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Publisher: Horizon Research Publishing   (Total: 54 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 54 of 54 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
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Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 6)
Immunology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Biochemistry and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Neuroscience and Behavioral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Nursing and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
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Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Accounting and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Universal J. of Chemistry     Open Access  
Universal J. of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Universal J. of Communications and Network     Open Access  
Universal J. of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal J. of Control and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universal J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Universal J. of Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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Universal J. of Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universal J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Universal J. of Medical Science     Open Access  
Universal J. of Microbiology Research     Open Access  
Universal J. of Physics and Application     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Plant Science     Open Access  
Universal J. of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World J. of Computer Application and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal Cover Universal Journal of Educational Research
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   ISSN (Print) 2332-3205 - ISSN (Online) 2332-3213
   Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Configuring School Image Assets of Colleges in Taiwan

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Chia Kun Lee   and Hsin Chu Chen   Higher education in Taiwan faces various challenges, such as the low-birth rate, blurred positioning, and lack of marketing concepts. In order to sustain, more effect strategies and actions resource should be implemented to enhance service of the colleges and universities. Therefore, image asset management becomes a critical start. This study aims to identify the image asset management indicators by applying the modified Delphi technique and the analytic hierarchy process. These two methods can retrieve the critical factors out of literature, and configure how they were operated. The study finally developed a three-layer framework of college image asset management, including 5 dimensions, 13 sub-dimensions, and 77 indicators. According to the participants' perspectives, the dimensions of the stakeholder image and student image were on the top priority. Next, among the sub-dimensions, the internal stakeholder image and the brand image had higher priority than the rest.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Depression and Hopelessness Levels of University Students According to
           Their Opinions on Finding Employment or Falling out of Labor Force in
           Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Özlem Karakuş   The aim of this study is to reveal the effects of the thoughts on university students' depression and hopelessness levels about whether to become employed or unemployed after graduation. The study sampling consists of 980 students from the departments of Selcuk University, such as the Faculties of Health Sciences, Law, Veterinary, Science, Communication, Economics and Administrative Sciences and Engineering. As study participants, 584 (59.6%) men and 396 (40.4%) women were defined using the random cluster sampling method. The data obtained from the survey were evaluated using the SPSS 20.0 software package program. Mean age rate of the students was 22 years ranging from 19 to 39. The Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Demographic Information Form were used to collect data. In order to analyze the data, the logistic regression analysis was used. Our participants were classified into two as those feeling anxious due to difficulties in finding a job and those lacking of anxiety. In light of our study findings, 392 (40.0%) students reported that they would be unemployed or experience difficulties in finding a job, whereas 588 (60%) considered they would be employed easily after graduation. A statistically significant difference was observed in both groups as to the levels of depression and hopelessness (p
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Design-Thinking, Making, and Innovating: Fresh Tools for the Physician's
           Toolbox

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Albala L   Bober T  Mallozzi M   Koeneke-Hernandez L   and Ku B   Medical school education should foster creativity by enabling students to become 'makers' who prototype and design. Healthcare professionals and students experience pain points on a daily basis, but are not given the tools, training, or opportunity to help solve them in new, potentially better ways. The student physician of the future will learn these skills through collaborative workshops and having dedicated 'innovation time.' This pre-clinical curriculum would incorporate skills centered on (1) Digital Technology and Small Electronics (DTSE), (2) Textiles and Medical Materials (TMM), and (3) Rapid Prototyping Technologies (RPT). Complemented by an on-campus makerspace, students will be able to prototype and iterate on their ideas in a fun and accessible space. Designing and making among and between patients and healthcare professionals would change the current dynamic of medical education, empowering students to solve problems in healthcare even at an early stage in their career. By doing so, they will gain empathy, problem-solving abilities, and communication skills that will extend into clinical practice. Our proposed curriculum will equip medical students with the skills, passion, and curiosity to impact the future of healthcare.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Study on the Relationship among Parents' Cognition on China Anti-domestic
           Violence, Attitude of Beating Children and Frequency of Beating Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Shi, Song   and Wu, Hotang   This research aims at analyzing the correlation between parents' awareness of anti-domestic violence in China, attitude and frequency of beating children. According to the literature analysis, this paper sets children's parents' anti-domestic violence cognition and attitude of beating children as independent variable, and the frequency of beating children as dependent variables. It adopts self-edited Anti-family Violence Cognitive Scale and Sale of Attitude of Beating Children, investigates 2 to 6 years old children's parents (N = 957) in Jilin Province of China. After the hierarchical regression analysis, it shows that the anti-domestic violence cognition and attitude of beating children have the explanatory power on the frequency of beating children.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Inspectional Regulations in the Latest Period of Ottoman Time

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mehmet Emin Usta   One of the most controversial issues about education in Turkey and around the world is inspection of education. Some countries conduct educational auditing through inspectors. Some countries, such as Finland, consider that there is no need for a mechanism such as an inspectorate, but instead considering public scrutiny. Inspectional Regulations in the Latest Period of Ottoman Time1 aims to shed light on the history of educational inspection in Turkey and to expose the history of the inspectors' duties and authorities and audit areas. In this scope, documents older than about a century were found and translated from the Ottoman Language. Document analysis method was used in this study. When the documents were evaluated as a whole, it was stated that the religious dimension of education was no longer inspected by the Republican regime founded in 1923 and secularization, but especially that bureaucratic control continues in different forms; the quality of education is still a matter discussed in Turkey; it is understood that the inspectors' school-related duties are still continuing and this situation continues to be a problem that is gradually diminishing in Turkey.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Social Support and Coping Styles in Predicting Suicide Probability among
           Turkish Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Fulya Cenkseven-Önder   This study aims to investigate whether the perceived social support and coping styles are predictors of suicide probability by gender. The study was conducted with 445 high schools students, 227 girls, and 218 boys. The participants were aged between 14 and 18, and their average age was 15.90. Data were collected through the 'Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support', the 'Ways of Coping Questionnaire', and the 'Suicide Probability Scale'. Data were analyzed using MANOVA, Pearson correlation test and regression analysis. Results showed that suicide probability, perceived support from friends and significant others and helpless approach scores of the girls were significantly higher than the boys. Besides, significant relationships were found between suicide probability and perceived social support and coping styles. Regression analyses were performed for girls and boys separately. Perceived social support from family, helpless and optimistic styles were found to predict female adolescents' suicide probability significantly. As for male adolescents, in addition to perceived social support from family, helpless and optimistic styles, seeking social support was also found to be a significant predictor of suicide probability. Findings were discussed in line with the related literature, and recommendations were made.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Pre-service Science Teachers' Construction and Interpretation of Graphs

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  N. Remziye Ergül   Data and graphic analysis and interpretation are important parts of science process skills and science curriculum. So it refers to visual display of data using relevant graphical representations. One of the tools used in science courses is graphics for explain the relationship among each of the concepts and therefore it is important to know data analysis, graph construction and interpretation. This study investigates pre-service science teachers' construction and interpretations of graphs in two different domains: mathematics and physics. Qualitative research methods were used and therefore a purposive sample of 11 pre-service science teachers is engaged in think-aloud interviews while completing the questionnaire that includes eleven open-ended questions, designed by researcher at four different categories. These categories are: recognition as a mathematical graph, Interpretation of the graph, to draw graphs for a given problem and to create a problem on a given graphic. In addition, the pre-service science teachers were asked in which questions they experienced difficulties. Content analysis method was used for data analysis. Results showed that pre-service science teachers do not have enough success in interpreting given graph, drawing graph for a given problem and identifying variables in a given scientific problem.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Knowledge of Local Communities and School Knowledge: In Search of a
           Didactic Transposition in Natural Sciences

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Jó António Capece   This article is the result of an ongoing research under the project entitled 'The local curriculum in Mozambican schools: epistemological and didactic-methodological strategies for its implementation'. Based on ethnographic research, the collection is being made. Systematization of knowledge and cultural experiences of local communities are also collected in the three regions of Mozambique (North, Centre and South) seeking their appreciation to Local Curriculum component. The overall objective of the study is to analyze production processes and legitimization of local community knowledge, in search of elements for a 'didactic transposition', specifically in the teaching of Natural Sciences. Preliminary results of the research point to the existence of sufficient evidence to support the hypothesis of inclusion of local community knowledge in school content. Thus, we suggest that strategies are established involving the training of teachers, the adoption of educational policies that give priority to local knowledge and the use of appropriate methodologies that underlie the deepening and extension.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Evaluation of the Knowledge of Science Teachers with Didactic
           Transposition Theory

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Fatma Bulut Atalar   and Mustafa Ergun   The quality of the process of teaching is related to the behaviors shown by the teacher and their capability. In cases where teachers who have different training are expected to teach the same topic, teachers may make some alterations in the topics in question. Turkish education system has teachers who have different training but teach the same subject. Transposition is an institutional framework which is concerned with transformation of the knowledge given in schools from its status as didactic scientific knowledge to learned knowledge. The purpose in this study is to determine the factors influential on the process of transformation from knowledge to be taught to knowledge that is taught that are caused by science teachers. In this context, this study was conducted with 5 science teachers with different training and a total of 159 students of these teachers at 7th grade. Interviews were held with the science teachers and students on the subjects of electron configuration and chemical properties and chemical bonds, and their classes were recorded. As a result of the collected data, it was concluded that the science teachers with different training take the curricula into consideration while transforming the knowledge to be taught, and this transformation was affected by the department they graduated from.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Comparison of Educational Inspectors' Role of Program Leadership in the
           Foundation Period of Republic of Turkey with Today

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mehmet Emin Usta   From the very early periods of accepting management as a science, main goal of inspection is seen as a control mechanism. Classical management approach evaluated staff as people who need strict inspections by experts to better perform since they are perceived as unreliable and irresponsible on their duties. Later on, expertise areas related to inspection were established and these experts were given inspector names. Education has been one of those expertise fields that started to have inspectors in its particular area. This study focused on curriculum leadership of education inspectors in Turkish Republic era. Because it is to establish the system of the Republic established after the fall of the Ottoman Empire and win the belief of the people to protect this system and to form a people who believe in the Republican system. The most powerful means of creating the people by believing in the republic system was the education system. Inspectors have been seen as the means by which the educational site is mediated for this purpose, teachers and the public as a means of believing in it. Therefore, many tasks were assigned to the education inspectors during this period. In this regard, a document dated 1926, named as 'Instructions about Curriculum in Primary Schools', was obtained from General Directorate of State Achieves and transcribed into Turkish Latin alphabet. In this official document, the roles of educational inspectors as a part of their curriculum leadership for primary schools are defined as increasing the frequency of inspections on whether new curriculum, at that time, was implemented properly or not and ageing increasing the frequency of getting in touch with teachers in order to receive feedback about the curriculum and to support reaching the targets of the curriculum.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Development of the Digital Addiction Scale for the University
           Students: Reliability and Validity Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Ahmet Kesici   and Nazenin Fidan Tunç   This study was carried out to develop a scale for determining the level of digital addiction of the youth. In this study carried out with a group of 687 students from Siirt, Dicle and Erzincan Universities, a draft scale of 28 items based on the interviews with two students who spent a long time with digital tools and their friends, and on the expert opinions was prepared. The validity of the Digital Addiction Scale (DAS) was determined by descriptive, confirmatory factor analysis, and criterion reliability. Item analysis based on the average of points of 27% lower-upper groups and item-total correlation was conducted. Reliability was determined by Cronbach's alpha and test-retest methods. The result of the factor analysis showed that the DAS explains the 59.51% of the total variance and has a structure consisting of five sub-dimensions called Overuse, Non-restraint, Inhibiting the Flow of Life, Emotional State, and Dependence. The confirmatory factor analysis showed that the DAS has good adaptive values. The scales applied concurrently with the DAS within the scope of criterion validity were also found to be in a significant and positive relation to the DAS. The item-total score correlation coefficients were found between .373 and 620. The t- values of item mean scores of 27% lower-upper groups were found to be significant. Cronbach's Alpha was calculated 0.874. The test-retest reliability made in a three-week interval was calculated r=.779 (p
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Effect of Micro-teaching Practices with Concrete Models on Pre-service
           Mathematics Teachers' Self-efficacy Beliefs about Using Concrete Models

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Melihan Ünlü   The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of micro-teaching practices with concrete models on the pre-service teachers' self-efficacy beliefs about using concrete models and to determine the opinions of the pre-service teachers about this issue. In the current study, one of the mixed methods, the convergent design (embedded) was used. The participants in the study consisted of 41 pre-service elementary mathematics teachers who were enrolled mathematics teacher education programme at a state university in Turkey. In this research, The Instrument of Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Efficacy Beliefs about Using Concrete Models developed by Bakkaloğlu [44] and interview forms were used as data collection tools. The research revealed that the micro-teaching practices with concrete models had positive effects on the pre-service teachers' self-efficacy beliefs about using concrete models. Pre-service teachers think that these micro-teaching practices had positive effects on the skills of teaching.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Examining the Image of Prospective Teachers towards Mathematicians

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Derya Ozlem Yazlik   and Ahmet Erdogan   The aim of this study is to identify how prospective teachers see mathematicians by the pictures they visualized. In accordance with this purpose phenomenology pattern which is one of the qualitative patterns was used. The study was carried out with 160 volunteered prospective teachers. The data collection tool to be used in this study consists of four parts. The first part includes questions to determine demographic characteristics of prospective teachers, second part include drawing box prepared to define images of prospective teachers towards mathematicians and open ended questions towards describing drawing, third part includes the presented options to define the image sources towards mathematicians and the fourth part includes open-ended questions to determine famous mathematicians and reasons. The images of mathematicians were analyzed by the content analyses method. When the findings of this study are examined it might be concluded that the thought of prospective teachers towards mathematicians are positive. it was determined that the prospective teachers generally perceived mathematician as with glasses, groomed, tall, spilled hairy, apronous, suited, smiling, bellied and scattered haired. When famous mathematicians are examined according to program differences, it is very important that the majority of the mathematicians on the tablature are shown by the mathematics teacher candidates and that one-third of the class teacher candidates do not recognize any famous mathematicians. It is believed that the results from at the end of the study will be helpful to training of classroom and mathematics teacher.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Applicability of Governance at King Saud University in Riyadh

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mohammad Y. Kentab   The problem of the study revolves around the application of the requirements of governance at King Saud University. The study aims to identify the extent of governance requirements at King Saud University as seen by faculty members through transparency, accountability, organizational structure, laws, regulations, and justice. To achieve the objectives and procedures of the study, the survey descriptive methodology was used. The study population was represented by faculty members at King Saud University. A sample of 200 faculty members was selected. The researcher relied in data collection on the questionnaire, which was subjected to the standards of validity and consistency, and used various appropriate statistical methods using (SPSS). The study reached several results, the most important of which are: 1. The level of transparency, accountability and justice at the university is average. 2. The level of organizational structure, laws and regulations in the university is high. In the light of the results, a number of recommendations were made that could contribute to the application of governance at the university.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Relation between Metacognitive Awareness and Participation to Class
           Discussion of University Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Özkan Akman   and Bülent Alagöz   Form of inquiry should be based on cognitive approach, student-centered, question and inquiry-based, free of memorization and focused on high-level cognitive skills (critical-creative thinking and problem-solving) rather than conventional teacher-centered teaching and learning based on memorization and behavioral approach. The life quality of human beings will be increased with thought sharing and discussion and this increase is achieved by means of an adequate development of mental faculties such as critical and creative thinking, raising metacognitive awareness and problem solving. The purpose of this study is to assess the perceptions of prospective teachers related to the correlation between metacognitive awareness and participation in discussion. There is no significant correlation found between grade level and departmental differences, gender and general academic scores, participation in discussion and metacognitive awareness scores of university students participated in this study. However, there was a positive correlation between number of books read and participation in discussion. Moreover, there was a moderately significant positive correlation between participation to discussions and metacognitive awareness.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Examination of Listening Anxiety Level of the Students Who Learn
           Turkish as a Foreign Language

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Sercan Halat   and Murat Özbay   In 21st century which witnesses a range of extraordinary technological improvements; along with the world's turning into global-village-like place, it is a vital need that a common communication network being built up as a result of the interaction among the people whose nation, culture, language and beliefs differ drastically. With the aim of meeting this need, developed and developing countries have started to perform various studies in order to spread their languages all around the world. Similarly, one of those countries is Turkey where many studies are conducted in favour of teaching Turkish as a foreign language systematically and effectively. It is obvious that most of the studies are generally centered upon 'learning environment', 'curriculum' or 'learning materials'. However, cognitive-psychological dimension of learning is ignored. During the process of speaking, reading or writing in the foreign language, learners frequently develop anxiety and desperation. With the high level of anxiety, success in language education decreases considerably. This is the case for the listening skill which has an important place in language development. Since learners need to understand messages clearly and thoroughly in order to response properly, anxiety during listening or communication disorders resulting from it will affect development of language skills, making it impossible for people to communicate healthily.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Effect of Teacher Training on the Knowledge of Positive Behavior
           Support and the Quality of Behavior Intervention Plans: A Preliminary
           Study in Taiwan

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Pei-Fang Wu   The purpose of this study was to investigate whether through a series of teacher training. The participants could acquire better knowledge on Positive Behavior Support (PBS), and develop high quality behavior intervention plans. Thirty-six teachers from three public schools participated in the study. The competency-based training consisted of 12 sessions based on several key concepts of PBS. The participants were divided into 7 groups, and each group was required to complete a section of behavior intervention plan after each training session, until all sections were completed. A group pretest-training-posttest pre-experimental design was used to compare the knowledge and the quality of behavior intervention plans before and after the training. Results showed the knowledge of PBS and the substantive quality of PBS plans can be improved with teacher training. The implications for future research and practices were discussed.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • An Instructional Approach to Practical Solutions for Plagiarism

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Chi Hong Leung   and Simone Chung Ling Cheng   Plagiarism is an academic misconduct commonly found in the educational institutions nowadays. This paper first defines the types of plagiarism and explains the typical reasons for university students to engage in plagiarism. Then, the factors influencing plagiarism are discussed, including the access of materials on the Internet, the social norm of students and the academic policies in universities. This paper suggests an educational approach with the emphasis on the formative assessment to alleviate the problem of plagiarism. Formative assessments are more helpful when students do not need to hide their mistakes and are open about their limitations. This can provide more support for students developing their learning skills, compared with summative assessments in which students do all to suggest competence and conceal ignorance. A survey was performed to collect data about university students' attitudes to the final year project that is a kind of formative assessments. According to the result, the formative assessment is practical for students to understand plagiarism and avoid it. In addition, the learning experience from formative assessments is perceived to be beneficial in completing summative assessments.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Investigation of Patience Tendency Levels in Terms of Self-determination,
           Self-compassion and Personality Features

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Ayşe Eliüşük Bülbül   and Coşkun Arslan   The main objective of this study was to determine the relationship between self-determination, self-compassion and the five-factor personality traits of university students. Moreover it was aimed to determine whether self-compassion, self-determination and personality traits predict patience levels at a meaningful level. The sample population of this research consisted of a total of 1166 students; 704 female and 462 male students from the Universities of Bartın, Batman, Konya Necmettin Erbakan and Selçuk. The age range of the students was 17-30 and the average age was 20.89. The method used to determine students' patience points was the patience scale, which was developed by Schnitker [43] and adapted to Turkish by researchers Eliükük and Arslan [16]. The Self-Compassion Scale (Deniz, Kesici & Sümer, [15]), the Adjective Based Personality Test (SDKT) (Bacanlı, İlhan & Arslan, [2]) were used in order to determine the self-compassion scores and the Autonomous Self-Determination Scale (Ersoy & Güldü, [15]) was used to determine the self-determination scores. As a result of the research, a positive relationship was found between all sub-dimensions of patience and self-compassion. There was a significant relationship between the sub-dimensions of patience and the sub-dimension of self-determination. A positive correlation was found between the sub-dimensions of patience and Agreeableness, Openness to experiences and conscientious and a negative relation with Neuroticism. When self-compassion, self-determination and the five-factor personality traits were evaluated separately and together, it was seen that they can predict all sub-dimensions of patience.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • The Effect of Teaching Practices with Real Life Content in Light and Sound
           Learning Areas

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Sema Altun Yalçin   Paşa Yalçin   M. Said Akar   and Meryem Özturan Sağirli   In this present study, it was aimed to investigate the effect of teaching practices with real life content in light and sound learning areas. With this purpose, it was intended to determine the contribution of teaching practices with real life content (TPRLC) to the levels of pre-service teachers' skills to associate the light and sound learning areas with daily life. The research was designed with an experimental basis and data were collected with the pre-test, post-test pattern. The participants consisted of 30 university students who were in fourth grade in Secondary School Science Teacher Training Department. Data were collected with questionnaires including open-ended questions related to the Use of Learning Areas in Daily Life. With the results, it was found out that the levels of pre-service teachers in associating the learning areas with daily life doubled in light learning areas and trebled in sound learning areas.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • The Impact of Parental Level of Income on Students' Academic Performance
           in High School in Japan

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Chioma Henrietta Machebe   Bernedeth N. Ezegbe   and Joseph Onuoha   The socioeconomic status of a child parent impacts on the educational development and achievement of the child. This study evaluated the effect of socioeconomic status, specifically parents income and parents-child relationship on student's academic performance in Senior High School in Japan. Three hundred students of Senior High Schools in Osaka and Hyogo prefectures of Japan were randomly selected and used as the sample population. A well-structured questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection to ascertain the effect of parent's income status and attitude on student's academic performance at school using a four point Likert scale methodology. Academics grade point of students in an examination was also used as the determinant of students' academic achievement. Results showed that greater academic achievement for a student is attained by those students from financially buoyant families (Mean ± SD = 2.97 ± 0.88, X2 = 11.991, P = 0.007), however, 29.7% of students strongly disagree. More than half of respondents (>50%) disagree that financial constraint determines the number of children that goes to school in low income families. Average exam grade (Mean ± SD) points for students from parents with high, medium and low-income status was 77.29 ± 13.1, 77.9 ± 23.3 and 80.79 ± 10.13, respectively (P> 0.05). In conclusion, our finding show parents involvement in children school activities matter most than the parent's financial status in uplifting the children academic performance in school. Our recommendation is that parents should always encourage their children and provide moral support as well for the child to be emotionally stable and have confidence in their academic pursuit to achieve excellence.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Influence of Health Education and Healthy Lifestyle on Students' Academic
           Achievement in Biology in Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Babatunde, Ezekiel Olusegun   The positive effects of health education and healthy lifestyle on adolescent academic achievement cannot be over emphasized as learning experiences to help students accurately assess the level of risk-taking behaviour among their peers, emphasis on the value of good health that reinforces health-enhancing attitudes and beliefs are paramount. Little effort had been made by researchers to examine the influence of health education and healthy lifestyle on students' academic achievement. This study examined the influence of health education and healthy lifestyle on students' academic achievement in Biology. Seven hundred and twenty (720) students of both sexes participated in the study. Three instruments used in the study are Health Education Efficiency Questionnaire (α=0.89), Adolescent Healthy Lifestyle Questionnaire (α=0.94) and Biology Achievement Test (r=0.88). Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics of Multiple Regression at p
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Analysis of Ego Identity Status of School of Physical Education and Sports

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Mehmet Behzat Turan   Kenan Koç   and Barış Karaoğlu   This study aimed to analyze ego identity status of the candidates who studied in school of physical education and sports. For this purpose, randomly selected 651 individuals, who attended to Kayseri Erciyes University, school of physical education and sports, were included to this study. In this research, Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status scale that was developed by Marcia [1] and adapted to Turkish by Oskay [2] was used to determine volunteers' identity status. Data obtained from personal information form, ego identity status scale was analyzed with SPSS 20.0 package program. For the distribution of the obtained data, Kolmogrov Smirnov test statistics were used and parametric tests were conducted for statistical analyses. Personal information related to candidates was given as scale total scores and frequency (f) and percentage (%) values were determined. To eliminate the differences between the scores obtained from scales, Independent t test was used for gender variable while One Way Anova test was used for age, mother and father education levels, placing scores of candidates to their departments and higher education variables. As a result, meaningful difference was found between students' ego identity status and their age, education departments, mother education level and placing score to higher education while a meaningful difference was not found between students' ego identity status and gender and father education level. It was thought that students' ego identity status differentiated due to increase in student ages and different interactions of the education departments.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Use of WebQuests in Mathematics Instruction: Academic Achievement, Teacher
           and Student Opinions

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Arzu Aydoğan Yenmez   İlknur Özpinar   and Semirhan Gökçe   WebQuests are designed to ensure meaningful learning by combining technology with a constructivist approach in the classroom setting. This study aims to examine the effect of WebQuests used in instruction on students' academic achievements and the student and teacher opinions on WebQuests. The participants of this study using the quasi-experimental method were composed of 78 ninth-grade students and five mathematics teachers. Within this scope, WebQuests for the attainments in the domains of Data, Counting and Probability learning in the ninth-grade curriculum were developed by the researchers. The academic achievement test developed by the researchers was applied to the experimental and control groups as pretest, posttest and delayed posttest. In the implementation process, the experimental group was expected to solve the non-routine problems within WebQuests. The student and teacher opinions on the implementation were received at the end. The SPSS software package was utilized for quantitative data analysis and the qualitative data were subjected to a content analysis in the study. Consequently, it was discovered that the WebQuest teaching strategy had a positive impact on the student learning retention. Furthermore, the themes obtained through teacher and student opinions and recommendations of the study emphasize important issues for future studies.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Authentic Assessment Tool for the Measurement of Students' Understanding
           of the Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Karntarat Wuttisela   There are various types of instructional media related to Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) but there is a lack of diversity of resources devoted to assessment. This research presents an assessment and comparison of students' understanding of VSEPR theory before and after tuition involving the use of the foam molecule model (FMM) and hands-on activities in which students created models that represented 13 molecule shapes. It was found that the molecules that were created correctly before and after tuition were in the system without lone pair electrons (AX2) and the system with lone pair electrons (AX2E2). The molecules with which the students had most misconceptions, before and after tuition, were from the system without lone pair electrons (AX5) and the system with lone pair electrons (AX2E). These findings suggest that the FMM can be used as an assessment tool to reduce misconceptions about VSEPR theory.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Investigation to Improve the Process of Pre-service Teachers' Reflective
           Thinking Skills through an Action Research

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Ufuk Töman   This study aimed to pre-service teachers' reflective thinking and to reveal development of reflective thinking during the process of teaching and learning. This study was designed in the form of action research due to the nature of the case examined. The participants were 4 pre-service teachers at Bayburt University Faculty of Education Department of Elementary Science Education. Video recordings and reflective journals were used to collect the data for study. The qualitative data obtained were analyzed using the content analysis method. Reflective thinking skills developed at the end of the training process of pre-service teachers. However, the work of reflective thinking, planning a course for pre-service teachers participating in this study was shown to contribute to the professional development for the implementation and evaluation. The work done to improve the process of reflective thinking of pre-service teachers is determined to have a level reflecting the start of the technical field. At later stages of the process pre-service teacher are determined level of application and critical reflection levels. In this context, experience of pre-service teachers and reflection on these experiences provide that reflective thinking skills development for the planning, implementation and evaluation of a lesson.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Student Teachers' Perception of Intelligence and
           Their Goal Orientation

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Dilek İlhan Beyaztaş   Suzan Beyza Kaptı   and Barry Hymer   This study examines the views of student teachers in a Turkish university about intelligence (entity theory vs incremental theory) and goal orientation (performance goal orientation vs learning goal orientation) and the relationship between the two. Specifically, it seeks to understand whether there are any differences in participants' perceptions of intelligence and goal orientation across the 4-year (Years 1 to 4) teacher education programmes and across the seven disciplines (majors), and between males and females. The study includes an adaptation of the "Goal Orientation Scale", originally developed by Dweck[1], in order to measure students' goal orientation in Turkey. The study also uses the "Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale" which was adapted into Turkish by İlhan-Beyaztaş and Hymer[2] in order to identify students' perceptions of intelligence. A group of 1409 student teachers were found to score higher on entity theory and performance goal orientation, as compared to incremental theory and learning goal orientation respectively. There also existed variations across majors, years of learning, and between genders. Positively significant relationships were found between entity theory and performance goal orientation, and between incremental theory and learning goal orientation.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • The Effect on Elementary Science Education Based on Student's Pre-inquiry

