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Publisher: Universitas Indonesia   (Total: 14 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 14 of 14 Journals sorted alphabetically
Antropologi Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Marketing J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Economics and Finance in Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
eJurnal Kedokteran Indonesia     Open Access  
Indonesia Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indonesian Capital Market Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dentistry Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Komputer dan Informasi     Open Access  
Kesmas : Public Health J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Makara J. of Science     Open Access  
Masyarakat : Jurnal Sosiologi     Open Access  
Medical J. of Indonesia     Open Access  
South East Asian J. of Management     Open Access  
Wacana : J. of the Humanities of Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal Cover Kesmas : Public Health Journal
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   ISSN (Print) 1907-7505 - ISSN (Online) 2460-0601
   Published by Universitas Indonesia Homepage  [14 journals]
  • The Impact of National Health Insurance Policy to the Implementation of
           Health Promotion Program on Public Health Center in Indonesia

    • Authors: Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah, Bulent Kilic
      First page: 103
      Abstract: National Health Insurance (NHI) Program has been implemented in Indonesia on January 2014. That program definitely brings some changes into managerial aspect in public health center (PHC). This study aimed to determine an impact of NHI policy in the implementation of health promotion programs at PHC in South Tangerang City, Indonesia. This study was conducted using qualitative method during February and March 2016. The impact of NHI is seen on policy, budget, equipment, human resource and implementation of health promotion program. With purposive sampling method, six policy makers, eight service providers and eight service users were selected for in-depth interview. As many as 17 documents were analyzed. Observation conducted at four selected PHC. Data analysis used thematic content analysis. There was no difference of PHC’s functions before and after NHI period. Budget expended for health promotion programs had increased after NHI implemented which it could be opportunity for PHC to make innovations, procure materials and implement better health promotion programs. Capitation budget which could be used for executing health promotion program and some recently implemented health promotion programs in NHI era becomes an evidence that NHI policy has a positive impact in the implementation of health promotion program at PHC

      Abstrak
      Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) telah diimplementasikan di Indonesia pada 1 Januari 2014. Hal tersebut membawa beberapa perubahan pada aspek manajerial pada pusat kesehatan masyarakat (puskesmas). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dampak dari kebijakan JKN terhadap implementasi program promosi kesehatan di puskesmas di Kota Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia. Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan pada Februari – Maret 2016. Dampak program dilihat dalam hal kebijakan, pendanaan, fasilitas, sumber daya manusia dan pelaksanaan program promosi kesehatan. Dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling, enam pengambil kebijakan, delapan pemberi layanan dan delapan penerima layanan diambil sebagai informan dalam penelitian ini. Pada analisis dokumen, 17 dokumen telah dianalisis. Observasi dilakukan dengan melihat kegiatan yang dilakukan di empat puskesmas. Analisis data menggunakan analisis konten tematik. Tidak terdapat perbedaan dari fungsi puskesmas sebelum dan setelah adanya JKN. Dana yang digunakan untuk kegiatan promosi kesehatan telah mengalami peningkatan setelah implementasi kebijakan JKN dimana dana tersebut dapat digunakan untuk berinovasi, memberi peralatan dan melakukan promosi kesehatan dengan lebih baik. Dana kapitasi yang dapat digunakan untuk melaksanakan program promosi kesehatan dan beberapa kegiatan promosi kesehatan yang baru dilaksanakan pada saat era JKN menjadi bukti bahwa kebijakan JKN memiliki dampak positif terhadap pelaksanaan program promosi kesehatan di puskesmas.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Effect of School Community Empowerment Model towards Handwashing
           Implementation among Elementary School Students in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict
           

    • Authors: Tetti Solehati, Cecep Eli Kosasih, Sri Susilawati, Mamat Lukman, Sayu Putu Yuni Paryati
      First page: 111
      Abstract: Handwashing with soap behavior in Indonesia remains a problem. The cause is associated with lack of awareness in handwashing with soap. This study aimed to determine effect of school community empowerment on handwashing implementation among elementary school students in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict, Bandung District. This study used quasi experimental design with pretest and posttest, also descriptive and inferential analysis. Samples consisted of 24 teachers, 377 students at 4th – 6th grade and 24 little doctors. The approach method in this study was using integrated school health effort (combined model of fit for school and selected school health effort) consisting of six stages. Instruments were knowledge questionnaires, observation and checklist sheets. Handwashing with soap was evaluated for three months. Results found that score of little doctors in good category increased in skill of handwashing with soap from 0% to 100%, the skill among the students improved in good category from 0% to 87.5%. School community empowerment affects on handwashing behavior among elementary school students.

