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Slavistica Vilnensis
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2424-6115 - ISSN (Online) 2351-6895
Published by Vilnius University Homepage  [37 journals]
  • Editorial Board and Table of Contents

    • Authors: Jelena Konickaja
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract:   
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Newfound Excerpts from the Nomocanon in the Synaxarion from the Andrey
           Sheptytsky National Museum

    • Authors: Marina Chistiakova
      Pages: 20 - 29
      Abstract: The article is devoted to two previously unknown excerpts from the Nomoсanon (Kormchaya), found in the late 16th century Synaxarion (or Prologue) from the Andrey Sheptytsky National Museum in Lviv, Rk 252. This manuscript contains readings from September to December and represents a specific version of the expanded edition of the Prologue, characteristic of the writing tradition of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The sermons, included in this copy for 17 and 25 November, are borrowed from the Nomoсanon of Fourteen Titles without commentaries, namely from the initial part of the Collection of Apostolic Rules. A comparative analysis of the articles has demonstrated that the compiler selected some successive fragments from the oldest Slavonic version of the Kormchaya and also made some omissions. The first sermon is focused on the ordination of bishops and the rules of conduct of all ranks of the clergy. The second article forbids the ordination of priests for a fee and under the auspices of the Duke. It also specifies that the bishops’ meetings should be held twice a year. A textological analysis has shown that the synaxarian sermon of 17 November had been somewhat shortened. From a linguistic point of view, excerpts from the Nomocanon bear exact correspondence to the source text. Both sermons contain brief passages from other authors and sources (St. Nilus of Sinai, the Book of Psalms, etc.). Because of the similarity in style of the work with the source, it may be assumed that extracts from the Kormchaya were simultaneously included into the Prologue by the same person, probably at a later stage of editing of this version of the Prologue. At the end of the present article, two newly discovered synaxarian articles from the Kormchaya are published.

      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).33
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • A Typological Classification of Cyrillic Manuscripts Containing Texts from
           Piotr Skarga’s Book Żywoty Świętych

    • Authors: Galina Sapozhnikova
      Pages: 30 - 42
      Abstract: The article is devoted to the typological classification of manuscripts containing Ruthenian and Church Slavonic translations of the extensive Polish book Żywoty świętych written by the Jesuit Piotr Skarga. Unlike the Polish original, these translations have not been studied extensively and represent a specific part of Cyrillic writing of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland. The objectives of the article are to show (1) what types of manuscripts did the translated texts from the book of the lives of Piotr Skarga fall into and to answer (2) which manuscripts contain a higher concentration of the translations. The data from special works on this topic were taken into account; the list of sources known from these works was significantly expanded. Most of the manuscripts were examined de visu. A description of the content has been prepared for each manuscript, the identified translations are included in the compiled consolidated catalog of such translations, and the results obtained were verified by comparing them with the lists of translated texts available in the studies. Both the internal structure and the content of the manuscripts in question made it possible to distinguish six typological groups, namely, miscellanies of the lives from Żywoty Świętych, miscellanies with mixed content, miscellanies of the Menaion type, the Festal Homiliary (Torzhestvennik), Didactic Gospels, and Synaxarion (Prologue). Apart from the unique miscellany containing nothing more than Cyrillic versions of hagiographical texts from Skarga’s Żywoty Świętych, the greatest concentration of these translations is attested in the Menaion type of miscellanies, which are structurally quite close to their printed Polish source.
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).34
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Russian and Polish Grammars of the 18th Century as Textbooks on Language
           Theory

