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Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Online Turkish Journal of Health Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2459-1467
Published by Sakarya Üniversitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Congenital Lober Amphisema in Newborn

    • Authors: Turan YILDIZ; İbrahim CANER, Onur BİRCAN, Zekeriya İLÇE
      Abstract: In this study, we aimed to present a diagnostic and therapeutic approach of five-day-oldbaby who presented with respiratory distress.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Cytokines

    • Authors: Mehmet AKDOĞAN; Mustafa YÖNTEM
      Abstract: Cytokines are a broad and loose category of smallproteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling. They are released bycells and affect the behavior of other cells, and sometimes the releasing cellitself. There are many types of Cytokines, including chemokines, interferons,interleukins, lymphokines, tumour necrosis factor but generally not hormones orgrowth factors (despite some terminologic overlap). All those types ofcytokines are produced by a broad range of cells, including immune cells likemacrophages, B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes and mast cells, as well asendothelial cells, fibroblasts, and various stromal cells; a given cytokine maybe produced by more than one type of cell.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Antithrombin III Levels in Asphyxiated Newborns and Relation to
           Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    • Authors: Bahri ELMAS; Neşide ÇETİN
      Abstract: Whilemany asphyxiated newborn are admitted to the hospital with bleeding problems,disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) develops in some cases duringfollow-up. Although it is known that the basic principle in the treatment ofDIC is to correct the underlying problem, diagnosis in pre-DIC is the mostimportant factor in the success of treatment. Various studies and animalexperiments show that there are some changes in coagulation factors before DICdevelops. One of these changes is the reduction of antithrombin III (AT III)levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of AT IIIlevels with DIC in asphyxiated infants. Fifty infants exposed to variousdegrees of asphyxia in the first hours following birth and 20 healthy infantsborn without complications were included in the study. In both groups, AT III,PT, PTT, D dimer levels and platelet counts were studied during the first 12hours after birth. Early AT III values ​​of developing and non-developinginfants with DIC were compared and the value of AT III early diagnosis of DICwas investigated. Asphyxiated infants had lower levels of AT III and plateletcounts and significantly higher PT, PTT and D dimer levels than control group.  Theinitial AT III levels (14.01 ± 5.11) of the infants with DIC were significantlylower than those without DIC (19.03 ± 2.74) (P <0.05). The D dimer heightratio was 100% in the developing group, 55% in the non-developing group, and thedifference was significant. No significant difference was found between PT, PTTand platelet counts of two groups. As a result; the AT III levels inasphyxiated infants are lower than in healthy infants and the AT III leveldetermination in asphyxiated infants with DIK suspicion may be indicative ofthe pre-DIC status together with D dimer levels.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • An Investigation, In a Distrcit In İstanbul, The Consumption and Their
           Effects on Health of Some Foods That Includes Food Additives: Risk
           Analysis of Foods.

    • Authors: İrem KAYA CEBİOĞLU; A. Emel ÖNAL
      Abstract: Community consumption rates of thefood additives, which are mostly used to add positive qualities to food, arenot known precisely. In this study, it was aimed to determine the potentialrisk of individuals' exposure to food additives and their awareness about them. This cross-sectionalstudy was conducted in Beşiktaş, Istanbul. By face to face intervention methodindividuals’ education levels, anthropometric characteristics, diet patterns,chronic illnesses and knowledge about additives were questioned. Especially dueto their possible negative health effects nitrite, nitrate, monosodiumglutamate (MSG) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) included foods arequestioned. Data were evaluated using SPSS 15.0 program by frequency,percentage, mean, standard deviation, Fisher's exact chi-square test andChi-square tests. At 95% confidence level, p<0.05 was consideredsignificant. There were 253 female, 133 maleand their mean age, weight and BMI was; 42,31 ±15,01, 72kg, 167cm, 26kg/boy²,respectively. Individuals didn’t have enough knowledge about additives. Amongthe investigated additives; nitrite and nitrate were mostly taken from sausage,cooked-frozen meat and sausage, respectively. HFCS was taken from cola, sugaryjuice and chocolate, and MSG was taken mostly from chips, frozen potatoes andsalad dressing. It was determined that the nitrite comsumption exceed therecommended daily ADI levels. It is predicted that, in case of other additiverich foods are taken together during the same day, there may be exceedconsumption of nitrate, MSG and HFCS as well. Since it is known that foodadditives may have adverse effects on health if they consume above therecommended ADI levels excessive consumption should be prevented, the communityawareness about additives should be raised, manufacturing process should besupervised by policy regulations and global standardizations should be adapted.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Examination of the effect of 12 weeks Pilates mat exercises on some
           biomotor characteristics and technical performance of 14-15 years old
           female volleyball students

    • Authors: İlmigül Canan DEMİR; Murat ÇİLLİ
      Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of pilates matexercises on young volleyball students; strength, endurance, speed, explosiveforce, speed continuity, balance and flexibility parameters and technicalperformances. 30 female 14-15 years old volleyball players participatedvoluntarily in this research. With random selection; 15 of the athletes areparticipated in experiment group, 15 of the athletes are participated incontrol group. The volleyball training days, training contents and hours of theexercises were the same in experiment group and the control group, additionallythe experiment group had two pilates exercises per week and lasted twelve weeksin total.  Preliminary tests were takenbefore the lessons started and after the lessons the final tests were taken.During both tests, after the descriptive statistics of the collected data werecalculated, two sample paired t-test was used for homogenous data, WilcoxonSigned Rank Test was used for nonhomogeneous data. The p-significance value inall statistics was taken as p≤0.05. In control group; there was a significantdifference in arm movement speed, line drill, hand grip strength, health ballthrowing and shuttle running tests but, there wasn't a significant differencein balance test, seat access, shoulder flexibility, standing jumping, verticaljumping active, vertical jumping passive, twisted arm 30 sn crunch tests.  When we look at the experiment group, therewas a positive significant difference in biomotor characteristics and technicalperformance tests. When we compared the final tests of the significant data ofthe experiment and control groups, it was found that there was more relevancein the experiment group as %. When the technical performance values wereexamined, positive significant differences were found in all of the experimentand control group data. In conclusion, pilates mat exercises were found to havea positive effect on biomotor characteristics and technical performance. It canbe recommended that using pilates mat exercises are providing benefits inimproving the biomotor properties of volleyball players.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +030
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