      Abstrak
      Perilaku mencuci tangan dengan sabun di Indonesia masih menjadi masalah. Penyebabnya dikaitkan dengan kurangnya kesadaran dalam mencuci tangan pakai sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah terhadap penerapan mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot, Kabupaten Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi eksperimental dengan pretest dan posttest serta melakukan analisis deskriptif dan inferensial. Sampel terdiri dari 24 guru, 377 siswa di kelas 4-6, dan 24 dokter kecil. Metode pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan usaha kesehatan sekolah terpadu (gabungan model fit for school dan UKS terpilih), yang terdiri dari enam tahap. Instrumen terdiri dari kuesioner pengetahuan, lembar observasi, dan lembar checklist. Cuci tangan pakai sabun dievaluasi selama tiga bulan. Hasil menemukan bahwa terdapat skor meningkat dalam kategori baik untuk keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun guru dari 12,5% menjadi 100%, skor dokter kecil dalam kategori baik meningkat pada keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun dari 0% sampai 100%, keterampilan dari cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa meningkat dalam kategori baik dari 0% menjadi 87,5%. Pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah memengaruhi perilaku mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa SD.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Acceptance of Medical Resume Completion at Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat
           Lawang Psychiatric Hospital

    • Authors: Silvia Shinta Devi, Aryo Dewanto, Lukman Hakim
      First page: 117
      Abstract: The health system in Indonesia has major changes by the enactment of National Health Insurance program. Medical resume takes an important role in health insurance claims, so delayed and incomplete medical resume completion will disrupt the process of insurance claims. This study aimed to determine effects of perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and attitude on doctor’s acceptance in completing medical resume at Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang Psychiatric Hospital based on Technology Acceptance Model. Technology Acceptance Model was used as a model in this study because medical resume is one form of information technologies that is still done manually. Data collection for this study was conducted in March 2016 by using questionnaires given to 32 doctors at Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang Psychiatric Hospital. Five-level Likert scale was used to measure each item of variables. The data were analyzed using Partial Least Square. The result showed that in general, physician acceptance at Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang Psychiatric Hospital againts medical resume charging is in the high category and has perceived useful and attitude in both categories, while perceived ease of use is in the medium category.

      Abstrak
      Sistem kesehatan di Indonesia mengalami perubahan besar dengan diberlakukannya program Asuransi Kesehatan Nasional. Resume medis memiliki peran penting dalam klaim asuransi kesehatan, sehingga resume medis yang terlambat dan tidak lengkap akan mengganggu proses klaim asuransi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh persepsi kemudahan penggunaan, persepsi manfaat, dan sikap pada penerimaan dokter dalam menyelesaikan resume medis. di Dr Radjiman Wedyodiningrat Psychiatric Hospital Lawang berdasarkan Technology Acceptance Model. Technology Acceptance Model digunakan sebagai model dalam penelitian ini karena resume medis merupakan salah satu bentuk teknologi informasi yang masih dilakukan secara manual. Pengumpulan data untuk penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Maret 2016 dengan menggunakan kuesioner yang diberikan kepada 32 dokter di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Dr Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang. Skala Likert lima tingkat digunakan untuk mengukur setiap item variabel. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan Partial Least Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa secara umum, acceptance dokter di RSJ Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang terhadap pengisian resume medis masuk dalam kategori ringgi dan memiliki perceived usefulness and attitude yang dalam kategori baik, sedangkan perceived ease of use dalam kategori sedang.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Risk Factors of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Food-Packing Workers Karanganyar

    • Authors: Haris Setyawan
      First page: 123
      Abstract: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, suffers pressure or squeezed in the wrist. The results may be pain, weakness, or numbness in the hand and wrist, radiating up to the arm. This study aimed to examine the risk factors i.e age, sex, work period and repetitive movements toward CTS complaints among food-packing workers in Karanganyar. The study was conducted in October to December 2014 that used analytic observational design with cross sectional study. Samples were 50 of 67 food-packing workers in Jaten Karanganyar industrial area as taken by using simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using chi square and multivariate logistic regression. Results showed that age and sex had significant relation with CTS and age was the most influential factor 24 times to increase the risk of CTS (p value = 0.057, Exp. B = 24.965).

