan Area residents. Result of the psychometric analysis performed (skew, item-total correlation, Student t test for extreme groups, factorial analysis by principal components with oblique rotation and Cronbach's alpha), the scale became integrated for 26 items distributed in 4 factors: emotional (α=.90), fellowship (α=.75), validation (α=.82) and practical/instrumental (α=.80). The explained variance was of 56.33% with a global reliability index of .937. It was obtained a valid and reliable scale, culturally relevant to assess the social support in Mexican population.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T09:16:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.02.004
  • Risk low math performance PISA 2012: Impact of assistance to Early
           Childhood Education and other possible cognitive variables

    • Authors: Esperanza Bausela Herreras
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2017
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Esperanza Bausela Herreras
      Mathematics competencies are critical in the development of the individual. There are several variables that can predict poor performance in this competition. These variables may be related to self-learner and teacher who instructs. Objective Analyse the risk of poor performance depending on several variables: attending early childhood education, learning strategies and strategies used by the teacher uses. Method No experimental or ex post facto. Data We used the database PISA 2012 for Spain provided by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. The generated data sample consists of 25,313 young Spaniards of both sexes, aged 15 years, belonging to 902 schools that are distributed throughout the national territory of Spain. Dependent or endogenous variable Performance in mathematics. Independent or exogenous variables Different variables were considered: attendance and duration of Early Childhood Education, student learning strategies and teaching strategies. Analysis of data Binary logistic regression. Results It shows that the factor that has greater predictive capability of risk of underperformance is attending Early Childhood Education [β =−.595; ρ <.001]. It is the variable that has more predictive capability of risk of all analysed. Discussion There are variables that increase the risk and others that reduce this risk. It is possible to prevent low performance in Mathematics competencies, for example, we need to pursue a teaching of quality Early Childhood Education knowing their long-term benefits and not only ensure access to it for all children.

      PubDate: 2017-04-02T00:49:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.02.001
  • Validez y confiabilidad de la Escala de Percepción de Riesgo de Deslave
           en la Ciudad de México

    • Authors: Octavio Salvador-Ginez; Patricia Ortega Andeane; Sofía Rivera Aragón; Ricardo García-Mira
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 December 2016
      Source:Acta de Investigación Psicológica
      Author(s): Octavio Salvador-Ginez, Patricia Ortega Andeane, Sofía Rivera Aragón, Ricardo García-Mira
      El objetivo del estudio fue generar un instrumento confiable y válido que permita evaluar la percepción del riesgo de deslave en habitantes de asentamientos urbanos vulnerables a riesgos geológicos en la ciudad de México. Se construyó una escala conformada por 9 reactivos con 5 opciones de respuesta; para obtener las propiedades psicométricas óptimas se aplicó a 217 habitantes de entre 18 y 86años de edad, 126 mujeres y 91 hombres. El análisis de la estructura factorial y la confiabilidad proporcionan una escala final constituida por 6 reactivos organizados en 2 factores, con apropiados índices de bondad de ajuste. Se concluye que la Escala de Percepción de Riesgo de Deslave proporciona información relevante para la toma de decisiones ante fenómenos naturales extremos en la ciudad de México. The main objective of this study was to develop a valid and reliable scale that assessed the risk perception in urban settlements vulnerable to geological hazards in Mexico City. The scale included 9 items with 5 optional answers. In order to obtain optimum psychometric properties, the scale was applied to 217 inhabitants between the ages of 18 and 86, from which 126 were women and 91 men. The analysis of factorial structure and the reliability provide a final scale made up from 6 items organized in 2 factors with satisfactory goodness of fit (df=8; χ2 =14.138; P =.078; CFI=.990; RMSEA=.060). It is concluded that the Scale of Landslide Risk Perception provides relevant information for decision-making to extreme natural phenomena in Mexico City.

      PubDate: 2016-12-16T20:15:07Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aipprr.2016.11.006
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