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Publisher: Horizon Research Publishing   (Total: 54 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Universal J. of Accounting and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
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Journal Cover
Universal Journal of Educational Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2332-3205 - ISSN (Online) 2332-3213
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [54 journals]
  • The Effects of Visualization on Mathematics Achievement in Reference to
           Thesis Studies Conducted in Turkey: A Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  İlknur Gulsen Turgut   and Sedat Turgut   In this study, it is aimed to determine the effect of visualization on mathematics achievement in the thesis studies conducted in Turkey. In this context, the findings obtained from individual studies are combined via meta-analysis. For this purpose, Council of Higher Education (CoHE) National Thesis Center database was thoroughly scanned by using keywords. A total of 35 thesis studies, 26 of which are master's thesis and 9 of which are doctoral dissertations were reached as a result of the scanning performed. 34 theses are included in the meta-analysis in line with their inclusion criteria and 42 effect sizes were calculated pertaining to these thesis. To examine the normal distribution of effect sizes and to perform other analyses, statistical programs of MetaWin and Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) were used respectively in the study. In the calculation of effect sizes, quantities of studies included in meta-analysis Hedges's g was used and confidence level in calculations of effect sizes was taken as 95%. The average effect size value calculated in accordance with random effect model was found as 0.811 with the standard error of 0.076. Positivity of effect size shows that the implication effect is in favour of the experimental group. Basing on this, it can be said that visualization has a moderate effect on mathematics achievement.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Effect of Feedback on Instructional Behaviours of Pre-service Teacher
           Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Serkan Gürkan   Teacher training programs have a pivotal role in sophisticated Turkish education system. In order to reach high standards in teacher training, trainers should encourage and supervise pre-service teachers to use effective teaching skills and strategies. To ensure that providing feedback is regarded to be a widely accepted way for maximizing the use of teaching skills and strategies on newly established behaviours. With this in mind, the aim of this paper was to gain insights into the effects of immediate corrective feedback (delivered via a wireless FM listening system BIE) and delayed feedback on student teachers' instructional behaviours during instruction in teaching practicum. The research design is mixed-method sequential explanatory design. Thus, quantitative and qualitative researches were conducted respectively. Thirteen student teachers participated in the quantitative study and data was collected via a checklist. Out of thirteen student teachers, the semi-structured interviews were conducted with six student teachers for the qualitative phase. Immediate corrective feedback was found to be a more effective way than delayed feedback to help student teachers to be effective users of teaching practices such as class management, body language, voice level, use of intonation and stress, so forth. The findings were discussed and suggestions for further research were also addressed.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Viewpoints of the Teacher Candidates about the Terms of Sufficiency of
           Education Programme and Education Environment

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  İhsan Nuri Demirel   This study is devoted to the analysis of the attitude of the teacher candidates who are having education in Ağrı Ibrahim Çeçen University, Education Faculty, Department of Elementary Turkish Education about these facts below that are accepted as the terms for the sufficiency of education programme. A-) The terms about the sufficiency of education programme: The most of the lessons in the faculty are theoretical and they are just reinforcement to main courses; there is a subject contentful in education programme of faculty; and the programme can be flexible according to the environment of educational institution and it is so extensive as to keep the students at school for long period. B-) The terms about the sufficiency of education environment: The instructors are successful at preparing the environment that makes it possible for them to learn better and they do a good job at dealing with the problems of the classroom environment and having student a healthy communication with them and also being careful about not forcing them to much about the lessons. A questionnaire is conducted to the teacher candidates in order to measure their attitude about A-) the terms about the sufficiency of education programme B-) the terms about the sufficiency of education environment. There are 121 students candidates in total that are Elementary Turkish Education Department of Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University in the research sample. According to research finding, the teacher candidates gave different answers to the articles of the questionnaire about A-) the terms about the sufficiency of education programme and B-) the terms about the sufficiency of education environment. The findings have showed that the candidates gave different answers to a very reliable scale factor, Cronbach's Alpha value (α=0.91) as the mentioned by Field [5].
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Correlation between Global Citizenship Perceptions and Cultural
           Intelligence Levels of Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Azize Yüksel   and Figen Ereş   The increase of communication methods in the globalized world, the reduction of locality to a minimum in the economy and as a result of this, the migration from less economically developed countries to developed countries which in turn results in close interaction between ethnicities, all make it impossible for a homogenous society to exist and forces societies to embody a multicultural structure. The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between global citizenship perceptions and cultural intelligence levels of teachers. Global citizenship perceptions of teachers are at the level of "I partially agree". Within the context of global citizenship the highest perception of teachers is global competence, while their lowest perception is social responsibility. These results suggest that teachers' perceptions of global citizenship are not at a sufficient level. Teachers' cultural intelligence levels are at the level of "I partially agree". The highest level of teachers' cultural intelligence is identified to be in the sub-dimension of metacognitive cultural intelligence, while the lowest level is seen in the sub-dimension of cognitive cultural intelligence. These results suggest that cultural intelligence levels of teachers are inadequate. It has been determined that there is a low level of positive correlation between global citizenship perceptions and the cultural intelligence levels of teachers. Preserving and maintaining the existence of cultural differences with education must be considered as an essential right. It is believed that reviewing educational policies is necessary to increase the acknowledgement of cultural differences and to ensure that language differences are reflected throughout educational practices.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Examination of the Relationship between the Democratic Attitude of
           Prospective Teachers and Their Communication Skills

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Ayşe Mentiş Taş   In this study, the relationship between the democratic attitude of prospective teachers and their communication skills was examined. It was researched if there is a significant difference between the prospective teachers' democratic attitude and communication skills depending on the factors of gender and subject of license (the area that they specialize in). The research was designed in relational screening model. The population of the study was the prospective teacher students in Necmettin Erbakan University Ahmet Keleşoğlu Faculty of Education. 336 prospective teachers were chosen within this population as the research sample. "Democratic Attitude Scale" and Communication Skills Inventory were used to collect data. Data were analyzed with single factorial MANOVA. It was found that there is a significant positive correlation at a low level between the communication skills and democratic attitude of prospective teachers. It was determined that there is no significant difference depending on gender neither for the scores of democratic attitudes nor for the scores of the communication skills of prospective teachers. It was found that there is a significant difference between communication scores of prospective teachers depending on their subject of license (the area that they specialize). It was found that the subject of license variable has a medium level of correlation on the communication skills of prospective teachers. On the other hand, it was found that subject of the license has no significant correlation on the democratic attitude scores.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Examination of Legibility and Writing Speeds of Primary School Students
           with Respect to Writing Disposition and Writing Style

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Aysel Demiroğlu Memiş   Relational screening from descriptive screening models was used in this study in which legibility and speeds of writings of primary school students with respect to writing disposition and different writing styles were examined. A sample of 325 children in the 4th and 5th grades attending schools in the Kdz. Eregli participated into the study. According to the results of the study, writing dispositions of the girl students in both grades were higher than those of the boy students, and there was a significant different there between. While the writing dispositions of the fifth grade students were higher, it did not differentiate with the fourth grade students. There was a high-level, positive and significant relationship between cursive italic writing and manuscript writing legibility. There was a positive, medium-level and significant relationship between cursive italic writing legibility and writing speed with manuscript letters. There was a medium-level, positive and significant relationship between manuscript writing speed and cursive italic writing speed. In both writing style, as legibility increased, writing disposition points also increased; in all legibility dimensions, a significant difference was determined between the students in terms of writing disposition.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Adaptation of ICT Integration Approach Scale to Kosovo Culture: A Study of
           Validity and Reliability Analysis

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Serdan Kervan   and Erdoğan Tezci   The aim of this study is to adapt ICT integration approach scale to Kosovo culture, which measures ICT integration approaches of university faculty to teaching and learning process. The scale developed in Turkish has been translated into Albanian to provide linguistic equivalence. The survey was given to a total of 303 instructors [161 (53.1%) females and 142 (46.9%) males] for the Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the scale. In the first analysis of the scale, fit indices were obtained in support of 3 factors. However, as a result of 4 different modifications made between 8 items, excellent values were obtained for some of the fit indices. For criterion validity, statistically significant differences were found, in terms of the cognitive and cultural dimensions, between the users who don't use technology or use it very limited and the users who often use technology in the teaching and learning process. As a result of Cronbach's Alpha analysis in the context of internal consistency of the scale, high reliability values have been obtained both in the dimensions of traditional, cognitive and cultural integration and throughout the scale. It has been determined that all items are discriminators as a result of the analysis made by the upper group and lower group technique for item discrimination. Results show that the scale supports the 3 factors in Kosovo culture as well and can be used to determine in what context instructors integrate technology in their teaching and learning process.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • International Students' Academic Achievement and Progress in Turkish
           Higher Education Context: Students' and Academics' Views

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Ceyhun Yükselir   This study aims to express the international students' and academics' views about the conditions that affect academic achievement and progress of international students at a Turkish university from a qualitative research paradigm. The participants were 15 international students (10 males and 5 females) and 8 academics from different disciplines in the target university. Open-ended questions and classroom observations were employed to collect data. Also, second-wave interviews were conducted with the participants in order to have a deeper understanding the conditions influencing their academic achievement and progress. The collected data were analyzed by conducting thematic analysis. The findings concerning international students' views indicated that one of the most important factors that affect their academic achievement and progress is related to the proper use of the Turkish language proficiency, especially in writing. In parallel with students' views, the academics also stated that they are not satisfied with the whole progress of the international students in the classroom because they sometimes have communication problems within the course. All in all, the findings suggest that the model of instruction for international students in higher education should be grounded well and organized systematically. Implications are discussed for fostering the standards of teaching international students in higher education.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Use of Music Technologies in Field Education Courses and Daily Lives
           of Music Education Department Students (Sample of Atatürk University)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Gökalp Parasiz   Technology-oriented tools/devices have long been an indispensable part of music as well as music education for many years. It is of great importance in music education for students and teachers and the future of music to follow closely and use the technological developments in the present age in which technology directs the future. The aim of this research is to determine the use of technology and music technologies in music training students' field education courses in general and to determine the contribution of technology in both learning and application fields both individually and in general terms. The survey model was used in the study. Data were obtained through questionnaires. Three open-ended questions were asked to first-, second-, third- and fourth-year undergraduate students about using technology in their field courses during their fall semester and in their daily lives. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive analysis technique, frequency-percentage and arithmetic mean. As a result, it has been found that technological materials are not used adequately in the process of the theoretical and applied courses in undergraduate education even though students benefit from music technologies in their individual work and daily life, and software Technologies are used much more than hardware Technologies.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • An Examination of Empathic Tendency, Self-regulation and Self-efficacy as
           Predictors of Conflict Resolution Skills in Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Fulya Türk   The aim of this study is to examine empathic tendency, self-regulation abilities and self-efficacy perceptions in adolescents as predictors of conflict resolution skills. The sample of this study consists of 391 students from 9th and 10th classes of a high school in Kahramanmaras province. In the study, the Conflict Resolution Scale, KA-SI Empathic Tendency Scale, General Self-efficacy Scale, and Self-regulation Scale were used as data collection tools. Multiple regression analysis was used for the analysis of the data. According to results of the study, it was found that empathic tendency levels, self-regulation skills and self-efficacy perceptions of adolescents predicted their conflict resolution skills significantly. When the relative importance order of the predictor variables on the conflict resolution skills is examined, it is seen that the empathy variable is the most efficient predicting variable followed by self-regulation and self-efficacy. Besides, it was concluded that empathy was in the mediator in the relationship between conflict resolution skills and self-efficacy.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Social Integration Dynamics for Migrants: PIAAC to Measure Skill and
           Qualification Mismatch

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Bonacci Manuela   and Mineo Simona   This paper aims at highlighting the overlapping between the qualification mismatch and the skill mismatch, using a specific Italian data set drawn from PIAAC survey (2012). The main concern, regarding skills and competences, is that they may be gathered and accumulated, but also potentially become obsolete, thus, qualifications (formally recognized) do not necessarily correspond to used skills and competences. Measuring skill mismatch is evidently problematic as there are not many direct information regarding skills at the workplace. Usually information comes from self-reported measures (correspondence of tasks performed at work) or comparing indicators of proficiency and use at work, methodologies prone to bias. Skill mismatch arises from several structural modifications in countries economy and social demographic events such as migration. And skill mismatch and qualification mismatch are a common phenomenon among foreign workers. The levels of both their qualifications and the skills used at work are rarely well-match among this particular target group. Besides, the Italian system not always is able to adequately assess, recognize and validate qualifications and/or skills and competences possessed by immigrants who are applying for working positions. PIAAC makes it possible to compare qualifications, information processing skills (literacy and numeracy) and skills required on the job, for specific target groups. The Survey of Adult Skills provides a measure of skill mismatch: it arises when workers have higher or lower skills proficiency (measured) than that required by their jobs (self-reported information). The relationship between skill mismatch and labour market outcomes involves different approaches and implications at policy level in inclusive societies, especially considering economic and socio-demographic factors. Among the three proficiency cognitive domains of PIAAC, we focused on literacy mismatch as (compared to numeracy) is a parameter of high relevance for the chosen target group (migrants). In fact it indicates the adaptability in the host working context due to language difficulties. Findings in PIAAC show that foreign workers are three times more likely than natives to be under-skilled in literacy. And the difference arises if we consider the time parameter (since how long they have been living in Italy): less than 5 years residents are even more under-skilled (more than 30%). Besides, foreign workers are overqualified (26.5%) much more than Italians (12.4%) and also two times more likely to be over-qualified than natives. But it is worth noting that among overqualified workers (with a higher qualification than the one needed to carry out the specific job), foreign workers seem to lack the necessary skills. This discrepancy is an important element to understand social integration dynamics and thus orientate policies.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Transfer of Tradition into the Contemporary World: Turkish Folk
           Stories

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Tuğba Çelik   Folk tales composed of poetry and prose, have succeeded to come until today by various narrators. These stories which especially contain heroism and love stories carry the accumulation of the Turkish society such as belief, experience, art and law. Many societies, including European countries are concerned about the growth of generations that are disconnected to their own traditions and cultures. To ease of these worries and take measure to these matters some international and national organizations, especially UNESCO; researchers and academicians carry out scientific studies. In this study, evaluations and suggestions were made on how the folk tales, which are the most important cultural elements of Turkish society and part of oral literature, can be transferred to the contemporary world. It is a matter of debate that what arrangements can be made in the transmission of these texts to younger generations; as they appeared in the pre-modern period and these texts sometimes contradict to the values of the contemporary world. In this study, document scanning and document analysis methods from the methods of qualitative research were utilized. In this direction, the relevant literature information has been compiled and Ali Püsküllüoğlu's book which is called Turkish Folk Tales has been examined.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Organizational Rumor Scale for Educational Institutions

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Abidin Dağli   and Bünyamin Han   The aim of this research is to develop an "Organizational Rumor Scale" for educational organizations based on teachers' views on organizational rumors. In accordance with the scale development phases, first, the literature was reviewed and theoretical information was itemized, and then the items were revised based on the opinions of experts in the field of educational sciences and the opinions of the teachers. The final 24-item scale form was applied to a study group consisting of 322 teachers working in 25 primary schools in the city center of Diyarbakır, Turkey. The data were analyzed by statistical analysis. For the validity and reliability analyzes, anti-image correlation matrix, item total correlation, explanatory factor analysis, reliability analysis of internal consistency, correlation between dimensions and confirmatory factor analysis were performed. The values in the findings of the scale are within the acceptable limits and competent according to the criteria accepted in the literature. Taking into account the validity and reliability analysis of the scale, it has been decided that the "Organizational Rumor Scale" is a valid and reliable scale to evaluate the organizational rumors in schools. The scale consists of three dimensions (getting information, socialization and cynic effect) and a total of 24 items.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Need for Social Approval and Happiness in College Students: The Mediation
           Role of Social Anxiety

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Burcu Karaşar   and Kemal Baytemir   The reflection of the presence or absence of social relationships as a basic human need on the individual has been investigated in different ways. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the mediation role of social anxiety in the relationship between the need for social approval and happiness. A total of 285 students, of whom 212 (74.4%) are females and 73 (25.6%) are males, participated in the study. In the study, a Personal Information Form, the Social Anxiety Scale developed by Özbay and Palancı [1] the Need for Social Approval Scale developed by Karaşar and Öğülmüş [2] and the Oxford Happiness Scale adapted by Doğan and Sapmaz [3] were used to collect data. Whether the mediation role of social anxiety in the relationship between the need for social approval and happiness is statistically significant was investigated through the software program developed by Hayes [4,5], the approach based on the ordinary least square method and the bootstrap method. As a result of the study, it can be argued that social anxiety plays a mediation role in the relationship between the need for social approval and happiness. Moreover, it was found that the whole model was at a significant level and happiness explains 27% of the total variance. The findings of the study were discussed in such a way as to shed light on further research and practitioners.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Problems Experienced in the Integration Process of Syrian Students
           into the Turkish Education System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Sevilay Şahin   and Sabahattin Sümer   This study aimed to determine the problems experienced at schools in the integration process of Syrian students into the Turkish Education System according to 66 school principals from 10 different cities of Turkey. The study was designed with mixed research methodology. According to the research results, there are some problems about the physical condition of schools, the dialogue between Turkish and Syrian students, Syrian students' behaviors at school, the teaching methods of the teachers, administrative processes at school, parent-teacher association, teachers' communication with Syrian students and the supply of guidance services.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Turkish University Students' Opinions towards Blood Donation

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Sami Özgür   Handan Ürek   and Kübra Kösal   University students constitute an important cohort for the supplement of voluntary blood donation considering their age and dynamism. With this study, it is aimed to find out Turkish university students' positive and negative opinions towards blood donation in addition to interpreting their motivators and barriers to this issue. For this reason, a qualitative study was conducted with a total of 141 students studying in one of the governmental universities in the west part of Turkey. Data were collected with the help of a semi-structured interview form which involved 10 questions and analyzed by means of content analysis. As a result, it was determined that university students possessed insufficient knowledge and misconceptions related to blood donation. Also, more than half of the students were found to not donate blood before. Being sensible was the most frequent reason stated by the students for donating blood. On the other hand, anemia was the main reason of not donating blood for females and fear was the main reason for males. In the light of the findings, it is thought that focusing on factors such as Red Crescent blood collection vehicle, blood collection stands at the university campuses and positive effects on health might play important role to turn university students into voluntary regular donors.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Reality of Participation in Decision-making: A Field Study on the
           Supervisory Offices in Riyadh City

