Publisher: Universitas Negeri Semarang   (Total: 77 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 77 of 77 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounting Analysis J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
ACTIVE : J. of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biosaintifika : J. of Biology & Biology Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catharsis : J. of Arts Education     Open Access  
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chi'e : J. of Japanese Learning and Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dinamika Pendidikan     Open Access  
Economic Education Analysis J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economics Development Analysis J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Edu Elektrika J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edukasi     Open Access  
ELT Forum : J. of English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
English Education J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forum Ilmu Sosial     Open Access  
Geo-Image     Open Access  
Harmonia     Open Access  
Imajinasi : Jurnal Seni     Open Access  
Indonesian J. of Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian J. of Conservation     Open Access  
Indonesian J. of Curriculum and Educational Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian J. of Early Childhood Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian J. of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
Indonesian J. of History Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovative J. of Curriculum and Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Active Learning     Open Access  
Intuisi : Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah     Open Access  
J. of Economic Education     Open Access  
J. of Educational Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Educational Research and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Educational Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Edugeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Indonesian History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Innovative Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Nonformal Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Physical Education and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Primary Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
JEJAK : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Joyful Learning J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan     Open Access  
Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen     Open Access  
Jurnal Fisika     Open Access  
Jurnal Geografi     Open Access  
Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal MIPA     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian J. of Physics Education)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.206, CiteScore: 1)
Jurnal Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Language Circle : J. of Language and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lisanul' Arab : J. of Arabic Learning and Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Management Analysis J.     Open Access  
Pandecta : Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Hukum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Health Perspective J.     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Scientific J. of Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Seloka : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Solidarity : J. of Education, Society and Culture     Open Access  
Unnes J. of Biology Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unnes J. of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Unnes J. of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Unnes J. of Mathematics Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Unnes J. of Public Health     Open Access  
Unnes Law J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unnes Physics Education J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Unnes Physics J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unnes Science Education J.     Open Access  
Wacana : Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1858-1196 - ISSN (Online) 2355-3596
Published by Universitas Negeri Semarang Homepage  [77 journals]
  • Midwife’s Knowledge and Attitude in Kangaroo Mother Care To Premature
           Neonatal in the Public Health Centre in Batang

    • Authors: Muhammad Taadi Samsuri, Kholifah Kholifah, Tuti Sukini, Tulus Puji Astuti
      Pages: 291 - 296
      Abstract: One of indicators in the successful health affair in a country is the number of infant mortality rate. Causes of mortality among others are respiratory disorders 37%, prematurity 34%, sepsis12%, hypothermia7%, post mature 3% and congenital defect 1% and blood defect or icterus 6%. Infant mortality due to hypothermia can be prevented by practical method as an alternative to incubator namely Kangaroo Care Method. The implementation of Kangaroo Care Method must be monitored and evaluated by health care provider especially the midwife. This research was conducted in 2015.The purpose of this research was to find out the correlation between midwives’ knowledge and their attitude in implementing Kangaroo Method to premature infant.This research was observasional with design cross sectional approach. The number of population was 65 midwives and as a sample 49 midwives. The data were collected by means of questionnaire. Data analyses used bivariate Spearman rho test. The result of the research showed that 32 midwives (65.3%) had good knowledge and most of 27 midwives (55.1%) had positive attitude. It was obtained from Spearman rho test ρ value 0.001 and correlative coefficient (r) 0.696. The conclusion, there was any close correlation between knowledge and attitude of midwives in kangaroo care method.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.9644
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Combination of Probiotic and Calcium Carbonate Decrease Monocyte Count
           of End-Stage Renal Disease Patient

