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Showing 1 - 200 of 3175 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.402, h-index: 51)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.008, h-index: 75)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.109, h-index: 94)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 27)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.515, h-index: 90)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 376, SJR: 0.726, h-index: 43)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.02, h-index: 104)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 29)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 8)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.604, h-index: 38)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235, SJR: 3.683, h-index: 202)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.615, h-index: 21)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 21)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.915, h-index: 53)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 16)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.365, h-index: 73)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access  
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.059, h-index: 77)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.383, h-index: 19)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 2)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.967, h-index: 57)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.514, h-index: 92)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 5)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advanced Cement Based Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 5.2, h-index: 222)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.265, h-index: 53)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.739, h-index: 33)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.299, h-index: 15)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.071, h-index: 82)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.169, h-index: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.054, h-index: 35)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.801, h-index: 26)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 49)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.31, h-index: 42)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.277, h-index: 43)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.619, h-index: 48)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.215, h-index: 78)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 30)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.139, h-index: 42)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 23)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 29)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.268, h-index: 45)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 33)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 130)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 22)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.25, h-index: 43)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.486, h-index: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 5.465, h-index: 64)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.674, h-index: 38)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.558, h-index: 54)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 20)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 24)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.497, h-index: 31)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.396, h-index: 27)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.152, h-index: 85)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.132, h-index: 42)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.274, h-index: 27)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 15)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.645, h-index: 45)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.261, h-index: 65)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 25)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.44, h-index: 51)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.324, h-index: 8)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.885, h-index: 45)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 11)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.37, h-index: 73)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.4, h-index: 28)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.718, h-index: 58)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 26)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 11)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.5, h-index: 62)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.478, h-index: 32)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access  
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 374, SJR: 0.606, h-index: 65)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.823, h-index: 27)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.321, h-index: 56)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.878, h-index: 68)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 2.408, h-index: 94)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.973, h-index: 22)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 333, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 49)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 36)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 6)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.289, h-index: 78)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 429, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 72)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal  
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.18, h-index: 116)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.275, h-index: 74)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.546, h-index: 79)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.879, h-index: 120)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.434, h-index: 14)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 18)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.285, h-index: 3)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 66)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 12)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.05, h-index: 20)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 29)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.776, h-index: 35)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, h-index: 9)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.158, h-index: 9)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 4.289, h-index: 64)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.157, h-index: 153)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.063, h-index: 186)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.574, h-index: 65)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 45)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.653, h-index: 93)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 8.769, h-index: 256)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.259, h-index: 81)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.313, h-index: 172)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.023, h-index: 189)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 2.255, h-index: 171)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 2.803, h-index: 148)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.249, h-index: 88)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 45)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.653, h-index: 228)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.764, h-index: 154)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 125)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.653, h-index: 70)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.066, h-index: 51)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 27)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.104, h-index: 3)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.577, h-index: 7)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.548, h-index: 152)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 154)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.421, h-index: 40)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
  [SJR: 0.674]   [H-I: 38]   [54 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1043-4526
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3175 journals]
  • Chapter One Thiamin
    • Authors: Derrick Lonsdale
      Pages: 1 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): Derrick Lonsdale
      Starting with a brief history of beriberi and the discovery that thiamin deficiency is its cause, the symptoms and signs are reviewed. None are pathognomonic. The disease has a low mortality and a long morbidity. The appearance of the patient can be deceptive, often being mistaken for psychosomatic disease in the early stages. The chemistry of thiamin and the laboratory methodology for depicting its deficiency are outlined. The diseases associated with thiamin deficiency, apart from malnutrition, include a number of genetically determined conditions where mutations, either in the cofactor relationship or a transporter, provide the etiology. It is emphasized that such mutations are often epigenetically responsive to megadoses of thiamin or one of its derivatives. The use of thiamin in clinical practice requires a high index of suspicion on the part of the clinician since it has a part to play in eating disorders, diabetes, neurodegenerative disease, and cancer. A high rate of critical illness and postsurgery thiamin deficiency have been reported, particularly those associated with gastrointestinal bypass. Emphasis is placed on thiamin deficiency as a major cause of asymmetric dysautonomia, because of the high degree of sensitivity to thiamin deficiency in the brainstem, cerebellum, and hypothalamus. The relationship of thiamin with regional pain syndrome, eosinophilic esophagitis, its analgesic capacity, and its preventive use in obstetrics is raised as a potential issue. The role of thiamin in SIDS and autism is outlined. It is emphasized that megadose thiamin is being used as a drug, either in stimulating the damaged cofactor/enzyme combination, or mitochondria.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Chapter Two Riboflavin in Human Health: A Review of Current Evidences
    • Authors: Ahmad Saedisomeolia; Marziyeh Ashoori
      Pages: 57 - 81
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Marziyeh Ashoori
      Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin, which was initially isolated from milk. There are two coenzyme forms of riboflavin, flavin mononucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide, in which riboflavin plays important roles in the enzymatic reactions. Riboflavin is found in a wide variety of animal and plant foods. Meat and dairy products are the major contributors of riboflavin dietary intake. In this chapter, the latest evidence on the relationship between riboflavin status and specific health risks will be reviewed. Also, some of the mechanisms by which riboflavin exerts its roles will be discussed. The evidence accrued suggests that riboflavin is an antioxidant nutrient which may prevent lipid peroxidation and reperfusion oxidative injury. Moreover, riboflavin deficiency may increase the risk of some cancers. Riboflavin may also exert a neuroprotective effects in some neurological disorders (e.g., Parkinson disease, migraine, and multiple sclerosis) through its role in some pathways that are hypothesized to be impaired in neurological disorders such as antioxidation, myelin formation, mitochondrial function, and iron metabolism.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Chapter Three Niacin
