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Showing 1 - 200 of 3030 Journals sorted alphabetically
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.402, h-index: 51)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.008, h-index: 75)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 79, SJR: 1.109, h-index: 94)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 27)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.515, h-index: 90)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 303, SJR: 0.726, h-index: 43)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.02, h-index: 104)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription  
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Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.967, h-index: 57)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.514, h-index: 92)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 5)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120, SJR: 5.2, h-index: 222)
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Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.739, h-index: 33)
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Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
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Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 24)
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Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.132, h-index: 42)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.274, h-index: 27)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 15)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.645, h-index: 45)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.261, h-index: 65)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 25)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.44, h-index: 51)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.324, h-index: 8)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.885, h-index: 45)
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Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.4, h-index: 28)
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Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
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Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
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Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.478, h-index: 32)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access  
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 332, SJR: 0.606, h-index: 65)
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Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
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Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.878, h-index: 68)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.408, h-index: 94)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, h-index: 22)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 304, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 49)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 36)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 6)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 3.289, h-index: 78)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 390, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 72)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal  
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.18, h-index: 116)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.275, h-index: 74)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.546, h-index: 79)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access  
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.879, h-index: 120)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.434, h-index: 14)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 18)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.285, h-index: 3)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 66)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 12)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access  
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.05, h-index: 20)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 29)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.776, h-index: 35)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.158, h-index: 9)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.289, h-index: 64)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.157, h-index: 153)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.063, h-index: 186)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.574, h-index: 65)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 45)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.653, h-index: 93)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 8.769, h-index: 256)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.259, h-index: 81)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.313, h-index: 172)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 2.023, h-index: 189)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 2.255, h-index: 171)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.803, h-index: 148)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.249, h-index: 88)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 45)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.653, h-index: 228)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.764, h-index: 154)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 125)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.653, h-index: 70)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.066, h-index: 51)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 27)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.104, h-index: 3)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.577, h-index: 7)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.548, h-index: 152)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 154)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription  
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Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access  
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 1.907, h-index: 126)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.151, h-index: 83)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.711, h-index: 78)
Annales d'Endocrinologie     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.394, h-index: 30)
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.177, h-index: 13)
Annales de Chirurgie de la Main et du Membre Supérieur     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales de Chirurgie Plastique Esthétique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 22)
Annales de Chirurgie Vasculaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2210-7843
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3030 journals]
  • Editorial Preface

    • Authors: Stephen S. Tobe
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Stephen S. Tobe


      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Yield and Quality of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. Capitata) Under
           Organic Growing Media Using Vermicompost and Earthworm Pontoscolex
           corethrurus Inoculation

    • Authors: N. Nurhidayati; Usman Ali; Indiyah Murwani
      Pages: 5 - 13
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): N. Nurhidayati, Usman Ali, Indiyah Murwani
      A pot experiment was conducted to assess the effect of three kinds of vermicompost materials and P.corethrurus population on plant yield and quality of cabbage under organic growing media compared with inorganic treatment. The factorial blockrandomized design was used for this experiment which consisting of two factors. The first factor is the kind of vermicompost material which consists of three levels (the mixture of mushrooms media waste, cow manure, and vegetable wastes (V1), mushrooms media waste, cow manure and leaf litter (V2), mushrooms media waste, cow manure, vegetable wastes and leaf litter (V3). The second factor is the population of P. corethrurus consisted of five levels (0, 25, 50, 75, and 100 indiv.m-2) and one control treatment (inorganic treatment). The results showed that the application of various vermicompost had significantly (p< 0.05) higher yields than the inorganic treatment. Interaction between the kind of vermicompost and P.coretrurus population affected sigbificantly(p< 0.05) yield and quality of cabbage. Vermicompost V1 and V2gave a high yield with population by 0-25 and 50 indiv.m-2, respectively. Vermicompost V3 gave a highyield without inoculation of earthworm P.corethrurus. Based on the quality parameters, the vermicompost V1 and V2 with population by 0-50 indiv.m-2and V3 with population by 25 indiv.m-2 gave the best quality of cabbage. Cabbage treated with those three kinds of vermicompost increased contents of sugar and vitamin C by average 12% and 57%, respectively. Storage loss (% of initial mass) showed decrease average value by 23%underthe treatment of 7days storage at room temperature (25oC) and 8% underthe treatment of 14 days storage at cold temperature (5oC) compared with the inorganic treatment by 85% and 18%, respectively. The results suggest that the application of vermicompostcan increase the yield and quality of cabbage.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Advanced Soil Hydrological Studies in Different Scales for Sustainable
           Agriculture

    • Authors: Uwe Schindler; Lothar Mueller; Georg von Unold; Frank Eulenstein; Wolfgang Durner; Johann Fank
      Pages: 14 - 19
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Uwe Schindler, Lothar Mueller, Georg von Unold, Frank Eulenstein, Wolfgang Durner, Johann Fank
      A comprehensive study of interactive processes between soil, water, plant, animal and atmosphere to protect the natural resources requires knowledge of parameters and processes in different scales. Soil hydrological studies in North-East Germany were carried out in different scales, starting with laboratory, lysimeter measurements and in the field. The measurements of soil hydrological properties were executed with the Extended Evaporation Method (EEM) and the HYPROP device. A method for quantifying deep seepage and solute leaching under field conditions was developed, tested and applied at more than 40 soil hydrological field plots in NE Germany. The hypothesis was confirmed that arable land constitutes the main source of deep drainage and groundwater recharge in Northeast Germany. Deep seepage was strongly reduced under forest. For decision support on landscape renovation and land rededication by afforestation in NE Germany the seepage reduction under forest is to be taken into consideration, especially with respect to the conservation or restoration of wetlands in regions with negative climatic water balance. The EEM and the soil hydrological field method so called “virtual lysimeter” have the potential for the improvement of soil hydrological studies in Asia as a whole.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Antimicrobial Activity of Thai-herbal Plants against Food-borne Pathogens
           E. Coli, S. Aureus and C. Jejuni

    • Authors: Watanya Jarriyawattanachaikul; Prapansak Chaveerach; Nipa Chokesajjawatee
      Pages: 20 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Watanya Jarriyawattanachaikul, Prapansak Chaveerach, Nipa Chokesajjawatee
      Food-borne pathogens, including Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Campylobacter jejuni, are prophylactically prevented in livestock by using commercially available antibiotics. The European Union has recently banned the use of prophylaxis use of antibiotics in animals since 2006 while urgently considers ways to reduce food-borne pathogens. The objective of this study was to propose a screening method for identifying natural compounds with anti-bacteria activity from twenty-six Thai-herbal plants. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by an agar diffusion method, which allowed for the determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The results indicated that Thai-herbs have potent antimicrobial activity against E. coli, S. aureus and C. jejuni at bacteria suspensions of 2.0-3.0x109 CFU/ml. Interestingly, C. formosum had the highest antimicrobial activity against the three food-borne pathogens of E. coli, S. aureus and C. jejuni, which were isolated from the chicken-caecum. MIC values of C. formosum against E. coli, S. aureus and C. jejuni were 3.0mg/ml, 3.0mg/ml and 0.3mg/ml, respectively. Other herbal plants also had antimicrobial activity against the three food-borne pathogens in this study. The herbal plants provide not only a natural source of anti-bacterial activity, but also anti-oxidant activity and anticancer properties. The application of using Thai-herbal plants compounds by adding them in animal feed is proposed. This may be a safe means of enhancing health and production of livestock and thus benefits humans and animals. Consequently, the selection of herbal plants, for use in preventing food-borne bacterial infection, is both interesting and worthwhile for food safety.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.004
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Phytase Production of Aspergillus Niger on Soybean Meal by Solid-State
           Fermentation Using a Rotating Drum Bioreactor

    • Authors: Sukanya Saithi; Anan Tongta
      Pages: 25 - 30
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Sukanya Saithi, Anan Tongta
      Soybean meal is an agro-industrial residue which is used as a substrate to produce the enzyme phytase by Aspergillusniger in solid-state fermentation. Phytase is a biocatalytic enzyme widely used in the animal feed industry. The aim of this study was to investigate the growth of A. niger and its production of phytase in two systems: 500mL Erlenmeyer flasks (EF) and a 600 L rotating drum bioreactor (RDB). The highest phytase activity found was about 1,200 unit/g substrate dry weight in EF and 580 unit/g substrate dry weight in RDB. In solid-state fermentation it is necessary to control temperature and substrate moisture content to optimize A. niger growth and its production of phytase. This study confirmed that temperature and moisture content of substrate could be controlled to optimize the result during fermentation in a 600 L RDB. In this study, inlet air velocity was controlled at 1.5 m/s and the rotational speed at 1.0rpm in solid-state fermentation. The crude enzyme produced by A. niger in solid-state fermentation was achieved in a 600 RDB after 36h of fermentation. This crude enzyme was dried in a hot air oven at 50oC for 3 d prior to use in animal feed. Phytase activity was found to be 1.5-fold lower than the activity obtained before drying the crude enzyme.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.005
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Organic Farming with Bio-mulching–A New Paradigm for Sustainable Leaf
           Yield & Quality of Mulberry (Morus Alba L.) under Rainfed Lateritic
           Soil Condition

