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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3181 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3181 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 105, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 443, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 319, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 187, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 423, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 383, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 482, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytica Chimica Acta : X     Open Access  
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 210, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 226, SJR: 1.58, CiteScore: 3)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.704, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta Histochemica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.661
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0065-1281
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3181 journals]
  • Comparative analysis of fresh chondrocytes, cultured chondrocytes and
           chondroprogenitors derived from human articular cartilage
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Elizabeth Vinod, Upasana Kachroo, Soosai Manickam Amirtham, Boopalan Ramasamy, Solomon Sathishkumar IntroductionInterest in chondroprogenitors arose due to their inherent stem cell like properties, and their initial characterization was based on identification of a small percentage of CD49e positive cells in cultured chondrocytes (CC). It was further noted that when fresh chondrocytes (FC; reported to express low CD49e) were subjected to fibronectin adhesion assay, an isolate of chondroprogenitors was obtained, which was highly positive for CD49e, thus making it a distinguishing marker for this cell population. However, this notion was challenged when reports demonstrated high CD49e expression in CC as well. Therefore, our aim was to compare CD49e expression in FC, CC and chondroprogenitors.MethodsChondrocytes and chondroprogenitors were isolated from articular cartilage of osteoarthritic joints from three patients. Assessment of classic fibronectin receptor (CD49e, CD29), positive (CD105, CD73, CD90) and negative (CD45, CD34) mesenchymal stem cell marker expression in all groups was performed, as chondroprogenitors fulfill the minimal criteria laid down by International Society for Cellular Therapy. Following this, adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation was assessed by Oil red O, Alizarin Red and Alcian Blue staining respectively.Results and conclusionOur observations indicate that FC show significantly low surface marker expression as compared to CC and chondroprogenitors, whereas no significant difference was seen in values when CC and chondroprogenitors were compared. Moreover, comparable results were exhibited when trilineage differentiation potential was compared across groups. Since CC and chondroprogenitors show similar characteristics, there is a pressing need for a specific differentiating marker to isolate a pure population of chondroprogenitors.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
  • In vitro effects of PNP and PNMC on apoptosis and proliferation in the hen
           ovarian stroma and prehierarchal follicles
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): A.K. Grzegorzewska, A. Hrabia, K. Kowalik, D. Katarzyńska-Banasik, A. Kozubek, A. Sechman This study aimed to examine the mRNA expression, activity, and immunolocalisation of apoptosis/proliferation regulating factors following in vitro exposure of the stroma, white (WFs), and yellowish (YFs) follicles of the chicken ovary to 4-nitrophenol (PNP) or 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (PNMC). PNMC increased the mRNA expression of caspase-3, -8, Apaf-1, and cytochrome c in the ovarian stroma. The activity of caspase-3, -8, and -9 decreased in WFs in both nitrophenol-treated groups. PNP reduced the number of caspase-3-positive cells in the stromal connective tissue (CT) and the theca interna and externa layers of WFs. In the stroma, the proliferating index decreased in the wall of primary follicles in both nitrophenol-treated groups, however, in the CT, the effect of PNMC was opposite. In the theca interna of WFs, PNP diminished the proliferating index. These results suggest that nitrophenols might impact the development of chicken ovarian follicles by affecting cell death and proliferation.
  • Presence of serotonin and its receptor in the central nervous system and
           ovary and molecular cloning of the novel crab serotonin receptor of the
           blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Jirasuda Nakeim, Napamanee Kornthong, Jirawat Saetan, Supawadee Duangprom, Prasert Sobhon, Prapee Sretarugsa Serotonin (5-HT) plays pivotal roles in many physiological processes including reproduction of crustaceans, which are mediated 5-HT receptors. The distributions of 5-HT and its receptor have never been explored in Portunus pelagicus. To validate the targets which indirectly indicate the roles of 5-HT in this crab, we have investigated the distribution of 5-HT in the central nervous system (CNS) and ovary using immunohistochemistry and tissue expression of its receptor by RT-PCR. In the brain, 5-HT immunoreactivity (-ir) was detected in clusters 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15 and the fibers. In the ventral nerve cord (VNC), 5-HT-ir was detected in pairs of neurons and the fibers connected to the neurons. In the ovary, 5-HT-ir was intense in the oocyte step 1 (Oc1) and Oc2, and its intensity was slightly decreased in Oc3 and Oc4. The 5-HT receptor was molecularly characterized to be type 7, and it was strongly expressed in the eyestalk, brain, VNC, mature ovary and muscle. Due to the presence of 5-HT receptor we suggest that 5-HT acts primarily at the CNS and ovary, thus implicating its role in reproduction especially in the development of oocytes though its exact function in this crab needed to be explored further.
  • Oral variant of acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma—Histochemical and
           immunohistochemical features
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Irit Allon, Michael Abba, Ilana Kaplan, Alejandro Livoff, Amram Zaguri, Oded Nahlieli, Marilena Vered Acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). It is characterized by a combination of typical SCC and pseudoglandular structures, dyskeratotic cells and prominent acantholysis.The purpose of this study was to analyze the histochemical and immunohistochemical characteristics of the intraoral variant of ASCC. Cases of intraoral ASCC were retrieved from the English language literature. Four new cases from our files were added.In total, 35 cases were included and analyzed in this study. The mean age of the patients was 61.5 + 13 years (age range 38–92 years), with a male-to-female ratio of 1.7:1. According to the available data, histochemical and immunohistochemical stains for mucins were found to be consistently negative. E- cadherin, a marker of adherens junctions, was usually reported to be expressed in areas of “typical” (non acantholytic) SCC, but reduced in the acantholytic areas. We examined for the first time the expression of claudin 1, a marker of tight junctions, and found it to be reduced in the acantholytic areas, similar to E-cadherin. Several cases of oral ASCC also expressed vimentin and cytokeratin (CK) 19, markers associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition. A wide range of non-epithelial markers yielded negative immunoreactions.In conclusion, ASCC is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma. The acantholytic process appears to involve reduced expression of molecular components of both adherens junctions and tight junctions. These findings could suggest a relation to the epithelial mesenchymal transition process and therefore further studies are needed in order to establish such a link and the subsequent possible impact on the clinical outcome of the patients.
  • Prophylactic supplementation of 20-HETE ameliorates hypoxia/reoxygenation
           injury in pulmonary vascular endothelial cells by inhibiting apoptosis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Praveenkumar Sugumaran, Vishnusekar Narayanan, Daling Zhu, Meetha Medhora, Elizabeth R. Jacobs, Yamini Chandramohan, Vimalraj Selvaraj, Anuradha Dhanasekaran Hypoxia reoxygenation (HR) injury perturbs structural and functional syncytium in lung tissues. It is commonly implicated in conditions such as stroke, lung transplant or severe pneumonia. In the present study, we investigated the cytoprotective action of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) on pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) under normoxic and hypoxic niche followed by HR. 20-HETE pretreatment showed a protective effect at a concentration of 1μM as there was a marked increase (20%) in the cell viability compared to control and HR groups. Pretreatment of 20-HETE in HR induced injury decreased ROS production dictated its antioxidant property. Similarly, SOD and ATP levels were also downregulated by 20-HETE pretreatment. Cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assay, Acridine orange, and procaspase-3 cleavage, caspase-3 activity assay, respectively. JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential assay and protein expression pattern of BCL-2, and BAD phosphorylation status were examined. The results showed that HR induced significant increase of apoptotic PMVECs, while 20-HETE pretreatment attenuated the effects. Further, 20-HETE pretreatment activated PI3K/Akt and HIF-1α signaling pathway to exhibit its protective effects against HR-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. Overall, the results concluded the potent antioxidant role of 20-HETE in aiding cytoprotection upon HR injury.
  • Presence of metalloproteinases 2 and 9 and 8-OHdG in the fibrotic process
           in skeletal muscle of Mdx mice
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Lidiane Begalli de Souza, Carla Maziero, Mariana Cruz Lazzarin, Hananiah Tardivo Quintana, Tabata de Carvalho Tomé, Vivianne Izabelle de Araújo Baptista, Flavia de Oliveira Inflammation and oxidative stress occurs in muscle of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The relationship between a panel of biomarkers and the DMD outcome is necessary to indicate of disease progression and response to rehabilitation programs. The aim was to analyze the connective tissue of muscle of Mdx mice and immunoexpression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and 8-OHdG, which signalizes oxidative stress related to DNA damage. Biceps brachii of male C57BL/10 and C57BL/10-Dmdmdx mice was submitted to Hematoxylin-Eosin, Sirius red and immunohistochemistry (MMP-2, MMP-9 and 8-OHdG) analysis. Mdx showed focal lesions with intense inflammation and fibrosis related to immunoexpression of MMP-2 and MMP-9, proving the hypothesis that these MMPs are linked to muscular tissue degeneration, which can be regenerated by their inhibition, improving the treatment of DMD carriers. Histopathological findings related to centralized nuclei increase were related to higher 8-OHdG immunomarked nuclei in Mdx, which signalizes oxidative stress associated with DNA damage provoked by DMD. Such result shows that the evaluation of 8-OHdG during the evolution of the disease could be a method to evaluate DMD disease progression.
  • Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophilia: CD30 analysis
           and clonality for T cell receptor gene re-arrangement
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): A. Aizic, V. Raiser, I. Solar, Z. Aharon, B. Shlomi, I. Kaplan IntroductionTraumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophilia (TUGSE) is a rare oral ulcerated lesion of uncertain etiology, showing eosinophil-rich granulation tissue, with occasional large atypical CD30 positive mononuclear cells. It had been suggested that it may represent an oral counterpart of cutaneous lymphomatoid papulosis, with a potential to evolve into CD30 + T cell lymphomaObjectivesTo compare TUGSE and non-specific oral ulcers (NSU) clinically, histopathologically and by clonality analysis for T-cell receptor re-arrangement, aiming to determine whether TGUSE with atypical cells is a lymphomatous premalignant condition, and whether therapeutic approach should be radical or conservative.Materials and methodsRetrospective archival analysis included 17 TUGSE and 8 NSU cases. Histopathological parameters included mean eosinophil number per high power field (HPF), presence of infiltration of deep soft tissues and presence of atypical cells. Immuno-morphometry comprised of the mean number of CD30+ atypical cells per HPF. T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed in all cases showing atypical cells. Clinical and follow up data were retrieved from files.ResultsTUGSE showed a significantly higher mean eosinophil number/HPF in comparison to NSU (7.0 + 4.2 cells and 2.3 + 1.72, respectively; p 
  • Changes in snail and SRF expression in the kidneys of diabetic rats during
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Sandra Kostic, Brandon Williams, Samy Ksouri, Leon Hardung, Natalija Filipovic, Lejla Ferhatovic Hamzic, Livia Puljak, Nasrollah Ghahramani, Katarina Vukojevic BackgroundDiabetic nephropathy is a progressive condition which develops for many years. We analyzed expression of Snail and serum response factor (SRF), epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulatory transcription factors with a key role in renal fibrosis, in different renal areas of diabetic rats during ageing.MethodsMale Sprague–Dawley rats were treated with 55 mg/kg streptozotocin (model of type 1 diabetes mellitus; DM group) or citrate buffer (control). DM group received insulin weekly to prevent ketoacidosis. After 2 weeks, 2, 6 and 12 months kidney samples were collected and analysed in different renal areas.ResultsSnail expression was located within cortex in proximal convoluted tubules, in control and DM groups, in the cytoplasm. Percentage of Snail-positive cells in control groups was high and decreased with time, whereas in DM groups the highest percentage was after 2 weeks. In all time points, smaller percentage of Snail expression was seen in DM groups compared to controls.SRF expression was mostly located in the proximal convoluted tubules, always in the cytoplasm. In control groups SRF was expressed in all time periods in proximal convoluted tubules, with decrement after 12 months. Percentage of SRF-positive cells was higher in control groups compared to DM in all time points, with the exception of 12 months. To a smaller degree, SRF expression was seen in the glomeruli and distal convoluted tubules, with more SRF positive cells in DM compared to their control groups.ConclusionsWhile Snail expression remained lower in diabetic tissues, compared to controls, expression of SRF increased in diabetic tissues in the second part of the year. These changes may need long time to develop, and, in line with earlier reports, it is possible that insulin treatment of DM rats once a week reduces possibility of EMT and development of renal fibrosis even in the long term.
  • Minor salivary glands: Clinical, histological and immunohistochemical
           features of common and less common pathologies
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Doron J. Aframian, Naama Keshet, Chen Nadler, Yehuda Zadik, Marilena Vered Hundreds of minor salivary glands (MiSGs) are scattered in the oral cavity located at the submucosa layer. Beside their role in the oral cavity lubrication and immunity defence system, MiSGs are beneficial tissue source for diagnosing oral and non-oral related diseases. The advantage of MiSGs as a diagnostic tool reside on their fairly simple excisional procedure on one hand and negligible impact of the normal secretion capability of the salivary gland system on the other hand. The review focuses on pathologies related to developmental, reactive, metabolic, inflammatory and immunologic conditions, Iatrogenic causes and other undefined causes.
  • Comparative expression of cell adhesion molecule1 (CADM1) in the testes of
           experimental mice and some farm animals
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Mahmoud S. Gewaily, Mohamed Kassab, Foad A. Farrag, Essam A. Almadaly, Mustafa S. Atta, Ahmed Abd-Elmaksoud, Tomohiko Wakayama Cell adhesion molecule1 (CADM1) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IGSF) that has been found in mammalian testis and plays a substantial role in cell-to-cell interaction via either hemophilic (between spermatogenic cells) or heterophilic (between spermatogenic and somatic Sertoli cells) binding. The present study investigated the immunohistochemical localization of CADM1 in the testes of adult mice (Mus musculus), as well as sexually mature bull (Bos taurus), camel (Camelus dromedarius), and donkey (Equus asinus), using immunohistochemical techniques. The results revealed that CADM1 expression was observed in the spermatogonia and early spermatocytes as well as elongated spermatids in the mice testes; however, in the bull testis, its expression was restricted to the elongated spermatids. This expression was found in some of the early spermatocytes and elongated spermatids of the rutting camel testis but only found in the elongated spermatids of the non-rutting camel testis. Interestingly, CADM1 expression was detected in the spermatogonia, early spermatocytes, and elongated spermatids of the donkey testis. On the other hand, there was no expression of CADM1 observed in the Sertoli or interstitial cells. In conclusion, the expression of CADM1 during spermatogenesis differed among species and between rutting and non-rutting camel. Accordingly, this study emphasized the crucial role of CADM1 in the process of spermatogenesis and how it is related to sexual activity in both experimental and farm animals.
  • Chronological changes in rat heel skin following depressurization of
           pressure ulcer-like dermal lesions
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Daijiro Haba, Takamitsu Arakawa In our previous study, we proposed an animal model in which pressure ulcer-like dermal lesions can be produced by denervation of the sciatic nerve and application of a pressure load to rat heel skin. In the present study, we divided these animals into non-treated and pressure loading groups, and initiated hindlimb unloading (depressurization) by tail suspension at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days after inflicting lesions (1–14d pressurization groups). Chronological changes in heel lesions were examined morphologically in all treatment groups after 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, and 40 days. Open dermal lesions were formed by 14 days in the loading group and numerous macrophages were present. In the 14d pressurization group, numerous macrophages were still distributed in and around lesions and Vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) expression was strongly detected by 3 days, but a thin germinal layer began to appear and CD68-positive macrophages and VEGF immunoreactions decreased gradually by 7 days later. By 14 days after depressurization, the germinal layer was repaired, and macrophages and immunoreactions of VEGF were similar to those of non-treated skin. These chronological changes were similar to those in human pressure ulcers, but from 5d after depressurization, different chronological changes were observed. Specifically, epidermis was thickened and macrophages were hardly detected at 5 days in the loading group, but the epidermis disappeared by 1 day in the 5d pressurization group. Subsequently, numerous macrophages aggregated and VEGF expression was increased by 3 days, and the remaining healing process was similar to that in the 14d pressurization group. Even when unloading was performed during the early stages (5d pressurization group), the epidermis disappeared and macrophages were then distributed before repair of the lesion was observed. These results suggest that earlier migration of macrophages to skin lesions might be associated with rapid wound healing.