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Mohammad Y. Kentab   The study problem is about the reality of participation in decision-making. The problem of the study was identified through the following question: What is the reality of participation of the subordinates in the supervisory offices in Riyadh city in decision-making' The study aimed to identify the levels of participation in decision-making among subordinates in the supervisory offices in Riyadh city, identify the obstacles that prevent participation in decision-making, and learn the sample's suggestions for developing participation in decision-making. A descriptive approach was used for this study. The study population is represented by the supervisory office employees in Riyadh city. The researcher selected a regulated random sample of 150 of the total study population. The data was collected through a questionnaire that included several themes according to the questions and objectives of the study. The questionnaire was subjected to standards of honesty and consistency. The study reached several results, as follows: 1. The level of participation in decision-making is high in the individual decision-making manager, who informs the subordinates to implement the decision and presents the problem to subordinates so that they contribute to finding alternatives; then, he chooses the alternative that he deems appropriate to solve the problem. The manager listens to the views and suggestions of the subordinates before making a final decision. 2. The key obstacles to participation in decision-making are the lack of efficient leadership that limits the participation of subordinates in decision-making, as well as the limited delegation of decision-making power to subordinates, and the non-delegation of powers to subordinates. 3. The most important suggestions of the samples to develop participation in decision-making include the interest in holding training courses for subordinates so that their participation in the decision-making is fruitful, and that the subordinates have a good knowledge of the methods of participation appropriate to the work tasks, and training courses to be held to the seniors on the delegation of powers. In the light of the findings, a set of recommendations has been developed that can contribute to the development of participation in decision-making.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Human Values as a Predictor of Moral Maturity of Teacher Candidates

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Dilek Yalız Solmaz   The aim of this study was to investigate the human values as a predictor of moral maturity of teacher candidates. The research group consists of 139 teacher candidates. "The Human Values Scale" and "The Moral Maturity Scale" are used as the data collection tool in the study. In the data analysis, "mean, standard deviation, Product-Moment Correlation coefficients and multiple regression" were used. As a result of the study, it has been observed that participant students' human values are above the average. Sub-dimensions of human values have been analyzed, freedom is considered as the most important value whereas materialistic values are considered as the least important. In the scope of this research, it has been analyzed that whether there is a relationship between human values and moral maturity level and it has been found that there is a significant positive relation between human values and moral maturity level. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to evaluate how well all-subscales of human values scores predicted moral maturity. The multiple correlation coefficient was .28, indicating that approximately 23% of the variance of the moral maturity can be accounted for by the linear combination of human values' subscales scores. It was seen that, "social values", one of the sub-dimensions of human values were reasonable predictors of moral maturity.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Communication Skills of Classroom Teachers According to Various Variables

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Selma Güleç   and Burcu Şentürk Leylek   In this study, it was investigated into if communication skills of classroom teachers working in the first stage of elementary education significantly differed according to such variables as gender, service length, school of graduation. The data were obtained via using the scale for "Teachers' Communication Skills" developed by Canan Çetinkanat. Moreover, a "Personal Information Form" including questions about gender, service length and school of graduation was prepared and administered by the researchers. The sample of the study included a total of 77 elementary school teachers selected via an appropriate sampling method from among those who were working in the first stage of 5 different elementary schools in the provincial center of Bursa. The Cronbach's Alpha reliability coefficient obtained as a result of the administration was r= 0, 80. As a result of the study, it was found that the classroom teachers' communication skills did not differ significantly according to the variables of gender and service length, but they differed according to the variable of school of graduation.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • The Historical Development of Children's Literature in Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Beytullah Karagöz   This study aims to examine the historical development of children's literature in Turkey. In this context, developments and changes in the field of children's literature have been evaluated according to the chronological approach. In doing so, the authors and their works, important turning points of Turkish child literature history, were evaluated. The research is in the literature survey model and the status is determined in the study. It has been commonly known that there are four basic approaches in the history of Turkish children's literature. The first three groups of these schools evaluated the children's literature within the context of giving advice, being instructive, and lecturing. In the understanding that develops after the 1980's, children's literature is considered as an important field of art in terms of improving the child's emotional world, and improving his thinking and inquiry skills.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Peer-to-Peer Education of College Females on Sexual Health

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Skelly, C.   Hall, C.   Risher, C.   and Brown, B.   Objective: This study examined the sexual health knowledge of female undergraduate college students before and following a peer to peer, sexual health education intervention. Participants: Sixty-nine students participated in the study. Methods: Undergraduate female students from a central Florida private college completed paper-pencil questionnaires before and after a series of four peer-to-peer sexual health poster sessions. Results: Findings showed female undergraduate students had sexual health knowledge deficits prior to the intervention. Also, participant knowledge significantly increased pre- to post-test (p < 0.001). Conclusions: These results bring to light the continued sexual health knowledge deficits of undergraduate college students. Furthermore, the benefits of a peer-to-peer education programs on college campuses have the potential to increase undergraduate student's sexual health knowledge. Such programs may help students develop and maintain positive sexual health, including sexual self-efficacy, positive body image, and mutually respectful relationship development.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Pre-service Turkish Teachers' Metaphorical Perceptions Regarding the
           Concepts of "Instructional Technology" and "Teaching Material"

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  5  Başak Karakoç Öztürk   and B. Erdem Dağıstanlıoğlu   In this study, it was aimed to determine the perceptions of pre-service Turkish teachers (PTT) regarding the concepts of instructional technology and teaching material through metaphors. Within the scope of this aim, what the metaphors used by PTTs for the concepts of instructional technology and teaching material were and under which categories the metaphors used by them for these concepts were collected were investigated. The phenomenology design, one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the study. Data were collected from a total of 152 PTTs studying in the first, second, third and fourth grades of Çukurova University Faculty of Education Turkish Education Department. Data were collected by means of a form intended for completing the statements of "Instructional technology is like.......... because.........." and "Teaching material is like .......... because......." and analyzed using the content analysis technique. As a result of the study, the metaphors examined for the concept of instructional technology were collected in 9 categories while the metaphors for the concept of teaching material were collected in 5 categories. The categories for instructional technology are informative/information source, tool/vehicle, requirement, permanence, change, attractiveness, process, development, and limitlessness, and the categories for teaching material are tool/vehicle, requirement, informative/information source, attractiveness and permanence.
      PubDate: May 2018
       
  • Effect of Stress-response Psycho-training on the Stress Levels of Mothers
           with Autistic Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Ömer Karaman   The aim of the study was to assess the effect of stress-response psycho-training on the stress levels of mothers with autistic children. The research was experimental in design encompassing a pretest-posttest model with control and placebo groups. Participation in the study was voluntary with a total of 28 mothers of autistic children included with 10 in the experimental group, 11 in the control group and 7 in the placebo group. The Perceived Stress Scale was used as the data collection tool in the research. Stress-response psycho-training based on the cognitive-behavioral approach developed by the researcher was applied with the aim of lowering stress levels of participants in the experimental group over 9 weekly sessions. The placebo group participated in 3 sessions of group guidance activities about the causes of stress and place in life. The control group did not have any procedures applied. For statistical analysis the repeated measurements variance analysis technique was used. The stress-response psycho-training applied in the research was identified to have a significant effect in reducing the stress levels of mothers with autistic children. The obtained results are discussed within the framework of other research in the relevant literature and recommendations are made.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Development of Creative Behavior Observation Form: A Study on Validity and
           Reliability

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Zeynep Dere   and Esra Ömeroğlu   This study, Creative Behavior Observation Form was developed to assess creativity of the children. While the study group on the reliability and validity of Creative Behavior Observation Form was being developed, 257 children in total who were at the ages of 5-6 were used as samples with stratified sampling method. Content Validity Index (CVI) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) were applied in order to measure validity of Creative Behavior Observation Form. Test-retest method was used in order to determine if Creative Behavior Observation Form has reliable measurements in time. This study concludes with recommendations for the applicators, researchers and teachers who will use Creative Behavior Observation Form as an instrument to develop creativity of preschool children.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Physical Fitness Profiles of Sitting Volleyball Players of the Turkish
           National Team

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Mehmet Fatih Yüksel   and Tarık Sevindi   This research is conducted to determine the physical profiles of sitting volleyball players of the Turkish National Team. 12 male players from Turkish Sitting Volleyball National Team volunteered to participate in the study. The anthropometric measurements were taken over dominant extremity. In order to determine the physical features of the participants tests and measurements were made regarding stature, bodyweight, BMI, upper body length, upper extremity length, arm length, forearm length, hand length, arm circumference, forearm circumference, upper body length, modified sit-ups, modified abdominal endurance, modified push-ups, hand grasping power, plate tapping, and shoulder flexibility. SPSS 21.0 program was used in the analysis of the data, and minimum, maximum, arithmetic mean, and standard deviation values were determined. As a conclusion, it can be mentioned that the anthropometric measurements of the players and modified bio-motor test results of the disabled individuals will inspire the sports scientists/trainers and this data are vital with regards to selection of the players.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Design of Knowledge Models for Teaching Experimental Sciences at
           University

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Maider Pérez de Villarreal   Teaching Experimental Sciences is a compulsory subject in the Bachelor's Degree in Primary Education (BDPE). It belongs to the discipline of Education and to the field of "Knowledge of the social and natural environment", and consists of a total of 24 ECTS, of which 6 ECTS correspond to "Teaching Natural Sciences" (TNS). This subject is taught in the second half of the second year of the BDPE. The aim of this work has been the presentation of this subject as a Knowledge Model (KM) including interlinked Concept Maps (CCMM) with different levels of deepness of the developed topics; and to check if this new way of presentation has a positive effect on students' satisfaction towards the learning and teaching process (LTP) by inquiring about the meaningful learning and coherency of the contents by using CCMM. Results show although it is difficult to change from the comfort zone at the beginning, when students start using Cmap Tools for creating their own Knowledge Models, they finish learning meaningfully and understanding better the whole subject, find it easier to study for the evaluation and get to the domain of Knowledge by reaching basic, general and specific skills.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • The Investigation of Parents' Interactions and Their Children's Learning
           Levels at Parental Coaching Carried out over Social Network

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Gülten Feryal Gündüz   The study aims to provide academic and affective support for children's learning by using teacher-parent collaboration through parental coaching realized via social network. This parental coaching includes three phases: preparation, implementation and evaluation. The participants of the study are 16 parents and their children. The data of the study was obtained through the following data collection tools: family information form, focus group interview, semi-structured interviews conducted with parents and children, social network group logs, questionnaire and academic achievement scores of children. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze qualitative data and Wilcoxon t test for quantitative data. The issues which the parents ask for support are guidance for supporting their children in the courses they have problems with and help children to develop reading and study habits. The findings of the study show that parental coaching via social network increases teacher-parent, parent-parent and parent-child interaction as well as children's academic achievement. The highest amount of interaction in this application was between parents and the guidance counsellor (the researcher) and the children. The lowest level of interaction was among parents. Finally, it can be concluded that parental coaching application helped parents to support their children's learning and feel well-equipped while guiding them.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Evaluation of Contribution of Local Newspapers to Lifelong Learning
           (Example of Bartın Province)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Elif Çuhadar   and Fatma Ünal   In this study, while the definition of informal education, which displays the main features of lifelong learning, is made, it is also attempted to identify the contributions of the local newspapers, through which the society can reach its own unique and necessary information, to the lifelong learning of their readers. In the research, within this scope, it was aimed to evaluate the contributions of local newspapers to lifelong learning according to the opinions of the local newspaper readers in Bartın Province in Turkey. Among the mixed research patterns, converging parallel pattern was used in the research. The screening model was used in the quantitative research phase, and the phenomenological pattern was used in the qualitative research phase. As a result of the research, according to the opinions of the readers, about the contributions of local newspapers to life-long learning were found to be significantly different to gender, educational status, title and institution, local newspaper reading frequency and duration variables .In the study, it was concluded that the local newspapers were able to contribute to their readers' lifelong learning through the availability of limited opportunities and access to public institutions and employees, even at the point of insufficient education, health, environment, socio-cultural life, employment and labor news. To make more news in local newspapers on education, health, socio-cultural, environment and labor market and employment may contribute to lifelong learning.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Child-friendly Schools: An Assessment of Secondary Schools

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Fatma Çobanoğlu   Zeynep Ayvaz-Tuncel   and Aydan Ordu   As education has many variables, essential arrangements are required in different areas to enhance its quality. School buildings, environmental arrangements, teaching and learning process, sources and materials, teachers, principals, health and security are the variables of which come to mind first. The concept of 'child-friendly school (CFS)' which was initiated and attempted to actualize by UNICEF's studies, has a nature including all these variables listed above and even more. The current study tires to identify to what extend the teachers, the principals and the secondary school students (5th to 8th grades) perceive their school as child-friendly. The mixed method approach was chosen for the study. The quantitative data was collected with 'Child-Friendly School Scale (CFSS)' developed by the researchers. A total of 54 schools and 4007 students comprise the sample, and the scale was implemented in one class from each grade level chosen randomly. The qualitative data were obtained from the volunteer teachers. Results revealed that the CFS characteristics of the schools changed according to the socioeconomic level of the school, gender of the students and the grade level. It can be suggested to construct a sense of awareness for the child-friendly school concept, to provide the continuity of the arrangements and to make them functional.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • The Effect of Differentiated Science Curriculum on Students' Motivational
           Regulations

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Neşe Kutlu Abu   and Murat Gökdere   The purpose of this study is to examine whether the Grid Model practices affect students' motivation for self-regulation. In the study, quasi-experimental research design with pre-test/post-test control group was used. This study was conducted with a total of 74 students from 4th grade students in different primary schools in Amasya. Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire was used as data collection tool. The obtained data was analyzed in the SPSS program and parametric tests were used in the analysis of the data. According to the findings obtained, there was a significant difference in favor of the experimental group among the students' post-test scores of internal goal orientations, task values and self-efficacy perceptions at public schools. As a result of the research, the Grid Model has provided that the students with low socio-economic level have increased their motivation towards self-regulation and the students with high socio-economic level have continued their high motivation levels. In the future studies, it can be seen whether the Grid Model-based applications have an effect on the behavioral, contextual and cognitive regulation dimensions of the students.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Perceptions of Elementary School Students: Experiences and Dreams about
           the Life Studies Course

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Z. Nurdan Baysal   Özlem Apak Tezcan   and Kamil Ersin Araç   This study seeks to identify elementary school students' views and perceptions of the Life Studies course through verbal and visual instruments. It employs a descriptive phenomenological research design. The study surveyed second- and third-grade students attending one private elementary school and two state elementary schools. The data was collected using a form including open-ended questions prepared by the researchers. The same form asked students to draw a picture of what kind of setting/class they envisioned for the Life Studies course. As part of the study, which incorporated feedback from 146 students, pictures were examined, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 students selected through criterion sampling. The data collected from both the open-ended questions and the pictures and interviews was analyzed using content analysis. According to the research results, the students considered Life Studies a fun course that teaches and facilitates life skills and provides new information; however, they also reported that Life Studies was a boring course because it requires too much writing and they do not like some activities.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Community Environment and Education of Girls: The Case of Communities in
           Marsabit County, Kenya

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Jafred Muyaka   The study sought to investigate the role of the community in inhibiting girls' access and participation in formal education in Marsabit County-Kenya. As one of the marginalized counties in Kenya, the county had among the highest rate of illiteracy in Kenya with 68 per cent of residents with no formal education. The study involved a total of 128 informants, including school girls, boys, parents, and local leaders. The study utilized three main tools in data collection; interviews, focused group discussions and whole community mapping. The study found out that the selected four communities did not have adequate number of role models for girls; there were cases of teenage pregnancy, early marriages and practiced 'girl booking' that affected girls' participation in formal education. The study recommends tripartite efforts by the national government, county government of Marsabit County, and civil societies involved in advocacy of girls' education to particularly involve boys in their interventions to ensure that all girls access schools.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Using the 7Cs Framework for Designing MOOCs in Blended Contexts - New
           Perspectives and Ideas

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Bettina Buch   Rene B Christiansen   Dorrit Hansen   Anne Kristine Petersen   and Randi Skovbjerg Sørensen   Designing teaching in an era of educational technology calls for new models for designing learning opportunities. The 7Cs framework developed by Professor Gráinne Conole and her colleagues provides a tool for discussing learning designs for online learning environments. In this paper, we introduce the 7Cs framework put forward by Conole and colleagues and discuss it in relation to the concept of personalized learning paths and 'schooling' as a discourse. The article is mainly theoretical, but as empirical support for our theoretical arguments, we discuss examples from a MOOC developed for the teacher education program at University College Absalon, Denmark. On this background, we propose a number of revisions for the 7Cs framework in order to adapt it for designing MOOCs that are used in blended contexts.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Model of Early Support of Child Development in Poland

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Anna Katarzyna Czyż   The development of a child, especially a child with a disability, is conditional upon the initiation of rehabilitation measures immediately after the problem has been identified. The quality of the reaction is conditioned by the functioning of the therapeutic team. The main purpose of the research was the diagnosis of early support system for child development in Poland. The research was based on the model of the functioning of teams by Twardowski. 44 teams took part in the study. The results show that depending on the area of the study, specific to the model (multi, inter or trans-disciplinary) solutions are applied. Areas most closely related to the multidisciplinary model are: responsibility for the realization of the program, cooperation with other entities, cooperation with other entities and selection of team members' directives for functioning (functioning). Areas most closely related to the interdisciplinary model are: carrying out diagnosis, cooperation with parents' development of work program and means of communication within the team. Area most closely related to the transdisciplinary model is: content assumptions. Areas most closely related to inter and transdisciplinary are: development of work program and team development. Research allows diagnosing the condition and determining the direction of development of the teams.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • New Concepts of Equality of Educational Opportunity