    • Authors: Ari Yulistianingsih, Mohammad Sulchan, Taufik Maryusman, Shofa Chasani
      Pages: 297 - 303
      Abstract: Elevated monocyte count is correlated to the decrease of renal function and disease progressivity on end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Probiotic that utilize lactobacillus species is known to play a role in maintaining imunity system balance by inducing the monocyte apoptosis. The combination between probiotic and calcium carbonate could increase probiotic colonization in the gatrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of probiotic and calcium carbonate combination toward reduction of monocyte count on ESRD patient at Rumah Sehat Terpadu Dompet Dhuafa Bogor Hospital. This study was true experimental research with randomized pre-post test control group design. Twenty four ESRD patient were randomly enrolled into treatment group (n=12) and control (n=12). The treatment group received probiotic and calcium carbonate, whereas control group received standardized calcium carbonate for 21 days. There was a significant decrease of monocyte (p=0.03) after administration of probiotic and calcium carbonate.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.10732
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Impact of Environmental Changes Caused by Earthquake Toward Emotional
           Problems of Preschool Children

    • Authors: Vivi Triana
      Pages: 304 - 313
      Abstract: Natural disasters can result in death and disability that lead to loss, grief and emotional disturbance reactions. The disorder is more common in children underwent development period. Neurological changes in children who experience Post Traumatic Syndrome Disorder (PTSD) 1.5 times greater than in adults. This study aims to determine the impact of environmental changes caused by the earthquake in Padang Pariaman district towards emotional problems of children aged 3-5 years. We used retrospective cohort study design in a population of children aged 3-5 years in September 2009. The sample was 219 people who were taken using stratified random sampling method. Data was collected by interviewing the parents through a questionnaire and analyzed using univariate and bivariate analysis. We observed a significant relationship between environment damage (p= 0.017), occupation (p= 0.02) and economic status (p= 0.03) with emotional problems in children. Education did not have a significant relationship with emotional problems in children.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.3977
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Family Structure and Early Marriage on Women in Indramayu Regency

    • Authors: Andy Muharry, Mohammad Hakimi, Budi Wahyuni
      Pages: 314 - 322
      Abstract: Early marriage in Indramayu Regency in the past two years had increased to three times. The purpose of this research was to identify the age of marriage and the factors which caused early marriage by looking at the variables of family structure, education and economic status of the household. This research used matched case control study design. The data were collected using questionnaires and interview guidelines. The samples were taken using simple random sampling technique. The subject consisted of 94 people. The data were analysed using McNemar test and conditional logistic regression. The variables which had significant relationship with early marriage were father’s education, education of the respondents, and economic status of the household. Meanwhile, family structure and mother’s education had no significant relationship with early marriage. It can be concluded that women with low father’s education and came from poor families had greater chance of getting married early.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.8946
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Soil Transmitted Helminths Infection in Elementary School Students in
           Highland and Lowland Areas of Gianyar Regency

    • Authors: Ni Made Nuryanti, I Made Subrata
      Pages: 323 - 330
      Abstract: Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH) Infection is a worm infection which is transmitted through soil. STH is still a public health problems around the world, including Indonesia. The tropical climates of Indonesia is a suitable environment for viability of STH. The prevalence of STH in Bali since 2003-2007 reached 40.94%-92.4%. The altitude of an area may affect the rate of STH infection. The rate of STH infection is higher on population in highland area compared to lowland area. This study aimed to identify risk factors of STH infection in elementary school students in highland and lowland area in Gianyar Regency. This study used cross sectional analytic design and was conducted in 2016. The total samples of this study were 104 students which were consisted of 53 students in highland area and 51 students in lowland area. The samples were collected using cluster random sampling technique. The specimens were examined using Kato-katz method. The results showed that the prevalence of STH infection in elementary school students in highland area (28.31%) was higher than in lowland area (1.96%). In lowland area, the risk factor could not be clearly identified because there was only one student with a positive STH infection. Meanwhile, the identified dominants risk factors which influence STH infection in highland area were habit of washing hands using soap (AOR=24.99), fingernails cleanliness (AOR= 13.19) and parents income (AOR=18.83).
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.6507
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Actors Affecting the Decrease of Maternal Mortality Rates and Problems
           Related to Birth Services