  • Effect of gonadotropin releasing hormone on the expression of luteinizing
           hormone and estrogen in the nerve ganglia and ovary of a tropical abalone,
           Haliotis asinina Linnaeus
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Parinyaporn Nuurai, Chaitip Wanichanon, Ratanasate Wanichanon Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) is a peptide brain hormone that is involved in the regulation of reproduction in vertebrates via stimulation of the secretion of the pituitary hormones, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which in their turn stimulate sexual development and sex steroid hormone secretion by the gonads. The tropical abalone, Haliotis asinina, in common with many other invertebrates contains a peptide with a similar structure to GnRH. This study looks at its possible involvement in reproduction by injecting groups of one-year-old female abalone at the mature phase by injecting them with synthetic H. asinina (Has) GnRH at doses of 0, 250 and 500 ng/g and then measuring the amount of material in nerve ganglia, ovary and hemolymph that cross-reacted with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for vertebrate LH and steroid, estradiol. Immunohistochemistry, using antibodies for the same two compounds, was also carried out to examine the location of immunoactivity in the tissues of the animals. There were slight (in some cases statistically significant) increases in LH-immunoactivity and estradiol in the hemolymph and tissues. However, this applied to the lower dose only (i.e the dose-response relationship was non-monotonic). Using immunohistochemistry, LH-immunoreactive cells were observed in types 1 and 2 neurosecretory (NS1 and NS2) cells within the cerebral and pleuropedal ganglia of H. asinina. In addition, LH-immunoreactive nerve fiber bundles were strongly detected in both ganglia. The immunoactivity against the estrogen appeared to be localized in the granulated cells within the connective tissue and trabeculae of the mature ovary. There was no positive staining in the cytoplasm of any stage of the germ cells. The interpretation of these findings is presently hindered by the fact that the homologous gene for vertebrate LH has not yet been identified in the genomes of any mollusks (so the cause of the immunostaining is as yet unknown) and also by the fact that mollusks are known to readily absorb steroids from the environment and store them long-term in the form of fatty acid esters. More work, involving identification of the protein that cross-reacts with the LH antiserum and also exclusion of the possibility that the estradiol is of exogenous origin, will have to be carried out before these findings can be used to manipulate reproduction in this species.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
  • Cancer-associated fibroblasts in the tumor microenvironment of tongue
           carcinoma is a heterogeneous cell population
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Marilena Vered, Anna Shnaiderman-Shapiro, Ayelet Zlotogorski-Hurvitz, Tuula Salo, Ran Yahalom ObjectivesTo examine different immunophenotypes of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) and to investigate how they related to clinical outcomes.MethodsSerial sections from 54 cases of TSCC were immunohistochemically stained with α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA, CAF marker) to determine CAF density, and double-immunostained with αSMA combined with CD80 and CD86 (myeloid/monocytic-derived cell markers), Nanog (mesenchymal stem cell marker) and CD133 (hematopoietic/endothelial stem cell marker). Density of cells co-expressing these marker combinations was semi-quantitatively assessed in 5 randomly selected high power fields within the tumor area and scored as 1 – one-to-five stained cells in each field, 2 – more than 5 stained cells in each field; any finding less than score 1, was allocated a score of 0.ResultsThere were 26 CAF-poor, 16 CAF-rich and 12 CAF-intermediated cases. CD86+αSMA+ cells were the most frequent (80.4%) followed by CD80+αSMA+ (72%) and Nanog+αSMA+ cells (56%). The CD133+αSMA+ phenotype was found only in association with blood vessels. High density of αSMA+ CAFs was associated with disease recurrence and poor survival (p 
  • Paeonol antagonizes oncogenesis of osteosarcoma by inhibiting the function
           of TLR4/MAPK/NF-κB pathway
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Jianguo Zhou, Qinglin Liu, Rui Qian, Shiwei Liu, Weiquan Hu, Zhenyu Liu As the the major functional component of Paeonia suffruticosa, paeonol (PAE) has shown its potential to inhibit the progression of multiple cancer types. In the current study, the mechanism driving the effect of PAE on osteosarcoma (OS) was investigated by focusing on its influence on TLR4-mediated MAPK/NF-κB pathway. Human OS cells were firstly administrated with PAE of different concentrations to assess its effect on the proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis, and TLR4/MAPK/NF-κB pathway in OS cells. Thereafter, the level of TLR4 was induced in OS cells before PAE administration to explore the role of the molecule in the anti-OS function of PAE. The results of in vitro assays were further validated with xenograft mice models. The administration of PAE of two doses both suppressed the proliferation and induced apoptosis in OS cells in a dose-dependent manner. Regarding the effect on the metastasis potential of OS cells, PAE inhibited the migration and invasion potential of the cells, but the effect did not change with concentrations. The administration of PAE also inhibited the expression of TLR4 and deactivated MAPK/NF-κB pathway. Moreover, the induced expression of TLR4 counteracted the anti-OS function of PAE. Further validation with xenograft models also showed that PAE inhibited solid tumor growth and TLR4 expression in OS mice. In conclusion, it was inferred that the anti-OS function of PAE depended on the inhibition of TLR4 and its downstream MAPK/NF-κB pathway.
  • Markers of the pre-metastatic niche "knock on the door" of metastasis-free
           cervical lymph nodes in patients with oral cancer
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Marilena Vered, Anna Shnaiderman-Shapiro, Ginette Schiby, Ayelet Zlotogorski-Hurvitz, Tuula Salo, Ran Yahalom AimTo assess expression of some markers of the pre-metastatic niche (PMN) in lymph nodes (LNs) of oral cancer patients.MaterialsLNs from metastatic-free neck dissections (LN0/N0, N = 43) and metastatic-free LNs in the vicinity of metastasis-containing LNs (LN0/N+, N = 30) were immuno-histochemically stained for lysyl oxidase (LOX), fibronectin (FN), vascular-endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9. Staining was assessed as 0 (no or weak staining), 1 (strong stain in 25% cells or extracellular area), 2 (same as 1 but in up to 50%) and 3 (same as 1 but in > than 50% of cells/area). Assessment was performed in the lymph node capsule (CAP), sub-capsular sinus (SCS) and medullary sinus (MS). In addition, sections were stained with picrosirius red and examined with polarized microscopy for assessing the distribution of polarization colors of the collagen fibers in the LN capsular area.ResultsAll examined LNs were positive for markers of the PMN. In general, the distribution and intensity of the immunoreactivity was similar between the LN0/N0 and LN0/N+, with only a few differences regarding expression of LOX in the capsule (p = 0.002) and VEGFR1 and MMP9 in the SCS (p = 0.023 and p 
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Marilena Vered
  • Differential expression and immunoreactivity of thyroid hormone
           transporters MCT8 and OATP1C1 in rat ovary
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Enoch Luis, Yesenia Fernández, Mayvi Alvarado, Libertad Juárez-Santacruz, Edelmira García-Nieto, Arely Anaya-Hernández Thyroid hormones (THs) regulate several physiological processes in female mammals, many of which are related to reproduction such as steroidogenesis in the ovary, oocyte and granulosa cells maturation, follicular development and differentiation, and ovulation. THs actions require the presence of THs transporters to facilitate their cellular uptake and efflux. MCT8 and OATP1C1 are the principal THs transporters. The aim of the present study was to determine the gene expression and cellular localization of MCT8 and OATP1C1 in the rat ovary during the diestrus-II cycle phase. Ovaries of virgin adult rats were histologically processed. Reverse Transcription-PCR and immunohistochemistry analyses for MCT8 and OATP1C1 were done. MCT8 gene expression level was significantly higher (P ≤ 0.01) than that of OATP1C1 in the rat ovary. MCT8 and OATP1C1 were found in all types of ovarian cells but with different immunoreactivity. MCT8 showed stronger immunoreactivity in tertiary and Graafian follicles, corpus luteum and blood vessels, whereas OATP1C1′s immunoreactivity was stronger in stroma cells, tunica albuginea, and blood vessels. Our results provide evidence that THs and their transporters are both necessary for ovarian function and that any alteration in these transporters could interfere with reproductive processes such as ovulation and steroidogenesis, compromising fertility.
  • Actinic cheilitis: Morphometric parameters and its relationship with the
           degree of epithelial dysplasia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Amanda Katarinny Goes Gonzaga, Rodrigo Porpino Mafra, Leorik Pereira da Silva, Roseana de Almeida Freitas, Lélia Batista de Souza, Leão Pereira Pinto Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a potentially malignant lesion caused by chronic sun exposure. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the degree of epithelial dysplasia and morphometric findings in AC. Sixty-eight slides of AC cases were selected and classified according to the grade of epithelial dysplasia, following morphologic criteria of World Health Organization. For morphometric analysis, the slides were scanned and images were analyzed using Pannoramic Viewer software. We obtained vertical measurements of the parameters: thicknesses of the keratin layer, lamina propria and zone of solar elastosis in three selected fields. Thirty-seven (54.4%) of the analyzed cases were classified as none/mild dysplasia and 31 (45.6%) as moderate/severe epithelial dysplasia. Cases with a moderate/severe dysplasia exhibited a thicker layer of keratin (median = 0.055 mm) than none/mild dysplasia (median = 0.045 mm) (p = 0.033). No significant differences in the thicknesses of lamina propria and zone of solar elastosis were observed according to the grade of epithelial dysplasia. A positive significant correlation between keratin layer and lamina propria thicknesses was found (p = 0.019). Based on our findings, rigorous clinical follow-up should be recommended for patients whose histopathological examination shows a greater thickness of the keratin layer.