    • Authors: Barna Chakraborty; Manab Kundu; R.N. Chattopadhyay
      Pages: 31 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Barna Chakraborty, Manab Kundu, R.N. Chattopadhyay
      Application of the organic substrates and use of bio-mulching materials are effective in retaining soil moisture content, reducing soil erosion, and suppressing weed growth and thereby improving the soil health. A field experiment was conducted during 2005-2007 in lateritic soil (with pH 5.2 and organic carbon 0.42%) under rain fed condition of Nayagram block, West Midnapur, West Bengal, India to develop a sustainable organic farming management practice along with the effective uses of mulches and its impact on the yield attributes and quality of leaf in mulberry. The objective was to assess the influence of mulch materials especially sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) and combined application of organics and biofertilizers (Azotobacter chroococcum) in regulating soil moisture and major nutrients to enhance the production and quality of mulberry leaves under water stress condition. Analysis of three crop data revealed that that the poultry manure in combination with biofertilizer and the reduced doses of inorganic fertilizers applied in mulch plots have a significant effect on growth, leaf yield and quality of mulberry plants. However, the effect of using recommended rate of inorganic fertilizers was the same as that of using 50% of the recommended rate of inorganic nitrogen and 60% of the recommended rate of phosphorus.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of the Effect of Water Activity and Temperature on Lag Phase
           and Growth Rate of Aflatoxigenic Aspergillus Section Flavi Strains
           Isolated from Stored Rice Grain

    • Authors: Supunnika Somjaipeng; Panthita Ta-uea
      Pages: 38 - 45
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Supunnika Somjaipeng, Panthita Ta-uea
      This study examined the effect of environmental factors water activity (aw) and temperature on lag phase prior to growth and growth rate of six aflatoxigenic fungi, Aspergillus section Flavi, strains were isolated from stored paddy rice grain in Thailand. Statistical analysis indicated that both studied stress factors significantly affected lag phases and radial growth rates at the aw and temperature regimes studied (P<0.05). Overall, the growth of each strain was similar over the 20-40°C and 0.90-0.98 aw ranges but optimal condition was found to be around 0.95 aw and 30°C. Under severe aw stress (0·90 aw) with elevated temperature (40°C), differences were observed in growth responses, with some strains unable to grow. The lag phases were significantly increased at marginal temperature and aw levels. The combined factors showed statistical interaction for growth rate (P<0.05), while there was no evidence of statistical interaction effect on the lag phases prior to growth (P>0.05). Growth rate under more freely available water conditions (>0.95 aw), the disordinal interaction was observed when strains were cultured at higher temperatures (>30°C). In contrast, growth rate with cooler temperatures at <30°C showed ordinal interaction. Growth rates were fastest at 0.95 aw and 30°C. However, this was not significantly different from that at 0.98 and 0.90 aw (P>0.05).

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.007
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Analyzing Lycopene Content in Fruits

    • Authors: Theeranat Suwanaruang
      Pages: 46 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Theeranat Suwanaruang
      Lycopene is an antioxidant carotenoid compound occurring in plants. This research determined lycopene content in fresh fruits, including tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), watermelons (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus), jackfruits (Artocarpus heterophyllus), bananas (Musa acuminata), grapes (Vitis vinifera), oranges (Citrus reticulata) and papayas (Carica papaya). Lycopene in fresh fruit samples was extracted using hexane:ethanol:acetone (2:1:1). The results showed that lycopene in tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), watermelons (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus), jackfruits (Artocarpus heterophyllus), bananas (Musa acuminata), grapes (Vitis vinifera), oranges (Citrus reticulata) and papayas (Carica papaya) were 104.699±0.000, 144.27 ±0.001, 4.122±0.000, 31.189±0.001, 10.028±0.000, 13.1904±0.000 and 45.342±0.000mg/kg, respectively. The highest lycopene amount was found in watermelons (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus) while the lowest lycopene quantity was observed in jackfruits (Artocarpus heterophyllus).

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.008
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Agricultural Land Use Systems and Groundwater Quality: Impact Assessment
           Using Nutrient Balances for Evaluation, Monitoring and Conservation of
           Natural Resources

    • Authors: Frank Eulenstein; Marion Tauschke; Uwe Schindler; Lothar Müller; Marcos A. Lana; Roland Schindler; Walter H. Mayer; Hartwig Drechsler; Nils Cremer
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Frank Eulenstein, Marion Tauschke, Uwe Schindler, Lothar Müller, Marcos A. Lana, Roland Schindler, Walter H. Mayer, Hartwig Drechsler, Nils Cremer
      This review presentsthe methods used to assess soil, pore water and groundwater nutrient levels on farms and agricultural fields. The purpose of this catalog of methods is to provide a basis for evaluating the efficiency of measures for the control of water catchment areas. A Zone monitoring model (ZMM) which is a basis for appropriate monitoring schemes in view of risks for the groundwater coming from agricultural lands has been developed. Based on this scheme, various methods to monitor nitrate concentrations at different unit levels, from the farm to the soil zone and on to the groundwater are described. At farm level, nutrient balances are mandatory to identify the potentially remaining concentrations of nutrients in the soil. Nutrient balances are incorporated in the latest information and communication technology (ICT) and farm management information systems (FMIS). The methods at groundwater-level described here are groundwater sampling by means of a suction lance, soil sampling beneath the groundwater table, groundwater sampling using the direct-push method, sampling from observation wells, from multi-level observation wells and from production wells. These practices are the early-warning systems which canprevent the surface and/or underground drinking water from contaminating with unwanted chemicals.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.009
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Climate Change Affects Nitrogen and Sulphur Load in Percolated Water from
           Agricultural Landscapes

    • Authors: Frank Eulenstein; Uwe Schindler; Lothar Müller; Matthias Willms; Askhad K. Sheudzhen; Sandro L. Schlindwein; Marion Tauschke; Axel Behrendt; Marcos A. Lana
      Pages: 59 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Frank Eulenstein, Uwe Schindler, Lothar Müller, Matthias Willms, Askhad K. Sheudzhen, Sandro L. Schlindwein, Marion Tauschke, Axel Behrendt, Marcos A. Lana
      Global and climate changes influence the basic conditions for agriculture. Therefore there is not only a demand for a strict climate protection but also for an adaptation of agriculture to changing conditions. For a study region of 60x40km within the moraine landscape of North-East Germany mainly used for agriculture, water balance, nitrogen and Sulphur loads and crop yields were calculated for the present and for a possible future. The comparison between the Scenario 2050 and the Initial Situation in 2000 revealed significant changes of the water balance (decrease in percolation water, increase in actual evapotranspiration) and the concentration of nitrogen and Sulphur in the percolation water. The crop yields decrease only slightly if the CO2 fertilizing effect is taken into account. Measures adopted in response to the changing climate conditions to achieve an economically and sustainable agriculture are recommended.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.010
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Improvement of Taro Leaves Using Pre-treated Enzyme as Prebiotics in
           Animal Feed

    • Authors: Pornpan Saenphoom; Suphavadee Chimtong; Sunee Phiphatkitphaisan; Sureerat Somsri
      Pages: 65 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Pornpan Saenphoom, Suphavadee Chimtong, Sunee Phiphatkitphaisan, Sureerat Somsri
      The objective of this study was to improve quality of taro leaves using pre-treated enzymes as prebiotic in animal feed. This study was assigned in T-test for dependent sample and consists of two in vitro experiments. First experiment consists of 2 treatments by different enzyme levels (0 and 1% w/v) with 3 replications. All treatment samples were measured for chemical compositions, reducing sugar content and oligosaccharides. The results showed that chemical compositions were significantly different among treatments (P<0.01) except crude protein and cellulose. Enzyme-treated taro leaves had lower fat content (2.96 vs. 4.31%) and hemicelluloses (14.55 vs. 15.18%) as compared to untreated taro leaves (P<0.01). Moreover, enzyme-treated taro leaves had higher reducing sugar content than untreated taro leaves (P<0.01). They were 29.78 and 6.23mg/g, respectively. In addition, oligosaccharides analysis by thin layer chromatography (TLC) found that oligosaccharides in enzyme-treated and untreated taro leaves can digest product and releasing oligosaccharides. Second experiment was conducted to examine prebiotic properties. The results found that sugar product from taro leaves using pre-treated enzymes (Hemicell®) can increase growth of Lactobacillus plantarum (concentration of hydrolyzed products 400, 800, 1,200 and 1,600μg/ml) but cannot inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli. In conclusion, it was suggested that enzyme-treated taro leaves can be used as prebiotic in animal feed.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.011
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Carbon Release from Agricultural Cultivated Peats at Sungai Hitam Wetland,
           Bengkulu Province, Indonesia