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Houn Tae Kang   and Suk Goo Noh   In this research, after extracting the pre-inquiries (student-level question) for which students had curiosity in the elementary science and analyzing their correlation with the elementary science curriculum, highly correlated inquiries (meaningful pre-inquiries) were selected and applied in class. After organizing an experiment group and a controlled group with one each class of 6th grade in two elementary schools which showed homogeneity in prior research. This study collected pre-inquiries from the experiment group through a questionnaire and together with a science education experts selected inquiries significant to the elementary science curriculum. The selected pre-inquiries were used for each class and its activity (question -resolution class) to accomplish the class goal. Through this research class, this study conducted T-test, mean-difference test, in order to compare the difference by period and group in science process skills and science-related affective domain. In the result of the science process skills, the controlled group showed 16.20 score while the experiment group showed 17.70 so that the experiment group showed higher score and it was a significant difference(p
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • How to Integrate Student Internships into Legal Studies Research and
           Curriculum: A Case Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Jill O. Jasperson   The aim of this article is to answer the 'how' and 'why' of a Legal Studies internship experience at a public university. Internship is an integral part of student learning. Although the Faculty/Organizers conducted a free legal clinic for five years previous, this case study discusses a first time internship attempt by faculty and administration to meet the needs of students. This descriptive case study discusses students' research during the internship as well as various assignments and reflective papers. Problems with current practices are identified as well as best practices encountered.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Planning of Educational Informatics Network (EIN)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Osman Çekiç   and Meltem Kuşçu   Planning is a concept that takes place all throughout one's life. People plan their education, work, private lives, and careers; in other words, they plan their entire lives to achieve specific desired outcomes. Not only do individuals plan which schools they will attend, but also where they should live and which jobs they should take. Similar to life in general, one's educational career also is executed according to a plan. Although the educational planning was not based on a written text until the 1960s, the notion of education planning has existed since education itself. Technological inventions have been benefited from. Although it is seen, the differences of development of technology in every age, has not neglected to integrate the field of education. Technology has continued its development from duplicators and typewriters of yesterday to the smart boards and tablet computers of today. It is clear that future technological innovations will continue to find a place in education as they appear. The purpose of this study is to examine the planning of EIN (Education IT Network) integration via document analysis, part of the FATIH Project, to determine what problems exist in order not only to make a better educational plan, but also to emphasize the importance of having a good plan so that one may make proper use of EIN in lessons. Additionally, five ITC (Information Technology Counseling) teachers were interviewed in the study. These teachers were asked to share their ideas about the development of EIN and its integration into the subjects. The results indicate that EIN is a rapidly growing and developing application. It is additionally believed that EIN has reached such a level that can complete with the similar international applications.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Training and Appointing Processes of School Leaders in Developed and
           Developing Countries: How is the Situation in Turkey'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Aycan Çiçek Sağlam   Ali Geçer   and Derya Bağ   Goal of the study is to compare training and appointing processes of education administrators in developed and developing countries to see similarities and differences and also the situation in Turkey so as to give some suggestion thought to have some positive impacts on training and appointing-related problems of Turkish Education. Within the terms of this main goal, some developed countries such as England, United States, France and Finland as well as some developing countries such as Turkey, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary have been compared and contrasted in terms of training and appointing processes of education administrators. When taken insight into the results of the study; developed countries except for France have some pre-service training programs and this is a prior requirement to be appointed. When it comes to France, two- year on-the-job training is needed. Master degree in education management is also a pre-requisite for appointing in developing and developed countries but Turkey and Bulgaria. With the result of the study, it has turned out to be that Turkey hasn't got a pre-service training process among all those countries and the policy for education administrators' choosing and appointing has been changed almost every year over the past 10 years. In addition, it is seen that political interference is frequent thus leading to some conflicts. In view of solving Turkey's education problems in general, training, choosing and appointing processes of education administrators must be regulated in the light of new, permanent and consistent laws.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • An Evaluation of Oral Language: The Relationship between Listening,
           Speaking and Self-efficacy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Sezgin Demir   Listening and speaking skills are fundamental determinants of an individual's academic success. The aim of this research is to establish the relationship between listening and speaking skills, and study how listening predicts and cognitively arranges speaking. The research was carried out using the quantitative pattern in correlational type. The population of the research consists of a randomly chosen sample of 662 secondary school students from the city of Aksaray in Turkey. The data were gathered and analysed using the percentage and frequency techniques and gender variance comparisons were made. Independent group t-tests, and variance analysis were used on grade, parental education status, book reading, TV watching and internet use. To determine the relationship between the variables, Pearson correlation coefficient was used and to determine the predicting relationship, simple linear regression analysis was used. The research found that girls have higher verbal communication skills and that the higher the level of parental education and the more time spent reading books led to an increase in verbal communication skills and self-efficacy, whereas the amount of time spent watching TV and using a computer had a negative effect on self-efficacy. Statistics show that listening skill is a significant predictor of speaking skill.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • The Investigation of University Students' Forgiveness Levels in Terms of
           Self-compassion, Rumination and Personality Traits

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Tuncay Oral   and Coskun Arslan   The aim of the study is to investigate forgiveness levels of university students in terms of self-compassion, rumination and personality traits. A descriptive-correlational was used and self-administered questionnaires were conducted in this study. Participants of the study were 840 university students (460 females, 380 males) from different faculties of Pamukkale University chosen by random cluster sampling method. In this study, forgiveness was measured with Heartland Forgiveness Scale; self-compassion was measured with Self-compassion Scale; rumination was measured with Rumination about an Interpersonal Offense Scale, and personality traits were measured with Adjective Based Personality Scale. To examine the predictive power of self-compassion, rumination and personality traits on forgiveness, hierarchical regression analysis was used. According to the results of the study, among university students, self-compassion and extraversion are both significant predictors of self-forgiveness. And also, both of them predict self-forgiveness positively. However, rumination, neuroticism, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness of personality traits do not predict self-forgiveness. Also according to results, among university students, self-compassion, rumination and extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness are significant predictors of forgiveness of others. While self-compassion, extraversion and agreeableness predict forgiveness of others positively, rumination and conscientiousness predict negatively. Implications of these findings are discussed within the context of literature.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • Comparison of Objective and Subjective Methods on Determination of
           Differential Item Functioning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  9  Melek Gülşah Şahin   Research objective is comparing the objective methods often used in literature for determination of differential item functioning (DIF) and the subjective method based on the opinions of the experts which are not used so often in literature. Mantel-Haenszel (MH), Logistic Regression (LR) and SIBTEST are chosen as objective methods. While the data of an extensive examination in Turkey applied for objective methods, the data that are obtained from Expert Opinions Form used to evaluate the items of the same examination. The data obtained from 5077 female and 5271 male students are used for the objective methods, and 23 experts' opinions are used for subjective method. The concordance between the objective and subjective methods is calculated by using the compatibility rate and Cohen's kappa coefficient in the research. While the highest concordance related to the existence of DIF is obtained between MH and SIBTEST methods (.90; κ=0,79) and the lowest concordance is between LR and SIBTEST methods (.75; κ=0,50) in objective methods, When the concordance of the objective method with the subjective methods is examined, at least moderate concordance (.75; κ=0,47) is obtained in the decision. When items which have DIF is examined according to DIF level, three items indicate low level of DIF and one item indicates moderate or high level of DIF for both methods. In addition, in subjective method, a decision study is made on the number of the experts presenting opinion within the generalizability theory and the acceptable reliability value is reached with 13 experts' opinions.
      PubDate: Sep 2017
       
  • A Study on the Relationship between Self Directed Learning and Achievement
           in Information Technology of Students at Secondary Level

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Sajna Jaleel  and Anuroofa O.M.  Education at any level has normally been based on some image of the future; that was not impossible in a world that was changing slowly. Today, educators are preparing learners for a world we cannot even predict, and self-directed learning has become an essential foundation for 21st century learners. In recent years teachers are giving importance to technology based education such as student centered education, technology based education, hands-on training, lab-based education and e-learning in the classrooms. The underlying rationale seems to be that students are better able to learn when they can control the flow of their experience, or when their learning is 'self-directed.' Teachers are also has an important place in Self Directed Learning environment. Their constant support and motivation is required for accelerating the effectiveness and also increasing the rate of achievement. Information Technology (IT) is becoming the subject of 21st century, because knowledge in IT plays a crucial role for the daily living. In this paper, the Investigators tried to find out whether there exists any relationship between Self Directed Learning (SDL) and Achievement in Information Technology of Secondary School Students for the total sample and also for the subsample Gender. The Investigators also tried to find out whether there exists any significant difference in the Self Directed Learning and Achievement in Information Technology of Students at Secondary Level based on Gender. Proper statistical techniques were used for collecting, standardizing and analyzing the data.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • The Predictive Role of Emotional Intelligence on Personality and Shyness

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Coşkun Arslan   Ayşe Eliüşük Bülbül   and Çağla Girgin Büyükbayraktar   The main objective of this research is to determine the relationship between shyness, emotional intelligence and the five factor personality traits in university students. Furthermore it aims to determine whether the emotional intelligence and personality traits predict the Shyness levels at a significant level. The population of this study consisted of students from Bartın and Konya Necmettin Erbakan universities from which were 445 female and 172 male students with a total of 617 students. A random cluster sampling method was used in the selection of the sample. The age of the students ranged between 17 and 30 (-X= 19,25 and Ss=.613). Bar-on emotional intelligence scale, the shyness scale and finally Adjective Based Personality Test (SDKT) used in order to determine five factorial personality traits of the students. As a result of the study; a positive relation found between university students' shyness and neuroticism and between personality traits; extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness found to be negatively related. Between shyness and emotional intelligence, personal awareness, interpersonal relationships found a negative relationship between shyness and the general mood of the stress management and the compliance with the environment. Moreover it seen that personality traits and emotional intelligence were an important predictor of shyness.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Who am I' "I am a Swifty!" Some Stories from EFL Learners

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Sudatip Prapunta   This paper aims to report stories of two Thai learners who were purposively selected from a quantitative study of 233 freshmen. They study English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in the monolingual context. They were formally interviewed three times about their L2 motivation and learning experiences using narrative inquiry. Narrative data were supplemented by such personal and social artifacts as their memorable photos. The Ideal L2 self and the person-in-context relational view of motivation were used to analyze multifaceted aspects of both individual and contextual factors shaping their L2 self and identity. The findings suggested that they seemed to envision themselves becoming proficient English users. However, one student had stronger visions than another one. His L2 self and identity were highly influenced by the American pop culture, social media, and social networking from school to university. His desirable self-image tended to be strengthened by his sustained effort to communicate in English both inside and outside class. By applying the findings, stories of two participants can be used as exceptional cases, rather than generalizable, and as a basis for developing a series of pedagogical strategies which might be tested in the field of language teaching in the future.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • A Holistic Design Perspective on Entrepreneurship Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Kirsten Bonde Sørensen   and Helle Munkholm Davidsen   Entrepreneurship has revealed a new way of considering learning in educational institutions; but it presents a challenge to most schools. Entrepreneurial learning is asking the teachers to allow pupils to see new possibilities, take initiatives and be self-directed. However, this is difficult for teachers, since they are used to being in control of the teaching and are fixated on conventional curricula, teaching methods, use of knowledge, teaching styles, teacher-student relations, culture, habitat and assessments [1]. In entrepreneurship education, we tend to have a single focus, e.g. 'motivation', 'self-directed learning', 'learning goals' etc., but maybe we need to broaden our focus and look at the bigger picture. The main question in this paper is: how can we understand the challenge that entrepreneurial learning poses to the teacher's role and the learning culture in schools and additionally, how can we develop entrepreneurial education that meets these challenges' The paper refers to our research in a public school. Based on this research and additional literature review [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11] we suggest adding a design approach to entrepreneurship education. Additionally, we present a design approach that also takes the student's personal and inner focus into account.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • An Investigation into Geography Teachers' Use of Current Events in
           Geography Classes

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Yavuz Değirmenci   and Ilhan Ilter   This study aimed to investigate the extent to which geography teachers use current events within the context of their geography instruction, their sources of information about current events, the methods and techniques they adopt while using current events in their teaching and the skills and values they expect their students to develop. The study, which was designed using a pattern of qualitative research methods, was conducted with 15 geography teachers determined by a maximum diversity sampling technique in Bayburt, Turkey. A semi-structured interview form was used to reveal the teachers' opinions. The data were analysed using the content analysis technique. The results showed that all of the teachers involved in the study followed current events when teaching geography. Some of the reasons why the teachers followed current events included the fact that geography science is considered as an axis course in life, providing permanent geographical knowledge for students and allowing them to gain a variety of perspectives. Furthermore, the sources that the teachers used most often when following current events were the internet use, newspapers and scientific publications and magazines. The teachers aimed to teach geography-specific skills, such as geographical inquiry, map reading and interpretation and field observations, to their students by using current events. However, the teachers did not employ student-centred activities while using current events and they transferred geography knowledge and skills to their students mostly through lectures, question-answer sessions and whole-class discussion.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Reasonable Adjustments in Learning Programs: Teaching Length, Mass and
           Capacity to Students with Intellectual Disability

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Jelene Du Plessis   and Bronwyn Ewing   Developed in concert with twelve special schools (Prep to Year 12) in Queensland, this paper regarding reasonable adjustments that promote quality differentiated teaching practice in special education math classrooms represents the knowledge and expertise of fifty teachers in special education. Survey responses and empirical evidence suggest that three conclusions are warranted: 1) That a focus on reasonable adjustments which is highly individualised, comprehensive and ongoing, needs to be strengthened to positively affect student learning and progression; 2) Neither assessment of student learning in mathematics or failure to respond to the results is sufficient for making judgements about students' learning; and 3) special education teachers do require strong knowledge and skill with differentiating their teaching practice to ensure that students access the curriculum at appropriate year levels.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Evaluation of Mathematics Teacher Candidates' the Ellipse Knowledge
           According to the Revised Bloom's Taxonomy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Aytaç Kurtuluş   and Tuba Ada   In this study, the teacher candidates who learnt to find the algebraic equation corresponding to geometric structure of the ellipse in analytic geometry classes were requested to find the algebraic representations corresponding to the structures that contained ellipses in different positions. Thus, it would be possible to determine higher order thinking skills of the teacher candidates' ellipse knowledge in the applying, analyzing, evaluating and creating categories according to the Revised Bloom's Taxonomy. The results showed that the teacher candidates in the Applying category completed the Remembering and Understanding categories since the learning outcomes in cognitive learning domain regarding the ellipse knowledge are in hierarchical order. Therefore, the teacher candidates' overall achievement level was in the Applying category at minimum. In addition, the results revealed that about two-thirds of the teacher candidates were in Analyzing, Evaluating or Creating categories of higher-order cognitive learning domain in terms of analytically examining ellipses.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Pre-planning for Service Learning: Creative Strategies through the Lens of
           Poverty

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Anne Mejia-Downs   and Julie Gahimer   College students involved in service learning are often challenged to consider a deeper appreciation for persons from diverse populations. Many clients in the community organizations we serve are financially disadvantaged. To increase understanding of this common social condition, we implemented pedagogical techniques to bring the realities of poverty into our service-learning course. The purpose of this paper is to describe three different strategies, ranging from pre-packaged programming to self-designed activities, which were used to educate students about the role of poverty in society. These strategies included, 1) a Poverty Simulation which "enables participants to view poverty from different perspectives in an experiential setting", 2) engagement with impoverished clients from a local organization, and 3) group activities using online resources such as videos, a poverty quiz, and games. Students were asked to reflect on their previous views on poverty and how these activities affected them. The aim of these strategies was to encourage students to consider a broad range of perspectives (personal, community, and policy), recognize biases and stereotypes, and link the service learning experience to a broader context in society.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Educational Innovation: Reading Meaning and Sense

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Evelyne Suárez Hortiales   Angelica Ramos Nieto   and María Elena Zepeda Hurtado   In recent years concern about Mexican reading habits has increased. Statistics show short reading interest; an average Mexican reads 3.8 books a year [1]. As teachers, reading habits are important and reflect students' skills and academic performances. Many teachers would complain about students reading habits; it is considered to be non-existent. Teachers might say "students neither read nor write." Students lend and borrow books; questions rely on what are students reading' How do students understand what they know' A survey was carried out on a random sample of students from "Centro de Estudios Científicos y Tecnológicos" (CECyT) campus 11 "Wilfrido Massieu" and campus 15 "Diódoro Antúnez Echegaray" belonging to Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN), to know readings and motivations. Quantitative methodologies with an exploratory range were applied. Results; students mostly read books from which North American movies based on, best and long seller books and pdf formats. A workshop was brought about, four sessions per month, to discuss each book, themes, and students' perceptions. Monitors were teachers from different areas and school subjects. Teacher's prejudices interfered on student's discussions and opinions. Reading is a complicated process; it is developed from previous stages. Resume doing, as the primary objective, impedes students from comprehending all information.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Investigation of Participation Motivations in Exercises of Students
           Participating in Archery in Extra Curricular Activities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Nevin Gündüz   Muzaffer Toprak Keskin   and Fuat Erduğan   The aim of this research is to investigate Investigation of Participation Motivations in Exercises of Students Participating in Archery in Extra Curricular Activities. While the study's universe consists of all 11th graders studying at High school, the sample includes 32 of the 11th grade students who participated in arrow shooting activities in extracurricular activities. These students have not participated in arrow shooting activities before, and do not know how to shoot arrows. In the qualitative part of the research, a total of 18 students including 9 female and 9 male volunteers participated. In this study, the arrow shooting activity covers a total of 12 weeks, once a week, two lesson hours. Exercise Participation Motivation Inventory was used as the quantitative data collection tool in the research and it was applied to the students at the end of 12 weeks. Also, skills assessment test prepared by teacher and trainer were applied before and after 12 weeks to evaluate the skill of archery and semi-structured interview questions (8 questions) were applied for qualitative data. According to the quantitative results of the research, "Skill Development" is the most important motivational factor that motivates students to participate in exercise before 12 weeks of activity and afterwards Students' average scores related to the subscales in the Participation Motivations of Exercise before 12 weeks of activity were found to be "Health", "Competition", "Appearance", "Social and Entertainment" and "Skill Development". After 12 weeks of activity, it is found that students' average scores show increase in "Health", "Competition", "Appearance", "Social and Entertainment", and "Skill Development" sub-dimensions. A t-test was performed on the related samples to determine whether this increase was significant or not and it was found to be statistically significant. A t-test was conducted between students' pre-test and post-test averages of the students' shooting arrow skill test before and after 12 weeks of the activity and a statistically significant difference was determined (P=0.00). According to the results of the qualitative analysis of the study, these students were very pleased with arrow shooting, their attention to these spores and concentration increased, and most importantly, they stated that their opinion regarding physical education course changed positively.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Determining the Attitudes of Undergraduate Students Having Vocational
           Music Education towards Individual Instrument Course According to
           Different Variables

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Taner Uluçay   This study was carried out in order to determine attitudes of undergraduate students who studied music vocationally towards the individual instrument course according to the variables of grade, gender, individual instrument and graduated high school type. The research data were obtained from 102 undergraduate students studying in Erzincan University, Faculty of Education, Fine Arts Education Department, Music Program. The research data were provided using 'Individual Instrument Attitude Scale' developed by Yalçınkaya and Eldemir. [1] The data collected using the scale were analyzed with SPSS 22 package software, and were tabulated. In the light of the data presented in the tables, the data were interpreted. At the end of the research, it was noticed that there was no significant difference between individual instrument course attitude scores of the students according to the level of grade; number of female students was more than the number of male students, and there was a significant difference between individual instrument course attitude scores according to gender. Although the number of participants was limited, it was concluded that individual instrument course scores of male students was more than the attitude scores of female students (LA: 59.23>45.97). It was also determined that there was a significant difference between the individual instrument course attitude scores according to the type of instrument, and the lowest score was noticed to be for violin instrument with the most number of students (LA: 41.97). In general, line average scores of Turkish music instruments were determined to be higher rather than the universal instrument scores. In the research, consequently, individual instrument course attitude scores were analyzed according to the type of graduated high school, and line averages of the pre-service music teachers graduated from fine arts high schools were noticed to be higher rather than the pre-service music teachers graduated from other high schools, and this difference was concluded to be significant (LA: 52.35>48.00).
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • The "P2P" Educational Model Providing Innovative Learning by Linking
           Technology, Business and Research

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Paul Gordon Dickinson   This paper evaluates the effect and potential of a new educational learning model called Peer to Peer (P2P). The study was focused on Laurea, Hyvinkaa's Finland campus and its response to bridging the gap between traditional educational methods and working reality, where modern technology plays an important role. The study describes and evaluates an undergraduate business management programme. A qualitative methodological approach was used in assessing the students' experience of projects with businesses and their theoretical learning without formal lectures. Student feedback via in-depth interviews forms the basis which provides empirical findings from students from different countries. Specific projects involving real businesses within this unique P2P programme are described and assessed within the overall objective. The study concludes that although it requires a different role from both teachers and students the relevance for European education is that both academically and practically this type of model delivers a more employable graduate with more transferable business skills.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Engaging Foreign Curriculum Experts in Curriculum Design: A Case Study of
           Primary School Curriculum Change in Lesotho

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Molise David Nhlapo   and Lokesh Ramnath Maharajh   Involvement of foreign consultants in the Lesotho curriculum design has been in operation since the beginning of formal education around 1833 in the country to-date. The expectation was that, with time, Lesotho would produce enough quality curriculum specialists who would be entrusted with the task of curriculum design. However, the trained citizens continued to engage foreign consultants in curriculum design. This paper presents some of the reasons for continued engagement of foreign consultants in the Lesotho curriculum centre. The study is a case study in which a qualitative approach was used as the conceptual framework to interrogate the value of curriculum specialists mandated to design the Lesotho curriculum. Data used in this study were solicited from one-on-one interviews of curriculum specialists. The findings reveal one of the main reasons for engaging foreign consultants as lack of training for newly employed curriculum specialists while on the other hand, less qualified and inexperienced curriculum specialists are employed which led to a huge staff turnover due to unfavourable working conditions in the Lesotho curriculum development centre. This resulted in the lack of knowledge of curriculum design where curriculum specialists took too long to design a low quality curriculum.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Investigating the Relationship between Educational Stress and Emotional
           Self-Efficacy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Nihan Arslan   The objective of study is the underlying to relationship between emotional self-efficacy and educational stress with a structural equation model. The research was conducted on 232 secondary school students. Emotional self-efficacy scale and educational stress scale were used in the study. It was found that there was a negative correlation between emotional self-efficacy and educational stress. Findings obtained from the structural equation model; educational stress were negatively predicted by emotional self-efficacy. The fit index obtained from the structural equation model show that the model fits well. Findings are discussed depending on the literature.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Āta: An Indigenous Knowledge Based Pedagogical Approach to Teaching

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Huhana Forsyth   Western education theory and philosophy as the domain of the dominant pedagogy forms the basis of the New Zealand education system. Although the current form of education is reflective of the dominant cultures ideologies and philosophies it does not always serve the interests of all students. The philosophy of Āta offers an indigenous knowledge based pedagogical approach to teaching that has the potential to not only transform the learning experience of all students, but also provide teachers with a theory of best practice that is holistic and relational.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Reading, Writing and Linguistics Areas in French as a Foreign Language

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Senem Seda Şahenk Erkan   Globalization and technological developments have caused several students to start their academic careers with the challenge of mastering at least two languages. The purpose of this study is to examine the importance of reading, linguistics, and writing areas in French as a Foreign language (FFL) at the A2 (Waystage) language level. This study was prepared using a mixed method, with reading and writing tests (quantitative method), in which 120 students participated, and interviews (qualitative method) with 20 students. The results of this research indicated that the consequences of the reading and writing test are very high (their scores were between 85-100 points). The results of the interviews justified that the learners succeed in their reading and writing activities. In addition, they indicated that they had no negative feelings toward this application.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Avogadro's Hypothesis after 200 Years

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Lubomir Held   Avogadro's conception of the structure of gases was not widely accepted by his contemporaries—probably because the hypothesis was not supported by direct evidence. This problem is rarely addressed in schools. This article discusses the difficulties that accompany the acceptance of new ideas. Such difficulties may be associated with the ways in which scientists reason. Furthermore, we have developed a simple experiment in which these complex matters can be introduced to students. Specifically, we put students into the situation that was faced by chemists 200 years ago. This article aims to discuss (1) why Avogadro's ideas were not accepted by his contemporaries, and (2) how these ideas could be used to teach chemistry in a meaningful way.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Face-to-Face vs On-line: An analysis of Profile, Learning, Performance and
           Satisfaction among Post Graduate Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Alberto Ortega-Maldonado   Susana Llorens   Hedy Acosta   and Cristián Coo   The aim of this study is to explore the differences between face-to-face and on-line students in a post graduate education program. The variables considered are Post Graduate Student's profile, competences and learning outcomes, academic performance and satisfaction. The sample was composed by 47 students (64% face-to-face). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and student's t utilizing SPPS Statistics 22.0 were performed. Results showed differences in all variables: (i) Regarding student profile, face-to-face students were younger and from a broader range of nationalities; (ii) Both students' profiles showed positive and significant differences between their pre-post competences, learning outcomes and self-evaluation scores in several of the programs courses. Moreover, there were significant differences when considering specific courses and profiles; (iii) Face-to-face students obtained better grades in 4 out of 7 courses of the post graduate program; (iv) Finally, face-to-face students reported higher satisfaction and a more positive perception of the teaching methodologies utilized than on-line students. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed to improve specific teaching methodologies for on-line students.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Pre-service Social Studies Teachers' Viewpoints about Atatürk as Founding
           and Transformational Leader

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Cengiz Dönmez   Salih Uslu   and Ercenk Hamarat   The aim of the current study is to identify the opinions of pre-service social studies teachers about Atatürk as a founding and transformational leader. The sample of the study comprises 180 pre-service teachers in the social studies teaching department of an education faculty in a public university. The data have been collected through an open-ended questionnaire prepared by the researchers. Content analysis has been used for the data analysis; the findings have been presented in tables through the frequency technique which is used for quantifying qualitative data, and percentage distributions have been given. Moreover, direct quotations from the opinions of the participants have been included so that quantitative data could be interpreted in a more meaningful way. The findings of the study show that the viewpoints of the pre-service teachers about Atatürk as a founding and transformational leader mostly gather around Atatürk as the founder of Turkish Republic, a foresighted leader and a transformational leader.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Quantitatively Assessing Reported Crime versus Enrollment among Selected
           Higher Education Institutions

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Daniel Doss   Hilliard Lackey   David McElreath   Balakrishna Gokaraju   Raymond Tesiero   Don Jones   and Glenna Lusk   This study uses multiple regressions to examine campus safety and campus security from the perspective of societal crime that occurs external to an institution of higher education versus institutional enrollment. The findings herein showed one statistically significant outcome involving the crime of aggravated assault. Student affairs and other institutional leaders may find this study useful when contemplating enrollment issues and Clery Act reporting requirements.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • A Review of Instruments for Assessing Body Image in Preschoolers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  10  Cuesta-Zamora, Cristina   and Navas, Leandro   Society has produced many idealized and unattainable standards of beauty. These may be internalized by young children, increasing the risk of body dissatisfaction, which is the strongest predictor of eating disorders. Prompted by this concern, the aim of the present research was to identify and analyze the instruments that have been used to measure body perception and body dissatisfaction in preschoolers. To this end, we reviewed 18 articles published between 2005 and 2017 and retrieved from the PsycINFO and MEDLINE databases. Our results indicated that the instruments used to assess body image comprise silhouette scales, interviews and questionnaires. The results suggest that body dissatisfaction is higher when assessed with silhouette scales compared to questionnaires and interviews in preschoolers. When developing instruments to assess preschoolers' body image, it is important to take their cognitive development into account.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Struggle with School Absenteeism in Compulsory Education: Different
           Country Approaches and Policies

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Sait Akbaşlı   Mehmet Şahin   and St. Pınar Mardin Yılmaz   This research has been conducted to discuss the absenteeism in compulsory education and the proposed policies for reducing this problem with the school practices. In this context, the general situation regarding the absenteeism in the Turkish education system has been put forward and the current practices and policies have been addressed. Furthermore, in other countries, the current situation and practices of non-attendance in the compulsory education process and what can be done are discussed. This research is a qualitative research and case study designed. In the research, data were collected via literature research. During the collection of data; in addition to the literature on absenteeism in our country, it has been also benefited from the publications of the education ministries of the countries and other academic documents in order to see how is address internationally. In this context, the approaches and strategies that are generally followed by countries are investigated by looking at the absenteeism processes of the countries. In particular, referring to example approaches and policies incentives and support mechanisms are described. In this context, the main approaches are; legal regulations, in-school practices, computer technology and family-supported practices.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Professional Interactions: Negotiation and Expression for Future
           Physicians and Healthcare Providers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Andrew J. Pan   Aaron J. Pan   and Kimberlyn R. Leary   The rapid pace of change in medicine requires doctors to be effective conflict mediators and negotiators in the clinical workplace, and a multitude of research connects strong physician-patient communication to improved patient outcomes. Disparities in such skills exist among medical students and professionals, and are neither taught nor evaluated in a standardized fashion in U.S. medical school curriculums. A structured course would benefit patients by providing protected time for medical students to refine these skills. Our proposed course, titled "Professional Interactions: Negotiation and Expression for Future Physicians and Healthcare Providers" and referred to hereafter as PINE, is outlined here to provide a starting point for those seeking to create or supplement a similar course at their institutions. PINE, ideally, would tap the multidisciplinary expertise of leaders in medicine, the humanities, business, local community organizations, and education to facilitate student engagement with a variety of topics in interpersonal communication and negotiation.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • The Effect of Vocational High School Administrators' Leadership Behaviors
           on Teacher Job Satisfaction

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Said Taş   The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of vocational high school administrators' leadership behaviors on teacher job satisfaction. The study group of the research consists of 21 technical teachers who work at vocational high schools in the city of Isparta. The data obtained have been analyzed by calculating the frequency, arithmetic mean, correlation and regression analyses. The vocational high school administrators exhibit all types of behaviors in every dimension of leadership at the level of "frequently". It has been understood that there is a significant correlation between the dimensions of administrators' leadership behaviors and teacher job satisfaction. Another considerable finding of the research is that the effect of individual-oriented leadership behaviors - one of the dimensions of leadership behaviors- on teacher job satisfaction is higher than the effects of other dimensions of leadership behaviors.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Changing Paradigms: From Schooling to Schools as Adaptive Recommendation
           Systems

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Anne Kristine Petersen   Rene B Christiansen   and Karsten Gynther   The paper explores a shift in education from educational systems requiring student adaptation to educational recommendation systems adapting to students' individual needs. The paper discusses the concept of adaptation as addressed in educational research and draws on the system theory of Heinz von Foerster to shed light on how the educational system has used and understood adaptation. In this context, we point out two different approaches to educational adaptation: 1) students adapting to the educational system and 2) the attempt of the educational system to adapt to students through automatized system adaptation and recommendation systems. These different understandings constitute a design framework that is used to analyze two current trends: Adaptive learning systems and learning analytics. Finally, the paper discusses the potential of looking at adaptation as recommendation systems by presenting a case, which is methodologically inspired by Design-Based Research, in the form of a special type of adaptive MOOC, the so-called adaptive SPOC (Small Private Online Course).
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • High Quality Differentiated Instruction - A Checklist for Teacher
           Professional Development on Handling Differences in the General Education
           Classroom

