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Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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Journal Cover Acupuncture and Related Therapies
  [3 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2211-7660
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3042 journals]
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 4, Issue 4


      PubDate: 2017-03-13T02:14:47Z
       
  • Publisher's note
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 4, Issue 4


      PubDate: 2017-03-13T02:14:47Z
       
  • Adverse events during Acupuncture training at the 3rd Edition of the
           Post-Graduation on Medical Acupuncture at Health Sciences School of the
           University of Minho
    • Authors: Gustavo Pereira; Alexandra Mesquita; António Paulo Martins-da-Encarnação
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 August 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): Gustavo Pereira, Alexandra Mesquita, António Paulo Martins-da-Encarnação
      Acupuncture is a therapeutic technique in which fine solid metal needles are inserted into the body and manipulated, in order to elicit local, segmental and extra-segmental effects, thus modulating the activity of the Peripheral and Central Nervous System (including the activity of the Autonomic Nervous System). Training on Acupuncture for medical doctors usually involves peer practice of needling throughout the duration of the training program. It is expected that the occurrence of adverse events during training reflect the most common adverse events reported during acupuncture practice. We recorded all of the adverse events reported by the trainees of the 3rd Edition of the medical acupuncture training program of the Health Sciences School of the University of Minho (HSS-UM) and classified them according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 4.0, June 2010). The most common events reported, as expected, were pain and bruising. We conclude acupuncture training is safe, as mostly minor effects occurred during the training program, bruising and pain being the most common. We also concluded that the CTCAE is a valuable tool for classification of acupuncture related adverse events.

      PubDate: 2016-08-13T04:30:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2016.08.001
       
  • Revised Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of
           Acupuncture (STRICTA): Extending the CONSORT statement
    • Authors: Hugh MacPherson; Douglas G. Altman; Richard Hammerschlag; Li Youping; Wu Taixiang; Adrian White; David Moher
      Pages: 35 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 3, Issue 4
      Author(s): Hugh MacPherson, Douglas G. Altman, Richard Hammerschlag, Li Youping, Wu Taixiang, Adrian White, David Moher
      The Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) were published in five journals in 2001 and 2002. These guidelines, in the form of a checklist and explanations for use by authors and journal editors, were designed to improve reporting of acupuncture trials, particularly the interventions, thereby facilitating their interpretation and replication. Subsequent reviews of the application and impact of STRICTA have highlighted the value of STRICTA as well as scope for improvements and revision.

      PubDate: 2016-04-22T00:41:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2016.03.001
       
  • STRICTA: For Acupuncture and Related Therapies (ARTHE)
    • Authors: Thomas Lundeberg
      First page: 47
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 3, Issue 4
      Author(s): Thomas Lundeberg


      PubDate: 2016-06-15T08:27:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2016.05.001
       
  • A review: Antihyperglycemic plant medicines in management of diabetes
    • Authors: Kiran Bhagour; Dharmendra Arya; R.S. Gupta
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 December 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): Kiran Bhagour, Dharmendra Arya, R.S. Gupta
      Diabetes is a serious metabolic disorder prevailing among people with ageing and sedentary lifestyle associated with rapidly growing urbanization and industrialization. Medicinal plants prescribed in thesaurus of Ayurveda and used by folklore have been a source of relief in controlling different types of diabetes all over the world. At the present time, the use of these herbal drugs is growing at high pace because of its cost effectiveness and free from the side effects over pharmaceutical hypoglycemic agents. The current review presents the profiles of approximately 35 plants having anti-diabetic activity and potential to reduce the oxidative stress, reported in the literature from 2005 to 2015. This review has been presented in such a fascinating manner which includes the plant along with its family, part used, phyto-constituents responsible for particular action in a tabulated form. Present study might provide a momentum to find newer antidiabetic entities.

      PubDate: 2016-12-14T15:42:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2016.11.001
       
  • Mechanisms of Acupuncture
    • Authors: Irene Lund; Thomas Lundeberg
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 December 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): Irene Lund, Thomas Lundeberg


      PubDate: 2016-12-08T14:58:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2016.12.001
       
