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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3162 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3162 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 95, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 411, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 395, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 341, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 449, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 210, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 176, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 194, SJR: 1.58, CiteScore: 3)

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Journal Cover
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2173-5735
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3162 journals]
  • Maxillary hydatid cyst
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Satvinder Singh Bakshi, Roopa Urs
       
  • Osteochondroma of Maxillary Sinus, an Unusual Location
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Ana Belén Gil Guerra, Esther Gómez San Martín, María Isabel Jiménez Cuenca
       
  • Lipoma of the pre-epiglottic space: A common pathology in an uncommon
           place
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Nuno Ribeiro Costa, Delfim Duarte, Miguel Viana
       
  • Spontaneous Rupture of Cervical Thoracic Duct: A Case Report
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Natalia Rodriguez, Maria Luisa Navarrete, Cesar Ortiz, Shelagh Dyer
       
  • Subglottis Inflammatory Pseudotumour in a 3-Year-old Child
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Javier Cervera Escario, Sara Sirvent Cerdá, Saturnino Santos Santos, Adolfo Sequeiros González
       
  • Endoscopic Closure of Septal Perforations
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Isam Alobid ObjectiveThe management of septal perforations is a challenge for the surgeon. A wide variety of surgical techniques have been described, with different approaches. There is no scientific evidence to support a particular approach. The objective of this review is to present a practical guide on the technique of choice for each case of septal perforation.DiscussionInspection of the nasal mucosa, the size of the perforation, the location and especially the osteo-cartilaginous support, are the pillars of a successful surgery. For the sliding or rotating flaps of the mucosa of the septum it is essential to know in advance if the elevation of the mucopericondrio or mucoperiosteo of the septum is possible, otherwise the use of these flaps would not be indicated. The flaps of the lateral wall or nasal floor are the alternative. The pericranial flap may be indicated in total or near total perforations.ConclusionThe remnant of the nasal septum and status of osteo-cartilaginous support are the determining factors in the management of septal perforations. Each case should be evaluated individually and the approach chosen according to the size and location of the perforation, mucosal quality, personal history, previous surgery and the experience of the surgeon.ResumenIntroducciónEl cierre quirúrgico de las perforaciones septales sintomáticas a menudo conduce a resultados no satisfactorios. El conocimiento de la irrigación vascular es de suma importancia para el éxito.ObjetivoEl manejo de las perforaciones septales constituye un reto para el cirujano. Hay descritas una gran variedad de técnicas quirúrgicas, con distintas vías de abordaje. No existen pruebas científicas que avalen un abordaje en concreto. El objetivo de esta revisión es presentar una guía práctica sobre la técnica de elección para cada caso de perforación septal.DiscusiónLa inspección de la mucosa nasal, el tamaño de la perforación, la localización y, sobre todo, el soporte osteocartilaginoso son los pilares para lograr el éxito de la cirugía. Para los colgajos de deslizamiento o rotación de la mucosa del tabique es fundamental haber estudiado previamente si es posible la elevación del mucopericondrio o mucoperiosteo del septum, de lo contrario, el uso de estos colgajos no estaría indicado. Los colgajos de la pared lateral o del suelo nasal son la alternativa. El colgajo pericraneal podría estar indicado en perforaciones totales o casi totales.ConclusiónEl remanente del septum nasal y el estado del soporte osteocartilaginoso son los factores determinantes en el manejo de las perforaciones septales. Cada caso debe valorarse individualmente y la elección del abordaje se realiza según el tamaño y la localización de la perforación, la calidad de la mucosa, los antecedentes personales, la cirugía previa y la experiencia del cirujano.
       