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Wouter Smets   This paper presents a checklist that scaffolds teachers' professional decision-making with regard to differentiated instruction. It discusses the way the concept of differentiated instruction may be applied in an evidence-informed way by presenting a checklist for high-quality differentiated instruction (DI). We tried to tackle the question of how to implement differentiated instruction in a research-informed way. We sought answers in meta-analyses on effective teaching practices. To investigate accordance between this literature and two models for DI, all elements in these models were operationalized. We scrutinized whether the operational elements in these models are characterized by effectivity as effective teaching practices. The result is an evidence-informed checklist that helps teachers who want to apply the concept of DI in their practice which consists of three sets of criteria: (1) the teachers in relation to the students; (2) the teacher and the learning goals; (3) the teacher and the lesson design. The checklist clearly indicates that DI requires a repertoire of teaching methods. Most elements mentioned in both models for DI are supported by evidence-based research, however the application of flexible grouping and the use of learning styles for DI are discussed. This checklist may aid teachers to assess and improve their own teaching practice.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • A Place for Digital Storytelling in Teacher Pedagogy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Anne-Marie Clarke   Traditional school subjects are challenged by the acceleration of access to knowledge in the new age of media available to both teachers and students. Teachers who are socialized into existing traditional practices are now encouraged to introduce technology into their pedagogy. This Paper explores a particular way in which teachers can creatively introduce a new and useful technology known as Instructional Digital Storytelling (IDS), guided by the Technological, Pedagogical and Content framework (TPACK) developed by Mishra and Koehler [1]. It illustrates how, through narrative inquiry, teacher experience of both the creation and use of Digital Storytelling for instructional purpose in a Secondary School setting, highlighted challenges, rewards, accelerated learning and developed a community of practice across subject disciplines. The focus is on the reconstruction of the experience of creating a Digital Story on four levels: a) Internal structures of blending voice over, imagery and sound to create a successful IDS; b) Experience of challenges and negotiations in crafting the story; c) Experience of sharing with students; d) Recognition of themes and patterns which may have emerged among the participants.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • The Effect of Situated Learning on Students' Vocational English Learning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Melike Özüdoğru   and Fatma Özüdoğru   The current study aimed to find out the effect of situated learning on students' Vocational English learning. This research employed a mixed method research design. In the quantitative part of the study, pre-tests and post-tests were implemented to investigate the differences in students' vocational English learning between the experimental and the control group. Besides, the qualitative part of the research consisted of semi-structured interviews in order to explore students' perceptions about situated learning. This study involved 116 second grade students who were studying in the department of Accounting Information Systems. The data were gathered through an achievement test, developed by the researchers, and semi-structured interviews. A paired samples t-test and independent samples t-test were employed in order to analyze the quantitative data. Furthermore, descriptive analysis was carried out to analyze the qualitative data. According to the findings of the study, the average score of the achievement test for control group was found to be lower than the experimental group; however, a significant difference was not obtained. It was also unearthed that the perceptions of students about situated learning were mostly positive. Thus, it can be concluded that situated learning can be used successfully in teaching students vocational English.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Science Instruction through the Game and Physical Activities Course: An
           Interdisciplinary Teaching Practice

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Celal Boyraz   and Gökhan Serin   The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of science instruction given through the game and physical activities course in accordance with interdisciplinary teaching approaches on students' science achievement and retention. The participants were 82 third grade students from a public elementary school. Three classes were chosen as experimental groups and one class was chosen as a control group in the school. The instruction period lasted for five weeks in all groups. The data were collected by an achievement test and an education portal achievement (EPA) test. The pretest-posttest control group design was used in the study. Data obtained from the tests were analyzed through one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc analyses. The findings indicated that some of the experimental groups were more successful than the control group with large effect sizes. The results suggested that the game and physical activities course incorporating interdisciplinary teaching approaches could be used in increasing students' science achievement and retention of science knowledge.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Media with Captions and Description to Support Learning among Children
           with Sensory Disabilities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Juanita Rodriguez, Ed. D   and Maria Victoria Diaz, M.S.D   The basis of this exploratory research was to study the benefits of using accessible media to enhance students from Hispanic origin with sensory disabilities' reading skills. A mixed method was used to explore the results of the use of captions and description in educational audiovisual content to enhance reading by increasing the vocabulary of students who are sensory disabled (Deaf-D/Hard of Hearing-HH or Visually Impaired-VI/Blind-B) and to motivate them to read by accessing media material. In the intervention teachers of the HH and of the VI/B explored the previous knowledge their students have on the topic presented, and following Discovery en la Escuela strategy for literacy acquisition using media, combined with accessibility features training, students were asked what they know and what they did not know about the video content. This piece aims to provide appropriate attention to the needs of children with sensory disabilities from Hispanic backgrounds through controlled strategies. Accessible media in Spanish to Hispanic students with hearing or visual challenges, open a new alternative to access information that otherwise is unavailable to them. Based on the results of this research study, it is recommended that teachers of students with sensory disabilities, and regular education teachers who have students with sensory disabilities in their classroom, be trained to use this strategy to provide equal access to the information taught.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • According to Candidate Teachers Views Classroom Management Problems of
           Teachers in Traditional and Technology-supported Classrooms

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Said Taş   In this research, it is aimed to investigate classroom management problems of middle school 6th and 7th grade teachers in traditional and technology-supported classrooms and differences between them. For this purpose the opinions of the students in the 4th grade of Primary Education Department in Faculty of Education of Süleyman Demirel University have been taken. In data analysis, t- test was used by calculating the arithmetic mean. As a result of the research it has been found that technology-supported classrooms are more aesthetic than traditional classrooms, but lighting is insufficient in technology-supported classrooms, teachers do not change the methods and techniques they use during the course in both traditional and technology-supported classrooms, the use of technology in classrooms provides teachers with help in managing the time, teachers in both traditional and technology-supported classrooms prefer standing at the same point but teachers in technology-supported classrooms can motivate students more easily and the use of technology makes no difference in the frequency of undesired behaviors out of the course.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • The Challenges of Teaching EFL Listening in Iraqi (Kurdistan Region)
           Universities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Rauf Avci   and Natela Doghonadze   The article is dedicated to the issue of teaching EFL listening in Kurdistan region of Iraq. The important role of listening skills in a FL learning is presented, and the difficulties of listening are analyzed, including language (vocabulary, grammar) and psychological (low motivation and self-confidence as well as a high level of listening anxiety) factors. The article involves a questionnaire survey with participation of 98 students from 8 universities in Kurdistan Region of Iraq and 28 teachers from 7 universities in the same region (universities mostly overlap, so totally 9 universities are involved). The survey shows that the level of listening anxiety among the students is quite high.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • The Opinions of the Turkish Teacher Candidates about the Webquest

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Ahmet Akçay   Webquest, first introduced by Dodge in 1995, is a research and inquiry tool that uses the Internet as a resource. The interest of the students regarding the characteristics is included in the related literature according to the researches made. There is a need for studies to be regarded by the teacher candidates for the webquests regarded by the teachers and students. The purpose of this research is to determine the opinions of Turkish teacher candidates who have knowledge about Webquest and have designed the Webquest about the Webquest and the difficulties they faced in Webquest design process. For this purpose, an interpretive basic qualitative research patterns was used in the research. The study group of the research consisted of 46 teacher candidates. The study group is composed of teacher candidates who have knowledge about the Webquest and designed Webquest before the interview. Semi-structured interview form was applied to collect data in the research. In analyzing the data, both content and descriptive analysis techniques were used together. As a result of the research, it has been found that the teacher candidates think that the webquests have many advantages for both students and the teachers, as well as there are some limitations in Webquests, and they have experienced various difficulties in the Webquest designing process, focusing on Internet resources.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Comparative Study of Sport Mental Toughness between Soccer Officials

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Bülent Okan Miçooğulları   Hayrettin Gümüşdağ   Uğur Ödek   and Özkan Beyaz   Gucciardi et al. (2009) [1] suggest that mental toughness is more a function of environment than domains, and as such, mental toughness is potentially important in any environment that requires performance setting, challenges, and adversities. Due to vital importance of mental toughness in sports and particularly in soccer, this paper focused on the comparison of sport mental toughness levels of soccer officials with their age group, education level, refereeing category and sports experience years. Mental toughness was checked by Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ). The SMTQ was applied to soccer officials (159 licensed referees) who all were registered to the Turkish Football Federation (TFF). The sample consisted of 146 male subjects, mean age was 29.10 years (SD = 7.54, range = 19-54) and 13 female subjects mean age was 22.82 years (SD = 4.71, range = 19-27). To determine the difference of Sport Mental Toughness level among soccer referees One-Way ANOVA was used for normal distribution and Scheffé Test was used for determining the differences across groups with through SPSS Package 21.0 and the significant level was set at 0.05. The findings of this research paper showed that there were significant differences between soccer officials' three sub-factors (confidence - constancy - control) of mental toughness and their officiating experience years. This could be attributed to the fact that 15 and above years experienced officials were mentally tougher than those with 0-5 years' experience and those with 6-10 years' experience. There were not any significant differences between other variables (refereeing categories, education levels and age groups) of soccer officials and their mental toughness levels.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Determination of Reading Levels of Primary School Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Hülya Kodan   In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the reading performances of 2nd, 3rd and 4th graders. The study was designed in a scanning model. The research was conducted with 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade students studying in Bayburt, Turkey. The appropriate reading rates, reading speeds and reading errors of the students were examined by asking them to read a narrative text appropriate to their class. The texts were selected from the books distributed to the schools by the Ministry of National Education. Error Analysis Inventory was used to diagnose reading difficulties of students and to collect data about their reading performances. It was used to determine the reading levels of the readers individually. The present study is important since it identify students with reading difficulties and determines the necessary programs to overcome these difficulties.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Examination of Occupational Anxiety Levels and Academic Self-efficacy of
           Physical Education Teacher Candidates

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Zeka Pehlevan   Eda Muştu   and Fatma Çepikkurt   This study aims at determining the occupational anxiety level of pre-service physical education teachers according to variables, and revealing the correlation between occupational anxiety and academic self-efficacy. Study group consists of 586 pre-service teachers from 10 different universities in Turkey. Data is collected by "Occupational Anxiety Scale for Pre-Service Teachers (OAS)" and "Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES)". T-test and One-Way ANOVA are used for data analysis, and Levene test is conducted for variance equality. Confidence interval is .95. For gender variables, the results reveal that women's occupational anxiety is significantly higher than men's in the dimensions of OAS "total occupational anxiety", "socio-economic anxiety" and "school management anxiety" (p
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • The Study of the 5-6 Year-old Children's Appreciation the Humour at
           Preschool Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Elif Yalçıntaş Sezgin   and Recep Hatipoğlu   The aim of this study is to determine how the 5-6 year-old preschool children evaluate the humour through pictural analysis of their drawings about humour. The study was conducted with 52 preschoolers aged 5-6 at independent preschools attached to the Ministry of National Education. The data were collected through drawing and interview techniques. The obtained data were analysed by using the content analysis technique. The drawings by the preschoolers were found to support the Absurd Theory, the incongruity and the stages of development in humour, Bariaud's and McGhee's theories about the preschoolers and their styles of expressing the humour.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Elementary School Students Perception Levels of Problem Solving Skills

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Güneş Yavuz   Yasemin Deringöl   and Çiğdem Arslan   The purpose of this study is to reveal the perception levels of problem solving skills of elementary school students. The sample of the study is formed by totally 264 elementary students attending to 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grade in a big city in Turkey. Data were collected by means of 'Perception Scale for Problem Solving Skills' which consists of two sub-dimensions. As a result of the study, the perception level of problem solving skills of elementary school students was high and there was no difference according to their genders. Perception levels of problem solving skills of students show a significant difference according to their grade levels. This difference is due to the fact that 8th grade levels are lower scores than other grades. At the same time, there is a similar and significant relationship between students' perception scores for problem-solving skills and the sub-dimension 'Perceived willingness and commitment towards problem solving skills' scores.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Examination of the Views of Class Teachers Regarding the Errors Primary
           School Students Make in Four Operations

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Alper Yorulmaz   and Halil Önal   Teaching of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division in mathematics starts from the first years of primary school. The learning output for four operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) affects student success at every level of mathematics education from primary to higher education. At this point errors, misunderstandings and possible misconceptions of students need to be identified, eliminated, and the forms of instruction that prevent its formation need to be investigated. This study aims to identify the errors primary school students make in four operations according to the views of class teachers. The study was designed in the qualitative research design and the semi-structured interview form prepared by the researchers was used in the study. The study group consisted of 48 class teachers. It has been found out that students make more errors in adding, subtracting and multiplying decimal digits, and using zero in division. In addition, classroom teachers stated that the mistakes made in four operations result mostly from student, teacher, program and the student's family and environment respectively. Teachers made course content, teacher, student and family oriented suggestions to eliminate the mistakes in four operations.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Technical Education - The Key to Sustainable Technological Development

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Odo J.U.   Okafor W.C.   Odo A.L.   Ejikeugwu L.N.   and Ugwuoke C.N.   Technical education has been identified as one of the most effective human resource development that needs to be embraced for rapid industrialization and sustainable technological development of any nation. Technical education has been an integral part of national development in many societies because of its impact on productivity and economic development. This paper discusses the dearth of skilled technical manpower in Nigeria and its effect on the technological development of the nation. It advocates for a comprehensive revitalization of technical education in Nigeria to promote workforce partnership needed to develop innovative approaches or replicate models that operationally demonstrate has demand ¬technological the society needs. Efforts and ways by both by the government and individuals to train and produce the required manpower for the achievement of vision 20, 2020 objectives were also suggested by the authors.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • The Influence of Teacher Training for the Attention of Students with
           Intellectual Disabilities in the Transitional Period to Adulthood

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Silvia Carrascal   and Yolanda García Rodríguez   Nowadays, inclusive schools should be characterized by a high level of commitment in teacher training. To achieve this goal, teachers should be trained in teaching competences in contexts of a great diversity. Their task will be to teach intellectually disabled students by adapting the educational contents through the use of educational resources. In this context, an interdisciplinary training based on integrating social and cultural values is to develop capacities and skills which are related to comprehensive attitudes towards students; attitudes to promote dialogue, as well as a reflection on teacher training combined with an interdisciplinary collaboration. By this way, teachers will assume an educational role based on promoting a more effective teaching process. In the following paper, different renewing methodological proposals are exposed in order to promote the habit to research among teachers. Thus, a more functional learning process in students with intellectual disability will be facilitated according to the features of their educational stage of "Transitional period to adulthood". The goal of this proposal is to carry out the teacher training in educational strategies by adapting didactic resources to the particular student's environment with especial educational needs. Consequently, the appropriate assistance of diversity in classrooms will be finally suited.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Exploring the Impact of Reality Pedagogy: Understanding its Implementation
           on Urban Immigrant Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  11  Tanzina Taher   Felicia Moore Mensah   and Christopher Emdin   This ethnographic case study follows two urban immigrant students in their yearlong journey in an urban science classroom where the first two pedagogic tools of reality pedagogy (cogenerative dialogue and co-teaching) were implemented. This study examines the role reality pedagogy plays in the science classroom for these two students, while focusing on their social capital and how distributed cognition is used to frame understanding. The three emergent themes that were generated and observed among the two participants indicated that the implementation of the first two tools of reality pedagogy increased the two immigrant students' participation within their science classroom, increased opportunities for voice in the classroom, and increased ability to access the human and physical resources of the classroom for the participants' own benefit. The study revealed that both students' social capital was impacted and the frame of distributed cognition played a role in their science classroom participation. Implications relate to the importance of developing community within science classrooms for immigrant students.
      PubDate: Nov 2017
       
  • Participation Motivation for Extracurricular Activities: Study on Primary
           School Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Zeycan Acar   and Nevin Gündüz   The aim of this study is to analyse the participation motivation for extracurricular activities; study on primary school students. It also analysed whether such factors as age and sex change on the basis of their participation motivation. The population of the study is composed of 797students in primary school and, the sample is composed of 513 students. Students are participating in the extracurricular activities were included in an activity each month. Implementations continued for seven months. The activities were implemented, "Participation Motivation Scale", as a data collection tool, was applied to the students. As a result, it was determined that male and female students attending to the activities deemed "skill development" as the most important factor. There was statistically significant difference between female and male students such sub-dimensions as "fun", "success/status" and "movement/being active" in the study. The positive impacts of participation will, enthusiasm and excitements and also the students' physical, psychological and social developments were observed.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Psychological Capital and Professional Commitment
           of Preschool Teachers: The Moderating Role of Working Years

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Lee Hsing-Ming   Chou Mei-Ju   Chin Chia-Hui   and Wu Ho-Tang   The purpose of this research mainly lies in exploration of influence of psychological capital of preschool teachers on professional commitment, and moderation effect of their working years on the influential relationship between psychological capital and professional commitment. 400 Taiwan preschool teachers took part in this research as the subject to receive measurement of Psychological Capital Questionnaire along with Professional Commitment Scale, and the extracted data underwent analysis of structural equation modeling with use of LISREL software. From the analysis results, it is found that psychological capital of preschool teachers has significantly positive influence on professional commitment, which means that as preschool teachers possess more psychological capital; their professional commitment will get higher correspondingly. In addition, for preschool teachers' working years demonstrates significant moderation effect in the causal correlation of psychological capital to professional commitment, signifying that as working years of preschool teachers increases, influence of their psychological capital on the professional commitment will become better. Finally, based on research findings, we proposed suggestions to preschool teachers, kindergartens, and governmental institutes in how to enhance psychological capital and professional commitment of preschool teachers.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Happiness and Values in the Formation of Personal Identity in Students of
           the Fifth and Sixth Grade at Primary School

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Estefanía Gomis Chorro   María Ángela Morales Fernández   and Raquel Gilar Corbí   The objective of this research is twofold: first intending to assess the level at which students prioritize happiness; and second discerning how the experience of happiness affects the formation of their identity and their relationship with their environment, taking into account the values deduced from their perceptions, and understanding from where these values come, as well as how they are applied in their daily life. The findings indicate that students in fifth or sixth grade value happiness as a necessary aspect of life, derived from criteria such as health, and friends and family. The concept of happiness, however, is learned at home with parents and families.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Exploring Teaching Profession from a Sociological Perspective: Evidence
           from Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Serkan Ünsal   Reyhan Ağçam   and Fahrettin Korkmaz   Taking into consideration the teachers' direct influence on students' educational life and indirect influence on the community life, the present study aims to reveal perspectives of sociologists, who study human social relationships and institutions, toward teaching profession. Data were collected from 20 sociologists working in educational institutions in Turkey through a semi-structured interview, and analysed using quantitative and qualitative methods under the supervision of three experts (an education programme developer, an educational sociologist, and a member of faculty of education). Findings of the study demonstrated that relatively more professional and technical aspects of teaching are perceived inferior to personal and psychological characteristics of teachers, and that it is still evaluated as a reliable and divine profession despite negative perceptions about it. Financial security, professional satisfaction and vacation time were reported as positive aspects of the profession while exhaustiveness, low prestige and low quality of the profession as negative aspects. As a conclusion, it tends to lose its professional prestige and reliability, and teachers are faced with a variety of problems triggered by different factors in Turkey. The study concludes with possible reasons for the problems in concern, and practical implications to overcome them.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Development of a Yorùbá Arithmetic Multimedia Learning System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Safiriyu Eludiora   and Habeeb Oluwo   In recent times, the endangerment of Yorùbá has highly been speculated among Yorùbá intellectuals, indigenes and enthusiasts alike. In an effort to promote the learning and use of Yorùbá numeral system in carrying out day-to-day activities and transactions, the development of a Yorùbá arithmetic learning system will help bridge the gap between lost Yorùbá traditions of the transaction and modern day business activities. The design of this project was conceptualized using Unified modelling language (UML) tools. The resulting design and software specification was implemented using Python programming language due to its cross-platform compatibility and PyQt graphical user interface (GUI) module for the GUI. System evaluation was done using questionnaire to determine how the system is perceived by potential users. It was observed that 90% were unable to evaluate the addition expressions; 55% were unable to evaluate subtraction expressions, 65% were unable to evaluate multiplication expressions and 90% were unable to evaluate division expressions. It can be concluded from both research and the system developed that in order to make the Yorùbá language more relevant in the world today, attempts such as this project must be encouraged. The issue of the almost non-existent use of Yorùbá numeral must be addressed by producing learning systems or aids to help the teaching and learning of the Yorùbá numerals.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • High School Students' Written Argumentation Qualities with Problem-Based
           Computer-Aided Material (PBCAM) Designed about Human Endocrine System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Gülşah Sezen Vekli   and Atilla Çimer   This study investigated development of students' scientific argumentation levels in the applications made with Problem-Based Computer-Aided Material (PBCAM) designed about Human Endocrine System. The case study method was used: The study group was formed of 43 students in the 11th grade of the science high school in Rize. Human Endocrine System Argumentation Texts (HESAT) was used to determine the students' scientific argumentation levels made before and after the applications with PBCAM. Besides, "PBCAM Student Records" were investigated to determine students' scientific argumentation levels on three different problems in relation to Human Endocrine System during the applications with PBCAM. Within the scope of the research problem, semi-structured interviews were made with 10 students among the participants after the application as well. Students' scientific argumentation levels were assessed with a rubric prepared by one of researchers within the framework of the scientific discussion model Sampson and Clark [1]. The qualitative results indicated that: applications made with PBCAM improved students' skills for presenting claims, proofs, reasoning and conceptual quality of the claims in scientific argumentation. Also, it was seen that "the Observation" section presented as a source of information in the PBCAM was effective on improving students' conceptual understanding. From this point of view, similar applications can be used also in teaching other biology subjects similar to endocrine system topic, which does not provide opportunities to conduct experiments and observations and which is hard to understand.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Identifying Demographic Variables Influencing the Nature of Science (NOS)
           Conceptions of Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Ayhan Karaman   In this survey research study, the views of practicing teachers in select aspects of NOS were investigated in connection with the effects of several variables (teaching discipline, gender, education level, teaching experience and regional work location). The instrument used to collect data was an adapted version of "Scientific Epistemological Views" questionnaire originally developed by Liu and Tsai [45]. The data collected from a total of 647 in-service teachers was analyzed conducting MANOVA statistical test. The results revealed that the variable, 'teaching discipline', had a statistically significant multivariate effect on the overall NOS conceptions of the participant teachers. Teachers' mean scores exhibited a statistically significant difference in three out of five sub-dimensions of the questionnaire. The variables, "gender" and "education level", yielded a statistically insignificant result, which indicated the ineffectual nature of those variables on participant teachers' views of NOS concepts. The variables, "teaching experience" and "regional work location", were found to be statistically significant in only one of the sub-dimensions of the questionnaire. At the end of the paper, these results were discussed in connection with the relevant education literature.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Story Based Activities Enhance Literacy Skills in Preschool Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Elçin Yazıcı   and Hayrunnisa Bolay   We investigated the impact of story based activities on literacy skills in pre-school children. The efficacy of story based activities program were tested by literacy skills survey test. Results showed that, the scores of overall literacy skills and all subsets skills in the study group (n=45) were statistically significantly higher than the control group (n=41) (57.88 vs 27.72 p
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Tasawwuf-oriented Educational Philosophy and its Relevance to the
           Formation of Religion and Ethics Course Curriculum

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Mizrap Polat   The breadth of the symbolic, linguistic and practical articulation of Tasawwuf philosophy includes concepts pertinent to education. Tasawwuf distinguishes itself as a site for the development of moral sensibility and mindfulness (taqwā), as an intellectuality recognizing the sense and purpose of faith (ḥikma and maʿrīfa), and as a creator/creation-observant consciousness (iḥsān). Tasawwuf includes among its pedagogical aims cognitive and spiritual development, a religious and moral sensibility, and socialization. These ambitions are served in as far as no distinction is made between natural, social and religious areas of education, but rather all are seen as a collective foundation for the accumulation of knowledge. This article addresses the question of whether and how Tasawwuf as an educational perspective and teaching tool is considered within religion and ethics course curriculum within Turkish secondary schools (High Schools, namely Lise). The conclusions demonstrate the opportunity to link Tasawwuf-influenced educational concepts and contemporary educational philosophies, resulting in an innovative re-reading of authentic Islamic educational ideas. Findings of curriculum analysis indicate that such a connection is rarely established.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Correlation and Predictive Relationship between Self-determination
           Instruction and Academic Performance of Students with Disabilities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Pen-Chiang Chao   and Yu-Chi Chou   The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation and probable predictive relationship between self-determination skills taught by special education teachers and the academic performance of students with disabilities from junior high schools in Taiwan. The subjects included teachers from resource rooms and self-contained classrooms (n = 106) and students with disabilities in these classes (n = 106). Two measures, the Teaching Self-determination Scale (TSDS) and the Basic Learning Competency Assessment (BLCA), were used to collect data. The Pearson correlation, bivariate linear regression and stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to assess the correlation and predictive relationship between the TSDS and BLCA. Findings showed a positive correlation between self-determination instruction given by special education teachers and the academic performance of students with disabilities. Educators' self-determination instruction was found to be able to explain 26% of the total variance of students' academic performance. Furthermore, teaching psychological empowerment and autonomy skills appeared to be able to best predict the academic performance of students with disabilities. The two variables were found to be able to explain 21.9% of the total variance of the students' academic test results. Suggestions and implications are provided.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • The Level of Implementation of the Strategic Management in Primary Schools

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Şenyurt Yenipınar   and Nuri Akgün   In this study, primary school principals and teachers apply - determination of the degree to which the views of the primary institutions. The research was carried out in the scan; working population in İstanbul province, Turkey on the Asian side in the Ataşehir, Kadıköy, Kartal, Maltepe and the townships of Sultanbeyli the academic year 2011-2012, who served 192 primary school principal, and 400 teachers. Primary school principal and teachers for the purposes of determining views are applied to the "Strategic level of Management Schools Measuring Scale" data collection tool was used. Statistical methods of evaluating identifier data (number, percentage, mean, standard deviation). Quantitative data to compare the difference between the two groups of T-Test, is the number of n low Man Whitney U Test was used. In the case of more than two group comparisons between the groups of One-Way Anova Test and the diversity of the group, the number of cases where the Scheffe, Wallis Test has been used low Kruskal. Based on the findings of the research, the following conclusions: All subjects participating in the study, according to the average of: strategic management in primary schools; "strategic thinking", "creating a strategic analysis, routing, and strategy", "a high level of strategic application and evaluation".
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • An Investigation of Students' Perceptions about Democratic School Climate
           and Sense of Community in School

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Memet Karakuş   This study aims to investigate students' perceptions about democratic school climate and sense of community in school. In line with this purpose, it aims to find answers to the following questions: How democratic do students find the school climate' What is students' sense of belonging level at school' What is the academic success level of students' Is there a significant relationship between students' democratic school climate scores and sense of community in school scores' The study, which was designed as a descriptive one to identify the present situation, made use of democratic school climate scale as data collection tool. Students' academic success was evaluated based on their grade point averages. The participants were students in a School of Foreign Languages department in a university in southern Turkey. The study utilized descriptive statistics and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient analysis techniques. It was found that students' sense of community in school perceptions were higher than their perceptions about democratic school climate. Although there was not a high relationship between academic success and perceptions about sense of community in school and democratic school climate, students with very low academic success had low perceptions about democratic school climate and sense of community in school. As for those with very high academic success, they were found to have high perceptions in relation to these variables. In line with the findings obtained from the study, some recommendations were made for democratic school climate.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • A Study on Developing a Guide Material for Science Classes Supported by
           Out-of-School Learning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Büşra Bakioğlu   and Orhan Karamustafaoğlu   The main purpose of this research was to develop a guide material in line with learning outcomes of the unit for the 5th Graders titled Solving the Puzzle: Our Body in order to be utilized during out-of-school learning activities by science teachers. There is no guide material developed in our country for science teachers to be used in out-of school learning activities. This research intended to contribute to the literature by developing such guide material. This research utilized the screening model. Prior to the development of a guide material, the literature has been reviewed to identify units and subjects for which guidance material is designed for. Moreover, the guide material is developed after completing the needs analysis, identifying the objectives and learning outcomes, organizing the content and learning activities and deciding on how to make assessment and evaluation. This research was designed to help develop guide materials that include other units related to out-of-school learning activities for different grade levels and for different classes.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Examining Relationship between Teachers' Self-efficacy and Job
           Satisfaction

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Muhammet Emin Türkoğlu   Ramazan Cansoy   and Hanifi Parlar   Teaching in the 21st century poses many challenges for teachers, and thus, they need to take on more roles in their schools to meet the expectations of students, parents and the school community. In this regard, this study examined the relationship between teachers' self-efficacy beliefs and their job satisfaction. Participants of the study were 489 elementary, middle and high school teachers in the district of Beyoğlu, İstanbul. 295 (61%) of the participants were female and 194 (39%) were male. The average age of the participants was 34. Their teaching experience varied between 1-29 years. The results revealed a significant positive relationship between teacher self-efficacy and job satisfaction, and teacher self-efficacy was found to be a significant predictor of job satisfaction.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • The Effectiveness of a Tablet Computer-aided Intervention Program for
           Improving Reading Fluency

