Publisher: Cambridge University Press   (Total: 387 journals)

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Showing 201 - 387 of 387 Journals sorted alphabetically
J. of British Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Child Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.035, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chinese History / 中國歷史學刊     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Classics Teaching     Open Access  
J. of Clinical and Translational Science     Open Access  
J. of Dairy Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Demographic Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.227, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.843, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Diagnostic Radiography and Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of East Asian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Ecclesiastical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47, SJR: 1.82, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Experimental Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.526, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Financial and Quantitative Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.636, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 193, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
J. of French Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Functional Programming     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Germanic Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Global History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Hellenic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.553, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.949, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Institutional Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 2)
J. of K-Theory     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Laryngology & Otology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.495, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Latin American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Law and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Linguistic Geography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Management & Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 351, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Modern African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.606, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254, SJR: 0.493, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.984, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Pacific Rim Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Paleontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.882, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Pension Economics & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.931, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.441, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Psychiatric Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of Radiotherapy in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Roman Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Roman Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Smoking Cessation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.063, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Southeast Asian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.14, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Symbolic Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.057, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the American Philosophical Association     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.857, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the History of Economic Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.784, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.393, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Intl. Neuropsychological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.408, CiteScore: 3)
J. of the Intl. Phonetic Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Marine Biological Association of the UK     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Royal Asiatic Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Society for American Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Tropical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.626, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Tropical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Wine Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Japanese J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.372, CiteScore: 1)
Kantian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Knowledge Engineering Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 2)
Language and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Language in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.466, CiteScore: 2)
Language Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.233, CiteScore: 2)
Language Variation and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 1)
Laser and Particle Beams     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.497, CiteScore: 1)
Law and History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Legal Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Legal Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.484, CiteScore: 1)
Leiden J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.482, CiteScore: 0)
Libyan Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
LMS J. of Computation and Mathematics     Free   (SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 1)
Macroeconomic Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.169, CiteScore: 1)
Management and Organization Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.086, CiteScore: 1)
Mathematical Structures in Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Medical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 1)
Microscopy and Microanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 0)
Modern Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.397, CiteScore: 0)
Modern Intellectual History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
MRS Communications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.443, CiteScore: 3)
MRS Energy & Sustainability - A Review J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Nagoya Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.892, CiteScore: 1)
Natural Language Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.264, CiteScore: 1)
Netherlands J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Netherlands Yearbook of Intl. Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Neuron Glia Biology     Hybrid Journal  
New Perspectives on Turkey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
New Surveys in the Classics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Testament Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 0)
New Theatre Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.132, CiteScore: 0)
Nineteenth-Century Music Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Nordic J. of Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 0)
Numerical Mathematics : Theory, Methods and Applications     Full-text available via subscription  
