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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3159 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3159 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 408, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 396, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 336, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 445, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 202, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 1.58, CiteScore: 3)

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Journal Cover
Acta Histochemica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.661
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0065-1281
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3159 journals]
  • The effects of bisphenol A on some plasma cytokine levels and distribution
           of CD8+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes in spleen, ileal Peyer’s patch and
           bronchus associated lymphoid tissue in rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 August 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Tuğba Özaydın, Yasemin Öznurlu, Emrah Sur, İlhami Çelik, Deniz Uluışık The effects of bisphenol A on the some plasma cytokine levels and distribution of CD8+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes in spleen, ilealPeyer’s patch and bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue in rats were investigated. A total of fourty male Wistar Albino rats were divided into five groups including 8 rats in each one: control, vehicle, BPA 5, BPA 50 and BPA 500 groups. Doses of 5, 50 and 500 μg/kg BPA were dissolved in ethanol, then mixed with corn oil. The control group received no treatment. The vehicle group was given the ethanol-corn oil mixture. BPA 5, BPA 50 and BPA 500 groups were given, respectively, 5, 50, and 500 μg/kg/day orally. In blood samples, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α plasma levels were determined with ELISA. Tissue samples (spleen, ileal Peyer’s patches and lung) were processed by means of routine histological techniques. CD4 and CD8 were stained immunohistochemically. Data obtained from this study showed that, BPA causes the alteration on immune parameters including cytokine profile, distribution of CD8+ and CD4+ T lymhpocytes in spleen and ileal Peyer’s patches. Present study indicated that BPA may affect immune systems even at lower doses.Disruption of immun system cells and cytokine levels can result in harmful outcomes triggering autoimmune diseases and immunodeficiencies.
  • 3D approach visualizing cellular networks in human lymph nodes
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 August 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Marvin Siegfried Oswald, Martin-Leo Hansmann Lymph node diagnostics are essentially based on cutting thin sections of formalin fixed tissues. After hematoxylin and eosin stain, Giemsa stain and immunohistochemical staining of these tissues, the lymph node diagnosis is done using a light microscope, looking at two-dimensional pictures. Three-dimensional visualizations of lymph node tissue have not been used in lymphoma diagnostics yet. This article describes three-dimensional visualization of lymphoid tissue, using thick paraffin sections, immunostained with monoclonal antibodies, confocal laser scanning and data processing with appropriate software and the 3D printing process itself. The advantages and disadvantages of different printing techniques are discussed as well as the application of 3D models in diagnostics, teaching and research of lymph nodes.
  • The involvement of NR4A1 and NR4A2 in the regulation of the luteal
           function in rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 August 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Lina Qi, Nannan Guo, Quanwei Wei, Pengjin Jin, Wei Wang, Dagan Mao The nuclear receptor 4A (NR4A) members play important roles in cellular proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The current study first evaluate the expression of ovarian NR4A1 during different luteal stages in rats. Immature rats aged 28 days were treated with sequential Pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) (D -2) / human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) (D 0) to induce pseudopregnancy. Serum progesterone (P4) and ovarian expression of NR4A1 were detected by RIA and WB, respectively, at follicle stage (D 0), early (D 2), middle (D 7) and late (D 14 and D 20) luteal stages. To confirm the role of NR4A1 during the luteal regression, rats were treated with prostaglandin F2α analog (PGF) for 0–8 h on D 7 to detect the expressions of NR4A1 and NR4A2. RIA result showed that serum P4 reached highest level on D 7 and then declined. WB results showed that there were two types of NR4A1 (NR4A1-L and NR4A1-S) expressed in the ovary. The ovarian NR4A1-L decreased at the late luteal stage (D 20). However, the NR4A1-S increased at the late luteal stage (D 14). After PGF treatment on D 7, the expression of NR4A1-S increased which peaked at 0.5–1 h and then declined; while NR4A1-L expression did not change within 8 h. Real-time PCR results showed that the ovarian NR4A1 mRNA increased within 0.5 h, maintained high at 1 h and then declined. The NR4A2 mRNA expression exhibited a similar pattern to that of NR4A1 mRNA, though its abundance was not as high as NR4A1. IHC results revealed that NR4A1-L was expressed mainly in the cytoplasm of luteal steroidogenic cells, faintly expressed in the follicle theca cells, oocytes and the pericytes; while NR4A2 was primarily localized in the cytoplasm of luteal steroidogenic cells. In conclusion, all these results demonstrate that NR4A2 as well as NR4A1 might be involved in the luteal development and luteolysis in rats.
  • Osteoblastic differentiation potential of human amniotic fluid-derived
           mesenchymal stem cells in different culture conditions
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Tanongsak Laowanitwattana, Sirinda Aungsuchawan, Suteera Narakornsak, Runchana Markmee, Waleephan Tancharoen, Junjira Keawdee, Nonglak Boonma, Witoon Tasuya, Lamaiporn Peerapapong, Nathaporn Pangjaidee, Peeraphan Pothacharoen Osteoporosis is a bone degenerative disease characterized by a decrease in bone strength and an alteration in the osseous micro-architecture causing an increase in the risk of fractures. These diseases usually happen in post-menopausal women and elderly men. The most common treatment involves anti-resorptive agent drugs. However, the inhibition of bone resorption alone is not adequate for recovery in patients at the severe stage of osteoporosis who already have a fracture. Therefore, the combination of utilizing osteoblast micro mimetic scaffold in cultivation with the stimulation of osteoblastic differentiations to regain bone formation is a treatment strategy of considerable interest. The aims of this current study are to investigate the osteoblastic differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells derived from human amniotic fluid and to compare the monolayer culture and scaffold culture conditions. The results showed the morphology of cells in human amniotic fluid as f-type, which is a typical cell shape of mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, the proliferation rate of cells in human amniotic fluid reached the highest peak after 14 days of culturing. After which time, the growth rate slowly decreased. Moreover, the positive expression of specific mesenchymal cell surface markers including CD44, CD73, CD90, and also HLA-ABC (MHC class I) were recorded. On the other hand, the negative expressions of the endothelial stem cells markers (CD31), the hematopoietic stem cells markers (CD34, 45), the amniotic stem cells markers (CD117), and also the HLA-DR (MHC class II) were also recorded. The expressions of osteoblastogenic related genes including OCN, COL1A1, and ALP were higher in the osteogenic-induced group when compared to the control group. Interestingly, the osteoblastogenic related gene expressions that occurred under scaffold culture conditions were superior to the monolayer culture conditions. Additionally, higher ALP activity and greater calcium deposition were recorded in the extracellular matrix in the osteogenic-induced group than in the culture in the scaffold group. In summary, the mesenchymal stem cells derived from human amniotic fluid can be induced to be differentiated into osteoblastic-like cells and can promote osteoblastic differentiation using the applied scaffold.
