for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help

Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3162 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 3162 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 95, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 411, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 395, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 340, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 448, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 192, SJR: 1.58, CiteScore: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.193
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1076-5670
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3162 journals]
  • Ultrafast Transmission Electron Microscopy: Historical Development,
           Instrumentation, and Applications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 June 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron PhysicsAuthor(s): Arnaud Arbouet, Giuseppe M. Caruso, Florent Houdellier Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEM) have allowed giant steps in chemistry, biology or physics. Many of these achievements were nourished by key instrumental developments such as aberration correctors, high brightness sources, detectors, etc. Despite spectacular advances, investigations using TEM have long been restricted to systems either static or evolving on timescales compatible with the frame rate of CCD cameras. Time-resolved Transmission Electron Microscopy aims at overcoming this limitation and exploring the dynamics of nanoscale systems. Since the pioneering work of the group of O. Bostanjoglo at the TU Berlin, spectacular progress has been made to provide time-resolved TEM with a constantly improving spatio-temporal resolution. These advances rely mostly, although not exclusively, on ultrafast lasers and are largely inspired from time-resolved optical spectroscopy techniques.In this review, we provide an introduction to the field of time-resolved TEM, describe the major instrumental developments, and give examples of applications in different fields. In Section 5, we discuss the possibility of performing time-resolved electron holography with new high brightness UTEMs.
       
  • &rft.title=Advances+in+Imaging+and+Electron+Physics&rft.issn=1076-5670&rft.date=&rft.volume=">The Optical Transfer Theory of the Electron Microscope: Fundamental
           Principles and Applications ✶
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 May 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron PhysicsAuthor(s): Karl-Joseph Hanszen The theory of image formation in the electron microscope is explained in terms of amplitude and phase contrast-transfer functions in great detail. The notion of transparency is described and strong and weak objects are defined. The effects of spherical aberration and defocus are presented at length. The experimental verification of the theory by Friedrich Thon is reproduced. Phase plates and absorption plates are discussed in connection with zone plates and phase-changing devices. Resolution is considered in the light of the contrast-transfer functions. The effect of partial coherence of the illumination is examined.
       
  • Mean Inner Potentials (Table B.1)
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s):
       
  • Dynamical Eigenenergy
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s):
       
  • Chapter Seven - Summary and Outlook
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s): Axel Lubk In the summary we wrap up the main results pertaining to the reconstruction of physical, e.g., electric or magnetic, fields in 3D by Electron Holographic Tomography. We elaborate on how to further extend the scope of holographic tomography towards a larger class of fields, such as strain, and quantum states, e.g., of inelastically scattered electrons, including a discussion of required instrumental advances and developments.
       
  • Chapter Six - Electron Holographic Tomography
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s): Axel Lubk This chapter contains case studies, which exemplify how the previous considerations lead to working experimental procedures and finally materials properties in terms of three-dimensional physical fields. We mainly focus on off-axis Electron Holographic Tomography. We first discuss its experimental implementation, including recording, alignment, preprocessing, and reconstruction of the tilt series. We demonstrate the reconstruction of electric fields down to nanometer resolution and show how to extend the technique to the retrieval of magnetic, strain, and attenuation fields.
       
  • Chapter Five - Electron Holography in Phase Space
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s): Axel Lubk In this chapter, we will separately consider the holographic reconstruction of mixed (quantum) states and pure states (wave), employing a variety of holographic setups in TEM, namely Off-Axis Holography, Transport of Intensity Reconstruction, Focal Series Inline Holography, Differential Phase Contrast, and Ptychography. Each holographic technique is in the first place considered as a general mixed quantum state reconstruction scheme, and the conventional wave (pure state) reconstruction is treated as a special case of the former. This practice permits a comprehensive discussion of the ramifications of partial coherence on conventional wave reconstructions as well as a generalization toward partially coherent or incoherent signals such as resulting from inelastic scattering.
       
  • Chapter Four - Electron Optics in Phase Space
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s): Axel Lubk In this chapter a description of the transfer of the paraxial quantum state through the optical system of a Transmission Electron Microscopy is provided. We begin with a short recapitulation of classical electron optics, which contains an introduction to geometric aberrations, playing a fundamental role in the imaging process. Subsequently, Miller's semiclassical algebra is used to construct the electron's wave function and its transfer properties. In a final step, the wave function transfer is generalized to that of the Wigner function, i.e., the partially coherent quantum state. The close correspondence between Wigner function and classical phase space density will become particularly obvious in the way aberrations affect the Wigner function, where one can distinguish between a classical deformation and an integral transformation of purely quantum mechanical origin.
       
