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Intl. J. of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
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Studies in Media and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
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Studies in Media and Communication
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.401
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 15  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2325-8071
Published by Redfame Publishing Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Communicating Veganism: Evolving Theoretical Challenges to Mainstreaming

    • Authors: Noah J. Wescombe
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Veganism, as both a philosophy and social movement, faces numerous challenges to the communication of its ideas across society. As a unique modern counterculture, it stands in contravention of prevailing anthropological discourses that dominate conceptual frameworks. This has led to difficulty in constructing updated virtue epistemologies that result in veganism as a logical moral conclusion. It is clear that new social discourses need developing, and that this is a primary concern for affirming moral agency. To explain this and identify key issues and features, vegan communications are evaluated herein from a philosophical, psychological, and informational perspective, with a view of both historical and modern social contexts. In doing so, a number of novel theoretical reflections are offered. This is done through a discussion separated into four sections dealing first with a view of veganism in evolution, secondly with the social complexity of media trends and social positioning, thirdly with achieving constructive dialogue given present-day challenges, and finally with a discussion of modern information systems. Overall, this broad systems view of veganism in society leads to the conclusion that an up-to-date vegan communication theory must necessarily incorporate such diversity considerations, and must also generate a new discourse that is in line with the complex nature of social dynamics and individual development. Done prudently, this could propel vegan ideas further into the mainstream of conversation and consciousness, fostering a new paradigm for consumption.
      PubDate: 2019-07-04
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4367
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • Communication, Socialization and Citizenship: Theoretical-Conceptual Bases
           to Understand the Expression of Contemporary Citizen Politics

    • Authors: Vivian Romeu, Maylen Alvarez
      Pages: 9 - 19
      Abstract: This text reflects theoretically and conceptually on the contemporary political expression of citizenship - which we have also named as emergent, given its recent appearance and its novel forms and contents - from three perspectives of analysis: that of science and political philosophy, from the approach of inclusive citizenship around the binomial citizenship-rights; that of relational sociology that makes it possible to think of citizen's political action practices as practices of individual-individual relationship; and communication as an expression, from which political expression is conceptualized as a communicative phenomenon and its levels of analysis are delineated. The result implies recognizing these practices as a possible revitalization/re-foundation of democracy, under the guarantor of human rights.
      PubDate: 2019-08-06
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4428
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • Trials and Triumphs of the Nigerian Media in the Quest for Nation-Building

    • Authors: Thomas Anomoaphe Alemoh, Comfort Ojoma Ukwela
      Pages: 20 - 29
      Abstract: There is no doubt that journalism has gained a foothold in Nigeria as a profession. From the colonial times to the present day, the Nigerian media, as an institution, has proved relevant in the gradual evolution into nationhood of the diverse entities that make up the nation. But one thing is glaring and that is: in spite of the enormous input the Nigerian press has made through an avalanche of sacrifices to the development of the nation, not much scholarly attention is accorded such feats. Emphasis tends to be more on the isolated cases of dysfunctional role the media has played as an institution in the Nigerian society. This paper seeks to redirect intellectual focus to an objective evaluation of the contributions the Nigerian media has made to the development of the country even though, as a caveat, the study does not intend to serve as an alibi for the shortcomings of the press in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2019-08-06
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4429
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • Understanding the Rudiments of Media Research Methodology: Content
           Analysis of Daily Trust, a Nigerian Daily Newspaper

