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Publisher: Horizon Research Publishing   (Total: 54 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Environment and Ecology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Biochemistry and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Neuroscience and Behavioral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Natural Resources and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nursing and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Dentistry and Oral Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Accounting and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Universal J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Universal J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Universal J. of Communications and Network     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal J. of Control and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Universal J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Universal J. of Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Universal J. of Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Universal J. of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universal J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Universal J. of Medical Science     Open Access  
Universal J. of Microbiology Research     Open Access  
Universal J. of Physics and Application     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Plant Science     Open Access  
Universal J. of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universal J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World J. of Computer Application and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
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Universal Journal of Agricultural Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2332-2268 - ISSN (Online) 2332-2284
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Phytochemical Characterization, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-ulcer Activity
           of a Spontaneous Succulent Delosperma Reseii

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Abdelhak Rouibi   and Soraya Boukrita   In Algeria, the study of traditional medicine and treatment by plants is of particular interest. This country is known by, the diversity of its climate, the nature of its soil and the wealth of its medicinal flora. To value this floral heritage with medicinal and economic interest, our choice concerned to an underestimated plant in traditional medicine, it is about the magic carpet (Delosperma Resei). This plant belongs to the family Aizoaceae. The genus Delosperma includes about 150 species of shrub and perennial succulent, a persistent or semi persistent foliage, growing in hilly plains. The current work reveals through the phytochemical screening and the study of some pharmacological properties, anti-inflammatory and antiulcer activity, the therapeutic virtues of a spontaneous succulent Delosperma Reseii. The reactions of characterization were used to identify the chemical constituents of Delosperma Reseii leaves. The results of our study revealed the wealth of our plant in tannins and saponosides. Leuco-anthocyans and flavonoids exist in average levels. However, the extract of saponins showed an anti-inflammatory effect clearly lower than that generated by Diclofenac (the percentage of reduction is about 36.59%). The anti-inflammatory activity of the saponins extract appeared less effective than that of Diclofenac. The study of the anti-ulcer activity showed that the extract of tannins at 10% in the experimental group induced a decrease in the index of ulceration up to 0%. However, in the control group treated with Omeprazole, this index falls to 0%. The tannins in the methanolic extract of the plant have shown an important anti-ulcer effect, but lower compared to Omeprazole.
      PubDate: May 2018
  • Role of Bioinoculants for Improving Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoshuses

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Munazza Rafique   Aneela Riaz   Ashfaq Anjum   M. Amjad Qureshi   and Fakhar Mujeeb   Elevated use of agrochemicals has been the backbone of sustainable crop production. However, the environmental hazards, soaring cost and stagnant production are the foremost issues affiliated with them. Exploitation of stumpy cost and environment friendly plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) has certain encouraging results regarding sustainability in agricultural production. A glass house study was conducted at Soil Bacteriology Section, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad to check the efficacy of different PGPR for growth and yield of okra (Abelmoshuses culentum). Treatments were control, Azotobacter sp inoculation, Azospirillum sp inoculation, Bacillus sp inoculation, Pseudomonas sp inoculation and Rhizobium sp inoculation. Results revealed that there was significant effect of all inoculants on growth and yield of okra crop. An increase of 23.5% and 21.0% in green pod yield was recorded with Pseudomonas sp and Bacillus sp, respectively. Positive consequence was observed in all other parameters where Pseudomonas inoculation was applied as compared to no inoculation. This study suggests that PGPR may be a dynamic biofertilizer to boost the yield of okra and other agricultural crops.
      PubDate: May 2018
  • Biodiversity of Medicinal Plants Containing Essential Oil and Their
           Spreading in Adjara