  • Chapter Three - Tomography
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s): Axel Lubk This chapter contains the main principles of tomography as required in Chapters 5 and 6. First, a brief introduction to general projection transformations, including the geometrical setting typically used when combining Electron Holography and Tomography, is given. Subsequently, the two-dimensional Radon transformation, providing the mathematical theory behind the tomographic reconstructions used in this work, is introduced. Based on these foundations, the discrete Radon transformation, providing the framework for tomographic reconstruction algorithms, is discussed. Two separate subsections are devoted to sampling and regularization, which are substantial for a thorough understanding of tomographic reconstructions from experimental data. Finally, three reconstruction algorithms, heavily used in the remainder of this work, are presented in detail.
       
  • Chapter Two - Paraxial Quantum Mechanics
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s): Axel Lubk This chapter provides the foundations of paraxial quantum mechanics as valid for relativistic electrons traveling along the optical axis of a Transmission Electron Microscope. Starting point is a derivation of relativistic paraxial wave dynamics from first principles. This description is subsequently generalized to the concepts of the density operator and the quantum mechanical phase space, including their paraxial dynamics. Quantum mechanical phase space is represented by the Wigner function, simultaneously describing the properties of the electron beam in position and diffraction (Fourier) space. The phase space representation of the imaging process and the unified description of different holographic schemes discussed in Chapters 4 and 5 are founded in these principles.
       
  • Chapter One - Holography and Tomography with Electrons: From Quantum
           States to Three-Dimensional Fields and Back
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s): Axel Lubk This chapter gives a brief introduction into the history of holography and tomography as well as transmission electron microscopy. It is shown that all three concepts are closely linked and cross-fertilized each other in their development. Going one step further, the introduction provides a red ribbon on how holography and tomography may be combined in the transmission electron microscope to facilitate the 3D reconstruction of physical fields as well as quantum states as discussed in this volume.
       
  • Abbreviations and Symbols
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s):
       
  • Acknowledgment
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s):
       
  • (In)elastic Mean Free Path Lengths (Table C.1)
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s):
       
  • Contributor
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s):
       
  • Series Editor
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 206Author(s):
       
  • &rft.title=Advances+in+Imaging+and+Electron+Physics&rft.issn=1076-5670&rft.date=&rft.volume=">Chapter Two - Electron Optics of Low-Voltage Electron Beam Testing and
           Inspection. Part I: Simulation Tools ✶
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 205Author(s): Erich Plies The review starts with some historic remarks on the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and early attempts to improve the resolution of the SEM in the low-voltage regime. Today there are many SEM-like instruments, as the e-beam tester and the e-beam inspection system, which are used in the semiconductor industry and are operated at a low voltage of about 1 kV. For such a low voltage the probe diameter (resolution) of the electron-optical column is limited mainly by chromatic aberration and additional Coulomb interaction in the case of a high probe current, which is necessary for high throughput. To build a dedicated electron-optical column providing a required performance a preceding simulation of all elements (gun, lenses, deflectors, compound elements, …) and the complete system is indispensable.Existing simulation tools, analytical as well as numerical methods, are reviewed in this article. After the design of an electron-optical element (geometry, voltages of electrodes, currents of magnetic coils) the computation of electrostatic and/or magnetic fields is the first simulation step. After presenting some helpful analytical field calculation examples, the numerical methods, mainly FDM (finite difference method), FEM (finite element method), CDM (surface charge density method) and CSM (charge simulation method), are discussed together with their advantages and disadvantages. The next simulation step is the computation of the electron trajectories using the classical perturbation theory (first-order rays, cardinal elements and aberrations) or ray tracing, i.e. numerical integration of the equation of motion or an exact trajectory equation. Both methods may be used for the primary electrons, but ray tracing is necessary in the case of the secondary electrons to determine the collection efficiency or the performance of the secondary electron analyzer used in an e-beam tester to measure IC-internal voltages.Different approaches to optimize electron lenses and compound scanning systems are reviewed. Since the Coulomb interaction (Boersch effect and trajectory displacement effect) has a limiting influence in e-beam testing and electron optical inspection its simulation is treated together with means of reducing this interaction. The last topic of this review is the undesirable specimen charging. Approaches to simulate and to avoid this phenomenon have been collected.
       
  • &rft.title=Advances+in+Imaging+and+Electron+Physics&rft.issn=1076-5670&rft.date=&rft.volume=">Chapter One - The Early Electron Microscopes: A Critical Study ✶
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 205Author(s): John van Gorkom, Dirk van Delft, Ton van Helvoort Developments during the early years of the electron microscope, essentially the first four years of the 1930s, are recapitulated in careful detail, the publications by the main actors are analysed and the numerous patents are examined. The roles of Siemens and AEG are described and attention is drawn to related work in Belgium, France, the USA and England. The late impact of de Broglie's work is commented on.
       
  • Series Editor
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Volume 205Author(s):
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.161.77.30
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-