  • In glomerular cells of puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis rats both
           phosphorylated and total STAT3 levels increased during proteinuria
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 July 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Halil İbrahim Saygı, Zeynep Banu Güngör, Fatma Kalay, İsmail Seçkin Recent studies showed that JAK/STAT pathway plays role in glomerular damages. The fact that STAT3 could be activated also by oxidative stress make Puromycin Aminonucleoside (PAN) Nephrosis model very appropriate for examination of STAT3 expression changes in glomerular pathology. Along with a control group, three PAN groups sacrificed on different days were formed by the i.p. injection of PAN for 5 consecutive days. Throughout the experiment, 24-hour-urines were collected on specific days and proteinuria levels were monitored. At the end of the experiments, tissue specimens were stained immunohistochemically for both total and phosphorylated STAT3 and evaluated subjectively. They were also examined ultrastructurally in transmission electron microscope. The proteinuria levels did not increase significantly on 5th day but showed a dramatic increase on 10th and 15th days. On 20th and 25th days, urinary protein levels gradually decreased. Ultrastructural examinations showed glomerular damages such as significant decrease in slit pore number, a significant gradual increase in glomerular basement membrane thickness and podocyte hypertrophy on 5th and 15th days; besides significant increase in mesangial matrix. The first significant increases in phosphorylated and total STAT3 levels occurred in 5th day and 15th day groups respectively. These increases diminished in 25th day group. Regarding all the findings, it was deduced that STAT3 is one of the active factors in glomerular pathologies.
  • High dose Allura Red, rather than the ADI dose, induces structural and
           behavioral changes in the medial prefrontal cortex of rats and taurine can
           protect it
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Ali Noorafshan, Maedeh Hashemi, Saied Karbalay-Doust, Fatemeh Karimi Allura Red is a food color that can lead to neurotoxicity. Taurine is an organic compound that can act as a neuroprotectant. This study aimed to assess the effects of Allura Red with or without taurine consumption on rats’ medial Prefrontal Cortex (mPFC). The subjects were divided into six groups as follows: distilled water, taurine (200 mg/kg/day), and low (7 mg/kg/day = acceptable daily dose), and high (70 mg/kg/day) doses of Allura Red with or without taurine consumption for six weeks. The results of novel objects recognition and eight-arm radial maze tests indicated impairment of memory in the Allura Red groups. Subsequently, their brains were analyzed using stereological methods. Both doses of Allura Red caused an increase in working and reference memory errors during the acquisition and retention phases in comparison to the distilled water group (p 
  • Histone acetylation and methylation marks in chromatin of Panstrongylus
           megistus (Hemiptera, Reduviidae)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 July 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Elenice M. Alvarenga, Carlos H.L. Imperador, Vanessa B. Bardella, Vera L.C.C. Rodrigues, Mateus Mondin, Diogo C. Cabral-de-Mello, Alberto S. Moraes, Maria Luiza S. Mello Panstrongylus megistus, a potential vector of Chagas disease, currently occupies a wider geographic distribution in Brazil than Triatoma infestans, another member of the hemipteran Reduviidae family and a vector of the same disease. A small heterochromatic body (chromocenter) formed by the Y chromosome is evident in the somatic cells of P. megistus, differing in size and chromosome type contribution from the well-studied chromocenters present in T. infestans. While the overall distribution of histone epigenetic marks differ when comparing the heterochromatin and euchromatin territories in T. infestans, no similar data have been established for other hemipteran reduviids, including P. megistus. In the present work, histone acetylation and methylation marks were investigated in cells of Malpighian tubules of P. megistus 5th instar nymphs using immunocytochemical assays and compared to previously published data for T. infestans. Although similarities between these species were found regarding absence of acetylated H3K9, H4K8 and H4K16, and H3K9me and H3K9me2 in the chromocenter, presence of these marks in euchromatin, and presence of H3K9me3 in the chromocenter, no intimate association of acetylated H4K8 and 18S rDNA was revealed in the chromocenter of P. megistus. The elevated abundance of H3K9me2 marks at the nuclear periphery in P. megistus cells, differing from data for T. infestans, is suggested to reflect differences in the interaction of lamina-associated chromatin domains with the nuclear lamina, methyl-transferase modulation and/or association with the last DNA endoreplication step in 5th instar nymphs, which is a matter for further investigation.
