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Publisher: Redfame Publishing   (Total: 7 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 7 of 7 Journals sorted alphabetically
Applied Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Finance and Accounting     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Education and Training Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
Studies in Media and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal Cover International Journal of Social Science Studies
  [14 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2324-8033 - ISSN (Online) 2324-8041
   Published by Redfame Publishing Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Paradigm Shift in Responding to Drug Users and Addicts: From a Criminal
           Justice to a Public Health Approach

    • Authors: James F. Anderson, Kelley Reinsmith-Jones, Willie M. Brooks; Jr., Adam H. Langsam
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Recently, there has been a paradigm shift in the way Americans have come to view drug users and offenders, particularly those affected by the current opioid epidemic. Unlike crack, this epidemic has led to humanistic and compassionate responses to treating the addiction and processing its users. While once stigmatized, demonized, and punished as criminals, today opioid addicts are treated using the medical model. We argue that the new paradigm has ushered in a public health approach, rather than the traditional criminal justice response that brings negative offender processing with adverse consequences. In the end, we believe that the new approach will be effective in treating and reducing opioid use. However, both criminal justice and public health approaches should be applied.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • The Accessibility of Informal Urban Women Workers (Study of Street Vendors
           in Malang, Indonesia)

    • Authors: Diyah Ayu Amalia Avina
      Pages: 16 - 23
      Abstract: The effort to increase people’s welfare through empowerment of informal woman workers to increase household income becomes interesting and important to do it. The empowerment of informal woman workers has important roles to decrease unequal distribution income and give substantial contribution for overcome the problem of unemployment. However, although woman had given income in the family, the man dominates the decision-making of the household rules. The accessibility should be directly proportional to the decision-making in the household rules. The purpose of this research is for 1) to analyze the motivation of informal urban woman worker, 2) to analyze the experience of woman worker, 3) to analyze education, 4) to analyze the capital of the worker, 5) to analyze the urban informal decision-making in the household rules. This research did in Malang. The population of this research is 1000 street vendors in Malang. Then, the sampling is taken using Random Sampling Method. The sample of this research consists of 24 respondents of street vendors. The result of the research is between motivation of work, work experience, and the fund are positively related to accessibility and the decision-making in the household rules have not high accessibility. It is due to very strong culture of patriarchy in society.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Searching For Influential Actors in Co-Offending Networks: The Recruiter

    • Authors: Ashley Englefield, Barak Ariel
      Pages: 24 - 45
      Abstract: The co-offending literature research has recently unraveled the possible existence of a specific class of offenders commonly referred to as a “recruiter”: one who recruits others who are younger or less experienced for the purpose of offending. Yet the available evidence has focused on small or non-representative samples, and has supplied a limited conceptual scope for explaining how instigation takes place within co-offending groups. We provide evidence from population-level arrest records over eight years in Sacramento, California, is presented on 251,285 criminal charges (n=80,245 offenders). Social network analysis to used to study how “crime ideas” are transmitted. We identified 1,092 recruiters, yet this subgroup is responsible for 6% of arrest cases in Sacramento and a disproportionate number of younger and less experienced recruits. The data suggest a pattern of recruitment specialization in specific crime categories and wider age differentials in against-persons rather than property crime categories. We contextualize the findings within Dawkin’s (1976) meme theory as a more robust conceptual framework for explaining how recruitment takes place, why “crime ideas” can be seen as units of imitation, and under which conditions they are subsequently replicated, reproduced, and evolve. Directions for future research are then considered, with an emphasis on crime control initiatives.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Conditionality Contaminates Conservation: Structural Adjustment and Land
           Protection in Less-Developed Nations

    • Authors: Kelly F. Austin, Mark D. Noble, Kellyn McCarthy
      Pages: 46 - 58
      Abstract: The destruction that human beings cause the natural environment is so catastrophic that the current era has now been labeled the “Sixth Extinction.” Conservation and the preservation of species and ecosystems is a leading strategy in preventing biodiversity loss and preserving natural ecosystems. As threats to biodiversity mount, it is imperative that social scientists explore the macro-level processes that influence conservation areas, especially in poorer nations where the majority of biodiverse zones are located. This study explores the impact of structural adjustment policies on the ability of less-developed nations to designate land for conservation. We use ordinary least squares (OLS) regression to examine the influence of IMF conditionality on levels of terrestrial protected areas for 86 less-developed nations. The results confirm our hypothesis that nations undergoing IMF structural adjustment have a smaller percentage of land devoted to terrestrial protected areas than nations not undergoing structural adjustment. Neoliberal approaches that encourage privatization and deregulation ultimately impair less-developed nations’ abilities to make conservation a priority.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Prayer Determination toward Employees Performance