    • Authors: Dewi Sari Rochmayani
      Pages: 331 - 337
      Abstract: The targeted 102 per 100,000 live births maternal mortality rate (AKI) in Semarang has not been achieved yet. In the era of childbirth insurance program in 2011, AKI reached 119.9 per 100,000. Then, in the era of National Health Insurance (JKN) by Social Security Administrator (BPJS), the AKI in 2004 was 109,2 per 100.000 live births. The study design was qualitative with grounded theory approach. There were 4 research focuses: 1) actors who contribute in labor services; 2) referral delay; 3) Community Health Center (Puskesmas) with basic essential obstetric–neonatal service (Poned); 4) profile of each obstetric services level in Semarang. The results showed that there were 2 groups of actors who contributed to prevention of maternal death. The first group were obstetrics and gynecologists, health surveyors, and professional organizations. The second group were family and society, including husband, mother, in-laws, and public figures. Many maternal death occurred in referral hospitals. There are three types of delay that often occur in Semarang, namely delay in decision-making, delay in accessing health services, and delay in acquiring health services.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.11312
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Description of Larva Free Index as COMBI (Communication for Behavioral
           Impact) Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Prevention Indicator

    • Authors: Fithria Dyah Ayu Suryanegara, Suparmi Suparmi, Ndaru Setyaningrum
      Pages: 338 - 344
      Abstract: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) has a high incidence rate, especially in the tropical and subtropical area. Various efforts have been made as an attempt to empower the community in PSN-dengue program, but has not yet reached the optimal result. COMBI (Communication for Behavioral Impact) is a dynamic team working to formulate and deliver the message, materials, and appropriate communication media for community problems found by way of a mutually agreed settlement of the problem.Quantitative research was done by cross sectional method to check the water storage containers inside the houses of the respondents. The number of the respondents were 990 male (38.1%), 1612 female (61.9%). Three (0.1%) respondents were aged <17 years, 249 (9.6%) were 17-25 years old, 526 (20.2%) were 26-35 years old, 706 (27.1%) were 36-45 years old, 602 (23.1%) were 46-55 years old, 348 (13.4%) were 56-65 years old, 173 (6.7%) were >65 years old. Most dominant level of education and employment statuses were 1107 (42.5%) high school and 858 (32.9%) were housewives. The average numbers of Larva Free Index in Sleman Regency, Bantul Regency and Yogyakarta municipality were - 75.8%; 70.9%; and 77.3% respectively. The average CI in Yogyakarta municipality was 7.05%, Sleman Regency was 9.68%, and Bantul Regency was 20.86%. The average HI in Yogyakarta municipality was 22.7%, Sleman Regency was 24.13%, and Bantul Regency was 29.02%. This study suggested that the LFI, CI and HI were not in accordance with the target of the Ministry of Health.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.5844
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effect of Climatic Factors and Habitat Characteristics on Anopheles Larval

    • Authors: Noper Tulak, Handoko Handoko, Rini Hidayati, Upik Kesumawati, Lukman Hakim
      Pages: 345 - 355
      Abstract: Koya Barat village is one of the areas in Jayapura City which has high incidence of malaria. Malaria cases in this region are affected by local conditions, including the climate and environment of aquatic habitats.The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of climatic factors and habitat characteristics on Anopheleslarval density in Koya Barat village. The method used is field observation with descriptive and statistical analysis approach.The results showed that there are four parameters that significantly affect on larval density, namely rainfall, air temperature, water temperature and salinity. The relationship between rainfall with the larval density in freshwater permanent habitat is negative linear. While in brackish water permanent habitat and semi permanent habitat is non-linear (2nd order polynomial). The relationship between air temperature, water temperature and salinity with the larval density in freshwater habitat are positive linear, while in brackish water habitat and semi permanent habitat are negative linear.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.11560
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Benefit of Childbirth Care Counseling for Mood of Postpartum Period