  • Pien Tze Huang ameliorates liver injury by inhibiting the PERK/eIF2α
           signaling pathway in alcohol and high-fat diet rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 July 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Yang Yang, Zhiliang Chen, Lvyu Deng, Juan Yu, Kai Wang, Xing Zhang, Guang Ji, Fenghua Li ObjectiveTo explore whether Pien Tze Huang (PTH) exerts a hepatoprotective effect via inhibiting the PERK/eIF2ɑ signaling pathway using an experimental animal model of alcoholic and high-fat diet rats.MethodsA liver injury rat model was established and treated with PTH. Pathological changes in the liver were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Hepatic biochemical indexes were detected using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The level of Hcy in serum samples was analyzed using an ELISA. Levels of mRNAs related to ER stress signaling were measured by real-time quantitative-PCR, and protein expression levels were measured by Western blot analysis.ResultsPTH ameliorated the defects in hepatic function, hepatic pathology and the impairment in lipid metabolism observed in the alcoholic and high-fat diet rats. Moreover, PTH reduced the serum Hcy level and inhibited the PERK/eIF2ɑ pathway in response to ER stress.ConclusionsThese results suggest that the administration of PTH ameliorated the severity of alcoholic and high-fat diet rats possibly by inhibiting the Hcy-induced PERK/eIF2α pathway.
  • Lectin histochemical studies on the olfactory gland and two types of gland
           in vomeronasal organ of the brown bear
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 July 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Jumpei Tomiyasu, Daisuke Kondoh, Hideyuki Sakamoto, Naoya Matsumoto, Shingo Haneda, Motozumi Matsui Olfaction is mediated by the vomeronasal and main olfactory systems, and the peripheral vomeronasal organ (VNO) processes species-specific chemicals that are associated with various behaviors in mammals. Sensory epithelial surfaces of the olfactory mucosa and VNO are covered by mucosal fluid that contains secretory products derived from associated glands, and glycoconjugates in the mucosal fluid are involved in odorant reception. The VNO of brown bears contains two types of glands; submucosal vomeronasal glands (VNG) and multicellular intraepithelial glands (MIG). The present study determined the labelling profiles of 21 lectins in the olfactory glands (OG), VNG and MIG of young male brown bears. The OG reacted with 12 lectins, and the VNG and MIG were positive for seven and eight lectins, respectively. Six lectins bound only to the OG, while four reacted with both or either of the VNG and MIG, but not the OG. The differences of lectin labelling pattern between the OG and glands in the VNO suggest that glycans in covering mucosal fluids differ between the olfactory mucosa and VNO. In addition, Bandeiraea simplicifolia lectin-I, Sophora japonica agglutinin and Jacalin reacted with the MIG but not the VNG, whereas Datura stramonium lectin and concanavalin A bound to the VNG, but not the MIG. These findings indicate that the properties of secretory substances differ between the two types of glands in the bear VNO, and that the various secretions from these two types of glands may function in the lumen of VNO together.
  • Connexin 30.2 is expressed in exocrine vascular endothelial and ductal
           epithelial cells throughout pancreatic postnatal development
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 July 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): C. Coronel-Cruz, I. Sánchez, B. Hernández-Tellez, V. Rodríguez-Mata, E. Pinzón-Estrada, A. Castell-Rodríguez, E.M. Pérez-Armendariz Previously we have demonstrated that the GJ protein connexin 30.2 (Cx30.2) is expressed in pancreatic beta cells and endothelial cells (ECs) of the islet. In the present study, we address whether Cx30.2 is expressed in the exocrine pancreas, including its vascular system. For this, adult mouse pancreatic sections were double labeled with specific antibodies against Cx30.2 and CD31, an endothelial cell marker, or with anti-α-actin smooth muscle, a smooth muscle cell (SMC) marker or anti-mucin-1, a marker of epithelial ductal cells, using immunofluorescence (IF) studies. Cx30.2-IF hot spots were found at junctional membranes of exocrine ECs and SMCs of blood vessels. Furthermore, Cx30.2 was localized in mucin-1 positive cells or epithelial ductal cells. Using immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies, it was found that in vessels and ducts of different diameters, Cx30.2 was also expressed in these cell types. In addition, it was found that Cx30.2 is already expressed in these cell types in pancreatic sections of 3, 14 and 21 days postpartum. Moreover, this cell specific pattern of expression was also found in the adult rat, hamster and guinea pig pancreas. Expression of Cx30.2 mRNA and protein in the pancreas of all these species was confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot studies. Overall, our results suggest that intercellular coupling mediated by Cx30.2 intercellular channels may synchronize the functional activity of ECs and SMCs of vascular cells, as well as of epithelial ductal cells after birth.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
  • Abundance of saccharides and scarcity of glycosaminoglycans in the soft
           tissue of clam, Meretrix meretrix (Linnaeus)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 July 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Lingchong Wang, Liuqing Di, Hao Wu We investigated presence and distribution of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in Meretrix meretrix soft tissue by determining GAG composition in the different parts, namely, mantle edge, foot, gill, adductor muscle, and viscera. The occurrence of glycan ingredients was examined by histochemistry, whereas GAG and general polysaccharide contents in clam tissue were qualified through extraction and determination. Tissue sections stained with alcian blue or periodic acid–Schiff demonstrated the general existence of saccharides and trifling generation of GAGs in clam tissues. GAGs coexisting with glycogens appeared to be primarily produced in the mantle and foot tissues in mucus form by visualization. The GAG content of the polysaccharide extract ranged from 16.8 to 75.8 mg in 10 g of 5 dried tissue materials in comparison with total carbohydrate level in the range of 500–1760 mg, thereby indicating that GAGs were not the major components of polysaccharide extracts. GAG composition only accounted for approximately 4% of total glycan components, which consist of the determinations of amino sugar and uronic acid. The soft tissues of clam contained abundant saccharide compounds but sparse amounts of GAGs. The results will benefit the subsequent development of products made from the polysaccharide components of M. meretrix.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
  • Changes in mucins and matrix metalloproteases in the endometrium of early
           pregnant alpacas (Vicugna pacos)
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Daniela E. Barraza, Renato Zampini, Silvana A. Apichela, Joel I. Pacheco, Martin E. Argañaraz South American Camelids (SAC) have unique reproductive features, one of which is that 98% of the pregnancies develop in the left uterine horn. Furthermore, early pregnancy is an uncharacterized process in these species, especially in regard to the ultrastructural, biochemical and genetic changes that the uterine epithelial surface undergoes to allow embryo implantation. The present study describes the uterine horn luminal surface and the characteristics of the mucinous glycocalyx in non-pregnant and early pregnant (15 days) female alpacas. In addition, the relative abundance of Mucin 1 and 16 genes (MUC1 and MUC16) was determined, as well as the relative mRNA abundance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that could be involved in MUC shedding during early pregnancy. Noticeable changes were detected in the uterine luminal epithelium and glycocalyx of pregnant alpacas in comparison to non-pregnant ones, as well as presence of MUCs and MMPs in the endometrial environment. The decrease in glycocalyx staining and in the relative abundance of MUC 1 and MUC 16 transcripts in pregnant females would allow embryo attachment to the luminal epithelium and its subsequent implantation, as has been described in other mammals. These results suggest a crucial role of MUC1 and MUC16 and a possible role of MMPs in successful embryo implantation and survival in alpacas.