Nurse Prescriber     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.756, CiteScore: 5)
Organised Sound     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 0)
Oryx     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.981, CiteScore: 2)
Paleobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.563, CiteScore: 3)
Palliative & Supportive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
Papers of the British School at Rome     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.194, CiteScore: 2)
Parasitology Open     Open Access  
Personality Neuroscience     Open Access  
Perspectives on Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.075, CiteScore: 2)
Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.331, CiteScore: 0)
Phonology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Plainsong and Medieval Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Plant Genetic Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Polar Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 1)
Political Science Research and Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Politics & Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.861, CiteScore: 1)
Politics and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.541, CiteScore: 1)
Popular Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 0)
Powder Diffraction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.462, CiteScore: 1)
Primary Health Care Research & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.406, CiteScore: 1)
Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.695, CiteScore: 1)
Proceedings of the Intl. Astronomical Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.373, CiteScore: 4)
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 1)
Progress in Neurotherapeutics and Neuropsychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
PS: Political Science & Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.665, CiteScore: 1)
Psychological Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 3.274, CiteScore: 5)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.122, CiteScore: 2)
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 2)
Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 3.282, CiteScore: 6)
Quaternary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.216, CiteScore: 2)
Queensland Review     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Radiocarbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.959, CiteScore: 2)
Ramus : Critical Studies in Greek and Roman Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
ReCALL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.813, CiteScore: 3)
Religious Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.593, CiteScore: 2)
Review of Intl. Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.63, CiteScore: 2)
Review of Middle East Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.049, CiteScore: 1)
Reviews in Clinical Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista de Historia Económica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Internacional de la Cruz Roja     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Robotica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.375, CiteScore: 1)
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Science in Context     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
Scottish J. of Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Seed Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.95, CiteScore: 2)
Slavic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.253, CiteScore: 1)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Social Science History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Spanish J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Studies in American Political Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Studies in Church History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Second Language Acquisition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.516, CiteScore: 2)
Tempo     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.151, CiteScore: 0)
Thalamus & Related Systems     Full-text available via subscription  
The Americas : A Quarterly Review of Latin American History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 0)
The Lichenologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.113, CiteScore: 2)
The Mathematical Gazette     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Theatre Research Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Theatre Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Theory and Practice of Logic Programming     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 2)
Think     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
TRaNS : Trans-Regional-and-National Studies of Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Transactions of the Royal Historical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 0)
Transnational Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Twentieth-century music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.453, CiteScore: 1)
Twin Research and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 1)
Urban History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.358, CiteScore: 0)
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.712, CiteScore: 0)
Victorian Literature and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
Visual Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 2)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
World Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 214, SJR: 6.544, CiteScore: 4)
World Trade Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
World's Poultry Science J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.559, CiteScore: 1)
Yearbook of Intl. Humanitarian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Zygote     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.387, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
World's Poultry Science Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.559
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 5  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0043-9339 - ISSN (Online) 1743-4777
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [387 journals]
  • Advertisements and back matter
    • PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000801
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • WPS volume 75 issue 4 Front Cover and Matter
    • PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000709
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Editorial
    • Authors: L. Waldron
      Pages: 503 - 503