    • Authors: Alla Kozhinowa
      Pages: 43 - 58
      Abstract: The article presents Russian and Polish grammarians’ points of view (Vasily Adodurov, Mikhail Lomonosov, Anton Barsov, Walenty Szylarski, Onufry Kopczyński) on considering language theory issues and how they described them in their works written in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The grammars under consideration were aimed not only at a detailed description of the Russian and Polish languages or teaching the correct language usage; in addition, they contained some theoretical information given in a manner that is comparable with modern linguistic knowledge. That information lay in the field of linguistic typology. It was also assumed that a language could acquire communicative, cognitive, nominative, and poetic functions (the appropriate terms were not used at that time). Besides, the issues concerning the forms of language existence – written and oral, as well as the dicho­tomy of language and speech, the nature of a language sign, including the ideas about its arbitrariness, its semantics and pragmatics were raised. Additionally, interesting discussions about sign relations at the phonetic-phonological language level, as well as some ideas of functional syntax were initiated. The results of the study lead to the conclusion that the grammars of the 18th century were a reflection of the historical situation in which this grammatical research was done.
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).35
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Semantics of Lithuanian baltas and Polish biały: an attempt at a
           contrastive analysis

    • Authors: Viktorija Ušinskienė
      Pages: 59 - 71
      Abstract: The paper presents the results of a contrastive semantic analysis of the Polish lexeme biały ‘white’ and its Lithuanian equivalent baltas. The research aimed at comparing the collocability of Pol. biały / Lith. baltas with names of various objects and phenomena (both in the literal and figurative senses) including the identification of the prototype references and connotative meanings. The analysis has illustrated that Pol. biały / Lith. baltas have similar ranges of use and develop almost identical connotations. In both languages, whiteness is interpreted as the lightest color whose qualitative prototype pattern is SNOW (cf.: Pol. biały jak śnieg — Lith. baltas kaip sniegas), and the quantitative prototype pattern is DAYLIGHT (cf. Pol. biały dzień — Lith. balta diena). The prototype references create cha­racteristic connotation chains: ‘as white as snow’ — ‘pure (also morally)’ — ‘innocent’ — ‘honest’ — ‘good’; ‘as white (light) as daylight’ — ‘transparent’ — ‘obvious’ — ‘legal’ — ‘good’. The differences between the discussed units are mainly noted on the level of the lexical components with individual connotations. Apart from the few phenomena that are culturally specific (e.g. Pol. białe małżeństwo ‘a marriage without intimacy’), in the use of the lexemes biały / baltas there are no major discrepancies. Instead, it is possible to note only the asymmetry as it is in the case with the related meanings ‘clarity’ and ‘legality’ where the former has more examples in Polish, while the latter is found only in Lithuanian.
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).36
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The Idiolect of Wojciech Piotrowicz: A Vocabulary of Autobiographical
           Prose

    • Authors: Kinga Geben, Irena Fedorowicz
      Pages: 87 - 102
      Abstract: Wojciech Piotrowicz (born in 1940) is a Vilnius poet, prose writer, translator, journalist, social and cultural activist. He is the author of several poetry collections and volumes of memoirs. Research on which this paper is based consists of two main parts: we present the writer’s biography, which introduces a representative of the Polish intelligentsia in Lithuania, and an analysis of his lexis from his collection of short stories Moja czasoprzestrzeń (My Space-Time) (2015). The aim of the research is to investigate the lexical layers in the idiolect of the writer. Piotrowicz’s idiolect is the domain where the erudite vocabulary of the standard language blends in with the dialectical vocabulary of the Švenčionys district, in which words of rural life are frequent. In the vocabulary of his idiolect, we distinguish the following groups of lexemes: words from family language, archaisms, dialect words, and postwar Russian borrowings, referred to as “Soviet words”. The multi-layer nature of Piotrowicz’s idio­lect is a result of a complicated reality on the border between cultures, languages, times, and evidence of changes in social stratification. To summarize the research results, it can be stated that the analysis of 179 words (phrases) from the writer’s individual language shows a world of concepts, thoughts, and values that are characteristic of representatives of the intelligentsia of peasant origin, born in the 1940s. The authors of the paper consider that this study is only a contribution toward determining the peculiarities of the Polish language spoken by the intelligentsia in Lithuania in the 20th century, and that this article does not exhaust all issues of Wojciech Piotrowicz’s idiolect.
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).38
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Children’s Syntactic Competence at Age 6.5–7.5 Years (Based on
           Utterances with Verbs of Motion)

