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Publisher: Horizon Research Publishing   (Total: 54 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 54 of 54 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Pharmacology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Zoology and Botany     Open Access  
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer and Oncology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Chemical and Materials Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Computational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environment and Ecology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Biochemistry and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Neuroscience and Behavioral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Linguistics and Literature Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Manufacturing Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nanoscience and Nanoengineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural Resources and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nursing and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Dentistry and Oral Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Accounting and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universal J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Universal J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Universal J. of Communications and Network     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal J. of Control and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Universal J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Universal J. of Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal J. of Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Universal J. of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal J. of Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universal J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Universal J. of Medical Science     Open Access  
Universal J. of Microbiology Research     Open Access  
Universal J. of Physics and Application     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal J. of Plant Science     Open Access  
Universal J. of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universal J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World J. of Computer Application and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal Cover
Food Science and Technology
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2331-513X - ISSN (Online) 2331-5156
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Nutritional Status and Knowledge among Students from Selected Secondary
           Schools in Kakamega County, Kenya

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  2  John Ombogo   The significance of improving nutrition knowledge in order to have a positive influence on food choices and health should not be underestimated. This study assessed the nutritional status and knowledge of school children attending selected secondary schools in Kakamega County. The study population was purposively drawn from secondary school students in Kakamega County attending Government Public schools. Four secondary schools were used for the study: Mwiyala Secondary School, Ebwambwa Secondary School, Kakamega Township Secondary School and Kakamega High School. A sample of 240 school students, aged 14 to 24 years participated in the study. The measuring instruments included a questionnaire to determine the nutrition knowledge of the students. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height and mid-upper arm circumference, measured using standard methodologies. The mean age recorded for male and female students were 18.0±1.90 and 15.7±1.20 years, respectively. The result showed that 27.9% were underweight, 7.5% overweight and 64.6% had normal BMI status. Nutritional status was significantly related with sex (χ2 = 16.169, p0.05). The prevalence of underweight was higher among the males (33.9%) compared to the females (13.9%), while more females were overweight (15.3%) compared to the males (4.2%). Seventy-one percent performed poorly in the nutrition knowledge assessment rating. The overall performance of the female students was significantly higher (χ2= 46.386; P
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Beta-glucan Content, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Some
           Edible Mushroom Species

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  2  Özge Özcan   and Figen Ertan   In this study the β-glucan content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Boletus edulis, Cantharellus cibarius, Craterellus cornucopioides, Hydnum repandum and Agaricus bisporus were studied. For this purpose, methanol and acetone extracts of mushrooms were obtained. The β-glucan content of mushrooms varied between 14.57 ± 0.80% - 11.26 ± 0.69%. According to the results obtained from the 2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, the radical scavenging activity was highest in B. edulis and A. bisporus. The total phenolic content of extracts ranged between 22.75 ± 0 .32 - 45.5 ± 0.71 µg/mg as gallic acid equivalents. Mushroom extracts had low reducing power capacity in comparison to standards. When the guaiacol peroxidase activity of mushrooms was examined, B. edulis and A. bisporus showed enzyme activities of 0.07 U/ml and 0.13 U/ml, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of acetone and methanol extracts of mushrooms showed varied levels of inhibitory effects on the microorganisms tested.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Breakfast Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in University Going
           Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  3  Naureen Naeem   and Shakeel Ashraf   Objective: Present research was designed to find association of breakfast skipping with metabolic syndrome risk factors in university going students. In the light of findings of the research project we can control these risk factors in young age before they develop any signs of metabolic disorders in late stages of age. Method: This study included 200 University students. The only condition that implied for these participants was that they should not be under any regular medication. They were instructed to be in overnight fasting before sampling day. Three day dietary record was taken through well-organized questionnaires. Based on the frequency of breakfast eating habits , objects were divided into three groups that are (1) regular breakfast eaters (all 3 days) (2) often breakfast eaters (1 to 2 days) and rare breakfast eaters (all 3 days breakfast skippers). Multiple metabolic risk factors were measured by their respective methods that are BMI, lipid profile, waist circumference, blood pressure, glucose levels. Multiple logistic regression methods were used to evaluate association of breakfast intake with metabolic syndrome risk factors. Results: The number of the subjects called as rare, often and regular breakfast diners were 32(16%), 50 (25%) and 138 (69%). Frequency of male was higher as compared to female regular breakfast eaters. The average of triglycerides, BMI, cholesterol, LDL and systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in rare breakfast eaters as compared to regular eaters (p value
      PubDate: Jun 2018
       