  • Rare variants of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma –differential
           immunohistochemical profiles
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Irit Allon, Marilena Vered, Ilana Kaplan, Oded Nahlieli, Ran Yahalom, Bruria Shalmon, Samer Srouji, Alejandro Livoff We aimed to immunohistochemically characterize the pattern of expression of epithelial markers in rare head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) variants: carcinoma cuniculatum (CC) and adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC). We also present an additional variant of HNSCC with concomitant basaloid and squamous components that has overlapping morphological features with odontogenic and non-odontogenic tumors, which we termed basalo-squamous carcinoma (BSC). The selected markers included CK5/6, p40, CK19, BerEP4, p16 and SOX10. All tumors were CK5/6 and p40 positive. CK19 and BerEP4 were positive in BSC and focally in ASC but negative in CC. p16 was positive in 3 (60%) of the CCs, focally positive in ASC and negative in BSC. SOX10 was negative in all three variants. Our results highlight the plasticity of the lining epithelium revealing differential profiles of immuno-expression of the selected molecular markers, possibly reflecting their diverse histopathogenesis.
  • Changes in the telocyte/CD34+ stromal cell and α-SMA+ myoid cell networks
           in human testicular seminoma
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Mirca Marini, Lidia Ibba-Manneschi, Irene Rosa, Eleonora Sgambati, Mirko Manetti Telocytes (TCs), also known as CD34+ stromal/interstitial cells, have recently been identified within the connective tissue of a variety of organs including the normal human testis. Testicular TCs appear to constitute a widespread reticular network distributed either in the peritubular or in the intertubular stromal spaces where they have been suggested to play different roles, such as participation to testis morphogenesis, postnatal preservation of the normal tissue/organ three-dimensional structure, and regulation of spermatogenesis and androgen hormone secretion and release. Although increasing evidence indicates that TCs may be involved in the pathophysiology of various diseases, no study has yet reported possible changes in these cells within the stromal compartment of seminoma, one of the most frequent malignant testicular cancers in humans. Therefore, here we carried out the first investigation of the presence and tissue distribution of TCs/CD34+ stromal cells in human testicular seminoma in comparison with normal human testis using either CD34 immunohistochemistry or CD34/CD31 and CD34/α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) double immunofluorescence analyses. In seminoma tissue sections, we observed an overall loss of TCs (CD34+/CD31− stromal cells) accompanying a severe degeneration of the normal architecture of seminiferous tubules and stromal tissue associated with dense cellularity increase and presence of interstitial fibrosis. Noteworthy, in the seminoma tissue the disappearance of TCs was paralleled by an expansion of α-SMA+ myoid cells. Moreover, the CD34+/CD31+ blood vessel network was greatly expanded, while steroidogenic Leydig cells were undetectable in seminoma specimens. Since TCs are emerging as important regulators of tissue and organ homeostasis, collectively the present findings indicate that the possible pathophysiologic implications of the loss of TCs in human testicular seminoma should not be further overlooked.
  • Short-term aromatase inhibition induces prostatic alterations in adult
           wistar rat: A biochemical, histopathological and immunohistochemical study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Amina Cheboub, Nadia Regouat, Reda Djidjik, Assia Slimani, Fatima Hadj-Bekkouche PurposeThis study aimed to evaluate the effects of estrogen reduction on amyloid deposition, some lipid metabolism and oxidative stress markers, PSA-like production and p63 expression in the prostate of the adult rat.MethodsAromatase inhibitor: Formestane (4-OHA), was administrated to male rats, at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg b.w./day, for 10 days. The control group (CONT) received the same volume of placebo injection (NaCl 0.9%).Results4-OHA treatment induced a significant accumulation of intraprostatic cholesterol (138.90 ± 17.64 vs 85.12 ± 2.87, p = 0.01); against an insignificant diminution of malondialdehyde (412.6 ± 54.35 vs 842.70 ± 336.50, p > 0.05) and glutathione (2.40 ± 0.23 vs 3.65 ± 0.88, p > 0.05). This was associated with a significant decrease of nitric oxide (31.76 ± 7.07 vs 179.40 ± 58.35, p = 0.024). Additionally, 4-OHA significantly increased the intraprostatic production of PSA-like (11.12 ± 2.78 vs 3.91 ± 0.43, p = 0.043). The prostatic histology revealed an amyloid deposition, in all prostatic lobes and a smooth muscle layer growth (p 
  • Immunohistochemical localization of afatinib in male rat intestines and
           skin after its oral administration
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Yutaro Yamamoto, Tetsuya Saita, Yuta Yamamoto, Rintaro Sogawa, Sakiko Kimura, Yutaka Narisawa, Shinya Kimura, Masashi Shin Afatinib, a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was designed to bind covalently to and irreversibly inhibit active ErbB family receptors. The major metabolites of afatinib in human plasma are adducts of afatinib covalently bound to plasma proteins via. the Michael addition reaction. These findings suggest that afatinib may form covalent bonds with proteins in tissue and be localized in tissue. However, there is no method for the specific detection of afatinib-protein conjugates localized in tissue. In this paper, we aimed to develop an immunohistochemical protocol to detect afatinib-protein conjugates. Immunostainings were performed with male rat intestinal tract and skin at 24 h after an oral administration of afatinib. In the intestinal tract, strong staining was observed in the ileum and colon, but only slight staining was observed in the duodenum and jejunum. In the skin, strong staining was observed in the epidermis, sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Immunohistochemistry for afatinib-protein conjugates could be a useful tool to detect the localization of such conjugates. This study is the first to elucidate the localization of afatinib-protein conjugates in the rat intestinal tract and skin and is expected to be of great use in efforts to clarify the mechanism underlying afatinib-induced diarrhoea or skin toxicities.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
  • miR-9-5p attenuates ischemic stroke through targeting ERMP1-mediated
           endoplasmic reticulum stress
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Lumei Chi, Dan Jiao, Guangxian Nan, Honghua Yuan, Jing Shen, Yu Gao Ischemic stroke (IS) is a cerebrovascular disease with serious neurological function impairment, which may activate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. However, the underlying regulatory mechanism of ER stress under IS remains unclear. miR-9-5p is enriched in the brain tissues and plays a role in the pathological process of IS. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the effect of miR-9 on ER stress and underlying mechanism in IS. Here, a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model was utilized to examine the alteration of brain pathology, and the expressions of miR-9 and ER stress-related proteins. Then SH-SY5Y cells with oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) were performed to further evaluate the functional role of miR-9 and preliminary mechanism. The results showed that miR-9 levels were decreased in the ischemic region of rats after MCAO. MCAO significantly increased the brain infract volume, reduced Nissl bodies and cell apoptosis, and increased ER stress-related proteins (ERMP1, GRP78, p-PERK, p-eIF2α and CHOP). Furthermore, overexpression of miR-9 by miR-9 mimics increased cell viability, inhibited LDH activity and cell apoptosis, and inactivated ER stress in OGD-neurons. Luciferase activity results showed that miR-9 negatively regulated ERMP1 expression by directly targeting ERMP1 3′ UTR. Subsequently, we found that ERMP1 overexpression reversed the inhibition of miR-9 on GRP78-PERK−CHOP pathway in OGD neurons. In summary, our results suggest that the attenuation of miR-9 on ischemic injury may be involved in targeting ERMP1-mediated ER stress, which provides an available target for IS treatment.
  • Distribution of neuronal nitric oxide synthase immunoreactivity in adult
           male Sprague-Dawley rat brain
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Pit Shan Chong, Chi Him Poon, Man Lung Fung, Li Guan, Harry W.M. Steinbusch, Ying-Shing Chan, Wei Ling Lim, Lee Wei Lim Neuronal NOS (nNOS) accounts for most of the NO production in the nervous system that modulates synaptic transmission and neuroplasticity. Although previous studies have selectively described the localisation of nNOS in specific brain regions, a comprehensive distribution profile of nNOS in the brain is lacking. Here we provided a detailed morphological characterization on the rostro-caudal distribution of neurons and fibres exhibiting positive nNOS-immunoreactivity in adult Sprague-Dawley rat brain. Our results demonstrated that neurons and fibres in the brain regions that exhibited high nNOS immunoreactivity include the olfactory-related areas, intermediate endopiriform nucleus, Islands of Calleja, subfornical organ, ventral lateral geniculate nucleus, parafascicular thalamic nucleus, superior colliculus, lateral terminal nucleus, pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus, periaqueductal gray, dorsal raphe nucleus, supragenual nucleus, nucleus of the trapezoid body, and the cerebellum. Moderate nNOS immunoreactivity was detected in the cerebral cortex, caudate putamen, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, amygdala, and the spinal cord. Finally, low NOS immunoreactivity were found in the corpus callosum, fornix, globus pallidus, anterior commissure, and the dorsal hippocampal commissure. In conclusion, this study provides a comprehensive view of the morphology and localisation of nNOS immunoreactivity in the brain that would contribute to a better understanding of the role played by nNOS in the brain.