      Abstrak
      Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) terjadi ketika saraf median, yang membentang dari lengan bawah ke tangan, mengalami tekanan atau terpuntir di pergelangan tangan. Hasilnya mungkin sakit, kelemahan atau mati rasa di tangan dan pergelangan tangan, yang memancar ke lengan tangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji faktor risiko usia, jenis kelamin, masa kerja dan gerakan repetitif terhadap keluhan CTS pada pekerja pengepakan makanan di Karanganyar. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Oktober – Desember 2014 menggunakan desain observational analitik dengan penelitian potong lintang. Sampel terdiri dari 50 orang dari total 67 pekerja pengepak makanan di kawasan industri Jaten Karanganyar yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Data penelitian diolah menggunakan uji kai kuadrat dan regresi logistik multivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa usia dan jenis kelamin signifikan berhubungan dengan keluhan CTS, dan usia merupakan faktor yang paling berpengaruh 24 kali lipat untuk meningkatkan risiko terjadinya CTS (nilai p = 0.057, Exp. B = 24.965).
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Psychosocial Determinants of Risky Sexual Behavior among Senior High
           School Students in Merauke District

    • Authors: Fenny Etrawati, Evi Martha, Rita Damayanti
      First page: 127
      Abstract: Adolescents aged 10-24 years old are susceptible group to premarital sex, drugs abuse, and HIV/AIDS infection. Papua is the largest contributor to AIDS/HIV number in Indonesia. To overcome such problem, Rutgers WPF formed Dunia Remajaku Seru!(DAKU!), an intervention program towards adolescent reproductive health at senior high school level. This study aimed to determine psychosocial determinants of risky sexual behavior among senior high school students in Merauke District through cross-sectional approach. Samples were 1,364 second grade students that got DAKU!Program and matching process was
      conducted on schools that did not get DAKU!Program. Data analysis included univariate analysis, bivariate (chi square test) and multivariate (logistic regression test). Results showed that variables significantly related to adolescent risky sexual behavior were peer group with negative behavior, self-efficacy, parents’control, exposure to DAKU!Program and sex. Meanwhile, based on multivariate analysis, peer group with negative behavior (RP = 4.7 CI = 2.8 - 7.7) was the most dominant factor influencing risky sexual behavior.

      Abstrak
      Remaja usia 10-24 tahun merupakan kelompok yang rentan terhadap perilaku seksual pranikah, penyalahgunaan narkoba dan infeksi HIV/AIDS. Papua merupakan penyumbang angka HIV/AIDS terbesar di Indonesia. Untuk menanggulangi permasalahan tersebut Rutgers WPF membentuk suatu program intervensi kesehatan reproduksi remaja di tingkat sekolah menengah atas (SMA) yakni program Dunia Remajaku Seru! (DAKU!). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan psikososial perilaku seksual berisiko pada siswa SMA di Kabupaten Merauke dengan menggunakan pendekatan potong lintang. Sampel berjumlah 1.364 siswa SMA kelas dua yang mendapatkan program DAKU!dan dilakukan proses pencocokan pada sekolah yang tidak mendapat program DAKU!. Analisis data meliputi analisis univariat, bivariat (uji kai kuadrat) dan multivariat (uji regresi logistik). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa variabel yang signifikan berhubungan dengan perilaku seksual berisiko remaja adalah kelompok teman sebaya dengan perilaku negatif, efikasi diri, kontrol orangtua, keterpaparan
      dengan program DAKU!dan jenis kelamin. Sedangkan berdasarkan hasil analisis multivariat, kelompok teman sebaya dengan perilaku negatif merupakan faktor yang paling dominan memengaruhi perilaku seksual berisiko.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Risk Factors of Premature Rupture of Membrane

    • Authors: Maryuni Maryuni, Dedeh Kurniasih
      First page: 133
      Abstract: Maternal mortality rate in Indonesia based on 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey is 359 per 100,000 live births. Causes of the maternal mortality are still dominated by bleeding, preeclampsia/eclampsia and infections. One of causes of infections is premature rupture of membrane (PROM). PROM
      may increase morbidity and mortality among mothers and children. Incidence of PROM is amount 10.7% of all childbirths. This study aimed to analyze risk factors of PROM incidence at Mother and Child Hospital of ANNISACiteureup, Bogor District in 2014. This study was analytical study using case control design. Samples consisted of case as many as 114 mothers who suffered from PROM and control as many as 228 mothers who did not suffer from PROM. Results of study showed that risk factors of PROM were age, parity, education. Based on multivariate analysis, education was the most dominant risk factor toward PROM incidence.