    • Authors: Yuni Purwati, Kustiningsih Kustiningsih
      Pages: 356 - 365
      Abstract: Postpartum mood disorder experienced by mothers was characterized by severe fatigue, poor concentration, tiredness, sadness, and anger at her husband. This postpartum mood disorders could progress to postpartum depression and postpartum psychosis. Childbirth care counseling was an attempt to allow mothers to adapt to her postpartum condition. The objective of this research was to identify the effect of childbirth care counseling on postpartum mood changes at Wates General Hospital, Kulonprogo. This research used pre-experimental design with post test. We used purposive sampling to obtain 20 respondents in the experimental group and 20 respondents in the control group. Moreover, EPDS instruments were also used in this research. Saphiro-Wilk normality test resulted in SD=0.000<0.05. The Mann-Whitney test resulted Z-2.054>t-table, α=0.040<0.05. We found that there was a significant benefit of childbirth care counseling on postpartum mood changes at Wates General Hospital, Kulonprogo. The significance of this research is that health workers in prenatal units should provide counseling about postpartum care to mothers in their third trimester.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.11275
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effects of Areca Catechu L. Seed Extract on Mortality Anopheles Vagus

    • Authors: Majematang Mading, Muhammad Kazwaini, Budi Utomo, Heny Arwati, Subagyo Yotopranoto
      Pages: 366 - 373
      Abstract: Bioinsecticide is an alternative to overcome larva resistence to insecticide and reduce environtment contamination. This research is to analyze the effect of areca seed extract to An. vagus larva. The research is taken time in 2017. The research design is laboratory experiment with post test only control group design. The areca seed and An. vagus larva are collected from Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya, then the seeds were extracted with ultrasonic method. The effect of the extract is evaluated based on LC50 and LC90 value. The sample from 25 An. vagus larva instar III are released into areca seed extract on 500, 1250, 2000, 2750, 3500, 4250 and 5000 ppm and observed within 6, 12, 18 and 24 hours and 6 repetition. The data then analyzed with probit analysis and ANOVA. The areca seed extract eliminates An. vagus larva as much as 61.33% under 6 hours exposure with 5000 ppm, 52% larva mortality on 12 hours with 4250 ppm, 56% larva mortality on 18 hours with 3500 ppm, and 55% larva mortality on 24 hours with 2750 ppm. The value of LC50 and LC90 on 6, 12, 18 and 24 hours are 4654.374 and 6320,732; 3717.286 and 5127.489 ppm; 3201,473 and 4775,206 ppm; 2385,297 and 4496,708 ppm. There is variation of larva mortality percentage average on every concentration and exposure time, the higher the concentration and exposure time the higher An. vagus larva mortality.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.11092
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Improve the Quality of Life of Elderly Through Family Role

    • Authors: Yudhiakuari Sincihu, W F Maramis, Muhammad Nur Rezki
      Pages: 374 - 381
      Abstract: Every human is getting old and we must attempt to be happy in the old time. The problem is 17.5% of elderly people have poor quality of life and 62.5% are sufficient. Elderly at this level needs immediate intervention because it will be a burden for families. communities and governments. This study aims to analyze the family participation on improving the quality of life. An observational study with cross sectional approach with population study at Posyandu Lansia Mekar Sari Surabaya. We used purposive sampling method. We took 54 samples elderly aged ≥ 60 years out of 96 elderly who enrolled in Posyandu year 2016. Data were obtained from WHOQoL-BREF and family role questionnaire. We analyzed the data with Rank Spearman’s Correlation. There was a positive correlation between the family role and the quality of life (p=0.000.. r=0.568). mainly by environmental domain (p=0.000. r=0.561). psychological domain (p=0.008. r=0.358). and social relations domain (p=0.011. r=0.345). but not for physical domain (p=0.154. r=0.917). The family participation such as adaptation. partnership. growth. affection. and resolve could be one method to improve the quality of life of elderly. Every increasing family value would add up to 26.3-43.2% assessment the quality of life.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.12024
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Potency of Polygamy Behavior in Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes by Venereal
           Transmission Dengue Virus