    • Authors: Muhammad Faiz Barchia
      Pages: 71 - 76
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Muhammad Faiz Barchia
      This research aimed to determine CO2 emission related to agricultural activities in peat soils. The research was conducted in peak of drought season, August, 2015 at Sungai Hitam, Bengkulu, Indonesia. In order to get representative sampling sites, field survey was conducted in May, 2015 in the research location. Primary data was collected from rice field, vegetables, bare land, and oil palm involved incubated CO2 emissions, peat thickness, and level of water tables. The data were analyzed statistically from 10selected samples of the rice fields, 7 selected samples of lowland vegetables fields, 3 selected samples of bare lands, and 8 selected samples of oil palm fields. CO2 emission values under the land on Sungai Hitampeat were as follow; 237.86, 238.57, 259.35, and 265.35 mg m-2 hr-1, respectively. Moreover, carbon releases based on peat thickness; <100, 101 – 150, 151 – 200, 201 – 250, and > 250 cm, respectively were 119.71, 189.35, 229.47, 288.58, and 297.59 mg m-2 hr-1. The trend of CO2 emission (y1) related to peat thickness (x1) fit with a following equation; y1 = 3.996x1 0.778; R2 = 0.953. Level of carbon emission affected by water tables; <100, 101 – 150, 151 – 200, and >200 cm, respectively was 192.80, 245.54, 292.21, and 309.97 mg m-2 hr-1. CO2 emission rate (y2) related to lowering water tables (x2) conformed to a following formula; y2 = 23.96x2 0.48; R2 = 0.949. Peat ecosystems sequestering carbonhave undegone for thousands of years. Therefore, cultivated peat for sustainable agriculture development should consider in managing peat thickness and water table.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.012
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Sustainability Indicators for Assessing and Monitoring the Sustainable
           Land Management in the Commercial Rice Zone of the Lower Pak Phanang River
           Basin, Thailand

    • Authors: Meraman Mumtas
      Pages: 77 - 83
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Meraman Mumtas
      The main land use in the lower Pak Phanang river basin is intensive paddy production. It is also promoted as a commercial rice farming zone by the Royal Project. The objective of this study, hence, was to identify the appropriate sustainability indicators for assessing and monitoring this area under the ASEAN community. This evaluation comprised of the diagnosis of problems, the analysis of stakeholders and the description of Land Utilization Types (LUTs). This lead to the diagnostic criteria weighting, indicators of development and sustainability by the participatory approaches. The data were collected through literature reviews, structure-questionnaire, focus group discussion with local stakeholders and individual interviews using the techniques of Participatory Rapid Appraisal and conceptual content analysis. This resulted in the diagnostic criteria following the framework for evaluating sustainable land management, which are productivity, security, protection, viability, and acceptability. There are a number of indicators with 22 items. The sustainability indicators in this study can be applied and evaluated in intensive paddy production areas which may lead to a strategy plan and greater sustainability in the future.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.013
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • The Study of Carcass Yields and Meat Quality in Crossbred Native Chicken
           (Chee)

    • Authors: Doungnapa Promket; Khanitta Ruangwittayanusorn; Thasawan Somchan
      Pages: 84 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Doungnapa Promket, Khanitta Ruangwittayanusorn, Thasawan Somchan
      The objective of this study was to examine the production efficiency of crossbred native chicken (Chee) in terms of carcass yields and meat quality. One-day old 180 chickens from 3 breed groups of crossbred 1.LBC: (Broilers+ Layers) ×Chee, 2. LSC: (Shanghai+ Layer)× Chee, and 3. LSRBC: (Shanghai Road Bar + Layers)× Chee were raised to 12 weeks. The completely randomized design (CRD) was used to analyse carcass yields and meat quality. The result showed that wing percentage and total visceral from LSC and LSRBC were higher than LBC (P<0.05). Moreover, LSC (13.917) had higher drumstick percentage than LBC and LSRBC (10.418 and 11.155, respectively). Percentage of loin was higher for LBC and LSRBC than LSC (P<0.05). Slaughter weight, percentage of dressing, thigh, tender loin and visceral fat werenot different among 3 groups. Meat quality, the pH value measured in the breast and thigh meats at 0h was not significantly different. The pH at 24h of thigh meat and the LSRBC had the lower pH (5.186) than LBC (6.043) and LSC (6.046). The color of meat, LSRBC thigh meat was less yellow (low b*) than LBC and LSC (6.367, 12.517 and 12.080, respectively). The breast meat color at 0 and 24h and skin color for three groups were not significant. The indicators of drip loss and boiling loss on breast and thigh meat were not significantly different among the groups. The grill loss of breast and thigh meat from LBC sample had less grill loss than other samples.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.014
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Identification and Seasonal Analysis of Degraded Tropical Peatland by
           Using ALOS AVNIR-2 Data

    • Authors: Dandy Aditya Novresiandi; Ryota Nagasawa
      Pages: 90 - 94
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Dandy Aditya Novresiandi, Ryota Nagasawa
      Tropical peatlands are being subjected to the consequences of rapid economic development without any consideration of the importance of sustainable management practices. Sustainable management of tropical peatlands is an important element in controlling carbon emission. However, the available information of tropical peatlands lacks of accuracy and is outdated, especially in terms of medium to high resolution. Thus, development of reliable monitoring techniques is a significant step towards the sustainable management of tropical peatlands. The remote sensing (RS) application is suitable as a tool to monitor tropical peatlands, whereas direct measurements are generally labor-intensive, time-consuming and limited to accessibility. In this study, methodology to identify degraded tropical peatland was developed by using the McFeeters Normalized Difference Water Index (McFeeters-NDWI), which was derived by Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Advanced Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer type 2 (AVNIR-2) data. Additionally, a seasonal analysis was carried out to examine the characteristics of degraded tropical peatland during the rainy and dry seasons from the viewpoint of the medium to high resolution of optical RS. Overall, a relationship was discovered such that the wet shrub class was considered as the degraded tropical peatland area, and was identified as being in between -0.43 to -0.11 of the McFeeters-NDWI value. The wet-shrub class yielded a producer's accuracy of 80.6% and a user's accuracy of 91.8%. Afterwards, the seasonal change was discovered to slightly shift the threshold values (TrVs) in the identification of degraded tropical peatland by as much as -0.05. However, the interval of the TrVs for the wet shrub class was stable and remained unchanged.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.015
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Monitoring the Hygiene of Raw Milk from Farms to Milk Retailers

    • Authors: Khanitta Ruangwittayanusorn; Doungnapa Promket; Anut Chantiratikul
      Pages: 95 - 99
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Khanitta Ruangwittayanusorn, Doungnapa Promket, Anut Chantiratikul
      Milk from dairy cattle is a good source of nutrients for humankind around the world. In Thailand, milk from dairy farms is generally transported to milk collection centre (MCC) and then transferred to milk processing plant. However, some milk from MCC is sold to local milk retailers. The quality of raw milk is very important for people's health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to monitor milk hygiene during transfer from dairy farms to the MCC and from bulk tank milk to milk retailers by counting the microorganisms in raw milk using standard plate count (SPC) method. Raw milk samples of 15 dairy farms in Maha Sarakham province were collected in summer (Mar-Jun), raining (July-Oct) and winter (Nov-Feb) seasons. After milking, raw milk was collected for SPC test. Additionally, the time for milk transportation, environmental and milk temperatures in milk bucket were also recorded. Those parameters were repeatedly recorded at MCC before being poured into the bulk tank. Cooled raw milk in the bulk tank was sampled before packed in 5kg plastic bag and carried to 9 milk retailers in town. The results found that the average of time for milk transport from dairy farm to MCC was 76.29min. Milk temperatures decreased from farm to MCC for all seasons. The SPC of milk at farm in summer (5.812 log10CFU) was higher than in raining (5.743 log10 CFU) and winter (5.713 log10 CFU) (P<0.05) seasons. The SPC from farm to MCC significantly increased (P<0.05) in all seasons. The average of time for milk transportation from MCC to milk retailers were 89.44, 178.00 and 156.11min (P<0.05) in summer raining and winter, respectively. In conclusion, more attention should be paid to milk hygiene and temperature from milking in the farm through milk retailers, especially in the summer. The microorganism could grow rapidly during milk transportation from farm to MCC in raining season. Thus, cooling down the milk or rapid delivery of milk bucket to MCC should be considered seriously.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.016
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • The Source of Silicon for Thai Riceberry Germinated on Top of an Aqueous
           Solution

    • Authors: Amonrujee Nakphlaiphan; Phanisa Wittayapanitchakorn; Pichayapa Praipanapong; Thanit Pewnim
      Pages: 100 - 104
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Amonrujee Nakphlaiphan, Phanisa Wittayapanitchakorn, Pichayapa Praipanapong, Thanit Pewnim
      Rice plants accumulate silicon (Si) in various parts of the body as a form of body protection as well as for fighting against stresses. In this study, we used Thai Riceberry grown on top of a Si-free water as a model to study Si accumulation. Scanning Electron Microscope and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer (SEM-EDX) together with Inductively Couple Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES) were used. It was found that rice husks contained a large amount of Si in the form of silicon dioxide at an average level of 23,104.28 ± 2021.27μg Si/g husk. Rice could grow well and accumulated Si in whole body tissues from 170.00 ± 126.48μg Si/g tissue at the start of germination to 1,380.00 ± 667.16μg Si/g tissue when the rice grew to 10cm long. SEM-EDX analysis revealed that Si was accumulated the most in leaves and crystalized to form dumbbell shape-like bodies. Husks would therefore most likely be the source of Si during early germination and growth of the rice plant seedlings.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.017
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation Models for Decision Support in the Context of Organic Farming
           System