  • Nandrolone decanoate and physical activity affect quadriceps in
           peripubertal rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Jasmina Sretenovic, Vladimir Ajdzanovic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Ivan Srejovic, Milena Corbic, Verica Milosevic, Vladimir Jakovljevic, Zoran Milosavljevic Anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) are synthetic analogs of testosterone often used by athletes to increase the skeletal muscle mass. Our goal was to examine the effects of physical activity and physical activity combined with supraphysiological doses of nandrolone on functional morphology of the quadriceps muscle. The study included 32 peripubertal Wistar rats, divided into 4 groups: control (T-N-), nandrolone (T-N+), physical activity (T+N-) and physical activity plus nandrolone (T+N+) groups. The T+N- and T+N+ group swam for 4 weeks, 1 h/day, 5 days/week. The T-N+ and T+N+ groups received nandolone decanoate (20 mg/kg b.w.) once per week, subcutaneously. Subsequently, the rats were sacrificed and muscle specimens were prepared for the processing. Tissue sections were histochemically and immunohistochemically stained, while the image analysis was used for quantification. Longitudinal diameter of quadriceps muscle cells was increased for 21% in T-N+, for 57% in T+N- and for 64% in T+N+ group while cross section muscle cell area was increased in T-N+ for 19%, in T+N- for 47% and in T+N+ group for 59%, compared to the control. Collagen fibers covered area was increased in T-N+ group for 36%, in T+N- for 109% and in T+N+ group for 159%, compared to the control. Erythrocyte depots were decreased in T-N+ group and increased in T+N- and T+N+ group, in comparison with T-N-. VEGF depots were increased in all treated groups. Chronic administration of supraphysiological doses of AASs alone or in combination with physical activity induces hypertrophy and significant changes in the quadriceps muscle tissue structure.
  • Follicle stimulating hormone receptor protein is expressed in ovine uterus
           during the estrous cycle and utero-placenta during early pregnancy: An
           immunohistochemical study
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Anna T. Grazul-Bilska, Arshi Reyaz, Veselina Valkov, Sheri T. Dorsam, Dale A. Redmer Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a well characterized gonadotropin that controls primarily development and functions of ovarian follicles in mammalian species. FSH binds to a specific G protein-coupled receptor (FSHR) belonging to the glycoprotein hormone receptor family that plays an essential role in reproduction. Although the primary location of FSHR is in the gonads (mainly in ovarian follicles), FSHR protein and/or mRNA have also been detected in extragonadal female reproductive tissues including embryo, placenta, endometrium, cervix, ovarian cancer tissues, and/or endometriotic lesions in several species. To determine the pattern of FSHR expression in the uterus and placenta, uterine tissues were collected at the early, mid- and/or late luteal phases of the estrous cycle from non-treated or FSH-treated ewes, and utero-placental tissues were collected during early pregnancy followed by immunohistochemistry and image generation. FSHR was immunolocalized to several uterine and utero-placental compartments including luminal epithelium, endometrial glands and surrounding stroma, myometrium, and endothelium and vascular smooth muscle cells in endometrium, myometrium and mesometrium. Intensity of staining and distribution of FSHR in selected compartments differed and seems to depend on the stage of the estrous cycle or pregnancy, and FSH-treatment. These novel data demonstrate differential expression of FSHR protein indicating that FSH plays a specific role in regulation of uterine and utero-placenta functions in sheep.
  • Ameliorative effects of bone marrow derived pancreatic progenitor cells on
           hyperglycemia and oxidative stress in diabetic rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Hamdy Rizk, A.F. Tohamy, Walaa Mohamed Sayed, Abdelbary Prince The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Bone marrow derived pancreatic progenitor cells (BM- PPCs) in diabetic rats. It was conducted on 30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200–220 g. They were divided into three groups: (a) Group 1 was the control group; (b) Group 2 was the diabetic (induced diabetic by a single intraperitoneal (IP) injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg) and (c) Group 3 was the treated (received injection of 2.5 X 106 BM- PPCs via the tail vein twice with a 21-day time interval). The blood glucose level was estimated weekly, the oxidative stress and insulin gene expression were evaluated at the end of the experiment. Pancreatic tissue histopathology was performed. The insulin immuno-histochemical reaction was applied to the islets. The blood glucose level was reduced in the treated group over time till reaching its acceptable level whereas it was increased in the diabetic group. The oxidative stress was decreased in the treated group compared to the diabetic one. The treated group showed increased expression of the insulin gene compared to the diabetic group. The immune-histochemical analysis of insulin showed an increased number and size of pancreatic islets in the treated group compared to the diabetic one. Thus, the twofold injection of BM- PPCs could restore the normal beta-cell morphology and function.