    • Authors: James B. Kirkland; Mirella L. Meyer-Ficca
      Pages: 83 - 149
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): James B. Kirkland, Mirella L. Meyer-Ficca
      Nicotinic acid and nicotinamide, collectively referred to as niacin, are nutritional precursors of the bioactive molecules nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP). NAD and NADP are important cofactors for most cellular redox reactions, and as such are essential to maintain cellular metabolism and respiration. NAD also serves as a cosubstrate for a large number of ADP-ribosylation enzymes with varied functions. Among the NAD-consuming enzymes identified to date are important genetic and epigenetic regulators, e.g., poly(ADP-ribose)polymerases and sirtuins. There is rapidly growing knowledge of the close connection between dietary niacin intake, NAD(P) availability, and the activity of NAD(P)-dependent epigenetic regulator enzymes. It points to an exciting role of dietary niacin intake as a central regulator of physiological processes, e.g., maintenance of genetic stability, and of epigenetic control mechanisms modulating metabolism and aging. Insight into the role of niacin and various NAD-related diseases ranging from cancer, aging, and metabolic diseases to cardiovascular problems has shifted our view of niacin as a vitamin to current views that explore its potential as a therapeutic.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.003
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Chapter Four The Emerging Role of Vitamin B6 in Inflammation and
    • Authors: Ranjana P. Bird
      Pages: 151 - 194
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): Ranjana P. Bird
      Vitamin B6 serves as a coenzyme catalyzing more than 150 enzymes regulating metabolism and synthesis of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, heme, and important bioactive metabolites. For several years vitamin B6 and its vitamers (B6) were recognized as antioxidant and antiinflammatory and in modulating immunity and gene expression. During the last 10 years, there were growing reports implicating B6 in inflammation and inflammation-related chronic illnesses including cancer. It is unclear if the deficiency of B6 or additional intake of B6, above the current requirement, should be the focus. Whether the current recommended daily intake for B6 is adequate should be revisited, since B6 is important to human health beyond its role as a coenzyme and its status is affected by many factors including but not limited to age, obesity, and inflammation associated with chronic illnesses. A link between inflammation B6 status and carcinogenesis is not yet completely understood. B6-mediated synthesis of H2S, a gasotransmitter, and taurine in health and disease, especially in maintaining mitochondrial integrity and biogenesis and inflammation, remains an important area to be explored. Recent developments in the molecular role of B6 and its direct interaction with inflammasomes, and nuclear receptor corepressor and coactivator, receptor-interacting protein 140, provide a strong impetus to further explore the multifaceted role of B6 in carcinogenesis and human health.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Chapter Five Recent Developments in Folate Nutrition
    • Authors: Nassim Naderi; James D. House
      Pages: 195 - 213
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): Nassim Naderi, James D. House
      The term folate (vitamin B9) refers to a group of water-soluble compounds that are nutritionally essential for the support of optimal human health and development. Folates participate in numerous one-carbon transfer reactions, including the methylation of important biomolecules (lipids, amino acids, DNA). A deficiency of folate leads to pathological outcomes including anemia and impairments in reproductive health and fetal development. Due to the linkage of impaired folate status with an increased prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in babies, several jurisdictions required the fortification of the food supply with folic acid, a synthetic and stable form of folate. Data from the postfortification era have provided strong evidence for the reduction of NTDs due to folic acid fortification. However, concern is now growing with respect to the amount of synthetic folic acid within the human food supply. Excess folic acid intake has been linked to a masking of vitamin B12 deficiency, and concerns regarding the promotion of folate-sensitive cancers, including colorectal cancer. New strategies to ensure the supply of optimal folate to at-risk populations may be needed, including the use of biofortification approaches, in order to address recent concerns.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Chapter Six Vitamin B12
    • Authors: A. David Smith; Martin J. Warren; Helga Refsum
      Pages: 215 - 279
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): A. David Smith, Martin J. Warren, Helga Refsum
      The biosynthesis of B12, involving up to 30 different enzyme-mediated steps, only occurs in bacteria. Thus, most eukaryotes require an external source of B12, and yet the vitamin appears to have only two functions in eukaryotes: as a cofactor for the enzymes methionine synthase and methylmalonylCoA mutase. These two functions are crucial for normal health in humans, and in particular, the formation of methionine is essential for providing methyl groups for over 100 methylation processes. Interference with the methionine synthase reaction not only depletes the body of methyl groups but also leads to the accumulation of homocysteine, a risk factor for many diseases. The syndrome pernicious anemia, characterized by lack of intrinsic factor, leads to a severe, sometimes fatal form of B12 deficiency. However, there is no sharp cutoff for B12 deficiency; rather, there is a continuous inverse relationship between serum B12 and a variety of undesirable outcomes, including neural tube defects, stroke, and dementia. The brain is particularly vulnerable; in children, inadequate B12 stunts brain and intellectual development. Suboptimal B12 status (serum B12 <300pmol/L) is very common, occurring in 30%–60% of the population, in particular in pregnant women and in less-developed countries. Thus, many tens of millions of people in the world may suffer harm from having a poor B12 status. Public health steps are urgently needed to correct this inadequacy.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.005
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Chapter Seven Dietary Vitamin C in Human Health
    • Authors: Matthew Granger; Peter Eck
      Pages: 281 - 310
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): Matthew Granger, Peter Eck
      Vitamin C is essential to prevent scurvy in humans and is implicated in the primary prevention of common and complex diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and cancer. This chapter reviews the latest knowledge about dietary vitamin C in human health with an emphasis on studies of the molecular mechanisms of vitamin C maintenance as well as gene–nutrient interactions modifying these relationships. Epidemiological evidence indicates 5% prevalence for vitamin C deficiency and 13% prevalence for suboptimal status even in industrialized countries. The daily intake (dose) and the corresponding systemic concentrations (response) are related in a saturable relationship, and low systemic vitamin C concentrations in observational studies are associated with negative health outcomes. However, there is no evidence that vitamin C supplementation impacts the risks for all-cause mortality, impaired cognitive performance, reduced quality of life, the development of eye diseases, infections, cardiovascular disease, and cancers. This might be related to the fact that prevention would not be realized by supplementation in populations already adequately supplied through dietary sources. Recent genetic association studies indicate that the dietary intake might not be the sole determinant of systemic concentrations, since variations in genes participating in redox homeostasis and vitamin C transport had been associated with lowered plasma concentrations. However, impact sizes are generally low and these phenomena might only affect individual of suboptimal dietary supply.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Chapter Eight Water-Soluble Vitamin E—Tocopheryl Phosphate
    • Authors: Jean-Marc Zingg
      Pages: 311 - 363
      Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83
      Author(s): Jean-Marc Zingg
      The hydrophobicity of vitamin E poses transport and metabolic challenges to regulate its bioavailability and to prevent its accumulation in lipid-rich tissues such as adipose tissue, brain, and liver. Water-soluble precursors of vitamin E (α-tocopherol, αT), such as its esters with acetate (αTA), succinate (αTS), or phosphate (αTP), have increased solubility in water and stability against reaction with free radicals, but they are rapidly converted during their uptake into the lipid-soluble vitamin E. Therefore, the bioavailability of these precursors as intact molecules is low; nevertheless, at least for αTS and αTP, the recent research has revealed unique regulatory effects on signal transduction and gene expression and the modulation of cellular events ranging from proliferation, survival/apoptosis, lipid uptake and metabolism, phagocytosis, long term potentiation, cell migration, telomere maintenance, and angiogenesis. Moreover, water-soluble derivatives of vitamin E including some based on αTP are increasingly used as components of nanocarriers for enhanced and targeted delivery of drugs and other molecules (vitamins, including αT and αTP itself, vitamin D3, carnosine, caffeine, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), insulin) and cofactors such as coenzyme Q10. In this review, the chemical characteristics, transport, metabolic pathways, and molecular mechanisms of action of αTP in cells and tissues are summarized and put into perspective with its possible role in the prevention of a number of diseases.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.12.007
      Issue No: Vol. 83 (2018)
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Fatty Liver Disease in Children
    • Authors: Claudia Della Corte; Salvatore Iasevoli; Andrea Dello Strologo; Mariateresa Sanseviero; Valerio Nobili
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Claudia Della Corte, Salvatore Iasevoli, Andrea Dello Strologo, Mariateresa Sanseviero, Valerio Nobili
      Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents the most common cause of chronic liver disease in Industrialized Countries in adults and children. It is estimated that NAFLD will become the main indication for liver transplantation in the next decade. NAFLD is also considered the hepatic feature of metabolic syndrome and therefore it is generally associated to the risk of developing some metabolic complications, with negative impact on patient's survival. Today, no pharmacological treatment has been identified for NAFLD, and behavioral approach, based on diet and regular physical exercise, represent the current recommended treatment, even if with disappointing results. For these reasons, several pharmacological trials have been conducted, in order to identify possible alternative therapy direct against pathogenetic targets of NAFLD. Several data have suggested the potential beneficial role of omega-3 fatty acids in NAFLD and its related metabolic disarray. In this chapter, we try to elucidate the molecular and clinical available evidence for the omega-3 supplementation in pediatric NAFLD patients.