  • pneumothorax associated with acupuncture: a systematic review and analysis
    • Authors: Xiaoming Ying; Peng Wang; Peng Xu; Bo Zhu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 December 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): Xiaoming Ying, Peng Wang, Peng Xu, Bo Zhu
      Objective To review and analyze pneumothorax associated with acupuncture worldwide. Methods We searched MEDLINE, PUBMED, NHS, CNKI(China), VIP(China) and WanFang(China) using the MeSH terms “acupuncture” and “complications/adverse events/side effect” and “pneumothorax” for eligible articles. We included and analyzed all original case reports, reviews and prospective studies. Results there are 37 Chinese articles and 40 articles in other languages published with case report which reported 128 cases and 51 cases with pneumothorax induced by acupuncture,respectively. There are 24 articles with prospective studys or reviews. pneumothorax is the most common among the all severe adverse events related to acupuncture. However, acupuncture is an important cause of pneumothorax which is missing from the western medical books. Conclusions acupuncture should be emphasized and listed in the western medical textbooks as an iatrogenic cause to pneumothorax.

      PubDate: 2016-12-08T14:58:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2016.11.002
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: February–August 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 4, Issues 1–3


      PubDate: 2016-09-21T16:52:02Z
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 3, Issue 4


      PubDate: 2016-07-23T01:34:44Z
       
  • Smoking cessation with counselling and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM):
           a randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Sonia Baccetti; M.Valeria Monechi Monica Tommaso Conti Marina Faedda Patrizia
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 June 2016
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): Sonia Baccetti, M.Valeria Monechi, Monica DA Frè, Tommaso Conti, Marina Faedda, Patrizia Panti, Claudia Bricci, Antonio Cecconi, Rosario Cutrí, Rosangela Terrone, Fabio Voller, Anna Braccini, Giovanna Franconi
      INTRODUCTION Non pharmacologic interventions like counselling and of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), have been shown to be effective for smoking cessation. In the present study we wanted to evaluate the effectiveness of counselling in smoking cessation combined with true or sham TCM. METHODS 477 smokers (172 men and 305 women) were randomized into 3 groups: group A (sham TCM and counselling), group B (true TCM and counselling) and group C (true TCM). TCM intervention included pharmacopuncture, plum-blossom needling and auriculotherapy. The main outcome measures were the percentage of non-smokers and the Fagerstrom nicotine addiction score in those still smoking at the end of treatment, and after 6 months and 1year. RESULTS At the end of treatment, the percentage of non-smokers was: 57.1% in Group A, 59.1% in Group B, and 49.4% in Group C. After 1year, the percentage of non-smokers was significantly lower in group C (19.1%) than in groups A (30.1%) and B (32.7%) (p=0.015). The Fagerstrom test in the subjects still smoking was not significantly different in the 3 groups at the end of treatment and after 1year. CONCLUSIONS TCM could be an effective treatment for smoking cessation when used as a single technique and especially combined with counselling. Further studies are needed to determine its efficacy.

      PubDate: 2016-06-15T08:27:30Z
       
  • Immediate effect of manual acupuncture stimulation of four points versus
           slow breathing in declination of blood pressure in primary hypertensive- A
           parallel randomized control trial
    • Authors: M. Sriloy; Pradeep M.K. Nair; K. Pranav; D. Sathyanath
      Pages: 15 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 August 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): M. Sriloy, M.K. Pradeep, K. Pranav, D. Sathyanath
      Background The WHO rates hypertension (HTN) as one of the most important causes of premature death worldwide. HTN is directly responsible for 57% of all stroke deaths and 24% of all coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths in India. Objective The study was aimed to determine the effects of manual acupuncture stimulation of a modified protocol of four points to obtained greater magnitude of decrease in blood pressure immediately on hypertensive subjects. Methods 46 subjects out of 127 were recruited for the study and divided in to two groups. Out of which 38 people successfully completed the study. The eligibility criteria were: Both sexes, age between 35- 60 years, diagnosed with hypertension at least 3 years or less, without systemic complications and no prior experience of acupuncture. There Pre and Post Intervention Blood pressure was taken as an outcome measure. Results Slow breathing group have shown a significant reduction in systole component of the blood pressure (p>o.oo7) whereas in acupuncture group it was same as before. In acupuncture group there was a significant reduction in diastole component (p>0.02) and a little reduction in systole component which is not significant (p=0.3). There were no significant changes in diastole component in the slow breathing group (p<0.5). Conclusion The results of the present study suggests that yogic breathing practices decreases the systolic components of the blood pressure whereas the acupuncture group is effective in reducing the diastolic component of the blood pressure.