    • Authors: Boonyong Punantapong
      Pages: 105 - 111
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Boonyong Punantapong
      This paper presents the application of the combination of simulation model and multi-criteria decision models for evaluating investment in agricultural processing. The simulated alternatives are evaluated with multi-attribute decision tools expert system. The simulation system consists of deterministic production simulation models that enable different types of costs calculations for organic production and on farm food processing in the framework of supplementary activities. Simulation models were further evaluate by a qualitative multi-attribute decision modelling methodology using the software tool DEX-I and quantitative analytical hierarchical process (AHP). The simulation model was also evaluated by the standard financial analysis (i.e., cost benefit analysis). These results show that there was the difference before and after investment into specific processing equipment of three organic products with respect to positive financial values. The financial analysis reveals that after 10 years the farm had constant annual cash flow with an investment return at 9.43%. This showed that investments into organic farm was feasible financially. The integrated simulation model as the discount cash flow and multi-criteria decision analysis are the suitable methodological tool fordecision support system on organic farms. The system takes into consideration different independent criteria and enables ranking of farm business alternatives. The model is useful in minimizing risk and inappropriate decision in investment.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.018
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Evaluating Active Cassava Cultivating Areas Surrounding the Factories
           Producing Ethanol for Energy Using GIS in Thailand

    • Authors: Surutcha Pichaichanlert; Weerin Wangjiraniran
      Pages: 112 - 116
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Surutcha Pichaichanlert, Weerin Wangjiraniran
      This study aimed to display, identify and evaluate the cassava cultivated area and cassava production surrounding ethanol plants in Thailand. There are seven plants in operation toproduce ethanol using cassava as a raw material. These factories are located in the Northeastern part of Thailand (KhonKaen and UbonRatchatani provinces). The ethanol plant in KhonKaen province was chosen for study because of the size of cassava cultivated area and cassava productions. The key data used to determine the active cassava cultivating area surrounding the ethanol plants was the average distance of cassava transportation truck fromKhonKaen ethanol plant. The methodology for this study consisted of collecting data from both primary and secondary data sources, plotting cassava cultivated area data on GIS (Geographic Information System) color bar map, posting the active area outline and calculating the cassavacultivated area together with cassava production within the active area outline. The result showedthat the ethanol plants in UbonRatchatani province has the highest percentage of cassava cultivated area and cassava production within active area condition, compared to the others ethanol plant location. In conclusion, the cassava cultivated area and cassava production in UbonRatchatani province was suitable for being utilized for use as raw material for producing ethanol becausethe active cassava cultivationhad been in the 550-1,100 square kilometer area. The percentage of cassava cultivated area and cassava production is the lowest in KhonKaen. Although most area in KhonKaen has moderate to highest level (200-2,500 square kilometer) of active cultivating area.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.019
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Effect of Green Tea Extract on Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Inhibition in
           Pacific White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) Postlarvae

    • Authors: Pawapol Kongchum; Suphavadee Chimtong; Nantanat Chareansak; Papimon Subprasert
      Pages: 117 - 124
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Pawapol Kongchum, Suphavadee Chimtong, Nantanat Chareansak, Papimon Subprasert
      Inhibitory effect of green tea against Vibrio parahaemolyticus was assessed to determine its potential as antibacterial agent for Pacific white shrimp culture. Aqueous extracts obtained by boiling or soaking tea leaves in hot water could inhibit the growth of V. parahaemolyticus. Inhibition zone diameters, carried out by agar well diffusion method with 1x106 CFU.mL-1 of tested bacteria in agar medium, ranged from 14.4 to 16.4mm. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determined by broth dilution method during 24-hour incubation was 10% (v/v). G reen tea extract (GTE) was effective on reducing mortality of shrimp postlarvae challenged with V. parahaemolyticus at 104 CFU.mL-1. Survival rate of shrimp reared in water treated with 1mL.L-1 GTE (80±5.4%) was higher (P<0.05) than that of control (70±2.04%). Total Vibrio counts of whole shrimp, estimated 5 days after the postlarvae were challenged with V. parahaemolyticus at 106 CFU.mL-1, were 6.4x106 and 2.3x106 CFU.g-1 in control and GTE-treated shrimp, respectively. Results of this study suggest that green tea is a promising natural antibacterial agent that can be used for V. parahaemolyticus control during the nursery phase of Pacific white shrimp.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.020
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Effects of Extenders on Fresh and Freezing Semen of Boer Goat

    • Authors: Phakatip Yodmingkwan; Somchit Guntaprom; Juggrid Jaksamrit; Krittiya Lertchunhakiat
      Pages: 125 - 130
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Phakatip Yodmingkwan, Somchit Guntaprom, Juggrid Jaksamrit, Krittiya Lertchunhakiat
      The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of soybean lecithin and egg yolk on semen quality of Boer goats. Semen of the three Boer bucks was collected using artificial vagina. In the first experiment, the semen samples were preserved in liquid state and subsequently were diluted with Tris-fructose-citric acid (TFC), Tris-fructose-citric acid + 1.5% soybean lecithin (TFCSL) and Tris-fructose-citric acid + 2.5% egg yolk (TFCEY). In the second experiment, the semen samples were cryopreserved in various freezing media as the same treatment with experiment 1. The results from the first experiment indicated that sperm motility and viability in TFCEY were significantly greater than those of TFCSL (P<0.05). In the second experiment, there was no difference in post-thawing quality of semen in TFCEY and TFCSL. In conclusion, extender containing 1.5% soybean lecithin is an alternative for the preparation for freezing goat semen.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.021
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Oligosaccharide Production from Agricultural Residues by Non-starch
           Polysaccharide Degrading Enzymes and Their Prebiotic Properties

    • Authors: Suphavadee Chimtong; Pornpan Saenphoom; Natamart Karageat; Suttaya Somtua
      Pages: 131 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Suphavadee Chimtong, Pornpan Saenphoom, Natamart Karageat, Suttaya Somtua
      Oligosaccharides were obtained from different agriculture residues by using non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) degrading enzymes (Pentozyme®) hydrolysis method. Pentozyme consist of mixture of xylanase, amylase, β-glucanase, cellulase, mannanase, and pectinase. Agricultural residues including sugar palm peel, pine apple peel, spent tea leaves, spent coffee grounds, brewer's spent grain, copra meal, and rice straw were used as a source for oligosaccharide production. At the end of hydrolysis, reducing sugar and oligosaccharides content of all samples were measured. The results showed that reducing sugar content was significantly different (P<0.05) among the samples with spent tea leaves produced the highest reducing sugar and oligosaccharide after hydrolysis. Therefore, spent tea leaves were used in the subsequent experiment to evaluate its prebiotic properties. Results showed that the extract were able to inhibits growth of pathogen and support the growth of beneficial bacteria.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.022
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Effect of Eggshell as a Calcium Source of Breeder Cock Diet on Semen
           Quality

    • Authors: Krittiya Lertchunhakiat; Pornpan Saenphoom; Manassanun Nopparatmaitree; Supawadee Chimthong
      Pages: 137 - 142
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Krittiya Lertchunhakiat, Pornpan Saenphoom, Manassanun Nopparatmaitree, Supawadee Chimthong
      The experiment was conducted to determine the effects of calcium source (coarse limestone, fine limestone and grounded eggshell) in breeder cock diets on feed intake and semen quality. Fifteen Arbor Acres breeder cocks at 61 weeks of age were randomly allotted into 3 treatments of 5 replications, in Randomized complete block design. T1 (control group); coarse limestone: fine limestone (50:50), T2; coarse limestone: egg shell (50:50) and T3; egg shell (100). Body weight were recorded weekly, feed intake were recorded daily. Ejaculates were collected by abdominal massage method twice weekly to evaluate semen quality. The results showed that body weight and feed intake were not significantly different (P>0.05). Semen quality were evaluated with sperm concentration, sperm motility, live sperm, abnormal sperm were not significantly different (P>0.05). In conclusion, grounded egg shell can be used as calcium source in breeder cock diet with normal feed intake and semen quality.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.023
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Comparisons of Physical Characteristics of Crossbred Boer Goat Fur Skin
           Tanned by Coffee Pomace and Gros Michel Banana Bunch

    • Authors: Krittiya Lertchunhakiat; Mathurada Keela; Phakatip Yodmingkhwan; Wilaiwan Sirirotjanaput; Ajchara Rungroj
      Pages: 143 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 11
      Author(s): Krittiya Lertchunhakiat, Mathurada Keela, Phakatip Yodmingkhwan, Wilaiwan Sirirotjanaput, Ajchara Rungroj
      The current study was conducted to compare the physical characteristics and quality of fur skin of male crossbred Boer goat using different tanning formulas (coffee pomace and Gros Michel banana bunch). Crossbred Boer goat aged approximately 8 months old and weighed approximately 25kg were used in the study. Sixteen skin sheets prepared by cutting raw skin into a size of 21×29.7 cm2 were divided into 2 treatments, 8 sheets each. The first group was tanned using coffee pomace formula and the second group was tanned using Gros Michel banana bunch formula. The raw skin weights of the first group and second group before tanning were 198.25±8.66g and 197.72±7.64g, respectively. Tanned fur skin were then compared for physical characteristics, including skin color, total hair density, percentage of coarse hair, percentage of fine hair, and skin thickness, both before and after tanning process and between the tanning formulas. The results showed that the color of goat skin before tanning with Gros Michel banana bunch and coffee pomace formula was not significantly different (P>0.05). While after tanning with coffee pomace, the skin was darker than those tanned with Gros Michel banana bunch, although hair color of both groups were not altered (P>0.05). The thickness of the tanned skin using Gros Michel banana bunch and coffee pomace formula was not significantly different (P>0.05). Fine hair density and coarse hair density of both groups before soaking in Gros Michel banana bunch and coffee pomace formula were not significantly different (P>0.05). However, after tanning with both formula, it was found that density of fine and coarse hairs of both groups were less than initial hairs (P<0.05). In conclusion, coffee pomace and Gros Michel banana bunch can be used as agent in tanning process to conserve the goat hair.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T22:16:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.12.024
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2016)
       