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Ahmet Bilal Özbek   and Alev Girli   The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of a tablet computer-aided intervention program for improving reading fluency. It also investigates the opinions of students and parents about this intervention by using skill- and performance-based techniques, which have been investigated qualitatively. Three students with a learning disability who are in the third or fourth grades participated in the study. The multiple baselines across participants design which is one of the single-subject experimental models has been used as an experimental design and results are presented with graphics. The findings show that the tablet computer-aided intervention program improved the reading fluency of the students with a learning disability. According to the qualitative data, the students' views about the tablet computer-aided reading fluency intervention were generally positive, indicating that this study was fun and motivated them to study. Although the parents had concerns that studying with a tablet could be perceived as a means of entertainment, they also thought the intervention was effective and wanted their children to have access to a tablet computer for educational purposes.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Teaching Intervention Strategies that Enhance Learning in Higher Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Robert P Machera   [8] argues that self-assessment and peer-assessment are becoming popular and valuable to students and lecturers as this approach prepares the students to be accountable and responsible. There are benefits that accrue to this intervention if it is properly administered and some of the benefits include self-directing, cooperation and collaboration among the learners. [6] agrees that self-assessment and peer-assessment, assist students to be competitive in the job market, as they are able to work with less supervision in their future employment opportunities. The aim of this paper was to investigate whether higher education should implement self-assessment and peer-assessment as part of enhancing students' opportunities for access to employment. This study used a purposive sampling method and a sample size (n) of 90 participants. The data for this study was collected from three classes enrolled in the Association of Accounting Technician (AAT) Programme at Botho University in Botswana. At Botho University each class consists of 30 students and therefore three classes constitute a sample size of 90 participants. The participants were given questionnaires in order to response on the effect of interventions that were administered by the researcher during class lessons. The main findings of this study reflected that there were benefits from proper and well-coordinated self-assessment and peer-assessment. These benefits accrue from both lecturers, students, institutions of higher learning and potential employers. The results have shown that they would be improvements in the administration of self-assessment and peer-assessment. Ultimately self-assessment and peer-assessment provide effective and prompt feedback, which invariably impacted positively to the quality of the teaching delivery. The significance of self-assessment and peer-assessment to all educational stakeholders has prompted the author to conduct this study. Furthermore, based on the results from the participants it was recommended that self-assessment and peer-assessment enhance learning in higher education hence the need to implement these teaching intervention strategies.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • The Role of Perceived Social Support and Coping Styles in Predicting
           Adolescents' Positivity

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Gülşen Büyükşahin Çevik   and Mehmet Ali Yıldız   The current research aims to examine the perceived social support and coping styles predicting positivity. Research participants included 268 adolescents, attending high school, with 147 females (54.9%) and 121 males (45.1%). Adolescents participating in the research were 14 to 18 years old and their average age was 16.12 with SD=1.01. Research data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis. Research findings indicated that perceived social support and seeking for assistance among coping styles significantly predicted positivity and explained the 29% of variance in positivity. However, problem solving, cognitive avoidance, and behavioral avoidance among coping styles had no significant predictive effects on adolescents' positivity. In addition, it was found that variables of grade, gender, and age did not predict adolescents' positivity. Researchers discussed and interpreted findings in the light of relevant literature and put forward recommendations for relevant researchers. Based on the findings of the current research, social support may be important in terms of interventions for adolescent's development and mental health and that social support significantly predicts positivity. For adolescents, receiving support by parents, teachers, and peers in problematic academic or social relationships may positively is associated with their positivity as it can help them have positive considerations of their lives and be optimistic about future and solving their problems. Perceived social support and seeking assistance among coping styles may have significant roles in predicting adolescents' positivity. Adolescents may need to seek assistance to effectively cope with their problems and the perceived social support in the social environment upon receiving assistance increase their positivity as well. Also, seeking assistance, for adolescents, may positively affect positivity as it may mean that they are optimistic about solving their problems.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • Describing Physics Student Teachers' Orientations through Lesson Planning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Isik Saliha Karal   Recent educational reforms realized in teacher education programs (TEPs) and secondary physics syllabus were aimed at placing the learning and teaching approaches in a constructivist framework. For this reason, student teachers in pre-service TEPs are expected to develop orientations adopting student-centred teaching approaches. The purpose of this study was to describe physics student teachers' science teaching orientations which can be defined as the general patterns of thought and behaviour related to physics teaching and learning. This case study explores 39 physics student teachers' orientations through lesson planning in their last academic term of TEP in the faculty of education. Student teachers' detailed lesson plans on a subject from secondary physics syllabus were used as data source and the data were analysed using content analysis to describe the participants' orientations. Findings show that more than half of the student teachers displayed student-centred orientations, clustered especially around activity-driven type of orientation; however some of them expressed their concerns about applicability of their lesson plans in inappropriate school environments and contexts.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • A Discrepancy in Teachers and Principals Perceptions of Educational
           Initiatives

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Linder Ifat   and Weissblueth Eyal   The current study was set to examine the role of school principals in Israel in the professional development process of their teachers following the implementation of a new professional reform. 159 teachers and 13 principals responded to a questionnaire designed to collect data concerning the involvement of principals in initiatives developed by their teachers. Two main differences were found to be significant, with regard to principals' involvement in selecting the initiative's focus and in deciding its actual content. The results suggest that teachers and principals differ in their assessment of the principals' involvement in the developing initiatives. The reasons and implications for this discrepancy are discussed and elucidated.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • The Ever Challenging Environment of Producing Knowledgeable and Skillful
           Graduates: Changing the Culture of Higher Education of Institutions in
           Teaching and Learning Approaches

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  5  Sabarudin Zakaria   The education system of modern society can be understood as an institution whose functions include its capacity to reproduce its host society, both economically and culturally [1]. Higher institution of learning is no more seen as a place of mass production of graduates willingly believes that they are now ready to perform their duties. The newly developing higher education system has expanded to prepare a new workforce which can assist in the economic growth of the nation and thus the outputs that fulfill this must be able to perform to the needs of the industry. What the industry wants is students too show that they have entered and translated into what they have learned practically. Thus, today educators and academicians has to aggressively re-look and change the teaching and learning approaches and environment in order to make the teaching and learning process more effective and relevant. It is not sufficient by merely changing the content of the curriculum but it is more than that. This paper analyses the feedback of students on the current method of teaching and learning in comparison to the contemporary approach of teaching such as active learning, outcome-based learning and problem-based learning. The study will also explore the process of integrating these active learning strategies into traditional lecture-based courses and also intend to underscore the motivation and incentives required for bringing about changes, and the support needed for sustaining and disseminating active learning approaches among the educators.
      PubDate: May 2017
       
  • A Cross-national Study of Student Teachers' Views about Intelligence:
           Similarities and Differences in England and Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Dilek Ilhan-Beyaztas   and Elizabeth Dawson   A cross-national descriptive research method was used to explore Turkish and English student teachers' views about intelligence, and the factors which shape them. The "Adult Version of The Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale" [1], and the Turkish version of this scale [2] were used to investigate the views of 114 English and 201 Turkish students of Primary Education. A semi-structured interview was also used with a sub-group of the students. The findings reveal that the Turkish students, on average, scored more highly in relation to entity intelligence theory than in relation to incremental intelligence theory, and the English students, on average, scored more highly in relation to incremental intelligence theory than to entity intelligence theory. In addition, when comparing the average scores in relation to incremental intelligence theory, the scores of the English students are significantly higher than those of the Turkish students.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Effects of the Leadership Roles of Administrators Who Work at Special
           Education Schools upon Organizational Climate

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Ahmet Üstün   This research aims to determine the effects of the leadership roles of administrators who work at special education schools upon organizational climate. This research has been conducted using the case study technique, which is a kind of qualitative research approach. The study group of this research consists of four administrators including three men and a woman who work in four different special education and rehabilitation centers in Sivas. The data have been collected by semi-structured interview technique. The data have been analyzed by the descriptive analysis technique. It can be suggested that participants mainly display the features of visionary leadership roles and they reflect this to teachers, students and parents.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Empathy Levels of University Students Who Do and Not Do Sports

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Tülin Atan   The objective of this study was to compare the empathy levels of university students who do sports and who don't do sports in terms of different variables. For this purpose, 200 Sports Faculty students who do sports at least four days a week for two hours and 200 students from other faculties who don't do sports participated in the study. In the study, Empathic Tendency Scale developed by Dokmen was used as data collection tool. The effects of age, gender, residence place of family, who the students live with and having a social circle on empathy were examined. When the empathy scores of students who do and not do sports were examined, no statistically significant difference was found between the two groups (p>0.05). When the empathy scores were examined in terms of gender, empathy scores of women were found to be statistically higher than those of men (p
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • A Preliminary Study on Gender Differences in Studying Systems Analysis and
           Design

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Fion S.L. Lee   and Kelvin C.K. Wong   Systems analysis and design is a crucial task in system development and is included in a typical information systems programme as a core course. This paper presented a preliminary study on gender differences in studying a systems analysis and design course of an undergraduate programme. Results indicated that male students outperformed female students in general in this course. However, regarding the different study focuses of the course, female students performed better in information systems development methodologies and systems analysis, whereas male students worked better in systems design. Discussions have been raised to explain the findings and it was suggested longitudinal studies could be conducted for a more generalized conclusion.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Examination of Social Studies Curriculum and Course Books in the Context
           of Global Citizenship

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Memet Karakuş   Buket Turhan Türkkan   and Fikriye Öztürk   The document review method, which is a qualitative research method, was used in this study that aims to examine the social studies curriculum and course books in terms of attainments, teaching-learning process and measurement-evaluation process in the context of global citizenship. Furthermore, opinions of social studies teachers on the curriculum and course books in the context of global citizenship were determined by taking their written statements. Social studies course books and curricula at fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh grade levels were examined in the study. Also, opinions of nine social studies teachers were analyzed. As a result of the study, it can be said that in general, the dimensions of global citizenship are included within the scope of attainments, content, teaching-learning process, measurement-assessment elements regarding social studies course. It was determined that awareness of diversity and multiculturalism, political and economic processes and interdependence, human rights, environmental responsibility and sustainable development among the dimensions of global citizenship are addressed at most, while the dimensions of social justice and contemporary peace and conflict are covered quite slightly. Furthermore, according to teachers' opinions, it can be said that social studies curriculum and course books have deficiencies in the context of global citizenship.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Emotional Intelligence (EI) A Therapy for Higher Education Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Robert P Machera   and Precious C Machera   This study investigates the need to design and develop emotional intelligence curriculum for students in higher education. Emotional intelligence curriculum may be used as a therapy that provides skills to manage high emotions faced by generation "Y", on a day to day basis. Generation "Y" is emotionally challenged with: drug abuse, family abuse, sexual abuse, and relationship problems and other challenges. This curriculum assists students to boost their own emotional intelligence by learning how to cope with stresses. The module intends to promote emotional intelligence quotient in future graduates. The skills and techniques for emotional intelligence may be developed throughout someone's life as part of lifelong learning and would form the foundation for a balanced lifestyle. This study investigates to what extend students in higher education are presently exposed to emotional intelligence techniques as part of their curriculum. A survey and a qualitative approach were used to gather data from the students at Botho University who are enrolled in the Bsc Hons in Accounting. The results informed the researchers whether higher education should introduce a curriculum for emotional intelligence.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Standardization of the Self Control and Self-management Skills Scale SCMS
           on the Student of University of Najran

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Marwan Saleh Al-Smadi   and Yahya Mohammed Bani-Abduh   This study aimed to Standardizes self-control and self-management skills (SCMS), Mezo 2009 , on students in the university of Najran And to identify the psychometric properties of the scale in the Arab Environment the society of Najran University student by taking a number of Procedures (Validity and reliability of the Scale ) and to get the Arabic version of self-control and self-management skills (SCMS; Mezo, 2009), Where the scale was applied on a sample of (288) students to verify truthfulness exploratory factorial, as well as cubits on a sample of 120 students to verify the genuineness of consistency, the results of Exploratory Factor Analysis, where self-control and the skills of self-management for scale (Mezo, P. 2009) was applied after making some modifications for the items of the third dimension, and to verify the factorial validity has been conducted Exploratory Factor Analysis of the responses of the study sample, it was conducted a factor analysis of the items of this scale in a way the Principal Component analysis, The results of the study showed that the self-control and self-management skills scale for Mezo, P. 2009 was enjoyed with factorial validity where it was reached to two factors: the first factor, a pure factor loading (80.4%) of the variation where all items of the scale has been loaded except the first item "When I work toward something, it gets all my attention" and the second factor: Is also a pure factor loading (59.5%) of the variation where loading of items of each of the first and the second of sub-scales in the original version of the scale on this factor, while one item only of the third sub-scale in the original scale was not loaded, In the light of this the first factor was named self-evaluating and reinforcing, and consists of 10 items, and the second factor: self-monitoring, and consists of (6) items, so the results of the study showed there is a theoretical building behind this scale, which is an acceptable indication of the validity of the scale in the Arab environment.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Authentic Leadership and Altruism: The Mediating Role of Meaningfulness

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Mesut Sağnak   and Mehmet Kuruöz   The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of meaningfulness on the relationship between authentic leadership and altruistic behavior. The participants consisted of 356 teachers randomly selected from 14 primary and secondary schools in Nigde. Three different instruments were used in this study. The scales were translated using the translation and back translation method. All scales were adapted to the educational context. The validity and reliability of the scales were examined. Pearson correlation coefficient and the structural equation modeling were used for the data analysis. It was found that authentic leadership was positively related to teachers' altruistic behavior and meaningfulness in work. A significant positive relationship was found between altruistic behavior and meaningfulness. It has been determined that meaningfulness fully mediated the relationship between authentic leadership and altruistic behavior.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Leadership Styles and Lecturers' Job Satisfaction
           in Institutions of Higher Learning in Kenya

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Henry Kiptiony Kiplangat   University management and academic staff have a critical role to diligently play in fulfilling university's mandate. Effective and efficient governance and management of both private and public universities have a direct bearing on the overall quality of the institutions. With management operating under laid down governance structures, it is crucial that specific leadership styles are adopted to make easier their roles. This paper examines the relationship between leadership styles and Lecturers' job satisfaction in higher learning institutions in Kenya. A target population of 2,773 administrators and lecturers in chartered public and private universities in Rift Valley Region of Kenya was considered. A sample of 605 participants was then obtained. The study employed convergent parallel mixed methods design with census, random and systematic sampling techniques to select the respondents. Purposive sampling was also used to select information-rich cases. Questionnaires, interview and document analysis were used for data collection. Both qualitative and quantitative data was analysed. Pearson correlation coefficient, independent-samples t-test, One-way ANOVA and regression coefficients were employed with the use of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. It was found out that benevolent authoritarian leadership style was dominantly used. However, the study recommended practice of participative leadership style.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • The Degree of Employment of Faculty Members for Assessment Standards
           Defined by the American Educational Organizations in Assessing Student
           Learning at the University of Najran

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Raafat Kabil   and Yahya Bani Abduh   This study investigates the faculty members' employment of assessment standards defined by the American educational organizations (NCME, AFT and NEA) to assessing student learning at the University of Najran from the students' point of view. To achieve the objective of the study, the questionnaire which consisted of 38 items distributed to seven standards was administered to 323 male and female students at some colleges. The results showed moderate level of the faculty members' employment of assessment standards. There were also statistically significant differences according to gender in favor of males and college in favor of practical college.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Training Design Conception and Reflexive Practice: How to Answer Teachers'
           Questions'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Régine Clottu   This research studies the practices related to the conception of training on demand in the field of continuous training of teachers. Training on demand adapts itself to the problems of professionals. The analysis of the demand faces the complexity of the different contexts as well as the diversity of professionals' questions. This paper emphasizes relevant elements based on a case study to show how the trainer who designs the concept takes into account factors present during the conception i.e. the various aspects of context, contents and learners. The method chosen for the research is qualitative and built related to a specific scholar context in which the teachers have difficulties in their daily work specifically in the field of French language. The training design provides various modalities including conferences, discussion groups, and support in the classes in the presence of the pupils. Different measures to support the teachers in regular classes are provided by specialized professionals. As the schoolchildren come from a great number of cultures, speak diverse languages and attend the courses of regular schools near their homes, this original design takes place in an inclusive context and aims at enabling the teachers to develop reflective practice.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Computerised Accounting Software; A Curriculum that Enhances an Accounting
           Programme

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Robert P Machera   and Precious C Machera   There has been an outcry in commerce and industry about students who fail to perform in the accounting department due to lack of "practical accounting skills". It is from this background that the researchers were motivated to investigate the impact of a Computerised Accounting Software Curriculum that enhances an Accounting Programme. At Botho University a degree in Bsc Hons in Accounting is offered and it is perceived that the graduates of this programme will be all rounded after completing this qualification. The Accounting programme at Botho University includes all the aspects that are needed for a novice accountant. However, the only shortcomings are the inclusion of a Computerised Accounting Software Curriculum into this Accounting Programme. It is believed that higher education students experience problems during their internship semester as they are expected to use Computerised Accounting Software. This study investigates whether the students at Botho University who are enrolled for the Bsc Hons in Accounting Programme face any accounting software challenges during their internship period. The accounting software that students are expected to have knowledge include: spreadsheets software, quick-books and sage pastel accounting. Focus group and face to face interviews were used to collect data from students enrolled in the Bsc Hons in Accounting at Botho University Gaborone Campus, Maun and Francistown. The study focuses the students who were on the internship period. However the majority of the accounting students faces accounting software challenges and agreed that a Computerised accounting software curriculum should be proposed and implemented at Botho University in the Department of Accounting and Finance. This is done so in order to enhance the Accounting Programme and meets industry and commerce expectations.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Good Readers' Attention, Reading Fluency and
           Reading Comprehension

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Mustafa Yildiz   and Ezgi Çetinkaya   This study aimed to examine the relationship between fourth-graders' reading fluency, reading comprehension and attention. It was conducted using the relational screening model and included 132 fourth-graders with grade level adequate reading skills. The study results showed that good readers' attention had significant effects on reading speed, prosody, word recognition and comprehension, respectively. There is also a higher level of relationship between attention, reading speed and prosody. To improve good readers' prosodic reading skills and increase their reading speeds, attention-enhancing activities are needed.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Perceived School Climate and the Adolescents'
           Adherence to Humanitarian Values

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Muhammed Turhan   and Tülin Akgül   This study investigates the relationship between students' perception of school climate and their adherence to humanitarian values. To this end, the study group consisted of 1094 students in 21 secondary schools in Elazığ province of Turkey. The "School Climate Scale," developed by Çalık and Kurt [1], and the "Humanitarian Values Scale," developed by Dilmaç [2], were used to collect data. The findings of the study indicated that female students have a higher level of adherence to humanitarian values. In addition, it was found that school activities towards values education have a significant effect on adherence to humanitarian values. It was concluded that teacher support, success orientation and safe learning environment-positive peer interactions, which are important components of positive school climate, positively affect adolescents' adherence to humanitarian values. In parallel with these findings, some recommendations were made, which can be applied to the building school environment for practitioners.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Association of Cognitive, Affective, Psychomotor and Intuitive Domains in
           Education, Sönmez Model

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Veysel Sönmez   Problem statement: Educational goals are classified taxonomically as cognitive, affective, psycho-motor and intuitive. Can these classifications be associated' Sönmez's model represents an attempt for this. Purpose of Study: Is the model regarding the association of four domains developed by Sönmez supported significantly by empirical data' What are the views of the participants on this issue' Methods: Both qualitative and quantitative data were used together in this study. Findings and Results: A high level of significant and positive correlation was found between cognitive, psychomotor, affective and intuitive learning outcomes. Based on these findings, it can be stated that learning outcomes are not disconnected. That means when an individual learns a cognitive behavior he/she also learns other associated psychomotor, affective, and intuitive behaviors. Leaning is codded into four domains altogether. Conclusion and recommendations: This study revealed results supporting the model regarding the association of four domains as suggested by Sönmez. These results can be a proof of the hypothesis that behaviors of all domains are coded and learnt as a whole in the brain. Further comprehensive experimental and qualitative research can be done about this issue.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • The Roles of Life Satisfaction, Teaching Efficacy, and Self-esteem in
           Predicting Teachers' Job Satisfaction

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Gülşen Büyükşahin Çevik   The current research aims to find out the extent to which high school teachers' life satisfaction, teaching efficacy, and self-esteem predict their job satisfaction. Research participants included a total of 358 teachers (age=38.82; Ss=6.73; range, 22-58), 222 males (62%) and 136 females (38%), employed in 21 public high schools in the city center of Adıyaman in Turkey. 50 participant teachers (14%) were single and 308 (86%) were married. Education levels of the participant teachers were as follows: 318 (88.8%) with a BA degree, 36 (10.1%) with a MA degree, 3 (0.8%) with an associate degree and 1 (0.3%) with a PhD. Years in service were as follows: ( service years=14.72; Ss=7; range, 1-35). The data was collected through the 'Personal Information Form', 'Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale', 'Satisfaction with Life Scale', 'Teacher Efficacy Scale' and 'Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale'. Descriptive analyses, Pearson product-moment correlation, and hierarchical linear multi regression analysis were used in the analyses of quantitative data in the current research. Data analysis was conducted through IBM SPSS 15.0 software. Three different regression models were obtained upon hierarchical multi regression analysis of scores on Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale. A review of R2 values showed that Satisfaction with Life Scale explained 31% of Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale (F(1,356) =162.991**); this was increased by 34% upon analyzing Teacher Efficacy Scale (F(2,355) =95.105**) and by 35% upon analyzing Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (F(3,354)= 66.123**).
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Physical and Physiological Correlates of Social Physique Anxiety in
           College Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Çetin Yaman   The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship among social physique anxiety, physical measures such as body fat and physical self-concept. 367 (226 male and 141 female) college students ranging in age from 21 to 33 participated in the study. Participants were randomly chosen among the healthy students without any metabolic and chronic illnesses and who do not take any pills from the departments of physical education and sport, education of sport coaching, recreation and spots management at the Faculty of Sport Sciences of a state university in Turkey called Sakarya University. This is a correlational study. And it is a descriptive study. Social Physique Anxiety Scale and Physical Self-Description Questionnaire were used to measure social physique anxiety and physical self-concept respectively. A Tanita (In Body 230), a digital scale, was used to measure participants' physical characteristics. Pearson moment correlation and linear regression with a stepwise fashion were carried out to analyze the obtained data set. Results showed that social physique anxiety is moderately correlated to both physical measures and physical self-concept.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • The Relationship among Interactional Justice, Manager Trust and Teachers'
           Organizational Silence Behavior

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Demet Yangin   and Cevat Elma   The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the manager trust and interactional justice perceptions and organizational silence behaviors of those teachers who work in primary and secondary schools. The research is based on the survey model and the population consists of 4761 teachers who worked in Samsun, Turkey. The sample of the study was chosen from 195 primary and secondary schools through a multi-stage sampling method. The study findings revealed that there exists a positive and highly significant relationship among teachers' interactional justice and their manager trust; a negative and mid-level significant relationship between their manager trust and their interactional justice; and a negative and mid-level significant relationship between their interactional justice and their manager trust, respectively. To list in order of importance, interactional justice and manager trust variables were found to be predictor variables for silence behavior and to represent 17% of change in the organizational silence behavior.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • A Scale Development for Teacher Competencies on Cooperative Learning
           Method

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Ayfer Kocabas   and Deniz Gokce Erbil   Cooperative learning method is a learning method studied both in Turkey and in the world for long years as an active learning method. Although cooperative learning method takes place in training programs, it cannot be implemented completely in the direction of its principles. The results of the researches point out that teachers have problems with the implementation of cooperative learning method, which is an active and democratic learning method. In spite of the fact that the reason of most of these problems is depended on the factors out of teachers, it is obvious that a scale is required in order to measure their competency levels in relative with the cooperative learning method, and to determine the qualification of the training they have obtained in university before serving, and to become a resource maybe for the in-service training studies in the future. In this research it is aimed to develop an assessment tool in order to measure the competency of teachers about the method by depending on the cognitive infrastructures, knowledge levels and implementation process of teachers, serving actively, for the cooperative learning method. Scale development studies were started on the theoretical basis of the cooperative learning method. The item preparation was carried out according to the significant features of the method such as positive interdependence, face-to-face interaction, individual accountability, interpersonal and small group skills, group processing and group award. The study group of the research consists of 236 teachers serving actively in 7 regions in Turkey. Data obtained from the scale was analyzed by using Cronbach's Alpha reliability co-efficient, item distinctiveness, item total point correlations and by determining t test results performed between average points of each item of upper-lower 27% groups. In order to determine the structure validity of the scale, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (DFA) were constituted by making benefit of fit indexes. All the sub-sections of the scale indicate an acceptable reliability. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) performed to confirm this structure was made on the same data set of 236 conditions. The correlation between latent variable and observed variable as a result of CFA varies between .30 and .77. It has been found out that the structure of 21 items and 3 factors have acceptable fit indexes (x2/df =2.40; RMSEA = .08; SRMR = .08; GFI = .86; AGFI = .82; CFI = .91; NNFI = .89). Item analysis of the scale consists of 21 items after EFA and CFA, and the maximum point to be available is 105 and minimum point is 21. Of 21, 13 items are positive and 8 items are negative. The results of EFA and CFA points outs that the scale has three factor patterns named as "Preliminary and Planning", "Implementation Process" and "Evaluation". It can be expressed that the developed scale is the one presenting valid and reliable results, and that it can be utilized to determine the competency of teachers about cooperative learning method.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Analysis of Pre-service Mathematics Teachers' Teaching Strategy Knowledge
           of Geometric Formulas

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  3  Meltem Koçak   and Yasin Soylu   The purpose of this study is to analyze the teaching strategies of the prospective teachers of mathematics for elementary school in relevance with the geometry formulas. The participants of the study are constituted by six senior students of the program of mathematics teaching for elementary school. In this study, where the qualitative research approach is employed, the method of case study is used and the data of the study were aggregated with the techniques of semi-structured interview, observation and analysis of documentation. The data of the study were analyzed by the virtue of the technique of content analysis. With regard to the data obtained from the study, it was seen that the prospective teachers were the supporters of making students find the logic of the formulas by explaining them, instead of making them memorize, while they were teaching the mathematical formulas of which logical reason they could explain. On the contrary, it was found that the prospective teachers were the supporters of making students memorize directly the formulas of which logical explanation they could not explain. Besides, even if the prospective teachers could explain the meaning of the given formula, they could not make teaching explanations enough while they were teaching this formula.
      PubDate: Mar 2017
       
  • Opportunities and Barriers of Practicum from the Perspectives of English
           Language Student Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Thouqan Saleem Yakoub Masadeh   The study investigated the perspectives of student teachers regarding the opportunities provided by Practicum course, in addition to the barriers that potentially inhibited their performance as teachers. The descriptive approach was used to identify these opportunities and barriers. Participants were (27) females and (31) males. They were all enrolled in the Practicum course offered by the department of curriculum and instruction to students majoring in English at Najran University. A two-part questionnaire was the main instrument of data collection. The first part investigated the opportunities while the second one sought to identify the barriers. Results showed that Practicum course was effective in certain areas such as developing student teachers' supportive relationships with various participants in the Practicum setting; improving their teaching accomplishments and professional achievements; and enhancing their feelings of self-efficacy in being able to affect positively the students under their care. Findings however revealed many shortcomings or obstacles that hindered their performance as teaching practitioners. Such shortcomings were not related to one specific party but many parties such as academic supervisors, school principals, and cooperating teachers. No significant differences among Participants' perspectives regarding the course's opportunities or barriers were found due to their gender or university accumulative average.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • The Effects of Participating in Recreational Activities on Quality of Life
           and Job Satisfaction

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Yener Aksoy   Soner Çankaya   and M. Yalçın Taşmektepligil   The aims of this study were to compare the differences and determine the relationships between the scores obtained from Minnesota job-satisfaction and quality-of-life scales applied to males' ages 18 to 40 who participate in recreational activities and those who do not. The samples of the study consisted of 282 volunteers (148 of whom participate in sports and 134 of whom do not) employed in public institutions and organisations in the City of Vezirköprü in Turkey's Samsun province. The data obtained from the scales and their subscales for the two groups were analysed through the Mann-Whitney U test and Kendall's tau-b, according to the results from a Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for the normality assumption (P
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Impact of Online Summer Mathematics Bridge Program on Placement Scores and
           Pass Rates

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Jodi L. Frost   and J.P. Dreher   An online four-week summer mathematics bridge program was implemented at a Midwest university with historically low pass rates in College Algebra and Remedial Mathematics. Students who completed the four week program significantly increased their mathematics placement exam scores. These students also had a higher pass rate in their initial college mathematics course compared to the overall student population taking the same courses.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Investigating Prospective Teachers' Perceived Problem-solving Abilities in
           Relation to Gender, Major, Place Lived, and Locus of Control

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Mustafa Çakır   The purpose of this study is to investigate prospective teachers' perceived personal problem-solving competencies in relation to gender, major, place lived, and internal-external locus of control. The Personal Problem-Solving Inventory and Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale were used to collect data from freshman teacher candidates (N = 476). Data analysis procedures included descriptive statistics, an independent group t-test, ANOVA, correlational analysis, and hierarchical regression analyses. Findings suggest a significant positive correlation between perceived problem-solving skills and locus of control, place lived, gender, and two subcategories of major. Female participants' problem-solving ability was found to be higher than male participants'; however, male participants' scores indicated stronger internal locus of control than females'. Results show place lived, gender, locus of control, and two categories of major are significant predictors of perceived problem-solving ability (R2 = .125; P < .001). Implications for teacher education are discussed.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Essential Characteristics of EFL Practicum Supervisors from Their
           Perspective