  • oVEMP as an objective indicator of successful repositioning maneuver
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Samir Asal, Osama Sobhy, Amany Balbaa Background and objectiveBenign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral vestibular disorder. Canalolithiasis in the posterior semi-circular canal is the most common underlying pathology that can be treated effectively by repositioning maneuvers. Our hypothesis suggested that successful maneuvers can lead to repositioning of dislodged otoconia to the utricle.Materials and methodsAir conducted oVEMP, which is thought to originate from the contra-lateral utricular organ was measured in twenty patients with unilateral BPPV and we compared n1•p1 peak to peak amplitude of the affected ears in 3 separate intervals: on pre-treatment when typical nystagmus was confirmed, immediately after, and 1 week after repositioning maneuvers to assess change, if any, in amplitude.ResultsThis study showed significant increase of oVEMP amplitude in the affected ears after successful repositioning maneuver that was more significant after 1 week.ConclusionsoVEMP can be used as a reliable objective test for ensuring a successful maneuver rather than subjective dependence on the patient's symptoms, which may be misleading due to a remission.ResumenAntecedentes y objetivoEl vèc)rtigo posicional paroxístico benigno es el trastorno vestibular perifèc)rico más común. La canalolitiasis en el canal semicircular posterior es la enfermedad subyacente más común, que puede tratarse eficazmente mediante maniobras de reposicionamiento. Nuestra hipótesis sugiere que las maniobras exitosas pueden originar un reposicionamiento de la otoconia desplazada hacia el utrículo.Materiales y mèc)todosEl potencial miogèc)nico evocado vestibular ocular (oVEMP) con conducción de aire, cuyo origen se piensa que se halla en el utrículo contralateral, se midió en 20 pacientes con vèc)rtigo posicional paroxístico benigno unilateral comparando la amplitud n1-p1 de pico a pico de los oídos afectados en 3 intervalos separados: previamente al tratamiento cuando se confirmó el nistagmo típico, inmediatamente despuèc)s y transcurrida una semana de las maniobras de reposicionamiento, para confirmar el cambio de amplitud, de haberse producido.ResultadosEste estudio reflejó un incremento considerable de la amplitud del oVEMP en los oídos afectados, tras las maniobras exitosas de reposicionamiento, que fue más significativa trascurrida una semana.ConclusionesEl oVEMP puede utilizarse como prueba objetiva fiable para garantizar una maniobra exitosa, en lugar de la dependencia subjetiva de la sintomatología del paciente, que puede resultar engañosa debido a su remisión.
       
  • Cepstral Analysis of Normal and Pathological Voice in Spanish Adults.
           Smoothed Cepstral Peak Prominence in Sustained Vowels Versus Connected
           Speech
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Jonathan Delgado-Hernández, Nieves M. León-Gómez, Laura M. Izquierdo-Arteaga, Yanira Llanos-Fumero Introduction and objectivesIn recent years, the use of cepstral measures for acoustic evaluation of voice has increased. One of the most investigated parameters is smoothed cepstral peak prominence (CPPs). The objectives of this paper are to establish the usefulness of this acoustic measure in the objective evaluation of alterations of the voice in Spanish and to determine what type of voice sample (sustained vowels or connected speech) is the most sensitive in evaluating the severity of dysphonia.MethodForty subjects participated in this study 40, 20 controls and 20 with dysphonia. Two voice samples were recorded for each subject (one sustained vowel/a/and four phonetically balanced sentences) and the CPPs was calculated using the Praat programme. Three raters perceptually evaluated the voice sample with the Grade parameter of GRABS scale.ResultsSignificantly lower values were found in the dysphonic voices, both for/a/(t[38]=4.85, P
       