      PubDate: 2015-08-14T06:36:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2015.08.001
       
  • Endometriosis pain and Acupuncture
    • Authors: I. Lund; T. Lundeberg
      Pages: 19 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 August 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): I. Lund, T. Lundeberg
      Endometriosis is a common cause of pain in the pelvic region in women. Endometriosis pain has often been considered to be a homogeneous condition. However, multiple mechanisms have been shown to contribute making it a therapeutic challenge. Many of the current medical treatments for it include oral drugs like non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, contraceptives, progestogens, androgenic agents, gonadotrophin releasing hormone analogues, as well as laparoscopic surgical excision of the endometriosis lesions. In many patients these treatments are insufficient or associated with side-effects. Three studies have described the application of different needle stimulation techniques (acupuncture) and the results suggest that acupuncture may be a valuable treatment option to some.

      PubDate: 2015-08-29T06:38:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2015.08.003
       
  • Effects triggered in the periphery by acupuncture
    • Authors: I. Lund; T. Lundeberg
      Pages: 24 - 34
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 August 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): I Lund, T Lundeberg
      The clinical effects following acupuncture stimulation can be attributed to peripheral and central effects. Histological studies have revealed that many acupuncture points have dense innervation, and are often located in direct relation to skeletal muscles, connective tissue, as well as to cells with neuro-immune-modulatory role (Li et al., 2004), suggesting that these tissue may contribute both to the peripheral and central effects. In the present review some possible peripheral effects of acupuncture are discussed.

      PubDate: 2015-08-19T06:37:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2015.08.002
       
  • Acupuncture as a complement to the pharmacological management of pain,
           nausea and vomiting after cesarean section: A randomized clinical trial
    • Authors: Patrícia Wajnberg Gamermann; Ana Lucia Costa Martins; Leticia Rosa; Hugo Daniel Welter Ribeiro; Daniela Leonetti Borba; Vinicius Antoniazzi; Roberta Rigo Dalla-Corte
      Pages: 11 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): Ana Lucia Costa Martins , Leticia Rosa , Patrícia Wajnberg Gamermann , Hugo Ribeiro , Daniela Leonetti Borba , Vinicius Antoniazzi , Roberta Rigo Dalla Corte
      Objective To investigate the effectiveness of acupuncture in addition to routine care, compared with routine care alone, in the treatment of patients with pain, nauseas and vomiting due to cesarean section (CS). Methods In a randomized controlled trial, 56 patients post CS were randomly allocated to undergo up to 1 session of real acupuncture or to a control group receiving sham acupuncture with no penetrating needling immediately after spinal anesthesia. All patients were allowed to receive usual medical care for pain, nauseas and vomiting. A satisfaction questionnaire was also applied to puerperal mothers in the first 48h after the procedure. Results The patient characteristics were similar in both groups. No significant difference was found in the incidence of nausea and vomiting and the antiemetic use between groups during the first 24h and 48h post-CS. The sham group showed better VAS pain scores at rest in the first 24h. In the assessment of pain in 48h there was no difference between acupuncture group and sham group. Conclusion This clinical trial using a single session of acupuncture showed no effectiveness of acupuncture in the prevention of pain, nauseas and vomiting after CS. More well-designed studies are needed to define the role of acupuncture on post-CS.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.12.002
       
  • A case series: How do patients with an eating disorder, seeking
           acupuncture treatment present (patterns of disharmony), and how are they
           treated'
    • Authors: Sarah Fogarty; Debra Clydesdale Waldron; Norah McIntire
      Pages: 59 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 4
      Author(s): Sarah Fogarty , Debra Clydesdale Waldron , Norah McIntire
      Acupuncture is an emerging therapy being utilised by those with eating disorders. Little is known about acupuncture and eating disorders. The aim of this paper is to present some TCM insight into the eating disordered patient who seeks acupuncture treatment such as how they present according to TCM principles and how acupuncturists are treating these patients. Three experienced acupuncturists contributed 46 cases studies (eighteen outpatients, twenty six inpatients) of patients with eating disorders who sought acupuncture treatment. Help with their eating disorder was not what the majority of patients in this study sought acupuncture for. The majority of in-patients wanted help for digestive and mood concerns. Our collective cases provide an insight into how eating disorders present and how they are treated by TCM acupuncture. How these insights may help clinicians and researchers is discussed.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.08.002
       