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Maysoon A. Dakhiel   The present study aims to identify the essential characteristics required for the EFL practicum supervisors from their perspective. The questionnaire validity and reliability was tested through application to a sample of (7) supervisors. Then the questionnaire was distributed to the participants, which consisted of (20) EFL supervisors for the practicum of the EFL student teachers. The results were processed statistically and showed that there is an agreement among the participants in determining the importance of all essential characteristics required for the practicum supervisors. Moreover, there are no statistically significant differences of the perspective of the participants due to the academic qualification, its type and number of years of experience. The study recommended that the essential characteristics required for the practicum supervisors should be a prerequisite for choosing supervisor from the English Language Department, training courses should be held for the supervisors in order to raise their efficiency, and a special guide for the practicum supervisors should be developed.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • An Analysis of Theories Related to Experiential Learning for Practical
           Ethics in Science and Technology

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Suma Parahakaran   Learners in higher education are self -driven to attain goals and objectives of what is required by the Universities for career prospects in the fields of Sciences and Technology. This paper analyses theories of experiential learning which will contribute to implementation of Ethical behaviors in science and technology towards citizenship learning. This paper will focus on the theoretical aspects of the conceptions of learning, cultural implications of learning, how different types of knowledge contributes to learning and analyses why such knowledge and learning is insufficient to meet long term sustenance in life. Educational aims for sustenance of life through theories and practice have been discussed in ancient texts and education requires the re- integration of Ethics in all disciplines, particularly in Science and Technology. Education for higher order thinking emphasizes on creating discriminative skills, critical thinking, implementing knowledge as reflective practitioners and for the progress of society. The review and analysis of Experiential Learning theories [1, 2, 3, 4] and its contribution to practical ethics is discussed in this paper. The emphasis on knowledge and skills are explained by theorists and this paper discusses how the theories can be implemented in critical pedagogy for practical ethics related to the fields of Science and Technology at the tertiary level.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Relationship among Workplace Spirituality, Meaning in Life, and
           Psychological Well-being of Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Jin-long Liang   Lan-xiang Peng   Si-jie Zhao   and Ho-tang Wu   This study set out to analyze the relationship among teachers' workplace spirituality, sense of meaning in life, and psychological well-being. Taking 610 teachers as its subjects, the study employed three scales: one to measure the subjects' sense of workplace spirituality, another to measure their sense of meaning in life, and a third to measure their sense of psychological well-being. These three scales were pretested and found to have good reliability and validity. The questionnaire data were analyzed using hierarchical regression in order to understand the explanatory power of the predictors(workplace spirituality and meaning in life) to dependent variable of psychological well-being. The results showed 62.70% explanatory power. According to the research findings, this study suggests that teachers should understand the importance of having workplace spirituality, of being psychologically sound and of feeling they have a meaningful life. Future studies may further explore the factors that influence teachers' sense of psychological well-being.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Scientific and Religious Beliefs about the Origin of Life and Life after
           Death: Validation of a Scale

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Jesús Silva Bautista   Venazir Herrera Escobar   and Rodolfo Corona Miranda   The variety of explanations to questions about the origin of life, life after death or about the role itself of being in the world are built on the rational reflection that integrates the ideology of human beings as well as less rational practices and more emotional ones than in the whole nourish what has been called "beliefs". Therefore, the aim of this study was to construct an instrument to measure beliefs about the origin of life and life after death. A scale with a Likert 5-point response type was made up of 52 reagents; it was applied to 913 people of the Metropolitan Zone of Mexico City to obtain their psychometric characteristics, all whose schooling was either basic or an academic PhD degree. To identify the discriminative power of each test item, internal consistency, exploratory factor analysis and Pearson's correlation, data was analyzed using SPSS version 21. The final scale was formed by 48 reagents distributed in 4 factors that threw a Cronbach Alfa of 0.874. In conclusion, these results reveal a valid and reliable instrument as well as a useful tool for studying the phenomenon of the origin of life and life after death.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Refugee Education: The State of Nigeria's Preparedness

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Oluwayemisi A. Obashoro-John   and Gbolabo J. Oni   The spate of insurgences and conflicts in the country and around the sub-region has led to the increased presence of refugees and Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Nigeria. This has resultant challenges on the basic needs of refugees and IDPs at different levels. One of the highest priorities of refugees and IDPs communities is education. Nigeria is obviously struggling to provide basic education for her citizens hence the emergence of refugees and IDPs and their need for education put a double burden on the nation's education system. Sections of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Fundamental Human Rights; 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees, 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child, and 1990 Declaration of World Conference on Education for All call for no discrimination in the education of men, women and children irrespective of status; compulsory and free education for all and the right to education in emergencies. These are supposed to be the policies and implementation guidelines for ratifying countries. Observations show that, in spite of the challenging situation, there is little evidence of the commitment by the Nigerian government through the Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC) to the education of refugees and IDPs. In cases where some levels of provisions are available, the quantity and quality of such provisions needs improvements. Since there is no guarantee that refugees problems will end soon, this paper examines the available provisions and institutional approaches for the education of refugees and IDPs in Nigeria; analyses the level of Nigeria's preparedness for providing education for refugees and IDPs persons; and makes propositions for meeting this peculiar global reality.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • An Insight into the Challenges Faced by Academic Women with Pre-school Age
           Children in Academic Life

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Gizem Günçavdı   Şöheyda Göktürk   and Oğuzhan Bozoğlu   This study aimed to explore the challenges academic women, especially those who were mothers of pre-school age children, went through. The main guiding question of this study was "How do academic mothers with pre-school age children survive in the academia from pregnancy through all the various stages of parenting and motherhood'". This study employed qualitative case study research design. The study was conducted in a faculty of a state university in Turkey. 6 academic women participated in this study based on the selection criteria. Data was collected through open-ended, semi-structured interviews and analysed through thematic analysis. The findings indicated that though academic women in the study valued the experience of being mothers, they were overwhelmed by the workload; lacked administrative support; and suffered from a never-ending struggle to balance between their academic duties and parental responsibilities.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • New Technologies in Maritime Education and Training, Turkish Experiment

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Oral Erdogan   and Ergun Demirel   The aim of this study is to introduce new technologies and approaches in the maritime education and training (MET) and Turkish experiment / acquisitions / contributions including some analysis which may be helpful for the future studies on this subject. As an example of such an effort, Turkish experiment / contribution on seafaring officer education system is presented and discussed which supports to understand the problem areas and further assists to take the proper actions to facilitate the adaptation process. Each steps of achievement process is analyzed to realize the key issues which are the main sources of discrepancies and difficulties. The results of the discussions grouped and associated to formulate possible / probable solutions. After testing suitability, reliability and acceptability of solutions, some applicable course of actions are introduced. The overall results of this study may be used by MET planners and researcher who will make further studies on this issue.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Relationship between Lifelong Learning Levels and Information Literacy
           Skills in Teacher Candidates

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Dilek Yalız Solmaz   This study aims to examine the relationship between lifelong learning levels and information literacy skills in teacher candidates. The research group consists of 127 physical education and sports teacher candidates. Data were collected by means of "Lifelong Learning Scale (LLL)" and "Information Literacy Scale". In the data analysis, "mean, standard deviation and Product-Moment Correlation coefficients" were used. As a result of the study, it has been observed that participant student' LLL levels are above the average. Sub-dimensions of LLL levels have been analyzed, it shows that participant student' curiosity, perseverance, motivation and self-regulation subscale scores, were slightly above the mean score of the scale. Another result obtained from this research is that students' information literacy trends are also quite high. It shows that students' "defining information needs" "access to information" "use of information" and "ethical and legal settings in use of information" subscale average scores is the high level. According the results of the analysis, there is a significant relationship between students' information literacy skills and LLL levels. This relationship is positive and at moderate level. Thus, it is understood that when students' information literacy skills increase their attitudes toward LLL will also increase in parallel at moderate level.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Relationships between Static and Dynamic Balance and Anticipation Time,
           Reaction Time in School Children at the Age of 10-12 Years

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Sinan Bozkurt   Oya Erkut   and Orkun Akkoç   The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between anticipation time, reaction time and balance characteristics in school children at the age of 10-12 years.11 males and 12 females, 23 students in total, studying at Istanbul Sancaktepe Ibn-i Sina Elementary School, whose average age was 11.06 years, average height was 142.78 cm and average weight was 37.6 kg, voluntarily participated in the study. Height, body weight, anticipation time, reaction time, static balance and dynamic balance measurements were obtained from the subjects within the scope of the study. The descriptive statistics and the relationship between balance, anticipation time and reaction time parameters were investigated by using multiple correlations. The level of significance taken into account was (p
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Critical Reflection on the Role of Education as a Catalyst of
           Peace-building and Peaceful Coexistence

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  6  Seema Agnihotri   Human being since its evolution is continuously struggling to combat inherent prowess of violence and conflict as a part of biological species which is falling in an ambivalent position in the ecosystem. It was realized long years back that only peaceful coexistence can ensure the prolonged journey of humanity without any turmoil. But this realization and its implementation have always been a herculean task for those who tried to do it through different forms. In fact, they have to sacrifice their lives also for doing the same. The prevailing long history of wars, revolts, conflicts all across the world are the glaring examples in this regard which have tried to subvert the desire for peace among the peace loving people in a very indifferent manner. In due course of human evolution, various modes were taken to instill the significance of peace in the humanity. Religion, music, painting, folktales, architecture, etc. are used prominently to spread the message of peace by highlighting the repercussion of violence in different forms. But it has been seen that the impact of all these modes were not as pervasive as desired. Despite of their intensive usages in different cultural settings in its own specific ways, the intensity of violence and conflicts could not be minimized and the climax can be seen in the form of two world wars which have been fought within such a short span of time. Immediately after the wars, the search for another mode was started and it was found that education can be that mode through which the goal of peace can be achieved and sustained for a long period of time through adoption of correct strategies and techniques. In the course of due deliberations, proper frameworks have been created in the education systems of different countries of the world to minimize the occurrence of violence along with promoting peace. This paper is attempting to highlight those efforts and to critically present the case for the effectiveness of education as a catalyst for peace building through the model. The paper got concluded by emphasizing on the changing aims of education revolving around to gain true peace through different channels.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Divergent Activities in History Teaching: History Teachers Perceptions and
           an Initiative for Evaluation as Preparing Rating Scale

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Muhammet Ahmet Tokdemir   Assessment is one of the basic elements of teaching. However, there are not enough studies on the evaluation of divergent questions, particularly, in history education. Therefore, after reviewing the past and current literature on the topic, this study describes the design and implementation of a rating scale which can be used in the evaluation of divergent questions. The study based on action research examines history teachers' views on divergent questions and how they evaluate the answers to such questions. The study was conducted with four history teachers who are working in different schools attached to the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) and 68 high school students in Turkey. Interview and document analysis were used as data collection tools. The study consists of two parts. In the first part of the study teachers' thoughts about divergent questions were determined; and the second part involves the generation of a rating scale that can be used in assessing the answers given to divergent questions. The result reveals that the rating scale provides the sufficient reliability and validity value, and can be used by history teachers in terms of divergent questions.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Study of the 5E Instructional Model to Improve the Instructional Design
           Process of Novice Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Jiuhua Hu   Chong Gao   and Yang Liu   This study investigated the effects of 5E instructional model on the teaching processes of novice teachers. First, we conducted a teaching design training project based on the 5E model for 40 novice teachers, and compared pre-texts of the teachers' teaching process from before the training with post-texts obtained immediately following the training to determine whether the model can promote the teaching design process of novice teachers. In order to explore how the 5E model influenced the novice teachers' teaching processes, we chose three teachers for an additional three stages of training, then compared the texts resulting from the different stages and interviewed each teacher. Finally, we found that the 5E model had a significant effect on the improvement and further development of the teaching processes among the novice teachers. The model influenced the teachers' teaching process through each of the sub-phases, and different sub-phases resulted in different improvements. Each novice teacher also showed different improvements, with the specific improvements also being affected by teachers' personal beliefs.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Educational Inequality in Nuevo Leon and Oaxaca, Mexico, 2008 and 2010:
           The Basis of an Uncertain Future for These Societies

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Alberto I. Pierdant R.   Jesús Rodríguez Franco   and Ana Elena Narro R.   Education in society especially in Mexico, seems to be a powerful instrument of intergenerational social mobility to produce individuals with "capabilities and functions"[1] allowing them to obtain a greater well-being. "Education as schooling", in the first instance, improves the individuals living conditions, since this is a path to a better way of living and a privileged way to achieve a higher economic and social position within a society [2]. However, education's purpose is not only to be thought as schooling for economic well-being, but also as an element of cultural integration and general well-being within a society. Based on that, we have studied the educational inequality in two states in Mexico during the years 2008 and 2010. To this end, we have incorporated into a model of multi-dimensional logistic regression, and index of educational inequality. This index, consist of three focal variables: educational backwardness, access to technologies of information and communication, and family education spending. These variables allowed us to quantify more accurately this form of inequality. The observed results are worrisome, even more because; this derives other inequalities for the families of these societies, including reducing opportunities for better employment, and thus provoking lower standards in health, housing, nourishment, and social participation among others. Educational inequality is, therefore, another factor that originates poverty in the society.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • A Mixed Methods Study on Teachers' Perceptions of Readiness of Higher
           Education Institutions to the Implementation of the K-12 Curriculum

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Imee C. Acosta   and Alexander S. Acosta   The Philippine Educational System is undergoing a major overhaul that shifts from a 10-year education to 12 years known as Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum or K-12. The purpose of this mixed-methods sequential explanatory study was to identify factors that determine readiness of select higher education institutions to the full implementation of the K-12 program. Results were obtained through a survey questionnaire in the quantitative phase and followed up with semi-structured interviews from purposely selected participants. In the quantitative phase, five factors were found to be predictors of readiness, they are: eligibility, staffing guidelines, course streamlining, workforce surplus management, and alternative programs, while in the qualitative follow-up; the phenomenological inquiry yielded five essential themes related to readiness, namely: requalifying the teachers, retooling the teachers, realigning the curriculum, reclassifying the teachers, and redirecting professional development. Both, the quantitative and qualitative findings from the two phases of this study prove that the higher education institutions are ready for the new structure and demonstrate active involvement in ensuring a smooth transition and successful implementation of the new program. Implications and recommendations are provided for policy makers, concerned government institutions, higher education institutions, and teachers to consider in adopting the country's biggest education reform agenda.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Feedback and Assessment in the New Kindergarten Teacher Education in
           Norway

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Marie Brandvoll Haukenes   This paper investigates the feedback and assessment routines that are being established in the subject of pedagogy in the new model of Kindergarten Teacher Education (Barnehagelærerutdanning - BLU) in Norway. This scope is chosen due to the particular role of the subject of pedagogy in strengthening the understanding of the practice field, and in ensuring a coherent, professionally oriented perspective. The data comprise group interviews with three pedagogy teachers, two pedagogues from in-service kindergartens and one interview with one student. The gathered data were analysed according to guidelines for qualitative content analysis [1], and interpreted in the light of Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT). Results show that pedagogues both at BLU and in-service kindergartens experience many challenges connected to formative assessment and feedback practice: (a) a tacit, private and low-priority assessment culture; (b) current practice characterized by summative assessment methods; and (c) minimal collaboration between involved participants. In conclusion, the paper suggests the following improvements in the area of feedback and assessment in the new BLU: (a) establishing a closer and more reciprocal collaboration between all participants; (b) encouraging a shared understanding of central goals and methods in formative assessment, and (c) increasing the status of assessment work and ensuring time resources to involved teachers.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Development of the Artistic Supervision Model Scale (ASMS)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Saduman Kapusuzoglu   and Umit Dilekci   The purpose of the study is to develop the Artistic Supervision Model Scale in accordance with the perception of inspectors and the elementary and secondary school teachers on artistic supervision. The lack of a measuring instrument related to the model of artistic supervision in the field of literature reveals the necessity of such study. 290 teachers working in 14 public elementary and secondary schools in Bolu province and 179 educational inspectors working in 17 provinces participated in the study. In order to verify the scale, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. For the reliability of the scale, internal consistency and item analysis were calculated. SPSS 18.00 and Lisrel 8.7 package programs were used for the data analysis. The analysis of the data revealed that it is a reliable scale made up of four dimensions and has a very good adaptation value. The dimensions involved in the scale are called as philosophy of artistic inspection, teaching as an art, assessment activities for artistic approach, and educational specialty task for the inspector.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Analyzing the Curriculum Alignment of Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Esen Turan-Özpolat   and Erdal Bay   The purpose of this research was to analyze the curriculum alignment of teachers in secondary education 5th grade Science course. Alignment levels of teachers in dimensions of acquisition, content, teaching methods and techniques, activity, material and measurement - assessment, and the reasons for their alignment/non-alignment to the curriculum were revealed. The research was carried out using case study model as one of the qualitative research designs. The research was carried out with totally four Science teachers carrying on their duties in three state secondary education schools and one private secondary education school with the highest, medium and lowest success levels determined according to Transition from Primary to Secondary Education (TEOG) exam results in Adıyaman province central district. The data were obtained observing the implementations of teachers they performed at schools and the interviews made with the teachers after these observations. For the analysis of the data, descriptive analysis and content analysis methods were used. Upon analyzing the curriculum alignments of the teachers, it was determined when considered in general that there was no high alignment, and curriculum alignment of all teachers were only at a very high level in "content" dimension; and when considered in details, curriculum alignment of teachers was not present in more than one dimension because there was no expression related to the relevant dimensions in the annual plan in units. Within the scope of the results obtained in the research, it was concluded that teachers considered they administered the curriculum in a way determined by Ministry of National Education (MoNE) during the teaching process, but none of them had a clear knowledge about the definition of program alignment, and their program alignment was not completely fulfilled.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • An Investigation of Forcibly Migrated Syrian Refugee Students at Turkish
           Public Schools

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Rasim Tösten   Mustafa Toprak   and M. Selman Kayan   This study is a descriptive phenomenological research that aims to reveal Syrian refugee children' experiences within formal public schools in Turkey. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews from 28 teachers who teach these refugee Syrian students. Results show that the students are under the effect of post-traumatic stress disorders, they have problems understanding and communicating the content in class, there are issues stemming from overcrowded classes, teachers have not been involved in decision-making processes regarding these students, there does not seem to be an reliable effort to increase teachers' capacities to better deal with these students, nor are they effectively informed about refugee students. The study also presents discussion related to integration of refugee students into mainstream classes, lack of an effective system to address issues, and some suggestions for policy making in the case of refugee students.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Incorporating High Value Care into Undergraduate Medical Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Erik Faber   and Daniel Wells   Identified Need: The United States spends the most per capita on healthcare, but ranks much lower than most industrialized nations in quality and many health metrics. Studies have shown higher costs do not translate to high quality care, and may indeed translate to lower quality care and patient experience. Teaching high value care (HVC) is only formally integrated into 15% of internal medicine residency programs and hardly into undergraduate medical education. Innovation: To address rising healthcare expenditures in the United States, the innovation trains physicians starting in year one of undergraduate medical education in a HVC focused curriculum regarding diagnostic testing. To create the curriculum, content will be introduced throughout each year of training. Each consecutive year, the fundamental principles will be reinforced with the goal to have students practicing HVC at the end of their clinical training. Implications: This training could help decrease unnecessary test ordering common among residents and practicing physicians. Our health system will benefit through the cost savings associated with the decrease in unnecessary medical testing. Patients will also benefit because only the most valuable tests will be ordered, saving the patient unnecessary distress, time, and exposure to adverse events.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Early Childhood Education Teachers' Strategies Use in Order to Prevent
           Aggressive Behaviors in Classes: The Case of Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Meral Taner Derman   The aim of this research is to investigate the aggression types observed in class environment in preschool and primary schools and the strategies that teachers use in order to prevent aggressive behaviors in classes by variables like gender, seniority and socioeconomic level. 118 preschool teachers and 176 primary school teachers, a total of 294 teachers are involved in the research. A questionnaire prepared by the researcher was used in the study. Teachers stated that physical aggression is more common in preschool classes while verbal aggression is more common in primary school classes. In a comparison of schools' socioeconomic status, teachers working at schools with low, average and medium socioeconomic status stated that verbal aggression is the most common type of aggression in their classes. Upon examining strategies used as timely intervention means against aggression in classroom, it was determined that both preschool teachers in preschool education institutions and class teachers working at primary schools almost always use the methods such as "Encouraging mutual apology, reconciling, peacemaking", "Dialogue" and "Encouraging to place oneself in someone else's position", in other words empathizing. It can be said that teachers generally use positive conflict resolution methods in order to prevent aggression.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • From Experience to Summit or Vice Versa' Netnography Study on a
           Virtual Community of Mountaineering

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Sabri Kaya   Metin Argan   and Gözde Yetim   Virtual communities have been a significant channel for people to share their feelings and experiences regarding a special issue. The combination of ethnography and the internet offers the opportunity for new methods of research that can potentially reach a broad audience in the online world. Thus, netnography, a combination of internet and ethnography, is an approach to analyze the online community systematically. This study aimed to reveal the experiences and feelings of a virtual community comprised of mountaineers in a virtual community. This research uses Kozinet's netnography approach on experiences and feelings, applied to a virtual community context, in order to better understand the nature of the sharing of a serious leisure community. The results of this study indicated that three main themes and nine sub-themes portray experiences, feelings, perceptions and group interaction of the virtual mountaineering community. This study emphasizes the themes of adventure experiences, preparation and supply, and completion, taking into account mountaineers' feelings and experiences in the virtual community.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Analyzing the Reading Skills and Visual Perception Levels of First Grade
           Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Aybala Çayir   The purpose of this study was to analyze primary school first grade students' reading levels and correlate their visual perception skills. For this purpose, students' reading speed, reading comprehension and reading errors were determined using The Informal Reading Inventory. Students' visual perception levels were also analyzed using Beery-Buktenica Developmental Visual Motor Coordination Test. Results have shown that most of the students were in the anxiety (poor) level (75%) and the rest of the children were in the instructional level (25%). It has been found that instructional level first grade students had better scores in reading speed, reading comprehension, and reading errors. They also had significantly (p
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Exploring Academic Performance: Looking beyond Numerical Grades

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Martín Sanz Noemy   Rodrigo Inés G.   Izquierdo García Cristina   and Ajenjo Pastrana Patricia   Academic performance has always been associated to the evaluation tests results, which are those corresponding to student's IQ, and leaving aside other personal characteristics. Among such characteristics, the importance of emotional intelligence is worth highlighting (management, facilitation, understanding and perception), dimensions associated to personality traits (emotional impulsiveness, respect for others, sociability, negotiating skills, openness to experience, self-confidence) and, of course, the meaning of life, since the creation of meaning is related to each person's individual development, in hand with other processes such as identity, relationships and life goals. The objective of this project is to study the role of these dimensions in the learning process and development of students, which may predict future performance. To do so, we have conducted an observational study with 217 psychology students at the Francisco de Vitoria University, which identifies the importance of each characteristic relative to academic performance. The results show that the aforementioned theoretical models are isolated, making it necessary to include other variables, such as the meaning of life and emotional intelligence to explain academic performance.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • Looking for High Quality Accreditation in Higher Education in Colombia

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  7  Jesús Alfonso Pérez Gama   and Anselmo Vega Vega   We look for the High Quality Accreditation of tertiary education in two ways: one, involving large amount of information, including issues such as self-assessment, high quality, statistics, indicators, surveys, and field work (process engineering), during several periods of time; and the second, in relation to the information contained there about High Quality, which involves the development of an intelligent architecture based on both knowledge and models towards competitiveness. Mathematical and computational models for dynamic and structural analysis of the academic governability integrate the engine for this architecture. We specially consider that the processes of High Quality Accreditation demand a great effort, with the participation of numerous people and faculty members, and the compliance with government regulations. Architecture makes it easy to walkthrough top down and bottom up: from macro to micro level of data (and vice versa), covering the whole processes of the university, in order to verify the full compliance with the accreditation rules, policy and quality assurance of the entire academic programs. These architectures allow us to follow up the progressive enhancement in search of the academic excellence.
      PubDate: Jul 2017
       
  • OSeMOSYS Energy Modeling Using an Extended UTOPIA Model

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Denis Lavigne   The OSeMOSYS project offers open-access energy modeling to a wide audience. Its relative simplicity makes it appealing for academic research and governmental organizations to study the impacts of policy decisions on an energy system in the context of possibly severe greenhouse gases emissions limitations. OSeMOSYS is a tool that enhances the potential for the training of highly qualified professionals. Basic training is possible via the UTOPIA model. This paper proposes an extended version of this model to help non-expert individuals fully grasp its powerful yet easy-to-use capabilities. The step-by-step presentation shall be of great use for professors to embed this material in class and for energy professionals new to the field of energy modeling to learn how to use a techno-economic approach.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Investigating the Relationship among the Level of Mobbing Experience, Job
           Satisfaction and Burnout Levels of Primary and Secondary School Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Veysel Okçu   and Hakan Çetin   The aim of this study is to examine the level of mobbing experienced by primary and secondary school teachers and to determine how and to what extent this affects their job satisfaction and burnout levels. This research used a relational survey model. As a result of the study, it has been determined that there is a negative and medium-level relationship between the teachers' level of exposure to mobbing towards their profession or social relationships and their job satisfaction levels; a positive and medium-level relationship between the teachers' level of exposure to mobbing towards their profession or social relationships and their burnout levels; and a negative and low-level relationship between their internal and external job satisfaction levels and their burnout perceptions. According to the results of the path analysis, the teachers' job satisfaction level decrease in line with an increase in their mobbing experiences related to their profession and social relationships, and thus, their burnout levels also increase. However, it has also been determined in the study that in line with an increase in the internal and external job satisfaction levels of teachers, their burnout perceptions decrease. Accordingly, it has been concluded that mobbing towards their profession and social relationships is a stronger predictor of burnout level in comparison to job satisfaction.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • What Makes a Good Teacher'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Zagyváné Szűcs Ida   The introduction of the new Teacher Career Model, the School Inspectorate and the Complex School Assessment imply the basic question "What makes a good teacher'" The scholars have been focusing on the issue for a long period of time. The target of the recent studies is the teachers', school principals' and the teacher students' beliefs. The primary and secondary school students' beliefs have been neglected. This study presents the results of a research in which we explore the secondary school students' expectations of a good teacher. We carried out an anonymous questionnaire survey and asked the students to write an essay on the good teacher. The results show that the students assess their teachers in a lot of aspects. The categories of the questionnaire and the essays reveal certain personality traits and the eight teaching competences of the recently introduced Teacher Career Model. The students would like to have teachers who put a lot of efforts into helping students with acquisition. Furthermore, personal attention, dealing with the students' problems, fair treatment and showing respect to each other take the priority in their beliefs. The results of this study regarded as the starting point of a bigger-scale research can contribute to the development of the graduate and postgraduate teacher training system in Hungary.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Comparison between Emotional Intelligence and Aggression among Student
           Teachers at Secondary Level

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Sajna Jaleel   and Alie Molly Verghis   The study explored the relationship between emotional intelligence and aggression among teacher trainees at secondary level. The hypothesis formulated for the study was, there is no significant relationship between Emotional Intelligence and aggression of teacher trainees at secondary level. The method adopted for the study was descriptive survey, which was carried out on a sample of 90 student teachers at secondary level, selected purposively. The tools used for data collection were, 1) Emotional Intelligence Inventory by S.K. Mangal and Shubhra Mangal designed for college and university students for the measurement of their emotional intelligence (total as well as separately) in respect to four areas or aspects of emotional intelligence namely, intrapersonal awareness, interpersonal awareness, intra personal management and interpersonal management. 2) Aggression Scale by Dr. G.P. Mathur and Dr. Rajkumari Bhatnagar. The statistical techniques used for the study are, Karl Pearson Product Moment coefficient of correlation and Analysis of Variance. The results revealed that 44 % of the teacher trainees have average emotional intelligence, 26 % have high EI, whereas, 24 % have low EI. Only 6.66% of teacher trainees have low aggression. 44% have average aggression and almost half of the sample has high aggression. The computed value of coefficient of correlation between Emotional Intelligence and Aggression is not significant at .05 level. The computed value of coefficient of correlation between Emotional Intelligence and Aggression of teacher trainees coming from rural and urban areas is also not significant at .05 level.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Blended Learning: An Innovative Approach

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Lalima   and Kiran Lata Dangwal   Blended learning is an innovative concept that embraces the advantages of both traditional teaching in the classroom and ICT supported learning including both offline learning and online learning. It has scope for collaborative learning; constructive learning and computer assisted learning (CAI). Blended learning needs rigorous efforts, right attitude, handsome budget and highly motivated teachers and students for its successful implementation. As it incorporates diverse modes so it is complex and organizing it is a difficult task. The present paper discusses the concept of blended learning, its main features and prerequisite of its implementation. Scope of blended learning in Indian educational system is also discussed .The present paper also tries to explain that how blended learning is an approach that needs to be adopted.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Determining the Anxiety Sensitivity Bases of Anxiety: A Study with
           Undergraduate Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Atilgan Erozkan   This study aims to examine the relationships between subdimensions of anxiety sensitivity and anxiety. The participants in the study were 841undergraduate students (411 females; 430 males) randomly selected from three different faculties -Faculties of Technical Education, Education, and Sport Sciences- at Mugla Sıtkı Kocman University. Data collection instruments included the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-Revised, (ASI-R), and also Beck Anxiety Inventory, (BAI). The data were analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and structural equation modeling. The results indicate that there were significant positive associations between subdimensions of anxiety sensitivity and anxiety. The results also indicated that the fear of cognitive dyscontrol subdimension of anxiety sensitivity was the most important predictor of the anxiety for emerging adults. Further research examining the relationships between subdimensions of anxiety sensitivity and anxiety are necessary to strengthen the current study's findings.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Investigating Aerobic, Anaerobic Combine Technical Trainings' Effects on
           Performance in Tennis Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Gürhan Suna   and Mehmet Kumartaşli   The aim of this study is to investigate eight-week aerobic, anaerobic combine technical trainings' effects on developments of performance. 21 athletes of tennis proficiency students from Sports Sciences Department were joined to the study voluntarily. Participated in the research athletes' ages' mean was 22,2±0,3 year, lengths' mean was 177,3±1,4 cm, weights' mean was 69,5±1,4 kg. Trainings were planned as 8 week and 3 days a week, in each unit training 90 minutes. In the research flexibility, vertical jump, standing long jump, right-left hand-grip strength, back and leg strength, anaerobic power, 20 meters shuttle run test, 5 and 10 meters sprint run, 1 maximal strength and ITN technical tests were applied. For analyzing handled data statistically, SPSS programme was used. Paired Samples t Test was applied as statistical process. Comparing before and after training groups' Flexibility, Strength, 5 and 10 m. Sprint run, Anaerobic Power, 20 m. Shuttle Run Test and ITN Technical Test values; there were statistically found to be different in all measurements(p
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • EFL Learners' Beliefs about Speaking English and Being a Good Speaker: A
           Metaphor Analysis