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Lin, Yen-Ting   Education is the fundamental of a country and it is one of the important support factors of a nation's growth. As for the educational issues never settled, it also brought up the awareness from a different perspective as for social rank, race, gender, and the area of the students and persuading social justice. The purpose of this study would like to have better strategies of enacting correspondent Chinese future policies on equality of educational opportunity. The time frame of this study traced back pre-industrialization till modern society, it went through the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as it was the foundation of education, reviewed different acts, policies, and majorly cited the Coleman Report as the key reference for corresponding issues of Chinese version No Child Left Behind Act. The Act fell into the similar result of the research done by Ivan Illich the issues are: 1) the amount was insufficient to improve the performance; 2) the money was incompetently spent; 3) educational deprived not only cured by the education. In order to have better value for equality of educational opportunity, there are three new approaches of this study are: 1) focusing on fairness and protection of accessing to school; 2) appropriating education for each student; 3) compensating education for cultural deprivation, culturally disadvantaged learners. Four specific strategies are: 1) enacting correspondent policy for inputting resources, subsidize for educational priority areas (EPA); 2) lower teaching staffs change flow; 3) offering free tutorial classes and mental counseling; 4) empower the family function. The authorities need to focus on "function" and "capability" to integrate five United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Education learning support props including "learn to know", "learn to do", "learn to live together", "learn to be", and "learn to change". This study can be followed up the solutions to meet the needs of rural area children and family in order to apply at a designated area as an empirical experiment as a blueprint for national wide policy making references.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • The Relationships between Positive Thinking Skills, Academic Locus of
           Control and Grit in Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  İsmail Çelik   and Hakan Sarıçam   The main purpose of this study is to examine the possible relationships between academic locus of control, positive thinking skills and grit in high school students. The participants of the research are composed of 288 adolescents continuing their high school education from 4 different schools in Ağrı, Turkey which were selected with convenient sampling. 168 of the participants are male and 120 are female students. Pearson's moment correlation analysis was used for determining relations among variables, and multiple regression analysis was used to determine the regression coefficient of the variables on each other. Parametric tests were used, because the data showed a normal distribution. p
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Examination of Moral Decision-making Attitudes of Elite Male Basketball
           Players and Wrestlers According to Variables of Sport Experience and
           Mother, Father Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Fethi Arslan   Mehmet Akif Ziyagil   and Canan Bastık   The purpose of this research was to examine the extent to which at sport moral decision making attitudes were applied by the athletes, and the factors that caused it. The research was based on the causal comparative research model. The research group consisted of a total of 475 athletes, of which 195 were basketball athletes randomly selected from seven geographical regions and 280 were wrestling athletes. Lee, Whitehead, & Ntoumanis [23] used data collection tools to measure the moral decision-making attitudes of athletes (Attitude Moral Decision Making in Youth Sport Questionnaire - AMDYSQ). Gürpınar [16] has adapted the "Moral Decision Making Attitudes Scale in Infrastructure Sports" to Turkish culture. Mann Whitney-U test was used in binary comparisons because data were not normally distributed. As a result of the research, Significant differences were found according to subscales of Moral decision-making attitudes in infrastructure sports, such as wrestling and basketball, according to the subscale of adopting competition affinity, cheating, and winning fairness. In individual and team sports, it can be said that the athletic experiences are firstly influenced by the educational level of the parents after the athletes gain moral behaviors. The results of the research were supported by the literature.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Learning Styles of the Students of Biology Department and Prospective
           Biology Teachers in Turkey and Their Relationship with Some Demographic
           Variables

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  M. Handan Güneş   This study has been carried out with the aim of researching dominant learning styles of the students studying at the biology departments of the faculty of science or the faculty of arts and sciences as well as the dominant learning styles of the prospective biology teachers studying at the faculty of education of universities in Turkey, by taking certain demographics (department, faculty, gender, and grade) as basis. In this context, the sample of this study consists of the students studying at the biology teaching departments of faculties of education from 5 universities in Turkey and the students studying at the biology department of science faculties or sciences and arts faculties from 8 universities. In this study, 1255 students in total volunteered to answer Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory (KLSI-3), which has been used as an assessment tool. Evaluating the findings of the study in a general sense, it has been detected that the learning style of most students is absorbing and discriminating and that the percentage distribution of the students whose learning styles are reviewing or reflecting is much lower. It has been understood that the difference between the learning styles of the prospective biology teachers and the learning styles of the biology department students in Turkey is not statistically significant. There is not a significant relationship among the learning styles of the students studying at the biology department based on their class levels, however, such a significant relationship is observed among the prospective biology teachers based on their class levels. It is observed that the relationship among learning styles and other demographics is not significant.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Examination of the Relationship between Coaching Efficacy and Conflict
           Management Style in Soccer Coaches

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Melih Balyan   The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between coaching efficacy and conflict management style of the soccer coaches. The sample included 224 male soccer coaches ranging in coaching experience from 2 to 15 years. The Coaching Efficacy Scale and The Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory were used to measure coaching efficacy and conflict management respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated to examine the relationship among variables. Further, linear regression analyses with stepwise method were used to test the ability of the coaching efficacy to conflict management. Results indicated positive significant association between coaching efficacy and integrating conflict management. Moreover, coaching efficacy has been found to have ability to predict several conflict management styles. Based on the results obtained in the present study, it was concluded that soccer coaches may be more predispose to use certain conflict management styles depending on their coaching efficacy level.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Little Friends of Halide Nusret Zorlutuna and Teaching Profession

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Fatma Süreyya Kurtoğlu   In rapidly growing world, the modern civilizations' efforts to make their citizens are always vital. The societies which have well-educated manpower naturally have a right to rule the world. Teacher qualifications that constitute the base of the education system will surely denote the quality of the education system. The teachers are the ones who need to be a guide to make students reach the information and to use that information. Constructing standardizations for teaching profession, generating national and universal policies about this profession which is an important job as it includes teaching should be the primary goal for the nations that wish to develop. Between 1924 and 1957, Halide Nusret Zorlutuna who worked as a teacher in diverse cities situated in newly founded Turkish Republic contributed to our country’s need for well-educated manpower as an educator. Later on, Zorlutuna published her observations while she was working as a teacher with a little memory book called "Benim Küçük Dostlarım". This memory book was not only about life, country and environment, but also included a great deal of clues about teaching profession. This study was carried out in order to determine Halide Nusret Zorlutuna's thoughts and practices about teaching profession. Data were collected via document analysis method. The source of data of the study is "Benim Küçük Dostlarım". Descriptive analysis method was employed to analyze the data. In the present study, the thought and applications of the teaching profession between the lines of Halide Nusret Zorlutuna's memory book called "Benim Küçük Dostlarım" were determined and an evaluation was put forward. Accordingly, teachers should love students and make students love them, be fair for all students, guide them for good and bad, encourage them and they should not be afraid of any troubles, give up hope and should continue teach event the weakest student with patience, seek for new solutions in teaching, establish a relationship with students' parents to achieve success which they are one of the most important shareholders in the education, remember teaching is firstly self-sacrifice and most importantly they should be model for students in all respects.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Historical Trajectory of Kí òla mi báa lè dára (That My Future May be
           Bright): A Yoruba Philosophy of Engagement in Formal Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Akin-Otiko Akinmayowa   Beliefs and practices are usually guided by philosophies or thought patteras is the case with the Yoruba who believe and regard formal education in high esteem. This high regard and the level of commitment shown to formal education is founded on Kí òla mi báa lè dára (that my future may be bright), a philosophy of educational engagement. This philosophy, over time, has gone through three different phases: the popular phase, the unpopular phase and current phase of review. During the popular phase, the attitude of the Yoruba was mostly towards formal educational engagement. They believed without doubt that formal education was the most effective means to a guaranteed bright future. During the second phase, which is the unpopular phase, the philosophy had lost its appeal because it failed to blend theory with practice. Experience showed that formal education is not the most assured means to a guaranteed future. The current phase, which is the third phase, is a stage of re-examining the philosophy thereby making formal education more appealing to youths. This paper examines Kí òla mi báa lè dára as a basis for explaining the early focus on formal education among the Yoruba, and how this philosophy has determined the attitude of the Yoruba towards formal education. To buttress existing literature, a questionnaire was administered and data collected from 300 randomly selected youths between the age of 12 and 18. The questionnaires sought to know the role that formal education had played in ensuring a bright future. The paper concluded that formal education is currently no longer perceived as the key factor to achieving a bright future among youths. It also identified ways of improving on Kí òla mi báa lè dára as a philosophy of engagement in formal education.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Replacing the Lab Manual with a Learning Management System in Physics
           Investigations for K-4 Pre-service Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Stanley Sobolewski   and Muhammad Z. Numan   The traditional laboratory investigation uses a procedure written on paper; students then record their responses on a supplied data page or laboratory notebook. In an attempt to make this process more efficient, the use of a Learning Management System (in this case D2L) was used to present the material and collect student feedback. Each student had a University supplied laptop, read the procedure from the screen and submitted answers through D2L. As anticipated there was no change in content knowledge. However surprisingly, subjects felt the paper and pencil approach was easier to use than computer entry. In a subsequent study, the same population in the same course completed an on-line only lecture and lab course. We will discuss the student's reaction to this on-line class.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Mindfulness and Critical Thinking: Why Should Mindfulness Be the
           Foundation of the Educational Process'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Eva Škobalj   Teaching critical thinking to pupils and students stands as one of the most crucial goals of education. The existing professional literature offers a wide range of definitions for critical thinking along with a variety of perspectives on the topic. The same can also be said of the approaches that a teacher should use to encourage pupils to think critically. Such a variety is undoubtedly desired as it opens up new questions and breeds the necessity for further inquiry. At the same time, it is vital that we constantly build upon and deepen the concept of critical thinking in accordance with modern day requirements and general development. Regardless of the universal consensus on what critical thinking is and how to approach it, it is necessary, at least to some extent, to develop a relatively conceptual consistency among teachers though it seems neither possible nor logical. This article deals with establishing the connection between critical thinking and mindfulness, which is presented as the foundation or condition upon which it is possible to develop critical thinking abilities. Numerous definitions of mindfulness from professional literature have been included for this very purpose as well as the many parallels between mindfulness and critical thinking. The article describes mindfulness, not as a new concept only appearing in the present day, but as a strategy reaching deep into the past all the way to, among others, ancient Greece. In the final phase of the article, mindfulness is outlined as a strategy that offers the power to build upon the critical thinking that we are familiar with today while also providing additional contemporary content.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Fashion Design: The Connective Role of Improvisation in New Learning
           Experiences

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Melanie Sarantou   Improvisatory processes are considered synonymous with play, offering only second-best solutions to art and design problems. The role of improvisation in visual art processes is not widely discussed academically. This paper draws on a case study situated in Namibian art worlds to reflect on the role of improvisation in fluid and complex design and art processes. In Namibian contexts, improvisation is closely related to how artists and designers work instead of only being 'play', as improvisatory processes often respond to pressing demands and notions of having to do what needs to be done to sustain livelihoods. This paper documents and learns from the experiences and stories of Namibian art and design practitioners. The connective role of improvisation in design moments, allowing practitioners to negotiate multidirectional processes, often result in becoming unstuck in art and design processes. A holistic approach to improvisation, based on the understanding of lived experiences and actions within environments in which resources are utilised to solve design problems and build new experiences, is explored. Additionally, through improvisatory processes, learning is stimulated through new experiences that come about by utilizing the available resources within a given environment.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Investigation of Some Variables of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD),
           Empathy and Depression in Syrian Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Gökhan Şengün   and Ayşe Dilek Öğretir   Turkey has been facing with migration for various reasons. More than half of those migrating from Syria to Turkey are children. In this study, it was aimed to examine the levels of PTSD, empathy and depression in Syrian children. A total of 121 boys and 135 girls from Altındağ district of Ankara formed a sample group of 256 children. Personal Information Form, PTSD, Empathy and Depression Scale for Children were used in this study. The results revealed that there was no meaningful relation between the gender of the children and the levels of PTSD, empathy and depression. The younger children's trauma level and depression level was higher as well as the children whose father is alive. The empathy level is also higher and children's PTSD and empathy levels have changed according to their siblings are alive or not. The depression level of children whose mothers did not work was higher. Children whose fathers did not work had a higher level of PTSD, empathy and depression. Children with violence in the family had high levels of PTSD, empathy and depression, the empathy level of children with fewer siblings was lower, children whose income level was lower depression level was lower.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • The Development of Science Student Worksheet Based on Education for
           Environmental Sustainable Development to Enhance Scientific Literacy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Anita Ekantini   and Insih Wilujeng   Indonesia is a country that has abundant renewable energy sources, one of which is hydropower that can be utilized as an alternative energy source. However, fossil energy remains as major supplier of energy needs in all sectors of activity. The Education for Environmental Sustainable Development (EESD) approach can be applied in science education to prepare learners with environmental knowledge, especially energy, so students can participate actively in solving various energy issues in the environment. EESD is suitable to be trained to students using science student worksheet. The objectives of this research were: (1) to develop EESD-based science student worksheet that is theoretically valid and (2) to know the effectiveness of science student worksheet that is developed to increase scientific literacy. This research used 4-D Thiagarajan development model which includes Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate stages. The findings of this study indicated that science student worksheet with EESD approach were: (1) theoretically valid according to validator with value A (very good category), and (2) effective to increase student scientific literacy.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Feedback Strategies Which Social Sciences Teachers Give to Their Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Mehmet Akpinar   This study tried to define the feedback strategies of social sciences teachers and their opinions about the content of the feedback. The study was carried out with phenomenological design which is one of the ways of qualitative research methods. The data that was collected by semi-structured interview form for the research was provided through descriptive analysis. The study was administered to 33 social sciences teachers at secondary schools in Trabzon province. As a result, it was determined that the teachers give feedbacks both verbally and written with a positive attitude. Moreover, the feedbacks were provided individually. They give their feedbacks both at the beginning and at the end of the class, and they use the progressive rating key in the process of feedback. Eventually, it was found out that teachers give feedback regularly and these feedbacks are reaching to children through the right evaluation function. As a result, it was also seen that teachers consider the capacity of each child while they give feedbacks to them openly.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Comparison of Leadership Levels of Students at the Faculty of Sport
           Sciences and Other Faculties

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Tülin Atan   Şaban Ünver   Abdurrahim Kaplan   İzzet İslamoğlu   and Gül Demir   Leadership has a great significance in creating high performance and building team loyalty in sport. The purpose of this study is to compare the leadership levels of students studying at the Faculty of Sports Sciences and other faculties. In addition, leadership qualities were examined in terms of the variables of gender and place of stay. A total of 200 students studying at the Faculty of Sports Sciences (n=100; age 21.75±1.99 years) and other faculties (n=100 age; 20.49±1.52 years) participated in this study voluntarily. "Leadership Orientations Questionnaire" developed by Bolman and Deal [1] and adapted into Turkish by Dereli [2] to assess the leadership qualities of students was used as data collection tool. In the sub-dimensions of structural, transformational and charismatic leadership, the scores of faculty of sport sciences students were found to be significantly higher than the scores of the students in other faculties (p
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • New Trends in Higher Education in the Globalizing World: STEM in Teacher
           Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Nilay Türk   Nurdan Kalaycı   and Havva Yamak   One of the main objectives of education, which raises individuals that the society needs, is to resource labor force that will provide the development of the society by maintaining the economic, social, scientific and technological advances. Many countries that aspire to have an advanced economy and technology aim to build a society that is advanced at Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and have sustainable development in these fields, and this has been one of the main educational strategies of those countries. STEM education has a strategic importance for our country to maintain the competitive power on international scale. This research aims to conduct a needs analysis towards the curricular design of STEM education to be proposed for the undergraduate programs of science education at education faculties. The study holds a descriptive model and qualitative methods were used. The study group consists of 12 faculty from Science, Mathematics, Computer and Instructional Technologies at Faculty of Education, and from the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Gazi University; 15 science teachers who work at the schools which have different socio-economic levels in Ankara, and 42 sophomore students who study at the Department of Science Education at Gazi University Faculty of Education. Content analysis was used as the data analysis method. Findings of the study reveal that there are no studies conducted to integrate different fields into teacher education programs, there are no courses related to STEM education integrated into the curriculum, and the knowledge and skills pre-service teachers should gain to implement this approach in their professional teaching career do not exist in the curriculum. In addition, it was found that most of the teachers believe teacher collaboration; they associate their courses mostly with mathematics and information technologies. Likewise, it was identified that the main reason behind why the teachers cannot teach through interdisciplinary approach is due to teacher related reasons. Concerning the pre-service education, The Ministry of National Education and education faculties should work collaboratively, determine the teacher competencies and try to develop undergraduate curriculum for pre-service teachers to gain these competencies. Training teachers during pre-service period rather than in-service training will play a crucial role to gain the expected results from the approach.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Fear of Success and Life Satisfaction in terms of Self-efficacy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Hasan Yılmaz   The purpose of the present research is presenting the relationships between self-efficacy, fear of success and life satisfaction; and determining the predictive power fear of success and self-efficacy on life satisfaction. For this purpose, self-efficacy, fear of achievement and life satisfaction scales were implemented on 625 individuals. In the analysis of the data, t-test and regression analysis were utilized. According to the findings of the research, there is a negative correlation between self-efficacy and fear of achievement. There is a relationship between all subscales of self-efficacy and fear of success. In particular, the "starting behavior" and "maintaining behavior" subscales are the strongest predictors of fear of success. Similarly, there is a positive correlation between self-efficacy and life satisfaction; and a significant negative correlation between fear of success and life satisfaction. Taken that self-efficacy is influenced by fear of success and fear of success and self-efficacy has effects on life satisfaction into consideration; any kind of psychological help for reducing the fear of success will increase self-efficacy. Similarly, any effort to improve self-efficacy will reduce fear of success. The increase in self-efficacy perceived positively and the decrease in fear of success will increase the individual's life satisfaction.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Awareness-raising Process on Present Popular and Life Culture and
           Aesthetic Perceptions through the Kitsch Phenomenon

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Ferda Ozturk Komleksiz   The purpose of the study is to explore the views of students enrolled at pre-school teaching department regarding kitsch phenomenon handled within scope of "Creativity and Its Development" and "Drama" courses in the context of creativity, mimesis and devolution. This study was designed as a qualitative study and conducted with 38 students selected among 108 sophomore students enrolled in "Creativity and Its Development" course and in the spring semester with the same students enrolled in "Drama". In both courses, kitsch phenomenon was the main focus of the study and the activities were carried out with the students on kitsch phenomenon. After all these activities were implemented in the courses, students' views on kitsch phenomenon were obtained by face to face interviews. Finding showed that motivation and moral values of students can be increased by conducting different artistic works in university courses such as creativity and its improvement and drama in pre-school teaching departments. Furthermore, the studies conducted on the "kitsch" phenomenon to increase awareness related to creativity was effective in understanding and internalizing creativity.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Examining Lactate Changes during High Intensity Spinning®
           Training

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Gökhan İpekoğlu   Kadir Baynaz   Ahmet Mor   Kürşat Acar   Cansel Arslanoğlu   and Erkal Arslanoğlu   The aim of the study was to examine the changes in the acute blood lactate levels of elite taekwondo players when carrying out high-intensity interval training on Spinning® bikes. Twenty elite-level taekwondo athletes participated in the study. The subjects were selected from athletes who had been competitors for at least six years. Their average age, height and weight values were determined to be 18.89±2.07 years, 176.8 ± 8.73 cm and 70.59 ± 12.13 kg respectively. In the present study the subjects carried out high-intensity interval training using Spinning bikes based on the Tabata protocol. The loads were applied as a total of four sets of eight repetitions with the principle of 20 seconds of load followed by 10 seconds of rest with one-minute's rest given between sets. The subjects' lactate levels were measured from their fingers using the Accutrend Lactate portable lactate analyzer with the help of the strips provided. Lactate measurements were made five times: before training (Pre), after Set 1 (1S), after Set 2 (2S), after Set 3 (3S) and once the exercise was over (Post). The heart rates (HR) of the athletes were monitored by their coaches before and during exercise. The data were analyzed using One Way ANOVA in the SPSS 22 package program. A statistically significant difference was found among the baseline lactate levels, the 1S, 2S, 3S and post lactate levels in the study (p
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Examination of the Relationship between Passion, Perfectionism and Burnout
           in Athletes