  • Efficacy of adjunct (laser) therapy to topical agents among Southern
           Nigerian acne vulgaris patients
    • Authors: Canice Chukwudi Anyachukwu; Ogochukwu K.K. Onyeso
      Pages: 66 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 4
      Author(s): Canice Chukwudi Anyachukwu , Ogochukwu K.K. Onyeso
      This study evaluated the efficacy of Adjunct Laser therapy compared to self-management topical agents among acne vulgaris patients. A parallel randomized controlled trial involving 40 volunteer age ranged 17–28 years (22±4). 35 participants who completed the study were sampled from the stratified 6 faculties’ population of the campus who were screened after meeting the selection criteria and giving the sorted individual consents. Both participants and assessors (physician) were parallel, block and blinded randomized. The outcome measures included distribution and severity of facial acne, counts of baseline lesion of comedones, papule, pustule and nodule, Estimate nos. of face acne eruptions; Mean density of acne calculated and recorded at base line prior each 8 RX sessions in 4 weeks [Density= n/25cm2 (Initial Density−Present Density=Level of Clearance)]. 2×4×weeks Rx (laser group-invisible infrared non-ablative laser therapy supine lying via 905nm pulsed single probe [Operation frequency: 2000Hz±10%; Pulse Width: 160ns±10%; Dosage=5J/cm2 ×12min duration]. 10min Post-RX monitor. Results showed significant improvement in clearance rate of acne (post-laser therapy) relative to their counterparts in control group (54.98% vs. 17.97%, t =9.773, p =<0.0001, CI=95%). Conclusively, laser was observed significant adjunct therapy in improving acne clearance rate compared to self-administered topical agent approach only.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.08.003
       
  • Report on a case series investigating a neurostimulation device for the
           treatment of pain and improvement of mobility and function following elbow
           surgery
    • Authors: Phyllis Berger; Jaye Jacks
      Pages: 71 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 4
      Author(s): Phyllis Berger , Jaye Jacks
      A group of seven patients received neurostimulation (Stimpod) post-tennis or golfer's elbow surgery as their sole treatment to relieve acute post-operative pain, improve mobility and function. Patients undergoing the above-mentioned surgery have had chronic pain with and without neuropathic symptoms for a prolonged period. There is usually severe injury with active inflammatory processes due to the surgery. It was thought that treating these patients aggressively early post-operatively may expedite pain relief and the healing process. Method After their surgery, seven patients were given neurostimulation for three treatments of 20min each on the brachial plexus during the 10 days before the splint was removed. This was followed by 6 treatments, twice weekly of 20min each after the splint was removed. At each of these treatments 5-min stimulation were administered to four areas: the nerve supply (1) superior and (2) inferior to the elbow and (3 and 4) on either end of the wound. Patients were evaluated for pain with the visual analogue scale, movements of flexion and extension measured with a goniometer, strength and flexibility with a 12-movement activity scale, status of the wound and satisfaction with treatment, mobility and function. These measures were re-evaluated telephonically at one, three and six months after the last treatment. Results Significant pain relief was achieved by all of the seven patients before the splint was removed at the 4th treatment. Pain relief, range of movement and function was greatly improved at the final (9th) treatment by six of the seven patients and this was maintained with nearly full improvement of the above parameters for most of the participants at one month after the last treatment. Two patients had to have re-operation due to requiring more extensive surgery in the one patient and falling and injuring the original surgical site in the other patient. At three and six months after the last treatment full improvement in all the parameters above was maintained in the remaining five patients who also had excellent wound healing and satisfaction with their treatment, mobility and function. Conclusion It appears that the neurostimulation (Stimpod) has the capacity to improve acute post-surgical pain and reduce pain, improve mobility, function and stimulate wound healing once the splint was removed. This treatment is relatively cost effective, is non-invasive and of short duration. Positive effects were all maintained at 6 months.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.10.001
       
  • Effects of percutaneous acupuncture stimulation on the viscoelastic
           properties of tendon during isometric contraction
    • Authors: Toshiyuki Fukushima; Shuichirou Kawamura; Hidenori Horiuti; Masanori Nagaoka
      Pages: 45 - 50
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 3
      Author(s): Toshiyuki Fukushima , Shuichirou Kawamura , Hidenori Horiuti , Masanori Nagaoka
      This study aimed to investigate the effects of percutaneous acupuncture stimulation on the viscoelasticity of human tendon structures during isometric contraction. Nine healthy men participated. The experimental order was pre-test, acupuncture stimulation, and post-test. Real and sham acupuncture applications were used at the stimulus site of the medial gastrocnemius muscle (MG), and a crossover trial was performed on the same subjects at a later date. Before and after acupuncture stimulation, tendon elongation and MG aponeurosis were directly measured by ultrasonography while the subjects performed isometric plantar flexions up to the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) followed by relaxation. The relationship between the estimated MG muscle force (Fm) and tendon elongation (L) during the ascending phase was fitted to a linear regression, the slope of which was defined as the stiffness of the tendon structures. Additionally, the ratio (%) of the area within the Fm–L loop to the area under the curve during contraction and relaxation was calculated and defined as hysteresis. Stiffness rate of change (RC) in real and sham acupuncture was 137.5±116.5% and 55.0±10.4%, respectively (p <0.05). Thus, real acupuncture demonstrated significantly higher values than sham acupuncture. The hysteresis measurement results in real acupuncture indicated a downward tendency (pre-treatment: 25.6±5.1%, post-treatment: 16.1±13.0%), while sham acupuncture indicated an upward tendency (pre-treatment: 26.5±10.9%, post-treatment: 28.4±6.9%). These results indicated that percutaneous acupuncture stimulation reduces hysteresis, enhances stiffness, and improves the viscoelasticity of tendon structures.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.03.003
       