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Ali Dincer   This study aimed to investigate the beliefs of English as foreign language (EFL) learners about speaking in English and being a good speaker of English through metaphor analysis. A phenomenological approach was adopted and 60 EFL learners completed a questionnaire with demographic questions and two prompts focusing on the characteristics of a good English speaker (i.e., "Speaking English is like… because…" and "A good speaker of English is like… because…"). For the first prompt about speaking English, 46 valid metaphors were determined, which were categorized under five conceptual themes. For the second prompts about being a good speaker of English, 27 valid metaphors were given, with six conceptual categories identified. Findings showed that learners mostly perceived speaking as a skill requiring much effort and also giving pleasure. They described a good speaker of English as someone who is fluent at speaking, universal, disarming, wise, privileged and hardworking. The conceptual categories were also described with the speaking achievement and these categories were found to be connected to the degree of achievement. The findings gave insight into a better understanding of the speaking skill and what makes a good speaker of English for language educators.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Using Newspapers and Advertisement as a Focus for Science Teaching and
           Learning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Hakan Akcay   Hasan Ozgur Kapici   and Robert E. Yager   The purpose of this article is to provide a brief literature review and useful suggestions for using advertisements as tools for organizing and accomplishing science teaching and learning. Newspapers and advertisements can be used as a context for developing scientific literacy and for promoting the development of critical thinking skills, through questioning, creating flexible course content, and exploring science beyond the classroom.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Leveraging Technology for Educational Inclusion

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Sudha Subramaniam   and Radha Subramaniam   The divides created by inequalities of income, lopsided growth and by the vicious circle of poverty has ensnared learning and delayed the planned strategies for educational inclusion. India's eighth Five-Year Plan prioritised and allocated increased funding for education with focus on reach-out to the remote interiors and rural India. However, those who were outside the circle of inclusion decreased only marginally and the deviations from targets were a matter of genuine concern. Lack of mid-course corrective measures compounded with spiraling economic concerns widened the gulf between the haves and the have-nots. Skill development to enable taking up of opportunities and leveraging with technology to simplify reach-out with innovative methods will serve to unleash the untapped potential and thereby elevate lifestyles by ably empowering. 'Young India' with a population of 234 million in the age group of 15-24 years is expected to increase by 13% over 2005-2020 vs the world average of 4%. Channelising the youth by providing them access to global domains of knowledge and leveraging technology ably so as to usher in innovative strategies which are cost-effective can provide the desired reach-out for knowledge to be ingrained productively and seamlessly, eliminating barriers of distance, time, access and reach-out.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Allosteric Learning Model in English Lesson: Teachers' Views, the
           

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Hasan Güner Berkant   and Seda Baysal   The changes which occur during the learning process have been explained by many teaching-learning models and theories. One of these models is allosteric learning model (ALM) which was developed by André Giordan in 1989. This model was derived from a biological metaphor related to proteins. The interaction between individual and environment in a learning situation is tried to be clarified by using a metaphor of allosteric regulation. This regulation explains how enzymes and proteins can change form and function according to the environmental factors, in the same way, the model explains how individuals can change their minds as a result of environmental conditions. Various studies have been conducted in science especially in biology about allosteric regulations; however, there are few studies available especially in Turkey in social and educational sciences and foreign language teaching related to ALM. Hence, the main purpose of this study is to determine the compatibility of English teachers' views and instructions of curriculum as well as 5th grade English course book with the principles of ALM. Moreover, the study aims to present a sample of daily lesson plan for the use of ALM in English lessons. The teachers' views and the data from the curriculum show that most of the ALM principles are available in the curriculum, course books, and classroom activities. Only three of them are not integrated into the curriculum and 5th grade English course book. This study also presents theoretical explanations of ALM and a sample of daily lesson plan prepared for the 5th grade English lesson "Health" unit. Accordingly, in-class activities of sample were developed through the principles of ALM. The current study also provides a framework for an experimental study which is planned to be realized in another study in the future.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Learning Style, Test Anxiety and Academic
           Achievement

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Kubilay Yazıcı   This study aimed to investigate the relationship between social studies pre-service teachers' (SSPTs) learning style, test anxiety and academic achievement. A total of 315 SSPTs participated in the study. Data were collected using Turkish versions of Grasha-Reichmann learning style scale (GRLSS) and test anxiety scale (TAS) by Spielberger. According to the findings, SSPTs' academic achievements had negative and low-level relationship with the TAS' worry sub-dimension while they had no significant relationship with the emotionality sub-dimension. No statistically significant relationship was observed between test anxiety and independent, participant and avoidant learning styles, which are among GRLSS sub-dimensions. The findings revealed that competitive and cooperative learning styles had positive, low-level and significant relationship with the TAS' emotionality sub-dimension, and the same relationship was observed between the competitive learning style and the worry sub-dimension. The relationship of gender and class level with learning styles and test anxiety was also investigated in this study.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • The Relevance of Classroom Audits and Student Feedback on Teacher
           Effectiveness

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Robert P. Machera   Measuring of performance for lecturers' has become a popular event not only in the Botswana academic environment but in many parts of the world (16). Being charged with responsibilities as an AAT Team Leader the researcher was interested in getting feedbacks for faculty members in his department. This study focused on the relationship between classroom audits, student feedbacks and students' throughput. This study used a mixed method for data collection. This research positions itself into two paradigms between the adherents' quantitative approach 'QUAN' and qualitative approach 'QUAL'. The population for lecturers who were teaching AAT at Botho University during the time of the research was 23. A quantitative content analysis was followed with a focus group. The researcher used a convenient sampling to select 12 lecturers to participate in the focus group. Face-to- face interviews were conducted on 6 lecturers who were conveniently selected from the 12 participants who were part of the focus group. There were comparisons between quantitative content analysis, focus group and face- to- face interviews in order to determine the truth from the participants. The results of this study revealed that there was no relationship between the classroom audits, student feedback and students throughput. Additional instruments methods were recommended to evaluate lecturers' performance. The findings from this research may assist Botho University and other universities world-wide.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • A Validation Study of the Culturally Responsive Teaching Survey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Christy M. Rhodes   Amidst the ethnic and linguistic diversity in adult English language classes, there is heightened importance to using culturally responsive teaching practices. However, there are limited quantitative examinations of this approach in adult learning environments. The purpose of this investigation was to describe patterns of culturally responsive teaching practices of adult ESOL teachers and to establish the psychometric properties of the Culturally Responsive Teaching Survey (CRTS), a newly-developed self-assessment survey. Based on Ginsberg and Wlodkowski's Motivational Framework for Culturally Responsive Teaching [1], this 17-item online survey establishes patterns of teaching praxis appropriate for adult English language classrooms. Findings revealed a trend of regular to frequent use of the majority of the culturally responsive teaching practices indicated in the CRTS. In addition, analyses demonstrated that the CRTS is a reliable, uni-dimensional scale which yielded positive correlations with multi-cultural knowledge and teaching skills. Thus, the CRTS provides a useful tool for examining the praxis of culturally responsive teaching in adult, second-language classrooms. These findings will lead to improved understanding of how adult educators incorporate culturally responsive teaching practices in ethnically and linguistically diverse learning environments, in addition to supporting the use of this instrument in future research studies.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Analysis of Textbooks for Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language in terms
           of the Cultural Curriculum

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Magdalena Lewicka   and Anna Waszau   The subject of this paper is embedded in the context of the issues of cultural and religious studies on the grounds of the contemporary glottodidactics, since it contains the characteristics of the selected textbooks for learning Arabic as a foreign language in the aspect of the content of the cultural thematic corpus. Three various textbooks, representing three various publishing markets (Poland, France, United States of America) have been analyzed to assess the extent of the presence of the cultural and regional knowledge elements. This analysis allowed answering the question regarding the method of reflecting the aspects forming the socio-cultural competence of a student and the extent of such reflection.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Communication Students' Skills as a Tool of Development Creativity and
           Motivation in Geometry

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Edita Smieskova   Often solved problems are problems of students' motivation in the process of teaching and learning. Some authors see the solution in creation a more space to students' creativity in teaching and learning. It is the aim of modern pedagogic and humanistic education, too. The submitted study aims to present possibility of how to teach geometric constructions in connection with real life tasks. The topic Geometric constructions give us space to teach mathematics in interesting way and offer students to be creative. The creative tasks are those tasks which are unknown for students and their content is surprising and nontraditional. We will prepare lesson activities according to official Slovak document entitled National Program of Education. Communication skills and ability to collaborate of students' will be factors of their success in the prepared lesson. Students have to solve problems where do not exist one solution and their content relates to interdisciplinary between geometry and fine arts. For evaluation of students' solutions will be used an implicative analysis with statistical software C.H.I.C. (Classification Hérarchique Implicative et Cohésitive).
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Improving 4th Grade Primary School Students' Reading
           Comprehension Skills

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Aydın Bulut   The aim of this study was to carry out action research to investigate reading comprehension skills when using the SQ3R reading comprehension strategy. To that end, this strategy was used for improving the reading comprehension skills of 7 primary school 4th grade students who had problems with these skills. An action plan was prepared for 3hours a day on 3days a week for a period of 10 weeks. In the intervention process, the first author carried out this intervention with a classroom teacher. In this research, "Teacher's Diaries" and three different written forms, namely the "Reading Comprehension Test", "Student Interview Form" and "Student Observation Form" were used as data collection tools to provide research credibility. The results indicated that that the SQ3R-based reading program increased students' reading comprehension level. In light of data obtained from this study, student's ability to analyze texts visually, and their predictive and note-taking skills were found to be improved.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Retrieving Online Language Learning Resources: Classification and Quality

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Zita Krajcso   and Ulrike Frimmel   Foreign language teachers and learners use digital repositories frequently to find appropriate activities for their teaching and learning activities. The question is: How can content providers support them in finding exactly what they need and in retrieving high quality resources' This question has been discussed in the literature and in the context of research projects. The answers are a taxonomy of searching mechanism and quality criteria of online resources from the methodologic point of view. Correspondingly, this paper introduces a classification of online resources according to the four skills (speaking, writing, reading, listening/watching) and two language use types (grammar, vocabulary), representing the changing paradigm of foreign language teaching and learning. Further the paper identifies quality criteria for designing online learning materials with regard to content, methodology, technic and design. Finally, the findings are illustrated by an example of a learning scenario.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • An Evaluation on the Regression Level of Prospective Teachers'
           Metacognitive Skills in terms of their Community Service Activities
           Perceptions

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  1  Metin Kartal   Özden Demir   and Halil İbrahim Kaya   Metacognition, thinking, and learning are a continuous transformation in case of different aspects of the same event. In turn, metacognition is an inseparable part of the process of thinking to think. Recently, the definition of metacognition has been elaborated. And as defined in the past, it has only consisted of "thinking on think", but now it covers of awareness of one's own knowledge, cognitive steps, cognitive and effective situations, intentional and awareness monitoring ability, and regulating his/herself knowledge, as well. In such a process, social awareness and social dimensions of development thinking in the participants' individual learning and language are an inevitable necessity and the key to thinking rather than effective think. In this line, individuals are also supposed to effectively use the cognitive processes and skills. Herewith, metacognition could be accepted as a large structure consisting of the community service activities. As research findings also revealed, the teachers' participation in community service activities is being effective for the development of cognitive skills and higher-level thinking processes; in this regard, as it contribute the teachers' development of the responsibility for their own learning, it has positively contributed that the more their necessary skills increased, the more positive attitude toward student the teachers have. To determine the prospective teachers' personal traits, the perception on Community Service Activities, and to measure the cognitive skills respectively in this research, it was used "Personal Information Form"; "Community Service Activities Scale", and "Cognitive Awareness Scale". Las but not least, the overall aim of this study is to uncover what extent the prospective teacher's cognitive skills is predicted in terms of the variables of Community Service Activities Perception Scale.
      PubDate: Jan 2017
       
  • Opinions Regarding the University Students of Humanity's Problems and
           Their Solutions

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Füsun Gülderen Alacapinar   Problem statement: There are many problems that humanity is facing today and has to solve. These problems can be gathered under several headings. Most important ones among these problems can be listed as follows: Threat of nuclear war; human being pushed into solitude and repugnancy; disturbance of natural balance; population growth; black holes swallowing our planet; exhaustion of underground and surface resources; unfair income distribution both internationally and within countries; and lack of affection. Purpose of Study: What is the most important problem in the world according to university students' What kind of ideas make university students find that problem as the most important one' Methods: The qualitative method used was soliciting the written opinion of university students anonymously. Findings and Results: University students regard lack of affection as the most important problem that humanity is facing today. They argue that this lack of affection may be the root cause of other problems and say when affection reigns; other problems can be solved more easily. Other problems that follow the most important one are as follows: Wars, disturbance of natural balance and pollution; others (ignorance; selfishness, lack of empathy, poor communication, mistrust, intolerance, degeneration in mind and heart, parental clashes, information pollution, distorted urbanization); human being pushed into solitude; exhaustion of natural resources; unfair income distribution; population growth and black holes swallowing the planet. Conclusions and Recommendations: On the basis of findings, one can say that university students are aware of problems that humanity is facing. In established industrial and information societies individuals are left alone. This may feed the feeling of solitude and the feeling, in turn, may lead to lack of affection. During focus group meetings university students addressed these issues and emphasized that lovelessness is the malady of our time. They added that no other problem can be solved without solving this one first.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • The Effect of Compensation Studies on Disadvantaged Children's Self
           Concept Levels and Locus of Control

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Ömür Sadioğlu   The aim of this study is to determine the effect of "Bir Umut Ol Benim İçin" (Be My Hope) project which was prepared for the children who were disadvantaged by being influenced from several risk factors as compared to their peers on the self-concepts and locus of controls of the children. The study group consisted of 33 children who were evaluated as disadvantaged by Bursa Police Department Children Branch Office and who were included in "Bir Umut Ol Benim İçin" project. The study examined whether there were significant differences between the pre-test and post-test scores of the locus of control scale and self-concept scale of the children who had participated in the project. It is determined that while "Bir Umut Ol Benim İçin" project has not caused a significant difference between the self-concept scores of the children who have participated in the project, it has caused a significant difference between the locus of control scores of the children. The children have been deemed as internally controlled as a result of their singly planning against their environments which they had to overcome, though their scores have increased a little as a result of them to be under their teacher's control during the studies, their internal controls have been continuing since the scores of the children have been lower than the average.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • The Materials Mode in the Local Context of Muğla and the Role of
           Mother Tongue

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Perihan Korkut   and Abdullah Ertaş   Materials mode is one of the four modes of a lesson in the Self Evaluation Teacher Talk (SETT) framework. The aim of this study is to identify the interactional features during the materials mode in Muğla, Turkey. The lessons of English teachers at the state schools and the microteaching presentations of teacher trainees at Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University were recorded, transcribed and analyzed in comparison with the framework. The findings indicate that although the interactional features match to those defined in SETT for the most part, there are also some differences that can be attributed to cultural and local practices. The analysis showed that mother tongue plays an important role in the fulfillment of the pedagogical goals. The findings indicate that mother tongue should be taken seriously in teacher education.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • An Outsider View: the Perceptions of Visiting International Students on
           Teaching, Language and Culture

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Bünyamin Bavlı   This study investigates how international visitor students studying temporarily at a public university in Turkey perceive teaching, language and culture. Qualitative explanatory single case study method was employed in the study. The data were obtained through face to face interview with 10 participants, and a focus group interview with 3 participants. The study results indicate that Turkish Higher Education seemed to these visiting students to have problems including the style of teaching, the language of instruction. Findings disclosed that, there are some challenges for participants in teaching such as the language of instruction and number of the courses provided. In addition to that, learning environment such as crowded classrooms and few varieties of class types for the instructions might be called as limitations. In the context of the language, participants criticized that English was not used as a medium of instruction because of the students' language deficiency. However, visiting students praised practice opportunity of the university, language development during their study, development of their intercultural understanding, international perspective, widening their horizon and social relations.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Emotional Scaffolding as a Strategy to Support Children's Engagement in
           Instruction

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Mi-Hwa Park   Consideration of children's emotions in a classroom provides more opportunities for improvement in children's engagement. However, the literature about emotional scaffolding in early childhood settings is underdeveloped. This qualitative case study focuses on the construction and implementation of strategies of scaffolding emotions by two early childhood educators in a public elementary school. The data consist of participant observations, interviews, and documents. The analysis highlights three major themes: The participants' beliefs about self-identity, their understandings of students' emotions, and their feelings of school expectations and academic pressures. The findings show the way that beliefs, knowledge, and other contextual factors interact to produce emotional scaffolding strategies. This study discusses several points of difference that reveal the uniqueness for emotional scaffolding in early childhood contexts. This study finds that emotional scaffolding is a critical pedagogical tool that could help teachers reach developmentally appropriate practices for early childhood education in an age of accountability.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Adolescent Time Attitude Scale: Adaptation into Turkish

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Eyüp Çelik   Ümit Sahranç   Mehmet Kaya   and Mehmet Emin Turan   This research is aimed at examining the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Time Attitude Scale. Data were collected from 433 adolescents; 206 males and 227 females participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analysis performed to discover the structural validity of the scale. The internal consistency method was used for reliability analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a good fit to the data (X2 = 724.42, DF = 390, RMSEA = .045, GFI = .90, CFI = .91, IFI = .91, NNFI = .90, and SRMR = .04). The internal consistency coefficients of six subscales were found to be .67 for past positive, .72 for past negative, .81 for present positive, .72 for present negative, .77 for future positive, and .63 for future negative. The result of the item analysis showed that corrected item-total correlations ranged from .29 to .67, and were statistically significant at the p
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • A Research on the Practice of Volunteer Guardianship in Primary Schools
           (Example of Trabzon Province)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Rıdvan Küçükali   In this study, we tried to find an answer to the question as to whether positive outcomes in socio-emotional and academic sense may be provided to the education of kids kept under the practice known as "Volunteer Guardians on duty". This study reached the following conclusions through the data obtained. The presence of legal guardians (parents) in schools that is one of the key stakeholders in education, their becoming familiar with the school, getting to know the school's problems, gaining the sense of ownership of the school will make a significant contribution to the students' academic, social, emotional and moral development. In this way, parents are required to take their responsibility regarding the school which includes for them to take ownership in the education process, thus increasing educational success. This work will contribute to future works as it represents a new application in Turkey. As a result of this study, positive increases in student and school effectiveness were observed.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Leadership Development in Students: Teachers' Opinions Regarding
           Activities that can be Performed at Schools

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Hanifi Parlar   Muhammet Emin Türkoğlu   and Ramazan Cansoy   This study aims to examine teachers' opinions regarding the activities that can be performed at schools to ensure leadership development in students. Accordingly, an attempt to reveal what the leadership qualities of students should be, the activities that can be performed for the acquisition of leadership qualities and the applicability level of these activities was made within the scope of the present study. This study is a descriptive study designed in mixed model. Therefore, qualitative and quantitative research methods were used together in the present study. The study was carried out with 13 teachers in the qualitative part and with 304 teachers in the quantitative part. While the data were collected by a semi-structured interview in the qualitative part of the study, the "Teachers' Activities for the Acquisition of Leadership Qualities in Students Questionnaire" was used in the quantitative part. Results showed that activities should be performed for in-class and out-of-class purposes and the conceptual understanding of leadership for the acquisition of leadership qualities; and that these studies were at the applicable level. Furthermore, it was found out that to make students acquire communication skills, problem-solving skills, responsibility, honesty and ability to set goals are important. In this context, the findings obtained from the present study were discussed in relation to the relevant literature and some suggestions were proposed.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Inclusion Assistants in General Education Settings - A Model for
           In-service Training

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Anat Moshe   The inclusion assistant (IA) is a fairly new position in the education system and is the outcome of current ideological and legislative steps to include students with special needs into the general educational system. The IA's function is to personally accompany students with severe disabilities - autism, developmental disabilities, physical disabilities, and mental disorders - in the general class. The IA helps the student cope with the classwork and social environment, relieving the teacher of the inclusive classroom of the extra duties. Unfortunately, studies carried out in the United States, Europe, and Israel have indicated that IAs lack adequate training: they are not required to undergo any pre-service training and are frequently not offered any in-service training or guidance. This paper reviews the roles and characteristics of this challenging position and offers a model of an easy-to-implement, in-service, professional development program with minimal time demands that can serve to increase the IA's skills.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • An Investigation on 3-6-year-old Chinese Children's Perception of "Death"

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Yan Ji   Yanhua Cao   and Min Han   Because of the taboo in Chinese culture, there is little research on Chinese children's perception of "death". The research on preschoolers' cognition of "death" could deepen our research on children's cognition process, guide children's life education, and improve the psychologic intervention on the children who experience such torment at their home. This research, with six variables of death concept, applicability, universality, irrevocability, dysfunctionality, causality, and judgment, investigated 180 3-6-year-old Chinese children's general perception of "death", and their cognition of such six sub-concept of "death". The experiment results demonstrated the status of Chinese children's cognition of "death". (1) 3-6-year-old children understand "death" more accurately as they grow older. (2) There is no significant difference in the perception of "death" between different gender children. (3) Children who have experiences with pets have more accurate understanding of "death" than those not. (4) Children have unbalanced understanding of six sub-concept of "death". (5) Children's perception of "death" is self-centered. On the base of such findings, the author advocates to include "death" education into children's daily education, and make use of picture books and the experience with pets to help them understand "death" properly.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Analysis of the Influence of Adolescence Period Sport Activities on
           Emphatic Tendency

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Mehmet Acet   Tamer Karademir   and Sercan Gökçiçek   This study was conducted to find out how the empathic tendency levels of adolescent high school students were shaped in terms of sport activities and some variables. The study group includes a total of 1868 students, 866 females and 1002 males, between the ages 14 and 18 who were studying in different high schools (science high school, vocational high school, sports high school, Anatolian high school, etc). The data were collected through Emphatic Tendency Scale developed by Dökmen (1988) and the personal information form developed by the researchers. In conclusion, this study conducted on adolescent high school students showed that students within adolescence age groups showed similar emphatic tendencies, female students had higher emphatic tendencies, parents' being alive and educational and economic status influenced emphatic tendency and participation in sport was important and sports performed within a circle of friends caused positive contributions.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Opinions of Prospective Classroom Teachers about Their Competence for
           Individualized Education Program (IEP)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Murat Debbağ   This research aims to determine the opinions of prospective classroom teachers about preparation and implementation of Individualized Education Program (IEP). In this study, a qualitative research method was used. The participants were 20 classroom-teaching students that had been selected through the purposive sampling method. In the study, the questionnaire "Examining IEP" was used as a reference, which has been improved by the researcher. The questionnaire includes open-ended questions. According to the analysis results, prospective class teachers state that they do not think that they are qualified enough to evaluate students' performance, to identify individual needs which is related to the performance, to set or create goals, to collaborate with parents and school administration, or to plan educational adaptations. They also state that they have concerns about possible problems that may arise during implementation of individualized education programs.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Forming Positive Identities to Enhance Mathematics Learning among
           Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  2  Duduzile Rosemary Mkhize   Learners' participation in mathematics decreases during their transition from primary to high school. This is despite adolescents' cognitive growth equipping them with enhanced cognitive ability [1];[2] to learn mathematics. Hence low participation in mathematics does not result from cognitive deficiency. Rather, lack of motivation to learn mathematics may be the factor [3]. According to self-determination theory, motivation results from nurturing three human basic needs: autonomy, connectedness and competence [4]. Since identity is linked to autonomy, identities in mathematics learning impacts motivation to learn the subject. Hence, this paper reports on the action research intervention which took advantage of adolescents' preoccupation with identity formation. In line with continuous cycles of action research, the intervention is the pilot of the ongoing study that seeks to enhance mathematics learning by utilizing non-cognitive factors that resonate with the characteristics of adolescents. The paper reports on how the autonomy to form their identities in mathematics learning, impacted the adolescents' learning and attitude towards mathematics. Qualitative results show that learners lived up to their self-formed identities and this enhanced their motivation to learn mathematics. Further studies that forge positive identities in mathematics classrooms to enhance motivation to learn mathematics are recommended.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Dictionary Use of Undergraduate Students in Foreign Language Departments
           in Turkey at Present

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12B  Ayşegül Takkaç Tulgar   Foreign language learning has always been a process carried out with the help of dictionaries which are both in target language and from native language to target language/from target language to native language. Dictionary use is an especially delicate issue for students in foreign language departments because students in those departments are expected to master the target language to a degree to enable themselves to listen, speak, read and write in the target language. In this process, the effects of new developments in technology have also exerted their influence on the way students use dictionaries mentioned above. Based on the results of classroom observations and interviews, this study is intended to shed light on the way undergraduate students in foreign language departments in Turkey use print/online dictionaries and to highlight opinions on the advantages and disadvantages of dictionary use by students in those departments at present.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • The Influence of the Augmented Reality Application on Students'
           Performances in Ottoman Turkish Readings

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12B  Mehmet Fatih Özcan   Âdem Özkan   and Nurullah Şahin   The use of Augmented Reality Technologies, which has been developed in order to enrich the environment of education and training and provide permanent learning, has been increasing day by day. In this sense, it is important to analyze the use of augmented applications in education and training environments. In this study, We have aimed to determine students' academic success levels and their satisfactions through the use of augmented applications in Ottoman Turkish reading which students have difficulties learning. For this purpose, an experimental study has been conducted with 60 students, 30 from experimental and 30 from control group, studying in the department of Turkish studies in the faculty of Education Faculty of Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University. The experimental and control groups have been chosen at random. The study has lasted totally 4 weeks- 1 weeks as pilot 3 weeks as application. The academic success test, that has been prepared to assess students' academic success, prepared by experts and covered 7 weeks, has been applied as the pre-test in the beginning and final test at the end of the process. Additionally, a semi structured interview has been carried out with randomly chosen students from the experimental group. The views of students about the use of augmented reality in Ottoman Turkish readings have been taken into consideration and the level of their satisfaction has been determined. After analysis of the obtained data, it has been understood that there is a meaningful difference between the average academic success grades of the experimental and control groups. The analysis of the findings, obtained by the semi-structured interview, are still continuing. According to the first findings, it has been observed that the use of augmented reality in education and training environment has positive contributions to student success and satisfaction.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • The Impact of Distributed Leadership Behaviors of School Principals on the
           Organizational Commitment of Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12B  Öznur Ataş Akdemir   and Ahmet Ayik   This study aims to investigate the effect of school principals' distributed leadership behaviors on teachers' organizational commitment. For this purpose, correlational survey model has been used in this study. The study group consists of 772 teachers working at secondary schools of Erzurum. The data of the study has been collected by using Distributed Leadership Inventory which was developed by Hulpia, Devos and Rosseel (2009a) and adapted to Turkish by Baloğlu (2012), and Organizational Commitment Scale for Teachers which was developed by Üstüner (2009). The data has been analyzed with SPSS programme. Some descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages, arithmetic mean and standard deviation have been used. Besides, Pearson Moment Correlation has been used in order to determine the relationships among the variables; and multiple linear regression analysis has been used to investigate predictive power of distributed leadership. According to the findings of the study, it is determined that teachers' perceptions towards school principals' distributed leadership behaviors and organizational commitment are at moderate level. The findings of the study have revealed that there is a positive and significant relationship between school principals' distributed leadership behaviors and teachers' organizational commitment. Besides, school principals' distributed leadership behaviors significantly predict teachers' organizational commitment.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • High School Mathematics Teachers' Levels of Achieving Technology
           Integration and In-class Reflections: The Case of Mathematica

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12B  Mehmet Alper Ardıç   and Tevfik İşleyen   The purpose of this study is to determine the levels of high school mathematics teachers in achieving mathematics instruction via computer algebra systems and the reflections of these practices in the classroom. Three high school mathematics teachers employed at different types of school participated in the study. In the beginning of this qualitative analysis, the researchers provided the teachers with in-service training titled Computer-assisted Mathematics Instruction Workshop regarding the integration of the Mathematica software which is a computer algebra system in learning-teaching environments. The participating teachers then conducted computer-assisted mathematics instruction activities in their classroom via the Mathematica software regarding the graphs of quadratic equations (parabola). Semi-structured interview and observation forms were used as data collection tools in the study. The data were analyzed using the descriptive analysis method. As a result of evaluation, it was found that before the Computer-Assisted Mathematics Instruction Workshop, the participants either never implemented technology integration or implemented it on the elementary level which is replacement. After the workshop, it was observed that the teachers achieved the technology integration in classroom implementations on the level of transformation and the top level of amplification and showed improvements in this matter. In the observations made after the workshop, it was seen that the teachers generally employed a student-oriented education approach and encouraged students to facilitate their own learning and make their own inferences utilizing computers and worksheets. It was observed that this situation led to changes in classroom routines and contributed to students' acquisition of deeper comprehension by their own efforts. Additionally, it was understood that the students or the teachers did not have any difficulty in using the computer-assisted mathematics instruction materials prepared in Mathematica.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Quality of Life -- Lifelong Education Platform