    • Authors: Natalia Siudzińska, Kamila Brzeszkiewicz
      Pages: 103 - 116
      Abstract: The article is devoted to selected issues associated with acquiring syntax competence by children who are beginning early school education. The principal aim of the article is to demonstrate how children at this age attain sentence structures constituted by verbs of movement. The feature of the selected predicates is the fact that they open a position for the biggest out of all verb classes number of positions opened by a predicate (an agent, three locative positions, an object, a tool), which gives an opportunity to view the process of acquiring syntax competence by children. Sentences with verbs of movement, chosen form utterances of children whose task was to describe situations presented in illustrations, served as the material for the research. Studies have shown that children aged between six and a half to seven and a half were able to employ the verbs of movement and the proper syntactic structure appropriately in the given circumstances. Two-position structures (single, undeveloped sentences) dominated the collected data, indicating that children create short and precise messages, naming only what is most important for them in the illustration (i.e. what they considered to be the subject of the statement). The children employed all syntactic positions. The most frequently employed positions were LOCATOR [which way] in the verbs of linear movement, TOOL and OBJECT in the phrasal verbs. The LOCATOR [from] was the least employed position. The study demonstrated that syntax development is inextricably linked to the increase in the number of words in the child’s active vocabulary. The evidence for the above statement was derived from the errors resulting from the limited amount of lexical resources acquired by children within this age group. The children did not show any major problems when it came to employing inflected forms of words. The problem was only the correct use of prepositions, especially in the context of employing the LOCATOR position [which way]. The examination findings have confirmed the presuppositions of the authors that despite the diversity of syntax positions this class of verbs is mastered fairly well by children at this age.
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).39
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Once Again on the Question of the Headlines of the “New Media” as an
           Object of Pragmatics and Media Ecology

    • Authors: Jelena Kazimianec
      Pages: 117 - 130
      Abstract: The article continues the analysis of the problem previously raised by the author, which deals with the nature of the headlines of modern new media. This article presents a pragmatic perspective on the study of headings aimed at attracting the attention of readers from the point of view of their correspondence to the postulates of communication of J. Grice. The article shows that the attention of the reader is often attracted by the violation of such cooperative principles as the postulate of quantity (maxim of quantity). The author focuses on the speed of dissemination of information under a certain heading and notes the transformation of headlines on various news sites. This makes it possible to assess the place of a news site in the media space and to determine how correctly the news resource uses the information received from another resource. The article attempts to establish a correlation between the “viral” headlines and the nature of modern culture that affects the reasons for their creation and transformation. Following the concept of media education of the English theorist of culture and media education L. Masterman, the author outlines possible ways of developing critical thinking on the basis of such headings, which are an integral part of the “new media”.
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).40
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The Ruthenian Version of the Early Rus᾿ Exegesis on the Easter Canon and
           the Functioning of Ruthenian

    • Authors: Sergei Temchin
      Pages: 131 - 144
      Abstract: The Ruthenian version of the Early Rus᾿ Exegesis on John of Damascus᾿ Easter Canon is published here according to the sole known mid-16th century manuscript from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Saint Petersburg, The Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, P. Dobrokhotov collection (f. 37), No. 18, f. 302‒308). The text belongs to the little known in Early Slavic studies genre of exegesis (commentaries) on hymnography and is a part of a larger (and still unpublished) set of Old Church Slavonic hymnopgraphic commentaries compiled in Pre-Mongol Kievan Rus in the late 12th‒early 13th c. From the entire set, merely the exegesis on the Easter Canon is known to be translated from Old Church Slavonic into Ruthenian.
      The translation confirms the earlier conclusion that Ruthenian was never used in liturgical singing in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, since it was functioning as a lingua ad homines and clearly differed from Old Church Slavonic, which was used as a lingua ad Deum, e.g. the only Slavic Eastern Orthodox liturgical language directly addressed to God. The publication is accompanied by a description of the
      most important general characteristics of the Ruthenian version, which is a later and already corrupted
      copy of the original translation.
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      DOI: 10.15388/SlavViln.2020.65(1).41
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Bibliographic Data

    • Authors: Jelena Konickaja
      Pages: 155 - 155
      Abstract:   
      PubDate: 2020-09-24
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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