  • Acupuncture targeting and regulating multiple signaling pathways related
           to Zusanli acupoint using iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis
    • Authors: Hui Sun; Aihua Zhang; Guangli Yan; Ying-zhi Zhang; Xiang-cai Meng; Li Liu; Ning Xie; Wei-ping Cheng; Xi-jun Wang
      Pages: 51 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 3
      Author(s): Hui Sun , Aihua Zhang , Guangli Yan , Ying-zhi Zhang , Xiang-cai Meng , Li Liu , Ning Xie , Wei-ping Cheng , Xi-jun Wang
      Acupuncture has recently gained increased attention in the world as an alternative treatment for diseases, but its metabolism pathways remain understood. Here we use proteomic technology to determine subtle protein changes and link proteins to metabolism pathways. iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics was used to identify key proteins for acupuncture at ‘Zusanli’ acupoint (ST-36) in subjects. A total of seven related proteins were identified, and these candidates may be useful to clarify the biological mechanism of acupuncture at ST-36. Pathway analysis further revealed that most of these proteins were found to play a pivotal role in the regulation of multiple metabolism pathways.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.03.002
       
  • A 31 years-old woman with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (CPRS)
    • Authors: Dalamagka Maria; Kontovitsis Christos
      First page: 57
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 3
      Author(s): Dalamagka Maria , Kontovitsis Christos
      A case of a 31 years-old woman with complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS) of the left arm is described. Brachial plexus block (BPB) has been cited as a treatment modality for CRPS. This report is based on the retrospective observations of the outcome and effects of axillary BPB in a patient with CRPS. 31 Years-old woman suffered from CRPS of the left upper limb after trauma for 5 months. Symptoms over the left upper limb were not alleviated under conventional pharmacological treatment and rehabilitation and severe painful swelling of the left wrist persisted. Axillary BPB with 30ml Naropaine 0.2% was performed and 12h later resulted in significant reduction of pain and improvement of function of the left wrist.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.08.001
       
  • Improvement of radiation-induced xerostomia with acupuncture: A
           retrospective analysis
    • Authors: Kris A. Homb; Hong Wu; Sergey Tarima; Dian Wang
      Pages: 34 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 2
      Author(s): Kris A. Homb , Hong Wu , Sergey Tarima , Dian Wang
      Objective Our previous case study introduced combination acupuncture (manual, auricular and electro-acupuncture) as a treatment for radiation-induced xerostomia. The present retrospective study evaluates the effect of combination acupuncture on the severity of dry mouth and activities of daily living as related to radiation-induced xerostomia. Design Data was retrospectively collected from twenty-two patients with xerostomia related to radiotherapy for head and neck cancer (HNC). Sixteen patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were analyzed for this report. The intervention was weekly 20min sessions of combination acupuncture. Upon reaching a plateau in symptom improvement the length in time between treatments was increased as tolerated without return of symptoms. Outcome measures included a self-reported quality of life xerostomia questionnaire completed prior to each acupuncture session and quantitative data from documented Modified Schirmer's tests. Results Significant improvement in dry mouth and pain occurred during the initial six weeks of treatment (p <0.05). During this period, the mean severity of dry mouth and pain decreased by 35% and 50%, respectively (p <0.001). After six weeks, the improvement in dry mouth and pain symptoms plateaued. This effect was maintained with intermittent acupuncture treatments. Conclusions Combination acupuncture significantly decreases the severity of dry mouth and pain with long lasting effects, up to six months (at the end of data collection), in patients with radiation-induced xerostomia.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.02.001
       