      Abstrak
      Angka kematian ibu di Indonesia berdasarkan Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) tahun 2012 sebanyak 359 per 100.000 kelahiran hidup. Penyebab kematian ibu tersebut masih didominasi oleh pendarahan, pre-eklampsia/eklampsia, dan infeksi. Salah satu penyebab infeksi adalah ketuban pecah dini (KPD). KPD dapat meningkatkan morbiditas dan mortalitas pada ibu dan anak. Insiden kejadian KPD sekitar 10,7% dari seluruh persalinan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko kejadian KPD di Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak (RSIA) ANNISA Citeureup, Kabupaten Bogor tahun 2014. Penelitian
      ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan rancangan penelitian kasus kontrol. Sampel terdiri dari 114 orang kasus ibu yang mengalami KPD dan kontrol sebanyak 228 ibu bersalin yang tidak mengalami KPD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor risiko terhadap kejadian KPD yaitu usia, paritas, pendidikan.
      Berdasarkan analisis multivariat, didapatkan faktor yang paling dominan berisiko terhadap kejadian KPD yaitu pendidikan.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Nurses’ Intention and Behavior in Reporting Adverse Event: Application
           of Theory of Planned Behavior

    • Authors: Ni Putu Ekayani, Viera Wardhani, Asih Tri Rachmi
      First page: 138
      Abstract: Data show that globally the number of patient safety incident reporting remains low, also at Baptis Batu Hospital, East Java. This study aimed to determine the influence between attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control (PBC) to the intention and to determine relation between PBC and intention toward nurses’behavior in reporting adverse event. This study used cross sectional approach and conducted at Baptis Batu Hospital from March 16th to March 31st, 2016. Data measurement was done using questionnaires that were distributed to 82 (of 85) nurses working at Baptis Batu Hospital. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and Spearman correlation. The results showed that attitude (B = 0.496; p value = 0.000) and PBC (B = 0.766; p = 0.037) significantly influenced the intention to report adverse events, while subjective norm (B = -0.087; p value = 0.540) did not influence the intention to report adverse events. There was no relation found between PBC (r = 0.037; p = 0.739) and intention (r = 0.031; p value = 0.783) to behavior of reporting adverse event. These findings indicated that nurses’ intention in reporting adverse event was influenced by attitude and PBC, not subjective norm. In contrast, intention and
      PBC did not relate to adverse event reporting behavior.

      Abstrak
      Data menunjukkan bahwa secara global jumlah pelaporan insiden keselamatan pasien masih rendah, begitu juga di Rumah Sakit Baptis Batu, Jawa Timur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh antara sikap, norma subjektif, dan perceived behavioral control (PBC) terhadap niat dan untuk menentukan hubungan antara PBC dan niat terhadap perilaku perawat dalam melaporkan kejadian tidak diharapkan (KTD). Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan potong lintang dan dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Baptis Batu pada tanggal 16-31 Maret 2016. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner yang dibagikan kepada 82 (dari 85) perawat yang bekerja di Rumah Sakit Baptis Batu. Data dianalisis menggunakan regresi linier berganda dan korelasi Spearman.
      Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sikap (B = 0.496; nilai p = 0.000) dan PBC (B = 0.766; nilai p = 0.037) secara signifikan memengaruhi niat untuk melaporkan KTD, sedangkan norma subjektif (B= -0.087; nilai p = 0.540) tidak berpengaruh terhadap niat melaporkan KTD. Tidak terdapat hubungan antara PBC
      (r = 0.037; nilai p = 0.739) dan niat (r = 0.031; nilai p = 0.783) terhadap perilaku melaporkan KTD. Temuan ini menunjukkan bahwa niat perawat dalam melaporkan KTD dipengaruhi oleh sikap dan PBC, bukan norma subjektif. Sebaliknya, niat dan PBC tidak berhubungan dengan perilaku melaporkan KTD.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of Momentum Male Sterilization Service Effectiveness as an
           Attempt to Reach MURI Record

