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Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1978-1059 - ISSN (Online) 2407-0920
Published by Bogor Agricultural University Homepage  [24 journals]
  • Efficacy of propolis supplementation to accelerate healing process and
           body weight recovery of pulmonary tuberculosis patients

    • Authors: Mahani Mahani, Ahmad Sulaeman, Faisal Anwar, Muhamad Rizal Martua Damanik, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Angelika Ploeger
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the pace of curing process and body weight recovery of pulmonary tuberculosis (Tb) patients receiving propolis supplementation. This study was a randomized controlled trial conducted on 50 pulmonary Tb patients that were assigned into three groups as follows: receiving standard-dose antituberculosis drugs (ATDs) + 20 drops of placebo propolis (P0); receiving standard-dose ATDs + 20 drops of propolis with concentration of 6% (P1); and receiving standard-dose ATDs + 20 drops of propolis with concentration of 30% (P2). The results showed that the mean time ratio needed for sputum smear conversion to negative present of acid resitant bacteria in P0, P1 and P2 groups were weeks 10, 8 and 5, respectively. In the second week, mean body weight of P0 and P1 groups decreased by 2.4% and 0.2%, respectively. In contrast, the mean body weight in P2 group increased by 1.5% (p<0.05; Mann-Whitney test). In the same week, mean body mass index (BMI) of P0 and P1 groups decreased by 1.6 and 0.1, respectively. Conversely, the mean BMI of P2 group increased by 0.3. The changes were significantly different (p<0.05). The results conclusively indicated that supplementation of 20 drops of propolis with a concentration of 30% as an adjuvant to standard ATDs for the treatment of pulmonary Tb patients was beneficial to accelerate treatment effect and body weight recovery.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.1.1-10
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
  • Nutritional status of exclusive compared to non exclusive breastfeeding

    • Authors: Dina Rahayuning Pangestuti
      Pages: 11 - 16
      Abstract: This study aimed to compare the nutritional status of exclusive and non-exclusive breastfeeding mothers with cross-sectional study design. Study location was Gayamsari public health center working area, Semarang city, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Sixteen exclusive breastfeeding mothers and 16 non exclusive breastfeeding mothers were recruited. Mothers with infant aged 4 months were assessed for their anthropometry (weight, height, mid-upper-arm-circumference, and body fat percentage), dietary intakes (24 hours recall in week day and week end) and hemoglobin level. Nutrition fulfillment of dietary intake was calculated based on Indonesia RDA according to age group. Univariate analysis was used to calculate the frequency, independent T-test and Mann-Whitney test were used to analyze differences in assessment results between groups. The results showed that mean aged of subject was 28.3±5.4 years, median parity was 2 childrens, mean BMI was 23.0±4.2 kg/m2. In total, 12.5%, 40.6%, and 46.9% of the subjects were classified as underweight, normal, and overweight respectively. There is no significant difference (p>0.05) in nutritional status between groups. Subjects who fulfill the daily intake recommendation was only 16.1% for protein, 9.7% for fat, 12.9% for vitamin A, 6.5% for vitamin C, 3.2% for folic acid, and 3.2% for calcium. There was no significant difference in daily intake between groups. Mean hemoglobin level of subject was 12.1±1.6 mg/dl. 50% of the subjects were considered as anemic and no significant difference was found between groups (p>0.05). In conclusion, there is no significant difference between exclusive and non-exclusive breastfeeding group in nutritional status, nutrition adequacy and hemoglobin level. Less than half of the subjects were categorized as having a normal nutritional status. None of subject fulfill the daily energy, Fe and Zn requirements.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.1.11-16
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
  • The application of probability method to estimate micronutrient
           deficiencies prevalence of Indonesian adults

    • Authors: Teguh Jati Prasetyo, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Yayuk Farida Baliwati, Dadang Sukandar
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze micronutrient deficiencies (Ca, Fe, Zn, Vitamin A and C) of Indonesian adults using probability method (PBM) and cut-off point method (CPM). This research was conducted by analyzing secondary data from Total Diet Study of the Ministry of Health of Indonesia, obtained from 24-h food recall method. The subjects were 58, 014 adults aged 19-49 years. The nutrient requirement from Institute of Medicine were used as benchmark. Both PBM and CPM were applied to assess micronutrient deficiencies. The results showed that by applying PBM, the prevalence of calcium, iron, zinc, vitamin A and C deficiencies was 54.2%, 36.4%, 74.3%, 44.8% and 71.4% respectively; while the prevalence of calcium, iron, zinc, vitamin A and C deficiencies using CPM-100 was 63.9%, 42.5%, 80.7%, 55.8% and 81.7% respectively. PBM result showed more men than women were categorized as suffering from Zn, Vitamin A and C deficiencies; and more women were categorized as Ca and Fe deficiencies. The application of CPM-100 tended to result in overestimation compared to PBM. The nutrient densities of Ca, Fe, Zn, Vitamin A and C were higher in women than in men (p <0.05). The nutrient densities of Ca, Zn, vitamin A and C were below the recommended level for both men and women. This implies micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent among Indonesian adults thus there is a need to improve the quality of their diet. This can be achieved by increasing the consumption of protein source foods (fish, meat and legume), fruits and vegetables as sources of micronutrients.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.1.17-26
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
  • The safety evaluation of ethanol extract of torbangun leaves (Coleus
           amboinicus Lour.) on mouse fetal development