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Ebru Demirci   and Fatma Çepikkurt   This study was carried out with the goal of examining the relationship between athletes' passion and perfectionism levels and athlete burnout, and to determine to what extent passion and perfectionism scores predict burnout experienced by athletes. A total of 267 athletes, located in various parts of Turkey and competing in various branches of sport, participated in the study on a voluntary basis. Of the participants, 65 were women (mean age: 20.12 ± 3.68 years) and 202 were men (mean age: 20.2 ± 4.04 years). The data collection tools that employed were the Passion Scale, Sport-Specific Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, and Athlete Burnout Measure. Descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation Analysis, and Multiple Linear Regression Analysis were used in the analysis of the data. The results of multiple linear regression analysis conducted to test the predictive effects of athletes' passion and perfectionism scores on burnout scores showed that the perfectionism subdimensions of perceived parental pressure and concern over mistakes were significant predictors of the burnout subdimensions of reduced sense of accomplishment and emotional/physical exhaustion. The analysis further revealed that obsessive passion and the perfectionism subdimensions of perceived parental pressure and concern over mistakes were effective in predicting the burnout subdimension of devaluation. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that athletes who have developed obsessive passion toward their sport and have perfectionist tendencies that are not harmonizable will be more prone to experience burnout.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • What Is Being Played in the World' Mobile eSport Applications

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Ahmet Atalay   and Arif Cem Topuz   In this study, the aim is to examine the most popular eSport applications at a global scale. In this context, the App Store and Google Play Store application platforms which have the highest number of users at a global scale were focused on. For this reason, the eSport applications included in these two platforms constituted the sampling of the present study. A data collection form was developed by the researcher of the study in order to collect the data in the study. This form included the number of the countries, the popularity ratings of the application, the name of the application, the type of it, the age limit, the rating of the likes, the company that developed it, the version and the first appearance date. The study was conducted with the Qualitative Research Method, and the Case Study design was made use of in this process; and the Descriptive Analysis Method was used to analyze the data. As a result of the study, it was determined that the most popular eSport applications at a global scale were football, which ranked the first, basketball, billiards, badminton, skateboarding, golf and dart. It was also determined that the popularity of the mobile eSport applications changed according to countries and according to being free or paid. It was determined that the popularity of these applications differed according to the individuals using the App Store and Google Play Store application markets. As a result, it is possible to claim that mobile eSport applications have a wide usage area at a global scale and are accepted widely. In addition, it was observed that the interest in eSport applications was similar to that in traditional sports. However, in the present study, a certain date was set, and the interest in mobile eSport applications was analyzed according to this specific date. In future studies, different dates and different fields like educational sciences may be set to analyze the interest in mobile eSport applications. In this way, findings may be obtained on the change of the interest in mobile eSport applications according to time. The findings of the present study and similar studies may have the quality of guiding researchers and system/software developers in terms of showing the present status of the topic and revealing the relevant needs.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Use of Feedback in Physical Education and Sports Lessons for Student Point
           of View

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Murat Kangalgil   and Fatih Özgül   The most important element of the education system is education itself, the process through which student behaviours are acquired. One of the most crucial and effective elements in this learning process is feedback. Feedback to students is at the centre of much research that discusses interaction between student and teacher behaviour. In physical education and sports lessons, it is particularly important for the student to be given proper feedback, because it will affect skill learning. With this in mind, the current research was conducted in order to evaluate the types and ratios of feedback teachers use in their physical education classes. A 5-point likert-type measuring instrument, which was adapted by the researcher and consisted of 35 questions, was used in the research. Test-retest value of the scale was found to be .84; Cronbach alpha internal consistency value (α) was found to be .81. In the data analysis, frequencies, percentages, and t test were used, and the significance level was determined as 0.05. The results show that in the students' evaluation, feedback is used on a large scale in physical education and sports lessons. No significant difference was found when the teachers' feedback usage rates were compared according to the gender variable of the students or the gender of the teachers (p> 0.05). According to the class variable, the difference between the scores of the 8th and 9th grade students was significantly in favour of the 8th grade students (p
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Examination of Teacher Opinions regarding History Topics of 7th
           Grade Social Studies

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Tasin Doğan   and Sefa Yildirim   With this study, it was aimed at drawing attention to the troubles and problems encountered by the teachers in the presence of various variables regarding the teaching of the history topics in the 7th grade social studies course. At the same time, in order to offer solution suggestions for teaching history topics effectively, we have tried to reach a conclusion by asking teachers' opinions in order to help to the teachers. A semi-structured interview method was used in this qualitative study. In the analysis of the data, descriptive analysis technique was used. When the findings obtained from the research are examined, it is concluded that the social studies curriculum has deficiencies in the teaching of history topics, that the history topics are disjointed, that the chronological order is not paid enough attention, and that there is no integrity between the topics, and the teaching hours of social studies are not sufficient. At the end, the research was concluded with the suggestions such as the history topics in the 7th grade social studies course should complement one another, should not wander off from one topic to another, and should be presented in a certain chronological order and form integrity.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Spiritual Expressions' Prediction of Mindfulness: The Case of Prospective
           Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  S. Barbaros Yalçin   The purpose of this research is to determine whether prospective teachers' spiritual expressions have predicted their mindfulness. The research was conducted in relational screening model. The study group consisted of 411 students (81.2%) females and 94 (18.6%) males, totally 505 undergraduate students who are studying in the last year and who participated in teaching practice. For data collection procedure, the Mindful Awareness Scale, developed by Brown and Ryan [9] was used. Turkish validity and reliability of the scale was studied by Özyeşil, Arslan, Kesici and Deniz [8] and the Spiritual Expression Scale (SES), developed by Macdonald [26]. This scale was studied in Turkish with Turkish validity and reliability by Şahin and Baloğlu [27]. The results indicate that there is a positive meaningful relationship at nominal level between the mindfulness and the spiritual expression orientation with the religiosity sub-dimension and the spiritual cognitive orientation subscale; a negative meaningful relationship at nominal level between experiential phenomenological sub-dimensions; a positive meaningful relationship at moderate level between the existential well-being sub-dimensions. However, there is no meaningful relationship between mindfulness and paranormal beliefs sub-dimensions. As a result, it is seen that existential well-being sub-dimension of spiritual expression inventory predicts mindfulness.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • The Predictive Role of Values and Perceived Social Support Variables in
           Marital Adjustment

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Abdullah Mert   The aim of this study was to examine the predictive role of values and perceived social support variables in marital adjustment level among married individuals. A total of 422 (211 pairs) married individuals who agreed to participate voluntarily were included. The study was conducted in accordance with the relational screening model. "Dyadic Adjustment Scale (SDS)", "Value Scale" and "The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS)" were used in the study in fulfillment of the aim of the research. Correlation and regression analysis were used in the research. Analyses were tested with the help of SPSS 16.0 package with .01 and .05 levels of significance. The findings of the research showed the presence of predictive role of values and perceived social support variables in marital adjustment. Findings obtained from the study are discussed in relation to literature.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Physical Education and Sports in the Reports of Foreigner Education
           Experts Coming to Turkey in the Period of Republic (1923-1960)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Mehmet Yildiz   and Özbay Güven   Different applications have been initiated for the restructuring of the Turkish education System, with the proclamation of the Republic and 123 training experts have been invited to Turkey between the years 1923-1960 in this regard. 19 people have been requested to prepare the report in relation with their fields of specialization among the foreign education experts arriving in Turkey between these dates; however, these experts have produced reports that include the whole of the Turkish education system. This situation has also led to superficial assessment of some issues that need to be addressed specially. The physical education and sports field, which is one of these areas, is handled very superficially in the expert reports, even they have seen to be affected from the reports carried out before themselves and their reports are in the situational dimension rather than functionality. As there is no adequate development in the field of physical education and sports within the reformed education system, the Republic of Turkey has taken measures to bring foreign physical education and sports experts to Turkey through government agencies such as Turkey Training Community Alliance (TTCA), Turkish Sports Authority, the General Directorate of Physical Education and to develop this field in modern sense.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Psychological Study on the Origin of Life, Death and Life after Death:
           Differences between Beliefs According to Age and Schooling

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Jesús Silva Bautista   Venazir Herrera Escobar   and Rodolfo Corona Miranda   The present work proposes a psychological study via beliefs, about the origin of life, death and life after death. Beliefs have played a decisive role in the development of humanity [1], from the primitive man who gave to the unknown divine forces, the judgments of the Holy Inquisition in the Medieval Age, the impact provoked by the conviction that the Earth was round on the belief of a flat Earth and many other beliefs that sustain the behavior of the human being. In this context, the need arose to investigate the beliefs held by inhabitants of the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City towards the origin of life, death and life after death and with it, to know if there are differences in function of age and schooling; for this, the scale of Silva, Herrera and Corona [2] was applied and with the purpose of obtaining the t of Student and ANOVAS the statistical package SPSS version 21 was used. The results show statistically significant differences between beliefs and sociodemographic variables age and schooling. Schooling: The more educated the population in general, the less likely they are to have religious beliefs. Age: The group of people between 35 and 45 years old are the ones who show a tendency to believe in scientific postulates about death, unlike those who are 60 years old and older.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • The Effect of Academic Involvement and School Climate as Perceived by
           

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Çiğdem Akkanat   and Murat Gökdere   When drawing up the educational conditions offered to gifted students, it is important to be aware of their characteristics and to reveal the variables affecting their learning processes. Even though there are institutions in many countries that provide services for gifted individuals, there are relatively few studies on how students assess the climate in these institutions and how the institutional climate influences the learning process. Therefore, we investigated the influence of motivation, talent, and creativity levels of students attending Science and Arts Centers, an educational institution in Turkey for gifted students, regarding science classes, the role of academic involvement and parent and teacher support, and the school climate as perceived by students. In this context, 997 gifted students selected through stratified sampling provided the data for the study. When parental and teacher support and school climate perceived by gifted students are considered together, this significantly predicts the students' motivation toward science, their levels of scientific creativity, and science talents. The findings of this study were examined considering the current literature, and the limitations of the study and suggestions for future research are presented.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • The Effect of Smoking on the Physical Fitness of Elderly Male Subjects

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Hüseyin Eroğlu   and Selami Yüksek   Introduction: This study was conducted to analyze the effect of the smoking habit on the physical fitness of elderly male subjects. Material and Method: The study was conducted on 849 (age 68.7±6.1 years, height 169.4 ± 6.4 cm, 76.4 ± 11.00 kg) elderly male volunteers who could independently perform their daily activities and did not suffer from any health problems. These subjects were divided into three groups as smokers (n=239), smoking quitters (n=285) and non-smokers (n=325). In this study, "Senior Fitness Test" (SFT) protocols comprising of six tests were used to determine the lower and upper extremity strength, flexibility, dynamic balance, coordination and aerobic endurance. The data analysis was performed based on the age groups of participants, and the significance of differences between groups, i.e. "smokers (S)-non-smokers (NS)", "smokers (S)-smoking quitters (SQ)" and "non-smokers (NS)-smoking quitters (SQ)", were determined using "Independent Samples T" test. Findings: The data analysis suggests that non-smokers of all ages had higher physical fitness performance scores compared to smokers, which was a statistically significant finding (p
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) for Professional Teacher and Teacher
           Educator Development: A Case of TESSA MOOC in Kenya

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Patriciah W. Wambugu   This study intends to present a bespoke teacher professional development MOOC designed by Teacher Education for Sub-Saharan Africa (TESSA) team that allows MOOCs to become a viable means offering cost-effective, quality professional teacher development. TESSA is a network of teachers and teacher educators, working to improve classroom teaching in Africa. TESSA MOOC is an innovative approach to capacity building for teacher educators and teachers across Africa. The study presents outputs of an evaluation of TESSA MOOC course undertaken by Kenyan teachers and teacher educators. The experiences of the participants were that the TESSA MOOC was a new but interesting, appealing and flexible course. In addition, the participants were able to learn from one another and what they learnt may impact on their pedagogical skills. Key challenges identified include difficulties in downloading of materials due to lack of internet connectivity and use of ICT phobia for learning. MOOCs represent an untapped potential for teacher professional development that can be a cost and resource effective means to deliver quality education to teachers and teacher educators. Therefore, the teachers and teacher educators may need to exploit this learner based TESSA MOOC to build capacity for teaching.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Comparison of the Narcissism Level of the Bodybuilders before and after
           the Application of Anabolic Steroid Cure

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Ünsal Tazegül   The aim of the study was to compare narcissism levels of bodybuilding athletes in elite level before and after anabolic steroid cure. Method: The sample group of the study was composed of a total of 42 bodybuilding athletes who use steroids and voluntarily participated in the study. A control group of 22 people was also established and they did not use steroids. Personality Inventory was used as a data collection tool. 16-question Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-16) was coordinated by Daniel R. Ames and his colleagues at Colombia University. Paired sample t-test and descriptive statistical analysis were applied in the analysis of the data. Results: Before the steroid cure, the athletes' narcissism level was found to be (8, 5714), after steroid cure, the athletes' narcissism level was found to be (13, 4286). Conclusion: According to the statistical analysis results, it was determined that there was an increase in narcissism levels of the athletes after steroid cure. When this result is evaluated according to the characteristics of narcissistic personality, it can be said that after anabolic steroid cure, athletes more liked their bodily and physical characteristics.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Quality of Life and Physical Activity among University Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Güner Çiçek   This study was to investigate the physical activity (PA) and quality of life (QoL) of sports department students (SDS) and other department students (ODS) attending university. A total of 300 university students participated in this study. 150 SDS (age; 20.67±1.65 years) including 89 males and 61 females and 150 ODS (age; 19.45±1.22 years) 56 males and 94 females. To determine the physical activity levels, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short and Quality of Life questionnaire-short form (WHOQOL-BREF) were applied. The weekly physical activity scores of SDS and ODS were 5386.24 ±3528.47 MET-min/week and 1616.85±1249.12 MET-min/week respectively and statistically difference was found (p
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Evaluation of Coping Strategies with Stress of Parents Who Have Mentally
           Disabled Children in Northern Cyprus

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  6  Ramazan Atasoy   and Cengiz Sevim   In this research, it's aimed to determine the problems that faced by parents who have mentally disabled children and evaluate coping strategies of them. Interview technique is performed in this study which is designed in qualitative model. Study group which was determined by purposeful sampling method is consisted from the parents of mentally disabled children who are studying in private education centres in TRNC. Data are evaluated by content analysis. According to the findings in this research, the problems of parents which they faced are determined as related with their each other that are educational, physical, psychological, sociological, economical and also health care problems and problems with siblings. It's found that parents are focused especially on educational problems. According to the results that were emerged in the research that educational problems are cumulated in two categories as problems related with the quality of education that given to children and acceptance of children in educational environment, and the problems on the need for training of parents. It's determined in this research that increasing educational and consciousness level of parents has more efficiency for coping with stress. Also it's found that, parents use emotional focused coping strategies for struggle with mental disability which is the main source of stress; but they prefer problem focused coping strategies for struggling with external problems that causes increasing the stress. It's suggested that qualified and continuous educational service for both mentally disabled children and their parents could direct them to problem focused coping strategies instead of emotional focused coping strategies.
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Feminist Approaches to Educational Leadership in Disadvantaged Rural
           Communities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Graeme Edwards   Playing host to many leaders of South Africa's transition to democracy, the historic schools continue to contribute to the education of learners in disadvantaged rural communities. Within the leadership narratives of these schools are the lived daily experiences of female educational leaders whose voice has been largely absent from main stream leadership discourse. Problematizing this silence, this paper draws on critical feminist leadership theory to explore social justice interpretations of female leaders in South Africa's historic schools. Data were collected through a qualitative research paradigm and from a critical feminist perspective. The aim of the study was to analyse and conceptualise educational leadership in relation to power and social justice in the post-Apartheid era. Contained within the findings are multiple narrations of leadership for social justice and an alternative interpretation to feminist servant leadership. In addition, the findings unlocked insights into the relationship between curriculum management, instructional leadership and critical pedagogy.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Opinions of High School Students and PCG Teachers Participating in the
           Study about the Forum Theatre Training Process

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Fehime Nihal Kuyumcu   This essay is about the evaluation by 12 students and a PCG teacher participated in the Forum Theatre training in a state high school in Istanbul. Answers by participating students and the PCG teacher to the open ended question are evaluated through qualitative research techniques. The answers reveal that Forum Theatre has a positive and constructive impact regarding anger management, establishing peace in school premises, developing tolerance towards each other and self-criticism. This study proves that Forum Theatre can be used as a tool for problem solving and help PCG teachers.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • An Investigation of First Grade Elementary Teacher Candidates' Perceptions
           of Their Teaching Profession Competencies: A Mixed Method Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Serhat Süral   Emel Saritaş   and Gülsüm Çatalbaş   Although teaching profession has lost its prestige over the years, the recent studies demonstrate that teaching still ranks among the top of most respected of professions. Teacher candidates' individual characteristics play a crucial role in choosing teachers and designing curriculum for educating teacher candidates. The present study is of vital importance to identify the perceptions of first grade teacher candidates enrolled in Faculty of Education towards teaching profession and whether they have teaching competencies needed or not. In this research, a mixed research, sequential explanatory mixed design was utilized in which both quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed together. The quantitative data were collected through using teaching competency scale for teacher candidates and afterwards quantitative data was statistically analyzed. It was thus attempted to draw a general picture of the research problem. According to the results obtained, an in-depth analysis of teacher candidates' perceptions of teaching competencies was required. Employing quantitative data, purposive sampling was identified and semi-structured interviews were carried out with the participants in the purposive sampling. The unidimensional scale developed by [1] and adapted into Turkish by [2] was employed for data collection in the quantitative stage of the research. When viewing teacher candidates' perceptions on their teaching competencies, first grade teacher candidates stated that they perceive themselves competent in terms of attitude and values and vocation skills.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Teacher Attitude towards Use of Chatbots in Routine Teaching

