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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3185 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3185 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 100, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 427, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 292, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 413, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 363, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 468, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 233, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytica Chimica Acta : X     Open Access  
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 207, SJR: 1.58, CiteScore: 3)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.704, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta Oecologica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.834
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 12  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1146-609X
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3185 journals]
  • Assessing the resistance of a breeding amphibian community to a large
           wildfire
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 99Author(s): Alberto Muñoz, Ángel M. Felicísimo, Xavier SantosAbstractSocioeconomic and global climate changes are modifying fire regimes towards larger and more intense fires. Studying the response of organisms to the occurrence of large fires is crucial to anticipate shifts in patterns of biodiversity in fire-prone regions. Amphibia is the most threatened terrestrial vertebrate taxon, although it is also the least studied in relation to its response to fire. We evaluated the resistance to fire (similarity in species composition before and after fire) and reproductive success during the first breeding season after a fire of an amphibian community at the Mediterranean basin. We sampled 33 aquatic habitats, including ponds and streams located inside and outside the perimeter of the fire, and reported the presence of adult amphibians and their reproductive success. The community composition in burnt and unburnt areas was compared by similarity analysis. Generalized Linear Models were used to test the effects of fire (burnt or unburnt area), habitat type (stream or pond), distance to the perimeter of the wildfire, and altitude on total and breeding species richness. We did not find significant differences in amphibian community composition between burnt and unburnt areas, or in total species richness per water point. Of the 12 species found in the study area, only frogs of the genus Hyla declined in the burnt area due to the destruction of their preferred microhabitat, i.e. vegetation surrounding ponds. In contrast, breeding occurrence and breeding species richness declined in burnt streams and ponds. These results suggest a high amphibian resistance to fire at the community level, although the reduction of breeding activity can threaten the persistence of a rich community in future scenarios of increased recurrence of megafires.
       
  • Seabirds modify trophic groups, while altitude promotes xeric-tolerant
           species of Tardigrada in the high Arctic tundra (Svalbard archipelago)
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): Krzysztof Zawierucha, Katarzyna Zmudczyńska-Skarbek, Noemi Guil, Michał BogdziewiczAbstractIn the Arctic, especially in the coastal mountainous areas, gradual changes in elevation above sea level and allochthonous nutrients delivered by seabirds modify environmental conditions. Increasing elevation affects temperature whereas allochthonous nutrients delivered by seabirds to the terrestrial ecosystem remarkably influence primary production and diversity of organisms. Knowing the abundance of ubiquitous tardigrades (a microinvertebrate phylum), their multitrophic level function and their trophic composition might be essential for understanding ecosystem functioning and matter flow in fragile polar ecosystems. In this study, we tested the effects of altitude and seabird guano on modifying trophic diversity of tardigrades. We found that the tardigrades in Hornsund were herbivorous and microbivorous species dominated. Microbivores were significantly more abundant in guano-supplied than in control areas, which may be explained by the presence of higher nutrient and organic matter content in comparison with areas not fertilised by birds. We observed no significant relationship between the abundance of tardigrade trophic groups and altitude. However, the abundance of xeric-tolerant herbivorous terrestrial tardigrades representing the class Heterotardigrada increased with altitude. Strongly hygrophilic conditions (ponds, swamps, streams) at lower elevations as well as acidic conditions formed by seabird guano may reduce the abundance of heterotardigrades. Our study shows that seabirds rather than the effect of altitude or the generally predicted increasing temperatures in the Arctic, are affecting high Arctic tundra limno-terrestrial invertebrate trophic groups proportion. Our results provide baseline data for future studies of the Hornsund region, since climate change scenarios predict decreased guano delivery by seabirds on mountain slopes, shifts in plant species dominance and more intense fertilisation of lakes by geese, all of which may alter invertebrate trophic composition in southern Svalbard.
       