  • Preface for the Fifth Edition of the International Conference
           ‘Agriculture for Life, Life for Agriculture’, Organized by the
           University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, 9 -
           10 June 2016

    • Authors: Sorin Mihai Cîmpeanu; Gina Fîntîneru; Silviu Beciu
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Sorin Mihai Cîmpeanu, Gina Fîntîneru, Silviu Beciu


      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Environmental Rehabilitation of Mining Dumps

    • Authors: Mihail Dumıtru; Delia Cărăbış; Lavinia Pârvan; Carmen Sârbu
      Pages: 3 - 9
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Mihail Dumıtru, Delia Cărăbış, Lavinia Pârvan, Carmen Sârbu
      Mining exploitations, especially the surface ones, severely degrade the environment by removing large areas from agricultural and forestry use, micromorphological changes, hydrogeological and hydrographic changes, air, water and soil pollution, flora and fauna losses, microclimate changes, historical and archaeological sites damages, displacements of settlements and transport routes. Results obtained following the agrochemical experiments show that increasing the doses of fertilizers had positive effect on yields of all the tested crops. This paper presents several experimental fertilizers: four liquid fertilizers associating humic substances extracted from lignite with a complex matrix containing macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) and trace elements (copper, zinc, iron, manganous, boron); two types of organo-mineral fertilizers with macronutrients on a lignite carrier; two types of organic fertilizers (containing cattle manure or compost obtained from cattle manure, lignite powder and potassium humates). These experimental fertilizers were tested - alone or associated with mineral fertilizers - on maize, sunflower and peas crops. In all three experimental years, and for all three crops, the best yields were obtained for the variants fertilized with 40 t/ha compost + N100P80K80. Thus, a 364% average yield increases were recorded for maize, 310% for sunflower and 156% for peas crop, compared to the control plot (unfertilized). For maize crop, the following yield increases have been recorded, comparing to the control plot: 165% for mineral fertilization (N100P80K80); 253% for the variant with 40 t/ha cattle manure; 277% for the variant with 40 t/ha cattle manure + N100P80K80; while the variant with 40 t/ha compost led to a 256% yield increase. Regarding the variants with organo-mineral fertilizers, yield increases between 196% and 229% were obtained, as compared to the control plot. Liquid fertilizers with humic substances extracted from lignite highlighted very significant yield increases (135-158%). Similar observations were recorded for sunflower and peas crops.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Soybean Demonstration Platforms: The Bond Between Breeding, Technology and
           Farming in Central and Eastern Europe

    • Authors: Dragos Costin Dima
      Pages: 10 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Dragos Costin Dima
      Europe's annual soy and soy derivates consumption is rather high – around 40 million tons grain equivalent – and the European soybeans field production is very low – up to 0.5% of worldwide production. In Europe, particularly in the European Union, soybean crop was neglected and forgotten; neglected by the policy makers and forgotten by farmers. Neglected and forgotten from both economic and agronomic perspectives. Over the years, this situation deepened and deepened, today Europe is facing an enormous trade deficit in terms of soy grains, soya-meal and soya oil. In the past three years we may observe the beginning of a changing paradigm for soybean cultivation. The soybean acreage is increasing, the farmers are reassessing more and more the soybeans in the field crops rotation and the governments started to introduce additional incentives to stimulate the development of soybean crop. This trend is noticeable particularly in Central and Eastern Europe/Danube Region, the most favorable area for soybeans in Europe. Under these circumstances, the farmers’ need for information and know-how transfer become a critical factor for success. One of the powerful tools for farmer information is the demonstration platform. The demo platform is the place where farmers can visit and discuss about various soybeans technological plots and different soybeans varieties and where the breeders can display their newly and old but improved genotypes. Definitively, the demo platform is the bond between breeding, technology and farming.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.003
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Variation of Nutritional Values in Leaves and Stalks of Different Maize
           Genotypes Having High Protein and High Oil During Vegetation

    • Authors: Ahmet Gökkuş; Fatih Kahriman; Firat Alatürk; Baboo Ali
      Pages: 18 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Ahmet Gökkuş, Fatih Kahriman, Firat Alatürk, Baboo Ali
      This study was aimed to determine the variations into the nutrient contents found different plant parts of maize genotypes that containing high level of oil and protein at their different vegetative stages. In this study, six different maize genotypes were used as plant materials that have been generated by crossing of two special types of maize namely, IHO and IHP with two normal elite inbred lines (B73 and Mo17). Field trials have been conducted by using randomized complete block design along with three replications in the region of northwest of Turkey. Samplings were designed in accordance to plant sowing date and they were taken from the field at 40th, 60th, 82nd, 100th and 122nd days after sowing. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL), crude ash (CA), organic matter digestibility (OMD) and dry matter digestibility (DMD) have been investigated during this study work. The results of this research showed that the significant differences were found among genotypes and some sorts of significant variations have been observed into the cell wall components. Genotypes, having high level of protein in their stalks, have been found superior in terms of nutrient content while the genotypes, having high level of oil in their leaves, were found best for nutrient values.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.004
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Effect of Different Types of Fertilization on Weed Flora in Processed
           Tomato Crop

    • Authors: Nikolina Cheimona; Christina Angeli; Eleni Panagiotou; Afroditi Tzanidaki; Chysoula Drontza; Ilias Travlos; Dimitrios Bilalis
      Pages: 26 - 31
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Nikolina Cheimona, Christina Angeli, Eleni Panagiotou, Afroditi Tzanidaki, Chysoula Drontza, Ilias Travlos, Dimitrios Bilalis
      A field experiment was conducted in 2014 to determine the effect of organic and inorganic fertilization on weed flora in processed tomato crop (Solanum lycopersicum). The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replicates and four treatments (compost, sheep manure, inorganic fertilizer and control). The effect on the weed was determined by the use of different diversity indices (Shannon- Weiner, Simpson, Pielou and Richness). It was found that Simpson index was higher in compost, while Shannon- Weiner index in control treatment. Pielou index had a similar trend with Shannon – Weiner index. The biodiversity of weed flora was similar for all the treatments and the number of species was greater by 44% in the compost in relation to the control, and by 19% in relation to manure and inorganic fertilization (k-dominance). It was observed that Amaranthus retroflexus was the dominant species in all treatments. Its presence in experimental plots with compost was 64%, 44% and 40% higher than control, sheep manure and inorganic fertilization, respectively. Moreover, density and dry weight of weed flora were not affected by different organic fertilization. In conclusion, the results indicated that processed tomato crop can be grown in organic systems, without the organic fertilizers having a negative effect on weeds.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.005
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • The Insecticides Effectiveness on Tanymecus Dilaticollis Attack on Maize
           at NARDI Fundulea

    • Authors: Maria Toader; Emil Georgescu; Alina Maria Ionescu
      Pages: 32 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Maria Toader, Emil Georgescu, Alina Maria Ionescu
      In this paper, authors collective present effect of two pesticides applied on maize seeds (Olt variety), Gaucho 600 FS (8.0 l/tonne) and Nuprid 600 FS (8.0 l/tona) and two insecticides applied in vegetation, Calypso 480 SC (90 ml/ha) and Decis Mega (150 ml/ha) against maize leaf weevil attack, at NARDI Fundulea. Also, it performed productivity elements and seeds yields and chemical compozition on Laboratory of Yields Quality of Plant Science Department, Bucharest Faculty of Agriculture. The higher insecticides effectiveness fluctuated between 4.56 when it was applied Nuprid 600 FS and 8.33 when it was applied Calypso 480 SC. The largest attack was recorded to control plots where there is no treatment was applied. The density of plants ranged between 116 and 118 plants/plot, respectively over 65% of saved plants by treatment on seeds with both insecticides. In case of spraying insecticides in vegetation, their effect were insignificant, 31 plants/plot density and 17% saved plants in case of Calypso 480 SC and 16.75 plants/plots density and 9.31% saved plants in case of Decis Mega. The largest yields was of 7,778 kg/ha at insecticides variant with the best effectiveness and density of 65,690 plants/ha. Insecticides showed no influence on chemical composition of seeds at harvesting. But due to high temperatures and drought, the maize seeds accumulated: 12.31% protein; 70.18% starch; 5.05% oil; 1.46% ash; 5.24% fibre.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.006
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Mycorrhizas in Trifolium Repens – A Short Term High Experiment
           Approach

    • Authors: Vlad Stoian; Roxana Vidican; Ioan Rotar; Florin Păcurar; Adriana Morea
      Pages: 39 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Vlad Stoian, Roxana Vidican, Ioan Rotar, Florin Păcurar, Adriana Morea
      The paper aims to present the integrative potential of natural mycorrhization in short experiments. Mycorrhization parameters provide quantitative and qualitative indices of plant root development. Assessing the degree of dependence of plants to symbiotic association may represent an important step in estimating the strength and durability of a species in natural ecosystems. The degree of colonization is part of the methodology for estimating the volume explored by root symbiotic fungi, the value indicating the associative dependence. For values of the colonization degree below 10%, the association is casual and over 50% the association became mandatory. These values are due to a balanced frequencies and intensities. In general, differentiated fertilization and treatments acts to individualize the exploratory reaction of mycorrhizas. The strongest effects of the experimental variants are seen at the end of the growing season. Principal components analysis highlights the separation effect of fertilization and individualizes the treatments on graphs. Principal components analysis ordination of the colonization degree shows a normalization of mycorrhizal reaction to interaction fertilization x treatment and maximize the effect of experimental graduations. Zinc sulphate is the most restrictive treatment in combination with fertilization. Mineral or organo-mineral fertilization is beneficial for mulching at the vegetation peak and fungicides respond well to organo-mineral fertilization.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.007
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Assessment Method of Coverage Degree for Pneumatic Sprayers Used in
           Orchards