  • Virtual Surgery for Patients With Nasal Obstruction: Use of Computational
           Fluid Dynamics (MeComLand®, Digbody® & Noseland®) to Document Objective
           Flow Parameters and Optimise Surgical Results
    • Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 3Author(s): Manuel A. Burgos, Maria Agustina Sevilla García, Enrique Sanmiguel Rojas, Carlos Del Pino, Carlos Fernández Velez, Francisco Piqueras, Francisco Esteban Ortega IntroductionComputational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a mathematical tool to analyse airflow. We present a novel CFD software package to improve results following nasal surgery for obstruction.MethodsA group of engineers in collaboration with otolaryngologists have developed a very intuitive CFD software package called MeComLand®, which uses the patient's cross-sectional (tomographic) images, thus showing in detail results originated by CFD such as airflow distributions, velocity profiles, pressure, or wall shear stress. NOSELAND® helps medical evaluation with dynamic reports by using a 3D endoscopic view. Using this CFD-based software a patient underwent virtual surgery (septoplasty, turbinoplasty, spreader grafts, lateral crural J-flap and combinations) to choose the best improvement in nasal flow.ObjectiveTo present a novel software package to improve nasal surgery results. To apply the software on CT slices from a patient affected by septal deviation. To evaluate several surgical procedures (septoplasty, turbinectomy, spreader-grafts, J-flap and combination among them) to find the best alternative with less morbidity.ResultsThe combination of all the procedures does not provide the best nasal flow improvement. Septoplasty plus turbinoplasty obtained the best results. Turbinoplasty alone rendered almost similar results to septoplasty in our simulation.ConclusionsCFD provides useful complementary information to cover diagnosis, prognosis, and follow-up of nasal pathologies based on quantitative magnitudes linked to fluid flow. MeComLand®, DigBody® and NoseLand® represent a non-invasive, low-cost alternative for the functional study of patients with nasal obstruction.ResumenIntroducciónLa dinámica de fluidos computacional (CFD) es una herramienta matemática que permite analizar el flujo aéreo. Presentamos un software innovador basado en CFD para mejorar los resultados de la cirugía nasal.MétodosMediante colaboración de ingenieros especialistas en mecánica de fluidos y otorrinolaringólogos se ha desarrollado un software de fácil uso denominado MeComLand®, que utilizando los cortes de tomografía computarizada de un paciente permite obtener gran cantidad de información como flujo, presiones, temperatura, velocidad o fricción sobre la pared de las fosas nasales. El programa DigBody® permite modificar en 3 D la anatomía del modelo y realizar cirugías virtuales para simular resultados antes de la cirugía real. Por último, NoseLand® permite viajar virtualmente por el interior de la fosa nasal, mostrando todo tipo de magnitudes termo-fluido mecánicas.ObjetivoPresentar un programa innovador para mejorar los resultados de la cirugía nasal. Emplear este software sobre cortes tomográficos de un paciente con desviación septal para planificar distintas opciones quirúrgicas (septoplastia, turbinectomía, spreader-grafts, colgajo en J y combinaciones) a fin de conseguir la mejor alternativa con la menor morbilidad.ResultadosLa combinación de todos los procedimientos considerados no produce los mejores resultados en cuanto a flujo nasal. Estos se consiguen asociando septoplastia y turbinectomía. La turbinectomía aislada obtuvo resultados muy similares a la septoplastia.ConclusionesLa técnica computacional CFD proporciona una información complementaria valiosa en el diagnóstico del paciente con obstrucción nasal y sobre los resultados de distintas alternativas quirúrgicas respecto al flujo nasal, contribuyendo a un mejor manejo del enfermo. El software MeComLand® con sus respectivos módulos DigBody® y NoseLand® suponen una alternativa barata y no invasiva al estudio funcional del paciente con obstrucción nasal.
       
  • Comments on the Assessment of Nasal Obstruction With Rhinomanometry and
           Subjective Scales and Outcomes of Surgical and Medical Treatment
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Francisco Larrosa, Isam Alobid
       
  • Plummer Vinson syndrome
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Satvinder Singh Bakshi, Thilagaraj Lokesh Kumar
       
  • Arteria lusoria: A rare cause of tracheal compression
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Ana Nóbrega-Pinto, Isabel Carvalho, Cecília Almeida-Sousa
       
  • Castleman's Disease in the Paediatric Neck
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Cristina Marco Martin, Roberto Méndez Gallart, Carlos Aliste Santos, Máximo Francisco Fraga Rodriguez, Adolfo Bautista Casasnovas
       
  • Metastasis of Gallbladder Adenocarcinoma to the Skin of the External
           Auditory Canal, a Case Report
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Valery Nuñez Carrasco, Jose Luis Serdio Arias, Juan Jose Artazkoz del Toro, Leticia Melgar Vilaplana
       
  • Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis With Lung and Chest Wall Involvement:
           A Rare Complication in an Adolescent
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Hugo Rodríguez, Giselle Cuestas, Mariana Álvarez, Maira Monaje
       