  • Expression patterns of natriuretic peptides in pre-hibernating and
           hibernating anatolian ground squirrel (Spermophilus xanthoprymnus) lung
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Mustafa Öztop, Mehmet Özbek, Narin Liman, Feyzullah Beyaz, Emel Ergün, Levent Ergün, Ural Kemal Kavraal, Ergül Ergen Anatolian ground squirrel (Spermophilus xanthoprymnus) is a true hibernator. This animal transiently reduces pulmonary function during hibernation. Continuance of pulmonary function is very important to survive ground squirrels during the hibernation. Natriuretic peptides may be key players in the modulation of pulmonary hemostasis. However, NPs’ role in pulmonary function during hibernation remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the localization and distribution of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) in squirrel lungs during pre-hibernation and hibernation periods using immunohistochemistry. Our immunohistochemical data indicate that ANP, BNP, and CNP were produced by the mucosal epithelium of terminal and respiratory bronchioles, smooth muscle cells in the lamina propria of terminal bronchioles and vascular smooth muscle cells, alveolar type II cells, and macrophages. ANP immunoreactivity was weaker than BNP and CNP immunoreactivities in these cells. The results also demonstrate that the number of ANP, BNP and CNP positive alveolar type II cells tended to increase, although statistically non-significant, during the hibernation period, but the expression of NPs in other pulmonary cells is unaffected by hibernation. This study firstly investigates ANP, BNP and CNP distribution in the Anatolian ground squirrel lung. However, further studies are required to dissect their functional roles during the hibernation.
  • The possible neuroprotective role of grape seed extract on the
           histopathological changes of the cerebellar cortex of rats prenatally
           exposed to Valproic Acid: animal model of autism
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Eetmad A. Arafat, Dalia A. Shabaan Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disease characterized by defect in verbal and nonverbal communications. As, the cerebellum has the greatest number of neurons and synapses in the central nervous system so, the cerebellum has emerged as one of the target brain areas affected in autism. The aim of this work was to study the biochemical, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characteristics of autism and the possible neuroprotective role of grape seed extract. In this study 28 male pups were divided into Control groups; Group I (saline), Group II (GSE 400 mg/kg), Group III (VPA 500 mg/kg) and Group IV (VPA and GSE). Cerebellar hemispheres were dissected out and prepared to determine the oxidative stress markers, histological, immunohistochemical and morphometric study were done. A significant elevation in oxidative stress markers in off spring of VPA treated rats in comparison to control group was detected. A significant decrease in the Purkinje cell count and nuclear size were observed. Numerous shrunken cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and ultrastructural degeneration of cytoplasmic organelles were detected. A significant rise in the area percentage of GFAP-positive immune stained cells in comparison to that of the control groups was seen. Strikingly, GSE revealed significant improvement in the oxidative stress markers and then the histological and morphometric picture of the cerebellum. GSE has neuroprotective effect on the cerebellum of VPA treated rats through its potent antioxidant effect.
  • The protective effect of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni on serum hormone
           levels, key steroidogenesis enzymes, and testicular damage in testes of
           diabetic rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 August 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Fatemeh Gholizadeh, Sanaz Dastghaib, Farhad Koohpeyma, Elahe Bayat, Pooneh Mokarram Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a kind of metabolic endocrine diseases, which has various effects on the gonadal system. The current study aimed to examine the effect of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni extract on the mRNA expression involved in testosterone synthesis, and stereological parameters in rat testes, for improving diabetes complications. In this study, 48 rats were randomly classified into control, diabetic (streptozocin 60 mg/kg + nicotinamide 120 mg/kg), diabetic + Stevia (400 mg/kg), and diabetic + metformin (500 mg/kg) groups. Finally, Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) level, the serum level of LH and testosterone, the Star, Cyp11a1, and Hsd17b3 gene expressions, and changes in the testis histology were evaluated. The results indicated a decrease in body weight, serum LH and testosterone level, the star gene expression, stereological changes of testes, and an increase in the FBS level in diabetic group, compared with the control group (P
  • Hyperhomocysteinemia and myocardial remodeling in the sand rat,
           Psammomys obesus
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Billel Chaouad, Elara N. Moudilou, Adel Ghoul, Fouzia Zerrouk, Anissa Moulahoum, Khira Othmani-Mecif, Mohamed El Hadi Cherifi, Jean-Marie Exbrayat, Yasmina Benazzoug ObjectiveNumerous studies have shown that a methionine-rich diet induces hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy), a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The objective of the present study was to determine the involvement of Hhcy in cardiac remodeling in the sand rat Psammomys obesus.Materials and methodsAn experimental Hhcy was induced, in the sand rat Psammomys obesus, by intraperitoneal injection of 300 mg/kg of body weight/day of methionine for 1 month. The impact of Hhcy on the cellular and matricial structures of the myocardium was analyzed with histological techniques (Masson trichrome and Sirius red staining). Immunohistochemistry allowed us to analyze several factors involved in myocardial remodeling, such as fibrillar collagen I and III, metalloproteases (MMP-2 and -9) and their inhibitors (TIMP-1 and -2), TGF-β1 and activated caspase 3.ResultsOur results show that Hhcy induced by an excess of methionine causes, in the myocardium of Psammomys obesus, a significant accumulation of fibrillar collagens I and III at the interstitial and perivascular scales, indicating the appearance of fibrosis, which is associated with an immuno-expression increase of TGF-β1, MMP-9 and TIMP-2 and an immuno-expression decrease of MMP-2 and TIMP-1. Also, Hhcy induces apoptosis of some cardiomyocytes and cardiac fibroblasts by increasing of activated caspase 3 expression. These results highlight a remodeling of cardiac tissue in hyperhomocysteinemic Psammomys obesus.
  • Hyperoside protects against heart failure-induced liver fibrosis in rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Xiao Guo, Chengzhan Zhu, Xiaojun Liu, Yiping Ge, Xianyan Jiang, Wei Zhao Heart failure (HF) is an end-stage of various serious cardiovascular diseases, which causes liver injury. Hyperoside has been reported to exert protective effect on liver injury and fibrosis. However, the role and related mechanisms of hyperoside in HF-induced liver fibrosis are still unclear. In the current study, we established a model of HF via aortocaval fistula (ACF) in rats in vivo. Hyperoside treatment in ACF rats increased cardiac output, the maximum peak rate of rise/fall in left ventricular pressure (+dP/dt, -dP/dt) and LV ejection fraction (LVEF), decreased LV end-systolic pressure (LVESP), LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), and reduced heart weight/body weight ratio in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, hyperoside could attenuate liver fibrosis and injury in ACF rats, as evidenced by reduction of fibrosis area and hydroxyproline content, amelioration of edema and degeneration of liver cell vacuoles, and inhibition of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels. Further, α-smooth-muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen I, profibrotic factor-connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and MMP9 levels were down-regulated in hyperoside-treated ACF rats. Additionally, hyperoside inhibited the activation of TGF-β1/Smad pathway. Finally, we confirmed that hyperoside suppressed TGF-β1-mediated hepatic stellate cell activation in vitro. Collectively, hyperoside showed a suppressive role in HF-induced liver fibrosis and injury.
  • Role of bone marrow-derived stem cells versus insulin on filiform and
           fungiform papillae of diabetic albino rats (light, fluorescent and
           scanning electron microscopic study)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Rania Osama Mohamed Mohsen, Ahmed M. Halawa, Rabab Hassan BackgroundDiabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels. DM affects many body’s organs and caused by insulin production deficiency or by the ineffectiveness of the produced insulin. Administration of exogenous insulin is required for management of type I DM; however, it does not cure the disease. Bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have been highlighted to offer a novel cell based approach for treatment of diabetes because of their anti-diabetic effect, direct differentiation into a variety of cell types, or release of paracrine factors.AimTo examine the effect of BM-MSCs versus insulin on true filiform and fungiform papillae of diabetic rats.Materials and methodsFifty six male Wistar albino rats weighing 200–250 g were equally divided into: Control group (Gp I): Rats did not receive any drug. Diabetic group (Gp II): Rats received a single intra-peritoneal injection of streptozotocin (40 mg/kg). BM-MSCs treated diabetic group (Gp III): After DM confirmation; rats received a single intravenous injection of BM-MSCs (million units) through tail vein. Insulin treated diabetic group (Gp IV): After DM confirmation; rats received a daily subcutaneous injection of insulin (5IU/kg). After four weeks, half of the tongue specimens were processed and stained by Hematoxyline & Eosin and Anti-proliferating cell nuclear antigen (Anti-PCNA) then examined by light microscope. Fluorescent microscope was used to detect homing of injected labeled BM-MSCs in rats’ filiform and fungiform papillae. While the other half were examined by scanning electron microscope.ResultsTrue filiform and fungiform papillae of Gp II showed significant histological and morphological alterations. In treated groups, Gp III and Gp IV, both papillae showed marked improvements, being more noticeable in Gp IV. There was a significant increase in the number of Anti-PCNA positive cells and a significant decrease in fasting blood glucose level in Gp III and Gp IV in comparison to Gp II.ConclusionsDM had degenerative effects on true filiform and fungiform papillae. Administration of BM-MSCs reduced the deleterious effects of DM on both papillae. Insulin injection caused more obvious improvements in both papillae of diabetic rats than BM-MSCs.