  • Preliminary Study of Potential Herbal Tea, Acalypha indica and Comparison
           with Domestic Tea in Malaysia Market

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  1  Nor Syahiran Zahidin   Razauden Mohamed Zulkifli   Ida Idayu Muhamad   Harisun Ya'akob   Hadi Nur   Amir Husni Mohd Shariff   and Syafiqah Saidin   Tea is commonly served in Malaysian dining culture. Most of commercialized tea is made of Camellia sinensis that produces sweet aromatic smell. However, there are plenty of herb species in Malaysia that remain unknown to be used as tea while possess therapeutic effects. Acalypha indica is one of the herb species with sweet aromatic smell that has been traditionally consumed as healthy drink. In this study, the antioxidant activities of all plant parts of Acalypha indica was determined in terms of total phenolic, tannin and flavonoid contents, 1,1-Diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, ferric reducing power (FRAP) and total cyanogenic glycoside content by comparing the measurements with two commercialized tea made of Camellia sinensis (P1 and P2). The phenolic content, tannin content and the FRAP values of Acalypha indica was lower than the P1 and P2. While, higher flavonoid content (24.33±2.96 mgQE/g) and DPPH value (0.089±0.003 mg/mL, IC50) were recorded on the Acalypha indica. The high antioxidant activity of Acalypha indica was attributed by the high flavonoid content in the plant that might be useful for therapeutic purpose. Besides, it is also safe to be consumed as tea as there was no detection of cyanogenic. However, further study is necessary to clarify the cyanogenic content and to confirm the volatile compound in the plant.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Comparative Cross-sectional Quantitative Study of Health Status among
           Consumers of Bitter Kola in Igbuzor Community Living in Oshilmili North
           Local Government Area of Delta State

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  1  Vincent Icheku   Ifeanyichukwu Fidelis Onianwah   and Augustine Nwulia   Background: The use of bitter kola as plant medicine is common among Africans for centuries, yet there is little or no scientific evidence to demonstrate that its use provides health benefits. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to ascertain whether or not bitter kola provides any health benefits to its regular users. Methods: A study sample of n=274 adults living in Igbuzor town in Oshimili North Local Government Area of Delta State of Nigeria was selected using simple random sampling technique. Likert Scale was used as data collection tool. The data analysis was carried out using SPSS computer software. Results: The results show that irrespective of gender n=139 regular users agreed to excellent and good health while ingesting bitter kola in comparison to n=37 non-regular users who agreed to the same statements (see table 3 & 4). The results further show that both genders n=142 (94.66%) male and n=110 (95.65%) female respondents agree that they ingest better kola for its health benefits (see table 5). Conclusion: This study found that regular users of bitter kola enjoy better health than non-regular users and that both regular and non-regular user agrees to the medicinal properties of bitter kola. These research findings help to remove the assumptions about the health benefits of bitter kola and replaced them with actual research evidence.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Authenticity Testing of Coconut Toddy Samples (Palm Wine) Using Sulfated
           Ash Content