  • Cluster headache in an elderly patient treated with neurofunctional
           acupuncture a case report
    • Authors: Julio Cesar Rigo; Claudio Couto; Roberta Rigo Dalla-Corte
      Pages: 39 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 2
      Author(s): Julio Cesar Rigo , Claudio Couto , Roberta Rigo Dalla-Corte
      Cluster headache (CH) is a trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia and the most painful of the primary headaches. The medical therapy of CH includes both acute therapy for individual attacks and prophylactic therapy to prevent recurrent attacks during the cluster period. Although most patients can be treated effectively, some remain poorly responsive to therapy. The objective of this report is to describe a low cost technique that can be applied in office by a doctor trained in neurofunctional acupuncture and can bring good results for patients with this debilitating disease.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.02.002
       
  • Medical acupuncture – What about the future'
    • Authors: Helena Pinto Ferreira
      Pages: 43 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 2
      Author(s): Helena Pinto Ferreira
      EU is facing a growing health crisis due to the aging population and the rising levels of chronic diseases, aggravated with the context of economic austerity. A better use of healthcare budgets improving treatments cost efficiency may be the most reliable answer for a sustainable health system. Assessing the contribution of acupuncture to the improvement of Public Health should be based on solid evidence. Economic evaluations of several Complementary Alternative Medicines (CAM) performed recently demonstrated a positive impact with cost savings when compared with usual care. Nevertheless, the different approaches, levels of education and practices of acupuncture raise questions of extrapolation of these results. The physicians interested in acupuncture have now some challenges for the next years so that a consensus can be achieved to harmonise the clinical practice and the education at the highest level and according to the best scientific knowledge.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2014.03.001
       
  • Into the redox control: N-acetyl-cysteine pleiotropic effects from the
           laboratory to clinical applications
    • Authors: Tiziana Parasassi; Roberto Brunelli; Ewa K. Krasnowska; Thomas Lundeberg; Eugenia Pittaluga; Maria Concetta Romano
      Pages: 2 - 13
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 1
      Author(s): Tiziana Parasassi , Roberto Brunelli , Ewa K. Krasnowska , Thomas Lundeberg , Eugenia Pittaluga , Maria Concetta Romano
      Increasing evidences attribute a central role to oxidation/reduction (redox) homeostasis in controlling cell physiology, with redox transitions of glutathione and sensitive cysteines in protein constituting the major players. Thiol redox control of protein activity and gene expression ultimately extends to the proliferation/differentiation switch. Several diseases, including the highest causes of mortality, have been attributed to a shift toward a more oxidized environment. Interfering with thiol redox transitions in diseases therefore appears a major clinical objective, N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) being the most obvious candidate drug. Targets comprise diseases related to altered control of proliferation/differentiation, adhesion, inflammation. To quote a few benign disorders, gynecological diseases can include endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, sterility originating from defective embryo implantation; dermatological diseases can include acne, alopecia, psoriasis, and vitiligo. We review here our journey with NAC, from mechanisms identified in cells, though an animal model and finally to the clinic where cases of successful patient's treatment are reported, some unpublished before. NAC effect was eventually enhanced by a combination with melatonin and selenium, both involved in the pathway of redox regulation. Further studies can well extend NAC use to several other diseases, while providing better treatment modalities and helping in identifying further specifically targeted compounds.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2013.11.003
       
  • Electrical current and acupuncture treatment for a paediatric patient with
           a recurring long thoracic nerve paralysis
    • Authors: Phyllis Berger
      Pages: 14 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 1
      Author(s): Phyllis Berger
      A female paediatric patient aged 9 years presented with right long thoracic nerve palsy for the second time. The first injury that occurred in 2011 was due to a fall and although the patient had a paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle and was unable to elevate the arm, with rehabilitation and conventional physiotherapy, she recovered completely according to the nerve conduction test that was conducted six months post recovery. The second injury to the long thoracic nerve was due to a ballet movement that occurred in 2012. Besides the nerve palsy that reoccurred there was also a complication of severe pain and evidence of a complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). The second injury was limited by the inability to participate in rehabilitation exercises and physiotherapy due to pain and hyperaesthesia in the distribution of C5 and C6 dermatome both in the trapezius and shoulder region. The third nerve conduction test deteriorated to those recorded after the first nerve conduction test. A different physiotherapy approach was then applied – initially to reduce pain and decrease hyperaesthesia and then to attempt to increase nerve conduction by the inclusion of an electrical device that simultaneously delivers both a low and a high frequency current. This treatment was combined with various pain resolving tactics including acupuncture, individual sub-liminal, low and high frequency electrical currents. Several interventions were applied to tailor the treatment to the patient to achieve maximal improvement in pain and mobility. It is therefore difficult to attribute improvement to one particular modality or even natural resolution of the condition however previous clinical application and experience of activating nerve conduction with the combination current in other conditions implied that improvement could be expected. This particular electrical current is a combination of a low frequency and a magnetic field. The condition resolved completely with full movement and no pain after 13 treatments over two months – it was evident that the combination of treatment had an effect on expediting the healing in the nerve. The patient was able to resume all her normal activities including gymnastics and ballet.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2013.11.002
       