    • Authors: Chablullah Wibisono
      Pages: 59 - 70
      Abstract: Prayer is a consequence for person who belief to God as their duty by performing in five times a day. Those are dawn Dzuhur, Ashar, Maghrib and sobs Prayer is the pillars of Muslim, “whoever does the direction, they has heighten their religion, whoever leave means has moved down theirs. Prayer will bring positive impact to performance of human if there is good process that followed and done constantly. According to Rais (1998:60) a good way in Prayer could give good charity to Muslims itself while if not, so the charity for them must be not well. Although more Muslim people come to mosque, it doesn’t show that in society they do not do disavowal. Like have been stated by Rais (1998: 60) the answer is “because the soul of Prayer didn’t life in its person”. They might do Prayer practically and routine but don’t draw it in their daily life.Allah SWT asks Muslims to give to the poor and sick of human living in this world. It is called as zakat. like in this quote “….give zakat and give loan to Allah a goodly loan, and whatever good you send before you yourself” (Q.S.Al Muzammil: 20). This letter is not without meaning, the writer thought that there is a significant relationship in causality between prayer and zakat. Based on this theory someone who do Prayer frequently will give maximum in doing Zakat. Here, the writer can say that this Muslim categorize as success person economically. Isn’t the fac t? . In empirical way the writer can see that the social community whose actively do Prayer cannot be portrayed the same, it means that not all of them represent the positive performance. Hence, the writer interested to this topic about does prayer bring positive influence toward employee performance or conversely?The results of structural equation modelling analysis show that Prayer is directly influence on work performance with negative value. It can be indicated by a coefficient -1.35 with the probability for 0.00. it can be inferred that there is negative influence when the motivation to do Prayer are high the performance will be low. This effect isn’t relevant with the theory which stated the number of praying, Prayer and Fasting can be as much higher motivation toward the quality of performance. Those potentiality is divine asset that should be managed well in establishing the charity (Tasmara, 1995: 77). God. Give his blessing to all human with those potentialities in order to make consciousness about how pray can bring big influence to the performance. Hopefully, this article are functioned as well as finding the heighten of employee performance with Prayer suitable with Muslim studies as whole.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Sex Offender Community Notification Law Reform: A Call for More Active,
           Consistent, and Detailed Information about High-Risk Offenders

    • Authors: Michelle L. Beshears, Mike L. Beshears, Dena Weiss, Catherine D. Crocker
      Pages: 71 - 78
      Abstract: There has been quite a bit of controversy surrounding the enforcement of sex offender registration and community notification laws. A major argument against such laws involves the lumping of all sex offenders into a single category, which hinders offender management and public safety. Further exacerbating this problem is the fact that less than 35% of state registries provide the information necessary for citizens to make informed decisions regarding their safety, such as the victim’s age or gender. In some cases, law enforcement will go door-to-door and in other cases, community members need to look up information on their own. Misinformation and inconsistencies can cause unnecessary angst among community members. Therefore, states should consider the value of enacting uniformed legislation that is more active in its pursuit to provide consistent and detailed information about high-risk offenders and the offense(s) committed. This will better enable community members to more effectively form their own risk assessments and make better informed decisions.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • A Robust Estimation of the CAPM with a Heavy-tailed Distribution

    • Authors: Chikashi Tsuji
      Pages: 79 - 86
      Abstract: This study quantitatively explores the linear standard capital asset pricing model (CAPM) and a non-linear CAPM by using ten US representative firms’ monthly stock returns. By the maximum likelihood estimation, we derive the following useful findings. (1) First, when the stock return distribution is fat-tailed, our non-linear CAPM application is highly effective. Because our non-linear CAPM parameters very well capture the behavior of fat-tailed returns, the non-linear CAPM estimation derives more reliable beta value estimates than the standard linear CAPM. (2) Second, conducting the Wald tests based on both the standard linear CAPM and non-linear CAPM estimators, we clarify that when the stock return distribution is fat-tailed, the Wald test result based on the non-linear CAPM estimators is more reliable than that based on the standard linear CAPM estimators.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017)
       
 
 
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