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Publisher: Medip Academy   (Total: 12 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 12 of 12 Journals sorted alphabetically
Intl. J. of Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Clinical Trials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. J. of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Surgery J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Cover International Journal of Scientific Reports
  [1 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2454-2156 - ISSN (Online) 2454-2164
   Published by Medip Academy Homepage  [12 journals]
  • Germination responses of seeds of Desmodium triflorum

    • Authors: Niroj Paudel, Prakash Deep Rai
      Pages: 19 - 21
      Abstract: Background: Germination of Desmodium triflorum is used for the scarification using the acid is valuable for the different light condition.Methods: The sample was collected as four month of interval of time and the seed is treated with acids with different time.  Results: seeds scarified with sulfuric acids for 10 min before sowing had better germination than those scarified for 5 and 15 min. Among them light qualities, red and white light had slightly promoted effect whereas blue light and dark condition had slightly negative effect on seed germination.Conclusions: In comparison to blue light and dark condition, red light and white light were promoted to percentage germination indicating the role of phytochrome in seed germination of Desmodium triflorum. 
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Clinical and aetiological spectrum of spontaneous pneumothorax in adults
           in Sub-Himalayan: a prospective study at tertiary care institute

    • Authors: Ajay Sharma, Ashok Sharma, Pramod Jaret, Malay Sarkar, Sanjeev Sharma
      Pages: 22 - 25
      Abstract: Background: The spontaneous pneumothorax has been classified as major cause of morbidity and mortality among respiratory diseases. The objectives of the study were to determine the incidence and aetiology of spontaneous pneumothorax and to assess the clinical profile of affected patients admitted in our institute.Methods: A hospital based prospective study was conducted in year 2011-12 in the Department of Medicine, IGMC Shimla (H.P.) India. During study period the total admissions were 7335 out of which 30 patients were diagnosed as spontaneous pneumothorax and treated as cases under study. The data was collected on proforma includes demographic profile, probable cause, clinical and outcome indicators of Spontaneous Pneumothorax, master chart framed and analysed into frequency percentage.  Results: Incidence of spontaneous pneumothorax was found to be 408.99/yr/100000 admissions in the department of medicine. Incidence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax was 81.79/yr/100000 admissions. Incidence of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax was 327.19/yr/100000 admissions. Majority of the patients of primary spontaneous pneumothorax were of the 20-29yrs age group. Higher proportions of cases were from male gender (93.33%). Secondary pneumothorax patients were mostly of 50 to 59 years age group. The predominant aetiology for secondary spontaneous pneumothorax was COPD (36.66%) followed by Pulmonary tuberculosis (33.33%).Conclusions: Spontaneous pneumothorax was more common in men. The predominant aetiology for secondary spontaneous pneumothorax was COPD (36.66%) followed by pulmonary tuberculosis (33.33%).  
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Validation of new indices for differentiation between iron deficiency
           anemia and beta thalessemia trait, a study in pregnant females

    • Authors: Sheetal Arora, Deepshikha Rana, Sachin Kolte, Leelawathi Dawson, Indrani Dhawan
      Pages: 26 - 30
      Abstract: Background: The two most frequent types of microcytic hypochromic anemia in developing countries are beta thalassemia trait (𝛽-TT) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Several indices using blood cell count parameters have been suggested to differentiate between two. In this study we evaluated the reliability of three indices.Methods: The present cross-sectional study was carried out in 300 pregnant females in third trimester. Out of these, 90 microcytic hypochromic females were selected. Mentzers index, red cell distribution width index and Matos and Carvalho index (MCI) were calculated from the regular 3-part analyser haematological parameters.  Results: The Mentzer index was the most reliable index, as it had the highest sensitivity (97.62%), specificity (66.67%), and Youden’s index (64%) for detecting Iron deficiency anaemia; the Matos and Carvalho Index showed higher sensitivity (98.81%)but a much lower specificity (33.3%) and Youden’s index (32%) while the red cell distribution width index showed the sensitivity and specificity of 92.86% and 66.67%, respectively with Youden’s index of 59%.Conclusions: The Mentzer index provided the highest reliabilities for differentiating IDA from 𝛽-TT. The new indices have high sensitivities and positive predictive value for identifying IDA, making them useful for screening population at risk. 
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Thunderbeat versus bipolar diathermy in surgical outcome of tonsillectomy