  • Complex effects of nonpollinating wasps on the relationship between
           pollinating wasp and seed production in Ficus andicola
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): William Cardona, Gustavo H. Kattan Mutualisms are evolutionarily unstable because an imbalance in benefits obtained by the two partners may make the interaction exploitative. In the Ficus-Agaonidae system, it is advantageous for pollinating wasps (PW) to lay eggs in as many flowers as possible within a fig, to maximize offspring production. From the tree's perspective, however, a balance is expected between seed and wasp production, as wasps represent the tree's male function. The key to the system's stability requires explaining why PW mainly use internal flowers for egg-laying, leaving those closer to the fig's wall for seed production. An hypothesis proposes that nonpollinating fig-wasps (NPFW), which exploit the system by laying eggs in figs but not pollinating, help stabilize the mutualism. We compared seed and PW production in figs of F. andicola with and without NPFW. In unexploited figs, seed and PW numbers were negatively correlated, and the PW/seeds proportion was 3:1. In exploited figs, seed and PW numbers were positively correlated, and the PW/seed ratio was approximately 1:1. This pattern may result from an indirect effect of Idarnes gr. flavicollis on PW. This species of NPFW lays before or simultaneously with PW in the same kind of flowers, causing PW to spend more time searching for free ovaries, thus reducing their laying rate. Alternatively, PW may reject some flowers to reduce the risk of exploitation by NPFW. In unexploited figs, PW use more flowers at the expense of seed production. In exploited figs, NPFW restrict flower use by PW, favoring a balance in the seeds/PW ratio. This effect only occurs at low exploitation levels. The absence of NPFW favors PW, whereas high exploitation levels are detrimental for both seeds and PW. A high spatial and temporal variability in exploitation rates seems required to avoid directional selection favoring PW or NPFW, thus stabilizing the mutualism.
       
  • Dietary composition and selection in the stream-breeding anuran assemblage
           from a tropical wet forest in eastern Mexico
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): Ricardo Luría-Manzano, Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista In this study, we analyzed seasonal variation in dietary composition and diversity, structure along the trophic axis, and prey selection in a stream-breeding anuran assemblage from Mexico. It is composed of four morphologically diverse species: three strictly arboreal (Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni, Ptychohyla zophodes, and Rheohyla miotympanum) and one that occupies several microhabitats (Lithobates vaillanti). Dietary composition did not differ between seasons, but it differed among the four species. Araneae, Orthoptera, Homoptera, and Lepidoptera (adults) were the prey that accounted for most of the variation. Dietary diversity was higher in the dry than in the rainy season in L. vaillanti, and was higher in this species than in the other three. In the dry season, arthropods were more abundant but less diverse in the environment, and L. vaillanti and R. miotympanum consumed less prey than in the rainy season. Furthermore, we detected that the frog assemblage was nonrandomly structured only in the dry season. Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni strongly selected Homoptera and Orthoptera, but did not select prey by their size within the size range consumed. Ptychohyla zophodes and R. miotympanum strongly selected Lepidoptera (adults and larvae) and selected their prey by their size in the dry season. Our results overall suggest that interspecific competition could be a strong force in shaping type and quantity of food consumed between the two hylids. Additionally, we found a wider array of microhabitats used and prey types consumed than previously reported for L. vaillanti. Lastly, the relatively specialized diet of the three strictly arboreal species, and their selection towards insects sensitive to habitat changes (homopterans and lepidopterans), make them particularly vulnerable to changes in arthropod communities.
       