    • Authors: Ovidiu Marian; Mircea Valentin Muntean; Ioan Drocaş; Ovidiu Ranta; Adrian Molnar; Giorgiana M. Cătunescu; Victor Bărbieru
      Pages: 47 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Ovidiu Marian, Mircea Valentin Muntean, Ioan Drocaş, Ovidiu Ranta, Adrian Molnar, Giorgiana M. Cătunescu, Victor Bărbieru
      The use of electronic equipment in plant protection treatments in vineyards and orchards is of great importance both economically and environmentally. In this sense, this paper aims to highlight the importance of spraying equipment in vineyards and orchards. The main goal of this paper was to determine and to evaluate the coverage degree for the Gamberini 500 orchard spraying machine. For the purpose of this paper, the machine Gamberini 500 was used in laboratory conditions to determine and evaluate the coverage degree. This spraying machine is a pneumatic one, with a special boom. In order to evaluate the degree of coverage, a special paper was used, which was placed at different heights (1; 2; 3 m). The paper was scanned, transformed in black and with the MathCad software the degree of coverage was evaluated using the READBMP function. The results obtained showed that the degree of coverage differs with respect to the height. The biggest degree of coverage was obtained at lower heights, due to the small distance to the target. This degree of coverage is mostly influenced by the orientation of the boom, the quantity of water sprayed and the droplets size. In order to achieve a higher degree of coverage it is important to use a fan which has a tower blower, because the distance from boom to target surface is relative equal.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.008
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Biochemical Characterization of Industrially Produced Rapeseed Meal as a
           Protein Source in Food Industry

    • Authors: Petya Ivanova; Vesela Chalova; Galina Uzunova; Lidia Koleva; Ivan Manolov
      Pages: 55 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Petya Ivanova, Vesela Chalova, Galina Uzunova, Lidia Koleva, Ivan Manolov
      Rapeseed meal is a by-product of oil production which is primarily used in feed industry. The application of the rapeseed meal as a protein source in food industry is an alternative which leads to a better and more complete use of this by-product. Biochemical characteristics of industrially produced rapeseed meal vary and therefore, detailed analyses prior to its use as a protein source is necessary. The commercial rapeseed meal evaluated in this study contained high protein amount (39.86%) and low residual total fats (2.30%). It was characterized with low levels of glucosinolates (12.69 ± 0.18μmol/g) and phenols (1.13 ± 0.04%). Amino acid analysis revealed lysine as the first limiting amino acid with an amino acid score of 58.00%, followed by valine (66.86%). However, this by-product was rich in leucine and isoleucine which amino acid scores equaled to 97.60 and 88.67% respectively. The amino acid score evaluation demonstrated relatively high amount of sulphur containing amino acids (82.57%). The commercial rapeseed meal exhibited low in vitro digestibility (18.59 ± 0.98%). The albumin, globulin and glutelin fractions however, expressed higher digestibility with albumin fraction being the most susceptible (67.22 ± 1.28%) to pepsin and pancreatin proteolytic activities.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.009
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Tuber Quality Parameters of Potato Varieties Depend on Potassium
           Fertilizer Rate and Source

    • Authors: Ivan Manolov; Nesho Neshev; Vesela Chalova
      Pages: 63 - 66
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Ivan Manolov, Nesho Neshev, Vesela Chalova
      The influence of potassium fertilizer source (K2SO4 and KCl) and fertilizer rates on potato tuber quality parameters under pot and field experimental conditions were studied. The pot experiment included high rate of potassium fertilizers providing 600mg K2O kg-1 soil from both sources, studded at four varieties. The field experiment included two fertilizer rates - 100 and 200kg K2O ha-1. The dry matter content in tubers from the plants of the pot experiment was the highest for the controls of the three studied varieties - 19.78% for „Louisiana”; 17.16 for „Riviera” and 17.26% for „Hussar”. The highest dry matter content (20.98%) in field conditions was observed for variant K200 (K2SO4). For all variants from the pot trail fertilized with KCl the starch content was decreased approximately with 2.2 to 2.4% in comparison to controls. The highest tuber starch content was observed also for the control (15.24%) from the field study. The fertilization did not influence the reducing sugars content in tubers. The content was around 0.40% independently of the trail conditions and cultivars. The application of KCl decreased the content of vitamin C in tubers for all variants from the pot trail compared to the controls (from 46% at variety „Louisiana” to 61% to Agria). In the field experiment the high rate of K200 KCl reduced vitamin C content with approximately 54% (8.40mg 100 g-1) in comparison to variant K100 K2SO4 (18.10mg 100 g-1). Positive influence of KCl on crude protein content in tubers at all varieties from both trials was recorded.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.010
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Changes of Dry Matter, Biomass and Relative Growth Rate with Different
           Phenological Stages of Corn

    • Authors: Yakup Onur Koca; Osman Erekul
      Pages: 67 - 75
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Yakup Onur Koca, Osman Erekul
      Crop growth period and the length of the phenological stages on plant are directly affected by climate condition. Therefore, seasonal climate fluctuations such as maximum and minimum daily temperature changing and precipitation rates are important for quantity of annual corn production in Mediterranean area. This study was carried out to determination of dry matter, biomass, relative growth rate (RGR) values in eleven phenological stages [4 leaf (V4), 8 leaf (V8), 12 leaf (V12), 16 leaf (V16), tasseling (VT), silking (R1), blister (R2), milk (R3), dough (R4), dent (R5) and maturity (R6)] of corn during the period 2005, 2006 and 2007 in Aydın location, which is characteristically Mediterranean weather condition in Turkey. Additionally, calculated growing degree days (GDD), per ear weight, plant and ear height (cm), blank tip of ear (shriveled remnants of kernels because of ineffective pollination) (cm) were measured throughout the phenological stages. The data of the study is average of 31G98 and 32K61 corn hybrids value. It is seeming that a significantly differences amongst the years which the field study establishment. All properties except to per ear weight were significantly affected to years. Maximum dry matter and biomass values on the phenological stages were measured in 2005. Maximum per ear weight, plant and ear height values were also obtained from the first year of the experiment. However maximum blank tip of ear value was obtained from 2007. It is suggested that three parameters should be used for yield estimating and determination of biomass and dry matter values among phenological stages of corn. These parameters are: (i) calculating GDD values, (ii) rainfall amounts and air humidity of the years and (iii) determining the number of days when daily temperature rises above 37.5oC during growth in stages of corn.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.015
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Effect of Sowing Time on Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Cultivars: II. Fatty
           Acid Composition

    • Authors: Tahsin Sogut; Ferhat Ozturk; Suleyman Kizil
      Pages: 76 - 82
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Tahsin Sogut, Ferhat Ozturk, Suleyman Kizil
      The aim of this study was to determine the effects of sowing time on fatty acid composition of three Virginia-type peanut cultivars developed at Cukurova University. The experiment was conducted at the experimental area of Agricultural Faculty, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey in 2010 growing season. The treatment was replicated three times in split-plot based on randomized complete block design with two sowing times (15 April as early sowing and 25 June as late sowing) in the main plots and three cultivars (Halis Bey, Osmaniye-2005 and Sultan) in the sub-plots. The results showed that palmitic (16:0), stearic (18:1), oleic (18:1) and gamma-linolenic acid (C18:3n-6) contents decreased, whereas, linoleic (18:2), arachidic (20:0) and eicosadienoic acid (20:2) increased with delay in sowing time. With regard to cultivars, Osmaniye-2005 was high in total unsaturated fatty acid/saturated fatty acid ratio for both sowing times. The results show that sowing time has a marked effect on the fatty acid composition of these peanut cultivars.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.018
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Considerations Regarding the Agronomical Variables Associated to the
           Performances of SWAT Model Simulations in the Romanian eco-climatic
           Conditions

    • Authors: Daniel Dunea; Stefania Iordache; Niculae Dincă; Stefano Casadei; Nicolae Petrescu; Iulia Niţu
      Pages: 83 - 93
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Daniel Dunea, Stefania Iordache, Niculae Dincă, Stefano Casadei, Nicolae Petrescu, Iulia Niţu
      The main objective of the study is to optimize the agronomical variables for prediction of water quality at river basin scale for various time intervals using the numerical modeling of the cumulative impact of agricultural operations due to the use of chemical inputs and specific tillage. SWAT (Soil & Water Assessment Tool) model was developed to determine with reasonable accuracy the effect of potential management decisions regarding the water use, sediment transport, and chemical transformations of substances discharged into surface waters in rural ungauged basins. The information flow must start with the adaptation of the inputs required by the SWAT model for the accurate definition of Hydrological Response Units that include unique combinations between slope, soil type, and land use/land cover. All thematic layers must be related to the same coordinate system using the 1970 stereographic projection and Dealul Piscului 1970 geographic coordinate system that are in force in Romania. The meteorological inputs used in SWAT include rainfall, maximum and minimum temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity and wind speed. The prediction of SWAT model considering the diffuse sources of pollution (land areas with intensive agriculture) were analyzed considering the cropping technologies used in various Romanian hydrographical basins, i.e. Ialomita River, Calmatui River, Teleajen River, and Mostistea River. The main constraints observed in the use of SWAT model for efficient predictions in various control sections can be adjusted by the careful selection/adaptation of inputs, the optimal calibration/sensitivity analysis of the model, and the updating of information regarding the land use/land cover in a specific river basin.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.020
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Grain Yield and Yield Components at Triticale under Different
           Technological Conditions