    • Authors: Devita Febriani Putri, Asmara Widya, Mardihusodo Juwono Sugeng, Ummiyati Rahmah Sitti
      Pages: 382 - 388
      Abstract: Male Aedes aegypti mosquito has been considered to not have any important role in transmitting dengue virus (DENV). The purpose of this study is to prove that male Ae. aegypti mosquito does have an important role in transmitting DENV 3 through venereal transmission with their potency of its polygamy behavior. The data collection was done using colonization method and intrathoracal injection. The presence of DENV 3 on male and female mosquitoes was proven by RT-PCR method (profile of DNA band specifically on 511 bp) and serotyping PCR (290 bp). The data were analyzed using univariate analysis followed by bivariate analysis with parametric test ANOVA. The result of the study demonstrated that male Ae. aegypti mosquitoes do have an important role in transmitting DENV 3 through venereal transmission with the potency of their polygamy behavior. There was no significant difference between the polygamy behaviors of Ae. aegypti male mosquito infected by DENV and the non-infectious Ae. aegypti male mosquito.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.11639
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effectiveness of Smartphone Application “Nutriatlet” in Increasing
           Energy Intake of Martial Arts Athletes

    • Authors: Irwan Budiono, Tandiyo Rahayu, Soegiyanto KS, Lukman Fauzi
      Pages: 389 - 395
      Abstract: One of the pillars in achieving good sport achievement is athlete’s nutritional status. Preliminary study on martial arts athletes in Student Sport Education and Training Central Office (BPPLOP) of Central Java Province showed that 8% of athletes had malnutrition. Survey of athlete’s consumption showed that average of energy consumption was only 74% from the number of energy requirement. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of smartphone application model “Nutriatlet” to increase energy intake of athletes. This study was conducted in 2017 using pre and posttest with control group design. We recruited 30 athletes with 15 athletes in each treatment and control group. Bivariate analysis was performed using cox proportional-hazard test. The output of statistical analysis were p value, median post-intervention duration, and hazard ratio (HR). The analysis was performed using STATA 12.1. The result showed that the athletes which performed dietary planning using Nutriatlet had 4 times higher possibilities to achieve an increase in energy consumption level ≥10% per time unit compared to athletes who did not do it. 
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.11313
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effectiveness of Virgin Coconut Oil and Virgin Olive Oil on Perineal

    • Authors: Nor Asiyah, Indah Risnawati, Fania Nurul Khoirunnisa'
      Pages: 396 - 403
      Abstract: Perineal massage is one of the way to reduce maternal morbidity and reduce the risk of bleeding caused by laceration of the perineum. Not only Virgin Olive Oil, but also Virgin Coconut Oil becomes the alternative thing that easily absorbed by the skin. This study aims to examine the effect of Virgin Coconut Oil and Virgin Olive Oil on perineal massage on the degree of perineal laceration. This research was Quasi experimental designs, with the subjects were pregnant women with gestational age ≥34-35 weeks. The data used the Mann-Whitney test and tested 2 proportions to assess the effectiveness of the essential oils used. The result showed that there was influence of perineal massage with perineal laceration (p <0,05). Therefore, there is influence of VCO and VOO on perineal massage against the perineal laceration event. Further research is needed to assess the determinants of perineal laceration with different variables or interventions.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.11076
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Development Model of Household Contacts as a Peer Support to Decrease the
           Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    • Authors: Suharyo Suharyo, Kismi Mubarokah
      Pages: 404 - 410
      Abstract: Tuberculosis is a global threat, caused mortality of 15 million people in 2014. Drug supervisor is the main strategy in patient adherence. Hence, the need for strengthening the strategy testing and counseling patients by a household contact as a peer support in overcoming the disease. Non randomized one-group pretest-posttest design was used. The identification of the characteristics of the household contact person who will be peer support was done through focus group discussions. Seventeen household contacts became a model of peer support that accompanied each individual patient. Differences in results were used the Wilcoxon test. There was a significant increase of knowledge (p value = 0.03), adherence (p value = 0.02), prevention practice of transmission by patients (p value = 0.03), and the prevalence of pulmonary TB was decreased by 41% after peer support intervention. Peer   support model can be used as an alternative to increase the role of drug supervisor.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.10632
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Relationship between Oral Hygiene and Dietary Behaviour and Dental Caries
           Status in Primary School Children