  • Cochleotoxicity monitoring protocol
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): José Ferreira Penêda, Nuno Barros Lima, Leandro Ribeiro, Diamantino Helena, Bruno Domingues, Artur Condé IntroductionCochlear damage is frequent in long-term aminoglycosides therapy or chemotherapeutic treatments with platinum-based agents. Despite its prevalence, it is currently underestimated and underdiagnosed. A monitoring protocol is vital to the early detection of cochleotoxicity and its implementation is widely encouraged in every hospital unit. Our aim was to elaborate a cochleotoxicity monitoring protocol for patients treated with platinum compounds or aminoglycosides antibiotics.MethodsPubMed® database was searched using terms relevant to drug cochleotoxicity in order to identify the most adequate protocol. Several articles and guidelines influenced our decision.ResultsThere is no consensus on a universal monitoring protocol. Its formulation and application rely heavily on available resources and personnel. High-frequency audiometry and otoacoustic emissions play an important role on early detection of cochleotoxicity caused by aminoglycoside antibiotics and platinum compounds.ConclusionA cochleotoxicity monitoring protocol consisting on an initial evaluation, treatment follow-up and post-treatment evaluation is proposed.ResumenIntroducciónEl daño coclear es frecuente en la terapia de aminoglucósidos a largo plazo, o en tratamientos quimioterapéuticos con agentes a base de platino. A pesar de su prevalencia, actualmente está subestimado y subdiagnosticado. Un protocolo de monitorización es vital para la detección temprana de la ototoxicidad, por lo que se incita a su implementación en todas las unidades hospitalarias. Nuestro objetivo fue elaborar un protocolo de monitorización de la cocleototoxicidad para pacientes tratados con compuestos de platino o antibióticos aminoglucósidos.MétodosSe realizaron búsquedas en la base de datos PubMed® utilizando términos relevantes para la cocleototoxicidad de los fármacos con el fin de identificar el protocolo más adecuado. Varios artículos y directrices influyeron en nuestra decisión.ResultadosNo hay consenso sobre un protocolo de monitoreo universal. Su formulación y aplicación dependen en gran medida de los recursos y el personal disponibles. La audiometría de alta frecuencia y las emisiones otoacústicas desempeñan un papel importante en la detección temprana de la cocleototoxicidad causada por los antibióticos aminoglucósidos y los compuestos de platino.ConclusiónSe propone un protocolo de monitorización de la cocleototoxicidad, consistente en una evaluación inicial, seguimiento del tratamiento y evaluación postratamiento.
       