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  3  Natela Varshanidze   Nazi Turmanidze   Ketevan Dolidze   Nana Zarnadze   Inga Diasamidze   Tinatin Epitashvili   and Tamar Katcharava   Adjara (South Kolkheti), located in the southwestern part of Georgia, it is characterized by warm and humid climate and subtropical climate, which is due to the proximity of the Black Sea. Adjara is remarkably rich in the diversity of flora not only in Georgia, but throughout the Caucasus. At present there are 1837 plant species in the flora of Adjara, 72 of which contain essential oils, they are distributed in 22 families and in 52 genera. Plants containing essential oil belongs: Lamiaceae - 18 species, Asteraceae-17 types, Apiaceae - 9, Cupressaceae-3, Pinaceae-3, Myrtaceae-3. Vital forms are 7 species of trees, 5 species of bushes, 1 species of tree or bushes, 49 species of perennial grass, 6 species of annual grass. According to the geographical coordinates from the sea level up to 0-500 m are spread 36 species containing essential oils, from the sea level up to 500-1000 m 28 species, from the sea level up to 1000 m 2200 m 33 species. According to the origin of species, 48 species are wild relatives, 7 is cultivated as vegetables, 3 species are introduced, 3 species are invasive. According to the percentage content of essential oils there are: 1 species - 0,025-0,04%, 4 species - 0,1-0.44%, 37 species - 0,2-0,4%, 21 Species - 0,7-1,0%, 7 species - 1,0-3,0%, 3 species - 4,0-6,0%. In the studied species the essential oils structure is complex and diverse. Monotarpens are distributed in 10 species, Sesquitterpaces in 5 species, α-pinene in 7 species, β-pinene in 3 species, α- and β- pinene in 16 species, cineol in 8 species, menthol in 6 species, lemonene in 3 species, in single species are found geraniol, borneol, apiol, thujone, karvakrol and others. In the studied species has been identified 3 prospective invasive species, which are distinguished by great resource, not used Georgia as per officinal medicine, but in their home countries (USA, Japan, China) are valuable medicinal plants, these species produced oils containing quantitative analysis, analysis revealed that, Artemissia vulgaris of upper part of the ground contain 0,9% essential oils, with components korizin, tuion, cineol. Perilla nancinensis of upper part of the ground contain 0,88% essential oils; the main component of the essential oil are perilla-ceton and carophylen, Erygeron canadensis upper part of the ground contain 0,93% essential oils and its mainc components are limonene and terpineol. It also contains alcaloyds, flavonoids and tanner materials
      PubDate: May 2018
  • Effectiveness of Prepared Corn Husk Activated Carbon on the Abatement of
           Sodium Chloride Content in Fish Sauce

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Thwe Linn Ko   Su Wai Phyo   and Khin Thet Ni   Fish sauce is a salt-fermented product that is an economically important fishery product in most Southeast Asian countries. In this study, high sodium chloride content of fish sauce was reduced by environmental friendly adsorbent from agricultural waste (corn husk). The production of activated carbon from agricultural by-product has potential economic and reducing environmental impacts. Corn husk activated carbon was prepared by chemical activation method using zinc chloride (ZnCl2) as activating agent. The effect of various preparation parameters such as concentration of activating agent, carbonization temperature and carbonization time that depend on characteristics of activated carbon. Based on the results of the characterization studies, the activated carbon prepared by impregnation the precursor with 20% ZnCl2, followed by carbonization at 250℃ for 40 min., was selected as the appropriate condition due to the following good characteristics of activated carbon: high surface area, high iodine sorption capacity, and SEM analysis. In reduction of sodium chloride content in fish sauce, the ratio of 1:50 activated carbon to fish sauce for 120 min. agitation time at 30℃ was effectively reduced from 31.5 to 26.34 (%w/w). The effective reduction of sodium chloride from commercial fish sauce was significantly observed by processed corn husk activated carbons.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Assessment of Technological Knowledge on Pre- and Post-harvest
           Agricultural Management System and its Economic Impacts in Bangladesh

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Mohammad Amir Hossain Mollah   Abdul Jabber Hawlader   Md. Razzab Ali   Razia Khatun   Shamim Ahmed   Mohammad Showkat Mahmud   and Md. Amirul Hasan   The field survey was conducted among the farmers, researchers, extensionist and agribusiness personnel to assess their knowledge about National Agricultural Research System (NARS) recommended technologies on pre- and post-harvest management and their economic impact in Bangladesh. The survey was conducted in 16 Upazilas (2 Upazilas from each district) of purposively selected eight (8) districts based on agricultural project activities on potential of major crop groups and system through a standard pre-tested questionnaire. From the field survey, it revealed that only a few number of technologies were available at field level regarding pre and post-harvest management out of more than 300 NARS recommended technologies. There was also found a big knowledge gap among farmers; researchers and other respondents. Considering all technological categories, perceptions of researchers on NARS recommended technological knowledge were found much higher than farmers, extensionist and agribusiness personnel. There was also a big Knowledge gap between project intervention districts than less or zero project intervention Districts. It was also observed that most of the respondents were very much aware about the rice based technologies rather than other crops, especially most of the small scale poor farmers were interested to use cheap, easy handling and locally available technology for their crop regarding pre and post management at field level.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Study of the Effects of Two Crop Systems and Best Management Practices on
           Soil and Water Conservation in Tunisian Semi-arid Area