  • Multiple immunolabeling with antibodies from the same host species in
           combination with tyramide signal amplification
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Igor Buchwalow, Vera Samoilova, Werner Boecker, Markus Tiemann A general problem in immunocytochemistry is the development of a reliable multiple immunolabeling method with primary antibodies originating from the same host species. When primary antibodies are raised in the same host species, the secondary species-specific antibodies can cross-react with each of the primary antibodies. This obstacle can however be avoided with the use of striping buffers eluting the primary/secondary antibody complex. After elution of the previous primary/secondary antibody complex, the next primary antibody from the same host species can be applied. Recently, a group from VENTANA (Tucson, AZ, USA) presented a fully automated multiplex protocol for fluorescent immunohistochemistry on the platform of VENTANA’s BenchMark ULTRA slide stainer using the same species antibodies in combination with tyramide signal amplification. We adapted the automated protocol of VENTANA for the use in a routine histochemical laboratory and present here a standard procedure with a manual mode of operation for simultaneously detecting two or more antigens from the same host species.
  • Telocytes in human fetal skeletal muscle interstitium during early
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Mirca Marini, Mirko Manetti, Irene Rosa, Lidia Ibba-Manneschi, Eleonora Sgambati A new peculiar stromal cell type called telocyte (TC)/CD34-positive stromal cell (i.e. cell with distinctive prolongations named telopodes) has recently been described in various tissues and organs, including the adult skeletal muscle interstitium of mammals. By forming a resident stromal three-dimensional network, TCs have been suggested to participate in different physiological processes within the skeletal muscle tissue, including homeostasis maintenance, intercellular signaling, tissue regeneration/repair and angiogenesis. Since a continuous interplay between the stromal compartment and skeletal muscle fibers seems to take place from organogenesis to aging, the present study was undertaken to investigate for the first time the presence of TCs in the human skeletal muscle during early myogenesis. In particular, we describe the morphological distribution of TCs in human fetal lower limb skeletal muscle during early stages of myogenesis (9–12 weeks of gestation). TCs were studied on tissue sections subjected to immunoperoxidase-based immunohistochemistry for CD34. Double immunofluorescence was further performed to unequivocally differentiate TCs (CD34-positive/CD31-negative) from vascular endothelial cells (CD34-positive/CD31-positive). Our findings provide evidence that stromal cells with typical morphological features and immunophenotype of TCs are present in the human skeletal muscle during early myogenesis, revealing differences in either CD34 immunopositivity or TC numbers among different gestation ages. Specifically, few TCs weakly positive for CD34 were found between 9 and 9.5 weeks. From 10 to 11.5 weeks, TCs were more numerous and strongly reactive and their telopodes formed a reticular network in close relationship with blood vessels and primary and secondary myotubes undergoing separation. On the contrary, a strong reduction in the number and immunopositivity of TCs was observed in fetal muscle sections from 12 weeks of gestation, where mature myotubes were evident. The muscle stroma showed parallel changes in amount, density and organization from 9 to 12 weeks. Moreover, blood vessels appeared particularly numerous between 10 and 11.5 weeks. Taken together, our findings suggest that TCs might play a fundamental role in the early myogenetic period, possibly guiding tissue organization and compartmentalization, as well as angiogenesis and maturation of myotubes.
  • Ameloblastoma with adenoid features: A series of eight cases
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Daniela Adorno-Farias, Vinícius Rio Verde Melo Muniz, Amanda Pinheiro Soares, Patrícia Ramos Cury, Rosângela Góes Rabelo, Ricardo Fernández-Ramires, Roberto Almeida de Azevedo, Jean Nunes dos Santos BackgroundAmeloblastoma with adenoid features are characterized by the presence of duct-like structures formed from the parenchyma of the tumor. This study was conducted to report a series of eight ameloblastomas with adenoid features, highlighting their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical aspects.Material and MethodsOut of 71 cases of ameloblastomas, this study classified 8 cases as ameloblastomas with adenoid features. Clinicopathological data and immunohistochemistry for CK7, CK14, CK19, IMP3, p53 and Ki-67 were evaluated.ResultsFrom those cases of ameloblastoma exhibiting adenoid features, there were 4 women and 4 men, with mean age of 39 years. Most cases affected the mandible and all presented radiographically as a radiolucency. The predominant histopathological features were pseudoducts, squamous metaplasia, nuclear hyperchromatism, clear cells, whorled aspect of epithelial structures, cribriform growth pattern, proliferation of spindle cells and extracellular eosinophilic material. Immunohistochemical analysis showed high expression for CK14 (n = 6) and CK19 (n = 3) and all cases (n = 8) were negative for p53, IMP3 and CK7. In addition, all samples (n = 8) showed low expression for Ki-67.ConclusionsThe similarities between the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of eight cases described in the present study and those described in previous studies support the possibility that these lesions are adenoid ameloblastomas. In addition, the immunohistochemical results of CK14, CK19, p53 and Ki-67 did not differ from those of conventional ameloblastomas.