  • Efficacy of the Myofascial Pectoralis Major Flap in the Reduction of
           Salivary Fistulas After Salvage Total Laryngectomy
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Jose Angel González García, Jon Alexander Sistiaga Suarez, Izaskun Thomas Arrizabalaga, Ekhiñe Larruscain Sarasola, Xabier Altuna Mariezcurrena IntroductionPharyngocutaneous fistula is the most frequent complication after total laryngectomy. Its incidence varies between 9%–25% in post primary total laryngectomy patients, to 14%–57% in salvage laryngectomy post radiotherapy or post chemotherapy+radiotherapy. The pectoralis major myofascial flap (PMMF) is postulated as a useful tool to decrease the incidence of this complication.Materials and methodRetrospective analysis of a group of patients treated by salvage laryngectomy, associated or not with pharyngeal closure reinforcement with PMMF.ResultsTwenty patients were included, 18 males (90%) and 2 females (10%), in 10 of whom the PMMF was used. The average age was 66.65 years. Seventeen (85%) had a laryngeal tumour and 3 (15%) had a hypopharyngeal tumour. Eight (80%) patients in the non-PMMF group had postoperative fistula, whereas only 2 (20%) patients in the PMMF group had a fistula during the postoperative period (P=.005). The mean time for fistula closure was significantly shorter in the cases where PMMF flap was used (16±11 days vs. 76.8±67 days, P=.001), as was hospital stay (19.6±18 days vs. 83.9±77 days, P=.001).ConclusionThe use of PMMF in our series is associated with a lower rate of post salvage laryngectomy fistulas in patients treated primarily by organ preservation protocol for laryngeal/hypopharyngeal cancer. In turn, it promotes local healing by decreasing the mean duration of fistula closure and the mean hospital stay.ResumenIntroducciónLa fístula faringocutánea es la más frecuente de las complicaciones poslaringectomía total. Su incidencia varía entre un 9-25% en pacientes poslaringectomía total primaria, hasta un 14-57% en laringectomía de rescate posradioterapia o posquimioterapia + radioterapia. El colgajo de músculo pectoral mayor miofascial (PMMF) se postula como una herramienta útil para disminuir la incidencia de esta complicación.Material y métodoAnálisis retrospectivo de pacientes tratados mediante laringectomía total de rescate, asociada o no a refuerzo de sutura faríngea con colgajo de PMMF.ResultadosVeinte pacientes fueron incluidos, 18 hombres (90%) y 2 mujeres (10%), en 10 de los cuales se utilizó colgajo de PMMF. La edad promedio fue de 66,65 años. Diecisiete (85%) presentaron un tumor laríngeo y 3 (15%) un tumor de hipofaringe. Ocho (80%) pacientes del grupo sin PMMF presentaron fístula en el postoperatorio, mientras que tan solo 2 (20%) pacientes del grupo de PMMF presentaron fístula durante el postoperatorio (p = 0,005). El tiempo promedio para el cierre de la fístula fue significativamente menor en los casos en que se empleó el PMMF (16 ± 11 vs 76,8 ± 67 días, p = 0,001), así como la estancia hospitalaria (19,6 ± 18 vs 83,9 ± 77 días, p 0,001).ConclusiónEl uso del PMMF se asocia a una menor tasa de fístulas poslaringectomía total de rescate en pacientes tratados de forma primaria mediante protocolo de conservación de órgano por cáncer de laringe/hipofaringe, y favorece la cicatrización local disminuyendo el tiempo promedio de cierre de fístulas y la estancia media hospitalaria.
       
  • Correlation Between Measures of Perceptual Assessment of GRB and Contact
           Quotient (CQ)
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Rodrigo Maximiliano Jerez ObjectiveThe aim of the present work is to correlate the perceptual parameters grade, roughness, and breathiness of the GRB scale with the contact quotient (CQ) obtained by electroglotography.Material and method70 samples of normal and pathological voices were analysed by means of auditory-perceptual analysis and electroglotography. The perceptual analysis was carried out by two expert judges depending on the parameters grade, roughness, and breathiness. The CQ values were obtained through the VoceVista System Version 3.3.7.ResultsThe results show a strong correlation between CQ and breathiness (r = −0.869), whereas between grade of dysphonia and CQ (r = −0.567), and roughness and CQ (r = 0.643) the correlation is average.ConclusionsIt is possible to establish relationships between the vibrational behaviour of the vocal folds and the resulting phenomenon that we perceive auditively. The most relevant parameter in this respect was breathiness. The correlation between grade, roughness and CQ was weaker.ResumenObjetivoEl objetivo del presente trabajo es correlacionar los parámetros perceptuales de grade, roughness y breathiness de la escala GRBAS con el cociente de contacto (CQ) obtenido por medio de electroglotografía.Material y métodoSe analizaron 70 muestras de voces normales y patológicas por medio de análisis auditivo-perceptual y electroglotografía. El análisis perceptual fue llevado a cabo por dos jueces expertos en función de los parámetros grade, roughness y breathiness. Los valores de CQ fueron obtenidos por medio del sistema VoceVista Versión 3.3.7.ResultadosLos resultados demuestran correlación fuerte entre CQ y soplo (r = -0,869), mientras que, entre grado de disfonía y CQ (r = -0,567), y aspereza y CQ (r = 0,643) la correlación es media.ConclusionesEs posible establecer relaciones entre el comportamiento vibratorio de los pliegues vocales y el fenómeno resultante que percibimos auditivamente. El parámetro más relevante al respecto fue breathiness. La correlación entre grade, roughness y CQ fue más débil.
       