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Bii P. K   J. K. Too   and C. W. Mukwa   Teacher's attitude towards some particular technology influences their willingness to use that technology in their instructional processes, and consequently the attitude and responses of students to the technology that they observe teachers using. This has a direct bearing on whether or not such technology will successfully be integrated into routine classroom practice and whether benefits of using such technology for teaching-learning purposes will be realized. This study sought to ascertain the attitude of teachers towards use of chatbot technology for teaching and learning purposes, chatbots being yet an emerging educational technology within a majority of developing countries including Kenya.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Design of Rare Disease Based Knowledge Model Net (RDKMN) in Schools
           Attended by Affected Students, as an Inclusive and Didactic Tool

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Maider Pérez de Villarreal   Rare diseases (RD) are those affecting at least 1 of 2.000 inhabitants. Many RD, induce disabling conditions and those school age affected children usually miss classes due to the complicated diagnostic procedures and the several medical treatments they need, thereafter. It is still unknown the exact number of students in this situation in Navarra (Spain), although according to data from the INE [16], there should be at least 1300 children with disabilities from which at least 372 children in school age could be RD affected. These students should be able to be identified in schools, as the vast majorities need help at some point, derived in some cases from cognitive deficiencies but in others, from their absence of classes due to health complications. Some Rare Disease Affected Students (RDAS) also suffer from bullying due to the ignorance of their peers or even teachers, towards their situation. In this paper, the use of Cmap Tools software, together with a planned intervention in each school from Navarre, attended by at least, one RDAS, is proposed for creating knowledge models based on the specific RD affecting children in Navarre. This way, a RD based Knowledge Model Net (RDKMN) could be built, together with affected and non affected students, and this meaningful knowledge could be useful for any school attended by children suffering the same disease in Spain or other European countries. This could become a powerful international inclusive and didactic tool, which could help normalizing RD and including RDAS in the educational field, creating inclusive schools, and therefore spreading the knowledge to the social field.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • The Effects of Rapid Strength and Shooting Training Applied to
           Professional Basketball Players on the Shot Percentage Level

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Seyfi Savaş   Mehmet Fatih Yüksel   and Ahmet Uzun   The aim of this study is to examine the effects of explosive strength and shooting exercises, which were applied for eight weeks before the season in basketball sport branch, on shot percentage level of elite male basketball players. The study was conducted on 13 professional male basketball players (age average; 26.92 ± 3.04) who are actively playing in the Turkish Basketball Super League. The players were taken into pre-season camp for 12 weeks. At the end of the first four weeks, shooting tests (pre-tests) were applied to the players. Through the last eight weeks of the camp, condition improving practices were continued together with technique-tactic exercises. Through the last eight week of the camp explosive strength exercise program was applied covering 75-80 % of the condition exercise with a frequency of 4-6 times a week. After the explosive strength exercises, shooting exercises (a total of 100 shots in 5 sets, each set 20 shots) were conducted. At the end of the eight-week camp period, the pre-season tests were repeated (post-tests). The shooting tests of the players (pre-tests and post-tests) were conducted in two different numbers and under three different formats, which are, standing free throw, jump shot, and jump shot against defense (1x1). Each player was told to shoot 100 shots in the first test and 10 shots in the second. Totally 8580 shots were analyzed in pre-tests and post-tests. SPSS 18.0 program was used in the analysis of the data, and the significance level was accepted as p
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • History as Propaganda: Swaying the Minds of Quebec Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Jon G. Bradley   and Sam Allison   Unlike scientific and other academic domains which have recognized international standards, the humanities are generally not governed by such acceptable overarching tenets. This lack of outside independent oversight is specifically evident within the broad arena of the social sciences and, even more particularly, with the domain of History. The conundrums of "which history" and "whose stories" become markers embedded in the societal landscape continuing to impact secondary school curriculum developers. Using the recently deposited Province of Quebec high school history program as an exemplar, the authors illustrate how a closed non-transparent anti-democratic process lead to narrow foci, public conflict, suspect subject content, and pedagogical propaganda.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Effects of Reducing the Length of the Questionnaire by Multiple Matrix
           Sampling on the Validity of Structural Equation Modeling for Factors
           Affecting Job Morale

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Pimpilai Jaikaew   and Suntonrapot Damrongpanit   The research was designed to examine the effects of question setting using different conditions into 10 sets on the validity of structural equation modeling for factors affecting job morale. The data was collected from 690 personnel working in regional Statistical Offices around Thailand by using cluster random sampling. The tool used in collecting data was the questionnaire with 95 items and 5 levels of rating scale. The discrimination value was between 0.244 and 0.860 and the reliability: α was from 0.699 to 0.900. Data analysis was conducted by the use of descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling by Mplus 7.4 program. The findings showed that the structural equation modeling with question setting in 3 sets of sub-questionnaires, cooperated with item sampling without replacement and non-fixing core items, conformed to the empirical data the most and that overall relationship between the structural model parameter and the model parameter from the complete questionnaire was high in a positive way.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • J. J. Rousseau, Emile and Religious Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Mustafa Önder   J.J. Rousseau, thinker of the Age of Enlightenment, breaks a new ground in education with his work Emile. In his novel, Emile is the name of the child he has grown up imaginatively. Rousseau, describing Emile's life and his relationship with his instructor from birth to adolescence, discusses teacher-student relationship, and he defends that children are innate, pure and noble, and that they must be protected from the negative effects of society. This vision, called the return to nature and aiming to protect children from society's artificiality and self-esteem, is recognized as Naturalism in education world. The basic idea of this movement is that child development is carried out without undue interference and limitations. Parents and educators should be good observers, helpers for providing appropriate experiences, and should be in a position that allows children to grow according to their natural abilities. Rousseau, recommending Robinson Crusoe lifestyle, is opposed to compulsory and restricted education. Rousseau himself, who seems to have influenced many thinkers such as Daniel Defoe, Pestalozzi, Froebel, Dewey, Vygotsky and Piaget, has also been influenced by others. Emile is thought to have been influenced by the work Hayy Ibn Yaqzan written by Avicenna and Ibn Tufail centuries ago. Rousseau also mentions religious and moral education in his work. To him, it is more meaningful to teach children how to choose truthfully, how to choose by using their minds and experiences and to respect their free will, rather than giving them a religious education shaped and modified by society. Although it is not possible to practice today, important points to be taken into consideration in religious education draw attention. In our theoretical article, we have tried to investigate the still-influential Naturalism movement and Rousseau's views on religious-moral education, and contribute to the field. We aim to create an awareness of this subject which has not been researched by any independent study.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • System for Control of the Physical Development and the Specific Capability
           of University Students Training Basketball in Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Albay Faruk   and Yazarer Ilkay   The aim of the study is to cultivate the educational process of physical education and sport in the universities in Turkey by discovering the features of the physical development, physical preparation and the specific technical-tactical preparation of the students, engaging with basketball and the elaboration of a system for control and evaluation of the basic signs of the specific workability. Research of the condition of the problem for physical development and the specific workability of the 69 students from 5 universities in Turkey, and comparative analysis of the physical development, the special physical and specific technical-tactical preparation of the basketball players uncover the factor structures and identify the basic factors for physical development and the specific workability of the basketball players who are the students in the different universities of Turkey. The factor structure of the physical development and the specific workability of the students from the basketball teams is based on 5 basic factors, which explain high percent (70,77%) of the starting dispersion of the researched occurrence. The first and the most important factor defines the significance of morphological signs which influence positively on the rapidity of movement and the speed endurance of the basketball players. Non-homogeneity is observed regarding the level of development of the functional capacity of the chest and the ability of the basketball players from the universities to lead the ball with high speed; the rest of the researched indicators are relatively stable, and the researched aggregate – relatively homogeneous regarding the signs, which these indicators carry information about. The evaluation of the body mass is in the zone of the norm, in general.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Evaluation of Quality Policies on Education in Turkish Education System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Ramazan Atasoy   and Necati Cemaloğlu   It's aimed to evaluate the quality policies for education in Turkish National Educational System according to the opinions of the directors of departments for policies who are in charge at Ministry of National Educational and the projection of these policies on quality of education in this study. The study is designed as a qualitative research model and interview technique which is one of a technique of phenomenology model. Study group of this research which has used purposive sampling is consisted from all of the directors of educational polity departments who are in charge of General Directories within the Ministry of National Education. Data were analysed by content analysis in Nvivo 10 packet programme. It's found that the themes and codes that were revealed in the research show parallelism with system approach. It's come through that there are progresses both capacities of physical and quantitative aspects as decreasing the kind of schools, lowering the classrooms sizes and meeting the schools with FATIH project according to the research. Despite of these founding it's also determined that quality problems in education are still keeping on. It's determined that there are many things to do especially performing theoretical quality policies; progressing of capacities of administration, teachers and programmes, applying administrative processes; proceeding on learning capacity of the students; providing of democratisation and participation and providing equality in opportunities. In addition, it has been determined that the lack of integrity in communication and coordination during the polity setting and implementation process negatively influences the system. It has been reached that the directors of polity departments deal with organizational change in the context of shaping and doing with legislation and regulations. It's suggested that hierarchical centralized structuring and distance that caused by high power have caused obstacle for transparency and participation; continuous changing and intervention abraded the system and reduced the quality of education.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Examining the Predictive Role of Authenticity on Internet Addiction in
           Turkish High School Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Gazanfer Anli   The aim of this research is to examine the predictive role of authenticity in internet addiction. The research was carried out with 420 high school students (280 females and 140 males). The data were obtained by using the Internet Addiction Scale and the Authenticity Scale. Correlation and multiple regression analysis were performed in which the dependent variable was internet addiction and the independent variables were subscales of authenticity. Correlation analysis showed that internet addiction was correlated negatively with authentic living and positively with self-alienation and accepting external influence. According to the results of the multiple regression analysis, self-alienation entered the equation first, accounting for 21% of the variance in predicting internet addiction. Authentic living entered on the second step accounting for an additional 7% variance. Accepting external influence entered on the third step accounting for an additional 3% variance. The standardized beta coefficients indicated the relative influence of the variables in last model with self-alienation, authentic living, and accepting external influence, all significantly influencing internet addiction and self-alienation was the strongest predictor.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Teacher Opinions on Use of Self-Regulation Strategies at Science and Art
           Centers: Turkey Sample

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Cevat Eker   and Murat İnce   The purpose of this study is to identify the usage status of self-regulation strategies at Science and Art Centers (BİLSEMs) that provide the gifted students with education in Turkey. This research was designed within qualitative study and survey model was used. It was conducted with 24 teachers at Science and Art Centers each in the Western Black Sea, Marmara and Aegean regions in Turkey. The teacher interview form designed by the researchers was used as the data collection instrument. Descriptive analysis and content analysis methods were used for analyzing the data. It was concluded in the research that the teachers do not find themselves competent about self-regulation strategies. The most observed self-regulation deficiencies among BİLSEM students are deficiencies of motivation and meta-cognitive strategies. The teachers think that BİLSEM curricula do not aim to bring self-regulation skills to students. It was determined that the activities performed by teachers in BİLSEM curricula (Adaptation, Supportive Education, Realizing Individual Abilities, Improving Special Skills, and Project) are rather for actualizing motivation, meta-cognitive and cognitive strategies.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • The Investigation of Self-regulation and Language Learning Strategies

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Tolga Erdogan   A body of research has shown that self-regulation and language learning strategies are important variables influencing learning. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between students' self-regulations and their language learning strategies. For research purposes, the correlations between self-regulations and language learning strategies and the changes according to achievement and grade level were examined. The participants comprised 860 higher education students attending various departments in a state university in Turkey. The Scale on Self-Regulation in Learning (SSRL) and Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) was used to gather data. Descriptive statistics, one-way MANOVA and correlation statistics were used during data analyses. The findings indicated medium positive correlations between the two main constructs and further provided evidence for changes in both student self-regulations and their language learning strategies based on achievement and grade level. Conclusions are drawn and suggestions for further practice and research are made in the end.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Application, Views, and Problems of Counselors Working with Syrian
           Elementary School Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Feyza Nur Sinan   and Filiz Gültekin   The war that began in 2011 caused many Syrians to immigrate. There are more than 2.9 million Syrian refugees in Turkey. With this unprecedented migration, Turkey has faced challenges in its education system as well as many other areas. The sudden increase in the number of students and the qualitative and quantitative insufficiencies of teachers are among some of these challenges. Teachers are forced to work with children who have undergone traumatic events and experience economic, familial, psychological, and vital problems. Additionally, these children are forced to adapt to a new language, culture, and education system. It is necessary to help these children adapt to the education system and provide the support they need. When fighting these challenges, school counselors play an important role for both teachers and students. In this context, the purpose of this study was to determine guidance services of counsellors regarding Syrian students, challenges, and views regarding these problems. The participants of this study consisted of 20 counselors working in elementary schools in Bursa. Data were collected with the semi-structured interview method in qualitative research methods and analysed with descriptive analysis. The results of this study indicated that counsellors struggle planning, although they are motivated to work with Syrian students. The largest obstacle faced by counselors is the fact that Syrian students do not know Turkish. The indifference of the parents of Syrian students and the high number of students also limit counselors. While offered psychological counseling and guidance (PCG) services focused on individual interviews and guidance to teachers, there is also work for the acceptance of Syrian students. The most important expectation is to prioritize to teach Turkish to students. It is believed that both Syrian students and their family, and other students and teachers will benefit from all improvements in PCG services by considering Syrian students.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • The Effects of Eating Habits, Physical Activity, Nutrition Knowledge and
           Self-efficacy Levels on Obesity

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  7  Nevzat Demirci   Pervin Toptaş Demirci   and Erdal Demirci   The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of eating habits, physical activity, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy levels on obesity. The participants of the research were the students of Kafkas University Physical Education and Sports College and Sarıkamış Vocational School. Research includes eating habits, physical activity (PA), nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy questionnaire. The cases were divided into normal weight (NW) and overweight - obese (OW) groups based on age, gender, and body mass index percentages. The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS. According to the findings; approximately 35.5% of participants were identified as overweight or obese. Significant differences were observed between the OW and NW groups in terms of gender, weight control (P
      PubDate: Jul 2018
       
  • Configuring School Image Assets of Colleges in Taiwan

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Chia Kun Lee   and Hsin Chu Chen   Higher education in Taiwan faces various challenges, such as the low-birth rate, blurred positioning, and lack of marketing concepts. In order to sustain, more effect strategies and actions resource should be implemented to enhance service of the colleges and universities. Therefore, image asset management becomes a critical start. This study aims to identify the image asset management indicators by applying the modified Delphi technique and the analytic hierarchy process. These two methods can retrieve the critical factors out of literature, and configure how they were operated. The study finally developed a three-layer framework of college image asset management, including 5 dimensions, 13 sub-dimensions, and 77 indicators. According to the participants' perspectives, the dimensions of the stakeholder image and student image were on the top priority. Next, among the sub-dimensions, the internal stakeholder image and the brand image had higher priority than the rest.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Depression and Hopelessness Levels of University Students According to
           Their Opinions on Finding Employment or Falling out of Labor Force in
           Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Özlem Karakuş   The aim of this study is to reveal the effects of the thoughts on university students' depression and hopelessness levels about whether to become employed or unemployed after graduation. The study sampling consists of 980 students from the departments of Selcuk University, such as the Faculties of Health Sciences, Law, Veterinary, Science, Communication, Economics and Administrative Sciences and Engineering. As study participants, 584 (59.6%) men and 396 (40.4%) women were defined using the random cluster sampling method. The data obtained from the survey were evaluated using the SPSS 20.0 software package program. Mean age rate of the students was 22 years ranging from 19 to 39. The Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Demographic Information Form were used to collect data. In order to analyze the data, the logistic regression analysis was used. Our participants were classified into two as those feeling anxious due to difficulties in finding a job and those lacking of anxiety. In light of our study findings, 392 (40.0%) students reported that they would be unemployed or experience difficulties in finding a job, whereas 588 (60%) considered they would be employed easily after graduation. A statistically significant difference was observed in both groups as to the levels of depression and hopelessness (p
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Design-Thinking, Making, and Innovating: Fresh Tools for the Physician's
           Toolbox

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Albala L   Bober T  Mallozzi M   Koeneke-Hernandez L   and Ku B   Medical school education should foster creativity by enabling students to become 'makers' who prototype and design. Healthcare professionals and students experience pain points on a daily basis, but are not given the tools, training, or opportunity to help solve them in new, potentially better ways. The student physician of the future will learn these skills through collaborative workshops and having dedicated 'innovation time.' This pre-clinical curriculum would incorporate skills centered on (1) Digital Technology and Small Electronics (DTSE), (2) Textiles and Medical Materials (TMM), and (3) Rapid Prototyping Technologies (RPT). Complemented by an on-campus makerspace, students will be able to prototype and iterate on their ideas in a fun and accessible space. Designing and making among and between patients and healthcare professionals would change the current dynamic of medical education, empowering students to solve problems in healthcare even at an early stage in their career. By doing so, they will gain empathy, problem-solving abilities, and communication skills that will extend into clinical practice. Our proposed curriculum will equip medical students with the skills, passion, and curiosity to impact the future of healthcare.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Study on the Relationship among Parents' Cognition on China Anti-domestic
           Violence, Attitude of Beating Children and Frequency of Beating Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Shi, Song   and Wu, Hotang   This research aims at analyzing the correlation between parents' awareness of anti-domestic violence in China, attitude and frequency of beating children. According to the literature analysis, this paper sets children's parents' anti-domestic violence cognition and attitude of beating children as independent variable, and the frequency of beating children as dependent variables. It adopts self-edited Anti-family Violence Cognitive Scale and Sale of Attitude of Beating Children, investigates 2 to 6 years old children's parents (N = 957) in Jilin Province of China. After the hierarchical regression analysis, it shows that the anti-domestic violence cognition and attitude of beating children have the explanatory power on the frequency of beating children.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Inspectional Regulations in the Latest Period of Ottoman Time