  • Morphological and ultrastructural changes in the placenta of the diabetic
           pregnant Egyptian women
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Nabila Yousef Abdelhalim, Mohammed Hany Shehata, Hanan Nabih Gadallah, Walaa Mohamed Sayed, Aref Ali Othman Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease in which the body fails to produce enough insulin or increased tissue resistance to insulin. The diabetes may have profound effects on placental development and function. This study was designed to detect the placental changes in pregnancy associated with DM comparing these changes with normal placenta. The study was carried out on sixty full-term placentae; divided into three equal groups; control group (group I): placentae of normal pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes (group II): placentae from pregnant women whose blood glucose is poorly controlled during pregnancy. Controlled diabetes (group III): includes placentae from diabetic women whose blood glucose is controlled during pregnancy. The placentae from group II tend to be heavier and exhibited immaturity of villi, villous edema, fibrosis, excessive syncytial knots formation and infarctions. In addition to, fibrinoid necrosis, increased thickness of vasculosyncytial membrane, syncytial basement membrane, microvillous abnormalities and vascular endothelial changes were demonstrated. The syncytial multivesicular knots were present in placentae of group II. The nuclei within these syncytial knots display condensed chromatin, either dispersed throughout the nucleus or in the form of dense peripheral clumps with and numerous cytoplasmic vacuoles. The syncytial basement membrane showed focal areas of increase in its thickness and irregularity. Villous cytotrophoblasts showed increased number and activity in the form of numerous secretory granules, abundant dilated RER, larger distorted mitochondria. Villous vessels showed various degrees of abnormalities in the form of endothelial cell enlargement, folding, thickening and protrusion of their luminal surfaces into vascular lumen making it narrower in caliber. In placentae of group III, most of these abnormalities decreased. In most of placentae of group III, the VSM appeared nearly normal in thickness and showed nearly normal composition of one layer of syncytiotrophoblastic cells, one layer of smooth, regular capillary endothelium and the space between them. Mild microvillous abnormalities were noted in few placentae as they appeared short and blunted with mild decrease in their number per micron. The electron picture of syncytial knots appeared nearly normal containing aggregations of small, condensed hyperchromatic nuclei, minimal vacuoles could be seen in the cytoplasm of syncytial knots. Syncytial basement membrane appeared regular and nearly normal in its thickness and composition coming in direct contact with fetal blood capillaries but mild abnormalities were noted in the basement membrane in few placentae as increased its thickness and deposition of fibers or fibrinoid. Regarding cytotrophoblasts in the terminal villi of placentae with controlled diabetes, these cells appeared nearly normal. They were scattered beneath the syncytium and were active containing mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, free ribosomes and a large nucleus with fine dispersed chromatin. The vascular ultrastructural pattern in terminal villi of placentae of this group showed no significant abnormalities and was normally distributed in the villous tree. The luminal surface of the vascular endothelium appeared regular smooth in the majority of placentae of this group. The endothelial cells appeared connected to each other with tight junctions. It could be concluded that whether if long-term diabetes is controlled or not, placentae of diabetic mother showed a variety of significant histological structural changes seen more frequently than in the placentae of pregnant women without diabetes.
  • Interplay between estrogen-related receptors and
           steroidogenesis-controlling molecules in adrenals. In vivo and in vitro
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): A. Pacwa, E. Gorowska-Wojtowicz, A. Ptak, P. Pawlicki, A. Milon, M. Sekula, K. Lesniak, B. Bilinska, A. Hejmej, M. Kotula-Balak Estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) α, β and γ appear to be novel molecules implicated in estrogen signaling. We blocked and activated ERRs in mouse (C57BL/6) adrenals and adrenocortical cells (H295R) using pharmacological agents XCT 790 (ERRα antagonist) and DY131 (ERRβ/γ agonist), respectively. Mice were injected with XCT 790 or DY131 (5 μg/kg bw) while cells were exposed to XCT 790 or DY131 (0.5 μg/L). Irrespectively of the agent used, changes in adrenocortical cell morphology along with changes in lutropin, cholesterol levels and estrogen production were found. Diverse and complex ERRs regulation of multilevel-acting steroidogenic proteins (perilipin; PLIN, cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage; P450scc, translocator protein; TSPO, steroidogenic acute regulatory protein; StAR, hormone sensitive lipase; HSL and HMG-CoA reductase; HMGCR) was revealed. Blockage of ERRα decreased P450scc, StAR and TSPO expressions. Activation of ERRβ/γ increased P450scc, StAR and HMGCR while decreased HSL expressions. PLIN expression increased either after XCT 790 or DY131 treatment. Additionally, treatment with both XCT 790 or DY131 decreased activity of Ras/Raf, Erk and Akt indicating their involvement in control of morphology and steroidogenic function of cortex cells. ERRs are important in maintaining morpho-function of cortex cells through action in specific, opposite, or common manner on steroidogenic molecules.
  • Anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical study of testicular
           development in Columba livia (Aves: Columbiformes)
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): G.B. Olea, M.V. Aguirre, D.M. Lombardo In this work, testicular ontogeny is analyzed at the anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical levels; the latter through the detection of GnRHR and PCNA in the testicles of embryos, neonates and juveniles of Columba livia. We analyzed 150 embryos, 25 neonates and 5 juveniles by means of observations under a stereoscopic magnifying glass and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The histological analysis was performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining techniques and the PAS reaction. For the immunohistochemical analysis, the expression of GnRHR and PCNA in embryos corresponding to stages 41, 43 and in neonates of 2, 5, 7 and 75 days post-hatch was revealed in testicular histological preparations. That gonadal outline is evident in stage 18. In stage 29, the testes are constituted of a medulla in which the PGCs are surrounded by the Sertoli cells, constituting the seminiferous tubules. From stage 37 a greater organization of the tubules is visualized and at the time of hatching the testicle is constituted of the closed seminiferous tubules, formed of the PGCs and Sertoli cells. The Leydig cells are evident outside the tubules. In the juvenile stages, the differentiation of germline cells and the organization of small vessels that irrigate the developing testicle begin to be visible. In the analyzed stages, the immunodetection of the GnRHR receptor and PCNA revealed specific marking in the plasma membrane and in the perinuclear zone for GnRHR and in the nucleus of the germline cells in juvenile testicles for PCNA. These results can be used as a basis for further study of endocrine regulation events during testicular ontogeny in avian species.
