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Publisher: International University of Sarajevo   (Total: 2 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 2 of 2 Journals sorted alphabetically
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SouthEast Europe J. of Soft Computing     Open Access  
Journal Cover Epiphany
  [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2303-6850 - ISSN (Online) 1840-3719
   Published by International University of Sarajevo Homepage  [2 journals]
  • The Hobbesian Trap and the Harem

    • Authors: Fatma Dore
      Pages: 9 - 26
      Abstract: This paper will demonstrate that for Thomas Hobbes, man has the right of self-preservation and the obligation to act in accordance with that right. The problem of this obligation is that there can be no objective method for an individual to determine an existential threat, but only a subjective one. It is the subjective judgement of the individual that leads to the problem of pre-emptive violence or the Hobbesian Trap. As the individual is left to determine a threat to his life, he has the obligation to neutralize that threat regardless of the intention of this supposed treat and regardless of whether he wishes to act violently. This paper will also examine how, by expanding the concept of the “self” that is obliged to be defended in accordance with an observation of Hobbes, the Hobbesian Trap can additionally encompass perceived threats to one’s self-regard or honour. This paper will reveal that within the frame story of The Thousand and One Nights, such a broad-based Hobbesian Trap is in operation in the action of Shahriyar in his execution of his newly-wedded wives on the morning after consummating his marriages to them. It will demonstrate that he acts pre-emptively to protect what he regards as potential threats to his honour. It will finally show that one method for defusing the Hobbesian Trap is through trust-building, and that Shahrazad wins the confidence of Shahriyar thus causing him to spare her life and abandon pre-emptive bride killing.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.21533/epiphany.v9i3.227
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Paranoia and its Ensuing Effects in Kesey's One Flew Over the
           Cuckoo'Nest

    • Authors: Hassan Abootalebi, Nasser Maleki
      Pages: 27 - 40
      Abstract: The present paper sets out to examine the applicability of paranoia and its effects on individuals in Kesey' novel to observe how authorities in a given culture impose controls on mavericks so as to forestall possible threats. The paper argues that paranoia engenders a phobia on sufferers which brings about an identity crisis exerting influence over the conduct of them.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.21533/epiphany.v9i3.218
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • What happened in the Sahara? A transition over the bound of
           semi-consciousness in Paul Bowles’ The Sheltering Sky

    • Authors: Sina Movaghati
      Pages: 41 - 60
      Abstract: Paul Bowles’ prodigious novel, The Sheltering Sky, is an epitome of a narrative about the Modern Man and his existentialistic dilemmas. After six decades from its initial publication, The Sheltering Sky, still, attracts multitudinous attention for its esoteric and abstruse nature of the occurrences. In regard to nomadic-diasporic lifestyle of the author, and his protagonists, normally, many critical approaches to the text have shifted toward hyper-textual perusals. By mentioning the noteworthy scholarly works which have been done hitherto, this article tries to be faithful to the text as much as possible, and elucidates the myth that, what has really happened in the Sahara which coerced the protagonists to forget their identities to this great extent; thus, hectic and deranged, divagating in the desert, inclining toward the destruction of their identities. In this article, in regard to textual substantiations, ‘Sand’ and ‘Time’ are adduced as the two crucial elements which balance two main protagonists’ state of semi-consciousness, in the inside journey of self. Also, the concept of ‘humanistic identity,’ from Bowles’ viewpoint, in connexion to the setting of the novel, will be discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.21533/epiphany.v9i3.232
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • "Faces of Evil in Modern Fantasy"

    • Authors: Joseph Young
      Pages: 61 - 78
      Abstract: Fantasy literature has enjoyed a vast increase in cultural prominence in the last quarter-century. What was once considered a marginal genre of scant literary merit is now enormously popular, enjoying huge sales and steadily increasing critical respectability. This change is partly due to the fashion in the early years of this century for cinematic adaptations of fantasy novels. Film “franchises” such as The Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter sold tens of millions of tickets apiece and prompted sympathetic reappraisals of their source material among both popular and academic audiences. Though this trend seemed to have run its course by about 2010, the television show Game of Thrones (2011-present) appears to have taken it to a new level. After six seasons the show continues to break ratings records and seems likely to be remembered as part of the zeitgeist of this decade. This success has naturally prompted renewed interest in George R.R. Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire, the series of novels on which the show is based. Recent editions of Martin’s books have become runaway bestsellers and the forthcoming installments will no doubt do the same. Martin has also become a success with the critics, who praise the complexity of his characters and the moral depth of his work. Long-time readers and scholars of fantasy obviously welcome this.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.21533/epiphany.v9i3.248
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Conflict and Identity as a Major Impetus in Escalating or De-Escalating
           Conflict

    • Authors: Jared O. Bell
      Pages: 79 - 85
      Abstract: Identity is a complex phenomenon and so is conflict. When examining the two together we can understand why some of the world’s most difficult ethnic conflicts are long term and protracted. This paper aims to analyze how identity and conflict could prevent and manage conflicts, caused by different perceptions of the identity. After all, identity can be used to escalate conflicts and connected with power and resources, identity can also be used to de-escalate conflicts as well. The purpose of this paper is to make a comparative study of the relationship between identity and conflict.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.21533/epiphany.v9i3.247
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Explaining the Conflict in Central African Republic: Causes and Dynamics

    • Authors: Abdurrahim Siradag
      Pages: 86 - 103
      Abstract: Since the Central African Republic (CAR) gained independence from France in 1960 it has faced deep social, economic and political crises. The country has witnessed 10 military coup attempts between 2005 and 2015, which have aggravated political and economic development of the CAR. The most recent by leader of the Seleka coalition group, Michel Djotodia, against the government of Bozize in March 2013 that saw hundreds of thousands displaced and thousands killed. Although the violence in the CAR partially polarized Muslims and Christians, we argue in this paper that the driver of the conflict in the CAR is more a struggle for power among political elite. The aim is to explain the main motivations behind the political crisis and the changing dynamics of the violent conflict in the CAR.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.21533/epiphany.v9i3.246
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • A Survey of Family Transformations in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • Authors: Selvira Draganović
      Pages: 104 - 119
      Abstract: Globalization has strong impact on individuals and societies at large and family as most the most essential and fundamental cell in society is no exception. Nowadays, family has lost some of its basic internal functions whilst widespread and all present technological aids, strong needs for independence and individualism furthermore contribute to estrangement of and family members’ alienation. At the same time, status and roles of family members within family are changing as well. Despite these global trends and changes, family continues to be considered the most essential and supremely significant social institution, which gratifies and serves many individual and collective functions. This paper surveys family systems and transformations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially post-war and contemporary family developments.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.21533/epiphany.v9i3.245
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016)
       
 
 
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