    • Authors: Adamkolo Mohammed Ibrahim, Balarabe Maikaba, Suleiman Mainasara Yar’Adua
      Pages: 30 - 41
      Abstract: Newspaper journalism is a vast area of research that has gained much attention from academics and media industry. Because of the immense contribution of media to social, economic, political and cultural development to societies, understanding the links and impacts of media and media content on audiences and the polity has been stressed. Democracy has been shown to be a means to an end, and public opinion and participation are invariably shown to affect and be affected by democracy and media content. By its unique characteristics (private ownership, less state influence, greater independence, ability to criticize the state, etc.) newspaper has been shown to influence government and public agenda and set agenda for broadcast and online media. One of the popular methodological approaches adopted in media agenda-setting research is content analysis. Based on the Agenda-Setting theory, this paper employed a quantitative content analysis approach to provide an understanding about the content of Daily Trust newspaper (a Nigerian national daily) in order to provide some guidance on the practical skills and theoretical knowledge about content analysis both as a methodology and theoretical framework for the benefits of postgraduate media content analysis students and researchers. The findings showed that pictures, headlines and news stories were the dominant units of analysis while politics (democracy, governance and party politics) religion and crisis (ethno-religious crises issues surrounding the herdsmen-farmers conflict) were the dominant content categories. Daily Trust newspaper should continue embracing development and peace journalism trend of journalism.
      PubDate: 2019-09-08
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4385
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • Personality and Network Factors: Impact of Predispositions and Network
           Heterogenity on Civic Participation

    • Authors: Zuoming Wang, Xia Tang
      Pages: 42 - 54
      Abstract: This paper links predispositions and structural influences on civic participation by exploring the relationship among personality strength, network size, network heterogeneity, and political tolerance, as well as their direct and indirect impact on civic participation. Results from a national telephone survey (n=694) show political tolerance has a positive effect on political participation. The effect of personality strength on civic participation is mediated through discussion networks. Although personality strength has a negative effect on political tolerance, it boosts both the size of individual’s discussion network and the heterogeneity of this network. Moreover, network heterogeneity indirectly facilitates civic participation by increasing political knowledge and tolerance.
      PubDate: 2019-09-09
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4398
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • Understanding Social Media‚Äôs Role in Propagating Falsehood in Conflict
           Situations: Case of the Cameroon Anglophone Crisis

    • Authors: Kingsley Lyonga Ngange, Moki Stephen Mokondo
      Pages: 55 - 67
      Abstract: Social media have been welcomed as important tools that contribute to satisfying the daily information needs of citizens in today’s global society. To many, they serves as an open and alternative source of information especially where the conventional media fail to play their role of serving the public’s interest first. Notwithstanding, there has been serious and legitimate concerns about the spread of fake news over social media especially during the 2016 US presidential elections (Allcott & Gentzkow, 2017). This coincided with the Cameroon Anglophone Crisis (CAC) in which the Cameroon government blamed social media users for spreading false information about the crisis to the extent that government shut down the Internet in the two affected Anglophone regions of the country for 93 days in 2017. This article therefore, examines the content of information (graphics, audios, videos, texts) posted on two widely used social media platforms (WhatsApp and Facebook) during the Anglophone Crisis, in order to understand how falsehood is propagated especially during crisis situations. A qualitative approach to analyse data of falsehood during the crisis was used and three major ways were identified through which falsehood was propagated. Principally, social media activists used computer software to distort pictures and superimpose content that depict the messages they wanted to pass across. They also spread rumours using texts, audio clips and distorted videos. The conclusion is that social media have been awash with falsehood in the Cameroon Anglophone Crisis. The major recommendation therefore, is that users of social media should make efforts to verify the authenticity of information obtained from such media before consuming and disseminating to others. The December 2014 Law on Terrorism in Cameroon treats such offences seriously and defaulters are severely punished with heavy jail sentences and fines.
      PubDate: 2019-09-16
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4525
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • The Struggle for Control: How do Norwegian TV-Celebrities Deal With
           Critical Media Exposure'

    • Authors: Fanny Duckert, Kim Edgar Karlsen
      Pages: 68 - 76
      Abstract: Ten Norwegian TV-hosts, all nation-wide celebrities, were interviewed about their experiences with critical media exposure. How did they perceive their relationship with the press'  What were the main sources of stress' How did they cope' All expressed a strong focus on impression management and self-presentation. The majority described an independent and often playful interaction with the press, in order to keep control over their programs and their privacy.All had experienced negative media exposure. Sources of stress were one-sided presentations, evil informers, personal attacks, and harming their family. They experienced both direct effects by the media coverage, and indirect effects through interaction with other people.The majority used problem-focused coping strategies, actively influencing the media coverage; emotion-focused strategies, regulating their thoughts and feelings; and meaning-focused strategies, allowing reflection. Proactive self-presentation work helped maintain and protect their identities.Two of the participants reported using more defensive strategies, and had suffered more intensely.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4608
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • Social Media: A Security Threat amongst Adolescents in Buea, Cameroon'