  • Radioguided Surgery in Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Results and
           Correlation With Intraoperative Histopathologic Diagnosis
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Juan P. Suárez, María L. Domínguez, Francisco J. de Santos, José M. González, Nuria Fernández, Fidel J. Enciso Introduction and objectivesRadioguided surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism. The goals of our study were to evaluate the rate of success and compare the results with intraoperative histological analysis.MethodsWe retrospectively studied 84 patients with primary parathyroidism who had undergone radioguided surgery. All the patients had a positive parathyroid scintigraphy prior to surgery. An intravenous injection of Tc-99m sestamibi was administered before surgery, and radioguided location of the pathologic parathyroid tissue was performed using an intraoperative gamma probe, applying the “20% rule”. All resected specimens underwent intraoperative histologic analysis. All patients were followed up for at least 6 months. Positive predictive values of both parathyroid scintigraphy and cervical ultrasonography were also compared.ResultsRadioguided surgery success rate was 99%. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for gamma probe were 99%, 73%, 97% and 89%, respectively. After surgery, 83 of 84 patients were eucalcaemic (99%) and parathyroid hormone normalised in 77 of 84 patients (92%). Ultrasonography showed low positive predictive value (41%) when compared with scintigraphy.ConclusionsRadioguided surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique with excellent results for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism and could replace both intraoperative histological analysis and intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosLa cirugía radioguiada es una técnica de tratamiento quirúrgico mínimamente invasivo del hiperparatiroidismo primario. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron estudiar el porcentaje de éxito de esta técnica y realizar una comparación de la misma con el estudio histológico intraoperatorio.MétodosEstudiamos retrospectivamente a 84 pacientes con hiperparatirodismo primario con gammagrafía paratiroidea positiva. Se administró una dosis de Tc-99m sestamibi previa a la cirugía y se utilizó una sonda gammadetectora intraoperatoria para detectar el tejido paratiroideo anómalo, siguiendo la «regla del 20%». En todos los casos se realizó estudio anatomopatológico intraoperatorio y seguimiento clínico y analítico durante al menos 6 meses. Asimismo, se comparó el valor predictivo positivo de la ecografía cervical respecto a la gammagrafía paratiroidea.ResultadosEl porcentaje de éxito de la cirugía radioguiada fue 99%. La sonda gammadetectora intraoperatoria tuvo una sensibilidad, especificidad, valores predictivos positivo y negativo respecto al estudio histológico intraoperatorio de 99, 73, 97 y 89%, respectivamente. La calcemia se normalizó en 83 de 84 pacientes (99%) y la paratohormona se normalizó en 77 de los 84 pacientes (92%). La ecografía mostró un bajo valor predictivo positivo (41%) comparada con la gammagrafía.ConclusionesLa cirugía radioguiada es una técnica con excelentes resultados en el tratamiento quirúrgico mínimamente invasivo del hiperparatiroidismo primario y podría sustituir tanto al estudio anatomopatológico intraoperatorio como a la determinación intraoperatoria de paratohormona. Esta última posibilidad debe ser demostrada en futuros estudios.
       