      Abstract: Well it’s been a busy time for us here recently at WPSJ, and the handover has now been made from Cambridge University Press (CUP) to Taylor and Francis (T&F). This is the last issue published by CUP, as the March issue will be assembled by T&F. I would like to thank all concerned, especially Dan Edwards and Richard Horley (CUP), Jennifer Stokes and her team (T&F) as well as Dr Shay Rutherford for keeping the papers moving whilst I was busy organising the handover, as well as Dorien Kleverwal in the Dutch office for helping organise the new workflows. Hence this is the last issue that will be produced by CUP. I would like to thank all their team, past and present, for their friendly, helpful work over the years, especially when we have needed fast responses to problems with publishing. The changeover has allowed new mechanisms regarding the journal to be put into place, including a new, and active section editor team in the form of the new Editorial Board, which will take a lot of workload off my shoulders. There will be more automation regarding submission of papers – so authors should expect emails regarding initial formatting and so on to come from T&F during pre-screening. This issue contains the first retraction of a paper that I have presided over in my editorship. This is an important legal issue – and thanks to Rosemary Dickin for her expertise in publishing ethics (COPE) at CUP in ensuring the proper procedures were adhered to at all time. As editor, I had to ensure all the COPE guidelines were followed regarding checking reviewer’s comments and that all had been done properly at the editing end. Standard procedures had to be followed, regarding letters to and from authors and the complainant. However, as the author did not submit an official letter in response, in the required format, we have had to make a decision at the editorial level. It may seem obvious to state, but as authors or reviewers, you must be aware that your comments and papers are open to public and commercial scrutiny. At WPSJ we have a system involving standard peer review, but we do rely on our reviewers to read papers fully and ensure there are no highly selective, conflicting or erroneous statements being made. It only remains for me to send all our readers greeting for the holidays, and thanks to all our readers, reviewers, new editorial board members and authors for another year of support for the Journal. Dr Lucy Waldron Editor
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000710
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Sponsorship
    • Pages: 504 - 506
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000722
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Energy and amino acid requirements of broiler chickens: keeping pace with
           the genetic progress
    • Authors: U. AFTAB
      Pages: 507 - 514
      Abstract: Today's broiler is characterised by faster-, leaner-growth. A large part of this progress is attributed to the genetic selection that had, and continues to improve growth rate and composition of gain at steady pace. As an illustration of such increases in performance, 2.3 kg live gain (slaughter weight) has been reduced from requiring 52 days in 1995 to 36 days in 2017 - a reduction of 0.73 days per year. In addition, meat yield has increased as a proportion of the carcass, being 12% of body weight in the year 1957 and increasing to 20% in 2001 Recent work in 2017 using high density diets has shown to capacity of birds to attain an FCR of 1.19 at 2500 g live BW. Current research suggests that the optimum level of energy may be well below the recommendation by the primary breeders. For example, reducing energy from 100 to 92.5% (around -200 kcal/kg of diet) resulted in only 2 points loss in body weight corrected FCR. Indeed, very recent work showed that a similar reduction of -200 kcal/kg feed in finisher AME resulted in similar, or higher gains and breast yield while having no effect on FE. Published data regarding the balance between energy and protein in feed suggests an optimum AA density between 100 to 120% of breeder recommendations. It can be therefore suggested that today's broiler needs a higher ratio of essential amino acids to energy. In addition to a net increase in the absolute requirement of amino acids, there is an argument for higher dietary ratio of lysine: essential amino acids which will support increased meat production and may better fit modern broiler genetics.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000564
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Current scenario of viral diseases in Turkish poultry industry
      Pages: 515 - 534
      Abstract: The Turkish poultry industry has rapidly developed in the last decade. Viral pathogens continue to threaten the industry, causing economic losses worldwide, including Turkey. At present, infectious bronchitis and infectious laryngotracheitis are major challenges, as are, to a lesser extent, avian metapneumovirus, infectious bursal disease, Marek's disease and chicken infectious anaemia. The prevalence and severity of these diseases in Turkish chickens varies depending on environmental and management factors, vaccination strategies and biosecurity measures. In Turkey, infectious bronchitis virus, including vaccine and field strains, were detected in 83.6% (41/49) and 64.2% (9/14) vaccinated broiler and layer flocks, respectively. Virulent and vaccine strains of infectious bursal disease virus were found in 83.5% (1548/1855) of excised bursa Fabricius from vaccinated broilers. Virulent Marek's disease virus was found in 19.93% (120/620) of spleens from vaccinated chickens. Infectious laryngotracheitis virus in commercial poultry and Newcastle disease in backyard chickens have been detected. To date, Newcastle disease and avian influenza virus have not been reported in commercial poultry. Avian metapneumovirus was found in 7.2% (8/110) of the broiler samples. Antibodies to gyrovirus and avian leukosis virus have been detected. Commercial vaccines, such as attenuated, inactivated and vectored vaccines, are being used for prevention and control of viral poultry diseases in Turkey. This review summarises the available information on viral poultry diseases in Turkey. It highlights the need to strengthen surveillance and reporting for diseases and addresses the vaccination practices used in Turkish poultry industry. The future prospects of vaccination and need to empower diagnostic capacity in controlling viral poultry diseases are discussed. The information presented here is aimed at improving research, prevention, and control of poultry diseases for researchers, veterinarians, policy makers and other professions related to poultry industry.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000606
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Research advances of adipocyte differentiation in poultry
    • Authors: W. WANG
      Pages: 535 - 546
      Abstract: Preadipocytes are distinct precursor cells with the ability to generate and differentiate into adipocytes - a process that is regulated by a variety of genes. Adipocyte differentiation has been extensively studied in mammals; however, little is known about adipocyte differentiation in poultry. This review summarises the isolation, in vitro culture and characterisation of poultry preadipocytes. The most commonly used method for isolating primary preadipocytes is collagenase digestion and the cells are cultured in an incubator with 5% CO2 at 37°C. Preadipocytes of most species can differentiate into mature adipocytes using a combination of growth factors (a so-called ‘hormone cocktail’), which include 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), dexamethasone (DEX) and insulin. Only the addition of a fatty acid mixture, transferrin, insulin and albumin induced primary preadipocyte differentiation, indicating that exogenous fatty acids are key factors that influence this process in chickens. As for the molecular regulation of poultry preadipocytes, studies have found several transcription factors that regulate adipose differentiation, which included peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) and sterol response element-binding proteins (SREBPs). These transcription factors have been shown to regulate adipocyte differentiation by affecting the expression levels or activity of target genes.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S004393391900059X