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mehmet Emin Usta   One of the most controversial issues about education in Turkey and around the world is inspection of education. Some countries conduct educational auditing through inspectors. Some countries, such as Finland, consider that there is no need for a mechanism such as an inspectorate, but instead considering public scrutiny. Inspectional Regulations in the Latest Period of Ottoman Time1 aims to shed light on the history of educational inspection in Turkey and to expose the history of the inspectors' duties and authorities and audit areas. In this scope, documents older than about a century were found and translated from the Ottoman Language. Document analysis method was used in this study. When the documents were evaluated as a whole, it was stated that the religious dimension of education was no longer inspected by the Republican regime founded in 1923 and secularization, but especially that bureaucratic control continues in different forms; the quality of education is still a matter discussed in Turkey; it is understood that the inspectors' school-related duties are still continuing and this situation continues to be a problem that is gradually diminishing in Turkey.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Social Support and Coping Styles in Predicting Suicide Probability among
           Turkish Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Fulya Cenkseven-Önder   This study aims to investigate whether the perceived social support and coping styles are predictors of suicide probability by gender. The study was conducted with 445 high schools students, 227 girls, and 218 boys. The participants were aged between 14 and 18, and their average age was 15.90. Data were collected through the 'Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support', the 'Ways of Coping Questionnaire', and the 'Suicide Probability Scale'. Data were analyzed using MANOVA, Pearson correlation test and regression analysis. Results showed that suicide probability, perceived support from friends and significant others and helpless approach scores of the girls were significantly higher than the boys. Besides, significant relationships were found between suicide probability and perceived social support and coping styles. Regression analyses were performed for girls and boys separately. Perceived social support from family, helpless and optimistic styles were found to predict female adolescents' suicide probability significantly. As for male adolescents, in addition to perceived social support from family, helpless and optimistic styles, seeking social support was also found to be a significant predictor of suicide probability. Findings were discussed in line with the related literature, and recommendations were made.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Pre-service Science Teachers' Construction and Interpretation of Graphs

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  N. Remziye Ergül   Data and graphic analysis and interpretation are important parts of science process skills and science curriculum. So it refers to visual display of data using relevant graphical representations. One of the tools used in science courses is graphics for explain the relationship among each of the concepts and therefore it is important to know data analysis, graph construction and interpretation. This study investigates pre-service science teachers' construction and interpretations of graphs in two different domains: mathematics and physics. Qualitative research methods were used and therefore a purposive sample of 11 pre-service science teachers is engaged in think-aloud interviews while completing the questionnaire that includes eleven open-ended questions, designed by researcher at four different categories. These categories are: recognition as a mathematical graph, Interpretation of the graph, to draw graphs for a given problem and to create a problem on a given graphic. In addition, the pre-service science teachers were asked in which questions they experienced difficulties. Content analysis method was used for data analysis. Results showed that pre-service science teachers do not have enough success in interpreting given graph, drawing graph for a given problem and identifying variables in a given scientific problem.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Knowledge of Local Communities and School Knowledge: In Search of a
           Didactic Transposition in Natural Sciences

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Jó António Capece   This article is the result of an ongoing research under the project entitled 'The local curriculum in Mozambican schools: epistemological and didactic-methodological strategies for its implementation'. Based on ethnographic research, the collection is being made. Systematization of knowledge and cultural experiences of local communities are also collected in the three regions of Mozambique (North, Centre and South) seeking their appreciation to Local Curriculum component. The overall objective of the study is to analyze production processes and legitimization of local community knowledge, in search of elements for a 'didactic transposition', specifically in the teaching of Natural Sciences. Preliminary results of the research point to the existence of sufficient evidence to support the hypothesis of inclusion of local community knowledge in school content. Thus, we suggest that strategies are established involving the training of teachers, the adoption of educational policies that give priority to local knowledge and the use of appropriate methodologies that underlie the deepening and extension.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Evaluation of the Knowledge of Science Teachers with Didactic
           Transposition Theory

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Fatma Bulut Atalar   and Mustafa Ergun   The quality of the process of teaching is related to the behaviors shown by the teacher and their capability. In cases where teachers who have different training are expected to teach the same topic, teachers may make some alterations in the topics in question. Turkish education system has teachers who have different training but teach the same subject. Transposition is an institutional framework which is concerned with transformation of the knowledge given in schools from its status as didactic scientific knowledge to learned knowledge. The purpose in this study is to determine the factors influential on the process of transformation from knowledge to be taught to knowledge that is taught that are caused by science teachers. In this context, this study was conducted with 5 science teachers with different training and a total of 159 students of these teachers at 7th grade. Interviews were held with the science teachers and students on the subjects of electron configuration and chemical properties and chemical bonds, and their classes were recorded. As a result of the collected data, it was concluded that the science teachers with different training take the curricula into consideration while transforming the knowledge to be taught, and this transformation was affected by the department they graduated from.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Comparison of Educational Inspectors' Role of Program Leadership in the
           Foundation Period of Republic of Turkey with Today

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mehmet Emin Usta   From the very early periods of accepting management as a science, main goal of inspection is seen as a control mechanism. Classical management approach evaluated staff as people who need strict inspections by experts to better perform since they are perceived as unreliable and irresponsible on their duties. Later on, expertise areas related to inspection were established and these experts were given inspector names. Education has been one of those expertise fields that started to have inspectors in its particular area. This study focused on curriculum leadership of education inspectors in Turkish Republic era. Because it is to establish the system of the Republic established after the fall of the Ottoman Empire and win the belief of the people to protect this system and to form a people who believe in the Republican system. The most powerful means of creating the people by believing in the republic system was the education system. Inspectors have been seen as the means by which the educational site is mediated for this purpose, teachers and the public as a means of believing in it. Therefore, many tasks were assigned to the education inspectors during this period. In this regard, a document dated 1926, named as 'Instructions about Curriculum in Primary Schools', was obtained from General Directorate of State Achieves and transcribed into Turkish Latin alphabet. In this official document, the roles of educational inspectors as a part of their curriculum leadership for primary schools are defined as increasing the frequency of inspections on whether new curriculum, at that time, was implemented properly or not and ageing increasing the frequency of getting in touch with teachers in order to receive feedback about the curriculum and to support reaching the targets of the curriculum.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Development of the Digital Addiction Scale for the University
           Students: Reliability and Validity Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Ahmet Kesici   and Nazenin Fidan Tunç   This study was carried out to develop a scale for determining the level of digital addiction of the youth. In this study carried out with a group of 687 students from Siirt, Dicle and Erzincan Universities, a draft scale of 28 items based on the interviews with two students who spent a long time with digital tools and their friends, and on the expert opinions was prepared. The validity of the Digital Addiction Scale (DAS) was determined by descriptive, confirmatory factor analysis, and criterion reliability. Item analysis based on the average of points of 27% lower-upper groups and item-total correlation was conducted. Reliability was determined by Cronbach's alpha and test-retest methods. The result of the factor analysis showed that the DAS explains the 59.51% of the total variance and has a structure consisting of five sub-dimensions called Overuse, Non-restraint, Inhibiting the Flow of Life, Emotional State, and Dependence. The confirmatory factor analysis showed that the DAS has good adaptive values. The scales applied concurrently with the DAS within the scope of criterion validity were also found to be in a significant and positive relation to the DAS. The item-total score correlation coefficients were found between .373 and 620. The t- values of item mean scores of 27% lower-upper groups were found to be significant. Cronbach's Alpha was calculated 0.874. The test-retest reliability made in a three-week interval was calculated r=.779 (p
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Effect of Micro-teaching Practices with Concrete Models on Pre-service
           Mathematics Teachers' Self-efficacy Beliefs about Using Concrete Models

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Melihan Ünlü   The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of micro-teaching practices with concrete models on the pre-service teachers' self-efficacy beliefs about using concrete models and to determine the opinions of the pre-service teachers about this issue. In the current study, one of the mixed methods, the convergent design (embedded) was used. The participants in the study consisted of 41 pre-service elementary mathematics teachers who were enrolled mathematics teacher education programme at a state university in Turkey. In this research, The Instrument of Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Efficacy Beliefs about Using Concrete Models developed by Bakkaloğlu [44] and interview forms were used as data collection tools. The research revealed that the micro-teaching practices with concrete models had positive effects on the pre-service teachers' self-efficacy beliefs about using concrete models. Pre-service teachers think that these micro-teaching practices had positive effects on the skills of teaching.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Examining the Image of Prospective Teachers towards Mathematicians

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Derya Ozlem Yazlik   and Ahmet Erdogan   The aim of this study is to identify how prospective teachers see mathematicians by the pictures they visualized. In accordance with this purpose phenomenology pattern which is one of the qualitative patterns was used. The study was carried out with 160 volunteered prospective teachers. The data collection tool to be used in this study consists of four parts. The first part includes questions to determine demographic characteristics of prospective teachers, second part include drawing box prepared to define images of prospective teachers towards mathematicians and open ended questions towards describing drawing, third part includes the presented options to define the image sources towards mathematicians and the fourth part includes open-ended questions to determine famous mathematicians and reasons. The images of mathematicians were analyzed by the content analyses method. When the findings of this study are examined it might be concluded that the thought of prospective teachers towards mathematicians are positive. it was determined that the prospective teachers generally perceived mathematician as with glasses, groomed, tall, spilled hairy, apronous, suited, smiling, bellied and scattered haired. When famous mathematicians are examined according to program differences, it is very important that the majority of the mathematicians on the tablature are shown by the mathematics teacher candidates and that one-third of the class teacher candidates do not recognize any famous mathematicians. It is believed that the results from at the end of the study will be helpful to training of classroom and mathematics teacher.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Applicability of Governance at King Saud University in Riyadh

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mohammad Y. Kentab   The problem of the study revolves around the application of the requirements of governance at King Saud University. The study aims to identify the extent of governance requirements at King Saud University as seen by faculty members through transparency, accountability, organizational structure, laws, regulations, and justice. To achieve the objectives and procedures of the study, the survey descriptive methodology was used. The study population was represented by faculty members at King Saud University. A sample of 200 faculty members was selected. The researcher relied in data collection on the questionnaire, which was subjected to the standards of validity and consistency, and used various appropriate statistical methods using (SPSS). The study reached several results, the most important of which are: 1. The level of transparency, accountability and justice at the university is average. 2. The level of organizational structure, laws and regulations in the university is high. In the light of the results, a number of recommendations were made that could contribute to the application of governance at the university.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Relation between Metacognitive Awareness and Participation to Class
           Discussion of University Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Özkan Akman   and Bülent Alagöz   Form of inquiry should be based on cognitive approach, student-centered, question and inquiry-based, free of memorization and focused on high-level cognitive skills (critical-creative thinking and problem-solving) rather than conventional teacher-centered teaching and learning based on memorization and behavioral approach. The life quality of human beings will be increased with thought sharing and discussion and this increase is achieved by means of an adequate development of mental faculties such as critical and creative thinking, raising metacognitive awareness and problem solving. The purpose of this study is to assess the perceptions of prospective teachers related to the correlation between metacognitive awareness and participation in discussion. There is no significant correlation found between grade level and departmental differences, gender and general academic scores, participation in discussion and metacognitive awareness scores of university students participated in this study. However, there was a positive correlation between number of books read and participation in discussion. Moreover, there was a moderately significant positive correlation between participation to discussions and metacognitive awareness.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Examination of Listening Anxiety Level of the Students Who Learn
           Turkish as a Foreign Language

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Sercan Halat   and Murat Özbay   In 21st century which witnesses a range of extraordinary technological improvements; along with the world's turning into global-village-like place, it is a vital need that a common communication network being built up as a result of the interaction among the people whose nation, culture, language and beliefs differ drastically. With the aim of meeting this need, developed and developing countries have started to perform various studies in order to spread their languages all around the world. Similarly, one of those countries is Turkey where many studies are conducted in favour of teaching Turkish as a foreign language systematically and effectively. It is obvious that most of the studies are generally centered upon 'learning environment', 'curriculum' or 'learning materials'. However, cognitive-psychological dimension of learning is ignored. During the process of speaking, reading or writing in the foreign language, learners frequently develop anxiety and desperation. With the high level of anxiety, success in language education decreases considerably. This is the case for the listening skill which has an important place in language development. Since learners need to understand messages clearly and thoroughly in order to response properly, anxiety during listening or communication disorders resulting from it will affect development of language skills, making it impossible for people to communicate healthily.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • A Study on the Visualization Skills of 6th Grade Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Ayten Özkan   Elif Esra Arikan   and Erdoğan Mehmet Özkan   Visualization is an effective method for students to internalize concepts and to establish correlations between concepts. Visualization method is especially more important in mathematics which is perceived as the combination of abstract concepts. In this study, whether 6th grade students can solve questions about 'Fractions' by using visual model and whether they can utilize visualization or not was searched. A literature scan about the visualization in teaching mathematics and an achievement test involving 10 questions were implemented for this study. The participants are 50 6th grade students who are studying at public and private schools in various parts of Istanbul. They were asked to solve questions by using visual model method. In accordance with the findings, it can be said that 6th grade students have difficulties in using visual model while studying on fractions and they prefer calculation by considering rules without using.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Examination of the Relationship between Coach-Athlete Communication Levels
           and Perceived Motivational Climate for Volleyball Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Kübra Seden Avcı   Fatma Çepikkurt   and Esen Kızıldağ Kale   The aim of this study was to reveal the relationship between the athlete-coach relationship and the motivational climate created by the coach. In this study, relational survey model was used. The study sample included 96 female volleyball players who are active players at Turkey Women Volleyball 3rd League. "The Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionnaire" and "The Perceived Motivational Climate in Sports Scale" were used to collect the data. The data were examined by using descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation Analysis and Canonical Correlation Analysis. Correlational analysis revealed that the perceived mastery motivational climate, in which role sharing in team, co-operation with teammates, and improvement are emphasized, were associated with experiencing higher levels of closeness, commitment and complementarity with coach. Also, according to canonical correlation results, the coach-athlete relationship and motivational climate data sets account for 13.32% of variance in the first canonical function. These findings indicate that three interpersonal construct of complementarity, closeness, and commitment are high for this volleyball group, and also they perceive their training and competition environment as mastery-oriented. These results support the only first hypothesis of research that the coach-athlete relationship is positively associated with the mastery-oriented motivational climate. In this context, it can be said that coach-athlete relationship may affect the motivations of athletes in team sports.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • The Effects of the Rope Jump Training Program in Physical Education
           Lessons on Strength, Speed and VO2 max in Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Nebahat Eler   and Hakan Acar   The aim of this study is to examine the effects of rope-jump training program in physical education lessons on strength, speed and VO2 max in 10-12 year old boys. 240 male students; rope-jump group (n=120) and control group (n=120) participated in the study. Rope-Jump group continued 10 weeks of regular physical education and sport lessons and at the same time rope jump training program exercise 3 days a week, while the control group continued physical education and sports lessons only. Body weight, body fat percentage, leg strength, 20m speed test and VO2 max test measurements were taken before and after the 10 week period in both groups. The obtained data were evaluated in the SPSS 16 program. In the statistical analysis, t test was used in dependent and independent groups. As a result of pre-test and post-test, significant differences were found in all parameters except speed of control group (p
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • The Difficulties Experienced by Teachers in the Process of Primary Reading
           and Writing Instruction and Their Solution Offers for Eliminating These
           Difficulties

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Hatice Değirmenci Gündoğmuş   The purpose of the current research is to identify the difficulties that primary school teachers experience in the primary reading and writing instruction, and to find out their solution offers for eliminating these difficulties. The study group of the research is composed of 51 primary school teachers selected by criterion sampling as a type of purposive sampling. The qualitative method was used for the research. Semi-structured interviews were made with teachers to ask them three questions. Teacher opinions were taken in writing in order to identify the difficulties which they experienced in the process of primary reading and writing instruction, and thoroughly analyze their opinions about how those difficulties can be solved. The data obtained from these interviews were analysed by the content analysis method. The research revealed that out of the 51 primary school teachers, 37 were happy and 14 were unhappy; the difficulties they described about the process included parental indifference, unreadiness of students, teaching of cursive italic handwriting, lack of professional experience, student absenteeism, lack of interest by students, and physical inadequacies; and their solution offers for eliminating these difficulties included education of parents, carrying out activities suitable for students, change of handwriting type, cooperation with parents, consideration of readiness level, and improvement of physical conditions.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Views of Physical Education Teachers on Values Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  İlyas Görgüt   and Erkut Tutkun   Values education is very important for supporting and directing the attitudes and behaviors that brings from birth and changes by the effects of surroundings. The most effective people to provide this support after family are the teachers, especially the physical education teachers who are constantly communicating with the students. Therefore, teachers' perception and knowledge level for this concept should be determined. In order to achieve this purpose, the study was prepared by using qualitative research method. The sample group of the study consists of nine physical education teachers who were determined with easily accessible case sampling method, which is one of the purposive sampling methods. Individual interviews which lasted for an average of 30 minutes were conducted with physical education teachers within the context of semi-structured interview technique. The participants were informed that the interviews would be voice recorded and later their expressions would be written down and after necessary permissions were taken, the interviews were recorded. Descriptive and content analysis methods were used to analyze the expressions which were converted into text. The results of the analyses showed that according to physical education teachers, firstly family and after school teachers are responsible for teaching values. Value education through physical education is necessary and it is considered to be positively reflected in school discipline. It is also stated that in the teacher training programs there should be practical courses for direct values education as well as theoretical courses.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • A Critique of Methodological Dualism in Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Jeong A Yang   and Jae-Bong Yoo   This paper aims to critically examine the paradigm of methodological dualism and explore whether methodologies in social science currently are appropriate for educational research. There are two primary methodologies for studying education: quantitative and qualitative methods. This is what we mean by 'methodological dualism'. Is methodological dualism appropriate for educational research' The answer is no. When we face new situations in a multicultural society, various types of research can be used according to nature of research. Quantitative and qualitative methods can be virtually integrated. The integration of quantitative and qualitative research can be achieved in the following ways: pragmatic integration, phenomenological integration, and integration in educational practice. We insist that integration in educational practice is the most viable way among the methods of methodological integration.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Evaluation of the Grammar Teaching Process by Using the Methods Used in
           Turkish Language Teaching as a Foreign Language: A Case Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Başak Karakoç Öztürk   The preferred methods for the success of foreign language teaching and the reflection of these methods on the teaching process are very important. Since approaches and methods in language teaching enable the teacher to use different techniques in his/ her lectures, they provide a more effective teaching process. The methodology in teaching the Turkish language as a foreign language is generally discussed for the development of language skills, and there is not enough emphasis on which methods are used and how they are reflected in the linguistic teaching process. In teaching grammar, some aspects are adopted such as learning the rules and structures directly, following a specific order and transferring them, intimidating those rules by integrating with language skills and even ignoring teaching the grammar. The starting point of the study is to determine the reflection of these perspectives upon the teaching of grammar and to investigate which methods are used in the teaching of grammar. The purpose of the study is to determine the methods and techniques which the teacher uses by teaching grammar through teaching the Turkish language as a foreign language. In this way, the process of teaching grammar will be assessed by taking into account the beliefs and views of teachers. In this study, the case study among qualitative research patterns will be used. The lecturers who work in Turkish Language Teaching Centers in various universities and the volunteers to participate in the study will build up the study group. The data will be collected using the interview technique and the resulting data obtained will be analyzed through the content analysis. As a result of the study, suggestions will be brought up from the perspectives of teachers, from the methods they use and from the applications of what they do. Hence, it is hoped that awareness can be raised in the design of a grammar teaching process.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Occurrence and Understanding of the Issues of Bullying in Primary Schools
           in Banska Bystrica