      PubDate: 2018-04-16T07:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2018.03.001
  • Listeria monocytogenes in Foods
    • Authors: Kieran Jordan; Olivia McAuliffe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 April 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Kieran Jordan, Olivia McAuliffe
      Listeria monocytogenes causes listeriosis, a rare foodborne disease with a mortality rate of 20%–30%. The elderly and immunocompromised are particularly susceptible to listeriosis. L. monocytogenes is ubiquitous in nature and can contaminate food-processing environments, posing a threat to the food chain. This is particularly important for ready-to-eat foods as there is no heat treatment or other antimicrobial step between production and consumption. Thus, occurrence and control of L. monocytogenes are important for industry and public health. Advances in whole-genome sequence technology are facilitating the investigation of disease outbreaks, linking sporadic cases to outbreaks, and linking outbreaks internationally. Novel control methods, such as bacteriophage and bacteriocins, can contribute to a reduction in the occurrence of L. monocytogenes in the food-processing environment, thereby reducing the risk of food contamination and contributing to a reduction in public health issues.

      PubDate: 2018-04-16T07:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2018.02.006
  • Producing Powders Containing Active Dry Probiotics With the Aid of Spray
    • Authors: Nan Fu; Song Huang; Jie Xiao; Xiao Dong Chen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 April 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Nan Fu, Song Huang, Jie Xiao, Xiao Dong Chen
      Probiotics are microorganisms capable of conferring health benefits to humans and animals when ingested. Probiotic products that prevail in food market usually contain viable bacteria from Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genera. Bacterial strains in these genera often have complex nutrient requirements and tend to be fragile under environmental stresses. How to incorporate the cells into food matrix without causing undesired viability loss is a key issue for developing products of viable probiotics. Spray drying offers a rapid way to produce powders encapsulating probiotics in a matrix of protectant(s), which may extend the term of viability preservation and expand the application of probiotic products. In spray drying, feed solution that contains probiotic cells and dissolved or suspended protectant solids are atomized into droplets, which are quickly converted into particles by drying in a hot airflow. The harsh conditions and interplaying stresses make the maintenance of cell viability a challenging task. To enhance cell survival in dried powders, various approaches have been attempted, including the enhancement of the intrinsic stress tolerance of cells, adjustment of protectant composition, and optimization of the production process and dryer settings. This chapter discusses important factors influencing probiotic viability during spray drying from aspects of microbiology, food chemistry, and drying process. The mechanisms underlying the influences at the droplet and cellular levels and strategies taken to protect cell viability at the process level are discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-04-16T07:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2018.02.003
  • Egg Protein-Derived Bioactive Peptides: Preparation, Efficacy, and
    • Authors: Wang Liao; Forough Jahandideh; Hongbing Fan; Myoungjin Son; Jianping Wu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Wang Liao, Forough Jahandideh, Hongbing Fan, Myoungjin Son, Jianping Wu
      The hen's egg is an important protein source of human diet. On average one large egg contains ~6g protein, which contributes to ~11% of daily protein intake. As a high-quality protein, egg proteins are well recognized as excellent sources of bioactive peptides. The objectives of this chapter are to introduce generation, bioactivities, and absorption of egg protein-derived bioactive peptides. Research on egg protein-derived bioactive peptides has been progressed during the past decades. Enzymatic hydrolysis is the major technique to prepare bioactive peptides from egg protein. Quantitative structure–activity relationships-aided in silico prediction is increasingly applied as a promising tool for efficient prediction of novel bioactive peptides. A number of bioactive peptides from egg proteins have been characterized for antioxidant, immunomodulatory, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, anticancer, and antimicrobial activities. Egg protein-derived peptides that can improve bone health have been reported as well. However, molecular mechanisms of many peptides are not fully understood. The stability and absorption routes, bioavailability, safety, and production of bioactive peptides await further investigation.