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Coturnix+japonica+domestica),+is+there+such ++++++++farm+animal'&rft.title=World's+Poultry+Science+Journal&rft.issn=0043-9339&">Domestic quail (Coturnix japonica domestica), is there such farm
    • Authors: H. LUKANOV
      Pages: 547 - 558
      Abstract: Around 10% of all table eggs number in the world come from quail and their meat represents about 0.2% of the global poultry production. The domestic quail population involved in production of meat and eggs represents around 11.8% of all productive birds, placing them second after laying hens. China, Spain, France, Italy, Brazil, the USA and Japan are global leading countries in quail farming. Contemporary domesticated Japanese quail, widely used in agricultural practice, originate from wild Japanese breeds (C. japonica). The wild Asian quail is similar to common quail (Coturnix coturnix) and until recently, was accepted as its subspecies (Coturnix coturnix japonica). In the scientific literature, several names for domestic quail are available, so readers can easily become confused as to which species is really meant - wild, domesticated or common quail. In order to avoid confusion of names and to emphasise changes resulting from domestication, the term ‘domestic quail’ and its corresponding Latin name Coturnix japonica domestica is more appropriate. Within the EU legal framework, domestic quail should be included in parallel to other domestic fowl species.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000631
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Recent myopathies in broiler's breast meat fillets
    • Authors: S. BARBUT
      Pages: 559 - 582
      Abstract: Incidences of myopathies such as white striping (WS), woody breast (WB) and spaghetti meat (SP) in breast meat from young broilers have been observed globally over the past decade. Some industry reports suggest up to 20% WB occurrence in fast growing heavy broilers (~4.0 kg) with an estimated cost of more than US$500 million/year to the US industry alone, but may actually be far higher. The proportions and severity of the anomaly appear to be flock-dependent and are related to factors such as genetics, nutrition (e.g. protein level during the fast-growing phase), growth rate, activity of the birds at young age, sudden bursts of activity, number of embryonic stem cells and litter management. These three myopathies can appear together or individually, but it appears that they are all related. When meat is processed, these myopathies represent quality issues (firmer meat and/or lower water binding, aesthetics) but do not present a food safety issue. The poultry industry is now focusing on ways to reduce or eliminate the occurrence of these myopathies. Recently some improvements have been made as more is learned about the interactions between environmental and management (e.g., nutrition) factors, and some producers are already implementing new procedures. Breeding programmes are starting to show some promise and are expected to help reduce WB (estimated at 10% of birds per year) and deliver more solutions in the future.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000436
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Response of broilers to reduced-protein diets under heat stress conditions
      Pages: 583 - 598
      Abstract: Decreasing heat increment through lowering crude protein (CP) level via supplemental amino acids (AA) have long been suggested as a nutritional practice to alleviate negative heat stress effects on broiler performance. However, there is a considerable body of inconclusive reports on optimisation of such practices, whereby bird performance remains unchanged. The exact mechanism underlying the impaired growth performance in birds fed with reduced-CP diets is not clear yet. Furthermore, adding the environmental temperature factor to the situation may complicate the solution. To date, there is no agreement on the extent of reducing CP level via AA supplementation so that growth performance remains unaffected. Evidence suggests that dietary CP could be reduced safely by 2.3% via essential AA supplementation during later ages, when birds are exposed to an average daily ambient temperature of ≤27.3°C. When Gly was added (a non-essential AA source), the margin of CP reduction could be increased to 5.1% without compromising the growth of broilers subjected to cyclic heat stress. Nonetheless, feeding broilers with a similar Gly-fortified, reduced protein diet failed to support optimal performance under hot and humid tropical climates in 1-21-d-old broilers and had a major impact on growth in broilers reared at 34°C. Regardless of supplemental AA composition or the level of CP reduction, the performance of broilers was negatively affected when birds were subjected to chronic heat stress conditions (≥30°C). These discrepancies can be attributed to a wide range of confounding factors, such as the extent of lowering CP level, types of AA used, age and environmental conditions. Accordingly, the addition of Gly may represent a good approach for reducing dietary CP levels for broilers raised under elevated ambient temperature. Reducing dietary CP is recommended when birds are exposed to moderate but not chronic heat stress conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000576
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Fertility and hatchability in duck eggs
      Pages: 599 - 608
      Abstract: Ducks are waterfowl belonging to the Anatidae family of cosmopolitan distribution. In duck production systems, obtaining ducklings at one-day-old is determinant for the productive chain. The egg production in some species of ducks reaches about 250 to 300 eggs per year. Obtaining one-day-old ducklings can be done by natural incubation with a broody female duck or artificially in an incubator. During artificial incubation, fertility and hatchability are the most important indicators that must be controlled, because they influence the supply of ducklings to the farm. Many factors are related to fertility and hatching, such as environmental conditions, production system, season, nutrition, management of broodstock, storage time of egg and cleaning of eggs before the incubation. According to some reports, Pekin eggs have greater hatchability than Muscovy eggs. The eggs of Muscovy have presented values lower than 22.7% of hatchability. The hatchability of Pekin duck eggs was 78.0% in the spring, while in summer it was around 46.5%. The best hatchability is observed during the winter (57.68%), as in the summer it decreases to 54.14%. The reproductive characteristics of flocks, age, external and internal quality of the egg, male female relation, and presence of lethal genes are factors that directly involve breeders. Larger sexual ratios between males and females of 1:4.3 to 1: 10 cause reduced egg fertility from 75.9% down to 49.6%. Successful production of day-old ducklings starts with the proper selection and management of breeding stock, proper post-lay handling of fertile eggs and the correct incubation process. There are different methods used to improve the hatchability such as dipping eggs in nutrients during the incubation period.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000060