    • Authors: Bikash Lal Shrestha, Samir Karmacharya, Pradeep Rajbhandari
      Pages: 31 - 35
      Abstract: Background: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed worldwide by otorhinolaryngologists for the different indications. There are different studies in literature comparing bipolar diathermy with either harmonic scalpel or cold dissection but the thunderbeat is still not used in tonsillectomy. The thunderbeat device which is the integration of ultrasonic and advanced bipolar energies used exclusively in laparoscopic surgery but still not used in tonsillectomy. So, the main aim of this study is to compare the thunderbeat device with bipolar diathermy in surgical outcome of tonsillectomy.Methods: This was the prospective study performed in total 25 patients. The patients included in the study underwent tonsillectomy on one side using thunderbeat device and on the other side using bipolar diathermy. The intra-operative blood loss, operative time and post-operative pain were taken for analysis in both the surgical procedures. All the data were analyzed with the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) software version 20.  Results: Among the twenty five patients, the age groups range from 19-36 years with mean age 25.36±5.62 years. Out of 25 patients, 7 were male and 18 were female. The comparison of operation time and intra-operative blood loss between thunderbeat and bipolar diathermy showed statistically significant differences. The comparison of pain score showed statistically significant result with better pain results in bipolar diathermy.Conclusions: The thunderbeat uses in tonsillectomies is less time consuming and decrease intra-operative blood loss. But, the post-operative pain is more as compared to bipolar diathermy. Though, it is safe and effective in performing tonsillectomy but its cost is the main drawback for its regular use. 
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Thyroid abscess in a 5 year old child caused by Enterococcus species: a
           rare case report

    • Authors: Pradeep Rajbhandari, Bikash Lal Shrestha, Ashish Dhakal
      Pages: 36 - 39
      Abstract: Thyroid abscess is a rare clinical entity which is attributable to its unique anatomical and physical characteristics which makes it resistant to infection. Thyroid gland is resistant to infection because of its rich blood supply and lymphatic drainage, an iodine rich environment and separation of the gland from other structures of neck by facial planes. In our case report, 5 years old male patient presented with a painful anterior midline neck swelling which was diagnosed as thyroid abscess caused by Enterococcus species. The patient was successfully treated with surgical drainage and appropriate antibiotics. 
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Premalignant and malignant changes of skin in a patient with
           oculocutaneous albinism: multiple actinic keratosis and squamous cell
           carcinoma

    • Authors: Shashank Bhargava, Ujjwal Kumar, Richa Rokde
      Pages: 40 - 43
      Abstract: Pigmentation of skin is a feature which is governed by multiple factors including the number of melanocytes, their metabolic activity of the melanocytes, the melanogenic activity of the melanosomes and lastly the morphology and differentiation of the melanosomes “Squamous cell carcinoma” (SCC) of sun-exposed skin is the most frequently observed malignancy among Albinos. It is ultimately due to lack of Eumelanin which guards against both the sunlight as well as oxidative stress-induced DNA damage. A 41 year old albino male patient presented with multiple asymptomatic raised skin lesions of different morphology and dimensions over scalp, neck, behind right ear and back with duration of 7 years. The initial lesion developed as a small papule over scalp which gradually progressed to present size and later appeared before the right ear, neck and lastly over the back. On examination, the initial lesion over scalp was verrucous plaque with adherent crusting, while other lesions were indurated, non-tender ulcers with irregular margins and punched out edges. There are few whitish raised scaly papules and plaques over the back. Routine investigations were within normal limits. Histopathology findings from the neck revealed squamous epithelium with tumour cells infiltrating the underlying stroma. Tumour cells showed pleomorphism, increased N:C ratio, hyperchromatic nuclei, prominent nucleoli and keratin pearls. Histopathology findings from the scaly lesion over the back revealed mild hyperkeratosis with dysplasia of the basal keratinocytes and prominent solar elastosis in the superficial dermis. Based on clinical and histopathogical findings, diagnosis of multiple SCC with actinic keratosis was made. Patient was referred to oncosurgeon for further management. Early detection and prompt treatment of the disease is required to reduce the spread to other parts of the body along with photo-protection all throughout life. 
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The woman with habit of eating uncooked rice

    • Authors: Bitupan Kalita, Sabita Dihingia
      Pages: 44 - 45
      Abstract: Eating of non-nutritive substance (pica) is unusual in adult. Usually eating of non-nutritive substance in adult is associated with pregnancy, psychosis or mental retardation. In this case report we are presenting an adult female who presented with eating of uncooked rice regularly for last two years. Our patient is a housewife, non pregnant and mother of an eight year old girl. After receiving treatment with Fluvoxamine patient showed marked improvement, suggesting similarity between pica and obsessive compulsive disorder.  
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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