      PubDate: 2018-04-16T07:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2018.02.001
  • Ethylcellulose Oleogels: Structure, Functionality, and Food Applications
    • Authors: Andrew J. Gravelle; Alejandro G. Marangoni
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 March 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Andrew J. Gravelle, Alejandro G. Marangoni
      The structuring edible oils by nontraditional means has become a popular strategy for improving the lipid profile of food products while retaining the functionality of a crystalline triglyceride network. Although numerous oleogelator systems have now been identified, the polymer gelator ethylcellulose (EC) may present the greatest potential for applications in a diverse range of food systems which require unique physical attributes and structuring properties in the fat phase. The first portion of this chapter will provide a brief overview of oleogelation strategies, outline the basic physical characteristics of the polymer EC, and describe the mechanism of gelation and some basic physical characteristics of EC oleogels. The subsequent sections will highlight different strategies which have been identified to manipulate the rheological and mechanical properties of these gels, including the addition of food-grade surfactants and other amphiphilic molecules, modulating bulk solvent polarity, and through the formation of EC/hybrid gelator systems. The final section will highlight various applications in food systems reported in the literature, outline recent work investigating the effect of structuring edible oils with EC on digestibility, and the potential applicability of these oleogels as a delivery vehicle for lipid-soluble molecules. The potential applications for EC oleogels in complex food systems are quite promising, and the strategies for manipulating their physical properties may also extend their applicability into the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and manufacturing industries.

      PubDate: 2018-04-16T07:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2018.01.002
  • Novel Biosensors for the Rapid Detection of Toxicants in Foods
    • Authors: Georgia-Paraskevi Nikoleli; Dimitrios P. Nikolelis; Christina G. Siontorou; Stephanos Karapetis; Theo Varzakas
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Georgia-Paraskevi Nikoleli, Dimitrios P. Nikolelis, Christina G. Siontorou, Stephanos Karapetis, Theo Varzakas
      The modern environmental and food analysis requires sensitive, accurate, and rapid methods. The growing field of biosensors represents an answer to this demand. Unfortunately, most biosensor systems have been tested only on distilled water or buffered solutions, although applications to real samples are increasingly appearing in recent years. In this context, biosensors for potential food applications continue to show advances in areas such as genetic modification of enzymes and microorganisms, improvement of recognition element immobilization, and sensor interfaces. This chapter investigates the progress in the development of biosensors for the rapid detection of food toxicants for online applications. Recent progress in nanotechnology has produced affordable, mass-produced devices, and to integrate these into components and systems (including portable ones) for mass market applications for food toxicants monitoring. Sensing includes chemical and microbiological food toxicants, such as toxins, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, microorganisms, bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms, phenolic compounds, allergens, genetically modified foods, hormones, dioxins, etc. Therefore, the state of the art of recent advances and future targets in the development of biosensors for food monitoring is summarized as follows: biosensors for food analysis will be highly sensitive, selective, rapidly responding, real time, massively parallel, with no or minimum sample preparation, and platform suited to portable and handheld nanosensors for the rapid detection of food toxicants for online uses even by nonskilled personnel.

      PubDate: 2018-04-16T07:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2018.01.003
  • Effect of Ultrasound Technology on Food and Nutritional Quality
    • Authors: Kumari S. Ojha; Brijesh K. Tiwari; Colm P. O’Donnell
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Kumari S. Ojha, Brijesh K. Tiwari, Colm P. O’Donnell
      Ultrasound technology has been successfully demonstrated for several food processing and preservation applications. The majority of food processing applications reported refer to liquid foods. Ultrasound has been applied to solid foods in some niche applications, e.g., tenderization of meat, mass transfer applications, and drying. Similar to any other technology, ultrasound also has some positive and negative effects on food quality depending on the application and processing conditions employed. This chapter outlines various applications of ultrasound to food and its effect on food and nutritional quality.