  • Tolerance to severe browsing of three shrub species on Mediterranean
           islands
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): Jordi Bartolomé Filella, Elena Baraza Ruíz, Ma Carme Espunya Prat, Eva Castells Caballé, Leidy Rivera Sánchez, Ma José Broncano Atencia Buxus balearica Lam., Ephedra fragilis Desf., and Juniperus oxycedrus L. are three Pre-Mediterranean shrubs that have become scarce in the Balearic Islands probably due to a climatic change and the anthropogenic activities during the second half of the Holocene. In addition, an endemic artiodactyl, Myotragus balearicus, exerted browsing pressure on these species for thousands of years, and after it disappeared domestic goats were introduced by humans. Adaptations that enable these plants to resist grazing are structural or chemical; however, there is no information about whether their defenses are only constitutive or also inducible. Currently, the mountain ranges of Majorca Island are extensively occupied by feral goats, and a possible increase in the stocking rates could affect the survival of these plant species. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of simulated severe browsing on the re-growth capacity and chemical composition of these species in order to determine their tolerance to herbivory. We sampled and compared structural and chemical variables of saplings submitted to two pruning intensities for each species.The results showed that all three species could maintain their growth rate and biomass ratios under simulated herbivory. Sprout production was also stimulated in all them. E. fragilis and B. balearica increased phenolic content after pruning, and E. fragilis also increased the condensed tannins. Pruning treatments did not trigger induction of phenolic content in J. oxycedrus, which could be considered as a constitutive defense. It is noteworthy that alkaloids in E. fragilis decreased with the treatments, which may contribute to preventing a possible addiction to these compounds, and thus reduce browsing damage.The responses induced by pruning show that these species are very tolerant to a level of herbivory, which could indicate a good adaptation to browsing pressure, exerted since the Pleistocene by Myotragus balearicus, and followed by goats during the last millennia. This is especially relevant in Mediterranean islands, such as the Balearic Islands, where practices for conserving relict plant species are based on feral herbivore exclusion.
       
  • Alpine grassland degradation reduced plant species diversity and stability
           of plant communities in the Northern Tibet Plateau
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): Congyan Wang, Mei Wei, Bingde Wu, Shu Wang, Kun Jiang The alpine grassland in the Northern Tibet Plateau has been degraded in recent decades. This study aimed at addressing the effects of the degree of degradation on species diversity and stability of plant communities and the relationships between diversity stability. Stability of plant communities decreased with the increasing degree of degradation probably due to the significantly decreased diversity and evenness of plant communities with degradation. Diversity (including Shannon and Simpson diversity, Pielou evenness, and species richness) was positively correlated with the corresponding stability of plant communities. This suggets that high levels of plant diversity lead to higher levels of complementary resource use via niche complementation. The relative abundance of the most dominant species was negatively correlated with the stability of the corresponding plant communities. This suggests that the stability of plant communities decreases with increasing degradation but the relative abundance of the most dominant species increases with degradation. In conclusion, diversity and the corresponding stability of plant communities decrease with increasing degradation in the alpine grassland in the Northern Tibet Plateau.
       
  • Earthworms contribute to ecosystem process in no-till systems with high
           crop rotation intensity in Argentina
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): J.C. Bedano, F. Vaquero, A. Domínguez, M.P. Rodríguez, L. Wall, P. Lavelle In the Pampas region of Argentina agriculture is dominated by intensive no-till (NT) soybean cropping which produce negative consequences on soil quality. A group of farmers started to use the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) which include a higher crop rotation, use of winter cover crops and nutrient restoration. In this NT system earthworms have a significant role in soil functioning, particularly in organic matter cycling and soil structure formation. The aim of this paper was to examine the contribution of earthworm activity to the process of C incorporation and soil structure maintenance in soils with different NT variants of: NT with GAP for 30 years (NT + r30); NT with some of the GAP for 12 years (NT-r12) and NT with soybean monoculture (NTm). Also a natural grassland (NA) was sampled as a reference. Earthworm aggregates were obtained by gently separating them from surrounding soil. Fine (HOC) and coarse (POC) organic matter fractions, water-stable aggregates (WSA) and mean weight diameter (MWD) were calculated for earthworm aggregates and bulk soil. In all sites only one species (Aporrectodea caliginosa) was found, with higher density in the NA, followed by NT + r30, that had about 9 times more earthworms than NTm. The number of earthworm aggregates was higher in the NT + r30 followed by the NA, both showing differences with the other NT systems. The earthworm aggregates in NA and NT + r30 had significantly more POC than the surrounding soil (230% increase in NA and 100% NT + r30). Earthworm casts had higher values of MWD and WSA than physical soil aggregates in both NA and NT + r30 management treatments. Our results show the existence of a positive feedback loop we called earthworm-driven virtuous cycle. The increase in earthworm abundance promotes higher production of earthworm aggregates which are richer in organic matter and more water stable than the surrounding soil. This has favourable results in terms of soil quality but also increase crop yields (57% in maize and 18% in soybean), by means of biologically mediated soil processes, which is a highly desirable way to sustainability of agricultural production. Farmers, politicians and the whole society should pay more attention to soil as a key component supporting agricultural production by means of internal biological soil functioning.
       