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Technological investigation into duck meat and its products - a potential
           alternative to chicken
      Pages: 609 - 620
      Abstract: Duck production has the potential to play a major role in agricultural economy. Asian countries alone contribute 84.2% of total duck meat produced in the world. Driven by the demand of processed foods among consumers, the global duck meat market is expected to grow at a steady pace, reaching a value of about $11.23 billion in the coming years. Duck meat has higher muscle fibre content in breast meat compared to chicken, and is considered as red meat. Moreover, due to a higher fat content (13.8%) than chicken and a stronger gamey flavour, duck meat can be less appreciated by the consumer. Development and diversification of ready-to-eat duck meat products is expected to increase consumption levels. Hence, the status of duck meat production, physicochemical properties, processing, including traditional products, and development of novel value-added ready-to-eat products from spent duck meat is discussed in detail to explore its importance as an alternative to chicken.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S004393391900062X
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Factors affecting chick quality in Poland
      Pages: 621 - 632
      Abstract: Global poultry production has increased rapidly over the last 50 years and is now the most-consumed meat species in the world. The consumption of poultry in Poland accounts for almost 40% of the total meat consumption and averages 30 kg per person. Being the most flourishing sector of agriculture, poultry production faces many challenges from increasing competition (high quality products and lower prices for consumers). The profitability of poultry breeding and rearing is determined by the production of healthy and well-developed chicks, and the value of hatching eggs is closely linked to genetic line, flock age, layer housing conditions and parent flock nutrition, as well as incubation and pre- and post-hatching management. The qualitative assessment of newly hatched chicks must be based on clear and objective methods regarding health status of the flock and performance of the birds. It is essential that modern poultry production pays particular attention to these factors to achieve a high percentage of hatchability and the production of chicks which fully express their genetic potential under intensive production systems.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000618
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Lutein-enriched egg production for laying hens
    • Authors: F.M. PITARGUE; H.K. KANG, D.Y. KIL
      Pages: 633 - 645
      Abstract: Dietary lutein has received considerable attention in relation to human health because of its preventative effects on various eye diseases. Eggs are considered a good source due to good accumulation and relatively high concentrations of lutein. Therefore, many studies have been conducted to produce lutein-enriched eggs by various dietary regimens. Previous studies reported that purified lutein supplements, at the inclusion levels of up to 1,000 mg/kg, increased concentrations by up to10-fold in eggs. However, a linear increase in lutein concentrations in eggs failed to show further increases at very high inclusion of lutein supplements. The use of feed ingredients high in lutein such as corn co-products, alfalfa meal, marigold flower extracts, algae-derived products, and even food ingredients have successfully increased lutein concentrations in eggs. For instance, inclusion of 20% corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), 7% corn gluten meal, 2% marigold flower extracts, or 2% chlorella products in layer diets showed more than two-fold increase in lutein concentrations in eggs. However, the efficacy of those ingredients for lutein retention in eggs was highly variable and depended on inclusion levels in diets and feeding periods. Finally, non-dietary factors such as management systems, environmental stress, disease, age, and breed may affect the lutein concentrations in eggs; however, limited information is available in this regard.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000552
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Summaries
    • Pages: 646 - 670
      Abstract: The World’s Poultry Science Journal is indebted to Prof J.A. Castello, Prof D.K. Flock, Dr M. Tixier-Boichard, Dr S. Cherepanov and Dr Jiangxia Zheng for the translations of these summaries.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000734
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Retraction Notice
    • Pages: 671 - 671
      Abstract: Methionine: comparing methionine hydroxyl analogues for broilers, with focus on different thermal environments RETRACTION F.S. DALÓLIO, V.R.S.M. BARROS, L.F.T. ALBINO, P.H.R.F. CAMPOS, J.N. SILVA and S.R.F. PINHEIRO
      DOI : Published online by Cambridge University Press: 05 April 2019 After publication of the paper entitled ‘Methionine: comparing methionine hydroxyl analogues for broilers, with focus on different thermal environments’ (Dalólio et al., 2019), the journal received a complaint alleging wrong citations and statements, and misleading conclusions. Specifically, the bioequivalence between methionine sources was deemed erroneous. Following COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) guidelines and due diligence, the editor and publisher investigated this claim with the reviewers, the Board and the authors in detail. The corresponding author acknowledged and accepted the errors, and all authors have been informed of the retraction of the paper. Broadly, the problems with the paper are mainly concerned with misrepresentation of the technical information from the papers they used in their review of commercial methionine products.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • World's Poultry Science Association
    • Pages: 672 - 675
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000746
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Association News
    • Pages: 676 - 686
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000758
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Calendar
    • Pages: 687 - 687
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S004393391900076X
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Education and Training
    • Pages: 688 - 690
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000771
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
  • Notes for Contributors
    • Pages: 694 - 696
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0043933919000795
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 4 (2019)
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