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Publisher: Medip Academy   (Total: 12 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 12 of 12 Journals sorted alphabetically
Intl. J. of Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Clinical Trials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Research in Dermatology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Surgery J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Cover International Journal of Scientific Reports
  [1 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2454-2156 - ISSN (Online) 2454-2164
   Published by Medip Academy Homepage  [12 journals]
  • Reliability and validity of ICDAS II coding for occlusal caries using
           magnification: an in-vitro study

    • Authors: Sathyanarayanan R., Carounanidy Usha, Sudhagar R.
      Pages: 149 - 155
      Abstract: Background: Pit and fissure caries presents diagnostic challenges due to its anatomical complexity and fluoride exposure. ICDAS II is a coding system for caries detection using clinical visual inspection. It identifies carious lesions by the change in colour, texture and surface integrity. Magnification might facilitate better detection of the lesions by enhancing the visual acuity. Thus, the objective of this study is to compare the reliability and validity of ICDAS II in detection of occlusal caries, with and without magnification, by using histological standard.Methods: This single blinded, randomized study included 334 unrestored extracted human premolars and molars. Two examiners independently scored pit and fissure caries status using ICDAS II criteria without magnification and later under 6 x magnification using surgical microscope. The samples were sectioned and lesions were scored using the ERK histological criteria, under Stereo microscope. The scores of the examiners were correlated with the histological scoring. Kappa statistics and Spearman correlation coefficients were performed. Optimal sensitivity, specificity of visual and enhanced visual examination was calculated by Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (ROC). Likelihood ratios (LR) were also calculated. Results: The kappa values for Inter examiner reproducibility of visual and enhanced visual examination under microscope were 0.638-0.694 and for histological examination it was 0.979. Intra examiner reproducibility for visual and enhanced visual examination was 0.665 – 0.594. There was a strong relationship between visual, enhanced visual and histological examinations. Spearman’s correlation coefficient of ICDAS-II visual and enhanced visual examination for each examiner, to ERK histological scores was 0.869-0.848. The sensitivity and LR+ for visual and enhanced visual examination was decreased as the ICDAS score was increased and specificity and LR- increased with increased ICDAS score.Conclusions: Reliability and validity of ICDAS scoring in detecting occlusal caries under magnification did not differ from clinical visual inspection. 
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 6 (2017)
  • An exploratory study on knowledge and practice regarding family planning
           and immunization among women attending MCH clinic

    • Authors: Dibya Sharma, Ramchandra Kafle
      Pages: 156 - 165
      Abstract: Background: Globally, an estimated 300,000 maternal deaths occur annually owing to causes associated with pregnancy, of which nearly 75% were preventable. Each year, modern contraceptives help women prevent 215,000 pregnancy-related deaths (including 66,000 from unsafe abortions), 2.7 million infant deaths and the loss of 60 million years of healthy life. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective health interventions available, saving millions of children from illness, disability and death each year. The burden of infectious diseases has been reduced primary due to immunization.Methods: A cross-sectional study regarding knowledge and practice of family planning and immunization was conducted in a Maternal and Child health (MCH) clinic of Western Regional Hospital, Pokhara. The sample consists of 100 married women of reproductive age group (15-49) years having under five children coming to the clinic using purposive sampling technique.  Results: Knowledge regarding family planning methods were oral contraceptive pills/depot/implant (84%) followed by intrauterine contraceptive device (77%), condom (65%), natural methods (80%), permanent method (92%). Condom was most commonly used among temporary methods. More than 4/5th of the respondents were aware about vaccines as per schedule of Nepal. But 5% of the respondents had neither given any vaccine to their baby and nor taken any dose of tetanus toxoid vaccine during their previous pregnancy.Conclusions: Still 14% of the respondents were not aware about any methods of family planning and 19% does not know about the vaccines as per schedule of Nepal. So there is a need to increase awareness about the different types of family planning methods and immunization.
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 6 (2017)
  • The result of treadmill test in asymptomatic type 2 diabetes mellitus

