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Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2087-0469 - ISSN (Online) 2089-2063
Published by Bogor Agricultural University Homepage  [24 journals]
  • Lingga Isaq Hunting Park as A Basis for Sustainable Management: A
           Socio-Economic Study

    • Authors: Cut Maila Hanum, Hadi Sukadi Alikodra, Agus Priyono Kartono
      Abstract: The management of conservation and socio economic condition of surrounding communities are always connected each other. The similar case can be found in Lingga Isaq Hunting Park (LIHP), one of the conservation areas located in Aceh Province. This study is aimed to examine socio-economic conditions of the community around LIHP as the basic data to improve the effectiveness of area management. Data were collected through a technical survey by interviewing 120 respondents who were randomly selected from two sub districts namely; Bintang and Linge where each sub district consists of three villages. The results showed that 52.57% of total community income is obtained from coffee plantation which planted within the LIHP area. The level of hunting park contribution to community income, indicates that the communities are highly relies on LIHP area. However, the level of community participation is very low either individually or as a group. The participation is limited to securing and maintaining the area from the forest fires. Local community wisdom is still applied in land clearing and hunting method within the area. Supervision, fostering partnership, relationships between communities and LIHP managers are required to improve community capacity and conservation awareness. As in return, it will reduce community dependence and utilization of LIHP’s land. This study also recommends the need to actively engage with non-governmental organisation or civil society as part of LIHP’s sustainable management. It is intended to improve community welfare and provide opportunities for local wisdom development in the management of LIHP.
      PubDate: 2018-05-28
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Returns from Indigenous Hunting in The Lowland Coastal Forests of West
           Papua, Benefits Threatened Wildlife Species

    • Authors: Freddy Pattiselanno, Johan F. Koibur
      Abstract: We conducted a study in eleven villages in the West Papuan Bird's Head Peninsula to determine hunting returns from indigenous hunting in lowland coastal forests. In each town three collaborative hunters were recruited and trained to complete an information sheet for each hunting trip whether or not they were successful, and if so, how many individuals per species were killed and their common names. The results indicated that hunting returns during seven months of observations were 301 animals comprising of timor deer, wild pig, dusky pademelon, grizzled tree kangaroo and common spotted cuscus. The most commonly hunted were two non-native species-wild pigs and deer with a total of 11,475 kg of dressed weight harvested and which we valued at IDR230,625,000 (US$17,435). A lowland forest ecosystem along the coast provides suitable habitats for the largest animals occurring within the sampled villages, like deer and wild pig. Hunting those species–deer and wild pig may provide conservation benefits to native species. There was little evidence of hunting native species or those of conservation concern. From ecology perspective, prey species and hunting return across the lowland coastal forest of West Papua has introduced wildlife species occurring at degraded habitat. Economically, the number of species hunted within the sampled village areas is determined by the hunter's assessment of profitability.  Deer and wild pig are targeted because they provide a large amount of meat for both subsistence and sale purposes.
      PubDate: 2018-05-28
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Ecological Impacts of Oil-Palm Plantation on Butterfly and Bird Species
           Diversity

    • Authors: Rozza Tri Kwatrina, Yanto Santosa, M Bismark, Nyoto Santoso
      Abstract: The expansion of oil-palm plantations in Indonesia is often blamed as the driving causes of deforestation and impacts on environmental changes including the destructed biodiversity. Our understanding regarding environmental impacts on biodiversity is still limited. We address this issue by examining the diversity of butterfly and bird species under two type habitat conditions in Central Borneo. We calculated the butterfly and bird species number, richness, evenness, similarity, and composition inside the established oil-plantation area comprising four large-scale plantations and seven smallholding plantations, as habitat after plantation establishment.  In comparison, we did so similarly inside secondary forest and shrubs, as habitat before oil-palm plantation establishment.  Our results revealed that the habitat after plantation establishment exhibited a higher number of butterfly and bird species than the habitat beforehand.  However, the richness, evenness, and similarity indices for the species revealed variations, which were affected by dominant species in two habitats.  The establishment of oil-palm plantation brought about significant impacts on the composition of species and affected the species similarities between two habitats. The oil-palm plantation landscape and reserved forest vegetation were essential in supporting diversity and ecological role of species on habitat condition after oil-palm plantation establishment.
      PubDate: 2018-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The Implication of Spatial Ecology Dependence on Spatial Arrangement in
           Boundary Area

    • Authors: Werenfridus Taena, Lala Mulyowibowo Kolopaking, Baba Barus, Rizaldi Boer, Bambang Juanda
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Land use changes in upstream cause flooding in the middle and downstreams so that appropriate spatial planning is required. The study aims to (1) analyze the forest management in ecologycal region percpective community, unilateral and bilateral on the boundary areas of Indonesia and Timor Leste, (2) analyze dependence of spatial-ecology with income farmers, and (3) analyze descriptively the spatial planning of border regions. The data used were secondary and primary data which were obtained from Indonesia and Timor Leste. Primary data sampling technique using multistage sampling, namely cluster sampling for the sample village representing the upstream, middle, and downstream of the watershed; while the sample of farmers using purposive sampling. The analysis used was descriptive analyisis which was used to analyze management of forest in ecologycal region on boundary area. Then, the spatial durbin model was used to analyze the dependence effect of spatial-ecology on farmer income in transboundary watershed. The spatial durbin model showed that farmers’ income in the downstream of transboundary watershed will be reduced because patterns of farming on upperstream transboundary watershed tends to be exploitative. This implication required administrative and spatial ecology perspective in boundary spatial planning.  
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Vegetation Community and Environment on Gyrinops versteegii Growth

    • Authors: Rawana Rawana, Suryo Hardiwinoto, Budiadi Budiadi, Sri Rahayu
      First page: 10
      Abstract: Although Gyrinops versteegii has been domesticated by local community in Sragen Regency, the environmental factors and species which have high compatibility with G. versteegii still have not known yet. The objectives of this research were 1) to know which one of those vegetation communities that gives the best the diameter and height growth of the domesticated G. versteegii, and 2) to know the environmental factors that influenced the growth of the diameter and height of the domesticated G. versteegii. Sampling was done systematically with a plot of size 20 × 20m for trees, 10 × 10m for poles, and 5 × 5m for saplings with a total of 28 plots. SPSS Program version 22 was used for cluster, one-way anova, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that for achieving the best G. versteegii growth, the G. versteegii should be planted under the community group which was dominated by Paraserianthes falcataria, Tectona grandis, Gliricidia sepium, and Eugenia aquea. Environmental factors affecting diameter growth of G. verteegii were organic carbon of the soil and the vegetation density. Meanwhile the environmental factors affecting the height growth of G. versteegii were temperature, light intensity, relative light intensity, organic carbon, C N ratio, P, Mg, air humidity, and clay content.
      PubDate: 2018-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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