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Ivica Radovanović   Dragana Bogavac   Zorica Cvetanović   and Jasmina Kovačević   The aim of the research was to examine the quality of adolescents' lives in order to assess how much it serves the purpose of effective lifelong education. The sample consisted of 220 pupils from the first to the fourth grade of secondary school on the territory of Serbia. The quality of life of the respondents was assessed by means of a questionnaire on the quality of life - PedsQLTM. The following was examined: Emotional, Social and Physical functioning. The results of the research showed a high level of life quality related to the aspects of physical functioning and social functioning, while emotional functioning is marked as a dimension with a lower degree of quality. Factor analysis revealed six relatively independent factors. The results indicate that the quality of students' life is still not at an enviable level and that it is important to work systematically in this field.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Comparison between Couple Attachment Styles, Stress Coping Styles and
           Self-esteem Levels

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Oğuzhan Çolakkadioğlu   Turan Akbaş   and Sevcan Karabulut Uslu   Data were acquired from a total of 422 university students with 216 female and 206 male students via Couple Attachment Scale, Stress Coping Styles Scale and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Positive and statistically significant relationships were determined between self-confident approach, optimistic approach and social support approach sub-scales as a result of Pearson Product Moments Correlation Coefficient analysis; whereas a negative and statistically significant relationship was determined between helpless approach and submissive approach sub-scales and self-esteem. It was determined as a result of the One Way MANOVA analysis that couples with secure and insecure attachment differ with regard to ways of coping with stress and self-esteem levels and that couples with secure attachment make use of self-confident approach, optimistic approach and social support approach from among styles of coping with stress, whereas couples with insecure attachment use helpless approach and submissive approach styles and that they have lower self-esteem levels.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Perception of Mobbing by Teachers and Organizational Depression: A
           Correlational Model Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Esef Hakan Toytok   As is known, mobbing (intimidation) is an important concept being subject to many researches in numerous fields and many researchers suggest that this concept has the power to directly affect organizational structures. Even though the concept of mobbing changes from country to country, culture to culture and organization to organization, it is seen that its consequences in terms of employees are the same. It is also seen in researches that the most recent concept in studies to improve organizational effectiveness is organizational depression and it directly affects operability and functionality of organization. As in mobbing, there are depressive symptoms of organizational depression such as decrease in performance, lack of communication, motivation and unhappiness. Therefore, this research aims to clarify the concepts of mobbing and organizational depression, which affect organizational functioning and achieving organizational objectives to this extent to determine mobbing and perception levels of organizational depression to teachers who have vital importance for educational organizations and which are exposed to in terms of various variables and to reveal the relationship and impact of these perception levels. Descriptive Relational Screening Model, a quantitative research method, is used for this research. The universe of the research is composed of 1642 teachers working at primary, secondary and high schools in the center of Siirt province and its sample includes 386 randomly selected teachers. The obtained data are entered into SPSS 21 packaged software and the appropriate statistical analysis procedure is adopted. The findings obtained as the result of statistical processes are tabulated, analysed and interpreted. According to the results based on the obtained findings in the research, teachers are not exposed to high-level mobbing and organizational depression. No significant difference is seen in their perception of mobbing and organizational depression in terms of independent variables such as marital status, gender, and professional seniority but there are significant differences for mobbing in independent variables of school types and branches and for organizational depression in the variable of country's states. It is seen in the research that there is a medium level and positive significant relationship between mobbing and organizational depression. The regression analysis shows that more than 15% of depression in an organization can be attributed to mobbing.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Proposing a Managerial Model to Higher Education Sector: Lifelong
           Educational Experiences of Overseas Students on Impediments

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Ali Erden   Lifelong education is a process including positive and negative experiences at the same time. Negative experiences mostly appear as impediments to the overseas students. They need to overcome impediments they experience throughout their education. The paper discussed the key findings of a two-year research project for identifying the impediments and their frequency faced in the higher education sector and for proposing a managerial model. This case study adopted a descriptive methodology under qualitative research paradigm. Data were collected through focus-group-interviews (FGIs) and in-depth-interviews (I-DIs). Focus-group-members (FGMs) were 50-OSs studying various departments and various universities in NC. I-DIs were taken place with 75-different-overseas-university-students (dOSs) studying at various departments of universities in NC. The impediments are identified on mobility, adaptation, internationalization and maturation which are strongly affected by the feelings and affections, changes, irregularities and barriers. The managerial model is based on managing accommodation and transportation; managing studentship; managing student health; managing students' welfare and managing being worldwide.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Effect of School Yard Playgrounds on Development and School Attachment
           Levels of Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Aybuke Dilbil   and Zekiye Basaran   The aim of this study is to examine the impact of playgrounds drawn in school yards on development and school attachment levels of the children. Sample of the study consisted of 319 students. 164 of them are female students while 155 are male students studying in the 3rd and 4th grades in Dr. Ferdi Koçel Elementary School, Yarbay Refik Cesur Elementary School and Saraybahce Elementary School located in the district of Izmit in Kocaeli. As for data collection tools, personal information questionnaire, school attachment scale (Savi, 2011) and school yard playgrounds questionnaire (Basaran, 2017) were employed. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analysed in the SPSS 18 package program and frequency and percentage distributions. Cronbach Alpha, Paired Sample T-Test and Independent T-Test were used (p
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Tapping into the Intellectual Capital at the University

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Mary Griffith   Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is as full of challenges as it is of possibilities. We will explore the challenges while seeking realistic solutions as eight Computer Science professors teach their subjects through English for the first time. We hope to gain insights into the bilingual classroom at the university level where teacher training can aid in professional development. Kevin Haines (2017) has posed the question about policies, principles and practice in bilingual settings, suggesting that we still need to address the challenging question: 'who will support the teachers'' In this paper we will observe problems and solutions to bilingual teaching from the ethnographic point of view of action research. We hold that research in education must make the move toward a more qualitative assessment. As researchers, perhaps we need to describe less and do more by putting our research into action.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Pre-service Science Teachers' Cognitive Structure about Some Epidermal
           Structure in Plant

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Yeşim Yener   The main focus of this study is to determine pre-service science teachers' cognitive structure about trichome and stoma through two alternative assessment techniques: metaphor and word association test. The study was conducted with 35 pre-service science teachers. Word association test given stoma and trichome as stimulant words was applied. Also it was asked them to complete these sentences 'Stoma is like/similar to … Because …' and 'Trichome is like/similar to … Because ….' The data obtained from both techniques were analysed according to the content analysis, frequency tables were prepared and divided into categories. With the help of these categories, the cognitive structures of pre-service science teachers and also misconceptions they had were revealed. Consequently, it was suggested that using metaphors in conjunction with word association test for determining of the cognitive structure of students in any subject would be complementary factor for each other's.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • The Perspectives of Primary Mathematics Teacher Candidates about Equal
           Sign: The EEG Case

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Ülkü Ayvaz   Hakan Yaman   Nazan Mersin   Yasemin Yilmaz   and Soner Durmuş   In this study, it was aimed to investigate the primary mathematics teacher candidates' perceptions about the equal sign within the scope of neuroscience studies. To reveal their perceptions about the equal sign, three types of addition operations were asked to the participants: , ,. Their brain waves were recorded by EEG device named as Neuron-Spectrum 4. Moreover, their ideas about the types of the questions were asked to support EEG data. As a result, it was found that the teacher candidates had more cognitive activity in parietal lobe while solving the questions of type two and three. In addition to this, they also showed more cognitive activity in frontal lobe for the type three questions. EEG results reveal that they had difficulty to answer these questions than the questions of type one as they also wrote on the interview form.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • A Conceptual Study on Pedagogical Formation Students: Gender

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Sinem Tarhan   Fatma Ünal   and Eda Çürükvelioğlu Köksal   While the biological differences accepted by the individuals themselves are seen as sex differences, at the point of socializing the society culture, the differences in the ways of behavior, emotion, and role which are taught are seen as 'acceptable' according to the sex are seen as gender role differences. This study aimed to investigate the pedagogical formation students' attributions towards gender concept and to determine the definitions oriented to the 'gender' regarding sex. The study was designed in the frame of qualitative research. The study group consisted of 156 participants. As data collection instruments, semi-structured interview form was used and the data evaluated with content analysis. Findings indicated that for both male and female participants the themes like 'work/mother/father', 'traditions' and 'male superiority' came into prominence. For female participants, it went in turn as 'stress/violence' and 'insignificance' themes; for male participants it followed as 'discrimination', 'inequality', 'stress/violence' and 'insignificance' themes.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Do "Current" Teaching Methodologies Really Work in Every Context'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Aynur Yüreklİ   This study examines the impact that learners have on the effective implementation of the Communicative Language Teaching Approach (CLT) in monolingual English for Academic Purposes (EAP) class in a country where English is taught as a foreign rather than second language. Based on recorded language lessons of four different learner groups, it discusses to what extent students affect classroom interaction patterns, content-creation and the type of questions which are asked during the lessons. It further relates these to the level of accomplishment of the students under study. In the analysis of the recorded lessons, frequency distributions for question types, percentages for interaction patterns and arithmetical averages for success rates have been calculated. The findings suggest that the teaching/learning context, learners specifically, have an influence on the time spent on pair and group work; the contribution to the academic content required to fulfill the task at hand, and the number of display, referential and elicitation questions asked by the teacher. It suggests that context specific issues have a determinant effect on the implementation of communicative teaching approaches. Not only during the implementation stage but also in the final assessments and evaluations, learner's impact seems to play a crucial role. This, inevitably, highlights the need for post methodology in language teaching. It specifically focuses on teachers' ongoing professional development needs so that their teaching methodologies come into line with the needs of the specific learner groups that they are working with. It also suggests that methodologies that are 'current' or proven 'effective' may not necessarily work in teaching and learning contexts from which they originated.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Development of Mathematics Course Attitude Scale: A Preliminary Study of
           Validity & Reliability

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Menekşe Eskici   Gökhan Ilgaz   and Osman Tolga Aricak   The aim of this research is to develop a Mathematics Course Attitude Scale to measure high school students' attitudes towards mathematics and to test the validity and reliability of this scale. It is also aimed to reveal whether there are significant differences in school students' attitudes towards mathematics according to their gender and mathematics achievement. This research was conducted with 508 volunteer students (198 female, 310 male) studying in five different high schools. One-dimensional scale consisting of 13 items was obtained. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that one factor solution was acceptable. In addition, the internal consistency and composite reliability of the scale were found to be high. We also found that there was a significant and moderate positive correlation between attitude and achievement. It was seen that the average of the attitude points, according to the gender, was very close to each other and the difference was not significant.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • An Investigation of the Opinions of Pre-service Midwives and Nurses
           Regarding Lifelong Learning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Mukaddes Örs   and Mustafa Kılınç   The objective of this study is to determine the lifelong learning tendencies of students from the midwifery and nursing department at a Faculty of Health Sciences, and to reveal whether these tendencies differ with respect to the some variables. It further attempts to show some significant differences in the students' lifelong learning tendency levels according to certain demographic attributes (i.e., department, gender, and leisure). In accordance with the above purpose, the answers to the following questions are sought. 1. What are the lifelong learning tendency levels of midwifery and nursing students' 2. Are there any significant differences in lifelong learning tendency levels between the groups of students that may be formed according to demographic attributes' This is a descriptive study for a situation determination, on which a scanning model is grounded. The target population of this study consists of 356 students enrolled in midwifery and nursing departments. None of the sampling methods are used in this research as the researchers aimed to reach all 356 individuals in the target population. The data were collected from 333 students, although the data concerning 14 students were not included in the analysis due to a lack of response. The measurement scale used to measure the lifelong learning tendencies consists of two parts. Items regarding the demographical attributes constitute the first part and items related to the participants' tendencies toward lifelong learning formed the second part of the measurement tool. SPSS-22.0 was used for the data analysis, where Mann-Whitney U and Kruskall-Wallis H tests were conducted to test the hypothesis. The descriptive statistics of the students' demographic attributes were presented. The study's results indicated no significant difference in the lifelong learning tendency levels between the two groups of students making up the study areas (i.e., midwifery and nursing). Therefore, it can be inferred from this result that study areas do not have any significant impact on students' lifelong learning tendency scores. Conversely, the study's results revealed a significant difference in the students' lifelong learning tendencies between the two gender groups (i.e., female and male). The mean observed lifelong tendency scores of the female students was significantly higher than the mean of the male students. In light of the obtained study results, to improve the lifelong learning tendencies of students enrolled on midwifery and nursing courses, educational seminars about the importance of lifelong learning in human lives should be held.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • The End of Democracy and the Modes of Resistance in Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Carlos Sousa Reis   Dores Formosinho   and Ágel García Del Dujo   Our scope is to show how democracy has been trivialized as a concept and, more worryingly, as a mystified practice of consented servitude, which supposedly would bring to its very end. In fact, for the emblematic occidental societies, democracy has, at the best, been reduced to a consumerist way of life, under the capitalist liberal order, and the façade of a 'spectacularized' electoral process. Overall, the word 'democracy' is currently used to mask different forms of authoritarianism, from which nor even western societies escape. In such context, as to the promises of democracy for schools' systems, we see nothing but a bureaucratic centralization, allowing no more than an instrumental autonomy of power of execution through which the players only enjoy a 'voluntary servitude' to the neoliberal naturalized ideology of efficiency, competitiveness and pseudo meritocracy. We thus conclude by suggesting possibilities of resistance and the empowerment of the subject.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Teacher Candidates' Assessment for Pedagogy Education: Karabuk
           University/Turkey Sample

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Ömer Aydoğdu   and Nurhayat Çelebi   The aim of this research is to determine the extent of benefit of teacher training education of the teacher candidate students who are having pedagogical teacher training education. This research is a quantitative study in general screening model. In the research, a questionnaire formed of 5-point Likert type with 26 items was used. Cronbach Alpha coefficient of the scale was 0,74. 222 teacher candidates participated into the study. The scale items were gathered under sub-dimensions of 'lessons taken by means of distant education, lessons taken by means of face-to-face education, teaching practice process in schools and general assessment of teacher training education'. According to the findings of the research, it was seen that assessments of the teacher candidates relating to the profession were positive. The students preferred face-to-face education to on-line education. Within this process, the importance of teaching practice was detected due to the provision of opportunity for the candidates for putting their theoretical knowledge into practice. No significant difference was seen in the assessments of the teacher training education in terms of gender by the teacher candidates. There was a difference in sub-dimension of 'lessons taken by means of face-to-face education' with respect to the group of History-Geography students. As suggestions, it is anticipated that teacher training education of the teacher candidates should be provided with the face-to-face education freely and courses should be arranged within four years of undergraduate education programs.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Analysis of Students' Online Learning Readiness Based on Their Emotional
           Intelligence Level

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Melih Engin   The objective of the present study is to determine whether there is a significant relationship between the students' readiness in online learning and their emotional intelligence levels. Correlational research method was used in the study. Online Learning Readiness Scale which was developed by Hung et al. (2010) has been used and Trait Emotional Intelligence Scale - Short Form (TEIS-SF) developed by K. Petrides and Furnham (2000, 2001) were used as data collection tools. The questionnaires were applied to 95 students who attend Computer II course, which is provided only through distance learning in Uludağ University. The conducted analyses demonstrated that there was a meaningful relationship between students' online learning readiness and the individual's emotional intelligence dimension. Individuals with a high social skills sub-dimension of emotional intelligence had high online learning readiness levels. Furthermore, it was determined that self-control emotional intelligence sub-dimension had a greater prediction power on learner control, one of the online learning readiness levels, when compared to other emotional intelligence sub-dimensions.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • The Analysis of High School Students' Tendencies about Lifelong Learning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12A  Ata Pesen   and Cevdet Epçaçan   This study was conducted to analyze whether there was a significant difference among secondary school students' tendencies about lifelong learning in terms of gender and grade variables. The participants were 466 students studying at different high schools in the central province of Siirt at 9th, 10th and 11th grades, who were chosen randomly. 'Lifelong Learning Tendencies Scale' created by Coskun (2009) which has 27 items in it was used to gather related data. Frequency, mean and Mann-Whitney U test were used to evaluate the data. The results of the study showed that the participants' motivation and persistence levels were high in terms of lifelong learning tendency, however lack of interest and organization of learning subcomponents appeared to be at medium level according to student answers. Generally speaking, lifelong learning tendencies of high school students were at medium level. There was a statistically significant difference for the girls as for lifelong learning tendency but there was not such a difference among the students according to class grade variable.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Reasons of Pedagogical Formation Education Certificate Program Students
           Taking This Education: Comparison of Different Departments

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Rezan Yilmaz   and M. Handan Güneş   With the influence of social, economic and political change, the education system has undergone many changes in various periods, which in turn has affected training of teachers. With the recent change in the implementation of the Pedagogical Formation Education Certificate Program in Turkey, a decision is being made whether the students or graduates who meet the requirements can receive pedagogical formation training, regardless of faculty positions. Considering that the training of qualified teachers is possible with the participation of those who want to perform this profession consciously, it is thought that the reason why the teacher candidates prefer the teaching profession is very important. This study, aiming to reveal the reasons for the education of pedagogical candidates trained in the pedagogical formation of this program, is a qualitative research conducted with 243 participants from eight different fields, employed and unemployed, students and non-students, who are studying at the faculty of education at a state university. The results of the analysis of the data obtained in written form asking the participants for their reasons to take pedagogical formation education and to elaborate their thoughts in detail are in general anxiety for job finding, career making and self-improvement, desire to perform teaching profession and necessity. Participants have indicated that their desire to perform teaching profession is based on their desire to perform a profession that they dream of, desire to gain an additional advantage, desire to meet the need for the required documentation, and thinking that professional conditions are suitable. In addition, it is noteworthy that the thoughts of the teacher candidates from different fields differed in this context.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Evaluation of a Psychological Skill Training Program on Mental Toughness
           and Psychological Wellbeing for Professional Soccer Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Bülent Okan Miçooğullari   and Rıdvan Ekmekçi   The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of psychological skills training (PST) in enhancing mental toughness among Turkish professional soccer team. Sixteen weeks of cognitive-behavioral conceptual framework-based PST program designed according to factors (confidence – constancy - control) of Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ; Sheard et al., 2009) and (self-acceptance, positive relations with others, environmental mastery, purpose in life, personal growth and autonomy) scales of Psychological well-being (SPWB; Dierendonck, 2005). Twenty-six male soccer players between 18-33 years old (mean ± s: age 26.69 ± 3.54 years) voluntarily participated in this study. The relationship between mental toughness (MT) and psychological well-being was identified by conduction of Pearson Product Moment Correlations. To check effect of PST on MT and PWB in progress Paired sample t test was used. Throughout the intervention program, MT and PWB levels of participants significantly increased, in addition to self-acceptance, autonomy and positive relationships with others. Moreover, positive significant relationships were found between components of PWB and MT.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Relationship between Internet Addiction, Gaming Addiction and School
           Engagement among Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  İbrahim Taş   This research examined the relationship of Internet addiction and gaming addiction with school engagement and effects of Internet addiction and gaming addiction on school engagement. The research was conducted with 365 students (140, 38.4%, males; 225, 61.6%, females) studying at an Anatolian high school in Gaziantep province. Personal Information Form, Scale of Internet Usage Addiction, Gaming Addiction Scale for Adolescents and School Engagement Scale for Children and Adolescents (High School Form) were utilized as data collection tools. The data obtained were analyzed with correlation and multiple regression analysis. A weak negative relationship was found between Internet addiction and school engagement. No relationship was found between gaming addiction and school engagement. It was also concluded that Internet addiction is a significant predictor of school engagement and gaming addiction does not predict school engagement significantly.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Encouragement of Early Academic Skills at Home during Early Childhood
           Period: Validity and Reliability Study of the EASYC Scale

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  H. Gözde Ertürk Kara   and Şeyda Kılıç Çoksoyluer   The current study aims to perform the adaptation of the Encouragement of Academic Skills of Young Children (EASYC) Scale into Turkish. The study group was determined by means of the convenience sampling technique. A total of 124 students aged at 48-84 months were included in the sampling of the study. The data collection tools of the study are the Turkish Version of Encouragement of Academic Skills of Young Children Scale (ÇEABD) and the Home Literacy Activities Questionnaire used for criterion validity. In the analysis of the data, explanatory and confirmatory factor analyses, Pearson correlation analysis, descriptive analysis, item total correlation, and internal consistency coefficient calculation were used. As a result of the study, the ÇEABD was proved to be valid and reliable scale in the Turkish sampling. The mean scores taken by the children in the sampling from the reading and math dimensions of ÇEABD and their total mean score were found to be at the medium level. Thus, it can be argued that the parents of the children in the sampling moderately encourage them in activities related to letters and words, comprehension, formal math activities, informal math activities and activities related to games/toys sub-dimensions.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Teacher Candidates' Attitudes towards Teacher
           Credentialing Courses and Instructor Behavior

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  İbrahim Gül   The aim of this research is to examine the relationship between the attitudes of prospective teachers towards teaching profession courses and teaching staff behaviors. The research is a quantitative study. The study's study group is composed of 537 education faculty student. 'Attitude Scale towards Credentialing Courses' and 'Instructor Behavior Assessment Scale' were used as data collection tools in the research. Teacher candidates, faculty members behave adequately. However, prospective teachers' attitudes towards credentialing courses were found to be low. The opinions of the candidate teachers do not differ according to gender, department, academic achievement, mother education status, but there are differences according to the father education status and financial status of the family. A positive relationship was found between the behaviors of the lecturers and the attitudes of the prospective teachers towards the credentialing courses and it was understood that this was a predictor.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • 7th Grade Students' Feelings about Injustices They Experienced at School
           and Ways to Seek Their Rights

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  İsmail Hakan Akgün   This study was carried out in order to determine what kinds of injustices 7th grade students experienced in Turkey, what they felt about these injustices, in what ways they sought their rights and what they suggested to avoid injustice in the school environment. Participants were selected from a total of 5 schools in Adiyaman and Gaziantep, 3 in the city centers and 2 in the villages. In this qualitative study, semi-structured interview form was used as the data collection tool and data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. At the end of the study, it was found that the students experienced injustices in various ways by their teachers, school administrators and friends in the school environment. It has been determined that students are trying to seek their rights by using the means of communication and consultation to school officials or teachers. The students expressed their willingness to help their friends by not being insensitive to their injustice. The students also expressed that they were angry, saddened and felt lonely when they were in a state of injustice, and stated that in order to avoid injustice in the school environment, there should be more discipline, everyone should respect each other's rights, everyone should be equal and fair and students should be informed about the issue.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Selection Process of School Principals in Turkey and Some Other Countries:
           A Comparative Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Sait Akbaşlı   Mehmet Şahin   and Burak Gül   The purpose of this study is to analyze the process of school principal selection and appointment in Turkey and some other developed countries in a comparative way. The specific purpose is to make suggestions in order to improve the school principal selection process in Turkey by comparatively analyzing school principal selection process in Turkey and some developed countries. The focus is on the principal selection processes in the USA, Germany, and Finland, and it makes a comparison with the current situation implemented in Turkey. In most of the states in the USA, in order to be a principal, a certificate, a master's degree, and being an actual teacher are required. In the study methodology, official papers and documents have been analyzed in the context of research review in order to study the existing materials that do not require collecting through a data collection tool. These documents include related official reports, graduate thesis, articles, proceedings, National Education Councils conclusions, and legislative texts consisting of official regulations. The findings indicate that there are various selection methods used for this purpose. District Board of Education is in charge at selection procedures. In Germany, there is a variety of selection procedures among the states. The states' Education Ministries and administrators are in charge of selection and appointment of principals and modifications of selection procedures. The state exams and regular official performance assessments by superiors are decisive in the centralized selection process in most federal states. In Finland, a certificate and teaching qualification are required to be a principal. Interviews and tests are used in the selection procedures. Administrators and educational committee members are in charge of the highly decentralized selection process. There are some common and varied features in principal selection process between Turkey and the mentioned countries in the study. In Turkey, school principality is regarded as a secondary role to a teacher and the principal selection processes, procedures, and rules change very frequently in time.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • A Simulation Based Method for Teaching Reference Frames in Secondary
           Schools

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Tünde Tóthné Juhász   András Juhász   and Zsolt Szigetlaki   The topic of reference frames, which is taught at an early stage of secondary school physics is quite challenging for students. The two main reasons behind this are the high level of abstraction required and the lack of understanding of the vector nature of velocity. In the paper we introduce a method we use successfully in teaching reference frames with our students and which is based on computer simulations. We use a new simulation program, called Fizika, which is developed by a Hungarian team and is available for all science teachers for free. Through the simulations and graphs of motions, we investigate different stationary and uniformly moving reference frames and introduce the concept of relative velocity. With the help of the simulations we can provide our students experimental experience, on which they can build with much more confidence and which will lead them to a deeper understanding. The simulations can also be used for extracurricular lessons with talented students, since the program can also be used to investigate complex motions and their graphs.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • The Intercultural Adaptation of the Pakistani Students at Chinese
           Universities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Xiaoqing Su   In the past decade, the population of international students enrolling in Chinese colleges and universities has been increasing rapidly, with the students in Asia taking the most portions. Chinese higher education institutions are facing great challenges in their course of internationalization. Therefore the studies on the intercultural adaptation of international students in Chinese higher education institutions have received extensive attention. The present research was conducted to investigate the intercultural adaptation of the Pakistani students at the Chinese universities in forms of a questionnaire and interviews. Colleen Ward's cultural adjustment process model is used as the analytical lens to explore the life and study experiences of the Pakistani students from their perspectives and to understand the challenges they experienced during their intercultural communication. The students' personal reports will collectively provide some valuable information for Chinese universities to understand cultural differences that international students is bringing to Chinese campuses and to help them succeed in a totally different academic setting.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Comparison of the Cartoons Created by the Gifted and Non-gifted Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Ahmet Kurnaz   and Mehmet Ali Genç   When compared to their non-gifted peers, gifted students who have high-level talent, motivation and creativity are significantly different from other students in many respects. In addition to their distinct mental, physical and educational features, developed sense of humor is another distinct feature of these students. Also, currently no literature has been published regarding the effect of being giftedness on cartoon drawing. So, the purpose of this study was to compare the ability of gifted and non-gifted students in cartoon-drawing practices and reflection of humor in their drawings. This paper reports the results of a study conducted through survey method and case study as one of the qualitative research method. 59 gifted and non-gifted students participated in the study. Participants were selected through deviant case sampling and convenient sampling. Data was collected through cartoons and analyzed through document analysis. In order to gather data, participants were asked to draw a cartoon related to a certain situation and jokes. Three experts, according to the assessment scale, evaluated cartoons drawn by both groups, and students' cartoon scores, drawing and humor scores were compared by analysis of the evaluation results. Data showed that skills of creating, drawing and reflecting humor to the cartoons of gifted students were at medium level, and those of non-gifted students were insufficient. Gifted students were successful at the same level in creating cartoons based on a situation and a funny, and in drawing and reflecting humor to cartoons. Also, it was seen that non-gifted students were more successful at creating cartoons based on a funny than a situation.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Proposing a Syllabus Design for Oral Classes on Teachers' and Students'
           Perceptions of Modified Output

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Inst. Akın Gürbüz   and Filiz Yalçin Tilfarlioğlu   Error treatment has long been studied in ELT, and the attitude of the learners and teachers towards correction might be acknowledged as the main focus in most cases. Breen et al.[1] put forward that negotiation is inevitable in modification; hence, the primary concern of this study is to explore teachers' and students' perceptions of modification in oral classes and present a communicative syllabus design based on the analysis of the needs. The participant instructors (48) and students (280) were addressed questionnaires to conceive their perception of corrective feedback in their oral classes. Both the questionnaires consisted of six sections, namely (1) necessity of error correction, (2) frequency of error treatment, (3) timing of modification, (4) types of errors need to be treated, (5) methods of correction and (6) delivering agents of corrective feedback. In terms of data collection, a variety of techniques such as questionnaires, audio recordings, and a semi-structured interview have been conducted. In this sense, collected data was analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Some Philosophical Paradigms in Education of Modeling and Control

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  László Keviczky   and Csilla Bányász   The paper discusses some interesting, mainly philosophical paradigms of the modeling and control areas, which are still partly unsolved and/or only partially studied. First the possible introduction of a prejudice free control - similar to the term for the modeling introduced by Rudi Kalman - is investigated. Next the real constraints in real control systems are discussed. It seems that these are the amplitude limit for the actuators in practical systems. Then the application of the HEISENBERG-type uncertainty relationship in control is discussed, combining the robustness of control and quality of modeling. Finally a special irregularity in the classical LQR control methodology is treated investing some unreachable poles in the anomaly. The paper constitutes a review of a few specific problems in the control theory. They are enumerated in keywords and discussed on the basis of the references. The authors aim at least to invite further authors to continue such a discussion.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Implementing Inquiry Gradually with Preservice Science Teachers as
           Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Gonca Keçeci   This study is done to have preservice science teachers chance to implement inquiry before expecting them to implement inquiry in their classrooms and to develop the preservice science teachers' inquiry skills and self-efficacy of science. The study group is composed of preservice science teachers who chose the 2nd grade Biology Laboratory course at Firat University Faculty of Education. The study group consists of 11 male and 55 female male, total 66 preservice science teachers. In the study, partially mixed concurrent equal status design is used. Qualitative data were obtained from preservice teachers' evaluation reports and quantitative data were obtained from science self-efficacy scale. The study was carried out during the fall and spring semesters for a total of eight months. Preservice teachers participated in structured, guided and open inquiry applications respectively. The preservice teachers prepared the results of their studies and shared them with their peers in the other groups. Preservice teachers have written three evaluation reports throughout the process. The application of inquiry applications respectively and the fact that the preservice teachers take part in the process like a student in these applications contributed to the science self-efficacy of the preservice teachers.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Teacher Candidates' Metaphorical Perceptions of Older Family Members