  • High quality human sperm selection for IVF: A study on sperm chromatin
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Aslihan Saylan, Sevilay Erimsah The study consisted of semen samples of 20 male individuals who applied to Abant Izzet Baysal University Faculty of Medicine and participated in a spermiogram. The aim of this study was to determine how to obtain the healthiest spermatozoa by employing a variety of swim-up methods over differing time periods and without the use of centrifuge. Ejaculate samples were taken from the 20 patients and each patient's homogenized semen sample was divided into 4 groups without centrifugation. Group 1 was taken as the sample of untreated semen. For the other 3 groups, 250 μl of medium was added in the semen samples. Afterwards, the samples were kept at 37 °C for different time periods, 30 min for Group 2, 60 min for Group 3 and 90 min for Group 4 in order for the spermatozoa to swim to the media in the upper layer. At the end of the periods, 10 μl of propagation preparations were prepared from the swim-up fluid. Using Aniline Blue for chromatin condensation analysis, two hundred cells were immunostained by Caspase 3 for apoptotic analysis. Subsequently, the result of the four groups were compared for each test. The spermatozoa obtained at the end of the 30 min. of swim-up was compared to the spermatozoa obtained from the swim-up of 60 min., the swim-up of 90 min. It was found that the control group had statistically significant lower rates of apoptosis and was healthier in terms of chromatin integrity. The swim-up method without centrifugation is the best suited sperm preparation, based on sperm DNA integrity and sperm chromatin condensation
  • Comparison of incremental concentrations of micron-sized superparamagnetic
           iron oxide for labelling articular cartilage derived chondroprogenitors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Elizabeth Vinod, Jithu Varghese James, Upasana Kachroo, Solomon Sathishkumar, Abel Livingston, Boopalan Ramasamy IntroductionIn vivo tracking of labelled cells can provide valuable information about cellular behavior in the microenvironment, migration and contribution of transplanted cells toward tissue regeneration. Articular cartilage derived chondroprogenitors (CPs) show promise as a candidate for cell-based therapy as they have been classified as mesenchymal stem cells with inherent chondrogenic potential. Iron oxide labelling is known to withstand harsh processing techniques known to be associated with staining of osteochondral specimens.Aim and methodsThe aim of our study was to investigate the feasibility of labelling CPs with micron-sized super paramagnetic iron oxide (M-SPIO) particles and to study the effects of this approach on the labelling efficiency, viability, maintenance of phenotype and potential for differentiation. Human CPs were isolated using fibronectin adhesion assay, passage 2 cells were labelled using three concentrations of M-SPIO (12.75 μg/ml, 25.5 μg/ml and 38.25 μg/ml). At sub confluence, cells were assessed for a) iron uptake by Prussian blue stain and colorimetry b) viability using 7-amino actinomycin D, c) MSC marker expression by flow cytometric analysis and d) trilineage differentiation potential.Results and conclusionIron uptake was higher with increase in M-SPIO concentration whereas CD73, CD90 marker expression significantly decreased and chondrogenic potential appreciably reduced with increase in M-SPIO concentration. In conclusion, 12.75 μg/ml M-SPIO can successfully label human articular cartilage derived chondroprogenitors with minimal effect on cellular viability, MSC marker expression and potential for differentiation.
  • Expression patterns of male germ cell markers in cryptorchid pig testes
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Hyun-Jung Park, Hyuk Song, Jae-Seok Woo, Hak-Jae Chung, Jin-Ki Park, Kwang-Hyun Cho, Joon Mo Yeo, Won-Young Lee Male germ cell apoptosis has been described in heat-damaged testes by cryptorchidism. In the present study, wild type pig testes were compared with cryptorchid testes via histological and immunohistological analyses. Spermatozoa were not detected in two cryptorchid testes and the diameters of seminiferous tubules were significantly reduced in cryptorchid pig testes compared with wild type pig testes. Cells expressing marker genes for undifferentiated spermatogonia, such as protein gene product 9.5 was significantly decreased in cryptochid pig testes. In addition, the numbers of cells expressing DEAD-box polypeptide 4 (VASA), synaptonemal complex protein 3, protamine, and acrosin (a biomarker of spermatocyte, spermatid, and spermatozoa) were significantly reduced in cryptochid pig testes. However, the number of vimentin-expressing Sertoli cells was not changed or was significantly increased in cryptorchid pig testes. This result indicates that male germ cells are specifically damaged by heat in cryptorchid pig testes and not Sertoli cells. These findings will facilitate the further study of spermatogenesis and the specific mechanisms by which cryptorchidism causes male infertility.
  • Chronic valproate treatment influences folliculogenesis and reproductive
           hormones with possible ameliorating role for folic acid in adult albino
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Ibrahim Hassan Ibrahim, Adel Mohamed Aboregela, Rehab Hassan Elbanna Gouda, Khaled Adel Eid Sodium Valproate (VPA) is known to have deleterious consequences on ovarian function and folliculogenesis. Folic acid (FA) is associated with the quality of many parameters in folliculogenesis. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of chronic Valproate administration on ovarian morphology, folliculogenesis, reproductive hormones, and the possible protective effect of Folic acid supplementation. Forty adult female albino rats were divided into four groups and treated orally for 90 days as follows: Control group received distilled water; FA group received (folic acid 400 μg/day); VPA group received (Na Valproate 200 mg/kg/day) and VPA + FA group received (Na Valproate 200 mg/kg/day + folic acid 400 μg/day). In addition, ovaries were processed for routine histology and immunohistochemistry (TGFβ1 and PCNA) and reproductive hormones levels were measured. Results showed a significant decrease in number of follicles in VPA group, while atretic follicles increased compared with control group (P 
  • 3D analysis of morphological alterations of the fibroblastic reticular
           cells in reactive and neoplastic human lymph nodes
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Marvin Siegfried Oswald, Patrick Wurzel, Martin-Leo Hansmann Histopathological methods based on 2 μm thin sections are routinely used in pathological anatomical diagnosis. Many medical disciplines already rely on a 3D representation, regarding visualization and imaging techniques. Pathology in particular uses different tissue visualizations to make the final diagnosis. Thereby, a standard 2D histological section only represents a flat snapshot of a three-dimensional complex cell system. Despite that, 3D cell analysis is not yet standardly used in clinical routine. This work used 3D analysis systems to investigate the morphological alterations of the fibroblastic reticular cell network inside human lymph nodes during neoplastic transformation and evaluates the added value of 3D visualizations in tissue interpretation. We investigated the surface and volume quotient, cell cross-linking and percentage cell volume of the fibroblastic reticular cell (FRC) network inside Lymphadenopathy (follicular hyperplasia) (LAD), Follicular Lymphoma Grade 1 (FL1), Nodular Sclerosis classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (NScHL) and Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma (AITL). We found that the average quotient of LAD and FL1 differed from those of NScHL and AITL, indicating that the surface and volume quotient changes in the course of neoplastic transformation. This is probably due to an increased network convolution, while the total cell volume remains the same at about 2%. In conclusion, this paper describes the tumor-related morphological changes of the FRC network, which would have been difficult to achieve without the use of 3D analysis systems.
