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Publisher: Sri Lanka Journals Online   (Total: 50 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 50 of 50 Journals sorted alphabetically
Anuradhapura Medical J.     Open Access  
Bhumi : The Planning Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Built-Environment Sri Lanka     Full-text available via subscription  
Ceylon J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ceylon Medical J.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
Engineer : J. of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Galle Medical J.     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions (ICTer)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Diagnostic Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Environmental Professionals Sri Lanka     Open Access  
J. of Management     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
J. of Science of the University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka     Open Access  
J. of the Ceylon College of Physicians     Open Access  
J. of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
J. of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
J. of the University Librarians Association of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of the University of Ruhuna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kelaniya J. of Management     Open Access  
Medico-Legal J. of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Ruhuna J. of Science     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University J.     Open Access  
South-East Asian J. of Medical Education     Open Access  
Sri Lanka J. of Advanced Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lanka J. of Aquatic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lanka J. of Bio-Medical Informatics     Open Access  
Sri Lanka J. of Child Health     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Sri Lanka J. of Development Administration     Open Access  
Sri Lanka J. of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access  
Sri Lanka J. of Forensic Medicine, Science & Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lanka J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lanka J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sri Lanka J. of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine     Open Access  
Sri Lanka J. of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.185, CiteScore: 0)
Sri Lanka J. of Surgery     Open Access  
Sri Lanka J. of the Humanities     Open Access  
Sri Lankan J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
Sri Lankan J. of Applied Statistics     Open Access  
Sri Lankan J. of Biology     Open Access  
Sri Lankan J. of Human Resource Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lankan J. of Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Sri Lankan J. of Medical Administration     Open Access  
Sri Lankan J. of Physics     Open Access  
Taprobanica : The J. of Asian Biodiversity     Open Access  
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Vidyodaya J. of Management     Open Access  
Wayamba J. of Management     Open Access  
Similar Journals
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Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2012-8169
Published by Sri Lanka Journals Online Homepage  [50 journals]
  • A preliminary survey of knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding rabies
           in West Bengal, India

    • Abstract: Introduction: This study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of patients attending the general outpatient department in Malda Medical College about rabies.Methods: A structured questionnaire was answered by 161 participants. The KAP score was calculated according to the response of the participant.Results: Compared to adults, children in the 10-15year age group scored much less in all components of rabies prevention and post exposure management.Conclusion: There was lack of awareness about post exposure prophylaxis of rabies in children. Awareness campaigns especially focusing on children are required to provide better medical care. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Establishing Campylobacter culture methods in a clinical diagnostic
           laboratory and the first report of Campylobacter species isolation in
           northern Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: Introduction: The Enteric Reference Laboratory of the Medical Research Institute (ERL/MRI), Colombo is the only public sector laboratory in Sri Lanka that performs Campylobacter cultures. Due to logistic limitations involving specimen transport from distant sites, efforts were taken to establish Campylobacter culture facilities in our local clinical microbiology laboratory.Methods: A blood-free charcoal-based selective agar medium (Karmali medium) was chosen based on performance characteristics and quality control (QC)/verification performed at the ERL/MRI. A suitable incubating method was assessed and chosen, and QC was performed in our laboratory. A technical staff member of our local laboratory received capacity building training at the ERL/MRI.Results: The quality control/verification process of the Karmali medium was satisfactory. The variable atmospheric incubator was chosen as the incubating method as it was shown to be more economical in the long-term given the anticipated work load and the QC was satisfactory. Following a satisfactory verification process, Campylobacter culture method was introduced in our laboratory. Five C. jejuni and one hippurate-negative C. jejuni/C. coli was detected in faecal specimens of six paediatric patients between May-December 2018. The isolation rate was 2.25% (6/267). Ciprofloxacin resistance was detected in four out of five C. jejuni isolates.Conclusion: Establishing Campylobacter culture methods in a routine clinical diagnostic laboratory will be beneficial in regions with high prevalence of diarrhoeal disease and with logistic limitations for specimen transport to the central reference laboratory. This is the first report of isolation and antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter species from patients in northern Sri Lanka. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Characteristics of community acquired and hospital acquired methicillin
           resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in the National Hospital of Sri
           Lanka

