Authors:Ade C. Bayu; S. R. Pudjaprasetya, I. Magdalena Pages: 643 - 657 Abstract: In this paper, a finite difference algorithm using a three-layer approximation for the vertical flow region to solve the 2D Euler equations is considered. In this algorithm, the pressure is split into hydrostatic and hydrodynamic parts, and the predictor-corrector procedure is applied. In the predictor step, the momentum hydrostatic model is formulated. In the corrector step, the hydrodynamic pressure is accommodated after solving the Laplace equation using the Successive Over Relaxation (SOR) iteration method. The resulting algorithm is first tested to simulate a standing wave over an intermediate constant depth. Dispersion relation of the scheme is derived, and it is shown to agree with the analytical dispersion relation for kd < π with 94% accuracy. The second test case is a solitary wave simulation. Our computed solitary wave propagates with constant velocity, undisturbed in shape, and confirm the analytical solitary wave. Finally, the scheme is tested to simulate the appearance of the undular bore. The result shows a good agreement with the result from the finite volume scheme for the Boussinesq-type model by Soares-Frazão and Guinot (2008). PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.171016.300517a Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

A-ϕ+Scheme+for+Type-II+Superconductors&rft.title=East+Asian+Journal+on+Applied+Mathematics&rft.issn=2079-7362&rft.date=2017&rft.volume=7&rft.spage=658&rft.epage=678&rft.aulast=Chen&rft.aufirst=Tao&rft.au=Tao+Chen&rft.au=Tong+Kang,+Jun+Li&rft_id=info:doi/10.4208/eajam.141016.300517a">An A-ϕ Scheme for Type-II Superconductors

Authors:Tao Chen; Tong Kang, Jun Li Pages: 658 - 678 Abstract: A fully discrete A-ϕ finite element scheme for a nonlinear model of type-II superconductors is proposed and analyzed. The nonlinearity is due to a field dependent conductivity with the regularized power-law form. The challenge of this model is the error estimate for the nonlinear term under the time derivative. Applying the backward Euler method in time discretisation, the well-posedness of the approximation problem is given based on the theory of monotone operators. The fully discrete system is derived by standard finite element method. The error estimate is suboptimal in time and space. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.141016.300517a Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Chien-Hong Cho; Chun-Yi Liu Pages: 679 - 696 Abstract: We consider the second order nonlinear ordinary differential equation u″ (t) = u 1+α (α > 0) with positive initial data u(0) = a 0, u′(0) = a 1, whose solution becomes unbounded in a finite time T. The finite time T is called the blow-up time. Since finite difference schemes with uniform meshes can not reproduce such a phenomenon well, adaptively-defined grids are applied. Convergence with mesh sizes of certain smallness has been considered before. However, more iterations are required to obtain an approximate blow-up time if smaller meshes are applied. As a consequence, we consider in this paper a finite difference scheme with a rather larger grid size and show the convergence of the numerical solution and the numerical blow-up time. Application to the nonlinear wave equation is also discussed. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.220816.300517a Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Zhen Gao; Guanghui Hu Pages: 697 - 713 Abstract: In this study, we propose a high order well-balanced weighted compact nonlinear (WCN) scheme for the gas dynamic equations under gravitational fields. The proposed scheme is an extension of the high order WCN schemes developed in (S. Zhang, S. Jiang, C.-W Shu, J. Comput. Phys. 227 (2008) 7294-7321). For the purpose of maintaining the exact steady state solution, the well-balanced technique in (Y. Xing, C.-W Shu, J. Sci. Comput. 54 (2013) 645-662) is employed to split the source term into two terms. The proposed scheme can maintain the isothermal equilibrium solution exactly, genuine high order accuracy and resolve small perturbations of the hydrostatic balance state on the coarse meshes. Furthermore, in order to capture the strong discontinuities and large gradients, the fifth-order upwind weighted nonlinear interpolations together with the fourth/sixth order cell-centered compact schemes with local characteristic projections are used to construct different WCN schemes. Several representative one- and two-dimensional examples are simulated to demonstrate the good performance of the proposed schemes. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517g Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Dongdong He; Kejia Pan Pages: 714 - 727 Abstract: Incompressible flows with zero Reynolds number can be modeled by the Stokes equations. When numerically solving the Stokes flow in stream-vorticity formulation with high-order accuracy, it will be important to solve both the stream function and velocity components with the high-order accuracy simultaneously. In this work, we will develop a fifth-order spectral/combined compact difference (CCD) method for the Stokes equation in stream-vorticity formulation on the polar geometries, including a unit disk and an annular domain. We first use the truncated Fourier series to derive a coupled system of singular ordinary differential equations for the Fourier coefficients, then use a shifted grid to handle the coordinate singularity without pole condition. More importantly, a three-point CCD scheme is developed to solve the obtained system of differential equations. Numerical results are presented to show that the proposed spectral/CCD method can obtain all physical quantities in the Stokes flow, including the stream function and vorticity function as well as all velocity components, with fifth-order accuracy, which is much more accurate and efficient than low-order methods in the literature. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.200816.300517a Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors: Iryanto; S.R. Pudjaprasetya Pages: 728 - 740 Abstract: Simplified models like the shallow water equations (SWE) are commonly adopted for describing a wide range of free surface flow problems, like flows in rivers, lakes, estuaries, or coastal areas. In the literature, numerical methods for the SWE are mostly mesh-based. However, this macroscopic approach is unable to accurately represent the complexity of flows near coastlines, where waves nearly break. This fact prompted the idea of coupling the mesh-based SWE model with a meshless particle method for solving the Euler equations. In a previous paper, a method to couple the staggered scheme SWE and the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) Euler equations was developed and discussed. In this article, this coupled model is used for simulating solitary wave run-up on a sloping beach. The results show strong agreement with the experimental data of Synolakis. Simulations of wave overtopping over a seawall were also performed. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517b Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Jutarat Kongson; Somkid Amornsamankul Pages: 741 - 751 Abstract: The signal transduction pathway is the important process of communication of the cells. It is the dynamical interaction between the ligand-receptor complexes and an inhibitor protein in second messenger synthesis. The signaling molecules are detected and bounded by receptors, typically G-Protein receptors, across the cell membrane and that in turns alerts intracellular molecules to stimulate a response or a desired consequence in the target cells. In this research, we consider a model of the signal transduction process consisting of a system of three differential equations which involve the dynamic interaction between an inhibitor protein and the ligand-receptor complexes in the second messenger synthesis. We will incorporate a delay τ in the time needed before the signal amplification process can take effect on the production of the ligand-receptor complex. We investigate persistence and stability of the system. It is shown that the system allows positive solutions and the positive equilibrium is locally asymptotically stable under suitable conditions on the system parameters. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517a Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Pin Lyu; Seakweng Vong, Zhibo Wang Pages: 752 - 766 Abstract: In this paper, we consider a two-point boundary value problem with Caputo fractional derivative, where the second order derivative of the exact solution is unbounded. Based on the equivalent form of the main equation, a finite difference scheme is derived. The L ∞ convergence of the difference system is discussed rigorously. The convergence rate in general improves previous results. Numerical examples are provided to demonstrate the theoretical results. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517e Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:I. Magdalena Pages: 767 - 784 Abstract: A two-layer non-hydrostatic numerical model is proposed to simulate the formation of undular bores by tsunami wave fission. These phenomena could not be produced by a hydrostatic model. Here, we derived a modified Shallow Water Equations with involving hydrodynamic pressure using two layer approach. Staggered finite volume method with predictor corrector step is applied to solve the equation numerically. Numerical dispersion relation is derived from our model to confirm the exact linear dispersion relation for dispersive waves. To illustrate the performance of our non-hydrostatic scheme in case of linear wave dispersion and non-linearity, four test cases of free surface flows are provided. The first test case is standing wave in a closed basin, which test the ability of the numerical scheme in simulating dispersive wave motion with the correct frequency. The second test case is the solitary wave propagation as the examination of owing balance between dispersion and nonlinearity. Regular wave propagation over a submerged bar test by Beji is simulated to show that our non-hydrostatic scheme described well the shoaling process as well as the linear dispersion compared with the experimental data. The last test case is the undular bore propagation. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.161016.300517b Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Yusuke Nishiyama; Masato Shinjo, Koichi Kondo, Masashi Iwasaki Pages: 785 - 798 Abstract: The Toda equation and its variants are studied in the filed of integrable systems. One particularly generalized time discretisation of the Toda equation is known as the discrete hungry Toda (dhToda) equation, which has two main variants referred to as the dhTodaI equation and dhTodaII equation. The dhToda equations have both been shown to be applicable to the computation of eigenvalues of totally nonnegative (TN) matrices, which are matrices without negative minors. The dhTodaI equation has been investigated with respect to the properties of integrable systems, but the dhTodaII equation has not. Explicit solutions using determinants and matrix representations called Lax pairs are often considered as symbolic properties of discrete integrable systems. In this paper, we clarify the determinant solution and Lax pair of the dhTodaII equation by focusing on an infinite sequence. We show that the resulting determinant solution firmly covers the general solution to the dhTodaII equation, and provide an asymptotic analysis of the general solution as discrete-time variable goes to infinity. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.300716.300517a Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Kouhei Ooi; Yoshinori Mizuno, Tomohiro Sogabe, Yusaku Yamamoto, Shao-Liang Zhang Pages: 799 - 809 Abstract: We propose a robust numerical algorithm for solving the nonlinear eigenvalue problem A(ƛ)x = 0. Our algorithm is based on the idea of finding the value of ƛ for which A(ƛ) is singular by computing the smallest eigenvalue or singular value of A(ƛ) viewed as a constant matrix. To further enhance computational efficiency, we introduce and use the concept of signed singular value. Our method is applicable when A(ƛ) is large and nonsymmetric and has strong nonlinearity. Numerical experiments on a nonlinear eigenvalue problem arising in the computation of scaling exponent in turbulent flow show robustness and effectiveness of our method. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517c Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Jengnan Tzeng Pages: 810 - 826 Abstract: It is well known that numerical derivative contains two types of errors. One is truncation error and the other is rounding error. By evaluating variables with rounding error, together with step size and the unknown coefficient of the truncation error, the total error can be determined. We also know that the step size affects the truncation error very much, especially when the step size is large. On the other hand, rounding error will dominate numerical error when the step size is too small. Thus, to choose a suitable step size is an important task in computing the numerical differentiation. If we want to reach an accuracy result of the numerical difference, we had better estimate the best step size. We can use Taylor Expression to analyze the order of truncation error, which is usually expressed by the big O notation, that is, E(h) = Chk . Since the leading coefficient C contains the factor f (k)(ζ) for high order k and unknown ζ, the truncation error is often estimated by a roughly upper bound. If we try to estimate the high order difference f (k)(ζ), this term usually contains larger error. Hence, the uncertainty of ζ and the rounding errors hinder a possible accurate numerical derivative. We will introduce the statistical process into the traditional numerical difference. The new method estimates truncation error and rounding error at the same time for a given step size. When we estimate these two types of error successfully, we can reach much better modified results. We also propose a genetic approach to reach a confident numerical derivative. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.161016.300517a Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Ze-Jia Xie; Xiao-Qing Jin, Zhi Zhao Pages: 827 - 836 Abstract: Some convergence bounds of the minimal residual (MINRES) method are studied when the method is applied for solving Hermitian indefinite linear systems. The matrices of these linear systems are supposed to have some properties so that their spectra are all clustered around ±1. New convergence bounds depending on the spectrum of the coefficient matrix are presented. Some numerical experiments are shown to demonstrate our theoretical results. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517h Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Lei Yang Pages: 837 - 851 Abstract: Pinning effect on current-induced magnetic transverse domain wall dynamics in nanostrip is studied for its potential application to new magnetic memory devices. In this study, we carry out a series of calculations by solving generalized Landau-Lifshitz equation involving a current spin transfer torque in one and two dimensional models. The critical current for the transverse wall depinning in nanostrip depends on the size of artificial rectangular defects on the edges of nanostrip. We show that there is intrinsic pinning potential for a defect such that the transverse wall oscillates damply around the pinning site with an intrinsic frequency if the applied current is below critical value. The amplification of the transverse wall oscillation for both displacement and maximum value of m 3 is significant by applying AC current and current pulses with appropriate frequency. We show that for given pinning potential, the oscillation amplitude as a function of the frequency of the AC current behaves like a Gaussian distribution in our numerical study, which is helpful to reduce strength of current to drive the transverse wall motion. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517d Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)

Authors:Zhonghua Yao; Gang Li, Jinmei Gao Pages: 852 - 866 Abstract: The numerical simulations for the blood flow in arteries by high order accurate schemes have a wide range of applications in medical engineering. The blood flow model admits the steady state solutions, in which the flux gradient is non-zero and is exactly balanced by the source term. In this paper, we present a high order finite volume weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) scheme, which preserves the steady state solutions and maintains genuine high order accuracy for general solutions. The well-balanced property is obtained by a novel source term reformulation and discretisation, combined with well-balanced numerical fluxes. Extensive numerical experiments are carried out to verify well-balanced property, high order accuracy, as well as good resolution for smooth and discontinuous solutions. PubDate: 2017-11-01T00:00:00.000Z DOI: 10.4208/eajam.181016.300517f Issue No:Vol. 7, No. 4 (2017)