  • Expression and localization analyses of the cholinergic anti-inflammatory
           pathway and α7nAchR in different tissues of rats with rheumatoid
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Zhen Li, Huiqin Hao, Yuting Gao, Ze Wang, Wenjing Lu, Jin Liu Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complicated chronic multisystem autoimmune disease, wherein the inflammatory cascade leads to vasospasm and osteoclastogenesis, which ultimately results in bone and cartilage destruction. In this study, we investigated the expression and localization of the alpha-7 nicotinic receptor (α7nAchR) gene CHRNA7 in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, and joints of the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model. The CHRNA7 mRNA and protein expression levels in these tissues of rats from CIA and normal groups were analyzed via real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting, respectively. The cellular localization of CHRNA7 protein was determined via immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays. CHRNA7 was expressed at varying levels in different tissues of rats from the groups, among which joints showed significantly higher CHRNA7 expression levels than other tissues (P 
  • Effects of short and long-term alcohol-based fixation on Sprague-Dawley
           rat tissue morphology, protein and nucleic acid preservation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Simona Panzacchi, Federica Gnudi, Daniele Mandrioli, Rita Montella, Valentina Strollo, Bruce Alexander Merrick, Fiorella Belpoggi, Eva Tibaldi Safety concerns on the toxic and carcinogenic effects of formalin exposure have drawn increasing attention to the search for alternative low risk fixatives for processing tissue specimens in laboratories worldwide. Alcohol-based fixatives are considered some of the most promising alternatives. We evaluated the performance of alcohol-fixed paraffin-embedded (AFPE) samples from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats analyzing tissue morphology, protein and nucleic acid preservation after short and extremely long fixation times (up to 7 years), using formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples as a comparator fixative. Following short and long-term alcohol fixation, tissue morphology and cellular details in tissues, evaluated by scoring stained sections (Hematoxylin-Eosin and Mallory’s trichrome), were optimally preserved if compared to formalin fixation. Immunoreactivity of proteins (Ki67, CD3, PAX5, CD68), evaluated by immunohistochemistry, showed satisfactory results when the fixation period did not exceed 1 year. Finally, we confirm the superiority of alcohol fixation compared to formalin, in terms of quantity of nucleic acid extracted from paraffin blocks, even after an extremely long time of alcohol fixation.Our results confirm that alcohol fixation is a suitable and safe alternative to formalin for pathological evaluations. There is a need for standardization of formalin-free methods and harmonization of diagnosis in pathology department worldwide.
  • Ubiquitin and endogenous antioxidant enzymes participate in
           neuroprotection of the rabbit spinal cord after ischemia and bradykinin
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 July 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Zuzana Fagová, Iveta Domoráková, Marianna Danková, Eva Mechírová, Alexandra Kunová, Milan Stebnický The aim of this study was to investigate neuroprotective effect of bradykinin postconditioning on the rabbit spinal cord after 20 min of ischemia and 3 days of reperfusion. Bradykinin was administered by single i.p. application at 1, 6, 12 or 24 h after ischemia. Assessment of neurological function of hind limbs (Tarlov score) was estimated. Quantitative analysis was evaluated by Fluoro Jade B method, NeuN and ubiquitin immunohistochemistry in anterior horn neurons of the spinal cord. Histomorphologically distribution of ubiquitin and endogenous antioxidant enzymes (SOD1, SOD2, catalase) immunoreaction was described. Bradykinin postconditioning showed decreased number of degenerated neurons, increased number of surviving neurons and increase in number of ubiquitin positive neurons in all bradykinin postconditioned groups versus ischemia/reperfusion group. According to our results bradykinin postconditioning applied 24 h after ischemia significantly decreased (p 
  • The cytotoxic effect of oxymatrine on basic cellular processes of A549
           non-small lung cancer cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Magdalena Izdebska, Wioletta Zielińska, Marta Hałas-Wiśniewska, Klaudia Mikołajczyk, Alina Grzanka Oxymatrine is the alkaloid derived from the root of Sophora species. This compound is proven to exhibit anti-viral, anti-asthmatic, anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory properties. Additionally, oxymatrine is able to promote cancer cells apoptosis and inhibit their proliferation. The aim of this study was to present the influence of oxymatrine on non-small cell lung cancer cells. The results indicate, that this agent induces dose-dependent cell death mainly through ER stress-induced apoptosis pathway. We also suggest that the oxymatrine reduces the metastatic potential by inhibition of the EMT process, as A549 cells treated with chosen doses of the compound were characterized by a decrease in the expression of the N-cadherin, vimentin and the elevation of E-cadherin level. Moreover, the study broadens the knowledge on so far poorly understood aspect of the influence of oxymatrine on the cytoskeleton structure.
  • Effects of body temperature on the expression and localization of
           meiosis-related proteins STRA8 and SCP3 in boar testes
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Meishan Yue, Xiaorui Fan, Yihui Liu, Weidong Yue, Gaoya Ren, Jingwen Zhang, Xinrong Zhang, Qinghong Li, Junping He Body temperature could lead to interruption of spermatogenesis, but the molecular mechanism was still unclear. Cryptorchidism was defined as the failure of testes to enter the scrotum, which exposed the testes to body temperature. Meiosis was a unique feature of germ cell development. Whether cryptorchidism damage the initiation of meiosis in boars had not been reported. The aim of this study was to determine whether spermatogonia in the cryptorchid testes entered into meiosis by detecting meiosis-related markers stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (STRA8) and synaptonemal complex protein 3 (SCP3). Three boars with spontaneous unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism were used. The testis located in the abdomen was cryptorchidism group, the scrotal testis of the same animal was used as control. HE results showed that only Sertoli cells, and a few spermatogonia remained in the seminiferous tubules, and no spermatids were seen compared with the control. Immunohistochemistry results showed that in both control and cryptorchidism group, STRA8 was mainly expressed in the nucleus of spermatogonia and spermatocytes. In control group, SCP3 was expressed in the nucleus of spermatocytes. In cryptorchidism group, SCP3 immunopositive cells were also observed. qRT-PCR and Western Blot results showed that the mRNA and protein levels of STRA8 and SCP3 were significantly decreased in cryptorchid boars. The expression of STRA8 and SCP3 in cryptorchidism suggested that spermatogonia could still enter meiosis in cryptorchid boars.
  • Presence of sialic acids in bronchioloalveolar cells and identification
           and quantification of N-acetylneuraminic and N-glycolylneuraminic acids in
           the lung
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Maria de Fátima Martins, Ana Honório-Ferreira, Paula Martins, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves The lung, in air-breathing vertebrates, is a tree-like structure composed of branching tubes ending in alveoli and lined by diverse and highly specialized epithelial cells.A dense array of complex and diverse glycoconjugates is present on essentially all animal cell surfaces. Sialic acids are widely allocated at the outermost ends of glycan chains, attached to membrane proteins and lipids below. Due to their abundance and their terminal position in glycans, sialic acids are implicated in many physiological and pathological functions. Although the composition of lung epithelial cell-surface glycans has been studied over the years, it is not yet completely understood. In the present work, we aimed to histochemically localize N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac)>N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) residues on rat bronchioloalveolar epithelial cell surfaces using light microscopy (LM) methods. In lung membranes isolated from adult rat lung homogenates, we also separated, identified and quantified Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc by means of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and systematically described the optimized HPLC methods used. Sialic acid residues were localized on the surface coat of bronchioloalveolar cells, and the mean quantification of Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc in the adult rat lung homogenates was 12,26 and 2,73 μg/mg prot., respectively, revealing a manifest preponderance of Neu5Ac. A coefficient of variation (CV) of 4,98% and 4,40%, respectively was obtained and an optimal dispersion variability expressed by the SD and the CV was also reported, confirming the efficiency of the methodology.To the best of our knowledge, our group was the first to identify, separate and quantify sialic acids in purified lung membranes.The presence of these residues contributes to a strong anionic shield and may provide an hydrating and protective barrier as well as a repulsive structure that is crucial to lung physiology.
  • Inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) inhibits hypoxia-induced EMT by decreasing
           HIF-1α and snail in HK2 cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Lingling Lu, Jing Li, Yuan Le, Hong Jiang Renal fibrosis is a common mechanism that leads to all kidney diseases and Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered as one of the potential mechanisms of renal fibrosis. Inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) was reported to involve in several diseases; especially it was negatively correlated with lung fibrogenesis parameters. However, the role of ING4 and underlying mechanisms in EMT are still unknown. In this study, we used a UUO rat model to mimic renal fibrosis, which was examined by Masson and HE staining analysis. To explore the effects of ING4 on hypoxia-induced EMT, HK2 cells were treated with hypoxia to induce EMT and ING4 was over-expressed in hypoxia-treated HK2 cells by transfection of pEGFP-N1-ING4. MTT assay was used to describe the cell viability of HK2 cells under the hypoxic condition. The expression levels of ING4, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), and EMT markers (E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin) were examined in vivo and in vitro by western blot, qRT-PCR, immunohistochemical staining or Immunofluorescence. Our results showed that, in a UUO rat model, ING4 was decreased and EMT was developed with reduction in E-cadherin and increase in N-cadherin and vimentin, suggesting a significant association between ING4 expression and EMT. Under hypoxia, E-cadherin was down-regulated and N-cadherin and vimentin were up-regulated, indicating that hypoxia induced EMT in HK2 cells. Nonetheless, changes in the expression of EMT biomarkers were inhibited by over-expression of ING4. Moreover, over-expressing ING4 decreased the expression of HIF-1α and snail in HK2 cells. These findings suggest that ING4 may inhibit hypoxia-induced EMT via decreasing HIF-1α and snail in HK2 cells, indicating the potential of ING4 as a therapeutic target for renal fibrosis.