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  2  L. Laajili-Ghezal   In Tunisia, water erosion is one of the most important processes affecting around 25% of arable land, generating a potential loss of soil productivity due to a decrease of hydraulically and chemical stocks. To control water erosion on lands of average slopes (less than 10%) best management practices (crop rotation, organic fertilization, etc.) have to be developed especially in Tunisian semiarid area, where rainfall irregularity and aggressivity enhance water erosion. Thus, conservative techniques for soil and water protection are required and have to be implemented at the level of the agricultural parcel to maintain or improve the productive potential of soils on average slopes in rain-fed lands, located in Tunisian semi arid area. In this context the article is presented. It is a synthesis of some experimental works on plots of 1 to 4 m2 in the experimental field station of the ESA Mograne, for the study of the effects of different kinds of crop-rotation (fallow long duration- chick pea) and organic fertilizers (row olive mills waste water) on the fertility of the soil and its potential yield. Results showed that long fallow-chickpea rotation and use of 50 m3/ha of row olive mills waste water improve soil fertility (water retention and C/N). This improvement in water and soil chemical properties increases the components of performance of chickpea (rate of dry matter) and weight of 1000 grains and plant biodiversity for 50 m3/ha spreading of row olive mills waste water. These results can be valued for the development of strips crops on average slope lands in Tunisian semiarid area for soil and water conservation.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Women Participation in Cotton Farming in Simiyu Region, Tanzania:
           Undefined Paradoxical Praxis

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Chami, Avit. A   Cotton stands as one of the key cash crops in the Tanzanian economy and the second largest agricultural export product with over 70%-80% of it being exported. Despite the widely known merits, significances and challenges of integrating gender equality and equity in economic activities, less remains to be known on actual defined participation and contribution of women in cotton farming in Simiyu region, Tanzania. This paper attempted to reveal the existing paradoxical praxis in the course of establishing women contribution in cotton farming in Simiyu region. Specifically, this paper sought to: (i) assess the level of women participation in cotton farming in Simiyu region (ii) examine factors affecting women participation in cotton farming in Simiyu region (iii) assess the perceived role of women participation in the cotton farming in Simiyu region. The descriptive cross-sectional research design was employed. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a total of 120 respondent households from the selected villages from region's districts namely, Maswa, Meatu, Bariadi, Busega and Itilima. Data were collected using pre-tested and pilot-tested questionnaires, focus group discussions and interviews. Ms-Excel and SPSS 20.0 computer software were used to analyze data. Descriptive statistics were employed to reveal various parameters in the study. The study findings revealed low level of women participation in cotton farming (23.3%) compared to the revealed level of male (76.7%) of the total households involved in the questionnaire survey; suggesting the presence of less number of women who owns lands in the study area. The revealed paradoxical praxis in the study area entails the fact that women who don't stand as households heads don't own piece of land and the whole process of cotton farming. The study findings imply high prevalence of patriarchy kinship in the study area, since the high number households' heads were male. The study findings revealed community attitude and relationships as the main social factors affecting women participation in cotton farming in Simiyu region while financial resources and infrastructures were the revealed economic factors and the revealed main institutional factors affecting women participation in cotton farming were farming technologies and management ability. Based on the study findings it was plausible to conclude low level of women participation in cotton farming in Simiyu region despite numerous undefined paradoxical praxis prevailing in the women involvement in cotton farming including the fact that women are mostly involved in the cotton farming with little recognition as the cotton plots ownership belongs to men who are the heads of the households. Also, the study concludes that social, economic and institutional as the factors affecting women participation in cotton farming in Simiyu region. The study findings further concluded three main perceived roles of women participation in cotton farming, namely offering steady workforce, influence women empowerment and earning income for enhanced women livelihoods in the area. Finally, the study recommended the need of awareness raising strategies to advocate for the usefulness of women participation and involvement in the cotton farming and other economic activities in the study area. However, deliberate gender empowerment interventions are needed in the area to improve farming technologies, farming and market infrastructures to encourage more women to effectively participate in cotton farming in the study area.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Competitiveness and Comparative Advantage of Cocoa Production in
           Southwestern Nigeria: A Policy Analysis Approach