  • Salivary Pepsin Test: Useful and Simple Tool for the Laryngopharyngeal
           Reflux Diagnosis
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Luz Barona-Lleó, Claudia Duval, Rafael Barona-de Guzmán Introduction and objectivesLaryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a disease characterized by the presence of symptoms, signs and tissue damage caused by retrograde flow of gastric contents to the upper aerodigestive tract. It represents up to 10% of otolaryngology consultations.The aim of the study is to describe the findings obtained by applying the salivary pepsin test (PEP-test) in a sample of patients with the clinical suspicion of LPR.Material and methodsOur descriptive clinical study included 142 subjects with symptoms suggestive of LPR and a score above 13 on the RSI scale. The subjects underwent laryngeal endoscopy to rule out other pathologies that could justify the symptoms and the salivary pepsin test (PEP-test). The latter was carried out on fasting subjects and a second test one hour after eating, only on those with negative results.ResultsThe results obtained in the tests performed on the 142 patients included in the study were: 105 (73.94%) presented positive results in some of the salivary pepsin tests and the results of both tests were negative in 37 subjects (26.06%).ConclusionThe salivary pepsin test is a simple, low-cost, non-invasive and easily repeatable tool which could minimize empirical treatments and invasive tests for LPR diagnosis, although further research is needed for its validation.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosEl reflujo faringo-laríngeo (RFL) es una enfermedad caracterizada por la presencia de síntomas, signos y alteraciones tisulares, consecuencia del movimiento retrógrado del contenido gastrointestinal hacia el tracto aerodigestivo superior. Representa hasta el 10% de las consultas en otorrinolaringología.El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es describir los hallazgos obtenidos al aplicar el test de determinación de pepsina en saliva (PEP-test) en una muestra de pacientes con signos clínicos sugestivos de RFL.Material y métodosEn nuestro estudio clínico descriptivo se han incluido 142 sujetos con síntomas sugestivos de RFL que obtuvieron puntuaciones por encima de 13 en la escala RSI. A todos ellos se les realizó una endoscopia laríngea para descartar otras enfermedades que pudieran justificar los síntomas y el PEP-test. Ésta se realizó en ayunas a todos los sujetos, y en aquellos con resultados negativos se realizó una segunda determinación una hora después de comer.ResultadosLos resultados obtenidos en las pruebas realizadas en los 142 sujetos incluidos fueron los siguientes: 105 pacientes (73,94%) presentaron resultados positivos en alguna de las determinaciones de pepsina en saliva y en 37 sujetos (26,06%) los resultados de ambas determinaciones fueron negativos.ConclusiónEl PEP-test es un método sencillo, económico, no invasivo y fácilmente repetible que podría minimizar el uso de tratamientos empíricos y pruebas invasivas para el diagnóstico del RFL, si bien son necesarias más investigaciones para la validación del mismo.
       
  • Impact of Total Laryngectomy on Return to Work
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Jose Miguel Costa, Montserrat López, Jacinto García, Xavier León, Miquel Quer IntroductionTotal laryngectomy is one of the most mutilating oncological operations. There are no specific studies evaluating return to work after this surgery.Patients and methodsA cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 116 laryngectomized patients who were disease-free and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years from total laryngectomy. A survey was conducted to find out their employment situation before and after surgery. At the time of surgery, 62 (53%) were working, 40 (35%) were retired and 14 (12%) were in a disability situation.Results60% had professions with low qualification requirements, the largest group being construction workers. Of the 62 patients active at the time of total laryngectomy, 29 became inactive and 33 (53%) maintained their work activity. The most important factors in maintaining work activity were the level of professional qualification and the method of vocal rehabilitation. Eighty percent of the patients with high-intermediate qualification maintained their jobs, compared to 35% of those with low professional qualifications (P
       
  • Discrepancy between clinical and pathological neck staging in oral cavity
           carcinomas
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Vânia Henriques, Eduardo Breda, Eurico Monteiro IntroductionThe presence of cervical lymph node metastases in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma reduces survival by up to 50%.ObjectiveThe aims of this study are to assess the accuracy of clinical N staging versus pathological N staging and its impact on survival in order to identify predictive factors associated with the presence of occult neck metastases.MethodsOutcomes of 105 patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma who underwent surgical treatment of the primary tumor and neck were retrospectively evaluated.ResultsFor pN0 and pN+ patients 5-year overall survival was respectively 53% and 27%; disease specific survival was 66% for pN0 and 33% for pN+. Patients with clinical negative lymph nodes were pathologically upstaged in 62% of cases. Disease specific survival according to staging discrepancy had statistically significant impact on survival (p = 0.009).ConclusionClinical staging usually underestimates the presence of nodal disease. Neck dissection should be performed in cN0 oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.ResumenIntroducciónLa presencia de metástasis ganglionares cervicales en los pacientes con carcinoma de la cavidad oral reduce la supervivencia hasta en un 50%.ObjetivosLos objetivos de este estudio son evaluar la exactitud del estadiaje N clínico frente al estadiaje N patológico y su impacto en la supervivencia, de cara a identificar los factores predictivos asociados a la presencia de metástasis ocultas cervicales.MétodosSe han evaluado retrospectivamente los resultados de 105 pacientes con carcinoma epidermoide de la cavidad oral tras tratamiento quirúrgico del tumor primario y vaciamiento cervical.ResultadosEn los pacientes pN0 y pN+ la supervivencia global a los 5 años fue del 53 y del 27%, respectivamente, y la supervivencia específica libre de enfermedad fue del 66% para los pN0 y del 33% para los pN+. En los pacientes estadiados clínicamente como negativos se verificó un subestadiaje en el 62% de los casos. La supervivencia específica libre de enfermedad en función de la discrepancia del estadiaje tuvo un impacto estadísticamente significativo en la supervivencia (p = 0,009).ConclusiónEl estadiaje clínico suele subestimar la presencia de enfermedad ganglionar. La disección cervical debe realizarse en los carcinomas de cavidad oral aunque se trate de uno cN0.
       