    • Abstract: Introduction and Objectives: Highly virulent community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains emerged recently causing infections in healthy young adults without predisposing factors. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to compare socio-demography of patients and microbiology and molecular characteristics of Community acquired (CA) and Hospital acquired (HA) methicillin resistant S. aureus strains isolated at the National Hospital of Sri Lanka.Methods and Results: Antimicrobial susceptibility test and Panton Valentine Leukocidine (PVL) gene detection was carried out on 100 MRSA isolates. CDC epidemiological criteria were used for differentiation of CA and HA MRSA. Of those 100 isolates, 21(21%) were CA-MRSA and 79(79%) were HA-MRSA. Patients did not show any significant difference in acquiring CA MRSA and HA MRSA in relation to their age, sex and gender except ethnicity. The majority of these isolates were from pus samples. CA-MRSA isolates were significantly more sensitive to ciprofloxacin, fusidic acid, tetracycline, cotrimoxazole, and gentamicin compared with HA-MRSA isolates (p<0.001). Inducible, constitutive clindamycin resistance (p<0.001) and multidrug resistant phenotypes were significantly higher (p<0.001) among patients with HA-MRSA infection. All isolates were susceptible to glycopeptides, rifampicin and linezolid. Mupirocin resistance was seen in 6% and all isolates came from patients who harboured HA-MRSA strains (p<0.338). The PVL gene (P<0.001) was present in 20 (95.2%) of CA-MRSA isolates.Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of accurate differentiation of CA and HA MRSA using epidemiological, microbiological and molecular characteristics. Further, awareness of the existence of these types will optimise individual treatment strategies. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Bacteria mediated silver nanoparticles: comparison as potent antibiofilm
           agents

    • Abstract: Introduction: Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have good antimicrobial properties comparable to chemically synthesized silver nanoparticles. Further, they have good potential as antibiofilm agents.Methods: AgNPs were synthesized from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and Acinetobacter baumannii (confirmed clinical isolate) and physically characterized by several techniques. The antibiofilm activity of the AgNPs against biofilms of P. aeruginosa, S. aureus and C. albicans was studied using crystal violet assay. Biofilms were formed in 96-well polystyrene plates and treated with biosynthesized AgNPs for 24 and 48 h.Results: AgNPs synthesized by all bacteria except S. aureus mediated AgNPs displayed 50% biofilm inhibition at AgNP concentrations between 1.98 - 0.225 mg/ml. S. aureus mediated AgNPs showed 50% biofilm inhibition only against S. aureus biofilm. Scanning Electron microscopic images indicated that biosynthesized AgNPs were able to decrease surface coverage of biofilms and to reduce the extracellular matrix causing morphological changes in biofilms noticeably.Conclusion: This study reports the antibiofilm activity of bacteria mediated AgNPs. This is the first report on antibiofilm activity of AgNPs synthesized by Acinetobacter baumannii and also as a comparison of antibiofilm activity of several bacteria mediated AgNPs. According to the results, low dosages of green AgNPs can be applied in treating drug-resistant microbial infections in a cost effective manner. In conclusion, the bacterial synthesized AgNPs have antibiofilm activity and good stability suggesting its usefulness as economic and environmental friendly antibiofilm agents. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Dengue haemorrhagic fever in late pregnancy causing maternal and
           intrauterine foetal death – A case report

    • Abstract: Dengue during pregnancy carries a higher risk of maternal and foetal complications, either through haemodynamic instability from disruption of the placental perfusion or through vertical transmission to the foetus.A previously healthy 29-year-old primigravidae with a POA of 34 weeks presented with one day fever to a tertiary hospital. NS 1 antigen for dengue was positive. She entered the critical phase the following day and her platelet count dropped to 3000/ml by day 3. Intra uterine death was diagnosed on day 4. She continuously deteriorated and died on day 7. At autopsy, gross bleeding manifestations were noted in the mother, along with bilateral pleural effusions, massive sub endocardial haemorrhages and an enlarged liver with sub capsular haemorrhages. The placenta was devoid of any haemorrhages or infarcts. Sub-aponeurotic and subarachnoid haemorrhages and 50ml of blood within the thoracic and peritoneal cavities were found in a mature female foetus with minimal signs of maceration. Laboratory confirmation of foetal dengue virus infection was not possible.This is a rare case where fatal haemorrhagic manifestations were seen in both the mother and the foetus suggesting vertical transmission. The autopsy findings highlight the unpredictable haemodynamic changes in the uterine circulation which severely hinder dengue management during pregnancy. Dengue infection, especially in late pregnancy, can lead to unpredictable fatal outcomes. The potential benefit of performing an emergency caesarean in such cases should be further explored. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Intra-familial transmission of hepatitis B affecting all household members
           - A case report

    • Abstract: Intra-familial transmission of hepatitis B is well documented and is the rationale for screening of household members. However, reports on transmission of infection to all household members are sparse. We report a case of intra-familial transmission of hepatitis B affecting all household members. The index case was a lady diagnosed with chronic liver cell disease, who was later found to have chronic hepatitis B viral infection. All household contacts were screened, which included five persons. All showed evidence of exposure and two were chronically infected, of which one was a pregnant lady. The risk of familial transmission of hepatitis B could be higher than expected. This case highlights the importance of active efforts to screen all family members at diagnosis of each new case of hepatitis B. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Molecular characterization and antibiotic sensitivity testing of bacteria
           in blood cultures of Hepatitis B virus infected subjects