    • Authors: Endah Winarni, Muhammad Dawam
      First page: 145
      Abstract: Family Planning (FP) program achievement in North Sumatera Province is less encouraging. Total fertility rate in North Sumatera (3.0) is higher than the national (2.6) and contraceptive prevalence (55.9%) is lower than the national (61.4%). As one strategy to increase FP participation, momentum sterilization service was feared not to meet the medical care standard because related to Indonesian Record Museum. This evaluation aimed to explain service quality and satisfaction among male sterilization acceptors. Both qualitative and quantitative evaluation were done cross sectionally against FP officers, prospectives and acceptors who received medical procedure during momentum service performed in 13 health facilities in Medan City, North Sumatera on October 23 to 24, 2012. Qualitative data were obtained through in-depth interview towards subdistrict and village FP managers. Quantitative data regarding prospective acceptors and a structured questionnaire to subsample of male sterilization acceptors were collected by the provider at the service location. Results showed the relatively smooth preparation, mobilization, Information, Education and Communication, male sterilization services and its reporting records. Implementation of male sterilization service had served 1379 of 2001 prospective acceptors targetted, so the national record was achieved. Almost all respondents were satisfied with the services provided both by FP and medical officers.

      Abstrak
      Pencapaian Program KB di Sumatera Utara kurang menggembirakan. Total Fertility Rate Sumatera Utara (3,0) lebih tinggi dibandingkan nasional (2,6); dan prevalensi kontrasepsi (55,9 %) lebih rendah dibandingkan nasional (61,9%). Sebagai salah satu strategi peningkatan kesertaan KB, pelayanan momentum sterilisasi pria dikhawatirkan tidak memenuhi standar pelayanan karena dikaitkan dengan rekor MURI. Evaluasi ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kualitas pelaksanaan pelayanan dan kepuasan akseptor sterilisasi pria. Evaluasi bersifat kualitatif dan kuantitatif dilakukan secara potong lintang terhadap petugas KB,
      calon akseptor dan akseptor yang mendapat tindakan sterilisasi pada pelayanan momentum di 13 fasilitas kesehatan di Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara pada 23-24 Oktober 2012. Data kualitatif diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam terhadap pengelola KB kecamatan dan desa. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan provider di tempat pelayanan dengan menggunakan angket mengenai calon akseptor, dan kuesioner berstruktur terhadap sub sampel akseptor sterilisasi pria. Hasil menunjukkan relatif lancar persiapan, penggerakan, KIE, pelayanan sterilisasi pria dan pencatatan pelaporannya. Pelaksanaan pelayanan sterilisasi pria berhasil melayanai 1379 dari target 2001 target calon akseptor, sehingga mendapatkan REKOR MURI. Hampir semua peserta sterilisasi pria merasa puas terhadap pelayanan dari petugas medis dan petugas KB.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Basis for Development of Business Strategic Plan Primary Health Care with
           Local Public Service Entity Status in Gianyar District