  • Changing the paradigm—Teaching Western Style Acupuncture in Portugal
    • Authors: A. Encarnação; H. Pinto; H. Pinto Ferreira
      Pages: 19 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 1
      Author(s): A. Encarnação , H. Pinto , H. Pinto Ferreira
      In the past, the teaching of acupuncture to medical doctors in Portugal was mostly linked to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) concepts. The presentation of the complex TCM diagnostic methods and treatment strategies to medical doctors touches the frontier of “suspension of disbelieve” in order to be able to understand and, in particular, apply those concepts to the treatment. Most of the TCM concepts are almost impossible to translate to western medical terms, making the communication among health professionals difficult, thus preventing acupuncture from integrating into current health care.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2013.11.001
       
  • Volatile organic compounds analyzed by gas chromatography-deep ultraviolet
           spectroscopy
    • Authors: Jonas Friberg
      Pages: 25 - 28
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 1
      Author(s): Jonas Friberg
      Exhaled breath contains thousands of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of which the composition varies depending on status of the individual and the environment. Different metabolic processes within the body produce volatile substances that are released into the blood. When the blood reaches the lungs the products are released into lung tissue and airways. Also, chronic inflammation and/or oxidative stress can result in the excretion of volatile compounds that generate unique VOC patterns. Therefore, measuring the presence of VOCs in exhaled air (breathomics), for clinical diagnosis and monitoring purposes has gained increased interest over the last years. This paper describes one methodology based on gas chromatography (GC) and deep ultraviolet (DUV) spectroscopy. Spectra of compounds found in exhaled breath are presented.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2013.12.001
       
  • Antinociceptive effects of sensory stimulation involve dynorphin B
           supraspinally in rats
    • Authors: A. Rosén; I. Lund; T. Lundeberg; I. Nylander
      Pages: 35 - 41
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 1, Issue 4
      Author(s): A. Rosén , I. Lund , T. Lundeberg , I. Nylander
      The aim was to investigate the mechanisms behind sensory stimulation which can be used to desensitize CNS in patients with atypical orofacial pain. Earlier studies have shown that the kappa-receptor in the periaqueductal gray (PAG) is involved in sensory stimulation induced antinociception. A possible antinociceptive role for dynorphin B (DynB) in supraspinal regions was tested. The behavioral effect of sensory stimulation in conscious rats, by stroking the fur, was tested using the nociceptive test hotplate and the hindpaw withdrawal latency (HWL) was measured. In anesthetized rats sensory stimulation during different modalities, stroking or pinching was performed and the microdialysis technique was used to determine the extra cellular level of DynB in the ventrolateral PAG. To evaluate the antinociception after sensory stimulation DynB was microinjected into the PAG and the effect was measured with the HWL to heat. The results showed that sensory stimulation in conscious rats significantly increased the HWL as an antinociceptive effect. Innocuous sensory stimulation such as stroking the fore paw significantly elevated the DynB level in the PAG compared to internal control. After pinching a tendency to delayed release of DynB was seen and a possible discharge of the nerve terminals could be speculated upon. The blood pressure did significantly increase after pinching but not after stroking. An intra-PAG injection of DynB into the PAG increased the HWL to heat after 24h compared to basal level of HWL and to saline treated animals. In conclusion, DynB is involved in the antinociception that is triggered by sensory stimulation.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2013.07.001
       