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  1  Gowri Ramanah   Samantha Wimalasena   Vajira Senadipathi   Eranthi Seniviratne   and Kulali Suntharalingam   Coconut toddy (palm wine) is an effervescence beverage tapped from young inflorescence of coconut tree (Cocos nucifera). The sap contains various nutrients, and it undergoes natural fermentative changes when it is stored. Toddy is a traditional alcoholic drink in Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka artificial fermented liquor is made out from the fermentation of sugar solution. There have been several complaints with respect to adulteration of toddy by artificial fermented liquor. Ash values are used to find out quality, authenticity and purity of substances and these values are important quantitative standards. Hence this study mainly focused on identifying authenticity of toddy using the sulfated ash content. Genuine toddy samples were collected from different areas and artificial fermented liquor samples were made in the laboratory using sugar solution (16%) and inoculum of genuine toddy samples. Different ratios of genuine toddy and artificial fermented liquor mixtures were prepared. Sulfated ash content of genuine toddy samples, artificial fermented liquor samples and different ratios of genuine and artificial fermented liquor were determined by using muffle furnace. Linear regression was obtained with sulfated ash content vs different ratios of genuine toddy samples. Sulfated ash content of genuine toddy varied from 0.44 to 0.54 gram/100ml.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Evaluation of Nutritional and Anti Nutrition Factors of Orange-fleshed
           Sweet Potato and Haricot Bean Blended Mashed Food for Pre-school Children:
           The Case of Dale Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  1  Abebe Haile   and Dereje Getahun   Protein-energy malnutrition and vitamin A deficiencies are among the public health problems in Ethiopia. The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional composition of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato and haricot bean (70:30, 80:20, 90:10 and 100:0.0) formulated mashed food. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 and SAS version 9.0 Software. Completely randomized design was used to compare the effect of different proportion on proximate composition, minerals, anti-nutrients, bio-availability and ß-carotene contents. Standard methods were used to evaluate the proximate composition, anti-nutritional factors, mineral contents (Ca, Zn and Fe) and there bio-availability, and ß-carotene of formulated mashed foods. The survey results showed that preschool children were not consuming protein and vitamin A rich foods frequently to meet their Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of protein and vitamin A. The proximate composition indicated as the proportion of haricot bean increased the moisture and carbohydrate contents were decreased. On the contrary Ca, Fe, Zn, phytate and tannin were increased as the proportion of haricot bean increased. All phytate to minerals molar ratios were observed below the critical limits. The nutritionally improved and acceptable mashed foods can be prepared from OFSP and haricot bean at 70:30 proportions. Nutrition education using food-based interventions were also recommended in the study area to improve nutritional status of preschool children.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Nutritional Composition of Three Selected Traditional Diets: A Case Study
           of Ngwa People in Abia State, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Food Science and Technology  Volume  6  Number  1  Benjamin Acho Amadi   Lynda Nonye Eke   Mathew Owhonda Wegwu   and Justice Obinna Osuoha   The consumption and encouragement of indigenous diets could help alleviate malnutrition and mitigate food insecurity in developing countries. In this regard, three Nigerian traditional diets: Akidi (Vigna unguiculata), Akara-Igboro (manihot esculenta), and Ofe-achara (Pennisetum purpureum soup) mixed with Mgbam (baked melon seed) and Garri (Cassva flakes) were evaluated for sensory characteristics, proximate composition, anti-nutrient composition, as well as vitamins, and mineral content using standard methods. Data from the sensory characteristics indicated that Ofeachara mixed with Mgbam and Garri (7.67 ± 0.89) was the most acceptable diet. The proximate analysis also revealed that Ofeachara mixed with Mgbam and Garri was highest in carbohydrate, (55.08 ± 4.66%), Ash (6.67 ± 2.89%) and moisture content (8.41 ± 0.89%) while Akidi was highest in protein (5.91 ± 0.05%) and crude fibre (12.31 ± 0.01%). The anti-nutritional analysis of the diets revealed that Akara-Igboro had the highest phytate (0.40 ± 0.01%), Alkaloid (50.00 ± 1.33%), oxalate (27.28 ± 0.88%) and Cyanogenic glycosides content (1.62 ± 0.12%) when compared to other diets. The vitamin content also showed that Akara-Igboro had the highest concentrations of vitamin B2 and C (21.67 ± 0.02g/100g and 17.01 ± 0.01g/100g) respectively. The highest level of calcium was found in Ofeachara mixed with Mgbam and Garri (0.08 ± 0.01mg/100g). This study revealed that these traditional diets are crucial sources of important nutrients. Increased consumption of these nutrient-rich diets will mitigate nutrition-related disorders.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
 
 
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