      PubDate: 2018-04-16T07:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2018.01.001
  • Series Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 83

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T20:58:38Z
  • Bioactive Potential of Andean Fruits, Seeds, and Tubers
    • Authors: David Campos; Rosana Chirinos; Lena Gálvez Ranilla; Romina Pedreschi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): David Campos, Rosana Chirinos, Lena Gálvez Ranilla, Romina Pedreschi
      The Andes is considered the longest continental mountain range in the world. It covers 7000km long and about 200–700km wide and an average height of about 4000m. Very unique plant species are endemic of this area including fruits (e.g., lucuma, cherimoya, sweet pepino, sauco), roots and tubers (potatoes, sweet potatoes, yacón, chicuru, mashua, olluco, etc.), and seeds (quinoa, amaranth, tarwi, etc.). These crops have been used for centuries by the native population and relatively recently have gained the world attention due to the wide range of nutrients and/or phytochemicals they possess. In this chapter, main Andean fruits, seeds, and roots and tubers have been selected and detailed nutritional and functional information is provided. In addition, traditional and current uses are provided and their bioactive potential is reported based on published scientific literature.

      PubDate: 2018-01-10T10:32:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.12.005
  • Structural Basis of Bioactivity of Food Peptides in Promoting Metabolic
    • Authors: Shixiang Yao; Dominic Agyei; Chibuike C. Udenigwe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Shixiang Yao, Dominic Agyei, Chibuike C. Udenigwe
      Bioactive peptides have many structural features that enable them to become functional in controlling several biological processes in the body, especially those related to metabolic health. This chapter provides an overview of the multiple targets of food-derived peptides against metabolic health problems (e.g., hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, oxidative stress) and discusses the importance of structural chemistry in determining the bioactivities of peptides and protein hydrolysates.

      PubDate: 2018-01-10T10:32:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.12.002
  • Effects of β-Alanine Supplementation on Carnosine Elevation and
           Physiological Performance
    • Authors: Jay R. Hoffman; Alyssa Varanoske; Jeffrey R. Stout
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Jay R. Hoffman, Alyssa Varanoske, Jeffrey R. Stout
      β-Alanine is one of the more popular sport supplements used by strength/power athletes today. The popularity of β-alanine stems from its ability to enhance intracellular muscle-buffering capacity thereby delaying fatigue during high-intensity exercise by increasing muscle carnosine content. Recent evidence also suggests that elevated carnosine levels may enhance cognitive performance and increase resiliency to stress. These benefits are thought to result from carnosine's potential role as an antioxidant. This review will discuss these new findings including recent investigations examining β-alanine supplementation and increased resiliency to posttraumatic stress and mild traumatic brain injury. This review will focus on the physiology of carnosine, the effect of β-alanine ingestion on carnosine elevations, and the potential ergogenic benefits it has for competitive and tactical athletes.

      PubDate: 2018-01-10T10:32:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.12.003
  • Polyphenols and Their Interactions With Other Dietary Compounds:
           Implications for Human Health
    • Authors: Nevena Kardum; Maria Glibetic
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): Nevena Kardum, Maria Glibetic
      Regular and optimal intake of polyphenols associates with numerous health-promoting effects. Bioavailability and activity of polyphenols depend on foods’ structure and interactions with other food constituents, especially proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. Polyphenols–proteins interactions can result in various biological effects, such as sense of astringency. So far, polyphenols interactions with food lipids have not been of special importance, except in case of plant oils. Polyphenols–carbohydrates interactions can influence the organoleptic properties, while interactions with dietary fibers are particularly significant. Polyphenols can decrease the synthesis of fats and fatty acids in the liver, or delay their absorption in intestines. Also, polyphenols can slow down digestion of carbohydrates, through the inhibition of digestive enzymes or modulation of glucose uptake. Both animal and plant proteins have low impact on the bioavailability of polyphenols, but some in vitro studies reported that milk proteins could enhance intestinal absorption of polyphenols from tea. Dietary fats may alter the passage of polyphenols through gastrointestinal tract and impact absorption of more hydrophobic polyphenols in particular. While some studies reported that associations with carbohydrates could decrease bioavailability of polyphenols, the others showed the opposite effects. Macronutrients can be used for encapsulation of polyphenols, which can increase their bioavailability and ensure controlled and targeted release. Polyphenols’ interactions in the body include their incorporation in cell membranes which causes changes in fatty acid profile and impacts membrane-bound transporters and enzymes. Finally, gut microbiota plays essential role in metabolism of both polyphenols and macronutrients and thus can have great impact on their interactions.

      PubDate: 2018-01-10T10:32:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.12.001
  • Series Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 82

      PubDate: 2017-04-18T08:15:36Z
  • Series Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 81

      PubDate: 2017-03-20T17:12:53Z
  • Nanotechnology for Food Packaging and Food Quality Assessment
    • Authors: M. Rossi; D. Passeri; A. Sinibaldi; M. Angjellari; E. Tamburri; A. Sorbo; E. Carata; L. Dini
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): M. Rossi, D. Passeri, A. Sinibaldi, M. Angjellari, E. Tamburri, A. Sorbo, E. Carata, L. Dini
      Nanotechnology has paved the way to innovative food packaging materials and analytical methods to provide the consumers with healthier food and to reduce the ecological footprint of the whole food chain. Combining antimicrobial and antifouling properties, thermal and mechanical protection, oxygen and moisture barrier, as well as to verify the actual quality of food, e.g., sensors to detect spoilage, bacterial growth, and to monitor incorrect storage conditions, or anticounterfeiting devices in food packages may extend the products shelf life and ensure higher quality of foods. Also the ecological footprint of food chain can be reduced by developing new completely recyclable and/or biodegradable packages from natural and eco-friendly resources. The contribution of nanotechnologies to these goals is reviewed in this chapter, together with a description of portable devices (“lab-on-chip,” sensors, nanobalances, etc.) which can be used to assess the quality of food and an overview of regulations in force on food contact materials.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T15:26:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.01.002
  • Series Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 80