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  2  Oluyole, Kayode A.   The study investigated the competitiveness and comparative advantage of cocoa production management systems in the study area. The project was carried out among cocoa farmers in Ondo and Osun States of Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to collect data from the farmers. Data were collected from the respondents with the aid of structured questionnaire and the data obtained from the questionnaire were analysed using Descriptive analysis, Private Profitability, Private Cost Ratio, Social Profitability and Domestic Resource Cost. Most (63.64%) of the respondents are of age 50 years and below while majority (84.09%) of the farmers are having formal education. However, 87.50% of the farmers are having farm size 5 hectares and below. The result of Private Profitability was positive in all the three management systems while the Private Cost Ratio (PCR) was less than one in all the management systems considered. The result of Social Profitability was positive while that of Domestic Resource Cost (DRC) was less than one in all the production management systems. The study concluded that cocoa production is highly competitive in the study area.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Limitations and Processing Technologies of Sweet Potato Production by
           Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  2  J. C. Udemezue   M. N. Obasi   E. C. Chinaka   M. N. Oyibo   N. Awa   and P. O. Onyiba   The study examined limitations and processing technologies of sweet potato production by farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling techniques were used for the study. Four local governments out of the 21 local governments in the State were purposely selected due to their popularity in sweet potato production. Two communities were selected from each local government to give a total of 8 communities that were used for the study. Fifteen (15) sweet potato farmers were selected from each community using simple random sampling technique and this gave a total sample size of 120 farmers. Data were generated through a structured interview schedule. Out of 120 questionnaires distributed, only 100 were retrieved and used for analysis. Percentage, frequency, mean score and standard deviation were used for data analysis. Results show that 79% of the farmers were female and their mean age was 38 years. Majority (58%) of the farmers were not aware of the technologies introduced to them while, some farmers were aware of the innovation. None of the farmers adopted the technologies. Too much attention on other crops with a weighted mean score 2.74, high perishability of sweet potato with a weighted mean score 2.63, inadequate finance with a weighted mean score 2.60, pest/disease infestation (2.48), high cost of sweet potato processing equipment (2.48) farmers' low knowledge on sweet potato value Chain (2.45), in adequate extension services with a weighted mean score 2.42 were identified by the farmers as the major constraints to sweet potato production technologies in the study area.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Flood and Sustainable Agriculture in the Haor Basin of Bangladesh: A
           Review Paper

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Md. Kamruzzaman   and Rajib Shaw   The paper provides a deep insight into the agricultural practices and cropping pattern in Haor basin. Boro-Fallow-Fallow is the dominant cropping pattern in entire Haor basin. The paper also examines the characteristics of flood and its effects on agricultural production. It is found that flash flood severely destroy standing boro rice just before harvesting almost every year. The paper focuses the principle interventions taken by different organizations (Government and Non-government) to secure agriculture based livelihood against flood hazard in Haor areas. Most of the government initiatives were found structural whereas non-structural measures were prioritized by non-government organizations. The paper formulates a framework for sustainable agricultural production in Haor basin.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • The Scenario of Research and Development in Agriculture Innovation in
           Bihar, India

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Vikas Kumar   This research paper pays particular attention to the evolving structure of Research and Development in Bihar. It, broadly, hinges on two distinct yet interrelated set of argument: 1) much of the increased collaboration since 1960 that has attracted the attention of policy makers, critics and university administrators represents a revival of long standing relationships, rather than something unprecedented in Bihar and 2) this renewed collaboration, which has potential costs as well as benefits, relies as much on the unusual structure of the university system and the role of Agricultural Innovation play through crisscrossing institution and society. The recent changes in government policy, R&D strategies, and national competition have produced significant structural change in Bihar. Further, the research tease out silent feature of inter connections between various actors working in a complex system- namely, public and private companies, civil society, and banks- who are playing vital role in shaping the agriculture system. The study is based on primary and secondary method.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • Detection of Blast Resistant Gene in Rice by Host-pathogen Interaction and