    • Authors: Anil Shrinivasrao Joshi, Chandrakant Gunaji Lahane, Akshay Arvind Kashid
      Pages: 166 - 172
      Abstract: Background: To study the prevalence of silent myocardial ischaemia in asymptomatic patients with type 2 DM.Methods: The present study was conducted in the Govt. Medical College and Hospital Aurangabad. During December 2012 to November 2014 with 50 patients. It was two year cross sectional study with the patients of asymptomatic type 2 diabetes mellitus without clinical and electrocardiographic evidence of coronary artery disease. Results: 12 (24%) out of 50 subjects had positive TMT. It correlated with years of duration of diabetes (9 positive TMT cases with duration of diabetes more than 10 years). 5 (25%) out of 20 had serum cholesterol levels >240, Number of positive TMT were higher in patients with LDL >160 [5 (25%) out of 20].Conclusions: Diabetic patients are at very high risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Early detection of IHD is very important so that pharmacological therapy, which may improve outcome, can be established. Tread mill exercise TMT being a non-invasive test with high safety, has an important role in early detection of IHD. It is recommended that TMT should be a part of routine management in asymptomatic patients with type II DM. 
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 6 (2017)
  • Comparative evaluation of efficacy of various probiotics on Streptococcus

    • Authors: Shweta Chandak, Ankita A. Moon, Shruti S. Karale, Amit Bharadwaj
      Pages: 173 - 176
      Abstract: Background: Probiotics which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host. The role of probiotics is the replacement of pathogenic species with non-pathogenic species. Dairy food like cheese, curd and milk are considered as useful vehicles to carry probiotic bacteria. Aim of the study was to compare and evaluate the efficacy of various probiotics against different Streptococcus species.Methods: Three probiotic products viz probiotic milk, probiotic yogurt and probiotic capsules were used. Streptococcus species i.e. S. mutans, S. sanguinis and S. sobrinus were isolated from the saliva of children with moderate to high caries. 0.2 ml of each probiotic product was transferred to the blood agar plates coated with Streptococcus species.  Results: The zone of inhibition was observed in all the test groups, for all the Streptococcus species against all the probiotics, highest for S. mutans against probiotic milk. The growth of S. mutans, S. sanguinis and S. sobrinus was inhibited by L. casei shirota present in probiotic milk (Yakult), Lactobacilli acidophilus present in probiotic yogurt (Actiplus nestle) followed by Lactobacilli rhamnosus present in pre and probiotic capsule (Inlife).Conclusions: The use of probiotic products that are readily available and cost effective like milk and yogurt can be inculcated in general population especially in children as a preventive tool for dental caries. 
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 6 (2017)
  • Incidental diagnosis of asymptomatic unilateral complete duplication of
           ureter during total laparoscopic hysterectomy

    • Authors: Duraisamy Kavitha Yogini, Ramakrishnan Parthasarathi, Chinnusamy Palanivelu, Balasubramaniam Devi, Periyasamy Kodeeswari
      Pages: 177 - 181
      Abstract: Duplication of ureter is one of the common renal abnormality frequently encountered by gynaecologist during surgeries. It occurs in approximately 1% of the population. We are reporting a case of asymptomatic unilateral (left) double ureter which was incidentally diagnosed during Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy as it is important to know the developmental anatomy of ureter and its anatomical variants. A gynaecologist should know about the clinical significance of it as well to avoid injury to ureter during hysterectomies which is the commonly performed gynaecological surgery worldwide.
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 6 (2017)
  • A case of lipoma in lateral anterior neck: a common entity at an uncommon

    • Authors: Deepshikha Rana, Sujata Raychaudhuri, Sheetal Arora
      Pages: 182 - 184
      Abstract: Lipoma is the most common benign mesenchymal tumor of adipose tissue. Their occurrence in head and neck is relatively rare. Lipomas in the neck region are rare tumors that usually present as slowly growing painless masses, found in the lateral portions of the neck. Here, we report a case of lipoma lying over the left lobe of thyroid above the sternal notch in a 41year old man. Swelling was gradually progressive in size since 2 years with no other complaints. Swelling was firm in consistency, mobile, non-tender and not moving with deglutition. It was clinically diagnosed as thyroid neoplasm/ cystic swelling and later on cytological and histopathological examination was performed which revealed benign lipoma. The purpose of this case report is to recognise rare lipomas that occur in unusual locations in the head and neck in order to identify them when they can cause diagnostic problems. 
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 6 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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