    • Authors: Marin Dumbravă; Viorel Ion; Lenuţa Iuliana Epure; Adrian Gheorghe Băşa; Nicoleta Ion; Elena Mirela Duşa
      Pages: 94 - 103
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Marin Dumbravă, Viorel Ion, Lenuţa Iuliana Epure, Adrian Gheorghe Băşa, Nicoleta Ion, Elena Mirela Duşa
      The aim of this paper is to present the results regarding the yield and the yield components we have obtained at two triticale varieties studied under different preceding crops, different soil tillage conditions, and different nitrogen application conditions. In this respect, two triticale varieties (Tulus and Gorun 1) were studied under the following technological conditions: two preceding crop (sunflower and maize), two soil tillage (ploughing and harrowing), and six nitrogen application variants (0+0+0kg.ha-1, 40+40+40kg.ha-1, 40+80+0kg.ha-1, 0+40+80kg.ha-1, 0+80+40kg.ha-1, and 0+120+0kg.ha-1, respectively first application in autumn, before seedbed preparation, second application in spring, in the tillering growing stage, and third application in spring, in the two nodes growing stage). Researches were performed in a field experiment under rainfed conditions in the agricultural year 2013-2014. The field experiment was located on a reddish preluvosoil within the Experimental Farm Moara Domneasca (44° 29’44” North latitude and 26° 15’28.5” East longitude) belonging to the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest. There were determined the yield at 14% moisture content, the number of ears per square meter, the yield components of the ears (ear length; number of fertile spikelets per ear; number of sterile spikelets per ear; number of grains per ear; number of grains per spikelet; grain weight per ear), and the yield quality (thousand grain weight, hectoliter weight, protein contend and starch content of the grains).

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.023
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Grain Yield and Yield Components at Maize under Different Preceding Crops
           and Nitrogen Fertilization Conditions

    • Authors: Adrian Gheorghe Băşa; Viorel Ion; Marin Dumbravă; Georgeta Temocico; Lenuţa Iuliana Epure; Dumitru Ştefan
      Pages: 104 - 111
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Adrian Gheorghe Băşa, Viorel Ion, Marin Dumbravă, Georgeta Temocico, Lenuţa Iuliana Epure, Dumitru Ştefan
      The yield components and the grain yield are influenced by several factors, either they are environmental or technological. Among the environmental factors there is counting as one of the most important the water supply, while among the technological factors there are counting the preceding crop and fertilization strategy. In this respect, the aim of this paper is to present the results regarding the yield components and the grain yields obtained at two maize hybrids studied under the drought specific conditions of 2015 in South Romanian and under different preceding crops and fertilization conditions. In this respect, a field experiment was performed in 2015 on a reddish preluvosoil in South Romania under rainfed conditions. Two maize hybrids were studied under three preceding crops (triticale, sorghum and maize) and three fertilization conditions (N40+0P40, N40+40P40, N40+80P40). In the fully ripe stage of the maize plants, the cobs from one square meter and from each experimental variant were collected and analyzed in laboratory. The yield components of the cob were determined and the grain yield was calculated in tons.ha-1 and reported at moisture content of 14%. The obtained data were statistically processed by analysis of variance. In our study, the highest values of the yield components (cob length, number of kernels per cob, cob weight, and kernel weight on cob, except thousand grain weight) were registered in the case of maize as preceding crop and fertilization conditions of N40+80P40, which leaded to the highest values of the grain yield. Nitrogen application in the growth stage of five leaves increased the values of the yield component (except thousand grain weight) and of the grain yield, but according to the preceding crop.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.025
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Researches Concerning the Productivity and Quality of Onix Soybean

    • Authors: Valeria Deac; Ioan Rotar; Roxana Vidican; Anamaria Mălinaş; Florin Păcurar
      Pages: 112 - 117
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Valeria Deac, Ioan Rotar, Roxana Vidican, Anamaria Mălinaş, Florin Păcurar
      Most food production systems depend on the addition of fertilizer, which is a finite source, considering their origin. Predictions on how long it is until these resources will be exhausted are not encouraging since time is limited to the level of few decades. It is therefore of huge importance to study and get to know the processes leading to increase in soybean productivity, whereas the adoption of proper management of nutrients must become the number one priority when we want to develop a sustainable vegetable production system. Through this research we aimed to evaluate the behavior of a variety (Onyx) of soybean developed by The Station for Agricultural Research and Development (SARD) of Turda under the influence of fertilization with different doses of Gülle in the specific conditions from SARD of Turda and thereby highlight the most effective dose of fertilizer both in terms of production as and quality. The experiments were established in 2013 within the SARD of Turda, located in western Transylvania Plain, Romania. Experimental variants are G1-0 t ha-1, control, G2-5 t ha-1, G3- 10 t ha-1, G4- not 15 t ha-1. The results showed that all parameters studied were favored by the climatic conditions specific to the year 2014 and by fertilization with 15 t ha-1 Gülle. Positive correlations have been highlighted between grain yield and protein yield and between nodule number and grain yield.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.027
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • The Evaluation of Rapeseed Culture at the end of the Cold Season Using
           Aerospace Techniques

    • Authors: Alexandra Trif; Mihai Gîdea
      Pages: 118 - 122
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Alexandra Trif, Mihai Gîdea
      This paper evaluates the potential of utilization of modern technologies such as GIS instruments, remote sensing, satellite imaging, GPS technology, and drones to monitor agricultural cultures. Two zones are chosen, are cultivated with rapeseed, and suffer the effect of low temperatures during the winter. In the spring, during the vegetation period, farmers ask themselves: “Which is the degree of loss in a culture?”, “Is it worth keeping the culture?”. To answer those questions, the total affected area has to be determined, using two methods: the classic method of finding out the affected area, which uses GPS technology to gather data and GIS to process it. The other method uses satellite imaging and special software to process data. This data is then used to classify pixels and determine the total affected area. After, the results from the two methods are compared. Based on these results, the most effective method can be determined. This method can then be used for determining the affected area resulting from natural phenomena, such as drought, excessive rainfall, gale, etc. Both methods have proved useful in these kind of studies, but the GPS RTK is a more effective way of monitoring the affected area of a rapeseed culture in the end of the cold season.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.031
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Raphanus Raphanistrum Subsp. Landra (Moretti ex DC.) Bonnier & Layens
           - Adventitious Species of Mediterranean Origin Adapted as Weed in Crops -
           Some Considerations on Morphological and Anatomical Peculiarities

    • Authors: Mihaela Ioana Georgescu; Vasilica Luchian; Octavian Groza; Nicolae Ionescu; Elena Săvulescu
      Pages: 123 - 128
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Mihaela Ioana Georgescu, Vasilica Luchian, Octavian Groza, Nicolae Ionescu, Elena Săvulescu
      Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. landra is scarcely known in our country as weed in crops. Following morphological and anatomical observations and measurements on a population encountered in a rape seed crop was found that it has not formed particular characters to adapt to the specific environmental conditions of the area (Vlădeşti-Dambovita) and there were no changes due to the application of the herbicides. Plants were propagated by seeds and they were not affected by the technologicale works applied on that land.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.035
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Optimizing the Use of Mineral and Organic Nitrogen Fertilizers for Barley
           Crops on Reddish Preluvosoil at Moara Domnesca

    • Authors: Theodora Borugă; Costică Cıontu; Iulian Borugă; Dumitru-Ilie Săndoıu
      Pages: 129 - 134
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Theodora Borugă, Costică Cıontu, Iulian Borugă, Dumitru-Ilie Săndoıu
      The purpose of this paper is to present the research conducted in the agricultural year of 2014-2015, situated on the experimental field of the Department of Soil Sciences, at Moara Domneasca, on red soil. The barley crop is part of a crop rotation wheat-barley-sugar beet. The experience is a two-factor concept, organised in three repetitions, with the next factors: a – organic fertilization and b – mineral fertilization. As natural fertilizers, were used plant residues and manure, nourishment needs were supplemented with mineral fertilizer, based mostly on nitrogen. In addition to the nitrogen, for all three crops was applied at a dose of P70. Regardless of any organic fertilizer, the application of mineral nitrogen is useful until a certain point, anything more than that is not fruitful, and does not assure great results in output. In the research were determined and interpreted the following indicators: production of barley, the number of ears/sq m, hectolitre mass and thousand grain mass. The experimental data obtained were calculated and interpreted by analysis of variance. The research has shown that nitrogen fertilization with organic and mineral nitrogen increases barley production. The best barley production was obtained within b4-N140 variant, combined with organic fertilizer variant a2 – residue of 30 t/ha manure, of 75.6 q/ha.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.039
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Soils Zones in Romania and Pedogenetic Processes

    • Authors: Anca-Luiza Stănilă; Mihail Dumitru
      Pages: 135 - 139
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Anca-Luiza Stănilă, Mihail Dumitru
      Orohydrographic conditions, climate and vegetation that are specific to our country's territory they have made a small area to develop most soils globe. Romania presents a diversity of soils, from the semi-arid zones in which specific zones encountered the wet and cold. Most soils in our country are distributed in a horizontal zonality plains and low hills are represented by cernisols (kastanozems, chernozems, phaeozems) and luvisols (preluvosols, luvosols) and a vertical zonality of high hills and mountain regions including cambisols zone (eutricambosols, districambosols), spodisols zone (prepodzols, podzols) and umbrisols zone (nigrosols, humosiosols).