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mohammod Hossain   Md Ansar Ali   Mohammad Delwar Hossain   and Md Abu Taher Mia   Rice blast disease caused by Pyricularia oryzae is a major disease in Bangladesh. In the search of resistant source against P. oryzae, resistant gene (R-gene) was assessed by (i) host-pathogen interaction and (ii) PCR-based screening at the laboratory of Bangladesh Rice Research Institute. One hundred and forty four plant materials were classified into 10 cultivar groups (CG) based on their reaction patterns to four distinct blast isolates (SDBI; standard differential blast isolate) H-11-64, H-1-8, H-1-1 and H-11-67. The reaction patterns of plant materials to these four standard blast isolates indicated presence of Pish, Pi9, Pita2 and Pita genes and their combination in the genetic background of tested plant materials. Gene specific primer 195R-1/195F-1, Pita440 (YL153)/Pita440 (YL154), OSM89 and AOL45/AOL48 were used to identify and confirm the presence of Pi9, Pita, Pita2 and Pish genes in plant materials, respectively through PCR-based assay. Plant materials, H13, H23, H25, H35, H47, H49, H136, H138 harbored all three genes, Pita, Pita2 and Pish in their genetic background. The Pi9 gene together with Pita2 was detected in local rice cultivar H100 and H129, which were confirmed by DNA analysis in PCR assay. These materials could be used in gene pyramiding in promising high yielding cultivar for durable blast resistance.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • Evaluation of Browse Legume Diets (Acacia angustissima, Leucaena

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  1  G. Mabeza   E. Masama   and I. D.T. Mpofu   A 56-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementing goats with browse legumes on growth and feed intake. Castrated kids (n = 12) with an average initial age of 135 days and live weight of 14 ± 2kg were used to study the effects of the browse legumes Acacia angustissima, Leucaena trichandra and Calliandra calothyrsus on live weight gain. Three diets made up of wheat straw and maize supplemented with one of the browse legumes at an inclusion level of 30% were randomly assigned to the goats. The diets were made isonitrogenous by adding cottonseed meal from a commercial feed manufacturing company. A commercial goat meal was used as the control while the goats were housed in individual pens. A completely randomized block design was used with the initial weight being the blocking factor. The results indicated that goats fed A. angustissima consumed 2.2kg per week of the supplement, which was significantly higher (P
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • Searching Behavior of Coccinella undecimpunctata L. (Coleoptera:
           Coccinellidae) and Its Parasitoid Tetrastichus coccinellae Kurd.
           (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  1  Mona El-Mandarawy   Gamal Karaman   Adel H. Gharib   and Hossam M. El-Gepaly   A current study was established in laboratories of Biological Control Department, Shandaweel Research Station, Agricultural Research Center. Herbivore induced plant volatiles may be attractive to one or more specific natural enemies. Releasing of volatiles from certain pests and host injured plants has a role in host or prey location. Response of newly emerged and starved or fed adults (for three days) for each of Coccinella undecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and its parasitoid adults, Tetrastichus coccinellae Kurd. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) to volatile sources were studied. Olfactory orientation was emitted from a combination of host plant and host insect that volatiles from four sources (e.g. infested sorghum plants with aphids (corn leaf aphid (Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)), crushed un-infested sorghum leaves and infested sorghum leaves plus the last larvae and newly pupated coccinellid). Results demonstrated the complexity of the use of different volatile info-chemicals generated by the different environmental stimuli. Reactions of the used C. undecimpunctata adults and its parasitoids were noticed and different strategies to exploit these signals were evolved.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • Viability of Biogas Production from Manure/Biomass in Nigeria Using Fixed
           Dome Digester

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  6  Number  1  A. I. Aigbodion   I. O. Bakare   E. A. Fagbemi   E. O. Abolagba   B. Omonigho   P. O. Ayeke   M. Bausa   and E. Musa   Waste materials produced from agricultural products (such as crop residues, animal manure, and organic waste from Agro - industries dairy production) generally referred to as biomass constitute nuisance to the community as air, water and land pollutant if disposed without treatment. Anaerobic digestion of treating biomass is cheap, easier and economical compare to other methods of waste management like gasification. It produces methane (CH4) gas used for cooking and lighting domestically and industrially while the digestate is a source of fertilizer. A fixed dome digester is built for anaerobic digestion of biomass (cow dung), the plant has digester, mixing tank, gas pipe, inspection tank, gas dome and manhole as major components. Other accessories are rubber hose, gas burner, gas filter and the gas lamp. Materials for the construction of the plant were sourced locally while the accessories were imported from India. Production of biogas through anaerobic digestion improves fertilization efficiency and environmentally sound waste recycling.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
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Heriot-Watt University
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