  • Acupressure and metoclopramide comparison in postoperative nausea and
           vomiting prevention on laparatomy patients
    • Authors: Ivana Hirš; Anita Lukić; Nina Novak Fumić; Marko Kekić; Jelena Kotaran
      Pages: 42 - 45
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 1, Issue 4
      Author(s): Ivana Hirš , Anita Lukić , Nina Novak Fumić , Marko Kekić , Jelena Kotaran
      Objectives Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) ranges from 20 to 30% in, routine procedures, up to 70–80% in high-risk patients. Prevention of PONV is usually based on, antiemetic drugs but pharmacological interventions are only partially effective, so we tested efficiency, of acupressure in PONV prevention. Design We included 180 patients American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status classification, I and II, who underwent a laparotomy. The study was prospective, and placebo controlled. Nausea and, vomiting were separately monitored on patients with intravenous and epidural analgesia. Patients were allocated in six groups, with 30 patients in each group: group I (epidural analgesia+acupressure), group II (epidural analgesia+metoclopramide), group III (epidural analgesia+sham acupressure), group IV (intravenous analgesia+acupressure), group V (intravenous analgesia+metoclopramide) and, group VI (intravenous analgesia+sham acupressure). Results Acupressure reduced PONV from 57 to 37% (P <0.001) in patients with intravenous, postoperative analgesia, and from 63 to 20% (P <0.001) in patients with epidural postoperative, analgesia compared to placebo. Metoclopramide has also reduced the incidence of PONV from 57 to 40% (P =0.003) in patients with intravenous postoperative analgesia and in patients with epidural, postoperative analgesia from 63 to 17% (P <0.001) compared to placebo. Conclusions Our study confirmed positive effect of acupressure in PONV prevention in patients after, elective laparotomy, regardless of the type of postoperative analgesia, intravenous or epidural. Thus, since acupressure is a simple and inexpensive method of PONV prevention, without side effects, it, should be considered as standard for PONV prevention on laparatomy patients.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.arthe.2013.10.001
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–August 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 3, Issues 2–3


      PubDate: 2015-09-23T12:03:36Z
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 3, Issue 1


      PubDate: 2015-03-14T10:48:28Z
       
  • Effectiveness and safety of using acupoint Shui Gou (GV 26): A systematic
           review and meta-analysis for randomized controlled trials
    • Authors: Xiaoyang Esme; Trevelyan Qianyun Chai Congcong Wang Yutong Fei Jianping
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2015
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies
      Author(s): Xiaoyang Hu , Esme Trevelyan , Qianyun Chai , Congcong Wang , Yutong Fei , Jianping Liu , Nicola Robinson
      Background GV26 is well known as an emergency and a revival acupoint. It has been most commonly used for acute neurological conditions and acute low back strain (ALBS). This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness and occurrence of adverse effects of using GV26 for a variety conditions; and to determine the appropriate parameters to inform its use in practice. Methods Randomized controlled trials evaluating stimulation of GV26 as a sole or as an adjunct to treatment for any condition were included. Quality of reporting and methodology was assessed using STRICTA and the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Meta-analysis was pooled with RevMan 5.2 software (Protocol ID: CRD42013006528). Results Fifteen trials with conditions investigated included shock, epilepsy, vascular dementia, febrile seizures in children, post general anesthesia, acute low back strain, functional enuresis, and intractable hiccups. The reporting quality and methodological quality of all included trials was limited. Data from eleven trials were pooled. Significant favorable improvements were shown for GV26 used in addition to other common acupoints as measured by efficacy rate; GV26 in addition to usual care as measured by blood pressure. No study reported any adverse effects. Conclusions There appears to be evidence on the use of GV26 on improving efficacy rate in ALBS, functional enuresis and intractable hiccups, and it appears to be effective in increasing blood pressure, reducing heart rate during revival. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the limited methodological quality of included trials.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 4


      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 3


      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 2


      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
       
  • Hand held electroacupuncture devices—Potential for teaching in
           functional muscular neuroanatomy and musculo-skeletal diagnosis
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 2
      Author(s): A. Encarnação
      Hand-held electroacupuncture devices have been traditionally used as a tool to locate “acupoints” trough detection of differences in skin conductivity. While teaching at the Post-Graduation Courses on Medical Acupuncture in Portugal, both at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa and at the Universidade do Minho, the hand-held acupuncture device has become a fundamental tool for location of acupoints and teaching functional muscular neuroanatomy. Unlike traditional use, the device is used after needle insertion. After correct identification of the insertion site and needling, the needles are stimulated with the hand held device, enabling the students to check if the needle is correctly inserted and also visualize the action of the needled muscle. The hand held device is also a good tool for musculo-skeletal diagnosis and treatment.

      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
       
  • Contents List
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 1


      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2014
      Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 2, Issue 1


      PubDate: 2015-01-16T12:43:59Z
       
 
 
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