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.042
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Yield, Physiological and Biochemical Parameters of Cynara Scolymus L.
           under Foliar Ecological Fertilization

    • Authors: Vasilica Onofrei; Marian Burducea; Andrei Lobiuc; Maria-Magdalena Zamfirache; Gabriel-Ciprian Teliban; Teodor Robu
      Pages: 140 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Vasilica Onofrei, Marian Burducea, Andrei Lobiuc, Maria-Magdalena Zamfirache, Gabriel-Ciprian Teliban, Teodor Robu
      The artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) is an important medicinal and culinary herb, cultivated since Antiquity (4th century BC). It has been used in therapy since 16th century, but its coleretical action was discovered only in 1931. It was used as a vegetable in Ancient Egypt and in the Roman Empire. From the 15th century it has been frequently used as food. With the growing necessity of ecological products, organic crops cultivation areas need to be expanded, but a more complete characterization of such agriculture systems is required. The present paper aims to evaluate the yield of Cynara scolymus L. under four different organic foliar fertilizers (Fylo®, Geolino Plants&Flowers®, Cropmax®, Fitokondi®), by assessing morphometric parameters, physiological parameters (chlorophyll fluorescence and content, photosynthetic and transpiration rate) and total phenolics and flavonoid contents of plants. Some of the analyzed parameters values were increased in fertilized plants, compared to unfertilized ones. Foliar fertilization of artichoke plants can thus be used to obtain increased inflorescence yield and phenolic compounds synthesis with effect on physiological parameters analyzed, allowing better performance of artichoke under organic fertilization.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.044
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Research for Identifying the Optimal Strategy of Weed Control and
           Fertilization on Wheat Crop

    • Authors: Mihai Gidea; Aurelian Penescu; Adrian Iavnic; Andreea Lupu; Elena Magargiu; Catalin Eparu
      Pages: 148 - 154
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Mihai Gidea, Aurelian Penescu, Adrian Iavnic, Andreea Lupu, Elena Magargiu, Catalin Eparu
      Wheat is considered the most important crop, with a high content in protein and carbohydrates, and by balance between them. Grains can be transported and preservation for long term without difficulty, and have a high ecological plasticity, being cultivated in areas with different climates and soils; full mechanization of cultural opportunities, the plant occupies large areas of cultivation. Weed control is the main work of the wheat crop technology. The yield losses due to weednes are from 10 to 70%. The control of weed in the wheat crop is mandatory, at this time the offer of herbicides at the market is very big and the problem for farmers is to choose the optimum strategy. For identifing the optimal strategy for control of weeds in wheat crop in 2014-2015 was performed a bifactorial trial where factor A - weed control with 8 graduations (a1 - untreated, a2 - Laren 60WG; a3 - Logran 20WG; a4 - Harmony 75DF; a5 - Lintur 70 WG; a6 - Sekator; a7 - Dicopur Top 464 SL; a8 - Rival Star 75 GD), and factor B - level of nitrogen fertilization with two graduations (b1 - unfertilized, b2 - fertilization with 150kg of nitrogen/ha). After results analysis, it was found that the greatest degree of weed control was registered on Logran 20WG where the weednes degree was 8.1% at harvest and the yeld level was 2610kg/ha at b1 unfertilized and 4325kg/ha at b2- 150N kg/ha. Applying of fertilization has as result increasing of yield with more than 1000kg/ha.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.045
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Dynamics and Fluctuations of Tourists in Turda Salt Mine – A Case
           Study

    • Authors: Adriana Morea; Roxana Vidican; Ioan Rotar; Florin Păcurar; Vlad Stoian; Ananie Hirişcău
      Pages: 155 - 159
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Adriana Morea, Roxana Vidican, Ioan Rotar, Florin Păcurar, Vlad Stoian, Ananie Hirişcău
      Tourism has become an important sector with an increasing impact on the development of an economy. The main benefits of tourism are producing income and generating jobs. For many regions and countries is the most important source of wealth. The ability of the national economy to benefit from tourism depends on the availability of investment, to develop the necessary infrastructure and capacity to meet the needs of tourists. Romania has a great potential for tourism development in the entire country. Tourism activities contribute to income redistribution reducing the degree of poverty. In Romania, the presence of valuable natural resources, such as thermal, mineral or salt waters, sludge for treatment purposes, salt mines or herbs, favor spa tourism, which can bring significant economic benefits. To highlight this, we conducted a study in Turda, at the salt mine, Cluj County, and watched the evolution of the number of tourists over the past two decades. The comparative study shows the number of touristic entries and the entries for treatment. It resulted from the present study, that the number of tourists has risen steadily, and the explosion of visitors, both for tourism and treatment, took place in 2010, when it was completed the modernization of the mine.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.046
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • UPLC Rapid Quantification of Ascorbic Acid in Several Fruits and
           Vegetables Extracted Using Different Solvents

    • Authors: Ramona Cotruţ; Liliana Bădulescu
      Pages: 160 - 166
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Ramona Cotruţ, Liliana Bădulescu
      Ascorbic acid or vitamin C is mostly found in natural products such as fruits and vegetables. Ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method has been developed to compare the ascorbic acid content in some fresh fruits (apple, orange) and vegetables (carrot, beet, cherry tomato) extracts with two different extraction solvents; i) 9% metaphosphoric acid, ii) 3% citric acid. The compound has been detected and quantified by the use of UPLC equipped with Photodiode Array (PDA) detector. The amount of ascorbic acid detected in fruits and vegetables extracts prepared with the two solvents mentioned was different. For the orange extracted using citric acid 3% recorded the highest concentration of ascorbic acid (38.2mg/100g FW) higher than with 9% metaphosphoric acid (33.3mg/100g FW), respectively the extractions of both varieties of apples, carrot, beet and cherry tomato with metaphosphoric extraction solvent recorded the highest values of ascorbic acid: 4.1mg/100g FW in case of ‘Golden’, 9.92mg/100g FW for carrot and 13.56mg/100g FW for beet. The results showed that ascorbic acid content was higher by extraction with 9% metaphosphoric acid as compared, by extraction with 3% citric acid.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.047
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • Preliminary Research Regarding the Grafting Interstock and Soil
           Maintenance Influence on Fruit Quality for Pinova Variety

    • Authors: Radu Bărăscu; Dorel Hoza; Ioana Cătuneanu Bezdadea; Mara Naftanailă; Andrada Albulescu
      Pages: 167 - 171
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Radu Bărăscu, Dorel Hoza, Ioana Cătuneanu Bezdadea, Mara Naftanailă, Andrada Albulescu
      Grafting the apple variety Pinova on two low vigour rootstocks (B9 and M9) and on two more vigorous rootstocks with B9 as interstock produced different results from the point of view of fruit quality during the first year of production. Average fruit weight was much influenced by the grafting combination; higher weight was obtained for the fruit produced by trees grafted on B9 (186g), while lower fruit weight was obtained for the A2 rootstock with interstock and worked soil (98g). The quality parameters were influenced by the used grafting combinations: the content of soluble dry matter had values between 16-12,2%, fruit firmness was of 7,7-9,54kg/cm2, titratable acidity recorded values of 0,301-0,457mg/100g, and the content of anthocyanins had values of 0,017-0,041mg/100g.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.048
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
  • In Vitro Embryo Culture of Some Sweet Cherry Genotypes

    • Authors: Adrian Asănică; Valerica Tudor; Catiţa Plopa; Mihaela Sumedrea; Adrian Peticilă; Răzvan Teodorescu; Valentina Tudor
      Pages: 172 - 177
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, Volume 10
      Author(s): Adrian Asănică, Valerica Tudor, Catiţa Plopa, Mihaela Sumedrea, Adrian Peticilă, Răzvan Teodorescu, Valentina Tudor
      Due to a very low germination percentage of some sweet cherry's hybrids seeds in the breeding process, a new research using embryo rescue method was started. The goal of this work was to establish an efficient propagation protocol using the embryo culture in vitro. The sweet cherry seeds comes from eight hybrid genotypes as follows: 13.3.M (Giant Red x Early Red), 13.4.M (Giant Red x New Star), 13.8.M (New Star x Kordia), 13.9.M (New Star x Van), 13.11.M (New Star x Burlat), 13.12.M (New Star x Early Red), 13.18.M (Van x New Star), 13.19.M (Van x Early Red). The biological material was sterilised using alcohol 96% (w/v) and Ca(OCl)2 in different concentrations. Four culture mediums with macro and microelements were tested (based on Lee & Fossard and Murashige & Skoog) reacting differently according to the genotype. The LF medium (V1) offers superior nutrition for biological material in terms of macro and microelements and vitamins, comparing to V3 culture medium, constituted as MS medium. The germination period in vitro conditions indicate V1 medium with the lowest infection rate 26.3%. The most vigorous plants obtained in vitro were registered on LF medium.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:26:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.09.049
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
       
 
 
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