    • Authors: Kingsley L. Ngange, Vera T. Fonkem, Stephen N. Ndode
      Pages: 77 - 97
      Abstract: Social media provide a platform through which societies can either be constructed or destabilized. In view of the ongoing bloody conflicts in Cameroon, this study examines the extent to which social media could pose as a security threat (with particular focus on community security) amongst adolescents in Buea, capital of the South West Region in Cameroon. The study uses a quantitative approach, through the collection of data from adolescents in four communities in Buea (Muea, Bomaka, Mile 16, and Molyko). These four areas are selected because the current socio-political crisis rocking the two Anglophone regions of the country – Northwest and Southwest, is particularly severe in these communities. Social media (notably Facebook and WhatsApp) spread dangerous content, and adolescents are vulnerable to such content. Findings indicate that there is a high rate of social media use (Facebook and WhatsApp) amongst adolescents surveyed. Also, the most discussed items on social media are socio-cultural issues (68%), as opposed to political issues (17.8%). Respondents were receptive to discussions on socio-cultural issues like dressing, language and relationships. Results also show that though adolescents come across violent content on social media, they have distanced themselves from being involved in the production, consumption, and dissemination (for instance, share information as received) of such violent content, partly because of the judicial consequences of doing so, as contained in the country’s Terrorism Law of December 2014. The implication here is that, since the adolescents are not yet intoxicated (whether advertently or inadvertently) with destructive social media content, need exists for the effective education of the adolescents, to enable this vulnerable and younger population to continue desisting from negative social media content. Emphasis should be on the consumption of positive social media content that helps in the moral and psychological growth of adolescents.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4613
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
  • Reviewer Acknowledgements

    • Authors: Patricia Johnson
      First page: 98
      Abstract: Studies in Media and Communication (SMC) would like to acknowledge the following reviewers for their assistance with peer review of manuscripts for this issue. Many authors, regardless of whether SMC publishes their work, appreciate the helpful feedback provided by the reviewers. Their comments and suggestions were of great help to the authors in improving the quality of their papers. Each of the reviewers listed below returned at least one review for this issue.Reviewers for Volume 7, Number 2
       Andreas Veglis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GreeceAntonio García Gómez, University of Alcalá de Henares, SpainAslı Sezgin, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, TurkeyBegoña Montero-Fleta, Universitat Poltècnica de València, SpainBernard Naledzani Rasila, University of Venda, South AfricaCarmen Pérez-Sabater, Universitat Politècnica de València, SpainDiego Santos Vieira de Jesus, International Relations, BrazilImed Ben Labidi, Doha Institute for Graduate Studies, USAJavier Serrano Puche, University of Navarra, SpainJenny-Ann Danell, Umea University, SwedenJoerg Tropp, Pforzheim University, GermanyKunle Olufemi Aramide, The Polytechnic Ibadan, NigeriaMillaray Salas, Pontificia Universidad Católica De Valparaíso, ChileNuran E. Isik, Izmir University of Economics, TurkeyPhilemon Bantimaroudis, University of Cyprus, CyprusRefat Aljumily, Newcastle University, UKShiza Nisar, Lahore School of Economics, PakistanSimone Tosoni, Catholic University of Milan, ItalyWilliam Thomas Howe, University of Oklahoma, USAYoung Joon Lim, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, USAYuan Gao, Curtin University, Australia   Patricia JohnsonEditorial AssistantOn behalf of,The Editorial Board of Studies in Media and CommunicationRedfame Publishing9450 SW Gemini Dr. #99416Beaverton, OR 97008, USAURL:
      PubDate: 2019-11-26
      DOI: 10.11114/smc.v7i2.4633
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019)
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