Authors:A. BOYER; G. LINK, CH. PITTET Pages: 2017 - 2047 Abstract: We prove a von Neumann-type ergodic theorem for averages of unitary operators arising from the Furstenberg–Poisson boundary representation (the quasi-regular representation) of any lattice in a non-compact connected semisimple Lie group with finite center. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.118 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:ALBERTO ENCISO; DANIEL PERALTA-SALAS Pages: 2048 - 2070 Abstract: In the context of magnetic fields generated by wires, we study the connection between the topology of the wire and the topology of the magnetic lines. We show that a generic knotted wire has a magnetic line of the same knot type, but that given any pair of knots there is a wire isotopic to the first knot having a magnetic line isotopic to the second. These questions can be traced back to Ulam in 1935. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.117 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:W. PATRICK HOOPER; RODRIGO TREVIÑO Pages: 2071 - 2127 Abstract: We consider the interaction between passing to finite covers and ergodic properties of the straight-line flow on finite-area translation surfaces with infinite topological type. Infinite type provides for a rich family of degree- $d$ covers for any integer $d>1$ . We give examples which demonstrate that passing to a finite cover can destroy ergodicity, but we also provide evidence that this phenomenon is rare. We define a natural notion of a random degree $d$ cover and show that, in many cases, ergodicity and unique ergodicity are preserved under passing to random covers. This work provides a new context for exploring the relationship between recurrence of the Teichmüller flow and ergodic properties of the straight-line flow. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.120 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:JA A JEONG; EUN JI KANG, GI HYUN PARK Pages: 2128 - 2158 Abstract: In this paper, we consider pure infiniteness of generalized Cuntz–Krieger algebras associated to labeled spaces $(E,{\mathcal{L}},{\mathcal{E}})$ . It is shown that a $C^{\ast }$ -algebra $C^{\ast }(E,{\mathcal{L}},{\mathcal{E}})$ is purely infinite in the sense that every non-zero hereditary subalgebra contains an infinite projection (we call this property (IH)) if $(E,{\mathcal{L}},{\mathcal{E}})$ is disagreeable and every vertex connects to a loop. We also prove that under the condition analogous to (K) for usual graphs, $C^{\ast }(E,{\mathcal{L}},{\mathcal{E}})=C^{\ast }(p_{A},s_{a})$ is purely infinite in the sense of Kirchberg and Rørdam if and only if every generating projection $p_{A}$ , $A\in {\mathcal{E}}$ , is properly infinite, and also if and only if every quotient of $C^{\ast }(E,{\mathcal{L}},{\mathcal{E}})$ has property (IH). PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.123 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:BENOÎT R. KLOECKNER Pages: 2159 - 2175 Abstract: Using quantitative perturbation theory for linear operators, we prove a spectral gap for transfer operators of various families of intermittent maps with almost constant potentials (‘high-temperature’ regime). Hölder and bounded $p$ -variation potentials are treated, in each case under a suitable assumption on the map, but the method should apply more generally. It is notably proved that for any Pommeau–Manneville map, any potential with Lipschitz constant less than 0.0014 has a transfer operator acting on $\operatorname{Lip}([0,1])$ with a spectral gap; and that for any two-to-one unimodal map, any potential with total variation less than 0.0069 has a transfer operator acting on $\operatorname{BV}([0,1])$ with a spectral gap. We also prove under quite general hypotheses that the classical definition of spectral gap coincides with the formally stronger one used in Giulietti et al [The calculus of thermodynamical formalism. J. Eur. Math. Soc., to appear. Preprint, 2015, arXiv:1508.01297], allowing all results there to be applied under the high-temperature bounds proved here: analyticity of pressure and equilibrium states, central limit theorem, etc. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.111 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:JESSICA ELISA MASSETTI Pages: 2176 - 2222 Abstract: We give a new proof of Moser’s 1967 normal-form theorem for real analytic perturbations of vector fields possessing a reducible Diophantine invariant quasi-periodic torus. The proposed approach, based on an inverse function theorem in analytic class, is flexible and can be adapted to several contexts. This allows us to prove in a unified framework the persistence, up to finitely many parameters, of Diophantine quasi-periodic normally hyperbolic reducible invariant tori for vector fields originating from dissipative generalizations of Hamiltonian mechanics. As a byproduct, generalizations of Herman’s twist theorem and Rüssmann’s translated curve theorem are proved. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.116 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:IAN D. MORRIS Pages: 2223 - 2234 Abstract: Since the 1970s there has been a rich theory of equilibrium states over shift spaces associated to Hölder-continuous real-valued potentials. The construction of equilibrium states associated to matrix-valued potentials is much more recent, with a complete description of such equilibrium states being achieved by Feng and Käenmäki [Equilibrium states of the pressure function for products of matrices. Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst.30(3) (2011), 699–708]. In a recent article [Ergodic properties of matrix equilibrium states. Ergod. Th. & Dynam. Sys. (2017), to appear] the author investigated the ergodic-theoretic properties of these matrix equilibrium states, attempting in particular to give necessary and sufficient conditions for mixing, positive entropy, and the property of being a Bernoulli measure with respect to the natural partition, in terms of the algebraic properties of the semigroup generated by the matrices. Necessary and sufficient conditions were successfully established for the latter two properties, but only a sufficient condition for mixing was given. The purpose of this note is to complete that investigation by giving a necessary and sufficient condition for a matrix equilibrium state to be mixing. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.122 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:HAN PETERS; JASMIN RAISSY Pages: 2235 - 2247 Abstract: We investigate the description of Fatou components for polynomial skew products in two complex variables. The non-existence of wandering domains near a super-attracting invariant fiber was shown in Lilov [Fatou theory in two dimensions. PhD Thesis, University of Michigan, 2004], and the geometrically attracting case was studied in Peters and Vivas [Polynomial skew products with wandering Fatou-disks. Math. Z.283(1–2) (2016), 349–366] and Peters and Smit [Fatou components of attracting skew products. Preprint, 2015, http://arxiv.org/abs/1508.06605]. In Astorg et al [A two-dimensional polynomial mapping with a wandering Fatou component. Ann. of Math. (2), 184 (2016), 263–313] it was proven that wandering domains can exist near a parabolic invariant fiber. In this paper we study the remaining case, namely the dynamics near an elliptic invariant fiber. We prove that the two-dimensional Fatou components near the elliptic invariant fiber correspond exactly to the Fatou components of the restriction to the fiber, under the assumption that the multiplier at the elliptic invariant fiber satisfies the Brjuno condition and that the restriction polynomial has no critical points on the Julia set. We also show the description does not hold when the Brjuno condition is dropped. Our main tool is the construction of expanding metrics on nearby fibers, and one of the key steps in this construction is given by a local description of the dynamics near a parabolic periodic cycle. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.112 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)

Authors:GÁBOR SZABÓ; JIANCHAO WU, JOACHIM ZACHARIAS Pages: 2248 - 2304 Abstract: We introduce the concept of Rokhlin dimension for actions of residually finite groups on $\text{C}^{\ast }$ -algebras, extending previous such notions for actions of finite groups and the integers by Hirshberg, Winter and the third author. We are able to extend most of their results to a much larger class of groups: those admitting box spaces of finite asymptotic dimension. This latter condition is a refinement of finite asymptotic dimension and has not previously been considered. In a detailed study we show that finitely generated, virtually nilpotent groups have box spaces with finite asymptotic dimension, providing a large class of examples. We show that actions with finite Rokhlin dimension by groups with finite-dimensional box spaces preserve the property of having finite nuclear dimension when passing to the crossed product $\text{C}^{\ast }$ -algebra. We then establish a relation between Rokhlin dimension of residually finite groups acting on compact metric spaces and amenability dimension of the action in the sense of Guentner, Willett and Yu. We show that for free actions of infinite, finitely generated, nilpotent groups on finite-dimensional spaces, both these dimensional values are finite. In particular, the associated transformation group $\text{C}^{\ast }$ -algebras have finite nuclear dimension. This extends an analogous result about $\mathbb{Z}^{m}$ -actions by the first author to a significantly larger class of groups, showing that a large class of crossed products by actions of such groups fall under the remit of the Elliott classification programme. We also provide results concerning the genericity of finite Rokhlin dimension, and permanence properties with respect to the absorption of a strongly self-absorbing $\text{C}^{\ast }$ -algebra. PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.1017/etds.2017.113 Issue No:Vol. 39, No. 8 (2019)