  • Cleft Lip and Palate Subjects Prevalence of Abnormal Stylohyoid Complex
           and Tonsilloliths on Cone Beam Computed Tomography
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition), Volume 69, Issue 2Author(s): Eymi Valery Cazas-Duran, Izabel Regina Fischer Rubira-Bullen, Otávio Pagin, Bruna Stuchi Centurion-Pagin Introduction and objectivesTonsilloliths and abnormal stylohyoid complex may have similar symptoms to others of different aetiology. Individuals with cleft lip and palate describe similar symptoms because of the anatomical implications that are peculiar to this anomaly. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal stylohyoid complex and tonsilloliths on cone beam computed tomography in individuals with cleft lip and palate.MethodsAccording to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 66 CT scans out of 2794 were analysed, on i-Cat® vision software with 0.8 index Kappa intra-examiner.ResultsThe total prevalence of ossification of the incomplete stylohyoid complex in individuals with cleft lip and palate was 66.6%; the prevalence of these findings in females was 75% and 61.9% in males. The total prevalence of tonsilloliths was 7.5%.ConclusionIt is important to ascertain calcification of the stylohyoid complex and tonsilloliths in the radiological report, due to the anatomical proximity and similar symptomatology to other orofacial impairments in individuals with cleft lip and palate, focusing on females with oral cleft formation, patients with incisive trans foramen cleft and incisive post foramen cleft because they are more prevalent. Greater knowledge of the anatomical morphometry of individuals with cleft lip and palate greatly contributes towards the selection of clinical behaviours and the quality of life of these patients, since cleft lip and palates one of the most common anomalies.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosLos tonsilolitos y alteraciones en el complejo estilohioideo pueden presentar similar sintomatología a otras de diferente etiología. Los individuos con fisura labiopalatina describen similares síntomas en razón de las repercusiones anatómicas propias de esta anomalía. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de alteraciones del complejo estilohioideo y tonsilolitos en exámenes de tomografía computarizada de haz cónico en individuos con fisura labiopalatina.MétodosSegún criterios de inclusión y exclusión fueron analizadas 66 tomografías de 2.794 tomografías, en el software i- Cat visión ® con índice Kappa 0,8 intraexaminador.ResultadosLa prevalencia total de osificación del complejo estilohioideo incompleto en individuos con fisura labiopalatina fue de 66,6%, la prevalencia de estos hallazgos en el género femenino fue de 75% y 61,9% en el género masculino. La prevalencia total de tonsilolitos fue de 7,5%.ConclusiónEs de relevancia constatar en el informe radiológico la presencia de la calcificación del complejo estilo-hioideo y tonsilolitos. Debido a la proximidad anatómica y similar sintomatología clínica con otras alteraciones orofaciales presentes en los individuos con fisura labiopalatina, haciendo énfasis en individuos con fisura labiopalatina del género femenino, pacientes con fisura tipo transformen incisivo y posforamen incisivo por presentar mayor prevalencia. Conocer más sobre la morfometría anatómica de individuos con fisura labiopalatina coadyuva relevantemente en la elección de conductas clínicas y calidad de vida de estos pacientes, teniendo presente que la fisura labiopalatina es una de las anomalías más comunes.
       
 
 
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