      PubDate: 2017-02-24T08:31:58Z
  • Influence of High Hydrostatic Pressure Technology on Wine Chemical and
           Sensorial Characteristics: Potentialities and Drawbacks
    • Authors: C. Nunes; M.C. Santos; J.A. Saraiva; S.M. Rocha; M.A. Coimbra
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): C. Nunes, M.C. Santos, J.A. Saraiva, S.M. Rocha, M.A. Coimbra
      During last years, scientific research on high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) as a nonthermal processing technology for preservation or aging of wine has increased substantially. HHP between 200 and 500MPa is able to inactivate bacteria and yeasts in red and white wines, suggesting that it may be used for wine preservation. However, these treatments have been shown to promote changes on sensorial and physicochemical characteristics in both red and white wines, not immediately in the first month, but along storage. The changes are observed in wine color, aroma, and taste due mainly to reactions of phenolic compounds, sugars, and proteins. These reactions have been associated with those observed during wine aging, leading to aged-like wine characteristics perceived by sensorial analysis. This chapter will present the influence of HHP technology on wine chemical and sensorial characteristics, criticaly discussing its potentialities and drawbacks. The appropriate use of HHP, based on the scientific knowledge of the reactions occuring in wine promoted by HHP, will allow to exploit this technology for wine production achieving distinct characteristics to address particular market and consumer demands.

      PubDate: 2017-02-17T06:27:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.01.003
  • Metabolomics, Nutrition, and Potential Biomarkers of Food Quality, Intake,
           and Health Status
    • Authors: J.-L.
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): J.-L. Sébédio
      Diet, dietary patterns, and other environmental factors such as exposure to toxins are playing an important role in the prevention/development of many diseases, like obesity, type 2 diabetes, and consequently on the health status of individuals. A major challenge nowadays is to identify novel biomarkers to detect as early as possible metabolic dysfunction and to predict evolution of health status in order to refine nutritional advices to specific population groups. Omics technologies such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics coupled with statistical and bioinformatics tools have already shown great potential in this research field even if so far only few biomarkers have been validated. For the past two decades, important analytical techniques have been developed to detect as many metabolites as possible in human biofluids such as urine, blood, and saliva. In the field of food science and nutrition, many studies have been carried out for food authenticity, quality, and safety, as well as for food processing. Furthermore, metabolomic investigations have been carried out to discover new early biomarkers of metabolic dysfunction and predictive biomarkers of developing pathologies (obesity, metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes, etc.). Great emphasis is also placed in the development of methodologies to identify and validate biomarkers of nutrients exposure.

      PubDate: 2017-02-17T06:27:11Z
  • Pathogens of Food Animals: Sources, Characteristics, Human Risk, and
           Methods of Detection
    • Authors: C.M. Logue; N.L. Barbieri; D.W. Nielsen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): C.M. Logue, N.L. Barbieri, D.W. Nielsen
      Pathogens associated with food production (livestock) animals come in many forms causing a multitude of disease for humans. For the purpose of this review, these infectious agents can be divided into three broad categories: those that are associated with bacterial disease, those that are associated with viruses, and those that are parasitic in nature. The goal of this chapter is to provide the reader with an overview of the most common pathogens that cause disease in humans through exposure via the food chain and the consequence of this exposure as well as risk and detection methods. We have also included a collection of unusual pathogens that although rare have still caused disease, and their recognition is warranted in light of emerging and reemerging diseases. These provide the reader an understanding of where the next big outbreak could occur. The influence of the global economy, the movement of people, and food makes understanding production animal-associated disease paramount to being able to address new diseases as they arise.

      PubDate: 2017-02-11T05:13:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.12.009
  • Nanotechnology Approaches for Increasing Nutrient Bioavailability
    • Authors: S.M. Jafari; D.J. McClements
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): S.M. Jafari, D.J. McClements
      Health-promoting ingredients such as phenolic compounds, vitamins, and minerals are being increasingly introduced into foods and beverages to produce “functional foods” specifically designed to improve human health, well-being, and performance. However, it is often challenging to incorporate these nutraceuticals into foods because they have poor solubility characteristics, impart undesirable flavor profiles, are chemically unstable, or have low bioavailability. This problem can often be overcome by encapsulating the bioactive components in nanoparticle-based delivery systems. The bioavailability of encapsulated bioactive agents often increases when the size of the particles containing them decreases, due to their faster digestion, ability to penetrate the mucus layer, or direct uptake by cells. Nanoparticles can be formulated to survive passage through specific regions of the gastrointestinal tract and then release their payload at a specified point, thus maximizing their potential health benefits. Nutraceutical-loaded nanoparticles can be fabricated through lipid formulations, natural nanocarriers, specialized equipment, biopolymer nanoparticles, and miscellaneous techniques. Classification into these five groups is based on the main mechanism or ingredient used to fabricate the nanoparticles. This chapter focuses on the utilization of food-grade nanoparticles for improving the performance of nutraceuticals in functional foods and beverages.

      PubDate: 2017-01-30T03:07:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.12.008
  • Metabolic Phenotyping of Diet and Dietary Intake
    • Authors: J. Brignardello; E. Holmes; I. Garcia-Perez
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): J. Brignardello, E. Holmes, I. Garcia-Perez
      Nutrition provides the building blocks for growth, repair, and maintenance of the body and is key to maintaining health. Exposure to fast foods, mass production of dietary components, and wider importation of goods have challenged the balance between diet and health in recent decades, and both scientists and clinicians struggle to characterize the relationship between this changing dietary landscape and human metabolism with its consequent impact on health. Metabolic phenotyping of foods, using high-density data-generating technologies to profile the biochemical composition of foods, meals, and human samples (pre- and postfood intake), can be used to map the complex interaction between the diet and human metabolism and also to assess food quality and safety. Here, we outline some of the techniques currently used for metabolic phenotyping and describe key applications in the food sciences, ending with a broad outlook at some of the newer technologies in the field with a view to exploring their potential to address some of the critical challenges in nutritional science.