  • Sasa quelpaertensis leaves ameliorate alcohol-induced liver injury by
           attenuating oxidative stress in HepG2 cells and mice
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018Source: Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5Author(s): Kalahe Hewage Iresha Nadeeka Madushani Herath, So Jin Bing, Jinhee Cho, Areum Kim, Gyeonghun Kim, Ju-Sung Kim, Jae-Bum Kim, Yang Hoi Doh, Youngheun Jee Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the progression of alcoholic liver diseases and substances of antioxidant property are of special interest for therapeutic purposes. We investigated the hepatoprotective effect of leaf extracts of Sasa quelpaertensis, an edible bamboo mainly cultivated in Jeju Island, South Korea. We examined the cytotoxicity of different extracts (distilled water, 20–80% EtOH) of S. quelpaertensis on HepG2 cells and their hepatoprotective effect on HepG2 cells stimulated by ethanol (800 mM, 24 h). Furthermore, we measured reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, ethanol toxicity induced cell death, and the activity of antioxidant enzymes. In in vivo experiments, liver damage was induced by oral administration of 5 g/kg ethanol with or without potent ethanol extract of S. quelpaertensis (10 or 100 mg/kg) 12 h interval for a total of 3 doses. Only 80% ethanol extract of S. quelpaertensis (SQEE80) exhibited cytoprotective effect on HepG2 cells against alcohol-induced toxicity. SQEE80 treatment (250, 500 μg/mL) in ethanol exposed HepG2 cells showed significant attenuation of ROS production and ethanol toxicity induced cell death. Furthermore, SQEE80 markedly increased the activity of antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase 1 in ethanol exposed HepG2 cells compared to ethanol stimulated cells. In in vivo experiments, SQEE80 treatment evidently suppressed the alcohol-induced histopathological changes in liver, serum ethanol content, and expression of cytochrome P450 2E1. Furthermore, SQEE80 significantly reversed the reduction of glutathione level in the ethanol challenged liver. Taken together, we suggest the possibility of developing SQEE80 as a natural hepatoprotective substance in attenuating alcohol-induced oxidative stress.
  • Neuronal, astroglial and locomotor injuries in subchronic copper
           intoxicated rats are repaired by curcumin: A possible link with
           Parkinson’s disease
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 June 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Abdellatif Abbaoui, Halima Gamrani We aim herein to assess the neurotoxic effects of subchronic Cu-exposition (0125%) for 6 weeks on dopaminergic and astroglial systems then locomotor activity in rats as well as the probable therapeutic efficiency of curcumin-I (30 mg/kg B.W.). We found that intoxicated rats showed a significant impairment of Tyrosine Hydroxylase (TH) within substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc), ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the striatal outputs together with loss expression of GFAP in these structures. This was linked with an evident decrease in locomotor performance. Co-treatment with curcumin-I inverted these damages and exhibited a significant neuroprotective potential, thus, both TH expression and locomotor performance was reinstated in intoxicated rats. These results prove a profound dopaminergic and astroglial damages following subchronic Cu exposition and new beneficial curative potential of curcumin against subchronic Cu-induced astroglial and dopaminergic neurotoxicity. Consequently, we suggest that Cu neurotoxicity may be strengthened in vivo firstly by attacking and weaking the astroglial system, and curcumin could be prized as a powerful and preventive target for the neurodegenerative diseases related metal element, especially Parkinson’s disease.
  • Hyperglycemia induces epithelial–mesenchymal transition in the lungs of
           experimental diabetes mellitus
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Chung-Ming Chen, Shu-Hui Juan, Man-Hui Pai, Hsiu-Chu Chou Diabetes mellitus (DM) reduces lung function and increases the risk of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and pulmonary fibrosis. Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a crucial role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. The pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in diabetes remains unknown. We investigated the effects of hyperglycemia on EMT in the lungs of gerbils with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Diabetic gerbils exhibited a significantly lower volume fraction of the alveolar airspace and significantly higher septal thickness, volume fraction of the alveolar wall, and lung injury scores than did nondiabetic gerbils. The percentage of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine-positive cells and transforming growth factor-β-positive cells was significantly higher, the expression of E-cadherin was significantly lower, and the expression of N-cadherin was significantly higher in diabetic gerbils than in nondiabetic gerbils. These EMT characteristics were associated with a significant increase in α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) expression and collagen deposition in the lungs of diabetic gerbils. The increased α-SMA expression was co-localized with surfactant protein-C in alveolar type II cells in hyperglycemic animals. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that hyperglycemia induces EMT and contributes to lung fibrosis in an experimental DM model.
  • c-Kit mutation reduce intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and
           migration, but not influence intestinal permeability stimulated by
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Hong Xue, Feng Yun Wang, Qian Kang, Xu Dong Tang The proto-oncogene c-kit, as a marker of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in the gastrointestinal tract, plays an important role in the ICCs. Although limited evidences showed c-kit is present in the colonic epithelium but its roles remain unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the expression, location and function of c-kit in the intestinal epithelium. Immunofluorescence, western blotting, and RT-PCR were performed to detect the expression and location of c-kit in the intestinal mucosa of WT mice. We investigated intestinal epithelial proliferation and migration in vivo by performing 5-Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation and Ki-67 staining in WT and Wads m/m mice. An Ussing chamber with fluorescein-isothiocyanate dextran 4000 was used to detect the transepithelial electric resistance (TER), short circuit current (ISC) and permeability across ex vivo colon segments under control and endotoxaemia conditions. We demonstrated that c-kit was located and expressed in the gut crypt compartment in WT mice, which was demonstrated in the c-kit mutant mice (Wads m/m). In addition, both the number of proliferating cells and the percentage of the distance migrated were lower in the Wads m/m mice than those in the WT mice. Moreover, the intestinal permeability, TER and tight junction were unaltered in the Wads m/m mice under endotoxic conditions compared with those in both the control condition and the WT mice. Altogether, these observations imply that the expression of c-kit in the colonic epithelium is involved in the proliferation and permeability of the colonic epithelium.