    • Authors: Sara M Mohamed Nbaia, Ari Yuniastuti, Dyah Rini Indriyanti
      Pages: 411 - 416
      Abstract: Tooth decay can be caused by bacteria that live in the mouth. These bacteria feed on food leftovers in the teeth and produce acid. This acid destroys the enamel layer, dentine layer, and pulp. The purpose of this study is to analyze the risk factors of dental caries in primary school children. The subjects of this study were 77 students of SD Sendangmulyo 1 Semarang. We used questionnaires, diagnoses, and interviews for data collection. For data analysis, we used descriptive analysis method. The results showed that the most common dental caries risk factor in primary school children was sugar consumption. Up to 72% of children agreed to bring packed meal, 90.7% were used to have a breakfast, 80% used to clean their mouth every day, 70.7% clean their mouth after meals, 64% brush their teeth after eating candy, and 89.3 % brush their teeth before going to bed. There is a relationship between oral hygiene and dietary behavior and dental caries status of primary school children. In conclusion, there is a relationship between oral hygiene and dietary behavior and dental caries status of primary school children.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.13314
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Usage of Fruit-Infused Water for Prevention of Dehydration Due to
           Endurance Exercise

    • Authors: Mohammad Arif Ali, Setya Rahayu, Nanang Indardi, Gustiana Mega Anggita, Fatona Soraya, Tri Rustadi, Anggit Wicaksono, Yu Shiuan Chen, Yun Zhen Chang
      Pages: 417 - 422
      Abstract: This study aimed to extend previous investigation regarding its beneficial effects on changes of blood glucose. This experimental research was conducted from 06:00-12:00. Twenty-four young men (age 19-20 y.o.) were divided into three groups, Fasting-Exercise-Only (FEO), Fasting-Exercise-Water (FEW), and Fasting-Exercise with Fruit-Infused Water (FEF). Subjects underwent fasting for 12 h before the experimental day. The data of body weight (Kg) and macroscopic urine color were collected before and after exercise. Body weight in all experimental groups were decreased by 1% during endurance exercise. There were no differences in decrease of body weight between FEF and FEW groups compared to FEO group (p>.05). The change in urine color was significantly different between pre-exercise and post-exercise data (p<.05). The darkest urine color was observed in FEO group (4.75), followed by FEW group (4.25), while FEF group (3.63) did not reach dehydration level. In conclusion, fruit-infused water is suggested to be drink as a choice for fluid intake during exercise.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.12977
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effectiveness Leadership and Optimalization of Local Potential in
           Nutrition Status Improvement Effort

    • Authors: Oktia Woro Kasmini Handayani, Sri Ratna Rahayu, Efa Nugroho, Bertakalswa Hermawati, Nguyen Thi Vu, Nguyen Huu Loc
      Pages: 423 - 429
      Abstract: Indonesia which is a developed country, has community health issue, as nowadays face a double concern of nutrition problem. Based on the data in 2007 to 2010, over nutrition prevalence on children under five years was 14.0%, increase from condition in 2007 which was 12.2%, aligned with poor and malnutrition prevalence. Programs applied has not resulted nutrition status improvement as expected. The problem in this research is how does the effectiveness of community empowerment optimalization model in the effort to improve nutrition status. Qualitative approach is used to evaluate model implementation, with focus of the research is model implementation based on the input, process and output. Respondents are determined by purposive technique. While the instruments are observation guide, interview guide, and FGD guide. Analysing Technique by Miles and Huberman model. The quantitative approach, to assess model effectiveness, with data-fill form intrument. The calculation is viewed from number increase and effectiveness criteria from Sugiyono. Local potential optimalization in the effort to improve nutrition status indicate effectiveness criteria (60%), This activity could not result maximum effectiveness level due to the leadership style tends to paternalistic which is dominated by otoritarism, causing community empowerment by cadre members and Family Welfare Program which are the potential that will be utilized can play maximum role.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.13593
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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