  • Heterogeneity in millipede communities (Diplopoda) within a
           forest–forest edge–meadow habitat complex
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): Slavomír Stašiov, Vladimír Kubovčík, Marek Čiliak, Andrea Diviaková, Ivan Lukáčik, Vladimír Pätoprstý, Martin Dovciak The positive influence of heterogeneity in vegetation and land-use on animal diversity is generally well established, but it has not been conclusively confirmed yet in millipede communities inhabiting karst canyons where biodiversity is to large extent determined by variation in topography (e.g., elevation). We studied how millipede assemblages (Diplopoda) vary between forest, forest edge, and meadow habitats in this specific karst environment. We sampled millipedes by pitfall trapping during two vegetation seasons (from March to October in 2001 and 2002) in approximately monthly intervals across nine sites in Central Slovakia (Veľká Fatra Mts). In total, 951 individuals belonging to 12 species from 6 families and 10 orders were collected. The dominant species was Unciger foetidus, which was also one of the two most frequent species along with Polydesmus complanatus. Although the total number of captured millipedes was greatest on forest edges (395 individuals), intermediate in meadows, and lowest in forests (214 individuals), millipede abundance and species composition varied considerably within each habitat type among the sites. Total millipede species richness in meadow and forest edge habitats was the same (11 species) and it was lower in forest habitats (7 species), while species diversity (Shannon's H′) and equitability (E) were greatest in meadows. Millipede diversity measures (species richness or equitability) were correlated positively with species richness of herb layer and negatively with shrub layer equitability, soil conductivity, and soil phosphorus. Thus, we found complex patterns of heterogeneity in millipede community composition and richness across studied habitats and elevations that were driven by habitat type and plant community and soil characteristics. While millipede abundance patterns varied, open habitats supported most species-rich millipede communities at lower elevations, while forest edges were most species-rich at the high elevation.
       
  • Fear alone reduces energy processing by resident ‘keystone’ prey
           threatened by an invader; a non-consumptive effect of ‘killer shrimp’
           invasion of freshwater ecosystems is revealed
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Acta Oecologica, Volume 98Author(s): Calum MacNeil, Mark Briffa Non-consumptive effects (NCEs) of predators – so called ‘fear’ responses – encompass costly antipredator behaviours, such as reduced feeding efficiency. NCEs can influence prey population dynamics and community structure, if prey are ‘keystone’ species such as Gammarus spp. amphipod ‘shrimps’. These freshwater macroinvertebrates have the ecosystem functional role of shredding fallen leaf litter, making it accessible to other taxa. Across Europe, the invasive predatory ‘killer shrimp’ Dikerogammarus villosus is replacing resident Gammarus spp., potentially threatening this vital ecosystem function. While predation (consumptive effects (CEs)) of this invader has been well studied, for the first time we test whether NCEs can be evident in prey only exposed to D. villosus presence and whether this could potentially impact on the prey's functional role. In mesocosms, exposure to constrained D. villosus did not result in mortalities of any of three Gammarus prey species but the leaf shredding efficiencies of all prey were significantly reduced compared to a control treatment. This clear NCE has the potential to propagate through the ecological community via decreased energy processing. This study demonstrates the potential for fear of invasive predator presence alone to impact on ecosystem function.
       
 
 
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