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Veronika Buvalová Poláková   Bullying is a very serious social-pathological problem. It is a form of aggression which is often encountered in particular in the school environment, whether at elementary of high schools. At present bullying is not only associated with puberty, but also is a problem among pupils of younger age. The aim of this research was to create and test a reliable research tool to determine what children perceive as bullying, what their direct experience with bullying is and where they most often encounter bullying. Another aim was to determine who should deal with the occurrence of bullying in school. The sampling (N = 1147; return n = 913) consisted of pupils from 10 elementary schools Banska Bystrica, Slovakia (from grades 6 to 9, 60 classes together). The questionnaire contained 5 questions requiring open-ended and direct answers. From the first three questions we learned what children perceive as bullying, what forms of bullying they have encountered and in what types of places children have encountered bullying most often. Questions 4 and 5 were focused on intervention and prevention of bullying. The study will include output from the first three questions.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • An Examination of Educational and Familial Factors in Leadership
           Development

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Abdullah Balikçi   In this study, family attitudes and behaviours, along with educational factors during school years, which are believed to have an effect on the development of leadership, are researched. In the study, the qualitative research method and phenomenological model have been applied. The participants were identified as one female and one male student by means of the snowball and convenience sampling methods. In the study, two fundamental factors, namely the familial and educational factors, were determined as supporting the development of leadership in students. In this context, it was observed that families had a democratic attitude towards their children, that they displayed supportive behaviour towards them, and that they gave them guidance in a healthy communicative environment. As for in schools, it was observed that teachers gave the students duties in educational, social and sporting exercises and that they encouraged them to take part in various activities.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Analyzing the Types of Discrimination in Turkish for Foreigners Books

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Ezgi Agcihan   and Asiye Toker Gokce   Textbooks might be one of the main resources of teachers even today however there have been many changes in education media and Technologies. Especially language course books used in foreign language teaching can be the basic source of learning when the target language is not spoken in the country where the language is thought. Thus, it can be mentioned that the resources used in education, indirectly play an important role in shaping the historical, cultural and social perception of the learners. By the way, as textbooks especially language textbooks should be considered as one of the important items in education, and they should be designed as free of stereotypical and ideological sources, discriminative expression and offer objective information. However, It is an indisputable fact that the cultural heritage of the textbooks and its contribution to transfer the values to the future generations, It is argued that the explicit or implicit messages in text books may lead to social polarization and the formation of societal mental boundaries and the stereotypical beliefs in society. Although discrimination is a concept in educational researches on discrimination in text books is limited to militarism and sexism. So the aim of this research to analyze the Turkish Language Text Books according to the discrimination types - age, race, ethnicity, disability, color, sexism, sexual orientation, property, religion, belief, language, addiction, social class, differentiation, occupation, pregnancy, individual differences, marital status- which is declared in European Non Discrimination Law by European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. The aim of this research to analyze the Turkish Language Textbooks for Foreigners to answer the questions stated below by using a content analyzing scale according to the types of discrimination: 1.Are there discriminatory expressions in written and vocalized texts' 2. Are there elements of discrimination in the visuals (graphics, pictures)'
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • The Need for Technology Management Education for Undergraduate Programs: A
           Conceptual Framework

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Murat Tas   and H. Okan Yeloglu   As the National Research Council [17] described the technology management as "a process, which includes planning, directing, control and coordination of the development and implementation of technological capabilities to shape and accomplish the strategic and operational objectives of an organization'', Technology Management education is becoming more important for solving problems within organizations. Therefore, institutions of higher education need to lead the way in developing programs, curriculums, departments, and institutes addressing and meeting the needs of industries and the organizations. In this paper we evaluate the need of technology management undergraduate programs and provide some insights about this need. We realize the importance of technology management in both industrial and academic contexts and how important it is to have an interaction and collaboration between the industry organizations and universities. However, there is a lack of technology education on undergraduate level at today's universities curriculum. While there are many graduate programs on technology management in universities around the world, scholars and practitioners are paying less attention to undergraduate programs on technology management education. Therefore, we focus more on technology management education in undergraduate programs by outlining several assumptions, proposing a conceptual framework based on current debates in literature, and articulating its importance in the academic field.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • High School Students' Career Decision-making Difficulties According to
           Locus of Control

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Oğuzhan Kırdök   and Esranur Harman   This study intends to elaborate upon difficulties in career decisions of high school students with different locus of control. 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grade students aged 14-19, 282 (%55.4) females, 227 (%44.6) males totaling 509 participants involved in research located in the south of Turkey. Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire (CDDQ) and Rotter Internal-External Locus of Control Scale (RIEFCS) were used to collect data. One-way analysis of variance was conducted to compare the participants' career decision- making difficulties in accordance with the locus of control. The findings indicate that total points obtained from the scale of career decision-making difficulties of the participants with external locus of control and lack of information of the scale with inconsistent information sub-dimensions have a higher score average than students with internal locus of control. Individuals with external locus of control experienced more difficulty in the process of decision-making due to the lack of necessary information or inconsistent information. This study contributes to practitioners working in the field of career for theory or application.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Investigating the Digital Addiction Level of the University Students
           According to Their Purposes for Using Digital Tools

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Ahmet Kesici   and Nazenin Fidan Tunç   This study was carried out to investigate the digital addiction (DA) level of the university students according to their purposes for using digital tools. 527 students studying at the faculties of education of Erzincan, Dicle, and Siirt Universities participated this study in which general survey model was used. A form was used to reveal for which purpose and how often the students used digital tools. The DA levels of the students were found out by the Digital Addiction Scale. According to the frequencies of the students' using digital tools for participating social media, playing games, communicating, and shopping, the DA scores were found to differ significantly for those who used digital tools for these purposes more frequently. The DA scores of the students who used digital tools a lot for research were significantly lower than the scores of the students using tools less for this purpose. It was also found that the DA scores of the students who used digital tools for watching films and listening to music with different frequencies did not differ from each other significantly. The study has shown that while the frequent use of digital tools for participating social media is highly effective on digital addiction, the frequent use of digital tools for games, communication, research, and shopping has a low effect on digital addiction.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Development of a Teacher Scale to Measure Presence and Frequency of
           Students' Resistance Behaviours

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Mediha Sari   Student resistance, which can briefly be defined as the tendency to resist teaching activities, is student's reacting to the teaching-learning activities, teachers, or administrators knowingly and wilfully, many times intentionally in various ways. Resistance behaviours, which could be considered as the outpouring of the anger created by the people or cases, have serious effects on the student's academic and social development. Therefore, it is important to struggle with them in an effective way. The first step of this struggle is surely identification of students' resistance behaviours. This study derives from the need for an instrument that can be used to measure students' resistance behaviours at school according to teachers' views. The study was conducted with 375 teachers from six primary schools and six secondary schools. Data were subjected to explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis, which created a 25-item four-factor structure. These factors are "Resistance to Teacher Authority", "Hostile Attitudes towards the Teacher" "Continuous Anger", and "Passive Resistance". Analysis results indicate Student Resistance Behaviours Scale for Teachers (SRBS-T) is a reliable and valid tool to measure student resistance behaviours faced by teachers in their classrooms. While this tool could be used to identify student resistance behaviours encountered at schools according to teachers, other tools could also be developed to measure student resistance according to student views. Therefore, it is recommended to conduct studies that make statistical comparison of student and teacher views about resistance behaviours and to find solutions to the problems related to them.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • South Sudan and the Emerging Security Implications for East Africa

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey   South Sudan achieved political independence in 2011, before plunging into a series of civil wars that have culminated with the signing of the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development, IGAD, driven peace agreement. The Sudan People's Liberation Movement, SPLM, Government has not created conducive environment for political stability in South Sudan. Thus, the political and economic crisis has seen the intervention of neighboring countries in internal affairs of South Sudan to pursue their national interests or within the context of regional bodies such as IGAD to achieve the same. From the outset, the independence of South Sudan was necessitated by the USA led war against global terrorism that is more pronounced at the Horn of Africa and in the context of Sudan's civil war. The natural resources in South Sudan has attracted state and non-state actors with global and regional actors directly or indirectly getting involved in reconfiguring the security matrix with diverse outcomes, some of them with unintended outcome. Wildlife trafficking, gold mining, logging, ivory poaching and illegal charcoal production and commercial bush meat poaching, has created war economics and resource conflicts within the region and beyond. Political crisis in South Sudan, especially the most recent one that triggered civil war in 2013, and persisted to date, has received very little scholarly attention especially its regional security implications. This paper seeks to analyse the security ramifications of the ongoing war for East Africa. The paper will examine the emerging security threats and their regional ramifications. In particular, multiple security ramifications such as armed groups, humanitarian crisis, natural resources and refugees' crisis will be examined in detail to draw conclusions on the scope and depth of the emerging security threats in East Africa.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Factors behind Classroom Participation of Secondary School Students (A
           Gender Based Analysis)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Fakhra Aziz   Uzma Quraishi   and Asma Shahid Kazi   It is evidence based conclusion that students' classroom participation makes them more motivated, supports their learning, improves their communication and promotes higher order thinking skills. The current study was an intention to investigate the current level of secondary school students' classroom participation and to identify the underlying factors that contribute to it. The study was conducted on 9th and 10th grade students, randomly selected from 19 boys' and 21 girls' government high schools in Lahore city. Sampling process consisted of two stages. In the first stage, 10% sample size was calculated which led to random selection of 4 schools, two from each cohort. At second stage, 500 students were purposively selected from 1689 students, 250 from each cohort. A self-report questionnaire (FBCPS) was used to collect data. Response rate was 70%. Simple descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. The study concluded that students exhibit significant level of classroom participation. Further boys participated more in the class as compare to girls, while internal and external factors behind their classroom participation were same, although the extent to which they influence was different. Girls were influenced by motivation in their classroom participation as compared to boys. Boys' participated more due to high self-esteem. Teachers, parents and peers and curriculum are important external factors which supported boys classroom participation more than girls who in turn more influenced by classroom environment.
      PubDate: Feb 2018
       
  • Perspectives of Teacher Candidates on the Statements Related to Effect of
           Politics on Lecturers and Educational Administrators' Competence of
           Ensuring Unity

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  İhsan Nuri Demirel   This study aims to find out the attitude of teacher candidates of Ağrı İ.Ç. University Faculty of Education who study at the Department of Elementary Turkish Education to the statements related to effect of politics on lecturers and educational administrators' competence of ensuring unity. A-) The statements accepted as effect of politics on lecturers that consisting following statements: Lecturers work without being influenced by dominant politic powers, lecturers don't think the students who have high political activity as superior to the other students, lecturers work without being influenced by the political views of their principals, lecturers work without bestowing privilege on the students who are on the side of local politic powers, lecturers assess the students who don't share the same politic views with them objectively. B-) The statements related to educational administrators' competence of ensuring unity that consisting following statements: Educational administrators don't discriminate between the people who work at their service, educational administrators don't appoint the people with whom they have consensus on the same political views with certain authorities, educational administrators don't favour the unqualified employees who have the same political view with them, educational administrators don't prevent qualified employees who don't have the same political view from getting promotion, educational administrators do everything in their power to make all the employees who have different political view unified. A survey which includes questions related to A-) effect of politics on lecturers and B-) educational administrators' competence of ensuring unity are conducted to determine the attitudes of teacher candidates towards A-) effect of politics on lecturers and B-) educational administrators' competence of ensuring unity. Research sampling consists of 121 teacher candidates of Ağrı İ.Ç. University Faculty of Education who study at the Department of Elementary Turkish Education. According to findings of the research teacher candidates have answered the questions containing information on A-) The Statements Related to Effect of Politics on Lecturers and B-) The Statements Related to Educational Administrators' Competence of Ensuring Unity with variable rates. The findings make it possible to come to that conclusion that teacher candidates have responded to scale which is reliable according to its Cronbach's Alpha value (α=0.91) in varying ratios as given in Field [5].
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Can the Reason for Sexual Abuse of Children Be Inadequacy in Sexual
           Education'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  İsmail Çelik   The human being who is accepted as a good being in need of creation is the result of the interaction that he has established with his surroundings. He is ignorant when he is considered not to be equipped with the necessary information for himself when he is born and is making efforts to obtain this information. Firstly, these informants, which parents should make, try to go with the environment where they feel closer to them if the information of the parents is not sufficient. At this point abuse is on the agenda. Malicious people sail into a number of exploits under the image of helping children, especially by using their curiosity. For this reason, the aim of the research is to try to prevent sexual exploitation by ensuring that the needs of the children who want to have information on various subjects are saturated by the parents with the sexual education program. Through a sexual education program provided by parents or competent authorities, children will be better able to recognize themselves and to be careful of all the dangers they may have from their surroundings. The issue of sexual abuse presents cultural differences, especially in the eastern and western part of our country, in different forms. For this reason, the research was carried out in Ağrı province, which is in a different position due to its cultural structure. In the study, case study design was used. 97 people, 75 female and 22 male, who were reached by random sampling, were interviewed and the data obtained was analyzed by content analysis method and presented in tabular form. In the study, the thoughts are tried to be revealed on how children who were abused perceive this issue, why they hide and on educating children on sexual abuse to overcome this problem. When the findings were examined, it was seen that 91% of participants think that it would be appropriate to educate pre-school children about sexual information in order to protect them from sexual abuse. The percentage of those who advocate for teachers to be informed about child abuse is 97%. It is stated that the reasons for hiding the abuse are embarrassment, 61%, and fear, 39%. For the question, by whom children are abused, 61% of the respondents give a thought-provoking answer which is close environment. Because interviews with selected people after the first interview indicated that the interaction of the close environment with children is seen as normal. Our research and investigations done related to the topic show that abuse and particularly sexual abuse is experienced intensively in our country. In our research, it was determined that teachers, students and especially parents, have incomplete information about sexual education. For this reason, cooperation within the Ministry of National Education and Higher Education Institution should be ensured that the schools are equipped with sexual education programs that will enable teachers, students and parents to be more effective in sexual abuse.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Investigating the Relationship between Sprint and Jump Performances with
           Velocity and Power Parameters during Propulsive Phase of the Loaded-squat
           Jump Exercise

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  İbrahim CAN   The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sprint and jump performance with velocity parameters in the loaded-squat jump exercise (SQLoaded). In accordance with this purpose, a total of 13 athletes competing in martial sports have participated in this study voluntarily. In this study, sprint tests, vertical jump (VJ), standing long jump (SLJ) tests and one repetition maximal strength test were applied. In order to determine velocity and power parameters, SQLoaded exercise was applied by using an external load that corresponds to 40% of body weights of the subjects via an isoinertial velocity transducer (T-Force dynamic measurement system) and values of mean propulsive velocity (MPV), peak velocity (PV), mean propulsive power (MPP) and peak power (PP) were obtained. Descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation analysis and Shapiro-Wilk normality tests were used for data assessment. It has been concluded that there is no statistically significant relation between 10, 20 and 30 meter sprint times and the values of MPV (r= -,332; r= -,375; r= -,446; p>.05 respectively), PV (r= -,058; r= -,118; r= -,165; p>.05 respectively), MPP (r= -,285; r= -,482; r= -,485; p>.05 respectively) and PP (r= -,205; r= -,512; r= -,391; p>.05 respectively) during SQLoaded exercise. In addition, while no statistically significant relation has been obtained between the VJ and SLJ values of the participants and MPV (r= ,496; r = ,429; p>.05 respectively) and PV (r= ,300; r= ,223; p>.05 respectively) values during propulsive stage of SQLoaded exercise, it has been ascertained that there is a statistically positive and significant relation between the values of MPP(r= ,620; r= ,580; p>.05 respectively) and PP (r= ,678; r=,572; p
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Investigation of the Correlation between Belonging Needs of Students
           Attending University and Well-being

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Ömer Karaman   and Bilge Tarim   Belonging is one of the basic psychological needs dealt with by many conceptualists. In different contexts the need to belong may be met at different levels. In this study the affiliation of 276 university students (178 females 64.5%, 98 males 35.5%) to their university was dealt with. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the students' belonging to the university and well-being levels. Students in the research group were aged from 18 to 26 years, with mean age of 20.7 and standard deviation of 1.53. The group included 111 (40.2%) first year students, 95 (34.4%) second year students, 46 (16.7%) third year students and 24 (8.7%) fourth year students. Of students, 16 (5.8%) had poor economic status, 157 (56.9%) had moderate, 94 (34.1%) had good and 9 (3.3%) had very good economic status. The data collection tools of the Belonging to the University Scale and PERMA Profiler were used along with a personal information form. Analysis in the research used the multiple regression analysis and correlation techniques. According to the analysis results, the belonging to the university subdimensions of identification, expectation and motivation had a low level and significant correlation with well-being and these three subdimensions explained 15% of well-being. Additionally, there were significant correlations determined between belonging to the university, well-being, identification, meaning and health variables. In conclusion, as the belonging to the university level increases, it is considered university students' well-being levels will increase.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Metaphors of Social Studies Teacher Candidates on Democracy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Ayşegül Tural   Democracy is a form of government in which principle of equality is based, human rights and freedoms are protected. In this research, it is aimed to reveal democracy perceptions of social science teacher candidates through metaphors. Towards this aim, 105 social science teacher candidates are consulted about their democracy opinions. Study is a descriptive research, data is collected by phenomenology pattern which is one of the qualitative research methods in document examination way and collected data is resolved by content analysis. As a result of study, the results that are obtained from teacher candidates have developed valid 28 metaphors. It is seen that teacher candidates use mostly "freedom, scales and water" simulations while expressing democracy concept by metaphors which they develop.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • The Bologna Process Could Be at Stake: Some Thoughts from Spain