    • Authors: Putu Ayu Indrayathi, Luh Putu Sinthya Ulandari
      First page: 86
      Abstract: Primary health care as Local Public Service Entity needs to make the right business strategic plan. Arranging business plan needs to pay attention to its competitors operating around its working area. This study aimed to determine internal and external environmental factors in Ubud 1 and Tegallalang 1 Primary Health Care and develop model of business strategic plan development in both primary health cares with Local Public Service Entity status. This study was descriptive explorative conducted in 2014. Data were collected through questionnaires, and documentation study. Samples were determined purposively or taken non-proportionally, consisting of Ubud 1 and Tegallalang 1 Primary Health Care heads and staff. Data were analyzed by descriptive quantitative analysis. Results of internal and external factor analysis in both primary health cares showed similar findings. Most indicators of internal variable were strength, only quantities of medical and non-medical workers were the weaknesses in program development. Meanwhile, external factor analysis showed that most indicators of external variable were opportunities and it was only people’s lifestyle toward environment as the threat in program development. In conclusion, the development strategic position in Ubud 1 Tegallalang 1 was growth strategy.Abstrak
      Puskesmas yang berbentuk Badan Layanan Umum Daerah (BLUD) perlu membuat rencana strategi bisnis yang tepat. Penyusunan rencana strategi bisnis perlu memerhatikan pesaing yang beroperasi di sekitar wilayah kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari aspek lingkungan internal dan eksternal di Puskesmas Ubud 1 dan Tegallalang 1 serta mengembangkan model pengembangan rencana strategi bisnis di kedua puskesmas yang berstatus BLUD tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif eksploratif yang dilakukan pada tahun 2014. Data dikumpulkan melalui penyebaran kuesioner dan studi dokumentasi. Sampel penelitian ditentukan secara purposif dan diambil secara non proporsional, terdiri dari kepala dan staf Puskesmas Ubud 1 dan Tegallalalng 1. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil analisis faktor internal dan eksternal kedua puskesmas menunjukkan hasil yang sama. Sebagian besar indikator variabel internal merupakan kekuatan, hanya kuantitas tenaga kerja bidang medis dan nonmedis sebagai kelemahan dalam pengembangan program. Sedangkan hasil analisis faktor eksternal menunjukkan sebagian besar indikator variabel eksternal merupakan peluang dan hanya perilaku masyarakat terhadap lingkungan yang merupakan ancaman dalam pengembangan program. Sebagai kesimpulan, posisi strategis pengembangan di Puskesmas Ubud 1 dan Tegallalang 1 adalah strategi pertumbuhan.
      PubDate: 2016-11-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Family Planning Information, Education and Communication with Contaceptive
           Use

    • Authors: Endah Winarni, Muhammad Dawam
      First page: 94
      Abstract: Family Planning Information, Education, Communication (FP IEC) takes an important role in improving achievement of prevalence of Family Planning participation. However, contraceptive use prevalence in Indonesia within the last decade (2002-2012) did not significantly increase, although many FP IEC activities had been performed. This study aimed to determine socioeconomic demographic factors related to FP IEC, any IEC elements related to contraceptive use and IEC elements affecting on contraceptive use. Analysis used Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2012 as data source with analysis unit namely married women aged 15-49 years. Samples were 33,465 married women. Analysis used odds ratio (OR) between women receiving FP IEC toward women not getting access to FP IEC related to contraceptive use. This study found that FP IEC, both media and officers were important factors in contraceptive use. IEC through television and poster/flyer had a significant relation with contraceptive use (OR 1.6 and 1.3). Medical officers, FP officers and informal figures in community played an important role in FP information and contraceptive use (OR 2.2; 1.4; and 1.2). In line with results, visits of FP officers and medical officers informing contraception to clients at healthcare facilities significantly affected on contraceptive use (OR 1.5 and 2.6).Abstrak
      Komunikasi Informasi dan Edukasi (KIE) berperan penting dalam meningkatkan pencapaian prevalensi kesertaan Keluarga Berencana (KB). Namun, prevalensi KB di Indonesia selama satu dekade terakhir (2002-2012) tidak meningkat secara signifikan, walaupun pelbagai kegiatan KIE KB telah dilaksanakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor sosio ekonomi demografi yang berkaitan dengan KIE KB, pelbagai unsur KIE yang berkaitan dengan pemakaian KB, dan unsur KIE yang berpengaruh terhadap pemakaian KB. Analisis menggunakan sumber data Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2012 dengan unit analisis perempuan berstatus kawin usia 15-49 tahun. Jumlah sampel yang dianalisis 33.465 perempuan berstatus kawin. Analisis menggunakan odds ratio atau rasio kecenderungan antara perempuan yang memperoleh KIE KB terhadap perempuan tidak mendapatkan akses KIE KB dalam hubungannya dengan pemakaian KB. Temuan bahwa pemberian KIE KB, baik media maupun petugas, merupakan faktor penting dalam pemakaian KB. KIE melalui televisi dan poster/pamflet memiliki hubungan bermakna dengan pemakaian KB (OR 1,6 dan 1,3). Petugas medis, petugas KB dan tokoh informal di masyarakat berperan penting dalam penyampaian informasi KB dan pemakaian KB (OR 2,2; 1,4; dan 1,2). Sejalan dengan hasil tersebut, kunjungan petugas KB dan petugas kesehatan menjelaskan KB kepada klien di fasilitas kesehatan berpengaruh secara bermakna ke pemakaian KB (OR 1,5 dan 2,6).
      PubDate: 2016-11-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2016)
       
 
 
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