  • MircoRNA-23b-3p promotes the proliferation, migration, and
           epithelial–mesenchymal transition of lens epithelial cells by targeting
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Wenlan Liu, Yang Yang, Jin Yan, Li Wang Cataract, opacification of the lens, is one of the most important reasons of visual impairment and blindness. Though microRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to play important roles in cataractogenesis, the underlying molecular mechanisms in this progress remain obscure. In the present study, microRNA-23b-3p (miR-23b) overexpression promoted the proliferation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), whereas miR-23b knockdown markedly inhibited the proliferation, migration and TGF-β-induced EMT of lens epithelial cells (LECs). In TGF-β-induced LECs, the expression of miR-23b was markedly upregulated and the expression of Sprouty2 (SPRY2) was markedly downregulated, furthermore the mRNA and protein levels of SPRY2 were markedly decreased in miR-23b inhibitor-transfected LECs. We then performed a Dual-luciferase reporter assay to confirm that miR-23b directly targeted SPRY2. The promoted migration and EMT of LECs by enforced expression of miR-23b were suppressed by SPRY2 overexpression. The findings present the first evidence indicating that miR-23b can promote the proliferation, migration, and EMT of LECs by targeting SPRY2 and the inhibition of miR-23b may possess the therapeutic potential for cataract.
  • Could EMA and cytokeratin 7 be useful in distinguishing tricholemmal
           carcinoma from clear-cell squamous cell carcinoma' A case series from
           our department and a brief review of the literature
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Costantino Ricci, Emi Dika, Doriana Donatella Di Nanni, Guido Zannetti, Martina Lambertini, Barbara Corti Tricholemmal carcinoma is a malignant cutaneous adnexal tumor showing outer root sheath differentiation, thought to be the malignant counterpart of trichilemmoma. Although the real existence of tricholemmal carcinoma continues to be a matter of debate, it has been introduced in the recently published 4th edition of World Health Organization classification of skin tumors. Herein, we evaluated whether immunohistochemistry (EMA, CK7, CK5/14, p63, p16, and Ber-EP4) supports tricholemmal carcinoma as a separate entity and whether it could be useful in this differential diagnosis. A total of 9 cases, 3 tricholemmal carcinomas and 6 clear-cell squamous cell carcinomas were evaluated on the basis of histological criteria suggested by the WHO. In our opinion, although these results need to be validated in larger series, they support tricholemmal carcinoma as a separate entity and suggest an immunohistochemical profile (clear-cell squamous cell carcinomas: EMA diffusely positive, CK7 negative; tricholemmal carcinoma: EMA negative, CK7 patchy or moderately positive) that could be useful for this differential diagnosis.
  • Increased NADPH-diaphorase reactivity in the hypothalamic paraventricular
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Milen Hristov, Boycho Landzhov, Krassimira Yakimova Leptin, a hormone mainly produced by adipocytes in proportion to fat mass, is a key component in the regulation of energy homeostasis and reproductive, neuroendocrine, immune, and metabolic functions. Leptin binds to the leptin receptor, which is expressed throughout the central nervous system but particularly in neurons of several nuclei of the hypothalamus, such as the arcuate nucleus (ARC) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN). It has been found that nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in mediating effects of leptin. Since PVN and ARC neurons are known to express leptin receptors, we investigated the effects of leptin on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) reactivity in the PVN and ARC of male Wistar rats. Our results have shown that systemic administration of leptin resulted in increased NADPH-d positive cell number in the PVN and ARC, suggesting that both the PVN and ARC may be important centers in the hypothalamus for the leptin action, mediated by increased NO production. In addition, we have also observed that hypothalamic tanycytes in the ventral portion of the third ventricle were NADPH-d positive. We speculate that leptin may affect the release of neurohormones and hypothalamic neurogenesis by activating nitric oxide synthase in hypothalamic tanycytes.
  • Combination of pentoxifylline and α-galactosylceramide with radiotherapy
           promotes necro-apoptosis and leukocyte infiltration and reduces the
           mitosis rate in murine melanoma
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Ruth L. Madera-Sandoval, József Tóvári, József Lövey, Ivan Ranđelović, Alejandro Jiménez-Orozco, Victor G. Hernández-Chávez, Elba Reyes-Maldonado, Armando Vega-López Despite the success for the treatment of melanoma such as targeted molecular therapy, the use of such treatments are expensive For this reason, this study was carried out to explore the anti-cancer properties of available drugs that are able to modify the melanoma prognosis. The study was conducted in two phases: Evaluation of pharmacological effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) administered above (60 mg/kg) which is the therapeutic dose that is aimed at reducing the side-effect of radiotherapy, and of α- galactosylceramide (GalCer) administered at 100 μg/kg, as well as their combination using a murine model (BDF1 mice) of melanoma cell line (B16-F1, ATCC). For the radiotherapy phase, 9 Gy was applied in the tumor area, before (3 days), during (30 min) and after (3 days) the PTX + GalCer treatment. In both study phases, the mitosis rate, leukocyte infiltration and necro-apoptosis were assessed using histological and immunohistochemical approach and tumor volume evaluation as biomarkers. All treatments showed good prognosis results estimated as reduction of mitosis rate (PTX + GalCer after radiotherapy and GalCer), increased leukocyte infiltrate (PTX + GalCer after radiotherapy and GalCer) and necro-apoptosis augmentation (PTX + GalCer after radiotherapy and radiotherapy control). Nevertheless, a lower development of tumor volume was found in GalCer treatment. In this way, it is possible to suggest that the integrated treatment with immuno-stimulators such as GalCer, plus drug used for peripheral vascular disease (PTX) after radiotherapy is probably an alternative for controlling aggressive melanoma in murine model.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
  • Enteric glial cells immunoreactive for P2X7 receptor are affected in the
           ileum following ischemia and reperfusion
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Cristina Eusébio Mendes, Kelly Palombit, Wothan Tavares-de-Lima, Patricia Castelucci The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of ischemia and reperfusion injury (IS) on enteric glial cells (EGCs) and neurons immunoreactive for the P2X7 receptor. Intestinal ischemia was induced by obstructing blood flow in the ileal vessels for 35 min. Afterwards, the vessels were reperfused for 14 days. Tissues were prepared for immunohistochemical labeling of P2X7 receptor, HuC/D (Hu) (pan-neuronal marker) and S100β (glial marker); HuC/D (Hu) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP, glial marker)/DAPI (nuclear marker); or S100β and GFAP/DAPI. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of colocalization, density, profile area and cell proliferation were performed via fluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The quantitative analyses revealed that a) neurons and EGCs were immunoreactive for P2X7 receptor; b) the P2X7 receptor immunoreactive cells and Hu immunoreactive neurons were reduced after 0 h and 14 days of reperfusion; c) the S100β and GFAP immunoreactive EGCs were increased; d) the profile area of S100β immunoreactive EGCs was increased by IS; e) few GFAP immunoreactive proliferated at 14 days of reperfusion; f) distinct populations of glial cells can be discerned: S100β+/GFAP+ cells, S100β+/GFAP– cells and S100β–/GFAP + cells; g) histological analysis revealed less alterations in the epithelium cells in the IS groups and h) myeloperoxidase reaction revealed increased of the neutrophils in the lamina propria in the IS groups. This study showed that IS is associated with significant neuronal loss, increase of glial cells and altered purinergic receptor expression and that these changes may contribute to intestinal disorders.
  • Cryoembedder, automatic processor/stainer, liquid nitrogen freezing, and
           manual staining for frozen section examination: A comparative study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 May 2019Source: Acta HistochemicaAuthor(s): Salvatore Lorenzo Renne, Silvia Redaelli, Biagio Paolini Frozen section examination (FSE) reshaped surgical pathology and is characterized by a high accuracy. Nonetheless pathologists can experience artefacts that can compromise or defer the diagnosis. We compared a commercial system, composed by a cryoembedder and a processor/stainer, to our FSE protocol. Feasibility of diagnosis as well as overall architecture, cytology, and staining, were scored under the following conditions: Traditional (liquid nitrogen freezing and manual staining), Only-Presto (liquid nitrogen freezing and commercial processor/stainer), Only-PrestoCHILL (cryoembedder and manual staining), and PrestoSystem (cryoembedder and processor/stainer). Scores were compared across the different experimental conditions. PrestoSystem had significantly higher scores than Traditional, Only-Presto or Only-PrestoCHILL in all categories (Wilcoxon test; all P-value
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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