  • Expression and localization of Forkhead transcription factor A1 in the
           three-dimensional reconstructed eccrine sweat glands
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Haihong Li, Liyun Chen, Mingjun Zhang, Sitian Xie, Liuhanghang Cheng Previously studies showed that Forkhead transcription factor A1 (FoxA1) was associated with sweat secretion. To investigate the expression and localization of FoxA1 in the three-dimensional (3D) reconstructed eccrine sweat glands, eccrine sweat gland cells were transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice with Matrigel, and at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks post-transplantation, the reconstructed eccrine sweat glands were removed and immunostained for FoxA1 and co-immunostained for FoxA1 and eccrine sweat markers, K7, carbonic anhydrase II (CA Ⅱ), gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (GCDFP-15) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and FoxA1 and sweat secretion-related proteins, Na+-K+-ATPase α and Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter 1 (NKCC1). The results showed that FoxA1-positive cells weren’t detected until 3 weeks post-implantation, a time point of the differntiation of secretory coil-like structures. From the fourth week on, the number of FoxA1-positive cells increased and thereafter maintained at a high number. Double immunofluorescence staining showed that FoxA1-positive cells co-expressed dark cell marker GCDFP-15 and myoepithelial cell marker α-SMA, as well as secretion-related proteins, Na+-K+-ATPase α and NKCC1 in both the native and reconstructed eccrine sweat glands. In conclusion, FoxA1 might be related to the development and differentiation of secretory coil-like structures, as well as the secretory function of the 3D reconstructed eccrine sweat glands.
  • Time-dependent expression pattern of cytochrome P450 epoxygenases and
           soluble epoxide hydrolase in normal human placenta
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 June 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): K. Cizkova, Z. Tauber CYP2C and CYP2 J enzymes, commonly named as cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases, convert arachidonic acid to four regioisomeric epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), biologically active eicosanoids with many functions in organism. EETs are rapidly hydrolysed to less active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). We investigated spatio-temporal expression pattern of CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2 J2 and sEH in normal human placenta by immunohistochemical method. In the villous trophoblast, CYP2C8 was the most abundant protein. Its expression is higher than the CYP2C9 and CYP2 J2 in the cytotrophoblast in the embryonic stage of development and remains higher in syncytiotrophoblast of term placenta. Unlike to CYP2C8, CYP2C9 and CYP2 J2 expression decrease in term placenta. sEH expression increases with gestation age and is strictly limited to cytotrophoblast in embryonic and foetal stages of the development. Moreover, CYP2C8 shows more intensive staining than the other protein monitored in Hofbauer cells in villous stroma. Specific information regarding the exact role of EETs and DHETs functions in a normal placenta is still unknown. Based on CYP epoxygenases and sEH localization and well known information about the functions of placental structures during development, we suggest that these enzymes could play different roles in various cell populations in the placenta. As the placenta is absolutely crucial for prenatal development, arachidonic acid is essential part of human nutrient and CYP epoxygenases expression can be affected by xenobiotics, further investigation of the exact role of CYP epoxygenases, sEH, and their metabolites in normal pregnancy and under pathological conditions is needed.
  • Nonlinear effects of caffeine on the viability, synthesis and gene
           expression of chondrocytes from the offspring of rats treated during
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 June 2018Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Amanda Maria Sena Reis, Karina Pessoa Oliveira, Isabela Helena Fagundes de Paula, Alisson Paulo da Silva, Júlia Fahrion Tarragô, Natália de Melo Ocarino, Rogéria Serakides ObjectiveEvaluate the effects of doses of caffeine administered to pregnant rats on the articular cartilage chondrocytes of their offspring.MethodsTwenty-four adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups, with one control group and three groups being treated with caffeine at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg throughout pregnancy. At birth, three offspring/females were euthanized so that the chondrocytes could be extracted. At 7, 14 and 21 days of culture, the chondrocytes were subjected to the MTT cell viability assay and an evaluation of their alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis. Chondrocytes were also stained by Hematoxylin-eosin, PAS, Safranin-O and Alcian Blue. The Sox-9, Runx-2, aggrecan, collagen-II and alkaline phosphatase gene transcript levels were also evaluated. Mean comparisons were performed by the Student–Newman–Keuls test.ResultsChondrocyte cultures from the 25 mg/kg group had the lowest results, as chondrocytes from this group had reduced viability, percentage of cells, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen and chondrogenic matrix synthesis. A reduced expression of Sox-9, alkaline phosphatase and collagen-II was also detected in the 25 mg/kg group. Chondrocyte cultures of the group treated with 50 mg/kg caffeine showed reduced collagen synthesis and Sox-9 expression. The caffeine dose of 100 mg/kg also reduced collagen and Sox-9 and alkaline phosphatase expression.ConclusionCaffeine administered to pregnant rats negatively alters the articular cartilage chondrocytes of their offspring, reducing the synthesis of collagen and Sox-9 expression regardless of the dose. This study also concluded that the effects of caffeine are not linear or dose-dependent.
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