      PubDate: 2017-01-30T03:07:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.12.002
  • Improvement of Soybean Products Through the Response Mechanism Analysis
           Using Proteomic Technique
    • Authors: X. Wang; S. Komatsu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): X. Wang, S. Komatsu
      Soybean is rich in protein/vegetable oil and contains several phytochemicals such as isoflavones and phenolic compounds. Because of the predominated nutritional values, soybean is considered as traditional health benefit food. Soybean is a widely cultivated crop; however, its growth and yield are markedly affected by adverse environmental conditions. Proteomic techniques make it feasible to map protein profiles both during soybean growth and under unfavorable conditions. The stress-responsive mechanisms during soybean growth have been uncovered with the help of proteomic studies. In this review, the history of soybean as food and the morphology/physiology of soybean are described. The utilization of proteomics during soybean germination and development is summarized. In addition, the stress-responsive mechanisms explored using proteomic techniques are reviewed in soybean.

      PubDate: 2017-01-22T09:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.12.006
  • Health Risks of Food Oxidation
    • Authors: M. Estévez; Z. Li; O.P. Soladoye; T. Van-Hecke
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): M. Estévez, Z. Li, O.P. Soladoye, T. Van-Hecke
      The impact of dietary habits on our health is indisputable. Consumer's concern on aging and age-related diseases challenges scientists to underline the potential role of food on the extension and guarantee of lifespan and healthspan. While some dietary components and habits are generally regarded as beneficial for our health, some others are being found to exert potential toxic effects and hence, contribute to the onset of particular health disorders. Among the latter, lipid and protein oxidation products formed during food production, storage, processing, and culinary preparation have been recently identified as potentially harmful to humans. Upon intake, food components are further degraded and oxidized during the subsequent digestion phases and the pool of compounds formed in the lumen is in close contact with the lamina propria of the intestines. Some of these oxidation products have been found to promote inflammatory conditions in the gut (i.e., bowel diseases) and are also reasonably linked to the onset of carcinogenic processes. Upon intestinal uptake, some species are distributed by the bloodstream causing an increase in oxidative stress markers and impairment of certain physiological processes through alteration of specific gene expression pathways. This chapter summarizes the most recent discoveries on this topic with particular stress on challenges that we face in the near future: understanding the molecular basis of disease, the suitability of using living animals vs in vitro model systems and the necessity of using massive genomic techniques and versatile mass spectrometric technology.

      PubDate: 2017-01-22T09:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.12.005
  • Use of Foodomics for Control of Food Processing and Assessing of Food
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): D. Josić, Ž. Peršurić, D. Rešetar, T. Martinović, L. Saftić, S. Kraljević Pavelić
      Food chain, food safety, and food-processing sectors face new challenges due to globalization of food chain and changes in the modern consumer preferences. In addition, gradually increasing microbial resistance, changes in climate, and human errors in food handling remain a pending barrier for the efficient global food safety management. Consequently, a need for development, validation, and implementation of rapid, sensitive, and accurate methods for assessment of food safety often termed as foodomics methods is required. Even though, the growing role of these high-throughput foodomic methods based on genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic techniques has yet to be completely acknowledged by the regulatory agencies and bodies. The sensitivity and accuracy of these methods are superior to previously used standard analytical procedures and new methods are suitable to address a number of novel requirements posed by the food production sector and global food market.

      PubDate: 2017-01-15T13:25:29Z
  • Methodologies for the Characterization of the Quality of Dairy Products
    • Authors: Karoui
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): R. Karoui
      The growing interest of consumers in food quality and safety issues has contributed to the increasing demand for sensitive and rapid analytical technologies. Physicochemical, textural, sensory, etc., methods have been used to evaluate the quality and authenticity of milk and dairy products. Despite the importance of these standard methods, they are expensive and time consuming. Recently, spectroscopic methods have shown great potential due to speed of analysis, minimal sample preparation, high repeatability, low cost, and, most of all, the fact that these techniques are noninvasive and nondestructive and, therefore, could be applied to any on-line monitoring system. This chapter gave examples of the application of the most commonly traditional methods for the determination of the quality of milk and dairy products. A special focus is devoted to the use of infrared and fluorescence spectroscopies for the evaluation of the quality of dairy products.

      PubDate: 2017-01-15T13:25:29Z
  • Phenolic Compounds and Its Bioavailability: In Vitro Bioactive Compounds
           or Health Promoters?
    • Authors: I.C.F.R. Ferreira; N. Martins; L. Barros
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): I.C.F.R. Ferreira, N. Martins, L. Barros
      Botanical preparations present a widespread and secular history of use. In fact, natural matrices possess a rich pool of phytochemicals, with promising biological effects. Among them, phenolic compounds have revealed to confer very important attributes to improve the well-being and longevity of worldwide population. Numerous in vitro studies have been carried out evaluating the wide spectrum of bioactivities of phenolic compounds, including its health effects, but through in vivo experiments some of these previous results cannot be properly confirmed, and considerable variations are observed. Pharmacokinetic parameters, including the assessment of bioavailability and bioefficacy of phenolic compounds, still continue to be largely investigated and considered a great hot topic among the food science and technology researchers. Thus, based on these crucial aspects, this chapter aims to provide an extensive approach about the question of the bioavailability of phenolic compounds, describing its biosynthetic routes and related mechanisms of action; to focus on the current facts and existing controversies, highlighting the importance of in vivo studies and the impact of phenolic compounds on the quality of life and longevity.