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Leoncio Vega Gil   and Juan Carlos Hernández Beltrán   The arrival of the Bolognia Process, that is, the last European bold adventure in order to build both a common and strong European Higher Education Area had to mean a new chance to reset our higher education structure. Bolognia meant a new opportunity to set up a wide array of reforms with the focus in raising the quality assurance. Bolognia process was supposed to be surgery rather than just make-up. In the case of Spain the approval and development of the Bolognia Process has been little impact in the much needed turn-around of the higher education arena.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Effects of Perceived Social Support and Psychological Resilience on Social
           Media Addiction among University Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Okan Bilgin   and İbrahim Taş   This research investigated the effects of perceived social support and psychological resilience on social media addiction among university students. The research group was composed of 503 university students. The ages of participant students varied between 17 and 31 years old. 340 (67.6%) of the participants are female and 163 (32.4%) of them are male. The Personal Information Form, Perceived Social Support Scale, Psychological Resilience Scale, and Social Media Addiction Scale were used as data collection instruments. The data obtained were analyzed with the Pearson's correlation and hierarchic regression. Negative relationship was observed between perceived social support and social media addiction and between psychological resilience and social media addiction. Furthermore, it was found that perceived social support significantly predicted the subscale of perceived social support from friends and psychological resilience was a significantly predictor of social media addiction. The findings were discussed in the light of the related literature.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • The Relationship between Hidden Curriculum Perception and University Life
           Quality in Sports Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Nurgül Özdemir   The hidden programme defines the informal part of an educational programme, that's to say, the unwritten aspect the boundaries of which are not clearly define. The hidden programme is also the neglected part of the educational programme. The thing that determines the quality of university education is the academic and social life opportunities offered to students, as well as the social, economic and cultural qualities of the students. One of the important implications of the hidden programme can be observed on university life quality. It is aimed in this study to determine the views of the students on hidden curriculum and university life quality in sports education and to reveal whether there is a relationship between the students' hidden curriculum perceptions and university life quality they perceive. In order to determine hidden programme perceptions of the students, Hidden Programme Scale (r.88) developed by Arslan and Akbulut (4); so as to determine the university life quality levels, University Life Quality Scale (r.90)developed by Doğanay and Sarı (13) was used in the study. Besides, a personal information form developed by the researcher was also used in the research. The study group of the study was composed of 159 university students, 67 of whom were female and 92 of whom were male, studying at School of Physical Education and Sports. The data was analyzed using SPSS 21.00 statistical package programme. In the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics, independent group t-test, one-way ANOVA, simple correlation statistical techniques were used. As a result of the research, it can be said that hidden curriculum perceptions of the students can be regarded as moderate level (x: 3.15; I am neutral). It is seen that the mean score of hidden curriculum perception is the lowest at learning teaching process sub-dimension (x: 2.83; almost I am neutral). As another result of the research, it is seen that the university life quality level of the students was at moderate level (x: 3.15, I am neutral). In the research, it is seen that there is a moderate level, positive, significant relationship between hidden curriculum perceptions of the students and their university life quality perceptions.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Effect of Organizational Justice Behaviors on Organizational Silence and
           Cynicism: A Research on Academics from Schools of Physical Education and
           Sports

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Murat Erdoğdu   In this research, it is aimed to examine the effect of organizational justice behaviors on organizational silence and cynicism based on the opinions of academics who serve in Schools of Physical Education and Sports, and Faculties of Sports Sciences. Research group consisted of academics from 22 different universities in Turkey. There are 320 people (245 males and 75 females) in the research group. Organizational justice scale, organizational silence scale, organizational cynicism scale and job performance scale are used as data collecting tools in the study. During the research, a model was tried to be created that reflected the correlation among organizational justice behaviors, organizational silence and cynicism the new model was examined by means of Structural Equation Model via Lisrel 8.7. According to the results, the higher the perception of organizational justice behaviors, the less the organizational cynicism. Moreover, there was a positive significant correlation between organizational silence and organizational cynicism.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Student Perceptions on Collaborative Writing in a Project-based Course

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Tanju Deveci   The traditional view that writing is an individual activity often translates into the teaching of it as an individual task. Rarely do students engage in extensive dialogue with their peers when writing. However, much writing in the workplace takes place in collaboration with others. Although, on the surface, many authors may not seem to write with others collaboratively, the truth is that they engage in intensive intrapersonal community affected by interpersonal communication. They also communicate with them through incorporating ideas from other authors and by following requirements set by publishers and teachers. Collectively, these entail that writing instruction at college be tailored towards students' current and future needs. In addition, the collection of student perceptions of such an instructional design is necessary for curriculum designers and teachers to better cater to student needs. It is also useful to identify student perceptions related to gender in gender-segregated learning environments commonly encountered in Arab nations. Motivated by these factors, this study investigated sixty-four first-year Emirati university students' (thirty-one males & thirty-three females) views on collaborative writing in a Project Based Learning (PBL) class on a gender segregated campus. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected using a survey and a discourse completion task. Results revealed that the students believed that collaborative project writing was compatible with the Emirati culture. As well, their overall satisfaction with their collaborative writing experience was positive. They were particularly happy that it contributed to general skills that included the use of technology and critical thinking skills. They were also positive about its effects on their English language and teamwork skills. Promotion of active learning and innovation was also agreed upon as a positive attribute of collaborative project writing. Results also showed that the female students were overall more content with their experience, with particularly positive opinions about its effects on English and teamwork skills. Results are discussed, and recommendations are made to enhance learning environments compatible with the principles of collaborative learning.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Teachers' Achievement Goals: A Mixed Method

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Zeynep Demirtaş   and Nihan Arslan   In this study, the first aim of the research is to adjust the scale of teachers' achievement goals to the Turkish culture. The second aim of the research is to get point of view about their achievement goals within the qualitative questions prepared by base on scale items. The mixed method has been used in the survey. The qualitative and quantitative data has been obtained in accordance with the aims of the research. In the first step of the survey, it has been worked on scale adaptation. In the second step, the questions of interview have been prepared by basing on scale items of the qualitative survey and asked to the teachers. In accordance with scale adaptation study, The Scale of Teachers' Achievement Goals, developed by Papaioannou and Christodoulidis in 2007, has been translated to Turkish. The Turkish form of the scale has been carried out on 235 teachers and examined via the reliability analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The reliability co-efficient of the scale has been found as .73. The interview method has been used for the qualitative data in the research. In accordance with views of experts, it has been put into a final form to the interview form. Determined by maximum variation sampling, one of aimed sampling methods, 25 teachers who work in different socio-economic schools status and subjects with different demographic variables have made a working group. The data acquired in the wake of face-to-face meetings has been analyzed by using content analysis. According to views of teachers, it has been stated that student behaviors, the culture of the school, professional properties, personal and environmental factors encourage teachers to success.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Effects of Badminton on Physical Developments of Males with Physical
           Disability

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Mehmet Fatih Yüksel   This study was realized in order to determine the features of the male badminton players with physical disability, and to examine the effects of badminton on physical developments of individuals with physical disability. Totally 59 males voluntarily participated in the study, 35 of whom were male badminton players with physical disability (n=35, average exercise age; 4.9) and the rest were physically handicapped (n=24) as the control group. Forming the research group, the male badminton players with physical disability, were divided into two groups according to the disability classification of the International Paralympic Committee, SL-3, SL-4, SU-5 (on foot, n=23), and WH-1, WH-2 (on wheelchairs, n=12). As for the control groups, physically handicapped individuals (on foot, n=13, wheelchair, n=11) of inactive lifestyle were included into the study. In order to determine the physical features of the participants following tests and measurements were applied; stature, weight, BMI, length of upper extremity, arm, fore arm and hand length, arm and forearm circumference, flexibility, balance, modified sit-up, modified abdominal endurance, hand grip strength, plate tapping, and modified push-up tests. Tests and measurements were applied on dominant hand and foot. At the end of the study, it was determined that there was a statistically significant difference in between badminton players on foot with disability (BMI, balance, modified sit-up, and modified push-up values) and players on wheelchair (BMI, forearm circumference, hand grip strength, and modified push-up values), (p
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Turkish Metalinguistic Awareness Scale: A Validity and Reliability Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Behice Varışoğlu   The aim of this study is to develop a useful, valid and reliable measurement tool that will help teacher candidates determine their Turkish metalinguistic awareness. During the development of the scale, a pool of items was created by scanning the relevant literature and examining other awareness scales. The materials prepared were re-examined according to the opinions of two lecturers working in the field of Turkish language education and two working in educational science and a draft scale was prepared. The items in the draft scale were evaluated by pre-application, items with a weak measurement relation were removed from the scale and the scale was prepared for factor analysis. The scale, designed as a 5-point Likert type scale, was applied to a total of 480 students. The α value of the scale formulated by factor analysis (Principal Component Analysis) was found to be 0.87. As a result of the analyses made, it was determined that the scale had 6 sub-factors and factor loadings ranging from 0.499 to 0.841 were found in these factors. These findings show that the scale can be used to determine Turkish metalinguistic awareness and is a valid and reliable measurement tool.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • A New Approach to School Management: Determination of Student Related
           Risks According to the Internal Control

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Sevilay Şahin   and Ömer Faruk Ak   The head department of the Ministry of National Education and affiliated schools have been carrying out strategic planning for the last 10 years in order to make the right decisions and implement them and increase the efficiency of the institution for the purpose of reaching their future goals. In order for strategic planning by schools to be effective, the basis of the identified strategies needs to be realistic and reliable. Nevertheless, it is important in terms of efficient management of schools to pin down any potential threats and bottlenecks that might prevent the achievement of future goals and objectives or identify any sorts of risks that are described as opportunities that facilitate the achievement of these goals and objectives. Internal control, which is a form of management based on strategic plans and risks and which is seen as parts of a whole complementing each other, has been put into effect pursuant to Law No. 5018. The purpose of this study is to carry out situation analyses more effectively and efficiently within the context of strategic planning in schools and to ensure that school principals, teachers, parents, and students are able to determine the risks related to students in order to correctly identify the strengths and weaknesses of schools as well as opportunities and threats using qualitative research methods besides creating a risk pool for schools. According to the findings obtained as a result of the research, the risky situations were reached under these headings: "Technology and internet addiction - Aimlessness, lack of motivation, Academic Procrastination (laziness) - Lack of discipline / Self-discipline problem, Impertinence - Violence, Disrespect, Rudeness - Smoking, alcohol and substance addiction- Suicide - Communication problems". By taking into account these risks, the risk pool will be created and possible measures will be taken without any further adverse effects, and schools will be better managed.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Mathematical Language Skills of Mathematics Prospective Teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Nejla Gürefe   Effective mathematics teaching can be actualized only with correct use of the mathematical content language which comprises mathematical rules, concepts, symbols and terms. In this research, it was aimed to examine the mathematics prospective teachers' content language skills in some basic geometric concepts which are ray, angle, polygon, Pythagorean Theorem, area formula of trapezoid and surface area formula of the cone. Participants of the present study were constituted of third grade students in university. From results, it was determined that participants were not able to use the mathematical language adequately and usually not able to explain the concepts using symbols. It was also determined that there were some mistakes on the verbal level that the prospective teachers used to explain the concepts in the research.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Energy Concept Understanding of High School Students: A Cross-grade Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Zeynep Başkan Takaoğlu   Energy is a difficult concept to be understood by students of all levels. Thus, the aim of the study is to determine how high school students at different levels perceive the energy and related concepts. In line with this purpose, 173 students in total of which 57 ones of the 9th grade, 94 ones of the 10th grade and 22 ones of the 11th grade participated in the study in which developmental research method of descriptive research design has been conducted. Four open-ended questions about energy and related concepts have been asked to the students in the study. As a result of the study, it is concluded that the students use energy instead of work, power, repulsion and pulling concepts and they consider energy as a feature specific to living creatures and moving situations. The potential and kinetic energy types are most expressed ones. The students frequently give examples from renewable and non-renewable energy types and they classify them accordingly. It is also concluded that they don't have enough information about conservation of energy. It is thought that this misconception among the students emerges because energy and related concepts are taught them disconnected in different lessons of different disciplines and they do not understand preconceptions about energy and related notions. It is considered that the concept networks, concept maps, and conceptual change texts will help to relate energy concepts in students' minds.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • The Study of Body Image, Self-esteem and Sexual Satisfaction of College
           Students in Southern Taiwan

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Hsiu-Chou Lin   and Yen-Chin Lin   The purpose of the study is to assess the relationship between sexual satisfaction and gender, perception of body image, and level of self-esteem in college students in southern Taiwan. This study conducted questionnaires completed by 637 college students in southern Taiwan. The questionnaire consisted of four sections: the Personal Background Survey, the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Sexual Satisfaction Inventory. Statistical analysis used in the study included descriptive statistical, t-test, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Major findings of this study are as follows: 1. In perception of body image, level of self-esteem and sexual satisfaction are between medium and high in college students in southern Taiwan. 2. Evaluation of appearance and body satisfaction in male was significantly higher than female; orientation of appearance in female was significantly higher than male and sexual satisfaction in male was significantly higher than female. There was no significant difference between male and female in self-esteem. 3. The positive relationships were found to be significant in college students in southern Taiwan between perception of body image and self-esteem, perception of body image and sexual satisfaction, and self-esteem and sexual satisfaction. 4. Gender, perception of body image, and self-esteem were the main predictors for sexual satisfaction in college students in southern Taiwan. The researcher sincerely hopes that this study can provide the consulters in colleges some ideas in regards to students' body image, self-esteem, and sexual satisfaction, which in turn can help them resolve students' sex problems in the future.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • A Global Education Application in Turkey: A Product Marketing Activity

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Şule Egüz   Cemil Öztürk   and Alper Kesten   This article describes a "Product Marketing Activity" prepared for teaching one of the concepts in the unit on global education, "Our Country and the World," which is a part of the 6th grade Social Studies teaching program in Turkey. The objective of the research was to determine the multiple perspectives with which students look at global issues related to the economy and how the proposed activity can influence the development of their skills in using communications technologies. The principal reason for making use of this activity was based on the knowledge of the importance of economic relations in the world and the fact that qualitative discussions with the students showed that this activity was one that the students found most entertaining. It is considered that designing activities for students that are supported by communications technologies may be effective in helping them gain a global perspective.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Investigating the Views of the Teachers on the Acquisition Related to the
           Natural and Cultural Assets in the Field of Culture and Heritage Learning
           of 5th Grade Social Studies Lesson

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Suat Polat   The purpose of this research is to examine the gains of natural and cultural assets in the field of cultural and heritage learning of 5th grade social studies lesson according to the teacher's views. For this purpose, the opinions of the Social Studies teachers working in Ağrı Province were taken. The study was a qualitative study and the sample was determined by maximum variation sampling method. The data of the study were collected by interview form consisting of open ended questions. In the analysis of the data, descriptive analysis method was used. The findings of the study were presented on tables with frequency and percentage values. As a result of the research, the teachers of social studies have generally agreed that the achievements in the field of culture and heritage learning are generally appropriate in terms of content, scope, classroom suitability, comprehensibility and acquisition, but they have expressed their opinion that the gains related to Kemalism should be removed from the field of culture and heritage learning. Social Studies teachers who participated to the study stated that it is necessary to teach natural and cultural assets, but they stated that they had difficulties in terms of the amount of time spent to the subject and implementation. Teachers also stated that teaching the natural and cultural assets is important due to introduce the environment in which the students live and raises awareness and sensitiveness about the environment.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Not too Well-known "Predecessors" of C. R. Rogers's Humanistic Pedagogy
           (J. A. Comenius, J. I. Felbiger, J. F. Herbart, O. Chlup)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Radim Štěrba   The paper deals with the analysis of the works of selected pedagogical thinkers in relation to the humanistic pedagogy of C.R. Rogers. The aim of the paper is to identify the components of humanistic pedagogy - Person Centred Education (PCE) in pedagogical theories that were created prior to the PCE. Based on the content analysis, we tried to identify the central components of PCE - empathy, authenticity and acceptance in pedagogical concepts of significant pedagogical thinkers. We focused on selected pedagogical thinkers who lived in Central European space from the first half of the 17th century until the first half of the 20th century. In particular, such thinkers were selected who were ideally close to the PCE bases influenced by European humanism - J. A. Comenius (Komenský) and his lesser known successor J. I. Felbiger, German thinker J. F. Herbart and later O. Chlup influenced by pedocentrism. The above-mentioned authors dealt with the subject of teacher empathy, at Comenius we even have the technique of active listening, and we also find authenticity and acceptance. We can say that these central components of PCE had been used in pedagogical theories to varying degrees before the PCE was established. In addition to enriching and modifying contemporary pedagogical theory, the article also aims inspire interest in pedagogical thinkers of past centuries who have dealt with similar problems in our theories that we are dealing with today. Thanks to this thematically defined reflection of the mentioned pedagogical theories, we can get inspirational insights into some of the problems of contemporary pedagogical theory and practice.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Digital Reading Disposition Scale: A Study of Validity and Reliability

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Berker Bulut   and Nuri Karasakaloğlu   In this study, a Digital Reading Disposition Scale was developed to determine undergraduate pre-service teacher students' dispositions towards digital reading, opposed to a preference for printed reading material. Initially, a 20-items trial version of the scale was administered to a total sample of N=301 undergraduate pre-service teacher students in order to establish validity of the scale. According to the results of the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) of the data collected by means of the 20-item trial form, it was revealed that only 12 items of the scale had a one-factor loading, which explained 65.58% of the total variance. Fit index values, derived from a Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), confirmed the one-factor structure of the 12-items scale as a valid model. A satisfactory Cronbach-Alpha internal consistency coefficient of 0.952, as well as satisfactory test-retest reliability coefficient (Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.92) reapplied to n=98 pre-service teacher students three weeks after the first administration of the scale, provide evidence of the high reliability and consistent measurement of the scale over time. Furthermore, as part of an item analysis, adjusted item-total correlation of each item was calculated, and t-values for upper and lower 27% groups are reported to be significant (p
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • To What Extent Does Information and Communication Technology Support
           Inclusion in Education of Students with Learning Difficulties'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Terje Mølster   and Kari Nes   The main intention of this study is to explore the relationship between information and communication technology (ICT) and inclusion. The target group is students who are conceived as having learning difficulties or special educational needs. To illuminate this issue, we draw on data collected in a recent national research project about the quality of special education in regular schools in Norway, the "SPEED project". One of the results is that ICT use among students with learning difficulty is more frequent than among average students, but not as widespread as you would expect, considering the alleged affordances of ICT for these students.
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
  • Examine of Mobbing via Humour Styles of Lecturers at Schools of Physical
           Education and Sport

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Educational Research  Volume  6  Number  4  Recep Cengiz   Hakan Sunay   and Onur Mutlu Yasar   The aim of the study was to examine the mobbing via humour of the lecturers at Schools of Physical Education and Sport. The sample of the study consisted of 470 lecturers dutied at those schools. In order to analyze the lecturers' perception levels about mobbing via humour behaviours, the "Scale of Humour Behaviours" was used. T-test and One Way ANOVA were used to determine whether the lecturers' humour styles differ or not according to independent variables. The data showed that the lowest average point was in the group aged 22-32 on average rather than the other age groups in the sub-dimension of Rejecting and Sarcastic Humour Styles (p
      PubDate: Apr 2018
       
 
 
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