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Filiz Gültekin   and Ahu Arıcıoğlu   This study was conducted on teacher candidates who had the opportunity to work with children, adolescents, young adults, adults and the elderly. We believed that determining the relationship between teacher candidates and their elders and their perceptions would help to plan classes and events for the elderly target group. For this purpose, the relationship between Physical Education and English Teacher and Psychological Counseling and Guidance senior students in education faculty and sport science faculty and their elders was investigated. Metaphors were examined and 13 different categories were developed based on common properties. When the results were investigated, the relationship were mostly defined as Restful (f=11), Informative (f=10), and Cautious (f=9). Other categories were listed as Commitment (f=6), Reassuring (f=6), Close (f=5), Non-developing (f=4), Appreciated (f=4), Distanced (f=4), Mandatory (f=3), and Variable (f=3). The categories with the least frequency were Conflicting (f=2) and Cared (f=2). According to the findings, it could be stated that teacher candidates had more positive perceptions towards their elders. Findings of the study are discussed below.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Social Studies Teachers' In-service Training Needs towards Project Tasks:
           A Comparative Case Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Melis Yeşilpinar Uyar   and Fatma Karakuş   This study aims to determine in-service training needs of novice and professionally experienced social studies teachers regarding the planning, implementation and assessment processes of project tasks. The study was carried out using comparative case study from qualitative research patterns as base. Eight social studies teachers who were determined by means of extreme and deviant case sampling constitute the participants of the study. Interview method was used in data collection and collected data were analyzed with inductive content analysis approach. As a result of analysis, it was determined that social studies teachers need an in-service training that includes basic features of project based learning approach and context-based practices. In addition, it was found that teachers need to improve their knowledge and skills especially concerning 'taking student and curriculum characteristics into consideration in project processes', 'adaptation of project processes into different education environments' and 'development and usage of objective assessment tools'.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Intercultural Adaptation and Validity Study: Universal Science Literacy
           Scale (USLS)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Cüneyd Çelik   and Şendil Can   The purpose of the current study is to adapt 'The Universal Science Literacy Scale' developed by Mun, Shin, Lee, Kim, Choi, Choi and Krajcik into Turkish. The study group of the current research is comprised of a total of 645 pre-service science teachers from 6 different universities of Turkey. In the first stage of the adaptation study, the items of the original scale were translated into Turkish by ELT field experts. Then, a linguistic equivalence test was conducted for the linguistic validity of the scale. The construct validity of the scale was tested with Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The obtained findings showed that the adapted scale has the same factor structure as the original scale. In addition to this, the results of CFA revealed that the goodness-of-fit indices of the scale are quite good. Cronbach alpha internal consistency (reliability) coefficient of the scale was found to be 0.91. As a result of the analyses conducted, it was concluded that the Universal Science Literacy Scale is a valid scale that can make contributions to the relevant literature in Turkey.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Comparison of Science Process Skills with Stem Career Interests of Middle
           School Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  12  Fulya Zorlu   and Yusuf Zorlu   This study was aimed to examine the relation between the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) career interests and science process skills of middle school seventh grade students. Method of this study was the relational survey method. The study was conducted on the basis of voluntariness and participants were 133 seventh grade students (69 females and 64 males) who study in middle schools under the Ministry of Education. STEM-CIS and SPST was used data collection instruments in this study. SPSS package program was used to analyse the data obtained from research. When we consider STEM career interests, it was determined that career interest of students in the fields of Science and Mathematics were higher than their career interests in Technology and Engineering. When averages of STEM-CIS were considered, career interest in Engineering was lower than career interests in other fields. In accordance with findings obtained via STEM-CIS and SPST scales, it is determined that there are low or medium-level relations between STEM career interest and science process skills. It is observed that there are medium-level relations between career interest of Science, Technology and Mathematics and science process skills. The relation between science process skills and Engineering career interest is rather low level.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Development and Evaluation of the Efficiency of In-service Training
           Program with the Theme of Peace Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Semra Demir Başaran   and Sevgi Özden Karakurt   In this article, an in-service training program was developed and evaluated to improve the peace education competencies of primary school teachers. This program, named as In-Service Training Program with the Theme of Peace Education for Primary Teachers (BEHEP), was based on the system approach. The implementation was completed in 28 hours with the participation of 18 primary school teachers working in Serkan Ciddioğlu Primary School located in Melikgazi district of Kayseri province. The article was designed according to the mixed research model. Interview forms, concept forms, course plans, participant diaries and in-service training evaluation scales were used as data collection tools. Qualitative data were analyzed via content analysis method; quantitative data were analyzed via SPSS. BEHEP has been an effective program to raise the awareness of teachers and to improve their skills in designing learning environments suitable for peace education.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • The Experience of Assessing Out-of-School Learning Environments

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Halit Kiriktaş   and Sinan Eslek   This study aimed to investigate out-of-school learning environments within the borders of the province of İzmir in terms of various parameters. With this purpose, the researchers developed "the Out-Of-School Learning Environments Assessment Survey." The study used the screening model, which is a descriptive research method. In the scope of this study, a total of 13 out-of-school learning environments in İzmir were investigated. These included the Young Explorers Center for Science, the Mevlana Center for Science, the Ödemiş Center for Science, Karşıyaka Museum of Science, İzmir Museum of Archeology, Museum of Ethnography, İnciraltı Naval Museum, Arkas Museum of Art, Selçuk Urban Memory, the Ancient City of Efes, Ege University Botanical Garden, and Sasalı Wild Life Park. As a result of statistical operations based on the calculation of frequencies and percentages on the obtained data, it was found that, among the designed out-of-school learning environments in the samples, centers for science satisfied the criteria expected to be determined by the survey to a certain extent, museum groups were "very inadequate" regarding desired qualities, and the levels of satisfaction of expectations for other environments had "acceptable" standards.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Value System and Value Preferences of Prospective Teachers of Secondary
           Schools: An Indian Survey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Rajendra Prasad Dasari   Present society needs a moral, more sustaining order in every sphere of life to have a firm foundation for further human progress. School education touches the chord of ethical conduct of children as it plays a vital role in the inculcation of right values. This will stand them in good stead as they grow up. As adults, they can practice the values in social life which they imbibed at a formative stage. Hence, value education should be the primary concern of teacher preparation because a teacher has the responsibility of shaping children thoughts which decide their behaviour, and actions later on in their life. The present study examines the value system and value preferences of the prospective teachers. A sample of 330 preservice teachers of B.Ed. programme was randomly selected, and Rokeach Value Survey (RVS) was adopted for the study. The study reveals that the prospective teachers are self-oriented towards the end state of their existence showing their inclination towards freedom, comforts, and friendship. However, it is found that their modes of conduct are much oriented towards hard working nature with duty consciousness and open-mindedness. The study suggests that the curriculum and instruction should provide necessary inputs into theory and practical work to make preservice teachers realize the importance of values of equality, peace, self-respect, and honesty.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Determining the Turkish World Perceptions of Candidate Social Studies
           Teachers through Word Association Test

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Halil Tokcan   The purpose of this study is to observe prospective teachers' cognitive structures related to Turkish World. In this scanning model study, WAT (Word Association Test) had been applied to 332 prospective teachers in Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University. And they were asked to write what comes into their heads when it is said Turkish Republics and Turkish World. Words were given to the prospective teachers. According to the research, 'Turk' is the only common Word which is related to the concept of six independent Turkish Republics and Turkish World. There is no any other common word except this, perceived by prospective teachers. Students generally independent Turkish Republic and Turkey they do not have a lot of information and perceptions about the world; they know the general concept of popular culture, it said they did not know specific concepts or people belonging to the country. Independent of the Turkish states K.K.T.C. It has become the most irrelevant and disconnected with other countries. K.K.T.C. with the only common link between other countries "Turkey" was the word. Students are most perceptive grasp of Azerbaijan, while country-owned; they have been gripping the country at least perceptually Uzbekistan.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Model of Learning Using iLearning on Independent Study Classes at
           University

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Sudaryono   Padeli   and Erick Febriyanto   Raharja College is one of the universities who apply a learning method that is quite different which does not only rely on the conventional learning system in which Teaching and Learning Activity is done by students and lecturers are required to come face to face directly, but also applying e-learning method learning or better known as iLearning system Education in Raharja College. Where the application is used several devices that support the learning system ranging from iDu (iLearning Education) as a medium of interaction Students and Lecturers and the Use of iLearning Media (iMe) as the media that holds the activity of learning activities through methods iLearning Education. Then over the course of this method several questions arise about how valid the system on the quality assessment and the effectiveness of learning methods where from it is necessary to apply a measuring instrument which can measure the validity of the system on the quality and effectiveness of teaching methods in College Raharja especially in class Independent Study IL101A and IL101C. By using descriptive survey research carried out in which of the survey conducted found a solution of the problem, namely the procurement of a measuring instrument in this case Viewboard which later can display historical data with certain categories where the presence Viewboard that later measurements on the validity of the system in particular in terms of learning effectiveness can be proven empirically through data accurate.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Impact of Web Based Learning on EFL: Using On-line Discussion Forum (ODF)
           to Enhance Students' Writing Skill

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Akmal   Web based learning is considered as a breakthrough in the teaching of writing skill to the pre-service teachers at University of PGRI Semarang, Indonesia. The students should write argumentative, persuasive, and descriptive essays. This research offers significant contribution in term of the impact of web based learning on writing skill of English as Foreign Language (EFL) learners. There were 156 students who joined ODF but only 63 students (40%) were eligible. The objectives were to find its effectiveness for improving students' writing skills. Content, organization, vocabulary, syntax, mechanics, and styles of students' writing were assessed by Brown's writing rubric. Interview was conducted to find out the area of students' difficulties. The results show improvements of means score from 76.47 increased into 80.68 during post-test. The forum has significant influence on improving writing skill (t-test 2.170> t-table 1.999). p
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • The Effect of School-based Exercise Practices of 9-11 Year Old Girls
           Students on Obesity and Health-related Quality of Life

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Nevzat Demirci   Pervin Toptaş Demirci   and Erdal Demirci   This study was planned to determine the effects of school-based exercise practices (SBEP) on obesity and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in 9-11 year old girls. Participants consist of girls students from 9-11 years old in two state schools in Kars. Intervention Group (n: 85) courses of games and physical activities (CGPA) and SBEP (Basketball, Handball, Volleyball, Badminton, Table Tennis) and Control Group (n: 85) were formed as only CGPA. The exercise program; intervention groups was made subject to a training load of 60-70% and repetitions making up 3 days a week for 60 minutes a day, whereas the control group is a compulsory lesson 45 minutes three days a week in the gym or playground. Health-Related Quality of Life Scale (Kid-KINDL) was used in order to define the girl student quality of life before and after SBEP while Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESS) was used for determining their exercise levels. According to the findings; Intervention group was found to be significant at p
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Reflections of the Changing Education System According to the Views of
           School Managers: Turkey Sample

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  H. Gulhan Orhan-Karsak   To adapt to the advances of the era, the economic, technological, social and cultural competition continues growing rapidly between the world countries. The main way to adapt this competition is to improve the quality of human edification, in the other words to change education system. As one of the developing Asian countries in the world, Turkey wants to reach advanced development like other powerful countries in the world. So Turkey is one of the sample countries in the world that changes the education system in recent days. The aim of this research is to examine the opinions of school managers with respect to their views on the practical implications of the legal changes to the 4+4+4 new education system in Turkey. Qualitative methods were used for this phenomenon study and the participants were 34 school managers from several private and official institutions in Kirklareli city in Turkey. School managers were taken from utilizing eight semi-structured open-ended questions according to law which is about new education system to get their experiences. Data were collected in writing in fifty minutes and were given personal numbers. Data were analyzed via NVivo 10 and were created categories and themes. Findings were presented with tables and mind maps. The findings were coded into themes and presented with mind maps and tables. The results show that managers were attempting to implement the 4+4+4 new education system in Turkey accordance with the legal provisions. There are, however, some problems in doing so and the analysis of the issues they raised, has resulted in a number of recommendations.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Determining the Motor Skills Development of Mentally Retarded Children
           through the Contribution of Visual Arts

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Gonca Erim   and Müge Caferoğlu   Visual arts education is a process that helps the reflection of inner worlds, socialization via group works and healthier motor skills development of normally developing or handicapped children like the mentally retarded. This study aims to determine the influence of visual art studies on the motor skills development of primary school first grade level trainable mentally retarded children and the difficulties faced related to this process. The target population of this study consists of special education teachers working for private special education institutions and the sample of this study consists of eighty-five special education teachers working for fifteen special education institutions within the province of Bursa. In this screening survey model study, questionnaires have been used as a data collection technique. The results have been interpreted by analyzing in table forms. According to the findings obtained in the research, most of the participating teachers think that visual art education plays an important role in the development of mentally retarded children and visual arts classes are beneficial to developing motor skills and improves hand-eye coordination. However, it has been determined that some applications, which were included in the visual arts education curriculum, have not been practised. In accordance with the findings obtained in the research, it has been suggested that the applications containing fine motor skills development movements should take place more in art education programs, and that special education institutions should have an art educator and art studios in order to improve motor skills level of mentally handicapped children.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Parents' Guidance Resources during the Identification Process for the
           Gifted and Talented Students at the Şanlıurfa BİLSEM

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Arif Belur   and Nagihan Oğuz-Duran   The purpose of this study is to investigate the guidance resources for parents whose children participated in the identification procedures for the gifted and talented students (GT), and as a result either did or did not qualified to enroll the Science and Art Center (BİLSEM) in Şanlıurfa, Turkey. With this purpose, a four-part survey developed by the researchers was carried out with a total of 261 parents whose children were qualified to enroll (PQE) or not qualified to enroll (PNQE) the BİLSEM. Socio-demographic findings revealed that both groups of parents of all the students who participated in the identification process had a high level of education; but, the PQE higher income and have fewer children than the PNQE. Results on parents' guidance sources and experiences indicated that the source the PQE received the most support at all stages of the identification procedure was class teachers. A third of the parents were involved in the identification procedures either with little or no information. The vast majority of parents stated that they did not benefit from school counseling. Furthermore, it was found that the rate of parents' benefiting from the provisions of other experts' mental health services were limited. Parents who used the school counseling services or the services of other experts reported that assistance was insufficient.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Determination of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors of High School Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  8  Evrim Çelebi   Cemal Gündoğdu   and Aysel Kızılkaya   Healthy lifestyle behaviors can be defined as all the behaviors believed and applied by individuals to be healthy, maintain health and be protected from diseases. This study aims to determine the healthy lifestyle behaviors of high school students studying at the high schools in the Province of Elazig, Turkey. The study population of this descriptive study consists of students studying at the high schools located in the Cumhuriyet neighborhood located in the city center of the Province of Elazig. Simple random sampling method was used to select 459 students among the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th graders studying at that high school the study sample consists of these 459 students. As a data collection tool, a Personal Information Form, which includes items for students' socio-demographic information, and the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale-II were used. The study findings indicated that students adopted the healthy lifestyle behaviors moderately. Variables such as gender, type of school, grade, family income, paternal education status were found to be effective on the healthy lifestyle behaviors.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Action Research: The Panacea for Challenges in ESL Teaching in Kenya

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Teresa A. Okoth   and Irene Simiyu   Teachers of English in contexts where English is a second language are constantly thinking about their practice. It may be about routine classroom events or an initiative that one wishes to implement but wonders how best to. While solutions to some of these concerns may be found in In-service experiences, literature and study findings, most of the solutions do not consider the context and are majorly prescribed in a one-size-fits-all manner. The situation is not helped by in-service opportunities that are organized to avail 'new' knowledge which facilitators feel teachers lack. This is exacerbated by the lack of follow-up support that teachers may require when implementing the new ideas in their classes. However, this need not be so as demonstrated by literature and studies which reveal that teachers can learn from their practice and in their context by identifying the challenging area and working alone or with colleagues. Action Research (AR) is one method that has been indicated for a number of reasons. Its key attribute is that it allows teachers to engage in collaborative actions that will lead to their understanding of practice while at the same time developing themselves professionally. This positional paper will make a case for AR as a solution to the challenges that face language instruction in the Kenyan ESL context. The paper will also briefly point out the thorny issue of ethical considerations in researching one's practice. The authors consider this an invitation to debate on how teachers can navigate ethical issues in the Kenyan ESL context.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Science Motivation of University Students: Achievement Goals as a
           Predictor

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Serhat Arslan   Mehmet Akcaalan   and Cengiz Yurdakul   The objective of this investigation is to make a study of the relationship between achievement goals and science motivation. Research data were collected from 295 university students. Achievement goals and science motivation scales were utilized as measure tools. The link between achievement goals orientation and science motivation was investigated by statistical package for social sciences. Correlation analysis demonstrated that sub dimensions of achievement goals; related positively to science motivation. Besides, the connection between achievement goals and science motivation still requires further research because of some limitations. Thus, in addition to intervention strategies, further investigation should include more factors for achievement goals and investigate its effect on adolescents' science motivation. Findings were discussed with regard to the relevant literature.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Effects of Cardio-Pilates Exercise Program on Physical Characteristics of
           Females

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Dilek Sevimli   and Murat Sanri   Aim: This study aims to investigate to effects of four weeks cardio-Pilates exercise program on physical characteristics in females. Material and methods: The total 40 female participants were tested before and after four weeks regular exercise of 3 × 1 hr. sessions/week. Body height and weight, waist and hip circumferences, body fat percent and weight were measured. To test the differences, a paired t-test was used. Results: This study showed that cardio-Pilates exercise program significantly decreased body fat percent, body fat weight, waist and hip circumferences. Cohen's d calculations showed that four weeks exercise program had a significant moderato effect on body fat percent, body fat weight, waist and hip circumferences in females. Conclusion: Four weeks exercise program seems to be effective in decreasing the body fat and circumference values in females. It was concluded that the magnitude of training effect depends on the duration and intensity of the exercise program.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Pre-service Teachers' Use of Turkish on the Internet

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Muamber Yılmaz   Aim of this study was to determine situation of pre-service primary school teachers' use of Turkish on the internet. The research was conducted on 100 students studying at the department of Primary School Education of Mustafa Kemal University. The research was descriptive. Data of the study was obtained from the students' conversations in Facebook in the preceding month. Percentages were applied for the analysis of statistical operations. As a result of the study, the students' mistakes made while using Turkish on the internet were categorized into three groups which were phonetic features, vocabulary use and spelling. Consequently, it was revealed that 62% of pre-service primary school teachers used undotted letters instead of Turkish letters, 83% of them did not use vowels, 58% of them made phone repetitions in stress-aimed words, and 50% of them wrote time affixes improperly.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Evaluation and Assessment in Early Social Science

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Vlasta Hus   and Jasmina Matjašič   Authenticity is an important element in the newer models of teaching, evaluation and assessment. Due to the fact that it is quite unclear how authentic evaluation and assessment should be implemented into practice, teachers still cling too much to traditional forms of knowledge evaluation and assessment. First, some basic theoretical facts on evaluation and assessment with an emphasis on authentic evaluation and assessment are listed. Next, an outline of empirical research findings on the characteristics of evaluation and assessment in the subject Social Science in Year 4 is presented. Data were obtained by a web questionnaire on a representative sample of teachers who were teaching the subject Social Science in Year 4 at various primary schools in Slovenia. We discovered that teachers very commonly use summative knowledge evaluation and assessment form. Among the authentic and alternative forms research and simulation are predominant.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Indoor and Outdoor Play in Preschool Programs

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Julia Kroeker   The purpose of this study was to explain children's indoor and outdoor play in preschool programs in terms of teacher interaction, peer interaction and task orientation. Children's indoor and outdoor play behaviors were compared using the Individualized Classroom Assessment Scoring System (inCLASS). Findings included significant differences on task engagement and self-reliance (within the domain of task orientation), with both measures higher in an indoor play environment than an outdoor environment. Findings revealed no significant differences between the indoor and outdoor environment in terms of teacher engagement and peer engagement.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Opinions of Some Nationals (North American, South Korean, Chinese, Indian,
           Turkish, and Latin American) on Some Concepts of Citizenship Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Melike Faiz   and Cengiz Dönmez   Over years, the meaning of citizenship has changed. This change has occurred as a result of the 21st century the era of technology as well as changing social perception. Marshall [1] stated that citizenship as members of society and all of these have equal civil, political, social rights and duties. "Citizenship education defined as any conscious or overt effort to develop students' knowledge of government, law and politics as those have evolved through history and presently operate in our society" [2]. Social and moral responsibility is essential for effective citizenship education. Therefore, children should learn self-confidence and socially and morally responsible behavior both in and beyond the classroom, as well as both towards those in authority and among each other [3]. Another essential concept for effective citizenship education is volunteerism, the act or practice of doing volunteer work in community service. A volunteer is a person who does works without getting financial benefits. In addition, diversity is considered essential in citizenship education. Diversity is the acceptance, valorization and understanding of differences among people, such as age, class, ethnicity, race and sex [4]. The purpose of this research is, to investigate the participants' opinions on social and moral responsibilities, volunteerism and diversity. The study involves 28 participants of different nationalities which are namely Turks, North American, South Korean, Latin, Arabs, Chinese and Indian. The study adopts the qualitative research tradition. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed via descriptive analysis. It is seen that the participants were willing to be part of voluntary work. The participants stated that diversity is information exchange, a natural phenomenon in the world and variety means wealth and the participants generally felt responsible for a problem in the community they lived in and feel responsible about governmental issues.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Reflection on the Analytic Geometry Courses: The GeoGebra Software and its
           Effect on Creative Thinking

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Avni Yildiz   Serdal Baltaci   and Betül Küçük Demir   Creativity has a significant role in individuals' lives. This research aims to examine the reflection of the learning process of analytic geometry concepts through GeoGebra software and its effect upon the development of preservice mathematics teachers' creative thinking skills. This effect is expected to make a significant contribution to the literature with the examination of creativity and its dimensions as well as the determination of GeoGebra's role. At this point, this study designed as a mixed method research. Vectors in R2 and R3 have been taught to the preservice mathematics teachers using the GeoGebra; moreover, at the beginning and at end of the implementation, the Torrance Creative Thinking Test (TCTT) has been conducted. The research group included a total of thirty preservice teachers. Research data has been collected through Torrance Creative Thinking Test Verbal A and Figural A forms, semi-structured interviews, worksheets and models created by the preservice teachers using the GeoGebra software. The qualitative and quantitative methods have been used for data analysis. Analyses have revealed that the use of the GeoGebra software has positive reflections on preservice teachers, and thus, a significant difference has been noted in favor of the post-test in all dimensions of creativity but one.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • The Public-Private Divide in Ethiopian Higher Education: Issues and Policy
           Implications

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Mulu Nega   This article explores the current issues on the public-private divide in the Ethiopian higher education landscape and their policy implications. It critically examines issues related to legal and regulatory frameworks in order to understand the public-private divide in the Ethiopian higher education context. The article is based on two premises. The first pertains to the idea that public and private higher education providers are commonly required to meet the quality and relevance imperatives of their salient stakeholders as stipulated in the higher education proclamation. The second concerns the argument that an enabling policy and legal framework is crucial for the private higher education sector to play a key role in addressing the social demand for higher education, and thereby contribute for the socio-economic development of a country. This article draws mainly on secondary sources of data from official government documents including policies, proclamations, pertinent national and international research reviews, national and organizational level plans and strategies, statistical abstracts and reports as well as key informant interviews to analyze the issue under study. The findings revealed that the private higher education providers are playing a significant role in addressing the unmet social demand for higher education through increasing access and thereby creating employment opportunities. However, the existing playground/rule of the game is not fairly treating both public and private providers in terms of student admission, quality regulation and other policy incentives. It is argued that the government should create a fair and robust legal and regulatory framework to maximize the benefits of both public and private providers in terms of improving access, relevance, and quality education. Finally, policy implications for improvement of the current status of private providers are suggested based on the findings.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Microstructural (Cohesion and Coherence) Text Generation Problems of
           Syrian Refugee Students Learning Turkish

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Sercan Demirgüneş   In language education, teaching a language as a foreign language is an emerging field compared to teaching it as a mother tongue. However, the experiences obtained in mother tongue education are adapted to teaching a language as a foreign language with various amendments and therefore progress in this field has been achieved. Council of Europe presented some common criteria for teaching a language as a foreign language and these criteria are put into practice in many countries, including Turkey, therefore Common European Framework of Reference for Languages is also applied in teaching Turkish as a foreign language. Using a microstructural analysis, this study tries to describe the problems and/or challenges in "text writing" as a product of Turkish writing act process experienced by Syrian refugees that were forced to take refuge in Turkey due to various reasons.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Agility and Speed Standards for Student Teenager Wrestlers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Isik Bayraktar   The processes of talent identification and development provide serious advantages to success of athletes. The interpretation of the current situation in the process of the athletes' education gets more worth through the use of objective assessment, in other words using norm values. The observation of the talent by norms is important for each sport event like it is for wrestling. The purpose of this study is to determinate the normative values of speed and agility ability for student wrestlers. The research group is a group of 480 male student wrestlers between 13-16 years old. The linear speed ability of the group is identified for 13 year olds is 3,576±0,239 sec., for 14 years is 3,422±0,197 sec., for 15 years is 3,316±0,195 sec. and for 16 years is 3,22±0,166 sec. Agility ability of the students is found out for 13 years is 5,701±0,399 sec., for 14 years is 5,487±0,391 sec., for 15 years is 5,399±0,439 sec. and for 16 years is 5,303±0,346 sec. Coaches will have the opportunity to determine objectively the level of their athletes according to their ages because of this study is standardizing speed and agility abilities of student wrestlers as 10% of slices.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Characteristics of the Model of Methodological Training of a Teacher for
           Working in the Conditions of an Inclusive Educational Environment

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Philipp Dementievich Rasskazov   and Olga Yurievna Muller   A little amount of universities in Russia are busy in education of disabled students now. The methods were created and experience in sphere of inclusive education was gained. But mechanisms that help to create the development of the inclusive process of educational institution are absent. Teachers have problems with determination of approaches and technologies in inclusive education. Nowadays, 38 disabled students are studying in Surgut university of Khanty-Mansi region. According to results of the research of university's teachers' readiness for inclusive education, the major of teachers are not ready for the effective work with disabled students in conditions of inclusive education. The article is written for creation of the model of development of teacher's methodical readiness for the work in inclusive educational environment that includes creation of pedagogical conditions for inclusive educational environment. The university should be the resource center of constant inclusive education.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • The Relationship between Prospective Teachers' Critical Thinking
           Dispositions and Their Educational Philosophies

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Birsel Aybek   and Serkan Aslan   The aim of this research is to investigate the relationship between prospective teachers' critical thinking dispositions and their educational philosophies. The research used relational screening model. The study hosts a total of 429 prospective teachers selected by the simple random sampling method. Research data has been collected through Critical Thinking Disposition Scale and Philosophy Preference Assessment Scale. The research's analysis utilized pearson product moment correlation and multiple linear regression analysis. The current study found that there is a positive significant relationship between the scores of prospective teachers' critical thinking dispositions and those of contemporary educational philosophy dimension of the philosophy preference assessment scale; in traditional educational philosophy dimension, there is a positive but insignificant relationship between the scores; moreover, the relationship between the dimensions of critical thinking disposition scale such as cognitive maturity, engagement and innovation and their contemporary educational philosophies have been found to be significant. These three dimensions explain 14% of the educational philosophies and there is not a significant correlation with the traditional educational philosophies.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • NEETin with ICT

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Barbas Maria   Branco Paulo   Loureiro Ana   and Matos Pedro   Science and Technology Advisory Council (STAC) outlines that 49% of EU citizens identified "job creation" and 33% identified "education and skills" as the top priorities for science and technology innovation over the next fifteen years. Both documents justify the needs in Europe for the ICT field especially for the NEET (not in education, employment or training) citizens. On the other hand, Grand Coalition for Digital Jobs (GC4DJ) in Europe identifies: the training and matching digital jobs; certification; innovative learning and teaching; mobility; awareness raising; increasing effectiveness of education; increasing equity and producing positive impact in the economy, as a priority for European countries. NEETin is a project directed to NEET citizens, to be developed by Higher Education Institutions, VET providers and Enterprises in order to help to overcome a social European dimension through lifelong learning. By creating a Joint Vocational Education Training in Digital Competences in a collaboration between VET providers and the Enterprises, widening the access to higher education, in an innovative student-centred learning model to apply in a European level, we aim to contribute to improve the quality of Education. Through this certified JVET, NEET citizens will develop their digital skills and the success of employability of these learners will be enhanced.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Using Electronic Communication Tools in Online Group Activities to Develop
           Collaborative Learning Skills

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  5  Number  4  Hanan Khalil   and Martin Ebner   The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using synchronous and asynchronous communication tools in online group activities to develop collaborative learning skills. An experimental study was implemented on a sample of faculty of education students in Mansoura University. The sample was divided into two groups, a group studied using synchronous communication tools, and the other group studied using asynchronous communication tools. The findings highlighted the fact that electronic communication tools have an effect to develop collaborative skills. However, the researchers found that the synchronous communication tools are more useful than asynchronous communication tools for developing collaborative learning skills in online group activities. The implications of the findings offer support for using synchronous communication tools in online group activities to develop collaborative skills.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
 
 
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