      PubDate: 2017-01-15T13:25:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.12.004
  • Protein Hydrolysates and Biopeptides: Production, Biological Activities,
           and Applications in Foods and Health Benefits. A Review
    • Authors: Nasri
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 December 2016
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): M. Nasri
      In recent years, a great deal of interest has been expressed regarding the production, characterization, and applications of protein hydrolysates and food-derived biopeptides due to their numerous beneficial health effects. In this regard, research is mainly focused on investigating the therapeutic potential of these natural compounds. Based on their amino acids composition, sequences, hydrophobicity, and length, peptides released from food proteins, beyond their nutritional properties, can exhibit various biological activities including antihypertensive, antioxidative, antithrombotic, hypoglycemic, hypocholesterolemic, and antibacterial activities among others. Protein hydrolysates are essentially produced by enzymatic hydrolysis of whole protein sources by appropriate proteolytic enzymes under controlled conditions, followed by posthydrolysis processing to isolate desired and potent bioactive peptides from a complex mixture of active and inactive peptides. Therefore, because of their human health potential and safety profiles, protein hydrolysates and biopeptides may be used as ingredients in functional foods and pharmaceuticals to improve human health and prevent diseases. In this review, we have focused on the major variables influencing the enzymatic process of protein hydrolysates production. The biological properties of protein hydrolysates will be described as well as their applications in foods and health benefits.

      PubDate: 2017-01-07T13:23:37Z
  • Nutritional Aspects of Dysphagia Management
    • Authors: C. Gallegos; E. Brito-de la Fuente; P. Clavé; A. Costa; G. Assegehegn
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 December 2016
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): C. Gallegos, E. Brito-de la Fuente, P. Clavé, A. Costa, G. Assegehegn
      This chapter describes the nutritional aspects of dysphagia management by starting with the definition of these two conditions (dysphagia and malnutrition) that share three main clinical characteristics: (a) their prevalence is very high, (b) they can lead to severe complications, and (c) they are frequently underrecognized and neglected conditions. From an anatomical standpoint, dysphagia can result from oropharyngeal and/or esophageal causes; from a pathophysiological perspective, dysphagia can be caused by organic or structural diseases (either benign or malignant) or diseases causing impaired physiology (mainly motility and/or perception disorders). This chapter gathers up-to-date information on the screening and diagnosis of oropharyngeal dysphagia, the consequences of dysphagia (aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, and dehydration), and on the nutritional management of dysphagic patients. Concerning this last topic, this chapter reviews the rheological aspects of swallowing and dysphagia (including shear and elongational flows) and its influence on the characteristics of the enteral nutrition for dysphagia management (solid/semisolid foods and thickened liquids; ready-to-use oral nutritional supplements and thickening powders), with special focus on the real characteristics of the bolus after mixing with human saliva.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T13:20:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.11.008
  • Bioactive Properties of Maillard Reaction Products Generated From Food
           Protein-derived Peptides
    • Authors: K. Arihara; L. Zhou; M. Ohata
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 December 2016
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): K. Arihara, L. Zhou, M. Ohata
      Food protein-derived peptides are promising food ingredients for developing functional foods, since various bioactive peptides are released from food proteins. The Maillard reaction, which plays an important role in most processed foods, generates various chemical components during processing. Although changes of amino acids or proteins and reduced sugars by the Maillard reaction have been studied extensively, such changes of peptides by the Maillard reaction are still not resolved enough. Since food protein-derived peptides are widely utilized in many processed foods, it deserves concern and research on the changes of peptides by the Maillard reaction in foods during processing or storage. This chapter initially overviewed food protein-derived bioactive peptides. Then, Maillard reaction products generated from peptides are discussed. We focused particularly on their bioactivities.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T13:20:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.11.005
  • Analysis of Nitrite and Nitrate in Foods: Overview of Chemical, Regulatory
           and Analytical Aspects
    • Authors: Merino
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2016
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): L. Merino, U. Örnemark, F. Toldrá
      In this chapter, several factors that should be considered for selecting and developing suitable analytical methods for determining nitrite/nitrate are presented. Nitrite and nitrate occurrence and suitability are a controversial issue. Nitrite is an approved additive considered a foremost curing ingredient for the preservation of meat products. Nitrate is a natural constituent of the human diet that, however, raises fears for its suggested potential harmfulness related to carcinogenesis and environmental contamination. Chemical, regulatory, and analytical aspects are discussed in the light of the need to obtain reliable data of nitrite and nitrate for law enforcement purposes, exposure estimates, and investigation of their physiological role in the human body. In addition, current metrological aspects to ensure the “fitness for purpose” of the selected method are suggested and discussed.

      PubDate: 2016-12-19T11:55:08Z
  • Food Processing Antioxidants
    • Authors: F.J. Hidalgo; R. Zamora
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 November 2016
      Source:Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
      Author(s): F.J. Hidalgo, R. Zamora
      Food processing has been carried out since ancient times as a way to preserve and improve food nutritional and organoleptic properties. Although it has some undesirable consequences, such as the losses of some nutrients and the potential formation of toxic compounds, a wide range of benefits can be enumerated. Among them, the increased total antioxidant capacity of many processed foods has been known for long. This consequence has been related to both the release or increased availability of natural antioxidants and the de novo formation of substances with antioxidant properties as a consequence of the produced reactions. This review analyzes the chemical changes produced in foods during processing with special emphasis on the formation of antioxidants as a consequence of carbonyl-amine reactions produced by both carbohydrate- and lipid-derived reactive carbonyls. It discusses the lastest advances produced in the characterization of carbonyl-amine adducts and their potential action as primary (free radical scavengers), secondary (chelating and other ways to prevent lipid oxidation), and tertiary (carbonyl scavengers as a way to avoid lipid oxidation consequences) antioxidants. Moreover, the possibility of combining amino compounds with different hydrophobicity, such as aminophospholipids and proteins, with a wide array of reactive carbonyls points out to the use of carbonyl-amine reactions as a new way to induce the formation of a great variety of substances with antioxidant properties and very variable hydrophilia/lipophilia. All presented results point out to carbonyl-amine reactions as an effective method to generate efficacious antioxidants that can be used in food technology.

      PubDate: 2016-12-05T09:36:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.10.002
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