    • Abstract: Introduction: Hepatitis B virus is one of the most common infections worldwide. Many infected people are at risk of developing liver complications. Screening for common pathogenic bacterial infections that could contribute to complications is important for early diagnosis and appropriate management.Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out on subjects aged 20-75 years for a period of 6 months (November 2016 to April 2017). Blood cultures and HBsAg rapid tests were performed on all 122 blood samples collected in Ilorin Metropolis. The screening was carried out on 92 HbsAg positive patients who presented with fever, and 30 apparently healthy HbsAg positive donors from the blood bank.Results: Of 92 symptomatic patients, 44 (47.8%) had postive blood cultures and of the 30 HBV positive blood donors, 9 (30%) had positive blood cultures.The prevalence of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Hepatitis B positive subjects was 5.7% (n=7), 5.7% (n=7), 23.8% (n=29) and 9.8% (n=12) respectively. In the apparently healthy HbsAg positive blood donor group, only 9 samples showed positive bacterial growth of P. aeruginosa.All the bacterial isolates were resistant to amoxycillin-clavulanic acid, erythromycin, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, and ciprofloxacin. On PCR, Nuc, Stx2, Pf and PSUE genes were demostrated in E. coli, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae respectively.Conclusion: This study showed a high percentage (45.1%) of bacteraemia in HBV infection. Early screening and treatment of HBV infection and concomitant bacterial infection is recommended to prevent complications. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • A comparative morphometrics of amastigote forms of Leishmania donovani
           found in cutaneous leishmaniasis patients in Sri Lanka: evidence for the
           presence of promastigote-like structures

    • Abstract: Objective: Investigations have not yet been carried out to identify the different morphological forms of amastigotes present in patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Sri Lanka. Thus, this paper describes the existence of different amastigote forms in cutaneous lesions for the first time in Sri Lanka.Methods: This was a retrospective study. One hundred and thirty skin smears were investigated to identify the different morphometric forms of L. donovani. In addition, demographic data (age, gender, occupation, household characteristics, and geographic area) were analyzed using department records.Results: Of the 130 samples, 84 (60.83%) samples had amastigote forms. Three (2.31%) samples had amastigotes in intracellular locations while 43 (33.08%) had amastigotes extracellularly. Nineteen (14.62%) samples had amastigotes in intracellular and extracellular locations simultaneously. Promastigote-like structures (PLS) were found in 65 (50%) samples. Of the 65 samples, 19 (14.62%) had both PLS and amastigote forms. PLS alone (no association with amastigote forms) were found in 46 (35.38%) samples. Amastigotes were found predominantly in lesions <2 months old while PLS were more common in 8 to 12 months old lesions.Conclusion: Microscopic examinations of skin smears revealed the presence of promastigote-like structures for the first time in patients with CL in Sri Lanka. Therefore, we suggest that different morphometric features of amastigotes should not be ignored as they may be useful in diagnosis of CL in clinically suspected patients. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Isolated facial nerve palsy: Rare manifestation of dengue haemorrhagic
           fever - A case report

    • Abstract: Dengue is a common arboviral infection and is one of the tropical diseases which occur in Sri Lanka. Neurological manifestations due to dengue are very rare but can be caused by serotypes 2 and 3. Here we report of an isolated facial nerve palsy occurring as a manifestation of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) in a young boy who presented with fever and constitutional symptoms.    Haematological parameters were suggestive of dengue with dengue IgM being positive. Subsequently, he developed right side lower motor neuron type of facial nerve palsy. He was treated with a high dose of steroids and facial nerve stimulation therapy. He clinically recovered without residual weakness. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
  • Rickettsioses in Sri Lanka – A mini review

    • Abstract: Rickettsioses are a group of vector-borne diseases that have come to the limelight in Sri Lanka during the last two decades. Evidence for spotted fever group rickettsioses, scrub typhus and other related diseases have been reported from Sri Lanka in a geographically restricted manner.  This review summarizes the work done locally, that are publicly accessible as of 24th November 2018 with keyword searches ‘rickettsioses and Sri Lanka’, and ‘typhus and Sri Lanka’, on PubMed and Google Scholar. There is a considerable body of literature on rickettsioses in Sri Lanka, particularly as a result of collaborations with international research groups. These indicate that rickettsioses are found throughout the country, in a geographically restricted manner. Published on 2019-04-26 00:00:00
       
 
 
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