    • Authors: Elma Alfiah, Muhammad Rizal Martua Damanik, Katrin Roosita, Mokhamad Fahrudin
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of ethanol extract from torbangun leaves on mouse fetal development. This research used 24 female pregnant mouse. The leaves extract was administered orally at dose level of 0; 0.56; 1.68 and 3.36 g/kg body weight. The extract was given from the first day until the eighteenth day of pregnancy period. The ethanol extract of Torbangun leaves contains flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and steroids. The result showed that consumption of 3.36 g/kg torbangun leaves extract had led to significant differences in the decrease of maternal weight change, number of live fetuses, fetal weight, and fetal length. Consumption of Torbangun leaves extract during pregnancy should be avoided due to its potency to interfere the fetal development.  
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.1.27-32
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
  • Hydration status and liver function of young men before and after Ramadan

    • Authors: Nur Susan Iriyanti Ibrahim, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Budi Setiawan
      Pages: 33 - 38
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to identify and analyse the hydration status and liver function of young men before and during Ramadan fasting (RF). The study design was a prospective cohort into 1st period (one week before fasting) and 2nd period (the last ten days of fasting). The subjects were 18 healthy young men (19-30 years old). Data on dietary intake were collected using food record 3x24h, body composition were collected using bioelectrical impedance analyser (BIA), hydration status and liver function data were measured trough urine and blood sample. This study showed significant differences in body weight, fat body mass, body mass index (BMI), body water, intake of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, and water, hydration status (serum osmolality and urine density), and liver function (SGOT and SGPT levels) before and during RF (p<0.05). There were significant correlation between fasting status and SGPT levels (p<0.05). The study concluded that Ramadhan fasting has a positive effect to control body weight and improve liver function measured by SGOT and SGPT levels.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.1.33-38
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
  • Application of alternate healthy eating index to assess diet quality in
           male workers

    • Authors: Pramita Ariawati Putri, Dodik Briawan, Ikeu Ekayanti
      Pages: 39 - 46
      Abstract: This study aimed to analyze diet quality of male workers. Study design was cross-sectional, involving 101 male workers of PT. Semen Indonesia Tuban, East Java aged 25-55 years old. Subjects were chosen using purposive sampling based on inclusion criterias. US adapted Alternate Healthy Index (AHEI) was used to assess diet quality that consists of 11 components. Components and portions were modified based on Indonesian Dietary Guidelines 2014. The result showed that grains and alcohol components had good score (10) and the lowest score was in sweetened beverages component (1.4). AHEI-score range from 45.1 to 95.7 and the mean was 69.5. More than half of workers (75.2%) diet quality was in need of improvement category (AHEI scores <76.2). Education level and working unit were correlated with diet quality (p<0.05). Workers diet quality in PT. Semen Indonesia Tuban needs to be improved.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.1.39-46
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
  • Potential of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) extract to reduce blood
           glucose and malondialdehyde (MDA) liver in streptozotocin-induced diabetic

    • Authors: Putri Puncak Anjani, Evy Damayanthi, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Ekowati Handharyani
      Pages: 47 - 54
      Abstract: The study aimed to analyze the potential of okra to reduction blood glucose and MDA liver in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Design experiment used in this study was pre and post test controlled group design. The first step of this study was analyzed bioactive compound of okra extract. The next step was administired orally of okra extract to control and diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin 50 mg/kgBW for 14 days. Sprague dawley rats were divided into six groups: normal control (N), diabetic control (DM), diabetic treated with green okra extract (GOE) with the dosage of 5 mg/kgBW quercetin and 10 mg/kgBW quercetin, diabetes treated with purple okra extract (POE) with the dosage of 5 mg/kgBW quercetin and 10 mg/kgBW quercetin. Blood glucose were measured each five days and malondialdehyde (MDA) liver in rats were measured in the end of intervention. The following results show that phenolic and quercetin of purple okra extract were higher (3.60%; 0.45 mg/g) than green okra extract (3.58%; 0.27 mg/g). Administration of GOE I, GOE II, POE I and POE II in diabetic rats showed significant (P<0.05) reduction in blood glucose level (115.25 mg/dl; 86 mg/dl; 180.75 mg/dl; 91 mg/dl) and improve level of MDA. These results suggest that intervention of okra extract based on quercetin compound show an antihyperglicemic potential and improve MDA level.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.1.47-54
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
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